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Publication numberUS20030187443 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/108,249
Publication dateOct 2, 2003
Filing dateMar 27, 2002
Priority dateMar 27, 2002
Also published asCA2422674A1, EP1348390A2, EP1348390A3, US8491643, US20050182404
Publication number10108249, 108249, US 2003/0187443 A1, US 2003/187443 A1, US 20030187443 A1, US 20030187443A1, US 2003187443 A1, US 2003187443A1, US-A1-20030187443, US-A1-2003187443, US2003/0187443A1, US2003/187443A1, US20030187443 A1, US20030187443A1, US2003187443 A1, US2003187443A1
InventorsCarl Lauryssen, Morris Cesarone, Dennis Cirino, Danielle Sheeran
Original AssigneeCarl Lauryssen, Cesarone Morris D., Dennis Cirino, Danielle Sheeran
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Anterior bone plate system and method of use
US 20030187443 A1
Abstract
An anterior bone plate system is provided that promotes osseous fusion and allows subsidence while restricting extension. The bone plate system requires a minimum number of screws for securing the plate onto bone, thus reducing the amount of osseous tissue damage incurred by the bone structures to which they are attached. The system is also simple to use and provides for independent screw placement while incurring minimal soft tissue damage from lateral retraction. A method for implementing the system is also provided.
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Claims(21)
What is claimed is:
1. A bone plate system for the stabilization and rigid fixation of bone segments, comprising:
a bone plate having a first surface, a second bone-contacting surface opposed to the first surface, and a channel formed on the first surface extending lengthwise from one end of the plate to an opposite end, the bone plate further including a plurality of apertures extending through the channel, each aperture having a predefined shape and size;
a plurality of screws capable of insertion into bone, each screw having a lower threaded portion at one end and an open screw head at an opposite end, the screw head having a complementary shape and size sufficient to pass through one of the apertures; and
a locking mechanism for securing the bone plate onto the plurality of screws.
2. The system of claim 1, wherein each aperture and each screw head is oblong.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the second bone-contacting surface includes surface features.
4. The system of claim 3, wherein the surface features are cleats.
5. The system of claim 1, wherein each screw has a self-tapping end extending from the lower threaded portion.
6. The system of claim 1, wherein each screw head includes an upper threaded portion configured to sit proud.
7. The system of claim 6, wherein the locking mechanism includes a locking device configured for placement over the upper threaded portion.
8. The system of claim 7, wherein the locking device is selected from the group consisting of a nut, cam, wedge, and retaining ring.
9. The system of claim 1, wherein the bone plate further includes a flap on each side of the plate extending lengthwise from one end of the plate to the opposite end, each flap further extending over at least a portion of the channel.
10. The system of claim 9, wherein the locking mechanism comprises a notched region on each flap and a pair of diametrically opposed ramps on each screw head, each ramp further including a groove for engagement with the notched region of the flaps when the screw head is rotated 90 degrees.
11. A bone plate for stabilizing and rigidly fixing bone segments, comprising:
a first surface;
a second bone-contacting surface opposed to the first surface;
a channel formed on the first surface extending lengthwise from one end of the plate to an opposite end;
a plurality of apertures extending through the channel, each aperture having a predefined shape and size for insertion of a bone screw; and
a flap on each side of the plate extending lengthwise from one end of the plate to the opposite end, each flap further extending over at least a portion of the channel.
12. A method for stabilizing and rigidly fixing vertebral bodies in a patient, comprising the steps of:
providing an anterior bone plate system comprising:
a bone plate having a first surface, a second bone-contacting surface opposed to the first surface, and a channel formed on the first surface extending lengthwise from one end of the plate to an opposite end, the bone plate further including a plurality of apertures extending through the channel, each aperture having a predefined shape and size;
a plurality of screws capable of insertion into bone, each screw having a lower threaded portion at one end and an open screw head at an opposite end, the screw head having a complementary shape and size sufficient to pass through one of the apertures; and
a locking mechanism for securing the bone plate onto the plurality of screws;
inserting each of the screws into a different vertebral body;
placing the bone plate over the screws; and
locking the bone plate to the screws.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the step of locking the bone plate comprises inserting a locking device over each of the screws.
14. The method of claim 12, wherein the step of locking the bone plate comprises rotating the screws 90 degrees.
15. The method of claim 12, further comprising the step of preparing a pilot hole in each of the vertebral bodies prior to inserting the screws.
16. The method of claim 15, wherein the step of preparing a pilot hole comprises inserting a distraction pin into the selected vertebral body.
17. The method of claim 16, wherein the distraction pin is inserted in the midline of the vertebral body.
18. The method of claim 12, further comprising the step of removing osteophytes and creating a smooth flat surface on the vertebral bodies prior to inserting the screws.
19. The method of claim 18, wherein the step of creating a smooth flat surface on the vertebral bodies further comprises shaving the vertebral bodies to precisely match the width of the bone plate.
20. The method of claim 12, further including the steps of distracting the vertebral bodies and removing a diseased disc therebetween.
21. The method of claim 20, further including the step of placing a graft into an evacuated disc space.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] Not applicable.

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH

[0002] Not Applicable.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0003] The present invention relates to fixation devices used in orthopedic and spinal surgery and particularly to bone fixation plates useful for positioning and immobilizing bone segments.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0004] For a number of known reasons, bone fixation devices are useful for promoting proper healing of injured or damaged vertebral bone segments caused by trauma, tumor growth, or degenerative disc disease. The external fixation devices immobilize the injured bone segments to ensure the proper growth of new osseous tissue between the damaged segments. These types of external bone fixation devices often include internal bracing and instrumentation to stabilize the spinal column to facilitate the efficient healing of the damaged area without deformity or instability, while minimizing any immobilization and post-operative care of the patient.

[0005] One such device is an osteosynthesis plate, more commonly referred to as a bone fixation plate, that can be used to immobilize adjacent skeletal parts such as bones. Typically, the fixation plate is a rigid metal or polymeric plate positioned to span bones or bone segments that require immobilization with respect to one another. The plate is fastened to the respective bones, usually with bone screws, so that the plate remains in contact with the bones and fixes them in a desired position. Bone plates can be useful in providing the mechanical support necessary to keep vertebral bodies in proper position and bridge a weakened or diseased area such as when a disc, vertebral body or fragment has been removed.

[0006] Such plates have been used to immobilize a variety of bones, including vertebral bodies of the spine. These bone plate systems usually include a rigid bone plate having a plurality of screw openings. The openings are either holes or slots to allow for freedom of screw movement. The bone plate is placed against the damaged vertebral bodies and bone screws are used to secure the bone plate to the spine, usually with the bone screws being driven into the vertebral bodies. Exemplary systems like the one just described can be found in U.S. Pat. No. 6,159,213 to Rogozinski, U.S. Pat. No. 6,017,345 to Richelsoph, U.S. Pat. No. 5,676,666 to Oxland et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,616,144 to Yapp et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,549,612 to Yapp et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,261,910 to Warden et al., and U.S. Pat. No. 4,696,290 to Steffee.

[0007] Despite the existence of these bone plate systems, there remains a need for an anterior bone plate system that minimizes any soft tissue and osseous tissue damage that would occur with its implementation and still be easy to use. The system must be able to provide effective fixation and immobilization of vertebral bodies, while also providing for the subsidence necessary for proper fusion and prevent axial extension of the plate.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] The present invention achieves the aforementioned goals by providing an anterior bone plate system that promotes osseous fusion and allows subsidence while restricting extension. The bone plate system further requires a minimum number of screws for securing the plate onto bone, thus reducing the amount of osseous tissue damage incurred by the bone structures to which they are attached. The system is also simple to use and provides for independent screw placement while incurring minimal soft tissue damage from lateral retraction.

[0009] These desired features are accomplished by providing a system comprising a bone plate having a first surface, a second bone-contacting surface opposed to the first surface, and a channel formed on the first surface extending lengthwise from one end of the plate to an opposite end. A plurality of apertures extend through the channel. Each aperture has a predefined shape and size. A plurality of screws capable of insertion into bone are also provided. Each screw has a lower threaded portion at one end and an open screw head at an opposite end. The screw head has a complementary shape and size sufficient to pass through the apertures of the bone plate. Also included is a locking mechanism for securing the bone plate onto the screws.

[0010] According to one aspect of the invention, the aperture and the screw head is oblong in shape. The bone plate can also include surface features such as cleats on the bone-contacting surface. The bone plate can further include a rigid flap or lip on each side of the plate extending lengthwise from one end of the plate to the opposite end. The flaps can extend over the channel.

[0011] In one exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each screw has a self-tapping end extending from the lower threaded portion. Further, each screw head can extend into an upper threaded portion configured to sit proud, i.e., not engaged in bone. A locking device can be provided to secure the bone plate onto the screws. The locking device can be a nut, cam, wedge, or a retaining ring.

[0012] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each flap includes a notched region, and each screw head includes a pair of diametrically opposed ramps. Each of the ramps further includes a groove for engagement with the notched region of the flaps. In this system, the bone plate can be effectively locked onto the screws by placing the plate over the screws and rotating the screw heads 90 degrees so that the grooves of the ramps and the notched regions of the flaps form an interference fit.

[0013] Also provided is a method for stabilizing and rigidly fixing vertebral bodies in a patient, involving the steps of identifying a damaged region of the patient's spine, preparing a pilot hole in each of the vertebral bodies in the damaged region, removing osteophytes from the selected vertebral bodies, creating a smooth flat surface on the selected vertebral bodies, providing an anterior bone plate system as described above, inserting a screw in each of the pilot holes, placing the bone plate over the screws, and locking the bone plate to the screws.

[0014] The pilot holes can be prepared by inserting a distraction pin into each of the selected vertebral bodies. Each of the distraction pins should be inserted in the midline of the vertebral bodies, with only one pilot hole being made in each vertebral body. Hence, only one screw is inserted into any single vertebral body, reducing the osseous damage to the spine.

[0015] If necessary, the selected vertebral bodies can be distracted and a diseased disc removed from the damaged region. A graft can then be placed into the evacuated disc space. Prior to inserting the screws and plate, the vertebral bodies must be shaved to create a smooth flat surface that precisely matches the width of the bone plate. This ensures proper adhesion of the plate to the bony surface and also produces a low profile so that damage to surrounding soft tissue can be minimized.

[0016] Further features of the invention, its nature and various advantages, will be more apparent from the accompanying drawings and the following detailed description of the drawings and the preferred embodiments.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0017] The invention can be more fully understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0018]FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an anterior bone plate system of the present invention, wherein the screws are extending through the bone plate;

[0019]FIG. 2 is a side view of the system of FIG. 1;

[0020]FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the bottom of the system of FIG. 1;

[0021]FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the anterior bone plate system of the present invention, wherein the screws are extending through the bone plate;

[0022]FIG. 5 is a side view of the system of FIG. 4;

[0023]FIG. 6 is a detailed view of a portion of the screw of FIGS. 4 and 5;

[0024]FIG. 7 is a perspective view of yet another embodiment of the anterior bone plate system of the present invention, wherein the screws are extending through the bone plate;

[0025]FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing the bottom of the system of FIG. 7;

[0026]FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the anterior bone plate system of FIG. 7; and

[0027]FIG. 10 is a detailed view of the retaining ring present in the system of FIGS. 7 and 9.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0028] The present invention provides an anterior bone plate system which is easy to use and allows independent screw placement. The system requires only one bone screw to be used per vertebral body level, thus reducing the amount of osseous tissue damage to the vertebral bodies. The bone plate system of the present invention also promotes good bone fusion by providing enough subsidence to facilitate proper bone growth, while at the same time preventing extension. Furthermore, the bone plate system of the present invention provides a good bone screw to plate interface locking mechanism.

[0029] Referring to FIG. 1, in one exemplary embodiment of the anterior bone plate system 100 of the present invention, a bone plate 110 with a plurality of screws 130 extending through apertures or slots 112 thereon are shown. The apertures 112 allow the plate 110 to be placed from above onto previously placed screws 130, thereby enabling independent screw placement. Each screw 130 has a self-tapping distal end 132 extending into a lower threaded portion 134 with an aggressive thread pitch to facilitate its purchase into bone. As shown in FIG. 2, each screw 130 includes a screw head 136 at an opposite (proximal) end that is adapted to seat within a channel 118 extending lengthwise on a first side 114 of the plate 110 that is configured to face away from a bony surface. Channel 118 is machined parallel to the longitudinal axis of the plate 110 such that a rigid lip or flap 120 is formed lengthwise on both sides of the bone plate 110. Each lip or flap 120 extends over a portion of the channel 118 as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. Since the system 100 is a top loading plate system, this lip 120 ensures the proper placement of the bone plate 110 with respect to the screws 130 when the plate 110 is dropped down onto the screws 130.

[0030] In the present invention, screws 130 can have open screw heads 136. Each screw 130 can also include an upper threaded portion with threads set proud, i.e., not engaged in bone, for engaging a locking device such as a nut 150 as shown in FIG. 2. While a nut 150 has been illustrated, it is contemplated that other suitable locking devices such as a wedge, cam, or retaining ring can also be used. The major thread diameter of the lower threaded portion 134 of the screws 130 can be in the range of about 3.5 to 5.5 mm, while the cancellous thread pitch of the lower threaded region 134 can be approximately 1.5 or more to provide unicortical purchase into bone. The bone screws 130 are placed in the midline of the vertebral body, with only one bone screw 130 per vertebral body or level required to adequately stabilize the bone segments to the plate 110. This advantageous feature of the present invention reduces the amount of bone damage that would occur to the spine when more than one screw is inserted within the same vertebral body.

[0031] Bone plate 110 can also include surface features 122 such as cleats or ridges on the second side 116 that is configured to contact bony surface as illustrated in FIG. 3. The surface features 122 help anchor the bone plate 110 onto the bony surface of the vertebral bodies yet still allow flexion or subsidence while preventing extension, which is undesirable for proper fusion and healing. As can be seen in FIG. 3, the apertures 112 of the bone plate 110 can be oblong in shape and extend in a lengthwise direction. Further, the screw heads 136 of each of the screws 130 can be oblong in shape, enabling them to pass through the apertures 112. Thus, it may be necessary to align the screws 130 unidirectionally, i.e., the oblong-shaped screw heads 136 are aligned lengthwise, so that the plate 110 can be placed on top of the screws 130. The anterior bone plate system 100 can be configured such that the bone plate 110 is able to slide with respect to the screw heads 136 to allow for dynamic interaction with the bone segments. As is well understood and established by Wolffs Law, the ability of the plate 110 to distribute physiologic loads to the bone is important for the fusion process. Since osseous tissue grows along lines of stress, this translational characteristic acts to maintain compressive loads across the bone/graft interface to promote bony fusion. The ability of the bone plate 110 of the present invention to effect subsidence, particularly as a result of its oblong shaped apertures 212 that allow the plate 110 some micromotion relative to the screw heads 236, provides for effective fusion of bony segments.

[0032] While the plate 110 has been illustrated as having three apertures 112, it is contemplated that the bone plate 110 of the present invention should have at least two apertures 112 for immobilizing at least two bone segments. The plate 110 may also contain more than two or three apertures 112. Further, while the apertures 112 and screw heads 136 have been described as having an oblong shape, it is understood that the apertures 112 and screw heads 136 can have any complementary size, shape or geometry.

[0033] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 4 illustrates an anterior bone plate system 200 which provides an additional benefit in that it does not require additional external components to secure the bone plate 210 to screws 230. As shown in FIG. 4, bone plate 210 includes at least two apertures 212 extending from a first side 214 of the plate 210 that is configured to face away from bony structure to a second side 216 that is configured to contact bony surface. A channel 218 extends lengthwise down the first side 214 of the bone plate 210 and is machined parallel to the longitudinal axis of the plate 110 such that a rigid lip or flap 220 is created on both sides of the bone plate 210. Each lip or flap 220 runs lengthwise and extends over at least a portion of channel 218 as illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5.

[0034] Consistent with anterior bone plate system 100, the apertures 212 of bone plate 210 allow the plate 210 to be placed on top of previously placed bone screws 230. Each bone screw 230 can have a self-tapping distal end 232 extending into a lower threaded portion 234 with an aggressive thread pitch to facilitate its purchase into bone. As shown in FIG. 6, each screw 230 includes a screw head 236 at an opposite (proximal) end that is adapted to seat within the channel 218. The major thread diameter of the lower threaded portion 234 of screw 230 can be in the range of about 3.5 to 5.5 mm, while the cancellous thread pitch of the lower threaded region 234 can be approximately 1.5 or more to provide unicortical purchase into bone. The bone screws 230 are placed in the midline of the vertebral body, with only one bone screw 230 per vertebral body or level required to adequately stabilize the bony segments to the plate 210. This advantageous feature of the invention reduces the amount of bone damage that would occur to the spine when more than one screw is inserted within the same vertebral body.

[0035] Bone plate 210 can also include surface features 222 such as cleats or ridges on the second side 216 that is adapted to contact bony surface as illustrated in FIG. 4. The surface features 222 help anchor the bone plate 210 onto the bony surface of the vertebral bodies yet still allow flexion or subsidence while preventing extension, which is undesirable for proper fusion and healing.

[0036] As shown in FIG. 6, the screw heads 236 of each of the screws 230 can be oblong in shape, while the apertures 212 of bone plate 210 are also oblong in shape in a lengthwise direction so that the bone plate 210 can be placed on top of and pass through the screw heads 236 when the screws 230 are unidirectional, i.e., the oblong-shaped screw heads 236 are aligned lengthwise. Each screw 230 can also have an open head 236, which can include a shaped bore 238 for attachment to an inserter tool or screwdriver (not shown).

[0037] Extending proximally from the screw head 236, away from the self-tapping distal end 232, are a pair of diametrically opposed ramps 240. The ramps 240 are bi-level and include a cutaway portion, or groove 242 that is configured to frictionally engage with a notched region 222 on flaps 220 when the screws 230 are rotated 90, i.e., rotated such that the major diameter MD of the screw head 236 is transversely oriented with respect to the long axis of plate 210. The complementary surface features on the screw heads 236 and flaps 220 provide a simple and effective locking mechanism for securing the plate 210 to the bony surface, without the need for any additional locking devices. By simply rotating the screws 230 90 after mounting the plate 210 upon the screws 230, the plate 210 is able to be locked onto the screw heads 236, with the grooves 242 achieving an interference fit with the notched region 222 of the flaps 220.

[0038] Anterior bone plate system 200 can be configured such that the bone screws 230 are capable of sliding with respect to the apertures 212 of the plate 210, until the screws 230 are properly seated and locked. Once locked, the anterior bone plate system allows for subsidence and micromotion to promote healing and fusion, while preventing extension. In order for the locking system to be implemented, bone plate 210 and channel 218 should be sized and configured to allow the oblong screw heads 236 sufficient room to rotate within the channel 218.

[0039] Bone plate 210 can contain at least two apertures 212 for allowing the screw heads 236 to pass through the plate 210. The apertures 212 should be positioned on the bone plate 210 such that the plate can attach to an upper and lower vertebral body. According to one aspect of the invention, the bone plate 210 can include modified T-slots fabricated thereon extending from one end of the plate 210 and directed longitudinally to the opposite end. The T-slots can include one elliptical slot extending vertically, and another slot extending horizontally. Lobes can be featured on the T-slots to provide interference with the ramps 240. By rotating the bone screw 230 90, the screw head ramp interferes with the T-slots of the plate 210. Continued rotation allows the screws 230 to cam until the interference is cleared on the other side and the bone plate 210 is locked onto the screws 230.

[0040] In yet another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, anterior bone plate system 300 is shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. Bone plate system 300 includes bone plate 310 which has at least two apertures 312 extending from a first side 314 of the plate 310 that is configured to face away from bony structure to a second side 316 that is configured to contact bony surface. A channel 318 extends lengthwise down the first side 314 of the bone plate 310.

[0041] Consistent with anterior bone plate systems 100 and 200, the apertures 312 of bone plate 310 allow the plate 310 to be placed on top of previously positioned bone screws 330. Each bone screw 330 can have a self-tapping distal end 332 and a lower threaded portion 334 with an aggressive thread pitch to facilitate its purchase into bone. As shown in FIG. 8, each screw 330 includes a screw head 336 at an opposite (proximal) end that is adapted to seat within the channel 218. The major thread diameter of the lower threaded portion of the screws 330 can be in the range of about 3.5 to 5.5 mm, while the cancellous thread pitch of the lower threaded region 334 can be approximately 1.5 or more to provide unicortical purchase into bone. The bone screws 330 are placed in the midline of the vertebral body, with only one bone screw 330 per vertebral body or level required to adequately stabilize the bony segments to the plate 310 to reduce the amount of bone damage that would occur to the spine when more than one screw is inserted within the same vertebral body.

[0042] Bone plate 310 can also include surface features 322 such as cleats or ridges on the second side 316 that is adapted to contact bony surface as illustrated in FIG. 7. The surface features 322 help anchor the bone plate 310 onto the bony surface of the vertebral bodies yet still allow flexion or subsidence while preventing extension, which is undesirable for proper fusion and healing.

[0043] As shown in FIG. 9, each of the screws 330 can have an open head 336, which can include a shaped bore 338 for attachment to an inserter tool or screwdriver (not shown). Each screw head 336 can also include circumferential grooves 344 machined on the outside diameter of the screw head 336. The grooves 344 are set proud, i.e., not engaged in bone, for engaging a locking device such as retaining ring 346 as shown in FIG. 10. The channel 318 of the bone plate 310 is machined to provide a low profile that can accommodate the screw heads 336 and provide an overall consistently low profile, as illustrated in FIG. 9. Further, retaining rings 346 provide easy fastening between the bone screws 330 and the bone plate 310 without increasing the profile of the anterior bone plate system 300. While a retaining ring 346 of the shape shown in FIG. 10 is suitable, it is contemplated that the retaining ring can be configured in any number of geometries which would allow the retaining ring to be placed over the screw head 336 and against the bone plate 310.

[0044] Bone plate 310 can have at least two apertures 312. The apertures 312 can comprise two slots to enable the plate 310 to glide with respect to the screws 330. Alternatively, the apertures 312 can be a slot and a hole, or any configuration of a slot and hole that enables the screw head 336 to be passed through the plate 310, and which is configured to fix at least an upper and lower vertebral body.

[0045] In each of the anterior bone plate systems 100, 200, 300 described above, the bone plate 110, 210, 310 can be constructed so as to conform to the shape of the anterior surfaces of the vertebrae that it will be mounted upon. The plate can be curved along both its longitudinal and transverse axes such that the second side 116, 216, 316 is substantially concave to improve its conformity to the shape of the vertebral bodies. Further, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that the bone plates 110, 210, 310 of the invention can be made of a variety of high strength, biologically compatible materials that are preferably compatible with MRI techniques. Useful materials include polymers, composite reinforced polymers, and metals such as stainless steel, titanium and titanium alloys.

[0046] In an exemplary method for implementing the anterior bone plate systems 100, 200, 300 described above, several steps are necessary to prepare the patient for surgery and before the plate system 100, 200, 300 can be installed. As an initial matter, the patient should be placed in a supine position, with the spine stabilized appropriately. Next, the patient is prepped and draped in the usual manner. Using radiographic imaging, the affected spinal level(s) or area(s) are identified. An incision is then made to optimize the exposure appropriate for the procedure.

[0047] Where necessary, decompression and grafting procedures are performed. To effect the decompression and grafting procedure, a distraction pin insertion instrument is used. The distraction pin insertion instrument allows distraction pins (also called Caspar pins) to be inserted perpendicular to the bone's anterior cortical surface or vertebral body, and perpendicular to the superior/inferior midline of the vertebral bodies. In the present invention, each vertebral body has only a single pin inserted. It is important to note that the pilot holes must be perfectly aligned, i.e., distraction pins must be inserted perfectly parallel. Routine distraction is then performed and a diskectomy, the surgical removal of a diseased disc, follows. A graft can then be placed into the evacuated disc space under gentle distraction and when the surgeon is comfortable with placement, the distraction instrument and Caspar pins are removed.

[0048] The bone screws 130, 230, 330 of the present invention are preferably inserted into pilot holes left in the vertebral bodies or bony segments that will be attached to the bone plate 110, 210, 310 by the Caspar pins. It is also possible to drill using about a 2.0 mm diameter drill bit prior to using the distraction pins. The distraction procedure provides each vertebral body with a pilot screw hole for placement of a bone screw 130, 230, 330. It should be noted that, while the bone screws are preferably used with pilot holes, it is possible to use the anterior bone plate systems 100, 200, 300 without pilot holes as well, i.e., without first using a distraction pin instrument.

[0049] After the pilot holes are prepared, all anterior anomalies, i.e., osteophytes, that can impede bone plate 110, 210, 310 placement are removed. Using an osteophyte remover instrument, the endplate and anterior column of the vertebral body is prepared to allow the underside of the plate 110, 210, 310 to be sandwiched tightly against the vertebral bodies to promote osseous fusion. The osteophyte remover instrument is used to create a smooth flat surface to fit the plate 110, 210, 310 precisely and match the plate's width. By shaving the vertebral bodies in this manner, the bone plate 110, 210, 310 is able to be inserted flush against the bony surface and produce a low profile which reduces the amount of damage to surrounding soft tissue.

[0050] Self-tapping screws 130, 230, 330 of the present invention are inserted into Caspar pinholes and tightened down to the anterior cortex, and aligned such that the open screw heads 136, 236, 336 are pointed so the openings are in the sagittal plane. The appropriate length plate 110, 210, 310 is then chosen by the surgeon and dropped onto the screw heads 136, 236, 336. The plate 110, 210, 310 is then secured down in the manner described above for bone plate Systems 110, 210, 310 and finally the patient is closed in a standard manner.

[0051] It will be understood that the foregoing is only illustrative of the principles of the invention, and that various modifications can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. All references cited herein are expressly incorporated by reference in their entirety.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7175624 *Dec 31, 2002Feb 13, 2007Depuy Spine, Inc.Bone plate and screw system allowing bi-directional assembly
US7306605Oct 2, 2003Dec 11, 2007Zimmer Spine, Inc.Anterior cervical plate
US7655028 *Jan 18, 2007Feb 2, 2010X-Spine Systems, Inc.Spinal fusion system and method for fusing spinal bones
US7819903Aug 27, 2004Oct 26, 2010Depuy Spine, Inc.Spinal fixation plate
US8070782 *Jan 13, 2010Dec 6, 2011Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Facet fusion implants and methods of use
US8257355Jun 6, 2007Sep 4, 2012Spinefrontier Inc.Methods and devices for static or dynamic spine stabilization
US8262710Oct 24, 2006Sep 11, 2012Aesculap Implant Systems, LlcDynamic stabilization device for anterior lower lumbar vertebral fusion
US8496692Sep 21, 2009Jul 30, 2013Jmea CorporationLocking securing member
US8591588Sep 16, 2010Nov 26, 2013DePuy Synthes Products, LLCSpinal fixation plate
US20120165870 *Aug 27, 2010Jun 28, 2012CreaspinePlate-and-screw implant assembly for bone fixation
WO2007143709A2 *Jun 7, 2007Dec 13, 2007Kingsley R ChinMethods and devices for static or dynamic spine stabilization
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/71
International ClassificationA61B17/58, A61B17/70, A61B17/80
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/7059, A61B17/8047, A61B17/8042
European ClassificationA61B17/70K, A61B17/80D4, A61B17/80D6
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 31, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: DEPUY ACROMED, INC., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LAURYSSEN, CARL;CESARONE, MORRIS D.;CIRINO, DENNIS;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:012935/0449;SIGNING DATES FROM 20020417 TO 20020425