US 2003355 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I June .4, 1935. E. FARMS 24,103,355
VANITY BOX Filed May 22, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 I N V EN TOR. EUGENE FA RKAS ATTORNEYS.
June 4,1935. 4 E FARKAS 2,003,355
VANITY BOX Filed- May 22, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. EUGENE FAR/ T145 BY a g a d A TTORNEYS.
Patented June 4, 1935 UNITED STATES VANITY BOX Eugene Farkas,
New York, N. Y.
Application May 22, 1934, Serial No. 726,915
This invention relates to vanity boxes and the like.
An object of this invention is to provide a hollow casing having an opening and a swinging 5 closure which is designed to entirely cover the opening and which comprises a concealed offset hinge, the closure beingoperated by a slidable push-button which-contacts with the offset portion of the hinge.
Another object of this invention is to provide spring means for actuating the closure and uncovering the opening.
Another object'of this invention is to provide a spring actuated swinging closure which operates with a snap action.
With the above and other objects in view, the invention will be hereinafter more particularly described, and the combination and arrangement of parts will be shown in the accompanying drawings and pointed out in the claims which form part of this specification.
Reference will now be had to the drawings, wherein like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views in which:
Figure l is a perspective view of the vanity box partly broken away and showing a push button arrangement.
Figure 2 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view, the. section being taken as on line 2--2 in Figure 1, with the door in a closed position.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view, the section being taken as on line 22 in Figure l, the door being open.
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view, the section being taken as on line 4-4 in Figure 1.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the vanity box with the bottom portion removed.
Figure 6 is a view showing the development of the door.
Figure 7 is a plan view of a modified vanity box.
Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view of the modified vanity box, the section being taken as on line 88 in Figure 7.
Figure 9 is a perspective View showing the construction of ears providing bearings for the swinging closure.
Figure 10 is an enlarged cross-sectional view similar to Figure 4 and showing a removable closure member employed in the assembly of the vanity box.
In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, Figures 1 to 6 show a vanity box 10 comprising a hollow body ll having perforated ears I2 projecting longitudinally. A door I3 is mounted on a pivot pin I4 in the ears ,l2 and is designed to enter into a recess l5 and rest against a flange 16 in the casing H with its upper surface in the same plane as the upper portion ll of the body. The pivoted end of the door 13 is provided with a semi-circular portion l8 having integral ears IQ for receiving the pivot pin l4 and with a reverselyv bent end extension 20. A wire spring 2| is bent to provide end loops 22 and angular extensions 23. The spring 2| is secured in a bearing 24 in the body H with the loop portions 22 resting against the undersurface of the upper portion I! and with the free angular extensions 23 flexed in forced engagement against the end extension 20 of the door l3.
As shown in Figure 2, a push button 25 having a collar or enlargement 26 is slidably mounted in an aperture 2! in the ,body H and abuts against aflange 28 when the door I3 is in a closed position. A recess 29 may be provided in the flanged end of the push button 25 and may serve to receive the end extension 20' of the door l3. The semi-circular portion l8 and the ears l9 form a hinge member 30 mounted on the pivot pin I4. The hinge member 30 is concealed from View from outside the vanity box Hl.
As shown in Figure 3, the door [3 is in an open position and in abutment-with a stop 3| on the upper portion ll of the body. The stop 3| limits the outward swing of the door I3. As shown in Figure 2, the door I3 is in a closed position and in abutment with the upper surface 32 defining the recess 15. stop which limits the inward swing of the door I3; It is to be noted that the free angular extensions 23 of the spring 2! are constantly flexed in forced engagement with the door l3 in both open and closed positions. When the button 25 is pushed in, the door is swung open a portion of the maximum swing andover the dead center, the spring completes the swinging motion and the door comes into engagement with the stop 3| with a snap action. The door springs into place with a snapping sound. Similarly, when the door is gripped and swung into closing position over the dead center, the spring completes the swinging motion and the door comes into engagement with the stop 32 and springs into place with a snapping sound.
As shown in Figure 4, the central portion 34 of the vanity'box I0 is unperforated and powderproof and forms a hollow container in which powder and a powder pufi may be inserted.
The surface 32 acts as a Figure 4 also shows a bottom closure member 51 forming part of the vanity box I. The member is provided with curved side walls 58 and linear grooves 59. The distance between the linear grooves 59 being the same as the lower opening or recess 60 in the hollow body I. The distance between the outer edges of the curved side walls 58 is larger than the width of the lower opening 69 in the casing II. It is however possible, as shown in Figure 10, to insert one side of the closure member 51 in position against, one wall 62 of the opening 60, and by pressing in an inward direction relative to the casing, to force apart the side walls defining the opening 60 in the hollow body so as to permit the closure member 51 to enter into and snap in place in said opening and form a complete closure, as best shown in Figure 4. The object of thus fabricating the casing with a removable lower closure member is to permit the insertion of push buttons 25 and 36 having enlargements or collars. After the push-buttons are inserted into the upper portion I! of the casing I, the closure member 51 is sprung in place to complete the formation of theassembled vanity box I0.
As shown in Figure 6, the door I3 is made from a fiat blank 35 which is subsequently bent to form the required dish-shaped door shown in Figures 2 and 3, and that notches 38 have been provided to secure and guide the free extensions 23 of the spring 2|.
It is also to be noted that a rounded button 35 has been fixedly mounted n an opening 37 in the body II for the purpose of making both ends of the device look symmetrical.
As shown in Figures 7 and 8, there has been provided a modified form of vanity box 38 comprising a hollow body 39 having perforated side walls 40 projecting longitudinally. A door 4| is mounted on a pivot pin 42 in the perforated side walls 49 and is designed to enter into a recess 43 in the body 39 and rest against a flange 44 with its upper surface in the same plane as the upper portion 45 of the body 39. The pivoted end of the door 4| is provided with a semi-circular portion 46 having integral ears 4'! for receiving a pivot pin 42 passing through the ears 4'! and the perforated side walls 40. A coil spring 48 has been mounted on the pivot pin 42 and is provided with angular end extensions 49 and 5|]. The end extension 49 abuts against the semi-circular portion 46 of the door 4 I. V The end extension 50 rests against the undersurface of the upper portion 39. In this position, bestshown in Figure 8, the spring 48 is in a flexed condition and exerts a pressure against the door 4|, tending to swing it open. A latch 5| formed of spring metal and provided with an angular portion 52 is designed to engage with an angular extension 53 of the door 4| and serves to keep the door in a closed position in the casing.
As best shown in Figure 9, the ears l2 and the bearing 24 are formed from a strip of metal 56 which is fastened to the casing by downwardly bent arms 6|. The ears l2 are bent in rightangular relation with the main body of the strip 56 and the bearing 24 is of tubular form designed to receive the middle portion of the spring 2| in clamped engagement. 7
A push button 54 has been slidably mounted in an end opening 55 in'the body 39 and may be fastened to the latch 5| in any suitable manner. When the button 54 is pushed in, it disengages the latch 5| from the door 4| and the spring 48 actuates the door into open position.
1. In a vanity box of the class described, a hollow body having a recess in its upper face, an opening and a removable closure in its lower face and an opening at one end, a door having an offset hinge member and being pivotally mounted below said upper face, said hinge being concealed from view from outside said box, a push button slidably mounted in said end opening for actuating said door, and contacting means in said button and in engagement with the ofiset hinge member of said door to open said door into abutment with a limit stop, said hollow body having unperforated and powder-proof containing means between said upper and lower closures.
2. In a vanity box of the class described, a body having a recess in one of its faces, an opening and a removable closure in its lower face and an opening at one end,*a closure member for said recess, said closure having an offset hinge portion to permit pivotal mounting of said closure below said recessed face, said closure being operated by a push button slidable in said end opening and in engagement with said offset hinge portion for uncovering said recess, said hollow body having unperforated andpowder-proof containing means between said upper and lower closures.
3. A vanity box comprising a body having a recess in its upper face, an opening and a removable closure in its lower face, a pivoted closure member for said recess, spring means for operating said closure into open position, a push button slidably mounted in an end opening of said box to actuate "said door outwardly and to permit said spring to swing said door, whereby when said box is held between the thumb and fingers in one hand, pressure exerted by said fingers against said slidable push button will open said closure, said hollow body having unperforated and powder-proof containing means between said upper and lower closures.
4. In a vanity box of the class described, a body having a recess in its upper face, an opening and a removable closure in its lower face, a door pivotally mounted at one end of said recess, said door having a reversely bent extension at said pivot end, a slidable push button in an end opening of said body for opening said door, and a spring in flexed engagement with said extension to clamp and prevent vibration of said door in open position.
5. In a vanity box of the class described, a body having a recess in its top face and an opening at one end, a closure member for said recess, said closure member having an offset hinge portion to permit pivotal mounting of said closure below said recessed top face, push button means in engagement with the hinged end of said door for actuating said door, said push button means being slidably mounted in said end opening for causing said door to open, said push button means having an enlargement larger than said end opening and said body having an opening in its bottom face to permit said enlarged push button to enter into said casing and to be operatively positioned in said end opening, and closure means for said lower opening designed to snap into said opening after said push button means is in operative position in said vanity box.