US 2001106 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 14, 1935. J. E. MULLEN SHOW CASE Filed Aug. 14, 1933 I INVENTOR John A .Mu/Aer;
FIE E aur lf ATTORNEYS UNITED; STATES Patented May 14, 1935 PATENT OFFICEY SHOW CASE John E. Mullen, San Francisco, Ga lif., assignor of one-half to H. L. Judell & Company San Francisco, Calif., a corporation of California Application August 14, 1933, Serial No. 684,986
This invention relates generally to show cases adapted particularly for use in retail establishments for the display and sale of merchandise.
It is an object of the invention to provide a device of the above character which will be rugged in construction, and which will be relatively cheap to manufacture.
A further object of the invention is to provide a show case which will display articles of merchandisc to best advantage and which can be readily opened to permit access thereto.
Further objects of the invention will appear from the following description in which the preferred embodiments of the invention have been set forth in detail in conjunction with'the accompanying drawing.
Referring to the drawing:
Figure 1 is a perspective view, illustrating a show case in accordance with the present invention. a
Fig. 2 is a cross sectional view taken transversely of the device of Fig. 1.
The preferred embodiment of my show case illustrated in the drawing consists of a receptacle l0, formed to include a bottom wall I I, and spaced upright end walls l2. In order to properly retain articles of merchandise within the case while the same is open, aback strip [3 has been shown extending upwardly from the rear edge of the bottom wall II, and between the rear edges of the end walls l2. Likewise the forward side of the case is provided with a wall I4, extending between the forward edges of the end walls I2, and which may be of glass retained by a suitable frame, to facilitate inspection of the enclosed merchandise. The upper edges l6 of the end walls l2 slope forwardly and downwardly. In other words these upper these edges are at an acute angle with respect to the rear upright edges l 1.
Associated with the receptacle It described above, there is a closure structure designated generally at l8. This structure consists of a cover portion l9, in conjunction with a back wall por-'- tion 7H. Cover portion I9 is preferably formed of glass retained by a frame as illustrated, while the back wall portion 2| can be formed of wood or like material. Adjacent longitudinal edges of these portions are rigidly connected together at an acute angle, substantially equal to theangle between the upper and upright edges l6 and ll of the end walls l2. To provide greater rigidity and strength, the connection between the two portions I9 and 2| can be reinforced by the end webs 22. In order to afiord the desired swinging movements between opened and closed positions for the structure I8, the lower longitudinal edge of the back wall portion 2| is provided with a hinge connection 24. to the upper longitudinal edge of the back strip l3. In connection with such swinging movements it should be noted that the closure structure I8 is of a length slightly" less than the longitudinal distance between the inner faces of the end walls l2. Therefore when the structure I8 is swung to closed position as shown in full lines in Fig. 2, the upper face of the cover portion 19 is substantially flush with the upper edges it of the end walls I2, while the rear side of the back wall portion 21 is substantially flush with the upright edges 11. V
In order to limit swinging movement to open position, I provide suitable means acting between the end walls E2 and the cover portion [9. Thus suitable stops such as screws 26 are fixed upon the inner sides of the end walls l2, adjacent the upper ends of the same, and these screws 26 are 2 adapted toengage screws 21 or equivalent stops carried upon the under side of the cover portion 19. These stops are preferably so positioned that when the closure structure it is swung to open position as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2, the center of gravity is slightly to the rear of the hinge connection 24, thus causing the cover structure to remain in such a position until pulled forwardly by manual force.
It is evident from the above that my show case is of extreme simplicity, and that it can be readily manufactured at low cost. At the same time it is rugged in construction, and is neat and at tractive in appearance. The closure structure 18 can be readily swung to open position, and While in' such position the interior of the case is conveniently accessible for the removal or insertion of articles of merchandise.
sponding to the angle of said end wall edges, said backwall section of the closure extending from the top edge of the fixed narrow back wall section to the top of the receptacle, means for hingedlyconnecting the two sections of the back wall to permit the closure structure to swing from its closed position rearwardly into an open position and stop means for arresting opening swinging movement when the center of gravity of the closure structure is behind said hinge connection, the top wall of the closure structure being substantially horizontal when the same is in full open position.
2. A show case construction comprising a receptacle having fixed end, bottom and front walls and a'narrow back wall section closing a small portion of the back of the receptacle which is less than the height of the front wall, the back and top edges of the end walls being arranged at an acute angle relative to each other, a closure structure comprising a top wall and a back wall section rigidly connected together at an angle'corresponding to the angle of said end wall edges,
said back wall section of the closure extending from the top edge of the fixed narrow back wall section to the top of the receptacle, means for hingedly connecting the two sections of the back wall to permit the closure structure to swing from its closed position rearwardly into an open position, and cooperating means carried by an end Wall and said top wall for limiting opening movement of the closure structure to prevent the top wall from'moving beyond an open position in which it occupies a substantially horizontal plane, the center of gravity of the closure structure when in said open position being behind said hinge connection.
' JOHN E. MULLEN.