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Publication numberUS20040040247 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/236,037
Publication dateMar 4, 2004
Filing dateSep 4, 2002
Priority dateSep 4, 2002
Publication number10236037, 236037, US 2004/0040247 A1, US 2004/040247 A1, US 20040040247 A1, US 20040040247A1, US 2004040247 A1, US 2004040247A1, US-A1-20040040247, US-A1-2004040247, US2004/0040247A1, US2004/040247A1, US20040040247 A1, US20040040247A1, US2004040247 A1, US2004040247A1
InventorsAl Morse
Original AssigneeAl Morse
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rebar attachment device
US 20040040247 A1
Abstract
A rebar support system for a vertical wall uses preformed coupling devices to secure horizontal rebar structures to vertical rebar structures in mutually perpendicular orientation. A preformed coupling device may include three tube-shaped clamp members rigidly secured together.
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Claims(12)
I claim:
1. A rebar support system for a vertical wall comprising
a plurality of first horizontal rebar structures oriented horizontally relative to the ground and perpendicular relative to a vertical wall to be constructed,
at least one vertical rebar structure connected perpendicularly to one of the first rebar structures at an intersection positioned inside a space where the wall is to be constructed, and
a preformed coupling device connecting the rebar structures at the intersection.
2. The system of claim 1 further comprising
at least one second horizontal rebar structure passing through the intersection and oriented perpendicular to the vertical and first horizontal rebar structures.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the preformed coupling device includes at least two partial tube portions.
4. The system of claim 1, wherein the preformed coupling device includes three partial tube portions.
5. The system of claim 3, wherein at least one of the two portions has a longitudinal opening for receiving a side section of a rebar structure.
6. The system of claim 5, wherein the opening is defined between beveled edges configured for directing a rebar structure into the tube portion.
7. A rebar support system for a vertical wall comprising
a plurality of first horizontal rebar structures oriented horizontally relative to the ground and perpendicular relative to a vertical wall to be constructed,
at least one vertical rebar structure connected perpendicularly to one of the first rebar structures at an intersection positioned inside a space where the wall is to be constructed, and
a coupling device connecting the rebar structures at the intersection, the coupling device including at least two partial tube portions oriented perpendicular to each other, each two portion having an opening extending along its entire length for receiving a piece of rebar.
8. The system of claim 7, wherein the opening in the each two portion is large enough to receive a piece of rebar, but small enough so that the tube portion can retain securely a piece of rebar while pouring a cement wall.
9. A coupling device for securing two or more pieces of rebar in a mutually perpendicular orientation comprising
three clamp members rigidly connected together, each clamp member being tube shaped and having a longitudinal axis perpendicular to the axes of the other clamp members.
10. The device of claim 9, wherein each clamp member has an opening large enough to allow receipt of a piece of rebar through the aperture into the tube-shaped clamp, but small enough so that a piece of rebar can be securely retained inside the clamp member.
11. The device of claim 9, wherein each clamp member is situated in a corner formed by the other clamp members, each clamp member having an opening directly opposite from the corner formed by the other clamp members.
12. The device of claim 9, wherein each clamp member has an opening between beveled edges configured to facilitate rebar engagement.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates generally to connective systems. More specifically, the invention relates to a system that supportively positions vertical reinforcement bars by connecting them to horizontal reinforcement bars.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Reinforcing bar (rebar) is typically placed in concrete structures, such as concrete foundation blocks and solid concrete stem walls, during construction to provide tensile strength and rigidity. This is accomplished by suspending rebar in coplanar grid-like patterns within forms before filling the forms with cement. In order to maintain a stationary rebar configuration as concrete is poured, it is common practice to manually bind reinforcing bars together with wire ties where they intersect. This means of connecting rebar, while functionally adequate, is costly due to the time consuming nature of tying each intersection of rebar by band.

[0003] A footing typically incorporates pairs of horizontal reinforcing bars, lying parallel to the form walls, to which additional cross-pieces of rebar are connected. It is common practice for the bases of vertical reinforcing bars to be anchored by lashing them with wire ties at the intersections of the parallel reinforcing bars with their connecting crosspieces. The vertical bars have a high center of gravity relative to the joinder point with a horizontal bar. Thus, any joinder mechanism for this purpose must be sturdy, tight and secure. It is critical that the proper vertical orientation of the reinforcing bars be maintained as cement is poured into the forms. Fastening overlapping rebar with wire lashing in coplanar grids is undesirable because it is time consuming, and labor and skill intensive.

[0004] In recent years, preformed rebar connectors have been used to hold overlapping reinforcing bars in coplanar configurations. For example, see U.S. Pat. No. 5,371,991 and No. 5,878,546. However, these patents fail to provide satisfactory way of securing vertical rebar supports for a vertical cement wall.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] The invention provides a connective system, and related methods for supportively positioning a rebar configuration for a vertical cement wall. A vertical piece of rebar is connected to at least one horizontal reinforcing bar via a preformed junction device. The preformed junction device may include multiple tube-like clamps rigidly connected to each other in a mutually perpendicular orientation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0006]FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a rebar system for a vertical wall.

[0007]FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a preformed junction device, including open-ended clamps for supporting rebar.

[0008]FIG. 3 is a side view of the junction device shown in FIG. 2.

[0009]FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another rebar support system of the present invention.

[0010]FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a preformed junction device used in the support system shown in FIG. 4.

[0011]FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a rebar system anchored in solid rock.

[0012]FIGS. 7 and 8 show alternative uses of coupling devices in which only two of three clamp members are used.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0013] The present invention enables supportive placement of a vertical reinforcing bar within a footing or other upright construct. An embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 1. Reinforcement bar configuration 20 used preformed junction devices 22 to secure pieces of rebar in the desired configuration. As shown in FIG. 1, junction device 22 fixedly connects vertical reinforcing bar 24 with two horizontal reinforcing bars, 26 and 28, in a mutually perpendicular relationship, thereby providing stationary support for vertical reinforcing bar 24 within a footing form 30 prior to its being filled with cement.

[0014] Junction device 22, is shown in FIG. 2, including three elongate members 32, 34, and 36, each member having a C-shaped cross-section and forming an open-ended, tube-like clamp. Additional embodiments of the invention may also adopt alternatively configured cross-sections to accommodate square- or otherwise-shaped bars in place of traditional, substantially circular, reinforcing bars. The longitudinal axes associated with clamps 32, 34, and 36 are mutually perpendicular. The crossing region of junction device 22 may be referred to as an “intersection”. A receiving aperture 38 extends along the full length of each clamp 32, 34, and 36, running parallel to its respective longitudinal axis, which is responsible for each clamp's C-shaped cross-section.

[0015]FIG. 3 shows a side view of the junction device shown in FIG. 2. Each of the elongate members is situated against a corner structure formed by the other two elongate members. For example, in FIG. 3 clamp 34 is situated in corner 44 formed by clamps 32 and 36. Opening 38 of clamp 34 is situated so that a plane AA bisecting clamp 34 through the middle of opening 38 goes through corner 44 formed by clamps 32 and 36. Each of the other clamps has a similar orientation relative to the other clamps. This orients the clamp openings so that they are most accessible for engaging pieces of rebar.

[0016] The clamps may be joined with any suitable bonding material such as glue, adhesive, putty, or mechanical attachment mechanisms such as screws, tacks, rivets, etc.

[0017] As shown in FIG. 3, the arc defined by each aperture 38 is less than 180 degrees. The width of each aperture 38 is less than the inner diameter of each clamp 32, 34, and 36. Receiving aperture 38 of clamp 34 has a beveled edge or lip configured for easy “snap-on” engagement of a piece of rebar. Each edge 45 of aperture 38 has an inner corner 46 that is obtuse.

[0018]FIG. 4 shows another rebar support configuration 50. Rebar intersection 52 is secured by junction device 54. Junction device 54 connects horizontal rebar piece 56 to vertical rebar piece 58 and a second horizontal rebar piece 60 so that the rebar pieces are mutually perpendicular to each other. Rebar piece 60 has one end fit into a socket portion of junction device 54. The opposite end of rebar piece 60 extends over and rests on top of horizontal rebar piece 62 near adjacent intersection 64. Rebar intersection 64 is supported by junction device 66. Junction device 66 connects horizontal rebar piece 62 with vertical rebar piece 68 and a second horizontal rebar piece 70 which spans to the next rebar intersection analogous to horizontal rebar piece 60. Rebar intersection 74 is supported by junction device 76 which connects horizontal rebar piece 72 with vertical rebar piece 78 and a second horizontal rebar piece 80 that spans intersections 74 and 82. Intersection 82 is analogously configured. The rebar support system shown in FIG. 4 differs from the one shown in FIG. 1 in that separate horizontal rebar sections span adjacent rebar intersections. Whereas, in FIG. 1 a single horizontal rebar structure spans all or at least more than two of the rebar intersections.

[0019]FIG. 5 shows a close up perspective view of junction device 54. Three elongate tube members 90, 92, and 94 are bonded rigidly together in a mutually perpendicular orientation. Tube members 90 and 92 have a pass-through configuration for connecting to an intermediate rebar section. In contrast, tube member 94 has a socket configuration which is open at one end and closed at the opposite end against the dorsal side of tube member 90. Each of tube members 90, 92, and 94 have an opening 96 similar to the openings previously described and shown in FIGS. 2 and 3.

[0020]FIG. 6 shows rebar configuration 100 that is used to anchor a concrete foundation to solid rock 102. Forms 104 are supported by braces 106 for holding concrete when it is poured over rock 102. Holes are drilled in rock 102. Vertical rebar pieces 112 are mounted in the rock holes. Vertical rebar pieces 112 are connected to horizontal rebar pieces 114 and 116 by coupling devices 118 which are the same or similar to coupler 22 in FIG. 2. Another coupling device 124 is used to connect horizontal rebar pieces 114 and 126 with vertical rebar piece 128, in mutually perpendicular orientations.

[0021]FIG. 7 shows coupling mechanism 130 in which coupling device 131 is used to connect horizontal rebar pieces 132 and 134, for example, to support a concrete floor. In this application, clamps 136 a and 136 b are used while clamp 136 c remains open and unused. In FIG. 8, coupling system 140 is used, for example, to secure rebar in a vertical wall. Coupling device 141 connects horizontal rebar piece 142 to vertical rebar piece 144 in a perpendicular orientation. Clamp members 146 a and 146 b are used while clamp member 146 c remains open and unused. FIGS. 7 and 8 illustrate that coupling devices of the present invention, for example, such as the coupling device 22 in FIG. 2, may be used in a variety of different rebar configurations in which all or less than all of the clamp members are used.

[0022] In preferred embodiments of the invention, the inner diameter of each tube-like clamp is sized to tightly encompass a rebar shaft. Junction devices may be formed so that each clamp portion engages the same size of rebar, such as standard 12 mm diameter rod. Alternatively, junction devices may incorporate differently sized clamps in order to connect rebar of different sizes. Each tube-like clamp is preferably about two inches in length, although the clamp length of alternate embodiments may be increased or decreased as needed to provide optimal clamping performance as the diameter and length of rebar, as well as the context of each individual application, varies.

[0023] Each of the tube-like clamps should be formed of a resilient material. This characteristic allows the receiving edges of the aperture to bend and flex around the shaft of the rebar as it is pressed into the clamp and to also constrict around the shaft after it is engaged. In preferred embodiments of the invention, a molded plastic such as PVC, polystyrene, polyethylene or flexible metal material may be used.

[0024] While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to the foregoing preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will understand that many variations may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims. The description of the invention should be understood to include all novel and non-obvious combinations of elements described herein, and claims may be presented in this or a later application to any novel and non-obvious combination of these elements. Where the claims recite “a” or “a first” element or the equivalent thereof, such claims should be understood to include incorporation of one or more such elements, neither requiring nor excluding two or more such elements.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7322158 *Oct 20, 2003Jan 29, 2008Sorkin Felix LIntersectional reinforcing bar support with C-shaped clamps
US7469515Jul 29, 2005Dec 30, 2008Minor Jack MConcrete reinforcing bar clip
US7549261Nov 10, 2004Jun 23, 2009Parish Warren EDevice, system, and method of holding rebar in a substantially fixed position in a surface
US7559532Jan 17, 2006Jul 14, 2009Kodi Jon RHand applicator for reinforcement bar clips
US7587872Jul 24, 2007Sep 15, 2009Kodi Klip CorporationTelescoping chair for supporting bars
US7637072Apr 10, 2008Dec 29, 2009Warren E ParishDevice, system, and method of holding rebar in a substantially fixed position in a surface
US7891074Jan 12, 2007Feb 22, 2011Kodi Klip CorporationBar connecting apparatus
US7900419Jul 15, 2008Mar 8, 2011Kodi Klip CorporationMethod of attaching reinforcing bars
US7908723Jun 1, 2005Mar 22, 2011Kodi Klip CorporationBar clip applicator
US7963392Jul 16, 2007Jun 21, 2011Kodi Klip CorporationBar connecting apparatus
US8117796Jan 14, 2011Feb 21, 2012Kodi Klip CorporationSystem for attaching reinforcing bars
US8272184Sep 3, 2010Sep 25, 2012Cech Donald EGrips for associating concrete reinforcement bars
US8322006Apr 19, 2010Dec 4, 2012Kodi Klip CorporationClip gun with pneumatic feed
US8640323Jan 14, 2011Feb 4, 2014Kodi Klip CorporationBar connecting apparatus with clip advance
US8776328Jun 18, 2010Jul 15, 2014Kodi Klip CorporationRebar clip for joining different size bars
WO2011014808A1 *Jul 30, 2010Feb 3, 2011Illinois Tool Works Inc.Connector for reinforcement
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/649.8, 404/134, 52/685
International ClassificationE04C5/16
Cooperative ClassificationE04C5/167, E04C5/168, E04C5/166
European ClassificationE04C5/16C, E04C5/16B2, E04C5/16B2A