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Publication numberUS20020120340 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/792,172
Publication dateAug 29, 2002
Filing dateFeb 23, 2001
Priority dateFeb 23, 2001
Also published asEP1234557A2, EP1234557A3, EP1234557B1, US7025788, US7445639, US20030055508, US20060142867
Publication number09792172, 792172, US 2002/0120340 A1, US 2002/120340 A1, US 20020120340 A1, US 20020120340A1, US 2002120340 A1, US 2002120340A1, US-A1-20020120340, US-A1-2002120340, US2002/0120340A1, US2002/120340A1, US20020120340 A1, US20020120340A1, US2002120340 A1, US2002120340A1
InventorsRobert Metzger, Jacy Hoeppner
Original AssigneeMetzger Robert G., Hoeppner Jacy C.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Knee joint prosthesis
US 20020120340 A1
Abstract
A modular tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis. The modular tibial component includes a tray, a stem and an adapter assembly. The tray includes a support surface and downwardly extending extension having a generally circular shape. The stem includes a main body portion and an upwardly extending extension. The adapter assembly connects the tray and the stem. The adapter assembly includes a first generally cylindrical cavity receiving the downwardly extending extension of the tray and a second generally cylindrical cavity receiving the upwardly extension of the stem.
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Claims(3)
What is claimed is:
1. A modular tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis, the modular tibial component comprising:
a tray having a support surface and a downwardly extending extension having a generally circular shape;
a stem having a main body portion and an upwardly extending extension; and
an adapter assembly connecting the tray and the stem, the adapter assembly including a first generally cylindrical cavity receiving the downwardly extending extension of the tray and a second generally cylindrical cavity receiving the upwardly extending extension of the stem.
2. The modular tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis of claim 1, wherein the first generally cylindrical cavity includes a first central axis and the second generally cylindrical cavity includes a second central axis, the first and second central axes being parallel to one another and spaced apart.
3. A modular tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis, the modular tibial component comprising:
a tray having a support surface and a downwardly extending extension defining a first axis;
a stem having a main body portion and an upwardly extending extension defining a second axis;
an adapter assembly connecting the tray and the stem, the adapter assembly including a first cavity receiving the downwardly extending extension of the tray and a second cavity receiving the upwardly extending extension of the stem, the adapter assembly being selectively engageable with the downwardly extending extension to provide a predetermined offset between the first and second axis in any direction in a transverse plane.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates generally to a joint prosthesis and more particularly to a knee joint prosthesis having a modular tibial component with an offset tibial stem.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] A knee joint prosthesis typically comprises a femoral component and a tibial component. The femoral component and tibial component are designed to be surgically attached to the distal end of the femur and the proximal end of the tibia respectively. The femoral component is further designed to cooperate with the tibial component in simulating the articulating motion of an anatomical knee joint. Knee joint prostheses, in combination with ligaments and muscles, attempt to duplicate natural knee motion as well as absorb and control forces generated during the range of flexion.

[0003] While known knee joint prostheses have proven to be effective in replacing the anatomical knee joint, they nevertheless have several disadvantages. For example, knee joint prostheses sometimes lack interchangeability between a femoral component designed specifically for a right knee or a left knee and a particular component. In this regard, in a normally shaped tibia, the central canal is typically offset from the center of the tibial articulating surfaces or the center of the tibial plateau. The stems of most prior tibial implants have been positioned centrally to the implant base or tibial tray. Although a central location of the stem allows for particular implant to be used for either the right or left knee, such a stem position is associated with drawbacks. The primary drawback is that the centrally located stem was substantially offset from the center of the tibial canal itself when the base of the implant was aligned with the resected tibial surface.

[0004] To a more limited extent, it is also known to provide a knee joint prosthesis with an offset tibia stem. While knee joint prosthesis with offset tibial stems provide certain identified advantages, they nevertheless can be the subject of certain improvement.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] According to one aspect of the present invention, the invention relates to a tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis having an offset stem.

[0006] One particular advantage of the present invention is to provide a tibial component of a knee joint prosthesis having a common tibial tray and a plurality of tibial stems with various offsets for selectively engaging the tibial tray.

[0007] Another advantage of the present invention is to provide a tibial component of a knee joint prosthesis having a offset modular stem that securely engages a tibial tray.

[0008] Another advantage of the present invention is to provide a modular component of a knee joint prosthesis that permits different degrees of stem offset with minimal inventory.

[0009] Another advantage of the present invention is the provision of a tibial component of a knee joint prosthesis having a stem which is offset immediately below a tibial tray.

[0010] Another advantage of the present invention is the provision of a modular tibial component of a knee joint prosthesis having a stem that easily and securely engages a tray.

[0011] Another advantage of the present invention is the provision of a modular tibial component of a knee joint prosthesis which provides an offset in any direction within the transverse plane.

[0012] In one form, the present invention provides a modular tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis. The modular tibial component includes a tray, a stem and an adapter assembly. The tray includes a support surface and downwardly extending extension having a generally circular shape. The stem includes a main body portion and an upwardly extending extension. The adapter assembly connects the tray and the stem. The adapter assembly includes a first generally cylindrical cavity receiving the downwardly extending extension of the tray and a second generally cylindrical cavity receiving the upwardly extending extension of the stem.

[0013] Additional advantages and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0014] The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:

[0015]FIG. 1 is a front view illustration of a knee joint prosthesis, the knee joint prosthesis illustrated to include a first adapter assembly for providing a first predetermined offset according to the teachings of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0016]FIG. 2 is front view of a modular tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis including a second adapter assembly according to the teachings of the present invention for providing a second predetermined offset.

[0017]FIG. 3 is front view of a modular tibial component for a knee joint prosthesis including a third adapter assembly according to the teachings of the present invention which does not include an offset.

[0018]FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the tibial tray of the knee joint prosthesis of FIG. 1.

[0019]FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 4.

[0020]FIG. 6 is an exploded view of a portion of the modular tibial component of FIG. 1.

[0021]FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 7-7 of FIG. 6.

[0022]FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 8-8 of FIG. 6.

[0023]FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 9-9 of FIG. 6.

[0024]FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of the stem insert according to the present invention and shown in FIG. 6.

[0025]FIG. 11 is an exploded view similar to FIG. 6, illustrating a portion of the modular tibial component of FIG. 2.

[0026]FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 12-12 of FIG. 11.

[0027]FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 13-13 of FIG. 11.

[0028]FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 14-14 of FIG. 11.

[0029]FIG. 15 is another exploded view similar to FIG. 6, illustrating a portion of the modular tibial component of FIG. 3.

[0030]FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 16-16 of FIG. 15.

[0031]FIG. 17 is an enlarged view of the locking insert of FIG. 15.

[0032]FIG. 18 is an illustration of a modular femoral component for a knee joint prosthesis according to the teachings of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0033] With initial reference to FIG. 1, a knee joint prosthesis constructed in accordance with the teachings of a preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated and generally identified at reference number 10. The knee joint prosthesis 10 is generally shown to include a tibial component 12 and a femoral component 14. The tibial component 12 supports a bearing 16 which engages an articulation surface 18 of the femoral component 14. Insofar as the present invention is concerned, it will be understood that the femoral component 14 and the bearing 16 shown in FIG. 1 are conventional in construction.

[0034] The tibial component 12 illustrated in FIG. 1 will be understood to be modular in construction and generally include a stem 20, a tray 22, and a first adapter assembly 24. In a manner which will be discussed more fully below, the adapter assembly 24 connects the tray 22 and the stem 20 so as to provide an offset to the stem 20 in the transverse plane. Explaining further, when the stem 20 is attached to the tray 22 through the first adapter assembly 24, a central axis of the stem 20 is offset from a central axis 27 of a downwardly extending extension 30 of the tray 22. In the embodiment illustrated, the first adapter assembly 24 provides a first offset of approximately 5 mm. It will become apparent below that the offset can be in any direction in the transverse plane.

[0035] With brief reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, second and third adapter assemblies 28 and 30 according to the teachings of the preferred embodiment of the present invention are illustrated, respectively. The second and third adapter assemblies 28 and 30 are shown connecting the tray 22 and stem 20 of FIG. 1. As will be discussed more fully below, the second adapter assembly 28 provides a second offset which in the embodiment illustrated is approximately 2.5 mm. The third adapter assembly is a neutral adapter assembly 30 and does not provide any offset. Explaining further, the central axis 26 of the stem 20 is aligned with the central axis 27 of the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the particular degrees of offset provided by the various adapter assemblies 24, 28, and 30 of the present invention are strictly a matter of design choice. Alternate offsets will be understood to fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0036] With continued reference to FIG. 1 and additional reference to FIGS. 4 through 10, the first adapter assembly 24 will be further described. The first adapter assembly 24 is illustrated to generally include an adapter body 32, a locking insert member 34 and a stem insert member 36. The adapter body 32 of the first adapter assembly 24 is shown to include a first generally cylindrical cavity 38 for receiving the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22 and a second generally cylindrical cavity 40 for receiving and upwardly extending extension 42 of the stem 20. The first generally cylindrical cavity 38 includes a first central axis 42 and the second generally cylindrical cavity 40 includes a second generally cylindrical axis 44. In the embodiment illustrated, the first central axis 42 and the second central axis 44 are parallel to one another and spaced apart. Insofar as the first adapter assembly 24 provides a 5 mm offset, the first and second central axes 42 and 44 are spaced apart 5 mm.

[0037] The first generally cylindrical cavity 38 includes a first portion 46 for directly receiving the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22 and a second reduced diameter portion 48 which receives the locking insert 34. The first portion 46 preferably tapers slightly as it extends into the adapter body 32 from a top end of the adapter body 32. The second generally cylindrical cavity 40 similarly includes a first portion 50 and a second portion 52 of reduced diameter. The first portion 50 preferably tapers slightly as it extends into the adapter body 32 from a lower end 54 of the adapter body 32. The second portion 52 of the second generally cylindrical cavity 40 is shown to intersect the second portion 48 of the first generally cylindrical cavity 38. In a manner to be described further below, the stem insert 36 is partially disposed within the first portion 50 and extends into the second portion 52 where it engages the locking insert member 34.

[0038] With particular reference to FIG. 10, the stem insert member 36 is illustrated to include a lower portion 60 which is externally threaded for engaging an internally threaded aperture of the upwardly extending extension 42 of the stem 20. The stem insert member 36 further includes a central portion 62 having a hexagonal or other suitable cross-section which can be engaged by a tool (not shown) for rotating the stem insert member 36 into the stem 20. Further, the stem insert member 36 includes an upper end 64 including an enlarged diameter head 66 which extends into the second portion 52 of the second generally cylindrical cavity 40.

[0039] With particular reference to the cross-sectional views of FIGS. 8 and 9, the locking insert member 34 will be further described. The locking insert member 34 includes an upper portion having an internally threaded aperture 68 and having a square, hexagonal or other suitable cross section that can be engaged by a tool (not shown). The internally threaded aperture 68 threadably receives a fastener 70 which extends through a central aperture 72 provided in the tray 22. The locking insert member 34 additionally includes a radially extending segment 74 for engaging the head 66 of the stem insert member 36.

[0040] Upon selection by the surgeon of the first adapter assembly 24, the stem insert member 36 is screwed into the stem 20. Next, the adapter body 32 is placed over the upwardly extending extension 42 of the stem 20 such that the upwardly extending portion 42 is received in a press fit within the first portion 50 of the first generally cylindrical aperture 40 and the upper end 64 of the stem insert member 36 extends into the reduced diameter second portion 52 of the second generally cylindrical cavity 40. At this point, the locking insert member 34 is inserted into the first generally cylindrical cavity 38 with the radially extending segment 74 opposite the side of the reduced diameter portion 48 which intersects the reduced diameter portion 52. Upon complete insertion, the locking insert member 34 is rotated approximately between 180 and 270 such that the radially extending portion 74 engages the enlarged head 66 of the stem insert member 36.

[0041] The adapter body 32 is rotated about the axis 27 to provide the offset in the desired direction. The first portion 46 of the first generally cylindrical cavity 38 is now press fit onto the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22. The stem 20 is secured to the tray 22 by the threaded fastener 70 which extends through the aperture 72 and threadably engages the internally threaded aperture 68 of the locking insert member 34. Rotation of the threaded fastener 70 in a clockwise direction causes the locking insert member 34 to be drawn towards the tray 22 and a secure connection to be established between the tray 22 and the stem 20.

[0042] With reference now to FIGS. 2 and 11 through 14, the second adapter assembly 28 of the present invention will now be described. The second adapter assembly 28 is illustrated to generally include an adapter body 80, a locking insert member 82 and a stem insert member 84. The stem insert member 84 is identical to stem insert member 36 described above.

[0043] The adapter body 80 of the second adapter assembly 28 is shown to include a first generally cylindrical cavity 86 for receiving the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22 and a second generally cylindrical cavity 88 for receiving the upwardly extending extension 42 of the stem 20. The first generally cylindrical cavity 86 includes a first central axis 90 and the second generally cylindrical cavity 88 includes a second generally cylindrical axis 92. In the embodiment illustrated, the first central axis 90 and the second central axis 92 are parallel to one another and spaced apart. Insofar as the second adapter assembly 80 provides a 2.5 mm offset, the first and second central axes 90 and 92 are spaced apart 2.5 mm.

[0044] The first generally cylindrical cavity 86 includes a first portion 94 for directly receiving the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22 and a second reduced diameter portion 96 which receives the locking insert 82. As with the first adapter assembly 24, the first portion 94 preferably tapers slightly as it extends into the adapter body 80 from a top end. The second generally cylindrical cavity 88 similarly includes a first portion 98 and a second portion 100 of reduced diameter. The first portion 98 preferably tapers slightly as it extends into the adapter body 80 from a lower end 102 of the adapter body 80. The second portion 100 of the second generally cylindrical cavity 88 is shown to intersect the second portion 96 of the first generally cylindrical cavity 86.

[0045] With particular reference to the cross-sectional views of FIGS. 13 and 14, the locking insert member 82 will be further described. The locking insert member 82 includes an upper portion having an internally threaded aperture 104 and having a square, hexagonal or other suitable cross section that can be engaged by a tool. The internally threaded aperture 104 threadably receives the fastener 70 which extends through the central aperture 72 in the tray 22. The locking insert member 82 additionally includes a radially extending segment 106 defining a cavity 108 for engaging the head 66 of the stem insert member 36. The aperture 108 includes a non-cylindrical opening for receiving the head 66 of the stem insert member 36 and retaining the head 66 upon rotation in the manner discussed above with respect to the first adapter assembly 24.

[0046] With reference now to FIGS. 3 and 15 through 17, the third adapter assembly 30 of the present invention will now be described. The third adapter assembly 30 is illustrated to generally include an adapter body 110 and a locking insert member 112. The adapter body 110 of the third adapter assembly 30 is shown to include a first generally cylindrical cavity 114 for receiving the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22 an a second generally cylindrical cavity 116 for receiving the upwardly extending extension 42 of the stem 20. The first generally cylindrical cavity includes a first central axis 118 and the second generally cylindrical cavity includes a second generally cylindrical axis 120. In the embodiment illustrated, the first central axis 118 and the second central axis 120 are coincident as the third adapter assembly 30 does not provide any offset.

[0047] The first generally cylindrical cavity 114 includes a first portion 122 for directly receiving the downwardly extending extension 29 of the tray 22 and a second reduced diameter portion 124 which receives the locking insert 112. The first portion 122 preferably tapers slightly as it extends into the adapter body 110 from an upper end. The second generally cylindrical cavity 116 similarly includes a first portion 126 and a second portion 128 of reduced diameter. The first portion 126 preferably tapers slightly as it extends into the adapter body 110 from a lower end 130 of the adapter body 110. The second portion 128 of the second generally cylindrical cavity 126 is shown to communicate with the second portion 124 of the first generally cylindrical cavity 114.

[0048] With particular reference to FIG. 17, the locking insert member 112 is illustrated to include a lower portion 132 which is externally threaded for engaging the internally threaded aperture of the upwardly extending extension 42 of the stem 20. The locking insert member 112 further includes a central portion 134 and an upper portion 136. The upper portion has a square, hexagonal or other suitable cross section which can be engaged by a tool (not shown) for rotating the locking insert member 112 into the stem 20. The internally threaded aperture 138 threadably receives the fastener 70 which extends through the central aperture 72 provided in the tray 22.

[0049] Turning finally to FIG. 18, a modular femoral component for a knee joint prosthesis of the present invention is generally identified at reference 200. The embodiment of FIG. 18 illustrates application of the teachings of the present invention adapted to a modular femoral component 200. The modular femoral component 200 includes an articulating member 202, a stem 204 and an adapter assembly 206. While not shown in great detail, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the adapter assembly 206 is substantially identical to the first adapter assembly 24 described above. In this regard, the adapter assembly 206 connects the articulating member 202 and the stem 204 and provides an offset between an upwardly extending extension 208 of the articulating member and a downwardly extension 210 of the stem 204. The adapter assembly 206 will be understood to include an adapter body, locking insert member and stem insert member substantially identical to that described above with respect to the first adapter assembly 24. Alternatively, it will be understood that the adapter assembly of the modular femoral component 200 may be similar to either of the second and third adapter assemblies 28 and 30.

[0050] While the invention has been described in the specification and illustrated in the drawings with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the claims. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment illustrated by the drawings and described in the specification as the best mode presently contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include any embodiments falling within the description of the appended claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7497874 *Sep 3, 2004Mar 3, 2009Biomet Manufacturing Corp.Knee joint prosthesis
US7727281Nov 21, 2005Jun 1, 2010Ortho Development CorporationModular femoral knee stem extender
US7766969 *Nov 7, 2006Aug 3, 2010Zimmer, Inc.Modular progressive implant for a joint articulation surface
US7918893 *Sep 30, 2007Apr 5, 2011Depuy Products, Inc.Hinged orthopaedic prosthesis
US8211181 *Dec 14, 2005Jul 3, 2012New York UniversitySurface guided knee replacement
US8287600 *Nov 7, 2006Oct 16, 2012Exactech, Inc.Mounting system and method for enhancing implant fixation to bone
US8292964Oct 4, 2006Oct 23, 2012New York UniversitySurface guided knee replacement
US8292965Feb 11, 2008Oct 23, 2012New York UniversityKnee joint with a ramp
US8298288Jun 22, 2009Oct 30, 2012New York UniversityRecess-ramp knee joint prosthesis
US8540775Jun 3, 2008Sep 24, 2013Aesculap AgModular implant part and knee joint prosthesis
US8568486Jul 22, 2011Oct 29, 2013Zimmer, Inc.Asymmetric tibial components for a knee prosthesis
US8574304Jul 22, 2011Nov 5, 2013Zimmer, Inc.Asymmetric tibial components for a knee prosthesis
US8591594Sep 9, 2011Nov 26, 2013Zimmer, Inc.Motion facilitating tibial components for a knee prosthesis
US8613775Jul 22, 2011Dec 24, 2013Zimmer, Inc.Asymmetric tibial components for a knee prosthesis
US8628580Jul 22, 2011Jan 14, 2014Zimmer, Inc.Tibial prosthesis
US8758444Aug 23, 2012Jun 24, 2014Zimmer, Inc.Tibial baseplate with asymmetric placement of fixation structures
US8764840Jul 22, 2011Jul 1, 2014Zimmer, Inc.Tibial prosthesis
US20090306787 *Oct 31, 2006Dec 10, 2009Paul Charles CrabtreeTrial coupler systems and methods
CN101351170BNov 7, 2006Jun 19, 2013精密技术公司Mounting system and method for enhancing implant fixation to bone
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 15, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: BIOMET MANUFACTURING CORP., INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BIOMET, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019287/0413
Effective date: 20070514
Mar 21, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: BIOMET MANUFACTURING CORP., INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BIOMET, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019043/0792
Effective date: 19990601
Feb 23, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: BIOMET, INC., INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:METZGER, ROBERT G.;HOEPPNER, JACY C.;REEL/FRAME:011568/0615
Effective date: 20010222