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Publication numberUS20030113936 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/015,668
Publication dateJun 19, 2003
Filing dateDec 17, 2001
Priority dateSep 30, 1999
Also published asUS7901628, US20090001264
Publication number015668, 10015668, US 2003/0113936 A1, US 2003/113936 A1, US 20030113936 A1, US 20030113936A1, US 2003113936 A1, US 2003113936A1, US-A1-20030113936, US-A1-2003113936, US2003/0113936A1, US2003/113936A1, US20030113936 A1, US20030113936A1, US2003113936 A1, US2003113936A1
InventorsYoshitake Yamamoto
Original AssigneeShimadzu Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer
US 20030113936 A1
Abstract
In a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer, chromatogram data is obtained by carrying out alternately a mass scanning in a positive ion detection mode and a mass scanning in a negative ion detection mode, obtaining the chromatogram data in every positive and negative polarities through summing up the mass spectrum data obtained at the respective mass scannings, and adding the data of both polarities. Since the chromatograms in both polarities are averaged, even if there is a level difference therebetween, a chromatogram in a normal form can be obtained.
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Claims(6)
What is claimed is:
1. A chromatograph mass spectrometer for sequentially processing a sample, comprising:
a setting device for setting beforehand a plurality of spectrometry conditions when a mass spectrometry is carried out,
a spectrometry execution device electrically connected to the setting device for executing a cycle of spectrometries by changing one of the spectrometry conditions set by the setting device whenever one mass scanning in said cycle is carried out, said spectrometry execution device sequentially executing the one cycle spectrometries repeatedly, and
an operation device electrically connected to the spectrometry execution device for obtaining chromatogram data by respectively adding together a number of mass spectrum data obtained by the one mass scanning in one cycle when one cycle of the mass spectrometry is completed.
2. A chromatograph mass spectrometer according to claim 1, further comprising an introducing section for introducing the sample, a chromatograph portion connected to the introducing section f or separating components in the sample along a passage of time, a mass spectrometry portion connected to the chromatograph portion f or analyzing the components, and a fraction collector connected to the chromatograph portion for collecting the respective components based on information obtained in the mass spectrometry portion.
3. A chromatograph mass spectrometer according to claim 2, further comprising a fraction control device electrically connected to the operation device for controlling an operation of the fraction collector based on the chromatogram data obtained by the operation device.
4. A chromatograph mass spectrometer according to claim 3, wherein said operation device adds the chromatogram data at the one mass scanning with an added value in another mass scanning.
5. A chromatograph mass spectrometer according to claim 3, wherein said operating device obtains the chromatogram data by adding the mass spectrum data with respect to a specific mass number obtained by each mass scanning.
6. A chromatograph mass spectrometer according to claim 1, wherein said mass spectrometer is a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer.
Description
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0022] Hereunder, LC/MS of an embodiment of the present invention will be explained with reference to FIG. 1 to FIG. 4(b).

[0023]FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an entire LC/MS according to the present embodiment. A sample liquid eluted from a column 4 of an LC is divided into two-flow paths at a predetermined ratio at a flow-path diverging portion 9, one of which is sent to an MS portion 10 and the other of which is sent to a fraction collector 8. The MS portion 10 includes a nebulizing or atomizing chamber 11 having a nozzle 12 and a discharge electrode 13, and a spectrometry chamber 16 having a quadrupole filter 17 and an ion detector 18. There are provided two intermediate chambers 15 between the nebulizing chamber 11 and the spectrometry chamber 16. The nebulizing chamber 11 and the first intermediate chamber 15 are connected through a desolvent pipe 14. The signal detected by the ion detector 18 in the MS portion 10 is inputted into a signal process portion 20, and, after being subjected to processing as described later at the signal process portion 20, gives the chromatogram data to a control portion 21. The control portion 21 controls operations of the respective portions in the MS portion 10, the fraction collector 8, and operations of the respective portions of the LC though control signal lines are not shown,.

[0024] Operations of the MS portion 10 are as follows. When the sample solution supplied from the column 4 reaches the nozzle 12, the sample solution is atomized in the nebulizing chamber 11 as high temperature drops. The dispersed drops collide with gas molecules under the atmospheric pressure, are smashed into further fine drops, and quickly dried, i.e. removal of the solvent, to thereby vaporize the sample molecules. The fine gas particles contact the buffer ions produced by the corona discharge from the discharge electrode 13 to cause a chemical reaction, and ionized. The fine drops containing the generated ions plunge into the desolvent pipe 14 and are further subjected to the desolvent while the fine drops pass through the desolvent pipe 14. The ions are sent to the spectrometry chamber 16 through the two intermediate chambers 15, and only objective ions having a specific mass number, i.e. mass/charge, pass through the quadrupole filter 17 disposed in the spectrometry chamber 16 to reach the ion detector 18. Electric current corresponding to the ion number which has arrived at the ion detector 18 can be taken out therefrom.

[0025] In the MS portion 10, a positive ion detection mode for detecting the positive ions by generating the positive ions and a negative ion detection mode for detecting the negative ions by generating the negative ions can be switched over in a short time, by changing voltages applied to the respective portions, such as the discharge electrode 13, and switching the operation of the ion detector 18.

[0026] Hereunder, operations of the present LC/MS when fraction operations are carried out in both positive and negative polarities alternately will be explained.

[0027]FIG. 3 is a flow chart for showing operations at the time of the spectrometry in the signal process portion 20 and the control portion 21, and FIG. 2 is a graphic chart for explaining the operations thereof. An operator inputs various parameters, such as operation conditions of LC, operation conditions of the MS portion 10 and process conditions in the signal process portion 20, to set therein from the operating portion 22. These conditions include a mass region at a time of mass scanning, a mass step, a scanning time and so on in the MS portion 10.

[0028] When the spectrometry starts, first, the control portion 21 sets parameters of the respective portions of the MS portion 10 to be the positive ion detection mode (Step S1), and carries out the mass scanning in a predetermined mass region (Step S2). At the time of the mass scanning, when the voltage applied to the quadrupole filter 17 is controlled, the mass number of the ions having passed through the quadrupole filter 17 and arrived at the ion detector 18 is changed. The signal process portion 20 processes the detection signals which are sequentially changed at the time of the mass scanning, and obtains the mass spectrum data for showing relationships between the mass number and the ion strength (Step S3). The mass spectrum reflects only the positive ion strength as shown in FIG. 2. Among a large number of mass spectrum data, the mass spectrum data is extracted according to the predetermined process conditions, such as mass region, and is added together to obtain chromatogram data A(+) of the positive polarity and stored in a memory (Step S4).

[0029] Then, the control portion 21 sets parameters of the respective portions of the MS portion 10 to become the negative ion detection mode (Step S5), and carries out the mass scanning in a predetermined mass region (Step S6). More specifically, the control portion 21 carries out the mass scanning in the same manner as in the above-explained positive ion detection mode, and the signal process portion 20 processes the detection signals which are sequentially changed at the time of mass scanning to obtain the mass spectrum data showing relationships between the mass number and the ion strength (Step S7). The mass spectrum reflects only the negative ion strength as shown in FIG. 2. Among a large number of mass spectrum data, the mass spectrum data is extracted according to the predetermined process conditions, and is added together to obtain chromatogram data A(−) of the negative polarity (Step S8). Then, when the chromatogram data A(+) and A(−) of the positive and negative polarities are completed, both data is added together to obtain the chromatogram data A and outputted as an analogue value (Step S9). Thereafter, until spectrometries of all components are completed, the above-described processes are repeated by returning from Step S10 to Step S.

[0030] With the above-described process, as shown in FIG. 2, a chromatogram datum A can be obtained in every two times of the mass scannings (one for the positive polarity and one for the negative polarity). FIGS. 4(a) and 4(b) are chromatograms prepared based on the chromatogram data obtained from the signal process portion 20. According to the present LC/MS, even in case the chromatograms of the positive and negative polarities are separately prepared and the respective peaks are formed in different positions as shown in FIG. 4(a), the peaks of both polarities appear on the chromatogram in a normal form as shown in FIG. 4(b), and the sawteeth shapes as shown in FIG. 7(b) are not formed.

[0031] When the control portion 21 receives the chromatogram data from the signal process portion 20 at a real time, the control portion 21 detects a starting point of a peak of an objective component to be fractionated and outputs a collection start signal to the fraction collector 8 with a predetermined time delay from the time when the starting point is detected. The time delay is determined by a flow rate of a mobile phase and pipe capacities from the flow path diverging portion 9 to the nozzle 12 of the MS portion 10 and from the flow path diverging portion 9 to an electromagnetic valve of the fraction collector 8. In the fraction collector 8, when the objective component arrives at the electromagnetic valve, the electromagnetic valve is opened according to the collecting start signal to start fraction. When a termination point of the peak of the objective component is detected, the control portion 21 sends a collection completion signal to the fraction collector 8 in the same manner. Thus, when the fraction or separation of the objective component is completed, the electromagnetic valve is closed. In case a plurality of components is fractionated, during a period when the electromagnetic valve is closed, a vial bottle is moved by a biaxial arm or the like and an empty vial bottle is set at a fractioning position for the next fraction.

[0032] Incidentally, in case a spectrometry is carried out by using only one polarity without changing the positive polarity and the negative polarity as described above, either the chromatogram datum A(+) or chromatogram datum A(−) in FIG. 3 may be processed as zero.

[0033] While the above embodiment shows the case where the positive polarity and the negative polarity are changed, in addition to this, the same method can be used by changing or shifting the operation conditions of the various mass spectrometries. For example, it is possible to carry out the respective mass spectrometries through change of a mode for cleavage of ions by changing a voltage to be applied to a deflector electrode disposed in the intermediate chamber of the MS portion 10. Of course, in case the operation conditions include more than three kinds, chromatogram data may be calculated in every mass spectrometries of more than three times corresponding to the operation conditions.

[0034] While the invention has been explained with reference to the specific embodiments of the invention, the explanation is illustrative and the invention is limited only by the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0015]FIG. 1 is a block diagram for showing an entire structure of LC/MS of an embodiment according to the present invention;

[0016]FIG. 2 is a graphic chart for explaining a signal process operation of the present embodiment;

[0017]FIG. 3 is a flow chart for showing the signal process operation of the present embodiment;

[0018] FIGS. 4(a) and 4(b) are examples of chromatograms obtained in the present embodiment;

[0019]FIG. 5 is a block diagram for showing a structure of a fraction chromatograph using a general HPLC;

[0020] FIGS. 6(a) and 6(b) are chromatograms for explaining problems in a fraction device using a conventional LC/MS; and

[0021] FIGS. 7(a), 7(b) are other chromatograms for explaining problems in a fraction device using a conventional LC/MS.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION AND RELATED ART STATEMENT

[0001] The invention relates to a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer, in particular, an. apparatus suitable for fractionating various components contained in a sample solution by using a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer.

[0002] Heretofore, there has been known a fraction chromatograph wherein a plurality of components contained in a sample is separated and collected by using a chromatograph device, such as high performance liquid chromatograph (hereinafter referred to as “HPLC”).

[0003]FIG. 5 is a block diagram for showing an example of a structure of a fraction chromatograph using HPLC. An eluant, i.e. mobile phase, stored in an eluant tank 1 is sucked by a pump 2 and is transferred to flow into a column 4 through a sample introduction portion 3 at a predetermined flow rate. A sample solution injected into the mobile phase at the sample introduction portion 3 is introduced into the column 4 together with the mobile phase, and while passing through the column 4, its components are separated and eluted. A detector 5 detects sequentially the components eluted from the column 4 and sends detection signals to a signal process portion 6. All or a part of the eluate passing through the detector 5 is introduced into a fraction collector 8. The signal process portion 6 prepares a chromatogram based on the detection signals obtained from the detector 5, and a control portion 7 provides the fraction collector 8 with a control signal for fraction based on a peak appearing on the chromatogram at real time. The fraction collector 8 controls an electromagnetic valve and the like based on the control signal and distributes the eluates to vials corresponding to the respective components.

[0004] By the way, recently, there has been widely used a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer (hereinafter referred to as “LC/MS”) using a mass spectrometer (hereinafter referred to as “MS”) as a detector of HPLC. In MS, since various components contained in an introduced sample are separated and detected in every mass number, i.e. mass/charge, even if a plurality of components is timewise overlapped, there is an advantage such that these components are separated and subjected to a qualitative analysis and a quantitative analysis.

[0005] In the LC/MS, a mass spectrum can be obtained by carrying out a mass scanning over a set mass region, sequentially detecting strengths of ions separated in every mass number and examining a relationship between the mass number and the strength. Also, a total ion chromatogram (hereinafter referred to simply as “chromatogram”) can be obtained by repeatedly carrying out the mass scannings, integrating the ion strength in every scanning regardless of the mass number and examining a timewise change of the total ion strength. Further, by watching a specific mass number, a mass chromatogram can be obtained by examining a timewise change of the strengths of ions having the mass number in every scanning.

[0006] In case the LC/MS, as described above, is used for the fraction chromatograph, it is necessary to determine a timing of fraction based on the chromatogram data for preparing a chromatogram or mass chromatogram. Normally, the chromatogram data is calculated according to process conditions set beforehand (for example, strengths of ions having a specific mass number are added, strengths of ions in a predetermined mass region are added and the like), from a great number of mass spectrum data obtained by one-time mass scanning. Thus, a chromatogram data can be obtained in every mass scanning. Therefore, for example, in case a spectrometry is carried out while alternatively changing a mass scanning in a positive ion detection mode for detecting positive ions and a mass scanning in a negative ion detection mode for detecting negative ions, a chromatogram data obtained at a certain time point t is a value calculated based on the mass spectrum obtained by the positive ion detection mode, and the subsequent chromatogram datum obtained at t+Δt is a value calculated based on the mass spectrum obtained by the negative ion detection mode.

[0007] Generally, since the levels of the background noises in the positive ion detection mode and the negative ion detection mode are different, the chromatogram prepared based on the mass spectrum obtained in the positive ion detection mode and the chromatogram prepared based on the mass spectrum obtained in the negative ion detection mode are different in levels of the base lines as shown in FIG. 6(a). Therefore, when the chromatogram data obtained when the positive polarity and the negative polarity are switched over as described above is connected or added in time sequence, the chromatogram curve having sawteeth shapes as shown in FIG. 6(b) is obtained. Also, in case a component detectable only by the positive ion detection mode and a component detectable only by the negative ion detection mode are mixed, since the respective chromatograms become, for example, as shown in FIG. 7(a), when the chromatogram data obtained when the positive polarity and the negative polarity are switched over are connected or added in time sequence, the peak waveform becomes sawteeth shapes as shown in FIG. 7(b).

[0008] In either case, in the control portion 7, since an accurate starting point and an accurate terminal point of the peak can not be determined by using such chromatogram data, it is impossible to determine the timing of fractionating the respective components, or an erroneous control signal is sent to the fraction collector 8. In view of the defects as described above, in case the fraction operation is carried out by the conventional LC/MS, since the fraction operation can not be carried out while alternately changing the positive polarity and the negative polarity, it is necessary that the fraction operation in the positive ion detection mode and the fraction operation in the negative ion detection mode are separately carried out. Thus, the fraction operation is not carried out effectively.

[0009] In view of the above problems, the present invention has been made and an object of the present invention is to provide a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer, wherein even in case a mass spectrometry is carried out while changing the spectrometry conditions, such as alternately changing a positive polarity and a negative polarity, a chromatogram for normally operating a fraction collector can be obtained, so that a proper fraction operation can be done by only one-time spectrometry.

[0010] Further objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description of the invention.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0011] In order to solve the above-stated problems, according to the present invention, in a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer, a sample, components of which are separated in a liquid chromatograph portion in a time-wise direction, i.e. along a passage of time, is introduced into a mass spectrometry portion and a fraction collector, and the fraction collector fractionates and collects the respective components based on the information obtained in the mass spectrometry portion. The liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer includes: a setting device for setting beforehand a plurality of spectrometry conditions when a mass spectrometry is carried out; a spectrometry execution device for executing a cycle of spectrometry by changing the spectrometry condition set by the setting device whenever one-time mass scanning in one cycle is carried out, the periodical spectrometry being repeated sequentially; an operation device for obtaining chromatogram data by adding together a number of mass spectrum data obtained by the one-time mass scanning whenever the cycle of spectrometry is completed and further adding thereto values in the respective mass scannings, or for obtaining the chromatogram data by adding the mass spectrum data with respect to a specific mass number obtained by the respective mass scannings; and a fraction control device for controlling an operation of the fraction collector based on the chromatogram data obtained by the operation device.

[0012] Here, the “spectrometry condition” means a condition which has an effect on the ion generating condition or the ion detecting condition. For example, the spectrometry condition may include a positive ion detection mode for detecting a positive ion and a negative ion detection mode for detecting a negative ion. When the positive ion detection mode and the negative ion detection mode are set by the setting device, the spectrometry execution device carries out alternately one-time mass scanning of the positive ion detection mode and one-time mass scanning of the negative ion detection mode. Since a large number of mass spectrum data with respect to the mass number in a predetermined region can be obtained by the respective mass scannings, the operation device adds the mass spectrum data in each polarity, and further adds thereto the values of the respective polarities to obtain a single chromatogram. More specifically, since the single chromatogram reflects a plurality of mass spectrum data of both polarities, even if the levels on the base lines of the respective chromatograms of the positive and negative ions are different, or a peak is present only in either the positive ion or negative ion chromatogram, they are averaged.

[0013] Incidentally, in case a fraction operation is carried out based on the mass chromatogram, the operation device adds the mass spectrum data with respect to a specific mass number obtained by each mass scanning to obtain the chromatogram data.

[0014] According to the liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer of the present invention, even in case the mass scanning is carried out while changing the spectrometry conditions of the mass spectrometry, there can be obtained a chromatogram wherein the peak waveform can be normally obtained, so that the fractions of the respective components can be properly carried out by the fraction collector. Also, for example, since the fraction operations with respect to the components of both polarities can be carried out by a single spectrometry, it is not necessary to carry out fraction operations for the respective polarities as in the conventional liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer, thus shortening the time required for the fraction operation.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7269994Nov 14, 2005Sep 18, 2007Shimadzu CorporationChromatograph/mass spectrometer
US8212206 *Sep 3, 2004Jul 3, 2012Griffin Analytical Technologies, L.L.C.Analysis methods, analysis device waveform generation methods, analysis devices, and articles of manufacture
EP1659401A1 *Nov 10, 2005May 24, 2006Shimadzu CorporationChromatograph/mass spectrometer capable of producing a composite chromatogram
EP2112679A2 *Mar 31, 2009Oct 28, 2009Shimadzu CorporationMethod for Processing Mass Analysis Data and Mass Spectrometer
Classifications
U.S. Classification436/173, 73/61.58, 73/61.52, 422/70, 250/281, 210/198.2, 210/656, 436/161
International ClassificationG01N30/62, G01N30/82, G01N27/62, H01J49/04, G01N30/72, G01N30/02, G01N30/86
Cooperative ClassificationG01N30/8631, H01J49/04, G01N30/7233, G01N30/8641, G01N30/7293, G01N30/8624, G01N2030/626, G01N2030/027
European ClassificationH01J49/04, G01N30/86B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 17, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: SHIMADZU CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:YAMAMOTO, YOSHITAKE;REEL/FRAME:012387/0330
Effective date: 20011210