US 20020050104 A1
An eave closure for tile roofing has a nailing flange having a surface extending along a length of the closure, a planar riser potion contiguous with the nailing flange at an angle to the surface of the nailing flange, the riser portion conforming on an upper edge to the shape of the underside of adjacent installed tiles, and a lip reinforcement along the shaped upper edge of the riser portion, the lip extending substantially at a right angle to the plane of the riser portion.
In some embodiments the nailing flange has weep passages formed along a width of the flange, such that air may circulate between inside and outside an installed closure. In some of these embodiments the weep passages are grooves formed in the width of the nailing flange and following a center line, with at least one change in direction across the width of the nailing flange. In preferred embodiments the material for molding is a UV-resistance polymer material.
1. An eave closure for tile roofing, comprising:
a nailing flange having a surface extending along a length of the closure;
a planar riser portion contiguous with the nailing flange at an angle to the surface of the nailing flange, the riser portion conforming on an upper edge to the shape of the underside of adjacent installed tiles; and
a lip reinforcement along the shaped upper edge of the riser portion, the lip extending substantially at a right angle to the plane of the riser portion.
2. The eave closure of
3. The eave closure of
4. The eave closure of
5. The eave closure of
6. A method for making eave closures for closing openings in adjacent tiles having an undulating shape, comprising the steps of:
(a) heat molding a sheet material over a fixture to provide two planar and parallel riser portions spaced apart and joined at an upper edge by a region extending substantially at a right angle to the planes of the riser portions, the riser portions and joining region shaped to conform to the undulating shape of the adjacent tiles;
(b) forming nailing flanges in opposite directions from the riser portions along a lower edge; and
(c) cutting the resulting part lengthwise along the joining region to provide two substantially identical eave closures, each having a reinforcing lip extending substantially at a right angle to the plane of the riser portion.
7. The method of
8. The method of
9. The method of
10. The method of
 The present invention is a continuation-in-part (CIP) to copending patent application Ser. No. 09/374,092, filed Aug. 12, 1999, entitled “Method and Apparatus for Closing Openings Under Tiles Along Eave Line”.
 The present invention is in the field of roofing construction and pertains particularly to methods and apparatus for closing the ends of an installed row of roofing tiles along the eave area.
 In the field of roofing construction, one of the most popular and sought-after coverings is tile. A tile roof is a roofing system comprising a plurality of individual tiles made of fired clay, or more recently a composite material, constructed, shaped, and arranged on a roof to lie side by side in overlapping fashion so as to completely cover a roof A Spanish or Mission-style tiled roof is arguably the most recognized and admired by consumers.
 One of the most evasive problems facing a tiled roof, because of the means of overlapping tiles, is wind-driven rain. Wind-driven rain may travel nearly horizontally, and in more severe instances, diagonally upward and against a tiled roof causing moisture to be forced up underneath tiles, and water may thus enter a structure through gaps and openings presented by the roofing tiles, causing water damage. There has been much experimental work done to develop methods and materials in an effort to reduce the threat of wind-driven rain.
 An area on a tiled roof that is sometimes vulnerable to such damage is the end-row of tiles installed along the eaves at the edge of a roof. This is the area on a roof where a first row of tiles is installed. Typically, interlocking tiles are nailed to a cross-member, termed a bat in the art, that runs horizontally back from the edge of the roof. Because the tiles are nailed to the bat instead of directly to the underlayment (typically plywood), the undersurface of the row of tiles at the edge is suspended approximately one-half of an inch or so above the of the surface of the underlayment. This fact presents an opening and other problems, and the curvature of the tiles presents further openings to the outside environment.
 There are obvious problems with this type of installation that require extra means for correction. For example, the shape or profile of the tiles along with the above-surface position of the entire tile row provides for an open space underneath the tiles. More obviously, the hollow area under each tile is large enough for birds, insects, and other small animals to enter and perhaps nest in. The space under the interlocking portion between two adjacent tiles is large enough for insects to invade. Moreover, if these areas are left open, wind-driven rain may enter.
 One of the more common prior art systems designed to combat the above problems uses an L-shaped closure made of sheet metal. Such a closure is manufactured in approximately 10-foot lengths. One leg of the L-shape is a nailing flange for nailing into the underlayment. The shape of the risers is intended to conform with the serpentine profile of the row of tiles leaving approximately one-half inch of riser to cover the gap at the interlocking portion in-between adjacent tiles. This design prevents nesting animals and most insects from entering through the covered areas, as long as the closure remains undamaged. Sealant materials may be applied to the edges of the riser and underside of the tiles in a further attempt to close gap areas in order to further reduce the chance of water invasion and insect invasion.
 One problem with the prior art method and closure described above is that the sheet metal is malleable and not reinforced. If someone walks on the edge of a tiled roof, putting weight on the tiles, such as to make a repair, or to replace a broken tile, the sheet metal will crumple under the force of the weight, because the unsupported tiles give under the weight. After the weight is removed from the area, the tiles will spring back into position but the sheet-metal riser will not. This results in gaps between the crumpled area of the metal and the underside of the tile allowing insects and rain to again enter.
 Other problems also exist. For example, after applying a sheet-metal closure, there will be small gaps remaining wherever the riser portion of the closure does not fully conform with the serpentine profile of the tile row. This problem is partially due to the linear dimensional error which rises additively from tile to tile over a long horizontal distance such as the edge of a roof. Often pieces of the riser must be cut and trimmed to get a good linear match of profiles. Furthermore, if the small remaining gaps are sealed, the roof cannot breathe properly which may cause moisture to form underneath contributing to wood rot.
 What is clearly needed is a method and apparatus for closing the open areas along an eave row of tiles, such that the closure is resilient so it springs back if deformed. Such a closure apparatus would protect the roof underlayment from animals, insects, and rain by providing an optionally sealed closure having suitable venting means to allow the roof to breathe and moisture to weep out. Such a method and apparatus could be manufactured inexpensively in lengths that are more amenable to installation.
 In a preferred embodiment of the present invention an eave closure for tile roofing is provided, comprising a nailing flange having a surface extending along a length of the closure, a planar riser potion contiguous with the nailing flange at an angle to the surface of the nailing flange, the riser portion conforming on an upper edge to the shape of the underside of adjacent installed tiles, and a lip reinforcement along the shaped upper edge of the riser portion, the lip extending substantially at a right angle to the plane of the riser portion.
 In some embodiments the nailing flange has weep passages formed along a width of the flange, such that air may circulate between inside and outside an installed closure, and in some embodiments the weep passages are grooves formed in the width of the nailing flange and following a center line, with at least one change in direction across the width of the nailing flange.
 In preferred embodiments the material for molding is a UV-resistance polymer material, and the length of an individual closure is equal to or less than four feet.
 In another aspect of the invention a method for making eave closures for closing openings in adjacent tiles having an undulating shape, comprising the steps of (a) heat molding a sheet material over a fixture to provide two planar and parallel riser portions spaced apart and joined at an upper edge by a region extending substantially at a right angle to the planes of the riser portions, the riser portions and joining region shaped to conform to the undulating shape of the adjacent tiles; (b) forming nailing flanges in opposite directions from the riser portions along a lower edge; and (c) cutting the resulting part lengthwise along the joining region to provide two substantially identical eave closures, each having a reinforcing lip extending substantially at a right angle to the plane of the riser portion.
 In some embodiments of the method the nailing flange has weep passages formed along a width of the flange, such that air may circulate between inside and outside an installed closure, and the weep passages may be grooves formed in the width of the nailing flange and following a center line, with at least one change in direction across the width of the nailing flange. In preferred embodiments the material for molding is a UV-resistance polymer material, and the length of closures is equal to or less than four feet.
 In embodiments of the invention taught in enabling detail below, for the first time an eave closure is provided in a way that the closure is reinforced by a novel lip region along a shaped upper edge of the closure, adding considerable strength.
FIG. 1 is a broken elevation-view of an eave roof section with tiles installed as is known in the art.
FIG. 2 is a perspective and broken view of a section of a sheet-metal eave closure according to prior art.
FIG. 3A is a perspective and broken view of a section of molded eave-closure reinforced according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 3B is a cross section of the closure of FIG. 3A taken along section line 3B-3B of FIG. 3A.
FIG. 4 is an overhead view of one portion of the eave closure of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a perspective and broken view of a section of a closure cover according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged side view of the closure cover of FIG. 5
FIG. 7 is a side view of an eave closure reinforced according to another embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a broken overhead view of one portion of the eave closure of FIG. 7.
FIG. 9 is a broken side view of a section of roof edge.
FIG. 10a is a perspective view of a molded part providing two eave closures according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 10b is a cross-section taken along section line 10 b-10 b of FIG. 10a.
FIG. 10c is a view of section 10 b showing the molded part of FIG. 10a separated into two eave closures.
FIG. 10d is a perspective view of one of the eave closures of FIG. 10c, showing a unique reinforcing lip resulting from the method of manufacture.
 As described in the background section, the overhang portion of a tiled roof (eave) is subject to invasion by wind driven rain, birds, small mammals, and insects if left unclosed. It is an object of the present invention to provide an eave closure that keeps the aforementioned elements from entering the eave section of a tiled roof where they may do damage. It is also an object of the present invention to provide an eave closure that is flexible and strong such that it will re-assume it's original form if deformed, and that will be strong enough to resist deformation in the first place. The method and apparatus of the present invention is described in enabling detail in the various embodiments below.
FIG. 1 is a broken elevation-view of a roof section 9 with edge tiles 17 installed as is known in the art. Roof section 9 is shown without an eave closure in this embodiment in order to better illustrate the elements that would be blocked from view by such a closure.
 Roof section 9 comprises an eave board 21, a sheet of plywood underlayment 13, a bat board 11, and tiles 17. Eave board 21 supports the overhang of roof-section 9 including the weight of tiles 17. Some common components to the construction of an eave overhang such as overhang support beams and perhaps a rain gutter are not shown in this embodiment for the purpose of simplifying description, however, they may be assumed to be present.
 Plywood 13, usually provided in the form of panels, is laid horizontally in sheets along the general slope of a roof such that it overhangs eave board 21 by a pre-determined amount depending on, among other things, the slope of the roof. Plywood 13 is nailed to wooden support beams (not shown) that are joisted together to form the rigid support for accepting a tile roof.
 Bats 11 (wooden strips) are strategically located in horizontal rows and nailed to plywood 13. Bats 11 are designed to support a row of tiles 17. In this example, only the end bat (closest to the overhang) is visible. Tiles 17 are illustrated as nailed to bat 11 with roofing nails 18. In this way, tiles 17 are rigidly held in place as is known in the art. Tiles 17, when properly installed, interlock with each other to form a contiguous row of adjacent tiles exhibiting the familiar serpentine profile of arcuate sections bordered by valley sections as illustrated by element numbers 16 (arcuate sections) and element number 15 (valleys).
 Tiles 17 are nailed to bat 11 as described above. As a result of this, tiles 17 do not sit flush against plywood 13, rather, there is a void 20 left underneath tiles 17. Void 20 is formed by the gap existing beneath tiles 17 as a result of their nailed positions to bat 11. A part of void 20 illustrated as element number 19 represents the natural hollow formed by the shape of tiles 17. Hollow areas 19 would exist even if the tiles were seated flush against plywood 13. The open area described as void 20 including hollows 19 extends the entire horizontal length of a row of tiles 17 and backward (up the pitch) to the first bat 11. If left uncovered, as in this example, void 20 is certainly large enough for small animals to enter and nest. Insects and other elements such as rain may enter as well.
 In typical prior art, the area described by void 20 including hollows 19 is sometimes closed with a sheet-metal eave closure of the form of an elongated L-shaped strip that is designed to cover the minor gap 20 and the larger hollows 19 by virtue of it's cut shape. Such a prior art eave closure is detailed below.
FIG. 2 is a perspective and broken view of a section of a sheet-metal eave closure 23 according to prior art. Eave closure 23 is an elongated sheet-metal strip used to fill or cover void areas such as void 20 including hollows 19 of FIG. 1. Eave closure 23 is formed as an L-shaped strip having a riser portion 26 and a nailing flange 25. Riser portion 26 is cut to a shape that conforms to the serpentine profile of a row of installed tiles such as tiles 17 (FIG. 1). For example, riser 26 has arcuate sections 27 separated by valley sections 29. The profile presented by eave closure 23 preferably matches the profile created by a row of installed tiles such as tiles 17.
 Eave closure 23 is adapted to be nailed to plywood such as plywood 13 of FIG. 1 by driving the nails through nailing flange 25. When in position, riser 26 fits just underneath tiles 17 blocking void 20 including hollows 19 from foreign invasion from animals and the like.
 One problem with eave closure 23 is that it is available from the manufacturer in limited dimensional lengths such as in 10-foot strips. Often tiles will vary somewhat in width depending on the tolerance applied during manufacture. Therefore, when a row of tiles is installed and in-place such as tiles 17 (FIG. 1), the serpentine profile of void 20 will also vary dimensionally, center-to-center, along the entire length of the row. This produces the probability that the profile of riser portion 26 of closure 23 will not exactly match the tile profile in every case. Often the closure strips (23) must be cut and risers 26 must be trimmed to obtain a satisfactory profile match over the length of a roof section such as section 9.
 Another problem is that eave closure 23 is made of sheet metal that is malleable and not reinforced. The properties of tin or sheet metal are that once deformed or crumpled, it cannot regain its original shape without substantial manual reshaping. For example, if a force of weight is applied to the surface of a row of tiles, such as by a worker walking on them or the like, then an installed eave closure such as closure 23 will buckle and become deformed under the weight and natural give of the tiles. When the weight is removed, the tiles will spring back into position while the eave closure will not. As a result, the areas deformed by buckling may leave small openings where insects and in some case small animals may again enter the roof. A fact that the larger hollow portion (19) of void 20 may now be partially blocked may be more appealing to nest builders such as small birds, bees, or wasps.
 Still another consideration is that an eave closure such as closure 23, undamaged, has no means for allowing the roof area to breath. If a closure such as closure 23 is installed without deforming wherein the area described by void 20 including hollows 19 of FIG. 1 is substantially covered, then moisture may condense on the inside (void area) causing water damage leading to eventual wood rot. This moisture cannot weep.
 To solve these problems, the inventor provides a molded eave closure that is resilient and strong such that it will support heavy loads, and, if somewhat deformed, will regain it's shape naturally. Detailed disclosure of such an eave closure is provided below.
FIG. 3A is a perspective and broken view of a section of molded eave-closure 31 re-enforced according to an embodiment of the present invention. Eave closure 31 is provided as an elongated L-shaped strip adapted to cover or fill the aforementioned void area defined above. Closure 31 is manufactured from a durable, weather-resistant polymer material, such as polypropylene, that has sufficient properties of resilience and strength, and is resistant to heat damage.
 Closure 31 has a flange portion 39 adapted as a nailing surface for securing to plywood such as plywood 13 of FIG. 1. Closure 31 also has a riser portion 36 that conforms to the serpentine profile of a row of tiles such as tiles 17 (FIG. 1). For example, arcuate sections 33 are separated on each side by valley sections 35 creating the required profile.
 The surface of riser portion 36 of closure 31 is reinforced with a plurality of vertically extending grooves 41 formed therein during molding. Grooves 41 are, in this example, contained within the surface of riser 36, however they may run out to the edges of the surface in other embodiments. Grooves 41 may be located on either side of the surface of riser 36 or they may be located in combination on both sides. In this example, they are formed in the surface of riser 36 that faces away from nailing flange 39. Grooves 41 are not confined to a vertical arrangement. Instead, they may be provided as lateral or angled reinforcement features. There are many possibilities.
 The main function of grooves 41 is to reinforce riser 36 such that it resists crumpling or deformation due to added weight from the roof surface. The combination of material type (resilient polymer) and reinforcement grooves 41 provides maximum strength and resiliency to closure 31 allowing it to firstly resist being deformed or crumpled at all. However, if the weight applied to the roof over closure 31 is heavy enough to overcome the reinforcement provided by grooves 41, then the resilient material will cause closure 31 to spring back to it's original position once the weight is removed. Grooves 41 of themselves provide an exponential increase in support strength for tiles 17 (FIG. 1) over prior art closures.
 There may be more or fewer grooves 41 provided in riser 36 than are illustrated herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The inventor deems that four such grooves for each section 33 are sufficient for explanation of the present invention.
 Closure 31 may be provided in a variety of lengths, however, in a preferred embodiment, lengths of approximately four feet are desired. The preferred length of approximately four feet allows profile matching to be achieved more accurately without requiring excessive trimming and the like. A shorter material length then described with respect to prior art also promotes easier material handling.
 In addition to grooves 41, the inventor provides a plurality of passages 37 formed on the undersurface of nailing flange 39 and adapted to allow a roof section to breathe. Passages 37 allow any internal moisture caught in a roof section such as section 9 to weep out, and for air to circulate, without providing an invasion passage for wind-driven rain. Passages 37 are not formed in a straight-line direction, but rather in a zigzag direction that is described further below.
FIG. 3B is a section view of closure 31 taken along section line 3B-3B of FIG. 3A. The element numbers are the same as in FIG. 3A for the various elements. The angle of flange 39 with risers 36 can vary considerably. In some embodiments this angle may be 90 degrees, which provides the best visual effect, and in others the angle may conform to the pitch of the roof line to provide for riser 36 to be vertical in installation, which provides the best support for a person walking on tiles along the eave line. In other embodiments the angle may be a compromise between these angles.
FIG. 4 is an overhead view of one arcuate section 33 of eave closure 31 of FIG. 3 according to an embodiment of the present invention. Arcuate section 33 exhibits an L shaped construction comprising nailing flange 39 and riser section 36. Riser section 36 contains reinforcement grooves 41 as previously described. Flange 39 contains passages 37 that were introduced in FIG. 3 above.
 Passages 37 are illustrated as being formed in a zigzag fashion across nailing flange 39. The formation of passages 37 in a zigzag fashion achieves two basic purposes. One is that passages 37 allow any condensed moisture to weep out from the eave section while inhibiting wind-driven rain from making any substantial progress into the structure. Another reason is that insects venturing into passages 37 are not likely to continue past the first bend since the second leg of the zigzag pattern is not viewable from the riser portion 36.
 Passages 37 are directionally offset at an angle A. Angle A is, in this embodiment, approximately 30 degrees. In other embodiments, a different angle may be preferred. The offset is responsible for inhibiting small insects and wind driven rain from entering past the first bend. Each groove 37 has two directionally alternating bends; however, there may be more or fewer bends without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
 Passages 37, like reinforcement grooves 41, help too stabilize and strengthen closure 31 (FIG. 3). Although only one arcuate section of closure 31 is illustrated here, it may be assumed that closure 31 is manufactured in approximated four-foot sections or strips. In other embodiments, longer or shorter strips may be used.
 The embodiment of the invention thus far described are sufficient for very good reasons. There are, however, a few applications wherein an becomes needed. The reinforcing grooves molded into a closure cover such as that of FIG. 3 as previously described, or reinforcement elements used in other embodiments of the present invention, may be visible to individuals when viewed from a position facing the edge of are of where the closure is installed. The visual effect may be undesirable to some individuals.
 To solve this problem the inventor provides a molded eave closure cover that, in an alternative embodiment of the present invention, avoids the visual effect by blocking the view of the grooves or other reinforcement elements used. In a preferred embodiment an eave closure cover is for use in conjunction with eave closure 31. Detailed disclosure of such a closure cover is provided below.
FIG. 5 is a perspective and broken view of a section of a closure cover according to an embodiment of the present invention. Closure cover 501 is provided as an elongated L-shaped strip adapted to provide a means of blocking the visual effect of a reinforced eave closure as previously described in FIG. 3. In a preferred embodiment cover 501 is manufactured from a durable, weather-resistant polymer material, such as polypropylene, similar to that of molded eave closure 31. Cover 501 may be provided in many lengths, however, in a preferred embodiment lengths of approximately four feet are desired, as is true for eave closure 31.
 Cover 501 is provided with a flange 503 adapted as a surface for securing to roof underlayment such as plywood 13 of FIG. 1. The method of securing cover 501 to roof underlayment may vary, but in this embodiment the securing is achieved by way of nailing flange 503 to the underlayment surface in a fashion similar to that of closure 31. Cover 501 also has riser portions 504 that, as is true for eave closure 31, conform to the serpentine profile of a row of tiles such as tiles 17 of FIG. 1. In this embodiment cover 501 is installed against the front surface of previously installed eave closure 31. Cover 501 eliminates any undesirable visual effects caused by reinforcement elements due to the conformity of shape and size between cover 501 and eave closure 31.
 In the embodiment of FIG. 5 an opening 502 is provided in riser portion 504 to coincide with each passage 37 of the closure 31, allowing for unrestricted air circulation between inside and outside an installed closure 31 through passages 37 as described above.
FIG. 6 is a side view of closure cover 501 of FIG. 5. As is true for closure 31, the thickness of material and length of cover 501 may vary. In a preferred embodiment the thickness will be sufficient to withstand excessive elements of wind, rain, erosion and wind-driven materials and the like. The angle of flange 503 with risers 504 may vary from embodiment to embodiment as described above for closure 31.
 In some embodiments the closures 31 and 501 may be molded together of a single piece of material, such that the two closures are joined, such as by a strip at the top of each riser. In other embodiments the molding may be done so one closure is produced as a clamshell design, wherein the two shapes 31 and 501 are joined all along the upper edge of the risers. In yet another embodiment the closures are molded separately and then joined by heat joining or by any of several other means of joining two polymer pieces, including joining by adhesives and separate joining clips and the like.
FIG. 7 is a side view of an eave closure 701 in yet another embodiment of the present invention. Closure 701 provides an angled brace 702 providing added rigidity to the overall structure. The rear-facing position of brace 702 enables the ability to withstand added weight as is described above for reinforced closure 31, but eliminates the need for also installing a cover such as cover 501 to hide any undesirable visual effect of reinforcement elements. The embodiment of FIG. 7 is not amenable to molding from a single sheet of material, as is typically done for other embodiments, but can be, for example, injection molded.
 Another undesirable visual effect common in roof tile installations of the type described, is a portion of underlayment materials that protrudes from the bottom edge of the roof once the tiles are in place an fastened to the roof, and closures 31 are in place. Flange 503 of closure 501 and flange 703 of closure 701 solves this problem, providing added protection for that small protrusion of underlayment material that might not otherwise be covered.
FIG. 8 is an overhead view of closure 701 of FIG. 7, showing views of passages 704 and placement of braces 702. The quantity, shape and placement of braces will vary in different embodiments, as will the height, length and thickness of material. The inside and outside dimensions as well as angle of the passages will also vary in various embodiments.
FIG. 9 is a broken side view of a roof section 901 depicting end-row tiles 902 installed along the eaves at the edge of a roof. As explained earlier, this is the area on a roof where a first row of tiles is installed. As shown in FIG. 9, edge tiles 902 are nailed to a bat 903. As previously described this well-known manner of attachment results in a void area 905 between the suspended tile and the underlayment depicted by a plywood underlayment 906.
 The purpose of depicting the attachment method of FIG. 9 is to illustrate the possible effect of applying a heavy weight, which could be a worker walking along the edge of a roof while performing repairs. When such a weight is applied to the edge of a tile in a downward direction such as a weight 907 shown, breaking or cracking of the tile may result, in addition to other adverse effects previously described. Embodiments previously disclosed having attributes of reinforcement such as closure 31 of FIG. 3 and closure 501 of FIG. 5 provide a solution to the problem by having greater rigidity and resistance to warping. Simplified representations of closures 501 and 31 are shown in FIG. 9 as they might be installed. It will be apparent to the skilled artisan, given the disclosure herein, hoe closures 31 and 501 would appear if the angles of the risers and flanges were different, and how closure 701 would appear in FIG. 9.
 In an alternative embodiment of the present invention a novel reinforcement element is provided for an eave closure. FIG. 10a is a perspective view of a molded single part useful for providing two identical eave closures. In this embodiment sheet material is heat-formed over a fixture (not shown) to fold over and provide two walls 1004 and two nailing flanges 1003 analogous to wall 504 and flange 503 in FIG. 5, the walls joined over the top as shown. Also shown in FIG. 10a are weep passages 1002 similar to weep passages 502 as seen in FIG. 5. The weep passages, when used, may also be molded in the flanges 1003 as shown in FIGS. 3, and may be straight-through, or changing in direction as shown in FIG. 4. In one preferred embodiment of the invention the weep passages are straight through and molded into the flanges 1003.
FIG. 10B is a section taken along section line 10 b-10 b of FIG. 10A, illustrating the two side walls 1004 and two nailing flanges 1003 in additional detail, showing the side walls joined by region 1005. The weep passages are not shown in this view. Also, the angle between the side walls and the nailing flanges may vary considerably.
FIG. 10c illustrates the part of FIG. 10B cut lengthwise substantially in the center of the joining region, providing two separate parts 1006 and 1007, each having a side wall and a nailing flange. The curved joining region now provides a unique reinforcing lip along the length of each eave closure 1006 and 1007. Note that symmetry of the two parts lengthwise can insure that the separated parts are nearly identical.
FIG. 10d illustrates either one of eave closures 1006 or 1007, having a lip reinforcement as described.
 It will be apparent to one with skill in the art that the method and apparatus of the present invention may be practiced on any standard tile roof without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. It will also be apparent to one with skill in the art that the eave closure and cover of the present invention may be modified in dimensional size and profile shape to fit any type of tile profile. It should further be apparent to one with skill in the art that grooves 41 and braces 702 may be provided in differing numbers, dimensional sizes, and so on. This is also true for passages 37 and 704.
 For these reasons the method and apparatus of the present invention should be afforded the broadest possible scope. The spirit and scope of the present invention should be limited only by the claims that follow.