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Publication numberUS20020001205 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/522,717
Publication dateJan 3, 2002
Filing dateMar 10, 2000
Priority dateMar 12, 1999
Also published asCN1296725A, EP1077017A1, US6430065, WO2000056121A1, WO2000056121A9
Publication number09522717, 522717, US 2002/0001205 A1, US 2002/001205 A1, US 20020001205 A1, US 20020001205A1, US 2002001205 A1, US 2002001205A1, US-A1-20020001205, US-A1-2002001205, US2002/0001205A1, US2002/001205A1, US20020001205 A1, US20020001205A1, US2002001205 A1, US2002001205A1
InventorsMarcel J. M. Bucks, Engbert B. G. Nijhof, Johannes E. Algra
Original AssigneeMarcel J. M. Bucks, Engbert B. G. Nijhof, Johannes E. Algra
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
power circuit for a semiconductor light source operable from a solid state relay
US 20020001205 A1
Abstract
The invention relates to a circuit arrangement for operating a semiconductor light source, comprising
connection terminals for connecting a power supply,
rectifier means,
input filter means,
a converter comprising a control circuit, and
output terminals for connecting the semiconductor light source.
According to the invention, the part of the circuit arrangement situated between connection terminals for connecting a power supply and the rectifier means is free of capacitive means.
The invention also relates to a signal light provided with such a circuit arrangement.
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Claims(6)
1. A circuit arrangement for operating a semiconductor light source, comprising
connection terminals for connecting a power supply,
input filter means,
rectifier means,
a converter with a control circuit, and
output terminals for connecting the semiconductor light source, characterized in that the part between the input terminals and the rectifier means is free of capacitive means.
2. A circuit arrangement as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the input filter means are positioned between the rectifier means and the converter.
3. A circuit arrangement as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the input filter means comprise a differential-mode filter.
4. A circuit arrangement as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the differential-mode filter comprises a π filter.
5. A signal light provided with a housing accommodating a semiconductor light source, characterized in that the signal light is provided with the circuit arrangement as claimed in any one of the preceding claims.
6. A signal light as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the circuit arrangement is provided with a housing which is integrated with the housing of the signal light.
Description
  • [0001]
    The invention relates to a circuit arrangement for operating a semiconductor light source, comprising
  • [0002]
    connection terminals for connecting a power supply,
  • [0003]
    input filter means,
  • [0004]
    rectifier means,
  • [0005]
    a converter with a control circuit, and
  • [0006]
    output terminals for connecting the semiconductor light source.
  • [0007]
    The invention also relates to a signal light provided with such a circuit arrangement.
  • [0008]
    A circuit arrangement of the type mentioned in the opening paragraph is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,661,645. Semiconductor light sources are being increasingly used as signal lights. In such an application, the advantages of a semiconductor light source over a customary incandescent lamp are a substantial improvement in service life and a substantial reduction in power consumption. Signal lights often form part of a complex signaling system, for example a traffic control system with traffic lights. In order to realize said advantages of semiconductor light sources on a large scale, it is necessary for the circuit arrangement to be retrofit with respect to the existing signaling systems.
  • [0009]
    In existing signaling systems, a signal light is often powered by means of a solid-state relay. A general property of solid-state relays is that a minimum current is required to bring the relay into the conducting state by means of a trigger current and to keep it in that state by means of a holding current. In existing installations, use is customarily made of an incandescent lamp having a load of 135 W. A semiconductor light source used as a signal light, however, customarily has a rated power in the range from 7 W to 20 W and a corresponding, lower current.
  • [0010]
    This constitutes a problem for the application of the circuit arrangement and the semiconductor light source provided with said circuit arrangement.
  • [0011]
    It is an object of the invention to provide a measure for completely or partly obviating said problem.
  • [0012]
    In accordance with the invention, this object is achieved in that the circuit arrangement of the type mentioned in the opening paragraph is characterized in accordance with the invention in that the part between the input terminals and the rectifier means is free of capacitive means. It has been found that this measure precludes in a surprisingly simple manner that, instead of being rendered conducting, the solid-state relay starts oscillating, which means that the solid-state relay switches with a high frequency between the conducting and the non-conducting state. Preferably, the input filter means are positioned between the rectifier means and the converter. This has the advantage that the construction of the circuit arrangement remains relatively simple, while it is precluded that the solid-state relay and the input filter means can jointly form an oscillating circuit. Surprisingly it has also been found that positioning the rectifier means between the input terminals and the input filter means results in more effective filtering by said filter means. This enables, on the one hand, a further reduction in interference to be achieved when unchanged use is made of the known input filter means, and, on the other hand, the use of simpler input filter means when an unchanged level of interference suppression is accepted.
  • [0013]
    In an advantageous embodiment of the circuit arrangement in accordance with the invention, the input filter means comprise a differential-mode filter. A very suitable differential-mode filter is a π filter.
  • [0014]
    In this description and in the claims, the term converter is to be taken to mean an electric circuit by means of which an electric power supplied by the power supply is converted to a required current and voltage combination for operating the semiconductor light source. For this purpose, use is preferably made of a switch mode power supply provided with one or more semiconductor switches.
  • [0015]
    Preferably, a signal light provided with a housing accommodating a semiconductor light source in accordance with the invention is also provided with the circuit arrangement in accordance with the invention. In this manner, the possibilities of using the signal light as a retrofit for an existing signal light are substantially increased. If the circuit arrangement is provided with a housing which is integrated with the housing of the signal light, an optimum range of applications as a retrofit signal light is created.
  • [0016]
    These and other aspects of the invention will be apparent from and elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.
  • [0017]
    In the drawings:
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIG. 1 diagrammatically shows a circuit arrangement in accordance with the invention, and
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 2 shows input filter means in greater detail.
  • [0020]
    In FIG. 1, connection terminals A, B for connecting a power supply VB are provided with a solid-state relay SSR. Rectifier means are indicated by I, input filter means by II and a converter with a control circuit IV is indicated by III. C, D are output terminals for connecting the semiconductor light source LB. The rectifier means have a positive pole + and a negative pole −. The converter III is of the type described in WO 99/07188. Preferably, the converter is provided with means for removing a leakage current occurring in the SSR in the non-conducting state, for example as described in WO 99/07187.
  • [0021]
    In FIG. 2, the input filter means II are shown in greater detail. These input filter means consist of a double π filter which is composed of self-inductions L1, L2 and capacitors C1, C2, C3. The double π filter shown is predominantly used to suppress differential mode interference. Optionally, to further suppress common mode interference, a common mode capacitor Cy may be provided which is preferably connected to a housing of the semiconductor light source to be connected.
  • [0022]
    When the power supply VB is switched on, i.e. when the converter III is switched on, capacitive means forming part of the input filter means II will extract a charging current from the power supply before the converter draws a current which is large enough to serve as a triggering and holding current of the SSR present in the power supply. This charging current initially serves as a triggering and holding current for the SSR. As soon as the voltage across the capacitive means has increased sufficiently, the converter will become operative and draw an associated operating current which will henceforth serve as a holding current. It has been found that there is a possibility that switching on the power supply VB causes the input filter means to resonate. The presence of the rectifier means between the connection terminals A, B and the capacitive means of the input filter means II precludes that, in such a situation, a reversal of the current through the SSR occurs, causing said SSR to become non-conducting, while the SSR is switched on again as the current increases, so that the SSR and the input filter means start oscillating, whereby the frequency with which the solid-state relay switches between the conducting and the non-conducting state is high.
  • [0023]
    In a practical embodiment of the above-described example of the circuit arrangement in accordance with the invention, this circuit arrangement can suitably be connected to a power supply having a rated voltage in the conducting state of 100 V, 60 Hz with a minimum of 80 V and a maximum of 135 V, and the circuit arrangement can also suitably be used to operate a semiconductor light source comprising a matrix of 3*6 LEDs (manufactured by Hewlett-Packard) with a forward voltage VF, defined at 250 mA and an ambient temperature of 25 C., between 2 V and 3 V. The semiconductor light source thus formed imposes a load of approximately 12 V and 625 mA for the circuit arrangement described herein. When the converter is activated, there is a rectified voltage with an effective value of at least 80 V and at most 135 V on the positive pole + of the input filter means. The power supply is provided with a SSR made by Mitsubishi.
  • [0024]
    With respect to the input filter means II, the size of the self-inductions L1, L2 is 470 μH, the size of the capacitors C1, C2 is 100 nF and the size of the capacitor C3 is 470 nF.
  • [0025]
    The circuit arrangement, provided with a housing, forms part of a signal light provided with a housing accommodating a semiconductor light source, the housing of the circuit arrangement being integrated with the housing of the signal light. The example described herein can very suitably be used as a traffic light in a traffic control system.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7369417Nov 24, 2004May 6, 2008Honeywell International, Inc.Method and system for producing controlled frequency power from a variable frequency power source
US20060109701 *Nov 24, 2004May 25, 2006Morcov Nicolae AMethod and system for producing controlled frequency power from a variable frequency power source
Classifications
U.S. Classification363/34
International ClassificationH05B37/02, F21Y101/02, F21W111/02, F21S2/00, H02M1/14, H05B33/08
Cooperative ClassificationH02M1/14, H05B33/0815
European ClassificationH02M1/14, H05B33/08D1C4
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 19, 2000ASAssignment
Owner name: U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BUCKS, MARCEL J.M.;NIJHOF, ENGBERT B.G.;ALGRA, JOHANNES E.;REEL/FRAME:011153/0979;SIGNING DATES FROM 20000628 TO 20000809
Jun 5, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V., NETHERLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:012966/0593
Effective date: 20020403
Feb 22, 2006REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Aug 7, 2006LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Oct 3, 2006FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20060806