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Publication numberUS20040047693 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/361,607
Publication dateMar 11, 2004
Filing dateFeb 11, 2003
Priority dateSep 6, 2002
Also published asEP1403436A2, EP1403436A3
Publication number10361607, 361607, US 2004/0047693 A1, US 2004/047693 A1, US 20040047693 A1, US 20040047693A1, US 2004047693 A1, US 2004047693A1, US-A1-20040047693, US-A1-2004047693, US2004/0047693A1, US2004/047693A1, US20040047693 A1, US20040047693A1, US2004047693 A1, US2004047693A1
InventorsAtsushi Nishiwaki, Sadao Yabuuchi
Original AssigneeAtsushi Nishiwaki, Sadao Yabuuchi
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Joining structure of pile
US 20040047693 A1
Abstract
The present invention, the objective of which is to provide a pile connecting structure of high workability capable of connecting upper pile and lower pile to each other simply and accurately, and preventing the pile diameter from becoming a large diameter even at this connecting portion, concerns a pile connecting structure for connecting upper pile and lower pile to each other, by interposing a connecting plate of about the same diameter as the piles, at the connecting portion between the upper pile and the lower pile, wherein the end plate of either one of the upper pile or lower pile and the connecting plate are fixed by screwing bolts inserted in circular-shaped bolt inserting holes formed in the connecting plate to the bolt hole in the end plate of the pile on one side, and the end plate of the other pile and the connecting plate are fixed, in the state where the head of the bolts screwed to the end plate of the pile on the other side is inserted in the large diameter portion of heteromorphic bolt insertion holes communicating between a large diameter portion which the head of the bolts formed on the connecting plate can pass through and a small diameter portion which the head of the bolts cannot pass through, by making the other pile and the connecting plate move relatively so that the bolts may shift from the large diameter portion of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes to the small diameter portion.
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Claims(6)
1. A pile connecting structure for connecting upper and lower piles to each other, by interposing a connecting plate of approximately the same diameter as the piles at the connecting portion between the upper and lower piles, characterized in that the end plate on either one of the upper or lower piles and the connecting plate are fixed by screwing bolts inserted into circular-shaped bolt insertion holes formed on the connecting plate to the end plate of the pile on one side, and the end plate of the other pile and the connecting plate are fixed in a state where the heads of the bolts screwed to the pile on the other side are inserted into the large diameter portion of heteromorphic bolt insertion holes communicating between the large diameter portion at which the heads of the bolts formed on the connecting plate can pass through and the small diameter portion of which the heads of the bolts cannot pass through, by making the other pile and connecting plate move in a relative fashion so that the bolts may shift from the larger diameter portion of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes to the smaller diameter portion.
2. A pile connecting structure as defined in claim 1, wherein at the outer circumference of the connecting plate, a cylindrical body is integrally disposed in which the ends of the upper and lower piles may be inserted.
3. A pile connecting structure as defined in claim 1, wherein on the connecting plate is formed an operating port for fastening, from the outer circumferential side of the connecting plate, the bolts shifted from the larger diameter portion of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes to the smaller diameter portion.
4. A pile connecting structure as defined in claim 1, wherein the connecting plate is formed by being split into a plurality of pieces.
5. A pile connecting structure as defined in claim 1, wherein on the connecting plates of the piles is disposed an auxiliary member having a threaded hole different from that of the connecting plate, so as to allow the pile connecting bolt to be screwed into that auxiliary member.
6. A pile connecting structure as defined in claim 1, wherein projections in the shape of bolts are provided in place of bolts, in a way that they can be fixed to either the end parts of the piles or the auxiliary members.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention concerns a pile connecting structure, more specifically a pile connecting structure of high workability capable of connecting upper pile and lower pile to each other simply and accurately.

[0002] Conventionally, as pile connecting structure for connecting upper pile and lower pile to each other, the following methods, etc. are widely adopted:

[0003] (1) Method of connecting the end plates of upper pile and lower pile to each other.

[0004] (2) Method of providing a flange joint in projection at the outer circumference of the end plates, and tightening those flange joints facing each other by means of bolt & nut.

[0005] (3) Method of providing a pair of inner fitting and outer fitting distributed on both sides at the end of the upper pile and at the end of the lower pile, and forming threaded part on both the inner fitting and the outer fitting, to connect the inner fitting and the outer fitting to each other by screwing.

[0006] By the way, the conventional pile connecting structures for connecting upper pile and lower pile to each other mentioned above have the following problems respectively:

[0007] (1) A pile connecting structure by welding presents such problems as necessity of much time for welding, impossibility of welding work at the field of execution depending on the weather condition. Moreover, to prevent weld defects or embrittlement of weld, prescribed equipment and facilities and skilled technicians are required, and this is liable to be rather costly or cause a shortage of technicians.

[0008] (2) In a connecting method by flange joint, the outside diameter of the joint portion is larger than the outside diameter of the steel pipe pile and greatly protrudes from the outer circumferential face of the steel pipe pile. As a result, a large penetration resistance is produced when the piles are buried in the ground, a bending moment acts on the joint part and, moreover, an open space is produced at the outer circumference of the piles between the joints, presenting a risk of impossibility of securing the required horizontal supporting force.

[0009] (3) A pile connecting structure for connecting the inner fitting and the outer fitting, provided at the end of the upper pile and at the end of the lower pile, to each other by screwing leads to high cost of machining for forming threaded part on the inner fitting and the outer fitting of larger diameter. Furthermore, the connecting work by screwing of piles which are heavy materials is rather poor in workability, and requires a lot of time and labor and, in addition, the threaded part formed on the inner fitting and the outer fitting is liable to be damaged, making the connecting work by screwing difficult in this last case.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] The objective of the present invention, realized in view of various problems with said conventional pile connecting structures, is to provide a pile connecting structure of high workability capable of simply and accurately connecting the upper and lower piles to each other, and preventing the pile diameter from becoming large, even at the connection portion.

[0011] To achieve said objective, the pile connecting structure according to the present invention is a pile connecting structure for connecting upper and lower piles to each other by interposing a connecting plate of approximately the same diameter as the piles at the connection portion between the upper and lower piles, characterized in that the end plate on either one of the upper or lower piles and the connecting plate are fixed by screwing bolts inserted into circular-shaped bolt insertion holes formed on the connecting plate to the end plate of the pile on one side, and the end plate of the other pile and the connecting plate are fixed in the state where the heads of the bolts screwed to the pile on the other side is inserted into the large diameter portion of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes communicating between a large diameter portion which the heads of the bolts formed on the connecting plate can pass through, and a small diameter portion which the heads of the bolts cannot pass through, by making the other pile and the connecting plate move in a relative fashion so that the bolts may shift from the large diameter portion of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes to the small diameter portion.

[0012] This pile connecting structure is capable of fixing, in a pile connecting structure for connecting upper and lower piles to each other, the end plates of the upper and lower piles and the respective connecting plates to each other by bolting, and by interposing a connecting plate of approximately the same diameter as the piles at the connecting portion between the upper and lower piles, thus quickly enabling the establishment of a connection between the upper and lower piles at low cost, without having any influence on pile length thanks to the comparatively small thickness of the connecting portion, and further enabling the burying of piles in the ground without presenting any obstacle to the pile driving work, thanks to the absence of any projections at the outer circumference of the piles.

[0013] For such cases, at the outer circumference of the connecting plate, a cylindrical body is integrally disposed in which the end of the upper and lower piles may be inserted.

[0014] This helps reinforce the end portions of the upper and lower piles to be connected to each other, and increases their bending strength, enabling the prevention of breaking at the connecting portion of the piles even if a strong bending force acts on the connected portion, and facilitating centering of the upper and lower piles.

[0015] Moreover, there may be formed on the connecting plate an operating port for fastening, from the outer circumferential side of the connecting plate, the bolts shifted from the large diameter portion of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes to the small diameter portion.

[0016] This makes it possible to firmly fix the end plate of the pile on the other side and the connecting plate to each other.

[0017] Furthermore, the connecting plate may be formed by being split into a plurality of pieces.

[0018] This enables reduction of the shape of the unit component members constituting the connecting plate and reduces their weight, thus improving workability and handling ease.

[0019] Also, on the connecting plates of the piles, there may be disposed an auxiliary member having a threaded hole different from that of the connecting plate, so that the pile connecting bolts may be screwed into that auxiliary member.

[0020] This makes it possible to freely change the diameter, the number of pieces, etc. of the bolts used for the connection of piles, and improve the strength of the end part of the piles.

[0021] Moreover, in place of bolts, projections in the shape of bolts may be provided in a way that they can be fixed to either the end parts of the piles or the auxiliary members.

[0022] This enables the promotion of diversification of the members.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0023]FIG. 1 indicates the first embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention, (A) being a bottom view, (B) a sectional view at line A-B of (A), and (C) a sectional view at line B-C of (A).

[0024]FIG. 2 indicates the sequence of execution of the first embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention, (A) being a sectional view showing the state of fixing of the lower pile and the connecting plate, and (B) a sectional view showing the state of fixing of the lower pile and the connecting plate on the left half and that of the upper pile and the connecting plate on the right half, respectively.

[0025]FIG. 3 indicates the second embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention, (A) being a bottom view, (B) a sectional view at line X-X of (A), (C) a sectional view at line A-B of (A), and (D) a sectional view at line B-C of (A).

[0026]FIG. 4 indicates the sequence of execution of the second embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention, (A) being a sectional view showing the state of fixing of the lower pile and the connecting plate, and (B) a sectional view showing the state of fixing of the lower pile and the connecting plate on the left half and that of the upper pile and the connecting plate on the right half, respectively.

[0027]FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the second embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention.

[0028]FIG. 6 is an expanded sectional view of an end plate of pile in the second embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention.

[0029]FIG. 7 indicates an example in which the connecting plate (cylindrical body) is split in the circumferential direction, (A) being a bottom view, and (B) a sectional view at line A-B of (A).

[0030]FIG. 8 is a perspective view for above.

[0031]FIG. 9 indicates an example in which the connecting plate (cylindrical body) is split in the horizontal direction, (A) being a bottom view, (B) a sectional view at line X-X of (A), and (C) a sectional view at line A-B of (A).

[0032]FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the example in which the connecting plate (cylindrical body) is split in the horizontal direction.

[0033]FIG. 11 indicates an example in which auxiliary member is disposed on the end place of pile, (A) being a sectional view before connection, and (B) a sectional view showing the connected state.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0034] Embodiments of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention will be explained hereafter based on drawings.

[0035]FIG. 1 to FIG. 2 indicate the first embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention.

[0036] This pile connecting structure is a pile connecting structure for connecting an upper pile 1 and a lower pile 3 to each other, by interposing a connecting plate 5 of about the same diameter as the piles, at the connecting portion between the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3, wherein the end plate 4 of either one of the upper pile 1 or lower pile 3, lower pile 3 in this embodiment, and the connecting plate 5 are fixed by screwing bolts 6 inserted in circular bolt inserting holes 51 formed on the connecting plate 5 to the bolt holes 41 in the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3, and the end plate 2 of the other pile, upper pile 1 in this embodiment, and the connecting plate 5 are fixed, in the state in which the head 71 of the bolts 7 screwed to the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 is inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of heteromorphic bolt insertion holes 52 communicating between a large diameter portion 52 d which the head 71 of the bolts 7 formed on the connecting plate 5 can pass through and a small diameter portion 52 c which the head 71 of the bolts 7 cannot pass through, by making the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 move relatively, in the state in which the connecting plate 5 is fixed in the lower pile 3 so that the bolts 7 may shift from the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes 52 to the small diameter portion 52 c.

[0037] The piles to which can be applied this pile connecting structure are concrete piles such as prestressed concrete piles, etc., steel piles, SC piles, and composite piles such as PRC piles, etc. provided with end plate at the end, though not particularly restricted to them. Explanation will be given below by taking an example of prestressed concrete piles.

[0038] The upper pile 1 and lower pile 3 consisting of prestressed concrete piles have end plates 2, 4 disposed at their end, and in these end plates 2, 4 are formed bolt holes 21, 41 which were used for introducing prestressed (concrete) when manufacturing prestressed concrete piles. Those bolt holes 21, 41 are utilized in this embodiment.

[0039] The bolt holes 21, 41 may be newly formed separately from the bolt holes used for introducing prestressed (concrete), as a matter of course.

[0040] The connecting plate 5 has a donut shape of about the same diameter as that of the upper pile 1 and lower pile 3, more concretely the end plates 2, 4 of the upper pile 1 and lower pile 3 are manufactured with steel sheet (including molded sheet) of a thickness about 1.5 to 2 times the heads 61, 71 of the bolts 6, 7, for example, though not particularly restricted to it.

[0041] On the connecting plate 5 are formed bolt holes 51 at the position corresponding to the bolt holes 41 formed in the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3, and at proper position between those bolt holes 51 are formed bolt holes 52 at the position corresponding to the bolt holes 21 formed in the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1.

[0042] These bolt holes 51, 52 are formed on one face of the connecting plate 5 respectively, preferably alternately in the circumferential direction, though not particularly restricted to it.

[0043] And, the bolt holes 51 will be provided with a bolt head inserting portion 51 a formed deeper than the height of the head 61 of the bolt 6, as shown in FIGS. 1(A), (B), so that the head 61 of the bolt 6 may be inserted without being exposed to outside.

[0044] This bolt head inserting portion 51 a will be formed in a size enabling to tighten the bolt 6 by fitting a box wrench (not illustrated) at the head 61 of the bolt 6.

[0045] This makes it possible to prevent the top face of the head 61 of the bolt 6 from getting in contact with the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1, when the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5 are fixed and the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 is placed on it.

[0046] Moreover, the bolt holes 52 will be in a heteromorphic shape like that of a snowman communicating between a large diameter portion 52 d which the head 71 of the bolts 7 can pass through and a small diameter portion 52 c which the head 71 of the bolts 7 cannot pass through, and be provided with a bolt head inserting portion 52 a formed deeper than the height of the head 71 of the bolt 7, so that the head 71 of the bolt 7 may be inserted without being exposed, as shown in FIGS. 1(A), (C).

[0047] This makes it possible to prevent the bottom face of the head 71 of the bolt 7 from getting in contact with the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3, when the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 are fixed through the bolt 7.

[0048] This bolt insertion holes 52 will be provided on the outer circumferential side of the connecting plate 5, so that it may also serve as an operating port So for fastening the bolt 7 shifted from the large diameter portion 52 d of the bolt insertion hole 52 to the small diameter portion 52 c, from outside the outer circumference of the connecting plate 5, by inserting a tool S such as spanner, etc.

[0049] Furthermore, to prevent detachment, etc. of the connecting portion with loosening of bolt 7 or relative reverse turn of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5, it is desirable to fit a wedge-shaped filler made of metal piece, etc., for example, in the open space of the large diameter portion 52 d through the operating port So from outside the outer circumference of the connecting plate 5, after shifting the bolt 7 from the large diameter portion 52 d of the bolt insertion hole 52 to the small diameter portion 52 c, to fill the open space of the large diameter portion 52 d.

[0050] Instead of opening the bolt insertion hole 52 on the outer circumferential side of the connecting plate 5 (form an operating port So), it may be all right to construct (the bolt insertion hole 52) in a way to either make the bolt 7, the head 71 of which is inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52, turn in the fastening direction, when shifting it from the large diameter portion 52 d to the small diameter portion 52 c of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52, with the difference in contact resistance between the bolt seating face 52 b and the head 71 of the bolt 7 [To make the contact resistance between the bolt seating face 52 b on the outer circumference side of the connecting plate 5 and the head 71 of the bolt 7 larger than that on the inner circumference side of the connecting plate 5 (case where the bolt 7 is right threaded, in this embodiment) (or smaller (case where the bolt 7 is left threaded, in this embodiment)), either perform surface treatment to the bolt seating face 52 b, or dispose a member increasing the contact resistance such as soft metal plate such as aluminium, etc. or synthetic resin plate, etc. on the bolt seating face 52 b], or form the height of the bolt seating face 52 b on the large diameter portion 52 d side and the small diameter portion 52 c side of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52 in a way to become gradually higher from the large diameter portion 52 d side toward the small diameter portion 52 c side and shift the bolt 7, the head 71 of which is inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52, from the large diameter portion 52 d to the small diameter portion 52 c of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52, so that the bolt 7 may be seated on the bolt seating face 52 b at the position of the small diameter portion 52 c of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52.

[0051] This makes it possible to firmly fix the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 to each other.

[0052] Next, explanation will be given on the method for connecting the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 to each other, by using this connecting plate 5.

[0053] As shown in FIG. 2(A), install the lower pile 3 in a pile hole dug in the ground and, in the state in which the lower pile 3 is provisionally fixed so that the lower pile 3 may not make any up-down movement or turn, when the end plate 4 disposed at the end part of the lower pile 3 reached a prescribed position from the ground such as a height easy for execution of work by workers on the ground, for example, though not particularly restricted to it, place the connecting plate 5 concentrically on the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3, make the bolt hole 41 formed in the end plate 4 agree with the bolt insertion hole 51 in the connecting plate 5, insert the bolt 6 in the bolt insertion hole 51, and fit the bolt 6 in the bolt hole 41 by screwing, by using a box wrench (not illustrated).

[0054] This makes it possible to prevent the top face of the head 61 of the bolt 6 from getting in contact with the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1, when the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5 are fixed to each other through the bolt 6 and the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 is placed on it.

[0055] The fixing work of the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5 may be performed before the lower pile 3 is installed in the pile hole.

[0056] Next, as shown in FIG. 2(B), lift and let down the upper pile 1 on the connecting plate 5 fixed to the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3, by using a crane, etc., in a way to be concentric with the lower pile 3, for installation.

[0057] At that time, screw the bolt 7 in advance, in the bolt hole 21 in the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1, and, in the state in which the head 71 of the bolt 7 is positioned to the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52 formed in the connecting plate 5, lift and let down the upper pile 1, so that the head 71 of the bolt 7 may be inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52.

[0058] In screwing the bolt 7 in the bolt hole 21 in the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1, set the amount of projection of the bolt head 71, in a way to secure a small clearance between the seating face of the bolt head 71 and the bolt seating face 52 b of the bolt insertion hole 52, so that the bolt 7 may be shifted from the large diameter portion 52 d to the small diameter portion 52 c of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52, in the state in which the bolt head 71 is inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of the bolt insertion hole 52. It will be so arranged that the bottom face of the head 71 of the bolt 7 may not get in contact with the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3, when the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 are fixed to each other through the bolt 7.

[0059] And, in the state in which the bolt head 71 of the bolt 7 screwed in the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 is inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52, shift the bolt 7 from the large diameter portion 52 d to the small diameter portion 52 c of the heteromorphic bolt insertion hole 52, by making the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 relatively turn to move (upper pile 1 in the case of this embodiment) in the state where the connecting plate 5 is fixed to the lower pile 3.

[0060] After that, fasten the bolt 7 shifted to the small diameter portion 52 c of the bolt insertion hole 52, from outside the outer circumference of the connecting plate 5, through the operating port (bolt insertion holes 52) provided on the outer circumferential side of the connecting plate 5, by inserting a tool S such as spanner, etc., to firmly fix the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 to each other through the bolt 7.

[0061] As described above, the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 can be fixed with the bolt 6 and the bolt 7 respectively, by interposing one piece of connecting plate 5 at the connecting portion between the two, enabling to perform the connection between upper pile 1 and lower pile 3 quickly and at low cost, without having any influence on the pile length because the thickness of the connecting portion can be kept comparatively small. In addition, absence of any projection at the outer circumference of the piles makes it possible to bury the piles in the ground without putting any obstacle to the pile driving work, and execute the piles with high reliability and accuracy and efficiently.

[0062] Next, the second embodiment of the pile connecting structure according to the present invention is indicated in FIG. 3 to FIG. 6.

[0063] This pile connecting structure is identical to said pile connecting structure of first embodiment in that it is a pile connecting structure for connecting an upper pile 1 and a lower pile 3 to each other, by interposing a connecting plate 5 of about the same diameter as the piles, at the connecting portion between the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3, wherein the end plate 4 of either one of the upper pile 1 or lower pile 3, lower pile 3 in this embodiment, and the connecting plate 5 are fixed by screwing bolts 6 inserted in circular bolt inserting holes 51 formed on the connecting plate 5 to the bolt holes 41 in the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3, and the end plate 2 of the other pile, upper pile 1 in this embodiment, and the connecting plate 5 are fixed, in the state where the head 71 of the bolts 7 screwed to the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 is inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of heteromorphic bolt insertion holes 52 communicating between a large diameter portion 52 d which the head 71 of the bolts 7 formed on the connecting plate 5 can pass through and a small diameter portion 52 c which the head 71 of the bolts 7 cannot pass through, by making the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 move relatively, in the state in which the connecting plate 5 is fixed in the lower pile 3 so that the bolts 7 may shift from the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes 52 to the small diameter portion 52 c and, in addition to such construction, at the outer circumference of the connecting plate 5 is integrally disposed a cylindrical body 8 in which the end of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 may be inserted.

[0064] The cylindrical body 8 will be made of steel, in the same way as the connecting plate 5, integrally disposed on the connecting plate 5 by welding, etc. (the cylindrical body 8 may be integrally formed with the connecting plate 5, in the case where it is made of casting), and will be formed in dimensions enabling to insert the end of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 by several centimeters to tens of centimeter, though not particularly restricted to it.

[0065] As described above, by integrally disposing, at the outer circumference of the connecting plate 5, the cylindrical body 8 in which the end of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 may be inserted, it becomes possible to reinforce the end of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 to be connected to each other, and increase their bending strength, thus preventing breaking of the connecting portion of the piles even if a large bending moment acts on the connecting portion, and facilitating centering of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3.

[0066] By the way, in this embodiment, no operating port is formed for fastening, by inserting a tool S such as spanner, etc. from outside the outer circumference of the connecting plate 5, the bolts 7 shifted from the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes 52 to the small diameter portion 52 c by making the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 relatively turn to move in the state where the connecting plate 5 is fixed to the lower pile 3 (it is possible, of course, to form an operating port So to that end, in the cylindrical body 8 and the connecting plate 5, in a way to communicate with the bolt insertion holes 52, as shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 4 with dotted line, and in FIG. 5 with solid line), it is possible to fix the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 to each other through the bolt 7, by simply making the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 move relatively so that the bolts 7 may shift from the large diameter portion 52 d of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes 52 to the small diameter portion 52 c with the connecting plate 5 fixed in the lower pile 3, in the state in which the head 71 of the bolts 7 screwed to the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 is inserted in the large diameter portion 52 d of heteromorphic bolt insertion holes 52, in combination with the arrangement of integrally disposing the cylindrical body 8 in which the end of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 may be inserted.

[0067] In this embodiment, it is further possible to dispose a shift control means for controlling relative turn and movement of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 (also the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5, as required) after shifting the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 from the large diameter portion 52 d of the bolt insertion holes 52 to the small diameter portion 52 c by making them relatively turn and move, with the connecting plate 5 fixed in the lower pile 3.

[0068] This shift control means is constructed, in this embodiment, with a bolt insertion hole 81 formed in the cylindrical body 8, and a bolt 9 designed to be either inserted or screwed in this bolt insertion hole 81 and either screwed or fixed to the upper pile 1 (lower pile 3).

[0069] Moreover, as shown in FIG. 6, on the outer circumferential face of the end plate 2 of the upper pile 1 (the end plate 4 of the lower pile 3) may be formed a groove 22 (groove 42) in which to insert the tip of the bolt 9, so that the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 (the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5) may be fixed firmly to each other, by the bolt 9 screwed in the bolt insertion hole 81.

[0070] This groove 22 (groove 42) may take any desired sectional shape such as U-shaped groove, etc. or may also be realized as a hole or threaded hole in which to either insert or screw the tip of the bolt 9, in place of a groove.

[0071] A pin, etc. may also be used, in place of the bolt 9, as shift control means.

[0072] This makes it possible to prevent detachment, etc. of the connecting portion with relative reverse turn of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 (the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5), thus ensuring fixing not only of the upper pile 1 and the connecting plate 5 (the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5) but also of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3.

[0073] Furthermore, by disposing this shift control means, it becomes possible to set short the required dimensions for inserting the end of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 in the cylindrical body 8.

[0074] By the way, while, in the respective embodiments described above, the connecting plate 5 (cylindrical body 8) was formed as a single body, the connecting plate 5 (cylindrical body 8) may also be formed by splitting into a plurality of pieces.

[0075] As a method of splitting, the connecting plate 5 (cylindrical body 8) may be split into a plurality of unit component members 5A, 5B in the circumferential direction (vertical splitting), as shown in FIG. 7 to FIG. 8 (Split into 2 pieces in the illustrated embodiment. Splitting into 3 or more pieces is also possible. Moreover, in that case, it is desirable to construct the unit component members 5A, 5B in a way to share a single bolt 6, by providing a fitting portion so that they may fit at the position of the bolt insertion holes 51A, 51B formed on the unit component members 5A, 5B, so that the integrity of the split unit component members 5A, 5B may be maintained easily.), or split into a plurality of unit component members 5C, 5D, 5E in the horizontal direction (horizontal splitting), as shown in FIG. 9 to FIG. 10 (Split into 3 pieces in the illustrated embodiment. Splitting into 2 pieces or 4 or more pieces is also possible.).

[0076] By forming, as described above, the connecting plate 5 (cylindrical body 8) by splitting it into a plurality of unit component members, it becomes possible to reduce the shape and weight of the unit component members constituting the connecting plate 5 (cylindrical body 8), and thus improve its workability and ease of handling.

[0077] Still more, on the end plates 2, 4 of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 may be disposed auxiliary members 2A, 4A having threaded hole different from that of the end plates 2, 4, to screw the pile connecting bolt to these auxiliary members.

[0078] This auxiliary member will be constructed with auxiliary members 2A, 4A of the same shape as end plates 2, 4 disposed along the end plates 2, 4 of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3, as shown in FIG. 11, for example, and the auxiliary members 2A, 4A will be integrated with the end plates 2, 4 by welding or bolting, etc.

[0079] By disposing, as described above, auxiliary members 2A, 4A having threaded hole different from that of the end plates 2, 4 on the end plates 2, 4 of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 and enabling to screw the pile connecting bolts 6, 7 to these auxiliary members 2A, 4A, it becomes possible to freely change the diameter, number of pieces, etc. of the bolts used for the connection of piles, and to also improve the strength at the end of the piles.

[0080] The pile connecting structure according to the present invention has so far been explained based on a plurality of embodiments. However, the present invention is not restricted to the constructions indicated in the embodiments described above, but may be changed in construction as required in the extent not deviating from its purpose, by either combining the constructions indicated in the respective embodiments, or connecting the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5 in different positional relations, or fixing bolt-shaped projection to the end plate of the piles by welding, fitting, etc., in place of the bolts 6, 7 to be screwed to the end plates 2, 4 of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3, or extending the range of application widely to such objects as concrete piles provided with end plate at end portion, steel piles, SC piles, composite piles such as PRC piles, etc., for example, in addition to the prestressed concrete piles in the above-described embodiments.

[0081] According to the pile connecting structure of the present invention, which is a pile connecting structure for connecting upper pile and lower pile to each other, by interposing a connecting plate of about the same diameter as the piles, at the connecting portion between the upper pile and the lower pile, and which enables to fix the end plates 2, 4 of the upper pile 1 and the lower pile 3 and the connecting plate 5 to each other, it becomes possible to perform the connection between upper pile 1 and lower pile 3 quickly and at low cost, without having any influence on the pile length because the thickness of the connecting portion can be kept comparatively small. In addition, absence of any projection at the outer circumference of the piles makes it possible to bury the piles in the ground without putting any obstacle to the pile driving work, and execute the piles with high reliability and accuracy and efficiently.

[0082] Moreover, by integrally disposing, at the outer circumference of the connecting plate, a cylindrical body in which the end of the upper pile and the lower pile may be inserted, it becomes possible to reinforce the end portion of the upper pile and the lower pile to be connected to each other, and increase their bending strength, enabling to prevent breaking of the connecting portion of the piles even if a large bending moment acts on the connecting portion, and facilitating centering of the upper and lower piles.

[0083] Furthermore, by forming, on the connecting plate, an operating port for fastening, from the outer circumferential side of the connecting plate, the bolts shifted from the large diameter portion of the heteromorphic bolt insertion holes to the small diameter portion, it becomes possible to firmly fix the end plate of the pile on the other side and the connecting plate to each other.

[0084] Still more, by forming the connecting plate by splitting into a plurality of pieces, it becomes possible to reduce the shape of the unit component members constituting the connecting plate and reduce their weight, thus improving workability and ease of handling.

[0085] Yet more, by disposing, on the connecting plate of piles, an auxiliary member having a threaded hole different from that of the connecting plate, so as to screw the pile connecting bolt in that auxiliary member, it becomes possible to freely change the diameter, number of pieces, etc. of the bolts used for the connection of piles, and improve the strength of the end part of piles.

[0086] In addition, by providing, in place of bolts, projections in the shape of bolts in a way to be fixed to either the end part of piles or the auxiliary member, it becomes possible to promote diversification of the members.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7854451Aug 29, 2007Dec 21, 2010Davis Ii Joseph SAnchor pile coupling system
US8109057 *Mar 3, 2008Feb 7, 2012Daniel StarkTower foundation system
US8734058 *Dec 5, 2013May 27, 2014Harold F SchmidtMethod of piling remediation for supporting girders and other structural members
Classifications
U.S. Classification405/250, 405/251
International ClassificationE02D5/52, E02D5/24
Cooperative ClassificationE02D5/523
European ClassificationE02D5/52B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Feb 11, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: GEOTOP CORPORATION, JAPAN
Owner name: NISHIWAKI, ATSUSHI, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NISHIWAKI, ATSUSHI;YABUUCHI, SADAO;REEL/FRAME:013766/0104
Effective date: 20030131