Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20020029597 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/845,173
Publication dateMar 14, 2002
Filing dateMay 1, 2001
Priority dateJul 18, 2000
Also published asCN1334346A, EP1174217A1
Publication number09845173, 845173, US 2002/0029597 A1, US 2002/029597 A1, US 20020029597 A1, US 20020029597A1, US 2002029597 A1, US 2002029597A1, US-A1-20020029597, US-A1-2002029597, US2002/0029597A1, US2002/029597A1, US20020029597 A1, US20020029597A1, US2002029597 A1, US2002029597A1
InventorsByung-Gil Choe, Tae-sung Jeong
Original AssigneeByung-Gil Choe, Jeong Tae-Sung
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for enhancing fatigue strength of gear using shotpeening
US 20020029597 A1
Abstract
Disclosed is a method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear by producing compressive residual stress on a gear surface using shot peening. In the method according to the present invention, a plurality of shot balls are projected in a direction parallel to a straight line connecting a contact point of a root circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth to be subjected to the peening to a contact point of a tooth face circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth adjacent to the gear tooth to be subjected to the peening, and particularly a direction forming an angle of 0° to 15° relative to the straight line by use of high-pressure air.
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(2)
What is claimed is:
1. A method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear using shot peening which produces compressive residual stress on a gear surface by projecting a plurality of shot balls onto the gear surface by use of high-pressure air, in which:
the plurality of shot balls are projected in a direction parallel to a straight line connecting a contact point of a root circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth to be subjected to the peening to a contact point of a tooth face circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth adjacent to the gear tooth to be subjected to the peening.
2. A method as recited in claim 1, wherein the direction of projection of the shot balls forms an angle of 0°to 15°relative to the straight line.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] The present invention relates to a method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear by using shot peening to produce compressive residual stress on a gear surface.

[0003] 2. Description of the Related Art

[0004] In accordance with development of technologies, higher strength is required for mechanical components used in automobiles or industrial apparatuses. To satisfy this, various method for enhancing the strength of the mechanical components have been proposed. In a case of a gear, one of basic mechanical components, shot peening is mainly utilized in order to enhance its strength.

[0005] The shot peening is a method for enhancing strength of manufactures by projecting a plurality of shot balls at a high speed onto surfaces of the manufactures to leave compressive residual stress on the surfaces. An impeller or an air nozzle is used for projecting the shot balls, between which the air nozzle grows to be more and more used in the shot ball-projecting technology.

[0006]FIG. 1 shows a schematic illustration of a shot peening method using an air nozzle to project shot balls.

[0007] As shown in the drawing, a high-pressure air supply pipe 3 and a shot ball supply pipe 4 are connected to the air nozzle 2, and the air nozzle 2 faces a gear 1. Shot balls are supplied to the air nozzle 2 via the shot ball supply pipe 4 and are projected at a high speed onto a surface of the gear 1 by means of kinetic energy of high-pressure air injected through the air nozzle 2.

[0008] By colliding the shot balls at a high speed against the surface of the gear 1, compressive residual stress on the gear surface is getting larger by impact due to the collision. As a result of this, strength of the gear 1 is enhanced, and particularly strength of a root portion of tooth to which force is applied upon operation of the gear 1 is greatly increased, thereby making it possible to prevent breakage of the gear 1.

[0009] In such a conventional method for enhancing strength of the gear 1 using the shot peening, the shot balls is projected from the air nozzle 2 toward a center of the gear 1. In other words, the shot balls are projected in a direction orthogonal to a tangent line of a gear circle such as a root circle or a pitch circle. Consequently, the compressive residual stress produced on a side surface of the gear tooth sloping to the direction of projection is weaker than that produced on a tooth face or a tooth flank.

[0010] As shown in FIG. 2, that is, whereas impact energy E1 applied upon collision of the shot balls against the tooth face or the tooth has a magnitude of ½·mv2 because the shot balls are projected in the orthogonal direction to the tooth face or the tooth flank, impact energy E2 applied upon collision of the shot balls against the side surface of the gear tooth has a magnitude of ½·mv2 sinθ because the shot balls are projected onto the side surface inclined to the tooth face or the tooth flank at an angle of inclination (θ). By this reason, the compressive residual stress produced on the side surface of the gear tooth is weaker than that produced on the tooth face or the tooth flank. Due to deformation caused by this difference in the compressive residual stress, protrusions are formed at both ends of the tooth faces, i.e., outer edges of the gear tooth.

[0011] Since such protrusions formed on the outer edges of the gear tooth repeatedly interferes with and impacts on the tooth face of the gear during operation of the gear, there is a problem in that the tooth face of the gear is broken down and thus life span of the gear is shortened.

[0012] To prevent this, the protrusions must be removed using a semi-topping or a grinding process followed by the shot peening process during manufacture of the gear. This means that additional equipments and workers are required for removing the protrusion, which causes increase of production cost and lowering in productivity.

[0013] On the other hand, force is most applied to the side surface of the gear tooth when the gear is in operation. Nevertheless, because magnitude of the compressive residual stress produced on the side surface of the gear tooth is smaller than that produced on the tooth face to which force is less applied than to the side surface, process time required for the shot peening must be extended so as to impart necessary level of strength to the side surface of the gear. Accordingly, there is another problem in that working hours and quantity of consumption of the shot balls are increased and life span of the peening device is shortened.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0014] Accordingly, the present invention has been made to overcome the above-mentioned problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear using shot peening, in which magnitude of compressive residual stress produced on a side surface of a gear tooth is larger at least than that produced on a tooth face so that formation of protrusions at outer edges of the gear tooth can be prevented and process time required for the shot peening can be shortened.

[0015] To achieve this object, there is provided a method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear using shot peening in accordance with the present invention, in which:

[0016] a plurality of shot balls are projected onto a gear surface in a direction parallel to a straight line connecting a contact point of a root circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth to be subjected to the peening to a contact point of a tooth face circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth adjacent to the gear tooth to be subjected to the peening by use of high-pressure air.

[0017] Preferably, the direction of projection of the shot balls forms an angle of 0°to 15°relative to the straight line connecting the contact point of the root circle and the involute curve of the gear tooth to be subjected to peening to the contact point of the tooth face circle and the involute curve of the gear tooth adjacent to the gear tooth to be subjected to the peening.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0018] The above objects, and other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description in conjunction with the drawings, in which:

[0019]FIG. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a conventional method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear using air nozzle-shot peening;

[0020]FIG. 2 is a view showing a direction of projection of shot balls in the conventional method;

[0021]FIGS. 3 and 4 are views for explaining processes of setting the direction of projection of the shot balls in a method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear using shot peening according to the present invention, respectively.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0022] Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear using shot peening according to the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0023] The present inventors have conducted a series of experiments for finding out relationship between an angle at which shot balls are projected onto a working surface during the shot peening and compressive residual stress produced on the working surface. The experiments are performed in such a manner that the shot balls (round cut wire type, 0.6 mm in diameter, HRC 58˜62) are projected onto a flat carburizing steel plate (texture composition: martensite 80 %, austenite 20 %) at different angles of projection and then magnitude and depth of the compressive residual stress produced on a surface of the steel plate are measured for each angle. Results of the experiments are shown in the following Table.

Angle of projection of
shot balls 90° 80° 70° 60° 50°
Maximum compressive 135 130 111 105 101
residual stress (kg/mm2)
Depth of compressive 120  95  88  78  75
residual stress
produced (μm)

[0024] It can be seen from the Table that magnitude and depth of the compressive residual stress produced on the working surface is the largest when the shot balls are projected in a direction orthogonal to the working surface, and decreases more and more as the angle of projection grows smaller. This can be also theoretically proved from the equation of kinetic energy, ½·mv2 sinθ.

[0025] On the basis of the above results, in the inventive method for enhancing fatigue strength of a gear using shot peening, the shot balls are projected during the shot peening process in a direction making an angle βat which the shot balls are projected onto a side surface of a gear tooth, that is, a portion to be subjected to large force when the gear is in operation be larger than an angle a at which the shot balls are projected onto a tooth face or a tooth flank, that is, a portion to be subjected to relatively small force as shown in FIG. 3.

[0026] As a consequence of this, magnitude of the compressive residual stress produced on the side surface of the gear tooth becomes similar to or larger than that produced on the tooth face. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent deformation of outer edges of the gear tooth and thus formation of protrusions at outer edges of the gear tooth.

[0027] From another point of view, it is required to increase fatigue strength of a portion of the side surface of the gear tooth to which the largest force is applied when the gear is in operation, that is, a deddendum point B2. Taking consideration into this, optimal direction of projection is theoretically said to be a direction parallel to a straight line connecting a contact point B2 of a root circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth to be subjected to the peening to a contact point B1 of a tooth face circle and an involute curve of a gear tooth adjacent to the gear tooth to be subjected to the peening as shown in FIG. 4. If the shot balls are projected in this direction, the fatigue strength of the portion of the gear tooth to which the largest force is applied can become the largest.

[0028] In practice, however, there may occur a phenomenon that a part of the projected shot balls change their moving direction due to colliding against the point B2 and so interrupt a path of the shot balls moving toward the point B2. In order to prevent this phenomenon, the shot balls must be projected in a direction in which bad influence on the path of the shot balls projected toward the point B2 can be minimized.

[0029] Although such a direction is determined by various factors such as size and hardness of the shot balls, projection speed, shape of the manufacture and so on, several experiments have exhibit that the compressive residual stress produced at the deddendum point B2 to which the largest force is applied has a maximal magnitude in most manufacturing specifications of the shot ball and the gear when the shot balls are projected in a direction forming an angle of 0°to 15°relative to the straight line connecting the point B2 to the point B1.

[0030] In the end, by projecting the shot balls in the direction forming an angle of 0°to 15°relative to the straight line connecting the point B2 to the point B1, the magnitude of the compressive residual stress produced on the side surface of the gear tooth comes to be similar to or larger than that produced on the tooth face. Accordingly, the formation of the protrusions at outer edges of the gear tooth as in the conventional method can be prevented, and so the semi-topping or grinding process for removing the protrusions does not have to be performed.

[0031] Moreover, the necessary time to obtain the fatigue strength required for the side surface of the gear tooth can be shortened because the magnitude of the compressive residual stress produced on the side surface of the gear tooth, in particular, the deddendum point B2 is maximized by projecting the shot balls in the above-mentioned direction.

[0032] While the present invention has been illustrated and described under considering a preferred specific embodiment thereof, it will be easily understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiment, and various changes, modifications and equivalents may be made without departing from the true scope of the present invention.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7422643Sep 26, 2005Sep 9, 2008Komatsu Ltd.induction hardened gears; improved seizure resistance of its tooth flanks; temper hardness of HRC 50 or more at 300 degrees C; steel of C, V, Cr,Ti, Zr, Nb, Ta and Hf; cementite disperses in a martensite parent phase formed by quench hardening induction heating and cooling; pitting resistance
US7544255Sep 26, 2005Jun 9, 2009Komatsu Ltd.induction hardened gears; improved seizure resistance of its tooth flanks; temper hardness of HRC 50 or more at 300 degrees C; steel of C, V, Cr,Ti, Zr, Nb, Ta and Hf; cementite disperses in a martensite parent phase formed by quench hardening induction heating and cooling; pitting resistance
US7691212Mar 1, 2004Apr 6, 2010Komatsu Ltd.induction hardened gears; improved seizure resistance of its tooth flanks; temper hardness of HRC 50 or more at 300 degrees C; steel of C, V, Cr,Ti, Zr, Nb, Ta and Hf; cementite disperses in a martensite parent phase formed by quench hardening induction heating and cooling; pitting resistance
US7691213 *Mar 1, 2004Apr 6, 2010Komatsu Ltd.induction hardened gears; improved seizure resistance of its tooth flanks; temper hardness of HRC 50 or more at 300 degrees C; steel of C, V, Cr,Ti, Zr, Nb, Ta and Hf; cementite disperses in a martensite parent phase formed by quench hardening induction heating and cooling; pitting resistance
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/53
International ClassificationF16H55/06, B24C1/10
Cooperative ClassificationB24C1/10
European ClassificationB24C1/10
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 1, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: KIA MOTORS CORPORATION, KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CHOE, BYUNG-GIL;JEONG, TAE-SUNG;REEL/FRAME:011757/0112
Effective date: 20010402