US 2002361 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1935. R. A. CHRISTIAN 2,002,361
' CARRIAGE FOR ACCOUNTING MACHINES Original Filed Jan. 2 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l Zinncntox: Raymond A. Christian May 21, 1935. R. A. CHRISTIAN 2,002,361
CARRIAGE FOR ACCOUNTING MACHINES Original Filed Jan. 2, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 HESSAGI PIG/STIR RECORD IVaR/r Sim-t7 Zmnentov Raymond A. Christian His attorney Patented May 21, 1935 UNITED STATES CARRIAGE FOR ACCOUNTING MACHINES Raymond A. Christian, Dayton, Ohio, assignor to The National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Maryland,
Original application January 2, 1932, Serial No.
Divided and this application October 28, 1933, Serial No. 695,661
This invention relates to accounting or bookkeeping machines and the like, but more particu larly to machines of this type having a traveling carriage such as are set out and described in Letters Patent of the United States Nos. 1,197,276
and 1,197,278 issuedSeptember 5,1916 to Halcohn Ellis, and Patent No. 1,203,863 issued November 7, 1916 to Halcolm Ellis; and is a division of the application for United States Letters Patent of Raymond A. Christian Serial Number 584,438
filed January 2, 1932.
One object of this invention is to provide a traveling carriage with a novel slip receptacle or chute which may be used alone on the carriage or in conjunction with a card chute or other'types of receptacles such as illustrated in the parent application above mentioned.
Another object of this invention is to provide normal means on the slip chute for concealing the printing in a particular column of the slip.
. Another object in addition to the concealing means is to provide novel means whereby only the printing line of the slip in the chute is exposed to view in other particular columns of said slip.
Another and more specific object of this invention is to provide the slip chute with a hinged member which may be used to conceal the printing in any desired one of the vertical columns.
showing a portion of a carriage and a platen,
and illustrates the slip chute mounted in position on the carriage.
General description The present invention is incorporatedin a machine of the well known Ellis type having a traveling carriage. This invention in the preferred form includes a slip receptacle mounted upon thetraveling carriage in such a way that material placed therein is interposed between the printing type and the platen roll.
The slip chute has a plurality of compression rolls which hold the slips inserted therein securely against the platen roll so that such slips will be automatically fed by said platen roll. Convenient means for releasing the compression rolls is supplied for use when removing or inserting slips.-
As set forth in the objects the novel slip chute is provided with means for concealing the printing in one of the columns when desired, also with means for concealing all of the printing in the remaining columns except that on the printing line when desired.
DETAILED Dasciurrron Traveling carriage and platen 7 Only so much of the platen and traveling carriage have been shown in this case as is necessary to illustrate the relative location of applicants novel slip receptacle or chute to the platen and carriage.
A usual platen roll 44 is journaled at one end in arm 39 on a traveling carriage frame 45 (Fig. 3). The carriage frame 45 is slidably mounted on a machine case 46 which incloses the machine mechanism and is in turn supported by a machine base (not shown).
Slip receptacle or chute The traveling carriage frame 45 of the present machine is equipped with a slip receptacle or chute H8 (Figs. 1, 2, and 3) which as previously stated may be used alone or in conjunction with a card chute such as shown in the parent application above referred to. I a
Fig. 3 well shows the location of the slip chute upon the traveling carriage and its position in relation to the platen while Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate in detail the construction of the slip chute H8. Referring to Fig. 1, the slip chute H8 includes a pair of end plates I I3 and H4 supported by rods 41 and 48 carried by a pair of carriage end plates 50 (only one of which is shown, Fig. 3) which in turn arecarried by the shaft of the platen 44 and travel as a unit with the traveling carriage. Rods H6 and H1 (Figs. 1 and 2) and shafts I20 and m extend the width of the slip' chute II8 and connect the plates H3 and H4. A guide plate I22 is secured to the rod H6 and is also supported by the rods I I1 and 48. The guide plate I22 is formed around the platen roll 44; ample clearance being allowed between the guide plate and platen roll for the insertion of slips therebetween. The guide plate I22 is supported at its front end by projection I23 thereon bent around the rod 41. The guide plate I22 has a plurality of openings I24 through which the printing type 38'makes contact with the slip.
Hinged to the rod 41 and straddling one of the projections I23 is a cover I25 (Fig. l) which may be used to hide from view matter printed in one of the columns on the slip. Also hinged to the rod 41 between the cover I25 and another of the projections I23 is a cover I26 having a slot I21. When the cover I26 is in place over one of the openings I24 only the matter on the printing line is visible through the slot I21.
The shaft I20 (Fig. 1) has secured thereon a pair of adjustable tension collars I28 each having a hole into which is inserted one end of a pair of springs I29. The other end of each spring I29 is inserted in a hole in each of a pair of tension arms I30. The arms I30 each have secured thereto a hub I 3| by means of which said arms are pivoted on the shaft I20. The hubs I3I are each partly cut away on'their face to form a step which is adapted to cooperate with like steps cutin adjustable release collars I32 secured to the shaft I20 for a purpose to be later described. Pivoted between the arms .130 is a compression roll shaft I33 having pivoted thereon a plurality of compression rolls I34 heldin position by clips I39. A release 'arm I35 secured to the right end of the shaft I20 carries a stud I36 which is adapted to cooperate with a cam slot I31 in a release lever I38 pivoted on the rod 48.
The shaft I U is similar to the shaft I 20 and carries two tension arms I40 each having a stepped hub I4I, two tension collars I42, two tension springs I 43 and two stepped release collars I44. The arms I40, hubs I4I, collars. I42, springs I43 and collars I44 are identical with the arms I30, hubs I3I, collars I28, springs I29 and collars I 32 respectively, and therefore, only one of each of the former elements is shown in Fig. 1. The arms I 40 support a shaft I45 carrying tension rolls I46 held'in place by clips I39. Also secured to the right-end of the shaft I2I is a release arm I50 carrying a stud I5I cooperating with cam slot I52 in the release lever I38.
The steps on the hubs .I3I and MI and the steps on the collars I32 and I44 are cut ofi center to allow the arms I30 and I40 to be moved independently of the collars I32, to the end that when the release lever I38 is in the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the rolls I34 and I46 under tension of the springs I29 and I43 will be urged toward the platen roll 44 thereby firmly holding the slip inserted between said rolls and platen so wise, and the arm I 50 and shaft I 2| counterclockwise. This causes the steps on'the collars I32 and I 44 to engage the steps on the hubs I3I and I to rock the rolls I34 and I46.away from the platen roll 44.
Let us assume that the present invention is being used on a machine by a telephone company in a large city having a great number of subscribers. The system used by this company. requ res that its subscribers pay a fiat rate for a register number.
same as before.
.same as that of the telephone they represent.-
The monthly calculation of each subscriber's account takes place upon awork sheet or slip I81 (Fig. 3) which is arranged to take care of the monthly statement of one hundred subscribers whq are listed numerically by telephone or register number ina column headed telephone or At a fixed time each'montha reading is takenof the telephone registers by photographing them in blocks of one hundred. Prints of these photographs are turned over to the machine operators forthe purposeof copying the register readings upon the work sheet which is accomplished thus.
The operator releases the slip chute compression rolls I 34 and I46 (Fig. 1) by moving the lever I38 clockwise. The work sheet or slip I81 representing, in the illustrative case, the register numbers 3800 to 3899 is then inserted in the slip chute, adjusted until the line bearing the first register number is in line with the printing type and is then clamped in position by releasing the lever I38. The operator then raises the cover I25 which previously obscured the column headed present reading and copies therein the register reading taken from the photographic print of the registers 3800 to 3899 inclusive. The machine is arranged to automatically feed the work sheet in the usual manner from line to line near the end of eachoperation.
After having copied all the register readings the operator in a clearing operation of the machine prints the total thereof at the foot of the present reading column. The cover I25 is then closed, the cover I26 raised, the work sheet returned to the starting position and the traveling carriage tabulated until the column headed proof reading'is in horizontal alinement with the printing type. In this column the operator again copies the register readings from the photographic print and takes. a total thereof,-the This total is compared with the previous total for the purpose of detecting errors in the copying of the register readings.
When finished with one account the work sheet is automatically turned upward to the next line bearing the register number 3801.
When the minimum number of calls allowed by this contract has not been exceeded this fact will be manifest to the operator when the gross number of calls is printed in. the gross usage column on the work sheet.
While the form of mechanism herein shown and described is admirably adapted tofulfill the objects primarily stated, it is to be understood that it is'not intended to confine the invention to the one form of embodiment herein disclosed for it is susceptible of. embodiment in various forms all coming within the scope of the claims which follow.
What is claimed is:
1. In a machine of the class described having printing means and a traveling carriage carrying a platen roll; the combination of a slip chute adapted to laterally locate slips having a plurality of vertical columns in proper relation to the printing means; means on the slip chute for concealing the printing in a particular column of the slip; and means for causing only the printing line to be exposed to view in other particular columns of the slip.
2. In a machine of the class described having printing means and a traveling carriage with a platen roll; the combination of a slip chute carried by the traveling carriage, said slip chute adapted to locate slips having a plurality of vertical columns in proper lateral relation to the printing means; a hinged member on the slip chute adapted to conceal the printing in one of the vertical columns when desired; and another hinged member on the slip chute having therein an opening which exposes to view the printing line only of certain other columns.
3. In a machine of the class described having printing means and a traveling carriage with a platen roll; the combination of a slip chute carried by the traveling carriage, said slip chute adapted to locate slips having a plurality of vertical columns in proper lateral relation to the 4. Inc. machine of the class described having printing means and a traveling carriage with a platen roll; the combination of a slip chute carried by the traveling carriage, said slip chute adapted to locate slips having .a plurality of vertical columns in proper relation to the printing means; hinged means on the slip chute adapted to conceal the printing on the printing line and on all of the lines adjacent thereto in one of the vertical columns; and additional hinged means located adjacent said first hinged means and having therein an opening which exposes to view the printing line only of certain other columns.
RAYMOND A. CHRISTIAN.