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Publication numberUS20010055097 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/746,105
Publication dateDec 27, 2001
Filing dateDec 22, 2000
Priority dateDec 24, 1999
Also published asCN1187989C, CN1341326A, EP1157564A1, US6450649, WO2001049042A1
Publication number09746105, 746105, US 2001/0055097 A1, US 2001/055097 A1, US 20010055097 A1, US 20010055097A1, US 2001055097 A1, US 2001055097A1, US-A1-20010055097, US-A1-2001055097, US2001/0055097A1, US2001/055097A1, US20010055097 A1, US20010055097A1, US2001055097 A1, US2001055097A1
InventorsAdrianus De Vaan
Original AssigneeDe Vaan Adrianus Johannes Stephanes Maria
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Color projection system
US 20010055097 A1
Abstract
A color projection system comprising a light source, a rotatable drum having a plurality of differently colored bands, and a light modulation panel onto which light beams reflected by the rotating colored bands can be directed. The color projection system also comprises means for directing the light beam from the light source onto a first plurality of juxtaposed bands, means for splitting the light beam on each band into light beams having complementary colors and different directions of polarization and reflecting said light beams, means for directing light beams having a first direction of polarization onto the light modulation panel and means for reflecting light beams having a second direction of polarization on a second plurality of bands of the drum, which second plurality of bands is shifted by at least one band with respect to the first plurality of bands.
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Claims(8)
1. A color projection system comprising a light source, a rotatable drum having a plurality of differently colored bands, and a light modulation panel on which light beams reflected by the colored bands can be directed by way of scrolling, characterized in that the color projection system further comprises means for directing the light beam from the light source onto a first plurality of juxtaposed bands, means for splitting and reflecting the light beam on each band into light beams having complementary colors and different directions of polarization, means for directing light beams having a first direction of polarization onto the light modulation panel, and means for reflecting light beams having a second direction of polarization onto a second plurality of bands of the drum, which second plurality of bands is shifted by at least one band with respect to the first plurality of bands.
2. A color projection system as claimed in
claim 1
, characterized in that the first plurality of bands comprises at least one band more than the plurality of bands imaged on the light modulation panel.
3. A color projection system as claimed in
claim 1
or
2
, characterized in that the color projection system further comprises means for reflecting light beams having a second direction of polarization for a second time on a third plurality of bands of the drum, which third plurality of bands is shifted by at least two bands with respect to the first plurality of bands and by at least one band with respect to the second plurality of bands.
4. A color projection system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that each band on the drum is provided with a dichroic layer, a subjacent λlayer and a subjacent layer reflecting white light.
5. A color projection system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the bands consecutively reflect the colors red, green and blue towards the light modulation panel.
6. A color projection system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one white band is located between two colored bands.
7. A color projection system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that an integrator plate is located between the light source and the drum, which integrator plate comprises a plurality of lenses and reflecting surfaces located next to the lenses and directed towards the drum.
8. A color projection system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a polarization conversion means is provided proximate to the light source.
Description

[0001] The invention relates to a color projection system comprising a light source, a rotatable drum having a plurality of differently colored bands, and a light modulation panel on which light beams reflected by the colored bands can be directed by way of scrolling.

[0002] In such a color projection system as described in non-prepublished European patent application EP 99202414.1, the light beam coming from the light source is directed onto the drum and split by the differently colored bands into light beams having complementary colors, while a light beam colored in conformity with a color of the band is directed onto the light modulation panel. The complementary color is absorbed by the band. This means that when using split colors of red, green and blue, one color of a light beam projected on a band is directed onto the light modulation panel, whereas the other two colors are absorbed. This results in a two-thirds loss of light.

[0003] It is an object of the invention to provide a color projection system in which there is less loss of light.

[0004] In the color projection system according to the invention, this object is achieved in that the color projection system further comprises means for directing the light beam from the light source onto a first plurality of juxtaposed bands, means for splitting and reflecting the light beam on each band into light beams having complementary colors and different directions of polarization, means for directing light beams having a first direction of polarization onto the light modulation panel, and means for reflecting light beams having a second direction of polarization onto a second plurality of bands of the drum which is shifted by at least one band with respect to the first plurality of bands.

[0005] Instead of absorbing the color(s) complementary to the colored band, these colors are reflected and subsequently reflected again into the direction of the drum, while the colors reach another band. This band has the same color as one of the colors reflected again so that this band as yet directs the relevant color onto the light modulation panel. In this way, a larger part of the light beam coming from the light source is directed onto the light modulation panel.

[0006] These and other aspects of the invention are apparent from and will be elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

[0007] In the drawings,

[0008]FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic elevational view of a device according to the invention,

[0009]FIG. 2 is a cross-section of a drum of the device shown in FIG. 1,

[0010] FIGS. 3A-3C show color bands directed onto the drum and the light modulation panel in a first embodiment of the drum,

[0011] FIGS. 4A-4C show color bands directed onto the drum and the light modulation panel in a second embodiment of the drum,

[0012] FIGS. 5A-5D show color bands directed onto the drum and the light modulation panel in a third embodiment of the drum.

[0013] Corresponding components in the Figures have the same reference numerals.

[0014]FIG. 1 shows a color projection system 1 according to the invention, comprising a light source 2, first and second integrator plates 3, 4 preceding the light source 2, a lens 5 preceding the integrator plates 3, 4, a polarized beam splitter (PBS) 6 preceding the lens 5, a lens 7 located opposite one side of the PBS 6, a drum 9 rotatable about a shaft 8 and located at a side of the lens 7 remote from the PBS 6, a lens 10 located opposite another side of the PBS 6, a second polarized beam splitter (PBS) 11 preceding the lens 10, a light modulation panel 12 located opposite one side of the PBS 11, and a projection lens 13 located opposite another side of the PBS 11.

[0015] The second integrator plate 4 is provided with a plurality of juxtaposed lenses and interpositioned reflecting surfaces facing the drum 9. Such an integrator plate is known from EP-A-0 902 907 in the name of the applicant.

[0016]FIG. 2 is a cross-section of the drum 9. Drum 9 has a reflecting coating 14 provided with a λ foil 15 and a dichroic layer 16. The dichroic layer 16 is divided into a plurality of axially extending bands of different colors. A light beam 17 directed onto the dichroic layer 16 is split by the dichroic layer 16 and the λ foil 15 and reflected in a light beam 18 having a color which corresponds to the color of the dichroic layer 16 and has a first direction of polarization S, and a light beam 19 having a color which is complementary to the color of the dichroic layer 16 and has a second direction of polarization P.

[0017] The operation of the device 1 will now be elucidated with reference to FIGS. 35.

[0018]FIG. 3A shows a part of the drum provided with a plurality of bands consecutively having the colors blue B, red R and green G.

[0019] An unpolarized light beam 20 coming from the light source 2 is projected via the integrator plates 3, 4, the lens 5, the PBS 6 and the lens 7 in an area 21 on the drum 9 in which four colored bands 22 are located. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3A, the bands 22 located in the area 21 consecutively have the colors blue B, red R, green G and blue B. The light beam 17 directed onto the bands 22 is split by each band into the light beams 18, 19, as has been elucidated with reference to FIG. 2.

[0020] This means that the blue band 22 reflects a blue light beam 18 having a direction of polarization S and that the complementary colors red and green are reflected as light beam 19 having a direction of polarization P. The light beams 18, 19 are subsequently directed via lens 7 onto the PBS 6 where the light beam 18 having the direction of polarization S is bent into the direction of lens 10 and subsequently directed via PBS 11 onto a light modulation panel 12. The light modulation panel 12 is synchronously band-controlled by information, associated with the relevant color band, about the image to be formed. The light beam 18 is reflected by means of the light modulation panel 12 and its direction of polarization is reversed and is guided as light beam 23 through the projection lens 13 and imaged on a screen (not shown).

[0021] The light beam 19 reflected by the drum 9 and having the direction of polarization P is projected by the PBS 6 on the reflecting surfaces of the integrator plate 4 via lens 5. The light beam 19 is again reflected by the reflecting surfaces into the direction of the drum 9, where the light beam 19 is directed onto an area 24 of the drum 9. With respect to the area 21, the area 24 is shifted by one band. This means that the light beam 19 reflected by the blue band B is imaged with the complementary colors red R and green G on a subjacent band 22, as is indicated by arrow P1 (see FIGS. 3A and 3B). In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3A, this band has the color red R. Consequently, the red part of the light beam 19 with the colors red R and green G will be reflected as a light beam 18 and imaged on the screen by the projection lens 13 via the light modulation panel 12 in a way as described above. The green part G of the light beam 19 will again be directed towards the second integrator plate 4. However, upon this second reflection, this green light beam reaches a lens portion located next to a reflecting surface so that it will not be reflected again towards the drum 9.

[0022]FIG. 3C shows the bands 25 ultimately imaged on the light modulation panel 12, each band being composed of a first part which is imaged directly on the light modulation panel 12 via the drum, and a second part which is reflected via the second integrator plate 4 and subsequently presented to the light modulation panel 12.

[0023] As is clearly visible from FIGS. 3A-3C, the light beam 17 is directed onto four bands 22, while in the end only three bands 25 on the light modulation panel 12 are illuminated. If the area 21 were to have the same number of bands as the light modulation panel 12, the upper band of the light modulation panel in the embodiment shown would not be provided with a light beam reflected via the second integrator plate 4 and the light modulation panel 12 would be unevenly illuminated.

[0024] In the color projection system as described in the opening paragraph of European patent application EP 99202414. 1, the light beam is directed onto, for example, three bands with the colors red R, green G and blue B in an area 21 and subsequently imaged in three bands 25 on the light modulation panel 12. Each band reflects only one of the three colors, while the other two colors are absorbed. This means that only 33% of the light beam reaches the light modulation panel 12.

[0025] In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 3A-3C, four bands are illuminated, while three of them are imaged on the light modulation panel 12 and three times light beams are as yet directed onto the light modulation panel 12 via the second integrator plate 4. In this embodiment, 50% of the light beam 17 thus reaches the light modulation panel 12.

[0026] In both cases, possible losses in the different optical components have not been taken into account.

[0027] It will be evident that the bands in the area 21 are shifted by rotating the drum 9 about the centerline 8, so that the bands imaged on the light modulation panel 12 are also shifted or are scrolled.

[0028] FIGS. 4A-4C show a second embodiment of the drum 9, in which the light beam 20 is imaged on an area 26 of the drum 9 in which five bands 27 are located. In this embodiment, the bands consecutively have the colors blue B, red R, white W, green G. The lower four bands of these five bands are imaged as bands 28 on the light modulation panel 12. The light beams 17 incident on the bands 27 are reflected as light beams 18, 19, similarly as is the case with the bands 22. The light beam 19 reflected by the blue band B and having the complementary colors red R and green G is presented again to the subjacent red band R, whereafter the red part is directed onto the light modulation panel 12. The white band generates only a light beam 18 so that the green band located below the white band is not illuminated once more by a light beam 19.

[0029]FIG. 4C shows the illumination of the light modulation panel 12 as a result of an illumination with light beam 17 of an area 26 as shown in FIG. 4A. In the light beams imaged on the light modulation panel 12, blue B is over-represented. Consequently, a division of bands as shown in FIG. 4A is suitable if blue B should be present to a stronger degree in the ultimate illumination of the light modulation panel than the other colors, or if blue B is represented to a lesser degree in the original light beam 17 so that a better approximation of white light can be obtained in this way.

[0030] If the integrator plate 4 is provided with one lens and two associated reflecting surfaces, the light beams 19 reflected for the second time can also be presented once more to the drum 9. The area 29 (see FIGS. 5A-5C) on which light beam 17 is directed then preferably comprises two bands more than the number of bands which is imaged on the light modulation panel 12. Such an embodiment is shown in FIGS. 5A-5D, in which an area 29 comprising five bands 30 on the drum 9 is illuminated, while only three bands 31 on the light modulation panel 12 are illuminated. In this embodiment, 60% of the light beam 17 reaches the light modulation panel 12.

[0031] It is alternatively possible to image, for example, six bands on the light modulation panel 12 simultaneously, while the area which is illuminated on the drum comprises, for example, seven bands if the light beam 19 is reflected only once by the integrator plate 4. In such a case, {fraction (12/21)}21 part of the light beam 17 is directed onto the light modulation panel 12. It is alternatively possible to further increase the number of bands so that an even larger part of the light beam 17 will ultimately reach the light modulation panel 12. However, the control of the light modulation panel 12 simultaneously becomes more complicated because more bands are to be scrolled on the light modulation panel 12.

[0032] It is alternatively possible to pass the light from the light source 2 through a polarization conversion means so that all the light from the light source 2 is directed by the PBS 6 onto the drum 9.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6799851 *Nov 27, 2002Oct 5, 2004Lg Electronics Inc.Optical projection system using color drum
Classifications
U.S. Classification353/84, 353/31, 348/E09.027, 348/743
International ClassificationG02F1/13, G03B21/00, G02F1/13357, G02F1/1335, H04N9/31, G02B26/10, G02B5/09
Cooperative ClassificationH04N9/3197, H04N9/3117, G02B5/09, G02B26/10
European ClassificationH04N9/31A3T, G02B5/09, H04N9/31V, G02B26/10
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 14, 2006FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20060917
Sep 18, 2006LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Apr 5, 2006REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jul 23, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELCTRONICS N.V., NETHERLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:013116/0295
Effective date: 20020717
Owner name: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELCTRONICS N.V. GROENEWOUDSEWE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION /AR;REEL/FRAME:013116/0295
Mar 26, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DEVAAN, ADRIANUS JOHANNES STEPHANES MARIA;REEL/FRAME:011647/0862
Effective date: 20010214
Owner name: U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION 1251 AVENUE OF THE AMERIC
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DEVAAN, ADRIANUS JOHANNES STEPHANES MARIA /AR;REEL/FRAME:011647/0862