US 20030094752 A1 Abstract A method for playing a roulette-type game includes the initial step of providing a playing field for betting on the conclusions of a plurality of gaming trials, prior to initiating the plurality of trials. The playing field restricts bets to create a house advantage. Once a bet is placed, the trials are initiated and the conclusion of each trial noted. The winning and losing bets are not determined until after the conclusion of the plurality of trials. In one embodiment of the invention, the roulette wheel includes 38 pockets for receiving at least one ball, numbered from 0-37.
Claims(15) 1. A method for playing a roulette game of the type having a plurality of at least three balls, and a roulette wheel with a plurality of numbered pockets, each pocket capable of receiving all of the balls, comprising the steps of:
providing a playing field for betting on at least one pocket which will be the ending location of each of the plurality of balls; the playing field restricting bets on at least one pocket to create a house advantage for the playing field; placing a bet as to the ending location of the balls at the outcome of a round; propelling all of the balls along tracks on the wheel; identifying the pockets in which each of the balls resides at the outcome of the round; and determining winning and losing bets. 2. The method of determining the house advantage for the playing field; determining a cumulative house advantage for the playing field; determining a single ball bet probability; multiplying the single ball bet probability times itself with an exponent equal to the number of balls in the game to produce a multiple ball bet probability; determining a payout variable by inverting the multiple ball bet probability to form a fraction having 1 as the numerator; determining a payout ratio numerator by multiplying the payout variable by the cumulative house advantage; and designating the payout ratio denominator as 1. 3. The method of 4. A method for playing a roulette game of the type having a ball and a roulette wheel, the wheel having a plurality of numbered pockets for receiving the ball, comprising the steps of:
providing a first playing field for betting on the pocket which will be an ending location of the ball; the playing field restricting bets on at least one pocket to create a house advantage for the playing field; placing a bet as to ending locations of the ball at the outcome of a plurality of sequential spins; initiating the plurality of sequential spins without permitting any bets to be added or changed during the plurality of sequential spins; identifying the pocket in which the ball resides at the outcome of each spin; and determining winning and losing bets at the conclusion of said plurality of sequential spins. 5. The method of determining the house advantage for the playing field; determining a cumulative house advantage for the playing field; determining a single spin bet probability; multiplying the single spin bet probability times itself with an exponent equal to the total number of sequential spins in the game, to produce a multiple spin bet probability; determining a payout variable by inverting the multiple spin bet probability to form a fraction having 1 as the numerator; determining a payout ratio numerator by multiplying the payout variable by the cumulative house advantage; and designating the payout ratio denominator as 1. 6. The method of 7. A method for playing a roulette game of the type having a ball and a roulette wheel, the wheel having a plurality of numbered pockets for receiving the ball, comprising the steps of:
providing a first playing field for betting on the pocket which will be the ending location of the ball; the playing field not permitting a bet on at least one pocket, to thereby create a house advantage; placing a bet as to the ending locations of the ball at the outcome of a plurality of sequential spins; initiating a plurality of independent spins of the roulette wheel in a first direction; propelling the ball along a track on the wheel in a second direction opposite the first direction after each spin initiation; identifying the pocket in which the ball resides at the outcome of each of the spins; determining winning and losing bets at the conclusion of said series of spins. 8. The method of determining the house advantage for the playing field; determining a cumulative house advantage for the playing field; determining a single spin bet probability; multiplying the single spin bet probability times itself with an exponent equal to the total number of sequential spins in the game, to produce a multiple spin bet probability; determining a payout variable by inverting the multiple spin bet probability to form a fraction having 1 as the numerator; determining a payout ratio numerator by multiplying the payout variable by the cumulative house advantage; and designating the payout ratio denominator as 1. 9. The method of 10. A method for playing a game of chance which includes a plurality of gaming trials, each trial including a plurality of possible conclusions, comprising the steps of:
providing a first playing field for betting on the conclusions of the plurality of gaming trials, wherein the playing field restricts bets on at least one of the plurality of conclusions of each trial, to thereby create a house advantage; placing a bet as to the conclusions of each of the trials prior to initiating any of the plurality of trials; initiating the trials without permitting any bets to be added or changed during the plurality of trials; identifying the conclusions of each of the trials; and determining winning and losing bets at the conclusion of said series of trials. 11. The method of determining the house advantage for the playing field; determining a cumulative house advantage for the playing field; determining a single trial bet probability; multiplying the single trial bet probability times itself with an exponent equal to the number of trials in the game to produce a multiple trial bet probability; determining a payout variable by inverting the multiple trial bet probability to form a fraction having 1 as the numerator; designating the payout ratio denominator as 1. 12. The method of 13. The method of 14. The method of 15. The method of Description [0001] This is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 09/812,527 filed Mar. 20, 2001 entitled “METHOD FOR ROULETEE-TYPE GAMES”, which is a continuation of Ser. No., 09/316,615 filed May 21, 1999, entitled “METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ROULETTE-TYPE GAMES”, which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 60/086,859, filed May 27, 1998. [0002] (Not applicable) [0003] (1) Field of the Invention [0004] The present invention relates generally to a roulette-type game, and more particularly to an improved method and apparatus for playing such a game, utilizing a plurality of balls. [0005] (2) Background Information [0006] Gambling and games of chance are popular sources of entertainment for many people. Such games of chance are more enjoyable if a variety of different gaming apparatus are available to the player. New forms of gaming apparatus and new methods of playing existing games can generate new interest and enthusiasm in this activity. [0007] One game that has been popular through the years is the game of roulette. In this game, a single rolling ball is propelled around a generally circular track in a direction opposite the rotation of a central wheel. Wagers are placed on the likelihood of the ball landing in a particular pocket or cassette formed around the perimeter of the central wheel. [0008] While roulette has been a gaming apparatus present in casinos for many years, it has been becoming less popular in the recent past. While many reasons have been given for this reduction in popularity, today's gamblers have found conventional roulette to be “boring” and “too predictable” a game. [0009] It is therefore a general object of the present invention to provide an improved method for playing a roulette-type game. [0010] These and other objects will be apparent to those skilled in the art. [0011] The method for playing a roulette-type game of the present invention includes the steps of: [0012] (A) providing a first playing field for betting on the conclusions of a plurality of gaming trials, wherein the playing field restricts bets on at least one of the plurality of conclusions of each trial, to thereby create a house advantage; [0013] (B) placing a bet as to the conclusions of each of the trials; [0014] (C) initiating the trials; [0015] (D) identifying the conclusions of each of the trials; and [0016] (E) determining winning and losing bets for the serial of trials. [0017] The payout ratio for a winning bet includes the steps of: [0018] (A) determining the house advantage for the playing field; [0019] (B) determining a cumulative house advantage for the playing field; [0020] (C) determining a single trial bet probability; [0021] (D) multiplying the single trial bet probability times itself with an exponent equal to the number of trials in the game to produce a multiple trial bet probability; [0022] (E) determining a payout variable by inverting the multiple trial bet probability to form a fraction having 1 as the numerator; [0023] (F) determining a payout ratio numerator by multiplying the payout variable by the cumulative house advantage; and [0024] (G) designating the payout ratio denominator as 1. [0025] The preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which similar or corresponding parts are identified with the same reference numeral throughout the several views, and in which: [0026]FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of the improved roulette wheel of the present invention, with portions shown in section; [0027]FIG. 2 is a plan view of a table configuration for the game; [0028]FIG. 3 is an enlarged plan view of one table of the game; and [0029]FIG. 4 is a super-enlarged plan view of a modified roulette wheel of the present invention. [0030] Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIG. 1, the improved roulette wheel of the present invention is designated generally at [0031] Disk [0032] A turret [0033] Referring now to FIG. 2, a layout of the preferred embodiment of the roulette game of the present invention is shown in more detail. The roulette wheel [0034] Each pocket [0035] Each table [0036] Referring now to FIG. 3, the green table
[0037] Sample locations for each of the above-identified bets are marked on the lower table [0038] The addition of the upper playing field [0039] In general, in games with “n” balls in play, betting box
[0040] In addition, while the preferred embodiment of the invention utilizes a single roulette wheel with a plurality of balls in play, the method of the invention would work equally as well with a plurality of separate roulette wheels, each wheel having one or more tracks. The excitement in the game is the possibility of betting on a plurality of balls simultaneously, rather than merely on a single ball for each spin of the wheel. [0041] In use, patrons will gather around each of tables [0042] After the simultaneous display of the four numbers, a croupier at each table will designate the appropriate number on the lower playing field [0043] The method for determining the payout ratio for a particular bet in the improved quadroulette game, where either a plurality of balls are simultaneously propelled, or a single ball is propelled in a series of sequential spins, is the basis of a new method for playing a game of chance of the present invention. In order to determine the payout ratio for the upper playing field, it is first necessary to determine the house advantage and cumulative house advantage for the game. The house advantage for any playing field in a game of chance is determined by the proportionate number of possible conclusions in a trial in the game upon which a player's bets are restricted. For example, an American roulette wheel includes two locations on the wheel into which the ball may fall, but upon which a bet is greatly restricted. Thus, on any given spin of a 38 pocket roulette wheel, the house advantage is equal to 2 divided by 38 or 0.0526. [0044] The probability of winning on a bet on any particular number on the roulette wheel must be adjusted to take this house advantage into consideration. Since two of the numbers are greatly restricted in the “betting poor”, the actual probability for the bet must be adjusted to take the house advantage into account. The house advantage of 0.0526 must be factored into the single ball probability to obtain the actual payout to a player, where a house advantage is present. [0045] In the upper playing field of the present invention, a plurality of balls are simultaneously set into play, each of those balls being subject to a house advantage. For this reason, to determine the upper layout payout ratio, the cumulative house advantage for all of the balls must be determined. The cumulative house advantage is equal to the number of unrestricted “bettable” positions divided by the total number of positions on the wheel, this quantity then being multiplied by itself with the exponent equal to the number of balls in the game. In the quadroulette game disclosed herein, the cumulative house advantage would be equal to (36/38) [0046] If the game is played with a single ball on a roulette wheel, this exponent would be equal to the number of sequential spins of the wheel, rather than the number of balls simultaneously propelled. Similarly, other games of chance would substitute the number of ‘trials’ for the exponent in this equation. [0047] The next step in determining the payout ratio for a winning bet includes the step of determining the single ball bet probability for a particular bet. As noted above, the single ball bet probability is equal to the total number of spaces that encompass the bet divided by the total number of spaces available on the wheel. Thus, if the bet is for a single number on a conventional American roulette wheel, the single ball bet probability would be equal 1/38. If the bet is for “dozens” the single ball probability would be 12/38. [0048] The single ball bet probability is then multiplied times itself with the exponent equal to the number of balls in the game, in order to produce a multiple ball bet probability. A payout variable is then determined by inverting the multiple ball bet probability to form a fraction where the variable is equal to 1 divided by the multiple ball bet probability. This payout variable is then multiplied by the cumulative house advantage to form a product that is the numerator of the payout ratio. The denominator of the payout ratio is 1. [0049] In the example of a bet on “dozens”, the payout ratio would be determined as follows. First, the single ball bet probability is equal to (12/38) [0050] Obviously, this method could be used with other games of chance having different house advantages and different probabilities of winning, so long as the game of chance includes a plurality of gaming trials, with each trial including a plurality of possible conclusions. [0051] At present, there are two typical roulette wheels common to casinos, namely, (1) the Single Zero roulette wheel, otherwise known as the French Wheel, and (2) the Double Zero roulette wheel, otherwise known as the American Wheel. House odds for each of these wheels are as follows:
[0052] For the double-zero wheel, 2/38 equals 0.0526; and for the single-zero wheel, 1/37 equals 0.027. When the single-zero wheel utilizes an “en prison” rule, landing on that single zero effectively causes any even-money bets to lose only half of the bets placed; thereby reducing the odds further on even-money bets, to 1.35%. The single-zero wheel and en prison rule is believed to be the primary reason why roulette is so popular in Europe and other international territories. [0053] Referring now to FIG. 4, a modified roulette wheel is designated generally at [0054] In the method of use of the modified wheel, the same layout of the tables shown in detail in FIG. 2 is used. Thus, roulette wheel [0055] In the method of use, on the lower playing fields, any time the slot of number “37” or “00” is “hit” by a ball landing in that pocket on the wheel, the even-money bets are considered a straight PUSH for that round only. In other words, there are no wins or losses for even-money bets. For this circumstance, there is essentially no penalty for any even-money bets for that round. It is as if a round has not taken place for even-money bets on the lower playing field, when the slot number “37” or “00” hits on that playing field. [0056] It should therefore be clear that the modified wheel
[0057] Today's gaming customers are well versed to house advantages, and are always looking for those games with the best odds (the highest odds in the customer's favor). [0058] Yet a further possible modification of the playing environment of the present invention is the addition of illumination to the betting surface of the tables. More particularly, once all balls have come to a resting position in the wheel, then the individual slots on the betting layouts which are considered winning bets for that round only, are illuminated until the next round begins. This aids both the croupier and patron alike. It is generally accepted that a casino loses about 4% of its drop to dealer error that occurs while resolving bets. Not only would there be little confusion as to which bets are winning ones and which are not, but this illumination also allows for faster play. Enabling gambling patrons to be less intimidated by understanding the game better, allows for a more satisfied customer. [0059] Whereas the invention has been shown and described in connection with the preferred embodiment thereof, many modifications, substitutions and additions may be made which are within the intended broad scope of the appended claims. Referenced by
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