Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20030064412 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/984,490
Publication dateApr 3, 2003
Filing dateOct 30, 2001
Priority dateJul 8, 1997
Also published asCA2295474A1, EP1000084A1, EP1000084A4, US6342581, US7105644, US20030022185, WO1999002546A1
Publication number09984490, 984490, US 2003/0064412 A1, US 2003/064412 A1, US 20030064412 A1, US 20030064412A1, US 2003064412 A1, US 2003064412A1, US-A1-20030064412, US-A1-2003064412, US2003/0064412A1, US2003/064412A1, US20030064412 A1, US20030064412A1, US2003064412 A1, US2003064412A1
InventorsCarrie Fischer, Craig Rosen, Daniel Soppet, Steven Ruben, Hla Kyaw, Yi Li, Zhizhen Zeng, David LaFleur, Paul Moore, Yanggu Shi, Henrik Olsen, Reinhard Ebner, Laurie Brewer
Original AssigneeFischer Carrie L., Rosen Craig A., Soppet Daniel R., Ruben Steven M., Hla Kyaw, Yi Li, Zhizhen Zeng, Lafleur David W., Moore Paul A., Yanggu Shi, Olsen Henrik S., Reinhard Ebner, Brewer Laurie A.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
123 human secreted proteins
US 20030064412 A1
Abstract
The present invention relates to novel human secreted proteins and isolated nucleic acids containing the coding regions of the genes encoding such proteins. Also provided are vectors, host cells, antibodies, and recombinant methods for producing human secreted proteins. The invention further relates to diagnostic and therapeutic methods useful for diagnosing and treating disorders related to these novel human secreted proteins.
Images(355)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(70)
What is claimed is:
1. An isolated antibody or portion thereof that specifically binds to a protein whose sequence consists of amino acid residues 21 to 116 of SEQ ID NO:238.
2. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1, wherein said protein specifically bound by said antibody or portion thereof is glycosylated.
3. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1 which is a monoclonal antibody.
4. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1 which is a polyclonal antibody.
5. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1 which is a chimeric antibody.
6. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1 which is a humanized antibody.
7. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1 which is a human antibody.
8. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1 which is a Fab fragment.
9. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 1 which is labeled.
10. The isolated antibody of claim 9, wherein the label is selected from the group consisting of:
(a) an enzyme label;
(b) a radioisotope; and
(c) a fluorescent label.
11. An isolated cell that produces the isolated antibody of claim 1.
12. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 1.
13. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 3.
14. An isolated antibody produced by immunizing an animal with a protein whose sequence comprises of amino acid residues 21 to 116 of SEQ ID NO:238, wherein said antibody or portion thereof specifically binds to the protein of SEQ ID NO:238.
15. The isolated antibody of claim 14, wherein said protein specifically bound by said antibody is glycosylated.
16. The isolated antibody of claim 14 which is a monoclonal antibody.
17. The isolated antibody of claim 14 which is a polyclonal antibody.
18. The isolated antibody of claim 14 which is labeled.
19. The isolated antibody of claim 18, wherein the label is selected from the group consisting of:
(a) an enzyme label;
(b) a radioisotope; and
(c) a fluorescent label.
20. An isolated cell that produces the isolated antibody of claim 14.
21. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 14.
22. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 16.
23. An isolated antibody or portion thereof that specifically binds to a protein whose sequence consists of amino acid residues 1 to 116 of SEQ ID NO:238.
24. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 wherein said protein specifically bound by said antibody or portion thereof is glycosylated.
25. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 which is a monoclonal antibody.
26. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 which is a polyclonal antibody.
27. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 which is a chimeric antibody.
28. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 which is a humanized antibody.
29. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 which is a human antibody.
30. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 which is a Fab fragment.
31. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 23 which is labeled.
32. The isolated antibody of claim 31, wherein the label is selected from the group consisting of:
(a) an enzyme label;
(b) a radioisotope; and
(c) a fluorescent label.
33. An isolated cell that produces the isolated antibody of claim 23.
34. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 23.
35. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 25.
36. An isolated antibody or portion thereof that specifically binds to a protein whose sequence consists of the amino acid sequence of the secreted polypeptide encoded by the HLHFPO3 cDNA contained in ATCC Deposit No. 209126.
37. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36, wherein said protein specifically bound by said antibody or portion thereof is glycosylated.
38. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36 which is a monoclonal antibody.
39. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36 which is a polyclonal antibody.
40. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36 which is a chimeric antibody.
41. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36 which is a humanized antibody.
42. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36 which is a human antibody.
43. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36 which is a Fab fragment.
44. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 36 which is labeled.
45. The isolated antibody of claim 44, where in the label is selected from the group consisting of:
(a) an enzyme label;
(b) a radioisotope; and
(c) a fluorescent label.
46. An isolated cell that produces the isolated antibody of claim 36.
47. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 36.
48. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 38.
49. An isolated antibody produced by immunizing an animal with a protein whose sequence comprises the amino acid sequence of the secreted polypeptide encoded by the HLIFP03 cDNA contained in ATCC Deposit No. 209126, wherein said antibody or portion thereof specifically binds to the polypeptide encoded by the HLHFP03 cDNA contained in ATCC Deposit No. 209126.
50. The isolated antibody of claim 49, wherein said protein specifically bound by said antibody is glycosylated.
51. The isolated antibody of claim 49 which is a monoclonal antibody.
52. The isolated antibody of claim 49 which is a polyclonal antibody.
53. The isolated antibody of claim 49 which is labeled.
54. The isolated antibody of claim 53, wherein the label is selected from the group consisting of:
(a) an enzyme label;
(b) a radioisotope; and
(c) a fluorescent label.
55. An isolated cell that produces the isolated antibody of claim 49.
56. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 49.
57. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 51.
58. An isolated antibody or portion thereof that specifically binds to a protein whose sequence consists of the amino acid sequence of the full-length polypeptide encoded by the HLHFP03 cDNA contained in ATCC Deposit No. 209126;
59. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 wherein said protein specifically bound by said antibody or portion thereof is glycosylated.
60. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 which is a monoclonal antibody.
61. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 which is a polyclonal antibody.
62. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 which is a chimeric antibody.
63. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 which is a humanized antibody.
64. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 which is a human antibody.
65. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 which is a Fab fragment.
66. The isolated antibody or portion thereof of claim 58 which is labeled.
67. The isolated antibody of claim 66 wherein the label is selected from the group consisting of:
(a) an enzyme label;
(b) a radioisotope; and
(c) a fluorescent label.
68. An isolated cell that produces the isolated antibody of claim 58.
69. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 58.
70. A hybridoma that produces the isolated antibody of claim 60.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] This invention relates to newly identified polynucleotides and the polypeptides encoded by these polynucleotides, uses of such polynucleotides and polypeptides, and their production.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Unlike bacterium, which exist as a single compartment surrounded by a membrane, human cells and other eucaryotes are subdivided by membranes into many functionally distinct compartments. Each membrane-bounded compartment, or organelle, contains different proteins essential for the function of the organelle. The cell uses “sorting signals,” which are amino acid motifs located within the protein, to target proteins to particular cellular organelles.

[0003] One type of sorting signal, called a signal sequence, a signal peptide, or a leader sequence, directs a class of proteins to an organelle called the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The ER separates the membrane-bounded proteins from all other types of proteins. Once localized to the ER, both groups of proteins can be further directed to another organelle called the Golgi apparatus. Here, the Golgi distributes the proteins to vesicles, including secretory vesicles, the cell membrane, lysosomes, and the other organelles.

[0004] Proteins targeted to the ER by a signal sequence can be released into the extracellular space as a secreted protein. For example, vesicles containing secreted proteins can fuse with the cell membrane and release their contents into the extracellular space—a process called exocytosis. Exocytosis can occur constitutively or after receipt of a triggering signal. In the latter case, the proteins are stored in secretory vesicles (or secretory granules) until exocytosis is triggered. Similarly, proteins residing on the cell membrane can also be secreted into the extracellular space by proteolytic cleavage of a “linker” holding the protein to the membrane.

[0005] Despite the great progress made in recent years, only a small number of genes encoding human secreted proteins have been identified. These secreted proteins include the commercially valuable human insulin, interferon, Factor VIII, human growth hormone, tissue plasminogen activator, and erythropoeitin. Thus, in light of the pervasive role of secreted proteins in human physiology, a need exists for identifying and characterizing novel human secreted proteins and the genes that encode them. This knowledge will allow one to detect, to treat, and to prevent medical disorders by using secreted proteins or the genes that encode them.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0006] The present invention relates to novel polynucleotides and the encoded polypeptides. Moreover, the present invention relates to vectors, host cells, antibodies, and recombinant methods for producing the polypeptides and polynucleotides. Also provided are diagnostic methods for detecting disorders related to the polypeptides, and therapeutic methods for treating such disorders. The invention further relates to screening methods for identifying binding partners of the polypeptides.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0007] Definitions

[0008] The following definitions are provided to facilitate understanding of certain terms used throughout this specification.

[0009] In the present invention, “isolated” refers to material removed from its original environment (e.g., the natural environment if it is naturally occurring), and thus is altered “by the hand of man” from its natural state. For example, an isolated polynucleotide could be part of a vector or a composition of matter, or could be contained within a cell, and still -be “isolated” because that vector, composition of matter, or particular cell is not the original environment of the polynucleotide.

[0010] In the present invention, a “secreted” protein refers to those proteins capable of being directed to the ER, secretory vesicles, or the extracellular space as a result of a signal sequence, as well as those proteins released into the extracellular space without necessarily containing a signal sequence. If the secreted protein is released into the extracellular space, the secreted protein can undergo extracellular processing to produce a “mature” protein. Release into the extracellular space can occur by many mechanisms, including exocytosis and proteolytic cleavage.

[0011] As used herein, a “polynucleotide” refers to a molecule having a nucleic acid sequence contained in SEQ ID NO:X or the cDNA contained within the clone deposited with the ATCC. For example, the polynucleotide can contain the nucleotide sequence of the full length cDNA sequence, including the 5′ and 3′ untranslated sequences, the coding region, with or without the signal sequence, the secreted protein coding region, as well as fragments, epitopes, domains, and variants of the nucleic acid sequence. Moreover, as used herein, a “polypeptide” refers to a molecule having the translated amino acid sequence generated from the polynucleotide as broadly defined.

[0012] In the present invention, the full length sequence identified as SEQ ID NO:X was often generated by overlapping sequences contained in multiple clones (contig analysis). A representative clone containing all or most of the sequence for SEQ ID NO:X was deposited with the American Type Culture Collection (“ATCC”). As shown in Table 1, each clone is identified by a cDNA Clone ID (Identifier) and the ATCC Deposit Number. The ATCC is located at 10801 University Boulevard, Manassas, Va. 20110-2209, USA. The ATCC deposit was made pursuant to the terms of the Budapest Treaty on the international recognition of the deposit of microorganisms for purposes of patent procedure.

[0013] A “polynucleotide” of the present invention also includes those polynucleotides capable of hybridizing, under stringent hybridization conditions, to sequences contained in SEQ ID NO:X, the complement thereof, or the cDNA within the clone deposited with the ATCC. “Stringent hybridization conditions” refers to an overnight incubation at 42° C. in a solution comprising 50% formamide, 5× SSC (750 mM NaCl, 75 mM sodium citrate), 50 mM sodium phosphate (pH 7.6), 5× Denhardt's solution, 10% dextran sulfate, and 20 μg/ml denatured, sheared salmon sperm DNA, followed by washing the filters in 0.1× SSC at about 65° C.

[0014] Also contemplated are nucleic acid molecules that hybridize to the polynucleotides of the present invention at lower stringency hybridization conditions. Changes in the stringency of hybridization and signal detection are primarily accomplished through the manipulation of formamide concentration (lower percentages of formamide result in lowered stringency); salt conditions, or temperature. For example, lower stringency conditions include an overnight incubation at 37° C. in a solution comprising 6× SSPE (20× SSPE=3M NaCl; 0.2M NaH2PO4; 0.02M EDTA, pH 7.4), 0.5% SDS, 30% formamide, 100 ug/ml salmon sperm blocking DNA; followed by washes at 50° C. with 1× SSPE, 0.1% SDS. In addition, to achieve even lower stringency, washes performed following stringent hybridization can be done at higher salt concentrations (e.g. 5× SSC).

[0015] Note that variations in the above conditions may be accomplished through the inclusion and/or substitution of alternate blocking reagents used to suppress background in hybridization experiments. Typical blocking reagents include Denhardt's reagent, BLOTTO, heparin, denatured salmon sperm DNA, and commercially available proprietary formulations. The inclusion of specific blocking reagents may require modification of the hybridization conditions described above, due to problems with compatibility.

[0016] Of course, a polynucleotide which hybridizes only to polyA+ sequences (such as any 3′ terminal polyA+ tract of a cDNA shown in the sequence listing), or to a complementary stretch of T (or U) residues, would not be included in the definition of “polynucleotide,” since such a polynucleotide would hybridize to any nucleic acid molecule containing a poly (A) stretch or the complement thereof (e.g., practically any double-stranded cDNA clone).

[0017] The polynucleotide of the present invention can be composed of any polyribonucleotide or polydeoxribonucleotide, which may be unmodified RNA or DNA or modified RNA or DNA. For example, polynucleotides can be composed of single- and double-stranded DNA, DNA that is a mixture of single- and double-stranded regions, single- and double-stranded RNA, and RNA that is mixture of single- and double-stranded regions, hybrid molecules comprising DNA and RNA that may be single-stranded or, more typically, double-stranded or a mixture of single- and double-stranded regions. In addition, the polynucleotide can be composed of triple-stranded regions comprising RNA or DNA or both RNA and DNA. A polynucleotide may also contain one or more modified bases or DNA or RNA backbones modified for stability or for other reasons. “Modified” bases include, for example, tritylated bases and unusual bases such as inosine. A variety of modifications can be made to DNA and RNA; thus, “polynucleotide” embraces chemically, enzymatically, or metabolically modified forms.

[0018] The polypeptide of the present invention can be composed of amino acids joined to each other by peptide bonds or modified peptide bonds, i.e., peptide isosteres, and may contain amino acids other than the 20 gene-encoded amino acids. The polypeptides may be modified by either natural processes, such as posttranslational processing, or by chemical modification techniques which are well known in the art. Such modifications are well described in basic texts and in more detailed monographs, as well as in a voluminous research literature. Modifications can occur anywhere in a polypeptide, including the peptide backbone, the amino acid side-chains and the amino or carboxyl termini. It will be appreciated that the same type of modification may be present in the same or varying degrees at several sites in a given polypeptide. Also, a given polypeptide may contain many types of modifications. Polypeptides may be branched , for example, as a result of ubiquitination, and they may be cyclic, with or without branching. Cyclic, branched, and branched cyclic polypeptides may result from posttranslation natural processes or may be made by synthetic methods. Modifications include acetylation, acylation, ADP-ribosylation, amidation, covalent attachment of flavin, covalent attachment of a heme moiety, covalent attachment of a nucleotide or nucleotide derivative, covalent attachment of a lipid or lipid derivative, covalent attachment of phosphotidylinositol, cross-linking, cyclization, disulfide bond formation, demethylation, formation of covalent cross-links, formation of cysteine, formation of pyroglutamate, formylation, gamma-carboxylation, glycosylation, GPI anchor formation, hydroxylation, iodination, methylation, myristoylation, oxidation, pegylation, proteolytic processing, phosphorylation, prenylation, racemization, selenoylation, sulfation, transfer-RNA mediated addition of amino acids to proteins such as arginylation, and ubiquitination. (See, for instance, PROTEINS—STRUCTURE AND MOLECULAR PROPERTIES, 2nd Ed., T. E. Creighton, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York (1993); POSTTRANSLATIONAL COVALENT MODIFICATION OF PROTEINS, B. C. Johnson, Ed., Academic Press, New York, pgs. 1-12 (1983); Seifter et al., Meth Enzymol 182:626-646 (1990); Rattan et al., Ann NY Acad Sci 663:48-62 (1992).)

[0019] “SEQ ID NO:X” refers to a polynucleotide sequence while “SEQ ID NO:Y” refers to a polypeptide sequence, both sequences identified by an integer specified in Table 1.

[0020] “A polypeptide having biological activity” refers to polypeptides exhibiting activity similar, but not necessarily identical to, an activity of a polypeptide of the present invention, including mature forms, as measured in a particular biological assay, with or without dose dependency. In the case where dose dependency does exist, it need not be identical to that of the polypeptide, but rather substantially similar to the dose-dependence in a given activity as compared to the polypeptide of the present invention (i.e., the candidate polypeptide will exhibit greater activity or not more than about 25-fold less and, preferably, not more than about tenfold less activity, and most preferably, not more than about three-fold less activity relative to the polypeptide of the present invention.)

[0021] Polynucleotides and Polypeptides of the Invention

[0022] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 1

[0023] This gene is expressed primarily in cerebellum. Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neural disorders, particularly damage to the cerebellum or additional CNS tissues caused by injuries, which include, but are not limited to, trauma or ischemia. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system (CNS), expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0024] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 150 as residues: Pro-7 to Cys-21, Leu-25 to Ser-30.

[0025] The tissue distribution in cerebellum indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of neurodegenerative disease states, behavioral disorders, or inflammatory conditions which include, but are not limited to Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease, Tourette Syndrome, meningitis, encephalitis, demyelinating diseases, peripheral neuropathies, neoplasia, trauma, congenital malformations, spinal cord injuries, ischemia and infarction, aneurysms, hemorrhages, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception.

[0026] In addition, elevated expression of this gene product in regions of the brain indicates it plays a role in normal neural function. Potentially, this gene product is involved in synapse formation, neurotransmission, learning, cognition, homeostasis, or neuronal differentiation or survival. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues.

[0027] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:11 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1868 of SEQ ID NO:11, b is an integer of 15 to 1882, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:11, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0028] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 2

[0029] The translation product of this gene was found to have homology to the human env endogenous retrovirus protein (See Genbank Accession No, gil757872), which is thought to play a contributing role in the events leading up to the onset of cancer or of proliferative disorders in teratocarcinoma cell lines. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

VDPRVRRFWEDPEYPPVAVMSRLMLRRIPTVMSNTHRTQPSTWEQIKKLSQMVGENLRKAGQPVT (SEQ ID NO: 289),
VRRFWEDPEYPPVAVMSRLMLRRIP (SEQ ID NO: 290),
SNTHRTQPSTWEQIKKLSQMVGENLRK (SEQ ID NO: 291),
SACHSHTVFNWSEQNGQMVQMVRRMARVPIIWNHGSIGAPQPQMIWPIVGA (SEQ ID NO: 292),
KHKDLWQLLIALNKIKIWERIKKHLEGHSANLSLDIAKYIYIFKASQAHLT
LMPELECSKELQTD
MARVPIIWNHGSIGAPQPQMIWPIV (SEQ ID NO: 293),
RIKKHLEGHSANLSL DIAKYIYIFKASQAHLT (SEQ ID NO: 294),
VFLQQGLTQRSVILIGHICQFWLAIMPGYNHFMTQLHMLSGLNIYH (SEQ ID NO: 295),
NKSAPIIEAYHP QKSICKQN
IGHICQFWLAIMPGYNHFMTQLHMLSGL (SEQ ID NO: 296),
SIPGTPDLNARTGVLEGAADRLAASNPLKWIKTLRSSVISMMIVLLICVVCLYIVCRC (SEQ ID NO: 297),
VLEGAADRLAASNPLKWIKTLRSSVIS (SEQ ID NO: 298),
LTVTKLPWLFIALQNKRMGTSWEQA (SEQ ID NO: 299), and/or
PKSGHKLAPKLVINKISAALSHACDSLTPTLEGCRFTGM RARNNWPTQGG
MGTSWEQAPKSGHKLAPKLVINKISAALS (SEQ ID NO: 300).

[0030] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0031] This gene is expressed primarily in PHA stimulated T-cells.

[0032] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of the following diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune disorders, particularly autoimmune, inflammatory, or immunodeficiency diseases, in addition to, proliferative conditions such as cancers. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of -the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, teratocarcinoma, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum; plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0033] The tissue distribution in T-cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. The expression of this gene product indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer e.g. by boosting immune responses. Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia.

[0034] In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. The protein may also show utility in the development of novel inhibitors to viral infections, or the protein may be useful in the development of novel vectors, such as those used in gene therapy, and/or immuno-therapy which could lead to the amelioration of disease of disease states. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues.

[0035] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:12 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1576 of SEQ ID NO:12, b is an integer of 15 to 1590, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:12, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0036] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 3

[0037] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the human retrovirus-related reverse transcriptase pseudogene (See Genbank Accession No. pirlA25313|GNHULL).In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

STHASVQKKDLTKFSAHSWLKKKKTFRKMIMEEIFLNLIKNIYKSPYSQCNT (SEQ ID NO: 301),
VRSEKGFDKIQCPFMVK (SEQ ID NO: 302),
FSKPSSYKTYIPKINLHFYILLMNIWETIKIVPLNNCFTKMNYLGI (SEQ ID NO: 303),
KKETKLSLFANDMI (SEQ ID NO: 304), and/or
SPLLFNILLEVLSSAVRKEKELK (SEQ ID NO: 305).

[0038] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0039] This gene is expressed primarily in PHA activated T cells.

[0040] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions: immune or hematopoietic disorders, particularly inflammation, immunodeficiencies, and autoimmune diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0041] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 152 as residues: Ile-14 to Thr-24.

[0042] The tissue distribution in T-cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. The expression of this gene product indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer e.g. by boosting immune responses. Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia.

[0043] In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Alternatively, the homology to a reverse transcriptase human gene may implicate this gene as providing utility in the understanding of host-viral interactions, particularly those involving retroviruses and other integration-dependent viruses. Moreover, the protein may show utility in the development of novel inhibitors to viral infection, and thus to the amelioration of human diseases and conditions. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0044] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:13 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1359 of SEQ ID NO:13, b is an integer of 15 to 1373, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:13, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0045] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 4

[0046] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with npdcf-1 which is thought to be important in promoting the survival of bi-potential glial progenitor cells (See Genbank Accession No. gi|456107). One embodiment of this gene comprises polypeptides of the following amino acid sequence:

LRRPSTPLRRPWLHLQLPRISLGDQRLAQSAEMYHYQHQRQQMLSLERHKEPP (SEQ ID NO: 306),
KELDTALRMRRMRTETSRCTSARAWPRPGKWRCATICSTTPHCPRPCRPP
AHRLHCHDLEADRRPLAPR
RATQGAGHGSSDEENEDG (SEQ ID NO: 307),
DFTVYECPGMAPTGEMEVRNHLFD HAALSAPLPAPSSPLALP
KAEYATAKALATPAATPDLAWGPAPGTERGDVPLPAPTATDVVPGAA (SEQ ID NO: 308),
SAEMYHYQHQRQQML (SEQ ID NO: 309),
LERHKEPPKEL (SEQ ID NO: 310),
AKCPPGAHACGP (SEQ ID NO: 311),
PVHMSPLEP (SEQ ID NO: 312),
WCRLQREIRLTQ (SEQ ID NO: 313),
SSDEENEDGDFTVYECPG (SEQ ID NO: 314),
APTGEMEVRN (SEQ ID NO: 315),
CPGSLDCALK (SEQ ID NO: 316),
RATQGAGHGSSDEENEDGDETVYECPGMAPTGEMEVRNHLFDHAALS (SEQ ID NO: 317),
APLPAPSSPLALP
NEDGDFTVYECPGMAPTGEMEV (SEQ ID NO: 318),
RPTRPSSSCVLPRCLRCSRRGARSPRRAPGLAVPCCPGGGAEGWR (SEQ ID NO: 319),
RRCLRPPRGTCGCCGCCSPASSSAPPCVEPPPATRNVAACPGSLDCALKKRA
SVLLVHMPVGLPSALPXGTAKACFAXMRRASXGGRAQPXLEMRLIPGPR
ELARKGIWTSIPP
RCLRCSRRGARSPRRAPGLAVPCCP (SEQ ID NO: 320), and/or
GSLDCALKKRASVLLVHMPVGLPSALPXGTAKAC (SEQ ID NO: 321).

[0047] Additional embodiments is the polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides.

[0048] This gene is expressed primarily in cerebellum, synovial sarcoma, and to a lesser extent, in several other cancer cell lines.

[0049] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neural or skeletal disorders, particularly tumors characterized by cells of a relatively undifferentiated state, including neural tumors. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to those polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the synovial fluid, prostate, breast and uterus, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, skeletal, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0050] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 153 as residues: Pro-6 to Arg-11, Glu-52 to Gly-59.

[0051] The tissue distribution in the cerebellum, combined with the homology to the human npdcf-1 protein indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosing and treating tumors that contain relatively high numbers of undifferentiated cells. Moreover, this gene is useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses , autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception.

[0052] In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, sexually-linked disorders, or disorders of the cardiovascular system. Alternatively, the expression of this gene product in synovium would suggest a role in the detection and treatment of disorders and conditions affecting the skeletal system, in particular osteoporosis, bone cancer, as well as, disorders afflicting connective tissues (e.g., arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation), such as in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (i.e. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid).

[0053] Moreover, the protein may be useful for inducing astroglial proliferation and promoting neuronal survival, in addition to other highly vascular tissues. The protein can also be used to regulate cellular metabolism (e.g., through the modulation of protein expression). Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0054] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:14 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1128 of SEQ ID NO:14, b is an integer of 15 to 1142, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:14, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0055] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 5

[0056] The translation product of this gene was found to have homology to the RoBo-1 protein from Rattus norvegicus (See Genbank Accession No.gi|2895563 (AF041083)) which is thought to be important as a mediator in bone remodeling. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: DSHQARSRRLEALWSPSLGEVSSST (SEQ ID NO: ). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0057] This gene is expressed primarily in colon, pituitary, and to a lesser extent in fetal lung and fibrosarcoma.

[0058] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, endocrine, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, skeletal, or developmental and proliferative disorders, particularly those effecting the Gut/pituitary/hypothalamic axis. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the digestive system and regulation of feeding, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., gastrointesinal, endocrine, developmental, skeletal, pulmonary, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, amniotic fluid, pulmonary surfactant or sputum, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0059] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 154 as residues: Asn-26 to Cys-32, Cys-100 to Leu-112, Cys-128 to Ser-135.

[0060] The tissue distribution in colon and pituitary indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for treating disorders related to the intake and utilization of food since this gene is expressed in the digestive tract and a CNS site involved in regulation of weight homeostasis. The secreted protein can also be used to determine biological activity, to raise antibodies, as tissue markers, to isolate cognate ligands or receptors, to identify agents that modulate their interactions, and as nutritional supplements. It may also have a very wide range of biological activities. Typical of these are cytokine, cell proliferation/differentiation modulating activity or induction of other cytokines; immunostimulating/immunosuppressant activities (e.g., for treating human immunodeficiency virus infection, cancer, autoimmune diseases and allergy); regulation of hematopoiesis (e.g., for treating anemia or as adjunct to chemotherapy); stimulation or growth of bone, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and/or nerves (e.g., for treating wounds, stimulation of follicle stimulating hormone (for control of fertility); chemotactic and chemokinetic activities (e.g., for treating infections, tumors); hemostatic or thrombolytic activity (e.g., for treating hemophilia, cardiac infarction etc.); anti-inflammatory activity (e.g., for treating septic shock, Crohn's disease); as antimicrobials; for treating psoriasis or other hyperproliferative diseases; for regulation of metabolism, and behavior. Also contemplated is the use of the corresponding nucleic acid in gene therapy procedures. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0061] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:15 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1020 of SEQ ID NO:15, b is an integer of 15 to 1034, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 15, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0062] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 6

[0063] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with Cortical granule lectin which is thought to be important in blocking polyspermy (See Genbank Accession No. gnl|PID|e1181610). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

RSCKEIKD (SEQ ID NO: 323),
GGGWTLVASVHEN (SEQ ID NO: 324),
ADYPEGDGNWANYNTFGSA (SEQ ID NO: 325),
ATSDDYKNPGYYDI (SEQ ID NO: 326),
CIGGGGYFPEA (SEQ ID NO: 327),
DSDKIT (SEQ ID NO: 329),
YQTFCDMT (SEQ ID NO: 330), and/or
EITEAAVLLFY (SEQ ID NO: 328).

[0064] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0065] This gene is expressed primarily in benign and metastatic colon, and to a lesser extent in HEL cells.

[0066] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, gastrointestinal, reproductive, or developmental disorders, particularly cancer, or inflammatory conditions. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the digestive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., gastrointestinal, reproductive, proliferating, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, seminal fluid, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0067] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 155 as residues: Arg-15 to Ser-33, Pro-35 to Cys-41.

[0068] The tissue distribution in colon, combined with the homology to cortical granule lectins indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for treating disorders of the colon. These may include diseases related to damage or chronic inflammation as well as tumors of the colon. The product may also be useful for the identification of colon cancer metastasis and, as a secreted protein, may have diagnostic and prognostic applications. Moreover, the protein is useful in the treatment, detection, and/or prevention of reproductive disorders, particularly normal testicular function, in addition having utility in the development of contraceptives, or in the treatment of polyspermy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues.

[0069] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:16 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1184 of SEQ ID NO:16, b is an integer of 15 to 1198, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:16, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0070] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 7

[0071] This gene is expressed primarily in eight week human embryos.

[0072] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, fetal and/or developmental abnormalities. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the developing fetus, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., developing, differentiating, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, serum, plasma, lymph, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0073] The tissue distribution in eight week old tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for detecting embryonic abnormalities, in particular congenital abnormalities, which include, but are not limited to Tay-Sachs disease, phenylkenonuria, galactosemia, hyperlipidemias, porphyrias, and Hurler's syndrome. Expression within embryonic tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates that this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of cancer and other proliferative′ disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0074] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:17 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1433 of SEQ ID NO:17, b is an integer of 15 to 1447, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:17, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0075] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 8

[0076] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MGKRAHEVRRPPHSRPLHGTPAGWVLDPSGYKDVTQDA (SEQ ID NO: 331),
EVMEVLQNLYRTKSFLFVGCGETLRDQIFQALFLYSVPNKVDLEHYMLVLKE
NEDHFFKHQADMLLHGIKVVSYGDCFDHFPGYVQDLATQICKQQSPGHLYSN
SWSATPDGRGGP
VLDPSGYKDVTQDAEVMEVLQNLYRT (SEQ ID NO: 332),
YSVPNKVDLEHY MLVLKENEDHFFKII (SEQ ID NO: 333),
DLATQICKQQSPGHLYSNSWSATPD (SEQ ID NO: 334),
RRMKTISLSIRQICFC (SEQ ID NO: 335),
TESKLYPTGTVLTTFQDMCKTLPLRSANSKAQDICTRIHGVPLLMGEEAHDSD
SHASDRGHHTMLPLPAGSFSESSHQAWEVEMLIAWTAPHYWVMHARTVQRGS
TESKLYPTGTVLTTFQDMCKTLPLRSA (SEQ ID NO: 336), and/or
LMGEEAH DSDSHASDRGHHTMLPLPAG (SEQ ID NO: 337).

[0077] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0078] This gene is expressed primarily in endothelial cells, and to a lesser extent in lymph node, tonsils, heart and spinal cord.

[0079] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, vascular diseases, such as restenosis, including disorders of the integumentary system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the vascular system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., vascular, integumentary, immune, hematopoietic, neural, cardiovascular, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0080] The tissue distribution in endothelial cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for treating diseases of the vasculature including problems associated with diabetes and restenosis following angioplasty. Moreover, the protein is useful in the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of other vascular conditions, which include, but are not limited to, stroke, microvascular disease, aneurysm, vascular leak syndrome, or embolism. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0081] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:18 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1408 of SEQ ID NO:18, b is an integer of 15 to 1422, where both a and b correspond to the-positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:18, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0082] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 9

[0083] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the Gcap1 gene product of Mus musculus, which is specifically expressed in cerebellum and appears to be developmentally regulated (See Genbank Accession No. gi|862343). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LCAVEKTRTFTRGDCGPNRHHKHVLKAKDNNHIQRHQFSSTLEFS (SEQ ID NO:338),
SNSTDGLKYICVYLYVCTHPCIYIYLSAHTLHMYTHYLCKI
SST LEFSSNSTDGLKYICVYLYVCTHPCIY (SEQ ID NO:339),
STSVCICTCAHTHVYI (SEQ ID NO:340),
FIYLHTHYICIHTIYVKYNICIMHINSNKCICVIFKIEQLYLEVVNAENWFYC
IHTIYVKYNICIMHIN SNKCICVITFKIEQLY (SEQ ID NO:341), and/or
NSAVTVQMA (SEQ ID NO:342).

[0084] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0085] This gene is expressed primarily in fetal lung, endothelial cells and to a lesser extent, in astrocytes and fetal brain.

[0086] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, vasdcular, developmental, neural, or proliferative conditions, particularly endothelial cell proliferation, such as occurs in restenosis. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the vascular system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., developmental, neural, vascular, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression, level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0087] The tissue distribution in fetal brain, in addition to the homology to a brain-specific regulatory protein indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection, treatment, or prevention of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses , autism; and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, sexually-linked disorders, or disorders of the cardiovascular system.

[0088] Alternatively, the tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for treating abnormal proliferation of endothelial cells such as occurs upon injury to the lung or arteries. Moreover, this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0089] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:19 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1093 of SEQ ID NO:19, b is an integer of 15 to 1107, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:19, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0090] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 10

[0091] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: TKTSTPLR (SEQ ID NO: 343). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is believed to reside on chromosome 12. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 12.

[0092] This gene is expressed primarily in infant brain and fetal tissues.

[0093] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, developmental abnormalities or neural disorders, particularly gestational conditions, such as spina bifida. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., developing, neural, differentiating, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, serum, lymph, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0094] The tissue distribution in infant brain and fetal tissues suggests that the protein product of this clone is useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, sexually-linked disorders, or disorders of the cardiovascular system. Alternatively, the tissue distribution suggests that the protein product of this clone is useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of cancer and other proliferative disorders Moreover, the expression within fetal tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells suggests that this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division. Similarly, embryonic development also involves decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0095] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:20 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1169 of SEQ ID NO:20, b is an integer of 15 to 1183, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:20, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0096] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 11

[0097] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: VCIPGAAGLSVLLG (SEQ ID NO: 344). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0098] This gene is expressed primarily in fetal kidney.

[0099] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, urogenital, renal, or developmental disorders, particularly renal failure, tumors of the kidney, and/or developmental abnormalities associated with the kidney. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the renal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., urological, renal, developmental, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0100] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 160 as residues: Gln-26 to Gln-34.

[0101] The tissue distribution in fetal kidney indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of cancer and other proliferative disorders, particularly renal disorders. Expression within embryonic tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates that this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division. Similarly, embryonic development also involves decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy.

[0102] Moreover, the protein product of this gene could be used in the treatment and/or detection of kidney diseases including nephritus, renal tubular acidosis, proteinuria, pyuria, edema, pyelonephritis, hydronephritis, nephrotic syndrome, crush syndrome, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal colic and kidney stones, in addition to Wilm's Tumor Disease, and congenital kidney abnormalities such as horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney, and Falconi's syndrome. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0103] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:21 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1406 of SEQ ID NO:21, b is an integer of 15 to 1420, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:21, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0104] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 12

[0105] The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is believed to reside on chromosome 17. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 17.

[0106] This gene is expressed primarily in breast, fetal kidney, and T-cells.

[0107] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive, immune, developmental, or renal disorders, particularly autoimmune diseases, chronic inflammatory conditions, or urogenital disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, reproductive, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., breast milk, lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0108] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 161 as residues: His-2 to Lys-7, Ser-28 to Glu-35.

[0109] The tissue distribution in breast and T-cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Moreover, the expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer e.g. by boosting immune responses.

[0110] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types.

[0111] Alternatively, the expression within fetal tissue indicates this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0112] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:22 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1561 of SEQ ID NO:22, b is an integer of 15 to 1575, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:22, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0113] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 13

[0114] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

SILPVEMAAAVAGMLRGGLLPQAGRLPTLQTVRYGSKAVTRHRRV (SEQ ID NO: 345), and/or
AGMLRGGLLPQAGRLPTLQTVRYGSK (SEQ ID NO: 346).

[0115] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0116] This gene is expressed primarily in the frontal cortex of the brain.

[0117] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neural disorders, particularly neurodegenerative disorders, ischemia, Alzheimer's, or Parkinson's. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0118] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 162 as residues: Glu-31 to Gly-37.

[0119] The tissue distribution in frontal cortex indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses , autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues.

[0120] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:23 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 527 of SEQ ID NO:23, b is an integer of 15 to 541, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:23, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0121] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 14

[0122] The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is believed to reside on chromosome 1. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 1.

[0123] This gene is expressed primarily in ovary, and to a lesser extent, in infant brain.

[0124] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive, neural, or developmental disorders, particularly cancers and other diseases of the reproductive system including ovarian cysts and hormonal disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the female reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, neural, developmental, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, lymph, seminal fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0125] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 163 as residues: Ser-32 to Glu-37.

[0126] The tissue distribution in ovarian tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and intervention of ovarian tumors, in addition to other tumors where expression has been indicated. Alternatively, expression within the fetal brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses , autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo.

[0127] Moreover, the expression within fetal tissue indicates this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0128] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:24 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 819 of SEQ ID NO:24, b is an integer of 15 to 833, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:24, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0129] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 15

[0130] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the highly conserved ras gene which is known to be important in the regulation of cell growth, and thus has been shown to serve as an inducible oncogene in eukaryotic tissues (See Genbank Accession No. gb|Z11804|DDRASX). When tested against PC12 (rat pheochromocytoma cells) and NIH3T3 cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the EGR1 (early growth response gene 1) promoter element. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates sensory neuron cells and fibroblasts, in addition to other tissues or cell types, through the EGR1 signal transduction pathway. The EGR1 (early growth response gene 1) is a separate signal transduction pathway from Jaks-STAT, genes containing the EGR1 promoter are induced in various tissues and cell types upon activation, leading the cells to undergo differentiation and proliferation.

[0131] Moreover, contact of cells with supernatant expressing the product of this gene has been shown to increase the permeability of the plasma membrane of monocytes to calcium. Thus it is likely that the product of this gene is involved in a signal transduction pathway that is initiated when the product-binds a receptor on the surface of the plasma membrane of monocytes, in addition to other cell-lines or tissue cell types, such as immune or hematopoietic cells. Thus, polynucleotides and polypeptides have uses which include, but are not limited to, activating monocytes.

[0132] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: ARAGQMQNLESARAGRSVSTQTGS (SEQ ID NO: 347). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is believed to reside on chromosome 13. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 13.

[0133] This gene is expressed primarily in T-cells.

[0134] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases involving immune regulation, which include, but are not limited to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and leukemia. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., hematopoietic, immune, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0135] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 164 as residues: Ala-28 to His-41, Pro-43 to Gln-64.

[0136] The tissue distribution in T-cells, combined with the detected EGR1 and calcium flux activities, indicates polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders, particularly those dependent upon signalling aberrations. Expression of this gene product in T-cells indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer—particularly considering the homology to a conserved ras gene, and the detected EGR1 biological activity.

[0137] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0138] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:25 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1541 of SEQ ID NO:25, b is an integer of 15 to 1555, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:25, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0139] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 16

[0140] This gene is expressed primarily in kidney cortex.

[0141] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the kidney including cancer and renal dysfunction, in addition to, endocrine disorders, particularly of the adrenal glands. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the renal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., urogenital, renal, endocrine, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., urine, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0142] The tissue distribution in kidney cortex indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment, diagnosis, and/or prevention of diseases of the kidney including renal failure, nephritus, renal tubular acidosis, proteinuria, pyuria, edema, pyelonephritis, hydronephritis, nephrotic syndrome, crush syndrome, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal colic and kidney stones, in addition to Wilm's Tumor Disease, and congenital kidney abnormalities such as horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney, and Falconi's syndrome. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0143] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:26 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1529 of SEQ ID NO:26, b is an integer of 15 to 1543, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:26, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0144] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 17

[0145] This gene is expressed primarily in T-cell lymphoma, and to a lesser extent, in bone marrow stromal cells.

[0146] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune or hematopoietic disorders, particularly cancers, such as lymphomas and leukemias. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0147] The tissue distribution in bone marrow stromal cells and T-cell lymphoma indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune or hematopoietic disorders. Expression of this gene product in T-cells indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types.

[0148] Expression in bone marrow cells suggest that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of hematopoetic related disorders such as anemia, pancytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia or leukemia since stromal cells are important in the production of cells of hematopoietic lineages. The uses include bone marrow cell ex vivo culture, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow reconstitution, radiotherapy or chemotherapy of neoplasia. The gene product may also be involved in lymphopoiesis, therefore, it can be used in immune disorders such as infection, inflammation, allergy, immunodeficiency etc. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues.

[0149] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:27 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1248 of SEQ ID NO:27, b is an integer of 15 to 1262, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:27, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0150] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 18

[0151] This gene is expressed primarily in medulloblastoma.

[0152] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, disorders of the central nervous system, including cancers. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0153] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 167 as residues: Phe-22 to Leu-28.

[0154] The tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses , autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0155] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:28 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 739 of SEQ ID NO:28, b is an integer of 15 to 753, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:28, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0156] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 19

[0157] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the mammalian notch I protein which has been shown to be important in the regulation of cell-fate during pattern formation and development (See Genbank Accession No. gi|57635). One embodiment of this gene comprises polypeptides of the following amino acid sequence:

KHEXHQVSDGALRCFASLADRFTRRGVDPAPLAKHGLTEE (SEQ ID NO: 348),
LLSRMAAAGGTVSGPSSACKPXRSTTGAPSTTADSKLSNQVSTIVSLLSTLCRG
SPVVTHDLLRSELPDSIESALQGDERCVLDTMRLVDFLLVLLFEGRKALPKSSA
GSTGRIPGLRRLDSSGERSHRQLIDCIRSKDTDALIDAIDTGAFEVNFMDDVG
QTLLNWASAFGTQEMVEFLCERGADVNRGQRSSSLHYAACFGRPQVAKT
LLRHGANPDLRDEDGKTPLDKARERGHSEVVAILQSPGDWMCPVNKGDDK
PLDKARERGHSEVVAIL (SEQ ID NO: 349),
AKTLLRHGANPDLRD (SEQ ID NO: 350),
GRGRAWLCRRPVGSWIGAVWNDKPDKETFKKPWQMWTQIHCWNGYRWDXXDXKD (SEQ ID NO: 351),
SWIGAVWNDKPDKETFKKPWQMW (SEQ ID NO: 352),
KTMADVDPDTLLEWLQMGXGRXKGHATN TP (SEQ ID NO: 353),
RGVDPAPLAKHGLTEELLSRMAAAGGTVSGPSSA (SEQ ID NO: 354),
RSTTGAPSTTADSKLSNQVSTIVSLLSTLCR (SEQ ID NO: 355),
FEVNFMDDVGQTLLNWASAFGTQEMVEFLCERGA (SEQ ID NO: 356), and/or
EDGKTPLDKARERGHSEVVAILQSPGDW (SEQ ID NO: 357).

[0158] An additional embodiment is the polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides.

[0159] This gene is expressed primarily in endothelial cells.

[0160] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, vascular disorders, particularly diseases involving angiogenic abnormalities including diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and other diseases including arterioscerosis, stroke, aneurysm, embolism, and cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the vascular system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., endothelial, vascular, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue from an individual not having the disorder.

[0161] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 168 as residues: Asp-17 to Phe-23.

[0162] The tissue distribution in endothelial cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for treating diseases where an increase or decrease in angiogenesis is indicated and as a factor in the wound healing process. The protein is useful in the treatment of cancer cells and tissues, particularly in inhibiting angiogenesis of the invading tumor. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0163] Alternatively, considering the homology to the Notch I protein, this gene may show utility in the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, sexually-linked disorders, or disorders of the cardiovascular system. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0164] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:29 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1607 of SEQ ID NO:29, b is an integer of 15 to 1621, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:29, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0165] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 20

[0166] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: TRPTMPNFLWFPKCA (SEQ ID NO: 358). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0167] This gene is expressed primarily in meningioma tissues.

[0168] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neural or central nervous system disorders, particularly cancers of the central nervous system and endothelium. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, endothelial, CNS, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0169] The tissue distribution in meningioma tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, sexually-linked disorders, or disorders of the cardiovascular system.

[0170] Moreover, the protein is useful in inhibiting or ameliorating infections of the meninges, particular viral infections. In addition, the protein may show utility in the treatment, detection, and/or prevention of such infections and disorders, in addition to degenerative conditions or congenital defects of the meninges. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0171] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:30 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 907 of SEQ ID NO:30, b is an integer of 15 to 921, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:30, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0172] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 21

[0173] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the retinoic acid receptor gamma-2 which is thought to be important in the development of, and may be a key determinant for, human breast cancer during aberrant activation (See Genbank Accession No. AA176435). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LPPCLAQIFPFFSSGTNLTFCFFVFVFVFVFAELDYRNSYEIEY (SEQ ID NO: 359).

[0174] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0175] This gene is expressed primarily in ovary, and to a lesser extent, in meningioma.

[0176] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive or neural disorders, particularly ovarian cancer, as well as, other cancers of the reproductive system, meninges, and endothelial tissue in general. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the female reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., ovarian, reproductive, neural, endothelial, endocrine, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0177] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 170 as residues: Leu-8 to Gln-1 8, Thr-26 to Lys-33, Met-39 to Cys-46, Ala-62 to Pro-69, Pro-83 to Glu-90.

[0178] The tissue distribution in ovarian tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and intervention of tumors within these tissues, in addition to other tumors where expression has been indicated. The protein may also show utility in the treatment, detection, prevention, and/or amelioration of degenerative conditions or congenital disorders of the meninges, and the brain and spinal cord, in general. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tumors and tissues.

[0179] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:31 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 2081 of SEQ ID NO:31, b is an integer of 15 to 2095, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:3 1, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0180] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 22

[0181] This gene is expressed primarily in the spongy tissue from Alzheimer's brain.

[0182] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neural disorders, which include, but are not limited to Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells. particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0183] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 171 as residues: Ser-31 to Ala-37, Ala-50 to Tyr-55, Phe-63 to Arg-68, His-83 to Pro-89.

[0184] The tissue distribution in spongy tissue from Alzheimer's patient indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses , autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0185] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:32 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1824 of SEQ ID NO:32, b is an integer of 15 to 1838, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:32, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0186] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 23

[0187] This gene is expressed primarily in bone marrow cells.

[0188] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune or hematological disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hematological and immune systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, haematopoeitic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0189] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 172 as residues: Glu-22 to Ser-33, Leu-47 to Ser-55, Thr-87 to Arg-104.

[0190] The tissue distribution in bone marrow cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of hematopoetic related disorders, which include, but are not limited to anemia, pancytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia or leukemia since stromal cells are important in the production of cells of hematopoietic lineages. The uses include bone marrow cell ex vivo culture, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow reconstitution, radiotherapy or chemotherapy of neoplasia. The gene product may also be involved in lymphopoiesis, therefore, it can be used in immune disorders such as infection, inflammation, allergy, immunodeficiency etc. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0191] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:33 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 768 of SEQ ID NO:33, b is an integer of 15 to 782, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:33, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0192] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 24

[0193] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: LKCTIYGGA (SEQ ID NO: 360). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0194] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0195] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the immune system, including inflammatory diseases and allergies. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, haematopoeitic, and. cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0196] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 173 as residues: Gln-36 to Lys-41.

[0197] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions.

[0198] Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues, such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic, anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0199] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:34 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1546 of SEQ ID NO:34, b is an integer of 15 to 1560, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:34, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0200] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 25

[0201] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

HVLWSLLSACWTQFLVYFCCLMILQRTFPPRALRTSPWLSNPMGVKGKKKKGTFME (SEQ ID NO: 361), and/or
ELVYFCCLMILQRTFPPRALRTSPWLSNPM (SEQ ID NO: 362).

[0202] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0203] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0204] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune or hematopoietic disorders, including inflammatory diseases and allergies. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, haematopoeitic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0205] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0206] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues, such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0207] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:35 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence-would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1078 of SEQ ID NO:35, b is an integer of 15 to 1092, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:35, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0208] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 26

[0209] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0210] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune or hematopoietic disorders, including inflammatory conditions and allergies. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0211] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 175 as residues: Lys-9 to Leu-16, Ser-33 to Met-43.

[0212] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0213] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0214] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:36 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1139 of SEQ ID NO:36, b is an integer of 15 to 1153, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:36, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0215] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 27

[0216] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the intrinsic factor-B 12 receptor precursor of Rattus norvegicus which is thought to be important in development (See Genbank Accession No. gi|2961490 (AF022247)). One embodiment of this gene comprises polypeptides of the following amino acid sequence:

DCNRDYHKAFGNLRSPGWPDNYDNDXDCXVTLTAPQNHHSGIVENAETISWR (SEQ ID NO: 363),
FGNLRSPGWPDNYDN (SEQ ID NO: 364),
ASFYRTS (SEQ ID NO: 366), and/or
APQNHXLKCRNDFLEV (SEQ ID NO: 365).

[0217] An additional embodiment is the polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides.

[0218] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0219] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune or hematopoietic disorders, including inflammatory disorders, and allergies. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, haematopoetic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0220] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0221] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues, such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0222] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:37 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 971 of SEQ ID NO:37, b is an integer of 15 to 985, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:37, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0223] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 28

[0224] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

KADVKWHMCLQSPLCGLFCSIEGVLK (SEQ ID NO: 367),
ACMNPAMCFVCACPHTGSTPEKAILQGRLISLGTSLSPASNGSGQQSFSICMI (SEQ ID NO: 368),
NPSLPXSTSSHHLFSVLTGDLDSYSQRKLKPTSRKSFLLPKTQTYXVXHPSSP
PLVLVQHRSPLSTYPKPVPSCCALDLISVIALETFLVYIHLFPSIDLSYWILSMLQ
PLLLIKQQSTKTLSLNCMLYSSYYLISFLSFKAKVLRRGGNILHHFFTSYSEFNTY
CPHTGSTPEKAILQGRLISLGTSLSPAS (SEQ ID NO: 369),
QHRSPLSTYPKPVPSCCALDLISV (SEQ ID NO: 370), and/or
IKQQSTKTLSLNCMLYSSYYLISFLSFKA (SEQ ID NO: 371).

[0225] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0226] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0227] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune and/or haematological disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0228] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 177 as residues: Pro-55 to Ser-66.

[0229] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0230] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues, such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0231] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:38 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1108 of SEQ ID NO:38, b is an integer of 15 to 1122, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:38, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0232] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 29

[0233] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0234] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune and haematological disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0235] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0236] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues, such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0237] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:39 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 584 of SEQ ID NO:39, b is an integer of 15 to 598, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:39, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0238] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 30

[0239] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: KYLVSSVLPTISMARSLISALRSG (SEQ ID NO: 372). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is believed to reside on chromosome 7. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 7.

[0240] This gene is expressed primarily in ovarian cancer.

[0241] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive disorders, particularly ovarian cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, ovarian, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0242] The tissue distribution in ovarian tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. Moreover, the protein is useful for the treatment, detection, and/or prevention of endocrine disorders, particularly those related to the reproductive system. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0243] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:40 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1115 of SEQ ID NO:40, b is an integer of 15 to 1129, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:40, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0244] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 31

[0245] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MRTLFGAVRAPFSSLTLLLITPSPSPL (SEQ ID NO: 373),
MAYAFHRTST (SEQ ID NO: 374),
LKSTYTLLSILWFLVLIPVEGN (SEQ ID NO: 375),
and/or
GPLLASHATLCFSLGSKF (SEQ ID NO: 376).

[0246] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0247] This gene is expressed primarily in ovarian cancer.

[0248] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive, or endocrine disorders, particularly proliferative condtions such as ovarian cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, endocrine, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0249] The tissue distribution in ovarian tumor tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. Moreover, the protein is useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of reproductive disorders such as infertility. In addition, the protein may also be useful in the development of novel or improved contraceptives. The expression within cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0250] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:41 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1144 of SEQ ID NO:41, b is an integer of 15 to 1158, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:41, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0251] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 32

[0252] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: TVWGILPRKR (SEQ ID NO: 377). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0253] This gene is expressed primarily in ovarian tumor.

[0254] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive or endocrine disorders, particularly proliferative conditions such as ovarian cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, endocrine, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0255] The tissue distribution in ovarian tumor tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. Moreover, the protein is useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of reproductive disorders such as infertility. In addition, the protein may also be useful in the development of novel or improved contraceptives. The expression within cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0256] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:42 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1753 of SEQ ID NO:42, b is an integer of 15 to 1767, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:42, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0257] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 33

[0258] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with uroplakin III which is thought to be important in urothelial differentiation (See Accession No. d10226610). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: ASIDTWPGRRSGGMIVITSI (SEQ ID NO: 378) and/or GSPQAETRWSDPIALHQGKSPASIDTWPGRRSGGMIVITSI (SEQ ID NO: 379). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0259] This gene is expressed primarily in ovarian tumor.

[0260] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive or endocrine disorders, particularly proliferative conditions such as ovarian cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, endocrine, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0261] The tissue distribution in ovarian tumor tissue, combined with the homology to uroplakin III indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders, urogential condtions, or endocrine disorders. Moreover, the protein is useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of reproductive disorders such as infertility. In addition, the protein may also be useful in the development of novel or improved contraceptives. The expression within cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0262] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:43 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 903 of SEQ ID NO:43, b is an integer of 15 to 917, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:43, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0263] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 34

[0264] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with estrogen-responsive finger protein. which is thought to be important in uterine implantation. (See Accession No. 1088467; and J. Biol. Chem. 270 (41), 24406-24413 (1995), herein incorporated by reference in its entirety.) Moreover, the protein product of this gene was also shown to homology to the human rfp transforming protein (See Genbank Accession No. gil337372) which is thought to play a role in in male germ cell development. Preferred polypeptide fragments comprise the amino acid sequence:

VXDITFDPDTAHKYLRLQEENRKVTNTTPWEHPYPDLPSRFLH (SEQ ID NO: 380);
LYLHRYYFEVEIFGAGTYV (SEQ ID NO: 381);
SCISGNNFSWSLQWNGKEFTAW (SEQ ID NO: 382);
TPLKAGPFWSSGSILTS (SEQ ID NO: 383);
SVSEVKAVAEMQFGELLAAVRKAQANVMLFLXEKEQAAL (SEQ ID NO: 384);
EKSKQELETMAAISNTVQFLEEYCKFKNTEDITFPSVYIGLKD (SEQ ID NO: 385);
LENYKKKLQEFSKEEEYDIRTQVSAXVQR (SEQ ID NO: 386);
GTVSRERRAG (SEQ ID NO: 388),
HGDPTQSWPFLELGVYIDFPGGILSFYGVEYDSM (SEQ ID NO: 389),
TLVHKFACKFSEPVYAAFWLSKKENAIRIVDLGEEPEKPAP SLVGTAP
SFYGVEYDSMTLVHKFACKFSEPVYAAFWL (SEQ ID NO: 390),
AELQCTQLDLERKLKLNENAISRLQANQKSVLVSVSEVKAVAEMQFGELLAAV (SEQ ID NO: 391),
RKAQANVMLFLXEKEQAALSQANGIKAHLEYKSAEMEKSKQELETMAAISN
TVQFLEEYCKFKNTEDITFPSVYIGLKDKLSGIRKVITESTVHLIXXLENYKKKL
QEFSKEEEYDIRTQVSAXVQRKYWTSKPEPSTREQFLQYVXDITFDPDTAHKYL
RLQEENRKVTNTTPWEHPYPDLPSRFLHWRQVLSQQSLYLHRYYFEVEIFGA
GTYVGLTCKGIDXKGEERXSCISGNNFSWSLQWNGKEFTAWYSDMETPL
KAGPFWSSGSILTSQEGSFPSMA
RTAPYGAKESSWR (SEQ ID NO: 392), and/or
MFSFRDPIGFQKPATISSYFCPQITLKCKSHHCSWQRSGIWLLESREQSPPRT
VLASRVPLPDLQSGWRFPSWKARRQHRLVLKTCRQTCEPESWNHTLRHRR
KGSLLGSQYRPRAPERASFEWGLHVTVPGRELLPVPLEAPGEVVSGNATXALL
PFXVDAFAGQANIGACPEDLHLKIVPVQVQTLLGQHLPPVQEPAGEVRVG
MLPGRGVGDLAVLLLQPEILVCCVRVERDVXHILEELFPGAGLRFGSPIFALN
NGRHLSSDVILLFLGKLLELFLIVLQXXD
GVYIDFPGGILSFYGVEYDSMTLVHKFACKFSEPVYAA (SEQ ID NO: 387).

[0265] Also preferred are polynucleotide fragments encoding these polypeptide fragments.

[0266] This gene is expressed primarily in ovarian cancer.

[0267] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, ovarian cancer and other disorders of the reproductive system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, developmental, ovarian, testicular, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, seminal, fluid, amniotic fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0268] The tissue distribution in ovarian tumors, combined with the homology to estrogen-responsive finger protein, in addition, to the conserved rfp transforming protein indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer and other disorders of the reproductive system. Moreover, the expression within cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. The protein may also show utility in the development of novel contraceptives. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0269] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:44 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1973 of SEQ ID NO:44, b is an integer of 15 to 1987, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:44, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0270] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 35

[0271] This gene shows sequence homology to a Caenorhabditis elegans gene, called D1054.3, in addition, to the Sgt1p protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae which are thought to play a role in the regulation of cellular division and developmental precesses (See Accession Nos. gn1|PID|e348554 and gi|1870791, respectively) Preferred polypeptide fragments comprise the amino acid sequence:

SKIKYDWYQTESQVVITLMIKNVQKNDVNVEFSEKELSALVKLPSGEDYNLKL (SEQ ID NO: 393);
ELLHPIIPEQSTFKVLSTKIEIKLKKPEAVRWEKLEGQGDVPTPKQFVDVKNLY
PSSSPTRNWDKLVGEIKEEEKNEKLEGDAALNRLFQQIYSDGSDEVKRAMN
KSFMESGGTVLSTNWSDVGKRKVEINPPDDMEWKKY
GDAALNRLFQQIYSDGSDEVKRAMNKSFMESGGTVLSTN (SEQ ID NO: 394);
MAAAAAGTXXSQRFFQSFSDALIDEDPQAALEELTKALEQKPDDAQYYCQ (SEQ ID NO: 396),
RAYCHILLGNYCVAVADAKKSLELNPNNSTAMLRKGICEYHEKNYAAALETFT
EGQKLDSADAN FSVWIKRCQEAQNGSESEVVSPKFSFFMFLLF
LEELTKALEQKPDD AQYYCQRAYCHILLGNYCVAVADA (SEQ ID NO: 397),
AMLRKGICEYHEKNYAAALETFTEGQKLDSA (SEQ ID NO: 398),
LRLWNRNQMM HSIIVKELIVTFFLGITVLLLLMQRSL (SEQ ID NO: 399),
NSIQIIPLLC (SEQ ID NO: 400),
YMHFNNTVAKLTCKNLSLSTYQNQSASQWTHQSKIKYDW (SEQ ID NO: 401),
YQTESQVVITLMIKNVQKNDVNVEFSEKELSALVKLPSGEDYNLKLELLHPI
IPEQSTFKVLSTKIEIKLKKPEAVRWEKLEGQGDVPTPKQFVADVKNLYPSSS
PYTRNWDKLVGEIKEEEKNEKLEGDAALNRLFQQIYSDGSDEVKRAMNKSF
MESGGTVLSTNWSDVGKRKVEINPPDDMEWKKY
TCKNLSLSTYQNQSASQWTHQSKIKYDWY (SEQ ID NO: 402),
EKELSALVKLPSGEDYNLKLELLH (SEQ ID NO: 403),
LHPIIPEQSTFKVLSTKIEIKLKKPEAVR (SEQ ID NO: 404),
KQFVADVKNLYPSSSPYTRNWDKL (SEQ ID NO: 405), and/or
DWYQTESQVVITLMIKNVQKNDV (SEQ ID NO: 395).

[0272] Also preferred are polynucleotide fragments encoding these polypeptide fragments.

[0273] This gene is expressed primarily in osteoclastoma.

[0274] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include; but are not limited to, skeletal or developmental disorders, particularly osteoclastoma and other forms of Cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the skeletal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., skeletal, developmental, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0275] The tissue distribution in osteoclastoma, combined with the homology to the D1054.3 and Sgt1p proteins indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and treatment of osteoclastoma and other forms of cancers. Moreover, the expression within embryonic tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein may also play a role as a tumor supressor, or in the development of tumor progression inhibitors. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0276] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:45 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 2039 of SEQ ID NO:45, b is an integer of 15 to 2053, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:45, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0277] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 36

[0278] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

GSKGQERKWRVRMGYLN (SEQ ID NO: 406),
QRYRLLPLFCYVCSRKIKLNENLFVFSAYSLATLPHTYLFSIVEC SSFCLSGTRN (SEQ ID NO: 407), and/or
FSAYSLATLPHTYLFSIVEC SSFCLSG (SEQ ID NO: 408).

[0279] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is believed to reside on chromosome 7. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 7.

[0280] This gene is expressed primarily in human placenta.

[0281] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, developmental, vascular, and/or reproductive disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the embryonic and reproductive systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., developmental, vascular, reproductive, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, amniotic fluid, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0282] The tissue distribution in human placenta tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of the disorders of embryonic and reproductive systems. Moreover, the protein is useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of vascular disorders, which include, but are not limited to, microvascular disease, aneurysm, arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, stroke, or embolism. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0283] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:46 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1258 of SEQ ID NO:46, b is an integer of 15 to 1272, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:46, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0284] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 37

[0285] This gene is expressed primarily in anergic T-cells.

[0286] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune or hematopoietic disorders, particularly inflammatory conditions and immunodeficiencies such as AIDS. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0287] The tissue distribution in anergic T-cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of T cell related disorders. Moreover, the expression of this gene product indicates a role in regulating the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0288] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues, such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0289] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:47 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 759 of SEQ ID NO:47, b is an integer of 15 to 773, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:47, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0290] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 38

[0291] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with a murine bone-related sulphatase (See Genbank Accession No. 3046314, and Genseq Accession No. R51355) which is thought to be involved in proteoglycan metabolism. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

ASFGSCSLSLPCSARERTPEGGGWPGGRLSEPLPA (SEQ ID NO: 409),
APNVVLV (SEQ ID NO: 410),
DGRLTF (SEQ ID NO: 411),
PGSQVVKLPFINFM (SEQ ID NO: 412),
FLNAYTNSP (SEQ ID NO: 413),
ICCPSRAAMWSGLFTHLTESWNNFKGLDPNYTTWMD (SEQ ID NO: 414),
TQKFGK (SEQ ID NO: 415),
DYTSGHHSI (SEQ ID NO: 416),
SNRVEAWTRDVAFLLRQEGRP (SEQ ID NO: 417),
DWQNTDKA (SEQ ID NO: 418),
YLGLNLPHPYPSPSSGENFGSSTFHTSLYWLEKV (SEQ ID NO: 419),
DAIKIPKW (SEQ ID NO: 420),
YTKNCTG (SEQ ID NO: 421),
NIRAFYYAMCAETDAMLGEIILALH (SEQ ID NO: 422),
LDLLQKTIVIY (SEQ ID NO: 423),
MEHRQFYKMSMYEAS (SEQ ID NO: 424),
HVPLLMMGPGIKA (SEQ ID NO: 425),
VVSLVDIYPTMLDIAGI (SEQ ID NO: 426),
DPDELTN (SEQ ID NO: 427),
WKYIAY (SEQ ID NO: 428),
NFPEITYSLDQKLHSIINYPKVSASVHQYNKEQFIKWKQSIGQNYSNVIANFRWHQDWOKEPRKYENAID (SEQ ID NO: 429),
QWLKTHMNPRAV
FPEITYSLDQKL (SEQ ID NO: 430),
NYPKVSASVHQYNKEQFI (SEQ ID NO: 431),
GQNYSNVIA (SEQ ID NO: 432),
RWHQDWQ (SEQ ID NO: 433), and/or
PRKYENAI (SEQ ID NO: 434).

[0292] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0293] This gene is expressed primarily in retina.

[0294] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, visual, skeletal, or metabolic disorders, particularly eye dieases and bone metabolic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the eye, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., visual, skeletal, metabolic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, vitreous humor, aqueous humor, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0295] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 187 as residues: Ala-21 to Arg-27, Asp-40 to Arg-45, Glu-97 to Thr-110, Glu-117 to Lys-128, Arg-175 to Lys-182, Pro-207 to Gly-220, Val-253 to Ile-272.

[0296] The tissue distribution in retina, combined with the homology to sulphatases indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. Moreover, this gene may be useful in the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of bone-related disorders, osteoporosis, Paget's disease, osteomalacia, in addition to bone metabolic disorders, particularly those involving proteoglycans. The protein is also useful in the disorders involving aberrant proteoglycan metabolism or related conditions, which may include arthritis, immune cell migration, cellular proliferation, vascular disorders, hematopoietic disorders, in addition to showing utility in the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of the disorders mentioned above. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0297] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:42 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 2105 of SEQ ID NO:48, b is an integer of 15 to 2119, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:48, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0298] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 39

[0299] This gene is expressed primarily in human stomach cancers.

[0300] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, gastointestinal disorders, particularly cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the cancer, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., endothelial, gastrointestinal, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, chyme, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0301] The tissue distribution in tumors of the stomach indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of these tumors, in addition to other tumors in other tissues. The protein may also be useful for the treatment and/or prevention of ulcers, in addition to additional gastrointestinal or metabolic conditions. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues.

[0302] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:49 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1174 of SEQ ID NO:49, b is an integer of 15 to 1188, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:49, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0303] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 40

[0304] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: RNSLHCYNEQPPNASGLIQWSSD LIPISLQCGCSW (SEQ ID NO: 435). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0305] This gene is expressed primarily in human synovial membrane.

[0306] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of synovial membrane, skeletal and/or musculoskeletal disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the synovial membrane system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., skeletal, muscular, rheumatiod, synovial, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0307] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 189 as residues: Pro-10 to Ser-20.

[0308] The tissue distribution in synovial tissue indicates the product of this gene may play a role in the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of disorders and conditions affecting the skeletal systemskeletal system, in particular osteoporosis, bone cancer, as well as, disorders afflicting connective tissues (e.g. arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation), such as in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (i.e. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid). Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0309] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:50 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 464 of SEQ ID NO:50, b is an integer of 15 to 478, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:50, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0310] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 41

[0311] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with adipose specific collagen-like factor as well as the human adipocyte complement related protein Acrp30, the latter of which is known to be important in energy balance and homeostasis involving food intake, particularly in carbohydrate and lipid catabolism/anabolism (See Genbank Accession Nos.gnl|PID|d1008822 and W09108, respectively). One embodiment of this gene comprises polypeptides of the following amino acid sequence:

XLWDPGLPGVCRCGSIVLKSAFSVGITTSYPEXRLPIIFNKVLLPRGXALQPC (SEQ ID NO: 436),
HRGSSSVLSQGIYYFSYDITLANKHLAIGLVHNGQYRIKTFDANTGNHDVASG
STVIYLQPEDEVWLEIFFTDQNGLFSDPGWADSLFSGFLLYVDTDYLDSISEDDEL
GSIVLKSAFSVGITT (SEQ ID NO: 437),
GIYYFSYDITLANK (SEQ ID NO: 438),
DSLFSGFLLYVDT (SEQ ID NO: 439), and/or
NHDVASGSTVIYL (SEQ ID NO: 440).

[0312] An additional embodiment is the polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides.

[0313] This gene is expressed primarily in human schwanoma.

[0314] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neural or integumentary disorders, particularly neurofibroma. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the diseases relating to peripheral or sympathetic nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, integumentary, extracellular matrix, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0315] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 190 as residues: Gly-16 to Pro-30, Pro-42 to Gly-56, Gly-62 to Gly-77, Glu-93 to Gly-104, Glu-109 to Glu-114, Pro-121 to Asp-126.

[0316] The tissue distribution in schwanoma cells combined with the homology to a conserved human adipose specific collagen-like factor as well as to the human adipocyte complement related protein Acrp30, indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders particularly neuroschwannoma, and including Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses , autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, sexually-linked disorders, or disorders of the cardiovascular system.

[0317] Moreover, polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment, diagnosis, and/or prevention of various skin disorders including congenital disorders (i.e. nevi, moles, freckles, Mongolian spots, hemangiomas, port-wine syndrome), integumentary tumors (i.e. keratoses, Bowen's disease, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, Paget's disease, mycosis fungoides, and Kaposi's sarcoma), injuries and inflammation of the skin (i.e. wounds, rashes, prickly heat disorder, psoriasis, dermatitis), atherosclerosis, uticaria, eczema, photosensitivity, autoimmune disorders (i.e. lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, dermatomyositis, morphea, scleroderma, pemphigoid, and pemphigus), keloids, striae, erythema, petechiae, purpura, and xanthelasma. In addition, such disorders may predispose increased susceptibility to viral and bacterial infections of the skin (i.e. cold sores, warts, chickenpox, molluscum contagiosum, herpes zoster, boils, cellulitis, erysipelas, impetigo, tinea, althletes foot, and ringworm). Moreover, the protein product of this gene may also be useful for the treatment or diagnosis of various connective tissue disorders such as arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation, autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (i.e. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid).

[0318] Alternatively, considering the homology to a conserved adipose specific collagen-like factor, would suggest that this protein may also be important in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias ie. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0319] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:51 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1319 of SEQ ID NO:51, b is an integer of 15 to 1333, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:51, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0320] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 42

[0321] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: SNSHTHTHVKSFLR (SEQ ID NO: 441). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0322] This gene is expressed primarily in human activated T-Cells.

[0323] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immunodeficiencies, inflammatory conditions, and other immune or hematopoietic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the disorders of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0324] The tissue distribution in T-cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product in T-cells indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses).

[0325] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0326] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:52 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1241 of SEQ ID NO:52, b is an integer of 15 to 1255, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:52, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.,

[0327] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 43

[0328] The protein product of this gene was found to have homology to the human CD84 protein which, as a novel member of the Ig superfamily, is thought to play an important role in the modulation of the immune response. The present invention appears to encode a novel full-length CD84 homolog and is highly enriched, if not specific, for activated T cells. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

ITPLGLGAAD (SEQ ID NO: 442),
TLRVLGKVPAVCPWCALWRKAGMDMTYSWLSRGDSTYTFHEGPVLSTSWRPGDSALSYTCR (SEQ ID NO: 443),
ANNPISNVSSCPIPDGPFYADPNYASEKPSTAFCLLAKGLLIFLLLVILAMGLW
VIRVQKRHKMPRMKKLMRNRMKLRKEAKPGSSPA
AVCPWCALWRKAGMDMTYSWL (SEQ ID NO: 444),
PGDSALSYTCRANNPISNVSSCPI (SEQ ID NO: 445),
YASEKPSTAFCLLAKGLLIFLLLV (SEQ ID NO: 446), and/or
QKRHKMPRMKKLMRNRMKLRKEAKPG (SEQ ID NO: 447).

[0329] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0330] This gene is expressed primarily in human activated T-Cells.

[0331] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immunodeficiencies, inflammatory conditions, infections, and other immune or hematopoietic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the disorders of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0332] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 192 as residues: Glu-15 to Arg-23, Asn-79 to Gly-84.

[0333] The tissue distribution in activated T-cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product in T-cells indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0334] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID. NO:53 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1126 of SEQ ID NO:53, b is an integer of 15 to 1140, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:53, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0335] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 44

[0336] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: IAWSGNIPSLLCLFEHDMSFQDE (SEQ ID NO: 448). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0337] This gene is expressed primarily in human tonsil.

[0338] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, inflammatory conditions, infections, or immunodeficiencies, and immune or hematopoietic diseases and/or disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune diseases, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, hematopoietic, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0339] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 193 as residues: Ile-2 to Lys-9, Gln-43 to Phe-49, Asn-59 to His-69, Gly-87 to Asp-93.

[0340] The tissue distribution in tonsils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses).

[0341] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0342] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:54 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1206 of SEQ ID NO:54, b is an integer of 15 to 1220, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:54, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0343] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 45

[0344] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with a novel human G52-24 secreted protein as well as the early lymphocyte activation antigen CD69, the latter of which has been shown to be important in lymphocyte proliferation and functions as a signal trasmitting receptor in lymphocytes, natural killer cells, and platelets (See Genseq and Genbank Accession Nos. W27288 and gi|558352, respectively). Preferred polypeptides comprise the following amino acid sequence:

ENFLLRYKGPSDHWIGLSREQGQPWKWINGTEWTRQLVMKEDGANLYVAKV (SEQ ID NO: 449),
SQVPRMNPXLS WVLLCYPGWSAVXTIVAHCSLDFPGSK
ELTAIKSHQYVLQAACPESWIGFQRKCFYFSDDTKNWTSSQRFCDSQDADLAQ (SEQ ID NO: 450),
VESFQELVRK
WIGLSREQGQPWKWING (SEQ ID NO: 451),
CPESWIGFQRKC (SEQ ID NO: 452),
NFLLRYKGPSDHWIGL (SEQ ID NO: 453),
ASHLRLLSSWDYRFPILGAGECAYLNDKGASSARHYTERKWI CSKSDIHV (SEQ ID NO: 454),
ENFLLRYKGPSDHWIGLSREQGQPWKWINGTEWTRQLV (SEQ ID NO: 455),
MKEDGANLYVAKVSQVPRMNPXLS WVLLCYPGWSAVXTIVAHCSLDFPGSK
EQLEELELKKKDFIKILESVQGNWRQNEDSGKGPQRSCL (SEQ ID NO: 457),
FWPESKIQPYKDMFSCEII (SEQ ID NO: 458),
SWTSSLLNXCLHSKEHSIKATIWRLFFXILTIILCGMVAALSAIRANCHQ EPSVCSSSCMP (SEQ ID NO: 456),
RKLDWFSKKVFLFF
EQLEELELKKKDFIKILESVQGNWRQ (SEQ ID NO: 459), and/or
NEDSGKGPQRSCLHSKEHSIKATLIWRLFFLI
ENFLLRYKGPSDHWIGLXXEQGQPWKWINGTEWTRQ (SEQ ID NO: 460).

[0345] Also preferred are the polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides.

[0346] This gene is expressed primarily in human testes.

[0347] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive, endocrine, and/or immune or hematopoietic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the disorders of reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, reproductive, endcrine, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, seminal fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0348] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 194 as residues: Asn-20 to Pro-25, Ser-48 to Asp-65.

[0349] The tissue distribution in human testes indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of reproductive disorders, particularly autoimmune disorders, infertility, or the protein may even be useful as a novel contraceptive. Homology of this gene product to the early lymphocyte activation antigen CD69 indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses).

[0350] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0351] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:55 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 680 of SEQ ID NO:55, b is an integer of 15 to 694, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:55, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0352] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 46

[0353] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: RHEPDPM (SEQ ID NO: 461). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0354] This gene is expressed primarily in human testes.

[0355] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, male reproductive or endocrine disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., endocrine, reproductive, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, seminal fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0356] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 195 as residues: Pro-20 to Trp-25, Arg-33 to Thr-38, Asn-5 1 to Ile-56, Gly-82 to Ser-91, Lys-151 to Arg-156.

[0357] The tissue distribution in human testicular tissues and cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of various endocrine disorders and cancers, particularly Addison's disease, Cushing's Syndrome, and disorders and/or cancers of the pancrease (e.g., diabetes mellitus), adrenal cortex, ovaries, pituitary (e.g., hyper-, hypopituitarism), thyroid (e.g., hyper-, hypothyroidism), parathyroid (e.g., hyper-, hypoparathyroidism), hypothallamus, and testes.

[0358] Alternatively, expression within the human testis may be indicative for a role in normal testicular function, and may implicate this gene product in male fertility, and could even suggest its use as a novel contraceptive. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0359] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:56 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 974 of SEQ ID NO:56, b is an integer of 15 to 988, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:56, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0360] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 47

[0361] One embodiment of this gene comprises polypeptides of the following amino acid sequence:

LKGREAGAGPGTAGAPGREDANGXXRGRGGXHQLYLWVDNIPLSRPKRNLS (SEQ ID NO:462),
RDFSDGVLVAEVIKFYFPKMVEMHYVGTSSLQQKLSNWGHLNRKVLKRL
NFSVPDDV
WVDNIPLSRPKRNLSRDFSDGVLVA (SEQ ID NO:463),
YVGTSSLQQKLSNWGHLNRKVLKRL (SEQ ID NO:464),
GSAWRRG (SEQ ID NO:465),
RGAGSRAPAPYRSWLPRMAVATWMWVYPRRPEVKVSRTPREGVSSAGTG
RRRLGLQRITGRCRATPASSSRSLKRSRSCWPLKRPCRSCR
WLPRMAVATWMWVYPRRPEVK (SEQ ID NO:466),
CRATPASSSRSLKRSRSCWPLKR (SEQ ID NO:467),
EHNTDFNGAALSRNLQTFRLSTPCARREGRLLRA (SEQ ID NO:468);
HRRCPPYSWRSHASPLPLQLLRSPSPRWVPGKLPGGAGEPLSGPGQIPPWLRA
WGTSLDGDAAVLGAGRGPDSGGVDRAKGPPPKAQRREMQGRAQGVGHCFG
GQARSLHVASGLWKAVHSPDPDLRSGRRRLSPGPALLEFLSHLLHAHPSQGRR
ALGPQQARESSGLRPPNGLSIGGWVRRGVGALAGTRASPRGPGRRSPLLTXR
XLEPPGEVFDPHILELEQVLQAPYLHLQDLHGLLRGQQLLLLFSDLEDEAGVA
LQRPVIRWRPRRRRPVPAELTPSLGVRDTFTSGLLGYTHIHVATAILGS   QLL
TDFNGAALSRNLQTFRLSTPCARREG (SEQ ID NO:469),
RCPPYSWRSHASPLPLQLLRSPSPR (SEQ ID NO:470),
GAGEPLSGPGQIPPWLRAWGTSLD (SEQ ID NO:471),
LGAGRGPDSGGVDRAKGPPPKAQRREMQGR (SEQ ID NO:472),
QARSLHVASGLWKAVHSPDPDLR (SEQ ID NO:473),
HPSQGRRALGPQQARESSGL (SEQ ID NO:474),
IGGWVRRGVGALAGTRASPRGPGRRSP (SEQ ID NO: 475),
EPPGEVFDPHILELEQVLQAPYLHL (SEQ ID NO:476), and/or
VPAELTPSLGVRDTFTSGLLGYTHIHVA (SEQ ID NO:477).

[0362] An additional embodiment is the polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides.

[0363] This gene is expressed primarily in human adult testis.

[0364] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, reproductive and/or endocrine disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the disorders of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, endocrine, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, seminal fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0365] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 196 as residues: Gln-21 to Gly-33, Gln-55 to Glu-60.

[0366] The tissue distribution in testicular tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of reproductive system disorders, and may be indicative of a role for this gene product in normal testicular function, male fertility, and/or as a male contraceptive. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues. .

[0367] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:57 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1486 of SEQ ID NO:57, b is an integer of 15 to 1500, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:57, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0368] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 48

[0369] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with the human M phase phosphoprotein 10 as well as ORF YJR002w of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (See Genbank Accession No.gnl|PID|e266673) which are thought to play important roles in the regulation of cellular division. Preferred polypeptides comprise the following amino acid sequence:

AKNSQKEENPEHVEIQKMMDSLFLKLDALSNFHFIPKPPVEIKVVSNLPAI (SEQ ID NO:478),
TMEEVAPVSVSDAALLAPEEIKEKNKAGDIKTAAEKTATDKKRERRKKKYQKR
MKIKEKEKRRKLLEKSSVDQAGKYSKTVASEKLKQLTKTGKASFIKVRTR
ERKLLKGTFVGEVDSKCWVTGMSEPADSPPVG
LQDEGKDKALKSSQAFFSKLQDQVKMQINDAKKTEKKKKKRQDISVHKLKL (SEQ ID NO:479),
DEGKDKALKSSQAFFSKLQDQVKMQINDA (SEQ ID NO:480),
EENPEHVEIQKMMDSLFLKLDALSNFHF (SEQ ID NO:481),
SSVDQAGKYSKTVASEKLKQLTKTGKASFIK (SEQ ID NO:483),
VSVSDAALLAPEEIKEKNKAGDI (SEQ ID NO:484),
VLEVMVTVAPK (SEQ ID NO:485),
LQDEGKDKALKSSQAFFSKLQDQVKMQINDAKKTE (SEQ ID NO:486),

[0370] Also preferred are the polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides.

[0371] This gene is expressed primarily in human thyroid. -Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, endocrine, proliferative, or developmental disorders, particularly diseases relating to the thyroid gland, particularly hyper- and hypothyroidism. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the disorders of the endocrine system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., endocrine, developmental, metabolic, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e.:, the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0372] The tissue distribution in human thyroid indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for metabolic disorders, particularly hyper-, hypothyroidism, Graves' disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and/or cancer or neoplasias of the thyroid, and/or other endocrine organs and immune system. Moreover, the protein may show utility in the diagnosis, prevention, and/or treatment of developmental disorders. In addition, the homology to an M phase phosphoprotein indicates it may be a key player in the proliferation, maintenance, and/or differentiation of various cell types during development. It may also act as a morphogen to control cell and tissue type specification. Because of potential roles in proliferation and differentiation, this gene product may have applications in the adult for tissue regeneration and the treatment of cancers. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues.

[0373] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:58 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1377 of SEQ ID NO:58, b is an integer of 15 to 1391, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:58, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0374] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 49

[0375] The translation product of this gene was found to have homology to the cell division control protein 48 (cdc48) of Methanococcus jannaschii (See Genbank Accession No.gi|1591785) which is thought to play a key role in the regulation of cellular division. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

HEAAQGAVCRGQGAPATNPQAPVAAAARVARRVN (SEQ ID NO:487),
KIPS (SEQ ID NO:488),
ANRRATRCLGCDHQNFVKVRNKHKGKPTFMEEVLEHLPGKTQDEVQQHEKW
YQKFLALEERKKESIQIWKTKKQQKREEIFKLKEKADNTPVLFHNKQEDNQKQ
KEEQRKKQKLAVEAWKKQKSIEMSMKCASQLKKKKKKKKKNQKERQRQFK
LKLLLESYTQQKKEQEEFLRLEKEIREKAEKAEKRKNAADEISRFQERDLHKLE
LKILDRQAKEDEKSQKQRRLAKLKEKVENNVSRDPSRLYKPTK
VKVRNKHKGKPTFMEEVLEHLPGK (SEQ ID NO:489),
QHEKWYQKFLALEERKKESIQIW (SEQ ID NO:490),
FKLKEKADNTPVLFHNKQEDNQKQKEEQRKK (SEQ ID NO:491),
FLRLEKIEIREKAEKAEKRKNAADEISRFQERDLHKL (SEQ ID NO:492), and/or
KQRRLAKLKEKVENNVSRDPSRLY (SEQ ID NO:493).

[0376] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0377] This gene is expressed primarily in pancreas, and to a lesser extent in kidney and bone marrow.

[0378] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, pancreas, urogenital, developmental, metabolic, immune, and/or hematopoietic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification, of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the pancreas, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., endocrine, developmental, metabolic, immune, hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, bile, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0379] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO:198 as residues: Pro-35 to Cys-43, Gln-56 to Lys-67, Thr-73 to Lys-78, Tyr-93 to Asp-98, Ser-116 to Gln-125, Leu-142 to Phe-151, Phe-169 to Arg-174, Ile-181 to Glu-190, Thr-243 to Gly-248.

[0380] The tissue distribution in pancreas indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection, treatment, and/or prevention of various endocrine disorders and cancers, particularly Addison's disease, Cushing's Syndrome, and disorders and/or cancers of the pancrease (e.g., diabetes mellitus), adrenal cortex, ovaries, pituitary (e.g., hyper-, hypopituitarism), thyroid (e.g., hyper-, hypothyroidism), parathyroid (e.g., hyper-,hypoparathyroidism), hypothallamus, and testes. Alternatively, the expression within bone marrow indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and-diagnosis of hematopoetic related disorders such as anemia, pancytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia or leukemia since stromal cells are important in the production of cells of hematopoietic lineages. The uses include bone marrow cell ex vivo culture, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow reconstitution, radiotherapy or chemotherapy of neoplasia. The gene product may also be involved in lymphopoiesis, therefore, it can be used in immune disorders such as infection, inflammation, allergy, immunodeficiency etc. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types.

[0381] Moreover, the protein product of this gene could be used in the treatment and/or detection of kidney diseases including renal failure, nephritus, renal tubular acidosis, proteinuria, pyuria, edema, pyelonephritis, hydronephritis, nephrotic syndrome, crush syndrome, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal colic and kidney stones, in addition to Wilm's Tumor Disease, and congenital kidney abnormalities such as horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney, and Falconi's syndrome. Considering the homology to a conserved cell division control protein indicates that the protein may show utility in the diagnosis, prevention, and/or treatment of developmental disorders, and may even serve as a suppressor in tumorigenesis. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0382] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:59 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1565 of SEQ ID NO:59, b is an integer of 15 to 1579, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:59, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0383] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 50

[0384] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the chicken LRP/alpha-2-macroglobulin receptor which is thought to play a pivitol role on the metabolism of alpha-2-macroglubulins, as well as, complexes between plasminogen activators and their endogenous inhibitors (See Genbank Accession No.gb|X74904|GGLRPA2MR).

[0385] This gene is expressed primarily in neuronal tissues, and to a lesser extent in uterine cancer.

[0386] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neuronal disorders and uterine cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central neuron system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, reproductive, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0387] The tissue distribution in neuronal tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered behaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, sexually-linked disorders, or disorders of the cardiovascular system. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0388] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:60 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1227 of SEQ ID NO:60, b is an integer of 15 to 1241, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:60, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0389] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 51

[0390] This gene is expressed primarily in uterine cancer.

[0391] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, uterine cancer, and other reproductive disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the uterine cancer, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., amniotic fluid, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0392] The tissue distribution in tumors of the uterus indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and intervention of these tumors or proliferative conditions, in addition to other tumors or cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues.

[0393] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:61 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 916 of SEQ ID NO:61, b is an integer of 15 to 930, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:61, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0394] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 52

[0395] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: VKPPDQSCNHWRDEQCLV (SEQ ID NO: 494). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0396] This gene is expressed primarily in wilm's tumor.

[0397] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, Wilm's tumor, and other urogenital disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the Wilm's tumor, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., urogenital, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0398] The tissue distribution in Wilm's tumor indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of Wilm's tumor. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues. Furthermore, this gene or gene product is useful in the treatment and/or detection of kidney diseases including renal failure, nephritus, renal tubular acidosis, proteinuria, pyuria, edema, pyelonephritis, hydronephritis, nephrotic syndrome, crush syndrome, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal colic and kidney stones, in addition to congenital kidney abnormalities such as horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney, and Falconi's syndrome. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0399] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:62 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 984 of SEQ ID NO:62, b is an integer of 15 to 998, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:62, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0400] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 53

[0401] The translation product of this gene was shown to have homology to the MEK kinase 3 of Mus musculus, mutations of which and/or aberrant regulation of, may provide a predisposition to cancer. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 17. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 17.

[0402] This gene is expressed primarily in pituitary, and to a lesser extent in ulcerative colitis and hematopoietic cells.

[0403] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune, gastrointestinal, hematopoietic diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the neuronal and immune tissues, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neuronal, immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0404] The tissue distribution in hematopoietic tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product in ulcerative colitis indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types.

[0405] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:63 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1179 of SEQ ID NO:63, b is an integer of 15 to 1193, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:63, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0406] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 54

[0407] When tested against Jurkat T-cell cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the GAS (gamma activation site) pathway. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates T-cells through the Jaks-STAT signal transduction pathway. GAS (gamma activation site) is a promoter element found upstream in many genes which are involved in the Jaks-STAT pathway. The Jaks-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jaks-STATs pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0408] This gene is expressed primarily in fetal spleen and adipose tissues.

[0409] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune, metabolic, and developmental disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the fetal spleen and adipose tissues, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, developing, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0410] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 203 as residues: Tyr-41 to Phe-47.

[0411] The tissue distribution in fetal liver/spleen, combined with the detection of GAS promoter activation activity, indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of a variety of immune system disorders. Expression of this gene product in fetal spleen indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses).

[0412] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tumors and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0413] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:64 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 816 of SEQ ID NO:64, b is an integer of 15 to 830, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:64, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0414] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 55

[0415] This gene is expressed primarily in IL-1/TNF stimulated synovial and human adipose tissues.

[0416] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, rheumatoid arthritis or obessity, and disorders of the musculo-skeletal system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and musculo-skeletal systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may. be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., synovial and adipose cells and tissues, musculo-skeletal, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0417] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 204 as residues: Leu-37 to Arg-45, Ser-60 to Ser-65.

[0418] The tissue distribution in synovial tissue and adipose tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis or treatment of rheumatoid arthritis or other immune diseases. In addition, the expression of this gene product in synovium indicates a role in the detection and treatment of disorders and conditions affecting the skeletal system, in particular osteoporosis as well as disorders afflicting connective tissues (e.g. arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation), such as in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (ie. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid).

[0419] The tissue distribution in adipose tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment of obesity and other metabolic and endocrine conditions or disorders. Furthermore, the protein product of this gene may show utility in ameliorating conditions which occur secondary to aberrant fatty-acid metabolism (e.g. aberrant myelin sheath development), either directly or indirectly. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0420] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:65 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 853 of SEQ ID NO:65, b is an integer of 15 to 867, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:65, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0421] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 56

[0422] When tested against K562 leukemia cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the ISRE assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates leukemia cells through the Jak-STAT signal transduction pathway. The interferon-sensitive response element is a promoter element found upstream of many genes which are involved in the Jak-STAT pathway. The Jak-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jak-STAT pathway, reflected by the binding of the ISRE element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0423] This gene is expressed primarily in aortic endothelium, and to a lesser extent in melanocyte.

[0424] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, cardiovascular diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the cardiovascular system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., vascular, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0425] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 205 as residues: Met-1 to Trp-12, Arg-33 to Ser-53.

[0426] The tissue distribution in human aortic endothelial cells indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection or intervention of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, cadiovascular injuries, congenital heart diseases, ischemic heart diseases, rheumatic and other hypersensitivity diseases, cardiomyopathy, restenosis, atherosclerosis, stoke, angina, thrombosis, and wound healing. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues.

[0427] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:66 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 671 of SEQ ID NO:66, b is an integer of 15 to 685, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:66, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0428] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 57

[0429] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with prostaglandin EP3-9 receptor, which is thought to be important in prostaglandin hormonal reaction. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: MAIPAFSSCQQISSAAALQI (SEQ ID NO: 495), and/or CNGPFKHFSFTVST (SEQ ID NO: 496). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0430] This gene is expressed primarily in human retina.

[0431] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, glaucoma or other ocular diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the ocular system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., retinal and other optic tissue, tissue of the nervous system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0432] The tissue distribution in retinal tissues and the homology to prostaglandin receptor indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection and intervention of ocular diseases like glaucoma. Specifically, the receptor can be used for the identification of agonists or antagonists, anti-inflammatories for the eyes, and vasoconstrictive agents, etc. Furthermore, the tissue distribution in retina indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and/or detection of eye disorders including blindness, color blindness, impaired vision, short and long sightedness, retinitis pigmentosa, retinitis proliferans, and retinoblastoma.

[0433] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:67 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 787 of SEQ ID NO:67, b is an integer of 15 to 801, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:67, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0434] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 58

[0435] The translation product of this gene shares weak sequence homology with Hemophilus influenzae outmembrane protein P6 which is thought to be important in host cell interaction.

[0436] This gene is expressed primarily in human adrenal gland tumor.

[0437] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, adrenal insufficiency or hyperfunction, adrenal gland tumors. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the endocrine systems and cancers thereof, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., adrenal gland, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0438] The tissue distribution in adrenal gland tumor and homology to Haemophilus influenzae outer membrane protein suggest that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for adrenal insufficiencies or hyperfunction, because a secretory protein from an endocrine organ may function as a hormone. The protein product of this gene is also useful as a diagnostic and/or treatment for adrenal gland tumors, as well as tumors of other tissues where expression has been observed. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0439] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:68 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 894 of SEQ ID NO:68, b is an integer of 15 to 908, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:68, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0440] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 59

[0441] When tested against a Jurkat T-cell line, supernatants-removed from cells containing this gene activated the GAS (gamma activation site) pathway. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates T-cells through the Jaks-STAT signal transduction pathway. The GAS is a promoter element found upstream in many genes which are involved in the Jaks-STAT pathway. The Jaks-STAT pathway is a complex, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jaks-STATs pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0442] This gene is expressed primarily in human kidney pyramid, and to a lesser extent in human brain.

[0443] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, nephrotic, nephritic syndromes, renal failure, hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the renal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., renal, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0444] The tissue distribution in kidney indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for renal diseases, including renal failure, nephritus, renal tubular acidosis, proteinuria, pyuria, edema, pyelonephritis, hydronephritis, nephrotic syndrome, crush syndrome, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal colic and kidney stones, in addition to Wilm's Tumor Disease, and congenital kidney abnormalities such as horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney, and Falconi's syndrome. Additionally, the gene product may have endocrine functions related to renal function, metabolism and homeostasis. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0445] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:69 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 682 of SEQ ID NO:69, b is an integer of 15 to 696, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:69, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0446] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 60

[0447] This gene is expressed primarily in both normal or cancerous human breast tissue.

[0448] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, Non-neoplastic breast diseases or breast cancers. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the breast, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., mammary tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0449] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 209 as residues: Pro-20 to Ser-28.

[0450] The tissue distribution in breast indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for either non-neoplastic breast diseases, such as congentital anomalities, gynecomastia, mastitis and abscess, duct ectasia and fat necrosis, or neoplasia in the breast. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0451] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:70 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 441 of SEQ ID NO:70, b is an integer of 15 to 455, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:70, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0452] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 61

[0453] When tested against a K562 cell line, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the ISRE (interferon-sensitive responsive element) pathway. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates leukemia cells, or more generally, immunr or hematopoietic cells, or other cells or cell-types, through the Jaks-STAT Signal transduction pathway. The ISRE is a promoter element found upstream in many genes which are involved in the Jaks-STAT pathway. The Jaks-STAT pathway is a complex, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jaks-STATs pathway, reflected by the binding of the ISRE element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: IRHERLWAELALLTGRNE (SEQ ID NO: 497). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 3. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 3.

[0454] This gene is expressed primarily in activated T-cells and osteoarthritis, and to a lesser extent in aortic endothelium and placenta.

[0455] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, inflammatory conditions, vascular disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system and vascular tissues, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., T-cells and other cells and tissue of the immune system, bone tissue, endothelium and placenta, vascular tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0456] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 210 as residues: Gln-36 to Glu-49, Glu-51 to Leu-66, Asp-68 to Ser-73.

[0457] The tissue distribution in activated T-cells and under inflammatory conditions like osteoarthritis suggest that the protein product of this gene is involved in the inflammatory reactions. Therefore it may be useful in the diagnosis or intervention in the inflammatory diseases with the involvement of T-cells, including osteoarthritis. Furthermore, the tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and/or treatment of disorders of the placenta. Specific expression within the placenta indicates that this gene product may play a role in the proper establishment and maintenance of placental function.

[0458] Alternately, this gene product may be produced by the placenta and then transported to the embryo, where it may play a crucial role in the development and/or survival of the developing embryo or fetus. Expression of this gene product in a vascular-rich tissue such as the placenta also indicates that this gene product may be produced more generally in endothelial cells or within the circulation. In such instances, it may play more generalized roles in vascular function, such as in angiogenesis. It may also be produced in the vasculature and have effects on other cells within the circulation, such as hematopoietic cells. It may serve to promote the proliferation, survival, activation, and/or differentiation of hematopoietic cells, as well as other cells throughout the body.

[0459] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:71 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 399 of SEQ ID NO:71, b is an integer of 15 to 413, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:71, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0460] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 62

[0461] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

GTESPMVMCCREVSQSENCLFLDTTFRFIFGKTFTNHDYISIHFYFLKAFLFSFFYSNV (SEQ ID NO:498).

[0462] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0463] This gene is expressed primarily in breast lymph nodes, B-cell lymphoma, and to a lesser extent in neutrophils and bone marrow cells.

[0464] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, inflammation, immunodeficiency, allergy. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may-be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., blood cells, hematopoietic cells, and cells and tissue of the immune system, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0465] The tissue distribution in the cells of immunological functions indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis or intervention of immunologically mediated disorders, such as allergy, immunodeficiency, immune surveillance, etc. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0466] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:72 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 835 of SEQ ID NO:72, b is an integer of 15 to 849, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:72, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0467] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 63

[0468] The translation product of this gene shares weak sequence homology with Interferon induced 1-8 gene encoded polypeptide, which is thought to be important in retroviral REV responsive element binding and thus viral replication.

[0469] This gene is expressed primarily in B-cell lymphoma.

[0470] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune response to viral infections and other immunologically related disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., T-cells and other cells and tissue of the immune system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0471] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 212 as residues: Pro-47 to Asn-53.

[0472] The tissue distribution in B-cell lymphoma and homology to interferon induced 1-8 gene indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the intervention of viral infection and other immunologically related disorders. The homology with interferon induced 1-8 REV response element binding gene indicates the gene product may bind to viral components to interfere with the entry, packaging, replication, or induce the host cell anti-viral response by intereferon mediated pathways. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0473] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:73 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between I to 491 of SEQ ID NO:73, b is an integer of 15 to 505, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:73, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0474] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 64

[0475] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: IRHEEKGGKAQRWAE (SEQ ID NO: 499). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0476] This gene is expressed primarily in bone marrow.

[0477] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, hemapoiesis disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hemapoietic system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., bone marrow, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0478] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 23 as residues: Thr-45 to Tyr-50.

[0479] The tissue distribution in bone marrow indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for hemapoiesis disorders. The gene product may function as a growth factor or mobilization agent for the cells of myeloid or lymphoid lineages. Furthermore, the polypeptides or polynucleotides are also useful to enhance or protect proliferation, differentiation, and functional activation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (e.g., bone marrow cells), useful in treating cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues.

[0480] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:74 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 705 of SEQ ID NO:74, b is an integer of 15 to 719, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:74, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0481] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 65

[0482] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology familial adenomatous polyposis gene which is thought to be important in the tumorigenesis of colon cancer (see, e.g., Fulton, Nature 368, 32-38 (1994); accession no. U28412; Joslyn et al., Cell 66 (3), 601-613 (1991); accession no. M73547; and Spirio et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 19 (22), 6348 (1991)). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

CRWRPESAAPC (SEQ ID NO:500),
TRPGRGAQAPVK (SEQ ID NO:501),
MVSWMISRAVVLVFGMLYPAY (SEQ ID NO:502),
GMLYPAYYSYKAVKTKN (SEQ ID NO:503),
EYVRWMMYWIVFALYTV (SEQ ID NO:504),
YPAYYSYKAVKTKNVKE (SEQ ID NO:505),
VAWFPLYYELKIA (SEQ ID NO:506), and/or
MVSWMISRAVVLVFGMLYPAYYSYK (SEQ ID NO:507).
AVKTKNVKEYVRWMMYWIVFALYTVIETVADQTVAWFPLYYELKIAFVIWLLS
PYTKGASLIYRKFLHPLLSSKEREIDDYIVQAKERGYETMVNFGRQGLNLAATA
AVTAAVKSQGAITERLRSFSMHDLTTIQGDEPVGQRPYQPLPEAKKKSXQPPVN
QXVMEFHXKTXMXKQXKKQRGHIQLMRC

[0483] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0484] This gene is expressed primarily in osteoclastoma, prostate, bone marrow and to a lesser extent in testes and dendritic cells. Northern data has demonstrated that an abundant 1.3 kb band is seen in testes tissues.

[0485] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, colon cancer and cancers of various origin, including osteoclastoma and prostate cancer, as well as reproductive disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the tumorigenesis and reproductive disorders, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., bone, prostate, reproductive, bone marrow, colon and other gastrointestinal tissue, tissue of the nervous system, and testis and other reproductive tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0486] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 214 as residues: Ser-59 to Ile-64, Ala-71 to Tyr-76, Pro-125 to Ser-141.

[0487] The tissue distribution in osteoclastoma, prostate, bone marrow and homology to familial adenomatous polyposis gene indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and intervention of tumors of various origins, including colon cancer, osteoclastoma and prostate cancer. Alternatively, the Northern data demonstrating expression in testes tissues indicates that the translation product of this gene is useful for the diagnosis and/or treatment of reproductive disorders and conditions concerning proper testicular function (e.g., endocrine function, sperm maturation), as well as cancer. Therefore, this gene product is useful in the treatment of male infertility and/or impotence.

[0488] This gene product is also useful in assays designed to identify binding agents, as such agents (antagonists) are useful as male contraceptive agents. Similarly, the protein is believed to be useful in the treatment and/or diagnosis of testicular cancer. The testes are also a site of active gene expression of transcripts that may be expressed, particularly at low levels, in other tissues of the body. Therefore, this gene product may be expressed in other specific tissues or organs where it may play related functional roles in other processes, such as hematopoiesis, inflammation, bone formation, and kidney function, to name a few possible target indications.

[0489] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:75 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence is cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1260 of SEQ ID NO:75, b is an integer of 15 to 1274, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:75, and where the b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0490] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 66

[0491] The translation product of this gene shares regional and weak sequence homology with neu differentiation factor and a serine protease N-terminal fragment which contains a EGF-like domain and is thought to be important in the growth and differentiation of several cell types, including colon epithelial cells and Schwann cells.

[0492] This gene is expressed primarily in fetal lung, bone marrow, fetal liver, and to a lesser extent in brain.

[0493] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, tissue injuries or diseases in lung, bone marrow, or liver. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the liver and lung, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., lung and pulmonary tissue, bone marrow, hepatic tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0494] The tissue distribution in fetal liver, combined with the homology to neu differentiation factor indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis or intervention of liver or lung injuries, including hepatic failure, recovery from hepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatoblastoma, jaundice, liver metabolic diseases and conditions that are attributable to the differentiation of hepatocyte progenitor cells, and complications from liver transplantation.

[0495] Moreover, the protein product of this clone is useful for the treatment and diagnosis of hematopoietic related disorders such as anemia, pancytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia or leukemia since stromal cells are important in the production of cells of hematopoietic lineages The uses include bone marrow cell ex-vivo culture, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow reconstitution, radiotherapy or chemotherapy of neoplasia. The gene product may also be involved in lymphopoiesis, therefore, it can be used in immune disorders such as infection, inflammation, allergy, immunodeficiency etc. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0496] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:76 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 505 of SEQ ID NO:76, b is an integer of 15 to 519, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:76, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0497] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 67

[0498] This gene is expressed primarily in activated T-cells.

[0499] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, arthritis, asthma, auto-immune and immunodeficiency diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., T-cells and other cells and tissue of the immune system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0500] The expression of this gene in T-cells indicates a potential role in the treament/detection of immune disorders such as arthritis, asthma, hypersensitivity reactions and transplant rejection, and also in immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, and leukemia. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0501] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:77 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 375 of SEQ ID NO:77, b is an integer of 15 to 389, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:77, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0502] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 68

[0503] The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 7. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 7.

[0504] This gene is expressed primarily in brain, and to a lesser extent in breast.

[0505] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neurodegenerative conditions and behavioural disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., brain and other tissue of the nervous system, mammary tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0506] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 217 as residues: Leu-40 to His-46.

[0507] The tissue distribution in brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder and panic disorder. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0508] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:78 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 809 of SEQ ID NO:78, b is an integer of 15 to 823, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:78, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0509] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 69

[0510] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with a rat secretory carrier membrane protein which is believed to play a role in cell surface re-cycling. See e.g., Brand et al., EMBO J 1993 October;12(10):3753-3761. Secretory carrier membrane proteins (SCAMPs) are widely distributed as components of post-Golgi membranes that function as recycling carriers to the cell surface. In fibroblasts, SCAMPs are concentrated in compartments involved in the endocytosis and recycling of cell surface receptors while in neurons and other cell types having regulated transport pathways, SCAMPs are also components of regulated carriers (synaptic vesicles, secretion granules and transporter vesicles). Their presence in multiple pathways distinguishes them from proteins (e.g., recycling cell surface receptors and synaptic vesicle proteins) which are concentrated in selected pathways. The SCAMPs also do not appear to reside beyond the boundaries of these pathways. This distribution indicates that SCAMPs are general markers of membranes that function in cell surface recycling. Accordingly, polpeptides of the invention and antibodies thereto, may be used to identify membranes that function in cell surface recycling. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 15. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 15.

[0511] This gene is expressed primarily in hematopoietic cell types.

[0512] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune and hematopoetic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and hematopoetic systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., hematopoietic cells, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0513] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 218 as residues: Ser-25 to Gly-31, Gln-149 to Ser-155.

[0514] The hematopoetic tissue distribution and homology to a cell surface molecule indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection and/or treatment of immune or hematopoietic disorders including arthritis, asthma and immunodeficiency diseases. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0515] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:79 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 2441 of SEQ ID NO:79, b is an integer of 15 -to 2455, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:79, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0516] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 70

[0517] The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 4. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 4. When tested against a Jurkat T-cell line, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the GAS (gamma activation site) pathway. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates T-cells through the Jaks-STAT signal transduction pathway. The GAS is a promoter element found upstream in many genes which are involved in the Jaks-STAT pathway. The Jaks-STAT pathway is a complex, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jaks-STATs pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0518] This gene is expressed primarily in brain.

[0519] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, neurodegenerative conditions and behavioural disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the brain and central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., brain and other tissues of the nervous system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0520] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in-SEQ ID NO. 219 as residues: Asp-57 to Gly-64.

[0521] The tissue distribution of this gene primarily in brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and/or detection of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder and panic disorder. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0522] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:80 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 907 of SEQ ID NO:80, b is an integer of 15 to 921, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:80, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0523] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 71

[0524] This gene is expressed primarily in hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+ cells).

[0525] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, autoimmune and immunodeficiency disease states. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hematopoietic system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., hematopoietic cells, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0526] The tissue distribution of this gene predominantly in hematopoietic progenitor cell types indicates that the gene could be important for the treatment or detection of immune or hematopoietic disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases, leukemia, hypersensitivity and transplant rejection. Additionally, expression of this gene product in CD34+ cells indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g., by boosting immune responses).

[0527] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0528] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:81 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 664 of SEQ ID NO:81, b is an integer of 15 to 678, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:81, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0529] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 72

[0530] This gene is expressed primarily in hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+ cells).

[0531] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, auto-immune and immunodeficiency disease states. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hematopoietic system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., hematopoietic cells, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0532] The tissue distribution of this gene predominantly in hematopoietic progenitor cell types indicates that the gene is important for the treatment or detection of immune or hematopoietic disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases, leukemia, and transplant rejection. Expression of this gene product in CD34+ cells indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0533] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0534] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 82 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 843 of SEQ ID NO:82, b is an integer of 15 to 857, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:82, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0535] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 73

[0536] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with rat synaptogyrin which is thought to be important in membrane trafficking (see e.g., Stenius et al., J. Cell Biol. 131 (6 Pt 2), 1801-1809 (1995)). In specific embdodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequences:

QPYQVLPSRQVFALI (SEQ ID NO:508),
VFSCIYGEGYSNAHESKQMYCVFN (SEQ ID NO:509),
RNEDACRYGSAIGVLAFL (SEQ ID NO:510),
LVVDAYFPQISNATDRK (SEQ ID NO:511), and/or
SALWTFLWFVGFCFLTNQWAVTNPK (SEQ ID NO:512).

[0537] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0538] This gene is expressed primarily in breast and ovary, and to a lesser extent in most hematopoietic tissue types.

[0539] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, female infertility and female reproductive abnormalities. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., mammary tissue, and ovary and other reproductive tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0540] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 222 as residues: Pro-9 to Trp-18, Thr-20 to Ala-27.

[0541] The tissue distribution in ovary and breast and homology to a protein involved in membrane trafficking indicates that this protein may play a role in the detection/treatment of female fertility disorders, endocrine disorders, ovarian failure, amenorrhea, ovarian cancer, and also potentially in both non-neoplastic breast diseases such as congenital abnormalities and neoplasia in the breast. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0542] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:83 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1963 of SEQ ID NO:83, b is an integer of 15 to 1977, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:83, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0543] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 74

[0544] The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 12. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 12. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LNIDSFDYGKFESLLAKQHYKFSFLLPLAAGTERCKWWLKIEEASSDQCGCWFLVKCVPKPPSPCRQPPTQVSKIGHAPFFL (SEQ ID NO:513).

[0545] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0546] This gene is expressed primarily in brain, and to a lesser extent in placenta and spleen.

[0547] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, behavioural disorders and neurodegenerative disease states. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly. of the brain and central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., brain and other tissue of the nervous system, spleen and other cells and tissue of the immune system, placenta, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0548] The tissue distribution in brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder and panic disorder. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0549] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 84 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1135 of SEQ ID NO:84, b is an integer of 15 to 1149, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:84, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0550] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 75

[0551] When tested against a K562 cell line, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the ISRE (interferon-sensitive responsive element) pathway. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates leukemia cells, or more generally, in immune or hematopoietic cells, or other cells or cell-types, through the Jaks-STAT signal transduction pathway. The ISRE is a promoter element found upstream in many genes which are involved in the Jaks-STAT pathway. The Jaks-STAT pathway is a complex, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jaks-STATs pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0552] This gene is expressed primarily in bone marrow and spleen.

[0553] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, autoimmune diseases, transplant rejection and immundeficiency disease states. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hematopoietic and immune systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0554] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 224 as residues: Pro-22 to His-33, Ser-42 to Trp-48.

[0555] The tissue distribution of this gene predominantly in hematopoietic cell types indicates that the gene is important for the treatment or detection of immune or hematopoietic disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases, leukemia, and transplant rejection. Furthermore, the polypeptides or polynucleotides are also useful to enhance or protect the proliferation, differentiation, and functional activation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (e.g., bone marrow cells), useful in treating cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. The polypeptides or polynucleotides are also useful to increase the proliferation of peripheral blood leukocytes, which can be used in the combat of a range of hematopoietic disorders, including immunodeficiency diseases, leukemia, and septicemia.

[0556] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 85 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence. would be cumbersome.

[0557] Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 753 of SEQ ID NO:85, b is an integer of 15 to 767, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:85, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0558] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 76

[0559] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the sequence:

SLQYRIRIPGRPT (SEQ ID NO:514),
DLVTYTSSLQYRIRIPGRPTRP (SEQ ID NO:515),
VKTAECYSIPLGSCPVNIQRVR (SEQ ID NO:517), and/or
LGNKKYINIRCLEMQVTLKILCEIEKKERRGTHCLV (SEQ ID NO:516).

[0560] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. Contact of cells with supernatant expressing the product of this gene increases the permeability of U937 monocyte cells to calcium. Thus, it is likely that the product of this gene is involved in a signal transduction pathway that is initiated when the product of this gene binds a receptor on the surface of the monocyte cell. Thus, polynucleotides and polypeptides have uses which include, but are not limited to, activating monocyte cells.

[0561] This gene is expressed in primary dendritic cells.

[0562] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, auto-immune disorders such as asthma and arthritis, in transplant rejection, leukemia and immunodeficiency disease states. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., primary dendritic cells and other cells and tissue of the immune system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0563] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 225 as residues: Gly-2 to Glu-7, Arg-27 to Gly-34.

[0564] The tissue distribution of this gene predominantly in hematopoietic cell types indicates that the gene is important for the treatment or detection of immune or hematopoietic disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases, leukemia, hypersensitivity and graft rejection. Expression of this gene product in primary dendritic cells also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0565] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:86 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 714 of SEQ ID NO:86, b is an integer of 15 to 728, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:86, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0566] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 77

[0567] This gene is expressed primarily in 12 week old early stage human.

[0568] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, developmental abnormalities. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the developmental system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., developing and differentiating tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0569] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 226 as residues: Thr-14 to Thr-19.

[0570] The expression of this gene primarily in the embryo indicates a key role in embryonic development, and could be used in the treatment and or detection of developmental disorders. Expression within embryonic tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates that this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility it the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, embryonic development also involves decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0571] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:87 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 721 of SEQ ID NO:87, b is an integer of 15 to 735, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:87, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0572] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 78

[0573] This gene is expressed primarily in T-cells, and to a lesser extent in cord blood and osteosarcoma.

[0574] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, auto-immune diseases, immunodeficiency diseases and host-graft rejection. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., cells and tissues of the immune system, bone, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0575] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 227 as residues: Pro-36 to Ala-41.

[0576] The expression of this gene in T-cells indicates a potential role in the treament/detection of immune disorders such as arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia and transplant rejection. Expression of this gene product in T cells also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0577] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:88 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 875 of SEQ ID NO:88, b is an integer of 15 to 889, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:88, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0578] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 79

[0579] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LFYLLTCSCAPGHLAFVCSQCLPFDMGKELWPKSPSSCTSTSVAQGWGGRGRPSPYICVV (SEQ ID NO:518),
IQGSRLPPLPAPLHPLPLIYLLLGSPAQSWLLVPSWGHPSTLTLTMAAEHQAWPSGFHGDH (SEQ ID NO:519).

[0580] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0581] This gene is expressed primarily in placenta and 9 week old embryo, and to a lesser extent in fetal spleen.

[0582] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, developmental disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the developmental system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., developing and differentiating tissues, and spleen and other cells and tissue of the immune system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0583] The expression of this gene primarily in the embryo indicates a key role in embryonic development, and could be used in the treatment and or detection of developmental disorders. The tissue distribution in placenta also indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and/or treatment of disorders of the placenta. Specific expression within the placenta indicates that this gene product may play a role in the proper establishment and maintenance of placental function. Alternately, this gene product may be produced by the placenta and then transported to the embryo, where it may play a crucial role in the development and/or survival of the developing embryo or fetus. Expression within embryonic tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates that this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division. Similarly, embryonic development also involves decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0584] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 89 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 555 of SEQ ID NO:89, b is an integer of 15 to 569, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:89, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0585] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 80

[0586] This gene is expressed primarily in early stage brain.

[0587] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, developmental and neurodegenerative diseases of the brain and nervous system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the brain, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., brain and other tissue of the nervous system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0588] The tissue distribution in brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and detection of developmental and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as behavioral or nervous system disorders.

[0589] Examples of such conditions would include: depression, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, addictive behavior and sleep disorders. In addition a brain-specific gene product may be useful in the diagnosis of specific brain tumors. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0590] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:90 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 320 of SEQ ID NO:90, b is an integer of 15 to 334, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:90, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0591] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 81

[0592] This gene is expressed primarily in synovial tissue.

[0593] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, arthritis, tendonitis and chrondomalacia. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the synovium, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., synovial tissue, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0594] The tissue distribution in synovial tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of connective tissue disorders such as arthritis, tendonitis, chrondomalacia, inflammation and trauma. In addition, the expression of this gene product in synovium indicates a role in the detection and treatment of disorders and conditions affecting the skeletal system, in particular osteoporosis as well as disorders afflicting connective tissues (e.g. arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation), such as in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (ie. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid). Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0595] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:91 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 781 of SEQ ID NO:91, b is an integer of 15 to 795, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:91, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0596] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 82

[0597] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence: VDPPGCRNSARGCTRLLRGSSKI (SEQ ID NO: 520). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0598] This gene is expressed primarily in the frontal cortex of the brain.

[0599] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, developmental and neurodegenerative diseases of the brain. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., brain and other tissue of the nervous system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0600] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 231 as residues: Ser-4 to Tyr-13.

[0601] The tissue distribution in brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection and treatment of developmental and neurodegenerative diseases of the brain and nervous system, including malignancies as well as behavioral disorders. Examples of such conditions might include: depression, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, mania, dementia, paranoia, addictive behavior and sleep disorders. Furthermore, elevated expression of this gene product within the frontal cortex of the brain indicates that it may be involved in neuronal survival; synapse formation; conductance; neural differentiation, etc. Such involvement may impact many processes, such as learning and cognition. It may also be useful in the treatment of such neurodegenerative disorders as schizophrenia; ALS; or Alzheimer's.

[0602] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:92 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one-or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 563 of SEQ ID NO:92, b is an integer of 15 to 577, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:92, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0603] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 83

[0604] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with the L6 cell surface antigen, which is highly expressed in lung, breast, colon, and ovarian carcinomas. See e.g., Marken et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992 April 15;89(8):3503-3507. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the sequence: ITLCLVCIVANA (SEQ ID NO: 521). Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. This gene was recently cloned and sequenced by another group, which identified the gene as a putative tetraspan transmembrane (TM4) protein L6H from humans. The transmembrane 4 superfamily (TM4SF) or tetraspan superfamily has at least 16 members (including CD9, CD20, CD37, CD53, CD63, CD81, CD82, A15, CO-029, Sm23, RDS, Uro B, Uro A, SAS, Rom-1, PETA3, and YKK8), is the second biggest subfamily among CD antigen superfamilies, and are activation antigens of T-cells. All TM4SF members contain four putative transmembrane domains, two extracellular loops, and two short cytoplasmic tails. They are variously expressed on immature, early, mature, activated lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, granulocytes, platelets, eosinophils, basophils, certain leukemic and lymphoma cells, and a variety of other cells and tissues.

[0605] This gene is expressed primarily in fetal liver/spleen tissues.

[0606] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, cancers of the liver, immune system disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hepatic and immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., lung and pulmonary tissue, colon and other gastrointestinal tissue, mammary tissue, ovarian tissue and other tissue of the reproductive system, hepatic tissue, immune system tissues, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0607] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 232 as residues: Asn-32 to Asn-41, Thr-140 to Ala-147, Asp-188 to His-197.

[0608] The murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) L6 recognizes an integral membrane glycoprotein that is highly expressed in lung, breast, colon, and ovarian carcinomas and is referred to as the L6 antigen. This antigen is an attractive target for therapeutic intervention due to its high level expression on malignant cells. The tissue distribution and homology to L6 antigen indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for detection and treatment of neoplastic tissues particularly of the liver. The translation product of this gene is a member of the tetraspan transmembrane superfamily, and therefore, antigenic regions of members of this family could be valuable immunogens or targets to implement active and passive immunotherapy in patients with cancer. Moreover, the protein product of this clone is useful for the treatment and diagnosis of hematopoietic related disorders such as anemia, pancytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia or leukemia since stromal cells are important in the production of cells of hematopoietic lineages. The uses include bone marrow cell ex-vivo culture, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow reconstitution, radiotherapy or chemotherapy of neoplasia. The gene product may also be involved in lymphopoiesis, therefore, it can be used in immune disorders such as infection, inflammation, allergy, immunodeficiency etc. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0609] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:93 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 954 of SEQ ID NO:93, b is an integer of 15 to 968, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:93, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0610] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 84

[0611] This gene is expressed primarily in glioblastoma.

[0612] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, glioblastoma. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., tissue of the nervous system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0613] The tissue distribution in glioblastoma indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection and treatment of malignancies, as well as developmental and neurodegenerative diseases of the brain and nervous system. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0614] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:94 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 539 of SEQ ID NO:94, b is an integer of 15 to 553, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:94, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0615] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 85

[0616] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with Tbx, which is thought to be important in developmental regulation (see e.g., Knezevic et al., Development 124, 411-419 (1997); and accession U80951). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the sequence:

VTAYQNQQITRLKIDRNPFAKGFR (SEQ ID NO:522),
GTATVTAYQNQQITRL (SEQ ID NO:523),
KIDRNPFAKGFRDSGRNRMGLEAL (SEQ ID NO:524),
STLLQVLGMAFLPLTLTFCLA (SEQ ID NO:525), and/or
VESYAFWRPSLRTLTFEDIPGIPKQGNASS (SEQ ID NO:526).

[0617] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0618] This gene is expressed primarily in synovial sarcoma and to a lesser extent in osteoclastoma, osteoblastoma, and hemangiopericytoma.

[0619] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, osteosarcoma, osteoclastoma, and chondrosarcoma, and diseases of the skeletal system, such as osteoporosis. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the skeletal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., bone cells and tissue, synovial cells and tissue, cartilage, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0620] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 234 as residues: Ala-45 to Asp-50, Arg-57 to Pro-63.

[0621] The tissue distribution in skeletal tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of osteoperosis, fracture, osteosarcoma, osteoclastoma, chondrosarcoma, ossification and osteonecrosis, arthritis, tendonitis, chrondomalacia, and inflammation. Elevated levels of expression of this gene product in osteoclastoma and osteoblastoma indicates that it may play a role in the survival, proliferation, and/or growth of these cells. Therefore, it may be useful in influencing bone mass in such conditions as osteoporosis. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0622] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:95 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 954 of SEQ ID NO:95, b is an integer of 15 to 968, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:95, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0623] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 86

[0624] The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 19. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 19. The translation product of this gene is a transmembrane protein that forms disulfide-bonded homodimers and contains a motif in its cytoplasmic domain (located at the carboxy terminus of the protein relative to the transmembrane domain) that functions as an adaptor for associating protein complexes involved in triggering cellular activation. The transmembrane domain is predicted to consist of the amino acid sequence: VLAGIVMGDLVLTVLIALAVYFLG.(SEQ ID NO: 528). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequences:

QAQSDCSCSTVSPG (SEQ ID NO:527),
VLAGIVMGDLVLTVLIALAVYFLG (SEQ ID NO:528),
VPRGRGAAEATRKQRITETESPYQELQGQRSDVYSDL (SEQ ID NO:529), and/or
ETESPYQELQGQRSDVYSDLNT (SEQ ID NO:530).

[0625] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0626] This gene is expressed primarily in macrophage, and to a lesser extent in primary dendritic cells and neutrophils.

[0627] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immunologically mediated disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., blood cells, and cells and tissue of the immune system, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0628] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 235 as residues: Ala-28 to Ser-33, Ala-76 to Lys-111.

[0629] The tissue distribution in immune tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of immune disorders including: leukemias, lymphomas, auto-immunities, immunodeficiencies (e.g., AIDS), immuno-supressive conditions (transplantation) and hematopoietic disorders. Furthermore, expression of this gene product in macrophage and primary dendritic cells also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0630] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:96 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 683 of SEQ ID NO:96, b is an integer of 15 to 697, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:96, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0631] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 87

[0632] This gene is expressed primarily in prostate cancer.

[0633] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, prostate cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the prostate, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., prostate, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0634] The tissue distribution in prostate cancerous tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection and treatment of prostate cancer and other prostate disorders, as well as cancers in other tissues where expression has been indicated. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0635] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:97 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 852 of SEQ ID NO:97, b is an integer of 15 to 866, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:97, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0636] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 88

[0637] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with retinal epithelial membrane protein (REMP), which is thought to be important in development and maintenance of normal retinal function (See e.g., Philp et al., Exp. Cell Res. 219 (1), 64-73 (1995); and Genbank Accesion No.U15685). The translation product of this gene also shares homology with monocarboxylate transporter protein (Genbank Accesion no.U87627). Another group recently cloned and sequenced this gene, describing it as a monocarboxylate transporter protein (Genbank Accession No. gi|2463634). In quantitative terms, lactic acid is one of the most important metabolites in the body, substantial amounts being used and/or produced by almost all mammalian cells. As such it must be rapidly transported into and out of cells. Lactic acid transport across the plasma membrane is catalysed by proton-linked monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs), which are also responsible for the transport of pyruvate and the ketone bodies acetoacetate, -hydroxybutyrate and acetate. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

FLCALSPLGQLLQDRYGWRGGFLILGGL, (SEQ ID NO:531)
LLNCCVCAALMRPLVVTAQPGXGPPRP, (SEQ ID NO:532)
and/or
SRRLXDLSVFRDRGFVLYAVAASVM (SEQ ID NO:533).

[0638] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 17. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 17.

[0639] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils, and to a lesser extent in a variety of other tissues and cell types, including retina.

[0640] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, eye, and metabolic and cellular transport disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly. of the eye and immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types and cell types (e.g., retinal cells, neutrophils and other blood cells, and cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0641] The tissue distribution in retinal tissue and the homology to REMP indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of eye disorders, including neoplasms, visual impairments and blindness. Alternatively, the homology to monocarboxylate transporter protein indicates that the translation product of this gene is useful for the diagnosis and/or treatment of disorders involving the cellular transport of lactic acid into and out of the cell.

[0642] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:98 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1354 of SEQ ID NO:98, b is an integer of 15 to 1368, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:98, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0643] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 89

[0644] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with human squamous cell E48 antigen which is thought to be important in self-recognition and immune function. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequences:

MMATPSTRPPPPAASTTSATAPALPPRPPWPWPPSSWPPSGVSSKAPEADPLKNKAL (SEQ ID NO:534);
LLLTSPLPRCPPACSHDAPAHPDPGGPHGLTSGPGLGLPRVCLQRRQLLQPHALPGYGCLLHDHAHLLHPHQDEGQ (SEQ ID NO:535); and/or
WLLQARVHHLLLPVRPLQRHRPCHPGHPGPGPHPPGHPLGSPLKPPRQTHSRTKLS (SEQ ID NO:536).

[0645] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. When tested against K562 leukemia cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the ISRE assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates leukemia cells through the Jak-STAT signal transduction pathway. The interferon-sensitive response element is a promoter element found upstream of many genes which are involved in the Jak-STAT pathway. The Jak-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jak-STAT pathway, reflected by the binding of the ISRE element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0646] This gene is expressed primarily in adult brain, and to a lesser extent in fetal lung.

[0647] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, autoimmune disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0648] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 238 as residues: Tyr-28 to Phe-34, Thr-54 to Val-60, Tyr-73 to Thr-82.

[0649] The tissue distribution and homology to human squamous cell E48 antigen indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for study, diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune diseases and disorders, such as lupus, transplant rejection, allergic reactions, and arthritis. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues.

[0650] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:99 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 599 of SEQ ID NO:99, b is an integer of 15 to 613, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:99, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0651] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 90

[0652] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

QEFQTGLGNMVKPCLYEKYRNISWLWWHTPVVPATWEAEVGGSLEPGRLRLQ (SEQ ID NO:537), and/or
ILGGESILIILSWVFSYIFFRIALEITIYILNVSPFCLGRWLMPVIPALWEAEVGGLPELRSSRPA (SEQ ID NO:538).

[0653] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0654] This gene is expressed primarily in human adult lymph node tissue.

[0655] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune disorders and lymphomas. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and metabolic systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, metabolic, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0656] The tissue distribution in lymph nodes indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis and treatment of immune and lymph diseases and disorders such as lymphomas. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the natural gene product may be involved in immune functions. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous disease, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, neutropenia, neutrophilia, psoriasis, hypersensitivities, such as T-cell mediated cytotoxicity; immune reactions to transplanted organs and tissues, such as host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host diseases, or autoimmunity disorders, such as autoimmune infertility, lense tissue injury, demyelination, systemic lupus erythematosis, drug induced hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, scleroderma and tissues. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0657] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:100 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 671 of SEQ ID NO: 100, b is an integer of 15 to 685, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:100, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0658] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 91

[0659] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MPKQLAQLLYRLPRG, (SEQ ID NO:539)
LFQAISVSGSHR, (SEQ ID NO:540)
QGSRTWNTLTEGNAEAACTVALQTSKRLILASRW
TLSFM, (SEQ ID NO:541)
NSHCVPIKALFFLSVVSYIFIMPHHIFFTVKILKSCFQVGQLMKL
and/or
RPTRPITFSSNISEWVPSTGFQDLEHFNRRKCRSSLHSCFTDFQEA (SEQ ID NO:542)
DSGFKMEPWSWFFFFFFFFPQRTCGCALCVLFLFSIWGPHGKELLNSFLYELPL
CSYKGPFLS.

[0660] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0661] This gene is expressed primarily in placenta and synovium.

[0662] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases of the synovium and placenta. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the placenta and synovium, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., placenta, synovium, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0663] The tissue distribution in placenta and synovium indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis and treatment of growth and developmental disorders and arthritic and inflammatory conditions. Expression within embryonic tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates that this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, embryonic development also involves decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Specific expression within the placenta indicates that this gene product may play a role in the proper establishment and maintenance of placental function. Alternately, this gene product may be produced by the placenta and then transported to the embryo, where it may play a crucial role in the development and/or survival of the developing embryo or fetus. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0664] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:101 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 632 of SEQ ID NO:101, b is an integer of 15 to 646, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 101, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0665] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 92

[0666] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

VDPRVRLPLFWWQPSCAVYLFPRVYNNMCTRVLGTLPHCWDLATLLQPSSRI, (SEQ ID NO:543)
WGNVSEAPGM
VPYHIAGTLPHCCSLPVGYGGMSVRLQ, (SEQ ID NO:544)
GCRYVGNVGPQGNMQSGRSWALKMVLLCNSCLGLGVGSVGPSMSSLFGAVL
SETPGSSVY
MLDPRATCNLVGVGLSKWCCCVTAAWVLG (SEQ ID NO:545).

[0667] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0668] This gene is expressed primarily in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

[0669] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases of immune system including cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0670] The tissue distribution in chronic lymphocytic leukemia indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the immune system including cancers. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0671] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:102 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 812 of SEQ ID NO: 102, b is an integer of 15 to 826, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:102, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0672] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 93

[0673] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

HGDWIYVHIVEQLNQANNKSVTSHTYFVVKTCKIHSLSNFQASNTLLXTVVTMLYNRSLELILPV (SEQ ID NO:546)
LYNRSLELILPV
TYSSCLTKILYSLINIYPIPHCSPAXITTILL, (SEQ ID NO:547)
SMNLTFFFFRFHICEIAQYLSFCAWLISLNIKSL
and/or
MNLTFFFFRFHICEIAQYLSFCAWLISLNIKSL (SEQ ID NO:548).

[0674] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0675] This gene is expressed primarily in brain medulloblastoma.

[0676] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of cancer and disorders of the CNS. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., brain, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0677] The tissue distribution in brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, treatment, and/or prevention of cancers and other disorders and diseases of the CNS. The tissue distribution further indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered bahaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0678] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 103 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 572 of SEQ ID NO: 103, b is an integer of 15 to 586, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 103, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0679] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 94

[0680] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LVCYCSTKKEKKLHEIAIQQGQNWRWLLFYKEISVPGFQSVWCSYKCLCVVW, (SEQ ID NO:549)
KAGEGG
RRSCSGPPLVNTAGKILSSSPAKLACKRTDFHIP, (SEQ ID NO:550)
SI
RASILGIDNERGCHFRHFNPLKEYKRKKKENKSFRIV, (SEQ ID NO:551)
SKNKTRGGDWCVTVLRKRRKSFMKSPFSKDRTGDGF, (SEQ ID NO:552)
SFTKKSLSQAFSLFGVHTSVCVLCGRRGKAGEGGPVQGPLW
and/or
MKSPFSKDRTGDGFSFTKKSLSQAFSLFGVHTSVCVLCGR (SEQ ID NO:553)
RGKAGEGGPVQGPLW.

[0681] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0682] This gene is expressed primarily in meningima and neutrophils and to a lesser extent in anergic T cells and CD34 depleted buffy coat.

[0683] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, inflammatory, immune and hemopoietic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hemopoietic, immune and inflammatory systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0684] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 243 as residues: Glu-45 to Asn-50.

[0685] The tissue distribution in immune tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis and treatment of various disorders and diseases of the immune, inflammatory, and hemopoietic systems. Furthermore, the tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and/or treatment of hematopoietic disorders. This gene product is primarily expressed in hematopoietic cells and tissues, suggesting that it plays a role in the survival, proliferation, and/or differentiation of hematopoieitic lineages. Expression of this gene product in T cells and neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0686] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:104 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 614 of SEQ ID NO:104, b is an integer of 15 to 628, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:104, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0687] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 95

[0688] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MGESECYRRLSGASCTWTVHVDFA (SEQ ID NO:554);
MHCGTRVWKTMKHDYFLLACLSMTSTGGILCTL 9SEQ ID NO:555);
STLSLI (SEQ ID NO:556); and/or
PTSSSLSFWPWCTAIIGSIFTYCVCVCVCFVVMNRTCYLPNSIIYHNSKLATIIDK
SMTLS
MWILPKVSLICIVELGYGKP (SEQ ID NO:557).

[0689] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0690] This gene is expressed primarily in human meningima.

[0691] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, meningitis and other inflammatory conditions. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the cerebrospinal membranes, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0692] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 244 as residues: Ser-35 to Phe-41.

[0693] The tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for study, treatment, and diagnosis of disorders of the meningima. The protein is also useful in the development of inhibitors of infections, particularly, though not limited to, the meninges or other neural-associated or neural tissue. In addition, the protein is useful for the treatment of injuries to the meninges, potentially in regeneration, or in congenital disorders, birth defects, etc. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0694] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:105 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 544 of SEQ ID NO: 105, b is an integer of 15 to 558, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 105, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0695] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 96

[0696] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MSTGDGRDAEKGWPVSEEENQRSVYPGYPECDERQAVPQHCAIASPSSLQSHH, (SEQ ID NO:558)
PASACVPRR
QQMTLGTKIKWGQLQRGQEIPTGDFTVRNFM, (SEQ ID NO:559)
RFSIIYC
and/or
PFLFCASRIRXQGIGIHGQVACSAVRMYNNR (SEQ ID NO:560).

[0697] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. The gene encoding the disclosed cDNA is thought to reside on chromosome 10. Accordingly, polynucleotides related to this invention are useful as a marker in linkage analysis for chromosome 10.

[0698] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils and activated monocytes.

[0699] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune and hematopoietic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and hematopoietic systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0700] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 245 as residues: Met-l to Ser-6, Pro-29 to Ser-34.

[0701] The tissue distribution in monocytes and neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the immune and hematopoietic systems. Expression of this gene product in monocytes and neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0702] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 106 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 742 of SEQ ID NO: 106, b is an integer of 15 to 756, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 106, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0703] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 97

[0704] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

VLCEEAGQKVPSTPSWSSWTLQKRLRGSPAEANCSPSFPAPPGKE (SEQ ID NO:561),
MSLSALACDFTPIQPWEWEEYEQITLGLTAPSNLLESNYLGQASE (SEQ ID NO:562),
CFVRKLVRRFPQLLPGPPGHCRKDLGDPQQRPIALLPSLPHQERNNVHRLEAD
SEVDL
CVDFDEYFSSWEPLLKMMFKGVVGGKMKAW (SEQ ID NO:563), and/or
RRKKRRKPLPYKIHAD
MMFKGVVGGKMKAWRR (SEQ ID NO:564).
KKRRKPLPYKIHAD

[0705] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0706] This gene is expressed primarily in bone marrow, and to a lesser extent in testes.

[0707] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, hematopoietic and reproductive disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the hematopoietic and reproductive systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., reproductive, immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0708] The tissue distribution in bone marrow and testes indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis and treatment of various disorders involving the hematopoietic and reproductive systems. The uses include bone marrow cell ex vivo culture, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow reconstitution, radiotherapy or chemotherapy of neoplasia. The gene product may also be involved in lymphopoiesis, therefore, it can be used in immune disorders such as infection, inflammation, allergy, immunodeficiency etc. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Furthermore, polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of conditions concerning proper testicular function (e.g. endocrine function, sperm maturation), as well as cancer. Therefore, this gene product is useful in the treatment of male infertility and/or impotence. This gene product is also useful in assays designed to identify binding agents, as such agents (antagonists) are useful as male contraceptive agents.

[0709] Similarly, the protein is believed to be useful in the treatment and/or diagnosis of testicular cancer. The testes are also a site of active gene expression of transcripts that may be expressed, particularly at low levels, in other tissues of the body. Therefore, this gene product may be expressed in other specific tissues or organs where it may play related functional roles in other processes, such as hematopoiesis, inflammation, bone formation, and kidney function, to name a few possible target indications. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tissue-specific marker and/or immunotherapy target for the above listed tissues.

[0710] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:107 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1132 of SEQ ID NO:107, b is an integer of 15 to 1146, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:107, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0711] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 98

[0712] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LISSVNKTKQKRSDATLSHKHDRLLNHFVFFGNSYNY (SEQ ID NO:565),
SSK
FPSDMLLRIQQIIYCHKLTIILTKWRNTARHKSKKKEDELILKHELQLKKWKNR (SEQ ID NO:566),
LILKRAAAEESNFPERSSSEVFLVDETLKCDISLLPEXAILQVCMNSVYIIYYNLP
SVVVHACNPSCLGG
SLESTNAIKSN (SEQ ID NO:567),
IRP (SEQ ID NO:568)
NKNDQMRHCLINMIDY
ITLCFLETAITINIYSNLVNFLQICYC (SEQ ID NO:569), and/or
GYNRSSIVTS
ISFRYAIADTTDHLLSQANHYPNKMA (SEQ ID NO:570).
EYSKT

[0713] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0714] This gene is expressed primarily in T-cells, tonsils, and heart tissue.

[0715] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of immune system and vascular tissue disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system and vascular tissue, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, vascular, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0716] The tissue distribution in T-cells, tonsils and heart indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the immune system and vascular tissues. Expression of this gene product in tonsils indicates a role in the regulation of the proliferation; survival; differentiation; and/or activation of potentially all hematopoietic cell lineages, including blood stem cells. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types.

[0717] Expression of this gene product in T cells also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. The tissue distribution in heart muscle tissue indicates that the protein product of this gene is useful for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions and pathologies of the cardiovascular system, such as heart disease, restenosis, atherosclerosis, stoke, angina, thrombosis, and wound healing. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0718] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:108 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 761 of SEQ ID NO: 108, b is an integer of 15 to 775, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 108, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0719] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 99

[0720] An embodiment of the invention is directed to polypeptides comprising those which exhibit sequence homology with honeybee venom sacepin. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

PQIKLLNSDALGMRTTSXDLVPCNQCFIPLPPSCNRIASRKAVNWKQQRLPAVR (SEQ ID NO:571),
GLLNNAPHRRPPTPRTPCVFPSEGPKGYGFHV
EQLAXISCR (SEQ ID NO:572),
VINVSFRCLHHVIESLPERQLTGSSRGSQP
EDCSTMPPIAAP (SEQ ID NO:573), and/or
PPLAPLVFSPLRGPRVMAFMSRCGDRGGRGRSXAGRGWPWSESGVINAHPK
KRPCPGPMLS
EFGTRRQWGTRCFPPLVGRKQSALR (SEQ ID NO:574).
RREGKARAGRCCGKRSVKAGFDA

[0721] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0722] This gene is expressed primarily in activated and control neutrophils, and to a lesser extent in fetal liver and spleen.

[0723] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of disorders of the immune and endocrine systems. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune, inflammatory and hormonal systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0724] The tissue distribution in neutrophils and fetal liver and spleen indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis and treatment of inflammation and various disorders of the immune and endocrine systems. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis.

[0725] In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0726] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:109 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 897 of SEQ ID NO:109, b is an integer of 15 to 911, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:109, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0727] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 100

[0728] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

AFFLLQALEIQSQLATPASSTARNPAPDLHHPHQPTIERFCRHSSSWERIEY (SEQ ID NO:575).

[0729] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. When tested against Jurkat T-cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the GAS assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates T-cells through the Jak-STAT signal transduction pathway. The gamma activating sequence (GAS) is a promoter element found upstream of many genes which are involved in the Jak-STAT pathway. The Jak-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jak-STAT pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells. Furthermore, contact of cells with supernatant expressing the product of this gene increases the permeability of Brian microvascular pericyte cells to calcium. Thus, it is likely that the product of this gene is involved in a signal transduction pathway that is initiated when the product of this gene binds a receptor on the surface of the pericyte cell. Thus, polynucleotides and polypeptides have uses which include, but are not limited to, activating pericyte (endothelial) cells.

[0730] This gene is expressed primarily in activated neutrophils.

[0731] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune disorders, inflammation. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard-gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0732] The tissue distribution in neutrophils and the biological activity data suggest that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of inflammatory and immune conditions. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis.

[0733] In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0734] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:110 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 442 of SEQ ID NO:110, b is an integer of 15 to 456, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:110, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0735] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 101

[0736] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

ATVPGSIYNYFYHYNAGALKPEHASESPRGLCAQTAGPFPSF (SEQ ID NO:576),
IRHEPPPPRFKRFSCLSLLSSWDYRRAPPHVAIFCTLSRDGVLPHWPGWSQTPDLK (SEQ ID NO:577),
STHLGLPRCWDYRHEPLCLAPFTTISIIIMQGLSNLSMPQNPPEGCAHRLLDLSPASDSVPPEWGSKIAFEV (SEQ ID NO:578), and/or
LRVGGTSENCCRGECCGSVCIPPGRL (SEQ ID NO:579).

[0737] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. When tested against Jurkat T-cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the GAS assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates T-cells through the Jak-STAT signal transduction pathway. The gamma activating sequence (GAS) is a promoter element found upstream of many genes which are involved in the Jak-STAT pathway. The Jak-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jak-STAT pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0738] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0739] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0740] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of immune disorders. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses).

[0741] Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0742] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:111 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 540 of SEQ ID NO:111, b is an integer of 15 to 554, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:111, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0743] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 102

[0744] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0745] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune conditions. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0746] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 251 as residues: Lys-33 to Lys-41.

[0747] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for study and treatment of immune disorders. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0748] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 112 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 708 of SEQ ID NO:112, b is an integer of 15 to 722, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:112, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0749] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 103

[0750] When tested against K562 leukemia cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the ISRE assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates leukemia cells through the Jak-STAT signal transduction pathway. The interferon-sensitive response element is a promoter element found upstream of many genes which are involved in the Jak-STAT pathway. The Jak-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jak-STAT pathway, reflected by the binding of the ISRE element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MCVTRMHVKCPPPSASVTAVKWPLSWSSSSFCISLHAGRH (SEQ ID NO:580), and/or
EERNKNHLSCQGLSTICCSYLSSKGEHLRNLSPYSF (SEQ ID NO:581).

[0751] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0752] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0753] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, immune conditions. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0754] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of immune disorders. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0755] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:113 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 917 of SEQ ID NO:113, b is an integer of 15 to 931, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:113, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0756] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 104

[0757] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

GLCMVHSLLTSSLGGRCCNYPYIADKDIETEVKPPSQGHTWHLHCS (SEQ ID NO:582),
QLWCITALPSTRHCSKGFAWFTHSLRHPSVAGAVIILILQTRTLRQRSSHLPKGTHGICTAPDRPTERAAVTILK (SEQ ID NO:583),
SFDNNNSYGVSQLYQVPDTVLRALHGSLTPYVIPRWQVL (SEQ ID NO:584), and/or
DRGQATFPRAHMASALLLTDRQRELLSRSSNELCMSKV (SEQ ID NO:585).

[0758] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0759] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0760] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of immune diseases and disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0761] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of immune disorders. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0762] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:114 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 574 of SEQ ID NO:114, b is an integer of 15 to 588, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 114, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0763] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 105

[0764] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LLLILRPFLNSQFKLQLPLVLFHSSCTYICLLYNYELFHIVALTGKLMNLGLHLFAHHLILAVAHXGCSIPIY (SEQ ID NO:586), and/or
THNSNYSSLWFSSTAVVLTYVYYIIMNCFILSPLQVN (SEQ ID NO:587).

[0765] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0766] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0767] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of immune disorders and diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0768] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of inflammatory and immune disorders. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0769] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:115 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 798 of SEQ ID NO:115, b is an integer of 15 to 812, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:115, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0770] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 106

[0771] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

TLVAGSPCSLSRWIMAGFCHGELVQSDMESQEWERGQVVLSHTSLPWCYVSP (SEQ ID NO:588),
R
MAGFCHGELVQSDMESQEWERGQVVLSHTSLPWCYVSP (SEQ ID NO:589),
R
MAVWISGSYSSFCSRSNWDVFSPNIVLASLPFSFRSVSK (SEQ ID NO:590), and/or
AAKPWWLALPALFPDGLWLDSAMGSLYSQTWKARNGKEVRWFSPTPHCLGA
MSHL
GWLYGSVGLIPHSAAEATG (SEQ ID NO:591).

[0772] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0773] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0774] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of immune disorders and diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0775] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 255 as residues: Pro-54 to Gly-62.

[0776] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of immune disorders. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0777] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:116 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 492 of SEQ ID NO:116, b is an integer of 15 to 506, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:116, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0778] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 107

[0779] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

RSKRQSQGSRCSVPLLAQQSRSPPVPLQAQPAWLLGSETIAWSGGGSGWEGPR (SEQ ID NO:592),
DPGTSTAAGNSGPGIGMGHRTPPPSHTGR
RWDPAWGLDIP (SEQ ID NO:593),
ESSCPVTMGELRSGDGIVL
GALLWDNSMISAPRGSHREA (SEQ ID NO:594),
GALFPSWLSNPAVLPSRSRPSQPGCLDPRQ
NSAREPRRWIR (SEQ ID NO:595),
PTRGSGETTAPCCFEPLNGGTLVHAAAMARASEAAGTG
MARASEAAGTG (SEQ ID NO:596),
CFTTAFQKALRDPRPTLPDTHGSLRNAP (SEQ ID NO:597),
LKSLTLPAAFVVSFFFLSLLQDGIKERSQTQNATFFFHDRSDIEGLSEEPCSGTTP
LALQEAVTGKQVLCSPPGSAIPQSSRPAPGPASLAAWIRDN (SEQ ID NO:598), and/or
SLVWRRLRVGGTQGPGHQYSSWEFRPRDRDGAQDTTPISHREMKVGSSMGTG
HP
MAGRLFTLLLWQELARRLVPGDASPRLSRKR (SEQ ID NO:599).
SVTPGPPFPTLTVPSE

[0780] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. When tested against sensory neuron cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the EGR1 assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates sensory neuron cells through a signal transduction pathway. Early growth response 1 (EGR1) is a promoter associated with certain genes that induces various tissues and cell types upon activation, leading the cells to undergo differentiation and proliferation.

[0781] This gene is expressed primarily in neutrophils.

[0782] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of immune disorders and diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0783] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 256 as residues: Met-25 to Gly-30.

[0784] The tissue distribution in neutrophils indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of immune disorders. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in neutrophils also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0785] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:117 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 737 of SEQ ID NO:117, b is an integer of 15 to 751, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:117, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0786] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 108

[0787] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MFYSKIFYELLLNSDTSNNVTSKTLVSSISSSNNRLAVSIVF (SEQ ID NO:600),
SRQKNLLKLHSNPNCDNFCFIFNYKPKYICIFKLICLKILLYIFGSG (SEQ ID NO:601), and/or
MLLSLLMVFTSELYVKRHISFKSXDKPHCHKNQDIDVLFRKLLEKHFKVINMICFP (SEQ ID NO:602).

[0788] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0789] This gene is expressed primarily in fetal liver, and to a lesser extent in bone and breast cancer cell lines.

[0790] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, cancer and metabolic disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the digestive and skeletal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., digestive, skeletal, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0791] The tissue distribution in fetal liver/spleen, as well as bone and breast cancer, indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for study and treatment of growth and metabolic disorders and neoplasias (e.g. hepatoblastoma, jaundice, hepatitis, liver metabolic diseases and conditions that are attributable to the differentiation of hepatocyte progenitor cells). Furthermore, the tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and/or treatment of bone and breast cancer, as well as cancers of other tissues where expression has been observed. The expression within fetal tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells suggests this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. The protein product of this clone is useful for the treatment and diagnosis of hematopoietic related disorders such as anemia, pancytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia or leukemia since stromal cells are important in the production of cells of hematopoietic lineages. The uses include bone marrow cell ex-vivo culture, bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow reconstitution, radiotherapy or chemotherapy of neoplasia. The gene product may also be involved in lymphopoiesis, therefore, it can be used in immune disorders such as infection, inflammation, allergy, immunodeficiency etc. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0792] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:118 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 946 of SEQ ID NO:118, b is an integer of 15 to 960, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:118, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0793] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 109

[0794] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

FREYGFYNLHFC (SEQ ID NO:603),
LVTTDYYDGCNEDYEYNWSYMFLNSEQLFIKFYPTEFC (SEQ ID NO:604), and/or
NVIAPGLESSCANSLFLLFVCLPVAHHRHNFLFIKHSLYNHLRDYESDFDKI (SEQ ID NO:605).

[0795] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0796] This gene is expressed primarily in T cells, fetal heart and infant brain, and to a lesser extent in some transformed cell lines.

[0797] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of growth and immune disorders and diseases. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and cardiovascular systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, cardiovascular, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine; synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0798] The tissue distribution in immune cells, heart tissue, and brain tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of developmental and immune disorders. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Expression of this gene product in T cells also strongly indicates a role for this protein in immune function and immune surveillance.

[0799] The tissue distribution in heart muscle tissue indicates that the protein product of this gene is useful for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions and pathologies of the cardiovascular system, such as heart disease, restenosis, atherosclerosis, stoke, angina, thrombosis, and wound healing. The tissue distribution in brain tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered bahaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0800] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:119 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1428 of SEQ ID NO:119, b is an integer of 15 to 1442, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:1 19, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0801] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 110

[0802] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

PKVLAVLKKKNHVALSIFELLSNDICSFISFFMS (SEQ ID NO:606),
EGPDINSNLKELLCLKKKIMWPFQYLNC (SEQ ID NO:607), and/or
LLSLILLRIWYDFSKQTVFWFFLNVFNFFSSCNNDGACSYKYRKVQI (SEQ ID NO:608).

[0803] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0804] This gene is expressed primarily in osteoblasts, and to a lesser extent in bone marrow and bladder.

[0805] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, skeletal and hematopoietic diseases and disorders. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the skeletal and vascular systems, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., skeletal, vascular, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0806] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 259 as residues: Gly-33 to Lys-38.

[0807] The tissue distribution in bone marrow and osteoblasts indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study, diagnosis, and treatment of bone and hematopoietic disorders. Elevated levels of expression of this gene product in osteoblasts indicates that it may play a role in the survival, proliferation, and/or growth of osteoblasts. Therefore, it may be useful in influencing bone mass in such conditions as osteoporosis. More generally, as evidenced by expression in bone marrow, this gene may play a role in the survival, proliferation, and/or differentiation of hematopoietic cells in general, and may be of use in augmentation of the numbers of stem cells and committed progenitors. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0808] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 120 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 831 of SEQ ID NO: 120, b is an integer of 15 to 845, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 120, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0809] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 111

[0810] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

HTLFISFLWAEG (SEQ ID NO:609),
MLPVFVLFFCFTYSARKQSVFKKGNVFE (SEQ ID NO:610), and/or
SPCSAAECHNLSLLSSCSLVSSNILFSFPFFGQKARCCLFLFYFSASHIAHESRVYSKKEMCL (SEQ ID NO:611).

[0811] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0812] This gene is expressed primarily in prostate cancer.

[0813] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, prostate and other cancers. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the endocrine system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., endocrine, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0814] The tissue distribution in prostate cancer indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the study and treatment of prostate cancer, as well as cancers of other tissues where expression has been observed. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0815] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:121 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 346 of SEQ ID NO:121, b is an integer of 15 to 360, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:121, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0816] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 112

[0817] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

HKCFQCFILANGFLKVIKPFQRNWSDKTFFLVCLNKAISEALLSKMTFLSFFKT (SEQ ID NO:612),
NLLLLETFCTI
LLGVLKPLYFSVEPVLGERSVAFEEVREKNH (SEQ ID NO:613),
GTSGFSLYSLAAIVCGHLMFFHTLLGRGGNDHPGQSPLPGMRPLRGGLAGQ
APSGHPWMQPLDTCLL
RPTRPPTRPDRPSLELAPGLCADF (SEQ ID NO:614), and/or
LGSSNHCIFLLSLYLGRDQ
EKRIMVPQGFFPFTRWQP (SEQ ID NO:615).
LSVGTSCFSTLYWAVEVTITQASLLCLGCAL

[0818] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0819] This gene is expressed primarily in haemopoietic and neural tissues, and to a lesser extent in a number of cancers and other tissues.

[0820] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the haemopoietic and neural systems. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and neural system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, neural, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0821] The tissue distribution in immune and neural tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the haemopoietic and neural systems, including several cancers. This gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis.

[0822] In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types. Furthermore, the tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered bahaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0823] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:122 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 930 of SEQ ID NO:122, b is an integer of 15 to 944, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 122, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0824] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 113

[0825] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with intestinal epithelium proliferating cell-associated mRNA sequence, which is thought to be important in the growth and development of epithelial cells. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MTLDEWKNLQEQTRPKPEFNIRKPESTVPSKAVVIRESKYRDDMVKDDYEDDS (SEQ ID NO:616),
HVFRKPANDITSQLEINFGNLPRPGRGARGGTRGGRGRIRRAENYGPRAEVVM
QDVAPNPDDPEDFPALS
CKMLPPTQMTRKISLRCLERAL (SEQ ID NO:617),
FPSTAELHCTPVGRLFQLGQGSQTLRTIDVAFPVSCKFVALFWAELLEGLLQRL
ESRPFPKKMKNGDCVFIEGISNEE
PPSSWAWSQRRHPG (SEQ ID NO:618), and/or
RPGKDQEGRELWTQSRSGDARCCPQPR
CLKCVY (SEQ ID NO:619).
RDSIDSSAEAWRERRL

[0826] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0827] This gene is expressed primarily in brain and central nervous system tissues, such as the frontal cortex, amygdala, and hypothalmus, and to a lesser extent in testis.

[0828] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the neural system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the neural and reproductive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, reproductive, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0829] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 262 as residues: Glu-20 to Glu-27, Glu-30 to Trp-44.

[0830] The tissue distribution and homology to intestinal epithelium proliferating cell-associated mRNA sequence indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for growth and developmental diseases of the brain, central nervous system and reproductive system. The tissue distribution in neural tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered bahaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception.

[0831] In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Elevated expression of this gene product within the frontal cortex of the brain indicates that it may be involved in neuronal survival; synapse formation; conductance; neural differentiation, etc. Such involvement may impact many processes, such as learning and cognition. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0832] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:123 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 900 of SEQ ID NO:123, b is an integer of 15 to 914, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:123, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0833] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 114

[0834] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

LSYSVLLILPLFHSLPTLKDTHTHNKWVE (SEQ ID NO:620),
EVNGVGYKHSCFSDISSVLENKDSRMRAPHYASFQHFFSVLLKL (SEQ ID NO:621),
SPQACLTESQCIPLTFY
KTHTHTISGWSKKSTELDISIPAFL (SEQ ID NO:622), and/or
TSPVSWRTRILE
IRHELGSSDPPAEASQIAGTAAVS (SEQ ID NO:623).
HHAQP

[0835] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0836] This gene is expressed primarily in spinal cord.

[0837] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, spinal cord injuries and diseases of the neural system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the neural system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0838] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 263 as residues: Pro-45 to Gln-52.

[0839] The tissue distribution in spinal cord indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of spinal cord injuries and diseases of the neural system, such as spinal deformation, spinocerebullar ataxia types I and III, dentatorubropallidoluysian and spinal bulbar muscular atrophy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0840] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:124 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 448 of SEQ ID NO:124, b is an integer of 15 to 462, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:124, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0841] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 115

[0842] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

MLYLILISLSSLSFSFSLPPFSIII (SEQ ID NO:624),
SSYFL (SEQ ID NO:625),
RHFRIYHTCPKYFSMNIIN
KLTLTKGNKSWSSTAVAAA (SEQ ID NO:626), and/or
LELVDPPGCRNSARDSLPNSTM MFYYACFILYSSLSPLSLSLSPSLLSLL
QFHTGNSYDHDYAK (SEQ ID NO:627).

[0843] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. When tested against U937 Myeloid cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the GAS assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates myeloid cells through the Jak-STAT signal transduction pathway. The gamma activating sequence (GAS) is a promoter element found upstream of many genes which are involved in the Jak-STAT pathway. The Jak-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jak-STAT pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0844] This gene is expressed primarily in striatum.

[0845] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of a number of diseases of the neural system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the neural diseases, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., striatum, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0846] The tissue distribution in striatum indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the neural system. Furthermore, the tissue distribution indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered bahaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0847] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:125 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 531 of SEQ ID NO:125, b is an integer of 15 to 545, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:125, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0848] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 116

[0849] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

AVCTGGYCESCRCEHCVCVCVDLCVLFSGKELRVR (SEQ ID NO:628),
VSFFFVFKWSFAEIKSREEHWASLTPKPTLLSALLTCDVLKS (SEQ ID NO:629),
SIIFKCCESTEDKGFDSFFQASKDGSSSRI
RSWGSQRSLCLL (SEQ ID NO:630),
FIPFAAESYSVVWMGHLFVVCLLSSWWTFRPFALAVTVNHVAVNIVCVSAWTC
VSCSLGRSCGLEGSFLFPLETLWFPHMVVLCLTF
MGHLFV (SEQ ID NO:631),
VCLLSSWWTFRPFALAVTVNHVAVNIVCVSAWTCVSCSLGRSCGLEGSFLFPL
ETLWFPHMVVLCLTF
HDVLGARNAACVCCSFLLQQNRILL (SEQ ID NO:632),
FGWATCLLSVYSPAGGHLGRLHWRLL
MLDFKTSQVSKAL (SEQ ID NO:633), and/or
KRVGFGVRLAQCSSLDLISAKLHLKTKKKETYITSTVMTAASLFLSYVTSEFTR
SIMATFYCFVLKLHIGEMGTLQTAGGSKMTWPLQKAIWQFLKRLSIKLPYVET
RESPGETKNY
LTRNSFPENRTHKSTQTHTQCSQRHD (SEQ ID NO:634).
SQ

[0850] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0851] This gene is expressed primarily in intestine and cancer cells.

[0852] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and cancer. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the digestive system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., digestive, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0853] The tissue distribution in gastrointestinal tissues and cancerous tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of diseases of the digestive system and cancer. Furthermore, the tissue distribution in gastrointestinal tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis, prevention, and/or treatment of various metabolic disorders such as Tay-Sachs disease, phenylkenonuria, galactosemia, porphyrias, and Hurler's syndrome. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0854] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:126 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 898 of SEQ ID NO:126, b is an integer of 15 to 912, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 126, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0855] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 117

[0856] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with a human apoptosis regulating protein which is thought to be important in regulating cell death. In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

IRHEGQSSSRGSSHCDSPSPQEDGQIMFDVEMHTSRDHSSQSEEEVVEGEKEVE (SEQ ID NO:635),
ALKKSADWVSDWSSRPENIPPKEFHFRHPKRSVSLS
GILLTLYPFWPEDILEFPNRVYCCLEICKGFFSANATSRL (SEQ ID NO:636),
EFGTRDRVVPEAVLTVTALRHKKMGRSCLMWKCTPAGTIALSQKKKL (SEQ ID NO:637),
AHPLPAPTEGKEKPLEMRVTCEVVYCHSSLFELETIVSMTQPT (SEQ ID NO:638),
TLFLHIQFQ
TFCVFKHEEKWSHEERGYFLRRISEGVHSISLP (SEQ ID NO:639), and/or
FSCFGFGARHLYWKATEHTLCQHLLRERKSPWKCV
QSLLLFRNLQGLLFRKCHQQIIILSAMLLSLISATRLDLYHSWYKFYSCNITTISL (SEQ ID NO:640).
LKRDQVSK

[0857] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. When tested against Jurkat cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the NF-kB transcription factor. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates Jurkat cells by activating a transcriptional factor found within these cells. Nuclear factor kB is a transcription factor activated by a wide variety of agents, leading to cell activation, differentiation, or apoptosis. Reporter constructs utilizing the NF-kB promoter element are used to screen supernatants for such activity.

[0858] This gene is expressed primarily in muscle, fibroblast cells, haemopoietic cells, and fetal lung.

[0859] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the haemopoietic, muscular and developing systems. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and muscular system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, muscular, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0860] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 266 as residues: Met-1 to Ala-6.

[0861] The tissue distribution in muscle and homology to apoptosis regulating protein indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the haemopoietic, muscular and developing systems. Expression within embryonic tissue and other cellular sources marked by proliferating cells indicates that this protein may play a role in the regulation-of cellular division. Additionally, the expression in hematopoietic cells and tissues indicates that this protein may play a role in the proliferation, differentiation, and/or survival of hematopoietic cell lineages. In such an event, this gene may be useful in the treatment of lymphoproliferative disorders, and in the maintenance and differentiation of various hematopoietic lineages from early hematopoietic stem and committed progenitor cells. Similarly, embryonic development also involves decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0862] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:127 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1034 of SEQ ID NO:127, b is an integer of 15 to 1048, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:127, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0863] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 118

[0864] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

IRHEESFNPLTCGFSLFFSLFS, (SEQ ID NO: 641)
METLLLLLFFLSLLIFRFRILVSQCIN, (SEQ ID NO: 642)
FLLTTVLLFSSKVRDPRANFDQSLRVLKHAKKVQ (SEQ ID NO: 643)
PDVISKTSIMLGLGENDEQVYATMKGKEIEK,
and/or QQSCCFPVRFVILGPILISPYVY. (SEQ ID NO: 644)

[0865] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0866] This gene is expressed primarily in synovium.

[0867] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, arthritis and other diseases of the musculo-skeletal system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the musculo-skeletal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., musculo-skeletal, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0868] The tissue distribution in synovium indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of diseases of the muscular-skeletal system. Furthermore, the expression of this gene product in synovium indicates a role in the detection and treatment of disorders and conditions affecting the skeletal system, in particular osteoporosis as well as disorders afflicting connective tissues (e.g. arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation), such as in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (ie. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid). Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0869] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:128 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 708 of SEQ ID NO:128, b is an integer of 15 to 722, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO: 128, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0870] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 119

[0871] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

VWLLSSILLRVLWNRYTLQELSFWLPWFASRATS (SEQ ID NO: 645)
LVLQHGDNYLLFLFCFVCFVLAMPF,
IRHEVSMAFVFHLAQGTLEPLYIAGA, (SEQ ID NO: 646)
NSARGEYGFCLPSCSGYFGTAIHCRSLASGYHGL (SEQ ID NO: 647)
LPEQQA,
and/or HELTVPSRMGSKGKPYPCGFYSSLIP. (SEQ ID NO: 648)

[0872] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention. When tested against U937 Myeloid cell lines, supernatants removed from cells containing this gene activated the GAS assay. Thus, it is likely that this gene activates myeloid cells through the Jak-STAT signal transduction pathway. The gamma activating sequence (GAS) is a promoter element found upstream of many genes which are involved in the Jak-STAT pathway. The Jak-STAT pathway is a large, signal transduction pathway involved in the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Therefore, activation of the Jak-STAT pathway, reflected by the binding of the GAS element, can be used to indicate proteins involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells.

[0873] This gene is expressed primarily in rejected kidney, stromal cells, and infant brain.

[0874] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the renal, central nervous and immune systems. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune, renal and central nervous system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, renal, nervous, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0875] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 268 as residues: Ser-6 to Arg-15.

[0876] The tissue distribution rejected kidney, stromal cells, and infant brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the renal, central nervous, and immune systems. The tissue distribution in infant brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered bahaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders.

[0877] Alternatively, this gene product may be involved in the regulation of cytokine production, antigen presentation, or other processes that may also suggest a usefulness in the treatment of cancer (e.g. by boosting immune responses). Since the gene is expressed in cells of lymphoid origin, the gene or protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues. Therefore it may be also used as an agent for immunological disorders including arthritis, asthma, immune deficiency diseases such as AIDS, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sepsis, acne, and psoriasis. In addition, this gene product may have commercial utility in the expansion of stem cells and committed progenitors of various blood lineages, and in the differentiation and/or proliferation of various cell types.

[0878] The tissue distribution in kidney indicates that this gene or gene product is useful in the treatment and/or detection of kidney diseases including renal failure, nephritus, renal tubular acidosis, proteinuria, pyuria, edema, pyelonephritis, hydronephritis, nephrotic syndrome, crush syndrome, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal colic and kidney stones, in addition to Wilm's Tumor Disease, and congenital kidney abnormalities such as horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney, and Falconi's syndrome. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0879] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:129 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 463 of SEQ ID NO:129, b is an integer of 15 to 477, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:129, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0880] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 120

[0881] The protein of the invention has sequence identity to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ankyrin repeat-containing protein (gi|466522). The translation product of this gene also shares homology with C. elegans protein C43H6.7 gene product (Genbank Accession No. gi|1255324). In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

KCIYPKPARTHHCSICNRCVLKMDHHCPWLNNC (SEQ ID NO: 649)
VGHYNHRYFFSFCFFMTLGCVYCSYGSWDLFREA
YAAIEKMKQLDKNKLQAVANQTYHQTPPPTFSF
RER,
ARGHWNLILIVFHYYQAITTPPGYPPQGRNDIA (SEQ ID NO: 650)
TVSIC,
WQCELDCVSHDSSTHSAPYVISRASKGSFSQNP, (SEQ ID NO: 651)
SKRASGPALGYHAGQFKDQPFYHCRRKTQCGEI (SEQ ID NO: 652)
LGLTSLYSGKQKFQPQTRGQAASYLPCPVLTRT
SSRIQHWSWPPPLLLAV,
ESLQLRLLGQLEGIPGCGYRKALAYSGALTF, (SEQ ID NO: 653)
and/or SLAPWEWNELGAPSLGDCSLSLCDGS (SEQ ID NO: 654)
VSWTVSATTRALILLPMLFQGPPRAAFLRILDQ
KEPVGLP.

[0882] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0883] This gene is expressed primarily in endometrial tumor, colon tumor, prostate cancer, and ovarian cancer.

[0884] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of a number of types of cancers, particularly endometrial, prostate, ovarian, and colon cancers. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the endometrium, prostate, colon, and ovary, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., prostate, colon, ovary, endometrium, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0885] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 269 as residues: Asn-43 to Arg-49, Phe-57 to Cys-65, Pro-93 to Ser-99.

[0886] The tissue distribution in prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, colon cancer, and endometrial cancer tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and cancers of the prostate, ovaries, colon, and endometrium, as well as cancers of other tissues where expression has been observed. Expression within cellular sources marked by proliferating cells suggests this protein may play a role in the regulation of cellular division, and may show utility in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other proliferative disorders. Similarly, developmental tissues rely on decisions involving cell differentiation and/or apoptosis in pattern formation. Thus this protein may also be involved in apoptosis or tissue differentiation and could again be useful in cancer therapy. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0887] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:130 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 1282 of SEQ ID NO:130, b is an integer of 15 to 1296, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:130, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0888] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 121

[0889] The translation product of this gene shares sequence homology with adrenalin receptor (Patent serial No. J08126491-A.) In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

TATLNSFFGGWGLALLLRLECSDTIMDHCSLDLL (SEQ ID NO: 655)
GSSNPPASASQVVGTTGARHHAQLIFCFFVQTRS
HSVA,
MDHCSLDLLGSSNPPASASQVVGTTGARHHAQLI (SEQ ID NO: 656)
FCFFVQTRSHSVA,
GVLKQSSHLVLSKG, (SEQ ID NO: 657)
DYSCESLCPALLSIAPDIVLN, (SEQ ID NO: 658)
TTIHKTQLGSYKILWEPKEGYHNSTWI, (SEQ ID NO: 659)
IREIFLRRP, and/or (SEQ ID NO: 660)
LKFQKPGKIQMRGGGRVFWYKNCK. (SEQ ID NO: 661)

[0890] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0891] This gene is expressed primarily in synovial sarcoma.

[0892] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, arthritis and other diseases of the synovium including cancers. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the immune and muscular-skeletal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., immune, musculo-skeletal, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0893] The tissue distribution in synovial sarcoma tissue and the homology to adrenalin receptor indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the synovium, immune system and musculo-skeletal system including cancers of these tissues and systems. It may also be useful for identifying and therapeutically using antagonists and agonists for this receptor family. In addition, the expression of this gene product in synovium indicates a role in the detection and treatment of disorders and conditions affecting the skeletal system, in particular osteoporosis as well as disorders afflicting connective tissues (e.g. arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation), such as in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (ie. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid). Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0894] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:131 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 724 of SEQ ID NO:131, b is an integer of 15 to 738, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:131, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0895] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 122

[0896] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

NSARVTQKGESVGSVGCMRAIAGFDNYPLF, (SEQ ID NO: 662)
GTIGIFWPLPVAILSSGDYLQTQIHRPLLHRGT, (SEQ ID NO: 663)
LPLPLSSLLHIATCNPFPKT, (SEQ ID NO: 664)
SYFFVYNLILKIIQGDHASIILLATIPIFGDIYY (SEQ ID NO: 665)
VKGQLASFGPYL,
LFYHLEIISRHKSIAHCSIEA, (SEQ ID NO: 666)
CSCHCPSRAFST, and/or (SEQ ID NO: 667)
PHAIHSQKPSSIFLITDVFPDPPVGIYLL. (SEQ ID NO: 668)

[0897] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0898] This gene is expressed primarily in chronic synovitis.

[0899] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, inflammatory diseases -and disorders of the musculo-skeletal system. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the inflammatory and musculo-skeletal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., musculo-skeletal, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0900] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 271 as residues: Ser-39 to Pro-44.

[0901] The tissue distribution in chronic synovitis tissue indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the treatment and diagnosis of disorders and diseases of the inflammatory and musculo-skeletal system. In addition, the expression of this gene product in synovium indicates a role in the detection and treatment of disorders and conditions affecting the skeletal system, in particular osteoporosis as well as disorders afflicting connective tissues (e.g. arthritis, trauma, tendonitis, chrondomalacia and inflammation), such as in the diagnosis or treatment of various autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis as well as dwarfism, spinal deformation, and specific joint abnormalities as well as chondrodysplasias (ie. spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, familial osteoarthritis, Atelosteogenesis type II, metaphyseal chondrodysplasia type Schmid). Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0902] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO:132 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 428 of SEQ ID NO:132, b is an integer of 15 to 442, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:132, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

[0903] Features of Protein Encoded by Gene No: 123

[0904] In specific embodiments, polypeptides of the invention comprise the following amino acid sequence:

RKLFHKINSKSFHLSGMHILISVWIVRSRIIKVK (SEQ ID NO: 669)
YELLLCFFDVIFYV,
NSARDVFFTQKILYSQTCIFFPCLVPFSFLFSFF (SEQ ID NO: 670)
FFLSFVG,
MFSSLKKFYILKHVYSFPVLFHFLFFFLFSFSFL (SEQ ID NO: 671)
SWAEKGAGKMKLATENCKMVKS, and/or
IQLLYLKGAAMKYLSYVARLLFLKALDLFAPKMV (SEQ ID NO: 672)
QIDSF.

[0905] Polynucleotides encoding these polypeptides are also encompassed by the invention.

[0906] This gene is expressed primarily in kidney and infant brain.

[0907] Therefore, polynucleotides and polypeptides of the invention are useful as reagents for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s) present in a biological sample and for diagnosis of diseases and conditions which include, but are not limited to, diseases of the renal and central nervous systems. Similarly, polypeptides and antibodies directed to these polypeptides are useful in providing immunological probes for differential identification of the tissue(s) or cell type(s). For a number of disorders of the above tissues or cells, particularly of the neural and renal system, expression of this gene at significantly higher or lower levels may be routinely detected in certain tissues or cell types (e.g., neural, renal, cancerous and wounded tissues) or bodily fluids (e.g., lymph, serum, plasma, urine, synovial fluid and spinal fluid) or another tissue or cell sample taken from an individual having such a disorder, relative to the standard gene expression level, i.e., the expression level in healthy tissue or bodily fluid from an individual not having the disorder.

[0908] Preferred epitopes include those comprising a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 272 as residues: Gly-24 to Lys-31.

[0909] The tissue distribution in kidney and infant brain tissues indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the neural and renal systems. The tissue distribution in infant brain indicates that polynucleotides and polypeptides corresponding to this gene are useful for the detection/treatment of neurodegenerative disease states and behavioural disorders such as Alzheimers Disease, Parkinsons Disease, Huntingtons Disease, Tourette Syndrome, schizophrenia, mania, dementia, paranoia, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, learning disabilities, ALS, psychoses, autism, and altered bahaviors, including disorders in feeding, sleep patterns, balance, and perception. In addition, the gene or gene product may also play a role in the treatment and/or detection of developmental disorders associated with the developing embryo, or sexually-linked disorders.

[0910] The tissue distribution in kidney indicates that this gene or gene product is useful in the treatment and/or detection of kidney diseases including renal failure, nephritus, renal tubular acidosis, proteinuria, pyuria, edema, pyelonephritis, hydronephritis, nephrotic syndrome, crush syndrome, glomerulonephritis, hematuria, renal colic and kidney stones, in addition to Wilm's Tumor Disease, and congenital kidney abnormalities such as horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney, and Falconi's syndrome. Protein, as well as, antibodies directed against the protein may show utility as a tumor marker and/or immunotherapy targets for the above listed tissues.

[0911] Many polynucleotide sequences, such as EST sequences, are publicly available and accessible through sequence databases. Some of these sequences are related to SEQ ID NO: 133 and may have been publicly available prior to conception of the present invention. Preferably, such related polynucleotides are specifically excluded from the scope of the present invention. To list every related sequence would be cumbersome. Accordingly, preferably excluded from the present invention are one or more polynucleotides comprising a nucleotide sequence described by the general formula of a-b, where a is any integer between 1 to 868 of SEQ ID NO:133, b is an integer of 15 to 882, where both a and b correspond to the positions of nucleotide residues shown in SEQ ID NO:133, and where b is greater than or equal to a+14.

5′ NT
NT of AA First Last
ATCC SEQ 5′ NT 3′ NT 5′ NT First SEQ AA AA First AA Last
Deposit ID Total of of of AA of ID of of of AA
Gene cDNA Nr and NO. NT Clone Clone Start Signal NO: Sig Sig Secreted of
No. Clone ID Date Vector X Seq. Seq. Seq. Condon Pep Y Pep Pep Portion ORF
1 HCEIA77 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 11 1882 676 1882 785 785 150 1 37 38 53
06/12/97
2 HCFCE10 209119 pSport1 12 1590 18 1590 198 198 151 1 19 20 45
06/12/97
3 HCFNC26 209119 pSport1 13 1373 6 1373 85 85 152 1 18 19 24
06/12/97
4 HCHAA63 209119 pSport1 14 1142 1 1142 130 130 153 1 37 38 264
06/12/97
5 HCNSP40 209119 pBluescript 15 1034 1 1034 106 106 154 1 19 20 237
06/12/97
5 HCNSP40 209119 pBluescript 134 1032 1 1032 111 273 1 14
06/12/97
6 HDAAC10 209119 pSport1 16 1198 1 1198 117 117 155 1 21 22 313
06/12/97
7 HE8CV18 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 17 1447 1 1447 176 176 156 1 29 30 98
06/12/97
8 HELDY05 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 18 1422 1 1375 79 79 157 1 34 35 36
06/12/97
9 HELDZ32 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 19 1107 12 1107 148 148 158 1 15 16 22
06/12/97
10 HFGAL10 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 20 1183 1 1183 179 179 159 1 20 21 96
06/12/97
10 HFGAL10 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 135 1766 3 1765 179 179 274 1 17 18 36
06/12/97
11 HFKEB72 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 21 1420 1 1420 43 43 160 1 29 30 65
06/12/97
12 HFTCU19 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 22 1575 1266 1575 137 137 161 1 30 31 222
06/12/97
12 HFTCU19 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 136 470 1 470 157 157 275 1 24 25 56
06/12/97
13 IIFXHN31 209119 Lambda ZAP 23 541 1 541 172 172 162 1 30 31 91
06/12/97 II
13 HFXHN31 209119 Lambda ZAP 137 1168 1 1168 293 293 276 1 22 23 26
06/12/97 II
14 HGLAM53 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 24 833 219 833 359 359 163 1 27 28 74
06/12/97
14 HGLAM53 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 138 1294 226 1288 369 277 1 26 27 67
06/12/97
15 HJABB94 209119 pBluescript 25 1555 1 1555 74 74 164 1 28 29 77
06/12/97 SK-
16 HKIYO61 209119 pBluescript 26 1543 1 1543 181 181 165 1 19 20 37
06/12/97
17 HLTAI94 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 27 1262 1 1262 47 47 166 1 18 19 44
06/12/97
18 HMDAI51 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 28 753 1 753 12 12 167 1 21 22 38
06/12/97
19 HMELR03 209119 Lambda ZAP 29 1621 8 1535 200 200 168 1 25 26 173
06/12/97 II
20 HMKAH10 209119 pSport1 30 921 1 921 48 48 169 1 463 44 54
06/12/97
21 HMKCW19 209119 pSport1 31 2095 473 1934 529 529 170 1 30 31 344
06/12/97
21 HMKCW19 209119 pSport1 139 1720 103 1692 188 188 278 1 27 28 45
06/12/97
22 HMSJW18 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 32 1838 1 1838 28 28 171 1 23 24 89
06/12/97
23 HMWGY01 209119 Uni-Zap XR 33 782 1 782 423 423 172 1 30 31 104
06/12/97
23 HMWGY01 209119 Uni-Zap XR 140 774 1 774 17 17 279 1 31 32 39
06/12/97
24 HNFID82 209119 pBluescript 34 1560 1 1560 161 161 173 1 17 18 41
06/12/97
25 HNFIG36 209119 pBluescript 35 1092 1 1082 171 171 174 1 18 19 46
06/12/97
26 HNGEV29 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 36 1153 1 1153 173 173 175 1 30 31 73
06/12/97
26 HNGEV29 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 141 1566 1 1566 79 79 280 1 10
06/12/97
27 HNGIK21 209119 Uni-ZAP XR 37 985 1 985 152 152 176 1 25 26 28
06/12/97
28 HNGJJ65 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 38 1122 1 1122 84 84 177 1 22 23 67
06/19/97
29 HNGJU42 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 39 598 6 598 273 273 178 1 17 18 23
06/19/97
30 HODAZ26 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 40 1129 8 1129 133 133 179 1 30
06/19/97
31 HODDB05 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 41 1158 22 1158 244 244 180 1 10
06/19/97
32 HOFAF39 209124 pSport1 42 1767 1 1767 57 57 181 1 22 23 31
06/19/97
33 HOFNY71 209124 pCMVSport 43 917 1 917 114 114 182 1 31 32 35
06/19/97 2.0
34 HORBI81 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 44 1987 8 1965 31 31 183 1 34 35 34
06/19/97
35 HOSCY73 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 45 2053 196 2048 209 209 184 1 28
06/19/97
36 HPMBR15 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 46 1272 25 1272 262 262 185 1 5
06/19/97
37 HSAVD46 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 47 773 2 767 155 155 186 1 20 21 58
06/19/97
38 HSLBF69 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 48 2119 1 2119 107 107 187 1 19 20 405
06/19/97
39 HSOAH66 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 49 1188 7 1188 196 196 188 1 27 28 36
06/19/97
39 HSOAH66 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 143 537 1 537 136 136 282 1 21 22 47
06/19/97
40 HSVBH58 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 50 478 24 155 249 249 189 1 40 41 57
06/19/97
40 HSVBH58 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 144 680 1 680 168 168 283 1 20 21 22
06/19/97
41 HSZAF47 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 51 1333 2 1333 107 107 190 1 18 19 126
06/19/97
42 HTADV27 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 52 1255 14 1255 69 69 191 1 20 21 20
06/19/97
43 HTADX17 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 53 1140 22 1140 84 84 192 1 24 25 142
06/19/97
44 HTDAD22 209124 pSport1 54 1220 1 1220 193 193 193 1 37 38 109
06/19/97
45 HTEDS39 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 55 694 198 694 205 205 194 1 21 22 80
06/19/97
45 HTEDS39 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 145 1048 1 1048 227 284 1 20
06/19/97
46 HTEHH53 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 56 988 1 980 22 22 195 1 24 25 209
06/19/97
47 HTLDP69 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 57 1500 237 1500 330 330 196 1 29 30 148
06/19/97
48 HTNBR95 209124 pBluescript 58 1391 1 1386 70 70 197 1 28 29 35
06/19/97 SK-
49 HTPCS60 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 59 1579 7 1259 105 105 198 1 19 20 257
06/19/97
50 HUKBH05 209124 Lambda ZAP 60 1241 1 1215 151 151 199 1 18 19 33
06/19/97 II
51 HUKEX85 209124 Lambda ZAP 61 930 7 925 35 35 200 1 18 19 33
06/19/97 II
51 HUKEX85 209124 Lambda ZAP 146 930 6 917 83 83 285 1 30 31 122
06/19/97 II
52 HWTBM45 209124 Uni-ZAP XR 62 998 1 998 69 69 201 1 19 20 25
06/19/97
53 HADFF38 209124 pSport1 63 1193 1 1034 64 64 202 1 19 20 33
06/19/97
54 HADFK68 209124 pSport1 64 830 1 830 91 91 203 1 24 25 58
06/19/97
54 HADFK68 209124 pSport1 147 830 1 830 45 45 286 1 26 27 26
06/19/97
55 HADGG19 209125 pSport1 65 867 1 867 262 262 204 1 30 31 75
06/19/97
55 IIADGG19 209125 pSport1 148 865 1 865 281 281 287 1 7
06/19/97
56 HAEAV45 209125 pBluescript 66 685 46 647 487 487 205 1 34 35 66
06/19/97 SK-
56 HAEAV45 209125 pBluescript 149 545 1 545 24 24 288 1 25 26 28
06/19/97 SK-
57 HARAA15 209125 pBluescript 67 801 1 801 185 185 206 1 34 35 43
06/19/97 SK-
58 HATDL27 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 68 908 1 908 82 82 207 1 28 29 31
06/19/97
59 HBAFQ54 209125 pSport1 69 696 209 696 229 229 208 1 20 21 47
06/19/97
60 HBGBA14 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 70 455 1 452 32 32 209 1 24 25 36
06/19/97
61 HBIAS26 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 71 413 1 372 57 57 210 1 27 28 73
06/19/97
62 HBJFU48 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 72 849 1 849 20 20 211 1 39 40 40
06/19/97
63 HBJFV28 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 73 505 1 505 306 306 212 1 21 22 53
06/19/97
64 HBMWB01 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 74 719 1 719 48 48 213 1 17 18 62
06/19/97
65 HBMXN79 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 75 1274 141 974 192 192 214 1 44 45 175
06/19/97
66 HBMXP84 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 76 519 1 519 161 161 215 1 31 32 39
06/19/97
67 HCFMM26 209125 pSport1 77 389 1 389 178 178 216 1 27 28 54
06/19/97
68 HCNAV36 209125 Lambda ZAP 78 823 411 823 505 505 217 1 15 16 46
06/19/97 II
69 HCNSB01 209125 pBluescript 79 2455 533 1308 552 552 218 1 22 23 179
06/19/97
70 HCRBR74 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 80 921 365 911 415 415 219 1 39 40 43
06/19/97
71 HCUBN59 209125 ZAP Express 81 678 1 678 96 96 220 1 39 40 43
06/19/97
72 HCUDB38 209125 ZAP Express 82 857 1 857 221 221 221 1 17 18 41
06/19/97
73 HCUFZ62 209125 ZAP Express 83 1977 28 661 233 233 222 1 28 29 51
06/19/97
74 HDHMB42 209125 pCMVSport 84 1149 427 1149 592 592 223 1 26 27 31
06/19/97 2.0
75 HDPCO25 209125 pCMVSport 85 767 76 767 182 182 224 1 20 21 53
06/19/97 3.0
76 HDPHI51 209125 pCMVSport 86 728 1 728 245 245 225 1 30 31 40
06/19/97 3.0
77 HE2EC79 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 87 735 1 735 151 151 226 1 21 22 30
06/19/97
78 HE9FE83 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 88 889 332 889 351 351 227 1 21 22 59
06/19/97
79 HE9HW52 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 89 569 73 569 122 122 228 1 25 26 34
06/19/97
80 HEBFL88 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 90 334 2 334 76 76 229 1 22 23 38
06/19/97
81 HFIVB57 209125 pSport1 91 795 92 795 286 286 230 1 35 36 38
06/19/97
82 HFPDE69 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 92 577 1 577 72 72 231 1 33 34 61
06/19/97
83 HGBGV89 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 93 968 1 968 55 55 232 1 26 27 197
06/19/97
84 HGLDE38 209125 Uni-ZAP XR 94 553 1 553 31 31 233 1 19 20 61
06/19/97
85 HHGDU58 209125 Lambda ZAP 95 968 70 898 235 235 234 1 46 47 80
06/19/97 II
86 HHTLF25 209125 ZAP Express 96 697 1 661 142 142 235 1 26 27 111
06/19/97
87 HJMAV91 209125 pCMVSport 97 866 74 866 251 251 236 1 16 17 32
06/19/97 3.0
88 HKAFB88 209125 pCMVSport 98 1368 219 795 238 238 237 1 45 46 228
06/19/97 2.0
89 HLHFP03 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 99 613 1 613 224 224 238 1 20 21 116
06/19/97
90 HLNAB07 209126 Lambda ZAP 100 685 1 685 187 187 239 1 32 33 36
06/19/97 II
91 HLWCF05 209126 pCMVSport 101 646 1 646 155 155 240 1 36 37 58
06/19/97 3.0
92 HLYAF80 209126 pSport1 102 826 1 826 222 222 241 1 24 25 47
06/19/97
93 HMDAA66 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 103 586 1 586 106 106 242 1 23 24 31
06/19/97
94 HMKDD07 209126 pSport1 104 628 43 628 267 267 243 1 29 30 63
06/19/97
95 HMKDS08 209126 pSport1 105 558 1 558 230 230 244 1 30 31 67
06/19/97
96 HMSHM14 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 106 756 1 756 103 103 245 1 29 30 45
06/19/97
97 HMWDC28 209126 Uni-Zap XR 107 1146 105 754 124 124 246 1 30 31 42
06/19/97
98 HNDAH54 209126 pCMVSport 108 775 1 775 26 26 247 1 20 21 31
06/19/97 2.0
99 HNFDS53 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 109 911 1 911 200 200 248 1 22 23 23
06/19/97
100 IINFIU96 209126 pBluescript 110 456 1 456 170 170 249 1 33 34 79
06/19/97
101 HNGAC63 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 111 554 1 554 214 214 250 1 15
06/19/97
102 HNGAX58 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 112 722 1 722 100 100 251 1 16 17 46
06/19/97
103 HNGEM24 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 113 931 1 931 239 239 252 1 30 31 31
06/19/97
104 HNGFT78 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 114 588 1 588 20 20 253 1 29 30 35
06/19/97
105 HNHDL85 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 115 812 1 812 194 194 254 1 22 23 50
06/19/97
106 HNHFU59 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 116 506 1 506 278 278 255 1 16 17 76
06/19/97
107 HNHFW22 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 117 751 1 751 228 228 256 1 26 27 60
06/19/97
108 HOAAF80 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 118 960 131 960 303 303 257 1 33 34 36
06/19/97
109 HODCJ90 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 119 1442 326 1133 344 344 258 1 18 19 42
06/19/97
110 HOECO90 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 120 845 215 845 299 299 259 1 24 25 38
06/19/97
111 HPEBT80 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 121 360 1 360 21 21 260 1 40 41 50
06/19/97
112 HSDAG05 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 122 944 231 848 419 419 261 1 37 38 75
06/19/97
113 HSDGR57 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 123 914 115 914 195 195 262 1 21 22 44
06/19/97
114 HSDJJ82 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 124 462 1 462 79 79 263 1 32 33 52
06/19/97
115 HSDZM95 209126 pBluescript 125 545 1 545 223 223 264 1 23 24 42
06/19/97
116 HSIDI15 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 126 912 1 873 273 273 265 1 22 23 74
06/19/97
117 HSKYU29 209126 pBluescript 127 1048 1 1047 290 290 266 1 36 37 51
06/19/97
118 HSNAA55 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 128 722 1 722 35 35 267 1 15 16 40
06/19/97
119 HSQFP66 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 129 477 1 477 96 96 268 1 32 33 78
06/19/97
120 HSRDE35 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 130 1296 232 804 428 428 269 1 21 22 116
06/19/97
121 HSSJN64 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 131 738 1 738 70 70 270 1 33 34 61
06/19/97
122 HSVAQ28 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 132 442 1 442 149 149 271 1 24 25 98
06/19/97
123 HSVAY16 209126 Uni-ZAP XR 133 882 1 790 52 52 272 1 30 31 31
06/19/97

[0912] Table 1 summarizes the information corresponding to each “Gene No.” described above. The nucleotide sequence identified as “NT SEQ ID NO:X” was assembled from partially homologous (“overlapping”) sequences obtained from the “cDNA clone ID” identified in Table 1 and, in some cases, from additional related DNA clones. The overlapping sequences were assembled into a single contiguous sequence of high redundancy (usually three to five overlapping sequences at each nucleotide position), resulting in a final sequence identified as SEQ ID NO:X.

[0913] The cDNA Clone ID was deposited on the date and given the corresponding deposit number listed in “ATCC Deposit No:Z and Date.” Some of the deposits contain multiple different clones corresponding to the same gene. “Vector” refers to the type of vector contained in the cDNA Clone ID.

[0914] “Total NT Seq.” refers to the total number of nucleotides in the contig identified by “Gene No.” The deposited clone may contain all or most of these sequences, reflected by the nucleotide position indicated as “5′ NT of Clone Seq.” and the “3′ NT of Clone Seq.” of SEQ ID NO:X. The nucleotide position of SEQ ID NO:X of the putative start codon (methionine) is identified as “5′ NT of Start Codon.” Similarly, the nucleotide position of SEQ ID NO:X of the predicted signal sequence is identified as “5′ NT of First AA of Signal Pep.”

[0915] The translated amino acid sequence, beginning with the methionine, is identified as “AA SEQ ID NO:Y,” although other reading frames can also be easily translated using known molecular biology techniques. The polypeptides produced by these alternative open reading frames are specifically contemplated by the present invention.

[0916] The first and last amino acid position of SEQ ID NO:Y of the predicted signal peptide is identified as “First AA of Sig Pep” and “Last AA of Sig Pep.” The predicted first amino acid position of SEQ ID NO:Y of the secreted portion is identified as “Predicted First AA of Secreted Portion.” Finally, the amino acid position of SEQ ID NO:Y of the last amino acid in the open reading frame is identified as “Last AA of ORF.”

[0917] SEQ ID NO:X and the translated SEQ ID NO:Y are sufficiently accurate and otherwise suitable for a variety of uses well known in the art and described further below. For instance, SEQ ID NO:X is useful for designing nucleic acid hybridization probes that will detect nucleic acid sequences contained in SEQ ID NO:X or the cDNA contained in the deposited clone. These probes will also hybridize to nucleic acid molecules in biological samples, thereby enabling a variety of forensic and diagnostic methods of the invention. Similarly, polypeptides identified from SEQ ID NO:Y may be used to generate antibodies which bind specifically to the secreted proteins encoded by the cDNA clones identified in Table 1.

[0918] Nevertheless, DNA sequences generated by sequencing reactions can contain sequencing errors. The errors exist as misidentified nucleotides, or as insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the generated DNA sequence. The erroneously inserted or deleted nucleotides cause frame shifts in the reading frames of the predicted amino acid sequence. In these cases, the predicted amino acid sequence diverges from the actual amino acid sequence, even though the generated DNA sequence may be greater than 99.9% identical to the actual DNA sequence (for example, one base insertion or deletion in an open reading frame of over 1000 bases).

[0919] Accordingly, for those applications requiring precision in the nucleotide sequence or the amino acid sequence, the present invention provides not only the generated nucleotide sequence identified as SEQ ID NO:X and the predicted translated amino acid sequence identified as SEQ ID NO:Y, but also a sample of plasmid DNA containing a human cDNA of the invention deposited with the ATCC, as set forth in Table 1. The nucleotide sequence of each deposited clone can readily be determined by sequencing the deposited clone in accordance with known methods. The predicted amino acid sequence can then be verified from such deposits. Moreover, the amino acid sequence of the protein encoded by a particular clone can also be directly determined by peptide sequencing or by expressing the protein in a suitable host cell containing the deposited human cDNA, collecting the protein, and determining its sequence.

[0920] The present invention also relates to the genes corresponding to SEQ ID NO:X, SEQ ID NO:Y, or the deposited clone. The corresponding gene can be isolated in accordance with known methods using the sequence information disclosed herein. Such methods include preparing probes or primers from the disclosed sequence and identifying or amplifying the corresponding gene from appropriate sources of genomic material.

[0921] Also provided in the present invention are species homologs. Species homologs may be isolated and identified by making suitable probes or primers from the sequences provided herein and screening a suitable nucleic acid source for the desired homologue.

[0922] The polypeptides of the invention can be prepared in any suitable manner. Such polypeptides include isolated naturally occurring polypeptides, recombinantly produced polypeptides, synthetically produced polypeptides, or polypeptides produced by a combination of these methods. Means for preparing such polypeptides are well understood in the art.

[0923] The polypeptides may be in the form of the secreted protein, including the mature form. or may be a part of a larger protein, such as a fusion protein (see below). It is often advantageous to include an additional amino acid sequence which contains secretory or leader sequences, pro-sequences, sequences which aid in purification, such as multiple histidine residues, or an additional sequence for stability during recombinant production.

[0924] The polypeptides of the present invention are preferably provided in an isolated form, and preferably are substantially purified. A recombinantly produced version of a polypeptide, including the secreted polypeptide, can be substantially purified by the one-step method described in Smith and Johnson, Gene 67:31-40 (1988). Polypeptides of the invention also can be purified from natural or recombinant sources using antibodies of the invention raised against the secreted protein in methods which are well known in the art.

[0925] Signal Sequences

[0926] Methods for predicting whether a protein has a signal sequence, as well as the cleavage point for that sequence, are available. For instance, the method of McGeoch, Virus Res. 3:271-286 (1985), uses the information from a short N-terminal charged region and a subsequent uncharged region of the complete (uncleaved) protein. The method of von Heinje, Nucleic Acids Res. 14:4683-4690 (1986) uses the information from the residues surrounding the cleavage site, typically residues -13 to +2, where +1 indicates the amino terminus of the secreted protein. The accuracy of predicting the cleavage points of known mammalian secretory proteins for each of these methods is in the range of 75-80%. (von Heinje, supra.) However, the two methods do not always produce the same predicted cleavage point(s) for a given protein.

[0927] In the present case, the deduced amino acid sequence of the secreted polypeptide was analyzed by a computer program called SignalP (Henrik Nielsen et al., Protein Engineering 10: 1-6 (1997)), which predicts the cellular location of a protein based on the amino acid sequence. As part of this computational prediction of localization, the methods of McGeoch and von Heinje are incorporated. The analysis of the amino acid sequences of the secreted proteins described herein by this program provided the results shown in Table 1.

[0928] As one of ordinary skill would appreciate, however, cleavage sites sometimes vary from organism to organism and cannot be predicted with absolute certainty. Accordingly, the present invention provides secreted polypeptides having a sequence shown in SEQ ID NO:Y which have an N-terminus beginning within 5 residues (i.e., +or −5 residues) of the predicted cleavage point. Similarly, it is also recognized that in some cases, cleavage of the signal sequence from a secreted protein is not entirely uniform, resulting in more than one secreted species. These polypeptides, and the polynucleotides encoding such polypeptides, are contemplated by the present invention.

[0929] Moreover, the signal sequence identified by the above analysis may not necessarily predict the naturally occurring signal sequence For example, the naturally occurring signal sequence may be further upstream from the predicted signal sequence. However, it is likely that the predicted signal sequence will be capable of directing the secreted protein to the ER. These polypeptides, and the polynucleotides encoding such polypeptides, are contemplated by the present invention.

[0930] Polynucleotide and Polypeptide Variants

[0931] “Variant” refers to a polynucleotide or polypeptide differing from the polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention, but retaining essential properties thereof. Generally, variants are overall closely similar, and, in many regions, identical to the polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention.

[0932] By a polynucleotide having a nucleotide sequence at least, for example, 95% “identical” to a reference nucleotide sequence of the present invention, it is intended that the nucleotide sequence of the polynucleotide is identical to the reference sequence except that the polynucleotide sequence may include up to five point mutations per each 100 nucleotides of the reference nucleotide sequence encoding the polypeptide. In other words, to obtain a polynucleotide having a nucleotide sequence at least 95% identical to a reference nucleotide sequence, up to 5% of the nucleotides in the reference sequence may be deleted or substituted with another nucleotide, or a number of nucleotides up to 5% of the total nucleotides in the reference sequence may be inserted into the reference sequence. The query sequence may be an entire sequence shown in Table 1, the ORF (open reading frame), or any fragement specified as described herein.

[0933] As a practical matter, whether any particular nucleic acid molecule or polypeptide is at least 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99% identical to a nucleotide sequence of the presence invention can be determined conventionally using known computer programs. A preferred method for determing the best overall match between a query sequence (a sequence of the present invention) and a subject sequence, also referred to as a global sequence alignment, can be determined using the FASTDB computer program based on the algorithm of Brutlag et al. (Comp. App. Biosci. (1990) 6:237-245). In a sequence alignment the query and subject sequences are both DNA sequences. An RNA sequence can be compared by converting U's to T's. The result of said global sequence alignment is in percent identity. Preferred parameters used in a FASTDB alignment of DNA sequences to calculate percent identify are: Matrix=Unitary, k-tuple=4, Mismatch Penalty=1, Joining Penalty=30, Randomization Group Length=0, Cutoff Score=1, Gap Penalty=5, Gap Size Penalty 0.05, Window Size=500 or the lenght of the subject nucleotide sequence, whichever is shorter.

[0934] If the subject sequence is shorter than the query sequence because of 5′ or 3′ deletions, not because of internal deletions, a manual correction must be made to the results. This is becuase the FASTDB program does not account for 5′ and 3′ truncations of the subject sequence when calculating percent identity. For subject sequences truncated at the 5′ or 3′ ends, relative to the the query sequence, the percent identity is corrected by calculating the number of bases of the query sequence that are 5′ and 3′ of the subject sequence, which are not matched/aligned, as a percent of the total bases of the query sequence. Whether a nucleotide is matched/aligned is determined by results of the FASTDB sequence alignment. This percentage is then subtracted from the percent identity, calculated by the above FASTDB program using the specified parameters, to arrive at a final percent identity score. This corrected score is what is used for the purposes of the present invention. Only bases outside the 5′ and 3′ bases of the subject sequence, as displayed by the FASTDB alignment, which are not matched/aligned with the query sequence, are calculated for the purposes of manually adjusting the percent identity score.

[0935] For example, a 90 base subject sequence is aligned to a 100 base query sequence to determine percent identity. The deletions occur at the 5′ end of the subject sequence and therefore, the FASTDB alignment does not show a matched/alignement of the first 10 bases at 5′ end. The 10 unpaired bases represent 10% of the sequence (number of bases at the 5′ and 3′ ends not matched/total number of bases in the query sequence) so 10% is subtracted from the percent identity score calculated by the FASTDB program. If the remaining 90 bases were perfectly matched the final percent identity would be 90%. In another example, a 90 base subject sequence is compared with a 100 base query sequence. This time the deletions are internal deletions so that there are no bases on the 5′ or 3′ of the subject sequence which are not matched/aligned with the query. In this case the percent identity calculated by FASTDB is not manually corrected. Once again, only bases 5′ and 3′ of the subject sequence which are not matched/aligned with the query sequnce are manually corrected for. No other manual corrections are to made for the purposes of the present invention.

[0936] By a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence at least, for example, 95% “identical” to a query amino acid sequence of the present invention, it is intended that the amino acid sequence of the subject polypeptide is identical to the query sequence except that the subject polypeptide sequence may include up to five amino acid alterations per each 100 amino acids of the query amino acid sequence. In other words, to obtain a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to a query amino acid sequence, up to 5% of the amino acid residues in the subject sequence may be inserted, deleted, (indels) or substituted with another amino acid. These alterations of the reference sequence may occur at the amino or carboxy terminal positions of the reference amino acid sequence or anywhere between those terminal positions, interspersed either individually among residues in the reference sequence or in one or more contiguous groups within the reference sequence.

[0937] As a practical matter, whether any particular polypeptide is at least 90%, 95%, 96%, 97%, 98% or 99% identical to, for instance, the amino acid sequences shown in Table 1 or to the amino acid sequence encoded by deposited DNA clone can be determined conventionally using known computer programs. A preferred method for determing the best overall match between a query sequence (a sequence of the present invention) and a subject sequence, also referred to as a global sequence alignment, can be determined using the FASTDB computer program based on the algorithm of Brutlag et al. (Comp. App. Biosci. (1990) 6:237-245). In a sequence alignment the query and subject sequences are either both nucleotide sequences or both amino acid sequences. The result of said global sequence alignment is in percent identity. Preferred parameters used in a FASTDB amino acid alignment are: Matrix=PAM 0, k-tuple=2, Mismatch Penalty=1, Joining Penalty=20, Randomization Group Length=0, Cutoff Score=1, Window Size=sequence length, Gap Penalty=5, Gap Size Penalty=0.05, Window Size=500 or the length of the subject amino acid sequence, whichever is shorter.

[0938] If the subject sequence is shorter than the query sequence due to N- or C-terminal deletions, not because of internal deletions, a manual correction must be made to the results. This is becuase the FASTDB program does not account for N- and C-terminal truncations of the subject sequence when calculating global percent identity. For subject sequences truncated at the N- and C-termini, relative to the the query sequence, the percent identity is corrected by calculating the number of residues of the query sequence that are N- and C-terminal of the subject sequence, which are not matched/aligned with a corresponding subject residue, as a percent of the total bases of the query sequence. Whether a residue is matched/aligned is determined by results of the FASTDB sequence alignment. This percentage is then subtracted from the percent identity, calculated by the above FASTDB program using the specified parameters, to arrive at a final percent identity score. This final percent identity score is what is used for the purposes of the present invention. Only residues to the N- and C-termini of the subject sequence, which are not matched/aligned with the query sequence, are considered for the purposes of manually adjusting the percent identity score. That is, only query residue positions outside the farthest N- and C-terminal residues of the subject sequence.

[0939] For example, a 90 amino acid residue subject sequence is aligned with a 100 residue query sequence to determine percent identity. The deletion occurs at the N-terminus of the subject sequence and therefore, the FASTDB alignment does not show a matching/alignment of the first 10 residues at the N-terminus. The 10 unpaired residues represent 10% of the sequence (number of residues at the N- and C-termini not matched/total number of residues in the query sequence) so 10% is subtracted from the percent identity score calculated by the FASTDB program. If the remaining 90 residues were perfectly matched the final percent identity would be 90%. In another example, a 90 residue subject sequence is compared with a 100 residue query sequence. This time the deletions are internal deletions so there are no residues at the N- or C-termini of the subject sequence which are not matched/aligned with the query. In this case the percent identity calculated by FASTDB is not manually corrected. Once again, only residue positions outside the N- and C-terminal ends of the subject sequence, as displayed in the FASTDB alignment, which are not matched/aligned with the query sequnce are manually corrected for. No other manual corrections are to made for the purposes of the present invention.

[0940] The variants may contain alterations in the coding regions, non-coding regions, or both. Especially preferred are polynucleotide variants containing alterations which produce silent substitutions, additions, or deletions, but do not alter the properties or activities of the encoded polypeptide. Nucleotide variants produced by silent substitutions due to the degeneracy of the genetic code are preferred. Moreover, variants in which 5-10, 1-5, or 1-2 amino acids are substituted, deleted, or added in any combination are also preferred. Polynucleotide variants can be produced for a variety of reasons, e.g., to optimize codon expression for a particular host (change codons in the human mRNA to those preferred by a bacterial host such as E. coli).

[0941] Naturally occurring variants are called “allelic variants,” and refer to one of several alternate forms of a gene occupying a given locus on a chromosome of an organism. (Genes II, Lewin, B., ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York (1985).) These allelic variants can vary at either the polynucleotide and/or polypeptide level. Alternatively, non-naturally occurring variants may be produced by mutagenesis techniques or by direct synthesis.

[0942] Using known methods of protein engineering and recombinant DNA technology, variants may be generated to improve or alter the characteristics of the polypeptides of the present invention. For instance, one or more amino acids can be deleted from the N-terminus or C-terminus of the secreted protein without substantial loss of biological function. The authors of Ron et al., J. Biol. Chem. 268: 2984-2988 (1993), reported variant KGF proteins having heparin binding activity even after deleting 3, 8, or 27 amino-terminal amino acid residues. Similarly, Interferon gamma exhibited up to ten times higher activity after deleting 8-10 amino acid residues from the carboxy terminus of this protein. (Dobeli et al., J. Biotechnology 7:199-216 (1988).)

[0943] Moreover, ample evidence demonstrates that variants often retain a biological activity similar to that of the naturally occurring protein. For example, Gayle and coworkers (J. Biol. Chem 268:22105-22111 (1993)) conducted extensive mutational analysis of human cytokine IL-1a. They used random mutagenesis to generate over 3,500 individual IL-1a mutants that averaged 2.5 amino acid changes per variant over the entire length of the molecule. Multiple mutations were examined at every possible amino acid position. The investigators found that “[m]ost of the molecule could be altered with little effect on either [binding or biological activity].” (See, Abstract.) In fact, only 23 unique amino acid sequences, out of more than 3,500 nucleotide sequences examined, produced a protein that significantly differed in activity from wild-type.

[0944] Furthermore, even if deleting one or more amino acids from the N-terminus or C-terminus of a polypeptide results in modification or loss of one or more biological functions, other biological activities may still be retained. For example, the ability of a deletion variant to induce and/or to bind antibodies which recognize the secreted form will likely be retained when less than the majority of the residues of the secreted form are removed from the N-terminus or C-terminus. Whether a particular polypeptide lacking N- or C-terminal residues of a protein retains such immunogenic activities can readily be determined by routine methods described herein and otherwise known in the art.

[0945] Thus, the invention further includes polypeptide variants which show substantial biological activity. Such variants include deletions, insertions, inversions, repeats, and substitutions selected according to general rules known in the art so as have little effect on activity. For example, guidance concerning how to make phenotypically silent amino acid substitutions is provided in Bowie, J. U. et al., Science 247:1306-1310 (1990), wherein the authors indicate that there are two main strategies for studying the tolerance of an amino acid sequence to change.

[0946] The first strategy exploits the tolerance of amino acid substitutions by natural selection during the process of evolution. By comparing amino acid sequences in different species, conserved amino acids can be identified. These conserved amino acids are likely important for protein function. In contrast, the amino acid positions where substitutions have been tolerated by natural selection indicates that these positions are not critical for protein function. Thus, positions tolerating amino acid substitution could be modified while still maintaining biological activity of the protein.

[0947] The second strategy uses genetic engineering to introduce amino acid changes at specific positions of a cloned gene to identify regions critical for protein function. For example, site directed mutagenesis or alanine-scanning mutagenesis (introduction of single alanine mutations at every residue in the molecule) can be used. (Cunningham and Wells, Science 244:1081-1085 (1989).) The resulting mutant molecules can then be tested for biological activity.

[0948] As the authors state, these two strategies have revealed that proteins are surprisingly tolerant of amino acid substitutions. The authors further indicate which amino acid changes are likely to be permissive at certain amino acid positions in the protein. For example, most buried (within the tertiary structure of the protein) amino acid residues require nonpolar side chains, whereas few features of surface side chains are generally conserved. Moreover, tolerated conservative amino acid substitutions involve replacement of the aliphatic or hydrophobic amino acids Ala, Val, Leu and Ile; replacement of the hydroxyl residues Ser and Thr; replacement of the acidic residues Asp and Glu; replacement of the amide residues Asn and Gln, replacement of the basic residues Lys, Arg, and His; replacement of the aromatic residues Phe, Tyr, and Trp, and replacement of the small-sized amino acids Ala, Ser, Thr, Met, and Gly.

[0949] Besides conservative amino acid substitution, variants of the present invention include (i) substitutions with one or more of the non-conserved amino acid residues, where the substituted amino acid residues may or may not be one encoded by the genetic code, or (ii) substitution with one or more of amino acid residues having a substituent group, or (iii) fusion of the mature polypeptide with another compound, such as a compound to increase the stability and/or solubility of the polypeptide (for example, polyethylene glycol), or (iv) fusion of the polypeptide with additional amino acids, such as an IgG Fc fusion region peptide, or leader or secretory sequence, or a sequence facilitating purification. Such variant polypeptides are deemed to be within the scope of those skilled in the art from the teachings herein.

[0950] For example, polypeptide variants containing amino acid substitutions of charged amino acids with other charged or neutral amino acids may produce proteins with improved characteristics, such as less aggregation. Aggregation of pharmaceutical formulations both reduces activity and increases clearance due to the aggregate's immunogenic activity. (Pinckard et al., Clin. Exp. Immunol. 2:331-340 (1967); Robbins et al., Diabetes 36: 838-845 (1987); Cleland et al., Crit. Rev. Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems 10:307-377 (1993).)

[0951] Polynucleotide and Polypeptide Fragments

[0952] In the present invention, a “polynucleotide fragment” refers to a short polynucleotide having a nucleic acid sequence contained in the deposited clone or shown in SEQ ID NO:X. The short nucleotide fragments are preferably at least about 15 nt, and more preferably at least about 20 nt, still more preferably at least about 30 nt, and even more preferably, at least about 40 nt in length. A fragment “at least 20 nt in length,” for example, is intended to include 20 or more contiguous bases from the cDNA sequence contained in the deposited clone or the nucleotide sequence shown in SEQ ID NO:X. These nucleotide fragments are useful as diagnostic probes and primers as discussed herein. Of course, larger fragments (e.g., 50, 150, 500, 600, 2000 nucleotides) are preferred.

[0953] Moreover, representative examples of polynucleotide fragments of the invention, include, for example, fragments having a sequence from about nucleotide number 1-50, 51-100, 101-150, 151-200, 201-250, 251-300, 301-350, 351-400, 401-450, 451-500, 501-550, 551-600, 651-700, 701-750, 751-800, 800-850, 851-900, 901-950, 951-1000, 1001-1050, 1051-1100, 1101-1150, 1151-1200, 1201-1250, 1251-1300, 1301-1350, 1351-1400, 1401-1450, 1451-1500, 1501-1550, 1551-1600, 1601-1650, 1651-1700, 1701-1750, 1751-1800, 1801-1850, 1851-1900, 1901-1950, 1951-2000, or 2001 to the end of SEQ ID NO:X or the cDNA contained in the deposited clone. In this context “about” includes the particularly recited ranges, larger or smaller by several (5, 4, 3, 2, or 1) nucleotides, at either terminus or at both termini. Preferably, these fragments encode a polypeptide which has biological activity. More preferably, these polynucleotides can be used as probes or primers as discussed herein.

[0954] In the present invention, a “polypeptide fragment” refers to a short amino acid sequence contained in SEQ ID NO:Y or encoded by the cDNA contained in the deposited clone. Protein fragments may be “free-standing,” or comprised within a larger polypeptide of which the fragment forms a part or region, most preferably as a single continuous region. Representative examples of polypeptide fragments of the invention, include, for example, fragments from about amino acid number 1-20, 21-40, 41-60, 61-80, 81-100, 102-120, 121-140, 141-160, or 161 to the end of the coding region. Moreover, polypeptide fragments can be about 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, 140, or 150 amino acids in length. In this context “about” includes the particularly recited ranges, larger or smaller by several (5, 4, 3, 2, or 1) amino acids, at either extreme or at both extremes.

[0955] Preferred polypeptide fragments include the secreted protein as well as the mature form. Further preferred polypeptide fragments include the secreted protein or the mature form having a continuous series of deleted residues from the amino or the carboxy terminus, or both. For example, any number of amino acids, ranging from 1-60, can be deleted from the amino terminus of either the secreted polypeptide or the mature form. Similarly, any number of amino acids, ranging from 1-30, can be deleted from the carboxy terminus of the secreted protein or mature form. Furthermore, any combination of the above amino and carboxy terminus deletions are preferred. Similarly, polynucleotide fragments encoding these polypeptide fragments are also preferred.

[0956] Also preferred are polypeptide and polynucleotide fragments characterized by structural or functional domains, such as fragments that comprise alpha-helix and alpha-helix forming regions, beta-sheet and beta-sheet-forming regions, turn and turn-forming regions, coil and coil-forming regions, hydrophilic regions, hydrophobic regions, alpha amphipathic regions, beta amphipathic regions, flexible regions, surface-forming regions, substrate binding region, and high antigenic index regions. Polypeptide fragments of SEQ ID NO:Y falling within conserved domains are specifically contemplated by the present invention. Moreover, polynucleotide fragments encoding these domains are also contemplated.

[0957] Other preferred fragments are biologically active fragments. Biologically active fragments are those exhibiting activity similar, but not necessarily identical, to an activity of the polypeptide of the present invention. The biological activity of the fragments may include an improved desired activity, or a decreased undesirable activity.

[0958] Epitopes & Antibodies

[0959] In the present invention, “epitopes” refer to polypeptide fragments having antigenic or immunogenic activity in an animal, especially in a human. A preferred embodiment of the present invention relates to a polypeptide fragment comprising an epitope, as well as the polynucleotide encoding this fragment. A region of a protein molecule to which an antibody can bind is defined as an “antigenic epitope.” In contrast, an “immunogenic epitope” is defined as a part of a protein that elicits an antibody response. (See, for instance, Geysen et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81:3998-4002 (1983).)

[0960] Fragments which function as epitopes may be produced by any conventional means. (See, e.g., Houghten, R. A., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82:5131-5135 (1985) further described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,631,211.)

[0961] In the present invention, antigenic epitopes preferably contain a sequence of at least seven, more preferably at least nine, and most preferably between about 15 to about 30 amino acids. Antigenic epitopes are useful to raise antibodies, including monoclonal antibodies, that specifically bind the epitope. (See, for instance, Wilson et al., Cell 37:767-778 (1984); Sutcliffe, J. G. et al., Science 219:660-666 (1983).)

[0962] Similarly, immunogenic epitopes can be used to induce antibodies according to methods well known in the art. (See, for instance, Sutcliffe et al., supra; Wilson et al., supra; Chow, M. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82:910-914; and Bittle, F. J. et al., J. Gen. Virol. 66:2347-2354 (1985).) A preferred immunogenic epitope includes the secreted protein. The immunogenic epitopes may be presented together with a carrier protein, such as an albumin, to an animal system (such as rabbit or mouse) or, if it is long enough (at least about 25 amino acids), without a carrier. However, immunogenic epitopes comprising as few as 8 to 10 amino acids have been shown to be sufficient to raise antibodies capable of binding to, at the very least, linear epitopes in a denatured polypeptide (e.g., in Western blotting.)

[0963] As used herein, the term “antibody” (Ab) or “monoclonal antibody” (Mab) is meant to include intact molecules as well as antibody fragments (such as, for example, Fab and F(ab′)2 fragments) which are capable of specifically binding to protein. Fab and F(ab′)2 fragments lack the Fc fragment of intact antibody, clear more rapidly from the circulation, and may have less non-specific tissue binding than an intact antibody. (Wahl et al., J. Nucl. Med. 24:316-325 (1983).) Thus, these fragments are preferred, as well as the products of a FAB or other immunoglobulin expression library.

[0964] Moreover, antibodies of the present invention include chimeric, single chain, and humanized antibodies.

[0965] Fusion Proteins

[0966] Any polypeptide of the present invention can be used to generate fusion proteins. For example, the polypeptide of the present invention, when fused to a second protein, can be used as an antigenic tag. Antibodies raised against the polypeptide of the present invention can be used to indirectly detect the second protein by binding to the polypeptide. Moreover, because secreted proteins target cellular locations based on trafficking signals, the polypeptides of the present invention can be used as targeting molecules once fused to other proteins.

[0967] Examples of domains that can be fused to polypeptides of the present invention include not only heterologous signal sequences, but also other heterologous functional regions. The fusion does not necessarily need to be direct, but may occur through linker sequences.

[0968] Moreover, fusion proteins may also be engineered to improve characteristics of the polypeptide of the present invention. For instance, a region of additional amino acids, particularly charged amino acids, may be added to the N-terminus of the polypeptide to improve stability and persistence during purification from the host cell or subsequent handling and storage. Also, peptide moieties may be added to the polypeptide to facilitate purification. Such regions may be removed prior to final preparation of the polypeptide. The addition of peptide moieties to facilitate handling of polypeptides are familiar and routine techniques in the art.

[0969] Moreover, polypeptides of the present invention, including fragments, and specifically epitopes, can be combined with parts of the constant domain of immunoglobulins (IgG), resulting in chimeric polypeptides. These fusion proteins facilitate purification and show an increased half-life in vivo. One reported example describes chimeric proteins consisting of the first two domains of the human CD4-polypeptide and various domains of the constant regions of the heavy or light chains of mammalian immunoglobulins. (EP A 394,827; Traunecker et al., Nature 331:84-86 (1988).) Fusion proteins having disulfide-linked dimeric structures (due to the IgG) can also be more efficient in binding and neutralizing other molecules, than the monomeric secreted protein or protein fragment alone. (Fountoulakis et al., J. Biochem. 270:3958-3964 (1995).)

[0970] Similarly, EP-A-O 464 533 (Canadian counterpart 2045869) discloses fusion proteins comprising various portions of constant region of immunoglobulin molecules together with another human protein or part thereof. In many cases, the Fc part in a fusion protein is beneficial in therapy and diagnosis, and thus can result in, for example, improved pharmacokinetic properties. (EP-A 0232 262.) Alternatively, deleting the Fc part after the fusion protein has been expressed, detected, and purified, would be desired. For example, the Fc portion may hinder therapy and diagnosis if the fusion protein is used as an antigen for immunizations. In drug discovery, for example, human proteins, such as hIL-5, have been fused with Fc portions for the purpose of high-throughput screening assays to identify antagonists of hIL-5. (See, D. Bennett et al., J. Molecular Recognition 8:52-58 (1995); K. Johanson et al., J. Biol. Chem. 270:9459-9471 (1995).)

[0971] Moreover, the polypeptides of the present invention can be fused to marker sequences, such as a peptide which facilitates purification of the fused polypeptide. In preferred embodiments, the marker amino acid sequence is a hexa-histidine peptide, such as the tag provided in a pQE vector (QIAGEN, Inc., 9259 Eton Avenue, Chatsworth, Calif., 91311), among others, many of which are commercially available. As described in Gentz et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:821-824 (1989), for instance, hexa-histidine provides for convenient purification of the fusion protein. Another peptide tag useful for purification, the “HA” tag, corresponds to an epitope derived from the influenza hemagglutinin protein. (Wilson et al., Cell 37:767 (1984).)

[0972] Thus, any of these above fusions can be engineered using the polynucleotides or the polypeptides of the present invention.

[0973] Vectors, Host Cells, and Protein Production

[0974] The present invention also relates to vectors containing the polynucleotide of the present invention, host cells, and the production of polypeptides by recombinant techniques. The vector may be, for example, a phage, plasmid, viral, or retroviral vector. Retroviral vectors may be replication competent or replication defective. In the latter case, viral propagation generally will occur only in complementing host cells.

[0975] The polynucleotides may be joined to a vector containing a selectable marker for propagation in a host. Generally, a plasmid vector is introduced in a precipitate, such as a calcium phosphate precipitate, or in a complex with a charged lipid. If the vector is a virus, it may be packaged in vitro using an appropriate packaging cell line and then transduced into host cells.

[0976] The polynucleotide insert should be operatively linked to an appropriate promoter, such as the phage lambda PL promoter, the E. coli lac, trp, phoA and tac promoters, the SV40 early and late promoters and promoters of retroviral LTRs, to name a few. Other suitable promoters will be known to the skilled artisan. The expression constructs will further contain sites for transcription initiation, termination, and, in the transcribed region, a ribosome binding site for translation. The coding portion of the transcripts expressed by the constructs will preferably include a translation initiating codon at the beginning and a termination codon (UAA, UGA or UAG) appropriately positioned at the end of the polypeptide to be translated.

[0977] As indicated, the expression vectors will preferably include at least one selectable marker. Such markers include dihydrofolate reductase, G418 or neomycin resistance for eukaryotic cell culture and tetracycline, kanamycin or ampicillin resistance genes for culturing in E. coli and other bacteria. Representative examples of appropriate hosts include, but are not limited to, bacterial cells, such as E. coli, Streptomyces and Salmonella typhimurium cells; fungal cells, such as yeast cells; insect cells such as Drosophila S2 and Spodoptera Sf9 cells; animal cells such as CHO, COS, 293, and Bowes melanoma cells; and plant cells. Appropriate culture mediums and conditions for the above-described host cells are known in the art.

[0978] Among vectors preferred for use in bacteria include pQE70, pQE60 and pQE-9, available from QIAGEN, Inc.; pBluescript vectors, Phagescript vectors, pNH8A, pNH16a, pNH18A, pNH46A, available from Stratagene Cloning Systems, Inc.; and ptrc99a, pKK223-3, pKK233-3, pDR540, pRIT5 available from Pharmacia Biotech, Inc. Among preferred eukaryotic vectors are pWLNEO, pSV2CAT, pOG44, pXT1 and pSG available from Stratagene; and pSVK3, pBPV, pMSG and pSVL available from Pharmacia. Other suitable vectors will be readily apparent to the skilled artisan.

[0979] Introduction of the construct into the host cell can be effected by calcium phosphate transfection, DEAE-dextran mediated transfection, cationic lipid-mediated transfection, electroporation, transduction, infection, or other methods. Such methods are described in many standard laboratory manuals, such as Davis et al., Basic Methods In Molecular Biology (1986). It is specifically contemplated that the polypeptides of the present invention may in fact be expressed by a host cell lacking a recombinant vector.

[0980] A polypeptide of this invention can be recovered and purified from recombinant cell cultures by well-known methods including ammonium sulfate or ethanol precipitation, acid extraction, anion or cation exchange chromatography, phosphocellufose chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography, affinity chromatography, hydroxylapatite chromatography and lectin chromatography. Most preferably, high performance liquid chromatography (“HPLC”) is employed for purification.

[0981] Polypeptides of the present invention, and preferably the secreted form, can also be recovered from: products purified from natural sources, including bodily fluids, tissues and cells, whether directly isolated or cultured; products of chemical synthetic procedures; and products produced by recombinant techniques from a prokaryotic or eukaryotic host, including, for example, bacterial, yeast, higher plant, insect, and mammalian cells. Depending upon the host employed in a recombinant production procedure, the polypeptides of the present invention may be glycosylated or may be non-glycosylated. In addition, polypeptides of the invention may also include an initial modified methionine residue, in some cases as a result of host-mediated processes. Thus, it is well known in the art that the N-terminal methionine encoded by the translation initiation codon generally is removed with high efficiency from any protein after translation in all eukaryotic cells. While the N-terminal methionine on most proteins also is efficiently removed in most prokaryotes, for some proteins, this prokaryotic removal process is inefficient, depending on the nature of the amino acid to which the N-terminal methionine is covalently linked.

[0982] Uses of the Polynucleotides

[0983] Each of the polynucleotides identified herein can be used in numerous ways as reagents. The following description should be considered exemplary and utilizes known techniques.

[0984] The polynucleotides of the present invention are useful for chromosome identification. There exists an ongoing need to identify new chromosome markers, since few chromosome marking reagents, based on actual sequence data (repeat polymorphisms), are presently available. Each polynucleotide of the present invention can be used as a chromosome marker.

[0985] Briefly, sequences can be mapped to chromosomes by preparing PCR primers (preferably 15-25 bp) from the sequences shown in SEQ ID NO:X. Primers can be selected using computer analysis so that primers do not span more than one predicted exon in the genomic DNA. These primers are then used for PCR, screening of somatic cell hybrids containing individual human chromosomes. Only those hybrids containing the human gene corresponding to the SEQ ID NO:X will yield an amplified fragment.

[0986] Similarly, somatic hybrids provide a rapid method of PCR mapping the polynucleotides to particular chromosomes. Three or more clones can be assigned per day using a single thermal cycler. Moreover, sublocalization of the polynucleotides can be achieved with panels of specific chromosome fragments. Other gene mapping-strategies that can be used include in situ hybridization, prescreening with labeled flow-sorted chromosomes, and preselection by hybridization to construct chromosome specific-cDNA libraries.

[0987] Precise chromosomal location of the polynucleotides can also be achieved using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of a metaphase chromosomal spread. This technique uses polynucleotides as short as 500 or 600 bases; however, polynucleotides 2,000-4,000 bp are preferred. For a review of this technique, see Verma et al., “Human Chromosomes: a Manual of Basic Techniques,” Pergamon Press, New York (1988).

[0988] For chromosome mapping, the polynucleotides can be used individually (to mark a single chromosome or a single site on that chromosome) or in panels (for marking multiple sites and/or multiple chromosomes). Preferred polynucleotides correspond to the noncoding regions of the cDNAs because the coding sequences are more likely conserved within gene families, thus increasing the chance of cross hybridization during chromosomal mapping.

[0989] Once a polynucleotide has been mapped to a precise chromosomal location, the physical position of the polynucleotide can be used in linkage analysis. Linkage analysis establishes coinheritance between a chromosomal location and presentation of a particular disease. (Disease mapping data are found, for example, in V. McKusick, Mendelian Inheritance in Man (available on line through Johns Hopkins University Welch Medical Library).) Assuming 1 megabase mapping resolution and one gene per 20 kb, a cDNA precisely localized to a chromosomal region associated with the disease could be one of 50-500 potential causative genes.

[0990] Thus, once coinheritance is established, differences in the polynucleotide and the corresponding gene between affected and unaffected individuals can be examined. First, visible structural alterations in the chromosomes, such as deletions or translocations, are examined in chromosome spreads or by PCR. If no structural alterations exist, the presence of point mutations are ascertained. Mutations observed in some or all affected individuals, but not in normal individuals, indicates that the mutation may cause the disease. However, complete sequencing of the polypeptide and the corresponding gene from several normal individuals is required to distinguish the mutation from a polymorphism. If a new polymorphism is identified, this polymorphic polypeptide can be used for further linkage analysis.

[0991] Furthermore, increased or decreased expression of the gene in affected individuals as compared to unaffected individuals can be assessed using polynucleotides of the present invention. Any of these alterations (altered expression, chromosomal rearrangement, or mutation) can be used as a diagnostic or prognostic marker.

[0992] In addition to the foregoing, a polynucleotide can be used to control gene expression through triple helix formation or antisense DNA or RNA. Both methods rely on binding of the polynucleotide to DNA or RNA. For these techniques, preferred polynucleotides are usually 20 to 40 bases in length and complementary to either the region of the gene involved in transcription (triple helix—see Lee et al., Nucl. Acids Res. 6:3073 (1979); Cooney et al., Science 241:456 (1988); and Dervan et al., Science 251:1360 (1991) ) or to the mRNA itself (antisense—Okano, J. Neurochem. 56:560 (1991); Oligodeoxy-nucleotides as Antisense Inhibitors of Gene Expression, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla. (1988).) Triple helix formation optimally results in a shut-off of RNA transcription from DNA, while antisense RNA hybridization blocks translation of an mRNA molecule into polypeptide. Both techniques are effective in model systems, and the information disclosed herein can be used to design antisense or triple helix polynucleotides in an effort to treat disease.

[0993] Polynucleotides of the present invention are also useful in gene therapy. One goal of gene therapy is to insert a normal gene into an organism having a defective gene, in an effort to correct the genetic defect. The polynucleotides disclosed in the present invention offer a means of targeting such genetic defects in a highly accurate manner. Another goal is to insert a new gene that was not present in the host genome, thereby producing a new trait in the host cell.

[0994] The polynucleotides are also useful for identifying individuals from minute biological samples. The United States military, for example, is considering the use of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) for identification of its personnel. In this technique, an individual's genomic DNA is digested with one or more restriction enzymes, and probed on a Southern blot to yield unique bands for identifying personnel. This method does not suffer from the current limitations of “Dog Tags” which can be lost, switched, or stolen, making positive identification difficult. The polynucleotides of the present invention can be used as additional DNA markers for RFLP.

[0995] The polynucleotides of the present invention can also be used as an alternative to RFLP, by determining the actual base-by-base DNA sequence of selected portions of an individual's genome. These sequences can be used to prepare PCR primers for amplifying and isolating such selected DNA, which can then be sequenced. Using this technique, individuals can be identified because each individual will have a unique set of DNA sequences. Once an unique ID database is established for an individual, positive identification of that individual, living or dead, can be made from extremely small tissue samples.

[0996] Forensic biology also benefits from using DNA-based identification techniques as disclosed herein. DNA sequences taken from very small biological samples such as tissues, e.g., hair or skin, or body fluids, e.g., blood, saliva, semen, etc., can be amplified using PCR. In one prior art technique, gene sequences amplified from polymorphic loci, such as DQa class II HLA gene, are used in forensic biology to identify individuals. (Erlich, H., PCR Technology, Freeman and Co. (1992).) Once these specific polymorphic loci are amplified, they are digested with one or more restriction enzymes, yielding an identifying set of bands on a Southern blot probed with DNA corresponding to the DQa class II HLA gene. Similarly, polynucleotides of the present invention can be used as polymorphic markers for forensic purposes.

[0997] There is also a need for reagents capable of identifying the source of a particular tissue. Such need arises, for example, in forensics when presented with tissue of unknown origin. Appropriate reagents can comprise, for example, DNA probes or primers specific to particular tissue prepared from the sequences of the present invention. Panels of such reagents can identify tissue by species and/or by organ type. In a similar fashion, these reagents can be used to screen tissue cultures for contamination.

[0998] In the very least, the polynucleotides of the present invention can be used as molecular weight markers on Southern gels, as diagnostic probes for the presence of a specific mRNA in a particular cell type, as a probe to “subtract-out” known sequences in the process of discovering novel polynucleotides, for selecting and making oligomers for attachment to a “gene chip” or other support, to raise anti-DNA antibodies using DNA immunization techniques, and as an antigen to elicit an immune response.

[0999] Uses of the Polypeptides

[1000] Each of the polypeptides identified herein can be used in numerous ways. The following description should be considered exemplary and utilizes known techniques.

[1001] A polypeptide of the present invention can be used to assay protein levels in a biological sample using antibody-based techniques. For example, protein expression in tissues can be studied with classical immunohistological methods. (Jalkanen, M., et al., J. Cell. Biol. 101:976-985 (1985); Jalkanen, M., et al., J. Cell . Biol. 105:3087-3096 (1987).) Other antibody-based methods useful for detecting protein gene expression include immunoassays, such as the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the radioimmunoassay (RIA). Suitable antibody assay labels are known in the art and include enzyme labels, such as, glucose oxidase, and radioisotopes, such as iodine (1251, 1211), carbon (14C), sulfur (35S), tritium (3H), indium (112In), and technetium (99 mTc), and fluorescent labels, such as fluorescein and rhodamine, and biotin.

[1002] In addition to assaying secreted protein levels in a biological sample, proteins can also be detected in vivo by imaging. Antibody labels or markers for in vivo imaging of protein include those detectable by X-radiography, NMR or ESR. For X-radiography, suitable labels include radioisotopes such as barium or cesium, which emit detectable radiation but are not overtly harmful to the subject. Suitable markers for NMR and ESR include those with a detectable characteristic spin, such as deuterium, which may be incorporated into the antibody by labeling of nutrients for the relevant hybridoma.

[1003] A protein-specific antibody or antibody fragment which has been labeled with an appropriate detectable imaging moiety, such as a radioisotope (for example, 131I, 112In, 99 mTc), a radio-opaque substance, or a material detectable by nuclear magnetic resonance, is introduced (for example, parenterally, subcutaneously, or intraperitoneally) into the mammal. It will be understood in the art that the size of the subject and the imaging system used will determine the quantity of imaging moiety needed to produce diagnostic images. In the case of a radioisotope moiety, for a human subject, the quantity of radioactivity injected will normally range from about 5 to 20 millicuries of 99 mTc. The labeled antibody or antibody fragment will then preferentially accumulate at the location of cells which contain the specific protein. In vivo tumor imaging is described in S. W. Burchiel et al., “Immunopharmacokinetics of Radiolabeled Antibodies and Their Fragments.” (Chapter 13 in Tumor Imaging: The Radiochemical Detection of Cancer, S. W. Burchiel and B. A. Rhodes, eds., Masson Publishing Inc. (1982).)

[1004] Thus, the invention provides a diagnostic method of a disorder, which involves (a) assaying the expression of a polypeptide of the present invention in cells or body fluid of an individual; (b) comparing the level of gene expression with a standard gene expression level, whereby an increase or decrease in the assayed polypeptide gene expression level compared to the standard expression level is indicative of a disorder.

[1005] Moreover, polypeptides of the present invention can be used to treat disease. For example, patients can be administered a polypeptide of the present invention in an effort to replace absent or decreased levels of the polypeptide (e.g., insulin), to supplement absent or decreased levels of a different polypeptide (e.g., hemoglobin S for hemoglobin B), to inhibit the activity of a polypeptide (e.g., an oncogene), to activate the activity of a polypeptide (e.g., by binding to a receptor), to reduce the activity of a membrane bound receptor by competing with it for free ligand (e.g., soluble TNF receptors used in reducing inflammation), or to bring about a desired response (e.g., blood vessel growth).

[1006] Similarly, antibodies directed to a polypeptide of the present invention can also be used to treat disease. For example, administration of an antibody directed to a polypeptide of the present invention can bind and reduce overproduction of the polypeptide. Similarly, administration of an antibody can activate the polypeptide, such as by binding to a polypeptide bound to a membrane (receptor).

[1007] At the very least, the polypeptides of the present invention can be used as molecular weight markers on SDS-PAGE gels or on molecular sieve gel filtration columns using methods well known to those of skill in the art. Polypeptides can also be used to raise antibodies, which in turn are used to measure protein expression from a recombinant cell, as a way of assessing transformation of the host cell. Moreover, the polypeptides of the present invention can be used to test the following biological activities.

[1008] Biological Activities

[1009] The polynucleotides and polypeptides of the present invention can be used in assays to test for one or more biological activities. If these polynucleotides and polypeptides do exhibit activity in a particular assay, it is likely that these molecules may be involved in the diseases associated with the biological activity. Thus, the polynucleotides and polypeptides could be used to treat the associated disease.

[1010] Immune Activity

[1011] A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may be useful in treating deficiencies or disorders of the immune system, by activating or inhibiting the proliferation, differentiation, or mobilization (chemotaxis) of immune cells. Immune cells develop through a process called hematopoiesis, producing myeloid (platelets, red blood cells, neutrophils, and macrophages) and lymphoid (B and T lymphocytes) cells from pluripotent stem cells. The etiology of these immune deficiencies or disorders may be genetic, somatic, such as cancer or some autoimmune disorders, acquired (e.g., by chemotherapy or toxins), or infectious. Moreover, a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention can be used as a marker or detector of a particular immune system disease or disorder.

[1012] A polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention may be useful in treating or detecting deficiencies or disorders of hematopoietic cells. A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention could be used to increase differentiation and proliferation of hematopoietic cells, including the pluripotent.stem cells, in an effort to treat those disorders associated with a decrease in certain (or many) types hematopoietic cells. Examples of immunologic deficiency syndromes include, but are not limited to: blood protein disorders (e.g. agammaglobulinemia, dysgammaglobulinemia), ataxia telangiectasia, common variable immunodeficiency, Digeorge Syndrome, HIV infection, HTLV-BLV infection, leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndrome, lymphopenia, phagocyte bactericidal dysfunction, severe combined immunodeficiency (SCIDs), Wiskott-Aldrich Disorder, anemia, thrombocytopenia, or hemoglobinuria.

[1013] Moreover, a polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention could also be used to modulate hemostatic (the stopping of bleeding) or thrombolytic activity (clot formation). For example, by increasing hemostatic or thrombolytic activity, a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention could be used to treat blood coagulation disorders (e.g., afibrinogenemia, factor deficiencies), blood platelet disorders (e.g. thrombocytopenia), or wounds resulting from trauma, surgery, or other causes. Alternatively, a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention that can decrease hemostatic or thrombolytic activity could be used to inhibit or dissolve clotting. These molecules could be important in the treatment of heart attacks (infarction), strokes, or scarring.

[1014] A polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention may also be useful in treating or detecting autoimmune disorders. Many autoimmune disorders result from inappropriate recognition of self as foreign material by immune cells. This inappropriate recognition results in an immune response leading to the destruction of the host tissue. Therefore, the administration of a polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention that inhibits an immune response, particularly the proliferation, differentiation, or chemotaxis of T-cells, may be an effective therapy in preventing autoimmune disorders.

[1015] Examples of autoimmune disorders that can be treated or detected by the present invention include, but are not limited to: Addison's Disease, hemolytic anemia, antiphospholipid syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, dermatitis, allergic encephalomyelitis, glomerulonephritis, Goodpasture's Syndrome, Graves' Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Myasthenia Gravis, Neuritis, Ophthalmia, Bullous Pemphigoid, Pemphigus, Polyendocrinopathies, Purpura, Reiter's Disease, Stiff-Man Syndrome, Autoimmune Thyroiditis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Autoimmune Pulmonary Inflammation, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, insulin dependent diabetes mellitis, and autoimmune inflammatory eye disease.

[1016] Similarly, allergic reactions and conditions, such as asthma (particularly allergic asthma) or other respiratory problems, may also be treated by a polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention. Moreover, these molecules can be used to treat anaphylaxis, hypersensitivity to an antigenic molecule, or blood group incompatibility.

[1017] A polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention may also be used to treat and/or prevent organ rejection or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Organ rejection occurs by host immune cell destruction of the transplanted tissue through an immune response. Similarly, an immune response is also involved in GVHD, but, in this case, the foreign transplanted immune cells destroy the host tissues. The administration of a polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention that inhibits an immune response, particularly the proliferation, differentiation, or chemotaxis of T-cells, may be an effective therapy in preventing organ rejection or GVHD.

[1018] Similarly, a polypeptide, or polynucleotide of the present invention may also be used to modulate inflammation. For example, the polypeptide or polynucleotide may inhibit the proliferation and differentiation of cells involved in an inflammatory response. These molecules can be used to treat inflammatory conditions, both chronic and acute conditions, including inflammation associated with infection (e.g., septic shock, sepsis, or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)), ischemia-reperfusion injury, endotoxin lethality, arthritis, complement-mediated hyperacute rejection, nephritis, cytokine or chemokine induced lung injury, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease, or resulting from over production of cytokines (e.g., TNF or IL-1.)

[1019] Hyperproliferative Disorders

[1020] A polypeptide or polynucleotide can be used to treat or detect hyperproliferative disorders, including neoplasms. A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may inhibit the proliferation of the disorder through direct or indirect interactions. Alternatively, a polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may proliferate other cells which can inhibit the hyperproliferative disorder.

[1021] For example, by increasing an immune response, particularly increasing antigenic qualities of the hyperproliferative disorder or by proliferating, differentiating, or mobilizing T-cells, hyperproliferative disorders can be treated. This immune response may be increased by either enhancing an existing immune response, or by initiating a new immune response. Alternatively, decreasing an immune response may also be a method of treating hyperproliferative disorders, such as a chemotherapeutic agent.

[1022] Examples of hyperproliferative disorders that can be treated or detected by a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention include, but are not limited to neoplasms located in the: abdomen, bone, breast, digestive system, liver, pancreas, peritoneum, endocrine glands (adrenal, parathyroid, pituitary, testicles, ovary, thymus, thyroid), eye, head and neck, nervous (central and peripheral), lymphatic system, pelvic, skin, soft tissue, spleen, thoracic, and urogenital.

[1023] Similarly, other hyperproliferative disorders can also be treated or detected by a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention. Examples of such hyperproliferative disorders include, but are not limited to: hypergammaglobulinemia, lymphoproliferative disorders, paraproteinemias, purpura, sarcoidosis, Sezary Syndrome, Waldenstron's Macroglobulinemia, Gaucher's Disease, histiocytosis, and any other hyperproliferative disease, besides neoplasia, located in an organ system listed above.

[1024] Infectious Disease

[1025] A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention can be used to treat or detect infectious agents. For example, by increasing the immune response, particularly increasing the proliferation and differentiation of B and/or T cells, infectious diseases may be treated. The immune response may be increased by either enhancing an existing immune response, or by initiating a new immune response. Alternatively, the polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may also directly inhibit the infectious agent, without necessarily eliciting an immune response.

[1026] Viruses are one example of an infectious agent that can cause disease or symptoms that can be treated or detected by a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention. Examples of viruses, include, but are not limited to the following DNA and RNA viral families: Arbovirus, Adenoviridae, Arenaviridae, Arterivirus, Birnaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Caliciviridae, Circoviridae, Coronaviridae, Flaviviridae, Hepadnaviridae (Hepatitis), Herpesviridae (such as, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Simplex, Herpes Zoster), Mononegavirus (e.g., Paramyxoviridae, Morbillivirus, Rhabdoviridae), Orthomyxoviridae (e.g., Influenza), Papovaviridae, Parvoviridae, Picomaviridae, Poxviridae (such as Smallpox or Vaccinia), Reoviridae (e.g., Rotavirus), Retroviridae (HTLV-I, HTLV-II, Lentivirus), and Togaviridae (e.g., Rubivirus). Viruses falling within these families can cause a variety of diseases or symptoms, including, but not limited to: arthritis, bronchiollitis, encephalitis, eye infections (e.g., conjunctivitis, keratitis), chronic fatigue syndrome, hepatitis (A, B, C, E, Chronic Active, Delta), meningitis, opportunistic infections (e.g., AIDS), pneumonia, Burkitt's Lymphoma, chickenpox, hemorrhagic fever, Measles, Mumps, Parainfluenza, Rabies, the common cold, Polio, leukemia, Rubella, sexually transmitted-diseases, skin diseases (e.g.; Kaposi's, warts), and viremia. A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention can be used to treat or detect any of these symptoms or diseases.

[1027] Similarly, bacterial or fungal agents that can cause disease or symptoms and that can be treated or detected by a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention include, but not limited to, the following Gram-Negative and Gram-positive bacterial families and fungi: Actinomycetales (e.g., Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Norcardia), Aspergillosis, Bacillaceae (e.g., Anthrax, Clostridium), Bacteroidaceae, Blastomycosis, Bordetella, Borrelia, Brucellosis, Candidiasis, Campylobacter, Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Dermatocycoses, Enterobacteriaceae (Kiebsiella, Salmonella, Serratia, Yersinia), Erysipelothrix, Helicobacter, Legionellosis, Leptospirosis, Listeria, Mycoplasmatales, Neisseriaceae (e.g., Acinetobacter, Gonorrhea, Menigococcal), Pasteurellacea Infections (e.g., Actinobacillus, Heamophilus, Pasteurella), Pseudomonas, Rickettsiaceae. Chlamydiaceae, Syphilis, and Staphylococcal. These bacterial or fungal families can cause the following diseases or symptoms, including, but not limited to: bacteremia, endocarditis, eye infections (conjunctivitis, tuberculosis, uveitis), gingivitis, opportunistic infections (e.g., AIDS related infections), paronychia, prosthesis-related infections, Reiter's Disease, respiratory tract infections, such as Whooping Cough or Empyema, sepsis, Lyme Disease, Cat-Scratch Disease, Dysentery, Paratyphoid Fever, food poisoning, Typhoid, pneumonia, Gonorrhea, meningitis, Chlamydia, Syphilis, Diphtheria, Leprosy, Paratuberculosis, Tuberculosis, Lupus, Botulism, gangrene, tetanus, impetigo, Rheumatic Fever, Scarlet Fever, sexually transmitted diseases, skin diseases (e.g., cellulitis, dermatocycoses), toxemia, urinary tract infections, wound infections. A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention can be used to treat or detect any of these symptoms or diseases.

[1028] Moreover, parasitic agents causing disease or symptoms that can be treated or detected by a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention include, but not limited to, the following families: Amebiasis, Babesiosis, Coccidiosis, Cryptosporidiosis, Dientamoebiasis, Dourine, Ectoparasitic, Giardiasis, Helminthiasis, Leishmaniasis, Theileriasis, Toxoplasmosis, Trypanosomiasis, and Trichomonas. These parasites can cause a variety of diseases or symptoms, including, but not limited to: Scabies, Trombiculiasis, eye infections, intestinal disease (e.g., dysentery, giardiasis), liver disease, lung disease, opportunistic infections (e.g., AIDS related), Malaria, pregnancy complications, and toxoplasmosis. A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention can be used to treat or detect any of these symptoms or diseases.

[1029] Preferably, treatment using a polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention could either be by administering an effective amount of a polypeptide to the patient, or by removing cells from the patient, supplying the cells with a polynucleotide of the present invention, and returning the engineered cells to the patient (ex vivo therapy). Moreover, the polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention can be used as an antigen in a vaccine to raise an immune response against infectious disease.

[1030] Regeneration

[1031] A polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention can be used to differentiate, proliferate, and attract cells, leading to the regeneration of tissues. (See, Science 276:59-87 (1997).) The regeneration of tissues could be used to repair, replace, or protect tissue damaged by congenital defects, trauma (wounds, burns, incisions, or ulcers), age, disease (e.g. osteoporosis, osteocarthritis, periodontal disease, liver failure), surgery, including cosmetic plastic surgery, fibrosis, reperfusion injury, or systemic cytokine damage.

[1032] Tissues that could be regenerated using the present invention include organs (e.g., pancreas, liver, intestine, kidney, skin, endothelium), muscle (smooth, skeletal or cardiac), vascular (including vascular endothelium), nervous, hematopoietic, and skeletal (bone, cartilage, tendon, and ligament) tissue. Preferably, regeneration occurs without or decreased scarring. Regeneration also may include angiogenesis.

[1033] Moreover, a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention may increase regeneration of tissues difficult to heal. For example, increased tendon/ligament regeneration would quicken recovery time after damage. A polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention could also be used prophylactically in an effort to avoid damage. Specific diseases that could be treated include of tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and other tendon or ligament defects. A further example of tissue regeneration of non-healing wounds includes pressure ulcers, ulcers associated with vascular insufficiency, surgical, and traumatic wounds.

[1034] Similarly, nerve and brain tissue could also be regenerated by using a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention to proliferate and differentiate nerve cells. Diseases that could be treated using this method include central and peripheral nervous system diseases, neuropathies, or mechanical and traumatic disorders (e.g., spinal cord disorders, head trauma, cerebrovascular disease, and stoke). Specifically, diseases associated with peripheral nerve injuries, peripheral neuropathy (e.g., resulting from chemotherapy or other medical therapies), localized neuropathies, and central nervous system diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Shy-Drager syndrome), could all be treated using the polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention.

[1035] Chemotaxis

[1036] A polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention may have chemotaxis activity. A chemotaxic molecule attracts or mobilizes cells (e.g., monocytes, fibroblasts, neutrophils, T-cells, mast cells, eosinophils, epithelial and/or endothelial cells) to a particular site in the body, such as inflammation, infection, or site of hyperproliferation. The mobilized cells can then fight off and/or heal the particular trauma or abnormality.

[1037] A polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention may increase chemotaxic activity of particular cells. These chemotactic molecules can then be used to treat inflammation, infection, hyperproliferative disorders, or any immune system disorder by increasing the number of cells targeted to a particular location in the body. For example, chemotaxic molecules can be used to treat wounds and other trauma to tissues by attracting immune cells to the injured location. Chemotactic molecules of the present invention can also attract fibroblasts, which can be used to treat wounds.

[1038] It is also contemplated that a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention may inhibit chemotactic activity. These molecules could also be used to treat disorders. Thus, a polynucleotide or polypeptide of the present invention could be used as an inhibitor of chemotaxis.

[1039] Binding Activity

[1040] A polypeptide of the present invention may be used to screen for molecules that bind to the polypeptide or for molecules to which the polypeptide binds. The binding of the polypeptide and the molecule may activate (agonist), increase, inhibit (antagonist), or decrease activity of the polypeptide or the molecule bound. Examples of such molecules include antibodies, oligonucleotides, proteins (e.g., receptors),or small molecules.

[1041] Preferably, the molecule is closely related to the natural ligand of the polypeptide, e.g., a fragment of the ligand, or a natural substrate, a ligand, a structural or functional mimetic. (See, Coligan et al., Current Protocols in Immunology 1(2):Chapter 5 (1991).) Similarly, the molecule can be closely related to the natural receptor to which the polypeptide binds, or at least, a fragment of the receptor capable of being bound by the polypeptide (e.g., active site). In either case, the molecule can be rationally designed using known techniques.

[1042] Preferably, the screening for these molecules involves producing appropriate cells which express the polypeptide, either as a secreted protein or on the cell membrane. Preferred cells include cells from mammals, yeast, Drosophila, or E. coli. Cells expressing the polypeptide (or cell membrane containing the expressed polypeptide) are then preferably contacted with a test compound potentially containing the molecule to observe binding, stimulation, or inhibition of activity of either the polypeptide or the molecule.

[1043] The assay may simply test binding of a candidate compound to the polypeptide, wherein binding is detected by a label, or in an assay involving competition with a labeled competitor. Further, the assay may test whether the candidate compound results in a signal generated by binding to the polypeptide.

[1044] Alternatively, the assay can be carried out using cell-free preparations, polypeptide/molecule affixed to a solid support, chemical libraries, or natural product mixtures. The assay may also simply comprise the steps of mixing a candidate compound with a solution containing a polypeptide, measuring polypeptide/molecule activity or binding, and comparing the polypeptide/molecule activity or binding to a standard.

[1045] Preferably, an ELISA assay can measure polypeptide level or activity in a sample (e.g., biological sample) using a monoclonal or polyclonal antibody. The antibody can measure polypeptide level or activity by either binding, directly or indirectly, to the polypeptide or by competing with the polypeptide for a substrate.

[1046] All of these above assays can be used as diagnostic or prognostic markers. The molecules discovered using these assays can be used to treat disease or to bring about a particular result in a patient (e.g., blood vessel growth) by activating or inhibiting the polypeptide/molecule. Moreover, the assays can discover agents which may inhibit or enhance the production of the polypeptide from suitably manipulated cells or tissues.

[1047] Therefore, the invention includes a method of identifying compounds which bind to a polypeptide of the invention comprising the steps of: (a) incubating a candidate binding compound with a polypeptide of the invention; and (b) determining if binding has occurred. Moreover, the invention includes a method of identifying agonists/antagonists comprising the steps of: (a) incubating a candidate compound with a polypeptide of the invention, (b) assaying a biological activity, and (b) determining if a biological activity of the polypeptide has been altered.

[1048] Other Activities

[1049] A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may also increase or decrease the differentiation or proliferation of embryonic stem cells, besides, as discussed above, hematopoietic lineage.

[1050] A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may also be used to modulate mammalian characteristics, such as body height, weight, hair color, eye color, skin, percentage of adipose tissue, pigmentation, size, and shape (e.g., cosmetic surgery). Similarly, a polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may be used to modulate mammalian metabolism affecting catabolism, anabolism, processing, utilization, and storage of energy.

[1051] A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may be used to change a mammal's mental state or physical state by influencing biorhythms, caricadic rhythms, depression (including depressive disorders), tendency for violence, tolerance for pain, reproductive capabilities (preferably by Activin or Inhibin-like activity), hormonal or endocrine levels, appetite, libido, memory, stress, or other cognitive qualities.

[1052] A polypeptide or polynucleotide of the present invention may also be used as a food additive or preservative, such as to increase or decrease storage capabilities, fat content, lipid, protein, carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, cofactors or other nutritional components.

[1053] Other Preferred Embodiments

[1054] Other preferred embodiments of the claimed invention include an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least about 50 contiguous nucleotides in the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X wherein X is any integer as defined in Table 1.

[1055] Also preferred is a nucleic acid molecule wherein said sequence of contiguous nucleotides is included in the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X in the range of positions beginning with the nucleotide at about the position of the 5′ Nucleotide of the Clone Sequence and ending with the nucleotide at about the position of the 3′ Nucleotide of the Clone Sequence as defined for SEQ ID NO:X in Table 1.

[1056] Also preferred is a nucleic acid molecule wherein said sequence of contiguous nucleotides is included in the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X in the range of positions beginning with the nucleotide at about the position of the 5′ Nucleotide of the Start Codon and ending with the nucleotide at about the position of the 3′ Nucleotide of the Clone Sequence as defined for SEQ ID NO:X in Table 1.

[1057] Similarly preferred is a nucleic acid molecule wherein said sequence of contiguous nucleotides is included in the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X in the range of positions beginning with the nucleotide at about the position of the 5′ Nucleotide of the First Amino Acid of the Signal Peptide and ending with the nucleotide at about the position of the 3′ Nucleotide of the Clone Sequence as defined for SEQ ID NO:X in Table 1.

[1058] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least about 150 contiguous nucleotides in the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X.

[1059] Further preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least about 500 contiguous nucleotides in the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X.

[1060] A further preferred embodiment is a nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X beginning with the nucleotide at about the position of the 5′ Nucleotide of the First Amino Acid of the Signal Peptide and ending with the nucleotide at about the position of the 3′ Nucleotide of the Clone Sequence as defined for SEQ ID NO:X in Table 1.

[1061] A further preferred embodiment is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to the complete nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X.

[1062] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule which hybridizes under stringent hybridization conditions to a nucleic acid molecule, wherein said nucleic acid molecule which hybridizes does not hybridize under stringent hybridization conditions to a nucleic acid molecule having a nucleotide sequence consisting of only A residues or of only T residues.

[1063] Also preferred is a composition of matter comprising a DNA molecule which comprises a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1, which DNA molecule is contained in the material deposited with the American Type Culture Collection and given the ATCC Deposit Number shown in Table 1 for said cDNA Clone Identifier.

[1064] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides in the nucleotide sequence of a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1, which DNA molecule is contained in the deposit given the ATCC Deposit Number shown in Table 1.

[1065] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule, wherein said sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides is included in the nucleotide sequence of the complete open reading frame sequence encoded by said human cDNA clone.

[1066] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to sequence of at least 150 contiguous nucleotides in the nucleotide sequence encoded by said human cDNA clone.

[1067] A further preferred embodiment is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to sequence of at least 500 contiguous nucleotides in the nucleotide sequence encoded by said human cDNA clone.

[1068] A further preferred embodiment is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to the complete nucleotide sequence encoded by said human cDNA clone.

[1069] A further preferred embodiment is a method for detecting in a biological sample a nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: a nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X wherein X is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a nucleotide sequence encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1; which method comprises a step of comparing a nucleotide sequence of at least one nucleic acid molecule in said sample with a sequence selected from said group and determining whether the sequence of said nucleic acid molecule in said sample is at least 95% identical to said selected sequence.

[1070] Also preferred is the above method wherein said step of comparing sequences comprises determining the extent of nucleic acid hybridization between nucleic acid molecules in said sample and a nucleic acid molecule comprising said sequence selected from said group. Similarly, also preferred is the above method wherein said step of comparing sequences is performed by comparing the nucleotide sequence determined from a nucleic acid molecule in said sample with said sequence selected from said group. The nucleic acid molecules can comprise DNA molecules or RNA molecules.

[1071] A further preferred embodiment is a method for identifying the species, tissue or cell type of a biological sample which method comprises a step of detecting nucleic acid molecules in said sample, if any, comprising a nucleotide sequence that is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: a nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X wherein X is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a nucleotide sequence encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1072] The method for identifying the species, tissue or cell type of a biological sample can comprise a step of detecting nucleic acid molecules comprising a nucleotide sequence in a panel of at least two nucleotide sequences, wherein at least one sequence in said panel is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides in a sequence selected from said group.

[1073] Also preferred is a method for diagnosing in a subject a pathological condition associated with abnormal structure or expression of a gene encoding a secreted protein identified in Table 1, which method comprises a step of detecting in a biological sample obtained from said subject nucleic acid molecules, if any, comprising a nucleotide sequence that is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: a nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X wherein X is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a nucleotide sequence encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1074] The method for diagnosing a pathological condition can comprise a step of detecting nucleic acid molecules comprising a nucleotide sequence in a panel of at least two nucleotide sequences, wherein at least one sequence in said panel is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides in a sequence selected from said group.

[1075] Also preferred is a composition of matter comprising isolated nucleic acid molecules wherein the nucleotide sequences of said nucleic acid molecules comprise a panel of at least two nucleotide sequences, wherein at least one sequence in said panel is at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least 50 contiguous nucleotides in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: a nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:X wherein X is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a nucleotide sequence encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1. The nucleic acid molecules can comprise DNA molecules or RNA molecules.

[1076] Also preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least about 10 contiguous amino acids in the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1.

[1077] Also preferred is a polypeptide, wherein said sequence of contiguous amino acids is included in the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y in the range of positions beginning with the residue at about the position of the First Amino Acid of the Secreted Portion and ending with the residue at about the Last Amino Acid of the Open Reading Frame as set forth for SEQ ID NO:Y in Table 1.

[1078] Also preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least about 30 contiguous amino acids in the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y.

[1079] Further preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least about 100 contiguous amino acids in the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y.

[1080] Further preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to the complete amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y.

[1081] Further preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least about 10 contiguous amino acids in the complete amino acid sequence of a secreted protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1082] Also preferred is a polypeptide wherein said sequence of contiguous amino acids is included in the amino acid sequence of a secreted portion of the secreted protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1083] Also preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least about 30 contiguous amino acids in the amino acid sequence of the secreted portion of the protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1084] Also preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to a sequence of at least about 100 contiguous amino acids in the amino acid sequence of the secreted portion of the protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1085] Also preferred is an isolated polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence at least 95% identical to the amino acid sequence of the secreted portion of the protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1086] Further preferred is an isolated antibody which binds specifically to a polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence that is at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a complete amino acid sequence of a protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1087] Further preferred is a method for detecting in a biological sample a polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence which is at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a complete amino acid sequence of a protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1; which method comprises a step of comparing an amino acid sequence of at least one polypeptide molecule in said sample with a sequence selected from said group and determining whether the sequence of said polypeptide molecule in said sample is at least 90% identical to said sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids.

[1088] Also preferred is the above method wherein said step of comparing an amino acid sequence of at least one polypeptide molecule in said sample with a sequence selected from said group comprises determining the extent of specific binding of polypeptides in said sample to an antibody which binds specifically to a polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence that is at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a complete amino acid sequence of a protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1089] Also preferred is the above method wherein said step of comparing sequences is performed by comparing the amino acid sequence determined from a polypeptide molecule in said sample with said sequence selected from said group.

[1090] Also preferred is a method for identifying the species, tissue or cell type of a biological sample which method comprises a step of detecting polypeptide molecules in said sample, if any, comprising an amino acid sequence that is at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a complete amino acid sequence of a secreted protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1091] Also preferred is the above method for identifying the species, tissue or cell type of a biological sample, which method comprises a step of detecting polypeptide molecules comprising an amino acid sequence in a panel of at least two amino acid sequences, wherein at least one sequence in said panel is at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids in a sequence selected from the above group.

[1092] Also preferred is a method for diagnosing in a subject a pathological condition associated with abnormal structure or expression of a gene encoding a secreted protein identified in Table 1, which method comprises a step of detecting in a biological sample obtained from said subject polypeptide molecules comprising an amino acid sequence in a panel of at least two amino acid sequences, wherein at least one sequence in said panel is at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a complete amino acid sequence of a secreted protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1093] In any of these methods, the step of detecting said polypeptide molecules includes using an antibody.

[1094] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising a nucleotide sequence which is at least 95% identical to a nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide wherein said polypeptide comprises an amino acid sequence that is at least 90% identical to a sequence of at least 10 contiguous amino acids in a sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a complete amino acid sequence of a secreted protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1095] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule, wherein said nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide has been optimized for expression of said polypeptide in a prokaryotic host.

[1096] Also preferred is an isolated nucleic acid molecule, wherein said polypeptide comprises an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is any integer as defined in Table 1; and a complete amino acid sequence of a secreted protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1.

[1097] Further preferred is a method of making a recombinant vector comprising inserting any of the above isolated nucleic acid molecule into a vector. Also preferred is the recombinant vector produced by this method. Also preferred is a method of making a recombinant host cell comprising introducing the vector into a host cell, as well as the recombinant host cell produced by this method.

[1098] Also preferred is a method of making an isolated polypeptide comprising culturing this recombinant host cell under conditions such that said polypeptide is expressed and recovering said polypeptide. Also preferred is this method of making an isolated polypeptide, wherein said recombinant host cell is a eukaryotic cell and said polypeptide is a secreted portion of a human secreted protein comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of: an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:Y beginning with the residue at the position of the First Amino Acid of the Secreted Portion of SEQ ID NO:Y wherein Y is an integer set forth in Table 1 and said position of the First Amino Acid of the Secreted Portion of SEQ ID NO:Y is defined in Table 1; and an amino acid sequence of a secreted portion of a protein encoded by a human cDNA clone identified by a cDNA Clone Identifier in Table 1 and contained in the deposit with the ATCC Deposit Number shown for said cDNA clone in Table 1. The isolated polypeptide produced by this method is also preferred.

[1099] Also preferred is a method of treatment of an individual in need of an increased level of a secreted protein activity, which method comprises administering to such an individual a pharmaceutical composition comprising an amount of an isolated polypeptide, polynucleotide, or antibody of the claimed invention effective to increase the level of said protein activity in said individual.

[1100] Having generally described the invention, the same will be more readily understood by reference to the following examples, which are provided by way of illustration and are not intended as limiting.

EXAMPLES Example 1 Isolation of a Selected cDNA Clone From the Deposited Sample

[1101] Each cDNA clone in a cited ATCC deposit is contained in a plasmid vector. Table 1 identifies the vectors used to construct the cDNA library from which each clone was isolated. In many cases, the vector used to construct the library is a phage vector from which a plasmid has been excised. The table immediately below correlates the related plasmid for each phage vector used in constructing the cDNA library. For example, where a particular clone is identified in Table 1 as being isolated in the vector “Lambda Zap,” the corresponding deposited clone is in “pBluescript.”

Vector Used to Construct Library Corresponding Deposited Plasmid
Lambda Zap pBluescript (pBS)
Uni-Zap XR pBluescript (pBS)
Zap Express pBK
lafmid BA plafmid BA
pSport1 pSport1
pCMVSport 2.0 pCMVSport 2.0
pCMVSport 3.0 pCMVSport 3.0
pCR ®2.1 pCR ®2.1

[1102] Vectors Lambda Zap (U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,128,256 and 5,286,636), Uni-Zap XR (U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,128, 256 and 5,286,636), Zap Express (U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,128,256 and 5,286,636), pBluescript (pBS) (Short, J. M. et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 16:7583-7600 (1988); Alting-Mees, M. A. and Short, J. M., Nucleic Acids Res. 17:9494 (1989)) and pBK (Alting-Mees, M. A. et al., Strategies 5:58-61 (1992)) are commercially available from Stratagene Cloning Systems, Inc., 11011 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, Calif., 92037. pBS contains an ampicillin resistance gene and pBK contains a neomycin resistance gene. Both can be transformed into E. coli strain XL-1 Blue, also available from Stratagene. pBS comes in 4 forms SK+, SK−, KS+ and KS. The S and K refers to the orientation of the polylinker to the T7 and T3 primer sequences which flank the polylinker region (“S” is for SacI and “K” is for KpnI which are the first sites on each respective end of the linker). “+” or “−” refer to the orientation of the f1 origin of replication (“ori”), such that in one orientation, single stranded rescue initiated from the f1 ori generates sense strand DNA and in the other, antisense.

[1103] Vectors pSport1, pCMVSport 2.0 and pCMVSport 3.0, were obtained from Life Technologies, Inc., P. O. Box 6009, Gaithersburg, Md. 20897. All Sport vectors contain an ampicillin resistance gene and may be transformed into E. coli strain DH10B, also available from Life Technologies. (See, for instance, Gruber, C. E., et al., Focus 15:59 (1993).) Vector lafmid BA (Bento Soares, Columbia University, NY) contains an ampicillin resistance gene and can be transformed into E. coli strain XL-1 Blue. Vector pCR®2. 1, which is available from Invitrogen, 1600 Faraday Avenue, Carlsbad, Calif. 92008, contains an ampicillin resistance gene and may be transformed into E. coli strain DH10B, available from Life Technologies. (See, for instance, Clark, J. M., Nuc. Acids Res. 16:9677-9686 (1988) and Mead, D. et al., Bio/Technology 9: (1991).) Preferably, a polynucleotide of the present invention does not comprise the phage vector sequences identified for the particular clone in Table 1, as well as the corresponding plasmid vector sequences designated above.

[1104] The deposited material in the sample assigned the ATCC Deposit Number cited in Table 1 for any given cDNA clone also may contain one or more additional plasmids, each comprising a cDNA clone different from that given clone. Thus, deposits sharing the same ATCC Deposit Number contain at least a plasmid for each cDNA clone identified in Table 1. Typically, each ATCC deposit sample cited in Table 1- comprises a mixture of approximately equal amounts (by weight) of about 50 plasmid DNAs, each containing a different cDNA clone; but such a deposit sample may include plasmids for more or less than 50 cDNA clones, up to about 500 cDNA clones.

[1105] Two approaches can be used to isolate a particular clone from the deposited sample of plasmid DNAs cited for that clone in Table 1. First, a plasmid is directly isolated by screening the clones using a polynucleotide probe corresponding to SEQ ID NO:X.

[1106] Particularly, a specific polynucleotide with 30-40 nucleotides is synthesized using an Applied Biosystems DNA synthesizer according to the sequence reported. The oligonucleotide is labeled, for instance, with 32P-γ-ATP using T4 polynucleotide kinase and purified according to routine methods. (E.g., Maniatis et al., Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Cold Spring Harbor Press, Cold Spring, N.Y. (1982).) The plasmid mixture is transformed into a suitable host, as indicated above (such as XL-1 Blue (Stratagene)) using techniques known to those of skill in the art, such as those provided by the vector supplier or in related publications or patents cited above. The transformants are plated on 1.5% agar plates (containing the appropriate selection agent, e.g., ampicillin) to a density of about 150 transformants (colonies) per plate. These plates are screened using Nylon membranes according to routine methods for bacterial colony screening (e.g., Sambrook et al., Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd Edit., (1989), Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, pages 1.93 to 1.104), or other techniques known to those of skill in the art.

[1107] Alternatively, two primers of 17-20 nucleotides derived from both ends of the SEQ ID NO:X (i.e., within the region of SEQ ID NO:X bounded by the 5′ NT and the 3′ NT of the clone defined in Table 1) are synthesized and used to amplify the desired cDNA using the deposited cDNA plasmid as a template. The polymerase chain reaction is carried out under routine conditions, for instance, in 25 μl of reaction mixture with 0.5 ug of the above cDNA template. A convenient reaction mixture is 1.5-5 mM MgCl2, 0.01% (w/v) gelatin, 20 μM each of dATP, dCTP, dGTP, dTTP, 25 pmol of each primer and 0.25 Unit of Taq polymerase. Thirty five cycles of PCR (denaturation at 94° C. for 1 min; annealing at 55° C. for 1 min; elongation at 72° C. for 1 min) are performed with a Perkin-Elmer Cetus automated thermal cycler. The amplified product is analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis and the DNA band with expected molecular weight is excised and purified. The PCR product is verified to be the selected sequence by subcloning and sequencing the DNA product.

[1108] Several methods are available for the identification of the 5′ or 3′ non-coding portions of a gene which may not be present in the deposited clone. These methods include but are not limited to, filter probing, clone enrichment using specific probes, and protocols similar or identical to 5′ and 3′ “RACE” protocols which are well known in the art. For instance, a method similar to 5′ RACE is available for generating the missing 5′ end of a desired full-length transcript. (Fromont-Racine et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 21(7):1683-1684 (1993).)

[1109] Briefly, a specific RNA oligonucleotide is ligated to the 5′ ends of a population of RNA presumably containing full-length gene RNA transcripts. A primer set containing a primer specific to the ligated RNA oligonucleotide and a primer specific to a known sequence of the gene of interest is used to PCR amplify the 5′ portion of the desired full-length gene. This amplified product may then be sequenced and used to generate the full length gene.

[1110] This above method starts with total RNA isolated from the desired source, although poly-A+ RNA can be used. The RNA preparation can then be treated with phosphatase if necessary to eliminate 5′ phosphate groups on degraded or damaged RNA which may interfere with the later RNA ligase step. The phosphatase should then be inactivated and the RNA treated with tobacco acid pyrophosphatase in order to remove the cap structure present at the 5′ ends of messenger RNAs. This reaction leaves a 5′ phosphate group at the 5′ end of the cap cleaved RNA which can then be ligated to an RNA oligonucleotide using T4 RNA ligase.

[1111] This modified RNA preparation is used as a template for first strand cDNA synthesis using a gene specific oligonucleotide. The first strand synthesis reaction is used as a template for PCR amplification of the desired 5′ end using a primer specific to the ligated RNA oligonucleotide and a primer specific to the known sequence of the gene of interest. The resultant product is then sequenced and analyzed to confirm that the 5′ end sequence belongs to the desired gene.

Example 2 Isolation of Genomic Clones Corresponding to a Polynucleotide

[1112] A human genomic P1 library (Genomic Systems, Inc.) is screened by PCR using primers selected for the cDNA sequence corresponding to SEQ ID NO:X., according to the method described in Example 1. (See also, Sambrook.)

Example 3 Tissue Distribution of Polypeptide

[1113] Tissue distribution of mRNA expression of polynucleotides of the present invention is determined using protocols for Northern blot analysis, described by, among others, Sambrook et al. For example, a cDNA probe produced by the method described in Example 1 is labeled with P32 using the rediprime™ DNA labeling system (Amersham Life Science), according to manufacturer's instructions. After labeling, the probe is purified using CHROMA SPIN-100™ column (Clontech Laboratories, Inc.), according to manufacturer's protocol number PT1200-1. The purified labeled probe is then used to examine various human tissues for mRNA expression.

[1114] Multiple Tissue Northern (MTN) blots containing various human tissues (H) or human immune system tissues (IM) (Clontech) are examined with the labeled probe using ExpressHyb™ hybridization solution (Clontech) according to manufacturer's protocol number PT1190-1. Following hybridization and washing, the blots are mounted and exposed to film at −70° C. overnight, and the films developed according to standard procedures.

Example 4 Chromosomal Mapping of the Polynucleotides

[1115] An oligonucleotide primer set is designed according to the sequence at the 5′ end of SEQ ID NO:X. This primer preferably spans about 100 nucleotides. This primer set is then used in a polymerase chain reaction under the following set of conditions: 30 seconds, 95° C.; 1 minute, 56° C.; 1 minute, 70° C. This cycle is repeated 32 times followed by one 5 minute cycle at 70° C. Human, mouse, and hamster DNA is used as template in addition to a somatic cell hybrid panel containing individual chromosomes or chromosome fragments (Bios, Inc). The reactions is analyzed on either 8% polyacrylamide gels or 3.5% agarose gels. Chromosome mapping is determined by the presence of an approximately 100 bp PCR fragment in the particular somatic cell hybrid.

Example 5 Bacterial Expression of a Polypeptide

[1116] A polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide of the present invention is amplified using PCR oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the 5′ and 3′ ends of the DNA sequence, as outlined in Example 1, to synthesize insertion fragments. The primers used to amplify the cDNA insert should preferably contain restriction sites, such as BamHI and XbaI, at the 5′ end of the primers in order to clone the amplified product into the expression vector. For example, BamHI and XbaI correspond to the restriction enzyme sites on the bacterial expression vector pQE-9. (Qiagen, Inc., Chatsworth, Calif.). This plasmid vector encodes antibiotic resistance (Ampr), a bacterial origin of replication (ori), an IPTG-regulatable promoter/operator (P/O), a ribosome binding site (RBS), a 6-histidine tag (6-His), and restriction enzyme cloning sites.

[1117] The pQE-9 vector is digested with BamHI and XbaI and the amplified fragment is ligated into the pQE-9 vector maintaining the reading frame initiated at the bacterial RBS. The ligation mixture is then used to transform the E. coli strain M15/rep4 (Qiagen, Inc.) which contains multiple copies of the plasmid pREP4, which expresses the lacI repressor and also confers kanamycin resistance (Kanr). Transformants are identified by their ability to grow on LB plates and ampicillin/kanamycin resistant colonies are selected. Plasmid DNA is isolated and confirmed by restriction analysis.

[1118] Clones containing the desired constructs are grown overnight (O/N) in liquid culture in LB media supplemented with both Amp (100 ug/ml) and Kan (25 ug/ml). The O/N culture is used to inoculate a large culture at a ratio of 1:100 to 1:250. The cells are grown to an optical density 600 (O.D.600) of between 0.4 and 0.6. IPTG (Isopropyl-B-D-thiogalacto pyranoside) is then added to a final concentration of 1 mM. IPTG induces by inactivating the lacI repressor, clearing the P/O leading to increased gene expression.

[1119] Cells are grown for an extra 3 to 4 hours. Cells are then harvested by centrifugation (20 mins at 6000× g). The cell pellet is solubilized in the chaotropic agent 6 Molar Guanidine HCl by stirring for 3-4 hours at 4° C. The cell debris is removed by centrifugation, and the supernatant containing the polypeptide is loaded onto a nickel-nitrilo-tri-acetic acid (“Ni-NTA”) affinity resin column (available from QIAGEN, Inc., supra). Proteins with a 6× His tag bind to the Ni-NTA resin with high affinity and can be purified in a simple one-step procedure (for details see: The QIAexpressionist (1995) QIAGEN, Inc., supra).

[1120] Briefly, the supernatant is loaded onto the column in 6 M guanidine-HCl, pH 8, the column is first washed with 10 volumes of 6 M guanidine-HCl, pH 8, then washed with 10 volumes of 6 M guanidine-HCl pH 6, and finally the polypeptide is eluted with 6 M guanidine-HCl, pH 5.

[1121] The purified protein is then renatured by dialyzing it against phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or 50 mM Na-acetate, pH 6 buffer plus 200 mM NaCl. Alternatively, the protein can be successfully refolded while immobilized on the Ni-NTA column. The recommended conditions are as follows: renature using a linear 6M-1M urea gradient in 500 mM NaCl, 20% glycerol, 20 mM Tris/HCl pH 7.4, containing protease inhibitors. The renaturation should be performed over a period of 1.5 hours or more. After renaturation the proteins are eluted by the addition of 250 mM immidazole. Immidazole is removed by a final dialyzing step against PBS or 50 mM sodium acetate pH 6 buffer plus 200 mM NaCl. The purified protein is stored at 4° C. or frozen at −80° C.

[1122] In addition to the above expression vector, the present invention further includes an expression vector comprising phage operator and promoter elements operatively linked to a polynucleotide of the present invention, called pHE4a. (ATCC Accession Number 209645, deposited on February 25, 1998.) This vector contains: 1) a neomycinphosphotransferase gene as a selection marker, 2) an E. coli origin of replication, 3) a T5 phage promoter sequence, 4) two lac operator sequences, 5) a Shine-Delgarno sequence, and 6) the lactose operon repressor gene (lacIq). The origin of replication (oriC) is derived from pUC19 (LTI, Gaithersburg, Md.). The promoter sequence and operator sequences are made synthetically.

[1123] DNA can be inserted into the pHEa by restricting the vector with NdeI and XbaI, BamHI, XhoI, or Asp718, running the restricted product on a gel, and isolating the larger fragment (the stuffer fragment should be about 310 base pairs). The DNA insert is generated according to the PCR protocol described in Example 1, using PCR primers having restriction sites for NdeI (5′ primer) and XbaI, BamHI, XhoI, or Asp718 (3′ primer). The PCR insert is gel purified and restricted with compatible enzymes. The insert and vector are ligated according to standard protocols.

[1124] The engineered vector could easily be substituted in the above protocol to express protein in a bacterial system.

Example 6 Purification of a Polypeptide from an Inclusion Body

[1125] The following alternative method can be used to purify a polypeptide expressed in E coli when it is present in the form of inclusion bodies. Unless otherwise specified, all of the following steps are conducted at 4-10° C.

[1126] Upon completion of the production phase of the E. coli fermentation, the cell culture is cooled to 4-10° C. and the cells harvested by continuous centrifugation at 15,000 rpm (Heraeus Sepatech). On the basis of the expected yield of protein per unit weight of cell paste and the amount of purified protein required, an appropriate amount of cell paste, by weight, is suspended in a buffer solution containing 100 mM Tris, 50 mM EDTA, pH 7.4. The cells are dispersed to a homogeneous suspension using a high shear mixer.

[1127] The cells are then lysed by passing the solution through a microfluidizer (Microfuidics, Corp. or APV Gaulin, Inc.) twice at 4000-6000 psi. The homogenate is then mixed with NaCl'solution to a final concentration of 0.5 M NaCl, followed by centrifugation at 7000× g for 15 min. The resultant pellet is washed again using 0.5M NaCl, 100 mM Tris, 50 mM EDTA, pH 7.4.

[1128] The resulting washed inclusion bodies are solubilized with 1.5 M guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) for 2-4 hours. After 7000× g centrifugation for 15 min., the pellet is discarded and the polypeptide containing supernatant is incubated at 4° C. overnight to allow further GuHCl extraction.

[1129] Following high speed centrifugation (30,000× g) to remove insoluble particles, the GuHCl solubilized protein is refolded by quickly mixing the GuHCl extract with 20 volumes of buffer containing 50 mM sodium, pH 4.5, 150 mM NaCl, 2 mM EDTA by vigorous stirring. The refolded diluted protein solution is kept at 4° C. without mixing for 12 hours prior to further purification steps.

[1130] To clarify the refolded polypeptide solution, a previously prepared tangential filtration unit equipped with 0.16 μm membrane filter with appropriate surface area (e.g., Filtron), equilibrated with 40 mM sodium acetate, pH 6.0 is employed. The filtered sample is loaded onto a cation exchange resin (e.g., Poros HS-50, Perseptive Biosystems). The column is washed with 40 mM sodium acetate, pH 6.0 and eluted with 250 mM, 500 mM, 1000 mM, and 1500 mM NaCl in the same buffer, in a stepwise manner. The absorbance at 280 nm of the effluent is continuously monitored. Fractions are collected and further analyzed by SDS-PAGE.

[1131] Fractions containing the polypeptide are then pooled and mixed with 4 volumes of water. The diluted sample is then loaded onto a previously prepared set of tandem columns of strong anion (Poros HQ-50, Perseptive Biosystems) and weak anion (Poros CM-20, Perseptive Biosystems) exchange resins. The columns are equilibrated with 40 mM sodium acetate, pH 6.0. Both columns are washed with 40 MM sodium acetate, pH 6.0, 20.0 mM NaCl. The CM-20 column is then eluted using a 10 column volume linear gradient ranging from 0.2 M NaCl, 50 mM sodium acetate, pH 6.0 to 1.0 M NaCl, 50 mM sodium acetate, pH 6.5. Fractions are collected under constant A280 monitoring of the effluent. Fractions containing the polypeptide (determined, for instance, by 16% SDS-PAGE) are then pooled.

[1132] The resultant polypeptide should exhibit greater than 95% purity after the above refolding and purification steps. No major contaminant bands should be observed from Commassie blue stained 16% SDS-PAGE gel when 5 μg of purified protein is loaded. The purified protein can also be tested for endotoxinlLPS contamination, and typically the LPS content is less than 0.1 ng/ml according to LAL assays.

Example 7 Cloning and Expression of a Polypeptide in a Baculovirus Expression System

[1133] In this example, the plasmid shuttle vector pA2 is used to insert a polynucleotide into a baculovirus to express a polypeptide. This expression vector contains the strong polyhedrin promoter of the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) followed by convenient restriction sites such as BamHI, XbaI and Asp718. The polyadenylation site of the simian virus 40 (“SV40”) is used for efficient polyadenylation. For easy selection of recombinant virus, the plasmid contains the beta-galactosidase gene from E. coli under control of a weak Drosophila promoter in the same orientation, followed by the polyadenylation signal of the polyhedrin gene. The inserted genes are flanked on both sides by viral sequences for cell-mediated homologous recombination with wild-type viral DNA to generate a viable virus that express the cloned polynucleotide.

[1134] Many other baculovirus vectors can be used in place of the vector above, such as pAc373, pVL941, and pAcIM1, as one skilled in the art would readily appreciate, as long as the construct provides appropriately located signals for transcription, translation, secretion and the like, including a signal peptide and an in-frame AUG as required. Such vectors are described, for instance, in Luckow et al., Virology 170:31-39 (1989).

[1135] Specifically, the cDNA sequence contained in the deposited clone, including the AUG initiation codon and the naturally associated leader sequence identified in Table 1, is amplified using the PCR protocol described in Example 1. If the naturally occurring signal sequence is used to produce the secreted protein, the pA2 vector does not need a second signal peptide. Alternatively, the vector can be modified (pA2 GP) to include a baculovirus leader sequence, using the standard methods described in Summers et al., “A Manual of Methods for Baculovirus Vectors and Insect Cell Culture Procedures,” Texas Agricultural Experimental Station Bulletin No. 1555 (1987).

[1136] The amplified fragment is isolated from a 1% agarose gel using a commercially available kit (“Geneclean,” BIO 101 Inc., La Jolla, Calif.). The fragment then is digested with appropriate restriction enzymes and again purified on a 1% agarose gel.

[1137] The plasmid is digested with the corresponding restriction enzymes and optionally, can be dephosphorylated using calf intestinal phosphatase, using routine procedures known in the art. The DNA is then isolated from a 1% agarose gel using a commercially available kit (“Geneclean” BIO 101 Inc., La Jolla, Calif.).

[1138] The fragment and the dephosphorylated plasmid are ligated together with T4 DNA ligase. E. coli HB 101 or other suitable E. coli hosts such as XL-1 Blue (Stratagene Cloning Systems, La Jolla, Calif.) cells are transformed with the ligation mixture and spread on culture plates. Bacteria containing the plasmid are identified by digesting DNA from individual colonies and analyzing the digestion product by gel electrophoresis. The sequence of the cloned fragment is confirmed by DNA sequencing.

[1139] Five μg of a plasmid containing the polynucleotide is co-transfected with 1.0 μg of a commercially available linearized baculovirus DNA (“BaculoGold™ baculovirus DNA”, Pharmingen, San Diego, Calif.), using the lipofection method described by Felgner et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84:7413-7417 (1987). One μg of BaculoGold™ virus DNA and 5 μg of the plasmid are mixed in a sterile well of a microtiter plate containing 50 μl of serum-free Grace's medium (Life Technologies Inc., Gaithersburg, Md.). Afterwards, 10 μl Lipofectin plus 90 μl Grace's medium are added, mixed and incubated for 15 minutes at room temperature. Then the transfection mixture is added drop-wise to Sf9 insect cells (ATCC CRL 1711) seeded in a 35 mm tissue culture plate with 1 ml Grace's medium without serum. The plate is then incubated for 5 hours at 27° C. The transfection solution is then removed from the plate and 1 ml of Grace's insect medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum is added. Cultivation is then continued at 27° C. for four days.

[1140] After four days the supernatant is collected and a plaque assay is performed, as described by Summers and Smith, supra. An agarose gel with “Blue Gal” (Life Technologies Inc., Gaithersburg) is used to allow easy identification and isolation of gal-expressing clones, which produce blue-stained plaques. (A detailed description of a “plaque assay” of this type can also be found in the user's guide for insect cell culture and baculovirology distributed by Life Technologies Inc., Gaithersburg, page 9-10.) After appropriate incubation, blue stained plaques are picked with the tip of a micropipettor (e.g., Eppendorf). The agar containing the recombinant viruses is then resuspended in a microcentrifuge tube containing 200 μl of Grace's medium and the suspension containing the recombinant baculovirus is used to infect Sf9 cells seeded in 35 mm dishes. Four days later the supernatants of these culture dishes are harvested and then they are stored at 4° C.

[1141] To verify the expression of the polypeptide, Sf9 cells are grown in Grace's medium supplemented with 10% heat-inactivated FBS. The cells are infected with the recombinant baculovirus containing the polynucleotide at a multiplicity of infection (“MOI”) of about 2. If radiolabeled proteins are desired, 6 hours later the medium is removed and is replaced with SF900 II medium minus methionine and cysteine (available from Life Technologies Inc., Rockville, Md.). After 42 hours, 5 μCi of 35S-methionine and 5 μCi 35S-cysteine (available from Amersham) are added. The cells are further incubated for 16 hours and then are harvested by centrifugation. The proteins in the supernatant as well as the intracellular proteins are analyzed by SDS-PAGE followed by autoradiography (if radiolabeled).

[1142] Microsequencing of the amino acid sequence of the amino terminus of purified protein may be used to determine the amino terminal sequence of the produced protein.

Example 8 Expression of a Polypeptide in Mammalian Cells

[1143] The polypeptide of the present invention can be expressed in a mammalian cell. A typical mammalian expression vector contains a promoter element, which mediates the initiation of transcription of mRNA, a protein coding sequence, and signals required for the termination of transcription and polyadenylation of the transcript. Additional elements include enhancers, Kozak sequences and intervening sequences flanked by donor and acceptor sites for RNA splicing. Highly efficient transcription is achieved with the early and late promoters from SV40, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) from Retroviruses, e.g., RSV, HTLVI, HIVI and the early promoter of the cytomegalovirus (CMV). However, cellular elements can also be used (e.g., the human actin promoter).

[1144] Suitable expression vectors for use in practicing the present invention include, for example, vectors such as pSVL and pMSG (Pharmacia, Uppsala, Sweden), pRSVcat (ATCC 37152), pSV2dhfr (ATCC 37146), pBC12MI (ATCC 67109), pCMVSport 2.0, and pCMVSport 3.0. Mammalian host cells that could be used include, human Hela, 293, H9 and Jurkat cells, mouse NIH3T3 and C127 cells, Cos 1, Cos 7 and CV1, quail QC1-3 cells, mouse L cells and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells.

[1145] Alternatively, the polypeptide can be expressed in stable cell lines containing the polynucleotide integrated into a chromosome. The co-transfection with a selectable marker such as dhfr, gpt, neomycin, hygromycin allows the identification and isolation of the transfected cells.

[1146] The transfected gene can also be amplified to express large amounts of the encoded protein. The DHFR (dihydrofolate reductase) marker is useful in developing cell lines that carry several hundred or even several thousand copies of the gene of interest. (See, e.g., Alt, F. W., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 253:1357-1370 (1978); Hamlin, J. L. and Ma, C., Biochem. et Biophys. Acta, 1097:107-143 (1990); Page, M. J. and Sydenham, M. A., Biotechnology 9:64-68 (1991).) Another useful selection marker is the enzyme glutamine synthase (GS) (Murphy et al., Biochem J. 227:277-279 (1991); Bebbington et al., Bio/Technology 10:169-175 (1992). Using these markers, the mammalian cells are grown in selective medium and the cells with the highest resistance are selected. These cell lines contain the amplified gene(s) integrated into a chromosome. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and NSO cells are often used for the production of proteins.

[1147] Derivatives of the plasmid pSV2-dhfr (ATCC Accession No. 37146), the expression vectors pC4 (ATCC Accession No. 209646) and pC6 (ATCC Accession No.209647) contain the strong promoter (LTR) of the Rous Sarcoma Virus (Cullen et al., Molecular and Cellular Biology, 438-447 (March, 1985)) plus a fragment of the CMV-enhancer (Boshart et al., Cell 41:521-530 (1985).) Multiple cloning sites, e.g., with the restriction enzyme cleavage sites BamHI, XbaI and Asp718, facilitate the cloning of the gene of interest. The vectors also contain the 3′ intron, the polyadenylation and termination signal of the rat preproinsulin gene, and the mouse DHFR gene under control of the SV40 early promoter.

[1148] Specifically, the plasmid pC6, for example, is digested with appropriate restriction enzymes and then dephosphorylated using calf intestinal phosphates by procedures known in the art. The vector is then isolated from a 1% agarose gel.

[1149] A polynucleotide of the present invention is amplified according to the protocol outlined in Example 1. If the naturally occurring signal sequence is used to produce the secreted protein, the vector does not need a second signal peptide. Alternatively, if the naturally occurring signal sequence is not used, the vector can be modified to include a heterologous signal sequence. (See, e.g., WO 96/34891.)

[1150] The amplified fragment is isolated from a 1% agarose gel using a commercially available kit (“Geneclean,” BIO 101 Inc., La Jolla, Calif.). The fragment then is digested with appropriate restriction enzymes and again purified on a 1% agarose gel.

[1151] The amplified fragment is then digested with the same restriction enzyme and purified on a 1% agarose gel. The isolated fragment and the dephosphorylated vector are then ligated with T4 DNA ligase. E. coli HB 101 or XL-1 Blue cells are then transformed and bacteria are identified that contain the fragment inserted into plasmid pC6 using, for instance, restriction enzyme analysis.

[1152] Chinese hamster ovary cells lacking an active DHFR gene is used for transfection. Five μg of the expression plasmid pC6 is cotransfected with 0.5 μg of the plasmid pSVneo using lipofectin (Felgner et al., supra). The plasmid pSV2-neo contains a dominant selectable marker, the neo gene from Tn5 encoding an enzyme that confers resistance to a group of antibiotics including G418. The cells are seeded in alpha minus MEM supplemented with 1 mg/ml G418. After 2 days, the cells are trypsinized and seeded in hybridoma cloning plates (Greiner, Germany) in alpha minus MEM supplemented with 10, 25, or 50 ng/ml of metothrexate plus 1 mg/ml G418. After about 10-14 days single clones are trypsinized and then seeded in 6-well petri dishes or 10 ml flasks using different concentrations of methotrexate (50 nM, 100 nM, 200 nM, 400 nM, 800 nM). Clones growing at the highest concentrations of methotrexate are then transferred to new 6-well plates containing even higher concentrations of methotrexate (1 μM, 2 μM, 5 μM, 10 mM, 20 mM). The same procedure is repeated until clones are obtained which grow at a concentration of 100-200 μM. Expression of the desired gene product is analyzed, for instance, by SDS-PAGE and Western blot or by reversed phase HPLC analysis.

Example 9 Protein Fusions

[1153] The polypeptides of the present invention are preferably fused to other proteins. These fusion proteins can be used for a variety of applications. For example, fusion of the present polypeptides to His-tag, HA-tag, protein A, IgG domains, and maltose binding protein facilitates purification. (See Example 5; see also EP A 394,827; Traunecker, et al., Nature 331:84-86 (1988).) Similarly, fusion to IgG-1, IgG-3, and albumin increases the halflife time in vivo. Nuclear localization signals fused to the polypeptides of the present invention can target the protein to a specific subcellular localization, while covalent heterodimer or homodimers can increase or decrease the activity of a fusion protein. Fusion proteins can also create chimeric molecules having more than one function. Finally, fusion proteins can increase solubility and/or stability of the fused protein compared to the non-fused protein. All of the types of fusion proteins described above can be made by modifying the following protocol, which outlines the fusion of a polypeptide to an IgG molecule, or the protocol described in Example 5.

[1154] Briefly, the human Fc portion of the IgG molecule can be PCR amplified, using primers that span the 5′ and 3′ ends of the sequence described below. These primers also should have convenient restriction enzyme sites that will facilitate cloning into an expression vector, preferably a mammalian expression vector.

[1155] For example, if pC4 (Accession No. 209646) is used, the human Fc portion can be ligated into the BamHI cloning site. Note that the 3′ BamHI site should be destroyed. Next, the vector containing the human Fc portion is re-restricted with BamHI, linearizing the vector, and a polynucleotide of the present invention, isolated by the PCR protocol described in Example 1, is ligated into this BamHI site. Note that the polynucleotide is cloned without a stop codon, otherwise a fusion protein will not be produced.

[1156] If the naturally occurring signal sequence is used to produce the secreted protein, pC4 does not need a second signal peptide. Alternatively, if the naturally occurring signal sequence is not used, the vector can be modified to include a heterologous signal sequence. (See, e.g., WO 96/34891.)

[1157] Human IgG Fc Region:

GGGATCCGGAGCCCAAATCTTCTGACAAAACTCACA (SEQ ID NO: 1)
CATGCCCACCGTGCCCAGCACCTGAATTCGAGGGTG
CACCGTCAGTCTTCCTCTTCCCCCCAAAACCCAAGG
ACACCCTCATGATCTCCCGGACTCCTGAGGTCACAT
GCGTGGTGGTGGACGTAAGCCACGAAGACCCTGAGG
TCAAGTTCAACTGGTACGTGGACGGCGTGGAGGTGC
ATAATGCCAAGACAAAGCCGCGGGAGGAGCAGTACA
ACAGCACGTACCGTGTGGTCAGCGTCCTCACCGTCC
TGCACCAGGACTGGCTGAATGGCAAGGAGTACAAGT
GCAAGGTCTCCAACAAAGCCCTCCCAACCCCCATCG
AGAAAACCATCTCCAAAGCCAAAGGGCAGCCCCGAG
AACCACAGGTGTACACCCTGCCCCCATCCCGGGATG
AGCTGACCAAGAACCAGGTCAGCCTGACCTGCCTGG
TCAAAGGCTTCTATCCAAGCGACATCGCCGTGGAGT
GGGAGAGCAATGGGCAGCCGGAGAACAACTACAAGA
CCACGCCTCCCGTGCTGGACTCCGACGGCTCCTTCT
TCCTCTACAGCAAGCTCACCGTGGACAAGAGCAGGT
GGCAGCAGGGGAACGTCTTCTCATGCTCCGTGATGC
ATGAGGCTCTGCACAACCACTACACGCAGAAGAGCC
TCTCCCTGTCTCCGGGTAAATGAGTGCGACGGCCGC
GACTCTAGAGGAT

Example 10 Production of an Antibody from a Polypeptide

[1158] The antibodies of the present invention can be prepared by a variety of methods. (See, Current Protocols, Chapter 2.) For example, cells expressing a polypeptide of the present invention is administered to an animal to induce the production of sera containing polyclonal antibodies. In a preferred method, a preparation of the secreted protein i