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Publication numberUS20020004955 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/321,889
Publication dateJan 17, 2002
Filing dateMay 28, 1999
Priority dateMay 28, 1998
Also published asCA2273411A1, CN1237410A, DE69930228D1, EP0962220A2, EP0962220A3, EP0962220B1, US6371994
Publication number09321889, 321889, US 2002/0004955 A1, US 2002/004955 A1, US 20020004955 A1, US 20020004955A1, US 2002004955 A1, US 2002004955A1, US-A1-20020004955, US-A1-2002004955, US2002/0004955A1, US2002/004955A1, US20020004955 A1, US20020004955A1, US2002004955 A1, US2002004955A1
InventorsGerard Lang, Jean Cotteret
Original AssigneeL' Oreal S.A.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dye composition for keratin fibers, with a cationic direct dye and a polyol or polyol ether
US 20020004955 A1
Abstract
The invention relates to a dye composition for keratin fibers, in particular for human keratin fibers such as the hair, comprising at least one cationic direct dye of given formula and at least glycerol and/or one specific polyol and/or polyol ether. The invention also relates to the dyeing processes and devices using this composition.
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Claims(36)
What is claimed is:
1. A composition for dyeing keratin fibers comprising: (i) at least one cationic direct dye of formula (I) below:
A—N═N—B  (I)
in which:
the symbol A represents a group chosen from structures A1 to A3 below:
in which structures A1 to A3,
R1 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical having a substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine;
R2 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R3 and R4, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical or, in the case of structure A1, can together form a substituted benzene ring, and in the case of structure A2, can together form a benzene ring optionally having at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and NO2 radicals;
R3 can also denote a hydrogen atom;
Z is chosen from an oxygen atom, a sulphur atom, and —NR2 groups;
M is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
K is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
P is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X+)r groups;
r denotes 0 or 1;
R5 is chosen from an atom O, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and C1-C4 alkyl radicals;
R6 and R7, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and an —NO2 radical;
X is an anion;
with the proviso that,
if R4 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical and Z is a sulphur atom, R3 is not a hydrogen atom;
if R5 is O, then r is zero;
if K or P or M is —N+—C1-C4 -alkyl X, then R6 or R7 is other than a hydrogen atom;
if K is —N+R5(X)r, then M═P and is —CH or —CR;
if M is —N+R5(X)r, then K═P and is —CH or —CR;
if P is —N+R5(X)r, then K═M and is —CH or —CR;
if Z is —NR2 and R2 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical, then at least one of the radicals R1, R3 or R4 of structure A2 is other than a C1-C4 alkyl radical;
the symbol B represents:
(a) a group of structure B1 below:
in which structure B1,
R8 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, a radical —OH, a radical —NO2, —NHR11 radicals, —NR12R13 radicals, and —NHCO(C1-C4)alkyl radicals or forms, with R9, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R9 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, or forms, with R10 or R11, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R10 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, an —OH radical, —NHR11 radicals and —NR12R13 radicals;
R11 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals, C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals and C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals; or
(b) a 5- or 6-membered nitrogenous heterocyclic group which can contain at least one other hetero atom and/or at least one carbonyl group and which can have at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, amino and phenyl radicals, and
(ii) at least one compound chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols, and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols.
2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein, in formula (I), the C1-C4 alkyl radicals are chosen from methyl, ethyl, and butyl radicals and the C1-C4 alkoxy radicals are methoxy and ethoxy radicals.
3. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the symbol B represents a a group of structure B2 below:
in which structure B2,
R14 and R15, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
Y is chosen from a —CO— radical and a radical
n=0 or 1, where, when n is 1, U is a —CO— radical.
4. The composition according to claim 1, wherein X is chosen from chloride, iodide, methyl sulphate, ethyl sulphate, acetate and perchlorate.
5. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said keratin fibers are human keratin fibers.
6. The composition according to claim 5, wherein said human keratin fibers are hair.
7. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms are chosen from C4-C9 polyols and polyalkylene glycols.
8. The composition according to claim 7, wherein said polyalkylene glycols are chosen from polyethylene glycols and polypropylene glycols.
9. The composition according to claim 7, wherein said C4-C9 polyols are chosen from 2-butene-1,4-diol pentane-1,5-diol, 2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diol, 3-methylpentane-1,5-diol, pentane-1,2-diol, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane-1,3-diol, 2-methylpropane-1,3-diol, hexylene glycol, 1,3-butylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, diethylene glycol and triethylene glycol.
10. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols are chosen from propylene glycol monomethyl ether, propylene glycol monoethyl ether, isopropylene glycol dimethyl ether, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether and monoethyl ether, dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether, tripropylene glycol monomethyl ether and diethylene glycol dimethyl ether.
11. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols are chosen from ethylene glycol monophenyl ether, ethylene glycol monobenzyl ether, propylene glycol monophenyl ether, propylene glycol monobenzyl ether, diethylene glycol monophenyl ether and diethylene glycol monobenzyl ether.
12. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said at least one cationic direct dye is chosen from structures (I)1 to (I)77 below:
13. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said at least one cationic direct dye of formula (I) is present in an amount ranging from 0.001 to 10% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
14. The composition according to claim 13, wherein said at least one cationic direct dye of formula (I) is present in an amount ranging from 0.005 to 5% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
15. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said at least one compound chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic, ethers of C3-C9 polyols and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols is present in an amount ranging from 0.1 to 40% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
16. The composition according to claim 15, wherein said at least one compound is present in an amount ranging from 0.5 to 20% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
17. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said composition further comprises additional direct dyes.
18. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said composition further comprises a mixture of water and at least one solvent chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C8 polyols, and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols.
19. The composition according to claim 18, wherein said composition further comprises at least one additional organic solvent.
20. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said composition has a pH ranging from 2 to 11.
21. The composition according to claim 20, wherein said pH ranges from 5 to 10.
22. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said composition further comprises at least one oxidation base chosen from para-phenylenediamines, bis(pheniyl)alkylenediamines, para-aminophenols, ortho-aminophenols and heterocyclic bases.
23. The composition according to claim 22, wherein said at least on e oxidation base is present in an amount ranging from 0.0005 to 12% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
24. The composition according to claim 23, wherein said at least one oxidation base is present in an amount ranging from 0.005 to 6% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
25. The composition according to claim 22, wherein said composition further comprises at least one coupler chosen from meta-phenylenediamine, meta-aminophenols, meta-diphenols and heterocyclic couplers.
26. The composition according to claim 25, wherein said at least one coupler is present in an amount ranging from 0.0001 to 10% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
27. The composition according to claim 26, wherein said at least one coupler is present in an amount ranging from 0.005 to 5% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.
28. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said composition further comprises at least one oxidizing agent.
29. A process for dyeing keratin fibers, comprising applying to said fibers, for a period which is sufficient to develop the desired coloration, at least one dye composition comprising:
(i) at least one cationic direct dye of formula (I) below:
A—N═N—B  (I)
in which:
the symbol A represents a group chosen from structures A1 to A3 below:
in which structures A1 to A3,
R1 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical having a substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine;
R2 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R3 and R4, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical or, in the case of structure A1, can together form a substituted benzene ring, and in the case of structure A2, can together form a benzene ring optionally having at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and NO2 radicals;
R3 can also denote a hydrogen atom;
Z is chosen from an oxygen atom, a sulphur atom, and —NR2 groups;
M is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
K is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
P is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
r denotes 0 or 1;
R5 is chosen from an atom O, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and C1-C4 alkyl radicals;
R6 and R7, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and an —NO2 radical;
X is an anion;
with the proviso that,
if R4 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical and Z is a sulphur atom, R3 is not a hydrogen atom;
if R5 is O, then r is zero;
if K or P or M is —N+C1-C4 -alkyl X, then R6 or R7 is other than a hydrogen atom;
if K is —N+R5(X)r, then M═P and is —CH or —CR;
if M is —N+R5(X)r, then K═P and is —CH or —CR;
if P is —N+R5(X)r, then K═M and is —CH or —CR;
if Z is —NR2 and R2 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical, then at least one of the radicals R1, R3 or R4 of structure A2 is other than a C1-C4 alkyl radical;
the symbol B represents:
(a) a group of structure B1 below:
in which structure B1,
R8 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, a radical —OH, a radical —NO2, —NHR11 radicals, —NR12R13 radicals, and —NHCO(C1-C4)alkyl radicals or forms, with R9, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R9 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, or forms, with R10 or R11, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R10 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, an —OH radical, —NHR11 radicals and —NR12R13 radicals;
R11 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals, C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals and C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals; or
(b) a 5- or 6-membered nitrogenous heterocyclic group which can contain at least one other hetero atom and/or at least one carbonyl group and which can have at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, amino and phenyl radicals, and
(ii) at least one compound chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols, and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols,
rinsing the fibers,
optionally washing said fibers with shampoo and rinsing again, and drying.
30. A process for dyeing keratin fibers according to claim 29, wherein said keratin fibers are human keratin fibers.
31. A process for dyeing keratin fibers according to claim 30, wherein said human keratin fibers are hair.
32. A process for dyeing keratin fibers according to claim 29, wherein said fibers are not rinsed a second time before drying.
33. A process for dyeing keratin fibers comprising:
separately storing a first composition comprising:
(i) at least one cationic direct dye of formula (I) below:
A—N═N—B  (I)
in which:
the symbol A represents a group chosen from structures A1 to A3 below:
in which structures A1 to A3,
R1 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical having a substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine;
R2 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R3 and R4, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical or, in the case of structure A1, can together form a substituted benzene ring, and in the case of structure A2, can together form a benzene ring optionally having at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and NO2 radicals;
R3 can also denote a hydrogen atom;
Z is chosen from an oxygen atom, a sulphur atom, and —NR2 groups;
M is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
K is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
P is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
r denotes 0 or 1;
R5is chosen from an atom O, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and C1-C4 alkyl radicals;
R6 and R7, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and an —NO2 radical;
X is an anion;
with the proviso that,
if R4is a C1-C4 alkyl radical and Z is a sulphur atom, R3is not a hydrogen atom;
if R5 is O, then r is zero;
if K or P or M is —N+-C1-C4 -alkyl X, then R6 or R7 is other than a hydrogen atom;
if K is —N+R5(X)r, then M═P and is —CH or —CR;
if M is —N+R5(X)r, then K═P and is —CH or —CR;
if P is —N+R5(X)r, then K═M and is —CH or —CR;
if Z is —NR2 and R2 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical, then at least one of the radicals R1, R3 or R4 of structure A2 is other than a C1-C4 alkyl radical;
the symbol B represents:
(a) a group of structure B1 below:
in which structure B1,
R8 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, a radical —OH, a radical —NO2, —NHR11 radicals, —NR12R13 radicals, and —NHCO(C1-C4)alkyl radicals or forms, with R9, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R9 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, or forms, with R10 or R11, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R10 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, an —OH radical, —NHR11 radicals and —NR12R13 radicals;
R11 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals, C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals and C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals; or
(b) a 5- or 6-membered nitrogenous heterocyclic group which can contain at least one other hetero atom and/or at least one carbonyl group and which can have at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, amino and phenyl radicals,
(ii) at least one compound chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols, and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols, and
(iii) at least one oxidation base,
separately storing a second composition comprising at least one oxidizing agent, and
thereafter mixing said first composition with said second composition and applying this mixture to said keratin fibers.
34. A process for dyeing keratin fibers comprising:
separately storing a first composition comprising (i) at least one cationic direct dye of formula (I) below:
A—N═N—B  (I)
in which:
the symbol A represents a group chosen from structures A1 to A3 below:
in which structures A1 to A3,
R1 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical having a substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine;
R2 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R3 and R4, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical or, in the case of structure A1, can together form a substituted benzene ring, and in the case of structure A2, can together form a benzene ring optionally having at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and NO2 radicals;
R3 can also denote a hydrogen atom;
Z is chosen from an oxygen atom, a sulphur atom, and —NR2 groups;
M is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
K is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
P is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
r denotes 0 or 1;
R5 is chosen from an atom O, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and C1-C4 alkyl radicals;
R6 and R7, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and an —NO2 radical;
X is an anion;
with the proviso that,
if R4 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical and Z is a sulphur atom, R3 is not a hydrogen atom;
if R5 is O, then r is zero;
if K or P or M is —N+-C1-C4 -alkyl X, then R6 or R7 is other than a hydrogen atom;
if K is —N+R5(X)r, then M═P and is —CH or —CR;
if M is —N+R5(X)r, then K═P and is —CH or —CR;
if P is —N+R5(X)r, then K═M and is —CH or —CR;
if Z is —NR2 and R2 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical, then at least one of the radicals R1, R3 or R4 of structure A2 is other than a C1-C4 alkyl radical;
the symbol B represents:
(a) a group of structure B1 below:
in which structure B1,
R8 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, a radical —OH, a radical —NO2, —NHR11 radicals, —NR12R13 radicals, and —NHCO(C1-C4)alkyl radicals or forms, with R9, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R9 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, or forms, with R10 or R11, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R10 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, an —OH radical, —NHR11 radicals and —NR12R13 radicals;
R11 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals, C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals and C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals; or
(b) a 5- or 6-membered nitrogenous heterocyclic group which can contain at least one other hetero atom and/or at least one carbonyl group and which can have at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, amino and phenyl radicals, and
(ii) at least one compound chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols, and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols,
separately storing a second composition comprising at least one oxidizing agent, and
thereafter mixing said first composition with said second composition and applying this mixture to said keratin fibers.
35. A multi-compartment dyeing device or multi-compartment dyeing kit compnsing at least two separate compartments, wherein
a first compartment contains a com position comprising:
in which:
the symbol A represents a group chosen from structures A1 to A3 below:
in which structures A1 to A3,
R1 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical having a substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine;
R2 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R3 and R4, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical or, in the case of structure A1, can together form a substituted benzene ring, and in the case of structure A2, can together form a benzene ring optionally having at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and NO2 radicals;
R3 can also denote a hydrogen atom;
Z is chosen from an oxygen atom, a sulphur atom, and —NR2 groups;
M is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
K is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
P is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
r denotes 0 or 1;
R5 is chosen from an atom O, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and C1-C4 alkyl radicals;
R6 and R7, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals,
C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and an —NO2 radical;
X is an anion;
with the proviso that,
if R4 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical and Z is a sulphur atom, R3 is not a hydrogen atom;
if R5 is O, then r is zero;
if K or P or M is —N+-C1-C4 -alkyl X, then R6 or R7 is other than a hydrogen atom;
if K is —N+R5(X)r, then M═P and is —CH or —CR;
if M is —N+R5(X)r, then K═P and is —CH or —CR;
if P is —N+R5(X)r, then K═M and is —CH or —CR;
if Z is —NR2 and R2 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical, then at least one of the radicals R1, R3 or R4 of structure A2 is other than a C1-C4 alkyl radical;
the symbol B represents:
(a) a group of structure B1 below:
in which structure B1,
R8 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, a radical —OH, a radical —NO2, —NHR11 radicals, —NR12R13 radicals, and —NHCO(C1-C4)alkyl radicals or forms, with R9, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R9 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, or forms, with R10 or R11, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R10 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, an —OH radical, —NHR11 radicals and —NR12R13 radicals;
R11 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals, C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals and C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals; or
(b) a 5- or 6-membered nitrogenous heterocyclic group which can contain at least one other hetero atom and/or at least one carbonyl group and which can have at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, amino and phenyl radicals,
(ii) at least one compound chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols, and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols, and
(iii) at least one oxidation base, and
a second compartment contains a composition comprising at least one oxidizing agent.
36. A multi-compartment dyeing device or multi-compartment dyeing kit comprising at least two separate compartments wherein
a first compartment contains a composition comprising:
in which:
the symbol A represents a group chosen from structures A1 to A3 below:
in which structures A1 to A3,
R1 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical having a substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine;
R2 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R3 and R4, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical or, in the case of structure A1, can together form a substituted benzene ring, and in the case of structure A2, can together form a benzene ring optionally having at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and NO2 radicals;
R3 can also denote a hydrogen atom;
Z is chosen from an oxygen atom, a sulphur atom, and —NR2 groups;
M is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
K is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
P is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;
r denotes 0 or 1;
R5 is chosen from an atom O, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and C1-C4 alkyl radicals;
R6 and R7, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and an —NO2 radical;
X is an anion;
with the proviso that,
if R4 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical and Z is a sulphur atom, R3 is not a hydrogen atom;
if R5 is O, then r is zero;
if K or P or M is —N+C1-C4 -alkyl X, then R6 or R7 is other than a hydrogen atom;
if K is —N+R5(X)r, then M═P and is —CH or —CR;
if M is —N+R5(X)r, then K═P and is —CH or —CR;
if P is —N+R5(X)r, then K═M and is —CH or —CR;
if Z is —NR2 and R2 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical, then at least one of the radicals R1, R3 or R4 of structure A2 is other than a C1-C4 alkyl radical;
the symbol B represents:
(a) a group of structure B1 below:
in which structure B1,
R8 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, a radical —OH, a radical —NO2, —NHR11 radicals, —NR12R13 radicals, and —NHCO(C1-C4)alkyl radicals or forms, with R9, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R9 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, or forms, with R10 or R11, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;
R10 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, an —OH radical, —NHR11, radicals and —NR12R13 radicals;
R11 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals, C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;
R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals and C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals; or
(b) a 5- or 6-membered nitrogenous heterocyclic group which can contain at least one other hetero atom and/or at least one carbonyl group and which can have at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, amino and phenyl radicals, and
(ii) at least one compound chosen from glycerol, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols, and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols, and
a second compartment contains a composition comprising at least one oxidizing agent.
Description

[0001] The invention relates to a dye composition for keratin fibers, in particular for human keratin fibers such as the hair, comprising, in a medium which is suitable for dyeing, at least one cationic direct dye of given formula, and at least glycerol and/or one specific polyol and/or polyol ether.

[0002] The invention also relates to the dyeing processes and devices using the composition.

[0003] Two types of coloration can be distinguished in the field of hair treatment.

[0004] The first is semi-permanent or temporary dyeing, or direct dyeing, which involves dyes capable of giving the hair's natural color a more or less pronounced color change which may withstand shampooing several times. These dyes are known as direct dyes; they can be used with or without an oxidizing agent. In the presence of an oxidizing agent, the aim is to obtain a lightening coloration. The lightening coloration is carried out by applying to the hair the mixture, prepared at the time of use, of a direct dye and an oxidizing agent, and in particular makes it possible to obtain, by lightening the melanin in the hair, an advantageous effect such as a unified color in the case of grey hair, or to bring out the color in the case of naturally pigmented hair.

[0005] The second is permanent dyeing or oxidation dyeing. This is carried out with dyes known as “oxidation” dyes comprising oxidation dye precursors and couplers. Oxidation dye precursors, commonly known as “oxidation bases”, are initially colorless or weakly colored compounds which develop their dyeing power on the hair in the presence of oxidizing agents added at the time of use, leading to the formation of colored compounds and dyes. The formation of these colored compounds and dyes results either from an oxidative condensation of the “oxidation bases” with themselves or from an oxidative condensation of the “oxidation bases” with coloration modifier compounds commonly known as “couplers”, which are generally present in the dye compositions used in oxidation dyeing.

[0006] In order to vary the shades obtained with the said oxidation dyes, or to enrich them with glints, it is known to add direct dyes thereto.

[0007] Among the cationic direct dyes available in the field of dyeing keratin fibers, in particular human keratin fibers, compounds which are already known are those whose structure is developed in the text which follows; nevertheless, these dyes lead to colorations which have properties that are still insufficient, e.g., the homogeneity of the color distributed along the fiber (“unison”), in which case it is said that the coloration is too selective, the staying power, in terms of resistance to the various attacking factors to which the hair may be subjected (light, bad weather, shampooing) and the intensity.

[0008] After considerable research conducted in this matter, the inventors have now discovered that it is possible to obtain novel compositions for dyeing keratin fibers, which are capable of leading to colorations which can be more resistant to the various attacking factors to which the hair may be subjected, and can be more intense and less selective, by combining at least glycerol and/or one specific polyol andlor polyol ether with at least one cationic direct dye known in the prior art, and of formula (I) defined below.

[0009] This discovery forms the basis of the present invention.

[0010] A first subject of the present invention is thus a composition for dyeing keratin fibers, and in particular human keratin fibers such as the hair, containing, in a medium which is suitable for dyeing, (i) at least one cationic direct dye whose structure corresponds to formula (I) below, characterized in that it also contains (ii) at least glycerol and/or one specific polyol and/or polyol ether.

[0011] (i) The cationic direct dye which can be used according to the present invention is a compound of formula (I) below:

A—B═N—B  (I)

[0012] in which:

[0013] the symbol A represents a group chosen from structures A1 to A3 below:

[0014] in which structures A1 to A3,

[0015] R, is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical having a substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine;

[0016] R2 is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;

[0017] R3 and R4, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals and a phenyl radical or, in the case of structure A1, can together form a substituted benzene ring, and in the case of structure A2, can together form a benzene ring optionally having at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and NO2 radicals;

[0018] R3 can ailso denote a hydrogen atom;

[0019] Z is chosen from an oxygen atom, a sulphur atom, and —NR2 groups;

[0020] M is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;

[0021] K is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;

[0022] P is chosen from —CH, —CR, where R is chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and —N+R5(X)r groups;

[0023] r denotes 0 or 1;

[0024] R5 is chosen from an atom O, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and C1-C4 alkyl radicals;

[0025] R6 and R7, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals and an —NO2 radical;

[0026] X is an anion, preferably chosen from chloride, iodide, methyl sulphate, ethyl sulphate, acetate and perchlorate;

[0027] with the proviso that,

[0028] if R4 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical and Z is a sulphur atom, R3 is not a hydrogen atom;

[0029] if R5 is O, then r is zero;

[0030] if K or P or M is —N+—C1-C4 -alkyl X, then R6 or R7 is other than a hydrogen atom;

[0031] if K is −N+R5(X)r, then M═P and is —CH or —CR;

[0032] if M is —N+R5(X)r, then K═P and is —CH or —CR;

[0033] if P is —N+R5(X)r, then K═M and is —CH or —CR;

[0034] if Z is —NR2 and R2 is a C1-C4 alkyl radical, then at least one of the radicals R1, R3 or R4 of structure A2 is other than a C1-C4 alkyl radical;

[0035] the symbol B represents:

[0036] (a) a group of structure B1 below:

[0037] in which structure B1,

[0038] R8 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, a radical —OH, a radical —NO2, —NHR11 radicals, —NR12R13 radicals, and —NHCO(C1-C4)alkyl radicals or forms, with R9, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;

[0039] R9 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms chosen from chlorine, bromine, iodine and fluorine, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, and C1-C4 alkoxy radicals, or forms, with R10 or R11, a 5- or 6-membered ring which may contain at least one hetero atom chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;

[0040] R10 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, an —OH radical, —NHR11 radicals and —NR12R13 radicals;

[0041] R11 is chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals, C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals and a phenyl radical;

[0042] R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from C1-C4 alkyl radicals, C1-C4 monohydroxyalkyl radicals and C2-C4 polyhydroxyalkyl radicals; or

[0043] (b) a 5- or 6-membered nitrogenous heterocyclic group which can contain at least one other hetero atom and/or at least one carbonyl group and which can have at least one substituent chosen from C1-C4 alkyl, amino and phenyl radicals, and in particular a group of structure B2 below:

[0044] in which structure B2, R14 and R15, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom and C1-C4 alkyl and phenyl radicals;

[0045] Y denotes a —CO— radical or a radical

[0046] n=0 or 1, where, when n denotes 1, U denotes a —CO— radical.

[0047] In the structures defined above, the C1-C4 alkyl or alkoxy group preferably denotes methyl, ethyl, butyl, methoxy or ethoxy.

[0048] The cationic direct dyes of formula (I) which can be used in the dye compositions in accordance with the invention are known compounds and are described, for example, in patent applications FR-2,189,006, FR-2,285,851 and FR-2,140,205 and its Certificates of Addition, the disclosures of all of which are specifically incorporated by reference herein.

[0049] Among the cationic direct dyes of formula (I) which can be used in the dye compositions in accordance with the invention, those of formula (I) in which the symbol A denotes structure A3 while the symbol B denotes structure B1 or B2 are particularly preferred.

[0050] Among these compounds, mention may especially be made more particularly of the compounds of structures (I)1 to (II)77 below:

[0051] The cationic direct dye(s) used according to the invention preferably represent(s) from 0.001 to 10% by weight approximately relative to the total weight of the dye composition, and even more preferably from 0.005 to 5% by weight approximately relative to this weight.

[0052] (ii) For the purposes of the invention, the term “polyol” denotes a compound of linear, branched or cyclic, saturated or unsaturated alkyl type bearing at least two —OH functions on the alkyl chain, as well as the polymers (polyethers) of these polyhydroxyalkyl compounds.

[0053] The specific polyols used according to the invention contain at least 4 carbon atoms and can be chosen in particular from C4-C9 polyols and polyalkylene glycols such as, more particularly, polyethylene glycols and polypropylene glycols.

[0054] Among the C4-C9 polyols, mention may be made in particular of 2-butene-1,4-diol, pentane-1,5-diol, 2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diol, 3-methylpentane-1,5-diol, pentane-1,2-diol, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane-1,3-diol, 2-methylpropane-1,3-diol, hexylene glycol, 1,3-butylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, diethylene glycol and triethylene glycol.

[0055] The specific polyol ethers according to the invention are chosen from C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols and C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols.

[0056] Among the C1-C8 aliphatic ethers of C3-C9 polyols, mention may be made in particular of propylene glycol monomethyl ether, propylene glycol monoethyl ether, isopropylene glycol dimethyl ether, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether and monoethyl ether, dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether, tripropylene glycol monomethyl ether and diethylene glycol dimethyl ether;

[0057] among the C6-C8 aromatic ethers of C2-C9 polyols, mention may be made in particular of ethylene glycol monophenyl ether, ethylene glycol monobenzyl ether, propylene glycol monophenyl ether, propylene glycol monobenzyl ether, diethylene glycol monophenyl ether and diethylene glycol monobenzyl ether.

[0058] The glycerol and/or the polyol(s) and/or polyol ether(s) described for the purposes of the invention are present in the dye composition in accordance with the invention in proportions generally ranging from 0.1 to 40% by weight, and even more particularly from 0.5 to 20% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition.

[0059] The medium which is suitable for dyeing (or support) generally comprises a mixture of water and at least glycerol and/or a polyol and/or polyol ether as defined above. It can also contain one or more organic solvents other than glycerol and/or the polyol(s) and/or polyol ether(s) used in accordance with the invention, to dissolve the compounds which would not be sufficiently soluble in water. Organic solvents which may be mentioned, for example, are C1-C4 alkanols such as ethanol and isopropanol, as well as aromatic alcohols such as benzyl alcohol, similar products and mixtures thereof.

[0060] The said additional organic solvents can be present in proportions preferably approximately ranging from 0.5 to 40% by weight relative to the total weight of the dye composition, and even more preferably approximately from 1 to 20% by weight.

[0061] The pH of the dye composition in accordance with the invention generally approximately ranges from 2 to 11, and preferably approximately from 5 to 10 . It can be adjusted to the desired value using acidifying or basifying agents usually used for dyeing keratin fibers.

[0062] Among the acidifying agents which may be mentioned, for example, are inorganic or organic acids such as hydrochloric acid, orthophosphoric acid, sulphuric acid, carboxylic acids such as acetic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid or lactic acid, and sulphonic acids.

[0063] Among the basifying agents which may be mentioned, for example, are aqueous ammonia, alkaline carbonates, alkanolamines such as mono-, di- and triethanolamine and derivatives thereof, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide and the compounds of formula (II) below:

[0064] in which W is a propylene residue optionally having a substituent chosen from a hydroxyl group and C1-C6 alkyl radicals; R16, R17, R18 and R19, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom and C1-C6 alkyl and C1-C6 hydroxyalkyl radicals.

[0065] In addition to the cationic direct dye(s) defined above, the dye composition in accordance with the invention can contain one or more additional direct dyes which may be chosen, for example, from nitrobenzene dyes, anthraquinone dyes, naphthoquinone dyes, triarylmethane dyes, xanthene dyes and azo dyes which are non-cationic.

[0066] When it is intended for oxidation dyeing, in addition to the cationic direct dye(s) and glycerol and/or specific polyol and/or polyol ether defined above, the dye composition in accordance with the invention contains one or more oxidation bases chosen from the oxidation bases conventionally used for oxidation dyeing and among which mention may be made in particular of para-phenylenediamines, bis(phenyl)alkylenediamines, para-aminophenols, ortho-aminophenols and heterocyclic bases.

[0067] When it is (they are) used, the oxidation base(s) preferably represent(s) from 0.0005 to 12% by weight approximately relative to the total weight of the dye composition, and even more preferably from 0.005 to 6% by weight approximately relative to this weight.

[0068] When it is intended for oxidation dyeing, in addition to the cationic direct dye and glycerol and/or specific polyol and/or polyol ether defined above as well as oxidation bases, the dye composition in accordance with the invention can also contain one or more couplers so as to modify or enrich with glints the shades obtained using the cationic direct dye(s) and the oxidation bases.

[0069] The couplers which can be used in the dye composition in accordance with the invention can be chosen from the couplers used conventionally in oxidation dyeing and among which mention may be made in particular of meta-phenylenediamines, meta-aminophenols, meta-diphenols and heterocyclic couplers.

[0070] When it is (they are) present, the coupler(s) preferably represent(s) from 0.0001 to 10% by weight approximately relative to the total weight of the dye composition, and even more preferably from 0.005 to 5% by weight approximately relative to this weight.

[0071] The dye composition in accordance with the invention can also contain various adjuvants conventionally used in compositions for dyeing the hair, such as antioxidants, penetrating agents, sequestering agents, fragrances, buffers, dispersing agents, surfactants, film-forming agents, ceramides, preserving agents, screening agents and opacifiers.

[0072] Needless to say, a person skilled in the art will take care to select this or these optional complementary compound(s) such that the advantageous properties intrinsically associated with the dye composition in accordance with the invention are not, or are not substantially, adversely affected by the addition(s) envisaged.

[0073] The dye composition according to the invention can be in various forms, such as in the form of liquids, shampoos, creams or gels or any other form which is suitable for dyeing keratin fibers, and in particular human hair. It can be obtained by mixing, at the time of use, a composition, which may be in pulverulent form, containing the cationic direct dye(s) with a composition containing the glycerol and/or the specific polyol and/or polyol ether.

[0074] When the combination of the cationic direct dye and glycerol and/or specific polyol and/or polyol ether defined according to the invention is used in a composition intended for oxidation dyeing (one or more oxidation bases are then used, optionally in the presence of one or more couplers), or when it is used in a composition intended for lightening direct dyeing, then the dye composition in accordance with the invention also contains at least one oxidizing agent chosen, for example, from hydrogen peroxide, urea peroxide, alkali metal bromates, persalts such as perborates and persulphates, and enzymes such as peroxidases, laccases and two-electron oxidoreductases. The use of hydrogen peroxide or enzymes is particularly preferred.

[0075] Another subject of the invention is a process for dyeing keratin fibers, and in particular human keratin fibers such as the hair, using the dye composition as defined above.

[0076] According to a first variant of this dyeing process in accordance with the invention, at least one dye composition as defined above is applied to the fibers, for a period which is sufficient to develop the desired coloration, after which the fibers are rinsed, optionally washed with shampoo, rinsed again and dried.

[0077] The time required to develop the coloration on the keratin fibers generally ranges from 3 to 60 minutes and even more preferably from 5 to 40 minutes.

[0078] According to a second variant of this dyeing process in accordance with the invention, at least one dye composition as defined above is applied to the fibers, for a period which is sufficient to develop the desired coloration, without final rinsing.

[0079] According to one specific embodiment of this dyeing process, and when the dye composition in accordance with the invention contains at least one oxidation base and at least one oxidizing agent, the dyeing process includes a preliminary step which comprises separately storing, on the one hand, a composition (A1) comprising, in a medium which is suitable for dyeing, at least one cationic direct dye and at least glycerol and/or one specific polyol and/or polyol ether as defined above and at least one oxidation base, and, on the other hand, a composition (B1) containing, in a medium which is suitable for dyeing, at least one oxidizing agent, and then in mixing them together at the time of use, after which this mixture is applied to the keratin fibers.

[0080] According to another specific embodiment of this dyeing process, and when the dye composition in accordance with the invention contains at least one oxidizing agent, the dyeing process includes a preliminary step which comprises separately storing, on the one hand, a composition (A2) comprising, in a medium which is suitable for dyeing, at least one cationic direct dye and at least glycerol and/or one specific polyol and/or polyol ether as defined above, and, on the other hand, a composition (B1) containing, in a medium which is suitable for dyeing, at least one oxidizing agent, and then in mixing them together at the time of use, after which this mixture is applied to the keratin fibers.

[0081] Another subject of the invention is a multi-compartment dyeing device or “kit” or any other multi-compartment packaging system, a first compartment of which comprises composition (A1) or (A2) as defined above and a second compartment of which comprises composition (B1) as defined above. These devices can be equipped with means for delivering the desired mixture onto the hair, such as the devices described in patent FR 2,586,913, assigned to the present assignee.

[0082] The examples which follow are intended to illustrate the invention without, however, limiting its scope.

EXAMPLES Example 1

[0083] The dye composition below was prepared:

Cationic direct dye of formula (I)27 0.1 g
Glycerol 10.0 g
2-Amino-2-methylpropanol qs pH9
Demineralized water qs 100 g

[0084] The above composition was applied for 30 minutes to locks of natural grey hair containing 90% white hairs. The locks of hair were then rinsed, washed with a standard shampoo and then dried.

[0085] They were dyed in an intense purple shade.

Example 2

[0086] The dye composition below was prepared:

Cationic direct dye of formula (I)10 0.12 g
Propylene glycol monomethyl ether 10.0 g
2-Amino-2-methylpropanol qs pH9
Demineralized water qs 100 g

[0087] The above composition was applied for 30 minutes to locks of natural grey hair containing 90% white hairs. The locks of hair were then rinsed, washed with a standard shampoo and then dried.

[0088] They were dyed in an intense red shade.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7150765Jul 12, 2004Dec 19, 2006L'oreal S.A.Fatty acid-free liquid dye composition comprising at least one oxidation base and 2-methyl-1, 3-propanediol, dyeing process, and device
US7402180Jul 11, 2006Jul 22, 2008L'ORéAL S.A.Composition for the oxidation dyeing of keratin fibres, comprising at least one fatty alcohol chosen from mono- and polyglycerolated fatty alcohols and a particular polyol
Classifications
U.S. Classification8/405, 8/426, 8/407, 8/406
International ClassificationA61Q5/10, A61K8/41, A61K8/49, A61Q5/06, A61K8/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61Q5/065, A61K8/4926, A61K8/494, A61K8/4946, A61K8/49
European ClassificationA61Q5/06D, A61K8/49F1, A61K8/49F, A61K8/49C4, A61K8/49
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 8, 2010FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20100416
Apr 16, 2010LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Nov 23, 2009REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Sep 23, 2005FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jan 7, 2003CCCertificate of correction
Sep 7, 1999ASAssignment
Owner name: L OREAL S.A., FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LANG, GERARD;COTTERET, JEAN;REEL/FRAME:010222/0277
Effective date: 19990614