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Publication numberUS20020029262 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/188,245
Publication dateMar 7, 2002
Filing dateNov 9, 1998
Priority dateNov 7, 1997
Also published asEP0917055A2, EP0917055A3, EP0917055B1, US7165106, US20030200310
Publication number09188245, 188245, US 2002/0029262 A1, US 2002/029262 A1, US 20020029262 A1, US 20020029262A1, US 2002029262 A1, US 2002029262A1, US-A1-20020029262, US-A1-2002029262, US2002/0029262A1, US2002/029262A1, US20020029262 A1, US20020029262A1, US2002029262 A1, US2002029262A1
InventorsEiji Matsumura, Toshiaki Hirata
Original AssigneeEiji Matsumura, Toshiaki Hirata
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of managing operation of computer system
US 20020029262 A1
Abstract
Object matters handled by each program constituting a work are assorted and classified into a system, and an ID information for discriminating the work is added to a definition information relating to the execution of the work and to an information representing the events which occur with the execution of the work, in order to achieve a unitary management. A priority is assigned to each event occurring with the execution of the work, and whether the information representing the event is to be transferred or stored is decided so as to accomplish the objectives described above.
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Claims(13)
1. A method of managing the operation of a computer system in a network computer system comprising a plurality of computers, characterized in that supervision of a work dividedly executed by a plurality of said computers can be done by collecting information representing various events (start, termination, abnormal termination, etc.) occurring with the execution in each of said computers and managing said information by adding information for discriminating said work, without the necessity for examining in advance said computers executing said work.
2. A method of managing the operation of a computer system according to claim 1, wherein control of the execution of said work (change of a schedule, change and addition of an executing computer or computers, etc.) can be done by assorting and managing various definition informations (execution schedule, execution parameters, etc.) relating to the execution of said work by adding information for discriminating said work without the necessity for examining in advance said computer storing the definition of said work.
3. A method of managing a computer system according to claim 1, wherein a priority is assigned to information representing various events (start, termination, abnormal termination, etc.) occurring with the execution of said work in each of said computers, the event having a high priority (occurrence of abnormality, etc.) is immediately transferred to a computer supervising said work, other events (start, termination, etc.) are integrated in a computer in which each event occurs or in a computer close to said computer in which the event occurs, and only those events which are necessary (only events relating to a specific work) are retrieved when they become necessary at the time of supervision of said work and are transferred to a computer supervising said work so as to reduce the transfer quantity of information without imposing a limitation to the supervisory work.
4. A method of managing the operation of a computer system according to claim 2, wherein various definition informations (execution schedules, execution parameters, etc.) relating to the execution of the work are overlappingly stored in a plurality of computers so that the time necessary for looking up said definition informations at the time of execution of said work can be reduced without imposing a limitation on collective management of said definition informations.
5. A method managing an application in a supervisory computer for managing the execution of said application executed by a plurality of computers, characterized in that a plurality of said computers add an ID information for discriminating said application to informations representing events occurring with the execution of said application, store said information representing said events in a data base and transfers said information information representing said events to said supervisory manager computer, and said supervisory manager computer stores said information representing said events in a manager data base.
6. A method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer according to claim 5, wherein said supervisory manager computer retrieves said information representing said events and stored in said master data base by using an ID information for discriminating said application as a key and outputs a retrieving result.
7. A method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer for managing the execution of an application executed by a plurality of computers, characterized in that a plurality of said computers add an ID information for discriminating said application to an information representing the change of a definition information occurring with the execution of said application, and store said information representing the change of said definition information and transfer said information representing the change of said definition information, and said supervisory manager computer stores said information representing the change of said definition information in a master data base.
8. A method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer according to claim 7, wherein said supervisory manager computer retrieves said information representing the change of said definition information stored in said master data base by using an ID information for discriminating said application as a key and outputs the retrieving result.
9. A method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer according to claim 7, wherein said supervisory manager computer accepts a definition change information and transfers it to a plurality of said computers, and a plurality of said computers change the corresponding definition informations by using said ID information as a key.
10. A computer-readable recording medium recording a program for accomplishing said method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer according to claim 5.
11. A computer-readable recording medium recording a program for accomplishing a method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer according to claim 7.
12. A method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer according to claim 5, wherein an information representing a priority is assigned to said information representing said events, a plurality of said computers judge whether or not said information representing said events is to be transferred to said supervisory manager computer in accordance with said information representing said priority, and transfers an information representing a predetermined event to said supervisory manager computer and stores an information representing other events in a data base.
13. A method of managing an application in a supervisory manager computer according to claim 12, wherein said information representing said events and stored in said data base is retrieved by using said ID information as a key in accordance with a request from said supervisory manager computer, and said requested information representing said events is transferred to said supervisory manager computer.
Description
    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to a method of managing a work operation of a network computer system comprising a plurality of computers.
  • [0002]
    As a system has become greater in size and global, works executed daily have been decentrailized and globalized, too. For instance, there may be the case where one work is dividedly allocated to, and executed by, a plurality of computers because throughout of one computer is not sufficient, or the case where large quantities of data dispersedly stored in a plurality of computers are processed by each computer to obtain an intermediate result and these results are gathered together at one position to obtain a final result.
  • [0003]
    In such a case, because management has been made in the past only as to which computer executes which work, a manager cannot easily grasp the relationship of divided works if one work is divided and allocated to a plurality of computers. It is therefore a purpose of the present invention to provide a service which can supervise the execution of works and which is directed to a manager for supervising the execution of the works, by managing divided works as one work even when a certain work is divided and allocated to a plurality of computers, without the necessity for examining in advance the computer or computers that execute the work or the divided works.
  • [0004]
    It has been customary to immediately transfer an information representing various events (e.g. start, termination, abnormal termination, etc.) that occur with the execution of the work to a computer for supervising the work. Therefore, a problem remains unsolved that those events which are hardly looked up usually (start, termination, etc.) are transferred in vain though they are necessary for the supervision purpose. The present invention aims at reducing the transfer quantity of information by transferring only the reformation having high urgency such as the occurrence of abnormality when the events occur.
  • [0005]
    It has also been customary in the past to altogether store various definition informations relating to the execution of the work (e.g. execution schedules, execution parameters, etc.) in one place. This renders the problem that a long time is necessary for looking up the definition information for executing the work, though management is easy.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0006]
    The purpose of the present invention is to reduce the time required for looking up the definition information by duplicately storing the definition information in a plurality of computers.
  • [0007]
    To accomplish the purpose described above, the present invention assorts and classifies the objects handled by each program that constitutes a work and puts common terms together into one system, and generates an ID information that discriminates works. The present invention adds this ID information to various definition informations (execution schedules, execution parameters, etc.) relating to the execution of the work and to an information representing all the events that occur with the execution of the work (start, termination, abnormal termination, etc.) and unitarily manages these informations so that supervision of the execution of work and its control (change of the schedules, change and addition of executing computers, etc.) can be done by using the ID information as a key.
  • [0008]
    The present invention assigns a priority to all the events (start, termination, abnormal termination, etc.) occurring with the execution of the work in accordance with their urgency. Whether or not the information representing the event is to be immediately transferred to a computer supervising the work or whether or not the information is to be stored in the computers in which the respective events occur or in a computer or computers near the computers inviting such events, are decided in the order of this priority. The supervisor need not know the events in the normal operation (start and termination of the work, etc.) so long as the work is executed normally and smoothly (particularly when a computer system includes the huge number of computers), and they are not transferred to the computer supervising the execution of the work. In consequence, the transfer quantity of information can be reduced. The ID information for discriminating the work is added to the information that is dispersedly stored. Therefore, whenever necessary (such as when the status of a specific work is desired to be known), the information can be retrieved upon request from the computer supervising the work and only necessary information can be taken out. The information that is dispersedly stored can be retrieved simultaneously by a plurality of computers having the stored information, and the time for retrieving is short.
  • [0009]
    Further, the present invention stores duplicately various definition informations (execution schedules, execution parameters, etc.) relating to the execution of the work in a plurality of computers. Generally, updating frequency of such definition informations is low. Therefore, the present invention can reduce the time necessary for looking up the definition informations at the time of the execution of the work. When the definition information is to be updated, only the changed portion must be transferred. Therefore, the time for transfer can be reduced, too.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0010]
    [0010]FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a system construction and an execution procedure for enabling a supervisory manager computer to supervise the work carried out dividedly by a plurality of computers;
  • [0011]
    [0011]FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing a system construction and an execution procedure for enabling a supervisory manager computer to control the execution of the work carried out dividedly by a plurality of computers;
  • [0012]
    [0012]FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing a network construction in an embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing an example of the software construction of a computer system in an embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 5 is a flowchart useful for explaining a procedure for collecting various event informations;
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 6 is a flowchart useful for explaining a procedure for looking up various event informations;
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 7 is a flowchart useful for explaining a procedure for collecting various definition informations; and
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 8 is a flowchart useful for explaining a procedure for updating/distributing various definition informations.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0018]
    An embodiment of the present invention will be explained hereinafter with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2.
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 1 shows a system construction and an execution procedure for enabling a supervisory manager computer to supervise the work carried out dividedly by a plurality of computers without determining in advance which work is to be executed by which computer. A supervisory manager computer 100 comprises a display control unit which in turn comprises an event information display processing unit 103 for looking up various events that occur with the execution of the works in management objective computers 106 and 111, such as the start of the work, the normal termination, abnormal termination, etc. and a GUI unit 102 for displaying and operating the various events; a unit 104 for collecting event informations which must be dealt with urgently or quickly among the events occurring with the execution of the work in the management objective computers 106 and 111, such as abnormal termination of the work, shortage of a disk capacity, and so forth, displaying such informations in the GUI unit 102 and storing them in a master data base 105, retrieving the event informations so stored, instructing retrieval to the management objective computer 106 having a local data base 108 if necessary event information is not found out, and controlling collection of the retrieving result and its display in the GUI unit 102; and the master data base 105.
  • [0020]
    Each of the management objective computers 106, 111 comprises a work execution unit 106, 113 for handling the actual work itself or a management application (hereinafter called “AP”) execution unit 110, 114 for managing the work execution such as a job scheduler, an integrated management assistance unit 107, 112 for accomplishing the integrated management, and a local data base 108. When the management objective computer has the local data base, the integrated management assistance unit transfers to the supervisory manager computer 100 those event informations which must be dealt with urgently or quickly, such as abnormal termination of the work, shortage of the disk capacity, etc. among the events occurring with the execution of the work by the integrated management assistance unit itself or by the management objective computer not having such a local data base, stores other event informations in the local data base 108, executes retrieval upon instruction from the supervisory manager computer 100 and transfers the retrieving result to the integrated manager computer. When the management objective computer does not have the local data base, the integrated management assistance unit transfers all those events which occur with the execution of the work by itself to the management objective computers having the local data base. Incidentally, the supervisory manager computer 100 and the management objective computers 106 and 111 are connected with one another through a communication network 115.
  • [0021]
    [0021]FIG. 2 shows a system construction and an execution procedure for enabling the supervisory manager computer to control the execution of the work executed dividedly by a plurality of computers without determining in advance in which computer the definition information of the work is stored. The supervisory manager computer 200 comprises a display control unit which in turn comprises a definition information updating/displaying processing unit 203 for looking up and updating various definition informations about the execution of the work such as the execution schedule and the execution parameters of the work executed by the management objective computers 206 and 211, and a GUI unit 202 for displaying and operating these informations; a unit 204 for collecting various definition informations relating to the execution of the work such as the execution schedule and the execution parameters of the work executed by the management objective computers 206 and 211, storing the definition informations in a master data base 205, retrieving the definition informations so stored and distributing the updated definition informations to the management object computer 206 having the local data base 208; and the master data base 205.
  • [0022]
    Each of the management objective computers 206 and 211 comprises a work execution unit 209, 213 for executing the practical work itself or a management AP execution unit 210, 214 for managing the execution of the work such as a job scheduler, an integrated management assistance unit 207, 212 for achieving the integrated management and the local data base 208. When the management objective computer has the local data base, the integrated management assistance unit transfers various definition informations about the executions of the work such as the execution schedules and the execution parameters of its own and those of the management objective computers not having the local data base, stores such definition informations in the local data base 208, updates the information upon instruction from the integrated manager computer 200 and transfers the updating result to the integrated management assistance unit itself and to the work executed by the management objective computers not having the local data base. When the management objective computers do not have the local data base, the integrated management assistance unit transfers all of various definition informations about the execution of the work such as the execution schedule and the execution parameters executed by itself to the management objective computers having such a local data base, and transfers the retrieving result transferred thereto from the management objective computers having the local data base to the work executed by the management objective computers. Incidentally, the supervisory manager computer 200 and the management objective computers 206 and 211 are connected with one another through the communication between 215.
  • [0023]
    [0023]FIG. 3 shows an example of the network construction in the embodiment of the present invention. The supervisory manager computer 301 can supervise the execution state of the work executed by each computer 302 to 307, and can change the definition relating to the work execution. The supervisory manager computer 301 has the master data base 314 (abbreviated as “DB” in the drawing) and each network 308 to 313 has at least one computer having the local data base.
  • [0024]
    Though this condition is not essential, such a network construction can reduce the quantity of data flowing through the network and can also reduce the time necessary for looking up the information stored in the data base from each computer.
  • [0025]
    [0025]FIG. 4 shows an example of the software construction of the management objective computer 401 and the supervisory manager computer 402 in the embodiment of the present invention. The management objective computer 401 includes the integrated management assistance unit 403 and manages this computer on the basis of the instruction from the supervisory manager computer. However, a concrete management processing varies with the managed objects. Broadly, this management processing can be divided into an indirect management using the management AP for managing the work and a direct management for directly managing the work. The management processing is executed from the integrated management assistance unit 403 through the management AP operation unit 411 in the case of the former and through the work B operation unit 410 in the latter. In this case, the interface (409) between the management AP processing unit 407 and the management AP operation unit 411 and the interface (408) between the work B processing unit 406 and the work 8 operating unit 410 become discrete, but the interface (412) with the respective operation units as viewed from the integrated management assistance unit becomes common. Therefore, even when another managed object is added, the range of influence of this addition is limited, and the addition of functions becomes easy.
  • [0026]
    The supervisory manager computer 402 includes an integrated supervisory manager 404 and has a user interface for managing the entire system but processing for concrete display for the manager and for the operation of the manager varies with each management function. This processing is broadly divided into an indirect display/ operation by using the management AP for managing the work and a direct display/operation of the work. Because the interface with each operation unit as viewed from the integrated management assistance unit is common, the interfaces between the management AP display processing unit 415 and the management AP operation unit 411 and between the work B display processing unit 414 and the work B operation unit 410 and the interface (413) of the display control unit 416 having the direct interface with the management AP display unit 415, the work B display processing unit 414 and the manager can be made common.
  • [0027]
    The procedures for collecting and looking up various event informations that occur with the execution of the work in the construction shown in FIG. 1 will be explained with reference to FIGS. 5 and 6. In the management objective computer, the work or management AP detects the occurrence of an event with the execution of the work (501). The work or management AP assigns a predetermined priority to each event information and sends it to the integrated management assistance unit inside the same computer (502). If the computer does not have the local data base, the integrated management assistance unit transfers the event information to the management object computer having the local data base (504). If the computer has the local data base (503), the integrated management assistance unit stores the event information in the local data base by using the work ID as a key (506) if the priority of the event information is not urgent (505). If the priority of the event information is urgent (505), the integrated management assistance unit transfers the event information to the supervisory manager computer (507). Receiving the event information, the supervisory manager computer stores it in the master data base (508). The supervisory manager computer also displays the event information it receives on the supervisory screen (509). Next, the manager existing in front of the supervisory manager computer represents the procedure for knowing the status of a specific work. First, the supervisory manager displays a work list (601). The work ID corresponding to the work selected by the manager is then determined from the work list. The supervisory manager retrieves the master data base by using the work ID so determined as the key (603). When the event information is found out in the master data base (604), its content is displayed on the supervisory screen. If the event information is not found out in the master data base (604), a retrieval request is generated for the integrated management assistance units of all the management objective computers having the local data base (605). The integrated management assistance unit of each management objective computer having the local data base retrieves the local data base by using the designated work ID as the key (606). The integrated management assistance unit then returns the retrieving result to the integrated management manager (607). The integrated management manager displays altogether all the retrieving results on the supervisory screen (608).
  • [0028]
    In this way, supervision of the work executed dividedly by a plurality of computers can be made without determining in advance by which computer the work is to be done.
  • [0029]
    The procedures for collecting, updating and distributing various definition informations relating to the execution of the work in the construction shown in FIG. 2 will be explained with reference to FIGS. 7 and 8. The work or management AP in the management objective computer changes its own definition information with the execution of the work (710). The work or management AP sends the changed definition information to the integrated management assistance unit inside the same computer (702). If the computer does not have the local data base (703), the integrated management assistance unit sends the changed definition information to the management objective computer having the local data base (704). If the computer has the local data base (703), the integrated management assistance unit stores the changed definition information into the local data base by using the work ID as the key (705). The integrated management assistance unit also transfers the changed definition information to the supervisory manager computer (706). The supervisory manager computer stores the definition information it receives in the master data base (707). Next, the manager in front of the supervisory manager computer represents the procedure for looking up and changing the definition information of a specific work. First, the supervisory manager displays the work list (801) and the work ID corresponding to the work selected by the manager is determined (802). The supervisory manager retrieves the master data base by using the work ID so determined as the key and displays it on the supervisory screen (803). When the manager updates the definition information (804), an updating request is generated for the integrated management assistance unit of all the management objective computers having the local data base (805). The integrated management assistance unit of each management objective computer having the local data base retrieves and updates the local data base by using the designated work ID as the key (806). The integrated management assistance unit reports the changed definition information to the work or management AP (807). The work or management AP executes the processing in accordance with the new definition (808). In this way, control of the execution of the work carried out dividedly by a plurality of computers can be made without examining in advance the computer which stores the definition of the work.
  • [0030]
    In a network computer system comprising a plurality of computers, the present invention can execute various processings relating to the operations of the work such as confirmation of the work executed dividedly by a plurality of computers, supervision of the occurrence of any abnormality, change of the work definition, etc. without examining in advance in which computer or computers the work is being executed or in which computer or computers the definition of the work is stored. Therefore, the present invention provides the effect that the execution of the work can be managed unitarily from one supervisory manager computer. Since the transfer of the information which is hardly looked up during steady supervision can be reduced in this instance, the present invention provides another effect that any excessive burden for the communication network is not applied to the operation management. Further, because the definition information which is frequently looked up during the execution of the work can be posted in the proximity of the computer that looks up the definition information, the present invention provides still another effect that the time necessary for looking up the information from each computer can be reduced.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8065683 *Jul 21, 2005Nov 22, 2011Fujitsu LimitedApparatus for tracking work process and computer product
US20020010803 *May 24, 2001Jan 24, 2002Oberstein Brien M.Method, system and apparatus for establishing, monitoring, and managing connectivity for communication among heterogeneous systems
US20060230404 *Jul 21, 2005Oct 12, 2006Fujitsu LimitedApparatus for tracking work process and computer product
Classifications
U.S. Classification709/223, 709/205
International ClassificationG06F9/50, G06F9/48, G06F15/00, G06F11/34, G06F11/30
Cooperative ClassificationG06F9/542, G06F9/4843, G06F9/485
European ClassificationG06F9/54B, G06F9/48C4, G06F9/48C4P
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 9, 1998ASAssignment
Owner name: HITACHI LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:MATSUMURA, EIJI;HIRATA, TOSHIAKI;REEL/FRAME:009590/0198
Effective date: 19981021