US 2001476 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. W. VOGT May 14, 1935".
PACKAGE AND CONTAINER FOR ICE CREAM AND THE LIKE s Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed' Aug. 22, 1932 I c. w. VOGT 2,001,476
PACKAGE AND CONTAINER FOR ICE CREAM AND THE LIKE Filed Au '22, 19 SSheets-Sheet? INVENTOR ClarencelflVa z l 214 ATTORNEYS May 14, 1935- I c w V 2,001,476
PACKAGE AND CONTAINER FOR ICE CREAM AND THE LIKE FiledAug. 22, 1932 3 SheetsSheet 3 'IIIIl/III.
INVENTOR I Clarenw iIfVb i ATTORNEYS- wee ae- 3 PATENT OFFICE PACKAGE AND CONTAINER FOR ICE AND THE Clarence W. Vogt, Louisville, Ky., assignor,
mesne. assignments, to Vogt Processes,
Louisville, Ky., a corporation of Delaporated,
by Incor- 1 Application August 22,1932, Serial 'No. 629,776
k 9 Claims. (01. 206 -46) v i This invention relates to containers adapted for the shipment and storage of a plurality of individual packages and more particularly to a container adapted to receive a. plurality of'small packages of ice cream of a size and character to serve as individual portions.
The invention also involves an improved package including the container in combination with the contents arranged in a ship thereto.
The individual portions or packages for which the container is particularly adapted anddesigned may be such as is disclosed'and claimed in.
' my Patent No. 1,906,183, issued April 25, 1933.
One object of the present invention is to provide, a'shipping package or carrier'by means of which a quantity of the individualportions or blocks may be supported in bundles or bulk in'a manner to permit storage and transportation, these carriers being such as to permit the'easy assembly of the individual packages therein and the. easy removal thereof for dispen'singpurposes. As an important feature of the present invention, these carriers are very inexpensive to manufacture, easy to assemble, rugged and durable against ordinary handling in storage and trans-' 'portation, easyto dispense from, and so formed as to effectively protect the contents thereof against tampering during storage and transportation.
As another feature of the present invention; the carrier has a frame structurecomprising a substantially strong base and a pair of rigid c01- umns upstanding therefrom and adapted to hold therebetween the material to be carried'and to support the weight of a superposed package. Means. are provided at the upper ends of said columns to facilitate carrying the package. The frame structure is preferably made from a stiff paper blank having a central portion to serve as a base and end portions bendable to form the upstanding columns.
As anotherfeatureof the present invention, the carrier is provided with a handle bar extending acrossthe top of the carrier and normally in position close to the top of the package to permit these carriers to be stacked, and shiftable to spaced relationship with said top to permit the carrying handto extend thereunder.
As another feature of the present invention, each column of the'frame structure comprises a mainside wall and a pair of flaps on the edges thereof bent to, angular relationshiptherewith to impart rigidity to the columns, and forming flanges to protect the material to be supported.
As a further important feature of the present invention, there is provided for the individual,
blocks of ice cream a shippingunit which includes a frame member for supporting the blocks in stacked relationship and an outside covering mounted in telescopic relationship with said 1 frame member and adapted to conceal the con tents to form a neat, strong package.
As a further feature one of. the columns'has attached thereto one end of a' wrapper which, after the package is filled, may be drawn tightly around the package and the opposite end secured to said columnsto form a tight peripheral supporting wall.
As'a further feature, the upper end of one of the columns may have an extension forming a handle.' v g I In the accompanying drawings there areil.-
'lustrated certain embodiments'of my. invention;
In these drawings: v Fig. 1 is a perspective'view of the package prior to the application of the outer wrapper; and
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of place.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of theupper porthe wrapper'in J 25 tion of the package with the handle in its lowered position.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view but showing the handle in raised position.
Fig. '5 is a sectional detail'on the line 5- of Fig. 1.
similar. to Fig. 3, i
Fig. 6 is a sectional detail on the line 6-6 of f Fig. 2. g Fig. 7 is a plan view of the blank forming the base and side columns of the container. I Fig. 8 is a plan view of the blank forming the Fig.- 9 is a perspective view of the handle, I
between successive layers.
Fig.1l is a perspective view of the clip to which the handle is attached.
Fig. 12 is a perspective view of one of the individual portions. g Fig. 13 is a perspective view of an alternative form showing a different form of wrapper partially in place.
- Fig. -14'is a perspective view of a cover member and handle adapted for use in connectionwith the construction shown in Fig. 13.
Fig. 15 is a perspective view of the completed package.
Fig.16 is a sectional detail on the line Iii-It so of Fig. 15.
Fig. 17 is a sectional detail on the line l'|l| of Fig. 16.
Fig. 18 is a perspective view of the clip for connecting the cover, handle and side columns.
Fig. 19 is a plan view of a portion of another form of blank used in making the base and columns of the construction shown in Fig. 13, and
Fig. 20 is a perspective view of a portion of a package made from the blank shown in Fig. 19.
In the specific form shown in Figs. 1 to 12 inclusive, the container includes a base and two opposite side columns formed integral therewith and from comparatively stiff, but inexpensive sheet material such as fiber board, but which is not so stifi but what it may be bent along scored lines. The blank from which is formed the frame comprising the bottom and side columns is shown particularly in Fig. '7. This includes a central 3 or base portion 20 with extensions at opposite sides adapted to be folded along scored lines 2| to form opposed parallel side walls 22. Each of these side walls have an extension at each edge thereof which maybe folded along a scored line 23 to form afiange 24. At the end of each flange nearest to the base 20, there is an extension which may be folded along a scored line 25 to form a flap 26, and at the outer or free end of the side wall 20 there is an extension which may be folded along a scored line 21 to form a flap 28.
The base has scored lines 29 adjacent. to its side edges andbetween the sidewalls 2Q, whereby extensions may be folded upwardly to form flaps orflanges 30. The scored lines 28=maybe at an able ma nner, as for instance, by wire staples 33.
The fastening of these flaps to the base, holds the flanges 24 at the predetermined angle in respect to the side walls and likewise holds the side walls in theirparallel vertical spaced positions. f
The flanges or flaps 28 may be folded over into horizontal planes parallel to the base, and
these flanges or flaps are preferably of greater length'than the width of the side walls 22 so that the end portions may rest directly upon the upper ends of the flanges 24 and be supported thereby. The side walls together with their side flanges 24 form columns which are comparatively rigid, and the flaps 28 formtop walls on these columns so that when one package is placed upon another the weight of the upper package will be adequately supported bythe columns of the lower one and will not be transmitted to the contents of the lower package. t
The frame work so far described may have the contents inserted with the parts in position described, or the contents may be assembled on the base, and the side walls thereafter bent to their vertical positions and secured by the fastening members 33. Y
The frame is particularly adapted for use in the shipment and storage of individual portions of ice cream, such for instance, as is shown in Fig. 12. Each of these includes a cylindrical block of ice cream 35 with a wrapper around the periphery and formed of two sections 36 of paper or other flexible sheet material. Each section extends around slightly more than one-half of the periphery of the block, and eachjhasone edge terminating in a flap or extension 31. These two extensions are at approximately diametrically opposite sidesso that by grasping the two extensionsof the wrapper and pulling them in opposite directions, the two sections of the wrapper are easily peeled off or removed from the body portion 35 without bringing the hands incontact with the material and without the use of special implements.
In making up the package a row or tier of the individual units, such as shown in Fig. 12, are placed on the base 20, but spaced therefrom by a suitable interleaf or sheet 38 of paper or analogous material which will protect the ends of the blocks 35 from direct contact with the base 20. Above the first tier is placed other of the interleaves 38 .and other-tiers of the individual portions until the container is filled. It will, of course, be obvious that the order in which the portions of the contents, are placed in position isimmaterial as the entire stack may be made up outside of the container and :placedon the base'before the side walls are bent up and fastened, or such a stack may be inserted between the side walls and while the flaps 28 are in vertical position. The individual units in each tier are advantageously arranged in concentric rows.
After the contents have been placed in position, the wrapper is brought into position around the contents and the side columns and to cover the top. In Fig. -8, I have shown a blank from whichsuch a 'wrapper'may be formed. I This includes a body portion 40 which may have scored lines to divide it into six panels corresponding to the approximately hexagonal form of the package and may have an adhesive coated flap 4| along one end whereby the body portion may be glued up in substantially tubular. form. Each panel of the body portion hasa flap or extension 42 at one end, and these are separated by slits whereby all of the flaps may-be folded over to form a cover as shown in Fig. 3. The Iflaps may printing to indicate the contents or fla'yor of the package. This wrapper, in the form of a tubular wall and top wall, is telescoped down over be held downby a label 43 which may be pasted across. the top and bear suitable marking or the assembled parts shown in Fig. 1, so as to comwise of these end portions 46. For attaching the' handle to the columns, there may be provided a metal clip, such as shown in Fig.1l. This includes a base portion 50 which may lie against the inner or under side of the'flap 28 and'be secured thereto by a tongue 5| through a slot 52 in the flap 28 and bent over into engagement with the upper surface as shown j in Fig. 5.
extending up i through'an aperture 55 in the'side-wall 22 ad jacent to the fold line 21'. "lwcrdf the'panels of the wrapper may be provided with ape'rtures 56,1,
and in placing thewrapp'erdn position, these apertures are brought opposite the ears 54 so that the latter extend out throughfthe wrapper as shown in Fig. 2; The handle may then 'be' placed in-position with"thefe'arsxextending out through the slots 41 and the ears bent away from each other to engage the outer surface of the depending extensions on the handle and retain thehandle in position. The slots are 'so positioned and are of'such len'gth'thatth'e handle maynormally lie flat against the top of the. wrap- Y per and will prevent the side walls" 22' from spreading apart or being pressed together at" their upper ends, and will form an additional strength element, whereby one package may more effectively support. a superposed package.
When it is desired to transport the package,
the handle may be moved upwardly due'to' the" sliding movement permitted by the slots 41,' and the handle'will be spaced a suflicient distance above the top of the package'so that it "may bereadily grasped as shown in Fig. I 4'.
When it is desired to openthelpackage, the; wrapper or upper portion thereof may, be torn off with'or without removingthe handle. By leaving a part of the wrapper in place, the lower tiers of the contentsflwill remaimprotected, but the individual packagesmay be removed from are dispensed. a I
Itwill-be noted that such removal of the wrapper does not destroy the strength element of the container and will still permit 'aff'partially or .en-
tirely empty container to support the full weight ofanother package if such be desired. The entire package may be made of approximately the diameterfof an ordinary five gallon ice cream can'so that it maybe lowered into the wall ofthe refrigerating cabinet which was intended to receive such a fl ve gallon can and the packagemaybe of such height and them dividual portions of such size.,,th"at each package will contain theequivalent .of approximately, two and one-half gallons of icecream, and; two of Y 'the' packages maybe placedone on top of the other, in the refrigeratingcabinet. By entirely removing the wrapper before inserting the package in the cabinet, the contents will be more directly exposed to the action of the refrigerating medium, such as cold air.
One advantage of my improved package is that, if it is desired that the contents be held at a relative high temperature, with relation to the temperature at which the cabinet is being maintained, the wrapper may be left intact and there- -by serve as, an added insulator ele'ment between the portions and the refrigerated surfaces of the cabinet. On theother handjif it is desired that the portionsbe maintained at a lower temperature, this outer wrappermay be stripped "away so as toremove thisinsulating effect and thereby permit the portions within the container to reach a lower temperature.
The container is comparatively inexpensive and may be thrown away when the contents have must be returned to the factory and thoroughly cleaned before refilling.
a The ice cream in each layer is fully protected by the peripheral wrapper 36 and the'upper and lower interleaves 38 so. that it remains in a san-" itary condition'until dispensed. The interleaf above any "layer may be pulled away a little at a time so as to expose only the individual packages' 'which are to be immediately removed for use.
"I dOllOt wish to be limited to the specific con-w struction illustrated, as various changes may be made in the details of construction. In Figs.
been used so that there is'a very great saving over that involved in the use of metal cans which 13 to 18' inclusive, there is shown a form which differs in somerespects from thatjabove described. Instead forming the wrapper asa tubular body to be slipped over the frame after the contents have been placed in position, I
may use a sheet Mlawhich may be scored .the same as shown in Fig. 8, but which may have an edge portion 60 secured to one of the side walls 22. After the filling of the frame, the wrapper may 7 be drawn tightly around the frame and'its contents, and-the opposite edge portion 61 then past,-
ed orotherwise secured to the same side wall 22.
This has the advantage in more firmly supporting theindividual packages againstan'y lateral movement and more effectively binding them inplace than can be done'w'itha loose wrapper telescoped intoposition. This wrapper thereforeneed not have any end flaps or form any cover to the package. In this construction I have shown a cover member 63 which may be approximately, hexagonal in form with depending flaps 64 on pairs of opposite side edges. A flexible handle the top or upper portion. Successivev portions 1 of the wrapper may be torn away as the contents strip 65 of cloth'or other analogous strong material may be permanently securedto the. cover member and the cover member secured to the flaps at theupper e'ndsof the side walls 22. a
For accomplishing this purpose,'Imay employ apair of clips such asshown inFig. 18. Each clipincludes a base portion 66 which may be applied directly to the upper side of the end por tion ofthe handle. The base portion has side flanges 61' which may be forced" down through the strip and through the cover 63 and bent into locking engagement with the under surface of. the latter to lock the handle and cover together. a
Preferably, the handlestrip 65 is folded around the edge of the cover to form an inner or under layer 'fiflth'rough which the flanges 61 are projected as'shown particularly in Figs. 16 and 17'.
The terminal portions of "the flanges 61 may be bent inwardly'so as to more firmly grip the parts together. i
The base portion 66 has'an upwardly extending flange 69 which may be extended through the 1 slot 52. inthe' flap 28 after the cover is placed in position and the flaps '28 bent down onto the ,cover. This flange or tongue 69 may then be bent 'over'towardthe cover so as to hold the flap 28 down and to form a hook firmly engaging the flange 28 when thexpackage is lifted by the handle In this construction, the handle is flexible whilethe cover is comparatively stiff and rests be lifted up adjacent to one end thereof and such lifting movement will apply sufficient pressure on It is obvious that the material from which the these flanges and properly positioned against\ lateral movement by the side flanges '4.
Figs. 19 and 20 show still another form oIcontainer in which'the column or side portions 12a carry elongated flaps or flanges 28a which, in the flnished package, rest ontop of the cover 63a. The elongated flaps may be provided with, a'sub flap Bla'which maybe out out as shown. I In this construction, the cover 83 isheld in place by a gummed flavor label a which extends across the top and the ends of,- which may be adhesively secured to the opposite sides 01' the wrapper 40a. In the'construction shown in these flgures, the handle fl'may, be dispensed with.
frame 22a is constructed should be sufllciently strong to support the weight of the contents of the package when same is being carried by the flngers which are inserted, in the openings oi one of the handles 28a. 7
It will, of course, beevident that various other modifications and changes may be made within the spirit of my invention and'the scope thereof as defined in the appended claims;
Cognate'subject matter is disclosed in my pending application Serial No. 709,245, flied Februm 1, 1934 and the invention common'to this application and to said copending application Serial No. 709,245 is broadly claimed in the last vmentioned application. 7
Having thus ,describ'edimy invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters,
1. A container including a substantially he xagonal base of stiff sheet material and a pair of columns at opposite'edges of saidbase, each column including a wall portion integral with said base and extending vertically therefrom, a pair 01 flanges integral'with each wall atopposite side edges thereof and disposed in vertical planes at an angle of approximately 120 to the plane of the sidewall and forming substantial portions of the other four walls, and
, means for securing the lower end of each flange to said base. i g y 2. A container including asubstantially hexagonal base of stiff sheet material and a pair oi columns at opposite edges of said base, each column including a wall, portion integral with said base and extending vertically therefrom, a pair of flanges integral with each wall at opposite side edges thereof and disposed in vertical. planes at an angle to the plane of the sidewall, each wall having a substantiallyhorizontal flange at the upper end thereof, and a separate top wall between said columns and engaging the upper ends of said flrst mentioned flanges and overlapped by said second mentioned flanges 3. A container including a base of stifl sheet material and a pair of channel-shaped columns ,at opposite edges of said base and extending vertically therefrom, said columns being formed integral with said base, and each column having wall and detachably secured to'the a substantially horizontal inwardly extending flange at the upper end thereof. a cover member between said columns, and beneath said flanges,
and limiting the inward movement of the upper ends or said columns, and a handle secured to saidflan ges.
4, A3 container includinga i'rame having a substantially hexagonal-base and a pair of col-,
umns at opposite edges thereoheachcolumn including'ja wall-portion integral with said base and extending vertically thereironn-and apair oi. flanges integral with each wall at opposite side edges thereof and disposed in vertical planes 4 5. A container including a base oic omparatively stiii. sheet materialand a pair of. opposite upwardly extending side walls integral therewith,
outwardly extending lugs at the upper ends of said side walls, a wrapper encircling said side walls and having. apertures through which said lugs extend, and a handle secured to said lugs.
6. A container including a base or compara tively stiil. sheet material and a pairoi opposite upwardly extending columns integral therewith, outwardly extending lugs at the upper end" 01' said columns, a wrapper encircling said columns and having apertures through which saidlugs extend, and a'handle secured to said lugs, said handle being vertically movable through a predetermined and limited distance in respect to said columns.
7. A container including a base and a pair oi columns extending upwardly from opposite side edges thereof, each column having an inwardly directed flange at its upper end, said base, columns and flanges being formed irom'a single piece of stiff sheet material's separate, coinparatively stifl cover between'said' columns at,
their upper ends, and limiting the inward move-' ment'thereof, and a flexiblerhandle havingfthe opposite end secured to said flanges. g
8. A-container including a base and a pair of columns extendingupwardlyfrom'opposite side edges thereot'each columnhaving an inwardly directed flange at its upper end, said base, columns and flanges being formed from a single piece of stifl sheetgrn'aterial, a cover member adapted to be disposed beneath said flanges, and
clips for securing said handleto said coverv and securing said cover to said flanges; j
9'. A container including a base,'side walls extending upwardly from two opposite edges thereof, and each having side flanges secured at their lower endsto said base, said base, walls and flanges beingformed from a single sheet 01 comparatively stifl' "material, a wrapper of "tubular form adapted to telescopeover said side walls and the contents of said container, and having a top wall, and a handle above said top upper ends of said side walls. j
" e CLARENCE W. VOGT.