US 20030117103 A1
A connection device for charging electric vehicles provides direct electrical connection for an external source of electricity to charge the battery of an electric vehicle. It mainly comprises a movable charging terminal combined with n switch, both located on the body of an electric vehicle. When the charging terminal is moved into a position that enables an electrical connection with an external source of electricity, the switch is automatically moved into a position that cuts off electricity to the driving motor of the electric vehicle, rendering the electric vehicle incapable of being started during electrical charging, thus preventing accidents from occurring.
1. A connection device for charging an electric vehicle, connected to the external supply for charging a battery of the electric vehicle thus the battery supplies power to the motor of the electric vehicle, said connection device comprising:
a switch electrically connected to both the battery and the motor, and having a control button for controlling the battery to supply power to the motor;
a charging terminal movably installed on the side of the switch and electrically connected to the battery, and moved to a first position for being connected to the external supply and a second position for preventing itself from being connected to the external supply;
a linkage rod connected to the charging terminal; and
wherein the linkage rod pulls the control button to a position for electric supply and a position for interruption of electric supply when the charging terminal respectively reaches the first position and the second position.
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 The invention relates to a connection device for charging electric vehicles, designed to connect an electric vehicle to an external source of electricity that charges the electric vehicle, whenever necessary.
 There are many different types of electric vehicles, but they can basically be divided into two categories, namely those operated by remote control and those designed for a passenger. Take an electric vehicle that seats a child passenger for example. It imitates real vehicles, and it may look like a jeep, a beach car, a car, a motorbike, a racing car or a golf cart, etc.—any of a diverse range of products. It appears in so many forms that the child passengers have different options. In addition to its various appearances, this type of child electric vehicle gives priority to safety, as it is designed for child passengers.
 On the whole, a child electric vehicle may look like any of the aforesaid vehicles. It has a plurality of wheels depending on its structure. It contains a motor that makes the wheels turn. With a pedal that is electrically connected to the motor, a child can control the child electric vehicle and make it go. Of course, the motor cannot work without electricity. In general, the electric vehicle has a battery that can be connected to the external source of electricity for charging when it runs out of electricity, and the battery supplies power to the motor. To be safe, during the charging process, users should be prevented from accidentally stepping on the pedal—which may cause an accident. The existing safety measures involve the removal of the connecting wire between the motor and the battery to make sure that the motor receives no electric supply from the battery, and then connecting the external source of electricity to the battery for charging. After charging, the connecting wire between the motor and the battery is removed, then connect the battery and the motor with the connecting wire again.
 From a user's point of view, this procedure ensures that an electric vehicle is used safely, though it may be somewhat troublesome. In addition, the repeated connection and disconnection of the connecting wires may lead to poor electrical contact, affecting the normal operation of the electric vehicle or even giving the user an electric shock.
 The primary object of the invention is to free users from cutting off the electric supply provided by a battery for a motor during the process of charging an electric vehicle, but prevent the start-up of the electric vehicle to ensure users' safety.
 To achieve the aforesaid object, the invention discloses a connection device for charging electric vehicles. The connection device primarily comprises a movable charging terminal and a switch, both found on the body of the electric vehicle. When the charging terminal is moved to a position that enables the connection of the external source of electricity for charging, a switch is turned off and the electric supply to the driving motor of the electric vehicle is cut off. As a result, any attempt to start up the electric vehicle will fail while the electric vehicle is being charged.
 To make the aforesaid, or any other object, characteristic and merit of the invention clear and easy to understand, a preferred embodiment, with drawings attached, is given below to illustrate the invention in detail.
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing an embodiment of the invention for an electric vehicle;
FIG. 2 is a 3-D diagram of the invention;
FIGS. 3A & 3B are the end views of the invention;
FIGS. 4A & 4B are diagrams of the motion of an embodiment of the invention when it is in use, showing the process of moving the charging terminal from position 1 to position 2;
FIGS. 5A & 5B are diagrams of the motion of an embodiment of the invention when it is in use, showing the charging terminal that is moved to position 2;
 Please refer to FIG. 1. The connection device for charging electric vehicles disclosed by the invention is installed in a suitable position in an electric vehicle 10 according to the vehicle's model and design. As shown in FIGS. 2, 3A and 3B, the connection device comprises an switch 20 and a charging terminal 30. Equipped with a control button 21, the switch 20 is a dual-positioned switch and it is electrically connected, via a conducting wire, to a battery 11 and a motor (not shown in the diagrams) in the electric vehicle 10. In addition, a user can make the battery 11 send electricity to the motor by switching on the control button 21 of the switch 20. The charging terminal 30 installed on the side of the switch 20 is movable, and it is also electrically connected to the battery 11 via a conducting wire.
 With the aforesaid components, in the event that an electric vehicle 10 has to be recharged, its charging terminal 30 is electrically connected to a connector that is connected to an external power supply, and the battery 11 is charged while receiving electric supply via the charging terminal 30. In practice, the switch 20 and the charging terminal 30 may integrate and become a modular structure. Moreover, for esthetic purposes, a cover plate 50 may also be installed on the electric vehicle 10 or on a seat 40. Usually, the cover plate 50 is moved to a “covered” position, so that it covers the switch 20 and the charging terminal 30. However, while the battery 11 is being charged, the cover plate 50 may be moved to a “charging” position, so that the charging terminal 30 can be connected to the external power supply.
 To be safe, the aforesaid explanation indicates that, while the battery 11 is being charged, the switch 20 can be pushed so as to move its control button 21 to a position to interrupt electric supply, and stop the battery 11 from supplying power to the motor. To prevent accidents that arise when users forget to turn off the switch 20 before charging the battery 11, the charging terminal 30 and the switch 20 are linked. As shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, whenever the battery 11 needs charging, the movable charging terminal 30 can be moved toward position 1 (as shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B) so that connection to the external source of electricity is allowed. When the charging terminal 30 is moved to position 1, it is connected to the external power supply. When charging is done, the charging terminal 30 is moved back to position 2 from position 1 (as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B), so that users are not able to connect the charging terminal 30 to the external power supply.
 Nevertheless, as shown in the drawings provided, a linkage rod 31 is installed on the charging terminal 30. The linkage rod 31 moves along with the charging terminal 30 in a synchronous manner. While the charging terminal 30 is moving toward position 1, the linkage rod 31 pushes the control button 21 so as to interrupt the electric supply (as shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B). As a result, the switch 20 interrupts the power supply for the motor from the battery 11, the motor cannot be started, and users' safety is ensured. When charging is done and the charging terminal 31 is moved to position 2, the linkage rod 31 causes the control button 21 to be pulled and switched to a position for electric supply (as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B), so that the battery 11 will supply power to the motor for generating motive force.
 The invention primarily allows a charging terminal 30 of an electric vehicle 10 to be moved to a position for being connected to an external power supply, whenever the electric vehicle 10 needs charging, so that it is impossible to start up the electric vehicle 10 while it is being charged. Therefore, accidents that arise when users touch a switch mistakenly in the course of charging the electric vehicles 10 can be prevented.
 While the invention has been described by way of example and in terms of a preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that the creation is not limited thereto. To the contrary, it is intended to cover various modifications and similar arrangements and procedures, and the scope of the appended claims therefore should be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and similar arrangements and procedures.