US 2003039 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 28 1935 J. c.v CROWLEY I 2,003,039
AIR CHUCK Filed Nov. 1o, 1951 T-nv e u fo if., Jo/m C. Cnam/LEY.
Patented May 28, 1935 UNITE-D STATES PATENT oI-fFIcrs.
' i Y 2,003,033,l Y w v CHUCK"` `.lohn Crowley, Cleveland'Ieights', Ohio, Ya'ssignor toThe' Dill Manufacturing Company,` Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Y Animation November 10, laan-serial Np. 574,103
4`c1aims. (c1. fasi-17) This invention relates to'an air chuck and particularly to an air chuck-adapted to be secured to an air hose and provided with -means for maintaining the chuck, when appliedto a valve stem,
such as the valve stem of a pneumatictire, in the proper connecting position on the stern.' l
An object of the invention isV to provide, in an air chuck, means for maintaining the chuck in position upon a valve stem with the proper airtight connection therebetween which is of simple construction, permits .the 'ready application and removal of the ychuck to and from the valve stem, efliciently maintains Ythe chuck in position'upon the stem, can be readily adapted-for use with different forms of air chucks, and is so constructed as topossess durability. f
A further and more specific object is to provide means in an air chuck, such as specied in the* object above mentioned, whichjmeans includes a segmental portion adapted to engage the threads of a valve stem `and normally held in thread. engaging position but removableY from such position While the chuck ispbeing applied to and removed from the valve stem. Another object is to provide lrneansin ani air chuck, such as specified inthelast mentioned object, wherein the segmental threadv engaging portion is located so as to engage the threads of the valve stem adjacent that side of the chuck opposite the side from which the airuhose eX- vtends.'v Y
v.Additional and further objects of the invention will become apparent hereinafter 4during the following detailed descriptionY of an` embodiment thereof.4 f
"Referring now to 'the drawingl illustrating the said embodiment of theinventio'n,
Figure 1 shows an air chuck l.provided with `the inve'ntionand applied to a valve stem, la portion of this View being vin section and the'remainder in elevation;
Fig. v2 is a bottom Mplan view of the air chuck disclosed in Fig. l, and; f
Fig. 3 is a side elevational View thereof` taken from the right-hand side of Fig. l. Y
It should be understood at the Aoutset that the present invention might be used upon differently constructed air chucks and, in fact, is particularly adapted to that end. Therefore, the particular `form n of air chuck illustrated hereinv is only by Way of example and merely forms part ofthe present invention insofar as certain of its mem-4V bers cooperate with the means-formaintaining 'the chuck in position upon valve stems.
Referring to the.V drawing andv particularly to Fig. 1, the chuckwillbe seen to comprise `a p01',-k tion I0, preferably angular as shown, to facilitate .the applicationof the Vchuck to a valve` stem, which portionV I is connected to an air hose lI I, inany desired; manner, and is providedwith a bore I2 for conducting the air from the hose II into the head I3 of the chuck.- j The head AVI3 Vis provided with achamber Illcommunicating-wth the bore I2, which chamber is formed of a pair of counterboresof different diameten'the outer of which is substantially larger than the inner. `An internal flange I 5 is arranged at the junction .of the two counterbores formingthe chamber I4 and is provided Vwith an outwardly, extending pointed annular rib, therouter circumferential side of which is inclined, 'as shown. The larger counterbore of the two counterbores forming the chamberlll is threaded,` as indicated at I5, to enable the threaded sleeve portion I'l of a nut VI8 to be screwed into the head. .y
The nut I8 is provided with an annular shoulder-like portion, the exterior surface of vwhich is knurled, as indicated Vat IS, tof-facilitate the Vassembly of thenut in the headrandv forming, `when the nut is so assembled, substantially a continuation of the outer side of the head. The nut I8 is furtherl provided atits outer end with an inwardly extending annular flange 20, from the upper surfaceiof which projects inwardly of the opening is arranged in the nut and has yoppositely extending V,"shaped ribs upon each ofitscircumferential edges, the outer of said ribsy being arfranged toV extend into thespace between the rib l2I and the wall of the nut. A sleeve 23k is positioned in the central opening inthe washer 22 A and has arr-outwardly extending fpointed annular ange 24 intermediateits ends and adapted to bear upon theinner side ofthe Vwasher 22.
TA second Washery 22 is arrangedfupon the sleeve 23 so as to engage the opposite side of the flange 24V from Ythat engaged by the firstfmentioned washer 22, it being noted that the inner V-shaped rib of this last mentioned washer has a complemental'fit withrtheribrformed on the iiange I5,
while the adjacent V-shaped ribs of both Washers' 22 have a complemental fit with the pointedV It will be noted that when thenut I8.is screwed into the head I3 that the washers 22 will be rmly f compressed and will provide an airtight seal be- Y Vtween the nut and the head, thus leaving the ,alined openings through the washersthe pasor washer 2,2 and provided with an outwardly and downwardly extending ange 26 forming on its under side a knife-like edge adapted Vto seat upon the innergasket 22 to stop the passage of air through the, chuck, as is well understood.
Projecting from the head of the valve is a valvepin 2l provided withdiametrically Ydisposed flats, as is well understood in the art. m
The means for positioning the chuck upon a Y valve stem includesan annular member 2 B'hav-'J ing a central opening therethrough alininglwith the opening, in the nut.|8 and prov'ided'at the j endsof said opening with tubular extensi0ns=29 and 35. The extension 30 is preferably of `less thickness than the extension 29 and has its outer end turned outwardly, as indicated at 3|, to t over'the fiange' 20 of the nut I8 and to provide a swivel connection between `said' nut Vand the member 28, wherefore, the nut and member- 28 may bev assembled as a unit upon the air chuck, it being appreciated, of course, that theY member 28 is'not turned'during such assembly. Extending outwardly and upwardly from the circumferential edgeof themember 28 and at the right hand side thereof, as viewed in the drawing', is a substantially L-shaped arm 32 the upper' portion of Which is angularly disposed, as indicated-at 33, and takes at its outerend the form of a U-shapedy fork'34`straddling the under side Aof the portion It` of the air chuck.
Diametrically opposite to theside of the chuck from which the arm 32 extends, the extension 29 `of the member 28 is provided with a segmental allel to the portion 33, previously referred to, with.
the result that the lower portion ofi the arm 36 of the spring clip member is spaced from the L- shaped arm 32 adjacent the angle of the two portions of said arm. The spring clip member has a substantially `oval-shaped portion 38 extending Ylaterally fromthe arm 36 and lying against the outer side of the member 28. This ovaleshaped portion 38 of the spring clip memberis provided with a substantially oval-'shaped opening 39 from thecircumference ofl which is an inwardly extending portion 40arranged to engagein the slot 35, in the extension 29 ofthe member 28 and provided at its inner edge'with a segmental beveled thread engaging portion 4|.
The manner in which the spring clip is secured.
` tion40 to slide outwardly in the slot 35 and out of thread engaging position, I provide alever 42 'which is substantially channel-shaped and has its sides 43 provided with extensions straddling the L-shaped arm 32 at the angle betweenthe two arm portions, being pivoted to said arm by means of a pin 44.
The spring clip member 3Slalso extends into the levert?!v` between the sides 43 thereof, the base 42 ofthe lever being provided with a lug 45 engaging the under side of the spring clip to limit springing movement of the lever in one direction. Justfrearwardly of the upwardly extending arm of the spring clip the sides 43 of the lever are provided with alined inturned tabs 45 extending inwardly of the lever to a point adjacent the cen- "ter line thereof. It will be seen that when the lever,42.jis swung upwardly toward the portion |0 of the chuctgthat the tabs 46 will engage the upwardly` extending arm of the spring clip member-35? andfcauses the oval portion 38 of said member tol move toward the left, as viewed in the drawing, withthe resultv that the segmental threadengaging portion 4| will be moved out of thread engaging position, it being noted that such movement of the portion 38'of the spring member is guided by the engagement of the projection'liil within the slot 35 of the member 28. Of course, as soon as the lever 42 is released it will be returned to itsr normal positionby the spring clip kand by gravity whilethe portion 38 of the spring clip will return to itsnormal position with the segmental thread engaging portion 4| inthe position shown in Fig. 2.
In Fig. Lthe chuckv is shown as positioned upon a valve stem, a fragmentary portion of the outer end of such stem being indicated at 4l. It will be understood ythat the outer end of the valvestem, when the'chuck is applied thereto, engages the outermost gasket 22 to form an air seal between the stem and chuck while the valve pin 48 ofthe usual valve insides arranged in said stem,'engages the pin 21 of the chuck valve 25, and because of` such engagementy the valve of the valve insides, is unseated and the valve 25 of the chuck is also unseated to allow the air to. flow through the chuck and valve stem and into the tire being inflated.` The segmental thread engaging. lportion 4| of the spring clip engages the exterior threads 49 Vof the valve stem and holds the chuck iny position upon such stem, it being noted that the engagement between the portion 4| and the threads 49 of the stem is on that siderof the chuck opposite to the. side thereof from which `the air hose extends.Y -This arrangement is of great importance in that it enables the chuckv to be securely positioned and held 'uponthe Valve stem. If the segmental thread engaging portion 4| engaged the threads of the valve stem on the same side of the chuck as that from which the air hose. extends, the weight of the air hose would cause vthe chuck to rock about the portion 4| as a fulcrum and thus destroy the desired airtight connection of the chuckwith the end of the valve stem.' With the segmental thread engaging portion 4|, located Yas shown and described" herein, it will be seen that the tendency of the chuck to tilt because of the Weight of the airhose will be resisted by such thread engaging portion and such tendency will only cause the end of the valvestem to more tightly. .engage with the gasket 22. It should further be noted that the spring clip 36 is not flexedr about any sharp corners and that therefore the life of the Yclip willbe substantially indefinite.
Although a preferred" embodiment of the in- --vention has been illustrated and described herein, it should be understood' that the invention is susceptible of various modications and adaptations as fall within the scope of the appended claims. Y I-Iavingr thus described my invention, I claim:
' 1. In an air chuck, a member arranged at the' valve stem engaging end of the chuck and provided with a stem receiving opening, said member having a substantially L-shaped arm the outer end of which is inclined inwardly toward the chuck, a spring clip having angularlyV disposed parts one of which is substantially parallel to the inclined outer end of said L-shaped arm and is secured thereto and the other of which is substantially parallel to the outer side of said member and is provided with a valve stem thread engaging portion normally positioned y in the opening in said member, and meanscarried by said L-shaped arm for deecting said spring 1 clip.
2. In an air chuck, a member arranged at the` valve stem engaging end of the chuck and provided with a stem receiving opening and having a slot extending laterally therefrom, said member having a substantially L-shaped arm extending laterally and upwardly oi said chuck, the outer end of said arm being inclined inwardly toward the chuck, a spring clip having angularly disposed parts one of which is substantially parallel to the inclined outer end ofY said arm and is secured thereto and the other of which is substantially parallel to the outer side of said member and is provided with a valve stem thread engaging portion slidably arranged in said slot and normally extending into said opening, and means pivoted to said L-shaped arm and adapted to be engaged with the first mentioned clip part to deflect theclip and move said thread engaging portion thereof out of said opening.
3. In an air chuck, a member arranged at the valve stem engaging end of the chuck and provided with a stem receiving opening and a tubular extension surrounding the same at its outer end and having a transverse slot through a portion thereof, said member having a substantiallyV L-shapedv arm extending laterally and upwardly of said chuck, the outer end of said arm being inclined inwardly 'toward the chuck, a spring clip having angularly disposed parts, one of which is substantially parallel to the inclinedrouter end of said arm and Vis secured thereto and the other of which is substantially parallel tothe outer` 'side of said member, said last named part Vhav- 4. In an air chuck, a member arranged at the valve stem engaging end of the chuck and provided with a stem receiving opening and a tubular extensionsurrounding'the rsame at its outer end and having a segmental transverse slot through a portion thereof, said memberhaving a substantially L-shaped armarranged at the diametrically opposite side of said extension to said slot and extending laterally and upwardly of the chuck, the outer end of said arm being inclined inwardly toward the chuck'and provided with a fork adapted to stradclle the air hose connecting portion of the chuck, a spring clip having angularly disposed parts,` one of .which issubstantially parallel to the inclined outer end of said arm and is secured thereto andthe other of which is substantially parallel to the outer side of said member, said last named part having an opening straddling the tubular extension of said member and provided with an inwardly extending valve stem thread engaging portion, arranged in said transverse slot and normally extendingV into the openingin said member, and a lever pivotally connected to said arm and having a portion adapted to be engaged with the rst f named part of the spring clip to deflect it and move said thread engaging portion outwardly in said slot; K
JOHN C. CROWLEY.