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Publication numberUS20030007472 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/235,918
Publication dateJan 9, 2003
Filing dateSep 6, 2002
Priority dateJul 19, 1997
Also published asCA2266104A1, CA2266104C, CA2429736A1, CN1109476C, CN1234954A, CN1481098A, CN100442686C, DE69831726D1, DE69831726T2, EP0936831A1, EP0936831A4, EP0936831B1, US6466563, WO1999004591A1
Publication number10235918, 235918, US 2003/0007472 A1, US 2003/007472 A1, US 20030007472 A1, US 20030007472A1, US 2003007472 A1, US 2003007472A1, US-A1-20030007472, US-A1-2003007472, US2003/0007472A1, US2003/007472A1, US20030007472 A1, US20030007472A1, US2003007472 A1, US2003007472A1
InventorsDaisuke Yamada
Original AssigneeDaisuke Yamada
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
CDMA mobile station apparatus and CDMA transmission method
US 20030007472 A1
Abstract
Burst frame generation circuit 307 generates burst data solely made of pilot symbols and transmission power control symbols. Transmission interval control circuit 308 controls the transmission interval of said burst data N times (N: a natural number) one slot at the end of transmission and maintains synchronization while reducing power consumption.
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Claims(10)
What is claimed is:
1. A CDMA mobile station apparatus, comprising:
transmission frame generation means for generating frames by inserting pilot symbols and transmission power control symbols into transmission data;
burst frame generation means for generating burst frames solely made up of pilot symbols and transmission power control symbols;
transmission interval control means for controlling a transmission interval of said burst data; and
transmission means for transmitting said transmission data and said burst data by radio.
2. The CDMA mobile station apparatus according to claim 1, comprising:
repetition processing means for arranging pilot symbols and transmission power control symbols in series respectively.
3. The CDMA mobile station apparatus according to claim 1, wherein transmission interval control means transmits burst data non-cyclically.
4. The CDMA mobile station apparatus according to claim 3, wherein burst frame generation means generates burst frames using burst transmission power symbols instead of transmission power control symbols and transmission means transmits said burst data with a same value as a transmission power value extracted from received data.
5. A CDMA base station apparatus, which performs cellular radio communications with the CDMA mobile station apparatus according to claim 1.
6. A cellular radio communication system, which performs cellular radio communications using the CDMA mobile station apparatus according to claim 1 and the CDMA base station apparatus according to claim 5.
7. A CDMA transmission method, which generates transmission frames by inserting pilot symbols and transmission power control symbols into transmission data, transmits transmission data by radio, generates burst frames solely made up of pilot symbols and transmission power control symbols if there are no transmission data and transmits burst data by radio by controlling transmission intervals.
8. The CDMA transmission method according to claim 7, which transmits by radio burst data subjected to processing of arranging pilot symbols and transmission power control symbols in series respectively.
9. The CDMA transmission method according to claim 7, which transmits burst data non-cyclically.
10. The CDMA transmission method according to claim 9, which generates burst frames using burst transmission power symbols instead of transmission power control symbols and sets a burst data transmission power value same as a transmission power value extracted from received data.
Description
    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to CDMA mobile station apparatuses and CDMA transmission methods such as digital car telephones and portable telephones used for cellular radio communication systems.
  • BACKGROUND ART
  • [0002]
    For radio communication systems such as digital car telephones and portable telephones, a multiple access system is used in which multiple mobile station apparatuses perform communications with a single base station apparatus simultaneously. Recently, as one of these line switching systems using this multiple access system, a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) system is used because of its high frequency utilization efficiency.
  • [0003]
    Data transmission timing in a conventional CDMA mobile station apparatus is explained using a timing chart shown in FIG. 1.
  • [0004]
    [0004]FIG. 1A is a timing chart showing data transmission timing during data transmission. Pilot symbols (hereafter referred to as “PL”) and transmission power control symbols (hereafter referred to as “TPC”) are periodically inserted into data, forming a frame. When a portion from the start of a PL to the start of the next PL is calculated as one slot, one frame generally consists of 16 slots, 10 ms.
  • [0005]
    [0005]FIG. 1B is a timing chart showing data transmission timing during transmission on transmission standby. “During transmission on transmission standby” means a time corresponding to less than K frames after completion of data transmission or a time corresponding to less than L frames in which a CRC detection of received data resulted in NG (K and L are predetermined constants). On transmission standby, the CDMA mobile station apparatus transmits burst data in which only a PL and TPC are written and other bits are left in blank for each slot.
  • [0006]
    Here, the CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) detection means processing for detecting errors in received data by judgment by a comparison between a received CRC bit which is given with a coefficient of a remainder polynomial obtained by dividing an information bit by an n-th degree generating function, and a CRC bit generated from the received data. A complete match between the two means that the received data have been received correctly (OK) and mismatch of at least one element means that the received data contain errors (NG).
  • [0007]
    [0007]FIG. 1C is a timing chart showing the data transmission timing at the end of transmission. The end of transmission means a state in which at least K frames are detected after data transmission is completed and at least L frames in which a CRC detection of the received data resulted in NG are detected.
  • [0008]
    As shown in FIG. 1C, the conventional CDMA mobile station apparatus stops transmission of burst data in a certain time after the end of communication in order to reduce power consumption of batteries by a transmission amplifier.
  • [0009]
    Because of this, the conventional CDMA mobile station apparatus above takes time to establish synchronization when restarting communication, and it has to send a dummy signal, an unnecessary signal, instead of data in the meantime until synchronization is established, resulting in a problem of reducing the transmission efficiency.
  • DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION
  • [0010]
    A first objective of the present invention is to provide a CDMA mobile station apparatus and CDMA transmission method which can maintain established synchronization with a base station apparatus while reducing power consumption when there are no data to be transmitted.
  • [0011]
    This objective is achieved by controlling the transmission interval of burst data to N slots (N: a natural number) when a certain time has elapsed after the end of data transmission.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • [0012]
    [0012]FIG. 1 is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data in a conventional CDMA mobile station apparatus;
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 1 of the present invention;
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 3 is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data in the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 1 of the present invention;
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 5 is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data in the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 6 is a 1st block diagram showing the configuration of a CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3 of the present invention;
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIG. 7 is a 1st timing chart showing the transmission timing of data in the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3 of the present invention;
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 8 is a 2nd block diagram showing the configuration of the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3 of the present invention;
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 9 is a 2nd timing chart showing the transmission timing of data in the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3 of the present invention.
  • BEST MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
  • [0021]
    With reference now to the attached drawings, the best modes for carrying out the present invention are explained in detail.
  • [0022]
    Embodiment 1
  • [0023]
    [0023]FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
  • [0024]
    The CDMA mobile station apparatus shown in FIG. 2 mainly comprises data detection circuit 1 that carries out data transmission/reception with a data terminal, data reception section 2 that processes a received radio signal, data transmission section 3 that processes data to be transmitted by radio, and timing control circuit 4 that controls whole timing and sequence of signal processing.
  • [0025]
    Data reception section 2 comprises reception antenna 201 that receives a radio signal, reception circuit 202 that converts the frequency of the received signal to a baseband signal, despreading circuit 203 that performs the correlation detection on the baseband signal and extracts data directed to the own station, demodulation circuit 204 that demodulates the data directed to the own station, and received data conversion circuit 205 that separates the demodulated data into a control signal and voice data or data terminal data and performs a CRC detection.
  • [0026]
    Data transmission section 3 comprises transmission data conversion circuit 301 that inserts PLs and TPCs into data to be transmitted by radio forming a frame and carries out CRC coding, modulation circuit 302 that modulates the data combined into frames according to various modulation methods, spreading circuit 303 that spreads the modulated data, conversion/transmission circuit 304 that converts the spread signal to a signal with a desired carrier frequency, transmission antenna 305 that transmits the frequency-converted signal by radio, and transmission power control circuit 306 that determines transmission power and TPC according to the received signal and reception level, etc.
  • [0027]
    Furthermore, data transmission section 3 comprises burst frame generation circuit 307 that generates burst frames consisting solely of PLs and TPCs, transmission interval control circuit 308 that controls transmission intervals of burst data, and switch 309 that switches connections based on the control signal of data detection circuit 1.
  • [0028]
    [0028]FIG. 3 is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data in the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 1. In the following timing charts, the time is plotted on the horizontal axis and transmission power is plotted on the vertical axis.
  • [0029]
    [0029]FIG. 3A is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data during data transmission. As shown in FIG. 3A, PLs and TPCs are periodically inserted into the data output from data detection circuit 1 in transmission data conversion circuit 301, combined into a frame. Data combined into a frame are output to modulation circuit 302 via changeover switch 309.
  • [0030]
    Data detection circuit 1 controls switch 309 during data transmission so that transmission data conversion circuit 301 and modulation circuit 302 are connected. The data input to modulation circuit 302 are modulated according to various modulation methods, spread by spreading circuit 303, converted to a signal with a desired carrier frequency by transmission circuit 304 with transmission power controlled and transmitted by radio from transmission antenna 305.
  • [0031]
    On the other hand, data detection circuit 1 controls switch 309 so that transmission interval control circuit 308 and modulation circuit 302 are connected when there are no data to be transmitted.
  • [0032]
    Burst frame generation circuit 307 generates burst data in which only PLs and TPCs are written and other bits are left in blank when there are no data to be transmitted.
  • [0033]
    Transmission interval control circuit 308 controls the burst data transmission interval to one slot on transmission standby. “Transmission standby” means a time corresponding to less than K frames after completion of data transmission or a time corresponding to less than L frames in which a CRC detection of received data resulted in NG (K and L are predetermined constants). FIG. 3B is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data on transmission standby.
  • [0034]
    Transmitting burst data when there are no data to be transmitted allows synchronization with the base station apparatus to be maintained, making it possible to restart communication immediately.
  • [0035]
    However, continuing transmission of burst data for a long time after the end of data transmission results in an increase of power consumption of batteries by a transmission amplifier.
  • [0036]
    On the other hand, if transmission of burst data is completely stopped, it takes time to establish synchronization with the base station apparatus when restarting transmission.
  • [0037]
    Therefore, transmission interval control circuit 308 controls the transmission interval of burst data to N times one slot (N: a natural number) at the end of transmission. The end of transmission means at least K frames after data transmission is completed and the time at which at least L frames are detected in each of which a CRC detection of received data resulted in NG. FIG. 3C is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data at the end of transmission.
  • [0038]
    Burst data are output to modulation circuit 302 via changeover switch 309. The data input to modulation circuit 302 are modulated according to various modulation methods, spread by spreading circuit 303, converted to a signal with a desired carrier frequency by transmission circuit 304 with transmission power controlled and transmitted by radio from transmission antenna 305.
  • [0039]
    As described above, controlling the transmission interval of burst data to N times one slot makes it possible to reduce power consumption of batteries by a transmission amplifier, shorten the time until synchronization is established when restarting transmission, reduce transmission of a dummy signal, an unnecessary signal, thus improving the transmission efficiency. Furthermore, transmitting burst data in a slot with a free space makes it possible to reduce interference with other stations.
  • [0040]
    Here, the transmission interval of burst data may be non-cyclic. Using a non-cyclic transmission interval of burst data makes it possible to avoid hearing aid problems, eliminating the danger of affecting through resonance heart pacemakers.
  • [0041]
    Embodiment 2
  • [0042]
    Then, Embodiment 2 is explained using FIG. 4 and FIG. 5.
  • [0043]
    Embodiment 2 is an embodiment which performs repetition processing on burst data at the end of transmission.
  • [0044]
    [0044]FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 2. In the CDMA mobile station apparatus shown in FIG.4, the same components as those in FIG. 2 are assigned the same numbers and their explanations are omitted.
  • [0045]
    [0045]FIG. 5 is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data of the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 2. FIG. 5A is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data during data transmission and FIG. 5B is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data on transmission standby. Since the transmission timing of data during data transmission and on transmission standby is the same as in FIG. 3, its explanation is omitted.
  • [0046]
    In comparison with FIG. 2, the CDMA mobile station apparatus shown in FIG. 4 is provided with repetition processing circuit 310 added to data transmission section 3.
  • [0047]
    Repetition processing circuit 310 performs repetition processing on PLs and TPCs of burst data input from burst frame generation circuit 307 at the end of transmission and outputs them to transmission interval control circuit 308. The repetition processing means processing of arranging the same information n times (n: a natural number) in series for PLs and TPCs.
  • [0048]
    Transmission interval control circuit 308 sets the transmission interval of burst data subjected to repetition processing N times (N: a natural number) one slot. FIG. 5C shows the transmission timing of data at the end of transmission.
  • [0049]
    Burst data are output to modulation circuit 302 via changeover switch 309. The data input to modulation circuit 302 are modulated according to various modulation methods, spread by spreading circuit 303 and output to transmission circuit 304.
  • [0050]
    Transmission circuit 304 controls the transmission power of burst data to 1/n of that prior to the repetition processing, converts the burst data to a signal with a desired carrier frequency and transmits it by radio from transmission antenna 305.
  • [0051]
    Repeating the same information n times (n: a natural number) and arranging them in series at the end of transmission can maintain synchronization even if the transmission power is reduced to 1/n of that prior to the repetition processing by transmission circuit 304, reducing interference with other stations. The transmission interval of burst data at the end of transmission may be non-cyclic.
  • [0052]
    Embodiment 3
  • [0053]
    Then, Embodiment 3 is explained using FIG. 6 and FIG. 7.
  • [0054]
    Embodiment 3 is an embodiment which transmits burst data with a transmission power value extracted from the received data when the base station apparatus cannot transmit TPCs during non-cyclic transmission.
  • [0055]
    [0055]FIG. 6 is a block diagram showing the configuration of a CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3 of the present invention. In the CDMA mobile station apparatus shown in FIG. 6, the same components as those in FIG. 2 are assigned the same numbers as in FIG. 2 and their explanations are omitted.
  • [0056]
    [0056]FIG. 7 is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data of the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3. FIG. 7A is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data during data transmission. FIG. 7B is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data on transmission standby. Since the transmission timing of data during data transmission and on transmission standby is the same as in FIG. 3, its explanation is omitted.
  • [0057]
    In comparison with FIG. 2, the CDMA mobile station apparatus shown in FIG. 6 is provided with burst transmission power control circuit 311 that controls the transmission power value of burst data using the transmission power value extracted from the received data instead of TPCs and switch 312 that switches connections based on the control signal of data detection circuit 1 added to data transmission section 3.
  • [0058]
    Data detection circuit 1 controls switch 309 at the end of transmission so that transmission interval control circuit 308 and modulation circuit 302 are connected. It also controls switch 312 so that transmission circuit 304 and burst transmission power control circuit 311 are connected.
  • [0059]
    Burst frame generation circuit 307 generates burst frames only from PLs and burst transmission power control symbols (hereafter referred to as “BTPC”) at the end of transmission and outputs the burst data to transmission interval control circuit 308. Information indicating the transmission power value is written to the BTPC and the base station transmits the signal with the transmission power value written to the BTPC.
  • [0060]
    Transmission interval control circuit 308 sets the burst data transmission interval to N times (N: a natural number) one slot at the end of transmission and sets it non-cyclic. Setting the burst data transmission interval non-cyclic can avoid hearing aid problems, eliminating the danger of affecting through resonance heart pacemakers.
  • [0061]
    Burst data are output to modulation circuit 302 via changeover switch 309. The data input to modulation circuit 302 are modulated according to various modulation methods, spread by spreading circuit 303 and output to transmission circuit 304.
  • [0062]
    Transmission circuit 304 inputs the transmission power value extracted from the received data from burst transmission power control circuit 311 at the end of transmission, controls the transmission power of the burst data to the same value as the transmission power value extracted from the received data, converts it to a signal with a desired carrier frequency and transmits it by radio from transmission antenna 305.
  • [0063]
    [0063]FIG. 7C is a timing chart showing the transmission timing of data at the end of transmission and transmission power value BdB at the end of transmission is the same as the transmission power value extracted from the received data.
  • [0064]
    Thus, during non-cyclic transmission when the base station apparatus cannot transmit TPCs, transmission circuit 304 sets the data transmission power to the same value as the transmission power value extracted from the received data, preventing it from interfering other stations by transmitting too high a power value and preventing it from failing to maintain synchronization by transmitting too low a power value.
  • [0065]
    It is also possible to perform repetition processing on burst data by adding repetition processing circuit 310 to Embodiment 3. FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing a 2nd configuration of the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3 and repetition processing circuit 310 is added to FIG. 6. FIG. 9 is a 2nd timing chart showing the data transmission timing of the CDMA mobile station apparatus in Embodiment 3 which performs repetition processing on FIG. 7 at the end of transmission.
  • [0066]
    Carrying out repetition processing allows synchronization to be maintained even if the transmission power value is reduced by transmission circuit 304, making it possible to reduce interference with other stations.
  • [0067]
    As explained above, according to the CDMA transmission apparatus and CDMA transmission method of the present invention, the burst data transmission interval can be controlled when there are no data to be transmitted, making it possible to maintain synchronization while reducing power consumption.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6073022 *Jul 11, 1997Jun 6, 2000Ntt Mobile Communications Network Inc.Radio channel initial transmission scheme for mobile communication system
US6144860 *Oct 27, 1997Nov 7, 2000Nec CorporationSystem and method for controlling transmission power
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8014807 *Dec 26, 2005Sep 6, 2011Panasonic CorporationTransmission power control apparatus, propagation path estimating apparatus, transmission power control method, and propagation path estimating method
US20070010853 *Sep 15, 2006Jan 11, 2007Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US20090005101 *Dec 26, 2005Jan 1, 2009Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Transmission Power Control Apparatus, Propagation Path Estimating Apparatus, Transmission Power Control Method, and Propagation Path Estimating Method
US20110261741 *Jul 5, 2011Oct 27, 2011Panasonic CorporationTransmission apparatus and method, and reception apparatus and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification370/335, 370/342
International ClassificationH04W56/00, H04J13/00, H04W76/02, H04W4/00, H04W52/54, H04B7/26, H04B7/005
Cooperative ClassificationH04W52/54
European ClassificationH04W52/54
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