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Publication numberUS20020046462 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/947,323
Publication dateApr 25, 2002
Filing dateSep 5, 2001
Priority dateSep 8, 2000
Also published asDE10143917A1, US6983538, US7213332, US20040085701, US20050015975
Publication number09947323, 947323, US 2002/0046462 A1, US 2002/046462 A1, US 20020046462 A1, US 20020046462A1, US 2002046462 A1, US 2002046462A1, US-A1-20020046462, US-A1-2002046462, US2002/0046462A1, US2002/046462A1, US20020046462 A1, US20020046462A1, US2002046462 A1, US2002046462A1
InventorsMasafumi Inoue, Yusuke Yamamoto, Hikaru Onizaki, Youichi Yanai, Yasuhiro Morimitsu
Original AssigneeMasafumi Inoue, Yusuke Yamamoto, Hikaru Onizaki, Youichi Yanai, Yasuhiro Morimitsu
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Component mounter and mounting method
US 20020046462 A1
Abstract
A component mounter for picking up a component and mounting it on a board using a transfer head. A position of solder paste printed on an electrode on a board is previously measured and a measurement result is stored. Mounting coordinates for mounting the component using the transfer head is calculated based on this measurement result. In the mounting operation, the transfer head is controlled using mounting coordinates determined based on the solder printing position so as to mount the component on each electrode on the board. This prevents the occurrence of positional deviation between the mounted component and printed solder paste. Defective mounting, which may occur in a reflow process due to positional deviation, is thus preventable.
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Claims(8)
What is claimed is:
1. A component mounter for picking up a component from a component feeder carriage and mounting the component on a board using a transfer head, said component mounter comprising:
(a) a positioner for relatively positioning said board with respect to said transfer head;
(b) a first memory for storing a position measurement result of solder printed on an electrode on said board;
(c) a calculator for calculating mounting coordinates for mounting the component using said transfer head based on said measurement result; and
(d) a controller for driving said positioner based on said mounting coordinates.
2. The component mounter as defined in claim 1 further comprising a second memory for storing said mounting coordinates.
3. The component mounter as defined in claim 1, wherein said measurement result is a result of measurement performed by a measuring apparatus installed in the component mounter.
4. The component mounter as defined in claim 1, wherein said measurement result is a result of measurement performed by a testing function installed in a screen printer for printing solder on the electrode on the board.
5. The component mounter as defined in claim 1, wherein said position measurement result is a result of measurement performed by a separate appearance inspection device other than the component mounter.
6. A method for picking up a component from a component feeder carriage and mounting the component on a board using a transfer head, said method comprising:
(a) storing a position measurement result of solder printed on an electrode on said board;
(b) calculating mounting coordinates for mounting the component by said transfer head based on said measurement result; and
(c) controlling a positioner for relatively positioning said board with respect to said transfer head based on said mounting coordinates.
7. The method as defined in claim 6, further comprising:
recognizing a position of said board by a recognition mark on said board; and
obtaining image data for the electrode on said board.
8. The method as defined in claim 7, further comprising the step of measuring a printing position of solder printed on said electrode as relative coordinates with respect to the recognition mark on said board based on said image data.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to component mounters and mounting methods for mounting typically electronic components on a board, and more particularly to component mounters and mounting methods that prevent defective mounting caused by positional deviation of solder printing on the board.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] The need for positional accuracy when mounting components on electrodes formed on a board has been becoming ever more stringent as electronic components become smaller and mounting density becomes higher. For example, micro-components of only about 0.6 mm0.3 mm in size are already commercialized. These small components require extremely accurate mounting positions. The electrode position has conventionally been confirmed by identifying a recognition mark provided on the board to ensure correct positioning of a component onto an electrode when the component is placed on the electrode on the board by means of a transfer head.

[0003] However, micro-components as described above may show defects after being mounted due to lack of mounting position accuracy for the reasons described below.

[0004] A conventional method for mounting micro-components is described next with reference to drawings.

[0005]FIGS. 5A to 5C are process charts of the conventional component mounting method.

[0006] In FIG. 5A, numerous electrodes 1 a onto which electronic components are soldered are provided on board 1. Solder paste S is printed on electrodes 1 a before the mounting process. In the mounting process, the position of each electrode 1 a is identified based on mounting position data by detecting recognition mark 1 b provided at the corner of board 1. Component 2 is then mounted on identified electrode 1 a.

[0007] However, the position of solder paste S printed on electrode 1 a does not completely coincide with the position of electrode 1 a due to changes of shape with time in board 1 or screen mask, and a slight positional deviation d may occur as shown in FIG. 5A. If component 2 is placed in relation to the position of electrode 1 a in this state, as described above, the center line of a terminal of component 2 will deviate with respect to solder paste S as shown in FIG. 5B.

[0008] If board 1 is heated in a reflow process in this state, component 2 may rotate in the direction shown by an arrow in FIG. 5C as solder paste S melts. The rotation occurs due to non-uniform distribution of solder paste S contacting component 2 with respect to the center line of the terminal of component 2. In other words, component 2 rotates in the soldering process because the force of attraction generated by surface tension is applied to component 2 when melted solder wets and spreads on the terminal surface, and this force is applied asymmetrical with respect to the center line of component 2. Positional deviation in the direction of the arrow remains if solder paste S solidifies in this state, resulting in defective mounting. Accordingly, the conventional component mounting method may cause defective mounting due to positional deviation occurring at the time of solder printing.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0009] The present invention solves the aforementioned disadvantage, and aims to offer a component mounter and mounting method that prevents defective mounting due to positional deviation of solder printing in component mounting.

[0010] A component mounter of the present invention picks up a component from a component feeder carriage using a transfer head, and mounts the component on a board. The component mounter of the present invention comprises:

[0011] (a) a positioner for positioning the board relative to the transfer head;

[0012] (b) a primary memory for storing position measurement results of solder printed on an electrode on the board;

[0013] (c) a calculator for calculating mounting coordinates for mounting the component using the transfer head based on the measurement results; and

[0014] (d) a controller for driving the positioner based on the mounting coordinates.

[0015] A mounting method of the present invention is to pick up a component from a component feeder carriage using the transfer head, and mount it on the board. The mounting method of the present invention comprises the next steps:

[0016] (a) storing position measurement results of solder printed on an electrode on the board;

[0017] (b) calculating mounting coordinates based on the measurement results when mounting the component using the transfer head; and

[0018] (c) controlling a positioner for positioning the board relative to the transfer head based on the mounting coordinates.

[0019] The mounting coordinates for mounting the component using the transfer head are calculated based on the solder printing position measurement results, and the board is relatively positioned with respect to the transfer head based on these mounting coordinates. No positional deviation between the component and printed solder thus occurs when the component is mounted. Accordingly, defective mounting, which may occur in a reflow process due to positional deviation, is preventable.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0020]FIG. 1 is a plan view of a component mounter in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0021]FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating the configuration of a control system of the component mounter in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0022]FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating how mounting coordinate data is processed in the component mounter in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0023]FIGS. 4A to 4C are process charts illustrating a component mounting method in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0024]FIGS. 5A to 5C are process charts illustrating a conventional component mounting method.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0025] A preferred embodiment of the present invention is described below with reference to drawings.

[0026]FIG. 1 is a plan view of a component mounter, FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a control system for the component mounter, and FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating how mounting coordinate data is processed in the component mounter in the preferred embodiment of the present invention. FIGS. 4A to 4C are process charts illustrating a component mounting method in the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0027] First, the configuration of the component mounter is described with reference to FIG. 1.

[0028] In FIG. 1, numerous parts feeders 4 are provided on component feeder carriage 3. Parts feeders 4 are attached to a feeder base (not illustrated), and move horizontally by rotating feed screw 5.

[0029] Rotary head 6 is disposed at the front of feeder carriage 3. This rotary head 6 rotates in the direction of arrow a centering on main shaft O. Several transfer heads 7 are disposed on the periphery of rotary head 6. Each head 7 has several suction nozzles (not illustrated). Head 7 moves vertically at pickup position P on a vacuum-suction station, and picks up components from parts feeders 4. Here, parts feeders 4 move horizontally by screw 5 so that head 7 can pick up a required component.

[0030] Each head 7 is disposed on the periphery of rotary head 6, centering on main shaft O, and rotates on the shaft of head 7 (centering on head rotation) by means of a driving mechanism (not illustrated). This rotation determines selection of multiple suction nozzles provided on head 7 and setting of horizontal rotation angle of the component held by the suction nozzle.

[0031] The component picked up at position P sequentially moves in the direction of arrow a as a result of the rotation of rotary head 6. Height measurement station 8 is disposed on the moving path, and station 8 measures the height of the component held by head 7.

[0032] Component recognition station 9 is provided next to station 8. An image of the component held by the suction nozzle of head 7 is captured from the bottom by a camera (not illustrated) at station 9. The image captured is then processed to detect the dimensions of a plan image of the component, i.e., length and width.

[0033] XY table 11 is disposed at the front of rotary head 6. This table 11 horizontally positions board 1. Table 11 thus acts as a positioner for horizontally positioning board 1 relative to transfer head 7. Transfer head 7 moving from station 9 reaches mounting position M on a mounting station over board 1, and mounts the component on board 1 by vertical movement.

[0034] Camera 13 is disposed next to table 11. Table 11 is driven to move board 1 to under camera 13. Camera 13 then captures a predetermined recognition point on board 1 to detect the position and shape of a recognition target. For example, as shown in FIG. 4A, the position of recognition mark 1 b formed on board 1 and the position of electrode 1 a are detected; also, positional deviation of solder S with respect to electrode 1 a is detected by capturing an image of solder paste S printed on electrode 1 a.

[0035] Next, the configuration of a control system of the component mounter in the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to FIG. 2.

[0036] In FIG. 2, controller 20, such as a CPU, controls the movement and calculations carried out in the entire component mounter. Solder printing position measurement result memory 23, which is the primary memory, stores measurement results of solder printing positions. Mounting position data memory 21, the secondary memory, stores mounting coordinates indicating each position of a mounting point on which the component will be mounted. Solder printing position measuring apparatus 22 measures the position of solder paste S printed on each electrode, as shown in FIG. 4A, based on image data obtained through capturing an image of each electrode position by camera 13 for board recognition, and outputs relative position coordinates data with respect to recognition mark 1 b on board 1.

[0037] Controller 20 reads out solder printing position measurement results stored in memory 23, and calculates component mounting coordinates based on solder printing position. In other words, controller 20 is a mounting coordinates calculator. Calculated mounting coordinates are fed to memory 21 to revise data on mounting coordinates. More specifically, mounting coordinates determined based on electrode position coordinates in accordance with design data are initially stored in memory 21, but this data is updated by rewriting mounting coordinates in the data based on actual measurement results after measuring the solder printing position. Table driver 24 drives XY table 11 which holds and moves the board. This table 11 is moved based on the aforementioned mounting coordinates by controlling driver 24 with controller 20.

[0038] The component mounter in the preferred embodiment is configured as described above.

[0039] Next, a mounting method using the above component mounter is described with reference to FIG. 3 and FIGS. 4A to 4C. The position of solder paste printed on each electrode on the board in a previous process is measured before mounting the component. The mounting position is determined based on the printing position measurement result.

[0040] In FIG. 3, board 1 after printing solder is placed on XY table 11 (ST1). Recognition mark 1 b on board 1 (FIG. 4A) is captured by camera 13, thus detecting the position of board 1 (ST2). Next, XY table 11 is driven to position electrode 1 a, whose printing position is to be measured, under camera 13 (ST3). Image data is then obtained by capturing the image of electrode 1 a by camera 13 (ST4). For moving XY table 11 when capturing the image of each electrode 1 a, mounting positions stored in mounting position data memory 21 prepared in advance based on design data are used.

[0041] Next, the printing position of solder paste S printed on electrode 1 a, as shown in FIG. 4A, is measured based on the image data obtained as relative coordinates xa, ya of printing point A (a barycentric position of solder paste printed on a pair of electrodes 1 a) with respect to recognition mark 1 b (ST5). The position is recognized by solder printing position measuring apparatus 22.

[0042] Next, the presence of electrode 1 a to be measured next is determined (ST6). If there is a next electrode 1 a to be measured, the operation returns to ST3 to repeat the measurement of the solder printing position. If all electrodes to be measured are completed at ST6, measurement results of solder printing positions are stored in solder printing position measurement result memory 23 (ST7). Mounting position data to be used for actual mounting is then prepared based on the obtained solder printing position measurement results, and stored in mounting position data memory 21 (ST8). This completes the preparation and processing of the mounting position data that compensates for the positional deviation of solder printing.

[0043] Next, mounting starts for board 1 whose measurements of solder printing positions are completed. Here, component 2 is placed in accordance with mounting coordinates prepared based on the aforementioned solder printing position measurement results when placing component 2 on each electrode 1 a. In other words, component 2 is placed on printing point A of solder paste S as a target position instead of electrode 1 a when printed solder paste S deviates from electrode 1 a, as shown in FIG. 4B. Accordingly, the position of terminal 2 a of component 2 mounted on the board deviates from electrode 1 a but is mounted without positional deviation with respect to solder paste S.

[0044] After components are placed on each electrode position, board 1 is sent to the reflow process to heat and melt solder paste S so as to solder terminal 2 a onto electrode 1 a. Terminal 2 a whose position has deviated from electrode 1 a before heating is attracted by electrode 1 a by the self-alignment effect when solder paste S melts. The self-alignment effect is a phenomenon by which terminal 2 a is attracted to electrode 1 a when melted solder wets and spreads over the surface of electrode 1 a. Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 4C, terminal 2 a is soldered onto electrode 1 a in the right position and right direction without experiencing any positional deviation.

[0045] Since mounting coordinates are set so as not to cause positional deviation between terminal 2 a and solder paste S, as mentioned above, in the reflow process, no external force for moving component 2 in the rotating direction is applied, ensuring the self-alignment effect.

[0046] As described above, the preferred embodiment prepares mounting position data based on measurement results for solder printing positions on the actual board. This enables the prevention of deviated component mounting positions caused by variations in solder printing positions on each board. Accordingly, defective mounting may be reduced, even for micro-components which require high mounting accuracy, by preventing positional deviation of components after soldering.

[0047] The preferred embodiment shows an example of measuring solder printing positions by means of a camera installed in the component mounter. However, testing function installed in a screen-printing device may also be used. Alternatively, a separate exclusive appearance-testing device, other than the component mounter, may be used for measuring solder printing positions.

[0048] In the present invention, mounting coordinates for mounting components using the transfer head are calculated based on solder printing position measurement results in order to relatively position the board to the transfer head based on the mounting coordinates. This avoids the occurrence of positional deviations between the mounted components and printed solder, thus preventing defective mounting which may occur during the reflow process due to these positional deviations.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6839960Aug 8, 2002Jan 11, 2005Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Method for mounting electronic parts on a board
US7059043Nov 29, 2004Jun 13, 2006Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Method for mounting an electronic part by solder position detection
US8020286 *Dec 20, 2006Sep 20, 2011Panasonic CorporationElectronic component mounting system and electronic component mounting method
US8527082May 20, 2008Sep 3, 2013Panasonic CorporationComponent mounting method, component mounting apparatus, method for determining mounting conditions, and apparatus and program for determining mounting conditions
EP1239719A2 *Mar 6, 2002Sep 11, 2002Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Method, apparatus, system, method and device for data creating, and program for mounting electronic component
Classifications
U.S. Classification29/834, 29/739, 29/832
International ClassificationH05K13/08, H05K13/04
Cooperative ClassificationH05K13/08, H05K13/0469
European ClassificationH05K13/08, H05K13/04G4
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 4, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:INOUE, MASAFUMI;YAMAMOTO, YUSUKE;ONIZAKI, HIKARU;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:012433/0728
Effective date: 20011126