|Publication number||US2002449 A|
|Publication date||May 21, 1935|
|Filing date||Oct 18, 1934|
|Priority date||Oct 18, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2002449 A, US 2002449A, US-A-2002449, US2002449 A, US2002449A|
|Original Assignee||Florence R Seyfried|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 21, 1935.,
E. DOHM DERMATOID msx Filed Oct. 18, 1934 1 Patented Me, 2 1, was
nnamrom MASK crumb Dohm, Toledo; Ohio, assignor of onehalf; to Florence R. Seyfrl'ed, Toledo, Ohio Application October 18,
1934, ,Serial No. 748,786
8 Claims. (Cl. 128-163) My invention has for its object to provide a porous, dermatoid mask which may be used to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of lotions, creams, astringents, and the like, common- 1y used by beauticians for skin rejuvenation.
My invention particularly has for its object to provide means whereby the patient may move about freely, have full use of the eyes and lips, and remain in an upright position during the 10 rejuvenating process without harm to the face or without loss of the beneficial qualities of the preparations used in the process. I
A still further object of my invention is to provide a mask having definite, inherent corrective qualities whereby the skin is stimulated and massaged, and various facial and neck muscles are strengthened, thereby improving the facial contour.
The invention consists in other features and advantages which will appear from the following description and upon examination of the. drawing. Structures containing the invention may partake of different forms and still embody the invention. To illustrate a practical applica tion of the invention, I have selected a dermatoid mask as an example of the various structures and details thereof that contain the invention and shall describe the selected dermatoid mask hereinafter,it being understood that variations may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. The particular dermatoid mask selected is shown in the accompanying drawing and described hereinafter.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the dermatoid mask, the mask being shown in position on the users face. Fig. 2 is a side view of a part of the mask.
Treatments of the. face involving various creams, lotions, astringents, massage, and other processes well-known in the field of dermatology. have been commonly used in the corrective treatment of various skin diseases, such as acne, and for purposes of skin rejuvenation. Heretofore, however, such treatment has necessitated that the patient remain in anunnatural positionduring the necessary, long periods of treatment and has often caused great inconvenience to the patient. Much of the value of such treatment has been lost because medication is ordinarily applied under pads of cotton or the like, and these pads may easily be displaced in spite of the efforts of thebeautician and the patient.
- with the dermatoid mask of my invention, the use, uch-unsatisfactory pads is eliminate: in applying corrective preparations" to the face.
The medication is placed on the skin, and when the maskis applied, the patient is able to walk about freely without loss of the value of the medication, and the construction of the mask is such that it adheres to the skin, and by the involuntary action of the muscles of the face the skin is gently and constantly massaged, thereby increasing the effectiveness of the medication applied.
.An important element of skin rejuvenation is the tightening of sagging facial muscles and the .correct positioning of them with respect to the bony structure of the face. Such adjustment of the muscles cannot be accomplished by the mere use of astringents or facial clays or packs. Wrinkles on the face, particularly about the nose,
,mouth, and eyes, cannot be permanently removed by the sole use of astringents and like preparations, since such conditions are often the result of sagging muscles or muscles needing adjustment.' By the use of the dermatoid mask, the beautician is able to position correctly the important muscles of the facewhich control the facial contour before finally fastening the mask in position. The facial muscles are held in position by the mask and by reason of its construction are tightened and adjusted to improve the facial contour.
In the form of construction shown in the drawing, the mask l is constructed of a porous, elastic rubber, or it may preferably be constructed of porous, elastic material having relatively rough and uneven surfaces, which, in combination with the construction of the mask, cause the mask to frictionally engage and hold the skin in its adjusted position relative to the inner surface of the -mask when the mask is fastened in place by suitable means. If desired, the mask may be constructed of any suitable material having pores and adapted to fit the face firmly and adhere to the skin of the face, at the same time having the required degree of elasticity. The mask may be molded, or it may be constructed from a'sheet material to conform to the contour of the face and the formation of the various reinforcing parts accomplished by molding, seaming, or by over-lapping and fitting through pressure means. The mask is provided with suitable openings 2 for the eyes and the openings 3 and 4, respectively, for the nose and mouth. The openings 2, 3, and 4, are such that while the patient is able to use the eyes, nose and mouth without discomfort, the mask fits firmly about these areas, and the effectiveness of the cor: ective work of the mask is not lost.
After the desired medications or lotions are applied to the face, the mask is placed on the face and fastened in position by the tension members or adjustable straps 1,-8, and 0 of wellknown construction. The various facial muscles needing corrective treatment may then be pushed into position by the beautician and the adjustable neck band I! fastened about the neck. The position of the tension members I, 8, and 9, at the side edge portions of the mask is such asto draw from central portions of the mask, and due to the shape of the mask and the tension exerted by the members I, l and 9, the muscles are held firmly in place when the mask is fastened, without danger of the muscles slipping from their position. By the involuntary action of the muscles of the face and neck in combination with the shape and material of the mask there is produced a gentle and constant massage about the face and neck,
which increases the effectiveness of the medlcation applied to the face and assists in firming the weakened and sagging muscles. The massage stimulates the blood and increases the circulation. which is necessary for the firming of muscles and the building up of the facial tissues. The stimulation to the skin of this massage increases the benefits ofthe medications applied and eliminates the need for manual massage. Also, if the mask is worn regularly, the massage breaks down the excessive fatty tissue about the face and neck, thereby facilitating reducing.
In order that the mask may efficiently firm sagging muscles and remove face wrinkles, the
mask I is provided with various yieldable, tension distributing ribs and reinforcements by which are created defined areas and lines of pull which coincide in direction and location with the important face and neck muscles. The ribs and reinforcements may be made by over-lapping the material or by molding and have their source at the points of connection of the adjustable straps to the mask, which are the points of greatest pull.
The adjustable strap or tension member 9 is fastened as by a ring I2 to the fan-shaped portion l3, from which extend tension distributing ribs l4 and I5 and the reinforcing member or rigid rib I6. The ribs II and i5 are tapered as at II both in thickness and in width, thereby creating the area of greatest firmness and pull about the chin and jowl, and effectively firming and tightening the dlgastricus, the triangularis, the mentalis and the mylohyodeus muscles. The direction and size of the ribs l4 and I5 are such that the lines of pull will assist in the breaking down of objectionable fatty tissue about the jaw bone 1 and improve the contour of the face. The rigid rib It holds the neck band III in place against the pull exerted by the elastic ribs I4 and I5,
and holds various chin and jowl muscles in place and assists in the elimination of unsightly wrinkles about the face and neck.
In order to strengthen and firm the orbicularis oculi muscles, tension distributing ribs I9 and 20 are formed on the mask and have their source at the fan-shaped member I8 to which is attached,
and correctly positioned to eliminate unsightly wrinkles and to improve the appearance about the eyes.
The respective positions of the ribs I4 and I! are such that they coact to produce a definitev tension line across the check in the same line and direction as the zygomaticus muscle. The upward pull that is exerted by the rib I9, due to its relation with the rib H, tightens and firms the zygomati'cus muscle which crosses the cheek diagonally and passes under the lower lip. The,
firming of this muscle not only corrects the sagging of the check, but materially improves the appearance of the lips and the contour of the chin.
The rib I9 is also so positioned that a definite upward pull is exerted between it and the ribs l4 and I5 near the fan-shaped member I3. Due to this tension area andthe masseter muscle of the check is firmed and tightened, and the common "heavy" appearance about the cheek bone iseliminated.
The upper edge of the mask extends well above the hair line of the patient, and the upper part of the mask is provided with yieldable tension distributing ribs 25 and 26 which have their source at the fan-shaped member 23 to which the tension member I may be connected as by a suitable ring I2. The ribs 25 and 28 are tapered, both in width and thickness. and coact to adjust and firm the frontalis muscle which passes over the forehead. The ribs 25 and 26 are constructed and positioned to create the area of greatest tension at that point on the forehead where are commonly found the horizontal wrinkles caused by sagging of the frontalis muscle. are slightly curved and tapered in the direction of the area between the eyes, thus creating tension at points between the eyes and eliminating the sharp wrinkles caused by sagging and habitually faulty positioning of the corrugator muscles. The dermatoid mask may be worn for definite periods at regular intervals to firm and correct faulty facial muscles, and may be easily cleaned with soap and water, or other suitable means, for use with various oil, cream, and astringent treatments. The porosity of the material used in the construction of the mask permits the skin pores to breathe easily so that wastes and poisons may be eliminated from the skin as the medications and treatments take effect.
1. A dermatoid mask having elastic, porous material, tension members extending from parts of the mask to draw at a plurality of points from central portions of the mask, and ribs for directively distributing the tension over desired parts of the skin of the person.
' 2. A dermatoid mask having porous, elastic material, means for securing a part of the mask in position relative to the-skin of a person, and tension members extending from other parts of the mask to draw at a plurality of points from central portions of the mask, and ribs of progressively increasing yieldability for directively distributing the tension over desired parts of the skin of the person.
3. A dermatoid mask having porous, elastic material and shaped to fit the face of a person, the mask having a relatively rigid part, tension members extending from edge parts of the mask The ribs 26' to draw at a plurality of points from central por tions of the mask and'the said rigid part, and ribs for directively distributing the tension overcentral portions of the mask.
4. A dermatoid mask having elastic, porous" material, means forsecuring a part of the mask in position relative to the skin of a person, and tension members extending from other parts of the mask to draw at a plurality of points from central portions of the mask, and elastic ribs for directively distributing the tension over desired parts of the skin of the person.
5. A dermatoid mask having porous, elastic ma terial and shaped to fit the face of a person, a neck band at the lower part of the mask for scouring said lower part in position relative'to the skin of a person, tension members extending from other parts of the mask to draw at a plurality of points from central portions of the mask, and ribs for directively distributing the tension over desired parts of the skin of the face of the person.
elastic ribs for dlrectively distributing the tensionover desired parts of the skin of the person, certain'of the elastic ribs extending from the lowermost pointof connection and in the region of the rigid rib.
I. A dermatoid mask having porous, elastic material and shaped to fit the face of a person, a. plurality of sets of yieldable, tapering ribs arranged fan-like, tension members extending from the outer ends of the ribs to draw from the central portions of the mask, the ribs operative to distribute the tension at desired degrees and over desired areas of the face of the person.
8. A dermatoid mask having porous, elastic material shaped to fit the face 01 a person, a plurality of sets of yieldabletapering ribs arranged fan like, tension members extending from the outer ends of the ribs to draw from the central portions of the mask, the ribs operative to distribute the tension at desired degrees and over desired areas of the face of the person, a rigid ribat the lower part of the mask for securing said lower part in position relative to the skin of a person, a
thorax band 'at the lower part of the mask, the
said thorax band operative-to secure the said lower part in positionrelative to the skin of the person and to distribute tension over the desired areas of the neck or the user, the tension of th
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2558263 *||Apr 13, 1949||Jun 26, 1951||Merrill Marion C||Facial mask|
|US2568316 *||May 5, 1948||Sep 18, 1951||Perfection Packaging||Swim goggles|
|US2882892 *||May 24, 1957||Apr 21, 1959||Rebecka Kosior||Facial rejuvenating mask|
|US3008464 *||Mar 17, 1958||Nov 14, 1961||Ina C Atkins||Foam necklet|
|US3154070 *||May 4, 1961||Oct 27, 1964||Renee Meckelburg||Method of wet massaging|
|US4117837 *||May 9, 1977||Oct 3, 1978||Turbo, S.A.||Monopiece face mask for beauty treatment|
|US4189141 *||Oct 27, 1977||Feb 19, 1980||Rooney Kenneth R||Mask for exercising facial muscles|
|US4585797 *||May 16, 1984||Apr 29, 1986||Seton Company||Cosmetic and pharmaceutical sheet material containing polypeptides|
|US4591501 *||May 16, 1984||May 27, 1986||Seton Company||Cosmetic and pharmaceutical sheet material containing polypeptides|
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|US20070060447 *||Sep 13, 2005||Mar 15, 2007||Rooney Byan R||Facial exercise mask|
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|US20100089416 *||Oct 14, 2008||Apr 15, 2010||Hsiao-Hung Chiang||Contouring mask with integral face and neck portions|
|US20100324509 *||Jun 23, 2009||Dec 23, 2010||Tina Lee||Face Mask|
|EP0914785A1 *||Oct 28, 1998||May 12, 1999||Alexis Beigheldrut||Elastic device for prevention of facial collapse|
|EP2721948A1 *||Oct 17, 2012||Apr 23, 2014||Dirk Wüst||Skin tightening device|
|U.S. Classification||604/303, 2/206, 264/DIG.520, 264/DIG.300, 601/1|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S264/52, A45D44/22, Y10S264/30|