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Publication numberUS20030005741 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/832,650
Publication dateJan 9, 2003
Filing dateApr 11, 2001
Priority dateApr 11, 2001
Publication number09832650, 832650, US 2003/0005741 A1, US 2003/005741 A1, US 20030005741 A1, US 20030005741A1, US 2003005741 A1, US 2003005741A1, US-A1-20030005741, US-A1-2003005741, US2003/0005741A1, US2003/005741A1, US20030005741 A1, US20030005741A1, US2003005741 A1, US2003005741A1
InventorsMichael Sayler
Original AssigneeSayler Michael J.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for bending a rigid pipe
US 20030005741 A1
Abstract
A method for bending a rigid pipe to accomplish a centerline radius less than or equal to the outside diameter of the pipe. Moreover, the method accomplishes such a bend whereby the wall thickness of the pipe on the outermost portion of the wall of the pipe is substantially maintained, as is the inside diameter throughout the bend of the pipe. The pipe bend is accomplished by first determining the desired angle of bend and the desired centerline radius. The arc length of the outermost portion of the pipe is then determined. The height and width of each corrugation is then selected in order to determine the length of the outer surface of each corrugation. The arc length is then divided by the corrugation length to determine the number of corrugations required to accomplish the desired bend. The pipe is then deformed to define the required number of corrugations having the determined height and width. After forming the corrugations, the pipe is bent through the selected degree of the bend.
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Claims(4)
Having thus described the aforementioned invention, I claim:
1. A method for bending a rigid pipe, said method comprising the steps of:
a) determining a degree of bend;
b) determining a centerline radius;
c) determining an arc length of an outermost portion of said pipe;
d) selecting a corrugation height and width;
e) determining a length of said corrugation;
f) determining a required number of corrugations;
g) deforming said pipe to define said required number of corrugations having said height and width;
h) bending said pipe through said degree of bend, whereby a ratio f said centerline radius and an outside diameter of said pipe is no greater than 1:1, whereby a thickness of the wall of said pipe remains substantially unreduced, and whereby an inside diameter of said pipe remains substantially unreduced.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein said arc length is determined as:
I o = 2 Π [ r CL + ( d o 2 ) ] Θ bend 360 ,
where lo is said arc length, rCL is said centerline radius, and wherein Θbend is said degree of bend.
3. A method for bending a rigid pipe, said method comprising the steps of:
a) determining a degree of bend;
b) determining a centerline radius;
c) determining an arc length of an outermost portion of said pipe;
d) selecting a number of corrugations to be formed in said pipe;
e) determining a length of said corrugation;
f) determining a corrugation height and width;
g) deforming said pipe to define said required number of corrugations having said height and width;
h) bending said pipe through said degree of bend, whereby a ratio f said centerline radius and an outside diameter of said pipe is no greater than 1:1, whereby a thickness of the wall of said pipe remains substantially unreduced, and whereby an inside diameter of said pipe remains substantially unreduced.
4. The method of claim 3 wherein said arc length is determined as:
I o = 2 Π [ r CL + ( d o 2 ) ] Θ bend 360 ,
where lo is said arc length, rCL is said centerline radius, and wherein Θbend is said degree of bend.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] Not Applicable.

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

[0002] Not Applicable.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] 1. Field of Invention

[0004] This invention relates to a method for bending a rigid pipe. More specifically, this invention relates to a method for bending a rigid pipe to define a centerline radius to outside diameter ratio of 1 or less without restricting the inside diameter of the pipe and without reducing the wall thickness of the pipe.

[0005] 2. Description of the Related Art

[0006] It is well known to bend rigid pipes for various reasons. One particular purpose for which pipes are bent is in the trucking industry. Pipes are used for fluid communication in typically low pressure environments. However, due to size and space constraints, it is required that the pipes be bent.

[0007] The conventional manner in which rigid pipes are bent is illustrated in FIG. 1. Illustrated is an approximate ninety degree (90) bend. The centerline radius rCL′ is greater than the outside diameter do′ of the pipe 10′. As a result of the bend, the outermost portion of the wall 12 o′ is thinned from the beginning portion of the bend to the central portion thereof. In the illustrated embodiment, the centerline radius rCL′ is 3.0 inches and the outside diameter do′ is 2.5 inches. The pipe defines an initial wall thickness t0′ of 0.065 inches. After deforming through a ninety degree bend, the various wall thicknesses at the locations illustrated have been measured as follows:

wall thickness
location (inches)
t0' (nominal) 0.065
t1' 0.047
t2' 0.042
t3' 0.045
t4' 0.046
t5' 0.053

[0008] Also created by this type of bending is a collapse of the outermost portion of the wall 12 o′ with relation to the innermost portion of the wall 12 i′, thereby reducing the inside diameter di′ of the pipe 10′.

[0009] As a result of the reduced inside diameter di′ and the reduced wall thicknesses, it is well known that bending a pipe 10′ in this fashion compromises to an extent the integrity of the pipe 10′. Further, because the centerline radius rCL′ is greater than the outside diameter do′, and specifically because there is a required centerline radius rCL′ that is relatively large, there remain difficulties with installing the pipe due to other objects in the vicinity of the installation. For a larger centerline radius rCL′, a larger volume of space is required.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] Other objects and advantages will be accomplished by the present invention which serves to bend a rigid pipe to a centerline radius less than or equal to the outside diameter of the pipe. Moreover, the method is designed to accomplish such a bend whereby the wall thickness of the pipe on the outermost portion of the wall of the pipe is substantially maintained, as is the inside diameter throughout the bend of the pipe.

[0011] The pipe bend is accomplished by first determining the desired angle of bend and the desired centerline radius. The outside diameter and nominal wall thickness of the pipe are also determined. Using this data, the arc length of the outermost portion of the pipe is determined. The height and width of each corrugation is then selected in order to determine the length of the outer surface of each corrugation. The arc length is then divided by the corrugation length to determine the number of corrugations required to accomplish the desired bend.

[0012] The pipe is then deformed to define the required number of corrugations having the determined height and width. After forming the corrugations, the pipe is bent through the selected degree of the bend. As a result of the formation of the corrugations and the bending of the pipe, the centerline radius to outside diameter ratio is 1:1 or less. Further, the outermost wall defines a substantially smooth surface. The thickness of the wall remains substantially unchanged. Further, the inside diameter of the pipe remains substantially unreduced throughout the bend.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS

[0013] The above mentioned features of the invention will become more clearly understood from the following detailed description of the invention read together with the drawings in which:

[0014]FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a pipe section bent at a ninety-degree (90) angle using a prior art method;

[0015]FIG. 2 is a perspective illustration of a pipe bent using the method for bending a rigid pipe of the present invention;

[0016]FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the pipe of FIG. 2 after initiation and before completion of the method of the present invention;

[0017]FIG. 4 illustrates, in cross-section, the pipe of FIG. 2 bent using the method of the present invention; and

[0018]FIG. 5 is a plan view of the pipe of FIG. 2 showing, in phantom, a flexible hose being mounted thereon.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0019] A pipe bent using the method for bending a rigid pipe incorporating various features of the present invention is illustrated generally at 10 in the figures. The method of the present invention is designed for bending a rigid pipe to a centerline radius rCL less than or equal to the outside diameter do of the pipe 10, to define a centerline radius to outside diameter ratio rCl:do of 1:1 or less. Moreover, in the preferred embodiment the method is designed to accomplish such a bend whereby the wall thickness of the pipe on the outermost portion 12 o of the wall of the pipe 10 is substantially maintained, as is the inside diameter di throughout the bend of the pipe 10.

[0020]FIG. 2 illustrates a perspective view of a pipe bent using the method of the present invention. After the pipe 10 has been bent, the outermost portion 12 o of the wall of the pipe 10 defines an arc length lo. The outermost portion 12 o of the wall also defines a substantially smooth surface.

[0021] As better illustrated in FIG. 3, the bend is accomplished by defining a number of corrugations. Each corrugation defines a height, h, and a width, w. The height h, width w, the arc length lo, and the degree of the bend Θbend are determining factors for the number of corrugations required to accomplish the bend, while maintaining the integrity of the wall thickness t and inside diameter di of the pipe 10. Specifically, for a greater degree of bend Θbend, with all other factors remaining constant, a greater number of corrugations are required. On the other hand, with an increased height h or width w, the number of corrugations is reduced.

[0022] After the corrugations are formed, the two ends of the pipe 10 are biased toward each other until the desired degree of bend Θbend has been accomplished. As illustrated in FIG. 4, once the bend has been accomplished, the outermost portion 12 o of the wall defines a substantially constant thickness t showing a relatively small reduction as compared to the nominal thickness to. In one test performed on a pipe 10 bent using the method of the present invention, the values for the wall thickness t0-5 were measured as follows:

wall thickness
location (inches)
t0 (nominal) 0.065
t1 0.065
t2 0.057
t3 0.053
t4 0.052
t5 0.063

[0023] In this embodiment, the bend of the pipe 10 defines a centerline radius rCL of 1.75 inches for an outside pipe diameter do of 2.5 inches. The rCL:do ratio is thus 1.75:2.5, or 0.7:1.

[0024] As illustrated in FIG. 5, one embodiment of the pipe 10 bent using the method of the present invention defines a raised portion, or stop 14, at either end of the bend in order to define a stop 14 for a flexible hose 16 mounted thereon. In a conventional manner, the end of the pipe 10 is inserted into the end of the flexible hose 16 until the end of the hose 16 5 reaches the stop 14. A band clamp 18 is mounted over the hose 16 to accomplish securement of the hose 16 on the pipe 10. For pipes 10 defining the bend at a location away from the end thereof, the stop 14 may be omitted if desired.

[0025] The pipe bend as described is accomplished by first determining the desired degree of bend Θbemd and the desired centerline radius rCL. The outside diameter do and nominal wall thickness t0 of the pipe 10 are also determined. Using this data, the arc length lo of the outermost portion 12 o of the pipe 10 is determined. Specifically, the arc length lo is defined as: I o = 2 Π [ r CL + ( d o 2 ) ] Θ bend 360

[0026] where Θbend is the degree of the bend of the pipe 10. The height h and width w of each corrugation is then selected in order to determine the length lc of the outer surface of each corrugation. The arc length lo is then divided by the corrugation length lc to determine the number of corrugations required to accomplish the desired bend.

[0027] The pipe 10 is then deformed to define the required number of corrugations having the determined height h and width w, as illustrated in FIG. 3. After forming the corrugations, the pipe 10 is bent through the selected degree of the bend Θbend, as illustrated in FIG. 4. As a result of the formation of the corrugations and the bending of the pipe 10, the rCL:do ratio is 1:1 or less. Further, the outermost wall 12 o defines a substantially smooth surface. The thickness t of the wall remains substantially unchanged as shown above. Further, the inside diameter di of the pipe 10 remains substantially unreduced throughout the bend.

[0028] It will be understood that the method steps may be altered to accomplish substantially the same results. For example, the number of corrugations may be selected, with the height h and width w of each corrugation being determined from this number based on the arc length lo and the degree of bend Θbend. Other variations of the preferred method are equally effective.

[0029] From the foregoing description, it will be recognized by those skilled in the art that a method for bending a rigid pipe offering advantages over the prior art has been provided. Specifically, the method is designed for bending a rigid pipe to a centerline radius less than or equal to the outside diameter of the pipe, to define a centerline radius to outside diameter ratio of 1:1 or less. Moreover, the method is designed to accomplish such a bend whereby the wall thickness of the pipe on the outermost portion of the wall of the pipe is substantially maintained, as is the inside diameter throughout the bend of the pipe.

[0030] While a preferred embodiment has been shown and described, it will be understood that it is not intended to limit the disclosure, but rather it is intended to cover all modifications and alternate methods falling within the spirit and the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7328510 *Dec 23, 2003Feb 12, 2008Met-Coil Systems, LlcElbow rotator
US7797805Jun 14, 2006Sep 21, 2010Formtek, Inc.Formation and rotational apparatus for cylindrical workpieces
US8904625Aug 17, 2010Dec 9, 2014Formtek, Inc.Formation and rotational apparatus and method for cylindrical workpieces
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/369
International ClassificationB21D7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB21D7/00
European ClassificationB21D7/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 11, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: DWWS, LLC, TENNESSEE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SAYLER, MICHAEL J.;REEL/FRAME:011708/0047
Effective date: 20010403