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Publication numberUS2003562 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 4, 1935
Filing dateJan 7, 1933
Priority dateJan 7, 1933
Publication numberUS 2003562 A, US 2003562A, US-A-2003562, US2003562 A, US2003562A
InventorsStuart Charles H
Original AssigneeStuart Charles H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fluid dispensing device
US 2003562 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 4, 1935. c. H. STUART Y FLUD DISPENSING DEVICE Filed Jan. 7, 1935 [z g /M INVENTOR.

` l By y v ATTORNEY.

Patented June 4, 1935 vivirla!)I s'r..TEs`

PATENT OFFICE 17 Claims.

My invention relates to means for dispensing fluids and more particularly uids of a consistency to flow under a moderate pressure, such as are commonly sold in collapsible tube containers,

`5 including adhesives, food flavors, toilet preparations, etc.

One object of my invention is the provision of a convenient fixed support for vsuch containers.

Another object of my invention is the provision of means by which a pre-determined and regulable quantity of the contentsmay be withdrawn by merely pressing a plunger in to the limit of l its travel.

Still another object of my invention is the pro-` vision of a novel closuresuch that the container isl opened for use 'by the act of screwing it upon thev aforementioned xed support.

My invention is typically applicable to the dispensing of soap and especially shaving soap in Pullman cars and barber shops.

I am aware that it has been proposed to screw such containers upon a fixed support and expel the contents by means of pressure applied externally between rollers. My invention, on the contrary, employs suction for this purpose, thus greatly simplifying the mechanism and rendering more positive the control of the quantity withdrawn.

Referring to the drawing:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view, partly in section, showing the discharge end of a collapsible container mounted in inverted position upon a fixed support constructed in accordance with my invention, and

Fig. 2 is an elevation, partly in section, of the discharge end of the container showing theclosure means before it has been opened by screwing the container upon the flxed support.

Referring to the drawing:

I is a container of the usual tin and lead composition with a thin, exible, collapsible wall 2, a thickened end portion 3 and a throat 4. The throat 4 is internally threaded to screw over the nipple 5 of the fixed support 6. The nipple 5 has a conical extension 'l and tubular passage 8, forming with the conical extensionthe cutting edge 9. 'I'he throat 4 is normally closed by the diaphragm I (Fig. 2). In screwing the container upon the nipple the cutting edge 9 is brought into contact with the diaphragm I0. The diaphragm l0 is made slightly thicker at one side than at the other, as illustrated in Fig. 2, so that when it is completely sheared through at the thin side it remains attached at the opposite side. Further advance of the conical extension 'I presses the sheared portion of the diaphragm back as illustrated in Fig. 1, without completely detaching it. Thus the sheared diaphragm is prevented from subsequently working its way into a position to cover and close the passage 8. The

conical extension 1, moreover, expands the opening made by the cutting edge 9 and completely closes and seals this opening, so that the contents of the container are prevented from leaking out around the thread of the nipple 5.

Referring again to Fig. 1, it will be seen that the passage 8 communicates through the port I I with the cylindrical barrel I2, which is also provided with a discharge passage I3, normally closed by a check valve consisting of the ball I4, held `against its seat Vby the spring I5. I6 is a piston moving in the barrel I2 and actuated by vthe stem Il which passes through the bushing I8 and is provided with the button I9 adapted to be pressed by a thumb or finger. The piston I6 at the outer limit :of its travel uncovers the port II and conversely when pressed inward, after a short travel, it closes this port. The piston is normally pressed outward by the spring 20.- 2| is an adjustable stop screwing onto the stem I1 and acting to limit its inward travel. 22 is a vent in the bushing I8 to permit air to flow in and out under the displacement of the piston .|6. The operation of the device is as follows:

The button I9 having been pressed inward, as far as permitted by the stop 2|, the air is expelled from the barrel I2 through the passage I3. Upon relieving the pressure of the finger from the button I9, the spring 20 forces piston, stem and button outward, creating a vacuum in the barrel I2. When the port II is uncovered the fluid from the container fiows in to satisfy the vacuum. Upon the next stroke of the piston, uid is discharged through the passage I3. After a few strokes the barrel I2, including the space beyond the travel of the piston, becomes lled with the fluid contents of the container and thereafter the quantity of fluid discharged corre-1 sponds accurately to the displacement oi' the piston. By screwing the stop 2I forward or backward the quantity of fiuid discharged per stroke of the piston may be regulated. As the container is evacuated it progressively collapses.

Rubber suction cups 23 maybe provided for convenience in aixing the support 6 to the wall 24 or any smooth surface'. In Fig. 1 three such cups are assumed, two ontheV upper or tension side of thc support Aand one on the lower o1; compression side. Obviously the rubber suction cups may be dispensed with and the support screwed directly to the wall or other surface or the device may be otherwise immobilized, as by its own weight. I do not wish to be limited, therefore, to the type of support illustrated, my invention comprising elements that are not dependent upon any particular type of support or fixture.

The collapsible container I may be provided with the ns or wings 25 to facilitate screwing it onto the nipple 5 with the unaided fingers.

Obviously, a check valve could be provided in the nipple 5, but by causing the piston IB to cover the port Il this is rendered unnecessary and the mechanism is to that extent simplified.

What I claim is:

1. A fluid dispensing device comprising a collapsible container, a fixed support for the same' and means for evacuating said container comprising a barrel communicating through a port with the interior of said container, a piston moving in said barrel to close said port, a spring in said barrel normally forcing said piston outward to the limit of its travel to'uncover and open said port, a bushing in the end of said barrel limiting the travel of said piston, a stem passing through and guided by said bushing to operate said piston, a vent in said bushing and a discharge port from said barrel normally closed by a check valve.

2. A fluid dispensing device comprising a collapsible container and a fixed support for the same, said container being formed with a discharge neck and projections integral with its discharge neck to afford a grip for screwing the same in position upon said fixed support.

3. A fluid dispensing device comprising a collapsible container and a support for the same, said container being formed with a discharge neck and wing projections integral with its discharge neck to afford a grip for the fingers for screwing the same in position upon said support.

4. A fluid dispensing device comprising aA container provided with a discharge neck, a fixed support for said container, engaging means upon said fixed support adapted to engage the discharge neck of said container, a closure for said container adapted to be opened by the act of engaging said container in position upon said engaging means, and means associated with said fixed support for evacuating said container through said engaging means.

5. A fluid dispensing device as defined in claim' 4 in whichsaid container is closed by a' diaphragm adapted to be sheared open by the act of engaging said container in position upon said engaging means.

6. A fluid dispensing device as defined in claim 4 in which the throat of said container is closed by a diaphragm and provided outside said diaphragm with a female thread adapted to screw over a male thread upon a nipple forming part of said engaging means, the end of said nipple being provided with a cutting edge adapted to shear open said diaphragm.'

'7. A fluid dispensing device as defined in claim 4 in which said container is closedl by a diaphragm adapted to be sheared part way around, leaving it attached at one side,- by the act of lengaging said container in position upon said engaging means.

.8. A fluid dispensing device as defined in claim 4 in which said container is closed by a dia phragm thicker at one side than at the other, whereby said engaging means shears through one side of said diaphragm, leaving the other side attached.

' 9. A fluid dispensing device as defined in claim 4 in which the end of said engaging Vmeans is conical, whereby after shearing through said diaphragm said conical end tightly closes the aperture in said diaphragm. Y.

10. A fluid dispensing device comprising a collapsible container and means for evacuating the same comprising a barrel communicating through a port withthe interior of said container, a piston moving in said barrel toclose said port, a spring in said barrel normally forcing said piston outward to the linut of its travel to cover said port, a bushing in the end of said barrel limiting the travel of said piston, a stem passing through said bushing to operate said piston, a vent in said bushing and a discharge port from said barrel normally closed by a check valve.

11. A fluid dispensing device comprising a collapsible container and means for evacuating the same, said container being formed with a discharge neck and projections integral with its discharge neck to afford a grip for screwing the same in position upon said evacuating means.

12. A fluid dispensing device comprising a container formed with a discharge neck, means for evacuating said container through said discharge neck, engaging means upon said discharge neck, cooperating engaging means upon said evacuating means and 'a closure for said discharge neck adapted to be opened by the act of engaging said discharge neck with said evacuating means.

13. A fluid dispensing device comprising a container formed with a discharge neck, means for evacuating said container through said discharge neck, engaging meansupon said discharge neck, cooperating engaging means upon v said evacuating means, said discharge neck normally closed by a diaphragm adapted to be sheared open by the act of engaging said conneck, engaging means upon said discharge neck,

cooperating engaging means upon said evacuat-l ing means, said discharge neck normally closed by a diaphragm adapted to be sheared part way around, leaving it attached at one side, by the act of engaging said container with said evacu ating means.

16. A fluid dispensing device comprising a container formed with a discharge neck, means for evacuating said container through said discharge neck, engaging means upon said discharge neck, cooperating engaging means upon said evacuating means, said' discharge neck normally closed by a diaphragm thicker at one side than at the other side, said diaphragm adapted to be sheared through its thinner side leaving it attached at its thicker side, by the act of engaging said container with said engaging means.

1'7. A fluid dispensing device comprising a container formed with a discharge neck, means for evacuating said container through said discharge neck, engaging means upon said discharge neck cooperating with a nipple upon said evacuating means, a diaphragm normally closing said discharge neck, said nipple provided with a conical tip terminating in a cutting edge, said diaphragm adapted to be sheared open by said cutting edge when said container is engaged with said evacuating means, said conical tip entering and closing the aperture formed in said diaphragm by said cutting edge.

CHARLES H. STUART.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2420315 *May 11, 1944May 13, 1947Borg WarnerBooster pump shut-off casing for pump removal
US2479210 *May 11, 1944Aug 16, 1949Borg WarnerSubmerged booster pump shutoff casing
US2498147 *Mar 22, 1946Feb 21, 1950Prel IncCompressed gas capsule with dispensing punch
US2513234 *Sep 19, 1946Jun 27, 1950Standard Oil Dev CoDevice for puncturing containers and dispensing fluid held under pressure in said containers
US2575870 *Jul 9, 1948Nov 20, 1951Gestetner LtdMeans for connecting collapsible tubes to a pump device for discharging the contents thereof
US2659517 *Sep 21, 1951Nov 17, 1953Reinhardt Jr Carl HPaste type products container and dispenser therefor having a cutter-valve for opening the container
US2694506 *Jul 16, 1949Nov 16, 1954Knapp Monarch CoPressure bulb and puncturing means
US3433390 *Mar 14, 1967Mar 18, 1969Woroble JosephContainer-engaging end for powder dispensers
US3613955 *Jul 15, 1969Oct 19, 1971Monsanto CoCompartmentalized container package
US3952918 *Mar 18, 1974Apr 27, 1976Highland LaboratoriesFluid dispenser apparatus
US4723689 *Oct 2, 1985Feb 9, 1988Paul VallosCarton holding and pouring device
US6896153 *Feb 23, 2004May 24, 2005Chin Yeh YenchengModeled cream bottle
US7537140 *Jan 6, 2006May 26, 2009Yeng-Tang LinLiquid soap dispenser
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/82, 222/383.1, 222/91
International ClassificationB65D35/40, B65D35/24
Cooperative ClassificationB65D35/40
European ClassificationB65D35/40