US 2001638 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 14, 1935. G, E, TORNSJO 2,001,638
SURGICAL NEEDLE Original Filed Nov. 14, 1952 Patented May 14, 1935 Y r 1;.UNirruSpur-S PATENTOFFICE SURGICAL `NEEDLE Gustar Elof Tornsjo, Columbia, Mo., assignor to Research Foundation, Inc., Columbia, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application November 14, 1932, Serial No. 642,637 f Renewed March 14, 1935 4 Claims. ((21.y 12s-347) This invention is a noVel improvement in but said end being beveled and sharpened as at surgical needles particularly adapted for taking i to pierce the nesn. The inner member 3 has the internal pressures of the intra-pleural i' a transverse opening 5 therethrough adapted to other cavities of a patient, the needle having register with the perforations `2 in the outer means for Cutting through the esh and means member I in one position. The inner member 5 Operable to open a passage through the needle 3 carrying. the skin piercing pointl 4 projects to a suitable pressure recording apparatus, beyond the end of the outer member I while Whereby by using tWO such needles, injeeted into piercing the iiesh, and when so projected the the respective intra-pleural cavities between the holes 5 and 2 in the two members are cut of lungs and the Chest Walls at both sides of a register. When however the needle has been 10 patient, the pressures in both cavities may be injected into the patient the inner member 3 is reeordedadjusted as hereinafter described to retract the The needles may be connected by rubber tubsharp end 4 within the outer member I, to preing with the apparatus for graphically recording vent injury to the; patient, and to bring the such pressures for determining the differences in perforetions 5 and 2 into register, the inner 15 pressures. Also the needles may be used in member 3 having a bore 6 extending from the determining the pressures in cavities other than perferatiens 5 to the inner `end thereof and the intra-pleural CaVities of a patientleading into a duct I in a lateral extension 8 Other minor objeets of the inVention Will be to which is connected a combined valve and hereinafter set forth. hose coupling member 9 connected with hose H 20 I will explain the invention With reference to '(Fig. 1).y Preferably the inner end of the outer the accompanying drawing Whieh illustrates One member I is enlarged as at I a and has a bayonet praetleal embodiment thereof to enable others slot I0 therein adapted to receive a bayonet lug familiar with the art to adopt and use the same; on the inner member 3, the slot l0 being of and Will summarize in the Claims the noVe1 such length that when the bayonet lug II is 25 features of construction, and novel combinations et the inner end 0f the 5101; lo the Cutting point of parts, for which protection is desired. 4 Wi11 be projected beyond the outer member I In said drawing: the proper amount. The bayonet slot I0 has Fig- 1 is a VieW showing needles applied to a lateral branch Illa receiving the lug Il, inset both intra-pleural CaVities of a patient. from the end of the slot permitting rotation of 30 Fig- 2 is an enlarged elevation oi a needle the inner member 3 within the outer member I detached. to retract the cutting end 4, and. bring the Fig. 3 is a section through the inner member periorations 5 and 2 into register, and establish of the needle. communication to the combined valve and hose Fig- 4 is a Seetion through the outer member connecting member 9. On the outer member I 35 of the needle. is an adjustable depth gauge consisting of a AS Shown in Fg- 1 the needles N forming plate I2 having a hub I3 provided with a set the subject matter of the present application Screw |4 whereby the penetrating depth of the are shown applied to the intra-pleural cavities needle N can be adjusted, Said plate I2 having between the lungs and chest Walls at both sides slots I2a at each end for attachment of the straps 40 of the patient P. In practice the needles would which hold the needle to; the patient y be connected around the back of the patient by In use the hose Sections H Comected 'to the e l i n n te r an me ast C Strap a d C0 nec d aC OSS the pressure recorder and carrying the needles N chest of the patient by an elastic strap to allow are inserted into the intra-pleural spacesin the for chest expansmn and retraction of the pat1ent patient .at each Side of his chest, and held in .n
While breathing Without changing the positions place by means of suitable straps having means of the needles.
The needles N are Connected by hose sections to allow for alternate expansion and retraction H to a recording apparatus (not shown) of any of the Chest during breathing Without Shifting desired type. the position of the needles. The pressures need 50 Each needle (Figs. 2, 3, 4) preferably comonly be recorded for a few minutes, and during prises a slender tubular outer member I having the interval in which the pressures are being ,apertures 2 adjacent its outer end, and being recorded any pressure fluctuations in the intraopen at its outer end. Within the outer member pleural spaces in the patient will be recorded;
I is an inner member 3 closed at its outer end also any fluctuations in pressure after introduc- 55 tion of any substance, such as fluid into the 2. A surgical needle, comprising an outer tubular member having a perforation; an "finner tubular member having a flesh cutting'knifeand having a perforation adapted to register with that in the outer member; and means for causing the perforations to come into and out of register.
3. A surgical needle, comprising `an outer'V tubular member having a perforation; an inner tubular member having a flesh cutting kniferand having a perforation adapted to register with that in the outer member; means whereby in one position of the inner member the knife will project beyond the outer member and the perforations will be out of register, and in another position of the inner member the knife will be retracted within the outer member and the perforations will register.
4. AI surgical needle, corrprising'v 'an outer tubular member having a perforation; an inner tubular member having a flesh cutting knife fand having a perforation adapted to register with that in the outer member; a bayonet pin on the inner member engaging a bayonet slot in the outer member whereby in one position of the pin in the slot the knife will project beyond the outer Amember and the perforations Will-be out of register, and in another position the knife will be retracted within the outer member and the perforations will register.
GUSTAF ELOF TORNSJO.A 20