US 2001312 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 14,1935. -.-'r. M. OCONNELL v 2,001,312
VWOTIVE LIGHT Filed Jan. 31, 1934 ATTORNEY Patented May 14, 1935 UNI-TE mm My invention relates to votive lights and more particularly to a novel tumbler construction for holding the candle or the meltedwax from the candle.
Votive light tumblers, for some time past, have been made from synthetic resins of which there are'numerous kinds, 's uch, for example, as those sold under such names as Bakelite, Durex, Beetleware, etc. These tumblers are also made of glass, usually glass which is translucent and colored rather than transparent. Whether the tumblers are made of glass or from synthetic resins they are subject to either breakage or defacement as a result of the application of a flame thereto. Since they are primarily designed to burn for long periods, often unattended, the failure of the tumblers to withstand contact with a flame necessitates that they be set upon fireproof supports and this has detracted from the beauty which may form a part of non-fireproof structures but which cannot be built into the fireproof materials because of the nature of the materials.
Since votive lights primarily are used in churches, which notoriously are drafty, it has been a common occurrence for the candle flame to iminge against the tumbler walls as a result of a sudden draft. This, in the case of glass, created a temperature differential and caused it to crack or break, or, in the case where the tumbler was formed of synthetic resins, blisters frequently were formed and the appearance of the tumbler so marred that its further use was undesirable.
A further disadvantage of the tumblers heretofore used was that it was substantially impossible to create a design on the tumbler that would be apparent at the distance from which the tumblers were usually viewed.
The present invention, briefly stated, comprises a novel votive light comprising an outer ornamental shell similar to the tumblers heretofore used within which is located a. lining of a highly heat conductive metal into which designs may be cut, with the lining preferably immovably connected to the shell.
An object of the present invention is to provide a votive light tumbler which is fire resistant in character.
A more specific object of the invention is to provide a votive light tumbler in which the flame of the candle may be kept out of contact with the glass or other material forming the tumbler and if this is not accomplished to provide a sufiiciently conductive material in contact with the tumbler at the point at which the flame may impinge that the heat will be readily conducted away from that point and no harm willresult.
Another object of my invention is to provide an opaque lining for a votive light tumbler in which a design may be cut. I
' Other and more specific objects of my invention will be apparent from the following specification, claims, and from the drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a votive light tumbler embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is a vertical section taken on the line 22 of Fig. 1 with a candle indicated in place;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the liner'for the outer shell;
Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken on the lines 44 of Fig. 3; and 1 Fig. 5 is a horizontal section taken on the lines 5-5 of Fig. 2.
The tumbler proper, or outer shell, it) may be composed of any of the suitable well known materials from which such tumblers are ordinarily constructed, usually a material frangible or ca.- pable of being marred. by heat, such as glass or a synthetic resin. Specifically the outer shell may be such as is illustrated and described in my U. S. Patent #1,945,953, granted February 6, 1934. Such a shell may be shaped to provide somewhat tapered side walls H and a bottom i2.
Within the shell I9 is located a metal liner I3 with its side walls conforming to the size and shape of the interior of the shell is and its bottom formed as is found most suitable, either conforming to the bottom of the tumbler, as indicated in Fig. 2, or otherwise. In the sides of the liner l3 may be cut perforations such as indicated at I 4 to form a suitable design including the type here indicated of a cross and stars, various monograms indicative of the shrine before which the light is to be placed, etc. Such design preferably is cut on four sides of the lining, as indicated in Figs. 3 and 4, so that no matter from what angle the light is viewed the design will be apparent. By the use of a metallic lining I provide means for protecting a major portion of the shell ID from an impinging flame but also if the flame should impinge upon a small portion of the shell through the openings cut to make adesign the close proximity of the metal to the portion of the shell against which the flame impinges will conduct the heat away before damage is done.
By the use of this lining the translucency of not only the shell ill but the candle l5 becomes strikingly apparent. Where, without the lining,
the tumbler appears translucent throughoutv its height regardless of the size of the candle therein, the use of the liner with its contrasting transparent and opaque portions, particularly when a full sized candle is placed therein, as indicated in Fig. 2, bring out the rather startling effect that the candle is also translucent and that the design near the top of the candle is as distinct from the background as the portions lower down.
Preferably the lining I3 is fixed immovably within the container I by a rivet l6 passing through the bottom of the liner and the bottom of the tumbler. This is particularly desirable when the liner is formed of a light gauge pliant metal such as, for instance, thin aluminum, since, being fixed within the rigid tumbler, it prevents distortion thereof when the remains of used candles are being cleaned away and the light is being prepared for further use. i a Various modifications may be made in the above described embodiment of my invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof as set forth in the following claims 2 What I claim as my invention is;
1. In a votive light the combination of an outer translucent shell, a relatively less translucent lining for said shell, perforations forming a design in said lining and a candle lying entirely within said lining.
2. In a votive light the combination of a shell formed of a class of substances which are injured by heat, a lining for said shell, said lining being" relatively infrangible and noncombustible, and a candle lying entirely within said lining.
3. In a votive light, the combination of a shell formed of a stiff but frangible material; a lining between said candle and said'shell, said lining being pliant but relatively. infrangible and noncombustible, and a candle lying entirely within said lining. V
4. In a votive light, the combination of a translucent shell formed of a stiif, but frangible material; a candle; and an opaque lining between said candleand said shell, said lining being pliant but relatively infrangible and noncombustible;
V perforations in said lining forming a design, and
"said candle lying entirely within said lining.
; In avotive light the combination of an outer translucent, inflexible shell; a relatively less translucent but more flexible lining; perforations in said'lining; means for connecting said lining