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Publication numberUS20030017546 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/234,873
Publication dateJan 23, 2003
Filing dateJan 21, 1999
Priority dateMay 8, 1995
Also published asUS5962266, US6376648, US6613890, US6906033, US20010020003, US20030114372
Publication number09234873, 234873, US 2003/0017546 A1, US 2003/017546 A1, US 20030017546 A1, US 20030017546A1, US 2003017546 A1, US 2003017546A1, US-A1-20030017546, US-A1-2003017546, US2003/0017546A1, US2003/017546A1, US20030017546 A1, US20030017546A1, US2003017546 A1, US2003017546A1
InventorsR. Tyler White, Deborah Damm, David D. Lesikar, Kathleen McFadden, Brett L. Garrick
Original AssigneeR. Tyler White, Deborah Damm, David D. Lesikar, Mcfadden Kathleen, Brett L. Garrick
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Analogues of Kunitz protease inhibitor domain of amyloid precursor protein bind to and inhibit activity of serine proteases including kallikrein, plasmin, and coagulation factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa; for treating blood loss
US 20030017546 A1
Abstract
Analogues of the Kunitz Protease Inhibitor (KPI) domain of amyloid precursor protein bind to and inhibit activity of serine proteases, including kallikrein, plasmin and coagulation factors such as factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa. Pharmaceutical compositions containing the KPI analogues, along with methods for using such compositions, are useful for ameliorating and treating clinical conditions associated with increased serine protease activity, such as blood loss related to cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Nucleic acid sequences encoding these analogues and systems for expression of the peptides of the invention are provided.
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Claims(79)
What is claimed is:
1. A protease inhibitor comprising the sequence:
X1—Val—Cys—Ser—Glu—Gln—Ala—Glu—X2—Gly—X3—Cys—Arg—Ala—X4—X5—X6—X7—Trp—Tyr—Phe—Asp—Val—Thr—Glu—Gly—Lys—Cys —Ala—Pro—Phe—X8—Tyr—Gly—Gly—Cys—X9—X10—X11—X12—Asn—Asn—Phe—Asp—Thr—Glu—Glu—Tyr—Cys—Met—Ala—Val—Cys—Gly—Ser—Ala—Ile,
wherein:
X1 is selected from Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, Asp, or Glu;
X2 is selected from Thr, Val, Ile and Ser;
X3 is selected from Pro and Ala;
X4 is selected from Arg, Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met;
X5 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe;
X6 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu;
X7 is selected from Arg, His, or Ala;
X8 is selected from Phe, Val, Leu, or Gly;
X9 is selected from Gly, Ala, Lys, Pro, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr;
X10 is selected from Ala, Arg, or Gly;
X11 is selected from Lys, Ala, or Asn;
X12 is selected from Ser, Ala, or Arg;
provided that:
when X4 is Arg, X6 is Ile;
when X9 is Arg, X4 is Ala or Leu; when X9 is Tyr, X4 is Ala or X5 is His; and
either X5 is not Ile; or X6 is not Ser; or X9 is not Leu, Phe, Met, Tyr, or Asn; or X10 is not Gly; or X11 is not Asn; or X12 is not Arg.
2. A protease inhibitor comprising the sequence:
X1—Val—Cys—Ser—Glu—Gln—Ala—Glu—Thr—Gly—Pro—Cys—Arg—Ala—X2—X3—X4—Arg—Trp—Tyr—Phe—Asp—Val—Thr—Glu—Gly—Lys—Cys—Ala—Pro—Phe—Phe—Tyr—Gly—Gly—Cys—X5—Gly—Asn—Arg—Asn—Asn—Phe—Asp—Thr—Glu—Glu—Tyr—Cys—Met—Ala—Val—Cys—Gly—Ser—Ala—Ile,
wherein:
X1 is selected from Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, Asp, or Glu;
X2 is selected from Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met;
X3 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe;
X4 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu;
X5 is selected from Gly, Ala, Lys, Pro, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr;
provided that:
when X5 is Arg, X2 is Ala or Leu; when X5 is Tyr, X2 is Ala or X3 is His; and
either X3 is not Ile; or X4 is not Ser; or X5 is not Leu, Phe, Met, Tyr, or Asn.
3. A protease inhibitor comprising the sequence:
Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—Val—Cys—Ser—Glu—Gln—Ala—Glu—Thr—Gly—Pro—Cys—Arg—Ala—X1—X2—X3—Arg—Trp—Tyr—Phe—Asp—Val—Thr—Glu—Gly—Lys—Cys—Ala—Pro—Phe—Phe—Tyr—Gly—Gly—Cys—X4—Gly—Asn—Arg—Asn—Asn—Phe—Asp—Thr—Glu—Glu—Tyr—Cys—Met—Ala—Val—Cys—Gly—Ser—Ala—Ile,
wherein:
X1 is selected from Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met;
X2 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe;
X3 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu;
X4 is selected from Gly, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr;
provided that:
when X1 is Ala, X2 is Ile, His, or Leu;
when X1 is Leu, X2 is Ile or His;
when X1 is Leu and X2 is Ile, X3 is not Ser;
when X1 is Gly, X2 is Ile;
when X4 is Arg, X1 is Ala or Leu;
when X4 is Tyr, X1 is Ala or X2 is His; and
either X1 is not Met, or X2 is not Ile, or X3 is not Ser, or X4 is not Gly.
4. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein at least two amino acid residues selected from the group consisting of X4, X5, X6, and X7 differ from the residues found in the naturally occurring sequence of KPI.
5. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Asp or Glu, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, and X12 is Ser.
6. A protease inhibitor according to claim 5, wherein X1 is Glu, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, and X11 is Asn.
7. A protease inhibitor according to claim 5, wherein X1 is Asp, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Arg, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ile, X7 is Arg, x8 is Val, X9 is Arg, X10 is Ala, and X11 is Lys.
8. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Ala.
9. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg.
10. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Ala, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg.
11. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Arg, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg.
12. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Val, Leu, or Gly, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg.
13. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Ala, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg.
14. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, Val, or Ser, X3 is Pro, X4 is Ala or Leu, X5 is Ile, X6 is Tyr, X7 His, X8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg.
15. A protease inhibitor according to claim 14, wherein X2 is Thr, and X4 is Ala.
16. A protease inhibitor according to claim 14, wherein X2 is Thr, and X4 is Leu.
17. A protease inhibitor according to claim 14, wherein X2 is Val, and X4 is Ala.
18. A protease inhibitor according to claim 14, wherein X2 is Ser, and X4 is Ala.
19. A protease inhibitor according to claim 14, wherein X2 is Val, and X4 is Leu.
20. A protease inhibitor according to claim 14, wherein X2 is Ser, and X4 is Leu.
21. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Leu, X5 is Phe, X6 is Lys, X7 is Arg, X8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg.
22. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Leu, X5 is Phe, X6 is Lys, X7 is Arg, X8 is Phe, X9 is Tyr, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg.
23. A protease inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Leu, X5 is Phe, X6 is Lys, X7 is Arg, X8 is Phe, X9 is Leu, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg.
24. A protease inhibitor according to claim 2, wherein X1 is Glu, X2 is Met, X3 is Ile, X4 is Ile, and X5 is Gly.
25. A protease inhibitor according to claim 3, wherein X1 is Met, X3 is Ser, and X4 is Gly.
26. A protease inhibitor according to claim 25, wherein X2 is selected from His, Ala, Phe, Lys, and Leu.
27. A protease inhibitor according to claim 26, wherein X2 is His.
28. A protease inhibitor according to claim 27, wherein X2 is Ala.
29. A protease inhibitor according to claim 27, wherein X2 is Phe.
30. A protease inhibitor according to claim 27, wherein X2 is Lys.
31. A protease inhibitor according to claim 27, wherein X2 is Leu.
32. A protease inhibitor according to claim 3, wherein X1 is Met, X2 is Ile, and X4 is Gly.
33. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Ile.
34. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Pro.
35. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Phe.
36. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Tyr.
37. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Trp.
38. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Asn.
39. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Leu.
40. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Lys.
41. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is His.
42. A protease inhibitor according to claim 32, wherein X3 is Glu.
43. A protease inhibitor according to claim 3, wherein X1 is Ala.
44. A protease inhibitor according to claim 43, wherein X2 is Ile.
45. A protease inhibitor according to claim 44, wherein X3 is Phe, and X4 is Gly.
46. A protease inhibitor according to claim 44, wherein X3 is Tyr, and X4 is Gly.
47. A protease inhibitor according to claim 44, wherein X3 is Trp, and X4 is Gly.
48. A protease inhibitor according to claim 44, wherein X3 is Ser or Phe, and X4 is Arg or Tyr.
49. A protease inhibitor according to claim 43, wherein X2 is His or Leu, X3 is Phe, and X4 is Gly.
50. A protease inhibitor according to claim 3, wherein X1 is Leu.
51. A protease inhibitor according to claim 50, wherein X2 is His, X3 is Asn or Phe, and X4 is Gly.
52. A protease inhibitor according to claim 50, wherein X2 is Ile, X3 is Pro, and X4 is Gly.
53. A protease inhibitor according to claim 3, wherein X1 is Gly, X2 is Ile, X3 is Tyr, and X4 is Gly.
54. A protease inhibitor according to claim 3, wherein X1 is Met, X2 is His, X3 is Ser, and X4 is Tyr.
55. An isolated DNA molecule comprising a DNA sequence encoding a protease inhibitor according to claim 1.
56. An isolated DNA molecule according to claim 55, operably linked to a regulatory sequence that controls expression of the coding sequence in a host cell.
57. An isolated DNA molecule according to claim 56, further comprising a DNA sequence encoding a secretory signal peptide.
58. An isolated DNA molecule according to claim 57, wherein said secretory signal peptide comprises the signal sequence of yeast alpha-mating factor.
59. A host cell transformed with a DNA molecule according to claim 55.
60. A host cell according to claim 59, wherein said host cell is E. coli or a yeast cell.
61. A host cell according to claim 60, wherein said host cell is Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
62. A method for producing a protease inhibitor, comprising the steps of culturing a host cell according to claim 59 and isolating and purifying said protease inhibitor.
63. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising a protease inhibitor according to claim 1, together with a pharmaceutically acceptable sterile vehicle.
64. A method of treatment of a clinical condition associated with increased activity of one or more serine proteases, comprising administering to a patient suffering from said clinical condition an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 63.
65. The method of treatment of claim 64, wherein said clinical condition is blood loss during surgery.
66. A method for inhibiting the activity of serine proteases of interest in a mammal comprising administering a therapeutically effective dose of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 63.
67. The method of claim 66, wherein said serine proteases are selected from the group consisting of: kallikrein; chymotrypsins A and B; trypsin; elastase; subtilisin; coagulants and procoagulants, particularly those in active form, including coagulation factors such as factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa; plasmin; thrombin; proteinase-3; enterokinase; acrosin; cathepsin; urokinase; and tissue plasminogen activator.
68. A protease inhibitor comprising the sequence:
X1—Val—Cys—Ser—Glu—Gln—Ala—Glu—X2—Gly—Pro—Cys—Arg—Ala—X3—X4—X5—X6—Arg—Trp—Tyr—Phe—Asp—Val—Thr—Glu—Gly—Lys—Cys—Ala—Pro—Phe—Phe—Tyr—Gly—Gly—Cys—X7—Gly—Asn—Arg—Asn—Asn—Phe—Asp—Thr—Glu—Glu—Tyr—Cys—Met—Ala—Val—Cys—Gly—Ser—Ala—Ile,
wherein:
X1 is selected from Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, Asp, or Glu;
X2 is selected from Thr, Val, Ile and Ser;
X3 is selected from Arg, Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met;
X4 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe;
X5 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu;
X6 is selected from Arg, His, or Ala; and
X7 is selected from Gly, Ala, Lys, Pro, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr.
69. A protease inhibitor according to claim 68, wherein at least two amino acid residues selected from the group consisting of X3, X4, X5, and X6 differ from the residues found in the naturally occurring sequence of KPI.
70. A protease inhibitor according to claim 68, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, Val, or Ser, X3 is Ala or Leu, X4 is Ile, X5 is Tyr, X6 is His and X7is Gly.
71. A protease inhibitor according to claim 70, wherein X2 is Thr, and X3 is Ala.
72. A protease inhibitor according to claim 70, wherein X2 is Thr, and X3 is Leu.
73. A protease inhibitor according to claim 70, wherein X2 is Val, and X3 is Ala.
74. A protease inhibitor according to claim 70, wherein X2 is Ser, and X3 is Ala.
75. A protease inhibitor according to claim 70, wherein X2 is Val, and X3 is Leu.
76. A protease inhibitor according to claim 70, wherein X2 is Ser, and X3 is Leu.
77. A protease inhibitor according to claim 68, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Leu, X4 is Phe, X5 is Lys, X6 is Arg and X7 is Gly.
78. A protease inhibitor according to claim 68, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Leu, X4 is Phe, X5 is Lys, X6 is Arg and X7 is Tyr.
79. A protease inhibitor according to claim 68, wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Leu, X4 is Phe, X5 is Lys, X6 is Arg and X7 is Leu.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The plasma, or serine, proteases of the blood contact system are known to be activated by interaction with negatively charged surfaces. For example, tissue injury during surgery exposes the vascular basement membrane, causing interaction of the blood with collagen, which is negatively charged at physiological Ph. This induces a cascade of proteolytic events, leading to production of plasmin, a fibrinolytic protease, and consequent blood loss.

[0002] Perioperative blood loss of this type can be particularly severe during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery, in which the patient's blood flow is diverted to an artificial heart-lung machine. CPB is an essential component of a number of life-saving surgical procedures. For example, in the United States, it is estimated that 300,000 patients every year undergo coronary artery bypass grafts involving the use of CPB.

[0003] Although necessary and generally safe, CPB is associated with a significant rate of morbidity, some of which may be attributed to a “whole body inflammatory response” caused by activation of plasma protease systems and blood cells through interactions with the artificial surfaces of the heart-lung machine (Butler et al., Ann. Thorac. Surg. 55:552 (1993); Edmunds et al., J. Card. Surg. 8:404 (1993)). For example, during extracorporeal circulation, exposure of blood to negatively charged surfaces of the artificial bypass circuit, e.g., plastic surfaces in the heart-lung machine, results in direct activation of plasma factor XII.

[0004] Factor XII is a single-chain 80 kDa protein that circulates in plasma as an inactive zymogen. Contact with negatively charged nonendothelial surfaces, like those of the bypass circuit, causes surface-bound factor XII to be autoactivated to the active serine protease factor XIIa. See Colman, Agents Actions Suppl. 42:125 prekallikrein (PK) to active kallikrein, which in turn cleaves more XIIa from XII in a reciprocal activation reaction that results in a rapid amplification of the contact pathway. Factor XIIa can also activate the first component of complement C1, leading to production of the anaphylatoxin C5a through the classical complement pathway.

[0005] The CPB-induced inflammatory response includes changes in capillary permeability and interstitial fluid accumulation. Cleavage of high molecular weight kininogen (HK) by activated kallikrein generates the potent vasodilator bradykinin, which is thought to be responsible for increasing vascular permeability, resulting in edema, especially in the lung. The lung is particularly susceptible to damage associated with CPB, with some patients exhibiting what has been called “pump lung syndrome” following bypass, a condition indistinguishable from adult respiratory distress. See Johnson et al., J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 107:1193 (1994).

[0006] Post-CPB pulmonary injury includes tissue damage thought to be mediated by neutrophil sequestration and activation in the microvasculature of the lung. (Butler et al., supra; Johnson, et al., supra). Activated factor XII can itself stimulate neutrophil aggregation. Factor XIIa-generated kallikrein, and complement protein C5a generated by Factor XIIa activation of the complement cascade, both induce neutrophil chemotaxis, aggregation and degranulation. See Edmunds et al., supra (1993). Activated neutrophils may damage tissue through release of oxygen-derived free-radicals, proteolytic enzymes such as elastase, and metabolites of arachidonic acid. Release of neutrophil products in the lung can cause changes in vascular tone, endothelial injury and loss of vascular integrity.

[0007] Intrinsic inhibition of the contact system occurs through inhibition of activated XIIa by C1-inhibitor (C1-INH). See Colman, supra. During CPB, this natural inhibitory mechanism is overwhelmed by massive activation of plasma proteases and consumption of inhibitors. A potential therapeutic strategy for reducing post-bypass pulmonary injury mediated by neutrophil activation would, therefore, be to block the formation and activity of the neutrophil agonists kallikrein, factor XIIa, and C5a by inhibition of proteolytic activation of the contact system.

[0008] Protease inhibitor therapy which partially attenuates the contact system is currently employed clinically in CPB. Aprotinin, also known as basic pancreatic protease inhibitor (BPPI), is a small, basic, 58 amino acid polypeptide isolated from bovine lung. It is a broad spectrum serine protease inhibitor of the Kunitz type, and was first used during bypass in an attempt to reduce the inflammatory response to CPB. See Butler et al., supra. Aprotinin treatment results in a significant reduction in blood loss following bypass, but does not appear to significantly reduce neutrophil activation. Additionally, since aprotinin is of bovine origin, there is concern that repeated administration to patients could lead to the development of an immune response to aprotinin in the patients, precluding its further use.

[0009] The proteases inhibited by aprotinin during CPB appear to include plasma kallikrein and plasmin. (See, e.g., Scott, et al., Blood 69:1431 (1987)). Aprotinin is an inhibitor of plasmin (Ki of 0.23 nM), and the observed reduction in blood loss may be due to inhibition of fibrinolysis through the blocking of plasmin action. Although aprotinin inhibits plasma kallikrein, (Ki of 20 nM), it does not inhibit activated factor XII, and consequently only partially blocks the contact system during CPB.

[0010] Another attractive protease target for use of protease inhibitors, such as those of the present invention, is factor XIIa, situated at the very first step of contact activation. By inhibiting the proteolytic activity of factor XIIa, kallikrein production would be prevented, blocking amplification of the contact system, neutrophil activation and bradykinin release. Inhibition of XIIa would also prevent complement activation and production of C5a. More complete inhibition of the contact system during CPB could, therefore, be achieved through the use of a better XIIa inhibitor.

[0011] Protein inhibitors of factor XIIa are known. For example, active site mutants of α1-antitrypsin that inhibit factor XIIa have been shown to inhibit contact activation in human plasma. See Patston et al., J. Biol. Chem. 265:10786 (1990). The large size and complexity (greater than 400 amino acid residues) of these proteins present a significant challenge for recombinant protein production, since large doses will almost certainly be required during CPB. For example, although it is a potent inhibitor of both kallikrein and plasmin, nearly 1 gram of aprotinin must be infused into a patient to inhibit the massive activation of the kallikrein-kinin and fibrinolytic systems during CPB.

[0012] The use of smaller, more potent XIIa inhibitors such as the corn and pumpkin trypsin inhibitors (Wen, et al., Protein Exp. & Purif. 4:215 (1993); Pedersen, et al., J. Mol. Biol. 236:385 (1994)) could be more cost-effective than the large α1-antitrypsins, but the infusion of high doses of these non-mammalian inhibitors could result in immunologic reactions in patients undergoing repeat bypass operations. The ideal protein XIIa inhibitor is, therefore, preferably, small, potent, and of human sequence origin.

[0013] One candidate for an inhibitor of human origin is found in circulating isoforms of the human amyloid β-protein precursor (APPI), also known as protease nexin-2. APPI contains a Kunitz serine protease inhibitor domain known as KPI (Kunitz Protease Inhibitor). See Ponte et al., Nature, 331:525 (1988); Tanzi et al., Nature 331:528 (1988); Johnstone et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 163:1248 (1989); Oltersdorf et al., Nature 341:144 (1989). Human KPI shares about 45% amino acid sequence identity with aprotinin. The isolated KPI domain has been prepared by recombinant expression in a variety of systems, and has been shown to be an active serine protease inhibitor. See, for example, Sinha, et al., J. Biol. Chem. 265:8983 (1990). The measured in vitro Ki of KPI against plasma kallikrein is 45 nM, compared to 20 nM for aprotinin.

[0014] Aprotinin, KPI, and other Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors have been engineered by site-directed mutagenesis to improve inhibitory activity or specificity. Thus, substitution of Lys15 of aprotinin with arginine resulted in an inhibitor with a Ki of 0.32 nM toward plasma kallikrein, a 100-fold improvement over natural aprotinin. See PCT application No. 89/10374. See also Norris et al., Biol. Chem. Hoppe Seyler 371:3742 (1990). Alternatively, substitution of position 15 of aprotinin with valine or substitution of position 13 of KPI with valine resulted in elastase inhibitors with Kis in the 100 pM range, although neither native aprotinin nor native KPI significantly inhibits elastase. See Wenzel et al., in: Chemistry of Peptides and Proteins, Vol. 3, (Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York, 1986); Sinha et al., supra. Methods for substituting residues 13, 15, 37, and 50 of KPI are shown in general terms in European Patent Application No. 0 393 431, but no specific sequences are disclosed, and no protease inhibition data are given.

[0015] Phage display methods have been recently used for preparing and screening derivatives of Kunitz-type protease inhibitors. See PCT Application No. 92/15605, which describes specific sequences for 34 derivatives of aprotinin, some of which were reportedly active as elastase and cathepsin inhibitors. The amino acid substitutions in the derivatives were distributed throughout almost all positions of the aprotinin molecule.

[0016] Phage display methods have also been used to generate KPI variants that inhibit factor VIIa and kallikrein. See Dennis et al., J. Biol. Chem. 269:22129 and 269:22137 (1994). The residues that could be varied in the phage display selection process were limited to positions 9-11, 13-17, 32, 36 and 37, and several of those residues were also held constant for each selection experiment. One of those variants was said to have a Ki of 1.2 nM for kallikrein, and had substitutions at positions 9 (Thr→Pro), 13 (Arg→Lys), 15 (Met→Leu), and 37 (Gly→Tyr). None of the inhibitors was tested for the ability to inhibit factor XIIa.

[0017] It is apparent, therefore, that new protease inhibitors that can bind to and inhibit the activity of serine proteases are greatly to be desired. In particular it is highly desirable to prepare peptides, based on human peptide sequences, that can inhibit selected serine proteases such as kallikrein; chymotrypsins A and B; trypsin; elastase; subtilisin; coagulants and procoagulants, particularly those in active form, including coagulation factors such as factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa; plasmin; thrombin; proteinase-3; enterokinase; acrosin; cathepsin; urokinase; and tissue plasminogen activator. It is also highly desirable to prepare novel protease inhibitors that can ameliorate one or more of the undesirable clinical manifestations associated with enhanced serine protease activity, for example by reducing pulmonary damage or blood loss during CPB.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0018] The present invention relates to peptides that can bind to and preferably exhibit inhibition of the activity of serine proteases. Those peptides can also provide a means of ameliorating, treating or preventing clinical conditions associated with increased activity of serine proteases. Particularly, the novel peptides of the present invention preferably exhibit a more potent and specific (i.e., greater) inhibitory effect toward serine proteases of interest in comparison to known serine protease inhibitors. Examples of such proteases include: kallikrein; chymotrypsins A and B; trypsin; elastase; subtilisin; coagulants and procoagulants, particularly those in active form, including coagulation factors such as factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa; plasmin; thrombin; proteinase-3; enterokinase; acrosin; cathepsin; urokinase; and tissue plasminogen activator.

[0019] In achieving the inhibition of serine protease activity, the invention provides protease inhibitors that can ameliorate one or more of the undesirable clinical manifestations associated with enhanced serine protease activity, for example, by reducing pulmonary damage or blood loss during CPB.

[0020] The present invention relates to protease inhibitors comprising the following amino acid sequences:

X1-Val-Cys-Ser-Glu-Gln-Ala-Glu-X2-Gly-X3-Cys-Arg-
Ala-X4-X5-X6-X7-Trp-Tyr-Phe-Asp-Val-Thr-Glu-Gly-
Lys-Cys-Ala-Pro-Phe-X8-Tyr-Gly-Gly-Cys-X9-X10-X11-
X12-Asn-Asn-Phe-Asp-Thr-Glu-Glu-Tyr-Cys-Met-Ala-
Val-Cys-Gly-Ser-Ala-Ile,

[0021] wherein: X1 is selected from Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, Asp, or Glu; X2 is selected from Thr, Val, Ile and Ser; X3 is selected from Pro and Ala; X4 is selected from Arg, Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met; X5 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe; X6 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu; X7 is selected from Arg, His, or Ala; X8 is selected from Phe, Val, Leu, or Gly; X9 is selected from Gly, Ala, Lys, Pro, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr; X10 is selected from Ala, Arg, or Gly; X11 is selected from Lys, Ala, or Asn; and X12 is selected from Ser, Ala, or Arg.

[0022] The invention relates more specifically to protease inhibitors comprising the following amino acid sequences:

X1-Val-Cys-Ser-Glu-Gln-Ala-Glu-X2-Gly-X3-Cys-Arg-
Ala-X4-X5-X6-X7-Trp-Tyr-Phe-Asp-Val-Thr-Glu-Gly-
Lys-Cys-Ala-Pro-Phe-X8-Tyr-Gly-Gly-Cys-X9-X10-X11-
X12-Asn-Asn-Phe-Asp-Thr-Glu-Glu-Tyr-Cys-Met-Ala-
Val-Cys-Gly-Ser-Ala-Ile,

[0023] wherein X1 is selected from Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, Asp, or Glu; X2 is selected from Thr, Val, Ile and Ser; X3 is selected from Pro and Ala; X4 is selected from Arg, Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met; X5 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe; X6 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu; X7 is selected from Arg, His, or Ala; X8 is selected from Phe, Val, Leu, or Gly; X9 is selected from Gly, Ala, Lys, Pro, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr; X10 is selected from Ala, Arg, or Gly; X11 is selected from Lys, Ala, or Asn; X12 is selected from Ser, Ala, or Arg; provided that when X4 is Arg, X6 is Ile; when X9 is Arg, X4 is Ala or Leu; when X9 is Tyr, X4 is Ala or X5 is His; and either X5 is not Ile; or X6 is not Ser; or X9 is not Leu, Phe, Met, Tyr, or Asn; or X10 is not Gly; or X11 is not Asn; or X12 is not Arg.

[0024] Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein at least two amino acid residues selected from the group consisting of X4, X5, X6, and X7 defined above differ from the residues found in the naturally occurring sequence of KPI. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Asp or Glu, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, and X12 is Ser. Yet another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, and X11 is Asn. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Asp, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Arg, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ile, X7 is Arg, x8 is Val, X9 is Arg, X10 is Ala, and X11 is Lys. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Ala, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Arg, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Arg, x8 is Val, Leu, or Gly, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Met, X5 is Ile, X6 is Ser, X7 is Ala, x8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Asn, and X12 is Arg. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, Val, or Ser, X3 is Pro, X4 is Ala or Leu, X5 is Ile, X6 is Tyr, X7 His, X8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg.

[0025] Yet another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X2 is Thr, and X4 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X2 is Thr, and X4 is Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X2 is Val, and X4 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X2 is Ser, and X4 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X2 is Val, and X4 is Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X2 is Ser, and X4 is Leu.

[0026] Yet another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Leu, X5 is Phe, X6 is Lys, X7 is Arg, X8 is Phe, X9 is Gly, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Leu, X5 is Phe, X6 is Lys, X7 is Arg, X8 is Phe, X9 is Tyr, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg. Another aspect of this invention provides protease inhibitors wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Pro, X4 is Leu, X5 is Phe, X6 is Lys, X7 is Arg, X8 is Phe, X9 is Leu, X10 is Gly, X11 is Ala, and X12 is Arg.

[0027] A further aspect of this invention provides an isolated DNA molecule comprising a DNA sequence encoding a protease inhibitor of the invention. Another aspect of this invention provides an isolated DNA molecule comprising a DNA sequence encoding the protease inhibitor that further comprises an isolated DNA molecule operably linked to a regulatory sequence that controls expression of the coding sequence of the protease inhibitor in a host cell. Another aspect of this invention provides an isolated DNA molecule comprising a DNA sequence encoding the protease inhibitor operably linked to a regulatory sequence that controls expression of the coding sequence of the protease inhibitor in a host cell that further comprises a DNA sequence encoding a secretory signal peptide. That secretory signal peptide may preferably comprise the signal sequence of yeast alpha-mating factor. Another aspect of this invention provides a host cell transformed with any of the DNA molecules defined above. Such a host cell may preferably comprise E. coli or a yeast cell. When such a host cell is a yeast cell, the yeast cell may preferably be Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

[0028] Another aspect of this invention provides a method for producing a protease inhibitor of the present invention, comprising the steps of culturing a host cell as defined above and isolating and purifying said protease inhibitor.

[0029] A further aspect of this invention provides a pharmaceutical composition, comprising a protease inhibitor of the present invention together with a pharmaceutically acceptable sterile vehicle.

[0030] An additional aspect of this invention provides a method of treatment of a clinical condition associated with increased activity of one or more serine proteases, comprising administering to a patient suffering from said clinical condition an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition comprising a protease inhibitor of the present invention together with a pharmaceutically acceptable sterile vehicle. That method of treatment may preferably be used to treat the clinical condition of blood loss during surgery.

[0031] Yet another aspect of this invention provides a method for inhibiting the activity of serine proteases of interest in a mammal comprising administering a therapeutically effective dose of a pharmaceutical composition comprising a protease inhibitor of the present invention together with a pharmaceutically acceptable sterile vehicle.

[0032] Another aspect of this invention provides a method for inhibiting the activity of serine proteases of interest in a mammal comprising administering a therapeutically effective dose of a pharmaceutical composition comprising a protease inhibitor of the present invention together with a pharmaceutically acceptable sterile vehicle, wherein said serine proteases are selected from the group consisting of: kallikrein; chymotrypsins A and B; trypsin; elastase; subtilisin; coagulants and procoagulants, particularly those in active form, including coagulation factors such as factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa; plasmin; thrombin; proteinase-3; enterokinase; acrosin; cathepsin; urokinase; and tissue plasminogen activator.

[0033] A further aspect of this invention relates to protease inhibitors comprising the following amino acid sequences:

X1-Val-Cys-Ser-Glu-Gln-Ala-Glu-Thr-Gly-Pro-Cys-
Arg-Ala-X2-X3-X4-Arg-Trp-Tyr-Phe-Asp-Val-Thr-Glu-
Gly-Lys-Cys-Ala-Pro-Phe-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Gly-Cys-X5-
Gly-Asn-Arg-Asn-Asn-Phe-Asp-Thr-Glu-Glu-Tyr-Cys-
Met-Ala-Val-Cys-Gly-Ser-Ala-Ile,

[0034] wherein X1 is selected from Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, Asp, or Glu; X2 is selected from Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met; X3 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe; X4 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu; X5 is selected from Gly, Ala, Lys, Pro, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr; provided that when X5 is Arg, X2 is Ala or Leu; when X5 is Tyr, X2 is Ala or X3 is His; and either X3 is not Ile; or X4 is not Ser; or X5 is not Leu, Phe, Met, Tyr, or Asn. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor as defined above wherein X1 is Glu, X2 is Met, X3 is Ile, X4 is Ile, and X5 is Gly.

[0035] The invention also relates more specifically to protease inhibitors comprising the following amino acid sequences:

Glu-Val-Val-Arg-Glu-Val-Cys-Ser-Glu-Gln-Ala-Glu-
Thr-Gly-Pro-Cys-Arg-Ala-X1-X2-X3-Arg-Trp-Tyr-Phe-
Asp-Val-Thr-Glu-Gly-Lys-Cys-Ala-Pro-Phe-Phe-Tyr-
Gly-Gly-Cys-X4-Gly-Asn-Arg-Asn-Asn-Phe-Asp-Thr-
Glu-Glu-Tyr-Cys-Met-Ala-Val-Cys-Gly-Ser-Ala-Ile,

[0036] wherein X1 is selected from Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met; X2 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe; X3 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu; X4 is selected from Gly, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr; provided that when X1 is Ala, X2 is Ile, His, or Leu; when X1 is Leu, X2 is Ile or His; when X1 is Leu and X2 is Ile, X3 is not Ser; when X1 is Gly, X2 is Ile; when X4 is Arg, X1 is Ala or Leu; when X4 is Tyr, X1 is Ala or X2 is His; and either X1 is not Met, or X2 is not Ile, or X3 is not Ser, or X4 is not Gly.

[0037] A further aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor as defined above wherein X1 is Met, X3 is Ser, and X4 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is selected from His, Ala, Phe, Lys, and Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is His. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Phe. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Lys. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Met, X2 is Ile, and X4 is Gly.

[0038] Yet another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Ile. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Pro. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Phe. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Tyr. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Trp. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Asn. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Leu.

[0039] An additional aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Lys. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is His. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Glu. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Ile. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Phe, and X4 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Tyr, and X4 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Trp, and X4 is Gly.

[0040] Yet another other aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X3 is Ser or Phe, and X4 is Arg or Tyr. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is His or Leu, X3 is Phe, and X4 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is His, X3 is Asn or Phe, and X4 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Ile, X3 is Pro, and X4 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Gly, X2 is Ile, X3 is Tyr, and X4 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Met, X2 is His, X3 is Ser, and X4 is Tyr.

[0041] Additionally, another aspect of this invention relates to protease inhibitors comprising the following amino acid sequences:

X1-Val-Cys-Ser-Glu-Gln-Ala-Glu-X2-Gly-Pro-Cys-
Arg-Ala-X3-X4-X5-X6-Arg-Trp-Tyr-Phe-Asp-Val-Thr-
Glu-Gly-Lys-Cys-Ala-Pro-Phe-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Gly-Cys-
X7-Gly-Asn-Arg-Asn-Asn-Phe-Asp-Thr-Glu-Glu-Tyr-
Cys-Met-Ala-Val-Cys-Gly-Ser-Ala-Ile,

[0042] wherein X1 is selected from Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, Asp, or Glu; X2 is selected from Thr, Val, Ile and Ser; X3 is selected from Arg, Ala, Leu, Gly, or Met; X4 is selected from Ile, His, Leu, Lys, Ala, or Phe; X5 is selected from Ser, Ile, Pro, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Asn, Leu, His, Lys, or Glu; X6 is selected from Arg, His, or Ala; and X7 is selected from Gly, Ala, Lys, Pro, Arg, Leu, Met, or Tyr.

[0043] Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor as defined above wherein at least two amino acid residues selected from the group consisting of X3, X4, X5, and X6 differ from the residues found in the naturally occurring sequence of KPI. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, Val, or Ser, X3 is Ala or Leu, X4 is Ile, X5 is Tyr, X6 is His and X7 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Thr, and X3 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Thr, and X3 is Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Val, and X3 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Ser, and X3 is Ala. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Val, and X3 is Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X2 is Ser, and X3 is Leu. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Leu, X4 is Phe, X5 is Lys, X6 is Arg and X7 is Gly. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Leu, X4 is Phe, X5 is Lys, X6 is Arg and X7 is Tyr. Another aspect of this invention provides a protease inhibitor wherein X1 is Glu—Val—Val—Arg—Glu—, X2 is Thr, X3 is Leu, X4 is Phe, X5 is Lys, X6 is Arg and X7 is Leu.

[0044] Other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description. It should be understood, however, that the detailed description and the specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0045]FIG. 1 shows the strategy for the construction of plasmid pTW10:KPI.

[0046]FIG. 2 shows the sequence of the synthetic gene for KPI (1→57) fused to the bacterial phoA secretory signal sequence.

[0047]FIG. 3 shows the strategy for construction of plasmid pKPI-61.

[0048]FIG. 4 shows the 192 bp XbaI-HindIII synthetic gene fragment encoding KPI (1→57) and four amino acids from yeast alpha-mating factor.

[0049]FIG. 5 shows the synthetic 201 bp XbaI-HindIII fragment encoding KPI(−4→57) in PKPI-61.

[0050]FIG. 6 shows the strategy for the construction of plasmid pTW113.

[0051]FIG. 7 shows plasmid PTW113, encoding the 445 bp synthetic gene for yeast alpha-factor-KPI(−4→57) fusion.

[0052]FIG. 8 shows the amino acid sequence for KPI (−4→57).

[0053]FIG. 9 shows the strategy for constructing plasmid pTW6165.

[0054]FIG. 10 shows plasmid, PTW6165, encoding the 445 bp synthetic gene for alpha-factor-KPI(−4→57; M15A, S17W) fusion.

[0055]FIG. 11 shows the sequences of the annealed oligonucleotide pairs used to construct plasmids PTW6165, pTW6166, pTW6175, pBG028, pTW6183, pTW6184, pTW6185, pTW6173, and pTW6174.

[0056]FIG. 12 shows the sequence of plasmid PTW6166 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; M15A, S17Y).

[0057]FIG. 13 shows the sequence of plasmid PTW6175 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; M15L, S17F).

[0058]FIG. 14 shows the sequence of plasmid PBG028 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; M15L, S17Y).

[0059]FIG. 15 shows the sequence of plasmid PTW6183 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; I16H, S17F).

[0060]FIG. 16 shows the sequence of plasmid PTW6184 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; I16H, S17Y).

[0061]FIG. 17 shows the sequence of plasmid PTW6185 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; I16H, S17W).

[0062]FIG. 18 shows the sequence of plasmid PTW6173 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; M15A, I16H).

[0063]FIG. 19 shows the sequence of plasmid PTW6174 encoding the fusion of yeast alpha-factor and KPI(−4→57; M15L, I16H).

[0064]FIG. 20 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17W).

[0065]FIG. 21 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17Y).

[0066]FIG. 22 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; M15L, S17F).

[0067]FIG. 23 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; M15L, S17Y).

[0068]FIG. 24 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; I16H, S17F).

[0069]FIG. 25 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; I16H, S17Y).

[0070]FIG. 26 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; I16H, S17W).

[0071]FIG. 27 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F).

[0072]FIG. 28 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; M15A, I16H).

[0073]FIG. 29 shows the amino acid sequence of KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16H).

[0074]FIG. 30 shows the construction of plasmid pSP26:Amp:F1.

[0075]FIG. 31 shows the construction of plasmid pgIII.

[0076]FIG. 32 shows the construction of plasmid pPhoA:KPI:gIII.

[0077]FIG. 33 shows the construction of plasmid pLG1.

[0078]FIG. 34 shows the construction of plasmid pAL51.

[0079]FIG. 35 shows the construction of plasmid pAL53.

[0080]FIG. 36 shows the construction of plasmid PSP26:Amp:F1:PhoA:KPI:gIII.

[0081]FIG. 37 shows the construction of plasmid pDW1 #14.

[0082]FIG. 38 shows the coding region for the fusion of phoA-KPI (1→55)-geneIII.

[0083]FIG. 39 shows the construction of plasmid PDW1 14-2.

[0084]FIG. 40 shows the construction of KPI Library 16-19.

[0085]FIG. 41 shows the expression unit encoded by the members of KPI Library 16-19.

[0086]FIG. 42 shows the phoA-KPI(1→55)-geneIII region encoded by the most frequently occurring randomized KPI region.

[0087]FIG. 43 shows the construction of pDD185 KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F).

[0088]FIG. 44 shows the sequence of alpha-factor fused to KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F).

[0089]FIG. 45 shows the inhibition constants (Kis) determined for purified KPI variants against the selected serine proteases kallikrein, factor Xa, and factor XIIa.

[0090]FIG. 46 shows the inhibition constants (Kis) determined for KPI variants against kallikrein, plasmin, and factors Xa, XIa, and XIIa.

[0091]FIG. 47 shows the post-surgical blood loss in pigs in the presence (KPI) and absence (NS) of KPI 185-1 (M15A, S17F).

[0092]FIG. 48 shows the post-surgical hemoglobin loss in pigs in the presence (KPI) and absence (NS) of KPI 185-1 (M15A, S17F).

[0093]FIG. 49 shows the oxygen tension in the presence and absence of KPI, before CPB, immediately after CPB, and at 60 and 180 minutes after the end of CPB.

[0094]FIG. 50 summarizes the results shown in FIGS. 47-49.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0095] The present invention provides peptides that can bind to and preferably inhibit the activity of serine proteases. These inhibitory peptides can also provide a means of ameliorating, treating or preventing clinical conditions associated with increased activity of serine proteases. The novel peptides of the present invention preferably exhibit a more potent and specific (i.e., greater) inhibitory effect toward serine proteases of interest than known serine protease inhibitors. Examples of such proteases include: kallikrein; chymotrypsins A and B; trypsin; elastase; subtilisin; coagulants and procoagulants, particularly those in active form, including coagulation factors such as factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa; plasmin; thrombin; proteinase-3; enterokinase; acrosin; cathepsin; urokinase; and tissue plasminogen activator.

[0096] Peptides of the present invention may be used to reduce the tissue damage caused by activation of the proteases of the contact pathway of the blood during surgical procedures such as cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Inhibition of contact pathway proteases reduces the “whole body inflammatory response” that can accompany contact pathway activation, and that can lead to tissue damage, and possibly death. The peptides of the present invention may also be used in conjunction with surgical procedures to reduce activated serine protease-associated perioperative and postoperative blood loss. For instance, perioperative blood loss of this type may be particularly severe during CPB surgery. Pharmaceutical compositions comprising the peptides of the present invention may be used in conjunction with surgery such as CPB; administration of such compositions may occur preoperatively, perioperatively or postoperatively. Examples of other clinical conditions associated with increased serine protease activity for which the peptides of the present invention may be used include: CPB-induced inflammatory response; post-CPB pulmonary injury; pancreatitis; allergy-induced protease release; deep vein thrombosis; thrombocytopenia; rheumatoid arthritis; adult respiratory distress syndrome; chronic inflammatory bowel disease; psoriasis; hyperfibrinolytic hemorrhage; organ preservation; wound healing; and myocardial infarction. Other examples of preferable uses of the peptides of the present invention are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,187,153.

[0097] The invention is based upon the novel substitution of amino acid residues in the peptide corresponding to the naturally occurring KPI protease inhibitor domain of human amyloid β-amyloid precursor protein (APPI). These substitutions produce peptides that can bind to serine proteases and preferably exhibit an inhibition of the activity of serine proteases. The peptides also preferably exhibit a more potent and specific serine protease inhibition than known serine protease inhibitors. In accordance with the invention, peptides are provided that may exhibit a more potent and specific inhibition of one or more serine proteases of interest, e.g., kallikrein, plasmin and factors Xa, XIa, XIIa, and XIIa.

[0098] The present invention also includes pharmaceutical compositions comprising an effective amount of at least one of the peptides of the invention, in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable sterile vehicle, as described in REMINGTON'S PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES: DRUG RECEPTORS AND RECEPTOR THEORY, (18th ed.), Mack Publishing Co., Easton, Pa. (1990).

[0099] A. Selection of Sequences of KPI Variants

[0100] The sequence of KPI is shown in Table 1. Table 2 shows a comparison of this sequence with that of aprotinin, with which it shares about 45% sequence identity. The numbering convention for KPI shown in Table 1 and used hereinafter designates the first glutamic acid residue of KPI as residue 1. This corresponds to residue number 3 using the standard numbering convention for aprotinin.

[0101] The crystal structure for KPI complexed with trypsin has been determined. See Perona et al., J. Mol. Biol. 230:919 (1993). The three-dimensional structure reveals two binding loops within KPI that contact the protease. The first loop extends from residue Thr9 to Ile16, and the second loop extends from residue Phe32 to Gly37. The two protease binding loops are joined through the disulfide bridge extending from Cys12 to Cys36. KPI contains two other disulfide bridges, between Cys3 and Cys53, and between Cys28 to Cys49.

[0102] This structure was used as a guide to inform our strategy for making the amino acid residue substitutions that will be most likely to affect the protease inhibitory properties of KPI. Our examination of the structure indicated that certain amino acid residues, including residues 9, 11, 13-18, 32, and 37-40, appear to be of particular significance in determining the protease binding properties of the KPI peptide. In a preferred embodiment of the invention two or more of those KPI peptide residues are substituted; such substitutions preferably occurring among residues 9, 11, 13-18, 32, and 37-40. In particular, we found that those substituted peptides, including peptides comprising substitutions of at least two of the four residues at positions 15-18, may exhibit more potent and specific serine protease inhibition toward selected serine proteases of interest than exhibited by the natural KPI peptide domain. Such substituted peptides may further comprise one or more additional substitutions at residues 9, 11, 13, 14, 32 and 37-40; in particular, such peptides may further comprise a substitution at positions 9 or 37. In particular, the peptides of the present invention preferably exhibit a greater potency and specificity for inhibiting one or more serine proteases of interest (e.g., kallikrein, plasmin and factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa) than the potency and specificity exhibited by native KPI or other known serine protease inhibitors. That greater potency and specificity may be manifested by the peptides of the present invention by exhibiting binding constants for serine proteases of interest that are less than the binding constants exhibited by native KPI, or other known serine protease inhibitors, for such proteases.

[0103] By way of example, and as set forth in greater detail below, the serine protease inhibitory properties of peptides of the present invention were measured for the serine proteases of interest—kallikrein, plasmin and factors Xa, XIa, and XIIa. Methodologies for measuring the inhibitory properties of the KPI variants of the present invention are known to those skilled in the art, e.g., by determining the inhibition constants of the variants toward serine proteases of interest, as described in Example 4, infra. Such studies measure the ability of the novel peptides of the present invention to bind to one or more serine proteases of interest and to preferably exhibit a greater potency and specificity for inhibiting one or more serine protease of interest than known serine protease inhibitors such as native KPI.

[0104] The ability of the peptides of the present invention to bind one or more serine proteases of interest, particularly the ability of the peptides to exhibit such greater potency and specificity toward serine proteases of interest, manifest the clinical and therapeutic applications of such peptides. The clinical and therapeutic efficacy of the peptides of the present invention can be assayed by in vitro and in vivo methodologies known to those skilled in the art, e.g., as described in Example 5, infra.

TABLE 1
SEQUENCE OF KPI:
   1                 10                  20                  30
V R E V C S E Q A E T G P C R A M I S R W Y F D V T E G K C A P
                  40                 50
F F Y G G C G G N R N N F D T E E Y C M A V C G S A I

[0105]

TABLE 2
COMPARISON OF KPI AND APROTININ SEQUENCES:
   1            10        20  30        40        50
KPI: VREVCSEQAETGPCRAMISRWYFDVTEGKCAPFFYGGCGGNRNNFDTEEYCMAVCGSAI
    | |   |||| | | |       | |  | ||||   ||||   | ||  || |
BPTI: RPDFCLEPPYTGPCKARIIRYFYNAKAGLCQTFVYGGCRAKRNNFKSAEDCMRTCGGA
1       10        20        30        40        50

[0106] B. Methods of Producing KPI Variants

[0107] The peptides of the present invention can be created by synthetic techniques or recombinant techniques which employ genomic or cDNA cloning methods.

[0108] 1. Production by chemical synthesis

[0109] Peptides of the present invention can be routinely synthesized using solid phase or solution phase peptide synthesis. Methods of preparing relatively short peptides such as KPI by chemical synthesis are well known in the art. KPI variants could, for example be produced by solid-phase peptide synthesis techniques using commercially available equipment and reagents such as those available from Milligen (Bedford, Mass.) or Applied Biosystems-Perkin Elmer (Foster City, Calif.). Alternatively, segments of KPI variants could be prepared by solid-phase synthesis and linked together using segment condensation methods such as those described by Dawson et al., Science 266:776 (1994). During chemical synthesis of the KPI variants, substitution of any amino acid is achieved simply by replacement of the residue that is to be substituted with a different amino acid monomer.

[0110] 2. Production by recombinant DNA technology

[0111] (a) Preparation of genes encoding KPI variants

[0112] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, KPI variants are produced by recombinant DNA technology. This requires the preparation of genes encoding each KPI variant that is to be made. Suitable genes can be constructed by oligonucleotide synthesis using commercially available equipment, such as that provided by Milligen and Applied Biosystems, supra. The genes can be prepared by synthesizing the entire coding and non-coding strands, followed by annealing the two strands. Alternatively, the genes can be prepared by ligation of smaller synthetic oligonucleotides by methods well known in the art. Genes encoding KPI variants are produced by varying the nucleotides introduced at any step of the synthesis to change the amino acid sequence encoded by the gene.

[0113] Preferably, however, KPI variants are made by site-directed mutagenesis of a gene encoding KPI. Methods of site-directed mutagenesis are well known in the art. See, for example, Ausubel et al., (eds.) CURRENT PROTOCOLS IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (Wiley Interscience, 1987); PROTEIN ENGINEERING (Oxender & Fox eds., A. Liss, Inc. 1987). These methods require the availability of a gene encoding KPI or a variant thereof, which can then be mutagenized by known methods to produce the desired KPI variants. In addition, linker-scanning and polymerase chain reaction (“PCR”) mediated techniques can be used for purposes of mutagenesis. See PCR TECHNOLOGY (Erlich ed., Stockton Press 1989); CURRENT PROTOCOLS IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, vols. 1 & 2, loc. cit.

[0114] A gene encoding KPI can be obtained by cloning the naturally occurring gene, as described for example in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,223,482 and 5,187,153, which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties. In particular, see columns 6-9 of U.S. Pat. No. 5,187,153. See also PCT Application No. 93/09233. In a preferred embodiment of the invention a synthetic gene encoding KPI is produced by chemical synthesis, as described above. The gene may encode the 57-amino acid KPI domain shown in Table 1, or it may also encode additional N-terminal amino acids from the APPI protein sequence, such as the four amino acid sequence (Glu—Val—Val—Arg, designated residues −4 to −1) immediately preceding the KPI domain in APPI.

[0115] Production of the gene by synthesis allows the codon usage of the KPI gene to be altered to introduce convenient restriction endonuclease recognition sites, without altering the sequence of the encoded peptide. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the synthetic KPI gene contains restriction endonuclease recognition sites that facilitate excision of DNA cassettes from the KPI gene. These cassettes can be replaced with small synthetic oligonucleotides encoding the desired changes in the KPI peptide sequence. See Ausubel, supra.

[0116] This method also allows the production of genes encoding KPI as a fusion peptide with one or more additional peptide or protein sequences. The DNA encoding these additional sequences is arranged in-frame with the sequence encoding KPI such that, upon translation of the gene, a fusion protein of KPI and the additional peptide or protein sequence is produced. Methods of making such fusion proteins are well known in the art. Examples of additional peptide sequences that can be encoded in the genes are secretory signal peptide sequences, such as bacterial leader sequences, for example ompA and phoA, that direct secretion of proteins to the bacterial periplasmic space. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the additional peptide sequence is a yeast secretory signal sequence, such as α-mating factor, that directs secretion of the peptide when produced in yeast.

[0117] Additional genetic regulatory sequences can also be introduced into the synthetic gene that are operably linked to the coding sequence of the gene, thereby allowing synthesis of the protein encoded by the gene when the gene is introduced into a host cell. Examples of regulatory genetic sequences that can be introduced are: promoter and enhancer sequences and transcriptional and translational control sequences. Other regulatory sequences are well known in the art. See Ausubel et al., supra, and Sambrook et al., supra.

[0118] Sequences encoding other fusion proteins and genetic elements are well known to those of skill in the art. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the KPI sequence is prepared by ligating together synthetic oligonucleotides to produce a gene encoding an in-frame fusion protein of yeast α-mating factor with either KPI (1→57) or KPI (−4→57).

[0119] The gene constructs prepared as described above are conveniently manipulated in host cells using methods of manipulating recombinant DNA techniques that are well known in the art. See, for example Sambrook et al., MOLECULAR CLONING: A LABORATORY MANUAL, Second Edition, (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. 1989), and Ausubel, supra. In a preferred embodiment of the invention the host cell used for manipulating the KPI constructs is E. coli. For example, the construct can be ligated into a cloning vector and propagated in E. coli by methods that are well known in the art. Suitable cloning vectors are described in Sambrook, supra, or are commercially available from suppliers such as Promega (Madison, Wis.), Stratagene (San Diego, Calif.) and Life Technologies (Gaithersburg, Md.).

[0120] Once a gene construct encoding KPI has been obtained, genes encoding KPI variants are obtained by manipulating the coding sequence of the construct by standard methods of site-directed mutagenesis, such as excision and replacement of small DNA cassettes, as described supra. See Ausubel, supra, and Sinha et al., supra. See also U.S. Pat. No. 5,373,090, which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety. See particularly, columns 4-12 of U.S. Pat. No. 5,272,090. These genes are then used to produce the KPI variant peptides as described below.

[0121] Alternatively, KPI variants can be produced using phage display methods. See, for example, Dennis et al. supra, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety. See also U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,223,409 and 5,403,484, which are hereby also incorporated by reference in their entireties. In these methods, libraries of genes encoding variants of KPI are fused in-frame to genes encoding surface proteins of filamentous phage, and the resulting peptides are expressed (displayed) on the surface of the phage. The phage are then screened for the ability to bind, under appropriate conditions, to serine proteases of interest immobilized on a solid support. Large libraries of phage can be used, allowing simultaneous screening of the binding properties of a large number of KPI variants. Phage that have desirable binding properties are isolated and the sequences of the genes encoding the corresponding KPI variants is determined. These genes are then used to produce the KPI variant peptides as described below.

[0122] (b) Expression of KPI variant peptides

[0123] Once genes encoding KPI variants have been prepared, they are inserted into an expression vector and used to produce the recombinant peptide. Suitable expression vectors and corresponding methods of expressing recombinant proteins and peptides are well known in the art. Methods of expressing KPI peptides are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,187,153, columns 9-11, U.S. Pat. No. 5,223,482, columns 9-11, and PCT application 93/09233, pp. 49-67. See also Ausubel et al., supra, and Sambrook et al., supra. The gene can be expressed in any number of different recombinant DNA expression systems to generate large amounts of the KPI variant, which can then be purified and tested for its ability to bind to and inhibit serine proteases of interest.

[0124] Examples of expression systems known to the skilled practitioner in the art include bacteria such as E. coli, yeast such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pichia pastoris, baculovirus, and mammalian expression systems such as in Cos or CHO cells. In a preferred embodiment, KPI variants are expressed in S. cerevisiae. In another preferred embodiment the KPI variants are cloned into expression vectors to produce a chimeric gene encoding a fusion protein of the KPI variant with yeast α-mating factor. The mating factor acts as a signal sequence to direct secretion of the fusion protein from the yeast cell, and is then cleaved from the fusion protein by a membrane-bound protease during the secretion process. The expression vector is transformed into S. cerevisiae, the transformed yeast cells are cultured by standard methods, and the KPI variant is purified from the yeast growth medium.

[0125] Recombinant bacterial cells expressing the peptides of the present invention, for example, E. coli, are grown in any of a number of suitable media, for example LB, and the expression of the recombinant antigen induced by adding IPTG to the media or switching incubation to a higher temperature. After culturing the bacteria for a further period of between 2 and 24 hours, the cells are collected by centrifugation and washed to remove residual media. The bacterial cells are then lysed, for example, by disruption in a cell homogenizer and centrifuged to separate dense inclusion bodies and cell membranes from the soluble cell components. This centrifugation can be performed under conditions whereby dense inclusion bodies are selectively enriched by incorporation of sugars such as sucrose into the buffer and centrifugation at a selective speed. If the recombinant peptide is expressed in inclusion bodies, as is the case in many instances, these can be washed in any of several solutions to assist in the removal of any contaminating host proteins, then solubilized in solutions containing high concentrations of urea (e.g., 8M) or chaotropic agents such as guanidine hydrochloride in the presence of reducing agents such as β-mercaptoethanol or DTT (dithiothreitol).

[0126] At this stage it may be advantageous to incubate the peptides of the present invention for several hours under conditions suitable for the peptides to undergo a refolding process into a conformation which more closely resembles that of native KPI. Such conditions generally include low protein concentrations less than 500 μg/ml, low levels of reducing agent, concentrations of urea less than 2M and often the presence of reagents such as a mixture of reduced and oxidized glutathione which facilitate the interchange of disulphide bonds within the protein molecule. The refolding process can be monitored, for example, by SDS-PAGE or with antibodies which are specific for the native molecule (which can be obtained from animals vaccinated with the native molecule isolated from parasites). Following refolding, the peptide can then be purified further and separated from the refolding mixture by chromatography on any of several supports including ion exchange resins, gel permeation resins or on a variety of affinity columns.

[0127] Purification of KPI variants can be achieved by standard methods of protein purification, e.g., using various chromatographic methods including high performance liquid chromatography and adsorption chromatography. The purity and the quality of the peptides can be confirmed by amino acid analyses, molecular weight determination, sequence determination and mass spectrometry. See, for example, PROTEIN PURIFICATION METHODS—A PRACTICAL APPROACH, Harris et al., eds. (IRL Press, Oxford, 1989). In a preferred embodiment, the yeast cells are removed from the growth medium by filtration or centrifugation, and the KPI variant is purified by affinity chromatography on a column of trypsin-agarose, followed by reversed-phase HPLC.

[0128] C. Measurement of Protease Inhibitory Properties of KPI Variants

[0129] Once KPI variants have been purified, they are tested for their ability to bind to and inhibit serine proteases of interest in vitro. The peptides of the present invention preferably exhibit a more potent and specific inhibition of serine proteases of interest than known serine protease inhibitors, such as the natural KPI peptide domain. Such binding and inhibition can be assayed for by determining the inhibition constants for the peptides of the present invention toward serine proteases of interest and comparing those constants with constants determined for known serine protease inhibitors, e.g., the native KPI domain, toward those proteases. Methods for determining inhibition constants of protease inhibitors are well known in the art. See Fersht, ENZYME STRUCTURE AND MECHANISM, 2nd ed., W. H. Freeman and Co., New York, (1985).

[0130] In a preferred embodiment the inhibition experiments are carried out using a chromogenic synthetic protease substrate, as described, for example, in Bender et al., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 88:5890 (1966). Measurements taken by this method can be used to calculate inhibition constants (Ki values) of the peptides of the present invention toward serine proteases of interest. See Bieth in BAYER-SYMPOSIUM V “PROTEINASE INHIBITORS”, Fritz et al., eds., pp. 463-69, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, (1974). KPI variants that exhibit potent and specific inhibition of one or more serine proteases of interest may subsequently be tested in vivo. In vitro testing, however, is not a prerequisite for in vivo studies of the peptides of the present invention.

[0131] D. Testing of KPI Variants in vivo

[0132] The peptides of the present invention may be tested, alone or in combination, for their therapeutic efficacy by various in vivo methodologies known to those skilled in the art, e.g., the ability of KPI variants to reduce postoperative bleeding can be tested in standard animal models. For example, cardiopulmonary bypass surgery can be carried out on animals such as pigs in the presence of KPI variants, or in control animals where the KPI variant is not used. The use of pigs as a model for studying the clinical effects associated with CPB has previously been described. See Redmond et al., Ann. Thorac. Surg. 56:474 (1993).

[0133] The KPI variant is supplied to the animals in a pharmaceutical sterile vehicle by methods known in the art, for example by continuous intravenous infusion. Chest tubes can be used to collect shed blood for a defined period of time. The shed blood, together with the residual intrathoracic blood found after sacrifice of the animal can be used to calculate hemoglobin (Hgb) loss. The postoperative blood and Hgb loss is then compared between the test and control animals to determine the effect of the KPI variants.

[0134] E. Therapeutic Use of KPI Variants

[0135] KPI variants of the present invention found to exhibit therapeutic efficacy (e.g., reduction of blood loss following surgery in animal models) may preferably be used and administered, alone or in combination or as a fusion protein, in a manner analogous to that currently used for aprotinin or other known serine protease inhibitors. See Butler et al., supra. Peptides of the present invention generally may be administered in the manner that natural peptides are administered. A therapeutically effective dose of the peptides of the present invention preferably affects the activity of the serine proteases of interest such that the clinical condition may be treated, ameliorated or prevented. Therapeutically effective dosages of the peptides of the present invention can be determined by those skilled in the art, e.g., through in vivo or in vitro models. Generally, the peptides of the present invention may be administered in total amounts of approximately 0.01 to approximately 500, specifically 0.1 to 100 mg/kg body weight, if desired in the form of one or more administrations, to achieve therapeutic effect. It may, however, be necessary to deviate from such administration amounts, in particular depending on the nature and body weight of the individual to be treated, the nature of the medical condition to be treated, the type of preparation and the administration of the peptide, and the time interval over which such administration occurs. Thus, it may in some cases be sufficient to use less than the above amount of the peptides of the present invention, while in other cases the above amount is preferably exceeded. The optimal dose required in each case and the type of administration of the peptides of the present invention can be determined by one skilled in the art in view of the circumstances surrounding such administration. Such peptides can be administered by intravenous injections, in situ injections, local applications, inhalation, oral administration using coated polymers, dermal patches or other appropriate means. Compositions comprising peptides of the present invention are advantageously administered in the form of injectable compositions. Such peptides may be preferably administered to patients via continuous intravenous infusion, but can also be administered by single or multiple injections. A typical composition for such purpose comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. Pharmaceutically acceptable carriers include aqueous solutions, non-toxic excipients, including salts, preservatives, buffers and the like, as described in REMINGTON'S PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, pp. 1405-12 and 1461-87 (1975) and THE NATIONAL FORMULARY XIV., 14th Ed. Washington: American Pharmaceutical Association (1975). Aqueous carriers include water, alcoholic/aqueous solutions, saline solutions, parenteral vehicles such as sodium chloride, Ringer's dextrose, etc. Intravenous vehicles include fluid and nutrient replenishers. Preservatives include antimicrobials, anti-oxidants, chelating agents and inert gases. The pH and exact concentration of the various components of the composition are adjusted according to routine skills in the art. See GOODMAN AND GILMAN'S THE PHARMACOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS (7th ed.). The peptides of the present invention may be present in such pharmaceutical preparations in a concentration of approximately 0.1 to 99.5% by weight, specifically 0.5 to 95% by weight, relative to the total mixture. Such pharmaceutical preparations may also comprise other pharmaceutically active substances in addition to the peptides of the present invention. Other methods of delivering the peptides to patients will be readily apparent to the skilled artisan.

[0136] Examples of mammalian serine proteases that may exhibit inhibition by the peptides of the present invention include: kallikrein; chymotrypsins A and B; trypsin; elastase; subtilisin; coagulants and procoagulants, particularly those in active form, including coagulation factors such as thrombin and factors VIIa, IXa, Xa, XIa, and XIIa; plasmin; proteinase-3; enterokinase; acrosin; cathepsin; urokinase; and tissue plasminogen activator. Examples of conditions associated with increased serine protease activity include: CPB-induced inflammatory response; post-CPB pulmonary injury; pancreatitis; allergy-induced protease release; deep vein thrombosis; thrombocytopenia; rheumatoid arthritis; adult respiratory distress syndrome; chronic inflammatory bowel disease; psoriasis; hyperfibrinolytic hemorrhage; organ preservation; wound healing; and myocardial infarction. Other examples of the use of the peptides of the present invention are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,187,153.

[0137] The inhibitors of the present invention may also be used for inhibition of serine protease activity in vitro, for example during the preparation of cellular extracts to prevent degradation of cellular proteins. For this purpose the inhibitors of the present invention may preferably be used in a manner analogous to the way that aprotinin, or other known serine protease inhibitors, are used. The use of aprotinin as a protease inhibitor for preparation of cellular extracts is well known in the art, and aprotinin is sold commercially for this purpose.

[0138] The present invention, thus generally described, will be understood more readily by reference to the following examples, which are provided by way of illustration and are not intended to be limiting of the present invention.

EXAMPLES Example 1

[0139] Expression of Wild-type KPI (−4→57)

[0140] A. Construction of PTW10:KPI

[0141] Plasmid PTW10:KPI is a bacterial expression vector encoding the 57 amino acid form of KPI fused to the bacterial phoA signal sequence. The strategy for the construction of PTW10:KPI is shown in FIG. 1.

[0142] Plasmid pcDNAII (Invitrogen, San Diego, Calif.) was digested with PvuII and the larger of the two resulting PvuII fragments (3013 bp) was isolated. Bacterial expression plasmid pSP26 was digested with MluI and RsrII, and the 409 bp MluI-RsrII fragment containing the pTrp promoter element and transcription termination signals was isolated by electrophoresis in a 3% NuSieve Agarose gel (FMC Corp., Rockland, Me.). Plasmid pSP26, containing a heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) insert between the NdeI and HindIII sites, is described as pNA28 in Thompson et al., J. Biol. Chem. 269:2541 (1994). Plasmid pSP26 was deposited in host E. coli W3110, pSP26 with the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC), 12301 Parklawn Drive, Rockville, Md., 20852, USA under the conditions specified by the Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms (Budapest Treaty). Host E. coli W3110, pSP26 was deposited on May 3, 1995 and given Accession No. 69800. Availability of the deposited plasmid is not to be construed as a license to practice the invention in contravention of the rights granted under the authority of any government in accordance with its patent laws.

[0143] The ends of the MluI-RsrII fragment were blunted using DNA polymerase Klenow fragment by standard techniques. The blunted fragment of pSP26 was then ligated into the large PvuII fragment of plasmid pCDNAII, and the ligation mixture was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061. Ampicillin-resistant colonies were selected and used to isolate plasmid pTW10 by standard techniques.

[0144] A synthetic gene was constructed encoding the bacterial phoA secretory signal sequence fused to the amino terminus of KPI(1→57). The synthetic gene contains cohesive ends for NdeI and HindIII, and also incorporates restriction endonuclease recognition sites for AgeI, RsrII, AatII and BamHI, as shown in FIG. 2. The synthetic phoA-KPI gene was constructed from 6 oligonucleotides of the following sequences (shown 5′→3′):

6167: TATGAAACAAAGCACTATTGCACTGGCACTCTTACCGTTACTGTTTACCC
CTGTGACAAAAGCCGAGGTGTGCTCTGAA
6169: CTCGGCTTTTGTCACAGGGGTAAACAGTAACGGTAAGAGTGCCAGTGCAA
TAGTGCTTTGTTTCATA
6165: CAAGCTGAGACCGGTCCGTGCCGTGCAATGATCTCCCGCTGGTACTTTGA
CGTCACTGAAGGTAAGTGCGCTCCATTCTTT
6166: GCACTTACCTTCAGTGACGTCAAAGTACCAGCGGGAGATCATTGCACGGC
ACGGACCGGTCTCAGCTTGTTCAGAGCACAC
6168: TACGGCGGTTGCGGCGGCAACCGTAACAACTTTGACACTGAAGAGTACTG
CATGGCAGTGTGCGGATCCGCTATTTAAGCT
6164: AGCTTAAATAGCGGATCCGCACACTGCCATGCAGTACTCTTCAGTGTCAA
AGTTGTTACGGTTGCCGCCGCAACCGCCGTAAAAGAATGGAGC

[0145] The oligonucleotides were phosphorylated and annealed in pairs: 6167+6169, 6165+6166, 6168+6164. In 20 μl T4 DNA Ligase Buffer (New England Biolabs, Beverley, Mass.), 1 μg of each oligonucleotide pair was incubated with 10 U T4 Polynucleotide Kinase (New England Biolabs) for 1 h at 37° C., then heated to 95° C. for 1 minute, and slow-cooled to room temperature to allow annealing. All three annealed oligo pairs were then mixed for ligation to one another in a total volume of 100 μl T4 DNA Ligase Buffer, and incubated with 400 U T4 DNA Ligase (New England Biolabs) overnight at 15° C. The ligation mixture was extracted with an equal volume of phenol:CHCl3 (1:1), ethanol-precipitated, resuspended in 50 μl Restriction Endonuclease Buffer #4 (New England Biolabs) and digested with NdeI and HindIII. The annealed, ligated and digested oligos were then subjected to electrophoresis in a 3% NuSieve Agarose gel, and the 240 bp NdeI-HindIII fragment was excised. This gel-purified synthetic gene was ligated into plasmid pTW10 which had previously been digested with NdeI and HindIII, and the ligation mixture was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061. Ampicillin-resistant colonies were selected and used to prepare plasmid pTW10:KPI. This plasmid contains the phoA-KPI(1→57) fusion protein inserted between the pTrp promoter element and the transcription termination signals.

[0146] B. Construction of pKPI-61

[0147] The strategy for constructing pKPI-61 is shown in FIG. 3. Plasmid pTW10:KPI was digested with AgeI and HindIII; the resulting 152 bp AgeI-HindIII fragment containing a portion of the KPI synthetic gene was isolated by preparative gel electrophoresis. An oligonucleotide pair (129+130) encoding the 9 amino-terminal residues of KPI(1→57) and 4 amino acids of yeast α-mating factor was phosphorylated and annealed as described above.

129: CTAGATAAAAGAGAGGTGTGCTCTGAACAAGCTGAGA
130: CCGGTCTCAGCTTGTTCAGAGCACACCTCTCTTTTAT

[0148] The annealed oligonucleotides were then ligated to the AgeI-HindIII fragment of the KPI (1→57) synthetic gene. The resulting 192 bp XbaI-HindIII synthetic gene (shown in FIG. 4) was purified by preparative gel electrophoresis, and ligated into plasmid pUC19 which had previously been digested with XbaI and HindIII. The ligation products were used to transform E. coli strain MC1061. Ampicillin-resistant colonies were picked and used to prepare plasmid PKPI-57 by standard methods. To create a synthetic gene encoding KPI(−4→57), PKPI-57 was digested with XbaI and AgeI and the smaller fragment replaced with annealed oligos 234+235, which encode 4 amino acid residues of yeast α-mating factor fused a 4 amino acid residue amino-terminal extension of KPI(1→57).

234: CTAGATAAAAGAGAGGTTGTTAGAG
AGGTGTGCTCTGAACAAGCTGAGA
235: CCGGTCTCAGCTTGTTCAGAGCACA
CCTCTCTAACAACCTCTCTTTTAT

[0149] The 4 extra amino acids are encoded in the amyloid β-protein precursor/protease nexin-2 (APPI) which contains the KPI domain. The synthetic 201 bp XbaI-HindIII fragment encoding KPI(−4→57) in pKPI-61 is shown in FIG. 5.

[0150] C. Assembly of pTW113

[0151] The strategy for the construction of PTW113 is shown in FIG. 6. Plasmid pSP35 was constructed from yeast expression plasmid pYES2 (Invitrogen, San Diego, Calif.) as follows. A 267 bp PvuII-XbaI fragment was generated by PCR from yeast α-mating factor DNA using oligos 6274 and 6273:

6274: GGGGGCAGCTGTATAAACGATTAAAA
6273: GGGGGTCTAGAGATACCCCTTCTTCTTTAG

[0152] This PCR fragment, encoding an 82 amino acid portion of yeast α-mating factor, including the secretory signal peptide and pro-region, was inserted into pYES2 that had been previously digested with PvuII and XbaI. The resulting plasmid is denoted pSP34.

[0153] Two oligonucleotide pairs, 6294+6292 were then ligated to 6290+6291, and the resulting 135 bp fragment was purified by gel electrophoresis.

6294: CTAGATAAAAGAGAGGCTGAGGCTCACGCTGAAGGTACTTTCA
CTTC
6290: TGACGTCTCTTCTTACTTGGAAGGTCAAGCTGCTAAGGAATTC
ATCGCTTGGTTGGTCAAAGGTAGAGGTTAAGCTTA
6291: CTAGTAAGCTTAACCTCTACCTTTGACCAACCAAGCGATGAAT
TCCTTAGCA
6292: GCTTGACCTTCCAAGTAAGAAGAGACGTCAGAAGTGAAAGTAC
CTTCAGCGTGAGCCTCAGCCTCTCTTTTAT

[0154] The resulting synthetic fragment was ligated into the XbaI site of pSP34, resulting in plasmid pSP35. pSP35 was digested with XbaI and HindIII to remove the insert, and ligated with the 201 bp XbaI-HindIII fragment of pKPI-61, encoding KPI(−4→57). The resulting plasmid pTW113, encodes the 445 bp synthetic gene for the α-factor-KPI(−4→57) fusion. See FIG. 7.

[0155] D. Transformation of yeast with pTW113

[0156]Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain ABL115 was transformed with plasmid pTW113 by electroporation by the method of Becker et al., Methods Enzymol. 194:182 (1991). An overnight culture of yeast strain ABL115 was used to inoculate 200 ml YPD medium. The inoculated culture was grown with vigorous shaking at 30° C. to an OD600 of 1.3-1.5, at which time the cells were harvested by centrifugation at 5000 rpm for 5 minutes. The cell pellet was resuspended in 200 ml ice-cold water, respun, resuspended in 100 ml ice-cold water, then pelleted again. The washed cell pellet was resuspended in 10 ml ice-cold 1M sorbitol, recentrifuged, then resuspended in a final volume of 0.2 ml ice-cold 1M sorbitol. A 40 μl aliquot of cells was placed into the chamber of a cold 0.2 cm electroporation cuvette (Invitrogen), along with 100 ng plasmid DNA for pTW113. The cuvette was placed into an Invitrogen Electroporator II and pulsed at 1500 V, 25 μF, 100 Ω. Electroporated cells were diluted with 0.5 ml 1M sorbitol, and 0.25 ml was spread on an SD agar plate containing 1M sorbitol. After 3 days' growth at 30° C., individual colonies were streaked on SD+CAA agar plates.

[0157] E. Induction of pTW113/ABL115, purification of KPI(−4→57)

[0158] Yeast cultures were grown in a rich broth and the galactose promoter of the KPI expression vector induced with the addition of galactose as described by Sherman, Methods Enzymol. 194:3 (1991). A single well-isolated colony of pTW113/ABL115 was used to inoculate a 10 ml overnight culture in Yeast Batch Medium. The next day, 1 L Yeast Batch Medium which had been made 0.2% glucose was inoculated to an OD600 of 0.1 with the overnight culture. Following 24 hours at 30° C. with vigorous shaking, the 1 L culture was induced by the addition of 20 ml Yeast Galactose Feed Medium. Following induction, the culture was fed every 12 hours with the addition of 20 ml Yeast Galactose Feed Medium. At 48 hours after induction, the yeast broth was harvested by centrifugation, then adjusted to pH 7.0 with 2M Tris, pH 10. The broth was subjected to trypsin-Sepharose affinity chromatography, and bound KPI(−4→57) was eluted with 20 mM Tris pH 2.5. See Schilling et al., Gene 98:225 (1991). Final purification of KPI(−4→57) was accomplished by HPLC chromatography on a semi-prep Vydac C4 column in a gradient of 20% to 35% acetonitrile. The sample was dried and resuspended in PBS at 1-2 mg/ml. The amino acid sequence of KPI(−4→57) is shown in FIG. 8.

Example 2

[0159] Recombinant Expression of Site-directed KPI(−4→57) Variants

[0160] Expression vectors for the production of specific variants of KPI(−4→57) were all constructed using the pTW113 backbone as a starting point. For each KPI variant, an expression construct was created by replacing the 40 bp RsrII-AatII fragment of the synthetic KPI gene contained in pTW113 with a pair of annealed oligonucleotides which encode specific codons mutated from the wild-type KPI(−4→57) sequence. In the following Examples the convention used for designating the amino substituents in the KPI variants indicates first the single letter code for the amino acid found in wild-type KPI, followed by the position of the residue using the numbering convention described supra, followed by the code for the replacement amino acid. Thus, for example, M15R indicates that the methionine residue at position 15 is replaced by an arginine.

[0161] A. Construction of pTW6165

[0162] The strategy for constructing pTW6165 is shown in FIG. 9. Plasmid pTW113 was digested with RsrII and AatII, and the larger of the two resulting fragments was isolated. An oligonucleotide pair (812+813) was phosphorylated, annealed and gel-purified as described above.

812: GTCCGTGCCGTGCAGCTATCTGGCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
813: CAAAGTACCAGCGCCAGATAGCTGCACGGCACG

[0163] The annealed oligonucleotides were ligated into the RsrII and AatII-digested pTW113, and the ligation product was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061. Transformed colonies were selected by ampicillin resistance. The resulting plasmid, pTW6165, encodes the 445 bp synthetic gene for the α-factor-KPI(−4→57; M15A, S17W) fusion. See FIG. 10.

[0164] B. Construction of pTW6166, pTW6175, pBG028, pTw6183, pTW6184, pTW6185, pTW6173, pTW6174.

[0165] Construction of the following KPI (−4→57) variants was accomplished exactly as outlined for pTW6165. The oligonucleotides utilized for each construct are denoted below, and the sequences of annealed oligonucleotide pairs are shown in FIG. 11. FIGS. 12-19 show the synthetic genes for the α-factor fusions with each KPI(−4→57) variant.

pTW6166: KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17Y) - See Figure 12
814: GTCCGTGCCGTGCAGCTATCTACCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
815: CAAAGTACCAGCGGTAGATAGCTGCACGGCACG
pTW6175: KPI (−4→57; M15L, S17F) - See Figure 13
867: GTCCGTGCCGTGCATTGATCTTCCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
868: CAAAGTACCAGCGGAAGATCAATGCACGGCACG
pBG028: KPI (−4→57; M15L, S17Y) - See Figure 14
1493: GTCCGTGCCGTGCTTTGATCTACCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
1494: CAAAGTACCAGCGGTAGATCAAAGCACGGCACG
pTW6183: KPI (−4→57; I16H, S17F) - See Figure 15
925: GTCCGTGCCGTGCAATGCACTTCCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
926: CAAAGTACCAGCGGAAGTGCATTGCACGGCACG
pTW6184: KPI (−4→57; I16H, S17Y) - See Figure 16
927: GTCCGTGCCGTGCAATGCACTACCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
928: CAAAGTACCAGCGGTAGTGCATTGCACGGCACG
pTW6185: KPI (−4→57; I16H, S17W) - See Figure 17
929: GTCCGTGCCGTGCAATGCACTGGCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
930: CAAAGTACCAGCGCCAGTGCATTGCACGGCACG
pTW6173: KPI (−4→57; M15A, I16H) - See Figure 18
863: GTCCGTGCCGTGCAGCTCACTCCCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
864: CAAAGTACCAGCGGGAGTGAGCTGCACGGCACG
pTW6174: KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16H) - See Figure 19
865: GTCCGTGCCGTGCATTGCACTCCCGCTGGTACTTTGACGT
866: CAAAGTACCAGCGGGAGTGCAATGCACGGCACG

[0166] C. Transformation of yeast with expression vectors

[0167] Yeast strain ABL115 was transformed by electroporation exactly according to the protocol described for transformation by pTW113.

[0168] D. Induction of transformed yeast strains, purification of KPI(−4→57) variants.

[0169] Cultures of yeast strains were grown and induced, and recombinant secreted KPI(−4→57) variants were purified according to the procedure described for KPI(−4→57). The amino acid sequences of KPI(−4→57) variants are shown in FIGS. 20-29.

Example 3

[0170] Identification of KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F) DD185 by Phage Display

[0171] A. Construction of vector pSP26:Amp:F1

[0172] The construction of pSP26:Amp:F1 is outlined in FIG. 30. Vector pSP26:Amp:F1 contributes the basic plasmid backbone for the construction of the phage display vector for the phoA:KPI fusion, PDW1 #14. pSP26:Amp:F1 contains a low-copy number origin of replication, the ampicillin-resistance gene (Amp) and the F1 origin for production of single-stranded phagemid DNA.

[0173] The ampicillin-resistance gene (Amp) was generated through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification from the plasmid genome of PUC19 using oligonucleotides 176 and 177.

176: GCCATCGATGGTTTCTTAAGCGTCAGGTGGCACTTTTC
177: GCGCCAATTCTTGGTCTACGGGGTCTGACGCTCAGTGGAACGAA

[0174] The PCR amplification of Amp was done according to standard techniques, using Taq polymerase (Perkin-Elmer Cetus, Norwalk, Conn.). Amplification from plasmid pUC19 with these oligonucleotides yielded a fragment of 1159 bp, containing PflMI and ClaI restriction sites. The PCR product was digested with PflMI and ClaI and purified by agarose gel electrophoresis in 3% NuSieve Agarose (FMC Corp.). Bacterial expression vector pSP26 (supra) was digested with PflMI and ClaI and the larger vector fragment was purified. The PflMI-ClaI PCR fragment was ligated into the previously digested pSP26 containing the Amp gene. The ligation product was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061 and colonies were selected by ampicillin resistance. The resulting plasmid is denoted pSP26:Amp.

[0175] The F1 origin of replication from the mammalian expression vector pcDNAII (Invitrogen) was isolated in a 692 bp EarI fragment. Plasmid pcDNAII was digested with EarI and the resulting 692 bp fragment purified by agarose gel electrophoresis. EarI-NotI adapters were added to the 692 bp EarI fragment by ligation of two annealed oligonucleotide pairs, 179+180 and 181+182. The oligo pairs were annealed as described above.

179: +TL,17GGCCGCTCTTCC
180: AAAGGAAGAGC
181: CTAGAATTGC
182: GGCCGCAATTC

[0176] The oligonucleotide-ligated fragment was then ligated into the single NotI site of PSP26:Amp to yield the vector pSP26:Amp:F1.

[0177] B. Construction of vector pgIII

[0178] The construction of pgIII is outlined in FIG. 31. The portion of the phage geneIII protein gene contained by the PDW1 #14 phagemid vector was originally obtained as a PCR amplification product from vector m13mp8. A portion of m13mp8 geneIII encoding the carboxyl-terminal 158 amino acid residues of the geneIII product was isolated by PCR amplification of m13mp8 nucleotide residues 2307-2781 using PCR oligos 6162 and 6160.

6162: GCCGGATCCGCTATTTCCGGTGGTGGCTCTGGTTCC
6160: GCCAAGCTTATTAAGACTCCTTATTACGCAG

[0179] The PCR oligos contain BamHI and HindIII restriction recognition sites such that PCR from m13mp8 plasmid DNA with the oligo pair yielded a 490 bp BamHI-HindIII fragment encoding the appropriate portion of geneIII. The PCR product was ligated between the BamHI and HindIII sites within the polylinker of PUC19 to yield plasmid pgIII.

[0180] C. Construction of pPhoA:KPI:gIII

[0181] Construction of pPhoA:KPI:gIII is outlined in FIG. 32. A portion of the phoA signal sequence and KPI fusion encoded by the phage display vector PDW1 #14 originates with pPhoA:KPI:gIII. The 237 bp NdeI-HindIII fragment of pTW10:KPI encoding the entire phoA:KPI (1→57) fusion was isolated by preparative agarose gel electrophoresis, and inserted between the NdeI and HindIII sites of pUC19 to yield plasmid pPhoA:KPI. The 490 bp BamHI-HindIII fragment of pgIII encoding the C-terminal portion of the geneIII product was then isolated and ligated between the BamHI and HindIII sites of pPhoA:KPI to yield vector pPhoa:KPI:gIII. The pPhoA:KPI:gIII vector encodes a 236 amino acid residue fusion of the phoA signal peptide, KPI (1→57) and the carboxyl-terminal portion of the geneIII product.

[0182] D. Construction of pLG1

[0183] Construction of pLG1 is illustrated in FIG. 33. The exact geneIII sequences contained in vector PDW1 #14 originate with phage display vector pLG1. A modified geneIII segment was generated by PCR amplification of the geneIII region from pgIII using PCR oligonucleotides 6308 and 6305.

6308: AGCTCCGATCTAGGATCCGGTGGTGGCTCTGGTTCCGGT
6305: GCAGCGGCCGTTAAGCTTATTAAGACTCCT

[0184] PCR amplification from pgIII with these oligonucleotides yielded a 481 bp BamHI-HindIII fragment encoding a geneIII product shortened by 3 amino acid residues at the amino-terminal portion of the segment of the geneIII fragment encoded by pgIII. A 161 bp NdeI-BamHI fragment was generated by PCR amplification from bacterial expression plasmid pTHW05 using oligonucleotides 6306 and 6307.

6306: GATCCTTGTGTCCATATGAAACAAAGC
6307: CACGTCGGTCGAGGATCCCTAACCACGGCCTTTAACCAG

[0185] The 161 bp NdeI-BamHI fragment and the 481 bp BamHI-HindIII fragment were gel-purified, and then ligated in a three-way ligation into PTW10 which had previously been digested with NdeI and HindIII. The resulting plasmid pLG1 encodes a phoA signal peptide-insert-geneIII fusion for phage display purposes.

[0186] E. Construction of pAL51

[0187] Construction of pAL51 is illustrated in FIG. 34. Vector pAL51 contains the geneIII sequences of pLG1 which are to be incorporated in vector pDW1 #14.

[0188] A 1693 bp fragment of plasmid pBR322 was isolated, extending from the BamHI site at nucleotide 375 to the PvuII site at position 2064. Plasmid pLG1 was digested with Asp718I and BamHI, removing an 87 bp fragment. The overhanging Asp718I end was blunted by treatment with Klenow fragment, and the PvuII-BamHI fragment isolated from pBR322 was ligated into this vector, resulting in the insertion of a 1693 bp “stuffer” region between the Asp718I and BamHI sites. The 78 bp NdeI-Asp718I region of the resulting plasmid was removed and replaced with the annealed oligo pair 6512+6513.

6512: TATGAAACAAAGCACTATTGCACTGGCACTCTTACCGTTACTGTT
TACCCCGGTGACCAAAGCCCACGCTGAAG
6513: GTACCTTCAGCGTGGGCTTTGGTCACCGGGGTAAACAGTAACGGT
AAGAGTGCCAGTGCAATAGTGCTTTGTTTCA

[0189] The newly created 74 bp NdeI-Asp718I fragment encodes the phoA signal peptide, and contains a BstEII cloning site. The resulting plasmid is denoted pAL51.

[0190] F. Construction of pAL53

[0191] Construction of pAL53 is outlined in FIG. 35. Plasmid pAL53 contributes most of the vector sequence of pDW1 #14, including the basic vector backbone with Amp gene, F1 origin, low copy number origin of replication, geneIII segment, phoA promotor and phoA signal sequence.

[0192] Plasmid pAL51 was digested with NdeI and HindIII and the resulting 2248 bp NdeI-HindIII fragment encoding the phoA signal peptide, stuffer region and geneIII region was isolated by preparative agarose gel electrophoresis. The NdeI-HindIII fragment was ligated into plasmid pSP26:Amp:F1 between the NdeI and HindIII sites, resulting in plasmid pAL52.

[0193] The phoA promoter region and signal peptide was generated by amplification of a portion of the E. coli genome by PCR, using oligonucleotide primers 405 and 406.

405: CCGGACGCGTGGAGATTATCGTCACTG
406: GCTTTGGTCACCGGGGTAAACAGTAACGG

[0194] The resulting PCR product is a 332 bp MluI-BstEII fragment which contains the phoA promoter region and signal peptide sequence. This fragment was used to replace the 148 bp MluI-BstEII segment of PAL52, resulting in vector pAL53.

[0195] G. Construction of pSP26:Amp:F1:PhoA:KPI:gIII

[0196] Construction of pSP26:Amp:F1:PhoA:KPI:gIII is illustrated in FIG. 36. This particular vector is the source of the KPI coding sequence found in vector pDW1 #14. Plasmid pPhoa:KPI:gIII was digested with NdeI and HindIII, and the resulting 714 bp NdeI-HindIII fragment was purified, and then inserted into vector pSP26:Amp:F1 between the NdeI and HindIII sites. The resulting plasmid is denoted pSP26:Amp:F1:PhoA:KPI:gIII.

[0197] H. Construction of pDW1 #14

[0198] Construction of pDW1 #14 is illustrated in FIG. 37. The sequences encoding KPI were amplified from plasmid pSP26:Amp:F1:PhoA:KPI:gIII by PCR, using oligonucleotide primers 424 and 425.

424: CTGTTTACCCCGGTGACCAAAGCCGAGGTGTGCTCTGAACAA
425: AATAGCGGATCCGCACACTGCCATGCAGTACTCTTC

[0199] The resulting 172 bp BstEII-BamHI fragment encodes most of KPI (1→55). This fragment was used to replace the stuffer region in pAL53 between the BstEII and BamHI sites. The resulting plasmid, PDW1 #14, is the parent KPI phage display vector for preparation of randomized KPI phage libraries. The coding region for the phoA-KPI (1→55)-geneIII fusion is shown in FIG. 38.

[0200] I. Construction of pDW1 14-2

[0201] Construction of pDW1 14-2 is illustrated in FIG. 39. The first step in the construction of the KPI phage libraries in pDW1 #14 was the replacement of the AgeI-BamHI fragment within the KPI coding sequence with a stuffer fragment. This greatly aids in preparation of randomized KPI libraries which are substantially free of contamination of phagemid genomes encoding wild-type KPI sequence.

[0202] Plasmid pDW1 #14 was digested with AgeI and BamHI, and the 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragment encoding KPI was discarded. A stuffer fragment was created by PCR amplification of a portion of the PBR322 Tet gene, extending from the BamHI site at nucleotide 375 to nucleotide 1284, using oligo primers 266 and 252.

266: GCTTTAAACCGGTAGGTGGCCCGGCTCCATGCACC
252: CGAATTCACCGGTGTCATCCTCGGCACCGTCACCCT

[0203] The resulting 894 bp AgeI-BamHI stuffer fragment was then inserted into the AgeI/BamHI-digested pDW1 #14 to yield the phagemid vector pDW1 14-2. This vector was the starting point for construction of the randomized KPI libraries.

[0204] J. Construction of KPI Library 16-19

[0205] Construction of KPI Library 16-19 is outlined in FIG. 40. Library 16-19 was constructed to display KPI-geneIII fusions in which amino acid positions Ala14, Met15, Ile16 and Ser17 are randomized. For preparation of the library, plasmid pDW1 14-2 was digested with AgeI and BamHI to remove the stuffer region, and the resulting vector was purified by preparative agarose gel electrophoresis. Plasmid PDW1 #14 was used as template in a PCR amplification of the KPI region extending from the AgeI site to the BamHI site. The oligonucleotide primers used were 544 and 551.

544: GGGCTGAGACCGGTCCGTGCCGT(NNS)4CGCTGGTACTTTGACGTC
551: GGAATAGCGGATCCGCACACTGCCATGCAG

[0206] Oligonucleotide primer 544 contains four randomized codons of the sequence NNS, where N represents equal mixtures of A/G/C/T and S an equal mixture of G or C. Each NNS codon thus encodes all 20 amino acids plus a single possible stop codon, in 32 different DNA sequences. PCR amplification from the wild-type KPI gene resulted in the production of a mixture of 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragments all containing different sequences in the randomized region. The PCR product was purified by preparative agarose gel electrophoresis and ligated into the AgeI/BamHI digested PDW1 14-2 vector. The ligation mixture was used to transform E. coli Top10F1 cells (Invitrogen) by electroporation according to the manufacturer's directions. The resulting Library 16-19 contained approximately 400,000 independent clones. The potential size of the library, based upon the degeneracy of the priming PCR oligo #544 was 1,048,576 members. The expression unit encoded by the members of Library 16-19 is shown in FIG. 41.

[0207] K. Selection of Library 16-19 with human plasma kallikrein

[0208] KPI phage were prepared and amplified by infecting transformed cells with M13K07 helper phage as described by Matthews et al., Science 260:1113 (1993). Human plasma kallikrein (Enzyme Research Laboratories, South Bend, Ind.), was coupled to Sepharose 6B resin. Prior to phage binding, the immobilized kallikrein resin was washed three times with 0.5 ml assay buffer (AB=100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 0.5M NaCl, 5 mM each of KC1, CaCl2, MgCl2, 0.1% gelatin, and 0.05% Triton X-100). Approximately 5×109 phage particles of the amplified Library 16-19 in PBS, pH 7.5, containing 300 mM NaCl and 0.1% gelatin, were bound to 50 μl kallikrein resin containing 15 pmoles of active human plasma kallikrein in a total volume of 250 μl. Phage were allowed to bind for 4 h at room temperature, with rocking. Unbound phage were removed by washing the kallikrein resin three times in 0.5 ml AB. Bound phage were eluted sequentially by successive 5 minute washes: 0.5 ml 50 mM sodium citrate, pH 6.0, 150 mM NaCl; 0.5 ml 50 mM sodium citrate, pH 4.0, 150 mM NaCl; and 0.5 ml 50 mM glycine, pH 2.0, 150 mM NaCl. Eluted phage were neutralized immediately and phagemids from the pH 2.0 elution were titered and amplified for reselection. After three rounds of selection on kallikrein-Sepharose, phagemid DNA was isolated from 22 individual colonies and subjected to DNA sequence analysis.

[0209] The most frequently occurring randomized KPI region encoded: Ala14-Ala15-Ile16-Phe17. The phoA-KPI-geneIII region encoded by this class of selected KPI phage is shown in FIG. 42. The KPI variant encoded by these phagemids is denoted KPI (1→55; M15A, S17F).

[0210] L. Construction of pDD185 KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F)

[0211]FIG. 43 outlines the construction of pDD185 KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F). The sequences encoding KPI (1→55; M15A, S17F) were moved from one phagemid vector, pDW1 (16-19) 185, to the yeast expression vector so that the KPI variant could be purified and tested.

[0212] Plasmid pTW113 encoding wild-type KPI (−4→57) was digested with AgeI and BamHI and the 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragment was discarded. The 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragment of pDW1 (16-19) 185 was isolated and ligated into the yeast vector to yield plasmid pDD185, encoding α-factor fused to KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F). See FIG. 44.

[0213] M. Purification of KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F) pDD185

[0214] Transformation of yeast strain ABL115 with pDD185, induction of yeast cultures, and purification of KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F) pDD185 was accomplished as described for the other KPI variants.

[0215] N. Construction of KPI Library 6—M15A, with residues 14, 16-18 random.

[0216] Library 6 was constructed to display KPI-geneIII fusions in which amino acid positions Ala14, Ile16, Ser17 and Arg18 are randomized, but position 15 was held constant as Ala. For preparation of the library, plasmid pDW1 #14 was used as template in a PCR amplification of the KPI region extending from the AgeI site to the BamHI site. The oligonucleotide primers used were 551 and 1003.

1003: GCTGAGACCGGTCCGTGCCGTNNSGCA(NNS)3TGGTACTTTGACGTC
551: GGAATAGCGGATCCGCACACTGCCATGCAG

[0217] Oligonucleotide primer 1003 contained four randomized codons of the sequence NNS, where N represents equal mixtures of A/G/C/T and S an equal mixture of G or C. Each NNS codon thus encodes all 20 amino acids plus a single possible stop, in 32 different DNA sequences. PCR amplification from the wild-type KPI gene resulted in the production of a mixture of 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragments all containing different sequences in the randomized region. The PCR product was phenol extracted, ethanol precipitated, digested with BamHI and purified by preparative agarose gel electrophoresis. Plasmid pDW1 14-2 was digested with BamHI, phenol extracted and ethanol precipitated. The insert was ligated at high molar ratio to the vector which was then digested with AgeI to remove the stuffer region. The vector containing the insert was purified by agarose gel electrophoresis and recircularized. The resulting library contains approximately 5×106 independent clones.

[0218] O. Construction of KPI Library 7—residues 14-18 random.

[0219] Library 7 was constructed to display KPI-geneIII fusions in which amino acid positions Ala14, Met15, Ile16, Ser17 and Arg18 are randomized. For preparation of the library, plasmid pDW1 #14 was used as template in a PCR amplification of the KPI region extending from the AgeI site to the BamHI site. The oligonucleotide primers used were 551 and 1179.

1179: GCTGAGACCGGTCCGTGCCGT(NNS)5TGGTACTTTGACGTC
551: GGAATAGCGGATCCGCACACTGCCATGCAG

[0220] Oligonucleotide primer 1179 contains five randomized codons of the sequence NNS, where N represents equal mixtures of A/G/C/T and S an equal mixture of G or C. Each NNS codon thus encoded all 20 amino acids plus a single possible stop, in 32 different DNA sequences. PCR amplification from the wild-type KPI gene resulted in the production of a mixture of 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragments all containing different sequences in the randomized region. The PCR product was phenol extracted, ethanol precipitated, digested with BamHI and purified by preparative agarose gel electrophoresis. Plasmid pDW1 14-2 was digested with BamHI, phenol extracted and ethanol precipitated. The insert was ligated at high molar ratio to the vector which was then digested with AgeI to remove the stuffer region. The vector containing the insert was purified by agarose gel electrophoresis and recircularized. The resulting library contains approximately 1×107 independent clones.

[0221] P. Selection of Libraries 6 & 7 with human factor XIIa

[0222] KPI phage were prepared and amplified by infecting transformed cells with M13K07 helper phage (Matthews and Wells, 1993). Human factor XIIa (Enzyme Research Laboratories, South Bend, Ind.), was biotinylated as follows. Factor XIIa (0.5 mg) in 5 mM sodium acetate pH 8.3 was incubated with Biotin Ester (Zymed) at room temperature for 1.5 h, then buffer-exchanged into assay buffer (AB). Approximately 1×1010 phage particles of each amplified Library 6 or 7 in PBS, pH 7.5, containing 300 mM NaCl and 0.1% gelatin, were incubated with 50 pmoles of active biotinylated human factor XIIa in a total volume of 200 μl. Phage were allowed to bind for 2 h at room temperature, with rocking. Following the binding period, 100 μl Strepavidin Magnetic Particles (Boehringer Mannheim) were added to the mixture and incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes. Separation of magnetic particles from the supernatant and wash/elution buffers was carried out using MPC-E-1 Neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets (Dynal). Unbound phage were removed by washing the magnetically bound biotinylated XIIa-phage complexes three times with 0.5 ml AB. Bound phage were eluted sequentially by successive 5 minute washes: 0.5 ml 50 mM sodium citrate, pH 6.0, 150 mM NaCl; 0.5 ml 50 mM sodium citrate, pH 4.0, 150 mM NaCl; and 0.5 ml 50 mM glycine, pH 2.0, 150 mM NaCl. Eluted phage were neutralized immediately and phagemids from the pH 2.0 elution were titered and amplified for reselection. After 3 or 4 rounds of selection with factor XIIa, phagemid DNA was isolated from individual colonies and subjected to DNA sequence analysis.

[0223] Sequences in the randomized regions were compared with one another to identify consensus sequences appearing more than once. From Library 6 a phagemid was identified which encoded M15L, S17Y, R18H. From Library 7 a phagemid was identified which encoded M15A, S17Y, R18H.

[0224] Q. Construction of pBG015 KPI (−4→57; M15L, S17Y, R18H), pBG022 (−4→57; M15A, S17Y, R18H)

[0225] The sequences encoding KPI (1→55; M15L, S17Y, R18H) and KPI (1→55; M17A, S17Y, R18H) were moved from the phagemid vectors to the yeast expression vector so that the KPI variant could be purified and tested.

[0226] Plasmid pTW113 encoding wild-type KPI (−4→57) was digested with AgeI and BamHI and the 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragment was discarded. The 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragment of the phagemid vectors were isolated and ligated into the yeast vector to yield plasmids pBG015 and pBG022, encoding alpha-factor fused to KPI (−4→57; M15L, S17Y, R18H), and KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17Y, R18H), respectively.

[0227] R. Construction of pBG029 KPI (−4→57, T9V, M15L, S17Y, R18H)

[0228] Plasmid pBG015 was digested with XbaI and RsrII, and the larger of the two resulting fragments was isolated. An oligonucleotide pair (1593+1642) was phosphorylated, annealed and gel-purified as described previously.

1593: CTAGATAAAAGAGAGGTTGTTAGAGAGGTGTGCTCTGAACAAGC
TGAGGTTG
1642: GACCAACCTCAGCTTGTTCAGAGCACACCTCTCTAA
CAACCTCTCTTTTAT

[0229] The annealed oligonucleotides were ligated into the XbaI and RsrII-digested pBG015, and the ligation product was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061 to ampicillin resistance. The resulting plasmid pBG029, encodes the 445 bp synthetic gene for the alpha-factor-KPI (−4→57; T9V, M15L, S17F, R18H) fusion.

[0230] S. Construction of pBG033 KPI (−4→57; T9V, M15A, S17Y, R18H)

[0231] Plasmid pBG022 was digested with XbaI and RsrII, and the larger of the two resulting fragments was isolated. An oligonucleotide pair (1593+1642) was phosphorylated, annealed and gel-purified as described previously. The annealed oligonucleotides were ligated into the XbaI and RsrII-digested pBG022, and the ligation product was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061 to ampicillin resistance. The resulting plasmid pBG033, encodes the 445 bp synthetic gene for the alpha-factor-KPI (−4→57; T9V, M15A, S17F, R18H) fusion.

[0232] T. Selection of Library 16-19 with human factor Xa

[0233] KPI phage were prepared and amplified by infecting transformed cells with M13K07 helper phage (Matthews and Wells, 1993). Human factor Xa (Haematologic Technologies, Inc., Essex Junction, Vt.) was coupled to Sepharose 6B resin. Prior to phage binding, the immobilized Xa resin was washed three times with 0.5 ml assay buffer (AB=100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 0.5M NaCl, 5 mM each of KCl, CaCl2, MgCl2, 0.1% gelatin, and 0.05% Triton X-100). Approximately 4×1010 phage particles of the amplified Library 16-19 in PBS, pH 7.5, containing 300 mM NaCl and 0.1% gelatin, were bound to 50 μl Xa resin in a total volume of 250 μl. Phage were allowed to bind for 4 h at room temperature, with rocking. Unbound phage were removed by washing the Xa resin three times in 0.5 ml AB. Bound phage were eluted sequentially by successive 5 minute washes: 0.5 ml 50 mM sodium citrate, pH 6.0, 150 mM NaCl; 0.5 ml 50 mM sodium citrate, pH 4.0 150 mM NaCl; and 0.5 ml 50 mM glycine, pH 2.0, 150 mM NaCl. Eluted phage were neutralized immediately and phagemids from the pH 2.0 elution were titered and amplified for reselection. After three rounds of selection on Xa-Sepharose, phagemid DNA was isolated and subjected to DNA sequence analysis.

[0234] Sequences in the randomized Ala14-Ser17 region were compared with one another to identify consensus sequences appearing more than once. A phagemid was identified which encoded KPI (1→55; M15L, I16F, S17K).

[0235] U. Construction of pDD131 KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16F, S17K)

[0236] The sequences encoding KPI (1→55; M15L, I16F, S17K) were moved from the phagemid vector to the yeast expression vector so that the KPI variant could be purified and tested.

[0237] Plasmid pTW113 encoding wild-type KPI (−4→57) was digested with AgeI and BamHI and the 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragment was discarded. The 135 bp AgeI-BamHI fragment of the phagemid vector was isolated and ligated into the yeast vector to yield plasmid pDD131, encoding alpha-factor fused to KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16F, S17K).

[0238] V. Construction of pDD134 KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16F, S17K, G37Y)

[0239] Plasmid pDD131 was digested with AatI and BamHI, and the larger of the two resulting fragments was isolated. An oligonucleotide pair (738+739) was phosphorylated, annealed and gel-purified as described previously.

738: CACTGAAGGTAAGTGCGCTCCATTCTTTTACGGCGGTTGCTACGG
CAACCGTAACAACTTTGACACTGAAGAGTACTGCATGGCAGTGTG
CG
739: GATCCGCACACTGCCATGCAGTACTCTTCAGTGTCAAAGTTGTTA
CGGTTGCCGTAGCAACCGCCGTAAAAGAATGGAGCGCACTTACCT
TCAGTGACGT

[0240] The annealed oligonucleotides were ligated into the AatI and BamHI-digested pDD131, and the ligation product was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061 to ampicillin resistance. The resulting plasmid pDD134, encodes the 445 bp synthetic gene for the alpha-factor-KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16F, S17K, G37Y) fusion.

[0241] W. Construction of pDD135 KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16F, S17K, G37L)

[0242] Plasmid pDD131 was digested with AatII and BamHI, and the larger of the two resulting fragments was isolated. An oligonucleotide pair (724+725) was phosphorylated, annealed and gel-purified as described previously.

738: CACTGAAGGTAAGTGCGCTCCATTCTTTTACGGCGGTTGCTACGG
CAACCGTAACAACTTTGACACTGAAGAGTACTGCATGGCAGTGTG
CG
739: GATCCGCACACTGCCATGCAGTACTCTTCAGTGTCAAAGTTGTTA
CGGTTGCCGTAGCAACCGCCGTAAAAGAATGGAGCGCACTTACCT
TCAGTGACGT

[0243] The annealed oligonucleotides were ligated into the AatII and BamHI-digested pDD131, and the ligation product was used to transform E. coli strain MC1061 to ampicillin resistance. The resulting plasmid pDD135, encodes the 445 bp synthetic gene for the alpha-factor-KPI (−4→57; M15L, I16F, S17K, G37L) fusion.

Example 4

[0244] Kinetic Analysis of KPI(−4→57) Variants

[0245] The concentrations of active human plasma kallikrein, factor XIIa, and trypsin were determined by titration with p-nitrophenyl p′-guanidinobenzoate as described by Bender et al., supra, and Chase et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 29:508 (1967). Accurate concentrations of active KPI (−4→57) inhibitors were determined by titration of the activity of a known amount of active-site-titrated trypsin. For testing against kallikrein and trypsin, each KPI(−4→57) variant (0.5 to 100 nM) was incubated with protease in low-binding 96-well microtiter plates at 30° C. for 15-25 min, in 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, with 500 mM NaCl, 5 mM KCl, 5 mM CaCl2, 5 mM MgCl2, 0.1% Difco gelatin, and 0.05% Triton X-100. Chromogenic synthetic substrate was then be added, and initial rates at 30° C. recorded by the SOFTmax kinetics program via a THERMOmax microplate reader (Molecular Devices Corp., Menlo Park, Calif.). The substrates used were N-α-benzoyl-L-Arg p-nitroanilide (1 mM) for trypsin (20 nM), and N-benzoyl-Pro-Phe-Arg p-nitroanilide (0.3 mM) for plasma kallikrein (1 nM). The Enzfitter (Elsevier) program was used both to plot fractional activity (i.e., activity with inhibitor, divided by activity without inhibitor), a, versus total concentration of inhibitor, It, and to calculate the dissociation constant of the inhibitor (Ki) by fitting the curve to the following equation: a = 1 - [ E ] t + [ I ] t + K i - ( [ E ] t + [ I ] t + K i ) 2 - 4 [ E ] t [ I ] t 2 [ E ] t

[0246] The Kis determined for purified KPI variants are shown in FIG. 45. The most potent variant, KPI (−4→57; M15A, S17F) DD185 is 115-fold more potent as a human kallikrein inhibitor than wild-type KPI (−4→57). The least potent variant, KPI (−4→57; I16H, S17W) TW6185 is still 35-fold more potent than wild-type KPI.

[0247] For testing against factor XIIa, essentially the same reaction conditions were used, except that the substrate was N-benzoyl-Ile—Glu—Gly—Arg p-nitroaniline hydrochloride and its methyl ester (obtained from Pharmacia Hepar, Franklin, Ohio), and corn trypsin inhibitor (Enzyme Research Laboratories, South Bend, Ind.) was used as a control inhibitor. Factor XIIa was also obtained from Enzyme Research Laboratories.

[0248] Various data for inhibition of the serine proteases of interest kallikrein, plasmin, and factors Xa, XIa, and XIIa by a series of KPI variants are given in FIG. 46. The results indicate that KPI variants can be produced that can bind to and preferably inhibit the activity of serine proteases. The results also indicate that the peptides of the invention may exhibit the preferable more potent and specific inhibition of one or more serine proteases of interest.

Example 5

[0249] Effect of KPI Variant KPI185-1 on Postoperative Bleeding

[0250] A randomized, double-blinded study using an acute porcine cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) model was used to investigate the effect of KPI185-1 on postoperative bleeding. Sixteen pigs (55-65 kg) underwent 60 minutes of hypothermic (28° C.) open-chest CPB with 30 minutes of cardioplegic cardiac arrest. Pigs were randomized against a control solution of physiological saline (NS; n=8) or KPI-185 (n=8) groups. During aortic cross-clamping, the tricuspid valve was inspected through an atriotomy which was subsequently repaired. Following reversal of heparin with protamine, dilateral thoracostomy tubes were placed and shed blood collected for 3 hours. Shed blood volume and hemoglobin (Hgb) loss were calculated from total chest tube output and residual intrathoracic blood at time of sacrifice.

[0251] Total blood loss was significantly reduced in the KPI185-1 group (245.75±66.24 ml vs. 344.25±63.97 ml, p=0.009). In addition, there was a marked reduction in total Hgb loss in the treatment group (13.59±4.26 gm vs. 23.61±4.69 gm, p=0.0005). Thoracostomy drainage Hgb was significantly increased at 30 and 60 minutes in the control group [6.89±1.44 vs. 4.41±1.45 gm/dl (p=0.004) and 7.6±1.03 vs. 5.26±1.04 gm/dl (p=0.0002), respectively]. Preoperative and post-CPB hematocrits were not statistically different between the groups. These results are shown in graphical form in FIGS. 47-50.

[0252] The invention has been disclosed broadly and illustrated in reference to representative embodiments described above. Those skilled in the art will recognize that various modifications can be made to the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof.

1 228 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 1 Xaa Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Xaa Gly Xaa Cys Arg Ala Xaa Xaa 1 5 10 15 Xaa Xaa Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Xaa 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 5 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 2 Glu Val Val Arg Glu 1 5 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 3 Xaa Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Xaa Xaa 1 5 10 15 Xaa Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Xaa Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 4 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Xaa Xaa Xaa Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Xaa Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 5 Xaa Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Xaa Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Xaa Xaa 1 5 10 15 Xaa Xaa Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe 20 25 30 Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Xaa Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu 35 40 45 Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 59 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 6 Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala 1 5 10 15 Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro 20 25 30 Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu 35 40 45 Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 58 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 7 Arg Pro Asp Phe Cys Leu Glu Pro Pro Tyr Thr Gly Pro Cys Lys Ala 1 5 10 15 Arg Ile Ile Arg Tyr Phe Tyr Asn Ala Lys Ala Gly Leu Cys Gln Thr 20 25 30 Phe Val Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Ala Lys Arg Asn Asn Phe Lys Ser Ala 35 40 45 Glu Asp Cys Met Arg Thr Cys Gly Gly Ala 50 55 4 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 8 Glu Val Val Arg 1 79 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 9 TATGAAACAA AGCACTATTG CACTGGCACT CTTACCGTTA CTGTTTACCC CTGTGACAAA 60 AGCCGAGGTG TGCTCTGAA 79 67 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 10 CTCGGCTTTT GTCACAGGGG TAAACAGTAA CGGTAAGAGT GCCAGTGCAA TAGTGCTTTG 60 TTTCATA 67 81 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 11 CAAGCTGAGA CCGGTCCGTG CCGTGCAATG ATCTCCCGCT GGTACTTTGA CGTCACTGAA 60 GGTAAGTGCG CTCCATTCTT T 81 81 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 12 GCACTTACCT TCAGTGACGT CAAAGTACCA GCGGGAGATC ATTGCACGGC ACGGACCGGT 60 CTCAGCTTGT TCAGAGCACA C 81 81 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 13 TACGGCGGTT GCGGCGGCAA CCGTAACAAC TTTGACACTG AAGAGTACTG CATGGCAGTG 60 TGCGGATCCG CTATTTAAGC T 81 93 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 14 AGCTTAAATA GCGGATCCGC ACACTGCCAT GCAGTACTCT TCAGTGTCAA AGTTGTTACG 60 GTTGCCGCCG CAACCGCCGT AAAAGAATGG AGC 93 37 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 15 CTAGATAAAA GAGAGGTGTG CTCTGAACAA GCTGAGA 37 37 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 16 CCGGTCTCAG CTTGTTCAGA GCACACCTCT CTTTTAT 37 49 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 17 CTAGATAAAA GAGAGGTTGT TAGAGAGGTG TGCTCTGAAC AAGCTGAGA 49 49 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 18 CCGGTCTCAG CTTGTTCAGA GCACACCTCT CTAACAACCT CTCTTTTAT 49 26 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 19 GGGGGCAGCT GTATAAACGA TTAAAA 26 30 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 20 GGGGGTCTAG AGATACCCCT TCTTCTTTAG 30 47 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 21 CTAGATAAAA GAGAGGCTGA GGCTCACGCT GAAGGTACTT TCACTTC 47 78 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 22 TGACGTCTCT TCTTACTTGG AAGGTCAAGC TGCTAAGGAA TTCATCGCTT GGTTGGTCAA 60 AGGTAGAGGT TAAGCTTA 78 52 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 23 CTAGTAAGCT TAACCTCTAC CTTTGACCAA CCAAGCGATG AATTCCTTAG CA 52 73 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 24 GCTTGACCTT CCAAGTAAGA AGAGACGTCA GAAGTGAAAG TACCTTCAGC GTGAGCCTCA 60 GCCTCTCTTT TAT 73 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 25 GTCCGTGCCG TGCAGCTATC TGGCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 26 CAAAGTACCA GCGCCAGATA GCTGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 27 GTCCGTGCCG TGCAGCTATC TACCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 28 CAAAGTACCA GCGGTAGATA GCTGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 29 GTCCGTGCCG TGCATTGATC TTCCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 30 CAAAGTACCA GCGGAAGATC AATGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 31 GTCCGTGCCG TGCTTTGATC TACCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 32 CAAAGTACCA GCGGTAGATC AAAGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 33 GTCCGTGCCG TGCAATGCAC TTCCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 34 CAAAGTACCA GCGGAAGTGC ATTGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 35 GTCCGTGCCG TGCAATGCAC TACCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 36 CAAAGTACCA GCGGTAGTGC ATTGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 37 GTCCGTGCCG TGCAATGCAC TGGCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 38 CAAAGTACCA GCGCCAGTGC ATTGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 39 GTCCGTGCCG TGCAGCTCAC TCCCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 40 CAAAGTACCA GCGGGAGTGA GCTGCACGGC ACG 33 40 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 41 GTCCGTGCCG TGCATTGCAC TCCCGCTGGT ACTTTGACGT 40 33 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 42 CAAAGTACCA GCGGGAGTGC AATGCACGGC ACG 33 38 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 43 GCCATCGATG GTTTCTTAAG CGTCAGGTGG CACTTTTC 38 44 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 44 GCGCCAATTC TTGGTCTACG GGGTCTGACG CTCAGTGGAA CGAA 44 12 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 45 GGCCGCTCTT CC 12 11 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 46 AAAGGAAGAG C 11 10 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 47 CTAGAATTGC 10 11 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 48 GGCCGCAATT C 11 36 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 49 GCCGGATCCG CTATTTCCGG TGGTGGCTCT GGTTCC 36 31 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 50 GCCAAGCTTA TTAAGACTCC TTATTACGCA G 31 39 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 51 AGCTCCGATC TAGGATCCGG TGGTGGCTCT GGTTCCGGT 39 30 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 52 GCAGCGGCCG TTAAGCTTAT TAAGACTCCT 30 27 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 53 GATCCTTGTG TCCATATGAA ACAAAGC 27 39 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 54 CACGTCGGTC GAGGATCCCT AACCACGGCC TTTAACCAG 39 74 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 55 TATGAAACAA AGCACTATTG CACTGGCACT CTTACCGTTA CTGTTTACCC CGGTGACCAA 60 AGCCCACGCT GAAG 74 76 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 56 GTACCTTCAG CGTGGGCTTT GGTCACCGGG GTAAACAGTA ACGGTAAGAG TGCCAGTGCA 60 ATAGTGCTTT GTTTCA 76 27 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 57 CCGGACGCGT GGAGATTATC GTCACTG 27 29 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 58 GCTTTGGTCA CCGGGGTAAA CAGTAACGG 29 42 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 59 CTGTTTACCC CGGTGACCAA AGCCGAGGTG TGCTCTGAAC AA 42 36 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 60 AATAGCGGAT CCGCACACTG CCATGCAGTA CTCTTC 36 35 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 61 GCTTTAAACC GGTAGGTGGC CCGGCTCCAT GCACC 35 36 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 62 CGAATTCACC GGTGTCATCC TCGGCACCGT CACCCT 36 42 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 63 GGGCTGAGAC CGGTCCGTGC CGTNCGCTGG TACTTTGACG TC 42 30 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 64 GGAATAGCGG ATCCGCACAC TGCCATGCAG 30 4 amino acids amino acid single linear peptide 65 Ala Ala Ile Phe 1 41 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 66 GCTGAGACCG GTCCGTGCCG TNGCANTGGT ACTTTGACGT C 41 37 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 67 GCTGAGACCG GTCCGTGCCG TNTGGTACTT TGACGTC 37 52 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 68 CTAGATAAAA GAGAGGTTGT TAGAGAGGTG TGCTCTGAAC AAGCTGAGGT TG 52 51 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 69 GACCAACCTC AGCTTGTTCA GAGCACACCT CTCTAACAAC CTCTCTTTTA T 51 92 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 70 CACTGAAGGT AAGTGCGCTC CATTCTTTTA CGGCGGTTGC TACGGCAACC GTAACAACTT 60 TGACACTGAA GAGTACTGCA TGGCAGTGTG CG 92 100 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 71 GATCCGCACA CTGCCATGCA GTACTCTTCA GTGTCAAAGT TGTTACGGTT GCCGTAGCAA 60 CCGCCGTAAA AGAATGGAGC GCACTTACCT TCAGTGACGT 100 92 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 72 CACTGAAGGT AAGTGCGCTC CATTCTTTTA CGGCGGTTGC TTGGGCAACC GTAACAACTT 60 TGACACTGAA GAGTACTGCA TGGCAGTGTG CG 92 100 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) 73 GATCCGCACA CTGCCATGCA GTACTCTTCA GTGTCAAAGT TGTTACGGTT GCCCAAGCAA 60 CCGCCGTAAA AGAATGGAGC GCACTTACCT TCAGTGACGT 100 237 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 2..235 74 T ATG AAA CAA AGC ACT ATT GCA CTG GCA CTC TTA CCG TTA CTG TTT 46 Met Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe 1 5 10 15 ACC CCT GTG ACA AAA GCC GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT GAG ACC GGT 94 Thr Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly 20 25 30 CCG TGC CGT GCA ATG ATC TCC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC ACT GAA GGT 142 Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly 35 40 45 AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC CGT AAC AAC 190 Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn 50 55 60 TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC GCT ATT 235 Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 65 70 75 TA 237 78 amino acids amino acid linear protein 75 Met Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe Thr 1 5 10 15 Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro 20 25 30 Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys 35 40 45 Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe 50 55 60 Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 65 70 75 185 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..183 76 CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC 48 Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 80 85 90 CGT GCA ATG ATC TCC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC 96 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 95 100 105 110 GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC 144 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 115 120 125 ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC GCT ATT TA 185 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 130 135 61 amino acids amino acid linear protein 77 Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 197 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..195 78 CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT GAG 48 Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu 65 70 75 ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA ATG ATC TCC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC ACT 96 Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr 80 85 90 GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC CGT 144 Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg 95 100 105 AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC GCT 192 Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala 110 115 120 125 ATT TA 197 Ile 65 amino acids amino acid linear protein 79 Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu 1 5 10 15 Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr 20 25 30 Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg 35 40 45 Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala 50 55 60 Ile 65 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 80 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 70 75 80 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 85 90 95 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 100 105 110 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 115 120 125 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 130 135 140 145 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 150 155 160 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA ATG ATC TCC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 165 170 175 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 180 185 190 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 195 200 205 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 210 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 81 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 82 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA GCT ATC TGG CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 83 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 84 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA GCT ATC TAC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 85 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 86 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA TTG ATC TTC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Leu Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 87 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Leu Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 88 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA TTG ATC TAC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 89 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 90 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA ATG CAC TTC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met His Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 91 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met His Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 92 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA ATG CAC TAC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met His Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 93 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met His Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 94 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA ATG CAC TGG CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met His Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 95 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met His Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 96 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA GCT CAC TCC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 97 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 98 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 150 155 160 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 165 170 175 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 180 185 190 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 195 200 205 210 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 215 220 225 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 230 235 240 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA TTG CAC TCC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Leu His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 245 250 255 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 260 265 270 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 275 280 285 290 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 99 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Leu His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 704 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..699 100 GTG AAA CAA AGC ACT ATT GCA CTG GCA CTC TTA CCG TTA CTG TTT ACC 48 Val Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe Thr 150 155 160 CCG GTG ACC AAA GCC GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT GAG ACC GGT CCG 96 Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro 165 170 175 TGC CGT GCA ATG ATC TCC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC ACT GAA GGT AAG 144 Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys 180 185 190 TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC CGT AAC AAC TTT 192 Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe 195 200 205 210 GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC GGT GGT GGC TCT 240 Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Gly Gly Gly Ser 215 220 225 GGT TCC GGT GAT TTT GAT TAT GAA AAG ATG GCA AAC GCT AAT AAG GGG 288 Gly Ser Gly Asp Phe Asp Tyr Glu Lys Met Ala Asn Ala Asn Lys Gly 230 235 240 GCT ATG ACC GAA AAT GCC GAT GAA AAC GCG CTA CAG TCT GAC GCT AAA 336 Ala Met Thr Glu Asn Ala Asp Glu Asn Ala Leu Gln Ser Asp Ala Lys 245 250 255 GGC AAA CTT GAT TCT GTC GCT ACT GAT TAC GGT GCT GCT ATC GAT GGT 384 Gly Lys Leu Asp Ser Val Ala Thr Asp Tyr Gly Ala Ala Ile Asp Gly 260 265 270 TTC ATT GGT GAC GTT TCC GGC CTT GCT AAT GGT AAT GGT GCT ACT GGT 432 Phe Ile Gly Asp Val Ser Gly Leu Ala Asn Gly Asn Gly Ala Thr Gly 275 280 285 290 GAT TTT GCT GGC TCT AAT TCC CAA ATG GCT CAA GTC GGT GAC GGT GAT 480 Asp Phe Ala Gly Ser Asn Ser Gln Met Ala Gln Val Gly Asp Gly Asp 295 300 305 AAT TCA CCT TTA ATG AAT AAT TTC CGT CAA TAT TTA CCT TCC CTC CCT 528 Asn Ser Pro Leu Met Asn Asn Phe Arg Gln Tyr Leu Pro Ser Leu Pro 310 315 320 CAA TCG GTT GAA TGT CGC CCT TTT GTC TTT GGC GCT GGT AAA CCA TAC 576 Gln Ser Val Glu Cys Arg Pro Phe Val Phe Gly Ala Gly Lys Pro Tyr 325 330 335 GAA TTT TCT ATT GAT TGT GAC AAA ATA AAC TTA TTC CGT GGT GTC TTT 624 Glu Phe Ser Ile Asp Cys Asp Lys Ile Asn Leu Phe Arg Gly Val Phe 340 345 350 GCG TTT CTT TTA TAT GTT GCC ACC TTT ATG TAT GTA TTT TCT ACG TTT 672 Ala Phe Leu Leu Tyr Val Ala Thr Phe Met Tyr Val Phe Ser Thr Phe 355 360 365 370 GCT AAC ATA CTG CGT AAT AAG GAG TCT TAATA 704 Ala Asn Ile Leu Arg Asn Lys Glu Ser 375 233 amino acids amino acid linear protein 101 Val Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe Thr 1 5 10 15 Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro 20 25 30 Cys Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys 35 40 45 Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe 50 55 60 Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Gly Gly Gly Ser 65 70 75 80 Gly Ser Gly Asp Phe Asp Tyr Glu Lys Met Ala Asn Ala Asn Lys Gly 85 90 95 Ala Met Thr Glu Asn Ala Asp Glu Asn Ala Leu Gln Ser Asp Ala Lys 100 105 110 Gly Lys Leu Asp Ser Val Ala Thr Asp Tyr Gly Ala Ala Ile Asp Gly 115 120 125 Phe Ile Gly Asp Val Ser Gly Leu Ala Asn Gly Asn Gly Ala Thr Gly 130 135 140 Asp Phe Ala Gly Ser Asn Ser Gln Met Ala Gln Val Gly Asp Gly Asp 145 150 155 160 Asn Ser Pro Leu Met Asn Asn Phe Arg Gln Tyr Leu Pro Ser Leu Pro 165 170 175 Gln Ser Val Glu Cys Arg Pro Phe Val Phe Gly Ala Gly Lys Pro Tyr 180 185 190 Glu Phe Ser Ile Asp Cys Asp Lys Ile Asn Leu Phe Arg Gly Val Phe 195 200 205 Ala Phe Leu Leu Tyr Val Ala Thr Phe Met Tyr Val Phe Ser Thr Phe 210 215 220 Ala Asn Ile Leu Arg Asn Lys Glu Ser 225 230 701 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..696 102 GTG AAA CAA AGC ACT ATT GCA CTG GCA CTC TTA CCG TTA CTG TTT ACC 48 Val Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe Thr 235 240 245 CCG GTG ACC AAA GCC GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT GAG ACC GGT CCG 96 Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro 250 255 260 265 TGC CGT NNS NNS NNS NNS TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC 144 Cys Arg Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 270 275 280 GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC 192 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 285 290 295 ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC GGT GGT GGC TCT GGT 240 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Gly Gly Gly Ser Gly 300 305 310 TCC GGT GAT TTT GAT TAT GAA AAG ATG GCA AAC GCT AAT AAG GGG GCT 288 Ser Gly Asp Phe Asp Tyr Glu Lys Met Ala Asn Ala Asn Lys Gly Ala 315 320 325 ATG ACC GAA AAT GCC GAT GAA AAC GCG CTA CAG TCT GAC GCT AAA GGC 336 Met Thr Glu Asn Ala Asp Glu Asn Ala Leu Gln Ser Asp Ala Lys Gly 330 335 340 345 AAA CTT GAT TCT GTC GCT ACT GAT TAC GGT GCT GCT ATC GAT GGT TTC 384 Lys Leu Asp Ser Val Ala Thr Asp Tyr Gly Ala Ala Ile Asp Gly Phe 350 355 360 ATT GGT GAC GTT TCC GGC CTT GCT AAT GGT AAT GGT GCT ACT GGT GAT 432 Ile Gly Asp Val Ser Gly Leu Ala Asn Gly Asn Gly Ala Thr Gly Asp 365 370 375 TTT GCT GGC TCT AAT TCC CAA ATG GCT CAA GTC GGT GAC GGT GAT AAT 480 Phe Ala Gly Ser Asn Ser Gln Met Ala Gln Val Gly Asp Gly Asp Asn 380 385 390 TCA CCT TTA ATG AAT AAT TTC CGT CAA TAT TTA CCT TCC CTC CCT CAA 528 Ser Pro Leu Met Asn Asn Phe Arg Gln Tyr Leu Pro Ser Leu Pro Gln 395 400 405 TCG GTT GAA TGT CGC CCT TTT GTC TTT GGC GCT GGT AAA CCA TAC GAA 576 Ser Val Glu Cys Arg Pro Phe Val Phe Gly Ala Gly Lys Pro Tyr Glu 410 415 420 425 TTT TCT ATT GAT TGT GAC AAA ATA AAC TTA TTC CGT GGT GTC TTT GCG 624 Phe Ser Ile Asp Cys Asp Lys Ile Asn Leu Phe Arg Gly Val Phe Ala 430 435 440 TTT CTT TTA TAT GTT GCC ACC TTT ATG TAT GTA TTT TCT ACG TTT GCT 672 Phe Leu Leu Tyr Val Ala Thr Phe Met Tyr Val Phe Ser Thr Phe Ala 445 450 455 AAC ATA CTG CGT AAT AAG GAG TCT TAATA 701 Asn Ile Leu Arg Asn Lys Glu Ser 460 465 232 amino acids amino acid linear protein 103 Val Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe Thr 1 5 10 15 Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro 20 25 30 Cys Arg Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 35 40 45 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 50 55 60 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Gly Gly Gly Ser Gly 65 70 75 80 Ser Gly Asp Phe Asp Tyr Glu Lys Met Ala Asn Ala Asn Lys Gly Ala 85 90 95 Met Thr Glu Asn Ala Asp Glu Asn Ala Leu Gln Ser Asp Ala Lys Gly 100 105 110 Lys Leu Asp Ser Val Ala Thr Asp Tyr Gly Ala Ala Ile Asp Gly Phe 115 120 125 Ile Gly Asp Val Ser Gly Leu Ala Asn Gly Asn Gly Ala Thr Gly Asp 130 135 140 Phe Ala Gly Ser Asn Ser Gln Met Ala Gln Val Gly Asp Gly Asp Asn 145 150 155 160 Ser Pro Leu Met Asn Asn Phe Arg Gln Tyr Leu Pro Ser Leu Pro Gln 165 170 175 Ser Val Glu Cys Arg Pro Phe Val Phe Gly Ala Gly Lys Pro Tyr Glu 180 185 190 Phe Ser Ile Asp Cys Asp Lys Ile Asn Leu Phe Arg Gly Val Phe Ala 195 200 205 Phe Leu Leu Tyr Val Ala Thr Phe Met Tyr Val Phe Ser Thr Phe Ala 210 215 220 Asn Ile Leu Arg Asn Lys Glu Ser 225 230 704 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..699 104 GTG AAA CAA AGC ACT ATT GCA CTG GCA CTC TTA CCG TTA CTG TTT ACC 48 Val Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe Thr 235 240 245 CCG GTG ACC AAA GCC GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT GAG ACC GGT CCG 96 Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro 250 255 260 TGC CGT GCA GCT ATC TTC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC ACT GAA GGT AAG 144 Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys 265 270 275 280 TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC CGT AAC AAC TTT 192 Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe 285 290 295 GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC GGT GGT GGC TCT 240 Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Gly Gly Gly Ser 300 305 310 GGT TCC GGT GAT TTT GAT TAT GAA AAG ATG GCA AAC GCT AAT AAG GGG 288 Gly Ser Gly Asp Phe Asp Tyr Glu Lys Met Ala Asn Ala Asn Lys Gly 315 320 325 GCT ATG ACC GAA AAT GCC GAT GAA AAC GCG CTA CAG TCT GAC GCT AAA 336 Ala Met Thr Glu Asn Ala Asp Glu Asn Ala Leu Gln Ser Asp Ala Lys 330 335 340 GGC AAA CTT GAT TCT GTC GCT ACT GAT TAC GGT GCT GCT ATC GAT GGT 384 Gly Lys Leu Asp Ser Val Ala Thr Asp Tyr Gly Ala Ala Ile Asp Gly 345 350 355 360 TTC ATT GGT GAC GTT TCC GGC CTT GCT AAT GGT AAT GGT GCT ACT GGT 432 Phe Ile Gly Asp Val Ser Gly Leu Ala Asn Gly Asn Gly Ala Thr Gly 365 370 375 GAT TTT GCT GGC TCT AAT TCC CAA ATG GCT CAA GTC GGT GAC GGT GAT 480 Asp Phe Ala Gly Ser Asn Ser Gln Met Ala Gln Val Gly Asp Gly Asp 380 385 390 AAT TCA CCT TTA ATG AAT AAT TTC CGT CAA TAT TTA CCT TCC CTC CCT 528 Asn Ser Pro Leu Met Asn Asn Phe Arg Gln Tyr Leu Pro Ser Leu Pro 395 400 405 CAA TCG GTT GAA TGT CGC CCT TTT GTC TTT GGC GCT GGT AAA CCA TAC 576 Gln Ser Val Glu Cys Arg Pro Phe Val Phe Gly Ala Gly Lys Pro Tyr 410 415 420 GAA TTT TCT ATT GAT TGT GAC AAA ATA AAC TTA TTC CGT GGT GTC TTT 624 Glu Phe Ser Ile Asp Cys Asp Lys Ile Asn Leu Phe Arg Gly Val Phe 425 430 435 440 GCG TTT CTT TTA TAT GTT GCC ACC TTT ATG TAT GTA TTT TCT ACG TTT 672 Ala Phe Leu Leu Tyr Val Ala Thr Phe Met Tyr Val Phe Ser Thr Phe 445 450 455 GCT AAC ATA CTG CGT AAT AAG GAG TCT TAATA 704 Ala Asn Ile Leu Arg Asn Lys Glu Ser 460 465 233 amino acids amino acid linear protein 105 Val Lys Gln Ser Thr Ile Ala Leu Ala Leu Leu Pro Leu Leu Phe Thr 1 5 10 15 Pro Val Thr Lys Ala Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro 20 25 30 Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys 35 40 45 Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe 50 55 60 Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Gly Gly Gly Ser 65 70 75 80 Gly Ser Gly Asp Phe Asp Tyr Glu Lys Met Ala Asn Ala Asn Lys Gly 85 90 95 Ala Met Thr Glu Asn Ala Asp Glu Asn Ala Leu Gln Ser Asp Ala Lys 100 105 110 Gly Lys Leu Asp Ser Val Ala Thr Asp Tyr Gly Ala Ala Ile Asp Gly 115 120 125 Phe Ile Gly Asp Val Ser Gly Leu Ala Asn Gly Asn Gly Ala Thr Gly 130 135 140 Asp Phe Ala Gly Ser Asn Ser Gln Met Ala Gln Val Gly Asp Gly Asp 145 150 155 160 Asn Ser Pro Leu Met Asn Asn Phe Arg Gln Tyr Leu Pro Ser Leu Pro 165 170 175 Gln Ser Val Glu Cys Arg Pro Phe Val Phe Gly Ala Gly Lys Pro Tyr 180 185 190 Glu Phe Ser Ile Asp Cys Asp Lys Ile Asn Leu Phe Arg Gly Val Phe 195 200 205 Ala Phe Leu Leu Tyr Val Ala Thr Phe Met Tyr Val Phe Ser Thr Phe 210 215 220 Ala Asn Ile Leu Arg Asn Lys Glu Ser 225 230 445 base pairs nucleic acid single linear DNA (genomic) CDS 1..438 106 ATG AGA TTT CCT TCA ATT TTT ACT GCA GTT TTA TTC GCA GCA TCC TCC 48 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 235 24 0 245 GCA TTA GCT GCT CCA GTC AAC ACT ACA ACA GAA GAT GAA ACG GCA CAA 96 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 250 255 260 265 ATT CCG GCT GAA GCT GTC ATC GGT TAC TTA GAT TTA GAA GGG GAT TTC 144 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 270 275 280 GAT GTT GCT GTT TTG CCA TTT TCC AAC AGC ACA AAT AAC GGG TTA TTG 192 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 285 290 295 TTT ATA AAT ACT ACT ATT GCC AGC ATT GCT GCT AAA GAA GAA GGG GTA 240 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 300 305 310 TCT CTA GAT AAA AGA GAG GTT GTT AGA GAG GTG TGC TCT GAA CAA GCT 288 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 315 320 325 GAG ACC GGT CCG TGC CGT GCA GCT ATC TTC CGC TGG TAC TTT GAC GTC 336 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 330 335 340 345 ACT GAA GGT AAG TGC GCT CCA TTC TTT TAC GGC GGT TGC GGC GGC AAC 384 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 350 355 360 CGT AAC AAC TTT GAC ACT GAA GAG TAC TGC ATG GCA GTG TGC GGA TCC 432 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 365 370 375 GCT ATT TAAGCTT 445 Ala Ile 146 amino acids amino acid linear protein 107 Met Arg Phe Pro Ser Ile Phe Thr Ala Val Leu Phe Ala Ala Ser Ser 1 5 10 15 Ala Leu Ala Ala Pro Val Asn Thr Thr Thr Glu Asp Glu Thr Ala Gln 20 25 30 Ile Pro Ala Glu Ala Val Ile Gly Tyr Leu Asp Leu Glu Gly Asp Phe 35 40 45 Asp Val Ala Val Leu Pro Phe Ser Asn Ser Thr Asn Asn Gly Leu Leu 50 55 60 Phe Ile Asn Thr Thr Ile Ala Ser Ile Ala Ala Lys Glu Glu Gly Val 65 70 75 80 Ser Leu Asp Lys Arg Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala 85 90 95 Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Ala Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 100 105 110 Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn 115 120 125 Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser 130 135 140 Ala Ile 145 58 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 108 Arg Pro Asp Phe Cys Leu Glu Pro Pro Tyr Thr Gly Pro Cys Lys Ala 1 5 10 15 Arg Ile Ile Arg Tyr Phe Tyr Asn Ala Lys Ala Gly Leu Cys Gln Thr 20 25 30 Phe Val Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Ala Lys Arg Asn Asn Phe Lys Ser Ala 35 40 45 Glu Asp Cys Met Arg Thr Cys Gly Gly Ala 50 55 56 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 109 Asp Phe Cys Leu Glu Pro Pro Tyr Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Arg Ile 1 5 10 15 Ile Arg Tyr Phe Tyr Asn Ala Lys Ala Gly Leu Cys Gln Thr Phe Val 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Ala Lys Ser Asn Asn Phe Lys Ser Ala Glu Asp 35 40 45 Cys Met Arg Thr Cys Gly Gly Ala 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 110 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 111 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Pro Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 112 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Val Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 113 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Ser Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 114 Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Lys Ala Met Ile 1 5 10 15 Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 115 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Gly Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 116 Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Arg Ile 1 5 10 15 Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 117 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 118 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ile Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 119 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 120 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ser Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 121 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Val Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 122 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Gly Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 123 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 124 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ala Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 125 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Phe Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 126 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Lys Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 127 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Leu Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 128 Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile 1 5 10 15 Ile Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 129 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Pro Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 130 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 131 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 132 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 133 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Leu Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 134 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile His Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 135 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Glu Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 136 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Gln Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 137 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Ala Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 138 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Thr Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 139 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 140 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Lys Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 141 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Leu Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 142 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Val Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 143 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Leu Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 144 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Gly Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 145 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Ala Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 146 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Lys Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 147 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Leu Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 148 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Met Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 149 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Asn Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 150 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Pro Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 151 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gln Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 152 Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile 1 5 10 15 Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 153 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Cys Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 154 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Ser Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 155 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Thr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 156 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Val Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 157 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 158 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Asp Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 159 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Glu Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 160 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys His Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 161 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Ile Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 162 Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile 1 5 10 15 Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Ala Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 163 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Arg Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 164 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Ala Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 57 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 165 Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys Arg Ala Met Ile 1 5 10 15 Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys Ala Pro Phe Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Ser Asn Asn Phe Asp Thr Glu Glu Tyr 35 40 45 Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 166 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Ala Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 167 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 168 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 169 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Leu Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 170 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Phe Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 171 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 172 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 173 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 174 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 175 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Leu Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 176 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Pro Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 177 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 178 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Gly Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 179 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Gly Ile Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 180 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Gly Ile Pro Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 181 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Ser Ala Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 182 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Ser Ala Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 183 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 184 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 185 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met His Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 186 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met His Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 187 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met His Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 188 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Leu His Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 189 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met His Ser Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 190 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 191 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Tyr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 192 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Met Ile Trp Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 193 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Pro Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Leu Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 194 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Gly Tyr Ile Thr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 195 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu His Asn Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 196 lu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 5 10 15 rg Ala Ala His Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 la Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 hr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 197 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu His Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 198 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Leu Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 199 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Phe Thr Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 200 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Phe Lys Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 201 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Phe Phe Lys Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 202 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Phe Ser Ala Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 203 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Leu Ser Ala Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 204 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Trp His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 205 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Phe Ala Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 206 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 207 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile His Lys Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 208 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 209 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Gln His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 210 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr Lys Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 211 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Gln His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 212 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 213 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Phe Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 214 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Pro Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 215 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Val Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 216 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Ser Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 217 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Val Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 218 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Ser Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Ala Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 219 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Ile Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 220 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Gly Ala Ile Gln His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 221 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Gly Ala Ile Arg His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 222 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Gly Ser Ile Arg His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 223 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Gly Leu Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 224 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Gly Ala Ile Tyr His Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Gly Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 225 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu His Asn Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Arg Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 226 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Phe Lys Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Tyr Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 227 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Phe Lys Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Leu Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60 61 amino acids amino acid single linear protein 228 Glu Val Val Arg Glu Val Cys Ser Glu Gln Ala Glu Thr Gly Pro Cys 1 5 10 15 Arg Ala Leu Phe Lys Arg Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val Thr Glu Gly Lys Cys 20 25 30 Ala Pro Phe Phe Tyr Gly Gly Cys Met Gly Asn Arg Asn Asn Phe Asp 35 40 45 Thr Glu Glu Tyr Cys Met Ala Val Cys Gly Ser Ala Ile 50 55 60

Classifications
U.S. Classification435/69.2, 536/23.5, 435/252.3, 435/320.1
International ClassificationA61P7/00, C07K14/81, A61K38/00
Cooperative ClassificationC07K14/81, C07K2319/02, A61K38/00, C07K14/8114
European ClassificationC07K14/81, C07K14/81B1A
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Feb 10, 2011FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Feb 21, 2007FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jul 23, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: SCIOS, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SCIOS NOVA, INC.;REEL/FRAME:014305/0900
Effective date: 19970303
Owner name: SCIOS, INC. 6500 PASEO PADRE PARKWAYFREMONT, CALIF