US 2001862 A
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May 21 1935. E. c. BATTEY 2,001,862
FACIAL TISSUE SUPPORT Filed Feb. 26, 1931 Swwxwfoz WW2 Gum/14013 I hW/WW Patented May 21, 1935 g UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I 2,001,862 FACIAL TISSUE'SUPPORT EdithCarter Battey, New York, N. Y.
Application February 26, 1931, Serial No. 518,340
1 Claim. (01, 128-76) This invention relates to a method and means stantial degree of rigidity. I prefer to use stiff; for supporting and applying suitable medication fibrous substance for the base, although a wide to facial tissues in the treatment of frowns, lines variety of materials may be satisfactorly emorwrinkles. ployed. For example, various grades of card- 5 The invention has for its object to provide board, fibre or wood, are suitable, and even sub- 5 novel tissue supporting means sufficient stantially non-porous substances, such as hard strength to hold wrinkled or lined facial tissues rubber or metal may be used for the base, alsmooth and thus to reduce frowns, wrinkles and though softer and more porous materials are other facial lines by physically trainingthe inpreferred. A bleached fibre cardboard having a volved tissues to the desired smooth contour. thickness of .02 inch has been found to possess 10 A further object of the invention is to provide ample'rigidity and is, furthermore, well adapted an adhesive tissue support adapted to hold smooth to receive the adhesive and medicated coating as the lined tissues and at the same time apply will hereinafter more fully appear. thereto any suitable medication which is carried The function of the base B is to afford a by thesupport. support having suflicient rigidity to effectively l5 The invention further aims to provide an adhold smooth the lined or distorted tissues which "hesi ve tissue-supporting plaque having a certain are to be anchored thereto by adhesion. Court tendency to warp concavely, after being applied plaster or surgical tape, for example, would be to the face in a moistened condition, so as to too flexible for the purpose. In order to eradicate insure that the marginal portions be held in confacial lines it is necessary to stress the adjacent 20 tact with the face and avoiding the difliculty tissues and draw the creased; portions smooth,
, commonly experienced. with adhesive'sheets used such portions then adheringto the adhesive base for various other purposes in whichlossof the and being eifectively supported thereby in such adhesive bond occurs as a result of the manner as to train the tissues to the desired tending to curl away fromthe surface to which smooth contour. This requires that the base have 25 the sheet is applied. a degree of rigidity sufiicient to Withstand the The plaque according to the present invennecessary forces of compression and flexure incition is specia y firmed in h a er 85110 dent to the above described physical smoothing leave a minimum indication of its havin been ut, of th tissue 7 pp i d to the face, this fi sappea The second requisite is afstrong adhesive by 30 mg Shortly after YQ L t p aque. which the tissue-supporting base B is anchored A further obj ct s to pr videa convenient and to the face. For this I prefer to use a coating Sanitary protective arrier for O e 01 more of consisting of 6.5 parts of dextrine to 3.5 parts of the afor s d ad ive pl said carrier being water Baum at 85 Fahrenheit). When dry,
35 o d i t a t wit ut being adily this coating becomes quite firm and has been 35 detachable therefrom. found toprovide a very satisfactory bond with Ot jects of the invention will be pparent the human skin. The coating does not deteriorate from the fo w mo d d description, over long periods and is instantly made ready for wherein reference is h 0 t p yi use by slight moistening. Obviously any other 40 draw ng in wh r effective adhesive which is not injurious to the 40 Figure 1 is a magnified cross-section of the skin may be employed,
material preferably emp y in l q ac- The 'dextrine coating may also serve as a car- .cording to: the p nt invention. rier for medication that is indicatedin' the treat- Figs- 3 a d 4 s W Va i f s. f Pl ques ment of faciallines. Various so called skin tonics adap for t n lines n different Parts Of are known to be helpful in restoring normal tone 45 the face. a to the tissues by stimulation and by other physi- Fig-fi shOWS a plurality Of p q mquntedin ological processes. I have found that the incor- & pro-liective Carrierporation of a certain amount of tincture of capsi- Fig. [6 shows di at a y how ,various cum increases the effectiveness of the treatment orms 0f p q y be advantageously e according to the present invention. Alum, having 50 yed in the treatmen b different yp of the properties of an astringent and mild antifacial lines. septic, may also be advantageously employed.
As best seen in Fig.1, t e material if-t e Various vegetable substances, such 'as olive oil, adhesive plaque according to the presentinvenare known to have a certain value in nourishing tion, is characterized by a base B having a subweakened tissues, and may be availed of in com- Q5 pounding the medication carried by the adhesive plaque. Only a limited amount of oily substance may be compounded with the other ingreclients, however, without destroying the adhesive property requisite to successful use of the plaque as a physical support for holding the tissues smooth during treatment. 7
Thus it will be seen that the plaque according to the present invention may perform the dual function of physically supporting and smoothing the tissues and at the same time continuously applying remedial medication. A formula which has been found to give good results andwhichis set forth as illustrative of a wide variety of medications that may be advantageously employed to augment the effectiveness of what may be termed the physical supporting effect of the adhesive plaque according to my invention, is as follows:
In Fig. 1 the medicated adhesiveis indicated as a surface coating 0. It will be understood, however. that where the base B is of a somewhat 1 porous or absorbent character there will be a considerable absorption of the coating material, and this is advantageous in that it affords a reserve of medicated adhesive which makes practicable the repeated use of the plaque. After removal from the face the plaque need only be again slightly moistened and it is ready for further service. q
An important advantage is attained in the adhesive plaque according to the present invention, by the provision of a waterproof or moistureresisting coating D on the face of the porous base B opposite the adhesive coating C. A variety of mediums are suitable for the purpose. For example, clear or pigmented lacquer or varnish ,may be used, but it will be understood that a great number of other moisture-resisting coatings would be suitable. This waterproof coating has the effect of causing the. moistened plaque to develop a slightly concave warp as it dries on the face, thus gently urging the edges of the plaque toward the surface to which it is applied and thereby eliminating the characteristic tendency of most adhesive applications to curl up at the edges or away from the surface to which applied. This moisture-resisting coating has the further advantage of increasing the strength of the absorbent base and preventing the latter from being over moistened and rendered too soft, even though the plaque be immersed in water for some time. Such practice is of no advantage since only a slight moistening of the adhesive is sufficient, but the aforesaid moisture-resisting coating affords a substantial measure of protection against inadvertent over moistening.
Various forms of plaquesparticularly akclapted forthe specialized treatment of different types of facial linesare shown in Figs. 2, 3 and 4, and the uses of these various forms are olearlyindicated in Fig. 6. Form E is particularly suitable for treating frown lines between the eyes or the familiar crows-feet at the outer corners thereof.
The crescent form F is designed for the treatment of wrinkled areas beneath the eyesor at the corners of the mouth. Theelongated form G is most useful for the longhorizontal lines creasing the forehead.
The method of using the various forms is fundamentally the same. The lined facial area to be treated should first be smoothed by manually stretching the involved tissues in a direction transverse to the deforming lines (crosswise of the frown, wrinkle or other lined condition). While thus holding the tissues smooth the moisten'ed plaque is applied thereto preferably with considerable manual pressure, this not only facilitating adhesion, but insuring the engagement of the adhesive surface with the tissueswhich, prior to treatment, lie in the creased or indented depressions constituting the line or wrinkle. Such indented tissues are thus brought into the smooth plane of the plaque and securely anchored thereto,
being thereafter physically held in the desired smooth contour for the duration of the treatment.
ment in'the lined condition may be effected in an hours treatment, it is advantageous to leave the plaque in position for longer periods. Since no discomfort is experienced by the wearer, one or more of the plaques may be applied upon retiring and worn during sleep.
It will be noted that the various forms of plaques are designed so as to avoid sharp corners or acute angles. This has beenfound to be an important feature in that it avoids setting up excessive strains in the tissues which would otherwise occur. The rounded corners J, J, J" serve to distribute the stresses that would otherwise result from abrupt changes in the direction of the marginal line of support. With such rounded corners there will be found in the tissues only a slight imprint of the plaque when the latter is removed, and this quickly disappears, whereas if the plaque has square corners or acute angles the facialtissues at these points are found to be strained to the extent that the imprint of the corners of the plaque remain visible for a considerably longer period. Another feature of the invention resides in the provision of a protective frame or carrier for the plaque, the said frame being formed integrally with the plaque but being readily detachable therefrom. The frame is adapted to carry one or more of the plaques and protects the edges thereof from being roughened, as well as providing sanitary means for handling the plaques prior to use, it being possible to pack and handle the framed plaques without any physical contact with the plaques themselves. One form of carrier is shown in'Fig. 5. The card K containing twelve plaques for example, is stamped from a single sheet of the base material. The card and plaques are preferably cut out by a single die which is so formed as tocut completely through the material except at one or more small sections along the edges of the plaques, as indicated by the gaps L, at which points the die is slightly relieved so as tocut only part way through the material, thus leaving weakened anchorages or points of attachmentby means of which the plaques are retained in the'frame. The strength of these portions need be only slight so that the plaques are readily broken out of the carrier when required. EX- cept to withstand rough handling, the aforesaid anchorages have been found unnecessary inasmuch as there is sufficient friction between the frame and the plaques to retain the latter in pgsition if the cutting die employed has fine sharp e ges.
Where several plaques are carried in a single "frame, a considerable economy of material is efto another, as indicated at M. Thus, one may be said to form, at least in part, a carrier for another, in such manner that the edges of all are 7 protected. Unless so protected, the edges become roughened so that an undesirable imprint is made when applied to the face. From the standpoint of avoiding direct handling of the plaques in manufacture and packing, the advantage of providing such sanitary carrier is apparent.
While the method and certain forms of my invention have been hereinbefore described and illustrated; it will be understood that the invention is not limited thereto but may be otherwise variously modified and embodied without departing from the spirit thereof, as set forth in the following claim.
What Iclaim is:
A tissue support for treating facial lines, comprising a tissue-supporting member adapted to exert opposing forces on opposite sides of a facial line whereby to hold the lined tissue in a stretched condition transversely of said line, an adhesive adapted to secure said member to the facial tissues, the member being formed of a moistureabsorbing material having a capacity for shrinkage upon drying, and a moisture-resisting coating on the outer surface of said member whereby upon loss of moisture incident to drying upon the EDITH CARTER BA'I'TEY.