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Publication numberUS20020002212 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/759,455
Publication dateJan 3, 2002
Filing dateJan 16, 2001
Priority dateNov 21, 1996
Also published asCA2246163A1, CN1106417C, CN1209821A, DE19648283A1, EP0879257A1, EP0879257B1, US6245828, US6908953, US20040024113, WO1998022521A1
Publication number09759455, 759455, US 2002/0002212 A1, US 2002/002212 A1, US 20020002212 A1, US 20020002212A1, US 2002002212 A1, US 2002002212A1, US-A1-20020002212, US-A1-2002002212, US2002/0002212A1, US2002/002212A1, US20020002212 A1, US20020002212A1, US2002002212 A1, US2002002212A1
InventorsWolfgang Weinmann, Oswald Gasser, Rainer Guggenberger, Gunther Lechner, Wolfgang Soglowek, Joachim Zech
Original AssigneeEspe Dental Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Epoxides, cycloepoxides, aromatic epoxides, having 1-18 carbon ateoms, wherein one or more carbon atoms can be replaced by ether, carbonyl, ester, silane, or amine
US 20020002212 A1
Abstract
The invention relates to polymerizable compositions comprising
(a) 3 to 80 wt. % of an epoxide or a mixture of epoxides of the general formula:
in which, for type A:
if n=2
Z denotes a cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 1 to 22, preferably 1 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, or an aliphatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 1 to 18 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, NR or SiR2, wherein at least one C atom must be replaced by SiR2, and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
if n>2
Z denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 0 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
and in which, for type B:
Z denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 0 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
and in which, for type A and type B:
A denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 1 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, in which one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
B1, B2, D and E independently of one another denote an H atom or an aliphatic radical having 1 to 9 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, in which one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
n denotes 2-7,
m denotes 1-10,
p denotes 1-5,
q denotes 1-5 and
x denotes CH2, S or O,
(b) 0 to 80 wt. % of an epoxide or a mixture of epoxides which differ from (a),
(c) 3 to 85 wt. % of fillers,
(d) 0.01 to 25 wt. % of initiators, retardants and/or accelerators,
(e) 0 to 25 wt. % of auxiliaries, the percentage data in each case being based on the total weight of the composition.
The new polymerizable compositions are particularly suitable as dental compositions.
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Claims(11)
1. Polymerizable composition comprising
(a) 3 to 80 wt. % of an epoxide or a mixture of epoxides of the general formula:
in which, for type A:
if n=2
Z denotes a cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 1 to 22, preferably 1 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, or an aliphatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 1 to 18 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, NR or SiR2, wherein at least one C atom must be replaced by SiR2, and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
if n>2
Z denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 0 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
and in which, for type B:
Z denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 0 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
and in which, for type A and type B:
A denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 1 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, in which one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
B1, B2, D and E independently of one another denote an H atom or an aliphatic radical having 1 to 9 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, in which one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,
n denotes 2-7,
m denotes 1-10,
p denotes 1-5,
q denotes 1-5 and
x denotes CH2, S or O,
(b) 0 to 80 wt. % of an epoxide or a mixture of epoxides which differ from (a),
(c) 3 to 85 wt. % of fillers,
(d) 0.01 to 25 wt. % of initiators, retardants and/or accelerators,
(e) 0 to 25 wt. % of auxiliaries,
the percentage data in each case being based on the total weight of the composition.
2. Polymerizable composition as claimed in patent claim 1, characterized in that it comprises, as component (a), one or more of the following epoxides:
i) 2,2bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propylidene
ii) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propylidene
iii) 2,2-bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethanediyl(4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propylcarboxylic acid ester)]propylidene
iv) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propylidene
v) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propylidene
vi) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propylidene
vii) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-[3,5,7-tris(ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]}propylidene
viii) bis[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
ix) bis[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
x) bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethanediyl-propanecarboxylic acid-1-oxy-methanediyl]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
xi) bis(methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanediyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
xii) bis{methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,6]octyl-6-carboxyl}tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
xiii) bis{methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,6]octyl-6-carboxyl}tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
xiv) bis(methanediyl-oxy-(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
xv) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xvi) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-1,3-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanediyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xvii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane
xviii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane
xix) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]propane
xx) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propane
xxi) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xxii) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-propanediyl-1,1,3,3,-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xxiii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane
xxiv) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane
xxv) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]propane
xxvi) α,ω-bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylethanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-3,1-propanediyl]polytetrahydrofuran
xxvii) α,ω-bis{3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxyl}polytetrahydrofuran
xxviii) α,ω-bis{3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}polytetrahydrofuran
xxix) α-ω(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)polytetrahydrofuran
3. Polymerizable composition as claimed in patent claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it comprises, as the low-viscosity epoxide according to component b) 3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl 3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate, 3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexyl 3,4-epoxy-6-methyl cyclohexanecarboxylate, dicyclopentadiene dioxide, bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl) adipate, 1,3,5,7-tetrakis(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl) 1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 1,3,5,7,9-pentakis(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7,9-pentamethylcyclopentasiloxane, 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-bis(ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)disiloxane and/or low molecular weight siloxanes functionalized with cycloaliphatic epoxides.
4. Polymerizable composition according to at least one of patent claims 1 to 3, characterized in that it comprises, as fillers according to component c), quartz, ground glasses, silica gels or silicic acids or granules thereof.
5. Polymerizable composition according to at least one of patent claims 1 to 4, characterized in that it comprises, as retardants, accelerators and/or initiators, Lewis acids or Broensted acids or compounds from which such as acids are formed by irradiation with UV light or visible light or by heat and/or pressure.
6. Polymerizable composition according to at least one of patent claims 1 to 5, characterized in that it comprises, as auxiliaries, diols, diluents, stabilizers, inhibitors and/or pigments.
7. Polymerizable composition according to at least one of patent claims 1 to 6, comprising
A a catalyst paste comprising the epoxides of components (a) and (b), a portion or all of the filler of component (c), if appropriate retardants or accelerators according to component (d) and if appropriate auxiliaries of component (e), and, spatially separated therefrom,
B a catalyst paste comprising an initiator according to component (d), if appropriate a portion of the filler of component (c) and if appropriate auxiliaries according to component (e).
8. Epoxides, namely
i) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propylidene
ii) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propylidene
iii) 2,2-bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethanediyl(4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propylcarboxylic acid ester)]propylidene
iv) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl- 1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propylidene
v) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propylidene
vi) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclot[3.2.1.02.4]octyl-6-carboxy}propylidene
vii) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-[3,5,7-tris(ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]}propylidene
viii) bis[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]tricyclo[5.2.1.02.6]decane
ix) bis[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
x) bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethanediyl-propanecarboxylic acid-1-oxy-methanediyl]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
xi) bis(methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyidisiloxanediyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane
xii) bis{methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.6]octyl-6-carboxyl}tricyclol5.2.1.02.6]decane
xiii) bis{methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.6 octyl-6-carboxyl}tricyclo[5.2.1.02.6]decane
xiv) bis(methanediyl-oxy-(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02.6]decane
xv) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xvi) 1,1,1tris[methanediyl-oxy-1,3-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanediyl-1,2ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xvii) 1,1,1tris{methanediyl3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.4]octyl-6-carboxyl}propane
xviii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane
xix) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]propane
xx) 1,1,1-tristmethanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propane
xxi) 1,1,1-trismethanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-mnethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xxii) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-propancdiyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane
xxiii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.4]octyl-6-carboxyl}propane
xxiv) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane
xxv) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]propane
xxvi) α,ω-bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylethanedlyl-1,1,3,3-tetramnethyidisiloxanyl-3,1-propanediyl]polytetrahydrofuran
xxviii) α,ω-bis{3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.4]octyl-6-carboxy}polytetrahydrofuran
xxviii) α,ω-bis{3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02.4]octyl-6-carboxyl}polytetrahydrofuran
xxix) α,ω-bis(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)polytetrahydrofuran
9. Use of the polymerizable compositions according to at least one of patent claims 1 to 7 or of the cycloaliphatic epoxides according to patent claim 8 as coating compositions.
10. Use of the polymerizable compositions according to at least one of patent claims 1 to 7 or of the cycloaliphatic epoxides according to patent claim 8 for gluing substrates.
11. Use of the polymerizable compositions according to at least one of patent claims 1 to 7 or of the cycloaliphatic epoxides according to patent claim 8 as dental compositions.
Description

[0001] The invention relates to polymerizable compositions based on epoxides, new cycloaliphatic epoxides and their use.

[0002] Methacrylate and acrylate monomers have hitherto chiefly been used in polymerizable dental compositions. 2,2-Bis[4,1-phenylenoxy(2-hydroxy-3,1-propanediyl)-methacrylic acid ester]-propylidene (bis-GMA) [U.S. Pat. No. 3,066,112], described by Bowen, deserves particular attention. Mixtures of this methacrylate with triethylene glycol dimethacrylate are also used nowadays as the standard recipe for dental plastic direct filling materials. Methacryl derivatives of diformylated bis-(hydroxymethyl)tricyclo [5.2.1.02,6]-decane have also proved suitable as monomers for dental composites [W. Gruber et al., DE-A-27 14 538; W. Schmitt et al., DE-C-28 16 823; J. Reiners et al., EP-A-0 261 520]. A great disadvantage of the known polymerizable dental compositions is the polymerization shrinkage which, for example when they are used as filling material, can cause secondary caries due to the formation of edge gaps. Furthermore, in acrylate-based dental compositions, the polymerization inhibition by oxygen leads to the formation of a so-called greasy layer which, for example in the case of fillings, is undesirable and even harmful. Finally, acrylate-based polymerizable dental compositions have a low adhesion to the tooth substance.

[0003] Although there is extensive experience with epoxides and cycloaliphatic epoxides (U.S. Pat. No. 2,716,123, U.S. Pat. No. 2,750,395, U.S. Pat. No. 2,863,881, U.S. Pat. No. 3,187,018), such monomers and cationically polymerizable compositions formulated therefrom having the properties necessary for dental uses have not been commercially available at any point in time.

[0004] The preparation of bifunctional cycloaliphatic epoxides is already described in patents from the 1950s (U.S. Pat. No. 2,750,395, U.S. Pat. No. 900,506, U.S. Pat. No. 907,149, U.S. Pat. No. 2,745,847, U.S. Pat. No. 2,853,499, U.S. Pat. No. 3,187,018, U.S. Pat. No. 2,863,881, U.S. Pat. No. 2,853,498). Silicon-containing cycloaliphatic epoxides have been described by Crivello et al. in various publications (EP-A-0 449 027; J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 28 (1990) 479, ibid. 31 (1993) 2563; ibid. 31 (1993) 2729; ibid. 31 (1993) 3109; ibid. 31 (1993) 3121; ibid. 33 (1995) 2463). The known cycloaliphatic epoxides are essentially low molecular weight monomers which indeed have a somewhat reduced polymerization shrinkage [J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. 9 (10) 1995, 1343; DE-A-4 340 949], but because of their density of functional groups, do not meet the requirements (processing, physical properties) for dental uses.

[0005] Only little is known of cationically curable epoxide compositions for dental uses: The patent U.S. Pat. No. 5,556,896 describes epoxide-containing compositions which must necessarily comprise sprioorthocarbonates as shrinkage-compensating monomers. The company Ciba described in 1958, in the patent AT-A-204 687, epoxide dental compositions based on bisphenol A which were cured by means of Lewis acid catalysts. The long curing time and the low mechanical strength and long-term stability were problematic in these formulations. The companies Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company and Wictorin et al. describe in patents (WO 96/13538 and WO 95/30402) cationically curable epoxy mixtures, preferably with 3,4-epoxycyclohexyl-methyl 3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate or bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl adipate). This type of epoxide is highly cytotoxic and in vitro tests showed for these monomers mutagenic properties, which are undesirable in dental use.

[0006] The object of the present invention is to provide polymerizable compositions which, by comparison with the known compositions, in addition to a high reactivity and the necessary mechanical properties, have a low volume shrinkage and have no mutagenic and only mild cytotoxic properties.

[0007] According to the invention, this object is achieved by polymerizable compositions comprising

[0008] (a) 3 to 80 wt. %, preferably 3 to 75 wt. %, and in particular 5 to 70 wt. % of an epoxide or a mixture of epoxides of the general formula:

[0009] in which, for type A:

[0010] if n=2

[0011] Z denotes a cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 1 to 22, preferably 1 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, or an aliphatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 1 to 18 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, NR or SiR2, wherein at least one C atom must be replaced by SiR2, and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or O(C═O)—,

[0012] if n>2

[0013] Z denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 0 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═))—,

[0014] and in which, for type B:

[0015] Z denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 0 to 22, preferably 0 to 18 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR and wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,

[0016] and in which, for type A and type B:

[0017] A denotes an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic radical having 1 to 18, preferably 1 to 15 C atoms or a combination of these radicals, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, in which one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,

[0018] B1,B2, D and E independently of one another denote an H atom or an aliphatic radical having 1 to 9, preferably 1 to 7 C atoms, wherein one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O, —O(C═O)—, SiR2 and/or NR, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having 1 to 7 C atoms, in which one or more C atoms can be replaced by O, C═O and/or —O(C═O)—,

[0019] n denotes 2-7, preferably 2-5, in particular 2-4,

[0020] m denotes 1-10, preferably 1-7, in particular 1-5,

[0021] p denotes 1-5, preferably 1-4, in particular 1 or 2,

[0022] q denotes 1-5, preferably 1-4, in particular 1 or 2, and

[0023] x denotes CH2, S or O,

[0024] (b) 0 to 80, preferably 1 to 70 wt. % of an epoxide or a mixture of epoxides which differ from (a),

[0025] (c) 3 to 85, preferably 5 to 75 wt. % of fillers,

[0026] (d) 0.01 to 25, preferably 0.01 to 20 wt. % of initiators, retardants and/or accelerators,

[0027] (e) 0 to 25, preferably 0 to 20 wt. % of auxiliaries,

[0028] the percentage data in each case being based on the total weight of the composition.

[0029] Preferred compositions according to the invention comprise, as component (a), one or more of the epoxides listed below:

[0030] i) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxy-cyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propylidene

[0031] ii) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propylidene

[0032] iii) 2,2-bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethanediyl(4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propylcarboxylic acid ester)]propylidene

[0033] iv) 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propylidene

[0034] v) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propylidene

[0035] vi) 2,2-bis{4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propylidene

[0036] vii) 2,2-bis {4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-[3,5,7-tris(ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]}propylidene

[0037] viii) bis[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6] decane

[0038] ix) bis[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4epoxycyclohexyl]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane

[0039] x) bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethanediyl-propanecarboxylic acid-1-oxy-methanediyl]tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane

[0040] xi) bis(methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanediyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane

[0041] xii) bis{methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,6]octyl-6-carboxyl}tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane

[0042] xiii) bis{methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,6]octyl-6-carboxyl}tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane

[0043] xiv) bis(methanediyl-oxy-(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane

[0044] xv) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane

[0045] xvi) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-1,3-propanediyl-1,1,3,3,-tetramethyldisiloxanediyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane

[0046] xvii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane

[0047] xviii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane

[0048] xix) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]propane

[0049] xx) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propane

[0050] xxi) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane

[0051] xxii) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane

[0052] xxiii) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane

[0053] xxiv) 1,1,1-tris{methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}propane

[0054] xxv) 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]propane

[0055] xxvi) α,ω-bis[3,4-epoxycyclohexylethanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-3,1-propanediyl]polytetrahydrofuran

[0056] xxvii) α,ω-bis{3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}polytetrahydrofuran

[0057] xxviii) α,ω-bis{3,8-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy}polytetrahydrofuran

[0058] xxix) α,ω-bis(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)polytetrahydrofuran

[0059] The invention also relates to the abovementioned, individually listed new cycloaliphatic epoxides per se.

[0060] The epoxides can be prepared in a simple manner. To prepare the epoxides of type A without siloxanyl units, the cycloaliphatic alkenes obtained by conventional etherification or esterification of di- tri- or polyols with cyclohexenecarboxylic acid or cyclohexenylmethanol are epoxidized with perbenzoic acid in suitable solvents, preferably in diethyl ether. When the reaction has ended, the mixture is washed several times with sodium hydroxide solution and dried over magnesium sulphate. The volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo.

[0061] The epoxide of type A with siloxanyl units are prepared by two-stage conventional hydrosilylations: Compounds having two, three or more terminal alkene functions are added to an excess of a siloxane having at least two active hydrogen atoms and catalytic amounts of H2PtCl6, dissolved in a suitable solvent (e.g. hexane). When the reaction has ended, the mixture is freed from the platinum which has precipitated out, washed once with water and dried over magnesium sulphate. In a second hydrosilylation, the resulting di-, tri- or polysiloxane-containing compound is dissolved in a suitable solvent, e.g. in toluene or alkanes, and heated with H2PtCl6 and vinylcyclohexene epoxide. The mixture is freed from the platinum which has precipitated out and washed once with water. The product is obtained by distilling off the volatile constituents in vacuo.

[0062] To prepare epoxides of type B with terminal 3-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octanyl units, di- tri- or poly(meth)acrylates are reacted with substituted (or unsubstituted) monomeric cyclopentadiene, thiophenes or furans under Lewis acid catalysis (for example ZnCl2 or AlCl3) under normal pressure or in an autoclave to give the corresponding Diels-Alder products. The endocyclic double bond is epoxidized with perbenzoic acid in a suitable solvent, preferably in diethyl ether. When the reaction has ended, the mixture is washed several times with sodium hydroxide solution and dried over magnesium sulphate. The volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo.

[0063] In addition to the epoxides according to the invention, the polymerizable compositions according to the invention can comprise, as component (b), other low-viscosity epoxides. Low-viscosity epoxides according to (b) can be, for example: 3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl 3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate (U.S. Pat. No. 2,716,123), 3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexyl 3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexanecarboxylate (U.S. Pat. No. 2,716,123) or related epoxides, vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (U.S. Pat. No. 2,948,688), dicyclopentadiene dioxide (U.S. Pat. No. 2,985,667), bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl) adipate (U.S. Pat. No. 2,750,395, U.S. Pat. No. 2,863,881, U.S. Pat. No. 3,187,018), 1,3,5,7-tetrakis (2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane of the following formula:

[0064] 1,3,5,7,9-pentakis (2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7,9-pentamethylcyclopentasiloxane (U.S. Pat. No. 5,085,124) of the following formula:

[0065] and low molecular weight siloxanes functionalized with cycloaliphatic epoxides, for example 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-bis(ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)disiloxane (EP-A-0 449 027, EP-A-O 574 265) of the following formula:

[0066] The low-viscosity epoxides according to component (b) are present in a concentration of 0 to 80 wt. %, preferably 5 to 75 wt. %, in each case based on the total weight of the composition.

[0067] Inorganic filler according to component (c) can be the customary dental fillers, for example quartz, ground, optionally X-ray-opaque, optionally reactive glasses, sparingly soluble fluorides, such as CaF2, or YF3 (EP-B-0 238 025), silica gels and pyrogenic silicic acid or granules thereof. The compositions can also comprise, as fluoride-donating constituents, one or more water-soluble inorganic complex fluorides of the general formula AnMFm, wherein A denotes a mono- or polyvalent cation, M denotes a metal of main group or sub-group III, IV or V, n denotes an integer from 1 to 3 and m denotes an integer from 4 to 6 (DE-A-4 445 266). The dental compositions contain these in a concentration of 3 to 85 wt. %, preferably 5 to 75 wt. %, and in particular 30 to 75 wt. %, based on the total composition. For better incorporation into the polymer matrix, it may be advantageous to hydrophobize the fillers and, if appropriate, the X-ray-opaque additives, such as YF3. Customary hydrophobizing agents are silanes, for example trimethoxyglycidylsilane. The maximum particle size of the inorganic fillers is preferably 20 μm, in particular 12 μm. Fillers having an average particle size <7 μm are especially preferably employed.

[0068] Initiators according to component (d) of the compositions according to the invention can be: Lewis or Broensted acids, or compounds which liberate such acids, which initiate the polymerization, for example BF3 or ether adducts thereof (BF3·THF, BF3·Et2O, etc.), AlCl3, FeCl3, HPF6, HAsF6, HSbF6 or HBF4, or substances which initiate the polymerization after irradiation by UV or visible light or by means of heat and/or pressure, such as e.g. (eta-6-cumene)(eta-5-cyclopentadienyl)iron hexafluorophosphate, (eta-6-cumene)(eta-5-cyclopentadienyl)iron tetrafluoroborate, (eta-6-cumene)(eta-5-cyclopentadienyl)iron hexafluorantimonate, substituted diaryliodonium salts and triarysulphonium salts. Accelerators which can be employed are peroxy compounds of the perester, diacyl peroxide, peroxydicarbonate and hydroperoxide type. Hydroperoxides are preferably used, and cumene hydroperoxide in an approximately 70 to 90% solution in cumene is employed as the particularly preferred accelerator. The ratio of photoinitiator to cumene hydroperoxide can be varied within wide limits from 1:0.001 to 1:10, but the ratio used is preferably 1:0.1 to 1:6, and particularly preferably 1:0.5 to 1:4. The use of complexing agents, such as, for example, oxalic acid, 8-hydroxyquinoline, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and aromatic polyhydroxy compounds, is also possible. Retardants which can be added are bases, typically tertiary amines. Components (d) is present in the composition according to the invention in an amount of 0.01 to 25 wt. %, preferably 0.01 to 20 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition.

[0069] Suitable auxiliaries according to component (e) can be, for example, stabilizers, pigments or diluents usually employed in the dental field.

[0070] The epoxide-containing polymerizable compositions according to the invention are particularly suitable as materials for dental purposes, for example for the production of artificial teeth or temporary prostheses, as coating compositions, for gluing substrates and as dental filling materials.

[0071] The polymerizable compositions according to the invention offer a particular advantage in dental uses. The volume shrinkage of the compositions according to the invention is far below the shrinkage of known compositions based on methacrylate monomers. As a result, for example, the edge gap problem of filling materials can be largely avoided. The dimensional stability and the storage stability of the epoxides according to the invention and of the polymerizable compositions prepared therefrom is also of great advantage in the case of precisions model materials.

[0072] Compared with acrylate-based dental compositions, which have a very short setting time and therefore a sudden curing compared with epoxide-based compositions, the compositions according to the invention show a hardening which proceeds uniformly over a period of, for example, 10 to 240 seconds. Stresses within the polymers formed are thus avoided. The compositions according to the invention therefore also have an optimum processing time, before they reach their final hardness.

[0073] In addition to high compressive and flexural strengths, the polymerizable compositions according to the invention surprisingly show high impact strengths, which is of outstanding importance for dental uses.

[0074] The dental filling materials according to the invention moreover show a surprisingly good adhesion to the tooth substance. The epoxides according to the invention furthermore are not mutagenic and are acceptable in respect of their cytotoxicity.

EXAMPLES OF THE SYNTHESIS OF THE MONOMERS ACCORDING TO THE INVENTION 1. Preparation of 2,2-Bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propylidene

[0075] 100 g 2,2-bis(4-oxypropylhydroxyphenyl)propane are kept under reflux with 85 g 4-cyclohexenecarboxylic acid in toluene for 6 hours. The solvent and excess 4-cyclohexenecarboxylic acid are distilled off. 161 g 2,2-bis(4-oxypropylphenyl-3-cyclohexenylcarboxylate)propane remain and are added to 83 g perbenzoic acid in 500 ml diethyl ether. After a reaction of time of 8 hours, the mixture is washed several times with 10% sodium hydroxide solution and dried over magnesium sulphate. The volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo.

2. Preparation of bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexylethyl-tetramethyldisiloxanylpropoxymethyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane

[0076] 174 g tetramethyldisiloxane are initially introduced into 800 ml hexane, and 120 mg H2PtCl6 are added. 80 g tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane-diallyl ether are added and the mixture is heated at 85° C. (b.p.) for 3 hours. The mixture is freed from the platinum which has precipitated out, washed once with water and dried over magnesium sulphate. Hexane and volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo. The resulting bis(tetramethyldisiloxanylpropoxymethyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane is dissolved in 200 ml hexane, 120 mg H2PtCl6 and 71 g vinyl-3,4-cyclohexene epoxide are added and the mixture is heated at 85° C. for 3 hours The mixture is freed from the platinum which has precipitated out, washed once with water and dried over magnesium sulphate. After the reaction mixture has been concentrated in vacuo, 202 g bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexylethyl-tetramethyldisiloxanyl-propoxymethyl)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane are obtained.

3. Preparation of α,ω-bis(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)-polytetrahydrofuran

[0077] 126 g α,(ω-polytetrahydrofuran-600-daillyl ether are added to 151 g 1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane and 110 mg H2PtCl6 in 700 ml hexane. After 3 hours at 85° C., the platinum which has precipitated out is separated off and all the volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo. α,ω-Bis[3,5,7-tris(3,4-epoxycyclohexylethyl)-3-propyl-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]-polytetrahydrofuran remains and is heated at 120° C. with 179 g vinylcyclohexene epoxide and 130 mg H2PtCl6 in 800 ml toluene for 3 hours. The platinum which has precipitated out is separated off and all the volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo. 339 g α,(ω-bis[3,5,7-tris(3,4-epoxycyclohexylethyl)-3-propyl-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl]-polytetrahydrofuran remain.

4. Preparation of α,ω-bis(6-methyl-dioxatricyclo[3.2.1.02,4]octyl-6-carboxy)polyethylene glycol

[0078] 85 g α,ω-polyethylene glycol-600-diamethacrylate are heated at 120° C. with 19 g furan in 300 ml toluene in an autoclave under 10 bar for 4 hours. The volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo. α,ω-Bis(3-methyl-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptyl-3-carboxy)polyethylene glycol remains and is added dropwise to a solution of 31 g perbenzoic acid in 300 ml diethyl ether. After a reaction time of 8 hours, the mixture is washed several times with 10% sodium hydroxide solution and dried over magnesium sulphate. The volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo.

5. Preparation of 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyl-oxy)-methanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane

[0079] 168 g 1,1,1-tris(methanediyl-hydroxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)]propane are initially introduced into 600 ml tetrahydrofuran. 178 g potassium tert-butanolate are added in portions and the mixture is stirred at 30° C. for one hour. 277 g 3-cyclohexenylbromomethane, dissolved in 300 ml tetrahydrofuran, are then added dropwise. The reaction mixture is heated at 75° C. for 24 hours. The solvent is distilled off, the mixture is suspended in methyl tert-butyl ether and the precipitate is filtered off. After aqueous extraction, 249 g 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-bis(ethanediyloxy)-methanediyl-3-cyclohexenyl]propane remain and are dissolved in 500 ml diethyl ether. This solution is added to 61 g perbenzoic acid in 400 ml diethyl ether and, after a reaction time of 8 hours, the mixture is washed several times with 10% sodium hydroxide solution. The mixture is dried over magnesium sulphate and the volatile constituents are distilled off in vacuo.

EXAMPLES OF POLYMERIZABLE COMPOSITIONS 1. General Preparation of Polymerizable Compositions 1.1 One-component Photo- or UV-curing Systems

[0080] The preparation of the one-component compositions which can be polymerized according to the invention is a two-stage process in which homogeneous premixing of all the constituents with the exception of the photoinitiator takes place in the first stage. In a second stage, the photoinitiator is kneaded homogeneously into the paste with exclusion of light. When the epoxy resins according to the invention which have been obtained in this way and can be processed have been mixed in completely, they are introduced into light-proof containers.

1.2 Two-component Systems

[0081] The two-component compositions which can be polymerized according to the invention are prepared by first preparing a homogenously mixed component A comprising the epoxide monomers, a filler content, the retardants, accelerators and the auxiliaries. A homogeneously mixed component B comprising the initiator, diluent and a further filler content is furthermore prepared. Components A and B are introduced, for example, into a double-cartridge system. The two-component compositions can be processed directly by a static mixer on the cartridge system.

2. Use Examples Example 1

[0082] Component A: A paste is kneaded from 17.6 parts by wt. α,ω-bis(3-propanediyl-3,5,7-tris(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxanyl)-ditetrahydrofuran, 17.6 parts by wt. 3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl 3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate and 64.7 parts by wt. of a silanized, pigmented quartz. A second component B comprises 32.8 parts by wt. polyethylene glycol, 4.7 parts by wt. BF3·OEt2 and 62.5 parts by wt. of a silanized pigmented quartz. Pastes A and B are mixed in a ratio of 2:1 via static mixer. The composition cures within two minutes.

Example 2

[0083] A paste is kneaded from 18 parts by wt. bis(methanediyl-oxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester)-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decane, 10 parts by wt. 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-bis(ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)disiloxane, 68.9 parts by wt. of a silanized pigmented quartz, 1.2 parts by wt. (eta-6-cumene)(eta-5-cyclopentadienyl)iron hexafluorophospate and 1.8 parts by wt. cumene hydroperoxide and is cured by irradiation with a lamp (Elipar II light apparatus, ESPE Dental-Medizin GmbH & Co. KG, Germany) in the course of approx. 40 seconds.

Example 3

[0084]16.7 parts by wt. 1,1,1-tris[methanediyl-oxy-1,3-propanediyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanediyl-1,2-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl]propane, 4.5 parts by wt. 3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl 3,4,-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate, 5.2 parts by wt. 1,3,5,7-tetrakis(2,1-ethanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)-1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 70.5 parts by wt. of a silanized pigmented quartz, 1.2 parts by wt. (eta-6-cumene)(eta-5-cyclopentadienyl)iron hexafluorophosphate and 1.9 parts by wt. cumene hydroperoxide are kneaded to a paste, which is cured by irradiation with a lamp (Elipar II light apparatus, ESPE Dental-Medizin GmbH & Co. KG, Germany) in the course of approx. 40 seconds.

Example 4

[0085] 18 parts by wt. 2,2-bis[4,1-phenylenoxy-3,1-propanediyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexylcarboxylic acid ester]propylidene, 13 parts by wt. 3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl 3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate, 65.4 parts by wt. of a silanized pigmented quartz, 1.5 parts by wt. (eta-6-cumene)(eta-5-cyclopentadienyl)iron hexafluorophosphate and 2.1 parts by wt. cumene hydroperoxide are kneaded to a paste, which is cured by irradiation with a lamp (Elipar II light apparatus, ESPE Dental-Medizin GmbH & Co. KG, Germany) in the course of approx. 40 seconds.

Example 5

[0086] Comparison paste, commercially obtainable dental composition

Example 5
Ex- Ex- Ex- Ex- (compari-
ample 1 ample 2 ample 3 ample 4 son)
Compressive strength 388 331 361 355 385
[MPa]
Flexural strength 151 131 121 141 118
[MPa]
(ISO 4049)
Volume shrinkage [%] 1.3 0.8 0.7 1.0 2.2

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6835311Nov 1, 2002Dec 28, 2004Koslow Technologies CorporationMicroporous filter media, filtration systems containing same, and methods of making and using
US7612123 *Oct 4, 2005Nov 3, 2009Toagosei Co., Ltd.Cyclohexene oxide compound having cyclohexyl group or long-chain alkyl group, and use thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification522/148
International ClassificationC08G59/20, C08K3/00, C08G59/32, C08G59/24, G03F7/038, A61K6/087, C08L63/00, C07F7/21, C08G59/22, C08G59/30, C07F7/08
Cooperative ClassificationC08G59/3254, C08L63/00, C08G59/3218, A61K6/0017, A61K6/0023, A61K6/087, C07F7/0852, C08G59/24, C08G59/22, C07F7/21, C08G59/306, G03F7/038, A61K6/09, A61K6/093
European ClassificationA61K6/093, A61K6/00B, A61K6/09, A61K6/00A5, C08G59/30F, G03F7/038, A61K6/087, C08G59/32C, C08L63/00, C08G59/22, C08G59/24, C08G59/32F, C07F7/08D4H4F, C07F7/21
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 24, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: 3M ESPE AG, GERMANY
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:ESPE DENTAL AG;REEL/FRAME:013578/0031
Effective date: 20010322