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Publication numberUS20030114931 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/073,080
Publication dateJun 19, 2003
Filing dateFeb 12, 2002
Priority dateDec 13, 2001
Also published asCN1201705C, CN1425360A, CN1663537A, CN100362967C, US6767366
Publication number073080, 10073080, US 2003/0114931 A1, US 2003/114931 A1, US 20030114931 A1, US 20030114931A1, US 2003114931 A1, US 2003114931A1, US-A1-20030114931, US-A1-2003114931, US2003/0114931A1, US2003/114931A1, US20030114931 A1, US20030114931A1, US2003114931 A1, US2003114931A1
InventorsSeayoung Ahn, Sang Jung, Jin Kim, Choon Lee, Jin Lim, Sang Park
Original AssigneeLee Choon Sung, Seayoung Ahn, Park Sang Soo, Jung Sang Il, Lim Jin Yong, Kim Jin Soon
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spinal prosthetic implant and insertion instrument
US 20030114931 A1
Abstract
The present invention discloses a prosthetic implant and an insertion instrument for inserting the prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae. The prosthetic implant in accordance with the present invention includes a housing for being packed with bone chips, an inserting hole formed at a first end of the housing, through which an insertion instrument can be inserted, and a connection recess formed on inner surface of the housing around the inserting hole, on which the insertion instrument is stably placed. The insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention includes a connection member having a connection chip at a first end, a rotating means for rotating and returning the connection member at a predetermined angle. In accordance with the present invention, the insertion instrument can be separated from the prosthetic implant by rotation of only one time after the prosthetic implanted is completely inserted, so that the operation process of implanting the prosthetic implant is easy and safe. Further, the prosthetic implant in accordance with the present invention safely and stably fixed between the adjacent vertebrae because projections are formed at the upper end and lower end of the prosthetic implant respectively.
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Claims(19)
1. Prosthetic implant for fusing adjacent vertebrae comprising:
a housing for being packed with bone chips;
an inserting hole formed at a first end of the housing, through which an insertion instrument can be inserted; and
a connection recess formed on inner surface of the housing around the inserting hole, on which the insertion instrument is stably placed.
2. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 1, wherein the inserting hole has a shape of oblong or rectangle and the connection hole is concentric with the inserting hole and has a shape of oblong or rectangle rotatable at a certain angle.
3. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 1, wherein the inserting hole includes an uneven section formed at a second end of the housing for fixing the prosthetic implant during implanting operation, the second end being opposite to the first end.
4. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 2, wherein the inserting hole includes an uneven section formed at a second end of the housing for fixing the prosthetic implant during implanting operation, the second end being opposite to the first end.
5. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 1, wherein the housing includes a plurality of projections having an inclined plane at its upper end and lower end, respectively, and the inclined planes of the projections formed in opposite sides from the center of the housing are opposite slope to each other in direction.
6. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 5, wherein the inclined planes of the projections sloped down toward the center of the housing.
7. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 5, wherein the inclined planes of the projections slope up toward the center of the housing.
8. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 1, wherein the housing has sliding planes at the first end.
9. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 2, wherein the housing has sliding planes at the first end.
10. The prosthetic implant in accordance with claim 5, wherein the housing has sliding planes at the first end.
11. An insertion instrument for inserting a prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae, comprising:
a connection member having a connection chip at a first end; and
a rotating means for rotating and returning the connection member at a predetermined angle.
12. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 11, wherein the rotating means includes:
a supporting member having a hollow through which the connection member is inserted; and
an elastic member elastically supported by the supporting member for giving elastic force to the connection member.
13. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 12, which further includes a handle being connected to a second end of the connection member for rotating the connection member, the second end being opposite to the first end.
14. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 13, wherein the supporting member has an elastic member receiving recess at an end for receiving the elastic member.
15. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 12, wherein the elastic member is a leaf spring.
16. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 12, wherein the elastic member is a disk shape having a hole in the center and has protruded portion around the hole.
17. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 16, wherein the elastic member is a disk shape having a hole in the center and has protruded portion around the hole.
18. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 11, wherein the connection chip has a shape of oblong or rectangle.
19. The insertion instrument in accordance with claim 13, wherein the handle has a impacting section at an end for striking the handle during inserting the prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae.
Description
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0040] The invention may be better understood by a description of one embodiment with reference to the attached drawings.

[0041] As shown in FIG. 2, prosthetic implant 1 in accordance with the present invention has a housing 10 and an inserting hole 11 at a first end of the housing 10 and a connection recess 12 (shown in FIG. 4) on inner surface of the housing 10 around the inserting hole 11.

[0042] As shown in FIG. 3, the inserting hole 11 has a shape of a long hole, oblong or rectangle. Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the connection recess 12 is formed to have an oblong shape similar to the inserting hole 11 and is concentric with the inserting hole 11. Further, the connection recess 12 is rotated at a certain angle for example 900 from the inserting hole 11.

[0043] The inserting hole 11 and the connection recess 12 is not limited to a shape of long hole, oblong or rectangle. Further a long axis 11 a of the inserting hole 11 is formed in horizontal direction and a long axis 12 a of the connective groove 12 is perpendicular to the long axis 11 a.

[0044] Further, the prosthetic implant in accordance with the present invention has a nut hole 13 at a second end of the housing 10, in which the second end is opposite to the first end. The nut hole 13 is used to remove the prosthetic implant from the adjacent vertebrae in case that the prosthetic implant 10 is damaged or broken after being implanted. Uneven section (prominence and depression) 14 is formed on outer surface of the housing 10 near the nut hole 13 to fix it as the prosthetic implant is inserted into the inserting space between adjacent vertebrae at a first time. The prominence and depression 14 is formed in a vertical direction so as to protect the prosthetic implant 10 from being slipping out from the vertebra (human body). As a result, the prosthetic implant is stably placed and fixed.

[0045] Further, as shown in FIG. 7, the prosthetic implant has a sliding plane 15 at the end portion where the inserting hole 11 is formed, so that the sliding plane 15 of the prosthetic implant 10 placed on human body at first is guiding another prosthetic implant that is placed later in case that a plurality of prosthetic implants are implanted.

[0046] A plurality of projections 16, 17 is formed at an upper end and a lower end of the housing 10 so as to support adjacent vertebrae. As shown in FIG. 5, the projections 16, 17 have inclined planes 18, 19. Direction of the inclined planes 18, 19 formed at one side (left side) of the center line C is opposite to direction of the inclined planes 18, 19 formed at the other side (right side) of the center line C. The inclined planes 18, 19 slope down toward the center of the housing 10. Further, projections 16, 17 have pointed tips so as to be a shape of triangle. Accordingly, the prosthetic implant in accordance with the present invention can securely support the adjacent vertebrae when the prosthetic implant is implanted between adjacent vertebrae.

[0047]FIG. 6 is showing another embodiment of the present invention in which projections 23, 24 have inclined planes 21, 22 which slope up toward the center of the housing 10 contrary to the projections 16, 17 in FIG. 5.

[0048] As shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, the projections 16, 17, 23, 24 formed in opposite sides from the center of the housings 10, 20 have inclined planes having a slope of opposite direction. Accordingly, the prosthetic implant in accordance with the present invention can be stably secured to the adjacent vertebrae and will not be easily slipped out.

[0049] Now, the insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention will be described below with reference to FIG. 8.

[0050] The insertion instrument is used for implanting the prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae. The insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention includes a connection member 41 having a connection chip 41 a at first end (front end) thereof and a rotating means 30 for rotating the connection member 41 at a certain angle and returning it.

[0051] The connection member 41 has a shape of stick and the connection chip 41 a has a shape of oblong, long hole or rectangle similar to the shape of the inserting hole 11 so as to be inserted through the inserting hole 11.

[0052] The rotating means 30 comprises a supporting member 31 of cylinder shape having a hollow 31 a in the center so that the connection member 41 can be inserted through the hollow, an elastic member 33 which is elastically supported by the supporting member 31 and connected with the second end (back end) of the connection member 41, and a handle for rotating the connection member 41 inserted through the supporting member 31.

[0053] The connection member 41 and the handle 32 are secured with each other using a screw. The hollow 31 a formed in the supporting member 31 is formed to be smaller than the connection chip 41 a so that the connection chip 41 a should not be inserted into the hollow 31 a but exposed outside the hollow 31 to be contacted to a first end (front end) portion of the supporting member 31.

[0054] The elastic member 33 is a disk type leaf spring having a hole 33 a at the center to be inserted or penetrated by the connection member 41. Further the center portion around the hole 33 a is protruded. However, the elastic member 33 is not limited to the disk type leaf spring but other shape of leaf spring or coil spring can be used as the is elastic member.

[0055] A bar 35 is perpendicularly attached to a second end (back end) of the supporting member 31 so as to give convenience to an operating person who implants the prosthetic implant. Therefore, the bar 35 and the supporting member 31 are forming a T shape. Further, a handle 32 is connected to the connection member 41 being perpendicular to each other but is parallel with the bar 35. The bar 35 has a trench into which the handle 32 is placed. The handle 32 is rotated only in one direction.

[0056] The handle 32 also has an impacting section 50 at upper portion to give a blow to the prosthetic implant during inserting the prosthetic implant into an inserting space in the spine column.

[0057]FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention. As shown in FIG. 9, an elastic member receiving recess 31 b is formed on a lower surface of a second end (back end) of the supporting member 31.

[0058] Assembly method of the insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention will be described below.

[0059] The second end of the connection member 41 is inserted through the hollow 31 a of the supporting member 31, and then penetrates the hole 33 a of the elastic member 33 and the washer 34. Finally, the handle 32 is attached to the second end of the connection member 41, so that the elastic member 33 and the washer 34 are inserted in the elastic member receiving recess 31 b.

[0060] At this time, the connection chip 41 a is not inserted into the supporting member 31 but exposed outside of the supporting member 31. The elastic member 33 gives elastic force to the connection member 41, so that the connection chip 41 a connected to the connection member can be slightly moved forward and backward.

[0061] A method for implanting the prosthetic implant shown FIG. 2 with insertion instrument will be described.

[0062] First, the connection chip 41 a is inserted through the inserting hole 11 formed on the housing 10 of the prosthetic implant. The shape of the connection chip 41 a is similar to the inserting hole 11 as shown in FIG. 10. Accordingly, the connection chip 41 a can be easily inserted.

[0063] Next, the connection chip 41 a is rotated at a right angle by rotating the handle 32 placed in parallel with the bar 35 at a right angle so that the connection chip 41 a is safely received in the connection recess 12 formed inside the prosthetic implant.

[0064] Next, an operator holds the insertion instrument, places and inserts the prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae of the human body by striking the impacting section 50 connected to the handle 32.

[0065] Finally, after the prosthetic implant is inserted into the exactly right position, the insertion instrument is separated from the prosthetic implant by returning the handle 32 so that the connection chip 41 a is rotated in reverse at a right angle and pulling out the insertion instrument.

[0066] In accordance with the present invention, the insertion instrument can be separated from the prosthetic implant by rotating only one time, so that the operation process of implanting the prosthetic implant is easy and safe.

[0067] Further, the inserted prosthetic implant will not be easily moved during separating the insertion instrument from the prosthetic implant after implanting the prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae because the insertion instrument can be easily pulled out.

[0068] Further, the prosthetic implant in accordance with the present invention safely and stably fixed between the adjacent vertebrae because projections are formed at the upper end and lower end of the prosthetic implant respectively.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0028] The above and other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of preferred embodiments taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0029]FIG. 1 is a perspective view of prosthetic implant in accordance with a conventional art;

[0030]FIG. 2 is a perspective view of prosthetic implant in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0031]FIG. 3 is a rear view of prosthetic implant shown in FIG. 2;

[0032]FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken from along the line IV-IV in FIG. 2;

[0033]FIG. 5 is a front view of prosthetic implant in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0034]FIG. 6 is a front view of prosthetic implant in accordance with another preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0035]FIG. 7 is a partial plane view of prosthetic implant in accordance with the present invention;

[0036]FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing a disassembled insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention;

[0037]FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view showing an assembled insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention;

[0038]FIG. 10 is a front view showing an insertion instrument that a connection chip is inserted thereinto; and

[0039]FIG. 11 is a front view showing an insertion instrument and prosthetic implant after the connection chip is inserted into the prosthetic implant by rotating a handle of the insertion instrument in accordance with the present invention.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to a spinal prosthetic implant for fusing adjacent vertebrae and an insertion instrument for implanting the same.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART

[0002] The vertebral column extends from the skull to the pelvis and is made up of 3235 individual bones (vertebra) and intervertebral disks between adjacent vertebrae. Recently, in case that a patient suffers from sciatica, lumbago or spinal fracture, vertebral column union administration of medicine is performed. That is, damaged or injured natural discs are removed from the vertebral column of humans and adjacent vertebrae are fused by implanting substitutes such as spinal prosthetic implant.

[0003]FIG. 1 is a side view of a spinal prosthetic implant in accordance with the conventional art, the prosthetic implant is generally constructed of a housing of hollow plunger cylinder shape and bone chips taken from the patient or other human beings, or a substitute thereof. The bone chips or substitutes thereof are packed into an internal cavity of the housing formed in the shape of hollow cylinder so as to promote and stabilize the fusion of adjacent vertebrae.

[0004] The prosthetic implant is directly implanted into the inserting space formed in the vertebral column. The prosthetic implant 100 is inserted using an insertion instrument and then the insertion instrument is removed without moving the prosthetic implant 100 so as to promote internal growth of adjacent spine backbone.

[0005] The prosthetic implant called cage is constructed of various shapes such as ring illustrated in FIG. 1, a rectangular, a spiral cylinder and so on.

[0006] The prosthetic implant 100 in accordance with the conventional art usually has a nut hole 101. The prosthetic implant 100 is implanted into the inserting space formed in the vertebral column by sequentially carrying out the steps of screwing a bolt of an insertion instrument with the nut hole 101 of the prosthetic implant 100, inserting and placing the prosthetic implant 100 into the inserting space between vertebrae and unscrewing the bolt of the insertion instrument.

[0007] However, that kind of implanting method is inconvenient because the bolt of the insertion instrument should be rotated several times for separating the insertion instrument from the prosthetic implant 100.

[0008] Further, the prosthetic implant of the conventional art has a projection on an upper and a lower surfaces thereof respectively to protect the prosthetic implant from being slipped out forward (the abdomen) or backward (the back). However, because the projection has no specific direction, the conventional prosthetic implant tends to be easily slipped out by receiving only fixing force of downward load.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0009] The present invention has been made in an effort to solve the above problems.

[0010] It is, therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a prosthetic implant that can be easily, stably and rapidly inserted into an inserting space of a human body during operation of implanting the prosthetic implant.

[0011] It is, therefore, another object of the present invention is to provide prosthetic implant that can be stably fixed after the prosthetic implant is implanted into a human body.

[0012] It is, therefore, still another object of the present invention is to provide an insertion instrument that is capable of stably fixing prosthetic implant during the implanting operation so that the prosthetic implant is not moved.

[0013] In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided prosthetic implant comprising a housing for being packed with bone chips; an inserting hole formed at a first end of the housing, through which an insertion instrument can be inserted; and a connection recess formed on inner surface of the housing around the inserting hole, on which the insertion instrument is stably placed.

[0014] In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention, wherein the inserting hole and the connection recess have a shape of oblong or rectangle and the connection hole is concentric with the inserting hole.

[0015] In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention, wherein an uneven section is formed at a second end of the housing for fixing the prosthetic implant during implanting operation, the second end being opposite to the first end.

[0016] In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention, wherein a plurality of projections having an inclined plane are formed at upper end and lower end of the housing respectively and the inclined planes of the projections formed in opposite sides from the center of the housing are opposite slope to each other in direction.

[0017] In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention, wherein the inclined planes of the projections slope down toward the center of the housing.

[0018] In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention, wherein the inclined planes of the projections slope up toward the center of the housing.

[0019] In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention, wherein the housing has sliding planes at the first end.

[0020] In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an insertion instrument for inserting a prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae, comprising: a connection member having a connection chip at a first end; and a rotating means for rotating and returning the connection member at a predetermined angle.

[0021] In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention, wherein the rotating means includes: a supporting member having a hollow through which the connection member is inserted; and an elastic member elastically supported by the supporting member for giving elastic force to the connection member.

[0022] In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention, wherein the rotating means further includes a handle being connected to a second end of the connection member for rotating the connection member, the second end being opposite to the first end.

[0023] In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention, wherein the supporting member has an elastic member receiving recess at an end for receiving the elastic member.

[0024] In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention, wherein the elastic member is a leaf spring.

[0025] In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention, wherein the elastic member is a disk shape having a hole in the center and has protruded portion around the hole.

[0026] In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention, wherein the connection chip has a shape of oblong or rectangle.

[0027] In accordance with the second aspect of the present invention, wherein the handle has an impacting section at an end for striking the handle during inserting the prosthetic implant between adjacent vertebrae.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7794500 *Jun 8, 2005Sep 14, 2010Felix Brent ASurgical implant
US8016829Feb 9, 2005Sep 13, 2011Depuy Spine, Inc.Systems and methods for spinal surgery
US20100280620 *Apr 15, 2010Nov 4, 2010Marc ReichenTrial implant assembly
US20110230968 *May 26, 2009Sep 22, 2011Michael PerisicIntersomatic Cage
US20110264229 *Jul 1, 2011Oct 27, 2011Jcbd, LlcSacroiliac joint fixation system
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 19, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Jan 14, 2008FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Feb 12, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: LEE, CHOON SUNG, KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LEE, CHOON SUNG;AHN, SEAYOUNG;PARK, SANG SOO;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:012586/0893;SIGNING DATES FROM 20020204 TO 20020206
Owner name: SOLCO BIOMEDICAL CO., LTD., KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Owner name: SOLCO BIOMEDICAL CO., LTD. 34-6, KUMAM-RI, SEOTAN-
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LEE, CHOON SUNG /AR;REEL/FRAME:012586/0893;SIGNING DATESFROM 20020204 TO 20020206