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Publication numberUS20030168214 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/240,920
PCT numberPCT/NO2001/000151
Publication dateSep 11, 2003
Filing dateApr 6, 2001
Priority dateApr 7, 2000
Also published asWO2001077484A1
Publication number10240920, 240920, PCT/2001/151, PCT/NO/1/000151, PCT/NO/1/00151, PCT/NO/2001/000151, PCT/NO/2001/00151, PCT/NO1/000151, PCT/NO1/00151, PCT/NO1000151, PCT/NO100151, PCT/NO2001/000151, PCT/NO2001/00151, PCT/NO2001000151, PCT/NO200100151, US 2003/0168214 A1, US 2003/168214 A1, US 20030168214 A1, US 20030168214A1, US 2003168214 A1, US 2003168214A1, US-A1-20030168214, US-A1-2003168214, US2003/0168214A1, US2003/168214A1, US20030168214 A1, US20030168214A1, US2003168214 A1, US2003168214A1
InventorsOdd Sollesnes
Original AssigneeOdd Sollesnes
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and device for testing a well
US 20030168214 A1
Abstract
A method and a device for testing of a well, such as in a well liner, a newly drilled hole, and the like, is disclosed. The method is characterised in that a plug is directed down into the well, that the plug is fixed towards the wall of the well the sealing means of the plug is activated to seal against the wall of the well, and after the testing has ceased the sealing function is removed by disintegrating the plug. Preferably a plug of a disintegratable material is used, such as a ceramic material, glass or the like.
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Claims(15)
1. Method for testing of a well, such as in a well liner, a newly drilled hole, and the like, characterised in
that a plug is directed into the hole,
that the plug is fixed against the wall of the well,
that the sealing means of the plug are activated to form a seal with the wall of the well, and
after the test is completed, the sealing function is removed by disintegrating the plug.
2. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that a plug made from a material which can disintegrate is used.
3. Method according to claims 1-2, characterised in that a chemical material is used, such as a cold or warm moulded material, such as compression moulded, sintered or melt cast material.
4. Method according to claims 1-3, characterised in that the plug is comprised of glass which disintegrates when exposed to pressure, such as impact pressure from a fluid, at detonation of a smaller explosive charge/ignition system with time delay, or by means of a drill bit.
5. Method according to claims 1-4, characterised in that the plug is disintegrated when exposed to pressure such as impact pressure from a fluid, or at detonation of an explosive charge/ignition system.
6. Method according to claims 1-5, characterised in that a plug which is pre-programmed to be disintegrated with a given time delay, is applied.
7. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the test is carried out at a pressure which is lower than the disintegration pressure, whereupon the pressure is increased so that the plug is destroyed.
8. Method according to claims 1-3, characterised in that a test plug (40), which is fitted in advance to a section (41) (a liner section) which shall be placed in the well, is used.
9. Device for testing of a well, such as in a well liner, a newly drilled hole, and the like, characterised in that a plug which is arranged to be fixed against a well- or liner wall is used, that the plug comprises sealing means which are arranged to seal with the wall of the well, with the plug being comprised of a material which can disintegrate.
10. Device according to claim 9, characterised in that the plug is comprised of a ceramic material, such as a cold- or hot moulded material, such as compression moulded, sintered or melt cast material.
11. Device according to one of the claims 9-10, characterised in that the plug is comprised of glass which can be crushed and is arranged to be disintegrated when exposed to pressure such as impact pressure from a fluid, at detonation of an explosive charge/ignition system, preferably with a time delay, or by means of an external crushing appliance such as a drill bit.
12. Device according to one of the claims 9-11, characterised in that the plug is comprised of an integrated part comprising means for being fixed to a string, and the means, such as mutually displaceable slips for securing the plug against the inner wall of the liner or well wall, implements such as gasket elements arranged to be placed against a liner wall or well wall, and implements for the disintegration, such as an explosive charge with an ignition system with delayed action.
13. Device according to claims 9-12, characterised in that the plug is arranged to be disintegrated by exposure to pressure, such as impact pressure from a fluid, or is comprised of an explosive charge/ignition system which can be detonated.
14. Device according to claims 9-13, characterised in that a plug which is pre-programmed to disintegrate with a given timed delay, is used.
15. Device according to claims 1-3, characterised in that the test plug (40) is an integral part of a section (41) (a liner section) for placing in a well.
Description

[0001] The present invention relates to a method and a device as disclosed in the introduction to the subsequent claims 1 and 9 respectively.

[0002] Furthermore, the invention is concerned with a method and a device for testing of wells, production pipes and the like during drilling, testing, logging and production of hydrocarbons, both from land based sites and offshore.

[0003] Today, leak tests are carried out with the aid of plugs when, for example, a well liner or a production pipe shall be pressure tested. The plug is driven down into the hole and fixed. It is also tested before the real test itself to determine whether it is leak-proof, and must as a rule be adjusted or replaced. When the test has been completed, the plug must be brought up from the hole by means of a special tool. There is a chance that this will fail, and a larger operation with a fishing tool to bring the plug up must be initiated.

[0004] There is indeed a known solution where the whole, or parts of, the plug is manufactured from rubber, and where a section comprises a chemical which dissolves the rubber plug when the test is completed and one wishes to remove the plug.

[0005] It is an object of the invention to provide a new type of plug that completely eliminates the above mentioned problems, i.e. a plug for which it is absolutely not necessary to pick up the remains when it is destroyed down in the hole.

[0006] Furthermore, it is an object of the invention to provide a plug type that does not represent any fouling of the hole.

[0007] The method according to the invention is characterised in that a plug is conducted down in the well, that the plug is fixed against the wall of the well, that the sealing means of the plug are activated to make a seal with the wall of the well, and after the test has been completed, the sealing function is removed by the plug being disintegrated.

[0008] Further features of the method are disclosed in the dependent method claims.

[0009] The device according to the invention is characterised by a plug which is arranged to be fixed against the wall of the well or liner, that the plug is comprised of sealing means which are arranged to make a seal with the wall of the well, with the plug being comprised of a material which can disintegrate.

[0010] Further features of the invented device are disclosed in the dependent claims 10-15.

[0011] Provided now is a plug of a material which can disintegrate or be crushed by an applied pressure, such as impact pressure from a fluid, by detonation of a small explosive charge/ignition system with time lag, or by means of a drill bit. The plug material which can disintegrate or be crushed, is preferably made from a ceramic material, from glass, or from another material which can be crushed. Crushed means also that it shall be possible to pulverize the material into an unproblematic material consisting of small particles. Furthermore, the material must consist of a material which is resistant to corroding fluid and gas environments. Furthermore, the material must be so durable that the plug can remain in the well as a permanent plug. Furthermore, the plug can be manufactured in all possible dimensions for the operations where previously conventional plugs were used.

[0012] Preferably a ceramic material is used, such as a cold or hot moulded sintered material, such as compression moulded material, or melt cast material.

[0013] The plugs can be conducted down through a pre-fabricated casing (liner) of a tube or a wire and be fixed at a desired depth. The plug is removed by disintegration.

[0014] The plug according to the invention can be pre-fabricated in a “pop joint” which is fitted to the string at a correct depth, and then the whole assembly is conducted down into the hole.

[0015] Alternatively, the plug can be driven down in the liner pipe on a pipe or a wire, and then be fixed at a desired depth. The plugs are removed as described above. The setting of plugs will never take more than one run.

[0016] The invention shall now be explained further with reference to the subsequent figures in which:

[0017]FIG. 1 shows an application of the device according to the invention in connection with a drilling hole which is served from a semi-sub platform.

[0018]FIG. 2 shows a cross-section of a plug according to the invention.

[0019]FIG. 3 shows a test plug fitted to a liner section.

[0020]FIG. 4 shows a test plug which is inserted after the liner is fitted.

[0021]FIG. 5 shows a plug construction for a casing, and which is arranged for disintegration by direct mechanical means.

[0022] Initially, reference is made to FIG. 1. Here, a floating platform (a semi-sub) 10, the surface of the sea 12 and the bottom of the sea 14, are shown. The platform comprises of a drilling rig 16. A well 18 is drilled into the bed formation 20 and it runs downwards in an arc shape. The well hole comprises of a liner 22 (a casing). A plug 24 is placed a distance down into the well. The plug 24 functions such that it completely closes the passage through the liner/well hole. Thus, it is possible to carry out a test of the well. Such a test can mean that the space above the plug is pressurised. If the space can keep the pressure, it is considered that the liner is impervious, i.e. no leaks will occur from any of the areas of the liner pipe and out into the surrounding formation. The plug 24 can be directed down by being fitted to the end of an operating string which is then directed down and is positioned by the string comprising a mechanism which can activate the securing mechanism of the plug against the wall, and set the seals against the wall of the liner so that a tight seal is formed.

[0023] An example of such a plug is shown in FIG. 2. The plug 30 is an assembled construction of the plug body of the crushable material 32 itself, and upper 34, middle 36 and lower slips constructions which are used to set the plug against the pipe wall/liner 40, and to maintain the necessary seal with the wall/liner. The slips are wedge-formed elements which are forced against the wall.

[0024] Indicated schematically at 42, is an explosive charge 42 which is incorporated into the crushable material. This can be activated by remote control, and will then be blown up so that the material (especially glass) is pulverised, and opens the fluid channel. The plug can have a cylindrical shape or have any shape adapted to the channel in which it shall function. Furthermore, it can be divided into sections. Instead of its own explosive charge, one can also carry out the crushing by means of pressure or other methods as described above.

[0025] Such a plug can also be fitted into an independent production pipe, or inside a liner, to test if this is leak-proof.

[0026]FIG. 3 shows an alternative embodiment of a test plug 40 fully fitted in a liner-section 41. This comprises gaskets 44 and means for connection to the pressure activator 46. The test plug 40 is a pre-fabricated unit which is activated and destroyed with the aid of pressurising. The plug is fitted into a so-called pop joint, shown by 42. It is simple to fit, in that it is inserted in the string at a desired depth, and the operation is as normal with re-fill for each tenth joint. When the liner pipes (liners) including the liner-section with the test plug, is placed in the well, it can be tested as under normal operation.

[0027] 1. In order to activate and destroy the plug, this occurs by increasing the pressure by +20/30 bar above the test pressure, at which pressure the plug is destroyed. The pressure can be gradually increased upwards to the explosion pressure.

[0028] 2. A time delay is achieved by the pressure being increased up to about 50 bar below the test pressure and being maintained at this level for a pre-determined time (including the testing period), for example, for 30 minutes. Thereafter, the plug is destroyed, for example, by increasing the pressure again.

[0029] With this solution according to the invention, one achieves that it is unnecessary to use any “fishing” operations to bring up the plug. One saves one run. With respect to earlier practices, one can programme the operation, or regulate the inherent properties of the plug, for a given time delay. And furthermore, it is simple to adapt to different conditions.

[0030] The mentioned time delay can also arise in that above the plug, from where the pressure is exerted, is a throttle valve, which ensures that the effect of the pressure (the increase) for direct contact with the plug must occur over a given time, before the explosion pressure is reached.

[0031]FIG. 4 shows a test plug 50, with gaskets/slips 54 which can be placed in the well after the liner (liner) 56 is fitted. The test plug 50 can be driven down either on a pipe or a coil tubing, and be placed at a desired depth by pressurising. The destruction is initiated by means of pressure over time, or immediately.

[0032] The plug is fitted on a running tool and placed in the well at the desired depth. The plug 54 is set by increasing the pressure inside the tube, something which will activate the gaskets and slips 54. The string and the tool are pulled up and the testing can start. After the test the plug can be destroyed in two ways depending on which release/destruction method has been chosen in advance.

[0033] 1. Immediate destruction, to activate and destroy the plug, occurs by increasing the pressure by +20/30 bar above the test pressure, at which pressure the plug is destroyed.

[0034] 2. A time delay is achieved by the pressure being increased up to about 50 bar below the test pressure and maintained at this level for a given time (including the test time), for example for 30 minutes. The plug is thereafter destroyed, for example, by the pressure being increased again.

[0035]FIG. 5 shows a plug 60 which is arranged for disintegration by direct mechanical means. The plug 60 comprises a float so that it can be used for casing functions. It can be delivered as a separate plug including a tool to lower it down. The plug is destroyed by placing a drill bit in the well (where the drill bit shall be used for the drilling itself) and then gently striking the top of the plug with the drill bit so that it is destroyed.

[0036] 1. The plug is easy to use and it is delivered fully pressure tested fitted onto a pop joint. The pop joint is placed in the string at a desired depth and the operation is normal with refill for each tenth joint. When the casing is placed and cemented, the plug is destroyed by simply driving down the drill bit and striking the plug so that it is crushed.

[0037] 2. The plug is fitted onto the moving tool and fed down into the well to a desired depth. The plug is placed by increasing the pressure inside the pipe, and the gaskets and slips 64 are activated so that the plug is fixed. Then the string and the tool can be removed.

[0038] The cementing and testing can then start. When these operations are completed, the plug can be destroyed in the same way as above.

[0039] There are many ways in which the plug can be directed down and fitted/placed. Furthermore, there are many areas within such activities that have a need for such sealing plugs. The present invention can be used within all of these.

[0040] The abovementioned description, with reference to the figures, relates to a preferred embodiment of the invention only, and is not to be considered as limiting for the present invention. Thus, the invention can be altered and modified from the framework disclosed in the subsequent claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6926086 *May 9, 2003Aug 9, 2005Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Method for removing a tool from a well
US7044230Jan 27, 2004May 16, 2006Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Method for removing a tool from a well
US7093664Mar 18, 2004Aug 22, 2006Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.One-time use composite tool formed of fibers and a biodegradable resin
US7168494 *Mar 18, 2004Jan 30, 2007Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Dissolvable downhole tools
US7210533Feb 11, 2004May 1, 2007Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Disposable downhole tool with segmented compression element and method
US7328750Jul 15, 2005Feb 12, 2008Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Sealing plug and method for removing same from a well
US7353879Mar 18, 2004Apr 8, 2008Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Biodegradable downhole tools
US7775286 *Aug 6, 2008Aug 17, 2010Baker Hughes IncorporatedConvertible downhole devices and method of performing downhole operations using convertible downhole devices
US8220538Feb 3, 2010Jul 17, 2012Gustav WeePlug
US8397813Apr 17, 2008Mar 19, 2013Tco AsDevice for a test plug
US8622141Aug 16, 2011Jan 7, 2014Baker Hughes IncorporatedDegradable no-go component
US8672041 *Jun 11, 2010Mar 18, 2014Baker Hughes IncorporatedConvertible downhole devices
WO2008009955A1 *Jul 19, 2007Jan 24, 2008Halliburton Energy Serv IncMethod for removing a sealing plug from a well
WO2008127126A2Apr 17, 2008Oct 23, 2008Tco AsDevice of a test plug
WO2009116871A1 *Mar 9, 2009Sep 24, 2009Tco AsDevice of a plug for well testing
WO2010090529A2Feb 3, 2010Aug 12, 2010Gustav WeePlug
WO2013052573A1 *Oct 4, 2012Apr 11, 2013Baker Hughes IncorporatedApparatus and methods utilizing nonexplosive energetic materials for downhole applications
Classifications
U.S. Classification166/250.08, 166/376
International ClassificationE21B29/00, E21B33/12
Cooperative ClassificationE21B47/1025, E21B29/00, E21B33/1204
European ClassificationE21B29/00, E21B33/12D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 30, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: TOTAL CATCHER OFFSHORE, AS, NORWAY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLLESNES, ODD;REEL/FRAME:014055/0800
Effective date: 20030311