CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This invention uses induced and applied electric and magnetic fields to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy (rotational, linear, vibrational, etc.).
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Motors and other electromagnetic devices that convert electrical energy into mechanical energy have primarily relied on the magnetic fields to produce work such as series wound motor U.S. Pat. No. 269,281, induction motor U.S. Pat. No. 382,279, and relays U.S. Pat. No. 4,344,103. These devices ignore the more available force per unit of current present in electro-static fields. The devices that have used electro-static fields are limited to size or in power like wristwatch motors or watt meters (3,629,624, 5,965,968, or 5,726,509) and produce a small amount of work.
Furthermore, many motors that work with large charge accumulations have arcing problems due to the presence of high voltages, as would be the case in 4,225,801, 3,951,000, or 3,414,742. Field voltages necessary to produce a significant charge (and therefore increase work) must be low enough to prevent arcing or the devices must be placed in a vacuum. That means they would have all the problems that are inherent with maintaining a vacuum. One solution to this problem is to have an insulator between pole surfaces as in 735,621. This insulator increases the distance between operating poles thereby reducing effectiveness.
SUMMARY OF INVENTION
[Objects and Advantages]
Accordingly, several objects and advantages of the present invention are
A device that uses electro-static and magnetic fields to produce a larger amount of work per unit of current than just magnetic devices alone;
A device that stores a larger electrical charge accumulation within a conductive mass and on its surfaces;
A non arcing electrostatic device capable of receiving very high voltages;
A charge accumulation induced by a high voltage field is augmented by a secondary low voltage field;
This embodiment has the secondary low voltage produced by magnetically coupling to one or both coils;
A device that induces fields that work with active or passive targets.
Still further objects and advantages will become apparent from a consideration of the ensuing description and drawings.
[Summary, Ramifications, and Scope]
Thus the reader will see that this embodiment of the motivator can deliver more power per unit of current than anything available now. Furthermore, this motivator has additional advantages in that it is flexible and can be used to produce linear, vibrational, or rotational movement. It does not have the arcing problem that other electrostatic devices have. Its power is directly proportional to the number of emitters, emitter plate voltage, and said lower polarizing voltage field. In addition, motivator and target (if necessary) would be encased in a high voltage insulation to ensure electrical integrity.
While my above description contains many specificities, these should not be construed as limitations on the scope of the invention but rather as an example of one preferred embodiment thereof. For example,
A motivator having more than 2 poles and/or be polyphase;
34 and 42 can be completely embedded in an insulation material 36 or 44 (as in glass), eliminating the need for 38 or 46;
High voltage emitters may be non-rectangular as in FIG. 6;
Any type of pole material that will work with this application;
FIG. 1 shows the electric and magnetic fields share a pole. It is possible that they can have separate dedicated poles, one magnetic (and non-conductive, i.e. ferrite) and one electric (non-magnetic and conductive, i.e. aluminum);
Separate exciter coils, one for magnetic induction on the target as in FIG. 4 and one to initiate a current flow in 22;
As in FIG. 6 embodiment, remove 16 so there is electrical continuity between poles, remove 22 from 13, rotate it ninety degrees, and place 22 inside the hollow of the C made by 10, such that the eddy currents in 10 produced by 22's magnetic field replace 26;
As in FIG. 6, split 20 into in to 2 coils, one coil serving as an exciter for 22 and while the other coil produces the magnetic field element of the motivator;
Have 10 be of uniform shape as in FIG. 6;
FIG. 6 shows the magnetic pole exciter coil and the high voltage exciter coil being in series, other arrangements can be used i.e. parallel or separate power sources together;
Add a coil and insulator similar to 26 and 16 FIGS. 3 and 4 to Option B FIG. 5, such that the induced magnetic fields on a target generate a low voltage;
Assemble 17 and 29 such that they slide out of the core material and can be replaced;
Strategically add capacitors to convert the device into a tuned circuit;
Use magnetic fields to only produce the conditions that cultivate electro-static charge accumulation.
Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be determined not by the embodiments illustrated, but by the appended claims and their legal equivalent.