Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20030196727 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/417,177
Publication dateOct 23, 2003
Filing dateApr 17, 2003
Priority dateApr 17, 2002
Also published asDE60322292D1, EP1354928A2, EP1354928A3, EP1354928B1
Publication number10417177, 417177, US 2003/0196727 A1, US 2003/196727 A1, US 20030196727 A1, US 20030196727A1, US 2003196727 A1, US 2003196727A1, US-A1-20030196727, US-A1-2003196727, US2003/0196727A1, US2003/196727A1, US20030196727 A1, US20030196727A1, US2003196727 A1, US2003196727A1
InventorsPatrizia Maccone
Original AssigneeSolvay Solexis, S.P.A.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid compositions for the treatment of metal surfaces
US 20030196727 A1
Abstract
Liquid compositions for the treatment of metal surfaces comprising:
(A) a compound having formula (I):
(B) a fluorinated fluid, liquid at room temperature, having boiling point in the range 50° C.-250° C.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(11)
1. Non aqueous compositions, limpid at room temperature, comprising:
(A) a fluorinated compound having the following general formula:
 wherein:
T=(CH2CH2O)k, (C3H6O)k′ wherein
k and k′ are integers in the range 0-10 extremes included, preferably 0-4;
X, Y, X1, Y1, equal to or different from each other are independently the one from the other H; NO2; C1-C4 alkyl; C1-C4 alkoxy, with the proviso that at least one of X, Y, X1, Y1 is equal to NO2;
m′ and n′ are integers, selected so that the number average molecular weight of the perfluoropolyether chain formed by the units with m′ and n′ indexes is from 66 to 10,000, preferably from 300 to 4,000;
(B) a fluorinated fluid, liquid at room temperature, having boiling point in the range 50° C.-250°, preferably 50° C.-130° C., selected from the compounds having one of the following structures, and/or mixtures thereof:
R′—Rf—R  (II)
wherein:
R′=—(O)n0O—CnF2nH, n being an integer from 1 to 4, preferably 1 or 2; n0 is equal to 0, 1;
R is selected between —CnF2nH, —CmF2m+1; wherein:
in the R, R′ end groups one fluorine atom is optionally substituted with one chlorine atom;
n in R is as defined in R′; m is an integer from 1 to 3;
Rf is selected from the following:
linear or branched perfluoroalkylene from 2 to 12 carbon atoms, containing at least one ether oxygen atom, in this case n0 in R′ is preferably equal to zero;
perfluoropolyoxyalkylene comprising units statistically distributed in the chain, selected from the following:
(CFXO) wherein X=F or CF3;
(CF2(CF2)dO) wherein d is an integer comprised between 1 and 3;
(C3F6O);
 when Rf is perfluoropolyoxyalkylene n0 in R′ is preferably equal to 1;
Rf 1—O—RH  (III)
wherein:
Rf 1 is a linear or branched perfluoroalkyl radical, optionally containing ether oxygen atoms, preferably having CQF2Q+1 structure, wherein Q is an integer from 4 to 7;
RH is a CPH2P+1 hydrogenated radical wherein p is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 4.
2. Compositions according to claim 1, wherein in the component (A) m′ is an integer comprised between 0 and 80, extremes included; n′ is an integer comprised between 0 and 20, extremes included, with the proviso that both be not contemporaneously zero; the m′/n′ ratio preferably being from 0.5 to 4 n′ being different from zero.
3. Compositions according to claims 1-2, wherein the number average molecular weight of the perfluoropolyether chain formed by the units with m′ and n′ indexes is comprised between 1,500 and 2,500.
4. Compositions according to claims 1-3, wherein in component (A) X=Y=X1=Y1=NO2; or X=X1=NO2 and Y=Y1=H; k and k′ being equal to zero.
5. Compositions according to claims 1-4, wherein in the formula (II) compounds of component (B) R is selected from the following: —CF2H, —CF2CF2H, —CFHCF3.
6. Compositions according to claim 5, wherein the formula (II) compounds have a number average molecular weight from 200 to 800, n0 of R′ is equal to 1, Rf is a (per)fluoropolyether chain having one of the following structures:
1) —(CF2O)a—(CF2CF2O)b
when a is different from zero, then b/a is comprised between 0.3 and 10, extremes included; when a is equal to zero b is an integer as defined below;
R=—CnF2nH;
2) —(CF2—(CF2)z′—CF2O)b′
wherein z′ is an integer equal to 1 or 2; b′ is as defined below;
3) —(C3F6O)r—(C2F4O)b—(CFL0O)t
L0=—F, —CF3;
when b and t are different from zero r/b=0.5-2.0 (r+b)/t=10-30 and all the units with r, b, and t indexes are present;
or b=t=0 and r complies with the proviso mentioned below;
or b=0 and r and t are different from zero;
a, b, b′, r, t, are integers such that, or whose sum is such that the formula (II) compounds containing the bivalent radical Rf have boiling point in the above range.
7. Compositions according to claims 1-6, wherein the component (A) amount soluble in component (B), expressed in % by weight, is comprised between 0.01% and 50%, preferably between 0.1% and 15%.
8. Compositions according to claims 1-7, wherein component (B) is in admixture with perfluorooxyalkylene or perfluoroalkyl fluorinated fluids (Component (C)), liquid at room temperature, wherein the end groups optionally contain one chlorine atom at the place of one fluorine atom.
9. Compositions according to claim 8, wherein when the mixture of components (B) and (C) is used, the amount of component (C), expressed in percentage by weight with respect to (B)+(C), is from 0 to 50%, preferably from 0 to 30%.
10. Use of the compositions according to claims 1-9, to treat metal surfaces.
11. Metal surfaces obtainable according to claim 10.
Description
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to the use of liquid compositions for the treatment of metal surfaces.
  • [0002]
    Specifically the invention relates to the use of compositions of fluorinated products soluble in fluorinated fluids, capable to protect from corrosion metallic parts for example bearings, bushings, etc.
  • [0003]
    The use of fluorinated compounds for surface treatments in general, to give oleo- and hydrorepellence to the substratum, is known in the prior art. Alternatively, also the use of specific coatings such as metal, polymeric coatings, etc., suitable to protect the treated surface, is known.
  • [0004]
    It is known that the protection against humidity or sea air/sea water for metals is a particularly critical problem, especially in the storage phase.
  • [0005]
    In U.S. Pat. No. 6,221,434 it is described a series of functional perfluoropolyether derivatives for the various kind surface treatment, in order to give oleo- and hydrorepellence. Tests carried out by the Applicant have pointed out that said derivatives, even though they show good water-repellent properties, are ineffective to protect metals from corrosion (see the Examples).
  • [0006]
    As regards the protective coating use of metal parts, one generally distinguishes between polymeric and metal coatings. The polymeric coatings have the drawback that when they are used in moving mechanical parts, and therefore subjected to friction and wear, deteriorate in the time.
  • [0007]
    The metal coatings obtained by surface melting of valuable alloys, see for example U.S. Pat. No. 4,943,485, have the drawback to be very expensive. Furthermore they are not generally appliable, for example when used in transformer lamellar packages they modify the nature itself of the lamellas.
  • [0008]
    The need was therefore felt to have available compositions of additives appliable by a simple process, quickly, for example, by dipping, spraying, etc., capable to protect the metals from humidity and sea air/sea water.
  • [0009]
    Liquid compositions solving the above technical problem have been surprisingly and unespectedly found by the Applicant.
  • [0010]
    An object of the present invention are non aqueous liquid compositions, clear at room temperature, comprising:
  • [0011]
    (A) A fluorinated compound having the following general formula (I)
  • [0012]
    wherein:
  • [0013]
    T=(CH2CH2O)k, (C3H6O)k′ wherein
  • [0014]
    k and k′ are integers in the range 0-10, extremes included, preferably 0-4;
  • [0015]
    X, Y, X1, Y1, equal to or different from each other are independently the one from the other H; NO2; C1-C4 alkyl; C1-C4 alkoxy, with the proviso that at least one of X, Y, X1, Y1 is equal to NO2;
  • [0016]
    m′ and n′ are integers, selected so that the number average molecular weight of the perfluoropolyether chain formed by the units with m′ and n′ indexes is from 66 to 10,000, preferably from 300 to 4,000;
  • [0017]
    (B) a fluorinated fluid, liquid at room temperature, having boiling point in the range 50° C.-250° C., preferably 50° C.-130° C., selected from the compounds having one of the following structures, and/or their mixtures:
  • R′—Rf—R  (II)
  • [0018]
    wherein:
  • [0019]
    R′=—(O)n0—CnF2nH, n being an integer from 1 to 4, preferably 1 or 2; n0 is equal to 0, 1;
  • [0020]
    R is selected between —CnF2nH, —CmF2m+1; wherein
  • [0021]
    in the R, R′ end groups one fluorine atom is optionally substituted with one chlorine atom;
  • [0022]
    n in R is as defined in R′; m is an integer from 1 to 3;
  • [0023]
    Rf is selected from the following:
  • [0024]
    linear or branched perfluoroalkylene from 2 to 12 carbon atoms, containing at least one ether oxygen atom, in this case n0 in R′ is preferably equal to zero;
  • [0025]
    perfluoropolyoxyalkylene comprising units statistically distributed in the chain, selected from the following:
  • [0026]
    (CFXO) wherein X=F or CF3;
  • [0027]
    (CF2(CF2)dO) wherein d is an integer comprised between 1 and 3;
  • [0028]
    (C3F6O)
  • [0029]
    when Rf is perfluoropolyoxyalkylene n0 in R′ is preferably equal to 1;
  • Rf 1—O—RH  (III)
  • [0030]
    wherein:
  • [0031]
    Rf 1 is a linear or branched perfluoroalkyl radical, optionally containing ether oxygen atoms, preferably having CQF2Q+1 structure, wherein Q is an integer from 4 to 7;
  • [0032]
    RH is a CPH2P+1 hydrogenated radical wherein p is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 4.
  • [0033]
    In component (A) preferably m′ is an integer comprised between 0 and 80, extremes included; n′ is an integer comprised between 0 and 20, extremes included, with the proviso that both be not contemporaneously zero; the m′/n′ ratio preferably being from 0.5 to 4, n′ being different from zero. Still more preferably the number average molecular weight of the perfluoropolyether chain of component (A) formed by the units with m′ and n′ indexes is in the range 1,500-2,500.
  • [0034]
    Preferably in component (A) X=Y=X1=Y1=NO2 or X=X1=NO2 and Y=Y1=H; preferably k and k′ are equal to zero.
  • [0035]
    When component (B) is a formula (II) compound, and Rf is a perfluoropolyoxyalkylene, the unit (C3F6O) in Rf has the following meanings: (CF2CF(CF3)O), (CF(CF3)CF2O).
  • [0036]
    Preferably in the formula (II) compounds of component (B) R is selected from the following: —CF2H, —CF2CF2H, —CFHCF3.
  • [0037]
    Generally the formula (II) compounds have a number average molecular weight from 200 to 800, n0 of R′ is equal to 1, Rf is a (per)fluoropolyether chain, it has preferably one of the following structures:
  • [0038]
    1) —(CF2O)a—(CF2CF2O)b
  • [0039]
    when a is different from zero, then b/a is comprised between 0.3 and 10, extremes included; when a is equal to zero b is an integer as defined below;
  • [0040]
    with R=—CnF2nH;
  • [0041]
    2) —(CF2—(CF2)z′—CF 2O)b′—
  • [0042]
    wherein z′ is an integer equal to 1 or 2; b′ is as defined below;
  • [0043]
    3) —(C3F6O)r—(C2F4O)b—(CFL0O)t
  • [0044]
    L0=—F, —CF3;
  • [0045]
    when b and t are different from zero, r/b=0.5-2.0 (r+b)/t=10-30 and all the units with r, b, and t indexes are present;
  • [0046]
    or b=t=0 and r complies with the proviso mentioned below;
  • [0047]
    or b=0 and r and t are different from zero;
  • [0048]
    a, b, b′, r, t, are integers such that, or whose sum is such that the formula (II) compound containing the bivalent radical Rf has boiling point in the above range.
  • [0049]
    The liquid invention compositions have an amount of component (A) such that it is soluble in component (B) and the composition results clear at room temperature.
  • [0050]
    The component (A) amount, soluble in component (B), expressed in % by weight, is generally from 0.01% to 50%, preferably from 0.1% to 15%.
  • [0051]
    The formula (I) products can be synthesized starting from a bifunctional (per)fluoropolyether, having hydroxyl end groups, converted into the corresponding alkaline alcoholate, for example potassium, and then reacted with a halogen-substituted aromatic compound having the substituents X, Y or X1 and Y1 as above. See for example C. Tonelli, P. Gavezotti, E. Strepparola, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 95 (1999) 51-70, herein incorporated by reference.
  • [0052]
    Examples of compound (B) preparation are described in the prior art in U.S. Pat. No. 3,704,214, U.S. Pat. No. 3,715,378, U.S. Pat. No. 5,969,192, and in patent application WO 96/22356.
  • [0053]
    For the protective treatment of metallic surfaces, the invention compositions are applied to the metal substratum, for example by dipping, spraying, spin coating. In particular the metal part to be protected is treated with the invention compositions, removing then the solvent for example by evaporation in the air and/or in a ventilated stove. The so treated metal can be used in the presence of water/humidity without showing corrosion phenomena.
  • [0054]
    It has been unexpectedly and surprisingly found by the Applicant that corrosion phenomena on the metallic surfaces treated with the present invention compositions do not even appear in the fog chamber test (see the characterization test reported in the Examples), even after residence times of the order of 300 hours and over.
  • [0055]
    The Applicant has found that other fluorinated additives used in the prior art for the metal treatment (see the comparative Examples) under the same conditions are not capable to protect from corrosion.
  • [0056]
    Generally after a time of 100 hours the metal surfaces treated with known fluorinated additives show corrosion phenomena in the above test. The results are still more unexpected if one considers that the invention fluorinated additives and those used in the comparative Examples show, on the treated metallic surfaces, substantially similar contact angle values against water, and that therefore the surfaces have comparable water-repellent properties.
  • [0057]
    With metals according to the present invention, materials are meant containing iron, such for example carbon steels, iron alloys, titanium alloys containing aluminum and vanadium, materials containing copper, etc.
  • [0058]
    The invention compositions also show the further advantage to be environmental safe since component (B) has an ODP equal to zero and a low GWP.
  • [0059]
    Optionally component (B) can be in admixture with perfluorooxyalkylene or perfluoroalkyl fluorinated fluids (Component (C)), liquid at room temperature, whose end groups optionally contain one chlorine atom at the place of one fluorine atom.
  • [0060]
    When the mixture of components (B) and (C) is used, the amount of component (C), expressed in percentage by weight with respect to (B)+(C), is from 0 to 50%, preferably from 0 to 30%. In this case the invention compositions have an effect on the GWP in function of the amount of (C).
  • [0061]
    The metal parts thus protected from corrosion with treatment with the invention compositions, show furthermore the advantage to be directly lubricated when used in mechanical systems wherein lubrication with (per)fluorinated fluids, for example oils or fluorinated greases, is required. In fact it has been found by the Applicant that it is not necessary to remove component (A) from the treated surface before lubrication since there is no interaction both of chemical nature and as regards the performances required in the use, between the protective agent and the lubricant.
  • [0062]
    Therefore with the invention compositions it is possible to avoid the protective agent removal before the piece lubrication. This allows to save on industrial scale, since one step is avoided, and to maintain on the piece the protection against corrosion.
  • [0063]
    A series of explaining examples follows which are not limitative of the invention.
  • EXAMPLES
  • [0064]
    Characterization
  • [0065]
    Determination of the Static Contact Angle
  • [0066]
    The static contact angle measurements (θ°) have been carried out by the Drop Shape Analysis (DSA) instrument by Kruss at room temperature (23° C.±0.5° C.) by using, as measurement liquid, milliQ® (Millipore) water.
  • [0067]
    Test in Fog Chamber
  • [0068]
    A series of carbon steel (C15) (UNI) plaques having 50×100×2 mm sizes are cleaned and degreased with a cloth and n-hexane. The surface is polished with abrasive papers (400-800 mesh), then washed with water and dried. These plates are then treated by dipping with the composition to be tested and dried in a ventilated stove at 130° C. for 2 h. They are then placed in the fog chamber. The fog chamber is formed by a sprayer, connected to a water reserve, which by compressed air (P=3 atm) is capable to saturate with humidity the chamber at the temperature of 35° C. The plaques are left in the closed and saturated with humidity chamber for the established time and are controlled at regular intervals by visual inspection. The test evaluation is expressed according to the following score:
  • [0069]
    (0) no rust trace;
  • [0070]
    (1) one/three corrosion dots having a diameter lower than 1 mm;
  • [0071]
    (2) three stains having a diameter higher than 1 mm or more stains having a diameter lower than 1 mm for a total of corroded surface lower than 1%;
  • [0072]
    (3) four or five stains having a diameter higher than 1 mm or more stains having a diameter lower than 1 mm for a total of corroded surface comprised between 1% and 5%;
  • [0073]
    (4) corroded surface comprised between 5% and 10%;
  • [0074]
    (5) corroded surface higher than 10%.
  • [0075]
    Corrosion Test in Sea Water
  • [0076]
    One carbon steel plaque (C15) (UNI) having 50×100×2 mm sizes is prepared by cleaning and degreasing with a cloth and n-hexane. The surface is polished with abrasive papers (400-800 mesh) and then washed with water and dried.
  • [0077]
    The plaque is then half dipped in the treatment solution and hung to dry in a ventilated stove or in air to remove the solvent. The dried plaque is completely dipped, at room temperature, in a 500 cc glass filled with sea water. After 24 hours one observes the metal surface aspect. The test is passed if no corrosion presence is observed.
  • [0078]
    The sea water is prepared in laboratory as described in the ASTM D 665 method (Procedure B) and it has the following composition:
    Salt g/l
    NaCl 24.54
    MgCl2.6H2O 11.10
    Na2SO4 4.09
    CaCl2 1.16
    KCl 0.69
    NaHCO3 0.20
    KBr 0.10
    H3BO3 0.03
    SrCl2.6H2O 0.04
    NaF 0.003
  • Example 1
  • [0079]
    Corrosion Test in Fog Chamber of a Metallic Plaque Previously Treated with the Present Invention Composition
  • [0080]
    A composition according to the present invention has been used, wherein component (A) having the following structure:
  • [0081]
    having molecular weight 2,380 and m′/n′=1, has been solubilized at concentration 1% by weight in compound (B) having the following formula:
  • HCF2O(CF2CF2O)1,8(CF2O)o,2CF2H
  • [0082]
    and b.p. 85° C.
  • [0083]
    A carbon steel plaque C15 (UNI) has been treated with the above composition as described in the fog chamber test. Before transferring the plaque in the fog chamber for the test, the presence of the fluorinated compound on the plaque surface has been checked, measuring the static contact angle against water. The value of θ° and of score in the fog chamber test are reported in Table 1 after an exposure time of the plaque of 24 h and 96 h respectively.
  • Example 2 (Comparitive)
  • [0084]
    An untreated plate (control) has been used for the test in fog chamber. The same determinations of Example 1 have been carried out. The results are reported in Table 1.
  • Example 3 (Comparitive)
  • [0085]
    Preparation of a Composition Having a Hydro/Oleorepellent Activity According to U.S. Pat. No. 6,221,434 Containing a Bifunctional Fluoropolyether Phosphate Derivative.
  • [0086]
    Example 1 has been repeated using an aqueous composition containing 4% by weight of isopropyl alcohol, and 1% by weight of fluorinated additive having the following formula:
  • (HO)2P(O)—[CH2O(C2H5O)1,5]—(CF2O)8—(C2F4O)8—CF2—[CH2O(C2H5O)1,5]—P(O)—(OH)2  (1)
  • [0087]
    Said composition, as said, is used for the surface hydro/oleorepellent treatment according to U.S. Pat. No. 6,221,434.
  • [0088]
    The obtained results are reported in Table 1.
  • Example 4 (Comparitive)
  • [0089]
    Preparation of a Composition Having a Hydro/Oleorepellent Activity According to U.S. Pat. No. 6,221,434 Containing a Bifunctional Fluoropolyether Stearylamide Derivative
  • [0090]
    Example 1 has been repeated by using a composition containing 1% by weight of fluorinated additive having the following formula:
  • H37C18HNOC—CF2O(CF2O)8—(C2F4O)8—CF2—CONHC18H37  (2)
  • [0091]
    in a hydrocarbon solution.
  • [0092]
    The obtained results are reported in Table 1.
  • [0093]
    The results of Table 1 show that the water-repellent treatment of a metallic surface does not guarantee the surface protection from corrosion; furthermore the Table shows that fluoropolyether derivatives conferring to a metallic surface the same water-repellence degree have a different efficacy as anticorrosion agents.
  • Example 5
  • [0094]
    Corrosion Test in Sea Water of a Metallic Plaque Previously Treated with the Present Invention Composition
  • [0095]
    The corrosion test in sea water as previously described has been carried out. The invention composition contains 3% by weight of compound (Ia), and 97% by weight of component (B) used in Example 1.
  • [0096]
    At the end of the test (24 hours) it has been observed that the part of the plaque not treated was completely rusted, while the treated part had no corrosion signs (FIG. 1).
  • Example 6
  • [0097]
    Test in Fog Chamber of a Plaque Treated with the Invention Composition and Successively Lubricated with a Perfluoropolyether Oil
  • [0098]
    A composition according to the invention, containing 5% by weight of the formula (Ia) compound and 95% by weight of component (B) used in Example 1 is applied on a carbon steel plaque C15 (UNI).
  • [0099]
    Before carrying out the test, the treated plaque is lubricated with perfluoropolyether oil Fomblin® M30.
  • [0100]
    The obtained results are reportd in Table 2.
  • Example 7 (Comparative)
  • [0101]
    The same kind of plaque used in Example 6, without treatment with the invention composition, has been directly lubricated with perfluoropolyether oil Fomblin® M30 and then subjected to the fog chamber test.
  • [0102]
    The obtained results are reported in Table 2.
  • [0103]
    Table 2 shows that the applied lubricating oil does not interact with the plaque surface treatment, carried out as described in Example 6, since the plaque resists to corrosion, differently from the plaque of Example 7 (comparative) on which the surface treatmet has not been performed.
  • Example 8
  • [0104]
    Test in the Fog Chamber of Ball Bearings Treated with the Invention Composition
  • [0105]
    The outer race of a ball bearing mod. SKF 1306 EKTNO/C3 has been treated by dipping with an invention composition having 10% by weight of formula (la) compound and 90% by weight of component (B) of formula C4F9OC2H5.
  • [0106]
    After having removed the solvent, the outer race has been transferred to the fog chamber.
  • [0107]
    After exposure of 72 hours no corrosion signs have been observed on the piece.
  • Example 9 (Comparative)
  • [0108]
    Fog Chamber Test of Ball Bearings Not Treated with the Invention Composition
  • [0109]
    Example 8 has been repeated without carrying out the treatment with the present invention composition.
  • [0110]
    After exposure of 72 hours the piece was completely corroded.
    TABLE 1
    Test in fog chamber
    θ° After 24 After 96
    Ex. Used compound vs. water hours hours
    1 (Ia) 104° 0 0
    2 (comp) (control) 96° 3 5
    3 (comp) (1) 110° 0 3
    4 (comp) (2) 113° 0 2
  • [0111]
    [0111]
    TABLE 2
    Test in fog chamber
    After After After
    Ex. Treatment 48 h 168 h 336 h
    6 Plaque + 0 0 0
    Invention Compos. +
    Lubricant
    7 (comp) Plaque + lubricant 2 4 5
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3704214 *May 1, 1970Nov 28, 1972Montedison SpaProcess for preparing perfluorinated linear polyethers
US3715378 *Feb 2, 1968Feb 6, 1973Montedison SpaFluorinated peroxy polyether copolymers and method for preparing them from tetrafluoroethylene
US4943485 *Jul 18, 1989Jul 24, 1990S R I InternationalProcess for applying hard coatings and the like to metals and resulting product
US5489480 *Sep 16, 1994Feb 6, 1996Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Magnetic recording medium and process for producing the same
US5969192 *Dec 19, 1996Oct 19, 1999Ausimont S.P.A.Process for preparing hydrogen-terminated polyoxyperfluoroalkanes
US6221434 *Nov 29, 1999Apr 24, 2001Ausimont S.P.A.Surface treatments with bifunctional perfluoropolyether derivatives
US6746620 *Dec 31, 2002Jun 8, 2004Ausimont S.P.A.Use of fluorinated liquids
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7544646Sep 30, 2005Jun 9, 2009Thomas Michael BandMethod for lubricating a sootblower
US7803284Feb 22, 2007Sep 28, 2010Solvay Solexis S.P.A.Heat transfer fluids
US8999192Sep 22, 2009Apr 7, 2015Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.P.A.Method for transferring heat
US9005711Oct 23, 2009Apr 14, 2015Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.P.A.Method for forming a lubricating film
US20060163532 *Jan 4, 2006Jul 27, 2006Solvay Solexis, S.P.A.Compositions based on perfluoropolyether oils for forming lubricating films
US20090008596 *Feb 22, 2007Jan 8, 2009Solvay Solexis S.P.A.Heat transfer fluids
US20110175016 *Sep 22, 2009Jul 21, 2011Solvay Solexis S.P.A.Method for transferring heat
US20110206853 *Oct 23, 2009Aug 25, 2011Solvay Solexis S.P.A.Method for forming a lubricating film
WO2007099055A3 *Feb 22, 2007Nov 15, 2007Solvay Solexis SpaHeat transfer fluids
Classifications
U.S. Classification148/240
International ClassificationC23F11/00, C08G65/00, C23F11/173, C08L71/00, C23C30/00, C08K3/16
Cooperative ClassificationC23C30/00, C08G65/007, C23F11/173
European ClassificationC08G65/00B2F, C23C30/00, C23F11/173
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 17, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: SOLVAY SOLEXIS S.P.A., ITALY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MACCONE, PATRIZIA;REEL/FRAME:013981/0819
Effective date: 20030404