- CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This application is a continuation of and claims priority to and the benefit of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/689,197, filed on Oct. 12, 2000, entitled “Gaming Device With Traveling Reel Symbols” which is a continuation-in-part patent application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/606,928, filed on Jun. 29, 2000, entitled “Gaming Device With Traveling Reel Symbols.”
This application is related to the following commonly-owned co-pending patent applications: “GAMING DEVICE WITH MULTIPURPOSE REELS,” Ser. No. 09/606,733, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-017; “GAMING DEVICE WITH MOVING SCREEN SIMULATION,” Ser. No. 09/625,884, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-021; “GAMING DEVICE WITH SIGNIFIED REEL SYMBOLS,” Ser. No. 09/605,344, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-026; “GAMING DEVICE HAVING TOUCH ACTIVATED ALTERNATING OR CHANGING SYMBOL,” Ser. No. 09/602,331, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-029; “GAMING DEVICE PROVIDING TOUCH ACTIVATED SYMBOL INFORMATION,” Ser. No. 09/680,349, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-030; “GAMING DEVICE HAVING A CHANGEABLE OBJECT,” Ser. No. 09/680,111, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-137; “GAMING DEVICE HAVING INTERACTING SYMBOLS,” Ser. No. 09/686,308, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-144; and “GAMING DEVICE HAVING A SYMBOL COVERING FEATURE,” Ser. No. 09/684,275, Attorney Docket No. 0112300-154.
A portion of the disclosure of this patent document contains material which is subject to copyright protection. The copyright owner has no objection to the photocopy reproduction by anyone of the patent document or the patent disclosure in exactly the form it appears in the Patent and Trademark Office patent file or records, but otherwise reserves all copyright rights whatsoever.
- BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates in general to a gaming device, and more particularly to a gaming device which displays traveling symbols on its reels.
The games in many existing gaming machines, such as traditional slot machines, are based upon the concept of spinning reels. The player initiates the spin of the reels, and where the reels stop determines whether a player wins a value and, if so, how much value the player wins. These gaming machines typically have certain features designated for outcomes such as when a player wins a value, advances to a bonus round or when the game terminates. For example, these gaming machines often display the amount of credits earned, flash lights, make sounds or have other features designed to draw attention to the outcome and entertain the player. In an existing game when a predetermined event occurs, a wild card-type symbol replaces various reel symbols, one at a time. If any of those replacements result in a winning combination of symbols, the player wins a certain value. Patent Cooperation Treaty Patent No. WO 9732285 entitled, “Slot Machine Game with Roaming Wild Card,” published on Apr. 9, 1997 and assigned on its face to Aristocrat Leisure Ind Pty Ltd discloses a feature generally of this type. However, these existing features do not display symbols as they move or travel from one position to another on the reels.
- SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
To increase player enjoyment and excitement, it is desirable to provide players with new features for gaming devices which use reels, where the new features involve symbols which travel on the reels.
The present invention overcomes the above shortcomings by providing a gaming device and method which includes a plurality of reels, preferably video reels and a plurality of symbols on the reels. The reels are preferably adjacent to one another. Functionally, a plurality of the reels spin, come to a stop and display one or more symbols. One or more reels may not spin and may function solely as a display screen. The term display, as used herein, includes but is not limited to showing, performing or otherwise representing a person, place or thing, at rest or in motion, visually and/or audibly.
The symbols which are displayed on each reel in relation to each other form a combination of symbols. When a player causes or reaches certain events, symbols or combinations of symbols (hereafter referred to as “triggering events”) in a primary game or bonus round, the computer of the gaming device provides certain outcomes, such as providing the player with value or bonus value, providing the player with the opportunity to gain values or bonus values, deducting values or bonus values from the player, terminating the primary game or bonus round, otherwise generating an event or determining the outcome of the primary game or bonus round.
As a result of one or more triggering events at any time during a primary game or bonus round, but preferably immediately before or after any of these outcomes occurs, one or more symbols (hereinafter referred to as a “traveling symbol”) travels from one location on a reel to another location on the same reel or a different reel. It should be appreciated that the present invention can be adapted to enable the player to control which traveling symbol will travel and where it will travel. It should also be appreciated that, as a result of one or more triggering events, a traveling symbol can travel from one location on a reel to one or more destination symbols which are located on the same reel or a different reel. Furthermore, the gaming device can be adapted to randomly position such destination symbols on one or more reels during a primary game or bonus round.
Preferably, the computer animates the traveling symbols when they travel. The term animate, as used herein, includes but is not limited to, moving in any direction, simulating actual movement, operation or behavior, bending, transforming into a different shape or size, separating into different parts, expanding or contracting, changing colors, shades or patterns, illuminating, making sounds or otherwise having dynamic characteristics.
It is also preferable that immediately before the traveling symbol begins to travel, during the travel or when the traveling symbol reaches its destination, the computer may display or perform certain exhibitions involving: the traveling symbol, any of the other symbols, reels or any other persons, places or things which are graphically displayed on the reels. The term exhibition, as used in this specification, includes but is not limited to any audio, visual or audiovisual representation of a person, place or thing in motion or at rest, including video images, graphics, activities, animations, virtual representations, simulations or movement.
Depending upon when the travel feature of the present invention is used in relation to a game outcome, a variety of predetermined events may occur after the travel and any exhibitions are complete. For example, the game can provide the player with values or bonus values, deduct values or bonus values or terminate the primary game or bonus round. In any case, the travel feature of the present invention provides players with engaging and enjoyable entertainment.
In one preferred embodiment, when a certain triggering event occurs, the computer displays at least two traveling symbols at different locations on one or more reels. The traveling symbols move towards one another, accompanied by various exhibitions. This preferred embodiment can be included in a primary game and/or bonus round.
Preferably in this preferred embodiment, the symbols are vehicles moving towards one another on a collision path. Also, all symbols and graphics between the two vehicles are removed and replaced with a hand. The hand is located midway between the two vehicles. Before a collision occurs, the hand holds up a traffic stop sign, and the vehicles stop traveling. The computer then replaces the stop sign with the numeric value gained by the player.
In another embodiment, the triggering event is the player choosing at least one selectable symbol displayed on the reels. When the player chooses this selectable symbol, a predetermined symbol travels towards another predetermined symbol on the reels. When the traveling symbol reaches its destination, it interacts with the symbol it reached. This preferred embodiment can also be included in a primary game and/or bonus round.
Preferably, in this embodiment the selectable symbol is a food item located on a reel. When the player selects the food item, a predetermined character travels from its location to another symbol. The computer animates the character when it travels. Also, the computer performs an exhibition when the character reaches the destination symbol. The exhibition involves interaction between the traveling character and the symbol which it reached. In an alternative embodiment, when the player selects any symbol, except for the traveling character, the traveling character travels from its location to the food item. The computer animates the traveling character and also includes an exhibition involving this character and the food item (i.e., an exhibition of the character eating the food).
The gaming device feature of the present invention includes reels which display a variety of symbols. When one or more triggering events occurs in a game or bonus round, such as the player reaching a predetermined combination of symbols, one or more symbols travels from one location on one reel to another location on another reel. The traveling is accompanied by entertaining animations and exhibitions for the player's amusement.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a gaming device with reels which includes traveling symbols.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed disclosure, taken in conjunction with the accompanying sheets of drawings, wherein like numerals refer to like parts, elements, components, steps and processes.
FIG. 1 is a front plan view of one embodiment of the gaming device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic block diagram of the electronic configuration of one embodiment of the gaming device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a flow diagram of one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols in one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols in another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols with multiple travels in one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols involved in a chase in one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols involved in a race in one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols, traveling symbols and selectable symbols in the first screen of one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols, traveling symbols and selectable symbols in the second screen of the same embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols in the first screen shot of another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols in the second screen shot of the same embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols and traveling symbols in the third screen shot of the same embodiment of the present invention; and
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Gaming Device and Electronics
FIG. 14 is a top plan view of the reels, symbols, traveling symbols and selectable symbols in yet another embodiment of the present invention.
Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 generally illustrates a gaming device 10 of one embodiment of the present invention, which is preferably a slot machine having the controls, displays and features of a conventional slot machine. Gaming device 10 is constructed so that a player can operate gaming device 10 while standing or sitting. However, it should be appreciated that gaming device 10 can be constructed as a pub-style table-top game (not shown) which a player can operate preferably while sitting. Gaming device 10 can also be implemented as a program code stored in a detachable cartridge for operating a hand-held video game device. Also, gaming device 10 can be implemented as a program code stored on a disk or other memory device which a player can use in a desktop or laptop personal computer or other computerized platform.
Gaming device 10 can incorporate any game such as slot, poker or keno in addition to any triggering combination. The indicia used on and in gaming device 10 may be in mechanical, electrical or video form.
As illustrated in FIG. 1, gaming device 10 includes a coin slot 12 and bill acceptor 14 where the player inserts money, coins or tokens. The player can place coins in the coin slot 12 or paper money in the bill acceptor 14. Other devices could be used for accepting payment such as readers or validators for credit cards or debit cards. When a player inserts money in gaming device 10, a number of credits corresponding to the amount deposited is shown in a credit display 16. After depositing the appropriate amount of money, a player can begin the game by pulling arm 18 or pushing play button 20. Play button 20 can be any play activator used by the player which starts any game or sequence of events in the gaming device.
As shown in FIG. 1, gaming device 10 also includes a bet display 22 and a bet one button 24. The player places a bet by pushing the bet one button 24. The player can increase the bet by one credit each time the player pushes the bet one button 24. When the player pushes the bet one button 24, the number of credits shown in the credit display 16 decreases by one, and the number of credits shown in the bet display 22 increases by one.
At any time during the game, a player may “cash out” and thereby receive a number of coins corresponding to the number of remaining credits by pushing a cash out button 26. When the player “cashes out,” the player receives the coins in a coin payout tray 28. The gaming device 10 may employ other payout mechanisms such as credit slips redeemable by a cashier or electronically recordable cards which keep track of the player's credits.
With respect to electronics, gaming device 10 preferably includes the electronic configuration generally illustrated in FIG. 2, including a processor 30, a memory device 32 for storing program code or other data, a video monitor or other display device 34 (i.e., a liquid crystal display) and at least one input device such as play buttons 20. The processor 30 is preferably a microprocessor or microcontroller-based platform which is capable of displaying and exhibiting images, symbols and other indicia such as images of people, characters, places, things and faces of cards. The memory device 32 can include random access memory (RAM) 36 for storing event data or other data generated or used during a particular game. The memory device 32 can also include read only memory (ROM) 38 for storing program code which controls the gaming device 10 so that it plays a particular game in accordance with applicable game rules and pay tables.
As illustrated in FIG. 2, the player preferably uses play buttons 20 to input signals into gaming device 10. Furthermore, it is preferable that touch screen 40 and an associated touch screen controller 42 are used instead of a conventional video display device 34. Touch screen 40 and touch screen controller 42 are connected to a video controller 44 and processor 30. A player can make decisions and input signals into the gaming device 10 by touching touch screen 40 at the appropriate places. As further illustrated in FIG. 2, the processor 30 can be connected to coin slot 12 or bill acceptor 14. The processor 30 can be programmed to require a player to deposit a certain amount of money in order to start the game. Furthermore, gaming device 10 preferably includes speakers 46 for making sounds or playing music consistent with the theme of the game and bonus scheme.
- Traveling Symbol Feature
It should be appreciated that although a processor 30 and memory device 32 are preferable implementations of the present invention, the present invention can also be implemented using one or more application-specific integrated circuits (ASIC's) or other hardwired devices, or using mechanical devices (collectively referred to herein as a “processor”). Furthermore, although the processor 30 and memory device 32 preferably reside on each gaming device 10 unit, it is possible to provide some or all of their functions at a central location such as a network server for communication to a playing station such as over a local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), Internet connection, microwave link, and the like. The processor 30 and memory device 32 are generally referred to herein as the computer or the controller.
With reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, display device 34 contains a plurality of reels 48, preferably five reels in mechanical, video or virtual form. Preferably, reels 48 are in video or virtual form. Each reel 48 exhibits a plurality of symbols 50 such as letters, characters, bells, hearts, fruits, numbers, bars, things or other images which preferably correspond to a theme associated with the gaming device 10.
In primary games and in bonus rounds, when certain predetermined triggering events occur, one or more traveling symbols 52 travels from one location on a reel to another location on the same reel or another reel. A traveling symbol 52 can travel to another traveling symbol 52, any other symbol 50, any location or anything else. A traveling symbol 52 is any symbol which relocates or travels from one location on a reel 48 to another. Preferably, but not necessarily, traveling symbols 52 are representations of characters or things which have the ability to travel. If one or more of the destinations of a traveling symbol is a symbol, the gaming device can randomly position such destination symbols on one or more reels, one or more times during a primary game or bonus round. The gaming device preferably uses a predetermined mathematical formula to randomly position such destination symbols as desired by the implementer.
In operation, a player makes payment to the gaming device and the primary game begins, enabling the player to spin the reels 48. The player then uses play buttons 20 or any other activator to cause the reels 48 to spin, as indicated by block 54 in FIG. 3. The player spins the reels 48 in this manner until running out of credits or reaching a triggering event. If the player reaches certain triggering events in the primary game, a variety of outcomes may occur. One possible outcome is the computer may initiate a bonus round. Triggering events can occur in bonus rounds as well.
Whether in a primary game or bonus round, one or more triggering events may occur, as indicated by block 56 in FIG. 3. When a player reaches one or more predetermined triggering events, such as the player achieving a winning combination of symbols 50 and/or the player making a selection of a certain symbol 50, the computer causes one or more traveling symbols 52 (shown in FIGS. 4 through 14) to travel on the reels 48. The traveling symbols 52 can travel to or towards predetermined symbols 50, traveling symbols 52 or certain locations, as indicated by block 58 in FIG. 3. These traveling symbols 52 can be symbols 50 which were displayed when the triggering event occurred, or they can be new symbols which the computer used to replace certain existing symbols 50. It should be appreciated that the present invention can be adapted to enable the player to control the traveling. For example, the computer can enable the player to choose which symbol(s) will travel, their destinations or a combination thereof. The player can make these choices by touching the touch screen 40 at the location adjacent to the symbols 50 which the player desires to move and/or the location adjacent to the desired destination.
In one embodiment when a triggering event occurs, one or more traveling symbols 52 travels to different locations on the reels 48 and to different symbols 50 in various manners and in various scenarios. Certain of these manners and scenarios are illustrated in FIGS. 4 through 8. It should be appreciated, however, that other manners of traveling and other scenarios are contemplated by the present invention.
As illustrated in FIG. 4, the computer can display two traveling symbols 52, apart from one another at certain locations on certain reels 48. Here, symbols 52 are shown as trucks. Preferably, the computer removes all symbols 50 and graphics between the two traveling symbols 52. It is also preferable that the computer displays or performs certain exhibitions (not shown) on the reels 48, preferably between the traveling symbols 52. After these exhibitions, if any, the computer causes the traveling symbols 52 to travel across reels towards one another. They can meet anywhere, but preferably the traveling symbols 52 meet at or near a meeting location 54, as illustrated in FIG. 4. A meeting location 54 can be any location positioned between two or more traveling symbols 52 which are traveling towards each other and where each symbol stops traveling when it reaches this location.
The traveling symbols 52 can travel in any manner, such as in straight lines, curved lines or by disappearing from locations and reappearing at new locations. As illustrated in FIG. 5, two traveling symbols 52 are headed towards a predetermined meeting location 54. The traveling symbol 52 located in the far left reel 48 is illustrated as an airplane, and the traveling symbol 52 located in the far right reel 48 is illustrated as a truck. The airplane traveling symbol 52 travels past two locations formerly occupied by symbols 50 and then travels to the meeting location 54. The truck traveling symbol 52 travels directly to the meeting location 54, where it meets the airplane traveling symbol 52.
Furthermore, traveling symbols 52 are not limited to traveling towards meeting locations 54 or other traveling symbols 52. Traveling symbols 52 can travel towards non-traveling symbols 50 as well. As illustrated in FIG. 6, two truck traveling symbols 52 and one airplane traveling symbol 52 travel towards a symbol 50 a. These three symbols will stop traveling when they reach the destination symbol 50 a.
Also as illustrated in FIG. 6, multiple travels can occur on a single set of reels 48. As just described, one travel illustrated in FIG. 6 involves two truck travel symbols 52 b and 52 c and one airplane travel symbol 52 d. A different travel on the same set of reels involves two airplane travel symbols 52 e and 52 f traveling towards a meeting location 54. When these two symbols reach the meeting location 54, they will stop traveling.
In addition, one or more traveling symbols 52 can be chasing one another. As illustrated in FIG. 7, one airplane travel symbol 52 g is pursuing or chasing another airplane travel symbol 52 h. Preferably, the chase terminates at a predetermined location on the reels 48, as indicated with the message, “end of chase” in FIG. 7. If the chasing symbol catches the chased symbol before the chased symbol reaches this location, the traveling preferably terminates. Whether or not the chased symbol will be caught is predetermined by the computer.
Two or more traveling symbols can be involved in a race. As illustrated in FIG. 8, two airplane traveling symbols 52 i and 52 j are racing against one another. The race begins at the far left reel 48 and preferably ends at a predetermined location, such as the far right reel 48. This predetermined end location is indicated in FIG. 8 with the message, “end of race.” The path of the race can be any shape such as linear as illustrated in FIG. 8 or cyclical. If the path is cyclical, the race can involve several laps on the reels 48.
In another embodiment, after two triggering events occur sequentially, the traveling begins. The first event is the player reaching a winning combination of symbols 50 in the primary game. The computer initiates a bonus round. Then the computer enables the player to choose a selectable symbol 56, preferably from a plurality of selectable symbols 56, as shown in FIG. 9. The player's selection is the second triggering event. The player makes a selection by touching touch screen 40 (shown in FIG. 2) at the area adjacent to a selectable symbol 56. The selectable symbols 56 are preferably distinguished from the other symbols 50, such as through a shaded border, as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10. Two traveling symbols 521 and 52 m are also illustrated as multidirectional arrows in FIGS. 9 and 10.
When the player chooses a selectable symbol 56, at least one traveling symbol travels to a new location on the reels 48. In the example shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, a player chooses the selectable symbol 56 located in the far left reel 48. Next as illustrated in FIG. 10, the traveling symbol 521 located in the first reel 48 from the right, travels to the symbol 50 located in the third reel 48 from the left. Preferably, at the location of this symbol 50, the computer performs an exhibition involving interaction between this symbol 50 and the traveling symbol 521.
Referring back to FIG. 3, in both of these preferred embodiments and in any scenario the traveling eventually stops, and the computer provides the player with an outcome, as indicated by blocks 64 and 66. The type of outcome depends upon the type of triggering event which occurred and the predetermined program of the computer. An example outcome in either a primary game or bonus round could be awarding the player with a value or bonus value. If the outcome is a termination, the primary game or bonus round, will of course terminate. If the outcome is not a termination, the player can continue playing until the player cashes out or runs out of credits, in which case the primary game or bonus round will terminate. After termination, the gaming device will provide the player with any credits or payout gained by the player as indicated by block 68.
In addition, it is preferable that when the traveling symbols 52 travel, the computer animates the traveling symbols 52. For example, the computer can cause a truck to appear to be moving accompanied by rotating wheels, exhaust exiting the truck and the common sound of a truck engine. Furthermore, it is preferable that the computer includes one or more exhibitions before, during or after the traveling symbols 52 complete their travel. Preferably, the exhibitions are related to a theme shared by the symbols 50, traveling symbols 52 and the overall primary game or bonus round. The computer can display or perform the exhibitions anywhere on the reels 48, and the exhibitions can involve one or more symbols 50, traveling symbols 52 or any person, place or thing graphically represented on the reels 48, and any animation or interaction involving these symbols.
In another preferred embodiment, shown in FIG. 11, the traveling symbols 52 are trains, preferably two trains traveling towards each other. When the triggering event occurs, in the first screen shot the computer displays the two trains at different locations on the reels 48, as shown in FIG. 11. The computer also displays exhibitions between the two trains. The exhibitions include a railroad track and a human hand. In the second screen shot shown in FIG. 12, as the trains approach each other, the human hand holds up a traffic stop sign, and the trains stop traveling when they reach the sign. Finally in the third screen shot shown in FIG. 13, the computer replaces the stop sign with a sign which bears a numeral. This numeral informs the player of the amount of value or bonus value gained by the player. As shown in FIGS. 11 through 13, this preferred embodiment of the gaming device feature of the present invention preferably incorporates the theme of The Addams Family™ television series. ADDAMS FAMILY™ is a trademark of Barbara Artists, Inc., New York, N.Y. and is used by the assignee of the present invention with permission from a licensee of this trademark, Monaco Entertainment Corporation.
In yet another preferred embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 14, several symbols 50 are characters and others are messages. This embodiment also includes four traveling symbols 52 which are also characters, and one selectable symbol 56 which is a food item. When the player touches the area on the touch screen 40 (shown in FIG. 2) which is adjacent to the food item, one of the traveling symbol characters moves towards another character. When the traveling symbol character reaches the other character, they interact. In an alternative embodiment, when a player touches any area on the display device adjacent to any symbol 50, except for a traveling symbol 52, one of the traveling symbols 52 moves towards the food item and interacts with the food item.
As shown in FIG. 14, this preferred embodiment of the present invention preferably incorporates the South Park™ cartoon theme. SOUTH PARK™ is a trademark and service mark of Comedy Partners, New York, N.Y., and is used with permission from Comedy Partners by the assignee of the present invention.
In these two preferred embodiments involving the themes of The Addams Family™ series and South Park™ cartoon, the gaming device includes various windows 58, shown in FIGS. 11 through 14. These windows 58 allow the player to select certain game options (i.e., bet options), enable the player to operate the game and generally provide information to the player, such as the amount of value and credit the player gained.
In an alternative embodiment, a traveling symbol travels to a plurality of destination symbols which the gaming device randomly positions on a plurality of reels. In operation, a player causes the reels to spin, and when a triggering event occurs, a traveling symbol (preferably a character), travels to the destination symbols, one-by-one. At any time before the destination symbols appear on the reels, the gaming device randomly determines their positions. Shortly after a traveling symbol reaches a destination symbol, the gaming device displays a value gained by the player which is associated with such symbol. The gaming device displays the values associated with all of the destination symbols in this manner.
The gaming device feature of the present invention includes various symbols which travel from one location to another on the gaming device reels. These symbols make their travel preferably before or after an outcome occurs, such as before the player receives an award value. The traveling symbols move and interact with other reel symbols as part of an exhibition which engages and entertains the player.
While the present invention has been described in connection with what is presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, but on the contrary is intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the claims. It is thus to be understood that modifications and variations in the present invention may be made without departing from the novel aspects of this invention as defined in the claims, and that this application is to be limited only by the scope of the claims.