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Publication numberUS20030097806 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/951,597
Publication dateMay 29, 2003
Filing dateSep 13, 2001
Priority dateMar 5, 1996
Publication number09951597, 951597, US 2003/0097806 A1, US 2003/097806 A1, US 20030097806 A1, US 20030097806A1, US 2003097806 A1, US 2003097806A1, US-A1-20030097806, US-A1-2003097806, US2003/0097806A1, US2003/097806A1, US20030097806 A1, US20030097806A1, US2003097806 A1, US2003097806A1
InventorsJohn Brown
Original AssigneeBrown John G.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inner accessible commutering enterprise structure interfaced with one or more workplace, vehicle or home commutering stations
US 20030097806 A1
Abstract
An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure is interfaced with one or more workplace, vehicle or home commutering centers, providing extended battery life for wireless devices with enhanced commutering capabilities for using the enhanced power of commutering devices within the inner accessible commutering enterprise structure. An enterprise interlaced integrated fiber, broadband fiber, electronic, and electrical power network comprising an enterprise communications and computing network of conductors, electronic, electrical and mechanical devices, components, appliances, and equipment is accommodated in the interstitial spaces of the ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors of the wired and wireless inner accessible commutering enterprise structure.
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Claims(42)
1. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure, characterized in that inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within accessible interstitial spaces of ceilings, walls, floors, partitions, and columns behind accessible membrane barriers; in that said network devices comprise interlaced integrated fiber, broadband fiber, electronic, and electrical power conductors for voice, data, video, power, and parallel computing networking disposed within said accessible interstitial spaces on opposing sides of an unpenetrated, discretely shaped, fire structural primary core barrier; and in that said network within said accessible interstitial spaces is accessed by wired and wireless means by devices within occupied spaces of said inner accessible commutering enterprise structure on opposing sides of said accessible membrane barriers.
2. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices comprise said conductors and one or more elements selected from the group consisting of electronic devices, electrical devices, power devices, computational devices, communications devices, mechanical devices, components, appliances, and equipment disposed in said accessible interstitial spaces on opposing sides of said fire structural primary core barrier.
3. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that interstitial accommodation matrices are disposed in said accessible interstitial spaces between said fire structural primary core barrier and said accessible membrane barriers; and in that said interstitial accommodation matrices permit free access and passage of conductors from one interstitial accommodation matrix in adjacent ceiling, walls, partitions, columns and floor to another interstitial accommodation matrix on one side of said fire structural primary core barrier without penetrating said fire structural primary core barrier.
4. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 3, characterized in that said accessible membrane barriers comprise a plurality of removable and replaceable modular-accessible-matrix-units disposed on opposing sides of said unpenetrated fire structural primary core barrier for accessing said accessible interstitial spaces.
5. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 4, characterized in that a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix sites comprises said accessible interstitial spaces behind said modular-accessible-matrix-units; in that said interstitial accommodation matrices accommodate said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices; and in that wireless and wired connectivity of said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices is provided through said modular-accessible-matrix sites.
6. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 3, characterized in that a plurality of said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices is accommodated in said interstitial accommodation matrices; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are connected by said wired and wireless means to computational, communication, and power devices located in said occupied spaces outside said accessible membrane barriers.
7. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 6, characterized in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices comprise a plurality of voice and digital personal mobile digital commutering devices with displays having integrally interfaced transceivers for communicating by infrared, radio frequency, wireless, wired, and a combination of wired and wireless means over microdistances with integrally interfaced transceivers in two or more of said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices within said occupied spaces.
8. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 7, characterized in that said integrally interfaced transceivers are disposed in said accessible interstitial spaces and said occupied spaces on opposing sides of said accessible membrane barriers of enterprise workplace commuter stations, supplementary vehicle commuter stations, and supplementary home commuter stations.
9. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 8, characterized in that a plurality of said integrally interfaced transceivers is disposed within a plurality of wireless voice, handheld, wrist, pocket, headset, notebook, and laptop mobile digital commutering devices; in that said mobile digital commutering devices communicate wirelessly over microdistances with said integrally interfaced transceivers in said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices located within said occupied spaces and said accessible interstitial spaces of said enterprise workplace commuter stations, supplementary vehicle commuter stations, and supplementary home commuter stations; and in that communication over said microdistances minimizes battery use of said mobile digital commutering devicess and maximizes computational and communication quality of said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices.
10. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according system according to claim 1, characterized in that said fire structural primary core barrier forms a plurality of interstitial conductor passage channels on said opposing sides of said fire structural primary core barrier; in that said fire structural primary core barrier comprises a structural barrier slab forming an array of non-combustible top upwardly disposed structural channel joist units and bottom downwardly disposed structural channel joist units; in that said structural barrier slab is disposed within a structural floor/ceiling system; in that said interstitial conductor passage channels are formed between upwardly disposed top flanges and are formed between downwardly disposed bottom flanges of said structural barrier slab; in that said top flanges are coplanar; in that said bottom flanges are coplanar; in that said top flanges and said bottom flanges are arranged back to back, aligned and offset; in that top channels and bottom channels are arranged back to back; in that said structural barrier slab encapsulates three or more sides of each of said top channels and said bottom channels; in that said fire structural primary core barrier forms a common unpenetrated barrier; in that a plurality of structural composite girders is disposed longitudinally, supporting transversely disposed composite beams; in that each said girder has a top flange, a web, and an extended bottom flange; in that said top flange and said web are encapsulated in a time/temperature, fire-ratable covering selected from the group consisting of intumescent coatings and cementitious coatings; in that said extended bottom flange is encapsulated in concrete; in that structural accessible interstitial girder conductor passages are disposed on opposing sides of said web; in that a plurality of conductors and fiber, broadband fiber, electronic, and electrical power backbones are disposed within said girder conductor passages on said opposing sides of said web; in that said web has a plurality of apertures; and in that said conductors in each said girder conductor passage communicate with transversely disposed conductors in said transverse interstitial passages and with conductors longitudinally and transversely disposed in said interstitial conductor passage channels; in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices, conductors, components, appliances, and equipment are accommodated within said upward-facing top interstitial conductor passage channels and said downward-facing bottom interstitial conductor passage channels; and in that a floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said top structural channel joist units by a plurality of support means disposed over said top flanges. (THIRD Embodiment—FIGS. 68-79, 38-67, 80-86—Preferred Embodiment FIGS. 68 and 72)
11. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 10, characterized in that a ceiling accessible membrane barrier is suspended below said fire structural primary core barrier and below said supporting girders and beams by a plurality of support means disposed below said fire structural primary core barrier; in that one or more longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages is formed between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within said longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier.
12. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 10, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said fire structural primary core barrier by said support means selected from the group consisting of arrays of plinths, touch fasteners, elastomeric, foam, and fluid tubular load-bearing supports.
13. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 10, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises an array of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix-units; and in that said floor accessible membrane barrier forms a fully accessible, secondary fire barrier to protect said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices disposed behind said floor accessible membrane barrier.
14. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 10, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix units comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of ceramic, vitreous, wood, rubber, plastic, elastomeric, stone, concrete, polymer concrete, cementitious concrete, metal, fiber cement, mineral cement, and composites thereof.
15. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said fire structural primary core barrier comprises a structural barrier slab forming an array of non-combustible, accessible structural channel slab units having linear channel passages; in that said fire structural primary core barrier forms a common unpenetrated barrier; in that said structural barrier slab and said linear channel passages are disposed on one or more of said opposing sides of said fire structural primary core barrier within a structural floor/ceiling system; in that a floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said structural slab units and over a plurality of composite steel and concrete beams; in that said composite steel and concrete beams frame into and are supported by a plurality of transversely disposed composite steel and concrete girders having bottom flanges encapsulated in concrete; in that one or more interstitial passages is formed between said floor accessible membrane barrier and said structural channel slab units having said linear channel passages; in that said fire structural primary core barrier is disposed over and between said composite steel and concrete beams and girders; in that said interstitial passages are formed within longitudinal channels disposed on one or more of said opposing sides of said fire structural primary core barrier supported between said plurality of composite steel and concrete beams and said plurality of composite steel and concrete girders; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within interstitial accommodation matrices within said longitudinal channels above said structural channel slab units. (FIRST Embodiment—FIGS. 17-22, 1-16—Preferred Embodiment FIG. 17)
16. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 15, characterized in that a ceiling accessible membrane barrier is suspended below said fire structural primary core barrier and below said supporting girders and beams by a plurality of support means disposed below said fire structural primary core barrier; in that one or more longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages is formed between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within said longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier.
17. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 15, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said fire structural primary core barrier by support means selected from the group consisting of arrays of plinths, touch fasteners, elastomeric, foam, and fluid tubular load-bearing supports.
18. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 15, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises an array of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix-units; and in that said floor accessible membrane barrier forms a fully accessible, secondary fire barrier to protect said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices and conductors, components, appliances, and equipment disposed behind said floor accessible membrane barrier.
19. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 15, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix units comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of ceramic, vitreous, wood, rubber, plastic, elastomeric, stone, concrete, polymer concrete, cementitious concrete, metal, fiber cement, mineral cement, and composites thereof.
20. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said fire structural primary core barrier comprises a structural folded barrier slab forming an array of non-combustible structural folded slab units; in that said fire structural primary core barrier forms a common unpenetrated barrier; in that said structural folded barrier slab is disposed within a structural floor/ceiling system; in that said structural folded slab units have top flanges and bottom flanges; in that said structural folded slab units form an array of longitudinal top channels and an array of longitudinal bottom channels located between top and bottom webs and top and bottom flanges of said fire structural primary core barrier; in that a floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said structural folded slab units by a plurality of support means disposed over said top flanges and over a plurality of composite steel and concrete beams; in that said composite steel and concrete beams frame into and are supported by a plurality of transversely disposed composite steel and concrete girders having bottom flanges encapsulated in concrete; in that one or more interstitial passages is formed between said floor accessible membrane barrier and said top flanges; in that said interstitial passages are formed within said longitudinal top and bottom channels in said structural folded slab units; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within interstitial accommodation matrices within said longitudinal top and bottom channels of said structural folded slab units. (SECOND Embodiment—FIGS. 32-37, 23-31—Preferred Embodiment FIG. 31)
21. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 20, characterized in that a ceiling accessible membrane barrier is suspended below said fire structural primary core barrier and below said supporting girders and beams by a plurality of support means disposed below said fire structural primary core barrier; in that one or more longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages is formed between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within said longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier.
22. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 20, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said fire structural primary core barrier by said support means selected from the group consisting of arrays of plinths, touch fasteners, elastomeric, foam, and fluid tubular load-bearing supports.
23. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 20, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises an array of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix-units; and in that said floor accessible membrane barrier forms a fully accessible, secondary fire barrier to protect said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices and conductors, components, appliances, and equipment disposed behind said floor accessible membrane barrier.
24. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 20, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix units comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of ceramic, vitreous, wood, rubber, plastic, elastomeric, stone, concrete, polymer concrete, cementitious concrete, metal, fiber cement, mineral cement, and composites thereof.
25. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said fire structural primary core barrier comprises a structural barrier slab forming an array of accessible, non-combustible structural trussed joist units; in that said fire structural primary core barrier forms a common unpenetrated barrier; in that a top structural barrier slab and said structural trussed joist units are disposed within a structural floor/ceiling system; in that said structural trussed joist units have top structural slab flanges and bottom structural trussed flanges; in that said top structural slab flanges of said structural trussed joist units form an array of longitudinal top channels joined by open trussed webs to an array of longitudinal and transverse open bottom channels; in that a floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said structural trussed joist units by a plurality of support means disposed over said top structural slab flanges and over a plurality of composite steel and concrete beams; in that said composite steel and concrete beams frame into and are supported by a plurality of transversely disposed composite steel and concrete girders having extended bottom flanges encapsulated in concrete; in that one or more interstitial passages is formed between said floor accessible membrane barrier and said top structural slab flanges; in that said conductors are disposed within said interstitial passages; in that longitudinal interstitial passages are formed within said longitudinal top channels; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within interstitial accommodation matrices within said longitudinal interstitial passages. (FOURTH Embodiment—FIGS. 90-93—Preferred Embodiment FIG. 93)
26. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 25, characterized in that said structural trussed joist units have longitudinal bottom chords with cross-tie bridging forming waffle panels by means of coplanar transverse bottom chords disposed at intervals to form a waffle pattern; and in that said waffle pattern is selected from the group consisting of square and rectangular in plan view. (FOURTH Embodiment—FIGS. 94-99—Preferred Embodiment FIGS. 96 and 99)
27. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said fire structural primary core barrier comprises a structural barrier slab forming an array of accessible, non-combustible structural concrete trussed units; in that said fire structural primary core barrier forms a common unpenetrated barrier; in that a top structural barrier slab and said structural concrete trussed units are disposed within a structural floor/ceiling system; in that said structural concrete trussed units have top structural slab flanges and bottom structural slab flanges; in that said top structural slab flanges of said structural concrete trussed units form alternating arrays of open webs and solid concrete webs joining said bottom structural slab flanges; in that a floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said structural concrete trussed units by a plurality of support means disposed over said top structural slab flanges and over a plurality of composite steel and concrete beams; in that said composite steel and concrete beams frame into and are supported by a plurality of transversely disposed composite steel and concrete girders having extended bottom flanges encapsulated in concrete; in that one or more interstitial passages is formed between said floor accessible membrane barrier and said top structural slab flanges; in that said conductors are disposed within said interstitial passages; in that longitudinal interstitial passages are formed within said longitudinal top channels; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within interstitial accommodation matrices within said longitudinal interstitial passages. (FIFTH Embodiment—FIGS. 10-120—Preferred Embodiment FIGS. 113-118)
28. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 27, characterized in that an array of longitudinal top channels and bottom channels are formed in said top structural flanges and in said bottom structural flanges. (FIGS. 102, 106, and 110)
29. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 25, characterized in that a ceiling accessible membrane barrier is suspended below said fire structural primary core barrier and below said supporting girders and beams by a plurality of support means disposed below said fire structural primary core barrier; in that one or more longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages is formed between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within said longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier.
30. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 25, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said fire structural primary core barrier by said support means selected from the group consisting of arrays of plinths, touch fasteners, elastomeric, foam, and fluid tubular load-bearing supports.
31. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 25, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises an array of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix-units; and in that said floor accessible membrane barrier forms a fully accessible, secondary fire barrier to protect said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices and conductors, components, appliances, and equipment disposed behind said floor accessible membrane barrier.
32. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 25, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix units comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of ceramic, vitreous, wood, rubber, plastic, elastomeric, stone, concrete, polymer concrete, cementitious concrete, metal, fiber cement, mineral cement, and composites thereof.
33. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said fire structural primary core barrier comprises an array of two or more non-combustible accessible structural slabs; in that said fire structural primary core barrier forms a common unpenetrated barrier; in that one or more secondary core barriers comprises an array of non-combustible, penetrated, accessible structural slabs forming hollow core units; in that a plurality of coplanar, adjacent structural linear hollow passages are disposed between said fire structural primary core barrier and said one or more secondary core barriers; in that said structural linear hollow passages have access apertures in said one or more secondary core barriers infilled with fire-rated, linear access plugs; in that said conductors and computational, communication, and power devices are disposed within interstitial passages in said structural linear hollow passages; in that said fire structural primary core barrier and said one or more secondary core barriers are disposed within a structural floor/ceiling system; in that said structural slabs forming said hollow core units have top structural slabs forming top flanges and bottom structural slabs forming bottom flanges; in that said top and bottom structural slabs are structurally joined by concrete webs to form an array of coplanar top and bottom longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices within said fire structural primary core barrier; in that a floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said top structural slabs by a plurality of support means disposed over said top structural slabs and over a plurality of composite steel and concrete beams; in that said composite steel and concrete beams frame into and are supported by a plurality of transversely disposed composite steel and concrete girders having extended bottom flanges encapsulated in concrete; in that one or more interstitial passages is formed between said floor accessible membrane barrier and said top structural slabs; in that said conductors and said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are located within interstitial passages above, below, and behind said secondary core barrier having said fire-rated linear access plugs; in that longitudinal interstitial passages are formed within said top longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices; and in that longitudinal interstitial passages are formed within said bottom longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices. (SIXTH Embodiment FIGS. 126-139, 121-125—Preferred Embodiment FIGS. 130-139)
34. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 33, characterized in that a ceiling accessible membrane barrier is suspended below said fire structural primary core barrier and below said supporting girders and beams by a plurality of support means disposed below said fire structural primary core barrier; in that one or more longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages is formed between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within said longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier.
35. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 33, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said fire structural primary core barrier by said support means selected from the group consisting of arrays of plinths, touch fasteners, elastomeric, foam, and fluid tubular load-bearing supports.
36. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 33, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises an array of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix-units; and in that said floor accessible membrane barrier forms a fully accessible, secondary fire barrier to protect said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices and conductors, components, appliances, and equipment disposed behind said floor accessible membrane barrier.
37. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 33, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix units comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of ceramic, vitreous, wood, rubber, plastic, elastomeric, stone, concrete, polymer concrete, cementitious concrete, metal, fiber cement, mineral cement, and composites thereof.
38. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said fire structural primary core barrier comprises an array of non-combustible precast structural concrete hollow core units with integral longitudinal access apertures and transverse passage apertures; in that said precast structural concrete hollow core units have a plurality of spaced-apart linear tubular voids unpenetrated from one flange to form said fire structural primary core barrier; in that an opposing flange forms an accessible penetrated secondary core barrier with said integral longitudinal access apertures; in that said space-apart linear tubular voids are disposed between said fire structural primary core barrier and said secondary core barrier; in that said fire structural primary core barrier and said secondary core barrier are disposed within a structural floor/ceiling system; in that said precast structural concrete hollow core units have top flanges and bottom flanges; in that said precast structural concrete hollow core units are structurally joined on opposing sides by grout-filled linear vee-shaped joints for joining precast units to form an array of coplanar spaced-apart linear tubular voids having longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices within said precast structural concrete hollow core units having said integral longitudinal access apertures and said transverse passage apertures; in that a floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said precast structural concrete hollow core units by a plurality of support means disposed over said precast structural concrete hollow core units and over a plurality of composite steel and concrete beams; in that said precast structural concrete hollow core units with said integral longitudinal access apertures and transverse passage apertures frame into and are supported by flanges and extended flanges of a plurality of transversely disposed composite steel and concrete girders having extended bottom flanges encapsulated in concrete; in that one or more interstitial passages is formed between said floor accessible membrane barrier and top of said precast structural concrete hollow core units having said integral longitudinal access apertures and transverse passage apertures; in that said conductors and said computational, communication, and power devices are located within interstitial passages in said spaced-apart linear tubular voids having said transverse passage apertures; and in that said accessible enterprise communications, computing, and power network is disposed within a floor interstitial accommodation matrix and said spaced-apart linear tubular voids. (SEVENTH Embodiment—FIGS. 140-160—Preferred Embodiment FIG. 155)
39. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 38, characterized in that a ceiling accessible membrane barrier is suspended below said fire structural primary core barrier and below said supporting girders and beams by a plurality of support means disposed below said fire structural primary core barrier; in that one or more longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages is formed between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier; and in that said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices are disposed within said longitudinal and transverse interstitial passages between said ceiling accessible membrane barrier and said fire structural primary core barrier.
40. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 38, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier is supported over said fire structural primary core barrier by said support means selected from the group consisting of arrays of plinths, touch fasteners, elastomeric, foam, and fluid tubular load-bearing supports.
41. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 38, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises an array of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix-units; and in that said floor accessible membrane barrier forms a fully accessible, secondary fire barrier to protect said inner accessible enterprise communications, computing, power, and related enterprise commutering network devices and conductors, components, appliances, and equipment disposed behind said floor accessible membrane barrier.
42. An inner accessible commutering enterprise structure according to claim 38, characterized in that said floor accessible membrane barrier comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix units comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of ceramic, vitreous, wood, rubber, plastic, elastomeric, stone, concrete, polymer concrete, cementitious concrete, metal, fiber cement, mineral cement, and composites thereof.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The background of this invention must be viewed from two standpoints. The first is the growing environmental problem generated by the discarding of obsolete computers ranging from personal computers to workstations to mainframes at the rate of more than 10 million per year. According to a Carnegie-Mellon University study, if computers continue to be discarded at this rate by individuals, companies, institutions and government, there will be 150 million computers deposited in the nation's landfills by the year 2005. The second is the growing environmental problem generated by the discarding of cast-off buildings and building components to the nation's landfills. Thus, both conditions are reaching the crisis point in that they greatly increase the burden of handling solid wastes generated by the population at a time when communities are having difficulty finding places to dispose of the day-to-day wastes generated by households and businesses across the country and, indeed, around the world. This is a global problem, not just a local or national problem.

[0002] Thus, the need arises for buildings which are continually renewable and for computers, appliances, equipment, and mechanical/electrical systems which are evolutionarily technologically upgradable.

[0003] This invention has its origin in landfill, quality of life, environmental stewardship challenges, and optimum, constructive utilization of finite strategic resources, and in hand-held communicators of the Buck Rogers and Star Trek imaginings. Buildings can be made physically to last centuries as opposed to decades provided we think anew and act anew to conceive, design, engineer and building our enterprises to accommodate the inevitable evolutionary unfolding change of the future expressed in technological advances in electronic devices, appliances, equipment and components and in mechanical/electrical equipment. Because buildings were not conceived, designed, engineered or built to accommodate evolutionary unfolding change, hundreds of recent technological innovations, in the last 120 years or so, have largely contributed to making buildings obsolete, such as the following, to mention a few of the most prominent technological advances:

[0004] Inside plumbing—water and waste

[0005] Electrical motor power and lighting

[0006] Automobile

[0007] Telephone

[0008] Television

[0009] Computers and integrated circuits

[0010] Refrigeration and airconditioning

[0011] Gas- and oil-fired heating

[0012] All of these fortuitous inventions could have been readily accommodated within the past 120 years had there been available the 100 percent accessible interstitial accommodation matrices of ceilings, walls, partitions, columns and floors through the accessible membrane barriers of my invention.

[0013] Inadequate constructive thinking has also caused inadequacy of conception and commitment to quality of life, causing premature discarding of buildings to landfill by failing to plan for building recycling or disassembly. Admittedly, irrational and illogical zoning, land use, and building codes, along with ecological and environmental ignorance and selfish thinking have contributed to the creation of many of mankind's environmental crises in landfill, insufficient and finite strategic resources, global warming, and destruction of the built-in natural protective barriers, such as, the earth's rain forests, water resources, and the ozone layer.

[0014] The teachings of this invention specifically address certain of the major environmental strategic resource challenges.

[0015] As technological advances have been made over the past 120 years, conventional buildings have been conceived as structural systems into which we place people, equipment and machines to produce products or services or to live. My invention provides interstitial accommodation matrices and an evolutionary interactive enterprise computer and network matrix wherein people, transceivers, transducers, electronic devices, storage devices, and machines interface and interact to produce those products and services, with an interstitial multinetgridometry matrix synergistically serving the primary purpose of creating the enterprise and the evolutionary accommodation purpose of enabling the depth and breadth of the structural system to accommodate an alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry which permits every floor, wall, partition, column or ceiling within the enterprise to be an active part of the computer and network matrix.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0016] In the light of the physical vehicular traffic gridlock, communications gridlock, and computer gridlock occurring at the end of the 20th Century at a time of great innovation, creativity, technological advances, and competitiveness among industrialized nations and emerging nations, and in the light of the nation's running out of landfill options, necessity demands thinking anew, acting anew.

[0017] The first steps in thinking anew and acting anew are to conceive, design, engineer, build and use the capabilities of a Pentium-based Laptop Mobile Commuter or a Pentium-based Pro or greater workstation connected to a power grid and local area network which merges, in our perception as well as in actuality, the COMMUNICATION and the COMPUTER capabilities into a single integrated whole—a COMMUTER. The Interstitial Space Commuter of my invention is disposed in the interactive interstitial space as function dictates at any modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site. The Occupied Space Commuter of my invention comprises a Personal Mobile Commuter in miniaturized form to fit in the palm of the hand (60 mm×100 mm×10-15 mm thick), a lightweight Laptop Mobile Commuter, a Desk Top Commuter, and a Work Station Commuter. The use of an advanced generation of interactive Commuter with integrated interactive video would be a move towards reducing traffic gridlock by making interactive Commuters a preferred alternate choice to travel in many instances.

[0018] The inevitable should be recognized that outside of specialized and sophisticated applications of computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, scientific work, manufacturing, guidance systems, avionics, and the like, computers, as used by the vast majority of people in unspecialized and unsophisticated functions of word processing, spreadsheet, business graphics, marketing and recordkeeping in sales, and general office applications which do very little “computing”, are more useful as communications appliances with computing capabilities when loaded with the right software for the operating system, forming a Commuter appliance of choice and convenience for reducing in part vehicular gridlock, communications gridlock, and computer gridlock. The telephone and computer, in the vast majority of uses, are invariably becoming one appliance in hardware, software and use. The “computer telephony” functions of e-mail or voice mail, facsimile messaging, scanning, copying, printing, filing retrieval, networking, and the like, under powerful WINDOWS 95, a trademark of Microsoft, or higher operating system and other operating systems will cause and have caused the emergence of a common appliance—the Commuter—in various sizes, forms, and functions.

[0019] A few minutes, a few hours, a few days, a few weeks, or at most a few months from now, some solution, some component, device, appliance, equipment, processor, microchip or board which were thought to be viable will become outdated. The global dynamic, creative, inventive, entrepreneurial, competitive spirit will cause and has caused users to devise new strategies requiring the updating of some component, device, appliance, equipment, processor, microchip or board or their reconfiguring out of a competitive necessity and changed circumstances, which is the mother and father of my invention.

[0020] To grow and prosper, to compete, to exist, to survive, and to stay in the game, you have to flexibly accommodate the future while accommodating both the present and the past, which thereby makes necessary my invention.

[0021] My invention is about accommodating change, about accommodating evolutionary unfolding change, and about accommodating the certainty of evolutionary change within the enterprise occupied spaces and the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0022] My invention comprises an innovative structural interstitial architectural matrix, an innovative structural interstitial accommodation matrix, innovative ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices for naturally accommodating this minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day change within the enterprise's occupied spaces and within the enterprise's interactive interstitial spaces.

[0023] My invention is a structural architectural and building system creating a structural interstitial architectural matrix encapsulating the occupied space to form an enterprise architectural system comprising the following:

[0024] (1) An interstitial accommodation matrix within the structural interstitial architectural matrix having a core barrier and accommodating conductors, components, devices, appliances, and equipment within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix.

[0025] (2) Floor longitudinal and transverse interstitial accommodation matrices above the primary core barrier, which interstitial accommodation matrices accommodate conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment.

[0026] (3) Ceiling longitudinal and transverse interstitial accommodation matrices below the primary core barrier, which interstitial accommodation matrices accommodate conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment.

[0027] (4) A floor accessible membrane barrier of removable, reconfigurable and recyclable floor modular-accessible-matrix-units disposed over channel structural interstitial accommodation matrices comprising the primary core barrier to provide a flat working surface over the channels and grooves forming the structural interstitial accommodation matrix while providing 100 percent accessibility and at least one secondary fire-ratable accessible protective barrier to the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0028] (5) A ceiling accessible membrane barrier of removable, reconfigurable, recyclable and preferably hinged ceiling modular-accessible-matrix-units disposed below the primary core barrier to provide an optional acoustical absorptive layer or sound-reflective barrier, forming modular accessible node sites and sites for accommodating lighting fixtures, sound speakers, controls, sensors, detectors, sprinkler heads, and the like while providing 100 percent accessibility and at least one secondary fire-ratable accessible protective barrier to protect the conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment disposed within the structural longitudinal and transverse interstitial accommodation matrix. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier may be supported on any type of conventional lay-in grid or on the proprietary lay-in grid of my U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091. A preferred embodiment of this invention is to have the ceiling accessible membrane barrier downwardly hinged, characteristic of the disclosure of this invention or to have at least 25 percent of the units downwardly hinged.

[0029] (6) A wall accessible membrane barrier of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable wall modular-accessible-matrix-units disposed over at least one side of the vertical structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix integrally fastened to the wall primary core barrier to provide a finished vertical surface on opposing sides of the wall primary core barrier while providing 100 percent accessibility to the wall interstitial accommodation matrix while providing at least one secondary fire-ratable accessible protective barrier to protect the conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0030] (7) A partition accessible membrane barrier of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable partition modular-accessible-matrix-units disposed over both sides of the vertical structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix integrally fastened to the partition primary core barrier to provide a finished vertical surface on opposing sides of the partition primary core barrier while providing 100 percent accessibility to the partition interstitial accommodation matrix while providing at least one secondary fire-ratable accessible protective barrier to protect the conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0031] (8) A column accessible membrane barrier of removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable column modular-accessible-matrix-units disposed over two or more sides of the vertical structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix integrally fastened to the column primary core barrier to provide a finished vertical surface on opposing sides of the column primary core barrier while providing 100 percent accessibility to the column interstitial accommodation matrix while providing at least one secondary fire-ratable accessible protective barrier to protect the conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0032] (9) Occupied spaces encapsulated by at least two of the accessible ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of this invention.

[0033] (10) Occupied spaces encapsulated by two or more fire primary core barriers having interstitial accommodation matrices disposed on opposing sides of the fire primary core barriers.

[0034] (11) Occupied spaces encapsulated by two or more accessible membrane barriers which provide at least one secondary fire-ratable accessible protective barriers to protect the conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0035] (12) The Interstitial Space Commuter disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrix Permits the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry to be interactively controlled by any of the Occupied Space Commuters.

[0036] (13) Every tile, plank, strip or panel forming the accessible membrane barrier of my invention is a modular-accessible-matrix site or a modular accessible node site for an Interstitial Space Commuter disposed within a ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor interstitial accommodation matrix, while also providing access to the interstitial multinetgridometry matrix disposed within the enterprise's interstitial structural, architectural and accommodation matrices disposed on opposing sides of the primary core barrier.

[0037] Disposing the accessible membrane barrier by the teachings of my invention over every ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor surface of the enterprise provides the enterprise with an evolutionary migration path for

[0038] (1) 100 percent accessibility to the interstitial architectural matrix of every ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor and the structural interstitial accommodation matrix of the enterprise without penetration of the primary core barrier by unimpeded communication between the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrix

[0039] (2) 100 percent migration path to relocate, recycle, reconfigure every modular-accessible-tile, strip, plank or panel into a new or relocated or reconfigured or recycled modular accessible node site

[0040] (3) 100 percent evolutionary migration path for relocatability, recyclability, and reconfigurability for modular scalable upgrading of Commuter switches, routers, bridges, servers, microchips, boards, devices, appliances, and equipment disposed in the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor interstitial accommodation matrix or the structural interstitial accommodation matrix or within the enterprise's occupied space.

[0041] (4) 100 percent evolutionary migration path for relocatability, recyclability, and reconfigurability for modular scalable upgrading of Interstitial Space Commuters, Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters, Occupied Space Commuters, Bridge Router Occupied Space Commuters, numerical control equipment, and numerical control machinery.

[0042] In my invention, every modular-accessible-matrix site and modular accessible node site may be configured, reconfigured, relocated, recycled or abandoned so that the enterprise's users can interact, wired or wirelessly, with any modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site by any one or all of the following means.

[0043] In the known art, conventional computers have increasingly enhanced communications capabilities by such devices as fax/modems and conventional networks.

[0044] My invention emphasizes the symbiotic relationship existing between the equipment in the interactive interstitial spaces and the people and equipment in the occupied spaces. Thus, people within the enterprise interact with each other, wired or wirelessly, by using Interstitial Space Commuters and the Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters and by being coupled to the Interstitial Space Commuters through the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites. Generally, all modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites are interconnected with each other through the conductors, devices, components, appliances and equipment disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0045] By the teachings of my invention, moving most, if not all, Commuter, communications, and computer components from the desktop and minitower in the occupied space into the interactive interstitial space requires the accommodation of the individual components in racks within the interstitial accommodation matrix. One of the principal objects of my invention is to eliminate the “spaghetti” into and out of the individual Desk Top Commuter or the individual Work Station Commuter. A minimum of 3 to 6 conductors is currently used to support the current individual Desk Top Computer or the individual Workstation Computer and peripherals required in industry, commerce, educational and financial institutions, and government. Of course, some workstations require many more conductors for specialized applications.

[0046] By the teachings of my invention, every modular-accessible-matrix site and modular accessible node site can be designed, engineered, and configured to have minimal Commuter capabilities interconnected with all other modular accessible node sites in the enterprise or at the very least to every Interstitial Space Commuter at the team-based local area network sites. For example:

[0047] (1) Every team-based Commuter, modular-accessible-matrix site, modular accessible node site, local area network site, and every enterprise Commuter network site provides multiplatform backup to every other Commuter modular accessible node site as well as to any of the Commuter networking as described in this disclosure.

[0048] (2) Every team-based Commuter modular-accessible-matrix site, modular accessible node site, local area network site, and every enterprise Commuter network can be interconnected to provide super Commuter capabilities for super Commuter parallel processing tailored on a priority need basis during off-peak hours or during peak daytime Commutering by all personnel in the enterprise, as further described in the Disclosure Of This Invention.

[0049] By the teachings of my invention, the Interstitial Space Commuter is disposed within the interactive interstitial space which is separated from the occupied space by the accessible membrane barrier. The Interstitial Space Commuter is functionally positioned at multiple functionally selected modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites determined by the enterprise users' changing wants and needs.

[0050] By the teachings of my invention, the interface between the occupied space and the interactive interstitial space is the accessible membrane barrier which allows the building users to initially select the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sides and then later to reconfigure, relocate, recycle or upgrade any or all of the accessible membrane barriers or the components within the interactive interstitial space to accommodate evolutionary unfolding change within the occupied space, the interactive interstitial space or the accessible membrane barrier.

[0051] Within the teachings of my invention, the Interstitial Space Commuter is an integration of at least the following Commuter components at all selected modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites, comprising one or more combinations of the following:

[0052] (1) Interstitial Space Commuter devices, such as, printed circuit boards, cards, microprocessors, microchips, and the like

[0053] (2) Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters

[0054] (3) Interstitial servers

[0055] (4) Interstitial switches

[0056] (5) Interstitial hubs

[0057] (6) Interstitial routers

[0058] (7) Interstitial bridges

[0059] (8) Interstitial mass storage

[0060] (9) Interstitial sensors

[0061] (10) Interstitial controls

[0062] (11) Interstitial starters

[0063] (12) Interstitial printers

[0064] (13) Interstitial evolutionary appliances

[0065] Within the teachings of my invention, the Occupied Space Commuter comprises the following:

[0066] (1) Personal Mobile Commuter

[0067] (2) Laptop Mobile Commuter

[0068] (3) Desk Top Commuter

[0069] (4) Work Station Commuter

[0070] (5) Desk Top Video Commuter Conferencing

[0071] (6) Work Station Video Commuter Conferencing with document viewing and transmission

[0072] (9) Conference Room Video Commuter Conferencing

[0073] (10) Numerical Control Video Commuter Conferencing

[0074] (11) Vehicle Commuter

[0075] (12) Transportation Commuter

[0076] (13) Campus Commuter

[0077] (14) Home Commuter

[0078] (15) Bridge Router Occupied Space Commuter

[0079] Within the teachings of my invention, the Occupied Space Commuter located within the occupied space of the enterprise also comprises the following wired or wireless access Commuter devices for communicating with the interactive Interstitial Space Commuter through the selected modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites:

[0080] (1) Telephone

[0081] (2) Keyboard and flat screen monitor

[0082] (3) Keyboard with transceiver/transducer and flat screen monitor

[0083] (4) Mouse and flat screen monitor

[0084] (5) Mouse with transceiver/transducer and flat screen monitor

[0085] (6) Mouse digitizer and flat screen monitor

[0086] (7) Mouse digitizer with transceiver/transducer and flat screen monitor

[0087] (8) Touch screen

[0088] (9) Touch screen with transceiver/transducer

[0089] Any one of the above devices may be designed, engineered, and manufactured to interactively communicate with the Interstitial Space Commuter, Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuter, Occupied Space Commuter, and Bridge Router Occupied Space Commuter.

[0090] My invention is about thinking anew and viewing anew the commonality of what communications, computers, architecture, and structure have been and what they have become or are about to become when viewed from a 21st Century perspective of being a synthesized whole inherently having a oneness and community of purpose and functioning, as follows:

[0091] (1) First, broadening and merging the definition of computers and communications into their commonality of being Commuters, appliances so highly functional in communication that their vast computational power is servant to elevated levels as Commuter devices as alternatives to travel.

[0092] (2) Second, broadening and merging the definition of architecture, structure, and Commuter by producing an occupied space encapsulated with removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable accessible membrane barrier to accommodate in interfacing Occupied Space Commuters in the occupied space with Interstitial Space Commuters in the interactive interstitial space. Thus, the Commuters are the architecture of the enterprise as much as the architecture of the enterprise is the Commuters for interactive interfacing and facilitation of communications, work, production, and the arts.

[0093] In analyzing the total life cycle cost over the 50-year life of an enterprise, the greatest cost is not that of building the building. Of the total life cycle cost of an enterprise, from 92 to 96 percent is assignable to paying for salaries and equipment costs, while only 8 to 4 percent is assignable to the building first cost, maintenance, and operating costs. Thus, people and advanced Commuters, machines and equipment are the greatest expense. In a preferred embodiment of my invention, individual workers are coupled by broadband fiber optic cable or by superconductors with their neighbors or team members through their Interstitial Space Commuters, Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters, Occupied Space Commuters and Bridge Router Occupied Space Commuters, which have 100 percent accessibility for upgrading, recycling, reconfiguring, and relocating to accommodate the certainty of evolutionary unfolding change. In the alternative, within the teachings of my invention, team members may be linked by a central server and bridges or routers within the interstitial space.

[0094] By the team-based Commuter linkage of my invention, each modular-accessible-matrix site and/or modular accessible node site provides removable, reconfigurable, and recyclable modular accessible nodes to permit any user at any time to establish new communication links by relocating the modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible nodes connected to the Interstitial Space Commuter and Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuter disposed within the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor interstitial accommodation matrices which provide the enabling means for accommodating networks, local area networks, webs, competing generic webs and networks, whether public, private or spontaneously created by the users, file servers, switches, bridges, and routers. A hierarchy of networks is established, beginning with the team network and expanding into local area networks, the enterprise network, campus network, and regional network.

[0095] By such devices as automated telecommunications cross-connect switching and software, wired or wireless automated management of the conductors, devices, and equipment within the interactive interstitial spaces may be controlled and reconfigured from the occupied spaces by the various Occupied Space Commuters communicating with the Interstitial Space Commuters and Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters within the teachings of my invention.

[0096] A hand-held Personal Mobile Commuter or a Laptop Mobile Commuter or a Desk Top Commuter or a Work Station Commuter interacts either wirelessly or wired through removable, reconfigurable and recyclable Commuter modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites, wired removable, reconfigurable and recyclable Commuter modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites, and combination wireless and wired removable, reconfigurable and recyclable Commuter modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites located in the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor accessible membrane barriers throughout the occupied spaces of the enterprise.

[0097] The Personal Mobile Commuter, with the equivalent power I claim within the teachings of my invention, becomes possible by placing the equivalent of the Laptop Mobile Commuter disclosed herein, being an advanced Laptop Mobile Commuter and modem for wireless or wired interaction over microdistances through modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites with the Interstitial Space Commuter, in the interactive interstitial space at any selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site with power supplied not by batteries but by connectivity to the power grid. Designing the Personal Mobile Commuter, approximately 50 mm by 100 mm (2 inches by 4 inches) in size, to be an advanced micro range (2 meters to 8 meters-5 to 25 feet) mobile phone that interactively communicates with the Interstitial Space Commuter within the interactive interstitial space through the selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site, wired or wirelessly, by an international cooperatively selected spectrum frequency for interactive communication over such a micro range. The beneficial usefulness of my invention of micro-ranged Personal Mobile Commuters is greatly enhanced by also placing this equivalent of a Laptop Mobile Commuter as the Interstitial Space Commuter at each selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site within the enterprise and at supplementary stations within the vehicle, truck, home, campus, hotel, restaurant, commercial airline, and the like, wherein the use of the equivalent power and capabilities of, for example, a Laptop Mobile Commuter is accessible at each of these supplementary stations as well as behind each selected modular-accessible-matrix site and modular accessible node site within the enterprise.

[0098] Within the teachings of my invention, the Personal Mobile Commuter hardware and software may be marketed as a basic multiple Interstitial Space Commuter, including one or more units for the selected modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites at the user's workplace, one unit for the user's vehicle, and one or more units for the user's home, any one of which is interactively controllable by the Personal Mobile Commuter without the weight, size, and amp/volt battery requirements of the example of the equivalent of an advanced Laptop Mobile Commuter, powered by being connected to the power grid while allowing mobility of the wireless Personal Mobile Commuter to communicate with the Interstitial Space Commuter at the supplementary stations.

[0099] The mobility of the Personal Mobile Commuter as a glorified interactive wireless phone interfaced over a very short distance with the selected modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites in the workplace or at the supplementary stations comprising the Vehicle Commuter Station, the Transportation Commuter Station, the Campus Commuter Stations, and the Home Commuter Station, materially reduces by several magnitudes the battery requirements of mobile interactive computing and communications based on the power of at least an advanced 586 Pentium processor.

[0100] Within the teachings of my invention, it is obvious that the Personal Mobile Commuter may be engineered as either an analog or a digital device for use at an internationally agreed to frequency of the spectrum.

[0101] By the teachings of my invention, communication from the occupied space to the interactive interstitial space through modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites may be achieved at any frequency in the spectrum. The practical preferred frequency for communication from the Occupied Space Commuters and Interstitial Space Commuters is from 59 Ghz and above. These frequencies at the higher end of the spectrum are preferred because of their availability, being far less used than the overcrowded lower frequencies of, for example, less than 1 Ghz to 28 Ghz, the frequencies used for television, cellular phones, direct-broadcast satellite television, and network connections for iridium satellite phones. The disadvantages of the higher frequencies, such as, the absorption of signals by oxygen and consequent limiting of transmissions to a few hundred meters (feet), do not affect the communication between the Occupied Space Commuters and the Interstitial Space Commuters. Moreover, at these higher frequencies, narrow, focused beams can be generated which can be aimed precisely at a targeted receiver in the Interstitial Space Commuter in the ceiling, walls or floors.

[0102] The Laptop Mobile Commuter of the teachings of my invention is, for example, generally an advanced Laptop Commuter based on a 586 Pentium or greater processor with an integral modem for wireless communication with the office, corporate headquarters, manufacturing, warehousing, vehicle, and home stations.

[0103] The focused transmission microdistances between the Personal Mobile Commuter and the modular accessible node site may be

1 to 2 meters Office desktop to suspended ceiling interstitial
(3 to 6 feet) accommodation matrix
1 to 5 meters Office wall or ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix
(3 to 16 feet)
1 to 10 meters Exterior spaces and larger buildings, small manufacturing
(3 to 30 feet) plants, and warehouses
1 to 25 meters (For special situations justifying greater ranges within
(3 to 80 feet) high-(ceilinged warehouses, manufacturing facilities and
homes
1 to 50 meters (with only one modular accessible node site and for
(3 to 160 feet) (campuses or enterprises where modular accessible node
sites
1 to 100 meters (are not, say, on a spacing of 2 to 5 meters (6 to 16 feet)
(3 to 300 feet) as (is most likely in offices, etc., with reduced battery life
(between charges at the greater distances

[0104] while providing totally untethered robust roving communications throughout the enterprise and the supplementary stations in the vehicle, campus, and home, and between the enterprise, vehicle, campus and home. It is fundamental that greater transmission distances in general increase the size and weight of the batteries and reduce the battery life.

[0105] The Campus Commuter Station would function at a college or university, an institution, an industrial or manufacturing complex, a local, state and national government department or agency, a commercial enterprise, such as, a shopping center, and the like, by having the equivalent of modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites and Interstitial Space Commuters or Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters installed on the exterior of the building, tower, light standards, trees, or the like.

[0106] A Vehicle Commuter Station would function in a sedan, sports car, van, light truck, and the like. A Transportation Commuter Station would function in a medium size delivery truck, a large size delivery truck, a heavy-duty large truck, an 18-wheel semi-trailer, a bus, a passenger train, a freight train, an airplane, and the like.

[0107] There are material benefits from the teaching of my invention of placing the substantial capabilities of a 586 Pentium-based Laptop Mobile Commuter at each selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site or at the supplementary stations and using a focused minimum microdistance between the Personal Mobile Commuter and the modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site, to varying degrees, such as:

[0108] Materially reducing volt/amp requirements and thereby extending battery life

[0109] Materially reducing the weight and size of the Commuter

[0110] Materially maximizing quality of transmission without having to use multiple channels or reduction in number of channels

[0111] Increasing security

[0112] Eliminating an overloaded spectrum at the lower frequencies

[0113] Providing minimum potential health risks to people in contact with the overloaded spectrum or in proximity thereto

[0114] The enterprise would have a multitude of modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites of any type disposed in the floor, wall, partition, column and ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix or disposed within a desktop or workstation, equipment or machine for use in office, institutional, military, educational, warehouse, manufacturing, transportation, communication, and commercial enterprises. The spacing between modular accessible node sites most often would be 2 to 5 meters (6 to 16 feet) in offices and like situations requiring the advanced interactive computing and communications capabilities of the 21st Century through Commuters.

[0115] All modular accessible node sites within the floor, wall, partition, column and ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix of the enterprise, upon selection of a modular accessible node site, would be interconnected into 2 or 3 dimensional matrices of diagonally interfaced and interconnected reconfigurable connectivity pathways forming an enterprise network providing the following:

Local area networks International networks
Campus networks Wireless communications
Regional networks Satellite communications
National networks Information highway connectivity
Modem networks Equipment - connected and wireless
Facsimile networks Machinery - connected and wireless
World Wide Web networks Superconductor networks

[0116] Within the teachings of my invention, the connectivity pathways within the interstitial space may be configured in two-dimensional grids, three-dimensional grids, diagonal crosswise two-dimensional grids, diagonal crosswise three-dimensional grids, two-dimensional star grids, three-dimensional star grids, two-dimensional ring grids, three-dimensional ring grids, and the like. The various grid configurations may be self-contained. The grid configurations may be disposed in layers, which layers may be interconnected to form grids of greater vertical depth. The grid configurations may also be linked and interconnected horizontally. The grid configurations may, of course, permit the linking of the enterprise to other enterprises—local, regional, national, and global.

[0117] In all applications, modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites external to the enterprise may be augmented by supplementary stations, such as the Vehicle Commuter Station, Transportation Commuter Station, Campus Commuter Station, and Home Commuter Station, each having a processor with the power and capability equal to or exceeding that of a Pentium or a PowerPC processor to provide the substantive processing, RAM and storage capabilities necessary to provide the optimum user friendliness of fully functional Personal Mobile Commuters sustained by multiple Occupied Space Commuters or Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices connected to the power grid, all subject to interactive communication by the Personal Mobile Commuter or Laptop Mobile Commuter.

[0118] Since a principal objective of this invention is to extend the life of existing buildings and to efficiently maintain structures and subcomponents, the modular accessible nodes and modular-accessible-matrix-units in the ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor accessible membrane barriers on opposing sides of a primary core barrier forming a fire barrier provide accessibility and upgradability of Interstitial Space Commuters and other electronic systems, electrical, and mechanical systems over generations, rather than decades to materially reduce finite landfill sites and materially reduce travel gridlock by making Desk Top Video Commuter Conferencing, Work Station Video Commuter Conferencing, Conference Room Video Commuter Conferencing, and Numerical Control Video Commuter Conferencing a preferred mode for interactive communication.

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

[0119] To more simply and directly convey in part what my invention is about, I have developed the following terms to better explain and better define and better communicate my invention:

[0120] (1) Enterprise: The Enterprise comprises any type of workplace—office, manufacturing or assembly plant or scientific, governmental, educational or cultural institution—having a plurality of modular accessible node sites, comprising one or more spaces or rooms forming a building or a plurality of spaces or rooms on one or more levels; a building or part of a building, two or more buildings or a national or international network of buildings linked together.

[0121] In my invention, the Enterprise is comprised of spaces occupied by users, equipment, machinery and furnishings for working, recreation, communications, interaction and living and is encapsulated with interstitial accommodation matrices in two or more surfaces.

[0122] By broadening and defining what the Enterprise is, new ideas are brought about for accommodating evolutionary change with a synthesis of Commuters, Personal Mobile Commuters, multinetgridometry, interstitial accommodation matrices, structural interstitial accommodation matrices, and interstitial architectural matrices.

[0123] The Enterprise is comprised of interstitial space, occupied space, and supplementary stations.

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS FOR INTERSTITIAL SPACE

[0124] (2) Interstitial Architectural Matrix: Creating the enterprise by encapsulating occupied spaces within the enterprise with interstitial accommodation matrices enabling the structural floor/ceiling slab system and structural wall, partition and column system to accommodate an Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry, defined in ¶ (6) below, which permits every structural load-bearing or non-load-bearing ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor within the enterprise to be an interstitial accommodation matrix accommodating Commuter networks.

[0125] (3) Interstitial Accommodation Matrix: Creating interstitial spaces within each ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor encapsulating an occupied space, whereby the interstitial spaces are 100 percent accessible from the occupied space and are open to each other to permit conductors to pass from ceiling to wall to partition to column to floor without obstruction—there are a number of additional natural variations of this concept. Interstitial areas are encapsulated and defined by the subsystems comprised of plinths, channels, low Δt channels, flexible foam, and the like, allowing the enterprise by its building to accommodate evolutionary unfolding technological change to allow the enterprise users to interact intelligently at higher levels with the people, robots, equipment, and machines in the occupied spaces of the enterprise since the interstitial accommodation matrix converts the entire enterprise into an alterable, upgradable, and reconfigurable interactive Commuter network.

[0126] (4) Structural Interstitial Accommodation Matrix: Signifies an interstitial accommodation matrix located within the breadth and depth of the structure within the ceilings and floors.

[0127] (5) Multinetgridometry for Multiple Network Grid Geometry

[0128] (6) Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry: A wall, partition, column or floor/ceiling system which is used throughout an enterprise, comprising the following:

[0129] A primary core barrier, having two opposed Modular-Accessible-Unit faces spaced apart from the primary core barrier to form an alterable Interstitial Accommodation Matrix disposed on one or more opposed sides of the primary core barrier, forming an Interstitial Accommodation Matrix between the opposed outer face of the primary core barrier and inner faces of the Modular-Accessible-Units

[0130] The primary core barrier being a non-penetrated privacy and support barrier for creating an enterprise space having an Interstitial Accommodation Matrix for accommodating one or more network systems or a backbone network system or an enterprise Commuter system accessed electronically from within the occupied enterprise spaces by those having the proper access codes required to activate and configure the system in conformance with the programmed artificial intelligence of the system

[0131] Also definable as an Enterprise Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry

[0132] (7) Commuter: The Commuter of this invention merges COMMUNICATIONS and COMPUTER into a common appliance for accessing the computer and communications functions of an enterprise architectural system disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrix of a structural architectural and building system of this invention, disposed behind the accessible membrane barrier of modular-accessible-matrix-units of the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor of the enterprise.

[0133] (8) Interstitial Space Commuter: A Commuting device similar to a Laptop Mobile Commuter with a modem, based on a 586 Pentium processor or greater operating at a clock speed of 75 MHz or greater, and enhanced with components to provide the functions of micro resident switching, hub, bridging or routing capabilities at each modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site to work with the enterprise 2-D or 3-D interlaced architecture of the enterprise conductor matrix and to allow functioning through any selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node sites—having a transceiver/transducer modem for functioning as a multi-channel wireless phone station, a multi-channel Personal Mobile Commuter having optional wired connectivity—located within the interactive interstitial space of the interstitial accommodation matrix behind the accessible membrane barrier of the enterprise-accessed from the occupied space through modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites by means of the Personal Mobile Commuter, Laptop Mobile Commuter, Desk Top Commuter, and Work Station Commuter and having its own resident disk storage, RAM, DRAM, and power system.

[0134] (9) Interstitial Architectural Multinetgridometry: Signifying a combination of multiple networks of conductors, components, devices, appliances and equipment disposed in a grid geometry throughout the interstitial accommodation matrices and the structural interstitial accommodation matrices of one or more enterprises, accessed by means of digital telephones, digital computers, Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, Work Station Commuters, roving multimodal interactive digital equipment and machinery, roving multimodal empowerment, and multimedia devices

[0135] (10) Modular-Accessible-Units: Generic term including Modular-Accessible-Matrix-Units, Modular-Accessible-Tiles, Modular-Accessible-Planks, and Modular-Accessible-Pavers of my previous inventions and included in my U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091

[0136] Freely interchangeable units arranged in a discretely selected replicative pattern layout

[0137] Any polygonal shape

[0138] A top wearing layer or exposed-to-view surface of ceramic, stone, wood, cementitious concrete, polymer concrete, rubber, vinyl, composition, vitreous, plastic, acrylic, concrete, metal, and the like

[0139] May beneficially have a bottom tension reinforcement plate affixed to the top wearing layer or exposed-to-view surface to enhance load-bearing capacity

[0140] May have one or more foam layers affixed to the bottom of the tension reinforced plate or placed between the top wearing layer and the bottom tension reinforcement plate

[0141] Provide an accessible membrane barrier, composed of tile, strip, plank, and panel shapes, into which modular accessible node sites are disposed

[0142] (11) Modular-Accessible-Matrix-Units: Modular-Accessible-Units positioned in the accessible membrane barrier to define the alterable Interstitial Accommodation Matrix for accommodating one or more potential modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites within the interstitial accommodation matrix as well as accommodating one or more layers of electronic and electrical devices, conductors and connectors, including processors, circuit boards, computer chips, transceivers, transducers, hubs, servers, routers, bridges, switches, breakers, storage devices, integrated systems data networks, local area networks, wide area networks, broad band fiber optic networks, support devices, configuring devices, positioning means, conductors and connectors, including any type of fluid, gas, power, analog, and digital conductor for voice, data and video, and flexible circuits and connectors fitting around and/or supported by plinths or fitting between the low Δt tubing or low Δt channels encapsulating the low Δt tubing. Each modular-accessible-matrix-unit is a potential node site for access to the Interstitial Space Commuter and the conductors, devices, components, appliances, and equipment within the interstitial accommodation matrices of the enterprise. The modular-accessible-matrix-units have shapes of tiles, planks, strips or panels.

[0143] (12) Modular-Accessible-Matrix Sites: The space within the interstitial accommodation matrix located directly behind each modular-accessible-matrix-unit, in which may be disposed an Interstitial Space Commuter and any of the conductors, devices components, appliances and equipment described in ¶ (11) above. Modular-accessible-matrix sites may have capabilities for phone answering with any of the following capabilities:

[0144] Internal e-mail system

[0145] Voice-mail boxes for incoming messages from outside the enterprise

[0146] Resident ultramicro switch, hub, bridge or router capabilities at each modular-accessible-matrix site provide the enabling means for dynamically managing the enterprise, individual modular-accessible-matrix sites for small, medium, large or massively large parallel processing through the use of hundreds or thousands of enterprise modular-accessible-matrix sites as required during any of the variety of circumstances of use.

[0147] (13) Modular Accessible Nodes: An access point in the accessible membrane barrier of the ceilings, walls, partitions, columns or floors of my invention into the interstitial spaces behind the accessible membrane barrier—generally covered by a small modular-accessible-unit or MAN cover plate. Modular accessible nodes are disclosed and claimed in my U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091.

[0148] (14) Modular Accessible Node Sites: The space within the interstitial accommodation matrix located directly behind each modular accessible node, in which may be disposed an Interstitial Space Commuter and any of the conductors, devices components, appliances and equipment described in ¶ (11) above.

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS FOR OCCUPIED SPACE

[0149] (15) Personal Mobile Commuter: An interactive, voice-activated or gesture-activated or key-operated or pen-operated, two-way communication device comprising various configurations, including a wireless or wired telephonic device, a phone monitoring display (cordless phone with monitoring display and slots for supporting PCMCIA cards), phone touch pad, phone pocket card, phone wrist band, and the like, for interactive coupling with the Interstitial Space Commuter to place the capabilities of the Interstitial Space Commuter in the hands or on the wrist with a device the size of a credit card, approximately 50 mm by 100 mm by 10-15 mm (2 by 4 by ⅜-⅝ inches).

[0150] (16) Laptop Mobile Commuter: A mobile Commuting device having the capacity of a 586 Pentium processor or greater, which communicates, wired or wirelessly, with the Interstitial Space Commuter within the interstitial space of the interstitial accommodation matrix located behind the accessible membrane barrier—generally equipped with a hinged flat screen monitor or touch screen, a transceiver/transducer, and one or more wired or wireless input devices, such as, a keyboard, mouse, mouse digitizer, and the like.

[0151] (17) Desk Top Commuter: A Commuting device, with or without minitower, residing in the occupied space of the enterprise, which communicates, wired or wirelessly, with the Interstitial Space Commuter within the interactive interstitial space of the interstitial accommodation matrix located behind the accessible membrane barrier—generally has the capacity of a 586 Pentium processor or greater, a flat screen monitor or touch screen, a transceiver/transducer, and one or more wired or wireless input devices, such as, a keyboard, mouse, mouse digitizer, and the like—may provide a docking station for Laptop Mobile Commuters or Personal Mobile Commuters

[0152] (18) Work Station Commuter: A Commuting device residing in the occupied space of the enterprise, having a Pentium-based Pro or greater processor, which functions similarly to the Desk Top Commuter, with one or more flat screen monitors or touch screens, a transceiver/transducer, and one or more wired or wireless input devices, such as, a keyboard, mouse, mouse digitizer, touch screen, and the like, and having a minitower or tower configuration for intensive CAD/CAE/CAM (computer-aided drafting, architectural, engineering, manufacturing) and technical publishing—may provide a docking station for Laptop Mobile Commuters or Personal Mobile Commuters.

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY STATIONS

[0153] (19) Home Commuter Stations: Personal Mobile Commuter user's residence, whether single family or multifamily living unit, having one or more Interstitial Space Commuters—provides connectivity to the Internet, World Wide Web, coming HDTV, and National Information Highway—typically containing some type of Personal Mobile Commuter or Laptop Mobile Commuter which user uses in his work

[0154] (20) Vehicle Commuter Station comprises one or more modular-accessible-matrix docking stations for Interstitial Space Commuters in private passenger vehicles, such as, sedans, sportcars, vans and light trucks—capacity of 586 Pentium or greater—provides mobile connectivity to the Internet, World Wide Web, and National Information Highway and an optional Commuter credit/debit card slot—provides docking station for Personal Mobile Commuter and Laptop Mobile Commuter—powered by vehicle battery/generator

[0155] (21) Passenger—Transportation Commuter Station comprises a plurality of Interstitial Space Commuters in passenger/freight transportation vehicles, such as, busses, airplanes, trains, and the like—provides mobile connectivity to the Internet, World Wide Web, and National Information Highway and an optional Commuter credit/debit card slot—powered by vehicle battery/generator

[0156] (22) Freight—Transportation Commuter Station comprises multiple Interstitial Space Commuters in freight vehicles, such as, medium size delivery trucks, large size delivery trucks, heavy duty large trucks, 18-wheel semi-trailers—provides mobile connectivity to the Internet and World Wide Web and an optional Commuter credit/debit card slot—powered by vehicle battery/generator

[0157] (23) Campus Commuter Station comprises multiple integral Interstitial Space Commuters

[0158] deployed throughout the Campus of enterprise buildings to provide mobile connectivity to police or other security force as well as normal user communications in the spaces within the Campus between enterprise buildings as follows:

[0159] On the exterior of buildings

[0160] In large landscaping elements, trees, security lighting standards, etc., and appurtenances surrounding buildings

[0161] In special communications kiosks and posts designed to accommodate Interstitial Space Commuters

OTHER MISCELLANEOUS TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

[0162] (24) Vehicle: Private or public vehicle with one or more interactive Vehicle Commuter Stations

[0163] (25) Campus: The spaces between two or more enterprise buildings, requiring a plurality of Campus Commuter Stations for user communication and for security

[0164] (26) Joints Between Modular Accessible Units:

Tees Inverted tees
Grooved Engagement tee joints
Linear foam insert Elastomeric foam insert
Pressure joints Magnetic joints
Tight butt joints Foam-filled joints
Open joints Sealant-filled joints*
Cast-in-place cementitious linear key joint

[0165] (26) Conductors In The Interstitial Accommodation Matrix:

Twisted pair - unshielded Fiber optic
Twisted pair - shielded Superconductor
Coaxial cable Fluid

[0166] (27) HDTV: High Definition Television as an interactive communication device

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

[0167] By the teachings of this invention, fully accessible ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors create buildings that are continually renewable and technologically upgradable by reconfigurability, accessibility, and recyclability. Rather than buildings being discarded to landfills because of obsolescence in their ability to accept and accommodate technological innovation and advances in mechanical, electrical and electronic systems, such buildings may be renewed over generations or centuries rather than decades, extending their useful lives and fulfilling changing purposes as required to accommodate technological and economic prosperity advances.

[0168] By the teachings of this invention, the resulting building should be viewed as an accommodation matrix by which people communicate and network with each other and with machines through a continuous interstitial accommodation matrix within the ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors, which permits the free passage of conductors from, say, the floor to the walls to the ceiling in one part of the enterprise to the walls, partitions, columns, floors and ceilings in all other parts of the enterprise without the obstructions inherent in existing conventional construction and without penetration of the primary core barrier and also accommodating a plurality of devices, equipment and conductors within the interstitial accommodation matrix. The interstitial accommodation matrix, along with one or two floor, ceiling or wall accessible membrane barriers, form an enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry which accommodates some or all the building's electronic, electrical and mechanical devices, conductors, equipment and the like. A structural interstitial accommodation matrix encapsulated by the structure within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry is sealed off from dust, fluids and fire, thereby protecting the sensitive mechanical, electrical and electronic devices, conductors and equipment housed therein, including the electrical service backbone and power distribution network backbone, and electronic, electrical and fluid conductor networks for the enterprise while using the enterprise ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, floors, and the structure as a very large heat or energy sink for an array of very large Commuter networks.

[0169] Of particular significance environmentally is the enclosure of the internal workings of computers, such as, transceivers, transducers, processors, circuit boards, chips, disk drives, storage devices, bridges, servers, printers, support devices, and the like in the structural interstitial accommodation matrices protected on the face side by the accessible membrane barrier and protected on the back side by the primary core barrier. By the teachings of this invention, these components do not require the usual encasing shell associated with personal computers, workstations and mainframes. Thus, the building or, more specifically, the multinetgridometry built into every ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor becomes the containment of the components making up infinitely alterable, expandable, and reconfigurable computers disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrix, eliminating the need for such equipment in the occupied spaces. Of course, conventional computer equipment may still be housed in the occupied spaces of the enterprise if so desired.

[0170] By the teachings of this invention, an enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry comprises a ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor system which is used throughout an enterprise. The enterprise comprises one or more spaces or rooms forming a building or a plurality of spaces or rooms on one or more levels. The enterprise may be a building or part of a building, a campus of buildings or a national or international network of buildings linked together by all having a multinetgridometry integrally pre-built into every ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor building component to form interstitial accommodation matrices in all ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor building components of the enterprise. The teachings of this invention convert the enterprise into the enclosure of a multiplicity of conventional black boxes which society calls laptop, desktop, workstation, mini and mainframe computers, having interconnectivity by means of a grid multinetgridometry matrix of conductors, devices, and equipment disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrix behind the fully accessible the ceiling, wall, partition, column, or floor system accessible membrane barrier.

[0171] Different levels of enterprise interactive Commuting, communications and computing can be accommodated during prime peak time, prime time, regular time or off regular time, including the following tasks:

[0172] Palm Tasks—by the Personal Mobile Commuter and by palm, pocket or purse commuters

[0173] Micro Tasks—by the Personal Mobile Commuter, Laptop Mobile Commuter and Desk Top Commuter and by personal, laptop or attache computers

[0174] Mini Tasks—by the Personal Mobile Commuter, Laptop Mobile Commuter, Desk Top Commuter and Work Station Commuter and by workstation computers

[0175] Small Tasks—by the Personal Mobile Commuter coupled to the Interstitial Space Commuter, by the Laptop Mobile Commuter, Desk Top Commuter and Work Station Commuter and by personal computers, laptop computers, desktop computers, and workstation computers coupled to the Interstitial Space Commuter

[0176] Intermediate Tasks—by one or more Interstitial Space Commuters or by Work Station Commuters and minicomputers and mainframe computers within the occupied space

[0177] Large Tasks—by parallel processing using multiple Interstitial Space Commuters or by mainframe computers

[0178] Super Tasks—by parallel processing using multiple Interstitial Space Commuters or by supercomputers

[0179] A certain order is established throughout the enterprise by the modular-accessible-matrix-units and the modular accessible nodes in the accessible membrane barriers enclosing the interstitial accommodation matrices surrounding each occupied space. This certain order is established by the numbered elements emphasized in the seven embodiments set forth in the table shown under Seven Groups Of Embodiments Of The Invention at page 96.

[0180] The interstitial features of the preferred embodiments, in some instances, generally consist of the floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120, floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121, structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122 above the primary core barrier, structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123 above the primary core barrier, structural interstitial accommodation matrix 124, structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125 below the primary core barrier, structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126, ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127, ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128, structural interstitial architectural matrix 129, structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130, structural accessible interstitial beam passage 131, structural accessible interstitial column passage 132, and apertures 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix.

[0181] The general features of the preferred embodiments include the floor accessible membrane barrier 140, plinth support system 141 or channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling, primary core barrier 143, secondary core barrier 144, ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145, and at least one modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169.

[0182] Interconnections for all Commuter interaction between one enterprise and another enterprise are made within the interstitial accommodation matrices through the relocatable, reconfigurable, recyclable modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites.

[0183] Interconnections for all Commuter interaction between one modular-accessible-matrix site and another modular-accessible-matrix site and between one modular accessible node site and another modular accessible node site are made within the interstitial accommodation matrices through the relocatable, reconfigurable, recyclable modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites.

[0184] Interconnections for all Commuter interaction between any enterprise modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site and supplementary stations are made within the interstitial accommodation matrices through the relocatable, reconfigurable, recyclable modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites.

[0185] Interconnections for all Commuter interaction between stations in a local area network are made within the interstitial accommodation matrices through the relocatable, reconfigurable, recyclable modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites.

[0186] Interconnections for all Commuter interaction with World Wide Web networks are made within the interstitial accommodation matrices through the relocatable, reconfigurable, recyclable modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites.

[0187] Interconnections for all Commuter interaction with power grid are made within the interstitial accommodation matrices through the relocatable, reconfigurable, recyclable modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites.

[0188] Switching and routing of voice, data, video and power, which has been moved from the central office to the wiring closets within the occupied spaces of existing enterprises, by the teachings of my invention is moved to the interstitial spaces of the enterprise of my invention. By the teachings of my invention, the wiring closet can be materially reduced in size or virtually eliminated. Therefore, substantial portions of a floor or even one or more floors of a building can be released to be used as productive occupied spaces by providing all switching and networking distributed throughout the floor interstitial accommodation matrix, the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix, or the structural interstitial architectural matrix as described in the disclosure of my invention.

[0189] All conductors are run and interconnections are made within the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor interstitial accommodation matrices to the Interstitial Space Commuter devices, components, and appliances disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices of the enterprise and are readily accessible behind the modular-accessible-matrix-units forming the accessible membrane barriers of each occupied space.

[0190] Conductors, devices, components, appliances and equipment and the Interstitial Space Commuters of my invention are disposed in the interstitial spaces, fitting modularly between the plinths and supported in many instances by the plinths or channels and/or fitted between the channels housing low Δt heating and cooling tubing.

[0191] By the teachings of my invention, the conductors come out through any of the perimeter boundary joints surrounding the modular accessible tiles, strips or planks of the modular-accessible-matrix-units or through the modular accessible nodes or apertures disposed in the modular-accessible-matrix-units in the accessible membrane barriers encapsulating the occupied spaces.

[0192] Power and electronic conductors may consist of, but are not limited to, any type of metallic or plastic conductors, shielded twisted pair, unshielded twisted pair, thick coaxial cable, thin coaxial cable, glass or plastic fiber optic cable, flexible circuitry, shielded parallel cable, flat conductor cable, ribbon cable, differential pair cable, superconductors, and the like.

[0193] My invention provides flexible wired connectivity. Modular prefabricated cordsets in the wall, partition, ceiling or floor interstitial accommodation matrices behind the accessible membrane barriers provide pluggable connections for keyboards, mice, printers, and other peripherals through the selectable modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site. Wired connectivity cordsets are located at the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites. Wired connectivity cordsets on miniature automatically retractable reels are located at the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites. The cordsets in the interstitial accommodation matrices are coiled within boxes or on automatically retractable reels located within the interstitial accommodation matrices. The cords may be straight or spiral type. The plugs for the cordsets may be located in the face of the accessible membrane barrier, requiring a cord to be brought from the devices in the occupied space. Retractable cordsets may be pulled out of the interstitial accommodation matrix to the devices in the occupied space. Retractable cordsets are stored when not in use on an automatically retractable reel in the interstitial accommodation matrix for wired connection to the devices used in the occupied space.

[0194] Wireless connections may also be made which are voice activated, gesture activated, proximity sensor activated or activated by digital or analog signal. There are many cordset manufacturers whose products would be suitable according to the teachings of my invention. For example, a number of molded retractable cordsets could be adapted for use in the interstitial spaces of the enterprise.

[0195] According to the teachings of my invention, many of the devices, sensors, controls, components, appliances and equipment intended to be disposed in the interstitial accommodation matrices are a part of the known art or are adaptable therefrom. For example, various configurations of equipment cabinets with self-supporting rack frames to accommodate rack-mounted computer equipment could be used. Any cabinet or subcabinet similar to those described in current or recent manufacturers' catalogs can be mounted in the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix of my invention. It is obvious that the doors of the cabinets may be removed, to be functionally replaced by the ceiling accessible membrane barrier comprising ceiling modular-accessible-matrix-units, generally downwardly hinged or entirely removable by means of rotational latch or sliding latch support systems. Any of the devices, components, appliances or equipment of the known art may be disposed within the wall, partition or floor interstitial accommodation matrices of the enterprise although greater ease of installation and access may generally be obtained in the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0196] Any of the instrument or system cases, subracks, printed circuit boards, plug-in units, panel-mounted component systems, transfer connector, and bussed backplanes in manufacturers' catalogs are beneficially installed within the ceiling, wall or floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention.

[0197] Specialized catalogs illustrate micro-strip connector cable assemblies, point-to-point cable assemblies, modular receptacle assemblies, high-speed controlled impedance two-piece connectors, programmed coaxial assemblies, multiple transmission cable assemblies, and a multiplicity of connectors, all of which can be used within the interstitial accommodation matrix according to the teachings of my invention.

[0198] According to the teachings of my invention, any of the connectors, sockets, cabling, devices and boards shown in any of the current and recent manufacturers' catalogs may be used to fabricate, upgrade and reconfigure modular and plug-in devices, components, boards, sockets, conventional and retractable cordsets, appliances, and equipment disposed within the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention.

[0199] According to the teachings of this invention, any of the enclosures, terminals, and cabling currently manufactured may be used in the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0200] According to the teachings of my invention, open frame and closed frame sockets, zig zag sockets, adapter strips, discrete component carriers, and the like, as shown in current and recent electronic and communications product catalogs, may be configured within the interstitial spaces, eliminating the need for expensive outer cases. For example, dual-line open frame and closed frame DIP sockets, zig zag sockets, single in-line snap SIP adapter strips and discrete component carriers, single in-line sockets and adapters, board to board interconnections, high density receptacles, low insertion force pin grid array sockets and adapters having a variety of footprints can be used within the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention.

[0201] According to the teachings of my invention, any of the subminiature connectors and, printed circuit board mount connectors, and connectors for ribbon cable featured in current or recent product catalogs may be used in the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention. For example, subminiature connectors having 9-78 contacts, plug-in cardedge connectors for ribbon cable and screw terminal/edgecard connectors, and the like, are all suitable for use according to the teachings of my invention.

[0202] According to the teachings of my invention, power cages, card cages, backplanes, rack mounting flanges, and the like, featured in current and recent manufacturers' catalogs may be used in the interstitial accommodation matrices. For example, power cages, card cages, backplanes to receive printed circuit boards, rack mounting flanges and other components are suitable for use in the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention.

[0203] Certain materials, such as, nylon, gold or clear irridited aluminum, and dimensionally stable polycarbonates, offer specific benefits in electronic and communications applications. For example, printed circuit card cages, nylon vibration and shock damping card guides, nylon slotted printed circuit card guides, subracks and nylon anti-vibration card guides are suitable for use in the interstitial accommodation matrix according to the teachings of my invention.

[0204] There are numerous types switches which could be use in automatic switching according to the teachings of my invention, including a variety of switches for use in automatic switching, multiplexers for video and telecommunications applications and microwave switches and drivers.

[0205] According to the teachings of my invention, the networking components of various manufacturers for Ethernet, Token Ring, and Fiber Distributed Data Interface networks may be used in the interstitial spaces of the enterprise. For example, network center hubs which support multiple networks simultaneously and switching hubs which enable users to create software-based workgroups that efficiently allocate available bandwidth, improve network performance, and simplify network moves, additions and changes, may be beneficially used in the ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention. Many enclosures of varying depths and flexible network cabinets and racks suitable for installation in the ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention.

[0206] The problems of access to data by network users is addressed by the teachings of my invention. The interactive interstitial space accommodates compact disk-random access memory (CD-ROM) servers of all types, including towers, jukeboxes, and the like. Miniservers and the like are also suitable for use in the interactive interstitial space for networking CD-ROMs.

[0207] Mass media storage is beneficially used in the interactive interstitial spaces of the ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors according to the teachings of my invention. For example, optical disk changers may be used, with magneto optical drive technologies and phase change drive technologies in multi-write systems. Optical disk changers in single-write systems with Write Once Read Many (WORM) and CD-Recordable (CD-R) technologies in single-write systems may also be beneficially used.

[0208] By the teachings of my invention, multiplatform backup of all network servers, Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, and Work Station Commuters is accommodated within the interactive interstitial space behind the ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention. Enterprise-wide backups may be beneficially used for scheduled backups and user-initiated backups.

[0209] Network security demands protection of the network from unauthorized or incorrect use of the network and identification of the individual or individuals responsible. Token-based security devices require a two-step user-identification process for access to the network, requiring a coded card plus and personal identification number (PIN). Security systems are beneficially used within the interactive interstitial space of my invention.

[0210] Videoconferencing equipment is being manufactured to international standards to assure interoperability of systems of different vendors. By the teachings of my invention, a sound-equipped Desk Top Commuter or Work Station Commuter in the occupied space becomes a videoconferencing receiver and transmitter, with all conductors, connectors, and enabling software disposed within the interactive interstitial space. Such an arrangement permits the individual Desk Top Commuter or Work Station Commuter to be linked to other similarly equipped stations in a sort of “roundtable” videoconferencing. The more conventional type of videoconferencing system, originating in a conference room or seminar with a “live” presentation by, for example, a panel of experts or corporate officials, comprising the Conference Room Video Commuter Conferencing of my invention, is accessible for interactive participation by individuals seated at their Desk Top Commuters and Work Station Commuters or roving any place in the workplace or roving any place in the field with their Personal Mobile Commuters. Similarly, the Numerical Control Video Commuter Conferencing of my invention is accessed by one or more individuals, either spontaneously or by prior arrangement, sitting at their individual Desk Top Commuter or Work Station Commuter.

[0211] According to the teachings of my invention, sensors, controls and monitors illustrated in the product catalogs of any of a number of manufacturers are suitable for use in the interstitial spaces of the enterprise. For example, devices for signal conditioning and isolation, for temperature signal monitoring and control, for motor, pump and overload control, for speed monitoring and control, for weight and pressure monitoring, and for flow monitoring and measurement control, inductive proximity sensors, printed circuit boards, circuit breakers, interface modules, liquidtight strain reliefs, safety relays, foot switches, and other control devices used in control, protection, power distribution, and automation systems may beneficially be used in the ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention.

[0212] According to the teachings of my invention, multicomputer system modules shown in current and recent product catalogs may be beneficially used in the interstitial spaces of the enterprise. For example, multicomputer system modules of various configurations to create powerful multiprocessing environments may be adaptable for use in the ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor interstitial accommodation matrices of my invention.

[0213] One configuration of the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry comprises a primary core barrier, at least one opposed face spaced apart from the primary core barrier, and an alterable interstitial accommodation matrix disposed between the primary core barrier and the opposed face or faces. The interstitial accommodation matrix accommodates one or more layers or arrays of electronic equipment, electrical equipment, devices, components, appliances, conductors and connectors of all types, which include, but are not necessarily limited to, one or more of the following:

[0214] Transceivers

[0215] Transducers

[0216] Conductors and connectors, including any type of fluid, gas, power, analog, and digital conductor for voice, data and video

[0217] Flexible circuits and connectors

[0218] Connectors

[0219] Sockets

[0220] Circuit boards

[0221] Processors and semiconductors

[0222] Hubs

[0223] Network servers

[0224] Routers

[0225] Bridges

[0226] Switches

[0227] Breakers

[0228] Sensor and control devices

[0229] Storage devices

[0230] Circuit breakers

[0231] Transformers

[0232] Support, configuring, and positioning means

[0233] The equipment, devices, components and appliances accommodated in the alterable interstitial accommodation matrix may be of any size, all the way from miniaturized devices, such as microprocessors and microswitches, to conventionally sized devices, equipment and conductors.

[0234] The electronic equipment and devices are supported and positioned by means of universal support devices for alterably accommodating plates, mounting side blanks, mounting back blanks, backboards, slots, mounts and mounting racks which do not penetrate the primary core barrier. The universal support devices may be disposed in a vertical, horizontal or diagonal position and may be fastened to the primary core barrier by any means which does not penetrate through the core barrier, including, but not limited to, touch fasteners, screw fasteners, concentric ring fasteners, pins, plinths, channels, racks, ties, and hooks. If desired, any individual piece of equipment, appliance or device may be have its own separate enclosure as additional protection from dust, electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, electrostatic discharge, as its own individual cooling means, or a combination thereof, within the interstitial accommodation matrix.

[0235] The opposed faces of the accessible membrane barrier comprise interchangeable modular-accessible-matrix-units. The modular-accessible-matrix includes the modular-accessible-matrix-units and the space behind the modular-accessible-matrix-units. That portion of the alterable interstitial accommodation matrix, also defined as the modular-accessible-matrix, behind each removable modular-accessible-matrix-unit is potential modular-accessible-matrix site for accommodating one or more layers of electronic and electrical devices, conductors and connectors of all types, which include, but are not necessarily limited to, processors, circuit boards, computer chips, transceivers, transducers, hubs, servers, routers, bridges, switches, breakers, storage devices, integrated systems data networks, local area networks, wide area networks, broad band fiber optic networks, support devices, configuring devices, and positioning means, conductors and connectors, including any type of fluid, gas, power, analog, and digital conductor for voice, data and video, and flexible circuits and connectors for wireless communication and for wired communication with the Occupied Space Commuters.

[0236] A natural variation of the teachings of this invention is an accessible membrane barrier comprising an array of modular-accessible-units plus modular accessible nodes as disclosed and claimed in my U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091. Whereas a modular-accessible-matrix site occupies the entire space behind a modular-accessible-matrix-unit and is accessible by means of the removal of the modular-accessible-matrix-unit from the accessible membrane barrier, a modular accessible node is generally confined to a small area at the intersecting corners of adjacent modular-accessible-units. A variation of my previous invention shows a modular accessible node in the center of the modular-accessible-unit, accessible by an aperture in the modular-accessible-unit. The modular accessible node is accessible by means of the removal of a modular accessible node cover in the array of modular-accessible-units. Important for the Commuter user, data storage may be available at any modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site as well as in mass storage devices centrally located and regionally located within the interstitial accommodation matrix or external to the interstitial accommodation matrix within the enterprise.

[0237] The modular-accessible-units of my previous invention comprise modular-accessible-tiles, modular-accessible-planks or modular-accessible-pavers. By the teachings of this invention, the distinction between a modular-accessible-matrix and the array of modular-accessible-units of my U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091 is that in a modular-accessible-matrix each modular-accessible-matrix-unit overlies a modular-accessible-matrix site which may be activated at will according to the needs of the user. In an array of modular-accessible-units plus modular accessible nodes, activating conductors within the support layer generally takes place within a modular accessible node box within one or more discretely selected modular accessible node sites or modular-accessible-unit sites.

[0238] The primary core barrier remains unpenetrated and prevents the penetration of fire, airborne sound, impact sound, and light from one side of the core barrier to the other, thereby forming a privacy barrier as well as a supporting core layer. By adding a metallic layer to one or both faces of the primary core barrier and to the back face of the modular-accessible-matrix-units, an electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic interference and radio frequency interference barrier is erected which prevents disturbance of electronic transmissions on the opposite side of the primary core barrier and provides a means for grounding the equipment, devices, conductors, connectors, and the like disposed within the alterable interstitial accommodation matrix as well as providing electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference and electrostatic discharge attributes to one or more opposed sides of the primary core barrier.

[0239] The opposed faces of the primary core barrier may be integral skins of the same material as the primary core barrier. The opposed faces may also be integrally cast of a different material or may be materials applied to the finished primary core barrier.

[0240] Thus, the entire enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry synergistically becomes a non-penetrated fire, products of combustion, sound, light privacy barrier and support barrier as well as a network system and, singularly and collectively, an enterprise computer system, as well as a communications system, accessed from within the occupied spaces by those having the proper access codes required to activate and configure the system in conformance with the programmed artificial intelligence of the system. Monitors, which may vary in size from one modular-accessible-matrix-unit to a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix-units forming one or more entire walls, may be inserted in vertical surfaces, such as, walls or partitions, but may also be installed in horizontal surfaces, such as, counters and desks, or even in floors or ceilings, depending on the application, to create virtual reality interactive communication for interactive videoconferencing for meetings, sales and engineering conferences, interactive learning experiences for one or more people, and the like.

[0241] The system may be voice activated, sensor activated by motion, gesture, body motion, and body heat, or device activated, such as, by pen, mouse, finger, hand, and the like or by means of a touch screen or a keyboard installed into or upon any vertical or horizontal surface, plugged into a connector located in a modular-accessible-matrix-unit or a corner modular accessible node site in conventional manner, or interactively communicated by wireless means through transceivers/transducers.

[0242] The flexibility of the system is demonstrated by the ability of the user to select any modular-accessible-matrix-unit in a ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor building component to become a modular-accessible-matrix site and to reconfigure the system as to equipment and devices accommodated and the location of such equipment and devices as well as to incorporate changes due to technological evolution. Designed into the system, reconfigurability, alterability and recyclability are important capabilities so that the system can be upgraded, changed, interchanged, altered and reconfigured. As parts of the system become technologically obsolete for the highest level of computing requirements, they may be replaced by state-of-the-art equipment and the replaced equipment reassigned to be used for less demanding tasks or seed planted as gifts to smaller, less technologically advanced businesses, households, counties, states or nations to aid them in climbing the technology ladder, thereby expanding global markets for products and services produced by the more technologically advanced nations, building a broader base for their high technology exports. A less desirable method would be to send back for 100% recycling all components to solve the landfill “NIMBY” (Not In My Back Yard) challenges while cost efficiently upgrading all existing technology by earlier recycling upgrades.

[0243] The equipment and devices at various locations are interconnected and may communicate interactively in a network defined in part by the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry, in part by technological advances, in part by the creative knowledge of the users, and in part by the evolutionary upgrade of the artificial intelligence of routers, switches, servers, and bridges. Through servers and routers, data may be shared and transferred from one Commuter access point to another for algorithms, parallel processing, and the like, by means of pulse codes, odor-sensing codes, temperature codes, voice codes, and brain wave codes, and the like.

[0244] By means of activated voice codes, hand prints, identification cards, and the like, the system may be activated by an authorized individual at any point in the enterprise. Thus, the system may be as small or as large as desired, starting small and growing and upgrading continually to become all it is required to be, utilizing one microprocessor during prime office and manufacturing production time or utilizing hundreds, thousands or millions of processors throughout an entire enterprise during both prime time and non-productive nighttime hours in any algorithm or parallel processing arrangement. Obviously, all processors within the alterable interstitial accommodation matrix may be interconnected into grids on two or three axes and may also have diagonally crosswise grids in two or three axes so that these grids may be programmed and configured and reconfigured to function in an interactive network with any number of Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, Work Station Commuters, palm Commuters, wrist Commuters, neck choker Commuters, strap Commuters, belt Commuters, laptop computers, desktop computers, workstations, minicomputers or mainframe computers within one or more enterprise occupied spaces by altering the grid or by use of hubs, routers, servers, switches, sensors.

[0245] The enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry may be used in any type of building, such as, but not limited to, offices, residences, factories and specialized industrial shops, warehouses, educational institutions at all levels, retail and wholesale merchandising establishments, research and development laboratories, governmental facilities, institutions, and the like.

[0246] In industrial applications, numerically controlled equipment, such as, any type or size of horizontal or vertical turning center, press or shear, may be controlled by transceivers/transducers located in the alterable interstitial accommodation matrix. Robots may be reprogrammed in the same manner to perform new tasks interactively with transceivers/transducers. The transceivers/transducers may be controlled by artificial intelligence of hubs, servers, bridges, routers and switches from a central computer system within the interstitial multinetgridometry matrix or within the enterprise space or may be accessed by an operator located at the plant floor or office floor. Instructions for a particular operation may flow from one piece of equipment to another by wireless or wired means or by wireless means or conductors between equipment through two or more modular-accessible-matrix sites or through modular accessible node sites in an array of modular-accessible-units in close proximity to the spaced-apart equipment, communicating through the two or more modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites.

[0247] Power may be transmitted by means of a cord connection, by inductive coupling stations, or by focused microwave means of passage through one or more assigned layers defined by the multi-layered, multi-rotational bearings disposed within and forming the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry. Likewise, the transmission of electronic data through the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry may be accomplished by digital or analog means, with or without the use of artificial intelligence, using any type of many variations of binary codes of any type of existing or future operating systems, by a cord connection, or by wireless means, including microwaves, radio waves, photonics and the like on any frequency, to connect individual equipment and machines within the occupied spaces with all of the devices within the interstitial multinetgridometry matrix.

[0248] Equally comprehensive references exist for classes of computers, such as, mainframe computers, minicomputers, workstation computers, personal computers, laptop computers, attache computers, palm computers, and the like, all of which may be used in the occupied spaces to communicate with hubs, servers, routers, bridges, switches, and the like disposed in the interstitial accommodation matrices of this invention and accessed through any modular-accessible-matrix-unit site or modular accessible node site.

[0249] Any and all ways of configuring supercomputers are in some ways adaptable to this invention within the interstitial areas. However, in contrast to all of these, the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of this invention is distinguished in that, in addition to any number of ways exist to configure mainframe computers, minicomputers, workstations, personal computers, laptop computers, palmtop computers, and the like to provide the synergy of networking all types of computers, by the teachings of my invention the Personal Mobile Commuter, Laptop Mobile Commuter, Desk Top Commuter, and Work Station Commuter may communicate, wirelessly or wired, with the devices, components, appliances and equipment disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0250] Any multi-functional modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site within the enterprise comprises a supercomputer hookup site for networking Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, Work Station Commuters and mainframe, mini, workstation, laptop, and palm computers. The alterable multinetgridometry becomes an interwoven grid matrix or crosswise grid matrix on two or three axes, upgradable to two or three diagonal axes, whereby a network of conductors and flexible circuits passes from node site to node site in various upgradable configurations, with or without passing through transceivers providing wireless communication between the modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site and the equipment, robot or person operating in the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry within any interstitial accommodation matrix formed between the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor accessible membrane barrier and the face of the primary core barrier.

[0251] The only constant in the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry system of this invention is that there is evolutionary unfolding change built into the system so that users' creative knowledge, artificial intelligence, operating system, and technology changes may be creatively accommodated over a period of centuries so that the enterprise is not subjected to razing by explosion leveling, wrecking balls, and bulldozers for wasting of finite resources into landfill sites which are becoming increasingly scarce because of NIMBY. A major objective of the ability to reconfigure, alter, and recycle the interstitial multinetgridometry matrix is to retain or recycle productive assets, rather than permitting the inability to accommodate future technological change to prematurely self-destruct existing buildings into landfills when reconfigurability, alterability and recyclability could convert the existing buildings into productive assets having the features of this invention. This evolutionary unfolding change affects the entire enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry—the people, robots, office equipment, manufacturing equipment, production equipment, service equipment, communications equipment within the occupied spaces, the Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, Work Station Commuters, the computers (from supercomputers to palm computers) within the occupied spaces of the enterprise, the Interstitial Space Commuters within the interstitial accommodation matrix or any part of the devices, conductors, flexible circuits, connectors, networking equipment, mechanical equipment, electrical equipment, electronic equipment, and the like within the interstitial accommodation matrix.

[0252] Everything within the alterable interstitial accommodation matrix behind the opposed faces of modular-accessible-matrix-units is subject to infinite evolutionary change, technological obsolescence and upgrade, radical new approaches and concepts, evaluation, configuration, and momentary evolutionary upgrade. Assuming that an employee's modest workspace occupies 9 square meters (100 square feet), the surface area of ceiling, walls and floor in that workspace is approximately 3 times that 9 square meters (100 square feet). If a processor, such as, a 586 Pentium or greater, is assumed to have a footprint of approximately 650 square mm (1 square inch), there is sufficient space within the matrix, assuming only one layer within the matrix, to accommodate 43,200 processors (9 square meters (100 square feet)×3×144 processor per square meter (square foot)=43,200 processors). Thus, each workspace becomes a potential supercomputer site that can go from one chip to 43,200 chips through the synergy of evolutionary unfolding change on the presumption that each new microchip is a computer on a chip. This only partly illustrates the potential of my invention to adjust to and accommodate the almost infinite capacity and complexity of interactive Commuting by voice or thought augmented by artificial intelligence to support yet undreamed of computer-assisted support for the interface of man, robot and machine through modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites and the interstitial accommodation matrix interface within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry. Thus, the structure of the enterprise, containing the primary core barrier is not wasted to landfills which are increasingly disappearing due to NIMBY.

[0253] The interstitial multinetgridometry matrix of the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry inherently embodies characteristics which invest the primary core barrier and the modular-accessible-matrix-units with an inherent synergy as heat sinks or energy sinks within the interstitial areas while providing the structural matrix which supports the interstitial multinetgridometry matrix and encapsulates the devices and conductors within interstitial accommodation matrices as well as supports the floor, ceiling or wall accessible membrane barrier comprising modular-accessible-matrix-units which, in turn, support the activities of the people, robots, equipment and machines within the occupied spaces of the interstitial multinetgridometry matrix forming the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of the enterprise. Because the supercomputers, mainframes and the supporting equipment, devices, conductors, and the like are densely packed within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry, the heat sink and cooling means are the controllers of the ultimate size, capacity and configuration of the system. The interstitial accommodation matrices and, thus, the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry, vary in depth from a few inches to the full-ceiling height of an entire building, as shown in the drawings.

[0254] By providing for the reconfigurability, accessibility and alterability of various components as they require servicing and evolutionary upgrading and replacement, the Interstitial Space Commuter at each modular-accessible-matrix site is reconfigurable and alterable from a 586 Pentium processor to the most advanced chips, motherboards and other components into the supercomputers created by reconfiguring the Interstitial Space Commuters within the interstitial accommodation matrix forming the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of the enterprise, which can continue to give state-of-the-art performance indefinitely over generations as opposed to having a life of a few years and, at most, lasting decades before coming to rest in disappearing landfill sites. This wastes strategic natural resources, materials, and energy and fails to set in motion a pattern of planting seeds to assure the improvement of the global economy by giving obsolete equipment to others lower down on the technological and economic ladder so that they may climb that ladder, thereby offering an expanding market base for the advanced technology nations. Thus, the building or enterprise itself is continually renewing the interstitial accommodation matrices and continually renewing, reconfiguring and upgrading the Interstitial Space Commuters by adapting its individual components to meet new multi-functional needs, changing strategies, and technological advancements in computer hardware, software, and computational and reconfiguring mechanics, keeping buildings from being discarded into landfills without regard for strategic constructive utilization of finite resources so essential to future generations. Moreover, the components, including superconductor chips, which have been replaced by the technological upgrade may then be reused in configuring Commuter systems or computer systems for less demanding Commuting or computing environments worldwide, which have been estimated to contain approximately 97 percent of the world's population.

[0255] By the teachings of this invention, a ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor system comprises a primary core barrier having two opposed faces and one or two accessible membrane barriers overlying and spaced from the opposed faces of the primary core barrier for most interior ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors. For an exterior wall, the ceiling of the top floor or the lowest floor of a building, there would be only one accessible membrane barrier exposed to view in the occupied space.

[0256] The primary core barrier is separated from the opposed accessible membrane barriers by interstitial areas which accommodate interstitial accommodation matrices which accommodate various combinations of conductors, devices, and the like.

[0257] The ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor accessible membrane barriers are spaced from the opposed faces of the primary core barrier by one or more types of spacer elements. Thus, the interstitial areas created are sized and defined by the spacer elements. Spacer elements may include channels, plinths, multi-rotational plinths, channels and plinths, ribs, ribs and channels, trusses, zees, “H” shapes, tees, tubes or tubing, hanger rods, foam, sandwiched foam and metal, sandwiched foam and plastic, elastomers, studs, joists, and the like, and combinations or arrays of such spacer elements. By the teachings of this invention, the multi-rotational plinths may comprise a number of configurations and features:

[0258] A multi-rotational bearing head and multi-rotational bearing foot having a centered threaded aperture, both elements being independently adjustable on a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft, a multi-rotational bearing externally threaded and internally non-threaded tubular shaft, or a multi-rotational bearing externally threaded and internally threaded tubular shaft, thereby providing precision leveling of the top surface of the multi-rotational bearing heads, precision leveling required for several reasons:

[0259] Some modular-accessible-matrix-units are brittle and require precision leveling to prevent breakage caused by heavy loads from foot and rolling traffic

[0260] Most structural substrates in existing buildings are out of level, thereby requiring a system that can be easily leveled from above

[0261] Progressive increase in the use of automatic guided vehicles and robots in industrial plants and automated warehouses calls for advanced technology precision floors

[0262] The plinth heads and feet may be slotted or non-slotted, the slots accommodating connector lugs or the interchangeable plates of my U.S. Pat. No. 5,111,627 to form modular accessible node boxes within the interstitial areas

[0263] The plinth heads and feet may be magnetic or non-magnetic

[0264] The multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shafts and tubular shafts may be threaded into internally formed, drawn and rollthreaded sites in the flanges of metal formed channels or in the metal formed decking of the primary core barrier

[0265] Screw fasteners or concentric ring fasteners may project through the modular-accessible-matrix-units of the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor accessible membrane barrier into the aperture of the tubular shaft, which may or may not be internally threaded

[0266] A multi-layered stepped plinth comprising two or more different sized elements may be assembled by means of a centered threaded aperture on an externally threaded multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft or tubular shaft, the stepped elements remaining individually freely adjustable upwards or downwards or fused together as one element by sealant, adhesive, foam tape, magnet, or mechanical fastener means for creating subdivisional layers in the interstitial areas for different functions and uses

[0267] A multi-layered ring may have concentric rings for supporting multiple layers of boards and sockets

[0268] The individual modular-accessible-matrix-units comprising the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor accessible membrane barrier may be constructed as shown for the modular-accessible-units, which may be modular-accessible-tiles or modular-accessible-planks, as disclosed in my previous United States patents or by some other method. Modular-accessible-strips and modular-accessible-panels may also be used according to the teaching of this invention. Modular-accessible-tiles generally range in size from 100 mm (4 inches) square to 750 mm (30 inches) square. Modular-accessible-planks generally range in size from 100 mm to 400 mm (4 to 16 inches) in width by 2400 mm to 3600 mm (96 to 144 inches) in length. Modular-accessible-strips generally range in size from 25 mm to 150 mm (1 to 6 inches) in width by 600 mm to 3000 mm (24 to 120 inches) in length. Modular-accessible-panels generally range in size from 375 mm to 1000 mm (15 to 40 inches) in width by 2400 mm to 3600 mm (96 to 144 inches) in length.

[0269] In addition, the teachings of this invention include optional shielding layers within or on one or more faces of the accessible membrane barrier or the primary core barrier in ceilings, walls, partitions, columns or floors to contain electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic fields, and radio frequency fields within the interstitial areas. The shielding may be of conductive metal or conductive plastic. Either electrical conductivity or thermal conductivity, or both, may be provided. Thin metal layers backing and forming a part of the modular-accessible-matrix-units, for example, provide a shielding layer. Thus, each interstitial accommodation matrix within the ceiling, walls, partitions, columns, and floors of the enterprise may have a grounded field provided by shielded containment and/or shielded joints. The metal formed decking which forms the primary core barrier in certain embodiments of this invention provides a shielding layer. Grounding may be provided through electrically and/or thermally conductive plinths and may be enhanced by means of conductive tape, grease, sealant or adhesive. As Example No. 1, conductive plinths may be used. As Example No. 2, conductive bearing strips may be adhered to the top of low Δt tubing to facilitate electrical and thermal conductivity between adjacent modular-accessible-matrix-units making up the accessible membrane barrier. As Example No. 3, a conductive adhesive may be used to adhere metal plates as a backing for modular-accessible-matrix-units. An array of such conductively adhered metal plates facing the floor interstitial accommodation matrix confines electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, and electrostatic discharge to the interstitial accommodation matrix. This encapsulating shielding of the interstitial accommodation matrix is preferred for floors but is also suitable for ceilings and walls. The shielding layers thus protect the health of persons in the occupied spaces outside the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor accessible membrane barrier, protect the processors, drives, hubs, servers, storage devices and other devices, appliances and equipment accommodated within the interstitial areas, and prevent passage of electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic fields, and radio frequency fields through the primary core barrier or from one interstitial area to another, causing disturbances, data loss, or damage to the conductors and devices housed within the interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0270] A major purpose, benefit and advantage of this invention is that the primary core barrier is not at any time penetrated by any conductor, outlet or device, nor is it necessary to do so in that by increasing the interstitial space, penetration is avoidable. Thus, the primary core barrier serves as a privacy and security barrier and prevents the penetration of fire, airborne sound, impact sound, and light. Where, by the teachings of this invention, natural variations call for one or more secondary core barriers, the primary core barrier is that barrier which has no penetrations, particularly from the ceiling side in a floor/ceiling system. In contrast, the existing art generally provides the weakest barrier facing the ceiling side of a floor/ceiling assembly even though the greatest danger from fire and smoke exists on the ceiling side.

[0271] Another major purpose of this invention is to provide a fire membrane barrier to protect the conductors, devices, components, appliances and equipment within the interstitial accommodation matrices. Contrary to the prior art, the teachings of this invention provide substantially greater protection from the ceiling side in that, since fires burn upward, it is the ceiling area which requires the greater protection.

[0272] There are a number of natural variations of this invention. Interstitial areas are encapsulated and supported by the structural system, allowing the building to act intelligently and interactively with the people, robots, and equipment in the occupied spaces of the enterprise.

[0273] The internal structure of precast double “I” units may have intermittent solid webs, solid webs with modular apertures or trussed webs. Bridging and integral end closure panels add stability in handling and erecting the double “I” units.

[0274] A floor/ceiling system comprises precast double “I” units formed of double tees made of structural concrete, which are placed into a cast concrete bed of structural concrete to form an integral unit having a top flange and bottom flange. The tapered, variable-length stems of the tees are notched at the bottom to accommodate bottom transverse reinforcement while significantly forming undulating notched blockouts forming structural shear lugs to increase the bonding of the two components into a single structural interstitial accommodation matrix, which shear lugs after curing of the structural concrete will be visible from below the ceiling as a spaced linear pattern. The entire assembly provides a fire, sound, security and privacy barrier which provides protection for mechanical, electrical and electronic devices, conductors, flexible circuits, equipment, and the like accommodated within the interstitial area within the structure of the precast double “I” units. Additional interstitial areas may be disposed between the top surface of the top flange and the accessible membrane barrier of this invention on the floor side of the floor/ceiling system and between the bottom surface of the bottom flange and the accessible membrane barrier on the ceiling side of the floor/ceiling system. An obvious variation is to use the assembly as a vertical wall or partition system.

[0275] Another variation consists of precast “I” units having a top flange and a bottom flange with a trussed web integrally forming an interstitial accommodation matrix with multiple barrier layers synergistically providing fire, sound, security and privacy barriers. Continuous access slots are positioned at points where adjacent precast “I” units are joined together and intermittent access slots at other points, forming the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry to accommodate evolutionary unfolding change.

[0276] FIGS. 1-160 show representative configurations in that any combination of features may be used. For example, within the teachings of this invention, it is obvious that any type of suspended acoustical ceiling shown in FIGS. 1-160 can be adapted to be used with any structural interstitial accommodation matrix shown in FIGS. 1-160 or can be used in addition to or in lieu of the integrally cast acoustical concrete or structural concrete ceiling. Similarly, any type of ceiling accessible membrane barrier suspension system shown in any figure may be adapted for use in any other configuration shown in FIGS. 1-160. Any type of modular-accessible-matrix-units may be used on the floor side of the floor/ceiling system. Any type of floor accessible membrane barrier or any support system shown in any figure may be adapted for use in any other configuration shown in FIGS. 1-160. The low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling feature of the channel support system 142 used in FIGS. 33 and 34, for example, may be dispensed with entirely within the teachings of my invention. Furthermore, the primary core barriers, secondary barriers, and interstitial accommodation matrices may be rearranged in any manner shown in FIGS. 1-160. For example, any ceiling accessible membrane 545 or ceiling support system shown in FIG. 31 may be replaced with a ceiling accessible membrane 545 shown in FIG. 43 or with any other type of ceiling accessible membrane shown in FIGS. 1-160. Any depth may be assigned to the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix and to the floor interstitial accommodation matrix to accommodate any structural depth required. The interstitial accommodation matrix may be accessible from either the floor side or the ceiling side or from both sides of a floor/ceiling system. A wall or partition system may be accessible from either side or from both sides, and a column system may be accessible from one or more sides.

[0277] The interstitial accommodation matrix within the structure accommodates all types of electronic, electrical and mechanical equipment, including movable racks of circuit boards, processors, semiconductors, disk drives, data storage devices, transceivers, transducers, backplanes, flexible backplanes, universal sockets, mounting plates, support and mounting racks, electrical service backbone and power distribution equipment, comfort conditioning devices, and the like. Whereas some of this equipment may also be accommodated in the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix, outside of the trussed web structure, the structural interstitial accommodation matrix has the additional advantage of providing an environment sealed against fire and dust by means of linear access plugs or composite linear access plugs by means of perimeter seals of one or preferably two edge seals of elastomeric materials, foam, and the like, and one or preferably two edge seals of intumescent tape, beads or sealant.

[0278] Modular universal racks of any size within the structural interstitial accommodation matrices accessible from the floor side or the ceiling side accommodate chip modules, board modules, socket modules, card modules, device modules, combination modules, and the like, providing scalability, convertibility, reconfigurability, recyclability, adaptability, alterability, testability, and maintainability to the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry within the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry. The device modules may comprise switch modules, bus modules, controller modules, terminal modules, connector modules, server modules, bridge modules, router modules, memory modules, random access memory (RAM) modules, disk modules, testing modules, sensor modules, multiplexer modules, multimedia modules, and the like.

[0279] Modular enclosed, scalable, reconfigurable, and alterable multi-switching communications and computer building blocks facilitate user determinism. Multipurpose and multifunctional communications and/or computer configurations within the modular universal racks and enclosures of one-eighth, one-quarter, one-half, three-quarter, and full modular size are disposed horizontally within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix to provide access to chips, boards, cards, sockets, and devices through removable covers through the intermittent access slots.

[0280] On the floor side, a modular universal rack is suspended within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix on a rolling suspension system having a controlled moving conductor tether system for in-and-out conductors, cables and fibers disposed for 100 percent access to one or more device modules within the modular universal rack with access through the floor accessible membrane barrier and through the intermittent access slot. Access is also available through the enclosure cover for the modular universal rack.

[0281] On the ceiling side, a modular universal rack is suspended within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix on a rolling or sliding suspension system for the modular universal rack having a controlled moving conductor tethered system for in-and-out conductors, cables and fibers disposed for 100 percent access to one or more device modules within the modular universal rack with access through the ceiling accessible membrane barrier and through intermittent access slots or through an intermittent access panel as well as access through an enclosure cover for the modular universal rack.

[0282] Rolling modular universal rack systems with a tethered conductor means provide modular, scalable, rescalable, reconfigurable, alterable, recyclable, multi-switching communications and multi-server, multi-bridge, multi-router components for a reconfigurable, upgradable, multi-processing environment disposed horizontally by tethered roller suspension means to provide 100 percent access within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix through the intermittent access slot.

[0283] Any type of exposed-to-view enclosure, such as, a universal precast hat-shaped enclosure accommodating speakers, sensors, lighting fixtures, smoke alarms, fire-suppression systems, and the like, may be suspended from the ceiling, centered in the units or suspended from the joints. Wiring for flush and recessed lighting fixtures may be carried in channels within the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix on the ceiling side of the floor/ceiling system. Acoustical ceiling panels may be fastened by clips to a channel.

[0284] The modular-accessible-matrix-units of the ceiling accessible membrane barrier may be backed by a mineral type backer board, such as gypsum, which provides sound attenuation. The ceiling modular-accessible-matrix-units may be backed by a metal plate, which, if conductive, provides the shielding for electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, and electrostatic discharge. A metal plate provides the additional benefit of permitting longer spans and an integral offset.

[0285] Because of the accessibility problems inherent to a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix containing layers of conductors disposed in one to four or more axes, a preferred embodiment of my invention is a ceiling accessible membrane barrier comprising a plurality of downwardly hinged modular-accessible-matrix-units. Any type of hinge giving full access by permitting the modular-accessible-matrix-units to swing downward at least 90 degrees is within the teaching of my invention. Suitable hinges include piano hinges, pin hinges, butt hinges, offset butt hinges, and gear (roto) hinges.

[0286] The modular-accessible-matrix-units on the floor side of the floor/ceiling system are supported by corner supports or by intermediate supports arranged in various patterns. Some of the supports are magnetically coupled to the modular-accessible-matrix-units by magnetic multi-rotational bearings. Other supports are mechanically fastened by various means to the modular-accessible-matrix-units, such as, by means of screw fasteners, concentric ring fasteners, viscoelastic registry engagement fasteners, click fasteners and the like. Touch fasteners may also be used.

[0287] In addition, modular-accessible-matrix-units in a wall, partition or column system may be supported and positioned by one of several variations of the fastener of this invention, having a segmentally divided head and linear grooves forming a weakened plane, whereby a segment of the fastener head may be folded back to allow the removal of one unit at a time, leaving the remaining units in place. The folded-back segment returns to its normal position once it is released. The weakened planes may be on the outside of the head or the inside of the head, forming a “living hinge”. A number of head configurations may be interchanged. Lower shanks having alternating straight, multiple-axis fingers and multiple finger rings, alternating straight rings and beveled rings, repetitive symmetrical beveled rings, repetitive asymmetrical beveled rings, repetitive concentric rings may also be interchanged. Two upper bearing and positioning shanks are named by the teachings of this invention, which support and position the modular-accessible-matrix-units in a vertical array. In addition, there are two upper shanks that support modular-accessible-matrix-units although they do not position them. A number of configurations of bearing and bearing and positioning ledger are disclosed in the drawings.

[0288] Support and positioning means for wall, partition and column modular-accessible-matrix-units rely on bearing and positioning ledgers which align the units. The ledgers may be formed as part of a formed metal channel or as part of a plastic or metal channel or flat element having a round or diamond-shaped ledger to support modular-accessible-matrix-units having soft edges. The support and positioning means may be attached to channels or other support means attached to the primary core barrier by any means, including foam tape, flexible magnets or flexible magnetic tape, touch fasteners, mechanical fasteners, and the like. Cups or channels filled with sealant may also be used.

[0289] The primary core barrier within a wall, partition or column system may consist of single barrier layers, spaced-apart barrier layers, laminated barrier boards, used singly or spaced apart, and multi-layer barrier boards. The barrier boards may have an edge protector channel comprising magnets, touch fasteners, metal, plastics, elastomeric, scrim and fiber films, rubber, composite, moldings, extrusions, bindings, formed shapes, and the like. The edge protector channels may be cushioned with foam and may be magnetic.

[0290] Within the teachings of my invention, the structural interstitial accommodation matrix members of an interstitial architectural and interstitial structural building system are precast and/or cast-in-place, the preferred embodiment being of precast concrete, as follows:

[0291] (1) Precast composite steel and reinforced concrete structural interstitial accommodation matrices, composite girders, composite beams and composite columns having or forming hollow cores and channels

[0292] (2) Precast composite carbon fiber reinforced plastic and concrete structural interstitial accommodation matrices, composite girders, composite beams and composite columns having or forming hollow cores and channels

[0293] (3) Precast composite steel prestressed internally and/or externally reinforced concrete structural interstitial accommodation matrices, composite girders, composite beams and composite columns

[0294] (4) Precast composite carbon fiber reinforced plastic prestressed internally and/or externally reinforced concrete or glass fiber reinforced precast concrete structural interstitial accommodation matrices, composite girders, composite beams and composite columns

[0295] (5) Precast composite steel posttensioned internally and/or externally reinforced concrete structural interstitial accommodation matrices, composite girders, composite beams and composite columns

[0296] (6) Precast composite carbon fiber reinforced plastic posttensioned internally and/or externally reinforced concrete or glass fiber reinforced precast concrete structural interstitial accommodation matrices, composite girders, composite beams and composite columns

[0297] The bottom flanges of any variation of this invention may be reinforced by means of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement and bottom transverse reinforcement. In the alternative, the bottom flanges may have tension reinforcement provided by posttensioning or prestressing or conventional reinforcement by rods, bars, plates, and the like. Because the heat and flames from a fire travel upward, the fire barrier of this invention is optimally and beneficially positioned on the ceiling side of a floor/ceiling system where a fire barrier is most needed in contrast to conventional construction where the fire barrier faces the floor side, where it is the least effective and where heat naturally moves upwards toward the ceiling.

[0298] However, accessibility is provided from the floor side through the openings between adjoining top flanges, which openings are also sealed by linear access plugs protecting the devices and equipment within the interstitial accommodation matrix from dust and fire. Moreover, the cuttable and resealable sealant joints of my previous invention may be placed between the modular-accessible-matrix-units of the accessible membrane barrier to protect from the downward passage of fluids the interstitial accommodation matrix and the devices, conductors and equipment accommodated therein.

[0299] The top flanges are reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement and top transverse reinforcement. The reinforcement may be welded or tied together into reinforcement cages before placement of the structural concrete in order to tie structurally the top flange to the bottom flange by the trussed web so as to function as a complete structural unit.

[0300] The existing art abounds with methods of reinforcing structural concrete members, including concrete joists, waffle slabs, flat slabs, and folded concrete plates.

[0301] The teachings of this invention show variations of the standard means of reinforcing the structural concrete members.

[0302] In addition to and within the natural variations previously stated as the teachings of my invention are the synergy of providing nine superior life safety, knowledge safety, data safety, intelligence safety, conductor safety, network safety, product safety, service safety, and enterprise safety constructive benefits.

[0303] These synergistic benefits are due in great part to the fabrication of the interstitial accommodation matrix and the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of non-combustible materials, such as, structural lightweight or normalweight concrete, insulating concrete, autoclaved concrete, foam concrete, polymer concrete meeting Class A or Class I fire standards, metals, and the like, permitting predictable thermal barrier, mass, time and structural analysis to engineer synergistically these nine new constructive safety categories into the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of this invention. At the same time, interstitial accommodation matrices are provided within the structure and between the primary core barrier and the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor accessible membrane barriers disposed over the unpenetrated primary core barrier.

[0304] Within the natural variations of the teachings of my invention, the following synergistic benefits are provided:

[0305] Providing nine superior life safety, knowledge safety, data safety, intelligence safety, conductor safety, network safety, product safety, service safety, and enterprise safety constructive benefits

[0306] Fabricating the primary core barrier of non-combustible (fire ratable Class A or Class I) materials, such as, concrete, gypsum, non-combustible particleboard, non-combustible tempered hardboard, and the like

[0307] Fabricating the accessible membrane barrier of gypsum, stone, cementitious concrete, and polymer concrete meeting Class A or Class I fire standards, and the like

[0308] Providing the use of the interstitial accommodation matrices within the structure, and the one or more interstitial accommodation matrices in the walls, ceilings and floors for advanced fire-suppression systems or a water-based sprinkler system

[0309] Providing interstitial accommodation matrices for accommodating advanced fire, smoke, and products-of-combustion detection systems integrally tied to the advanced fire-suppression system

[0310] Providing accessible membrane barriers having optional cuttable and resealable fluidtight joints within the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor accessible membrane barrier

[0311] Providing cuttable and resealable fluidtight joints, elastomeric, foam and the like perimeter seals, intumescent tape, beads or sealant perimeter seals, or combinations thereof, around the linear access plugs in the intermittent or continuous access slots.

[0312] More specialized synergistic benefits can also be found as natural variations of the teachings of this invention:

[0313] Providing untethered, mobile, wireless or wired, interactive Commuting through Personal Mobile Commuters and Laptop Mobile Commuters and interactive communication and computing through wireless palm, pocket, belt, purse, neck choker or lapel devices which communicate with the Interstitial Space Commuters disposed in the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites behind modular-accessible-matrix-units of the accessible membrane barrier throughout the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor system surrounding the spaces occupied people using the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry

[0314] Providing inductively coupled charge plates at the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites for charging automatic guided vehicles and robots or, in the alternative, at wait stations throughout the enterprise

[0315] Providing inductively coupled charge plates or docking stations above or below the desktop, credenza or drawer for the Personal Mobile Commuters and Laptop Mobile Commuters and for wireless palm, pocket, belt, purse, neck choker or lapel devices that wirelessly communicate with modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites throughout the enterprise or, in the alternative, are plug connected to connected to cordsets at the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites throughout the enterprise.

[0316] The universal use that should be made of wireless Personal Mobile Commuters and their future use lies in making several magnitudes of change to miniaturize the size and weight of the wireless Personal Mobile Commuters to at least a pocket size card, for example, 50 mm×100 mm×10-15 mm (2 by 4 by ⅜-⅝ inches) in thickness and having a weight of a few grams, a battery life at least in excess of today's wireless phone battery and preferably having an increase in battery life of several magnitudes over the battery life of the emerging personal digital assistants, and a wrist band configuration in the near future.

[0317] Presently, the Personal Mobile Commuters can be the size of an advanced wireless phone while providing several magnitudes of increase in capability over the capabilities of telecommunication devices presently available in the known art, using the processor technology of the 586 Pentium or the Pentium Pro P6 or PowerPC processors now available in advanced desktop personal computers for interactive, voice-activated, analog and/or digital processing and communications now available on an enriched multimedia personal computer (with or without towers below the desktop) and without any of the liabilities of greater size, weight, cost or power requirements to run the advanced processors and storage systems, which capabilities are handled by the modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites in the enterprise, vehicle, campus, and home while providing untethered robust capabilities to the digital and analog Personal Mobile Commuters.

[0318] The new perspectives and viewpoints suggested above permit the user to bring into play an exciting new capability for interactive communications and computing by making quantum leaps in capabilities and user friendliness of the wireless Personal Mobile Commuter.

[0319] The next quantum leap for greater user friendly access to the World Wide Web and the information superhighway by a greater majority of all global citizens lies in a number of directions:

[0320] (1) Many magnitudes of reduction in the size, weight, and cost of a Pentium-based Laptop Mobile Commuter with necessary peripherals, such as, printer, fax/modem, and the like.

[0321] (2) Many magnitudes of increase in the volt/amp storage capacity, rechargeability, and longevity and many magnitudes of reduction in the weight of batteries.

[0322] (3) Many magnitudes of reduction in size, weight, and cost to provide the mobility of a Personal Mobile Commuter having the size of a credit card, the communication and computing capabilities of a Pentium-based Laptop Mobile Commuter at an affordable cost, all of which may be unobtainable by conventional advanced thinking.

[0323] The above three seemingly unobtainable changes may be brought about by the teachings of my invention. In my invention, the power, weight, cost and battery capacity equation is radically altered by several magnitudes. The convenience of the next generation of Commuting places the power and capacity of at least a 586 Pentium-based Laptop Mobile Commuter within the interactive interstitial spaces of my invention, connected up to the power grid while providing interactive, mobile use by the battery-operated Personal Mobile Commuter over microdistances of, generally, 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet). By the teachings of my invention, the evolving information highway, the World Wide Web, and the local area network of the enterprise offer the user a choice of wireless or wired interactive communication with the Interstitial Space Commuter by means of any of the following groups of devices comprising an Occupied Space Commuter:

[0324] (1) Personal Mobile Commuter

[0325] (2) Laptop Mobile Commuter

[0326] (3) Desk Top Commuter

[0327] (4) Work Station Commuter

[0328] (5) Keyboard

[0329] (6) Mouse

[0330] (7) Mouse and digitizer

[0331] (8) Touch screen

[0332] (9) Any combination of the above

[0333] Within the teachings of my invention, each modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site selected in the accessible membrane barrier may be selected, designed, engineered and manufactured, for example, to have within the interstitial accommodation matrix at least one of the following:

[0334] (1) Interstitial Space Commuter similar to a Laptop Mobile Commuter with a modem, based on at least a 586 Pentium processor operating at least at 75 MHz clock speed

[0335] (2) Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuter similar to a Pentium-based Laptop Mobile Commuter with modem, selectively upgraded and enhanced by design, engineering and manufacturing to route specific protocols, such as, TCP/IP and IPX, and bridges other protocols, thereby combining the functions of both routing and bridging with other Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuter units disposed within the interstitial accommodation matrix to provide selective mass parallel processing and selective instruction to interaction between various types of Interstitial Space Commuter within the interactive interstitial space or selective instruction to interaction between various types of Occupied Space Commuters within the occupied space with various types of Interstitial Space Commuters within the interstitial space interacting, wired or wirelessly, through any selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site within the accessible membrane barrier. The hybrid brouter, performing the functions of both a bridge and a router, may also be used.

[0336] (3) Within the teachings of my invention, any or all Occupied Space Commuters may be designed, engineered and manufactured to an input and output equivalent of a modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site with at least the capabilities similar to a Laptop Mobile Commuter with modem based on at least a 586 Pentium 75 MHz or faster processor to be operated interactively by a Personal Mobile Commuter or with any Interstitial Space Commuter or Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuter located within the interactive interstitial space, wired or wirelessly, through any selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site.

[0337] Within the teachings of my invention, the Personal Mobile Commuter, as small as 50 mm by 100 mm (2 inches by 4 inches), or smaller, interfaces with the Interstitial Space Commuter through any selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site in the accessible membrane barrier in any of the following modes:

[0338] (1) Personal Mobile Commuter used in a battery-operated, wireless, analog or digital transceiver/transducer for wireless communication over microdistances to obtain the function and advantages of mobile computing, using the equivalent of a Pentium-based Laptop Mobile Commuter, while the weight and power needs of a Pentium processor reside in the interstitial accommodation matrix connected to the power grid and the Personal Mobile Commuter has the size and weight of a mobile, wireless phone interacting with the Interstitial Space Commuter capacity and connectivity with the network and power grid

[0339] (2) Personal Mobile Commuter used in a battery-operated, wired, analog or digital transceiver/transducer to communicate with the Interstitial Space Commuter residing within the interstitial accommodation matrix

[0340] (3) Personal Mobile Commuter used in a power-operated, wired, analog or digital transceiver/transducer to communicate with the Interstitial Space Commuter residing within the interstitial accommodation matrix and connected to the power grid.

[0341] Within the teachings of my invention, the Laptop Mobile Commuter interfaces with the Interstitial Space Commuter through any selected modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site in the accessible membrane barrier in any of the following modes:

[0342] (1) Laptop Mobile Commuter using a battery-operated, wireless, analog or digital transceiver

[0343] (2) Laptop Mobile Commuter using a battery-operated, wired, analog or digital transceiver

[0344] (3) Laptop Mobile Commuter using a power-operated, wired, analog or digital transceiver.

[0345] Within the teachings of my invention, the Occupied Space Commuter located within the occupied space of the enterprise also comprises the following wired or wireless input devices for communicating with the interactive Interstitial Space Commuter within the interstitial space:

[0346] (1) Telephone

[0347] (2) Keyboard and flat screen monitor

[0348] (3) Keyboard with transceiver/transducer and flat screen monitor

[0349] (4) Mouse and flat screen monitor

[0350] (5) Mouse with transceiver/transducer and flat screen monitor

[0351] (6) Mouse digitizer and flat screen monitor

[0352] (7) Mouse digitizer with transceiver/transducer and flat screen monitor

[0353] (8) Touch screen

[0354] (9) Touch screen with transceiver/transducer

[0355] The Enterprise Commuter of this invention comprises a plurality of

[0356] (1) Interstitial Space Commuters

[0357] (2) Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuters

[0358] (3) Occupied Space Commuters

[0359] (4) Bridge Router Occupied Space Commuters

[0360] By the teachings of my invention of a structural interstitial architectural matrix encapsulating the occupied space to form an enterprise architectural system comprising the 14 essentials described in the Summary Of The Invention, communication from the occupied space to the interactive interstitial space through modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites may be achieved at any frequency in the spectrum. The preferred frequency for communication from the Occupied Space Commuters and Interstitial Space Commuters is from 59 Ghz and above. These frequencies at the higher end of the spectrum are preferred because of their availability, being far less used than the overcrowded lower frequencies of, for example, less than 1 Ghz to 28 Ghz, the frequencies used for television, cellular phones, direct-broadcast satellite television, and network connections for iridium satellite phones. The disadvantages of the higher frequencies, such as, the absorption of signals by oxygen and consequent limiting of transmissions to a few hundred meters (feet), do not affect the communication between the Occupied Space Commuters and the Interstitial Space Commuters. Moreover, at these higher frequencies, narrow, focused beams can be generated which can be aimed precisely at a targeted receiver in the Interstitial Space Commuter in the ceiling, walls or floors.

[0361] My invention accommodates widely divergent progress, changes in thinking, changes in priorities, changes in needs, wants, values and requirement. My invention provides for accommodation of totally unexpected and unplanned for future requirements.

[0362] My invention permits the coupling of the power of at least the processor technology of the Pentium or PowerPC processor and correspondingly large RAM and storage capability at each modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site tied to a full array of advanced communication capabilities available to the enterprise, vehicle, campus, and home from a Personal Mobile Commuter or Laptop Mobile Commuter or an enriched multimedia Desk Top Commuter or Work Station Commuter (with or without minitowers or towers below the desktop or workstation), operating over the microdistances defined in this application, providing enhanced, interactive, voice-activated processing and communications disposed

[0363] Within the interstitial accommodation matrix of the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor of the enterprise

[0364] In the Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, and Work Station Commuters of this invention

[0365] In the desktop personal computers disposed within the occupied space

[0366] Within clusters of office equipment forming equipment cells disposed within the occupied space of the office enterprise

[0367] Within clusters of machinery forming manufacturing cells disposed within the occupied space of the manufacturing enterprise monitors, keyboards, and the like, into relocatable alterable accessible reconfigurable modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169.

[0368] By this almost limitless number of modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 and modular accessible node sites 169, my invention beneficially provides longer battery life and greater miniaturization of multimedia roving interactive Commuters and choice of any devices, having less weight and greater reliability and higher quality with less potential health risks if roving interactive communications devices are proved to have a cumulative damaging effect on the users' health.

[0369] The teachings of my invention for micro multimedia roving interactive Commuting, because of the finite range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet), are expected beneficially to minimize taxing the overloaded radio spectrum or any other facet of the regulated or non-regulated spectrum, allowing spectrum use at very high frequencies not generally used, thereby not increasing the load on the assigned existing spectrum.

[0370] Since the micro multimedia roving interactive Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, focused and unfocused, require such a micro range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet), a much wider use of roving interactive Commuting devices can be achieved at substantially less cost with greater interactive multimedia quality and reliability and with longer battery life and with less interference from the spectrum.

[0371] Wireless multimedia transmission and receiving, whether for use by roving users, mobile equipment, mobile machinery or mobile robots with a roving, untethered, interactive multimedia connectivity range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet), is without limit since a building with an infinite number of relocatable and reconfigurable modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169, configured to form an alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 throughout the enterprise, can handle unlimited travel for unrestricted, untethered activity with greater reliability and quality. In essence, the entire enterprise is at any time a plurality of Commuters, nodes and communications networks within the occupied spaces 538 and within the interstitial accommodation matrices 540, which are reconfigurable, accessible, relocatable and recyclable to accommodate evolutionary unfolding change.

[0372]FIG. 13 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0373]FIG. 14 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0374]FIG. 15 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0375]FIG. 16 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0376]FIG. 17 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0377]FIG. 18 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0378]FIG. 19 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0379]FIG. 20 is an enlarged, longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0380]FIG. 21 is an enlarged, longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0381]FIG. 22 is an enlarged, longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0382]FIG. 23 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0383]FIG. 24 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0384]FIG. 25 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0385]FIG. 26 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0386]FIG. 27 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0387]FIG. 28 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0388]FIG. 29 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0389]FIG. 30 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0390]FIG. 31 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0391]FIG. 32 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0392]FIG. 33 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0393]FIG. 34 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0394]FIG. 35 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0395]FIG. 36 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0396]FIG. 37 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0397]FIG. 38 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0398]FIG. 39 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0399]FIG. 40 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0400]FIG. 41 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0401]FIG. 42 is a transverse, sectional view of two stacked floor/ceiling systems of this invention.

[0402]FIG. 43 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0403]FIG. 44 is a transverse, sectional view of a form for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0404]FIG. 45 is a transverse, sectional view of a form for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0405]FIG. 46 is a transverse, sectional view of a form for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0406]FIG. 47 is a transverse, sectional view of a form for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0407]FIG. 48 is a transverse, sectional view of forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0408]FIG. 49 is a transverse, sectional view of forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0409]FIG. 50 is a transverse, sectional view of forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0410]FIG. 51 is a transverse, sectional view of forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0411]FIG. 52 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0412]FIG. 53 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0413]FIG. 54 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0414]FIG. 55 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0415]FIG. 56 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0416]FIG. 57 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0417]FIG. 58 is a plan view of a cementitious concrete paver of this invention.

[0418]FIG. 59 is a plan view of a series of interlocked cementitious concrete pavers of FIG. 58 of this invention.

[0419]FIG. 60 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0420]FIG. 61 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0421]FIG. 62 is a transverse, sectional view of back-to-back, stacked forms for channels and waffle domes of this invention.

[0422]FIG. 63 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0423]FIG. 64 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0424]FIG. 65 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0425]FIG. 66 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0426]FIG. 67 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0427]FIG. 68 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0428]FIG. 69 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0429]FIG. 70 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0430]FIG. 71 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0431]FIG. 72 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0432]FIG. 73 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0433]FIG. 74 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0434]FIG. 75 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0435]FIG. 76 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0436]FIG. 77 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0437]FIG. 78 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0438]FIG. 79 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0439]FIG. 80 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0440]FIG. 81 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0441]FIG. 82 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0442]FIG. 83 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0443]FIG. 84 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0444]FIG. 85 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0445]FIG. 86 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0446]FIG. 87 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0447]FIG. 88 is a, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0448]FIG. 89 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0449]FIG. 90 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0450]FIG. 91 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0451]FIG. 92 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0452]FIG. 93 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0453]FIG. 94 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0454]FIG. 95 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0455]FIG. 96 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0456]FIG. 97 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0457]FIG. 98 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0458]FIG. 99 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0459]FIG. 100 is a transverse, sectional view of a precast double tee unit of this invention.

[0460]FIG. 101 is a transverse, sectional view of the shear lugs of this invention.

[0461]FIG. 102 is a transverse, section view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0462]FIG. 103 is a transverse, sectional view of a precast double tee unit of this invention.

[0463]FIG. 104 is a rotated, sectional view of a solid web of FIG. 103 of this invention.

[0464]FIG. 105 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0465]FIG. 106 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0466]FIG. 107 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0467]FIG. 108 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0468]FIG. 109 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0469]FIG. 110 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0470]FIG. 111 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0471]FIG. 112 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0472]FIG. 113 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0473]FIG. 114 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0474]FIG. 115 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0475]FIG. 116 is an longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0476]FIG. 117 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0477]FIG. 118 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0478]FIG. 119 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0479]FIG. 120 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0480]FIG. 121 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0481]FIG. 122 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0482]FIG. 123 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0483]FIG. 124 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0484]FIG. 125 is an enlarged, transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0485]FIG. 126 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0486]FIG. 127 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0487]FIG. 128 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0488]FIG. 129 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0489]FIG. 130 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0490]FIG. 131 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0491]FIG. 132 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0492]FIG. 133 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0493]FIG. 134 is a transverse/longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0494]FIG. 135 is a transverse/longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0495]FIG. 136 is a transverse/longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0496]FIG. 137 is a transverse/longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0497]FIG. 138 is a transverse/longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0498]FIG. 139 is a transverse/longitudinal, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0499]FIG. 140 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0500]FIG. 141 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0501]FIG. 142 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0502]FIG. 143 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0503]FIG. 144 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0504]FIG. 145 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0505]FIG. 146 is a transverse, sectional view of a linear tubular void of this invention.

[0506]FIG. 147 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0507]FIG. 148 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0508]FIG. 149 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0509]FIG. 150 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0510]FIG. 151 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0511]FIG. 152 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0512]FIG. 153 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0513]FIG. 154 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0514]FIG. 155 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0515]FIG. 156 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0516]FIG. 157 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0517]FIG. 158 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0518]FIG. 159 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0519]FIG. 160 is a transverse, sectional view of a floor/ceiling system of this invention.

[0520]FIG. 161 is a transverse, sectional view of two stacked floor/ceiling systems of this invention.

[0521]FIG. 162 is a transverse sectional view of two stacked floor/ceiling systems of this invention.

[0522]FIG. 163 is an illustration of the home, vehicle, and workplace commuter stations of this invention.

[0523]FIG. 164 is an illustration of the campus of workplace buildings with home and commuter stations, communication system, and power and electronic networks of this invention.

[0524] The table below is provided to serve as a guide to the embodiments, natural variations, and preferred embodiments of this invention

SEVEN GROUPS OF EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
(G = Embodiment Group)
NATURAL
DESCRIPTION OF GROUPS OF EMBODIMENT VARIATIONS PREFERRED
EMBODIMENTS SHT NO. FIG. NO. SHT NO. FIG. NO. EMBODIMENT
G-1 Channel Slab Units 3 17-19 1 1-8 17,20
Composite Beam Supporting CSUs 4 20-22 2  9-16
Composite Girder Supporting
Beam Supporting CSUs
G-2 Folded Slab Units 8 32-34 5 23-25  31
Composite Beam Supporting FSUs 9 35-37 6 26-30
Composite Girder Supporting 7   31
Beams Supporting FSUs
G-3 Channel Joist Units 16 68-70 10 38-41 68,72
Composite Girder Supporting 17 71-79 11   42
ChJUs 12   43
13 44-62
14 63-65
15 66-67
18 80-83
19 84-86
20 87-89
G-4 Trussed Joist or Waffle 22 94-96 21 90-93 93,96,99
Joist Units 23 97-99
Composite Girders Supporting
TJUs or WJUs
G-5 Concrete Trussed or Waffle 24 100-105 113-118
Concrete Trussed Units 25 106-108
Composite Girders Supporting 26 109-112
CTUs or WCTUs 27 113-120
G-6 Duplex Hollow Precast Units 33 126-127 28    121 130-139
Composite Girder Supporting 34 128,129 29    122
DJPUs 35 130-133 30    123
36 135,136 31    124
37 138,139 32    125
36 134,137
G-7 Hollow Core Units 38 140-148 155
39 149-156
40 157-160

[0525] General Modular-Accessible-Matrix Site, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160: Every modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 forming a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145,545, floor accessible membrane barrier 140,546, and wall accessible membrane barrier 547 of this invention is a potentially reconfigurable alterable recyclable modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528, symbolized in the P-E-M diagram (people, equipment, machines interacting within the occupied spaces 538 of the enterprise with the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 through the modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 and the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 122-126,540) as shown between FIGS. 66 and 67, between FIGS. 80 and 81, and between FIGS. 109 and 110.

[0526] My invention is the creation of an enhanced structural interstitial accommodation matrix for the purpose of providing the users (people, equipment and machines) with an evolutionary alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry to more fully release, through accommodating evolutionary unfolding change, the fantastic potential of the human mind, body and spirit. The decision for selecting the variation to be used depends upon the objective professional judgment of the building team (architects, engineers, contractors, owners, etc.) and a consideration of the owner's foreseeable program needs, which guides the building team in selecting the specific features which best implement and fulfill the program. It must be recognized, however, that NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard), finite landfill resources, finite natural and manmade resources, and the fragility of our spaceship Planet Earth transcend program needs and wants and confronts mankind with the reality that the buildings of the 21st Century will have to be built to last generations or centuries, rather than decades, out of common environmental necessity. A minimum global standard, including the elimination of the planned obsolescence of buildings, is required if civilized society is to survive in freedom and to avoid being immersed in a super landfill. Therefore, certain minimum interstitial accommodation matrix standards will be required beyond short-term first cost and first user thinking.

[0527] By the teachings of this invention, the cavities formed by the channel and waffle dome forms are created for the explicit purpose of accommodating electronic, electrical and mechanical conductors, fluid conductors, Commuters (computer and communications), devices, components, appliances, equipment, and the like to form a multinetgridometry of Commuters within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 to form the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 as well as to accommodate lighting fixtures and speakers within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 for integration with Commuters within the occupied spaces 538 and every type of networking and Commuting device and component interconnected with Commuters, devices, components, appliances, and equipment within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix in a tethered or untethered mode through the modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 which may have connectivity and connector means and/or transceiver/transducer wireless communication means as desired to form an enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 for enhanced interaction with people, equipment and machines (as illustrated by the P-E-M diagram between FIGS. 66 and 67, between FIGS. 80 and 81, and between FIGS. 109 and 110) through the relocatable and reconfigurable modular accessible node sites 169. Deep formed channel and hollow cavities accommodate the larger devices and equipment in stationary and movable rack systems which accommodate the Interstitial Space Commuters, routers, bridges, and servers within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 with access through intermittent access slots 610. The shallower formed cavities also accommodate conductors, devices, equipment, and the like for Commuting devices within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 within the limitations of less space. No limitations are placed on the location of electronic, electrical and mechanical devices and equipment in the interstitial spaces of my invention, such devices and equipment being equally suitable for both floor and ceiling installation as well as for walls, partitions and columns which, as an essential part of my invention, interconnect the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 120,121,535 spaces and the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 127,128,534 spaces.

[0528] The innovative new micro building component modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 forming ceiling accessible membrane barriers 145,545, wall, partition or column accessible membrane barriers 547, and floor accessible membrane barriers 140,546 accommodate and facilitate wireless communication between the untethered user and modular accessible nodes in the enterprise space or in the interstitial spaces, with or without conductors, behind the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 and permits multimedia transmission of a very short, finite range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet) to avoid interference of the chosen spectrum. In essence, the entire building environment becomes a three-dimensional, interlaced, interior Commuter communications center and enterprise interconnecting computer in that the user can wirelessly access the system at very short range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet) through any modular-accessible-matrix site anywhere in the enterprise to any other modular-accessible-matrix site, giving all the advantages of wireless, roving, untethered multimedia communications with, at most, very micro interference at the preferred high frequencies (above 59 Ghz) of the spectrum and, in almost every instance, no interference in the preferred frequencies, with substantially higher resolution on transmission and receiving while having 100 percent untethered roving capability.

[0529] The alternative of having 15 meters, 150 meters, 1500 meters or even kilometers (50 feet, 500 feet, 5,000 feet or even miles) of range for wireless multimedia transmission in theory sounds conceptually quite simple and particularly advantageous in not having to wire a building. However, this overly simplistic concept has been shown to present numerous technological challenges that may never be overcome 100 percent technologically. Certain inherent limitations to providing high quality and reliability without spectrum congestion, without interfacing at high cost, and without technical limitations are well documented in the technical, research, and sales literature as well as in the computer, communications, and networking press.

[0530] The preceding five paragraphs and the following general comments explain how FIGS. 1-160 fit into and form the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 forming a membrane barrier which forms the interior ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor facing for the enterprise, are removable, reconfigurable, activatable and deactivatable, and interchangeable in that by access through a number of joints the electrical, electronic, mechanical, and fluid systems, devices, equipment and the like disposed within the interstitial spaces behind the modular-accessible-units become fully accessible. Thus, through this universal reconfigurable, accessible, recyclable capability of all ceiling, wall, partition, column, and floor modular-accessible-matrix-units 543, all of the computer, wire and fiber conductors, devices, and other electronic components can be continually upgraded so as to rule out obsolescence and rule in evolutionary technological multimedia wired and wireless advancements, also using fiber optics and superconductors.

[0531] As an alternative to conventional wireless networks, it is anticipated that high quality untethered multimedia transmission and receiving will be obtained by means of the Personal Mobile Commuter, Laptop Mobile Commuter, Desk Top Commuter and Work Station Commuter interfaced with modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 disposed in all ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor surfaces of existing buildings and new buildings so that the modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 are reconfigurable, relocatable, and recyclable to provide an enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528.

[0532] My invention more reliably accomplishes the stated objective by adapting to the roving interactive communications concept the known quality of interactive methods and techniques for multimedia transmission over wireless networks by requiring only limited interactive transmission over distances of 2 to 4.5 meters (5 to 15 feet) to the nearest relocatable modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 and modular accessible node sites 169 and accommodates all communications devices, such as, transceivers, transducers, flexible circuits and connectors, circuit boards, processors and semiconductors, hubs, network servers, routers, bridges, switches, breakers, sensor and control devices, storage devices, monitors, keyboards, and the like, into relocatable alterable accessible reconfigurable modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169.

[0533] By this almost limitless number of modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 and modular accessible node sites 169, my invention beneficially provides longer battery life and greater miniaturization of multimedia roving interactive Commuters and choice of any devices, having less weight and greater reliability and higher quality with less potential health risks if roving interactive communications devices are proved to have a cumulative damaging effect on the users' health.

[0534] The teachings of my invention for micro multimedia roving interactive Commuting, because of the finite range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet), are expected beneficially to minimize taxing the overloaded radio spectrum or any other facet of the regulated or non-regulated spectrum, allowing spectrum use at very high frequencies not generally used, thereby not increasing the load on the assigned existing spectrum.

[0535] Since the micro multimedia roving interactive Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, focused and unfocused, require such a micro range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet), a much wider use of roving interactive Commuting devices can be achieved at substantially less cost with greater interactive multimedia quality and reliability and with longer battery life and with less interference from the spectrum.

[0536] Wireless multimedia transmission and receiving, whether for use by roving users, mobile equipment, mobile machinery or mobile robots with a roving, untethered, interactive multimedia connectivity range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet), is without limit since a building with an infinite number of relocatable and reconfigurable modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169, configured to form an alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 throughout the enterprise, can handle unlimited travel for unrestricted, untethered activity with greater reliability and quality. In essence, the entire enterprise is at any time a plurality of Commuters, nodes and communications networks within the occupied spaces 538 and within the interstitial accommodation matrices 540, which are reconfigurable, accessible, relocatable and recyclable to accommodate evolutionary unfolding change.

[0537] My invention would not limit the roving user to spaces within a building. Modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 can be placed outside in, e.g., lighting fixture standards, or hidden in landscaping, etc., so the user may use his communications devices in an exterior environment in a campus of buildings. An alternate version of the Personal Mobile Commuter provides signaling capabilities with a wider range for women, the elderly or the disabled in an emergency situation, whether the emergency is life threatening or a disabled vehicle on a deserted road late at night, by using an emergency mode in order to use the emergency satellite frequency for signalling the emergency. This would require immediate battery replacement since exercising the emergency use option would overly tax the micro battery designed for the micro range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet) for which the roving interactive communications device would be designed.

[0538] By the teachings of my invention, any server, bridge or router within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 may communicate with any other existing networks, whether by a satellite system, an existing phone system, a super communications highway, an existing wireless system, and the like.

[0539] The background of my invention must be viewed from 5 environmentally related realities:

[0540] (1) The first is the growing environmental problem generated by the discarding of obsolete computers at the rate of more than 10 million per year. According to a Carnegie-Mellon University study, if computers continue to be discarded at this rate, there will be 150 million computers deposited in the nation's landfills by the year 2005.

[0541] (2) The second is the viewpoint adopted in my invention that the building or enterprise is a Commuter (computer). This is closely related to the concept of a computer on a chip, whereby the outer shell which encases conventional computers is discarded and components are placed in the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 forming the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528. As computing and other electronic systems are upgraded by the universal sockets and universal connectors developed to global industry standards, the replaced components may be reassigned to perform less demanding tasks within the enterprise or donated to small businesses or to the lesser developed nations.

[0542] (3) The third is the teachings of my invention whereby a network of conductors is disposed within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540, making the interstitial space behind every modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 a potential modular-accessible-matrix site 170, whether in the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor. Thus, any modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 may be activated as a point of multimedia transmission and receiving. Because the entire enterprise is 100 percent accessible, devices, accessories and conductors which are no longer needed can be removed for re-use elsewhere, thus avoiding the “spaghetti” syndrome of conventional underfloor wire management systems.

[0543] (4) The fourth is the growing environmental problem generated by the discarding of building components as buildings are renovated. Landfills have to deal with the plaster, drywall, roofing, siding, etc., scrapped by contractors and home owners because the structure became obsolete for lack of reconfigurability, accessibility and recyclability of all ceilings, walls, partitions, columns and floors in not having potentially reconfigurable, alterable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 within an enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528. The alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 of my invention uses 100 percent accessible modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 which are conceived, designed and engineered to be recyclable and reconfigurable while providing for evolutionary change and providing untethered multimedia wireless communications.

[0544] (5) The fifth is the growing environmental problem generated by the premature discarding of cast-off buildings to the nation's landfills due to premature obsolescence for a lack of having every unit forming a ceiling membrane, a floor membrane, and a wall membrane as a potentially reconfigurable, alterable, and recyclable modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 within an enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528.

[0545] All 5 conditions are reaching the crisis point in that they greatly increase the burden of handling solid wastes generated by the population at a time when communities are having difficulty finding places to dispose of the wastes generated. This is a global problem. Thus, the need arises for buildings which are continually renewable and for computers and communications networks which are technologically upgradable to Commuter state, which, due to choice and convenience becomes a substitute for travel in the overloaded highway gridlock of today.

[0546] I have been issued a number of United States patents related to modular-accessible-units 92 which are placed into an array in ceilings, walls, partitions, columns and floors, each unit 92 being accessible from the adjacent unit 92 by means of flexible joints between modular-accessible-units 92. One or more units 92 may easily be removed from the array to give access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 behind the modular-accessible-units 92, and may be reconfigured or replaced, activated or deactivated. The modular-accessible-units 92 of this invention are modular-accessible-matrix-units 543, whereby each unit has the capability of being activated as a modular-accessible-matrix site 170 providing connectivity of electronic conductors or devices and/or access to the system by wired or wireless means. The entire building through its ceilings, walls, partitions, columns and floors becomes a giant reconfigurable and recyclable Commuter network capable of being accessed at any point by wireless or wired devices. Thus, personnel having wireless devices in the building need no longer be concerned about being within range to access the system. Modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 are always within range. Moreover, the performance of the Personal Mobile Commuter or Laptop Mobile Commuter is tied to a distance of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet) and is always at its peak in that transmission of data is at the high speeds associated with conductor networks, a feature which all wireless networks have not yet been able to duplicate. Moreover, the high frequencies preferred eliminate most spectrum interference. Therefore, there is no need to be concerned about fadeout, loss of data, inability to have multimedia communications, or failure to receive communications as personnel move out of range of a modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 through which they are communicating. In contrast, there is an acknowledged concern about the ability of wireless networks to perform reliably in national crisis, war, floods, hurricanes, and the like. With modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites being placed, for example, at 3 meter (10-foot) intervals throughout the enterprise (smaller or greater intervals may be used if required), the quality of communications is not diminished. Another useful feature, in that there is some concern about the security of wireless communications, would be a “Confidential Reception” mode whereby communications traveling between two or more modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 over the wired or wireless networks in the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 122-126,540 within the enterprise could not readily be intercepted by unauthorized personnel or tapped by outsiders not having the proper current code or proper clearance or knowledge of where and how the Personal Mobile Commuter or Laptop Mobile Commuter would be directed to proceed.

[0547] The alterable structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 becomes an interwoven grid matrix or crosswise grid matrix on two, three or more axes and later is upgraded to include two, three or more diagonal axes, whereby a network of conductors and flexible circuits passes from one modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 to another modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site throughout the system, which may include hundreds, thousands, or tens of thousands of modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites. Each modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 at a modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or each modular accessible node 90 at a modular accessible node site 169 may have a connector for wired access and/or a transceiver/transducer for wireless access. For wired communications, the user may select the travel route from the multiplicity of travel routes available throughout the network if he has a preference or may permit the artificial intelligence of the enterprise servers, routers and bridges to direct the communication by the best available route or have a microserver as part of a computer on a chip or a microserver as part of a computer on a board with artificial intelligence at the microserver, microrouter or microbridge to serve and route Commuting interior to and exterior to the enterprise at each activated modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169. In wireless communications, the user communicates through a transceiver/transducer at the first modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169, the communication passing through the wired network or wirelessly to the second modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site where the communication may pass through a transceiver if the receiving party is receiving wirelessly or through a connector if the receiving party is receiving in a wired mode. The modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 along the selected route between the initiating modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site and the destination modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site 169 are bypassed. As microserver capability is added to Commuters on a chip, greater speed and efficiency can be expected in communications between the people, equipment or machinery operating in the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528.

[0548] A conventional wireless network does not, practically, accept multimedia wired connectivity for roving people or mobile equipment, machinery or robots whereas the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 provides total flexibility to make choices for wired connectivity for higher quality interactive multimedia transmission to a modular-accessible-matrix site or a modular accessible node site or, in the alternative, operate with roving interactive Personal Mobile Commuters or Laptop Mobile Commuters over a very short range of 2 to 8 meters (5 to 25 feet) with higher resolution interactive multimedia transmission than a conventional 100 percent wireless network. The alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 and the Interstitial Space Commuters, Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, and Work Station Commuters of my invention would permit constant upgrading while conventional wireless and wired networks and devices generally are fixed in their parameters, requiring fresh expenditures for new networks and devices as new technology develops. My invention turns the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 into an invention medium for the user to constantly invent new ways to Commute through the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 122-126,540, speaking, for example, into one modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site and having the communication received at another modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site elsewhere in the enterprise by the intended receiver, whether person, equipment or machine by an interwoven grid matrix or crosswise grid matrix on two or more axes and later is upgraded to include two or more diagonal axes, whereby a network of conductors and flexible circuits passes from one modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 to another modular accessible node site 169 throughout the system, which may include hundreds, thousands, or tens of thousands of modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169, providing communication between the people, equipment and machinery operating in the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528.

[0549] Conventional buildings are conceived as structural systems into which we most often place people and then add computers, equipment, appliances, devices and machines in occupied spaces to produce products or services within the building. The alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 concept provides an evolutionary interactive enterprise Commuter and network matrix wherein people, transceivers, transducers, electronic devices, and storage devices are conceived as appendages or servants or genies which the human mind can call into use or with which the artificial intelligence of roving equipment and machines can communicate, interface and interact to produce those products and services, with a structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 synergistically serving the primary purpose of enabling the structural interstitial accommodation matrix to accommodate an alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 which permits every ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor within the enterprise to be an active, alterable part of the Commuter and network matrix and the secondary purpose of creating the enterprise. Access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 122-126,540, and to the stationary and traveling universal racks 644 therein which accommodate electronic devices and the like, is by means of continuous access slots 609 or intermittent access slots 610. The intermittent access slots 610 are generally disposed within two arms' lengths of each other, generally 750 mm to 900 mm (30 to 36 inches), a convenient distance for passing conductors and the like from one portion of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 to another. Passage apertures 707 are generally disposed within one arm's length of the access slot, generally 375 mm to 450 mm (15 to 18) inches. These distances may, of course, vary with project requirements.

[0550] Specialized synergistic benefits can be found as natural variations of my invention:

[0551] (1) Providing untethered, mobile, interactive Commuting through wireless palm, pocket, head band, helmet, belt, purse, neck choker or lapel devices which communicate wirelessly with arrays of modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 within a few meters (feet) of the modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 accessible membrane barrier 140,145,547,546,545 throughout the ceiling, wall, partition, column or floor system surrounding the workspaces for people using the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528

[0552] (2) Providing inductively coupled battery charge plates at the modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 configurable for charging automatic guided vehicles and robots or, in the alternative, at waitstations throughout the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528

[0553] (3) Providing inductively coupled charge plates above or below the desktop, credenza or drawer for Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters or wireless palm, pocket, belt, purse, neck choker or lapel devices that wirelessly communicate with modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 throughout the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 or, in the alternative, are plug connected to connected modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites throughout the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528.

[0554] Of particular significance environmentally is the enclosure of the internal workings of computers, such as, transceivers, transducers, processors, circuit boards, chips, disk drives, storage devices, bridges, servers, printers, support devices, and the like in the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 122-126,540 without penetrating the primary core barrier 143,553. These components do not require the usual encasing shell associated with personal computers, workstations and mainframes, thereby freeing the occupied spaces 538 of unneeded equipment and conductor “spaghetti” feeding into and out of each personal computer to network the Commuters and computers digitally as well as to power the equipment. Access to the Commuter conductors, devices, components, appliances, equipment and the like in the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 122-126,540 is by means of continuous access slots 609 and intermittent access slots 610. Thus, the building becomes the containment of the components making up infinitely alterable, expandable, and reconfigurable Commuters or computers, eliminating the need for such equipment in the occupied spaces because of the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528, multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532, ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 127,128,534, floor interstitial accommodation matrix 120,121,535, wall interstitial accommodation matrix 536, structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540, modular-accessible-matrix-units 543, ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145,545, floor accessible membrane barrier 140,546, and wall accessible membrane barrier 547, which are liberally illustrated in FIGS. 1-160. Of course, conventional computer equipment may still be housed in the occupied spaces of the enterprise if so desired.

[0555] Different levels of enterprise interactive Commuting can be accommodated during prime peak work time, prime work time, regular time or off regular time. A primary advantage of my invention is its provision for evolutionary advancement beyond existing technologies without obsoleting the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 and the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 of my invention but only making the use of my invention more beneficial by all the future inventions which enhance Commuting, computing, and communications capabilities.

[0556] One configuration of the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 comprises a primary core barrier 143,553, at least one opposed face spaced apart from the primary core barrier, and an alterable structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-136,540 disposed between the primary core barrier and the opposed face or faces. The structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 accommodates one or more layers or arrays of Interstitial Space Commuters, electronic equipment, electrical equipment, devices, conductors and connectors of all types, which include, but are not necessarily limited to, one or more of the following:

Transceivers/transducers Hubs
Flexible circuits and connectors Bridges
Processors and semiconductors Switches
Network servers Breakers
Circuit boards Storage devices
Sensor and control devices
Support, configuring, and positioning means
Conductors and connectors, including any type of fluid,
gas, power, analog, and digital conductor for voice, data
and video

[0557] Every modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 is disposed over a potential modular-accessible-matrix site 170. Any multi-functional modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 within the enterprise comprises an Interstitial Space Commuter for connectivity by means of a connector or for wireless communications by means of a transceiver/transducer, with the assigned modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 for networking Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, Work Station Commuters and mainframe, mini, workstation, laptop, and palmtop Commuters or computers with Interstitial Space Commuters. For wireless communications, any part of the spectrum may be used, including that part used and not used by the infrared and radio frequency technology of the prior art. Higher frequencies above 59 Ghz are preferred. For wired communications, any type of conductor may be used although broadband optical fiber is preferred. Superconductors would also be a preferred embodiment. The structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 becomes an interwoven grid matrix or crosswise grid matrix on two or three axes and later upgraded to two or three diagonal axes, whereby a network of conductors and flexible circuits passes from modular-accessible-matrix site 170 to modular-accessible-matrix site or from modular accessible node site 169 to modular accessible node site throughout the system, which may include hundreds, thousands, or tens of thousands of modular-accessible-matrix sites or modular accessible node sites. Each modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 may have a connector for wired access and/or a transceiver/transducer for wireless access. For wired communications, the user may select the travel route from the multiplicity of travel routes available throughout the network if he has a preference or may permit the artificial intelligence of the enterprise servers, routers and bridges to direct the communication by the best available route or have a microserver as part of a computer on a chip or a microserver as part of a computer on a board with artificial intelligence at the microserver, microrouter or microbridge to serve and route Commuting activities interior to and exterior to the enterprise at each activated modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169. In wireless communications, the user communicates through a transceiver/transducer at the first modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169, the communication passing through the wired network or wirelessly to the second modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site where the communication may pass through a transceiver/transducer if the receiving party is receiving wirelessly or through a connector if the receiving party is receiving in a wired mode. The modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 or modular accessible node sites 169 along the selected route between the initiating modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site and the destination modular-accessible-matrix site or modular accessible node site are bypassed. As microserver capability is added to the Interstitial Space Commuter, greater speed and efficiency can be expected in Commuting between the people, equipment or machinery operating in the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528.

[0558] In addition, the concept of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 and structural interstitial accommodation matrices 122-126,540 includes optional shielding layers within or on one or more faces of the modular-accessible-matrix-units making up the accessible membrane barrier 140,145,545,547,546 or the primary core barrier 143,553 in ceilings, walls or floors to contain electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic fields, and radio frequency fields within the interstitial areas. The metal tension plates backing and forming a part of the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543, for example, provide a shielding layer when grounded through the support means to a quality ground. The metal formed decking which forms the primary core barrier 143,553 in certain variations of my invention provides a shielding layer when grounded to a quality ground. The shielding layers offer the capability to thus protect the health of persons in the enterprise occupied spaces outside the ceiling, wall or floor modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 making up the accessible membrane barrier 140,145,545,547,546 while protecting the Interstitial Space Commuters, processors, drives, hubs, servers, storage devices and other devices and equipment accommodated within the interstitial areas, and prevent passage of electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic fields, and radio frequency fields through the primary core barrier or through the modular-accessible-matrix-units making up the accessible membrane barrier or from one interstitial area to another, causing disturbances, data loss, or damage to the conductors and devices housed within the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 or the individual multiple layers making up the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532.

[0559] The resulting building forming the enterprise should be viewed as a network by which people, equipment and machines Commute (compute and communicate) with each other in a beneficial symbiotic relationship as directed by the human users through a continuous structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 within the ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors, which permits the free passage of conductors from, say, the floor to the walls to the ceiling in one part of the enterprise to the ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors in all other parts of the enterprise without the obstructions inherent in existing conventional construction. The structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540, along with one or two accessible membrane barriers 140,145,546,545,547, form a multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 which accommodates some or all the building's electronic, electrical and mechanical devices, conductors, equipment and the like, which are more fully described in the third paragraph of this section, General Modular-Accessible-Matrix Site, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160. The structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 encapsulated by the structure within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 is sealed off from dust, fluids and fire, thereby protecting the sensitive mechanical, electrical and electronic devices, conductors and equipment housed therein, including the electrical service backbone and power distribution equipment for the enterprise.

[0560] The electronic equipment and devices are supported and positioned by means of universal support devices for alterably accommodating plates, mounting side blanks, mounting back blanks, backboards, slots, mounts and mounting racks which do not penetrate the primary core barrier 143,553. The universal support devices may be disposed in a vertical, horizontal or angular position and may be fastened to the primary core barrier 143,553 by any means which does not penetrate through the barrier, including, but not limited to, touch fasteners, screw fasteners, concentric ring fasteners, pins, plinths, channels, racks, ties, and hooks. If desired, any individual piece of equipment or device may have its own separate enclosure as additional protection from dust, electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, electrostatic discharge, as its own individual cooling means, or a combination thereof, within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540. The Commuter equipment and devices within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 are accessed by means of continuous access slots 609 and intermittent access slots 610 as well as through the floor accessible membrane barrier 140,546 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145,545.

[0561] A major purpose, benefit and advantage of my invention is that the primary core barrier 143,553 is not at any time penetrated by any conductor, outlet or device, nor is it necessary to do so in that by increasing the interstitial space, penetration is avoidable. Thus, the primary core barrier 143,553 serves as a privacy and security barrier and prevents the penetration of dust, fire, smoke, heat, airborne sound, impact sound, and light. Where natural variations call for one or more secondary core barriers 144,561, the primary core barrier 143,553 is that barrier which has no penetrations, particularly from the ceiling side in a floor/ceiling system. In contrast, the prior art generally provides the weakest barrier facing the ceiling side of a floor/ceiling assembly even though the greatest danger from fire and smoke exists on the ceiling side.

[0562] Thus, the entire enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 synergistically becomes a non-penetrated privacy barrier and support barrier as well as a network system and, singularly and collectively, an enterprise Commuter system accessed from within the occupied spaces by those having the proper access codes required to activate and configure the system in conformance with the programmed artificial intelligence of the system and the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 forming the ceiling accessible membrane barriers 145,545, floor accessible membrane barriers 140,546, and wall accessible membrane barriers 547 of this invention which is a potentially reconfigurable alterable recyclable modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169 within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528. Interactive flat screen monitors, which may vary in size from one modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 to a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 forming one or more entire walls, may be inserted in vertical surfaces, such as, walls or partitions, but may also be installed in horizontal surfaces, such as, counters and desks, or even in floors or ceilings, depending on the application, to create virtual reality interactive communication for interactive planning and conferencing for meetings, sales and engineering conferences, interactive learning experiences for one or more people, and the like.

[0563] The primary core barrier 143,553 remains unpenetrated and prevents the penetration of fire, smoke, heat, airborne sound, impact sound, and light from one side of the core barrier to the other, thereby forming a privacy barrier as well as a supporting core layer. By adding a metallic layer to one or both faces of the primary core barrier 143,553 and to the back face of the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543, an electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic interference and radio frequency interference barrier is erected which prevents disturbance of electronic transmissions on the opposite side of the primary core barrier 143,553 and provides a means for grounding the equipment, devices, conductors, connectors, and the like disposed within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 as well as providing electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference and electrostatic discharge attributes to one or more opposed sides of the primary core barrier 143,553.

[0564] Another major purpose of this invention is to provide a fire membrane barrier, in the form of ceiling accessible membrane barriers 145,545, floor accessible membrane barriers 140,546 and wall accessible membrane barriers 547, to protect the devices, conductors, and equipment within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540. Contrary to the prior art, the teachings of this invention provide substantially greater protection from the ceiling side in that, since fires burn upward, it is the ceiling area which requires the greater protection.

[0565] The flexibility of my invention is demonstrated by the ability of the user to reconfigure the equipment and devices accommodated by the system as to devices accommodated and the location of such equipment and devices as well as to incorporate changes due to technological evolution. The system can be upgraded, changed, interchanged, altered, and reconfigured. The configurations of FIGS. 1-160 are adaptable to retrofit work.

[0566] The equipment and devices at various locations are interconnected and may communicate interactively in a network defined in part by the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528, in part by technological advances, in part by the creative knowledge of the users, and in part by the evolutionary upgrade of the artificial intelligence of routers, switches, servers, and bridges. Through servers and routers, data may be shared and transferred from one Interstitial Space Commuter to another and from one device to another for algorithms, parallel processing, and the like, through any type of conductor within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 or wirelessly within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 or the enterprise from modular-accessible-matrix sites and modular accessible node sites within the ceilings, walls, partitions, columns or floors.

[0567] By means of codes, security codes, activated voice codes or hand prints, the system may be activated by a roving individual at any point in the enterprise. Thus, the system may be as small or as large as desired, starting small and growing and upgrading continually to become all it is required to be, utilizing one microprocessor during prime office and manufacturing production time or utilizing hundreds, thousands or millions of processors throughout an entire enterprise during both prime work time and non-productive nighttime hours in any algorithm or parallel processing arrangement. Obviously, all processors within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 may be interconnected into grids on two or three axes and may also have diagonally crosswise grids in two or three axes so that these grids may be programmed and configured and reconfigured to function in an interactive network with any number of Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, Work Station Commuters and palm Commuters, wrist Commuters, neck choker Commuters, strap Commuters, belt Commuters, laptop computers, desktop computers, workstations, minicomputers or mainframe computers within one or more enterprise spaces by altering the grid or by use of hubs, routers, servers, switches, and sensors.

[0568] The only constant in the invention of the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 system is that there is evolutionary unfolding change built into the system so that users' creative knowledge, artificial intelligence, operating system, and technology changes may be creatively accommodated over a period of centuries so that the enterprise is not subjected to razing by explosion leveling, wrecking balls, and bulldozers for wasting of finite resources into landfill sites which are becoming increasingly scarce. This evolutionary unfolding change affects the entire enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528—the people, robots, office equipment, manufacturing equipment, production equipment, service equipment, communications equipment within the occupied spaces 538, the Personal Mobile Commuters, Laptop Mobile Commuters, Desk Top Commuters, Work Station Commuters, the computers (from supercomputers to palm computers) within the occupied space, the Interstitial Space Commuters within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122-126,540 or any part of the devices, conductors, flexible circuits, connectors, networking equipment, mechanical equipment, electrical equipment, electronic equipment, and the like within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix.

[0569] Comprehensive references exist for classes of computers, such as, mainframe computers, minicomputers, workstation computers, personal computers, laptop computers, hubs, servers, routers, bridges, switches, and the like, all of which may be used in the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 and accessed through any modular-accessible-matrix site 170 or modular accessible node site 169.

THE FIRST EMBODIMENT OF THIS INVENTION CHANNEL SLAB UNITS

[0570] Interstitial Features Of FIGS. 17-22: The interstitial features of the channel slab units of FIGS. 17-22 include, as shown in FIG. 18, a structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. Also included among the interstitial features are a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120, a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 above the primary core barrier 143, a structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130, and apertures 133 aligning with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix.

[0571] General Features Of FIGS. 1-22: Any applicable general or specific features disclosed for any of FIGS. 1-160 may apply to FIGS. 1-22 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein. The aforementioned General Modular-Accessible-Matrix Site, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160, which is located prior to the First Embodiment Of This Invention, is incorporated herein by reference where applicable to FIGS. 1-22 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein.

[0572] Other Features Of FIGS. 1-22: FIGS. 9-16 illustrate a progression of a primary core barrier 553 which begins with a flat slab (FIGS. 9 and 10) and which is constructively modified by several means, as shown in FIGS. 1-22, to improve its functional benefits as a structural interstitial accommodation matrix. To more fully illustrate the versatility of this invention as illustrated by FIGS. 9-16, all structural reinforced slabs are shown as having the same depth, illustrating a progression of distinctly different primary core barriers 553 starting in FIGS. 9 and 10 with a flat slab having a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 above the flat slab and having a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 below the flat slab.

[0573]FIGS. 11 and 12 show a substantive altering of the conventional slab into a floor rib-and-channel slab having the same overall depth as the slabs of FIGS. 9 and 10, whereby the substantive alteration lightens the weight of the slab while providing longitudinal channels on the floor face for longitudinal passage of conductors, support of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 by means of support means 606 disposed on the ribs, and support of crosswise transverse conductors on the ribs. Where project circumstances create a heavier demand for conductors and devices in the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, FIGS. 13 and 14 show the bottom of the slab on the ceiling side 576 beneficially converted from a flat slab to a ceiling rib-and-channel slab having channels for increased longitudinal passage of conductors and used for receiving computer and communications devices within the channels while the ribs provide support surfaces for suspending the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. The structural slabs for FIGS. 9-12 must be formed.

[0574] Where project circumstances create a heavy demand for conductors and devices in both the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 and the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, FIGS. 15 and 16 beneficially further lighten the slab, while the depth and strength remain the same, by providing a floor rib-and-channel slab and a ceiling rib-and-channel slab for optimizing the primary core barrier 553 structurally and functionally for maximizing accommodation of conductors and devices within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix, the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, and the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, while optimizing a fire barrier determined by the average thickness of the primary core barrier 553.

[0575] Because of the channel shapes on the floor side 567 being tied to the reinforcement on the floor side of the structural slabs, the structure configurations shown in FIGS. 11-16, and particularly in FIGS. 13-16, offer certain advantages in that the reinforcement 290,293, the trussed bar joists 842,843, and the transverse assembly spacer and temperature reinforcement 844 may be formed into reinforcing mats which can be installed with and tied to the channels 701, ready to receive the concrete. In FIGS. 13-16, the formed decking 702 serves as a permanent form, the concrete pumped in or placed by gravity feed from the floor side onsite to form cast-in-place units or pumped in or placed by gravity feed from above in the casting plant to form precast units.

[0576] In FIGS. 9-16, a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is shown on the floor side 567 between the top face of the primary core barrier 553 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 are shown supported on the top face of the flat slab by support means 606 selected from plinths, channels, foam, and the like. A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is shown on the ceiling side 568 between the bottom face of the primary core barrier 553 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545.

[0577] In FIGS. 9-14, an accessible ceiling system 576 is shown suspended from the bottom face of the flat slab by means of mechanical fasteners 382 a comprising any kind of bolt, shank, rod, stud or shaft which is threaded at least at the ends and having multi-rotational conically-shaped bearing heads and threaded solid shafts to fit and rotate within dovetail channels 564 b which are adhered by sealant, adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416 to the bottom face of the structural slab shown transversely disposed in FIGS. 10, 12, and 14 and longitudinally disposed in FIGS. 9, 11 and 13. The accessible ceiling systems 576 of FIGS. 9-11 and FIGS. 13 and 15 are shown supported on formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges forming a channel grid, shown as transversely disposed 427 b, while the accessible ceiling systems 576 of FIGS. 12, 14 and 16 are shown supported on formed channels 427 shown as longitudinally disposed 427 a. The formed channels 427 are shown in greater detail in FIG. 192 in my U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091 and in the parent case, showing a mechanical fastener 382 (any kind of bolt, shank, rod, stud or shaft which is threaded at the ends and may be threaded its full length and which has a slotted head) which, when combined with a sex nut 393 and a retainer ring 394, permits the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 to be leveled by inserting a screwdriver with a long shank up into the formed channels 427 a to turn the mechanical fasteners 382 to precision raise or lower the ceiling units on the x or y axis by screwing in or out on the z axis, the leveling or releveling process on the z axis importantly accomplished from below the ceiling without having to removing the ceiling units, a feature which may be used with any of the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrices 534 of this invention.

[0578] In FIGS. 1, 2, and 7-16, various configurations are shown of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290, top transverse reinforcement 291, bottom transverse reinforcement 292, and principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293.

[0579] Specific Features Of FIGS. 1-8: FIGS. 1-8 show natural variations of FIGS. 17-22, the preferred variations of the channel slab units of this First Embodiment of my invention.

[0580] FIGS. 1-3, 5, and 6 show structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 disposed between the top flanges 146 of structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 above the primary core barrier 143.

[0581]FIGS. 3, 4, 7, and 8 illustrate structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 disposed between the bottom flanges 147 of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 below the primary core barrier 143.

[0582]FIG. 1 shows metal formed decking 702 a, a flexible magnetic tape and foam tape load-bearing composite 742 supporting the floor accessible membrane barrier 140 of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543.

[0583]FIGS. 5 and 6 show additional depth of the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122 d, which depth is sufficient to accommodate conductors, devices and equipment while the remaining figures accommodate conductors or conductors and devices or conductors and equipment. Variations of the channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling are shown supported on the top flanges 146 and supporting the floor accessible membrane barrier 140.

[0584]FIGS. 1, 2, 7, and 8 show various configurations of longitudinal bottom reinforcement 293 and transverse bottom reinforcement 292 in the bottom flanges of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129.

[0585]FIGS. 1 and 6 show acoustical material 570 on the ceiling side. FIG. 1 shows dovetailed channels cast in concrete 564 a. FIG. 2 shows dovetailed channels 564 which, in this case, are cast in concrete but, alternatively, may be applied to the surface.

[0586]FIGS. 4, 7, and 8 show linear assembly spacers 379 which may be metal tubing of various configurations. The linear assembly spacers are attached to the top of the metal forms which form the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 below the primary core barrier, making the assembly stiffer to facilitate lifting, transporting, and erection and concrete placement at the jobsite. The attachment means may consist of mechanical fasteners, welding, clamps, wire tying, clips, and the like.

[0587] FIGS. 23-25 in the Second Embodiment of this invention illustrate an even more desirable configuration, comprising linear assembly spacers 379 attached to the bottom metal forming and to the top metal forming, creating a stronger and stiffer assembly than that shown for FIGS. 4, 7, and 8.

[0588] Specific Features of FIGS. 9-16: FIG. 9 shows a one-way reinforced flat structural slab 849. The figure shows a conventionally formed, reinforced and cast flat structural slab having multilayered interstitial accommodation matrices comprising a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 above the flat slab and a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 below the flat slab, created by the teachings of this invention without folding the slab as depicted in FIGS. 23-31. FIG. 9 clearly shows the greater mass when compared to the folding slabs, as shown in FIGS. 23-31, reduces the height of the slab to form a folded primary core barrier 553 as shown by the teachings of FIGS. 23-31 offers substantive structural advantages over the greater mass of the configuration of FIG. 9 as well as provides a substantive increase in conductor passages in the interstitial accommodation matrices above and below the primary core barrier 553 formed by the one-way or two-way folded structural slab. The reinforcement of the slab of FIG. 9 may be one-way reinforcement as shown or, where so desired, may be two-way reinforcement with forming and supporting of reinforcing bars by conventional forming means with chairs as shown in the American Concrete Institute references and manufacturers' sales literature for conforming with the ACI Code.

[0589]FIG. 10 shows a conventionally formed, one-way reinforced flat structural slab 850 forming a primary core barrier 553 and similar to that shown in FIG. 9 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The bottom transverse reinforcement 292 is supported on longitudinal dovetail channels 564 a integrally cast into the concrete slab, with forming by any conventional flat deck forming system with dovetail channels 564 a integrally cast in the ceiling face of the slab, which integrally cast channel provides a support means for transverse cee channels 564 b to be precision aligned to give x and y axis precision positioning of threaded support rods 382 a where slots are provided at right angles to the principal axis. Although FIG. 10 shows only a longitudinal dovetail channel 564 a, transverse dovetail channels 564 a may also beneficially be cast into the top or bottom of the conventional flat structural slab for supporting the components creating the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 and the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 above or below the structural slab with greater precision flexibility in precision positioning of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545.

[0590] In FIG. 11, the one-way reinforced structural slab 851 has an upward-facing undulating coplanar repetitive pattern of ribs and channels 701, forming conductor passage channels 701 and a primary core barrier 553 and forming a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 above the structural slab. The coplanar linear channels 701 are precision disposed in the top face of the structural slab to form top flange ribs alternating between the linear channels 701 by precision mechanical fastening or precision welding to form a shop-fabricated precision spacer and positioning reinforcement mat to be field installed as a unit and comprising principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and principal bottom reinforcement 293 formed into triangular trussed bar joists 843 assembled in paired relationships and to a transverse assembly spacer and temperature reinforcement 844 as part of the reinforcement mat for transporting, lifting, and positioning at the jobsite before placing concrete or, in the alternative, for precasting at a factory on a casting bed. In the alternative, the top flange ribs may be cast transversely.

[0591]FIG. 12 shows a one-way reinforced structural slab 852 having an upward-facing undulating coplanar repetitive pattern of ribs and channels 701 forming conductor passage channels and a primary core barrier 553 and forming a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 above the structural slab. The coplanar linear channels 701 have inwardly turning flanges and are precision disposed in the top face of the structural slab to form longitudinal top flanges alternating between the linear channels 701. Trussed bar joists 842 a having single top bars 290 and bottom bars and assembled into paired relationships are precision mechanically fastened or precision welded to principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290, principal bottom reinforcement 293, and a transverse assembly spacer and temperature reinforcement 844.

[0592]FIG. 13 shows a one-way reinforced structural slab 853 having a downward-facing undulating coplanar repetitive pattern of ribs and conductor passage channels formed by metal, plastic or cementitious formed decking 702, forming a primary core barrier 553 and forming a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 below the structural slab. The formed decking 702 serves as the forming for the slab, and no other forms are required. The structural slab is reinforced by means of top transverse reinforcement 291 and trussed bar joists 842 b having double top bar 290 and bottom bars 293. Dovetail channels 564 b are applied to the bottom surface of the ribs by any means, such as, by the flexible magnets 367 shown to form the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534. The floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is created by dovetail channels 56 a cast into the concrete in the top flange of the slab. Load-bearing low Δt tubing 748 b having a rectangular exterior cross section with round internal tubing and having a groove on one face with releasable readhering sealant tape in the groove is disposed transversely in the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 directly below the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 for support, for low Δt absorptive cooling and low Δt emissive heating, for cushioning, for assembly, and for holding in place.

[0593]FIG. 14 shows a one-way reinforced structural slab 854 having a downward- facing undulating coplanar repetitive pattern of ribs and conductor passage channels formed by formed decking 702, forming a primary core barrier 553 and forming a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 below the structural slabs, similar to that of FIG. 13 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The load-bearing low Δt tubing 748 b is disposed longitudinally to support modular accessible matrix units 543 and form a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535. The formed channel 427 a forming a channel grid to support the accessible ceiling system 576 is longitudinally disposed from a transversely disposed cee channel 564 b. The structural slab is reinforced by means of trussed bar joists 842 a with single top bars 290 and single bottom bars 293 and transverse assembly spacers and temperature reinforcement 844.

[0594]FIG. 15 shows a one-way reinforced structural slab 855 having an upward-facing and downward-facing undulating coplanar repetitive pattern of ribs and conductor passage channels having forms of metal, plastic, gypsum, fiber or fiber cement which remain in place, forming a primary core barrier 553 and forming an upward-facing floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 and a downward-facing ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534. The spaced-apart channels 701 in the top face of the structural slab have inwardly turning flanges. The spaced-apart channels in the bottom of the slab are formed by the metal decking 702. The slab is reinforced by trussed bar joists 842 and triangular trussed bar joists 843 assembled in paired relationships and comprising principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and principal bottom reinforcement 293, and the concrete is placed from the top between the inward-facing channel flanges through spaces between the channels 701 in the top of the primary core barrier 553. Within the teachings of this invention, the channels may have outward-facing flanges, hemmed and downward-facing flanges, and the like. The accessible ceiling system 576 is shown suspended by means of magnet keeper blanks welded to suspension rods 857 and attached to the ribs of the formed decking 702 with any type of magnets 366, including flexible magnets, which are linearly disposed or intermittent magnets arranged in linear rows of magnets or any type of continuous magnets disposed continuously in channels, while the formed channels 427 b forming the channel grid to support the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 are transversely disposed.

[0595]FIG. 16 shows a one-way reinforced structural slab 856 having an upward-facing and downward-facing undulating coplanar repetitive pattern of ribs and conductor passage channels forming a primary core barrier 553 and forming an upward-facing floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 and a downward-facing ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, similar to that of FIG. 15 but having certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. Concrete is placed between the outward-facing flanges of the spaced-apart top channels 701. The reinforcement of the structural slab differs. Top transverse reinforcement 291 is disposed over the top bars 290 of the triangular trussed bar joists 843. The transverse assembly spacers and temperature reinforcement 844 are shown spaced above the bottom bars 293 of the trussed bar joists 842. The accessible ceiling system 576 is shown suspended by means of plates welded to suspension rods 859 and attached to the ribs of the formed decking 702 with magnet keeper cups 858 precision stud welded to suspension rods and, alternatively, with viscoelastic registry engagement fasteners 373, while the formed channels 427 a forming the channel grid to support the ceiling accessible membrane 545 are shown longitudinally disposed.

[0596] The construction systems shown in FIGS. 13-16 lend themselves to precision-jigged shop fabrication of the decking, channels and the reinforcement system into an integrated system for transporting to the jobsite and erecting much like decking with forms left in place for field placement of concrete by pumping or crane trunk pouring of concrete or, in the alternative, precasting at the shop for delivery to the jobsite as an integrated precast system. FIGS. 9-12 may be precast or erected at the jobsite over a conventional forming system for jobsite casting.

[0597] Specific Features Of FIGS. 17-22: FIGS. 17-22 are the preferred variations of this First Embodiment of my invention.

[0598]FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 20, illustrating a floor/ceiling system comprising channel slab units supported by a composite steel and concrete girder 150 comprising a wide flange steel beam so configured in my invention to form a bottom flange 147 encapsulating in concrete a bottom flange to which a wide steel plate has been welded, designed to provide time/temperature rated fire protection. The steel plate extends beyond the bottom flange on either side to carry the load of the channel slab units and of the composite steel and concrete beam 151. The top flange of the steel beam is sufficiently narrow to permit the precast channel slab units to be placed on the upward extending load-bearing webs 158 which support the channel slab units and the composite steel and concrete beam 151. The exposed web 149 and top flange of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 are encapsulated in an optional intumescent coating 159 to provide fire protection for those parts of the steel girder which are not encapsulated in concrete. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 is formed which accommodates the longitudinal passage of conductors and is accessible from the floor interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0599]FIG. 17 illustrates channel slab units having each top flange 146 supported at midpoint between two bottom flanges 147. The composite steel and concrete beam 151 and a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 are shown below the primary core barrier 143. A floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported above the primary core barrier by a channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling. A structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122, a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120, and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 are shown between the primary core barrier and the floor accessible membrane barrier. The channel slab units of FIG. 17 have a primary core barrier 143, a top flange 146, a bottom flange 147, and accommodate a plurality of structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 below the primary core barrier.

[0600]FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 21. FIG. 18 is similar to FIG. 17, except that each top flange of the channel slab units is aligned above a bottom flange. Each structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122 is positioned directly above a structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125, separated by the primary core barrier 143. The spacing and arrangement of the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122,125 and the alignment of the top flanges 146 and bottom flanges 147 produce a different edge configuration for the channel slab units supported by the load-bearing web 158 of the composite steel and concrete girder 151.

[0601]FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 22, showing a similar view as FIG. 17 and 18. A series of pre-spaced apertures 133 aligning with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 are shown through the web of the steel girder, through the load-bearing concrete web 158 of the composite steel and concrete girder 150, and through the composite steel and concrete beam 151, permitting arm-length access to conductors disposed within structural accessible interstitial beam passages. Apertures 133 are shown aligning with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. A cast-in-place concrete top flange 157 is shown for the composite steel and concrete girder 150. Acoustical concrete 570 is shown on the exposed ceiling side of the primary core barrier 143. A floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported upon the flanges of the primary core barrier 143 by means of a channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling, creating a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121.

[0602]FIG. 20 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 17 cut through the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129, wherein a composite steel and concrete beam 151 is supported on a composite steel and concrete girder 150. FIG. 20 shows a composite steel and concrete beam 151 having a steel bottom flange reinforced by a welded plate extending on either side of the bottom flange encapsulated in concrete, upward extending concrete webs, the steel web and top flange encapsulated in an intumescent coating 159, and a structural accessible interstitial beam passage 131 on either side of the web to permit the longitudinal passage of conductors. An aperture 133 is shown in the steel web, aligning with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. The channel slab units are supported on the bottom flanges or upward extending concrete webs of the composite steel and concrete beam. A composite steel and concrete girder 150 supports the composite steel and concrete beam 151. A ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is disposed below the primary core barrier 143. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 140 is supported on the primary core barrier 143 by the channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling. A structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123, a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121, and a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 are shown above the primary core barrier.

[0603]FIG. 21 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 18. FIG. 21 shows a structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126 below the primary core barrier. A structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123 is shown above the primary core barrier 143. Apertures 133 in the composite steel and concrete girder 150 align with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix and permit arm-length access to conductors in the structural accessible interstitial girder passage.

[0604]FIG. 22 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 19. FIG. 22 also shows a cast-in-place top flange 157 and a large reinforced aperture 133 in the steel web of the composite steel and concrete beam 151. Apertures 133 aligning with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 are shown in the concrete webs of the composite steel and concrete beam 151 and also in the composite steel and concrete beam girder 150 upon which the composite beam 151 is supported. The apertures permit arm-length access to conductors disposed with the structural accessible interstitial girder passage.

THE SECOND EMBODIMENT OF THIS INVENTION FOLDED SLAB UNITS

[0605] Interstitial Features Of FIGS. 32-37: FIGS. 32-37 are the preferred variations of the folded slab units of this Second Embodiment of my invention. The interstitial features of the folded slab units of FIGS. 32-37 include, as shown in FIG. 32, a structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. Also included among the interstitial features above the primary core barrier 143 are a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 a, 120 b, and 120 c, a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121, a structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122, a structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123, and apertures 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix. Below the primary core barrier are shown a structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125, a structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126, a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128, and a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127. Within the primary core barrier 143 are shown linear assembly spacers 379 which may align with apertures 133 to align with channels and cores of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix and thereby serve as conductor passages.

[0606] General Features Of FIGS. 23-41: Any applicable general or specific features disclosed for any of FIGS. 1-160 may apply to FIGS. 23-41 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein. The aforementioned General Modular-Accessible-Matrix Site, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160, which is located prior to the First Embodiment Of This Invention, is incorporated herein by reference where applicable to FIGS. 23-41 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein.

[0607] FIGS. 23-41 show vertical cross sections of a floor/ceiling system comprising a folded undulating concrete slab as a primary core barrier 553 of cast structural concrete 571, which provides a fire, smoke, sound, light, security and privacy barrier within a multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 which also accommodates a plurality of interstitial accommodation matrices, which my include a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 and/or a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, and/or one or more interstitial accommodation matrices within the structure.

[0608] General Features Of FIGS. 23-25: FIGS. 23-25 show a first layer of metal formed decking 702 comprised of coplanar channels 574 and a second layer of spaced-apart coplanar parallel metal formed channels 701, which are pre-assembled by means of coplanar linear assembly spacers 379 into a double layer to form the primary core barrier 553, designated in FIG. 24, thereby creating a system for forming a folded concrete plate and providing the following synergistic benefits:

[0609] A folded primary core barrier 553 having a significant strength-to-weight advantage is developed over a conventional unfolded slab shown in FIGS. 1-22, while providing channels for accommodating devices and conductors for assembling an enterprise computer matrix.

[0610] A folded primary core barrier 553 is produced having significant strength and span advantages with moderate material use.

[0611] Concrete may be pumped and vibrated into place into prefabricated forms at the jobsite in multi-story construction, thereby achieving greater spans, as well as being placed by any other conventional means.

[0612] An initial stronger working layer is created, before placing the concrete as well as after placing the concrete, than is possible with single layers of metal decking.

[0613] Essential conductor and device channels are formed in the top and bottom surfaces of the primary core barrier 553 for accommodating devices and conductors for creating an enterprise computer matrix.

[0614] As the channels formed get progressively deeper in FIGS. 23-25, the strength of the primary core barrier 553 becomes progressively stronger.

[0615] Since no conduits are required within the primary core barrier 553, the concrete may be placed immediately without need of preliminary layout of conduits and concrete inserts, as in conventional construction over a single decking layer, before concrete can be placed.

[0616] The subdivided interstitial accommodation matrices 533 may be formed by magnetically coupling magnetic multi-rotational bearing feet 603 c (unslotted) or 603 d (slotted) of the multi-rotational plinths 605 to the flange of the metal formed channels 701 on the floor side 567 or to the metal formed decking 702 on the ceiling side 568 and by magnetically coupling the magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads to the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543, thereby allowing micropositioning adjustment of the multi-rotational plinths 605 and eliminating the need for fasteners.

[0617] Alternatively, the multi-rotational plinths 605 may be held in place on the metal formed channels 701 and metal formed decking 702 and to the backs of the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 by globs of sealant or adhesive, foam tape, touch fasteners, or any other mechanical fastening means, such as, threaded inserts, dovetail slots, and the like.

[0618] Linear assembly spacers 379 are positioned transversely in the primary core barrier 553 at any spacing between 6 inches and 144 inches although generally a spacing between 12 inches and 24 inches is preferred, thereby creating a precise formed matrix to form a precise concrete matrix, and may comprise a zee channel, a U channel, a square or rectangular bar, a rod, a pipe or the like, accomplishing the following:

[0619] Positions the metal formed channels 701 discretely away from the metal formed decking 702

[0620] Discretely positions the metal formed channels 701 in parallel coplanar relationship above the channels 574 within the metal formed decking 702

[0621] Ties the channels 701 and the decking 702 into an integral whole for forming a structurally integrated whole surface for workmen placing the concrete between the decking 702 and the channels 701 through the linear slot 566 between the metal formed channels 701 to form the primary core barrier 553 as well as to form a structural composite primary core barrier 553 after the concrete is placed and cured

[0622] Aligns and supports the metal formed channels 701 in precise relationship with the channels 574 within the metal formed decking 702 while the structural concrete 571 is being placed and cured

[0623] Provides discrete positioning of the metal formed channels 701 by means of positioning and alignment guides 685 projecting from the linear assembly spacer 379.

[0624] The primary core barriers 553 shown FIGS. 23-25 are generally prefabricated for erection at the jobsite without the concrete core and the concrete core placed at the jobsite after the units have been erected. The units may also be supplied as precast units. In contrast, the primary core barriers 553 of FIGS. 9-16, 38-67, 80-83, 90-93, and 100-125 are generally precast although it is certainly within the teachings of this invention to cast the units at the jobsite.

[0625] A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is disposed between the primary core barrier 553 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the primary core barrier 553 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The primary core barrier 553 is cast within permanent metal formed channels 701 on the floor side 567 and a permanent metal formed decking 702 on the ceiling side 568 which forms channels 574 to accommodate the passage of conductors. The concrete is placed through a linear slot 566 between the metal formed channels 701 in the top flange zone 554. Assembly ties 703 may be attached to adjoining metal formed channels 701 to keep the channels in alignment during the placement of the structural concrete 571. Inspection peep holes and air vents 705 as small as ⅛ inch in diameter may be made in the metal formed channels 701 so it may be determined that difficult places to place concrete have been filled with concrete. The metal formed channels 701 and the channels 574 in the formed metal decking 702 may be subdivided for separation of power conductors from electronic conductors, for example, by means of vertical channel dividers 710 or by horizontal metallic plates 699 and may have a channel access cover 365. The folded concrete slab which comprises the primary core barrier 553 has a zone functioning as a top flange 554, a zone functioning as a bottom flange 555, and a zone functioning as a solid web 556.

[0626] Specific Features Of FIGS. 23-25: FIG. 23 shows a multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 containing a plurality of interstitial accommodation matrices 529 and having a primary core barrier 553 featuring partially divided metal formed channels 701 in the top flange zone 554 and partially divided channels 574 in the bottom flange zone 555, formed by folds made in the metal formed channels 701 and by folds made in the metal formed decking 702 so as to accommodate conductors, devices, equipment and the like. A channel access cover 365 is shown. A linear assembly spacer 379 is positioned at midpoint in the solid web zone 556 to discretely align and support the channels in the top flange zone 554 and the bottom flange zone 555 in a coplanar and parallel relationship. A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is shown on the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system disposed between the primary core barrier 553 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 of modular-accessible-matrix-units comprising an accessible ceiling system 576 with a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a although any material or combination of materials may be used. Homogeneous materials may also be used, such as, having the backer board and facing of acoustical material or of gypsum. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 is suspended from the primary core barrier 553 by means of a plurality of multi-rotational bearings 605, shown on one side as an unslotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 a sharing a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601 with an unslotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 c and on the other side as a multi-rotational bearing head 600 a sharing a multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shaft 602 with a slotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 d. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is shown on the floor side 567 disposed between the primary core barrier 553 and a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprising modular-accessible-matrix-units 543. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 are supported by a plurality of multi-rotational bearing plinths 605, shown as having various configurations of multi-rotational bearing heads 600 a (unslotted, non-magnetic), 600 b (slotted, non-magnetic), 600 c (unslotted, magnetic), 600 d (slotted, magnetic), and multi-rotational bearing feet 603 a, b, c, and d which have the same definition as the multi-rotational bearing heads 600. Principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 are shown.

[0627]FIG. 24 shows the structure of FIG. 23, with certain exceptions. The solid web zone 556 and the metal formed channels 701 in the top flange zone 554 and the channels 574 within the metal formed decking 702 in the bottom flange zone 555 are deepened. A linear assembly spacer 379 is discretely positioned at midpoint in the solid web 556 to align and support the metal formed channels 701 relative to the channels 574 of the metal formed decking 702. An assembly tie 703 is attached to adjoining metal formed channels 701 to keep the channels in alignment during the placement of the structural concrete 571 through the linear slot 566. The two channels 701 in the top flange zone 554 show single or vertical tee-shaped vertical channel dividers 710 the full height of the channels to support channel access covers 365. On the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system, a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprising modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 is disposed over a subdivided interstitial accommodation matrix 533, the subdividing accomplished by means of a metallic plate 699 resting on the steps of multi-rotational bearing plinths 605 and by means of channel access covers 365 and single or multiple tee-shaped vertical channel dividers 710. The multi-rotational bearing plinths 605 are shown in a variety of configurations of multi-rotational bearing heads 600 and multi-rotational bearing feet 604, as shown in FIGS. 24, and 603, as described in FIG. 23. Three types of shafts are shown, a multi-rotational bearing externally threaded solid shaft 601, a multi-rotational bearing externally threaded and internally non-threaded tubular shaft 602 a to receive a concentric ring fastener 381, and a multi-rotational bearing externally threaded and internally threaded tubular shaft 602 b to receive a screw fastener 674, each shaft threaded into an internally formed, drawn and rollthreaded site 604 in the flanges of the metal formed channels 701.

[0628] On the ceiling side, a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is formed by suspending a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprising an accessible ceiling system of modular-accessible-matrix-units comprising a composite of metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c, although any material or combination of materials may be used, by means of magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads 600 c and 600 d and by means of non-magnetic multi-rotational bearings 600 a and 600 b, as described in FIG. 23, each having either a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601, a multi-rotational bearing externally threaded, internally non-threaded tubular shaft 602 a with inserted fastener, or a multi-rotational bearing externally threaded internally threaded tubular shaft 602 b with inserted fastener, the shafts threaded into an internally formed, drawn and rollthreaded site 604 in the metal formed decking 702, thereby providing a fire barrier.

[0629]FIG. 25 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 24, except that the solid web zone 556 of the primary core barrier 553 is deeper and the metal formed channels 701 of the top flange zone 554 and the metal formed decking 702 of the bottom flange zone 555 have dovetailed slots 562 to accommodate multi-rotational plinths 605 for precision leveling of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545, each plinth comprising a multi-rotational dovetailed foot 608 and a multi-rotational bearing head 600, as described in FIG. 23, sharing a multi-rotational bearing shaft of the types described in FIG. 24. On the ceiling side 568, a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is formed by suspending a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprising an accessible ceiling system of modular-accessible-matrix-units comprising a composite of backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b, although any material or combination of materials may be used, by means of the multi-rotational plinths 605, each comprising a multi-rotational dovetailed foot 608 sharing a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601 with a non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 c, fitted into a dovetailed slot 562 in the bottom flange zone 555 of the primary core barrier 553, thereby providing a fire barrier. One of the extra-deep metal formed channels 701 in the top flange zone 554 is divided horizontally by means of a channel access cover 365. Small inspection peep holes and air vents 705 are made in the channels 701 so it may be determined that difficult places to place concrete have been filled with concrete.

[0630] General Features Of FIGS. 26-31: FIGS. 26-31 show a floor/ceiling system comprising a folded undulating concrete slab as a primary core barrier 553 of cast structural concrete 571, which provides a fire, smoke, sound, light, security and privacy barrier. FIGS. 26-31 are natural variations of FIGS. 23-25.

[0631] A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 disposed on the ceiling side between the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 and the bottom flange zone 555 of the primary core barrier 553 and a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 disposed on the floor side 567 between the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and the top face of the primary core barrier 553 within a plurality of interstitial accommodation matrices 529, distinguished and shown in FIG. 26, to accommodate devices, conductors, connectors, equipment, and the like.

[0632] Principal top and bottom longitudinal reinforcement 290,293 is shown in the top flange zone 554 and bottom flange zone 555. FIGS. 27-30 show a linear assembly spacer 379 discretely positioned at midpoint in the solid web zone 556 to align and support the channels 574 in the metal formed decking 702 and the metal formed channels 701 on the opposing faces of the primary core barrier 553 so that the concrete may be poured through the linear slot 566 between the metal formed channels 701. The view of FIG. 26 is taken at a point which does not show the linear assembly spacer 379.

[0633] Specific Features Of FIGS. 26-31: FIG. 26 does not show the linear assembly spacer 379 in the primary core barrier 553 as shown in FIGS. 23-25 and 27-30. Instead, a reinforcement support cage 594 is shown which aligns and supports the principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and also discretely spaces and aligns the metal formed channels 701 and the metal formed decking 702 in a desired spaced-apart parallel relationship. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 of modular-accessible-matrix-units comprising a composite of metal backer [board] and gypsum board facing 576 d, although any material or combination of materials may be used as shown in FIGS. 23-25, is suspended on multi-rotational bearing plinths having an unslotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 a, a multi-rotational dovetailed foot 608, and a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601. It is obvious from the teachings of my invention that any type of backer board may be used in combination with any type of acoustical facing material, gypsum board facing, and the like. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is supported by multi-rotational bearing plinths having a multi-rotational bearing heat 600 a, an unslotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 c, and a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601. As in other instances, the multi-rotational bearing head, the multi-rotational bearing foot, and the externally threaded shaft are fully interchangeable with any other variation disclosed by the teachings of this invention.

[0634]FIG. 27 shows the structure of FIG. 26, except that a linear assembly spacer 379 supports the reinforcement 290 and a chair 591 supports the reinforcement 293. Multi-rotational bearing plinths 605, as described in FIG. 23, support the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. Shielding layers 717 are shown in the metal layer in the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 and in the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and in the metal formed decking 702.

[0635]FIGS. 28 and 29 show the same structure with minor variations in the arrangement of metallic plates 699 providing a subdivided interstitial accommodation matrix 533 on the floor side 567. The channels vary in depth and some are deeper than those in FIGS. 26 and 27, thereby adding strength to the primary core barrier 553. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is supported on the primary core barrier 553 by multi-layered stepped plinths 595 having multi-rotational bearing feet 603. In FIG. 28, the foot is an unslotted, magnetic foot 603 c. FIG. 29 shows a multi-rotational dovetailed foot 608 in a dovetailed slot 562 in the metal formed channel 701. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprising a composite of metal backer and gypsum board facing 576 d, although any material or combination of materials may be used as shown in FIGS. 23-27, is suspended by multi-rotational bearing plinths having unslotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads 600 c and multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shafts 601. In FIG. 28, the multi-rotational bearing feet 603 c are unslotted and magnetic, while in FIG. 29, the feet are multi-rotational dovetailed feet 608. The metal formed channels 701 have channel access covers 365 or metallic plates 699, while the channels 574 in the metal formed decking 702 have channel access covers 365. Shielding layers as protection against electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference and electrostatic discharge are provided in FIG. 28 by means of the metal backing of the composite modular-accessible-matrix-unit 579 and the metal formed decking 702. FIGS. 28 and 29 show multi-stepped heads with alternative variations of shield plates 699 to form different hierarchies of conductor management within the layers supported on stepped plinths.

[0636]FIG. 30 shows a primary core barrier 553 and channels on opposing sides of the primary core barrier both having a much greater depth than FIGS. 26-29, the primary core barrier 553 correspondingly increasing in strength. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprises modular-accessible-matrix-units of a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a supported by universal precast hat-shaped enclosures 661 which are suspended from dovetailed slots 562 in the metal formed decking 702. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is supported by multi-rotational bearing plinths 605 having multi-rotational bearing dovetailed feet 608 in dovetailed slots 562 in the metal formed channels 701.

[0637] The universal hat-shaped enclosure 661 is precast of cementitious concrete or Class A or Class II non-combustible polymer concrete to form a totally non-combustible suspended acoustical ceiling system according to the teachings of this invention, having corner support means for a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a, although the enclosure may be fabricated by any means, including by fire-resistant panels with mitered corners. The universal precast hat-shaped enclosure 661, of any polygonal shape, and in this case having a square shape in plan view, and of any desired functional height, is fabricated to serve multiple purposes as an enclosure for lighting fixtures, speakers, sensors, fire-suppression devices, sprinklers, modular accessible nodes for sensors, processors, controllers, transceivers or other communication functions, and the like. The enclosure is supported from a dovetailed slot 562 or channel to provide three-axis precision alignment, on the vertical axis by means of threaded mechanical fasteners, on the longitudinal axis by movement of the dovetailed head positionable in the dovetailed slot 562 or channel, and on the transverse axis by precision alignment made possible by slotted apertures in the universal precast hat-shaped enclosure 661 which are disposed crosswise to the axis of the dovetailed slot 562. The universal hat-shaped enclosures 661 may, within the teachings of my invention, be linear or of any polygonal shape and assembled in arrays. The universal hat-shaped enclosure is adaptable to being suspended by any adhesive or mechanical means shown in FIGS. 1-160 as well as by any existing structural fastening or suspension system.

[0638]FIG. 31 shows a structure similar to that shown in FIGS. 23-30. FIG. 31 shows how the folded undulating concrete slab can be specifically configured with wider transverse folds in the metal formed decking 702 at the ceiling side 567 and with wider floor channels to form wider transverse folds in the floor side 568, thereby more conveniently accommodating, for example, multiple-tube fluorescent lighting fixtures from the ceiling side and correspondingly wider floor channels while retaining the other inherent advantages of this natural variation of my invention. The principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 in the top flange 554 and the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 in the bottom flange 555 are supported by chairs 591. One of the channels 574 in the metal formed decking 702 accommodates a lighting fixture 625 suspended by means of a fixture-hanging yoke 628 and attached to the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 by fastening means selected from magnets, touch fasteners, foam tape, and the like. The metal formed channel 701 is open to accommodate electronic and electrical devices, conductors and equipment.

[0639] The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprises modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 suspended below the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 545 by channels 361 having inwardly turning flanges to accommodate the ability of fastener heads to slide along the longitudinal axis. Small secondary channels 548 are rollformed into the metal formed decking 702 in discrete positions, providing convenient alignment for positioning channel feet 686 for chairs 591 which hold the principal longitudinal reinforcement 293,290 in a certain desired position. The secondary channels 548 also position and hold in place channels 361 having inwardly turning flanges from which lighting fixtures 625 and ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 may also be suspended. The lighting fixtures 625 may be linear or of any polygonal shape and assembled in arrays. The lighting fixture is adaptable to being suspended by any adhesive or mechanical means shown in FIGS. 1-160 as well as by any existing structural fastening or suspension system. The linear assembly spacer 379 supports and aligns the metal formed channels 701 specifically in relation to the channels of the metal formed decking 702 to form the bottom flange 555. The metal formed channels 701 form the top flange 554 on opposite sides of channel 701, the structural concrete 571 being placed through the linear slot 566. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is disposed over the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 by means of multi-rotational bearing plinths 605 having a multi-rotational bearing head 600 and a multi-rotational bearing foot 603 fitted into a channel 361 having inwardly extending flanges to allow precision alignment of the foot along the longitudinal axis. The channels 361 have crosswise slots to allow precision alignment on the transverse axis with positioning channel feet 688 with fasteners through slots fitting over the linear assembly spacer 379. A hat-shaped stub bearing channel 687 with a slotted aperture is disposed between the flange of the metal formed channel 701 and the channel 361 supporting the plinth 605. Cushioning layers of foam 667 and elastomeric 664 b are shown supporting the plinth 605, although rubber, plastic, and the like may also be used. The positioning channel feet 686 fitting over the top of the secondary channels 548 permit the alignment of the chairs 591 supporting reinforcement. Also shown is an optional layer of foam 667 disposed below the flanges of the metal formed channels 701 to facilitate screwing into the flange for fastening positioning channel feet 686 and channels 361. The positioning channel feet 686 and the plinth support channels 361 may be raised to allow the passage of conductors on the transverse axis above the formed metal channels 701.

[0640] General Features Of FIGS. 32-34: FIGS. 32-34 show a composite steel and concrete girder 150 having a bottom flange reinforced with a wide welded steel plate and encapsulated in concrete to provide time/temperature rated fire protection and to provide a reinforced ledge for supporting the folded slab units. The exposed web and top flange of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 are encapsulated in an optional intumescent coating 159 to provide fire protection to those parts of the steel girder which are not encapsulated in concrete. An alternate system to the composite steel girder 150, which may be more cost effective, is to weld repetitively a series of large size reinforcing bars or other bars of any polygonal cross section to the bottom flange of the steel beam, as shown in FIG. 125, to provide the reinforced ledge for carrying the folded slab units as an alternative to welding continuous steel plate to the bottom flange as shown in FIGS. 32-34. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 for accommodating the passage of conductors is shown on either side of the web, which web has an aperture 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix.

[0641] Specific Features Of FIGS. 32-34: The floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported on the top flanges 146 of the primary core barrier 143 of the folded slab units by a channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling comprising channels accommodating two coplanar longitudinal low Δt tubes and a mechanism for leveling the channel support system from above. The floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix is shown with various combinations to accommodate conductors 120 a, to accommodate conductors and devices 120 b, to accommodate conductors and equipment 120 c, and to accommodate conductors, devices and equipment 120 d. The floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix is shown to accommodate conductors and equipment 121 c in FIG. 34. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is suspended from the bottom flanges 147 of the primary core barrier 143 of the folded slab units by a ceiling suspension system 148, as shown in FIG. 22, where attached or affixed to the bottom flange 147, and in FIG. 34, where embedded in the acoustical concrete 570 of the bottom flange 147. Dovetailed channels are also shown recessed into the bottom flange of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 to accommodate certain elements of the ceiling suspension system. Various configurations of the folded slab units are shown. Whereas FIG. 33 shows a continuous metal, plastic or cementitious formed decking 702 for the intermittent top flanges 146 and the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 above the primary core barrier 143, FIGS. 32 and 34 show metal, plastic or cementitious formed channels.

[0642] General Features Of FIGS. 35-37: FIGS. 35-37 show a composite steel and concrete beam 151 having a bottom flange reinforced with a steel plate and encapsulated in concrete and a web and top flange encapsulating in an intumescent coating 159. A structural accessible interstitial beam passage 131 for accommodating the passage of conductors is shown on either side of the web, which web has an aperture 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix.

[0643] Specific Features Of FIGS. 35-37: FIGS. 35-37 show a floor accessible membrane barrier 140 supported on the top flanges of the primary core barrier 143 of the folded slab units by a channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling. A floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix is shown to accommodate conductors 121 a, to accommodate conductors and devices 121 b, to accommodate conductors and equipment 121 c, and to accommodate conductors, devices and equipment 121 d. A ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 are shown, with a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 suspended from the bottom flanges of the folded slab units by a ceiling suspension system 148. Linear assembly spacers 379 are shown. FIGS. 35 and 36 show backbone conductors 979. FIG. 36 shows access plugs 712 sealed with intumescent material 159 or flexible gasketing material.

THE THIRD EMBODIMENT OF THIS INVENTION CHANNEL JOIST UNITS

[0644] Interstitial Features Of FIGS. 68-79: The interstitial features of the channel joist units of FIGS. 68-79 include a structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. Also included among the interstitial features are a structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122 above the primary core barrier 143 and a structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125 below the primary core barrier. FIGS. 68-70 show a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 above the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 122, and a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 are shown below the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 125. The same elements apply to FIGS. 71-79 although some elements may not always appear in the drawings because the section lines are cut at a point where such elements are hidden by other parts of the structure.

[0645] General Features Of FIGS. 38-39: FIGS. 38-67 and FIGS. 80-89 show natural variations of FIGS. 68-79, the preferred variations of the channel joist units of this Third Embodiment of my invention.

[0646] Specific Features Of FIGS. 38-42: FIGS. 38-41 show various cross-sectional views of the channel joist units. A floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is shown disposed over a plinth support system 141 supported by channels and disposed over the top flanges of the channel joist units.

[0647]FIG. 38 shows structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 above the primary core barrier 143 which comprises the entire channel joist unit, closed off by linear access plugs 154. A floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported by a plinth support system 141. Structural interstitial accommodation matrices 125 are shown below the primary core barrier. A ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is suspended by a ceiling suspension system 148 from the bottom flanges 147 of the channel joist units. The bottom flanges are reinforced with principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293. Top longitudinal reinforcement 290 is also shown. Cast-in-place or post-tensioned top reinforcement 180 is also shown. Floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 120 c accommodating conductors and equipment and 120 d accommodating conductors, devices and equipment are shown. A ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 and a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 are shown above the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145.

[0648]FIG. 39 illustrates the elements shown in FIG. 40, except that the view is taken at another point in the span of the channel joist units to show cross-tie bridging 611. Details of the top transverse reinforcement 291, the bottom transverse reinforcement 292, and cross-tie bridging 611 are shown.

[0649]FIG. 40 illustrates a composite steel and concrete beam 151 having a wide steel plate welded to the bottom flange. The reinforced bottom flange is encapsulated in concrete to provide time/temperature rated fire protection and to provide a reinforced ledge required to support the ends of the channel joist units and is, in turn, supported by a composite steel and concrete girder 150, as more fully described for FIGS. 71-73. The web of the composite beam has an aperture 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. A structural accessible interstitial beam passage 131 is shown on either side of the web of the composite beam 151. Top transverse reinforcement 291 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292 are shown. A floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors is disposed below the floor accessible membrane barrier 140. A structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126 is shown below the primary core barrier 143.

[0650]FIG. 41 shows a composite steel and concrete girder 150 having a wide steel plate welded to the bottom flange. The reinforced bottom flange is encapsulated in concrete to provide time/temperature rated fire protection and to provide a reinforced ledge required to support the ends of the channel joist units and is, in turn, supported by a composite steel and concrete girder 150, as more fully described for FIGS. 71-73. As in FIG. 40, the web of the composite girder has an aperture 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 is shown on either side of the web of the composite girder to accommodate the passage of conductors. The channel joist units show a bottom flange 147 reinforced with principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement, a web 149, and a top flange 146, all 3 elements comprising the primary core barrier 143. A floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 b accommodating conductors and devices and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors are shown. In contrast to FIG. 38, each structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122 above the primary core barrier is optionally open, as is each structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125 below the primary core barrier. A floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors and a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 b accommodating conductors and devices are shown.

[0651]FIG. 42 illustrates how the channel joist units of this Third Embodiment would be used in a multi-story structure. The channel joist units are shown in the floor/ceiling system between two floors of a building. The numerical designations are those used in FIGS. 42-67 and FIGS. 80-89. A plurality of structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are shown. Two alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometries 528 are shown, each extending from the bottom face of the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 to the bottom face of the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 of the floor below. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is shown over which is disposed a floor accessible membrane barrier 546. A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is shown over which is disposed a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. An unpenetrated primary core barrier 553 is shown which prevents the passage of fire, smoke, light, and sound from passing from one occupied space to another. The primary core barrier 553 encapsulates each entire occupied space from floor to walls to ceiling. A wall, partition or column interstitial accommodation matrix 536 is shown for each wall, having a wall, partition or column interstitial accommodation matrix 547 on each side of the matrix, thereby encapsulating the primary core barrier 553.

[0652] General Features Of FIGS. 38-89: Any applicable general or specific features disclosed for any of FIGS. 1-160 may apply to FIGS. 38-89 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein. The aforementioned General Modular-Accessible-Matrix Site, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160, which is located prior to the First Embodiment Of This Invention, is incorporated herein by reference where applicable to FIGS. 38-89 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein.

[0653] Specific Features Of FIG. 43: FIG. 43 shows a vertical cross section of a floor/ceiling system comprising upward and downward top and bottom flanges of a concrete slab as an intermediate primary core barrier 809 having upwardly projecting longitudinal top flanges 800 and downwardly projecting longitudinal bottom flanges 803. Formed channels 701 with inwardly extending flanges are disposed between the longitudinal top flanges 800 back-to-back with the channels of formed decking 702 disposed between the longitudinal bottom flanges 803. The webs of the formed channels 701 may contain a plurality of inspection peep holes and air vents 705 at places where it is difficult to place concrete. The intermediate primary core barrier 809 is transversely reinforced by means of a trussed spacer having continuous top and bottom flanges. The longitudinal continuous solid web 811 is reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 which are tied together by additional reinforcement means. A transverse beam 814 is shown, whereby the top of the bottom flange 814 a and the bottom of the bottom flange 814 b of the transverse beam 814 carry the longitudinal bottom flange 803 and the top of the top flange 814 c of the transverse beam 814 carries the longitudinal top flange 800.

[0654] A multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 is shown extending from the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 to the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. The alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 of this invention is shown extending beyond the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 and encompassing the occupied spaces 538 on the floor side 567 and the occupied spaces 538 on the ceiling side 568. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are shown extending from the bottom to the top of each channel 701,702.

[0655] The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix-units shown as cast modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 e having integral magnetic attraction perimeter edges on all sides, 543 f having integral magnetically permeable edges on all sides, 543 g having integral magnetic attraction at all corners, and 543 h having integral magnetically permeable edges at all corners. The floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 accommodates three-stepped plinths affixed to the top surface of the longitudinal top flanges 800 by means of a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416 c, which support the modular-accessible-matrix-units. One configuration shows a plinth having two unslotted and magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads 600 c sealed together by a sealant 416 a and an unslotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 a on a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601. A second configuration shows a plinth having two slotted and magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads 600 d adhered by an adhesive 416 b and a slotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 b on a multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shaft 602. Horizontal interstitial divider blanks providing a conductive shield 713 a and a non-conductive shield 713 b are shown supported by the steps of the three-step plinths, thereby covering and closing off the conductors and computer and communications devices and equipment, and the like, disposed within the channels 701 and in the upper part of the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 and protecting the people, devices, equipment, and the like in the occupied spaces 538 on the floor side 567 from electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, and electrostatic discharge. Removable torquing tools 395 are shown on the floor side and on the ceiling side for precision leveling the floor and ceiling accessible membrane barriers 546, 545.

[0656] The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-matrix-units shown as modular-accessible-planks comprising acoustical board 796 covered on both faces, acoustical board 796 b covered on both faces with a decorative wearing layer, gypsum board 796 c covered on both faces, and gypsum board 796 d covered on both faces with a magnetically permeable wearing layer. The modular-accessible-planks 796 a,796 b shown have solid magnets 743 disposed within the units, while the modular-accessible-planks 796 c,796 d shown have flexible magnets 744 disposed within the units. The modular-accessible-planks are suspended from the bottom surface of the ribs of the formed decking 702 by means of mechanical fasteners 382 a having at one end a conically-shaped multi-rotational bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within a dovetail channel 564 b affixed to the ribs by sealant, adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416 and having at the opposing end a longitudinally-disposed formed channel 427 c having magnetically attractive folded-over and outwardly extending flanges forming a channel grid. An alternate means of suspension is shown comprising a mechanical fastener 382 b having a cylindrically-shaped multi-rotational bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within the cee support channel 578 b affixed to the ribs of the formed decking 702 by sealant, adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416.

[0657] General Features Of FIGS. 44-62: FIGS. 44-57 and FIGS. 60-62 are vertical cross sections illustrating a variety of forms for channels and waffle domes shown in various configurations of any standard or custom size for use in FIGS. 23-31, 38-43, 63-67, 80-83, and 100-125, such as, the following:

[0658] (1) parallel, coplanar reinforced concrete joists on one principal axis, forming channels;

[0659] (2) parallel, coplanar reinforced concrete joists having a rectangular reinforced waffle pattern on the principal axis and the secondary axis; and

[0660] (3) parallel, coplanar reinforced biaxial square waffle pattern on both the principal axis and the secondary axis.

[0661] The concrete joist forms may be a standard or custom size. Standard forms for the void spaces between ribs are 500 mm (20 inches) to 750 mm (30 inches) wide and vary in depth from 50 mm (2 inches) to 500 mm (20 inches). Standard joist widths vary from 125 mm (5 inches) to 225 mm (9 inches). The custom concrete joist forms may be of any width, height and length.

[0662] The waffle dome forms may be a standard or custom size. The standard size for waffle forms may be 475 mm (19-inch) width for 600 mm (24-inch) joist centers although dome forms may also be a standard 750 mm (30-inch) width for 900 mm (36-inch) joist centers or any custom width. The custom waffle forms may be of any width, any height, and any length.

[0663] The channel forms for concrete joists, the channel forms for concrete joists having a waffle pattern, and the waffle dome forms for biaxial square waffle patterns may be made of fiberglass, metal, plastic, wood, cementitious concrete, polymer concrete, fiber-reinforced cementitious concrete, pressed fiberglass, pressed mineral fibers, mineral materials, vitreous materials or vitreous fibers, composites of any of the listed materials, and the like.

[0664] In FIGS. 44-57 and FIGS. 60-62, the upward-facing units show inwardly extending flanges while the downward-facing units show outwardly extending flanges. There are many other possible variations of the edges of the units within the teachings of this invention and applicable to all interstitial spaces shown in FIGS. 1-160, including edges folded inwardly one or more times to form hemmed edges, edges folded outwardly one or more times to form hemmed edges, outwardly extending flanges having turned-up or turned-down edges formed into dovetails, outwardly extending flanges having turned-up or turned-down edges formed into channels, inwardly extending flanges having turned-down edges formed into channels, and the like.

[0665] By the teachings of this invention, the cavities formed by the channel and waffle dome forms are created for the explicit purpose of accommodating electronic, electrical and mechanical conductors, devices, equipment, and the like to form a multinetgridometry of computers and communication devices within the interstitial accommodation matrix to form the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry as well as to accommodate lighting fixtures and speakers within the interstitial accommodation matrix for integration with communication devices and computers within the occupied spaces 538 and every type of networking and computing device and component interconnected with computers and communication devices within the interstitial accommodation matrix in a tethered or untethered mode through the modular accessible node sites to form an enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry for enhanced interaction with people, equipment and machines (see the PEM symbol between FIGS. 66 and 67) through the relocatable and reconfigurable modular accessible node sites. Deep formed cavities accommodate the larger devices and equipment in stationary and movable rack systems which accommodate the computers, bridges, and servers within the interstitial accommodation matrix. The shallower formed cavities also accommodate conductors, devices, equipment, and the like for computers and communication devices within the interstitial accommodation matrix within the limitations of less space. No limitations are placed on the location of electronic, electrical and mechanical devices and equipment in the interstitial spaces of my invention, such devices and equipment being equally suitable for both floor and ceiling installation as well as for walls, partitions and columns which, as an essential part of my invention, interconnect the floor and ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix spaces.

[0666] Specific Features Of FIGS. 44-62: FIG. 44 illustrates a form having outwardly extending flanges and a b 150 mm (6-inch) height for use in forming channels in concrete joists or forming waffle patterns. FIGS. 45-47 are similar to FIG. 44 but show some variations according to the teachings of this invention, their heights being, respectively, 225 mm (9 inches), 300 mm (12 inches) and 375 mm (15 inches). FIG. 48 shows a series of two 150 mm (6-inch) high forms of FIG. 44, FIG. 49 shows a series of three 225 mm (9-inch) high forms of FIG. 45, FIG. 50 shows a series of three 300 mm (12-inch) high forms of FIG. 46, and FIG. 51 shows a series of three 375 mm (15-inch) high forms of FIG. 47 for use in forming channels in concrete joists or forming waffle patterns. Dimensions are stated for illustrative purposes in that the height may vary from 50 mm (2 inches) to 500 mm (20 inches) and in that, by using custom forms, the units may be of any width, any length, and any height.

[0667]FIG. 52 shows a series of four back-to-back 150 mm (6-inch) high channel units or waffle dome units aligned and positioned by spreaders, forming an intermediate primary core barrier 809, the bottom row of dome forms having outwardly extending flanges and the top row of dome forms having inwardly extending flanges.

[0668] The forms of the channel units and waffle dome units of FIG. 52 are aligned and positioned by means of a series of cementitious concrete cylindrical spacers 820 a internally threaded for fastening to the forms. The channel units and waffle dome units of the remaining figures, FIGS. 53-57 and FIGS. 60-62 are aligned and positioned by means of a series of single standalone pavers 821 (as in FIG. 58) for use with square waffle patterns, having serrated edges and internally threaded for fastening to opposed sides of the forms by means of pins, threaded pins, internally threaded inserts, through bolts and the like, or by means of multiple interlocked cementitious concrete pavers 821 (as in FIG. 59), the serrated, interlocking edges enhancing bond and fire barrier integrity, for use with channel units. Alignment and positioning of the back-to-back forms by either cementitious concrete cylindrical spaces 820 a or by cementitious concrete pavers 821 may be used with any of the configurations of forms.

[0669] FIGS. 53-55 illustrate a series of four channel units or waffle dome units as additional variations of the series of FIG. 52 and the configurations shown in FIG. 43 and FIGS. 64-66, each forming an intermediate primary core barrier 809, FIG. 53 having a height of 225 mm (9 inches), FIG. 54 having a height of 300 mm (12 inches), and FIG. 55 having a height of 375 mm (15 inches).

[0670]FIG. 56 illustrates a series of four back-to-back channel units or waffle dome units as an additional variation of the configurations shown in FIG. 43 and FIGS. 64-66. The primary core barrier is a bottom primary core barrier 810, the top row of forms having a height of 375 mm (15 inches) and inwardly extending flanges and the bottom row of forms having a height of 150 mm (6 inches) and outwardly extending flanges. Similarly, FIG. 57 illustrates a series of four back-to-back channel units or waffle dome units as an additional variation of the configuration shown in FIG. 56. The units are reversed, forming a top primary core barrier 808, the top row of forms having a height of 150 mm (6 inches) and inwardly extending flanges and the bottom row of forms having a height of 375 mm (15 inches) and outwardly extending flanges. FIGS. 60-62 also have inwardly extending flanges on the top row and outwardly extending flanges on the bottom row.

[0671]FIG. 58 shows a top plan view of a cementitious concrete paver 821 having internally threaded apertures for fastening to opposed sides of the back-to-back waffle dome forms by means of pins, threaded pins, internally threaded insets, through bolts, and the like, the paver having serrated sides to enhance interlocking bonding of the pavers to form a primary core barrier for structural, fire, smoke, privacy, sound, and life safety integrity. FIG. 59 shows a top plan view of a series of interlocked cementitious concrete pavers 821 of FIG. 58 for use with channel units. Internally threaded apertures are also shown. Channel units may also be formed of spaced apart cementitious concrete pavers 821 of FIG. 58 arranged with concrete between individual cementitious concrete pavers 821 forming rows of spacers in a ladder-like arrangement.

[0672] FIGS. 60-62 show variations of back-to-back channel forms or waffle dome forms as variations of the configuration shown in FIG. 63, positioned and aligned by means of the cementitious concrete pavers 821 of FIGS. 58 and 59. The primary core barriers follow varying undulating patterns from bottom primary core barriers 810 to top primary core barriers 808. FIG. 60 shows alternating back-to-back combinations of the 375 mm (15-inch) high forms of FIG. 47 and of the 150 mm (6-inch) high forms of FIG. 44, forming alternating bottom primary core barriers 810 and top primary core barriers 808. FIG. 61 shows a two-one-two-one, etc., series of alternating back-to-back combinations of the 375 mm (15-inch) high forms of FIG. 47 and of the 150 mm (6-inch) high forms of FIG. 44, forming alternating primary core barriers. The configuration of FIG. 61 produces twice as many bottom primary core barriers 810 as top primary core barriers and produces twice as many deep formed cavities on the floor side of the floor/ceiling assembly for accommodating electronic, electrical, and mechanical conductors, devices, equipment, and the like, as on the ceiling side of the assembly. The shallow formed cavities on the ceiling side easily accommodate lighting fixtures, speakers, communication devices, conductors, and the like.

[0673]FIG. 62 shows another possible variation of many alternate variations of this invention, showing a three-to-three-to-three series of alternating back-to-back combinations of a first group of three upward-facing 375 mm (15-inch) high forms of FIG. 47 fastened to three downward-facing 150 mm (6-inch) high forms of FIG. 44, joined together by the cementitious concrete pavers 821 shown in FIGS. 58 and 59, forming a bottom primary core barrier 810. A second group of three upward-facing 150 mm (6-inch) high forms of FIG. 44 is joined together to three downward-facing 375 mm (15-inch) high forms of FIG. 47 by the cementitious concrete pavers 821 of FIGS. 58 and 59. A third group of three upward-facing 375 mm (15-inch) high forms of FIG. 47 repeats the pattern of the first group. The configuration of FIG. 62 produces an equal amount of bottom primary core barriers 810 and top primary core barriers 808, following an undulating pattern, and an equal amount of deep formed cavities and shallow formed cavities accessible from the floor side and from the ceiling side of the floor/ceiling assembly.

[0674] Another important advantage of this invention is the great variety of choices available to the architect, engineer, facility manager, contractor, and owner to optimize conductor and computer management within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix in configurations comprising channels over channels, waffle panels over waffle panels, waffle panels over channels, and channels over waffle panels.

[0675] General Features of FIGS. 63-83: The alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry is about more fully and creatively unleashing the fantastic mind and spirit of human beings within their ordinary office and manufacturing work spaces by so synthesizing and configuring the enterprise space that the structure forming the enterprise human work space is comprised of a plurality of fully accessible and alterable encapsulating interstitial accommodation matrices 540 with interactive multimedia modular accessible node sites within the ceiling, walls, partitions, columns, and floors, and within the structure. The interstitial accommodation matrices accommodate an evolutionary array of electronic, photonic, and organic devices, technology, and conductors so that the human brain, tethered by conductors or wirelessly untethered, may more directly and creatively interact by broad multimedia means with such array through the human sensors of voice, hearing, vision, and the like, communicating with transceivers within the modular accessible node sites in ceilings, walls, partitions, columns, and floors. In like manner, production machinery and equipment, tethered by conductors or wirelessly untethered, may also directly interact by broad multimedia means with such array of electronic, photonic, and organic devices, technology and conductors.

[0676] The longitudinal and transverse configuration of the precast structural members and prefabricated self-forming structural members for partial and complete jobsite casting of this invention, having at least longitudinal top flanges 800 and longitudinal bottom flanges 803 interconnected by a web to form non-combustible parallel, coplanar

[0677] (1) reinforced concrete joists on one principal axis, forming channels; or

[0678] (2) reinforced concrete joists having a rectangular reinforced waffle pattern on the principal axis and the secondary axis; or

[0679] (3) reinforced biaxial square waffle pattern on both the principal axis and the secondary axis.

[0680] Thus, the special configuration of this invention, as shown in typical FIGS. 63-66, forms a primary core barrier and a secondary core barrier within a multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 comprising a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, and one or more structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 within the structure, the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 integrated with the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 to form the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 within the enterprise, as shown in FIG. 42, which extends in multistory structures from the ceiling of the occupied space 538 above the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 to the bottom face of the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 at the bottom of the floor/ceiling system within multi-storied enterprises. In single-story structures, the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528 extends from the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 to the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 of the occupied space 538.

[0681] Structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are shown within the structure, quite often as upper structural interstitial accommodation matrices and lower structural interstitial accommodation matrices, along with a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 and a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, all of which accommodate electronic, electrical and mechanical devices, conductors, equipment, including devices, connectors, sockets, circuit boards, semiconductor chips, processors, transceivers, disk drives, storage devices, cards, racks, servers, bridges, routers, switches, breakers, support devices, and the like. Access to the interstitial accommodation matrices 540 within the structure is obtained from the floor side 567 by means of longitudinal intermittent access slots 610 in the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 or from the ceiling side 568 by means of access slots 610 in the ceiling accessible membrane 545, which access slots are closed off with linear access plugs 700, some of the plugs further sealed by having compressible perimeter edge seals 706 adhered to the perimeter of the plugs. The precast structural members may be cast with continuous slots but, in such case, would require end closure panels to stabilize the units and prevent their tipping over.

[0682] The multiple processors and the communication links between the multiple processors constitute a network that has an enhanced interstitial accommodation matrix configuration in that the nodes of the network (the processors) and the links are topologically equivalent to the boundaries of the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532. The enhanced interstitial accommodation matrix encapsulates the human user, including support equipment, manufacturing and production equipment, automated guided vehicles, robots, and the like, in a multi-functional, multi-modal, accessible modular accessible node system forming a responsive, encapsulating, super-enhanced enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry. The alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry computer and communications matrix is a message-passing, multiple-interaction/multiple-data/multimedia computer and communications matrix that offers significant advantages over older existing concepts of mainframe computers, minicomputers and microcomputers and networks disposed within the enterprise space. My invention features evolutionary reconfigurability, accessibility and recyclability that accommodate individual and interactive networks for both individual and distributed processing as well as parallel processing while also achieving a balance among the following competing first cost, operating cost, obsolescence cost, recycling cost, reconfiguration cost factors as to performance in processing and communications, ease of use, tolerance of and recovery from faults, accommodation of evolutionary technological progress, and matching the capability of capacity with the tremendous variations in size of computing or communications challenge from elementary, routine computing by word processing or messaging by keystroke to the more sophisticated interaction with pen or interactive voice or interactive multimedia computing and sensing for the most sophisticated supercomputing jobs requiring multiple parallel supercomputing or super hyperswitch computing which, by my invention, are doable within the devices and conductors within the encapsulating interstitial spaces of the ceiling, wall, partition, column and floor interstitial accommodation matrices.

[0683] Specific Features Of FIGS. 63-66: FIGS. 63-66 show variations of concrete joists having upward-facing and downward-facing, back-to-back cavities formed by waffle dome forms, such as found in FIGS. 44-62. Transverse apertures 806 shown in the transverse webs 805 or in transverse end closure panels form conductor passages and accommodate the maintenance of the computer and communications devices, appliances, and equipment within the interstitial accommodation matrices 540. Principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 comprising single reinforcing bars are shown in FIGS. 63-65. FIG. 66 shows two reinforcing bars as principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and two reinforcing bars as principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293, while principal top longitudinal reinforcement 585 is field applied over points of bearing and cantilever where negative moments are created and to obtain structural continuity.

[0684] FIGS. 63-66 show a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprising a plurality of modular-accessible-units of the various types according to the teachings of my invention, each figure showing a different support means.

[0685] Three distinctly different attachment means are employed for the ceiling accessible membrane barriers 545 of FIGS. 63-65. FIG. 66 shows no ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545, the identically configured cavities exposed to view from the ceiling side 568 of the occupied space 538.

[0686] The floor integral to making possible the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540, the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 of FIG. 66 may be interchanged with those of any other figure. Moreover, any floor configuration of this invention may be used with any primary core barrier arrangement disclosed.

[0687] The ceiling integral to making possible the interstitial accommodation matrix 540 c within the square waffle pattern of the structure, the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 of FIG. 66 may be interchanged with the ceiling of any other figure, and any other ceiling configuration of this invention may be used with any primary core barrier disclosed.

[0688]FIG. 63 shows a series of undulating series of concrete joists placing the waffle dome forms in a unique configuration, whereby continuous, alternating bottom primary core barriers 810 and top primary core barriers 808 are joined by longitudinal continuous solid webs 811, thereby forming alternating shallow and deep waffle panels above and below the primary core barriers. The waffle dome forms are spaced by cementitious concrete or metal cylindrical spacers 820 a internally threaded for fastening to the forms and by cementitious concrete pavers 821 internally threaded for fastening to the forms and having serrated interlocking sides to enhance bond and fire barrier integrity, both types of spacers remaining permanently in the structural concrete. The bottom primary core barrier 810 maximizes the space of the deeper waffle panel above the barrier to accommodate electronic, electrical and mechanical, computer and communications devices, appliances and equipment in movable or stationary racks and large groups of electronic, power and fluid conductors, and the like which are accessible from the floor side 567. The top primary core barrier 808 maximizes the space of the deeper waffle panel below the barrier to facilitate recessing lighting fixtures from the ceiling side 568 and to accommodate computer and communications devices, appliances and equipment in racks and large groups of electronic, power and fluid conductors which are accessible from the ceiling side 568. The interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are self-contained, there being no apertures in the longitudinal continuous solid webs 811, with access only from, respectively, the floor side 567 or the ceiling side 568. Transverse top flanges 804, transverse bottom flanges 807, transverse webs 805 and transverse apertures 806 are illustrated. Cementitious concrete or metal cylindrical spacers 820 a, internally threaded for fastening to the forms, and cementitious concrete pavers 821 internally threaded for fastening to the forms are shown as permanently in place after the dome forms of the waffle panels have been removed. The spacers are used wherever back-to-back waffle panels are cast, such as, in FIGS. 63-66. The arrangement of the back-to-back waffle panels is similar to that of the waffle dome forms shown in FIG. 60.

[0689] In FIG. 63, the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c having a metal plate affixed to the back of the units. The composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c are supported by means of a variety of different multi-rotational bearing plinths shown as having multi-rotational bearing heads which are unslotted non-magnetic 600 a, slotted non-magnetic 600 b, unslotted magnetic 600 c, and slotted magnetic 600 d, multi-rotational bearing feet which are unslotted non-magnetic 603 a, slotted non-magnetic 603 b, unslotted magnetic 603 c, and slotted magnetic 603 d, and multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts which are solid 601, tubular internally non-threaded 602 a, and tubular internally threaded 602 b more fully illustrated at a larger scale in FIG. 43. The tubular threaded shafts 602 a,602 b receive any type of fastener 691 applied between adjacent corners to position and hold the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c in place by engagement. The multi-rotational bearing plinths are disposed over hat-shaped channels which are disposed on the longitudinal top flanges 800 of the precast structural members and are shown as 829 a (long channels with foam disposed over the longitudinal top flange 800), 829 b (long channels with foam adhered to the inside of the channel), 829 c (clip channels with foam disposed over the longitudinal top flange 800), and 829 d (clip channels with foam adhered to the inside of the channel). The composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c are precision positioned, aligned, and leveled on three axes—on the horizontal or x axis by positioning the threaded shaft 601,602 a,602 b within a transverse slot in the channel 829 a,829 b,829 c,829 d, on the longitudinal or y axis by positioning the threaded shaft 601,602 a,602 b within a longitudinal slot in the channel 829 a,829 b,829 c,829 d, and on the vertical or z axis by rotating the multi-rotational bearing head 600 a,600 b,600 c,600 d up or down on the threaded shaft 601,602 a,602 b. Conductors are disposed transversely on the top flanges 800 between the multi-rotational bearing plinths.

[0690]FIG. 63 shows an accessible ceiling system giving enhanced sound isolation by means of a composite 576 a of backer board and acoustical facing, a composite 576 b of backer board and gypsum board facing, a composite 576 c of metal backer and acoustical facing, and a composite 576 d of metal backer and gypsum board facing suspended, respectively from cementitious concrete or metal cylindrical spacers 820 b internally threaded for ceiling suspension from a channel 819 adhered by means of sealant, adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416 to the longitudinal bottom flange 803, from a mechanical fastener 382 b having a multi-rotational cylindrically-shaped bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within a cee support channel 578 b applied to the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flange 803, from a mechanical fastener 382 a having a multi-rotational conically-shaped bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within a dovetail channel 564 b applied to the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flange 803, and a mechanical fastener 382 a within a dovetail channel 564 a cast into the bottom of the longitudinal bottom flange 803, each suspension means concealed by a cementitious, metal or plastic decorative accent bearing plate 822.

[0691] FIGS. 63-66 show an intermediate primary core barrier 809 accommodating back-to-back waffle panels, each figure showing waffle panels of the same size and depth, similar in configuration to the back-to-back channel forms and waffle dome forms illustrated in FIGS. 52-55. Longitudinal apertures 802 are shown in the longitudinal web below the longitudinal top flange 800 and above the longitudinal bottom flange 803, permitting the passage of conductors from one interstitial accommodation matrix 540 to another.

[0692] In FIG. 64, the modular-accessible-units of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprise reversible wood modular-accessible-planks 544 c having, variously, exposed-to-view, load-bearing, wear-resistant, magnetic attraction plates 823 a laminated to both faces and magnetic attraction plates 823 c recessed into recesses in both faces. The modular-accessible-planks 544 c are supported and held in place by means of load-bearing magnetic supports 830 disposed on the top faces of the longitudinal top flanges 800 of the precast structural members.

[0693]FIG. 64 shows an accessible ceiling system comprising acoustical tile 580 a, acoustical plank 580 b, gypsum tile 580 c, and gypsum plank 580 d held to the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flanges 803 by various means, including a load-bearing hold-up and positioning engagement touch fastener and cushioning foam tape composite 738 d comprising two mating components, a hold-up type flexible magnetic tape and foam tape load-bearing composite 742 b in combination with a magnetic attraction plate 826 applied to the back side of the ceiling unit, and a hold-up load-bearing low Δt tubing 747 having flexible magnetic attraction encapsulation in combination with magnetic attraction material 827 buried within the gypsum tile 580 c and the gypsum plank 580 d.

[0694] In FIG. 65, cast modular-accessible-matrix-units of the accessible floor system are shown as having a magnetic attraction perimeter channel 543 d, integral magnetic attraction perimeter edges on all sides 543 e, and integral magnetically permeable edges on all sides 543 f. The modular-accessible-matrix-units are supported by various multi-rotational bearing plinths, which show, respectively, an unslotted non-magnetic head 600 a with a clip channel 825 a having an externally threaded stud welded to the web of the clip channel, a slotted non-magnetic head 600 b with a clip channel 825 b having an externally threaded stud inserted in a slot for longitudinal micro adjustment, an unslotted magnetic head 600 c with a clip channel 825 c having an internally threaded fastener, and a slotted magnetic head 600 d with a clip channel 825 d having an internally threaded fastener inserted in a slot for movement on the longitudinal axis. The clip channels are seated on a transversely disposed conductor channel 119.

[0695]FIG. 65 shows an accessible ceiling system having ceiling units comprising a composite of non-combustible, sound-attenuating, backer board and acoustical facing 574 a and a composite of non-combustible, sound attenuating backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b supported on the outwardly-extending flanges of a lighting fixture 662 recessed into a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534. The light fixture 662 is attached to two channels 819 which are adhered to two adjacent longitudinal bottom flanges 803.

[0696] In contrast to FIGS. 64 and 65 which show the longitudinal apertures 802 on the same plane as the transverse apertures 806, FIG. 66 shows the apertures 802,806 on a different plane, thereby permitting conductors on one axis to pass through the apertures on that axis without interference from the conductors disposed on another axis. The same-plane apertures 802,806 of FIGS. 64 and 65 are not as desirable in that crossing conductors would in part interfere with each other in crosswise passage and would have to be threaded over or under each other. The waffle domes are shallower than the waffle domes in FIG. 66, thereby not permitting the relocation of the apertures in that to raise the apertures would place them in the curve of the waffle domes and to lower the apertures would interfere with the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 in the longitudinal bottom flange 803 or the principal bottom transverse reinforcement in the transverse bottom flange 807.

[0697] In FIG. 65, on the floor side 567, a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the top face of the longitudinal top flanges 800 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546, which shows modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a comprising reversible composites having two good sides. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a are supported by support means comprising unslotted 600 a and slotted 600 b non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads and unslotted 603 a and slotted 603 b non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing feet on, variously, multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shafts 601 and multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts 602 which are shown as internally non-threaded 602 a and internally threaded 602 b.

[0698] There is no accessible ceiling system shown on the ceiling side 568 of FIG. 66. Obvious to anyone skilled in the art, any ceiling system shown for this invention, as well as any existing ceiling system, may be added at a future date by means shown for this invention.

[0699] Specific Features Of FIG. 67: FIG. 67 illustrates the unpenetrated structural intermediate primary core barrier 809 of this invention and interstitial accommodation matrix, which has a waffle pattern 540 c below the intermediate primary core barrier 809 and a structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 above the intermediate primary core barrier 809. FIG. 67 shows the longitudinal apertures 802 and the transverse apertures 806 on the same plane, which is not as desirable as having the apertures on different planes in that crossing conductors would in part interfere with each other in crosswise passage and would have to be threaded over or under each other. The waffle domes are shallower than the waffle domes in FIG. 66, for example, thereby not permitting the relocation of the apertures in that to raise the apertures would place them in the curve of the waffle domes and to lower the apertures would interfere with the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 in the longitudinal bottom flange 803 or the principal bottom transverse reinforcement in the transverse bottom flange 807.

[0700] The structure of FIG. 67 is similar to the structure of FIG. 66 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternate variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The longitudinal top flanges 800 of FIG. 67 are shown as having extended wide flanges forming a tee shape, with sloped side of the flanges facilitating draft removal and forming longitudinal intermittent access slots 610 which accommodate linear access plugs 700, thereby providing a series of structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 closed off from above and interconnected with each other by means of longitudinal apertures 802 in the upper part of the longitudinal webs 801. The configuration of the interstitial accommodation matrix 540 and the width of the intermittent access slot 700 of FIG. 67 are governed by the width and length size of the forms and the depth of the form to be removed through the access slot. The width of the web of the tee-shaped longitudinal top flange 800, which is shown to be narrower than the longitudinal web 801 of the longitudinal bottom flange 803 of FIG. 67 and of the longitudinal web 801 at either flange in FIG. 66, for example, is governed by the length of the arm from elbow to finger tips, plus any tools designed to assist in extending the arm's reach, in permitting a person to reach through the longitudinal apertures 802 or to reach between adjacent longitudinal intermittent access slots 610. Whereas the waffle domes on the ceiling side 568 offer no impediment for reaching through the aperture 802, it can be seen that attention must be given to spacing the longitudinal apertures 802 below the extended top flanges 800 so that full access may be obtained for disposing conductors and, more particularly, computer and communications devices, and the like, in that a principal purpose of this invention is to form an interstitial communication enterprise computer. Transverse apertures 806 in the transverse webs 805 and transverse bottom flanges 807 of the waffle domes are shown on the ceiling side 568, while transverse top flanges 804 and transverse apertures 806 are shown in the transverse webs 805 on the floor side 567. Each tee-shaped longitudinal top flange 800 in FIG. 67 is reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290, top transverse reinforcement 291, and two sets of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 585 field applied over points of bearing and cantilever where negative moments are created and to obtain structural continuity. The field-applied principal top longitudinal reinforcement 585 comprises reinforcement by any means or combination of means, including rods and bars, wire mesh, welded wire fabric, plastic, metallic, wood fiber, glass, mineral or ceramic fabric, prestressing, posttensioning, and the like. A similar reinforcement pattern may be developed for the transverse flanges 804,807 where a two-way reinforced waffle pattern is structurally desired with one set of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 585 field applied over points of bearing and cantilever where negative moments are created and to obtain structural continuity to form a diaphragm within the precast units.

[0701] In FIG. 67, the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b which are solid, reversible, and good two sides. The support means for the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b comprises a series of multi-layered stepped plinths 595 shown as unslotted 595 a and slotted 595 b non-magnetic plinths having, respectively, unslotted 600 a and slotted 600 b non-magnetic, multi-rotational bearing heads and internally non-threaded 602 a and internally threaded 602 b multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts. Some of the multi-rotational bearing heads 600 are shown with replaceable adhesion ring 597 within the head, which holds the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b in place. Other modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b are held in place by engagement by any type of fastener 691 applied between adjacent corners to position and hold down the modular-accessible-matrix-units.

[0702] In FIG. 67, a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is disposed between the longitudinal bottom flanges 803 and an accessible ceiling system 576 comprising ceiling units including composites of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a and composites of backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b, the materials laminated together to provide fire barrier protection for the computer and communications devices and conductors disposed within the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 c and ceiling interstitial accessible matrix 534 while also gaining enhanced sound isolation as an inherent benefit in addition to providing accessibility. The ceiling units are suspended from the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flanges 803 by means of mechanical fasteners 382 a, comprising any kind of bolt, shank, rod, stud or shaft which is threaded at the ends and may be threaded its full length and having a multi-rotational conically-shaped bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within the dovetail channels 564 a cast into the concrete of the longitudinal bottom flanges 803. The accessible ceiling system units 576 a,576 b are shown supported by formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges and forming a channel grid by means of channels which are longitudinally disposed 427 a and transversely disposed 427 b. Micropositioning adjustments may be made on the longitudinal or y axis by moving the mechanical fastener 382 a longitudinally within the dovetail channel 564 a and on the vertical or z axis by rotating the threaded mechanical fastener 382 a to raise or lower the formed channel grid 427 and level the ceiling. My U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091 discusses further means for precision leveling which may be used to provide level surfaces for the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546.

[0703] Specific Features Of FIGS. 68-79: FIGS. 68-79 show the preferred variations of the channel joist units of this Third Embodiment of my invention.

[0704] FIGS. 68-70 show cross-sectional views of FIGS. 71-79 cut through the primary core barrier 143, the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 122 below the primary core barrier, the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125 below the primary core barrier, the ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128, and the ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127, and at various points in the channel joist units.

[0705]FIG. 68 illustrates a structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 comprising an undulating primary core barrier 143 and showing alternating deep and shallow structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122,125 above and below the primary core barrier. The primary core barrier 143 has a common top flange 146, web 149, and bottom flange 147 between each set of undulating structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices. Apertures 133 align with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. The floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported on the top flanges 146 by means of a transversely disposed channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling, forming a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 b accommodating conductors and devices and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is supported by a ceiling suspension system 148. A ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 are shown. Cross-tie bridging 611 is shown above and below the primary core barrier 143, typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each channel joist unit.

[0706]FIG. 69 shows a primary core barrier 143 disposed in a straight horizontal line at midpoint in the web 149, thereby forming structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122,125 above and below the primary core barrier, which are identical in depth. The channel support system 142 is longitudinally disposed. FIG. 69 reverses the longitudinal and transverse axes of 121 a and 120 b to illustrate alternatives to floor accessible membrane barrier support system wherein a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 b accommodates conductors below the floor accessible membrane barrier 140. Cross-tie bridging 611 is shown below the primary core barrier 143, typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each channel joist unit. All other features are similar to those of FIG. 68.

[0707]FIG. 70 shows a primary core barrier 143 closer to the floor accessible membrane barrier 140 than to the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145, forming thereby shallow structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 above the primary core barrier and deep structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 below the primary core barrier. An important alternative within the teachings of this invention is to place the primary core barrier closer to the ceiling accessible membrane barrier in contrast to FIG. 70 which places the primary core barrier closer to the floor accessible membrane barrier. A floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 b accommodating conductors and devices and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 b accommodating conductors and devices are shown below the floor accessible membrane barrier 140. The channel support system 142 is longitudinally disposed. Cross-tie bridging 611 is shown below the primary core barrier 143, typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each channel joist unit. All other features are similar to those of FIG. 68.

[0708] FIGS. 71-73 are cross-sectional views of FIG. 68 and illustrate channel joist units supported on a composite steel and concrete girder 150 comprising a wide flange steel beam so configured in my invention to form a bottom flange 147 encapsulating in concrete a bottom flange to which a wide steel plate has been welded, designed to provide time/temperature rated fire protection. The steel plate extends beyond the bottom flange on either side to carry the load of the channel joist units. The top flange of the steel beam is sufficiently narrow to permit the bottom flange 147 of the precast channel joist units to be placed on the concrete encapsulated bottom flange 147 of the steel beam. The exposed web and top flange of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 are encapsulated in an optional intumescent coating 159 to provide fire protection for those parts of the steel girder which are not encapsulated in concrete. An alternate system to the composite steel and concrete girder 150, which may be more cost effective, is to weld repetitively a series of large size reinforcing bars of any polygonal cross section to the bottom flange of the steel beam, as shown in FIG. 125, to provide a reinforced ledge for carrying the channel joist units, rather than welding continuous steel plate to the bottom flange as shown in FIGS. 72, 75, and 78. Cross-tie bridging 611 is typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each channel joist unit from the casting bed onto a truck, to offload the unit at the jobsite, to lift the unit into place in the building structure, and to have the unit rest in place without breaking the unit in its transverse axis. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 is formed which accommodates the longitudinal passage of conductors and is accessible from the floor interstitial accommodation matrices. A structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 is shown spanning FIGS. 71-73, which comprises the primary core barrier 143 and the structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 123,126 above and below the primary core barrier, showing the alternating shallow and deep configuration caused by the undulating pattern of the primary core barrier. Apertures 133 in the web of the steel beam and in the web 149 of the channel joist units are aligned with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. A ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 are shown above the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145. A floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 a accommodating conductors and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 b accommodating conductors and devices are shown below the floor accessible membrane barrier 140 which is supported by a channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling.

[0709] FIGS. 74-76 are cross-sectional views of FIG. 69. The exposed steel web of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 shows two apertures 133 while the webs 149 of the channel joist units supported by the concrete encapsulated bottom flange 147 show one aperture 133 aligning with cores and channels of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. The structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 123,126 above and below the primary core barrier 143 have the same depth. The foot of the transversely disposed channel support system 142 shows a square channel. A floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 b accommodating conductors and devices is shown below the floor accessible membrane barrier 140. The cross-tie bridging 611 of FIG. 69 is shown as metal channels not encased in concrete. All other features are similar to those shown in FIGS. 71-73. It is within the teachings of this invention that the metal channels not encased in concrete may be encapsulated in an intumescent coating for fire protection as shown for steel webs and flanges in other drawings within FIGS. 1-160.

[0710] FIGS. 77-79 are cross-sectional views of FIG. 70. The structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 spanning FIGS. 77-79 shows a shallow structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123 above the primary core barrier 143 and a deep structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126 below the primary core barrier, corresponding to the primary core barrier 143 shown in FIG. 70. The cross-tie bridging 611 of FIG. 77 is similar in configuration to that shown in FIG. 71 and similar in location to that shown in FIGS. 74 and 76. All other features are similar to those shown in FIGS. 71-73.

[0711] Specific Features Of FIGS. 80-83: FIGS. 80-83 show variations of the folded concrete slab of the teachings of my invention. Channels 701 in the top face of the longitudinal top flange 800 must be tied and positioned to the concrete joist forms with precision to prevent floating during placement of concrete. The web apertures 802 form a biaxial open grid having dome cavities similar to those of the waffle panels of a waffle slab, creating structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540. The slab portion of the assembly on the floor side 567 forms the longitudinal top flange 800 which comprises the top primary core barrier 808 of structural concrete. The longitudinal bottom flange 803 shows principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293, the longitudinal top flange 800 shows principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291, and the top face of the longitudinal top flange 800 shows a plurality of channels 701. Longitudinal apertures 802 are shown in the longitudinal webs 801 of the joists, and transverse apertures 806 are shown in the transverse webs 805 of the biaxial waffle slab, permitting the passage of conductors from one waffle panel to another and permitting the installation and maintenance of computer and communications conductors, components, devices, appliances, equipment, and the like in one waffle panel by personnel working in an adjacent waffle panel. Occupied spaces 538 are shown on the floor side 567 and on the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system. FIG. 51 shows the forming of the waffle domes with the concrete joists placed between adjoining waffle dome forms.

[0712] A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the top face of the top primary core barrier 808 and a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprising an array of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 supported by support means 606 selected from plinths, tubing, fluid tubes, channels, elastomeric, rubber, plastic, foam, magnets, touch fasteners, and the like. The multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 is shown extending from the bottom face of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 to the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flange 803.

[0713] FIGS. 80-83 have, generally, the same configuration in that the waffle panels of the biaxial waffle slab are the same size and the longitudinal webs 801 are the same size. Channels 701 are shown in the top face of the longitudinal top flange 800, which forms the top primary core barrier 808, which remains unpenetrated and is reinforced by principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291. The slabs are the same size, except that the channels 701 for FIG. 83 are spaced farther apart than the channels 701 for FIGS. 80-82. Longitudinal apertures 802 are shown in the longitudinal webs 801, providing access from one biaxial waffle panel to another, each web having a longitudinal bottom flange 803 reinforced by means of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293. Transverse bottom flanges 807 of the waffle panels are shown in FIGS. 81-83.

[0714]FIG. 80 shows the basic variation described for FIGS. 80-83. FIG. 80 differs from FIGS. 81-83 in that the waffle dome forms of the waffle panels are shown in place, thereby concealing from view the transverse webs 805, the transverse apertures 806, and the transverse bottom flanges 807.

[0715]FIG. 81 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 80, except that the dome forms of the waffle panels have been removed and the transverse apertures 806 are shown in the transverse webs 805 having transverse bottom flanges 807.

[0716]FIG. 82 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 81 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. A comfort conditioning unit 657 is shown within a structural interstitial accommodation matrix 650, and ductwork 658 is shown passing through the longitudinal apertures 802 into adjoining structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 within the waffle slab. An accessible ceiling system is shown with ceiling units comprising a composite of a metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c and a composite of a metal backer and gypsum board facing 576 d.

[0717]FIG. 83 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 82 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The longitudinal apertures 802 in the longitudinal webs 801 are shown as considerably shallower than those of FIGS. 80-82 and the support channels, angles, zees or bars 574 are shown as intermitted, rather than continuous as in FIG. 82, being confined to a single waffle panel. The accessible ceiling system shows ceiling units comprising a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a, a composite of backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b, and of a metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c. The transverse apertures 806 in the transverse webs 805 are also shown as considerably shallower than the transverse apertures 806 of FIGS. 81 and 82.

[0718] Specific Features Of FIGS. 84-86: FIGS. 84-86 illustrate a natural variation of the channel joist units of this Third Embodiment of my invention.

[0719]FIG. 84 shows a view at midspan in a channel joist unit. Tension reinforcement 290 is embedded in cast-in-place concrete top flanges 157 to tie the channel joist units structurally into an integrated whole. A structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 is shown, comprising a primary core barrier 143 having a top flange 146, web 149, and bottom flange 147 separating the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 125 below the primary core barrier. The bottom flange 147 shows principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293. Apertures 133 are aligned with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. A floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported by a plinth suspension system 141 disposed over the primary core barrier 143, forming floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 120 a accommodating conductors and 120 b accommodating conductors and devices. A composite steel and concrete girder 151 is shown supporting the channel joist units. A ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 is shown below the composite girder 151 and above the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 which is suspended from the bottom flanges 147 by a ceiling suspension system 148.

[0720]FIG. 85 shows a view of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 at the end span, showing the channel joist units bearing on the composite girder. FIG. 84 illustrates channel joist units supported on the composite steel and concrete girder 150 comprising a wide flange steel beam so configured in my invention to form a bottom flange 147 encapsulating in concrete a bottom flange to which a wide steel plate has been welded, designed to provide time/temperature rated fire protection. The steel plate extends beyond the bottom flange on either side to carry the load of the channel joist units. The top flange of the steel beam is sufficiently narrow to permit the bottom flange 147 of the precast channel joist units to be placed on the upward extending load-bearing webs 158 of the concrete encapsulated bottom flange 147 of the wide flange steel beam. After the channel joist units are in place, a concrete top flange 157 is cast in place over the top flange of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 and over the channel joist units. The top flange 157 is reinforced with principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and with top transverse reinforcement 291. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 accommodates the longitudinal passage of conductors. Apertures 133 for arm-length access or for passage of conductors are shown in the webs 149 of the channel joist units in the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 below the primary core barrier 143 and in the web of the steel beam forming the composite girder 150. The other features are similar to those described for FIG. 84.

[0721]FIG. 86 illustrates one of the composite steel and concrete beams 151 supporting two of the channel joist units shown in FIG. 84. The configuration of the bottom flange of the composite beam is similar to that of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 shown in FIG. 84, except that the composite beam 151 has less depth than does the composite girder 150 and the bottom flange does not have upward extending load-bearing webs. A cast-in-place concrete flange 157 is reinforced by principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290. The bottom flanges 147 of the channel joist units are reinforced with bottom transverse reinforcement 292. A structural accessible interstitial beam passage 131 accommodates the transverse passage of conductors. Apertures 133 for arm-length access or for passage of conductors are shown in the webs 149 of the channel joist units, in the structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 126 below the primary core barrier 143, and in the web of the composite beam 151. A floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors is shown. A ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 are shown below the primary core barrier 143. The other features are similar to those described for FIG. 84.

[0722] Specific Features Of FIGS. 87-89: FIG. 87 is a transverse cross-sectional view of an undulating series of concrete joists placing channel forms in a unique configuration, shown prior to placement of the structural concrete, whereby continuous, alternating bottom primary core barriers 810 and top primary core barriers 808 are joined by longitudinal continuous solid webs 811, thereby forming alternating shallow and deep channels above and below the primary core barriers. The back-to-back channel forms are spaced by cementitious concrete pavers 821 having apertures internally threaded for fastening to the forms and having serrated interlocking sides to enhance bond and fire barrier integrity, the spacers remaining permanently in the structural concrete.

[0723] Two reinforcing bars are shown as the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 in the longitudinal bottom flange 803, and two reinforcing bars are shown as the principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290. Field-installed top negative reinforcement 908 and floor diaphragm action are shown over points of bearing and cantilever at column connections by conventional reinforcement and/or posttensioning in the longitudinal top flange 800 where negative moments are created and to provide structural continuity to the precast units so they have a continuous beam effect as compared to simple spans. The field-applied top negative reinforcement 908 comprises reinforcement by any means or combination of means, including rods and bars, wire mesh, welded wire fabric, plastic, metallic, glass, mineral or ceramic fabric, prestressing, posttensioning, and the like. Added wind resistance is gained by the floor/ceiling diaphragm while permitting a primary parallel axis for conductors running parallel to the principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290.

[0724] A multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 is shown extending from the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 to the ceiling accessible membrane barrier. The floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 extends from the bottom of the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c to the bottom of the upward-facing cavities. A girder web 905 is shown having apertures 706 above and below which match the access and conductor passages in the integral end barrier closure panels 612 while providing linear conductor passages parallel to the web of the steel girder 902, the closure panels 612 and the steel girder 902 shown in the cross-sectional views of FIGS. 88 and 89.

[0725] The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c having a metal plate affixed to the back side. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c are supported at the corner juncture of the perimeter joints 749 by means of multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 a having conically-shaped multi-rotational bearing feet to fit and rotate within a dovetail channel 564 b having inwardly sloping sides and outwardly extending flanges and having a head comprising a magnet 366 or a multi-rotational formed hat-shaped magnetic keeper head 579 to contain magnets 366.

[0726] The ceiling accessible membrane barrier comprises an accessible ceiling system suspended from the bottom of the longitudinal bottom flange 803 by means of multi-rotational bearing solid threaded shafts 794 b having cylindrically-shaped multi-rotational bearing feet and threaded solid shafts to fit and rotate within a cee support channel 578 b applied to the bottom surface of the longitudinal bottom flange 803 by means of sealant, adhesive, or adhesive-backed foam 416. The ceiling units comprise a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a and a composite of backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b.

[0727]FIG. 88 illustrates a cross-sectional view of FIG. 87 through the top primary core barrier 808, showing a steel girder 902 having a girder web 905 with apertures matching intermittent access slots 610 which serve as conductor passages in the integral end barrier closure panels 612 while providing linear conductor passages parallel to the web of the steel girder. The intermittent access slots 610 have linear access plugs 700 with perimeter compressible edge seals 706. Two reinforcing bars comprise the top transverse reinforcement 291, and two reinforcing bars comprise the bottom transverse reinforcement 292. The longitudinally-disposed field-installed top negative reinforcement 908 and floor diaphragm action is shown over points of bearing and cantilever at column connections. Steel reinforcement 907 is shown tying together the top flanges of the girders 902 while providing for access apertures comprising an intermittent access slot 610 which is shown closed off by a linear access plug 700. A load-bearing inverted tee-shaped concrete time-temperature-fire ratable encapsulation 906 of the top flange of the steel girder 902 facilitates placement of the ends of the precast or cast-in-place structural units having integral end barrier closure panels 612 and facilitates the jobsite casting in place of negative reinforcement 908 parallel and/or crosswise to the top flange principal axis and serving also to provide floor diaphragm action as well as continuity of continuous beam action. A built-up steel girder 903 is shown having a linear reinforcement plate 909 structurally joined to the bottom flange of the steel girder 902 and a load-bearing inverted tee-shaped concrete time-temperature-fire ratable encapsulation 904 of the load-bearing extended bottom flange, the bottom flange carrying the integral end barrier closure panels 612 of the precast structural units while providing a linear conductor passage parallel to the web of the steel girder 902.

[0728]FIG. 89 illustrates a cross-sectional view of FIG. 87 and is similar to FIG. 88, except that it is taken through the bottom primary core barrier 810 and shows a top flange 551 and a bottom flange 552. The linear access plug 700 in the intermittent access slot 610 in the top flanges of the steel girder 902 is shown having a compressible perimeter edge seal 706.

THE FOURTH EMBODIMENT OF THIS INVENTION TRUSSED JOIST OR WAFFLE JOIST UNITS

[0729] Interstitial Features Of FIGS. 90-93 and 94-99: The interstitial features of the trussed joist or waffle joist units of FIGS. 94-99 include, as shown longitudinally in FIGS. 94-96, a structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 comprising a structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123 above the primary core barrier 143, a structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125 below the primary core barrier 143, and a structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126 below the primary core barrier. Also included among the interstitial features are a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 above the structural interstitial architectural matrix, a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128, a structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130, and apertures 133 aligning with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix.

[0730] General Features Of FIGS. 94-99: The general features of the trussed joist or waffle joist units of FIGS. 94-99, with FIGS. 96 and 99 as the preferred embodiments (designated as “P.E.” after the Fig. No.) include a primary core barrier 143, at times a secondary core barrier 145, a web, a top flange 146, and a bottom flange 156. A composite steel and concrete beam 150 has a load-bearing web 158, a top flange 146, a bottom flange 156 and cross-tie bridging 155, and at times a cast-in-place top flange 157. The trussed joist or waffle joist unit has a bottom flange 156 and cross-tie bridging 155. A floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported by a plinth support system 141 or a channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling. A ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is supported by a ceiling suspension system 148.

[0731] Further General Features Of FIGS. 94-99: Any applicable general or specific features disclosed for any of FIGS. 1-162 may apply to FIGS. 94-99 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein. The aforementioned General Modular-Accessible-Matrix Site, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160, which is located prior to the First Embodiment Of This Invention, is incorporated herein by reference where applicable to FIGS. 94-99 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein.

[0732] Specific Features Of FIGS. 94-99: FIG. 94 shows a longitudinal, sectional view of FIG. 97. A composite steel and concrete girder 150 is shown, having the top flange 146 encapsulated in concrete to form a cast-in-place top flange 157 which also ties all adjacent structural interstitial accommodation matrices to each other to form a structural floor diaphragm, while the bottom flange 147 is also encapsulated in concrete. A load-bearing concrete web 158 is also shown for the girder. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 is shown on opposing sides of the web of the steel girder. The exposed intumescent-coated trussed steel web 149 i of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit is shown, with structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 disposed below the primary core barrier. A plinth support system 141 supports the floor accessible membrane barrier 140 above the top flange 146 of the primary core barrier 143, forming thereby a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 a accommodating conductors. A ceiling suspension system 148 supports a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145, forming thereby a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 a accommodating conductors below the composite steel and concrete girder 150 and forming a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 d accommodating conductors, devices and equipment below the bottom flange 156 of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit. FIG. 94 shows continuous longitudinal reinforcement welded to the web of the beam above the apertures and may also be below the apertures to reinforce the steel girders where the apertures are precut in the steel girder to align with all channels and cores of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix. This reinforcing bar above the aperture also provides support for the form while it is left in place to support jobsite casting in place of the top flange which ties all structural interstitial accommodation matrices into a structural floor diaphragm for resisting wind loads. The web of the steel girder is encapsulated in an intumescent coating 159.

[0733]FIG. 95 shows a composite steel and concrete girder similar to that shown in FIG. 94, except that apertures 133 in the load-bearing web 158 and in the web of the steel girder are aligned with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. The exposed fiber cement trussed web 149 f assembles the top flange to the bottom flange. A structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123 c accommodates conductors and equipment above the primary core barrier 143, and structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 126 d accommodate conductors, devices and equipment below the primary core barrier. Cross-tie bridging 155 is shown below the web 149 i and coplanar with the bottom flange 147 of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit. The floor interstitial accommodation membrane 140 and the ceiling interstitial accommodation membrane 145 are arranged similarly to those in FIG. 94.

[0734]FIG. 96 shows a composite steel and concrete girder 150 similar to that shown in FIG. 95, except that the top flange 146 is not encapsulated in cast-in-place concrete but is encapsulated in an intumescent coating 159. The exposed concrete trussed web 149 c assembles the top flange to the bottom flange. The floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported by a channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling, forming thereby a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 b accommodating conductors and devices and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors. A structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123 c above the primary core barrier 143 accommodates conductors and equipment while a structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126 d accommodates conductors, devices and equipment below the primary core barrier. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is similar to those shown in FIGS. 94 and 95.

[0735]FIG. 97 is a transverse, sectional view of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit of FIG. 94. Structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 are shown above the primary core barrier 143. A plinth support system 141 is disposed on the top flanges 146 of the primary core barrier, forming thereby a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 accommodating conductors. The exposed intumescent-coated trussed web 149 i assembles the top flange 146 to the bottom flange 156. Longitudinal reinforcement of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit is shown as well as a structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126 below the primary core barrier. The web 158 and bottom flange 147 of the composite steel and concrete girder of FIG. 94 are indicated. A secondary core barrier 144 and cross-tie bridging 155 are shown. A ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is supported by a ceiling suspension system 148, forming thereby a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128.

[0736]FIG. 98 is a transverse, sectional view of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit of FIG. 95. A floor accessible membrane barrier 140, plinth support system 141, floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121, and structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 above the primary core barrier 143 are shown, similar to those shown in FIG. 97. Longitudinal and transverse reinforcement of the primary core barrier 143 are indicated. The structural longitudinal 125 and transverse 126 interstitial accommodation matrices, the ceiling transverse 127 and longitudinal 128 interstitial accommodation matrices, the ceiling suspension system 148, and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 of FIG. 97 are shown. The load-bearing web 158 and bottom flange 147 of the composite steel and concrete girder of FIG. 95 are shown. The exposed fiber cement trussed web 149 f assembles the top flange 146 to the bottom flange 156 of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit. Cross-tie bridging 155 is indicated.

[0737]FIG. 99 is a transverse, sectional view of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit of FIG. 96. A floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 b accommodating conductors and devices and floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 120 a accommodating conductors formed by the channel support system 142 for low Δt absorptive and emissive heating and cooling supporting the floor accessible membrane barrier 140 are shown. Structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 are shown above the primary core barrier 143, similar to those in FIGS. 97 and 98. The concrete trussed web 149 c assembles the top flange 146 to the bottom flange 156. Longitudinal reinforcement of the primary core barrier, cross-tie bridging 155, and the web 149 c and bottom flange 156 of the trussed joist or waffle joist unit are shown as well as the bottom flange 147 of the composite steel and concrete girder of FIG. 96. The structural longitudinal 125 and transverse 126 interstitial accommodation matrices, the ceiling transverse 127 and longitudinal 128 interstitial accommodation matrices, the ceiling suspension system 148, and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 of FIGS. 97 and 98 are shown. Within the teachings of this invention, as in other configurations in FIGS. 1-162, the ceiling accessible membrane barrier shown may be omitted, as shown in FIG. 127.

[0738] General Features Of FIGS. 90-93: FIGS. 90-93 show precast “I” units 587 having a top flange 551 and a bottom flange 552 with a trussed web 558 integrally forming a primary core barrier 553 with multiple barrier layers synergistically providing a fire, smoke, sound, light, and privacy barrier. Continuous access slots 609 are positioned at points where adjacent precast “I” units are joined together and intermittent access slots 610 at other points, forming a multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 to accommodate evolutionary unfolding change. The trussed web members are generally formed and cast upside down and turned over after curing. However, within variations of the features of the teachings of this invention and by using extra intermediate false vee forming means, formed decking 702 may be placed on the bottom of the top flange 551 and bottom flange 552 with certain benefits and alternative disadvantages. The primary benefit is that the flanges may be cast right side up, eliminating the need to turn over the cast members after setting and partial curing.

[0739] The metallic trussed joist web of FIGS. 90-93 beneficially provides a highly conductive trussed web 558 transferring the fire-induced thermal heat buildup between the top flange 551 and the bottom flange 552 to the opposite flange to provide an enhanced composite thermal mass of the combined thickness and mass of both top and bottom flanges for a combined greater fire resistance of the assembly while the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 provides the means for the full untethered or tethered interactive alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of this invention. The use of any fluidtight metallic tubing along with a working fluid, such as, steel pipe, for forming the trussed web 558 of FIGS. 90-93 also beneficially provides a highly conductive means of providing low Δt heating and cooling in the top floor flanges 551 and the bottom ceiling flanges 552 such that, depending on the thermal temperature of the working fluid passed through the metallic trussed web tubing, the flanges 551,552 may be absorptive of heat for enterprise space cooling or emission of heat for enterprise space heating while the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 provides the means for the untethered or tethered interactive working of the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of this invention while also providing an improved fire resistance. To one skilled in the art, it is obvious that the sprinkler heads of a sprinkler system may be integrated into the assembly of this invention by tapping into the trussed web piping so that the circulating working fluid that provides low Δt heating and cooling of the flanges 551,552 of FIGS. 90-93 may also provide the beneficially increased fire safety of an integrated sprinkler system.

[0740] FIGS. 90-93 show representative configurations in that any combination of features may be used. For example, it is obvious that a suspended acoustical ceiling can be used in FIG. 90 in addition to or in lieu of the integrally cast acoustical concrete 570 or structural concrete 571 ceiling. Any type of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 may be used on the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system. Any depth may be assigned to the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 to accommodate any structural depth required. The floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is accessible only from the floor side 567.

[0741] The structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 accommodates all types of electronic, electrical and mechanical equipment, including processors, semiconductor chips, transceivers, circuit boards, disk drives, data storage devices, movable racks, support and positioning devices, conductors, flexible circuitry, distributed electronic backbone, distributed electrical power backbone, cooling and comfort conditioning devices, and the like. Whereas some of these devices and equipment may also be accommodated in the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 and the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, outside of the trussed web structure, the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 has the additional advantage of providing an environment sealed against fire and dust by means of linear access plugs 700 or composite linear access plugs 704.

[0742] Any type of exposed-to-view, surface-mounted lighting fixtures 625 may be suspended from the ceiling, centered in the units or suspended from the joints. Ceiling channels 792,793 may be fastened by clips to transverse channels 574.

[0743] The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 on the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system are supported by corner supports or by intermediate supports arranged in various patterns. Some of the supports may be magnetically coupled to the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 by magnetic multi-rotational plinths 605. Other supports are mechanically fastened by various means to the formed channels 701. In FIGS. 91 and 92, the array of coplanar parallel surface-applied dovetail channels 791 a and 791 b creating the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 provides support for crosswise conductors above the dovetail channels 791 while accommodating longitudinal conductors disposed between and parallel to the dovetail channels 791 and provides a precision means of positioning multi-rotational bearing conically-shaped bearing feet 794 a and cylindrically-shaped bearing feet 794 b of the multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts. Within the teachings of this invention, as in other configurations of FIGS. 1-162, any combination of floor accessible membrane barriers, modular-accessible-matrix-units, support systems, fastening means, interstitial accommodation matrices, and formed channels may be used.

[0744] The bottom flanges are reinforced by means of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292. The top flanges are reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291. The reinforcement may be welded, clamped or tied together into reinforcement support cages 594 (as further shown in alternate ways in FIGS. 11, 12, 15, 16, and 26) before placement of the structural concrete 571 in order to tie structurally the top flange 551 to the bottom flange 552 by means of the trussed web 558 so as to function as a complete structural unit.

[0745] Specific Features Of FIGS. 90-93: FIG. 90 shows a floor/ceiling system having a trussed web 558 which has a bottom flange 552 and a top flange 551 of cementitious structural concrete 571 and a structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 designed to accommodate a plurality of electronic devices, conductors, flexible circuits, electrical and mechanical devices and equipment, and the like. The bottom flange 552 has formed decking 702 forming channels and ribs, which serves as a permanent form. The top flange 551 has formed channels 701 as a permanent form, forming continuous dovetailed slots 562 which accommodate the multi-rotational conically-shaped bearing feet of multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 a. A variety of wire and strap assembly ties 703 is shown holding the trussed web members 558 in alignment as they pass through slots in the formed decking 702 of the bottom flange 552. A cast-in-place cementitious linear joint 563 is placed in the space between the adjoining bottom flanges 552. At the bottom of the linear key joint 563 is a foam rod 20, a sealant bead 668, or one or more pieces of foam 667.

[0746] A linear access plug 700 having a perimeter compressible edge seal 706 is placed in the continuous access slot 609 between the adjoining top flanges 551. The perimeter compressible edge seal 706 for the linear access plug 700 may be of any type, including foam, rubber, elastomeric, and the like. The floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system has a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprising modular-accessible-matrix-units having a metallic plate 699 adhered by a flat web adhesion layer 669 to form a composite, reversible, good two sides modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 a with any type of wearing surface. The flat web adhesion layer 669 may be an adhesive, a polymer sheet, such as polypropylene or other type of plastic, polyethylene foam or some other type of foam, globs or beads of sealant, or the like. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is formed between the top face of the top flange 551 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546, accommodating a variety of electronic, electrical and mechanical devices, conductors, flexible circuitry, equipment, and the like. The ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system shows two possible faces, structural concrete 571 and two layers of concrete comprised of structural concrete 571 and a facing of acoustical concrete 570, which are integrally cast with the bottom flange 552. Lighting fixtures 625 may be centered in the ceiling units or centered over the joints between the bottom flanges 552. The lighting fixtures 625 centered over the joints show a suspension system comprising a formed intermittent truncated channel 575 a, an internally threaded nut 575 b, and a threaded hanger rod or tube 575 c.

[0747] The multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 a have multi-rotational bearing heads, shown as unslotted and non-magnetic 600 a, slotted and non-magnetic 600 b, unslotted and magnetic 600 c, and slotted and magnetic 600 d, threaded onto multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shafts 601 or multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts which are internally non-threaded 602 a and internally threaded 602 b. The magnets may comprise ceramic magnets, ferrite magnets, rare earth magnets, magnets formed by ferrite powders in a resin binder, and the like. The composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a are held in place by the magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads 600 c,600 d in combination with the metallic plates 699 and by means of any type of fastener 691 applied between adjacent corners into the multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts 602 a,602 b to position and hold the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c in place by engagement over the non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads 600 a,600 b. Any type of fastener may be adapted to the teachings of this invention for fastener 691, as shown in FIGS. 90, 91 and 93, as well as other commercially available fasteners with concentric rings or screw threads.

[0748]FIG. 91 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 90 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible to tailor the structure to the end users' project needs within the teachings of this invention. The bottom flange 552 forming the primary core barrier and the top flange 551 forming the secondary core barrier 561 of the floor/ceiling system are formed with removable forms and have no channels or slots. A composite linear access plug 704 of metal and a cementitious mix is placed in the access slot between adjoining top flanges 551. A grouted joint 537 is shown between the adjoining bottom flanges 552. A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is shown between the bottom flange 552 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 on the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system. A transverse channel 574 is shown in the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 above spaced-apart, rounded-edged ceiling channels 792 on the ceiling side 568, shown as unperforated 792 a, perforated with mineral acoustical material 792 b, perforated with ceramic acoustical material 792 c, and perforated with fiberglass acoustical material 792 d. The ceiling channels 792 may be hooked to the transverse channel 574 by means of clips. A hanger rod 575 projects downward through the joint between the adjoining bottom flanges 552, held in place by a U-shaped nut or the like. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is shown between the top flange 551 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 on the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system. The composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a are good two sides, comprising two faces of the same wearing surface material on opposite sides of a flat web adhesion layer 669, creating a reversible unit. The composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a are supported by a plurality of multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 a having multi-rotational conically-shaped bearing feet and threaded tubular shafts 602, which are shown as internally non-threaded 602 a and internally threaded 602 b, to fit and rotate within surface-applied load-bearing dovetail channels 791, which are shown as having inwardly-extending flanges 791 a and outwardly-extending flanges 791 b and as being adhered to the top flange 551 by means of a sealant, adhesive or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416, arranged in a pattern of intermediate support points. The multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 a are shown as having non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads which are unslotted 600 a and slotted 600 b. The composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c are held in place by means of any type of fastener 691 (as more fully described for FIG. 90) applied between adjacent corners into the multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts 602 which are internally non-threaded 602 a and internally threaded 602 b to position and hold the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c in place by engagement.

[0749]FIG. 92 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 91 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. A sealant bead 668 is placed from above into the bottom of the cast-in-place linear key joint 563 and then filled to become a grouted joint 537. The access slot in the top flange 551 has a linear access plug 700. The linear, square-edged, spaced-apart ceiling channels 793 of the suspended ceiling, which are shown as unperforated 793 a, perforated with mineral acoustical material 793 b, perforated with ceramic acoustical material 793 c and perforated with fiberglass acoustical material 793 d, may be hooked to the transverse channel 574 by means of clips. The multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 b have cylindrically-shaped bearing feet and threaded solid shafts 601 to fit and rotate within the surface-applied dovetail channel 791 to support the composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a on the top face of the primary core barrier 553. The plate-backed composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c are held in place by means of a replaceable adhesion ring 597 within each multi-rotational bearing head 600 a,600 b.

[0750]FIG. 93 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 91 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 on the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system is disposed between the bottom flange 552 and accessible ceiling units 581 supported from the perimeter ledge of a universal precast hat-shaped enclosure 661 a or 661 b, the ceiling units comprising composite units 576 a of backer board and acoustical facing, 576 b of backer board and gypsum board facing, 576 c of metal backer and acoustical facing, and 576 d of metal backer and gypsum board facing in the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. The ceiling units 576 a,b,c,d are shown supported on the outward-turning flanges of two variations of a universal precast hat-shaped enclosure 661, which are attached to the bottom face of the bottom flange 552 of the primary core barrier 553. The multi-functional universal precast hat-shaped enclosures 661 serve multiple purposes, as described for FIG. 30, and are wired through a channel or junction box 624 placed between the top of the universal enclosure 661 a and the bottom face of the bottom flange 552 or, as shown for the universal enclosure 661 b, through a channel or junction box 624 attached to the side of the universal enclosure. In FIG. 93, the universal enclosures serve as lighting fixtures, showing variations of a lighting socket 625, a light bulb 629, and transparent diffusers 670 supported by fasteners 670 a projecting from the interior sides of the universal enclosure and, alternatively, by perimeter ledges 670 b affixed to the interior sides of the universal enclosure. The universal enclosure may be fabricated by any means, including by fire-resistant panels having mitered corners. The universal enclosures 661 may be attached to the bottom flange by any mechanical fastener means, by any adhesion means, such as, by a sealant, an adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed sealant, or by any magnetic means, such as, permanent magnets, flexible magnets or flexible magnetic tape. The universal enclosures 661 may also be beneficially attached by mechanical means for three-axis precision positioning, such as, by the use of channels to allow precision alignment on the longitudinal or y axis by the use of longitudinal slots in the top of the universal enclosure 661, to allow precision alignment on the transverse or x axis by the use of crosswise slots in the top of the universal enclosure 661, and to allow precision leveling on the vertical or z axis by the use of mechanical fasteners and compressible and expandable foam between the top of the universal enclosure 661 and the bottom of the mounting substrate.

[0751] In FIG. 93, the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 on the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system is disposed between the plate-backed composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and the top flange 551 comprising the secondary core barrier 561 and includes an open channel 574 and an intermittent access slot 610 in the top surface of the top flange 551. The longitudinal channel 574 is shown integrally cast into the top flange 551 to increase the capacity for conductor management on the longitudinal axis and to optimize weight reduction of the structure while maximizing conductor passage. The channel 574 is held in place prior to casting by top transverse reinforcement 291 acting as temperature reinforcement and positioning reinforcement as part of a reinforcement support cage 594. The plate-backed composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c are supported by a series of corner multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 a having multi-rotational conically-shaped feet and threaded solid shafts 601 to fit and rotate within continuous or intermittent dovetailed slots 562 in the top flange 551. The multi-rotational bearing threaded shafts 794 a are shown with non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads which are unslotted 600 a and slotted 600 b. The composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c are held in place by means of any type of fastener 691 applied between adjacent corners into the multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts 602 which are internally non-threaded 602 a to position and hold the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c in place by engagement. Two different types of composite linear access plugs 704 having perimeter compressible edge seals 706 are shown between adjoining top flanges 551, one of metal and a cementitious mix and the other indicated as a three-layer composite. Two or more reinforcing bars are shown on opposite sides of each trussed web 558 where a greater amount of principal longitudinal reinforcement 293 is required over the single bar 293 shown in FIGS. 91 and 92.

THE FIFTH EMBODIMENT OF THIS INVENTION CONCRETE TRUSSED OR WAFFLE CONCRETE TRUSSED UNITS

[0752] General Features Of FIGS. 100-105: FIGS. 100-105 show a floor/ceiling system comprising the precast double “I” units 587 a of this invention, formed of double tees 590 a made of structural concrete 571, which are placed into a cast concrete bed of structural concrete 571 having optional facing of acoustical concrete 570 to form an integral unit having a top flange zone 551, bottom flange zone 552, and solid web 541 with apertures 707 to form the double “I” units forming integral structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540. Any number of two or more multiple “I” units are within the teachings of my invention.

[0753] Passage apertures 707 are integrally cast intermittently in the solid web 541 of the precast double “I” units 587 a, using any type of blockout, such as, foam, plastic, metal, wood, and the like placed where desired and removed after curing. Passage apertures 707 may be cast similar to any one of the types shown in FIG. 125. Conductors may be pulled crosswise to the axis of the principal conductors through the passage apertures 707.

[0754] The entire assembly provides a superior fire, smoke, dust, sound, light, security and privacy barrier which provides protection for electronic, electrical and mechanical devices, conductors, equipment and the like accommodated within the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540.

[0755] Although not shown in FIGS. 100-105, a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 may be disposed between the top surface of the top flange zone 551 and a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 of this invention on the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system and a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 may be disposed between the bottom surface of the bottom flange zone 552 and a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 on the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system. An obvious variation is to use the assembly to form an enterprise multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 as a vertical interior or exterior wall or partition system.

[0756] It is desirable that the perimeter edge of the top slab of the double tee 590 a have an inward slope, rather than the conventional outward slope. This feature is achieved by the teachings of this invention by providing a continuous, removable “V” form insert, as shown in FIG. 100a, at the perimeter edge. Intermittent, discretely disposed access apertures 709 having inwardly sloping perimeter edges to receive linear access plugs 700 are placed in the top flange 551 and/or the bottom flange 552 as required for access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540.

[0757] Specific Features Of FIGS. 100-105: FIG. 100 shows a reinforced double tee 590 a having a top flange 551 reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 291 and top transverse reinforcement 290. The double tees have a repetitive series of shear lug and reinforcement notches 589 at the bottom of the stem to accommodate the bottom transverse reinforcement 292 of the bottom flange 552 shown in FIG. 102 and a bearing plate or chair 708. The top flange 551 shows an access aperture 709. FIG. 100a shows a continuous, removable “V” form insert for forming the inwardly sloped top flange 551. FIG. 100b shows the split form for use in forming shear lugs encapsulating the reinforcement in the bottom of the stem of the double tee 590 a to achieve the repetitive notching for shear lugs shown in FIG. 101.

[0758] As shown in FIGS. 100 and 103, the art of making forms for casting double tees similar to the double tees 590 a of this invention is known. The tapered stems of the tees have notches 589 at the bottom to accommodate the bottom transverse reinforcement 292 and have intermittent bearing plates or chairs 708 at the bottom of the stem, which will develop horizontal shear and enhanced bond to structurally join the bottom of the double tees 590 a to the bottom flange zone 552. The concrete in the bottom flange 552 may be placed either before or after the double tees 590 a are set in the bottom flange casting bed. Concrete may be placed through access apertures 709 after the double tees are set.

[0759] As shown in FIG. 101, a reliable structural bond between the bottom of the double tee 590 and the bottom flange 552 is essential to this invention and is achieved by the teachings of this invention by casting a repetitive pattern of blockouts, using the split forms shown in FIG. 100b to form shear lugs 565 having bottom longitudinal reinforcing rods 582 passing through the shear lugs to accommodate concrete intermittently in the bottom flange 552 and also to accommodate transverse reinforcement rods 292 passing through the shear lugs. Transverse reinforcement may be placed below the bottom longitudinal reinforcing rods 582 passing through the shear lugs and permitting uncured double tees 590 a to be set down into the prepared transverse reinforcement and/or freshly placed concrete forming the bottom flange 552 as shown in FIG. 102. In the alternative, the transverse reinforcement 292 may be placed above the bottom longitudinal reinforcing rods 582 passing through the shear lugs 565. The structural bond may be further enhanced by roughening the surfaces to be bonded by bushhammering, scarifying, application of retarders, and the like, or the bond may be enhanced by adding latexes or resins to the structural concrete and coating the bottom of the double tees with compatible resins.

[0760]FIG. 102 shows the reinforced double tee 590 of FIG. 100 placed in a cast bed of structural concrete 571 which comprises the bottom flange 552, having a facing of acoustical concrete 570. A cast-in-place linear key joint 563 having a foam rod 20 in the bottom and filled with a cementitious mix is placed between adjoining bottom flanges 552 to form a continuous fire, smoke, dust, sound, light, security and privacy barrier. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 between the top and bottom flange zones accommodate devices, conductors and equipment. Passage apertures 707 in the stems of the reinforced double tee 590, forming the solid web 541 of the precast double “I” units, permit the passage of conductors crosswise to the axis of the principal conductors. Linear access plugs 700 made of a cementitious mix and having a perimeter compressible edge seal 706 are placed between the top flange zones 551 in access apertures 709. The synergy of this invention, in having a floor accessible membrane barrier supported on a plurality of plinths, for example, permits the simple spans of precast double “I” units 587 a having 1½″ to 3″ field-applied principal top longitudinal reinforcement 585 over points of bearing and cantilevers where negative moments are created and to provide structural continuity to the precast units so they have a continuous beam effect as compared to simple spans as well as providing floor diaphragm action. The field-applied principal top longitudinal reinforcement 585 comprises reinforcement by any means or combination of means, including rods and bars, wire mesh, welded wire fabric, plastic, metallic, glass, mineral or ceramic fabric, prestressing, posttensioning, and the like. Added wind resistance is gained by the floor/ceiling diaphragm while permitting a primary parallel axis for conductors running parallel to the principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290.

[0761]FIG. 103 shows the same structure as FIG. 100 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The stems of the double tee units 590 a are deeper for greater spans and permit deeper structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 for accommodating electronic, electrical, and mechanical devices, conductors, equipment and the like, all of which are more fully described in the General Features Of FIGS. 44-62.

[0762]FIG. 104 shows a rotated view of the solid web 541 with apertures of the double tees 590 a of FIG. 103, showing the bottom portion of the web, including bottom transverse reinforcement 292, bearing haunch 583, shear lug 565, and stirrups 584, which cannot be seen from the view in FIG. 103.

[0763]FIG. 105 shows the same structure as FIG. 102 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are deeper, thereby accommodating large electronic, electrical and mechanical devices, conductors, equipment, and the like. The field-applied principal top longitudinal reinforcement 585 of FIG. 102 is not included for illustration purposes but, of course, by the teachings of this invention could be used as required.

[0764] Within the teachings of this invention, FIGS. 100-105 may have any of the floor accessible membrane barriers shown in FIGS. 1-160 or combinations thereof, supported by any of the support systems shown in FIGS. 1-160 or combinations thereof.

[0765] General Features Of FIGS. 106-108: FIGS. 106-108 show a floor/ceiling system comprising the precast multiple “I” units of this invention. The longitudinal top flanges 800 are reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291. The longitudinal bottom flange 803 is reinforced by means of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292. A linear key joint 563, which may be filled with a cementitious mix, is shown between the longitudinal bottom flanges 803 of the adjoining precast multiple “I” units.

[0766] Specific Features Of FIGS. 106-108: In FIG. 106, the multiple “I” units are formed of double tees 590 a made of structural concrete 571, which are placed in a cast concrete bed of structural concrete 571 to form an integral unit having a longitudinal top flange 800 showing a top flange zone 554 of a primary core barrier, a longitudinal bottom flange 803 showing a bottom flange zone 555 of a primary core barrier, longitudinal continuous solid webs 811, and transverse continuous solid webs at ends forming integral end barrier panels 612 and a fire barrier similar to those shown in FIGS. 88 and 89. Secondary core barriers 561 are shown in the longitudinal top flange 800, containing intermittent access slots 610 formed in the spaces between adjoining top flanges 800, the outwardly extending flange sides accommodating linear access plugs 700, the slots 610 providing access from the floor side 567 into the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 formed at the juncture of adjoining double “I” units 587 a. Additional reinforcement is placed on the top surface of the longitudinal top flange 800 directly over the longitudinal continuous solid webs 811, which reinforcement 593 is by any means or combination of means, including rods and bars, wire mesh, welded wire fabric, plastic, metallic, glass, mineral or ceramic fibers, prestressing, and posttensioning. A secondary core barrier 561 is shown in the longitudinal bottom flange 803, permitting access from the ceiling side 568 through an intermittent access slot 610 into the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 between the two longitudinal continuous solid webs 811 of the double “I” unit 587 a. Additional reinforcement is placed in the bottom flange 803 at points between intermittent slots 610.

[0767] In FIG. 106, a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprising a plurality of solid, reversible, good two sides modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b and composite modular-accessible-matrix-unit 543 c having a metal plate affixed to the back side is disposed over a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b,543 c are supported by means of a series of multi-rotational plinths shown as having and unslotted and magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 c and an unslotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 a on an unspecified multi-rotational bearing threaded shaft, an unslotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 a and an unslotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 a on a multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shaft 602, a slotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 b and a slotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 b on a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601, and a slotted and magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 d and a slotted and non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 b on an unspecified multi-rotational bearing threaded shaft.

[0768] In FIG. 106, a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is shown disposed between the bottom face of the bottom flange 803 and an accessible ceiling system comprising ceiling units suspended from formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges forming a channel grid which are supported by a support channel, angle, zee or bar 574 attached to the bottom surface of the longitudinal bottom flange 803. The ceiling units are shown as composites of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a, composites of backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b, composites of metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c, and composites of metal backer and gypsum board facing 576 d. The ceiling units may be cast right side up as shown by using permanent forming.

[0769] In FIG. 107 double “I” units 587 a are cast right side up as a single unit into a bed of acoustical concrete 570 into which a plurality of downward-facing dovetail channels 564 a have been placed. Each double “I” unit has a longitudinal top flange 800, a longitudinal bottom flange 803, and longitudinal webs 801 having longitudinal apertures 802. The double “I” units have intermittent access slots 610 with linear access plugs 700 having compressible perimeter edge seals 706 disposed between the top flanges 800, which provide access from the floor side 567 into the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540. No access is provided from the ceiling side 568. Composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c having a metal plate affixed to the back of the unit are supported and held in place over the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 by means of multi-rotational bearing plinths having a multi-rotational formed hat-shaped magnetic keeper head 579 b with an internally threaded shaft and a multi-rotational bearing foot 603.

[0770] In FIG. 108 the precast unit comprises a triple “I” unit 587 b having an unpenetrated bottom primary core barrier 810 on the ceiling side 568. FIG. 108 is similar to FIG. 107 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The longitudinal top flange 800 and the longitudinal bottom flange 803 are wider and thinner than those shown in FIG. 107, while the longitudinal web 801 is narrower and taller, and the longitudinal aperture 802 in the web 801 is larger. Consequently, the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are larger and accommodate larger and a greater quantity of computer and communications devices, components, appliances, equipment, conductors, and the like. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises a plurality of modular-accessible-pavers 544 b disposed over the longitudinal top flanges 800, accommodating flat conductor cable and the like between the flanges and the modular-accessible-pavers. Access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 is obtained from the floor side 567 through intermittent access slots 610 closed off by linear access plugs 700.

[0771] General Features Of FIGS. 109-112: FIGS. 109-112 show a floor/ceiling system comprising the precast multiple tees of this invention, comprised of two or more inverted tees, formed of inverted double tees 590 a, modified inverted double tees 590 a or inverted quadruple tees 590 c made of structural concrete, which are placed in a cast concrete bed of structural concrete to form an integral unit having a longitudinal top flange 800, a longitudinal bottom flange 803, and a longitudinal continuous solid web 811 or a longitudinal web 801 having a longitudinal aperture 802. FIG. 109 indicates the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 of this invention, which extends from the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 545 to the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 546. The double tees 590 a and quadruple tees 590 c are cast upside down and turned over after curing, providing, generally, the longitudinal bottom flange 803 as the bottom primary core barrier 810 and the longitudinal top flange 800 as the secondary core barrier. FIG. 111 and 361 provide variations of this arrangement, whereas FIG. 110, although similar to FIG. 109, involves casting inverted tees and also casting a waffle pattern by using back-to-back waffle dome forms with spacers over the multiple tee forms to align and position the waffle dome forms, comprising cementitious concrete cylindrical spacers 820 a internally threaded for fastening to the forms and cementitious concrete pavers 821 internally threaded for fastening to the opposed sides of the form, the paver having serrated, interlocking sides to enhance bond and fire barrier integrity, and then inverting the waffle dome forms and the multiple tees. The modified double tees 590 a of FIG. 110 result from the casting of biaxial waffle slabs, the deeper cavity forming the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 when cast integrally with the longitudinal top flange 800. Although the bottom surface of the longitudinal top flange 800 is shown as being arched, a flat bottom surface is also according to the teachings of my invention.

[0772] Between FIG. 109 and FIG. 110 is illustrated a P-E-M diagram illustrating the interaction of people, equipment and machines in the occupied spaces 538 with the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry of this invention by means of the interstitial accommodation matrices 540 and the modular accessible node sites 169 in the reconfigurable alterable recyclable ceilings, walls, and floors of my invention.

[0773] Specific Features Of FIGS. 109-112: FIGS. 109-111 show the arched bottom surface of the longitudinal top flange 800 comprising a permanent non-combustible form 800 a forming an arch suspended from the longitudinal web forming the arched longitudinal top flange 800 comprising metal, cement board, backer board, waterproof gypsum board or similar enduring materials. The decking is suspended from an undulating shear lug pattern as shown in FIGS. 101 and 104 by any means, such as, by wire hanger loops, “U” straps or other hanging bracket means for supporting arch decking materials during the casting of the longitudinal top flange 800. In contrast, FIG. 112 shows the bottom face of the longitudinal top flange 800 as having a removable form 800 b forming the arch. Principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291 are shown in the longitudinal top flange 800 and principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292 in the longitudinal bottom flange 803, with the exception of FIG. 110 which shows only reinforcement 293. The arrangement of the bottom reinforcement 292,293 and top reinforcement 290,291 in FIG. 112 is reversed from that shown in FIG. 109. By placing the principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 below the top transverse reinforcement 291 in the longitudinal top flange 800 and by placing the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 above the bottom transverse reinforcement 292 in the longitudinal bottom flange 803 of FIG. 112, both flanges are able to sustain heavier loads. Occupied spaces 538 are shown on both sides of the floor/ceiling system.

[0774] FIGS. 109-112 are shown with longitudinal intermittent access slots so that the top and bottom flanges between adjacent units are cast integrally with each other while being transversely reinforced at the points where slots are not continuous in the top and bottom flanges to achieve stability for handling double, triple or quadruple tees. The precast structural members of FIGS. 109-112 may also be cast with continuous slots. In other types of tee configurations not shown in FIGS. 109-112, where continuous slots are cast, end closure panels would be required to stabilize the units with points of cross-reinforcing ties to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each concrete joist or waffle joist unit. It is also within the teachings of this invention to provide cross-tie bridging typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each concrete joist or waffle joist unit.

[0775] In FIGS. 109, 110 and 112, a channel 577 is shown in a longitudinal aperture 802 in the longitudinal web forming the interstitial accommodation matrices at midpoint in the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 and interconnecting the interstitial accommodation matrices 540. Cast-in-place linear key joints 563 have a foam rod 20 in the bottom and are filled with a cementitious mix. Access to each structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 in FIGS. 109, 110 and 112 is only from the floor side 567 by means of the longitudinal intermittent access slots 610, while access from one structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 to adjoining structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 is by means of apertures 802 in the longitudinal webs 801, the bottom primary core barrier 810 remaining unpenetrated. In contrast, each structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 in FIG. 111 is self-contained, not interconnecting with adjoining coplanar structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 in that the structural members comprise longitudinal continuous solid webs 811. A continuous pattern of forming is developed in that longitudinal intermittent access slots 610 alternate from the longitudinal top flange 800, which forms the top primary core barrier 808, to the longitudinal bottom flange 803, which forms the bottom primary core barrier 810. Alternating patterns of intermittent access slots 610 in the longitudinal top flange 800 and the longitudinal bottom flange 803 give access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 from the floor side 567 or the ceiling side 568.

[0776] In addition, in FIG. 110, access to the biaxial waffle panels is obtained from the ceiling side 568 by removing the accessible ceiling system 576 a,576 b,576 c,576 d which is supported by means of formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges and suspended from dovetailed channels 564 a cast into the concrete at the base of the longitudinal bottom flange 803, the intermediate primary core barrier 809 remaining unpenetrated.

[0777] In FIGS. 109-112, a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed on the floor side 567 between the top face of the longitudinal top flange 800, which forms a secondary core barrier and shows a permanent non-combustible form (FIGS. 109-111) or a removable form (FIG. 112) forming an arch suspended from the longitudinal web forming an arched longitudinal top flange, and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546.

[0778] In FIG. 109, the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported by support means 606 selected from plinths, channels, foam, and the like, as shown in detail in FIGS. 23-26 and 120.

[0779] In FIG. 110, the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises solid, reversible, good 2 sides modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b forming the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported by multi-rotational bearing plinths 605 having unslotted 600 a and slotted 600 b, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing heads and unslotted 603 a and slotted 603 b non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing feet, and multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shafts 601.

[0780] In FIG. 111, modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 comprising the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported by multi-rotational plinths 605 and are held in place by engagement and positioned by any type of fastener 691 applied between adjacent corners.

[0781] In FIG. 112, the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are shown as solid, reversible, good two sides and supported by unslotted 595 a and slotted 595 b, non-magnetic, multi-layered step plinths having multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shafts 601 and threaded tubular shafts 602 and unslotted 600 a and slotted 600 b, non-magnetic, multi-rotational bearing heads.

[0782]FIGS. 109 and 110 show a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 disposed on the ceiling side 568 between the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flange 803, which serves as the bottom primary core barrier 810, and the accessible ceiling system 576 comprising a ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545.

[0783] In FIG. 109, the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 is suspended by suspension means 607 selected from plinths, hanger rods, and the like, as shown in detail in FIGS. 9-16, 23-29, 38, 67, 123 and 125.

[0784] In FIG. 110, the ceiling units comprise a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a, backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b, metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c, and metal backer and gypsum board facing 576 d, the ceiling units suspended by means of formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges suspended from dovetailed channels 564 a cast into concrete and attached to the waffle slabs 592.

[0785] In FIGS. 111 and 112, the ceiling side 568 shows an acoustical concrete facing 570 on the structural concrete 571 of the longitudinal bottom flange 803.

[0786] General Features Of FIGS. 113-120: Any applicable general or specific features disclosed for any of FIGS. 1-160 may apply to FIGS. 113-120 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein. The aforementioned General Modular Accessible Node, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160, which is located prior to The First Embodiment Of This Invention, is incorporated herein by reference where applicable to FIGS. 113-120 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein.

[0787] FIGS. 113-120 show a primary core barrier 553 and a secondary core barrier 561 of reinforced concrete 571 of a floor/ceiling system of this invention, comprising a top flange 551, a bottom flange 552, and an intermittent solid web 550. The ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system is shown, as is the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system. FIGS. 113-118 are longitudinal cross sectional views, and FIGS. 119 and 120 are transverse cross sectional views. The top flange 551 is shown reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291. The bottom flange 551 is shown reinforced by means of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292. Structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are shown formed by the precast structural members, containing rails 652 for traveling racks 643 which may accommodate electronic devices, such as, circuit boards, semiconductors, processors, transceivers, cards, servers, bridges, routers, switches, breakers, disk drives, storage devices, universal sockets, connectors, controllers, sensors, and the like as more fully described in the third paragraph of General Modular Accessible Node, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry And Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 provide sealed environments to protect the sensitive devices and equipment contained therein. Access is shown by means of discretely disposed access apertures 709 in the face of the top flange 551, the apertures having inwardly sloping sides formed by the outwardly sloping sides of the bottom flanges 551. The apertures may be sealed by means of linear access plugs 700, which plugs may have a perimeter compressible edge seal 706 as shown in FIG. 120. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the top flange 551 and a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprised of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 supported, generally, by support means 606 selected from plinths, channels, foam, fasteners of any type, and the like or, specifically, multi-rotational plinths 605 positioned in intermittent or continuous dovetailed slots 562. An integral facing of acoustical concrete 570 is shown on the bottom surface of the bottom flange 552. This is optional, as shown in FIG. 120 where only structural concrete 571 is indicated.

[0788] Forming for the rectangular intermittent solid web 550 may be made of any material, including metal, plastic, wood, plywood, hardboard, particleboard, cement board, treated cardboard, and the like, although metal or cement board are preferred for their non-combustibility where the forms are permanently left in place. To form rectangular enclosures to float above the top of the bottom flange 552, forms should be of non-combustible material if forms are to be left in place.

[0789] The continuous and intermittent forms shown in FIGS. 113-120 for forming the upper top flange 551 for the secondary core barrier 561 may be removable or permanent. The forms may be made of any material, including metal, plastic, wood, plywood, hardboard, particleboard, cement board, and the like, although metal or cement board are preferred. The horizontal deck forms may be held in place by any support means, including any type of fastener, wire hangers, Z-clips, wood or other type of blocking, cripples, stilts, and the like, off the intermittent solid web 550. The forms may also be free of the U-shaped channel sides shown in the drawings, whereby the forms are held in place by means of any type of board or other support means in a conventional manner. Other embodiments of my invention may have variations of these combinations of elements.

[0790] Specific Features Of FIGS. 113-120: FIG. 113 shows a longitudinal cross sectional view of the top flange 551, the bottom flange 552, and the intermittent solid web 550 prior to the placement of the concrete, showing a continuous form 728 having integral U-shaped channel sides forming the top flange 551 and the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 formed by the structural members.

[0791]FIG. 114 shows the top flange 551, the bottom flange 552, and the intermittent solid web 550 after placement of the structural concrete 571. Other features are as shown in FIG. 113.

[0792]FIG. 115 shows the top flange 551, the bottom flange 552, and the intermittent solid web 550 with stirrup reinforcement 727 prior to placement of the concrete. Other features are as shown in FIG. 113.

[0793] FIGS. 116-118 show a structure similar to FIGS. 113-115 but have certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The longitudinal cross sectional views are taken at a point between adjoining solid webs, thereby showing the open interstitial accommodation matrices 540 formed by the structural members all the way across, with the intermittent solid webs 550 shown in the background.

[0794]FIG. 116 shows an intermittent form 729 supported off a continuous form 728 at either side. The turned-down edges of the hat-shaped intermittent form 729 fit into and are supported by the integral U-shaped channel sides of adjacent continuous forms 728. The bottom flange 552 is indicated as the primary core barrier 553 and the top flange 551 is indicated as the secondary core barrier 561.

[0795]FIG. 117 shows an intermittent form 731 and two continuous forms 730, each having one turned-down edge and one integral U-shaped channel side, whereby the turned-down edge of each continuous form 730 or intermittent form 731 fits into and is supported by the integral U-shaped channel side of the adjacent form 731,730.

[0796]FIG. 118 shows continuous forms 732 supported off either side of an intermittent form 733. The turned-down edges of the hat-shaped continuous forms 732 fit into and are supported by the integral U-shaped channels of the hat-shaped intermittent form 733.

[0797]FIG. 119 shows a transverse cross sectional view at a point cutting through the intermittent solid web 550, showing the U-straps 734 at the top of the intermittent solid web 550 and permanent stilts, reinforcement chairs or other support means 735 at the bottom of the intermittent solid web 550, supporting the forms for casting the intermittent solid web 500. Integral end closure panels 612 are shown at the end of the precast units, beyond the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540. Cross-tie reinforcement 611 is shown between the ends of adjoining top flanges 551 in the areas not occupied by the discretely disposed apertures 709 to provide transverse reinforcement at points where the apertures are not continuous in the top flanges 551. Linear access plugs 700 are shown in the access apertures 709 in the top face of the top flange 551. Dovetailed slots 562 are shown, which receive the multi-rotational plinths 605. Rails 652 for traveling racks 643 are shown, allowing the traveling racks to be rolled directly below the access apertures 709 so that the various electronic devices and equipment may be accessed from the floor side 567. No access is provided from the ceiling side 568 to the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540. A foam rod 20 is placed in the bottom of a linear key joint 653 to form a seal between adjoining bottom flanges 552.

[0798]FIG. 120 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 119 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative variations possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The transverse cross sectional view is cut through the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 formed by the structural members in the intermittent open portion of the intermittent solid web 550. A sealant bead 668 is placed in the bottom of the linear key joint 653 to form a seal between adjoining bottom flanges 552. The bottom flange 552 is shown as all structural concrete 571 without having a bottom layer of acoustical concrete. Linear access plugs 700, each having a perimeter compressible edge seal 706 attached to the sides, are shown pressed into access apertures 709 so the edge seal 706 is compressed into the sides of the access apertures 709. Other features are as shown in FIG. 119 with variations shown in the location of the rails 652 for the traveling racks 643.

[0799]FIGS. 119 and 120 show modular universal racks 643 of any size within the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 accessible from the floor side 567 or the ceiling side 568 accommodating chip modules, board modules, socket modules, card modules, device modules, combination modules, and the like, providing scalability, convertibility, reconfigurability, recyclability, adaptability, alterability, testability, and maintainability to the multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 within the alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry 528. The device modules may comprise switch modules, bus modules, controller modules, terminal modules, connector modules, server modules, bridge modules, router modules, memory modules, random access memory (RAM) modules, disk modules, testing modules, sensor modules, multiplexer modules, multimedia modules, and the like.

[0800] Modular enclosed, scalable, reconfigurable, and alterable multi-switching communications and computer building blocks facilitate user determinism. Multipurpose and multifunctional communications and/or computer configurations within the modular universal racks 643 and enclosures of one-eighth, one-quarter, one-half, three-quarter, and full modular size are disposed horizontally within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 to provide access to chips, boards, cards, sockets, and devices through removable covers through the discretely disposed access apertures 709.

[0801] In FIGS. 119 and 120, on the floor side 567, a modular universal rack 643 is suspended within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 on a rolling suspension system 652 having a controlled moving conductor tether system for in-and-out conductors, cables and fibers disposed for 100 percent access to one or more device modules within the modular universal rack with access through the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and through the discretely disposed access apertures 709. Access is also available through the enclosure cover for the modular universal rack 643.

[0802] On the ceiling side 568, a modular universal rack is suspended within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 on a rolling or sliding suspension system for the modular universal rack having a controlled moving conductor tethered system for in-and-out conductors, cables and fibers disposed for 100 percent access to one or more device modules within the modular universal rack with access through the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 and through intermittent access slots 610 or through an intermittent access panel as well as access through an enclosure cover for the modular universal rack.

[0803] In FIGS. 119 and 120, rolling modular universal rack systems 643 with a tethered conductor means provide modular, scalable, rescalable, reconfigurable, alterable, recyclable, multi-switching communications and multi-server, multi-bridge, multi-router components for a reconfigurable, upgradable, multi-processing environment disposed horizontally by tethered roller suspension means to provide 100 percent access within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 through the discretely disposed access apertures 709.

THE SIXTH EMBODIMENT OF THIS INVENTION DUPLEX HOLLOW PRECAST UNITS

[0804] General Features Of FIGS. 121-139: Any applicable general or specific features disclosed for any of FIGS. 1-160 may apply to FIGS. 121-139 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein. The aforementioned General Modular-Accessible-Matrix Site, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160, which is located prior to the First Embodiment Of This Invention, is incorporated herein by reference where applicable to FIGS. 121-139 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein.

[0805] General Features Of FIGS. 121-125: FIGS. 121-123 show vertical cross sections representing a modified concrete joist system providing a two-layer fire, smoke, sound, light, security, and privacy barrier comprising a primary core barrier 553 and a secondary core barrier 561 of structural concrete 571 accommodated within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry. The entire floor/ceiling assembly comprises a multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 and shows a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540, and a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 between the interior faces of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. Occupied spaces 538 are shown above and below the entire floor/ceiling assembly. The longitudinal top flanges 800 are reinforced by principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291. The longitudinal bottom flanges 803 are reinforced by principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292.

[0806]FIGS. 124 and 125 show vertical cross sections representing a modified concrete joist system providing a three-layer fire, smoke, sound, light, security, and privacy barrier comprising a primary core barrier 553 and two secondary core barriers 561 of structural concrete 571 accommodated within the enterprise alterable distributed architectural multinetgridometry. In addition to the cross-tie bridging 611 shown in FIG. 124 above and below the primary core barrier 553 and in FIG. 125 above the primary core barrier 553, integral end barrier closure panels 612 may be included at both ends of the units to insure stability of the system. A natural variation, of course, would be to have neither bridging 611 nor integral end barrier closure panels 612. Where large lighting fixtures are required, the bottom flanges 803 may be modified at desired locations by shortening or removal. Collapsible or deflatable forms may be used to form the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540. The entire assembly comprises a multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 and shows the interstitial accommodation matrix 539 between the interior faces of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is shown between the top of the longitudinal top flange 800 and the interior face of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 is shown between the bottom of the longitudinal bottom flange 803 and the interior face of the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545.

[0807] Specific Features Of FIGS. 121-125: FIG. 121 shows an unpenetrated primary core barrier 553 at approximately midway between the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 above the primary core barrier are accessible from the floor side 567 through a continuous access slot 609 and intermittent access slots 610 in the secondary core barrier 561 with a linear access plug 700. Cross-tie bridging 611 is shown behind the linear access plugs 700 to provide stability to the assembly, typically located at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, with points of cross-tie reinforcing to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each duplex hollow precast unit. A latticework 615 of vertical and horizontal reinforcement with stirrups 584 as shown in the longitudinal continuous solid webs 811 and the top longitudinal flanges 800 and bottom longitudinal flanges 803. Transverse continuous solid webs 812 and transverse bottom flanges 807 are also shown below the primary core barrier 553. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices below the primary core barrier 553 are alternatively shown as 540 a having a parallel concrete joist pattern forming an interstitial accommodation matrix and bridging pattern, as 540 b having a parallel concrete joist with transverse bridging pattern or transverse concrete joist forming a rectangular waffle pattern with an interstitial accommodation matrix, and as 540 c having a square waffle pattern forming an interstitial accommodation matrix. A plinth support system for the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 of composite, reversible, good two sides modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a or solid, reversible, good two sides modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b is shown having an unslotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 a on a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601 and an unslotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 a. Also shown is a slotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 b on a multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shaft 602 and a slotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 b. The multi-rotational bearing feet 603 a and 603 b are affixed to the top flange 800 by means of a sealant, an adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 shows four variations of an accessible ceiling system of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 comprising a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a, a composite of backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b, and a composite of metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c or a composite of metal backer and gypsum board facing 576 d. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 and modular-accessible-units 92 are supported on formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges suspended by mechanical fasteners 382 a having a conically-shaped multi-rotational bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within a dovetail channel 564 b or by mechanical fasteners 382 b having a cylindrically-shaped multi-rotational bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within a cee support channel 578 b applied to the bottom surface of the bottom longitudinal flanges 803 by means of a sealant, an adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416. On the ceiling side, the passage of conductors between occupied spaces and interstitial spaces is shown through joints between sides of adjoining modular-accessible-units and modular-accessible matrix units 224. On the floor side, the passage of conductors between occupied spaces and interstitial spaces is shown through joints between sides of adjoining modular-accessible-units and modular-accessible-matrix-units 225, through joints at corners between adjoining modular-accessible-units and modular-accessible-matrix units 226, through notched joints in sides of adjoining modular-accessible-units and modular-accessible-matrix-units 227, through notched joints at corners between adjoining modular-accessible-units and modular-accessible-matrix-units 228, through pre-cut prepared apertures in modular-accessible-units and modular-accessible-matrix-units 229, and through joints between sides of adjoining modular-accessible-units and modular-accessible-matrix-units 231.

[0808]FIG. 122 shows a precast triple “I” unit 587 b made of structural concrete 571. The precast triple “I” unit has an unpenetrated primary core barrier 553 on the ceiling side 568, while a secondary core barrier 561 is shown on the floor side 567, forming structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540, one of which is indicated as a 540 a having a parallel concrete joist pattern forming an interstitial accommodation matrix and bridging pattern. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices are accessible only from above through the secondary core barrier 561 by removal of linear access plugs 700. Cross-tie bridging 611 is shown, typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, which gives stability to the floor/ceiling assembly, with points of cross-tie reinforcing to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each duplex hollow precast units. The longitudinal top flanges 800 of the precast triple “I” unit 587 b is reinforced by principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291. The longitudinal bottom flanges 803 are reinforced by principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293. A longitudinal web 801 with a longitudinal aperture 802 is shown between the primary core barrier 553 and the secondary core barrier 561, permitting the passage of conductors from one structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 to another. The longitudinal bottom flange 803 shows a longitudinal intermittent solid web 813, permitting the passage of conductors from one ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 to another. The modular-accessible-units 92 comprising acoustical planks 580 b forming the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 are applied to the bottom faces of outwardly extending flanges of channels 362 with touch fasteners 363 or flexible magnets 367. The channels 362 are applied to the bottom flanges 803 of the precast triple “I” unit 587 b by means of touch fasteners 363 or flexible magnets 367. Any modular-accessible-unit 92 location may be a potential modular accessible node site 216. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises composite, reversible, good two sides modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 a, solid, reversible, good 2 sides modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 b, and composite, with metal plate modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c. The modular-accessible-matrix-units are held in place by either a sealant flexible assembly joint 739 or by any type of fastener 691 applied between adjacent corners to position and hold the modular-accessible-matrix-units in place by engagement. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is illustrated supported on a support system comprising formed channels 438 having inwardly sloping and outwardly extending flanges, threaded solid shafts 794 a having conically-shaped multi-rotational bearing feet to fit and rotate within the formed channel 438, and load-bearing channels 748 accommodating the threaded shafts 794 a in the center of the channel web to provide a multi-rotational bearing leveling system and containing load-bearing round dual low Δt tubing, the channel having a rectangular exterior cross section 748 a, a rectangular exterior cross section 748 b and having a groove with releasable and resealable sealant in the groove, a rectangular exterior cross section 748 c and having a linear flexible magnetic tape applied to the top side, and a rectangular exterior cross section 748 d and having an integrally formed top magnetic layer.

[0809]FIG. 123 shows an unpenetrated primary core barrier 553 on the floor side 567 and a secondary core barrier 561 on the ceiling side 568. The reinforcement of the primary core barrier 553 is identical to that shown for the primary core barrier of 122. The configuration of the longitudinal top flanges 800 and the longitudinal bottom flanges 803 and the reinforcement of the top and bottom flanges are exactly reversed from the configuration and type of reinforcement shown for the longitudinal top and bottom flanges of FIG. 122. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 disposed between the primary core barrier and the secondary core barrier are accessible through intermittent access slots 610 which are sealed by composite linear access plugs 704. Cross-tie bridging 611 is shown behind the composite linear access plugs 704 to stabilize the floor/ceiling assembly, typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, with points of cross-tie reinforcing to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each duplex hollow precast unit. The longitudinal webs 801 have longitudinal apertures 802 accommodating a channel 577 interconnecting adjoining structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 and permitting the passage of conductors. Dome forms 592 of biaxial waffle slabs are shown between the top flanges 800. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprises composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c with a metal plate backing. The support system for the floor accessible membrane barrier shows an unslotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 600 d affixed to the top longitudinal flange 800 by means of a sealant, an adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416, a multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shaft 602, and a slotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 d. An alternate support system shown comprises an unslotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing 603 c affixed to the top longitudinal flange 800 by means of a sealant, an adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416, a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601, and an unslotted, magnetic multi-rotational bearing head 600 c. The magnetic heads 600 c,d position the metal-backed modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c in place. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprises an accessible ceiling system of modular-accessible-units 92 having a composite 576 c of a metal backer and acoustical facing or a composite 576 d of a metal backer and gypsum board facing. The ceiling suspension system shown is a ceiling hanger 579 c comprising a multi-rotational formed hat-shaped magnetic keeper housing a magnet 366, an internally threaded shaft 602, and a channel 361 having inwardly extending flanges applied to the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flanges 803 by a sealant, an adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416. An alternate ceiling suspension system shows a multi-rotational bearing threaded solid shaft 601. The magnets 366 position the metal-backed modular-accessible-units 92 in place. The joints between the modular-accessible-units in the floor and ceiling accessible membrane barriers are shown as tight abutting 749 a, open 749 b, flexible-magnetic tape filled 749 c, and foam filled 749 d.

[0810]FIG. 124 shows separate, non-communicating structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 which are accessible from the ceiling side 568 and from the floor side 567, the primary core barrier 553 remaining unpenetrated. The longitudinal bottom flange 803, which comprises the secondary core barrier 561 on the ceiling side is reinforced by means of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293, bottom transverse reinforcement 292, and the bottom portion of the latticework of vertical and horizontal reinforcement 615 which reinforces the primary core barrier 553. The longitudinal top flange 800, which comprises the secondary core barrier 561 on the floor side is reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290, top transverse reinforcement 291, and the top portion of the latticework of vertical and horizontal reinforcement 615. The reinforcement latticework 615 stiffens the members so they may be more safely handled during assembly. Access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 is through intermittent access slots 610 which are sealed by linear access plugs 700 being pressed into perimeter compressible edge seals 706. The ends of the longitudinal flanges 803 and 800 may be straight or tapered, thereby controlling the profile of the intermittent access slots 610. Bridging 611 is shown at each intermittent access slot 610 to stabilize the structure but may be left out.

[0811]FIG. 124 shows a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 disposed between the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flange 803 and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. The ceiling units comprise a composite of backer board and acoustical facing 575, which are suspended from the longitudinal bottom flange 803 by suspension means comprising dovetail channels 564 affixed to the bottom flange 803 with sealant, adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416, accommodating formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges forming a channel grid. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the top face of the longitudinal top flange 800 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c, composites having metal back plates, which comprise the floor accessible membrane barrier 546, are supported on the top flange 800 by various support means affixed to the top flange 800 by sealant, adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416. Support means shown includes a multi-rotational formed hat-shaped magnetic keeper head 579 b containing a magnet 366, an internally threaded shaft and an unslotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 a. Another support means indicates a slotted, non-magnetic multi-rotational bearing foot 603 b. A third support means indicates a multi-rotational conically-shaped bearing foot 794 a and a threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within a dovetail channel 564.

[0812]FIG. 125 is similar to FIG. 124, with certain distinctions. FIG. 125 shows structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 which are accessible from the ceiling side 568, from the floor side 567, and from adjacent structural interstitial accommodation matrices through longitudinal apertures 802 in the longitudinal webs 801, forming an interstitial multinetgridometry matrix. The primary core barrier 553 remains unpenetrated. The longitudinal bottom flange 803, which comprises the secondary core barrier 561 on the ceiling side is reinforced by means of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292. Absent is the latticework reinforcement 615 of FIG. 124. The longitudinal top flange 800, which comprises the secondary core barrier 561 on the floor side is reinforced by means of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and top transverse reinforcement 291. Access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 is through intermittent access slots 610 which are sealed by linear access plugs 700 and by composite linear access plugs 704 being pressed into perimeter compressible edge seals 706.

[0813]FIG. 125 has ceiling units comprising acoustical planks 580 b which are suspended from the longitudinal bottom flange 803 by suspension means comprising zee supports affixed to the bottom flange 803 by sealant, adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416 or touch fasteners 383. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 c of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported on the top flange 800 by various support plinths. Load-bearing channels 797 a,b,c, d,e,f of various configurations accommodating single and double low Δt tubing are shown on multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts 602. Unslotted, non-magnetic 603 a and slotted, non-magnetic 603 b multi-rotational bearing feet are shown. The perimeter joints between modular-accessible-matrix-units are shown as tight abutting 749 a, open 749 b, flexible magnetic tape filled 749 c, foam filled 749 d, and sealant filled 749 e. Potential modular accessible node sites 216 are also shown. The passage of conductors between occupies spaces and interstitial spaces through the crosswise joints transversely disposed to longitudinal fluid conductors 230 is shown on the floor side.

[0814] Interstitial Features Of FIGS. 126-139: The interstitial features of the duplex hollow precast units of FIGS. 126-139 include, as shown in FIG. 126, a structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. Also included among the interstitial features are a floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 and a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 above the primary core barrier 143, a structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130, and apertures 133 aligning with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix.

[0815] General Features Of FIGS. 126-139: FIGS. 126-139 show the preferred variations of the duplex hollow precast units of this Sixth Embodiment of my invention.

[0816] FIGS. 126-139 illustrate an unpenetrated primary core barrier 143 generally located close to the floor accessible membrane barrier 140. FIG. 127 is an exception in that the primary core barrier is located midway between the floor accessible membrane barrier 140 and the ceiling side. A plinth support system 141 is disposed over the top flanges 146 of the primary core barrier 143 and support a floor accessible membrane barrier 140. A secondary core barrier 144 provides access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 125,126 on the ceiling side through linear access plugs 154. A common web 149 is shared by the primary core barrier 143 and the secondary core barrier 144, having a top flange 146 and a bottom flange 147. The primary core barrier 143 serves as an unpenetrated fire, smoke, sound, and light barrier. The secondary core barrier 144, because it contains linear access plugs 154 sealing the intermittent access slots 610, provides greater fire, smoke, sound, and light protection than most conventional construction. Whereas the duplex hollow precast units may be precast, they may also be extruded.

[0817] In FIGS. 126, 127, and 130-133, longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 are shown above the primary core barrier 143 and longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 are shown below the primary core barrier.

[0818] In FIGS. 128, 129, 134-139, transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 126 are shown below the primary core barrier 143.

[0819] Special Features Of FIGS. 126-129: FIG. 126 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 128. FIG. 128 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 126. FIG. 127 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 129. FIG. 129 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 127.

[0820]FIG. 126 shows floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 121 a accommodating conductors and floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 b accommodating conductors and devices above the primary core barrier 143. Access to the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125 below the primary core barrier is through intermittent access slots after removal of linear access plugs 154. Principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 is shown embedded in grout 178 in the top flange 146 of the primary core barrier 143. Principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 is shown in the bottom flange 147.

[0821]FIG. 127 shows an upper secondary core barrier 144 above a primary core barrier 143 which is positioned midway in the floor/ceiling system, forming structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 accessible from the floor side through intermittent access slots after removal of linear access plugs 154. A second level of structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 122 is disposed above the upper secondary core barrier 144. A lower secondary core barrier 144 is positioned below the primary core barrier 143, forming structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 accessible from the ceiling side through intermittent access slots 610 after removal of linear access plugs 154. A second level of structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrices 125 is disposed below the lower secondary core barrier 144. A floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors is shown between the elements of the plinth support system 141.

[0822]FIG. 128 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 126. A composite steel and concrete girder 150 is shown, having a wide flange steel girder with a bottom flange reinforced by a welded plate extending on either side of the bottom flange and encapsulated in precast concrete and a steel top flange reinforced by two welded plates and encapsulated in precast concrete. The steel top flange comprises an ordinary wide top flange which has been cut off on both sides to permit the duplex hollow precast units to be lowered from above and positioned and supported on the bottom flange 147 of the composite steel and concrete girder 150. Each cut-off steel top flange has been cut in two and two pieces welded onto the underside of the narrowed top flange. Two tie bolts 177 are shown with washers 174 and nuts 176. The tie bolts are high-strength bolts to withstand the stresses of the internal moment brought on by high winds which twist the structural members. Alternative positions for the high-strength tie bolts would be above the primary core barrier 143 and below the secondary core barrier 144. The alternative positions would be especially important in a mid-rise or high-rise building which is subjected to greater wind pressures than a low-rise building. Grout 178 is shown filling in the area around the precast top flange of the girder. An alternative would be to encapsulate the top flange of the composite girder 150 in cast-in-place concrete, thereby eliminating the grout. Grout 178 is also shown above the bottom flange encapsulated in precast concrete. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 is shown on either side of the steel web to permit the longitudinal passage of conductors. Structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 126 are shown between the primary core barrier 143 and the secondary core barrier 144 and below the secondary core barrier. Structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 123 are shown above the primary core barrier. Ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 127 and ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 are shown above the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 which is supported by a ceiling suspension system 148.

[0823]FIG. 129 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 127. The various elements are generally comparable to those shown in FIGS. 127 and 128. The two cut-off ends of the top wide flange of the steel girder of the composite steel and concrete girder 150 have been welded to the top of the top flange. The exposed web of the steel girder 150 is encapsulated in an intumescent coating 159. A floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 a accommodating conductors is shown. A ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 is shown without the ceiling accessible membrane barrier of FIG. 128.

[0824] FIGS. 130-133 show cross-sectional views of FIGS. 134, 136, 138, and 139. The common elements are an unpenetrated primary core barrier 143 on the floor side and a secondary core barrier 144 with hinged fire barrier panels 179 providing access to the structural longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 125 on the ceiling side. Cross-tie bridging 611 is shown below the primary core barrier 143, typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, with points of cross-tie reinforcing to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each duplex hollow precast unit. Where a waffle pattern is used, the cross-tie bridging 611 extends for the full depth of the sides of each waffle dome. FIGS. 130-133 show variations of principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293. FIGS. 131-133 show apertures 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. FIGS. 130-133 show a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors below the floor accessible membrane barrier 140 which is supported by the plinth support system 141 shown in FIGS. 134-136. FIGS. 130-133 show a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 above the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145. Any ceiling suspension system may be used to support the ceiling accessible membrane barrier.

[0825]FIG. 134 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 131, showing some of the basic elements of FIGS. 134-137. A structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 123 is shown above the primary core barrier 143. A structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 126 is shown below the primary core barrier. A floor longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 120 a accommodating conductors is shown below the floor accessible membrane barrier 140. A ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127 and a ceiling longitudinal interstitial accommodation matrix 128 are shown above the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145. Hinged fire barrier panels 179 are shown in the secondary core barrier 144 on the ceiling side. Cross-tie bridging 611 is also shown behind the hinged fire barrier panels 179, typically at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, based on engineering principles, with points of cross-tie reinforcing to form a transversely reinforced whole to facilitate creating a transverse beam action for lifting and handling each duplex hollow precast unit.

[0826]FIG. 135 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 130 through the top transverse reinforcement 291 and the bottom transverse reinforcement 292. A concrete girder 152 is shown having principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293. A structural accessible interstitial girder passage 130 is shown on either side of the web of the concrete girder 152, permitting the longitudinal passage of conductors. Apertures 133 in the webs of the duplex hollow precast units align with the cores and channels of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. The floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported on the top flange 146 by a plinth support system 141.

[0827]FIG. 136 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 132 through the top transverse reinforcement 291 and the bottom transverse reinforcement 292 and a cross-sectional view of FIG. 133 and a cross-sectional view of FIG. 133 through the floor accessible membrane barrier 140, the primary core barrier 143, and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145. A composite steel and concrete girder 150 comprises two wide flange steel beams. A steel plate is welded to the two spread-apart bottom flanges of the steel beams. The bottom flanges are encapsulated in cast-in-place concrete. The outer top flanges of the two steel beams have been cut off and the cut-off portions welded to the bottom of the inner top flanges, reinforcing the top flanges and permitting the duplex hollow precast units to be lowered from above to be supported on the bottom flanges of the composite steel and concrete girder 150. The top steel flanges are encapsulated in cast-in-place concrete.

[0828]FIG. 137 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 133 through the floor accessible membrane barrier 140, the primary core barrier 143, and the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145. The arrangement of the elements, including the hinged fire barrier panels 179 and cross-tie bridging 611, is similar to that of FIG. 134.

[0829]FIG. 138 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 130 through the principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290. FIG. 138 shows a concrete girder 152 with structural accessible interstitial girder passages 130 permitting the transverse passage of conductors. The bottom flange 147 of the concrete girder 152 is reinforced by principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292. Apertures 133 in the web 149 of the concrete girder 152 align with the channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. Structural transverse interstitial accommodation matrices 126 are disposed between the primary core barrier 143 and the secondary core barrier 144. The floor accessible membrane barrier 140 is supported on the top flange 146 of the duplex hollow precast units by a plinth support system 141, forming a floor transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 121 a accommodating conductors. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 145 is supported by the bottom flange 147 of the duplex hollow precast units, forming a ceiling transverse interstitial accommodation matrix 127.

[0830]FIG. 139 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 133 through the principal top longitudinal reinforcement 290 and the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293. A concrete girder is shown similar to that of FIG. 138. The bottom flange 147 of the concrete girder 152 is reinforced by three rows of principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and two rows of bottom transverse reinforcement 292. The remaining elements are similar to those shown in FIG. 138.

THE SEVENTH EMBODIMENT OF THIS INVENTION HOLLOW CORE UNITS

[0831] Interstitial Features of FIGS. 140-160: The interstitial features of the hollow core units of FIGS. 140-160 include a structural interstitial architectural matrix 540, a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 and a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534.

[0832] General Features Of FIGS. 140-160: Any applicable general or specific features disclosed for any of FIGS. 1-160 may apply to FIGS. 140-160 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein. The aforementioned General Modular Accessible Node, Alterable Distributed Architectural Multinetgridometry and Interstitial Accommodation Matrix Features Applicable To FIGS. 1-160, which is located prior to The First Embodiment Of This Invention, is incorporated herein by reference where applicable to FIGS. 140-160 and shall be considered as part of the general features of these figures as if included herein.

[0833] Further General Features Of FIGS. 140-156: FIGS. 140-156 show a floor/ceiling system comprising an unpenetrated primary core barrier of precast structural concrete hollow core units which provides a dust, fire, smoke, sound, light, security, and privacy primary core barrier 553. The unpenetrated primary core barrier 553 is a natural variation of the folded undulating slab of FIG. 23 in which there is a zone functioning as a top flange 554, a zone functioning as a bottom flange 555, and a zone functioning as a solid web 556. A secondary core barrier 561 is shown where openings occur in the top or bottom flange of the precast units by means of intermittent access slots 610 disposed in a modular patterned layout or a random layout to suit user needs. Occupied spaces 538 are shown on the floor side 567 and on the ceiling side 568 for FIGS. 140-156.

[0834] The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 within the structure are accessible by means of discretely disposed intermittent access slots 610 in the face of the secondary core barrier 561 on the floor side 567 or the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system. The slots 610 are closed off by means of linear access plugs 700 a having a truncated cross section for support, 700 b having straight sides with crosswise strap suspension means, composite linear access plugs 704 or non-combustible compressible linear access plugs 715. The linear access plugs may be of solid materials, cast materials such as plaster, cementitious concrete, polymer concrete or foam concrete, plastic, metal, rubber, elastomeric, wood, fire-treated wood, particleboard, flakeboard, compressed and resin-bound mineral material, vitreous, glass fiber board or any type of acoustical board or any type of foam, or like material, or composites of two or more materials. A perimeter compressible edge seal 706 may be affixed to the edges of the access plugs to form a gravity-induced seal to protect the devices, conductors, flexible circuits, connectors, equipment, and the like accommodated in the discrete structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 from dust, fire, smoke, and the like, and to provide integrity and safety for multimedia computer devices and conductors, and also provide enhanced sound isolation, enhanced visual, light and sound privacy, safety of interior equipment and manufacturing and production equipment, and fire and life safety benefits. In most instances there is lateral communication between the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 by means of passage apertures 707, whereby conductors may be pulled crosswise or transversely to the primary axis of the principal conductors.

[0835] In FIGS. 140-160, it is within the teachings of this invention to provide at the ends and at ¼ points, ⅓ points or ½ points, at the very least, top and bottom flanges without continuous slots, based on engineering principles, to maintain transverse beam action to facilitate handling of the precast hollow core units.

[0836] Any of the bottom or top flanges having linear access slots or intermittent access slots may be transversely reinforced at intermediate points to facilitate maintaining transverse beam action for lifting and handling the precast hollow core units while increasing the length of the linear slots in the top or bottom flanges.

[0837] Parallel coplanar structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 having linear tubular voids 540 d of any polygonal cross-sectional shape, with round, elliptical, rectangular or square cross sections being the most useful for accommodating conductors and devices within the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540, run along the longitudinal axis of the precast units and may be formed by any of the following means:

[0838] Linear extrusion on a heated casting bed wherein the lateral crosswise passage apertures 707 between adjacent structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are pressed out or blocked out in the extrusion process

[0839] Inflated (and deflatable) flexible tubes which have side form appendages 868 attached, adhered or integrally formed, forming one-half of the lateral crosswise communication and passage apertures 707, blockouts, and intermittent access slots 610 from the floor side 567 or ceiling side 568

[0840] Tube forms having any polygonal cross section and made of metal, plastic, fiber/resin, fiberglass, wood, cementitious concrete, polymer concrete, fiber-reinforced cementitious concrete, pressed fiberglass, pressed mineral fibers, mineral materials, vitreous materials, pressed vitreous fibers, acoustical absorptive materials for sound attenuation benefits, or composites of any of the listed materials, which have side form appendages 868 attached, adhered or integrally formed, forming one-half of the lateral crosswise communication and passage apertures 707, blackouts, and intermittent access slots 610 from the floor side 567 or ceiling side 568

[0841] The linear tubular voids 540 d could be cast with square openings having coved corners formed, for example, with tempered hardboard, treated cardboard made from recycled paper, or any of the above listed materials. The precast units may also be cast upside down with blackouts. The discretely disposed intermittent access slots with tapered sides 610 a may be cut or pressed out hydraulically, or formed, or cast over a flat casting bed by means of a secondary vee form 867 and still allow the removal of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540, or blocked out with blocking 866 on top of the linear tubular void 540 d, the last two methods shown in FIG. 146, which illustrates the forming method. It should be noted that in FIGS. 140-156 an intermittent access slot 610 in the top flange zone 554 on the floor side 567 is never shown directly above an intermittent access slot 610 in the bottom flange zone 555 on the ceiling side 568, a configuration which would cause loss of sound privacy and allow smoke and harmful products of combustion to travel between the multilayered occupied spaces 538.

[0842] The crosswise communication and passage apertures 707 may be hydraulically pressed or punched out.

[0843] Whereas the voids in structural slabs of the prior art are created mainly to decrease the weight of the slabs and to provide economies of cost, the linear tubular voids within the precast structural slab units of my invention, which form part of the evolutionary interactive enterprise computer and network matrix of this invention, are created primarily to provide safe, protected environments for the electronic, electrical and mechanical conductors, computer and communications devices and peripherals, equipment, and the like to be placed therein. For the purpose of better visualizing and understanding my invention, the figures are drawn to the following scales as examples only. FIGS. 140-143 show 150 mm (6-inch) thick precast units and small voids, FIGS. 144, 145, 147 and 148 show 200 mm (8-inch) thick precast units and midsize voids, FIGS. 149 and 150 show 250 mm (10-inch) thick precast units and midsize voids, FIGS. 151 and 152 show 300 mm (12-inch) thick precast units with midsize voids, and FIGS. 153-156 show 300 mm (12-inch) thick precast units with large voids. Whereas most of my invention achieves, possibly, precast units having 75 percent occupied by the structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 and 25 percent occupied by the concrete structure itself, a more ideal objective would be to attain 90 percent for the interstitial accommodation matrices and 10 percent for the concrete structure, thereby increasing the space available for the conductors, devices, equipment and the like. Whereas FIGS. 140-156 cannot achieve such an ideally high percentage of space devoted to forming the structural interstitial accommodation matrix, the figures do achieve approximately 40 percent to 60 percent as being interstitial voids.

[0844] FIGS. 140-156 are drawn at the same scale to illustrate the distinct advantages of large aperture size for increasing the capacity to accommodate greater quantities of devices, conductors, equipment, and the like with disproportionately little increase in material weight or cost from using the midsize or large cross sectional linear tubular voids within the precast units.

[0845] A cast-in-place linear key joint 563 between the adjoining precast units is filled with a cementitious mix to bond the precast units and to provide a solid top flange zone 554. A foam rod or sealant bead may be placed in the bottom of the joint to beneficially contain the cementitious mix.

[0846] Where there is no ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 on the ceiling side 568 and where no acoustical material 570 is indicated, a finished ceiling 608 is shown which comprises an “as is” finish of the structural concrete, a decorative applied paint finish, a textured finish, and the like. The first cost advantage of an “as is” ceiling is obvious, and it is obvious by the teachings of my invention that it provides a convenient evolutionary way to add a future ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 as future evolutionary needs demand as shown on most other figures.

[0847] Specific Features Of FIGS. 140-148: FIG. 140 shows precast structural slab units having linear tubular voids 540 d with the center linear tubular void 540 d in each unit having discretely disposed intermittent access slots 610 in the face of either the floor side 567 or the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system. Passage apertures 707 allow communication between two linear tubular voids 540 d on either the ceiling side or the floor side, even between two adjoining precast units, but do not permit penetration of the primary core barrier from one side to another. The precast units are joined together by means of cast-in-place cementitious linear key joints 563. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed on the floor side 567 between the top faces of the top flange zone 554 of the primary core barrier and the secondary core barrier 561 and the bottom face of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported by support means 606 selected from plinths, channels, foam and the like. A bottom flange zone 555 of the primary core barrier and a secondary core barrier 561 are shown on the ceiling side 567. Whereas the top flange zone 554 of the primary core barrier has no penetrations at all, the secondary core barrier 561 has penetrations in the form of modularly disposed intermittent access slots 610 which are closed off by linear access plugs 700 which, in other figures, may have a truncated cross section 700 a for support or straight sides 700 b with crosswise strap suspension means or which may be composite linear access plugs 704 or non-combustible compressible linear access plugs 715. As can be seen from the drawings, the top flange zone 554 of the primary core barrier on the floor side 567 and the bottom flange zone 555 of the primary core barrier on the ceiling side 568 contain no penetrations while the secondary core barrier 561 has penetrations on either the floor side or the ceiling side. Also shown are solid web zones 556 between the linear tubular voids 540 d which are not linked by passage apertures 707. Principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and a finished ceiling 608 are shown.

[0848]FIG. 141 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 140 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. FIG. 141 importantly shows a different pattern of access from the floor side 567 and the ceiling side 568, each precast unit containing two center floor side apertures and single apertures at either end, while FIG. 140 reverses the arrangement of the apertures. Thus, on the floor side 567 it is possible to gain access to one linear tubular void 540 d from the adjoining coplanar parallel linear tubular void 540 d, reaching into the void and through the connecting passage aperture 707 into the adjoining void.

[0849]FIG. 142 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 140 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. A ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545, supported by support means 607 selected from plinths, channels, hanger rods, clip angles with threaded fasteners forming the foot disposed over conductor channels, and the like, has been added. A variation is shown in the pattern of access to the linear tubular voids 540 d from the floor side 567 and the ceiling side 568. Composite linear access plugs 704 are shown in the modularly placed intermittent access slots 610. The pattern of the slots 610 varies from those in FIGS. 140 and 141 in that each unit has two adjacent slots 610 on the ceiling side and two adjacent slots 610 on the floor side.

[0850]FIG. 143 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 142 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. A different pattern of the modularly disposed intermittent access slots 610 is shown in the opposed faces of the secondary core barrier 561, the pattern coinciding with that shown in FIG. 140 and showing the progression to a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 on the ceiling side 568.

[0851]FIGS. 144, 145, 147 and 148 show a floor accessible membrane barrier 546 of modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 supported by support means 606 selected from plinths, channels, foam and the like disposed in the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535. A finished ceiling 608 is shown for FIGS. 144, 145, 147 and 148.

[0852]FIG. 144 shows linear tubular voids 540 d which are larger in size than those shown in FIGS. 140-143 and are accessible from the floor side 567 or the ceiling side 568 through intermittent access slots 610 in the opposed faces of the precast units without purposely having a crosswise intercommunication means 707. Linear access plugs 700 are shown having a perimeter compressible edge seal 706 to close off the linear tubular voids 540 d from dust, fluids, and the like and protect the devices, conductors and equipment housed within from fire. Each precast unit shows two slots 610 on the floor side and one center slot on the ceiling side. Not having an intercommunication means by passage apertures 707 makes the precast units easier to manufacture and permits other uses for selected linear tubular voids 540 d as supply, return and makeup air ducts.

[0853]FIG. 145 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 144 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. A different pattern of access is shown to the linear tubular voids 540 d, there being two slots 610 on ceiling side 568 and one center slot on the floor side 567.

[0854]FIG. 147 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 144 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 disposed between the top flange zone 554 of the primary core barrier and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is considerably more shallow than the floor interstitial accommodation matrices 535 shown for FIGS. 140-145 and indicates a layer of foam for the support means 606. Access to the linear tubular voids 540 d forming a structural interstitial accommodation matrix within each precast unit is obtained by means of a single, centrally located intermittent access slot 610 in the bottom flange zone 555 on the ceiling side 568. Composite linear access plugs 704 are shown in the slots 610. Access to the adjoining linear tubular voids 540 d is obtained by means of passage apertures 707 with intermittent solid web zones 557 shown above and below the passage apertures 707 and solid web zone 556 shown at either end of each precast unit where there are no passage apertures shown. As one of the many variations possible by the teachings of my invention, certain discretely selected passage apertures 707 may be omitted, as shown in FIG. 144, and the linear tubular voids at the opposing ends of selected precast units used as air ducts for the building heating system for supply air, exhaust air, makeup air, and the like. No access to linear tubular voids 540 d is shown from the floor side 567.

[0855]FIG. 148 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 147 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. Access is reversed, with all linear tubular voids 540 d forming the structural interstitial accommodation matrices accessed only from the floor side 567 and passage apertures 707 disposed between all linear tubular voids 540 d, including those in adjoining precast units. No solid web zones are shown. The structure of FIG. 148, having all access from the floor side 567, provides a superior primary fire barrier at a lower cost, using the economy of a finished ceiling 608 (“as is” or decoratively applied paint or textured finish). At some future time, adding a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 provides a future enhanced fire barrier in addition to all the advantages of a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 for accommodating evolutionary technological advances of accommodating conductors, computers and communication devices in the ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534.

[0856] Specific Features Of FIGS. 149-156: FIGS. 149-156 show principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 in the bottom flange zone 555. FIG. 149 shows precast units of structural concrete 571 having linear tubular voids 540 d in the structural interstitial accommodation matrices. Only the center linear tubular void 540 d in each precast unit has linear access plugs 700 a having a truncated cross section for support in the top flange zone 554 of the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling system. The precast units forming the primary core barrier are joined together by means of a cast-in-place cementitious linear key joint 563 and form an unpenetrated barrier which is not accessible from the ceiling side 568. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the top face of the precast units and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported by support means 606 comprising a variety of multi-rotational plinths having multi-rotational bearing heads which are unslotted and non-magnetic 600 a and slotted and non-magnetic 600 b, multi-rotational bearing feet which are unslotted and non-magnetic 603 a and slotted and non-magnetic 603 b, and multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts 602.

[0857]FIG. 150 shows the same structure as that of FIG. 149 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. Every linear tubular void 540 d within the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 has an intermittent access slot 610 in the top face of the secondary core barrier 561. An enhanced fire and sound barrier may be achieved with the future addition of a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534. Passage apertures 707 in the side of the interstitial accommodation matrices 540 permit conductors to pass crosswise to the primary axis of the principal conductors. A finished ceiling 608 is shown. The slots 610 are closed off with linear access plugs 700 a having a truncated cross section for support. The use of the greater depth of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 and the midsize linear tubular voids 540 d in FIGS. 149 and 159, in contrast to the those shown for FIGS. 140-143, illustrate that the principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 may be placed so as to provide greater concrete cover with the benefit of longer fire resistance and greater transverse strength during handling.

[0858]FIG. 151 shows precast units, each having one linear tubular void 540 d with a discretely disposed intermittent access slot 610 in the top face and two linear tubular voids 540 d with discretely disposed intermittent access slots 610 in the bottom face of the precast unit. The slots 610 on the floor side 567 are closed off by means of linear access plugs 700 a having a truncated cross section for support, while the slots 610 on the ceiling side 568 have non-combustible compressible linear access plugs 715 having straight sides. The face of the primary core barrier on the ceiling side 568 of the floor/ceiling system comprises acoustical concrete 570 cast as a first layer below the structural concrete, using a form liner to create acoustical voids and texture, such acoustical concrete having in most cases greater fire-protective properties to protect the floor/ceiling assembly from fires occurring in the occupied spaces 538 on the ceiling side 568. If the slab is cast upside down, it is obvious that the structural concrete is placed first and the acoustical concrete is placed last and roughly struck off to create acoustical voids and texture.

[0859]FIG. 152 shows the same structure as that of FIG. 151 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. A multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 is shown, which comprises the entire assembly from the top face of the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 546 on the floor side 567 to the bottom face of the acoustical concrete 570 on the ceiling side 568. The multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 applies, of course, to every figure depicting the precast units of my inventions and is not specifically noted on each figure. Access to the linear tubular voids 540 d forming the structural interstitial accommodation matrix is reversed, two linear tubular voids 540 d of each precast unit having access in the top flange zone 554, the access slots closed off by means of linear access plugs 700 a having a truncated cross section and perimeter compressible edge seals 706 and a single center linear tubular void 540 d having access in the bottom flange zone 555, the access slot closed off by means of a non-combustible compressible linear access plug 715. Also a floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the top flange zone 554 and the second primary barrier 561 of the precast unit and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are shown supported by support means 606 comprising a conductor channel 119 and multi-rotational bearing plinths comprising a plurality of multi-rotational plinths shown as having a multi-rotational bearing head 600, a multi-rotational bearing foot 603, and a multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shaft 602, the shafts 602 affixed to the channel 119 and providing a flexible positioning means.

[0860]FIG. 153 shows a structure similar to that of FIG. 150 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. A multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 is shown. Every linear tubular void 540 d forming the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 has an intermittent access slot 610 in the bottom face of the secondary core barrier 561 on the ceiling side 568. There are two large, instead of three small, linear tubular voids 540 d forming the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 per precast unit. The intermittent access slots 610 on the bottom face of the secondary core barrier 561 are closed off by means of linear access plugs 700 a having a truncated cross section and a perimeter compressible edge seal 706. Intermittent solid web zones 557 are shown where passage apertures 707 provide access from one linear tubular void 540 d to another. The floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is disposed between the top flange zone 554 and the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 in the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported by support means 606 comprising multi-rotational plinths 605 having multi-rotational bearing feet 603 and load-bearing dual low Δt tubing 748 b having a rectangular exterior cross section with round internal tubing and having a groove with releasable adhering sealant in a groove on the top face, disposed in a load-bearing channel having threaded fasteners in the center of the channel web to provide a precision multi-rotational bearing leveling system adjustable from above the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. A finished ceiling 608 is shown on the ceiling side 568.

[0861]FIG. 154 shows a structure like that of FIG. 153 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. The linear tubular voids 540 d all have discretely disposed intermittent access slots 610 in the top face of the secondary core barrier 561 on the floor side 567. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 are supported by load-bearing low Δt dual tubing 746 b with a foam adhesion and cushioning layer on one face and a releasable and resealable sealant in a linear groove.

[0862]FIG. 155 shows a structure similar to that of FIGS. 153 and 154 but has certain distinctive features as part of the many alternative patterns possible from the teachings of my invention to tailor the structure to project needs. Each precast unit has one linear tubular void 540 d with a discretely disposed intermittent access slot 610 in the top face of the precast unit and the other slot 610 in the bottom face of the precast unit. No passage apertures 707 are shown. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 on the floor side 567 of the floor/ceiling assembly are supported by support means 606 which, by the thickness of the floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, would indicate foam. Within the teachings of this invention, foam may beneficially have coplanar parallel grooves on one or more axes and coplanar parallel grooves on one or more axes on a second level to permit crosswise passage of conductors.

[0863]FIG. 156 shows the linear tubular voids 540 d of the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 of adjoining precast units having discretely disposed intermittent access slots 610 disposed alternately in the top face and in the bottom face of the precast units. Linear access plugs 700 b having straight sides with crosswise strap suspension means and perimeter compressible edge seals 706 close off the access slots 610 on the ceiling side 568. Linear access plugs 700 a having a truncated cross section for support and perimeter compressible edge seals 706 close off the access slots 610 on the floor side 567. A ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534 on the ceiling side 568 is disposed between the bottom face of the precast unit and the accessible ceiling system 576 which forms the ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545. The accessible ceiling system 576 is suspended from the bottom face of the precast unit by suspension means 607 selected from plinths, hanger rods, and the like, as well as formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges forming a channel grid, as shown in FIG. 192 in my U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,091 and in the parent case and in FIGS. 9-16. A floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 on the floor side 567 is disposed between the top face of the precast unit and the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 of the floor accessible membrane barrier 546. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 are supported by assembled multi-layered stepped plinths 595 having multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts 602 and multi-rotational bearing heads 600.

[0864] Further General Features Of FIGS. 157-160: FIGS. 157-160 show a floor/ceiling system comprising the precast multiple “I” units of this invention, which form hollow core units of structural concrete 571. Linear key joints 563 are shown between adjoining “I” units. The multiple “I” units have a longitudinal top flange 800 and a longitudinal bottom flange 803. An unpenetrated primary core barrier 810 is shown on the ceiling side 568. Access to the structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 is from the floor side 567 through intermittent access slots 610 sealed by linear access plugs 700. A multilayered interstitial multinetgridometry 532 is shown spanning from the floor accessible membrane barrier 546 comprising modular-accessible-units 543 down through the floor/ceiling assembly to the bottom face on the ceiling side 568. Reinforcement of the longitudinal bottom flange 803 comprises principal bottom longitudinal reinforcement 293 and bottom transverse reinforcement 292.

[0865] Specific Features Of FIGS. 157-160: FIG. 157 shows precast multiple “I” units having a solid web 549. Each structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 is self-contained with access only from the floor side 567 through the intermittent access slots 610. FIG. 157 shows a finished ceiling 608. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is held in place over the top flanges 800 of the “I” units by load-bearing composites comprising hold-down and positioning engagement touch fasteners and cushioning foam tape 738, creating a very shallow floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535.

[0866]FIG. 158 illustrates certain elements shown in FIG. 157. The floor accessible membrane barrier 546 is supported by means of a flexible magnetic tape and foam tape load-bearing composite 742. The structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 are tapered at the bottom to conform with the outwardly sloping longitudinal bottom flanges 803 of the “I” units, in contrast to the straight longitudinal bottom flanges 803 shown in FIG. 157. FIG. 158 shows an exposed-to-view ceiling comprising acoustical concrete 570.

[0867]FIG. 159 illustrates deeper structural interstitial accommodation matrices 540 than those shown in FIGS. 157 and 158. The longitudinal webs 801 have longitudinal apertures 802 forming an interstitial accommodation matrix which permits the passage of conductors from one structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 to another and permits arm-length access through an intermittent access slot 610 into an adjoining structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540 to place or remove devices and equipment. Solid magnets are disposed within the composite modular-accessible-matrix-units 743. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 743 are supported and held in place by load-bearing dual low Δt tubing disposed in a load-bearing channel 748 having threaded fasteners in the center of the channel web to provide a multi-rotational bearing leveling system. The floor accessible membrane barrier 545 illustrates an accessible ceiling system comprising composites of backer board and acoustical facing 576 a, of backer board and gypsum board facing 576 b, of metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c, and of metal backer and gypsum board facing 576 d. The composite units 576 are suspended by linear cee channels 391 b having inwardly extending flanges and applied to the bottom face of the longitudinal bottom flanges 803 with a sealant, an adhesive, or a layer of adhesive-backed foam 416, mechanical fasteners 382 b having a multi-rotational bearing head and threaded solid shaft to fit and rotate within the channels 391 b, and formed channels 427 having folded-over and outwardly extending flanges forming a channel grid, thereby forming a ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534. Each composite unit 576 is a potential modular accessible node site 216.

[0868]FIG. 160 is similar to FIG. 159. The floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535 is formed by the modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 and modular-accessible-units 544 supported by a plurality of plinths. The plinth variations shown comprise combinations of unslotted, non-magnetic 600 a and slotted, non-magnetic 600 b multi-rotational bearing heads, internally non-threaded 602 a and internally threaded 602 b multi-rotational bearing threaded tubular shafts, and unslotted, non-magnetic 603 a and slotted, non-magnetic 603 b multi-rotational bearing feet. The modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 and modular-accessible-units 544 of the floor accessible membrane barrier are held in place by any type of fastener 691 applied between adjacent corners to position and hold the units in place by engagement. The ceiling accessible membrane barrier 545 comprises composites of metal backer and acoustical facing 576 c and of metal backer and gypsum board facing 576 d. Variations in hold-up support systems are also shown, comprising two split and one undivided 738 c and two undivided 738 d hold-up and positioning engagement touch fastener and cushioning foam tape load-bearing composites, and two split and one undivided 742 c and two undivided 742 d flexible magnetic tape and foam tape load-bearing composites, forming thereby a shallow ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534.

COMMUNICATION SYSTEM OF THIS INVENTION

[0869]FIG. 161 is similar to FIG. 42 in that it shows two stacked floor/ceiling systems of this invention for use in multi-story buildings. For illustration purposes, three variations of the channel joist units of this invention are shown for the floor/ceiling system. The occupied spaces 538, floor interstitial accommodation matrix 535, ceiling interstitial accommodation matrix 534, structural interstitial accommodation matrix 540, and wall interstitial matrix 536 are shown. A vertical primary core barrier 553 is shown with modular-accessible-matrix-units 543 on opposing sides of wall interstitial matrices 536. The first floor level shows a numerically controlled hydraulic shear with articulating arm 985 a, a numerically controlled horizontal turning center 985 b, a numerically controlled vertical turning center 985 c, each piece of equipment connected by an infrared beam 949 to a transceiver 639 located in the accessible ceiling below Interstitial Space Commuters in vertical racks 947 a and horizontally stacked 947 c. A light duty overhead crane rail 985 d is shown. Two multi-functional, hat-shaped universal enclosures are shown recessed into the accessible membrane barrier, one universal enclosure 661 b having a junction box on the side and the other universal enclosure 661 a having a perimeter support flange for supporting the accessible ceiling system with a channel or junction box at the top.

[0870] The second floor level shows bridging 611 between the top flange zones 554 of the primary core barrier of the floor/ceiling system and between the bottom flange zones 555 of the primary core barrier. Modular-accessible-units 544 are shown on the floor side of the top and middle floor/ceiling systems with bridging 611 also shown in the top floor/ceiling system. Below, above, and around the workstations are shown interstitial conductor passage channels with the integrated fiber, broadband fiber, electronic, and electrical network of this architectural building system, which link electronically by a server 647, a bridge 648, and a router 649 the various computer components within the occupied spaces encapsulated by a plurality of interstitial accommodation matrices. At the workstation on the left, a Desk Top Commuter 945 with flat screen is placed on a desk, having a keyboard 995 and mouse 996 placed below the desktop and shown communicating by an infrared beam through an analog transceiver 639 a to an Interstitial Space Commuter 947 in the accessible ceiling. A monitor 655 and a Desk Top Commuter 945 with touch screen 998 are placed on another desk and are shown communicating by an infrared beam through a digital transceiver 639 b to a horizontally stacked Interstitial Space Commuter 947 c in the accessible ceiling.

[0871] A component 980, a universal enclosure 661, a sprinkler head 916, and a sound speaker 978 in a universal fire-rated enclosure are shown in the ceiling. At the workstation on the right, a Laptop Mobile Commuter 942 is placed on another desk and is shown communicating by an infrared beam through a transceiver/transducer 654 to an Interstitial Space Commuter 947 b in a horizontal stack containing a disk drive 640. A comfort conditioning unit 657 is shown below another desk on which a Desk Top Commuter 946 having a keyboard 995 and a mouse digitizer 997 below the desktop and a desktop personal computer 961 with a conventional cathode ray tube are placed and shown communicating by an infrared beam with an Interstitial Space Commuter 947 a in a vertical rack containing a computer on a board 967, a computer on a chip 968, a board 635, a printed circuit board 636, a microchip 637, a microprocessor 638, and a modem 653.

[0872]FIG. 162 is similar to FIGS. 161 and 42 in that it also shows two stacked floor/ceiling systems of this invention. For illustration purposes, two variations of the channel joists units of this invention are shown for the two top levels of the floor/ceiling system. The lower level of the floor/ceiling system shows the concrete joist or waffle joist units of this invention with channel joist units on top. A number of conductors is shown within the interstitial spaces of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129 in the lower level of the floor/ceiling system, including fluid conductors 617, power conductors 618 a, superconductors 618 b, and fiber conductors 620. An aperture 133 is shown, aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129.

[0873] Transverse electronic conductors in a cable tray 619 a, longitudinal electronic conductors tied below the cable tray 619 b, and longitudinal electronic conductors tied above the cable tray 619 c are shown in the interstitial spaces of the floor/ceiling system in the lower and mid levels. Transverse electronic conductors 619 d, longitudinal electronic conductors 619 e, and a circulating fluid conductor 622 are shown in the floor interstitial accommodation matrix. Modular-accessible-units 644 are shown. An intermittent access slot 610 is shown in the ceiling accessible membrane barrier of the lower level of the floor/ceiling system. A seated male figure is shown on the first floor of the assembly, using the Personal Mobile Commuter 940 of this invention, communication being by an infrared beam 949 traveling to a transceiver 639 in the ceiling. Desk Top Video Commuter Conferencing 931 is shown on a desk as well as a cellular phone base station 973. A bridge 648 is shown under the desk. A second desk shows a switch 650 beneath the desktop and Laptop Mobile Commuter 942 is shown on top of the desk. A comfort conditioning unit 657 is shown, having a starter 919. An appliance 986 is shown beneath a desktop holding a wireless occupied space computational/communication device 984. A television 970 is shown as part of Conference Room Video Commuter Conferencing 933. An Occupied Space Commuter 948 as part of Desk Top Video Commuter Conferencing 931 is shown on an adjoining desk. A wireless phone 972 is shown on the desktop, while a desktop personal computer with minitower 962 is shown below the desk. A series of transceivers 639 is shown in the ceiling behind downwardly hinged panels. A wireless interstitial space computational/communication device 982 is shown in the ceiling behind a downwardly hinged panel. A multi-functional, hat-shaped universal enclosure 661 a, having a perimeter support flange for supporting an accessible ceiling system, with channel on top, is shown being a downwardly hinged panel in the ceiling. Ductwork 658 is also shown in the interstitial spaces of the ceiling. Bridging 611 is shown in the floor/ceiling system.

[0874] In the second floor of the assembly, FIG. 162 shows a seated male figure communicating by satellite phone 975 a through satellite communicate 951 and by cellular phone 975 b through cellular communication 950. The workstation area contains a Bridge Router Occupied Space Commuter 944 under one desk on which are placed a wireless phone base station 971 and a Desk Top Commuter 946 with a conventional cathode ray tube communicating by an infrared beam through a transceiver in the ceiling with an interactive interstitial space device 999. On a second desk are placed a telephone 975, a workstation computer 963, and Work Station Video Commuter Conferencing 932. A printer 918 and a copier 985 e are shown. A series of three mainframe computer modules 969 are shown, along with two switches 650, two storage devices 641, and a rack 644. An array of modular-accessible units 544 and modular-accessible-matrix-unit sites 170 are shown on the floor. In the interstitial spaces below the floor are seen longitudinal electronic conductors 619 e and broadband fiber conductors 620 a.

[0875] The ceiling shows equipment mounted on the reverse side of downwardly hinged panels, which equipment includes a control rack 913 and a hub 917. A transceiver 639 is shown mounted in one of the downwardly hinged panels, which is representative of the transceivers shown on the remaining panels. A Bridge Router Interstitial Space Commuter 943 is shown behind a fixed ceiling panel. A sensor 914 and a detector 915 are shown mounted in one of the downwardly hinged panels. The interstitial spaces show bridging 611 cross-tying the channel joist units and apertures 133 aligning with channels and cores of the structural interstitial architectural matrix 129. Transverse electronic conductors in a conductor cable tray 619 a are shown. The top floor/ceiling system shows modular-accessible-units 544 and modular-accessible-matrix sites 170 on the floor side.

[0876] In FIG. 163, the basic communication system of this invention is illustrated. A home commuter station 937, a vehicle commuter station 938, and a workplace commuter station 939 is shown, connected by a power grid 992 and a regional network 989, a national network 990, and a global network 991. The vehicle commuter station is shown communicating with a low orbit iridium satellite 977 or a satellite 976 by satellite communication means 951 and by cellular communication means 950 with the workplace commuter station 939.

[0877] In FIG. 164, a more expanded communication system of this invention is illustrated. Shown are a home, townhouse, garden apartment commuter station 937 a, b, c, a passenger vehicle commuter station 938 a using a cellular communication 950 and satellite communication 951, and a workplace commuter station in a campus of mixed type enterprise buildings 939 c using satellite communication 951 to a satellite 976. A freight truck vehicle commuter station 938 b is shown using cellular communication 950 and satellite communication 951. An apartment commuter station 937 d is shown. A pedestrian female figure in business attire is shown using a personal mobile commuter 940 for cellular emergency communication 974 a and using the personal mobile commuter 940 for satellite emergency communcation 974 b to a low orbit iridium satellite 977. A direct-broadcast television satellite 993 is shown broadcasting. An integrated campus network 987, a regional network 989, a national network 990, a global network 991, and a power grid 992 are shown. The integrated campus network 987 is shown linking the home commuter station 937, which may be found in a home 937 a, a townhouse 937 b, a garden apartment 937 c or an apartment building 937 d, with the workplace commuter stations 939, shown in FIG. 163, in the campus 939 c of mixed type enterprise buildings, while the vehicle commuter station 938 a is shown in a passenger vehicle which is free to roam and communicates with the home commuter stations, the workplace commuter stations, and the personal mobile commuters by the most convenient communication means.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification52/220.1, 52/263
International ClassificationE04B5/06, E04C2/52, E04B5/02, H04L12/28, E04B5/48, E04F17/08
Cooperative ClassificationH04W52/0209, E04C2/521, H04W74/00, E04F17/08, E04B5/48, E04B5/026, E04B5/043, E04B5/04
European ClassificationE04F17/08, E04B5/48, E04C2/52A, E04B5/04, E04B5/02P, E04B5/04H
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 31, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: CLEARPATH PARTNERS, LLC, GEORGIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NEXAN, INC.;REEL/FRAME:017388/0676
Effective date: 20060227