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Publication numberUS20030003537 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/134,575
Publication dateJan 2, 2003
Filing dateApr 29, 2002
Priority dateApr 30, 2001
Also published asUS7300748, US20050239148, WO2002088670A1
Publication number10134575, 134575, US 2003/0003537 A1, US 2003/003537 A1, US 20030003537 A1, US 20030003537A1, US 2003003537 A1, US 2003003537A1, US-A1-20030003537, US-A1-2003003537, US2003/0003537A1, US2003/003537A1, US20030003537 A1, US20030003537A1, US2003003537 A1, US2003003537A1
InventorsTimothy Fischer, Walter Sherman
Original AssigneeVentana Medical Systems, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and composition of matter for enhancing staining of microorganisms
US 20030003537 A1
Abstract
The invention is directed to a method and composition of matter for enhancing the staining of tissue or features of interest therein by applying an effective amount of a bile salt in combination with a special stain to a tissue suspected of harboring a microorganism or other feature of diagnostic interest. The particular invention herein is directed to detecting H. pylori, the microorganism responsible for gastrointestinal ulcers. The composition of matter is a sensitizer for Alcian Yellow stain.
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Claims(10)
We claim:
1. A method of enhancing the staining of tissue or features of diagnostic interest therein by applying an effective amount of a bile salt in combination with a special stain to a tissue suspected of harboring a microorganism or other feature of diagnostic interest.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein said bile salt is sodium desoxycholate.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein said special stain is Alcian Yellow.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein said microorganism is H. pylori.
5. A composition of matter comprising a bile salt in combination with a special stain.
6. The composition of claim 5 wherein said bile salt is sodium desoxycholate.
7. The composition of claim 5 wherein said special stain is Alcian Yellow
8. The composition of claim 6 wherein said sodium desoxycholate has at least a concentration of 0.32%.
9. The composition of claim 6 wherein said sodium desoxycholate has at most a concentration of 0.64%.
10. The composition of claim 6 wherein additionally present is sodium borate decahydrate.
Description
BACKGROUND

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] This invention is in the general field of histology, in particular the invention is an improved composition and method for staining microorganisms.

[0003] 2. Description of Related Art

[0004] Histology is the practice of examination and classification of tissue to aid in diagnosis of a disease or condition expressed in the morphology of the affected tissue. The practice of staining tissue or features of tissues with a visualizing agent to visualize or detect them, and thus provide a scientific basis for diagnosing a patient, is a very old art, going back over one hundred years. Histology can be divided into three basic practice areas: immunohistochemistry (use of antibodies to visualize tissue structures), in situ hybridization (use of DNA/RNA probes to detect) or special stains (chemical staining of tissue). Special stains is the term given to a collection of chemically-based stains that have been developed in response to difficult to stain tissue types, unusual diseases, infectious diseases or other non-typical situations affecting the tissue.

[0005] The staining of histologic sections of tissue for the identification of H. pylori using a combination of Alcian Yellow and Toluidine Blue was published by Leung et al. (Leung, J K, Gibbob, K J, Vartanian, R K, “Rapid staining method for Heliobacter pylori in gastric biopsies,” J. Histol. 19:131-132 (1996).

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0006] The invention is directed to a method and composition of matter for enhancing the staining of tissue or features of interest therein by applying an effective amount of a bile salt in combination with a special stain to a tissue suspected of harboring a microorganism or other feature of diagnostic interest. The particular invention herein is directed to detecting H. pylori, the microorganism responsible for gastrointestinal ulcers.

[0007] The composition of matter is a sensitizer for Alcian Yellow stain.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0008]FIG. 1 includes two color pictures of a section of tissue on a slide stained using the recipe and Alcian Yellow sensitizer of the present invention. The top picture is a tissue section not stained using the sensitizer, and the bottom picture is of a tissue section wherein the recipe included in addition the step of using the sensitizer.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0009] The staining of histologic sections for the identification of Heliobactor pylori using a combination of Alcian Yellow and Toluidine Blue was published by Leung et al (Leung, J K, Gibbon, K J , Vartanian, R K: Rapid staining method for Heliobacter pylori in gastric biopsies. J. Histol 19:131-132, 1996). The combination normally results in H. pylori being stained blue, the mucin yellow and the background blue. We were able to replicate the results of this procedure using manual methods, but were unable to achieve good staining of the H. pylori organisms when the procedure was automated on the NexES® Special Stains instrument (Ventana Medical Systems, Inc., Tucson, Ariz.).

[0010] To achieve a stable Toluidine stain solution, the published formulation was modified. Instead of adding a dilute solution of sodium hydroxide to the diluted Toluidine Blue stock solution just prior to use, we dispensed a solution of 0.025 M sodium borate, pH 9.30+/−0.05 to the tissue on the slide, followed by dispensing the Toluidine Blue dye. We used this same technique previously with Toluidine Blue solution applied as a counterstain in the automated AFB II Staining kit (Ventana Medical Systems, Tucson, Ariz.). In an analysis of this data, the inventors concluded that the nonionic detergent (Tween 20) used in the Water Wash solution interfered with binding of the Toluidine Blue dye to the microorganisms. We modified the borate buffer solution to add a series of compounds that we suspected might neutralize the effect of the nonionic detergent. Surprisingly, only one compound, sodium desoxycholate (Sigma-Aldrich, Cat. No. D6750), achieved the desired effect, and the effect was shown to be optimum at a SDC concentration between 0.32%- 0.64%. We chose the near midpoint concentration of 0.05% SDC for further experiments.

[0011] The temperature of the NexES Special Stains instrument was reduced to ambient by leaving the heat turned off, and the concentration of Alcian Yellow and Toluidine dyes was optimized for the lower temperature (pp 16-23, AY notebook 3, attached). An experiment was then performed to test the optimized reagents against three (3) tissues cut at 3, 4 and 5 micron thicknesses. The optimized reagent performed satisfactorily in comparison to manual stains.

[0012] A “special stain” as defined herein is any chemically-based stain useful for histological analysis that is not an immunohistochemical stain, or an in situ hybridization stain. A representative listing of such stains may be found in “Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques,” Bancroft, John D., Stevens, Alan, eds., Fourth Ed. (1996), Churchill Livingstone Press, New York.

[0013] The invention is directed to a method for enhancing the staining of tissue or features of interest therein by applying an effective amount of a bile salt in combination with a special stain to a tissue suspected of harboring a microorganism or other featue of diagnostic interest. The particular invention herein is directed to detecting H. pylori, the microorganism responsible for gastrointestinal ulcers. On the NexES Special Stains instrument, the method is practiced according to the following general recipe, all of which are carried out at room temperature:

[0014] 1) The slide with tissue adhered to it was rinsed using a solution of Tween 20.

[0015] 2) 200 uL of Alcian Yello Oxidizer was added to the slide, and it was incubated for four minutes.

[0016] 3) Liquid Coverslip™ (“LCS”) was applied.

[0017] 4) Rinsed slide.

[0018] 5) Adjusted slide volume and applied LCS.

[0019] 6) Incubated for 4 more minutes.

[0020] 7) Rinsed.

[0021] 8) Applied Volume Adjust, and then 200 uL Alcian Yellow Clarifier.

[0022] 9) Incubated for eight minutes, and the applied LCS.

[0023] 10) Rinsed.

[0024] 11) Adjusted slide volume, applied LCS

[0025] 12) Incubated four minutes.

[0026] 13) Rinsed slide.

[0027] 14) Applied volume adjust, then added 200 uL of Alcian Yellow Stain.

[0028] 15) Incubated four minutes, applied LCS.

[0029] 16) Rinsed.

[0030] 17) Volume adjusted, and added 200 uL Alcian Yellow Sensitizer.

[0031] 18) Incubated four minutes, applied LCS.

[0032] 19) Volume adjusted, and then added 200 uL Alcian Yellow Toluidine Blue.

[0033] 20) Incubated four minutes, blowoff.

[0034] 21) Rinsed.

[0035] The invention described herein is called “Alcian Yellow Sensitizer” and comprises 1.9% sodium borate decahydrate and 0.5% sodium desoxycholate, in aqueous solution (DI water). The preferred range of concentration for the sodium desoxycholate is 0.32% to about 0.64%. 1 N NaOH is added to balance pH to between 9.25 and 9.35. All of the following are available from Ventana Medical Systems, Tucson, Ariz.: Alcian Yellow Toluidine Blue, P/N 10551. Alcian Yellow Stain, P/N 10549. Alcian Yellow Oxidizer, P/N 10514. Alcian Yellow Clarifier, P/N 10012. Rinse and volume adjust solutions are stock solutions, also available from Ventana.

[0036] Results are best seen in relation to FIG. 1. FIG. 1 includes two color pictures of a section of tissue on a slide stained using the recipe and Alcian Yellow sensitizer of the present invention. The top picture is a tissue section stained without using the sensitizer, and the bottom picture is of a tissue section wherein the recipe included in addition the step of using the sensitizer. The arrows point to areas where H. pylori are present. The bottom picture shows a remarkable enhancement of staining in the small blue dots, which is the H. pylori microorganism.

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Referenced by
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US7648678Dec 8, 2003Jan 19, 2010Dako Denmark A/SMethod and system for pretreatment of tissue slides
US7695929Nov 1, 2007Apr 13, 2010Ventana Medical Systems, Inc.Haptens, hapten conjugates, compositions thereof and method for their preparation and use
US7758809Jul 20, 2010Dako Cytomation Denmark A/SMethod and system for pretreatment of tissue slides
US7937228May 3, 2011Dako Denmark A/SInformation notification sample processing system and methods of biological slide processing
US7960178Dec 19, 2003Jun 14, 2011Dako Denmark A/SEnhanced scheduling sample processing system and methods of biological slide processing
US7985557May 22, 2008Jul 26, 2011Ventana Medical Systems, Inc.Polymeric carriers for immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization
US8216512Dec 19, 2003Jul 10, 2012Dako Denmark A/SApparatus for automated processing biological samples
US8298815Dec 22, 2003Oct 30, 2012Dako Denmark A/SSystems and methods of sample processing and temperature control
US8386195Mar 28, 2011Feb 26, 2013Dako Denmark A/SInformation notification sample processing system and methods of biological slide processing
US8394635Mar 12, 2013Dako Denmark A/SEnhanced scheduling sample processing system and methods of biological slide processing
US8529836Jun 11, 2012Sep 10, 2013Dako Denmark A/SApparatus for automated processing biological samples
US8673642Feb 4, 2013Mar 18, 2014Dako Denmark A/SEnhanced scheduling sample processing system and methods of biological slide processing
US8784735Aug 12, 2013Jul 22, 2014Dako Denmark A/SApparatus for automated processing biological samples
US8969086Feb 18, 2014Mar 3, 2015Dako Denmark A/SEnhanced scheduling sample processing system and methods of biological slide processing
US9103822May 30, 2013Aug 11, 2015Ventana Medical Systems, Inc.Polymeric carriers for immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization
US20040266015 *Dec 19, 2003Dec 30, 2004Dakocytomation Denmark A/SAutomated sample processing apparatus and a method of automated treating of samples and use of such apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification435/69.1
International ClassificationG01N1/30
Cooperative ClassificationG01N2001/302, G01N1/30
European ClassificationG01N1/30
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 16, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: VENTANA MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC., ARIZONA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:FISCHER, TIMOTHY;SHERMAN, WALTER;REEL/FRAME:013293/0466;SIGNING DATES FROM 20020820 TO 20020828