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Publication numberUS20020017858 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/071,919
Publication dateFeb 14, 2002
Filing dateMay 5, 1998
Priority dateMay 9, 1997
Also published asUS6921309, US6948994, US20030175601, US20030201715
Publication number071919, 09071919, US 2002/0017858 A1, US 2002/017858 A1, US 20020017858 A1, US 20020017858A1, US 2002017858 A1, US 2002017858A1, US-A1-20020017858, US-A1-2002017858, US2002/0017858A1, US2002/017858A1, US20020017858 A1, US20020017858A1, US2002017858 A1, US2002017858A1
InventorsSatoshi Miyaguchi, Isamu Ohshita
Original AssigneeSatoshi Miyaguchi, Isamu Ohshita
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Light emission display panel having electrodes with partially overlapped portions
US 20020017858 A1
Abstract
A light emission display panel has a substrate, a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes. Each of the second electrodes has a form of a strip film in which partially overlapped portions are provided.
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Claims(8)
What is claimed is:
1. A light emission display panel having at least two portions comprising a substrate, and a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes, wherein
each of the second electrodes has a form of a strip film in which partially overlapped portions are provided.
2. A method for manufacturing a light emission display panel having a substrate, a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes, comprising the steps of:
providing a mask in which a plurality of openings are formed along a line corresponding to each of the second electrodes, interposing a predetermined space between adjacent openings, each of the openings having a width equal to the width of the second electrodes;
mounting the mask on the light emission layer so that each of the openings corresponds to the first electrode;
forming a film in each opening by a material for the second electrode;
shifting the mask by a pitch corresponding to said space; and
forming a film in each opening of the shifted mask, whereby the second electrodes are formed.
3. The method according to claim 2 wherein adjacent lines are offset by at least a distance equal to a length of the opening in an extending direction of the second electrode.
4. The method according to claim 2 wherein the space is smaller than a length of the opening in the extending direction of the second electrode so as to overlap both ends of the film with an adjacent film.
5. The method according to claim 4 wherein a distance between adjacent openings is a multiple of integer of the space.
6. A method for manufacturing a light emission display panel having a substrate, a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes, comprising the steps of:
providing a mask in which a plurality of openings each of which has an entire length of the second electrode are parallely formed, interposing a space having a width corresponding to a width of at least one electrode;
mounting the mask on the light emission layer so that each of the openings corresponds to the first electrode;
forming a film in each opening by a material for the second electrode;
shifting the mask by a pitch corresponding to said space; and
forming a film in each opening of the shifted mask, whereby the second electrodes are formed.
7. A mask for manufacturing a light emission display panel having a substrate, a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes, wherein the mask has a plurality of openings formed along a line corresponding to each of the second electrodes, interposing a predetermined space between adjacent openings, each of the openings having a width equal to the width of the second electrodes.
8. A mask for manufacturing a light emission display panel having a substrate, a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes, wherein the mask has a plurality of openings each of which has an entire length of the second electrode are parallely formed, interposing a space having a width corresponding to a width of at least one electrode.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to a light emission display panel.

[0002] As a self emission type light emission display panel, an organic electroluminescence (hereinafter called organic EL) is noticed because of high efficiency, long life and high fineness.

[0003]FIGS. 6a and 6 b show a conventional organic EL display panel. The organic EL display panel comprises a transparent glass substrate 1, and a first electrode 2 comprising a plurality of transparent strips of anodes 2 formed on the glass substrate 1 into parallel lines. The first electrode 2 is made of ITO by patterning processes (for example a pitch of 0.3 mm, width of 0.28 mm, thickness of 0.2 mm). On the first electrode 2, a light emission layer 7 comprising an organic hole transporting layer 3, light emission organic layer 4, and organic electron transporting layer 5 is coated by the evaporation method. Furthermore, a second electrode 6 comprising a plurality of strips as metallic cathodes is formed on the light emission layer 7 into parallel lines so as to intersect the first electrode 2. The second electrode 6 is formed on the layer 7 by a method such as evaporation, CVD, PVD, or spattering, using a metal mask of FIG. 7. The display panel is sealed for the prevention of humidity.

[0004] The intersection of each first electrode 2 and second electrode 6 is a pixel which emits light by applying a voltage to the electrodes.

[0005] Referring to FIG. 7, the metal mask for the evaporation has a plurality of openings 8 and partitions 9 between the openings 8. The openings 8 are formed by the number of the second electrodes and has a shape equal to the shape of the second electrode.

[0006] The width of the opening 8 is several hundreds microns, and the width W of the partition 9 is several tens microns.

[0007] Because of such an extremely small dimension, the metal mask has a small mechanical strength, and hence it is liable to be broken of bent. Furthermore, there is a problem that adjacent electrodes contacts with each other in the production of the display panel. In order to solve such problems, it is thinkable to increase the thickness of the metal mask. However, there is a limit to produce a high fineness film. Hence, the thickness of about 0.1 mm is a limit. On the other hand, if the width W is increased, the interval between pixels increases, which means the retrogression against the tendency to fineness of the pixel.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] An object of the present invention is to provide a display panel having a high reliability and corresponding to the tendency to the increase of fineness of the display panel.

[0009] According to the present invention, there is provided a light emission display panel having a substrate, a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes, wherein each of the second electrodes has a form of a strip film in which partially overlapped portions are provided.

[0010] The present invention further provides a method for manufacturing a light emission display panel having a substrate, a plurality of first electrodes on the substrate, a light emission layer on the first electrodes, and a plurality of second electrodes.

[0011] The method comprises wherein the steps of providing a mask in which a plurality of openings are formed along a line corresponding to each of the second electrodes, interposing a predetermined space between adjacent openings, each of the openings having a width equal to the width of the second electrodes, mounting the mask on the light emission layer so that each of the openings corresponds to the first electrode, forming a film in each opening by a material for the second electrode, shifting the mask by a pitch corresponding to said space, and forming a film in each opening of the shifted mask, whereby the second electrodes are formed.

[0012] Adjacent lines are offset by at least a distance equal to a length of the opening in an extending direction of the second electrode.

[0013] The space is smaller than a length of the opening in the extending direction of the second electrode so as to overlap both ends of the film with an adjacent film.

[0014] A distance between adjacent openings is a multiple of integer of the space.

[0015] In an aspect of the present invention, the method comprises the steps of providing a mask in which a plurality of openings each of which has an entire length of the second electrode are parallely formed, interposing a space having a width corresponding to a width of at least one electrode, mounting the mask on the light emission layer so that each of the openings corresponds to the first electrode, forming a film in each opening by a material for the second electrode, shifting the mask by a pitch corresponding to said space, and forming a film in each opening of the shifted mask, whereby the second electrodes are formed.

[0016] These and other objects and features of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0017]FIG. 1a is a plan view of a mask according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

[0018]FIG. 1b is an enlarged view of a part of the mask;

[0019]FIGS. 2a to 2 c show processes for manufacturing the mask;

[0020]FIG. 3 is a plan view of a mask of a second embodiment;

[0021]FIG. 4 is a plan view of a mask of a third embodiment;

[0022]FIG. 5 is a plan view of a mask of a fourth embodiment;

[0023]FIG. 6a is a perspective view of a part of a conventional display panel;

[0024]FIG. 6b is a side view of the display panel; and

[0025]FIG. 7 is a plan view showing a conventional metal mask.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0026] Referring to FIG. 1a, a mask 10 for manufacturing the second electrodes has a plurality of openings 11 (hatched portion) having a long side 11 a and a short side 11 b. The length of the short side 11 b is equal to the width of the second electrode. On the side of the long side 11 a, a plurality of openings are formed interposing a partition 13 between adjacent openings, arranged in the longitudinal direction (X direction) which is the arrangement direction of the second electrodes, thereby forming a first opening line. Similarly, a second opening line and third opening line are formed in the lateral direction (Y direction), interposing a distance which is smaller than the double of the long side 11 a. Although three opening lines is shown in FIG. 1a, actually a plurality of lines necessary for the length (about 10 cm) of the second electrodes are provided.

[0027] The process for manufacturing the display panel will be described hereinafter with reference to FIGS. 2a to 2 c.

[0028] As the first step, a plurality of first electrodes 2 (transparent electrodes) each of which is made of ITO strip are formed on the transparent glass substrate 1 arranged in parallel by spattering method or lithography.

[0029] At a second step, the light emission layer 7 of an organic EL medium comprising the organic hole transporting layer 3, organic light emission layer 4 and organic electron transporting layer 5 is uniformly formed on the first electrode 2 by evaporation method as shown in FIG. 2b, thereby forming a first substrate.

[0030] At a third step, the mask 10 of FIG. 1 is mounted on the light emission layer 7 so that the left side edge coincides with the lift side edge of the light emission layer 7. More specifically, the mask 10 is located so that the opening 11 of the left side upper most opening designated by A coincides with the position designated by A in FIG. 2a. Then films for the second electrode are formed at every opening 11 by spraying a material for the electrode by evaporation, CVD, PVD or spattering method. Thus, a film having the same shape as the opening 11 is formed on the light emission layer 7.

[0031] Next, the mask 10 is shifted by one pitch P to the right (extending direction of the second electrode) as shown in FIG. 1b. At the shifted position, the material is sprayed to form a film, and then the mask is further shifted to the next right position by the pitch P, and a film is formed. Thus, a strip of each second electrode is formed. The distance D between the openings is smaller than the double of length of the long side of the opening 11, and the length of the shifted pitch P is longer than the half of the distance D and shorter than the length of the long side of the opening 11. Therefore, the film formed by the opening is overlapped with adjacent films at both sides 12 thereof as shown in FIG. 1b.

[0032] The overlapped portion of the film becomes thick, so that the strength of the second electrode is enhanced.

[0033] Although the distance D is about double of the long side of the opening, the distance is not limited to the double.

[0034] The length of the partition at each opening is very short compared with the partition 9 of FIG. 7, so that the partition is hardly broken. Therefore, the opening does not communicate with adjacent opening. It should be noted that if the adjacent openings communicate, the adjacent second electrodes is short-circuited.

[0035]FIG. 3 shows the mask of the second embodiment of the present invention.

[0036] Each line for the second electrode has an arrangement of openings interposing a space having a distance d smaller than the long side 11 a of the opening 11. The adjacent lines are offset by the length of the long side of the opening.

[0037] The first and second steps for manufacturing the display panel is the same as the first embodiment.

[0038] At the third step, the mask 10 b is mounted on the light emission layer 7 in the same manner as the first embodiment. Namely, the opening A of FIG. 3 is located at the A of FIG. 2. A film is formed at each opening by spraying the material. Then, the mask 10 b is shifted to the right so that both ends of the opening overlaps with the formed film, and a film is formed on the space between films.

[0039] In the second embodiment, the length of the partition between the adjacent lines is very short, thereby increasing the strength of the mask.

[0040] In the third embodiment of FIG. 4, the openings on one line of a mask 10 c are disposed interposing a space having a length of about three long side of the opening. The adjacent lines are offset by about double of the long side of the opening. The mask 10 c is shifted three times for forming film in the space.

[0041] A mask 10 d of the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 5 has an opening 11A having an entire length of the second electrode. The openings are provided at every three lines. The mask is shifted in the direction X by a distance of a length of the short side plus the width X so that second electrodes are formed.

[0042] In accordance with the present invention, there is provided overlapped portions in each second electrode, thereby increasing the strength of the electrode. Thus, a display panel having high reliability and fineness of pixels can be obtained.

[0043] While the invention has been described in conjunction with preferred specific embodiment thereof, it will be understood that this description is intended to illustrate and not limit the scope of the invention, which is defined by the following claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8053979 *Sep 18, 2006Nov 8, 2011Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.Light-emitting organic compound with improved reliability
US8698389Nov 1, 2011Apr 15, 2014Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.Light-emitting organic compound and EL display device utilizing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/498, 313/506, 313/507
International ClassificationH05B33/10, H01L27/32, H01L51/56, H05B33/26, G09F9/30, H01L51/50, H05B33/12
Cooperative ClassificationH01L51/0023, H01L27/3281, H01L51/56
European ClassificationH01L51/00A8D, H01L27/32M4, H01L51/56
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 5, 1998ASAssignment
Owner name: PIONEER ELECTRONIC CORPORATION, JAPAN
Owner name: TOHOKU PIONEER ELECTRONIC CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:MIYAGUCHI, SATOSHI;OHSHITA, ISAMU;REEL/FRAME:009162/0917
Effective date: 19980423