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Publication numberUS20040083919 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/286,799
Publication dateMay 6, 2004
Filing dateNov 4, 2002
Priority dateNov 4, 2002
Also published asCN1321025C, CN1678479A, EP1558472A1, EP1558472A4, US6739264, WO2004041599A1
Publication number10286799, 286799, US 2004/0083919 A1, US 2004/083919 A1, US 20040083919 A1, US 20040083919A1, US 2004083919 A1, US 2004083919A1, US-A1-20040083919, US-A1-2004083919, US2004/0083919A1, US2004/083919A1, US20040083919 A1, US20040083919A1, US2004083919 A1, US2004083919A1
InventorsEdward Hosey, Keith Lam
Original AssigneeHosey Edward O., Keith Lam
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Low cost ignition device for gas generators
US 20040083919 A1
Abstract
An initiator has a circuit board with two spaced copper traces and a bridge resistor of NichromeŽ or tantalum nitride at one end, and wire leads or pins joining the wire traces at the other end. A zener diode is placed between the wire leads and a bridge resistor. Immediately before the wire leads reach the circuit board they pass through a ferrite core. The wire leads, the ferrite core, and the circuit board except for the end of the board to which the bridge resistor is mounted, is insert molded into a body of glass filled nylon 6,6. The nylon body mounts an aluminum can that covers the bridge resistor and is bonded to a circumferential groove in the nylon body. The bridge resistor is covered with primary explosives such as zirconium potassium perchlorate and the can is filled with gas generating granules such as 5-aminotetrazole.
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Claims(14)
We claim:
1. An initiator and gas generator, comprising:
a circuit board which is substantially rectangular in plan form, having a long dimension and a short dimension, and a first trace extends along the long dimension of the circuit board, from a lead end, to a hot-wire end and a second trace substantially parallel to the first trace extends along the long dimension of the circuit board, from the lead end, to the hot-wire end;
a first electrical power connection connected to the first trace at the lead end;
a second electrical power connection connected to the second trace at the lead end;
a hot-wire resistor connected between the first trace and the second trace at the hot-wire end of the circuit board;
a means for suppressing high voltage connected between the first trace and the second trace and positioned between the first end, and the second end of the circuit board;
a ferrite core surrounding the the first electrical power connection and the second electrical power connection, and positioned adjacent the circuit board;
a molded plastic plug, wherein within the molded plastic plug are the ferrite core, the first end of the circuit board and the zener diode, the molded plastic having portions defining a sealing surface;
a quantity of initiation compound coating the hot-wire resistor; and
a can containing a quantity of gas generating granules positioned to receive the second end of the circuit board and the hot-wire resistor, the soft aluminum can hermetically sealed to the molded plastic plug at the sealing surface.
2. The initiator and gas generator of claim 1 wherein the can is constructed of soft aluminum.
3. The initiator and gas generator of claim 1 wherein the quantity of initiation compound is primarily comprised of zirconium potassium perchlorate.
4. The initiator and gas generator of claim 1 wherein the initiation compound is a mixture of zirconium potassium perchlorate and an elastomer.
5. The initiator and gas generator of claim 1 wherein the means for suppressing high voltage is a zener diode.
6. The initiator and gas generator of claim 1 wherein the molded plastic plug is constructed of glass filled nylon 6,6.
7. A initiator and gas generator, comprising:
a plastic plug;
a ferrite core contained within the plastic plug; two conductive means extending through the ferrite core, and through the plastic plug;
a means for suppressing high voltages applied to the two conductive means, the means for suppressing high voltages extending between the two conductive means, and the means for suppressing high voltage being contained within the plastic plug;
portions of the two conductive means which extend outwardly from the plastic plug;
a resistor connected across said portions of the two conductive means, a quantity of initiation compound positioned in intimate contact with the resistor; and
a can containing a quantity of gas generating compound, the can being hermetically sealed to the plastic plug and containing between the plastic plug and the can the resistor, so that when the resistor is heated by an electrical current, the quantity of initiation compound is ignited which in turn ignites the quantity of gas generating compound within the can.
8. The initiator and gas generator of claim 7 wherein the can is constructed of soft aluminum.
9. The initiator and gas generator of claim 7 wherein the quantity of initiation compound is primarily comprised of zirconium potassium perchlorate.
10. The initiator and gas generator of claim 7 wherein the initiation compound is a mixture of zirconium potassium perchlorate and an elastomer.
11. The initiator and gas generator of claim 7 wherein the means for suppressing high voltage is a zener diode.
12. The initiator and gas generator of claim 7 wherein the plastic plug is constructed of glass filled nylon 6,6.
13. A method of manufacturing an initiator and gas generator comprising the steps of:
constructing a circuit board having two conductive traces;
soldering a wire to each trace on the circuit board;
positioning a ferrite core over the wires and close to the circuit board; mounting an electrostatic discharge suppression device across the conductive traces;
positioning the circuit board, the suppression device and the ferrite core in a mold cavity, so that a first portion of the circuit board, and a first portion of the two conductive traces extend from the mold cavity;
filling the mold cavity to form a plug with the circuit board first portion and the two conductive traces first portion extending from the plug; mounting a bridge resistor across the portion of the conductive traces extending from the plug;
forming an initiation charge over the bridge resistor; loading gas generating granules into a can; and
affixing the can to the plug so that the initiation charge, when ignited by passing an electrical current through the resistor, the gas generating granules are ignited.
14. The method of claim 14 wherein the step of forming the initiation charge over the bridge resistor further comprises the steps of:
coating the bridge resistor with a mixture of zirconium potassium perchlorate, and an elastomer, the mixture being dissolved in a solvent to form a liquid so that when the bridge resistor is dipped into the liquid a layer of zirconium potassium perchlorate is formed over the resistor;
drying the mixture of zirconium potassium perchlorate and elastomer to form the initiation charge;
overcoating the mixture of zirconium potassium perchlorate and elastomer with a mixture of nitrocellulose dissolved in a solvent, to form a varnish which is resistant to moisture; and
drying the nitrocellulose layer.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to initiators and detonators generally and to hot-wire initiators in particular.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] The modern automobile requires many electronic initiators for activating various safety systems. Most well known are airbags of various types, but other devices requiring an initiator include seatbelt tensioners and hood elevators used to reduce pedestrian fatalities. Because some fifteen to twenty million vehicles are sold each year in the United States, and each vehicle may have many initiators, the total number of ignition devices for gas generators may soon be in the hundreds of millions per year. High reliability, low cost and minimal environmental contamination are also important consideration for these devices. Environmental contamination caused by toxic-metal-based primary explosives is of particular concern, even though the quantities used in a single detonator are minute. The gases produced by the initiation charge can be introduced into the passenger compartment where respiration by the passengers provides at least a theoretical concern for toxic metal exposure. A growing sensitivity to possible toxic metal contamination has also resulted in regulations forever more tightly controlling the use of toxic metals compounds such as those containing lead and mercury.

[0003] What is needed is an initiator for gas generators which is of low cost, reliable, and constructed without toxic metals compounds.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0004] The initiator of this invention comprises a circuit board having two copper traces and a bridge resistor of NichromeŽ or tantalum nitride mounted across the copper traces at one end of the board. A gap in the circuit board is formed between the copper traces where the resistor is positioned. At the other end of the circuit board wire leads or pins are joined to the wire traces. A zener diode is placed between the wire leads and a bridge resistor. The zener diode functions as a short across the copper traces when they apply a voltage above the all-fire voltage by more than a selected amount, such as results when a static electrical charge is applied to the wire leads. Immediately before the wire leads reach the circuit board they are passed through a ferrite core which serves to block high frequency signals which might cause premature ignition or detonation. The wire leads, the ferrite core, and the circuit board, excluding the end of the board to which the bridge resistor is mounted, is insert molded into a body of glass filled nylon 6,6. The nylon body, which is generally cylindrical in shape, mounts to a cylindrical soft aluminum can, which covers the bridge resistor. The aluminum can is bonded to a circumferential groove formed in the nylon body. The bond forms a hermetic seal between the aluminum can and the nylon body. Before the aluminum can is bonded in place the bridge resistor is covered with a primary explosive which is free of lead and mercury such as zirconium potassium perchlorate and the can is filled with gas generating granules such as 5-aminotetrazole. The gas generator granules do not need to be in direct contact with the initiation charge although they may be depending on the orientation of the initiator. The initiator is of the hot-wire type characterized by a rapid burning or deflagrating. This is in contrast to initiators that trigger an explosive with a supersonic detonation wave.

[0005] It is a feature of the present invention to provide an initiator of lower-cost.

[0006] It is another feature of the present invention to provide an initiator which does not contain toxic metals compounds.

[0007] It is a further feature of the present invention to provide an initiator which is protected against radio frequency and electrostatic discharge.

[0008] Further features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0009]FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional front elevational view of the initiator of the invention, shown installed within a fixture in an automobile.

[0010]FIG. 2 is an exploded isometric view of the initiator of FIG. 1.

[0011]FIG. 3 is a flow diagram of the assembly method of the initiator of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0012] Referring more particularly to FIGS. 1-3, wherein like numbers refer to similar parts, an initiator 20 is shown in FIG. 1. The initiator 20 has a rectangular circuit board 22 on which two copper traces 24 are positioned. Wires 26 are connected to each of the copper traces 24 at a first end 28 of the circuit board 22. The wires 26 pass through a holes 40 in a ferrite core 30 before being joined to the circuit board 22, and then extend downwardly through holes 32 in the circuit board which are positioned before the beginning of the copper traces 24 as shown in FIGS, 1 and 2. Then the wires pass upwardly through holes 34 in the circuit board 22 that also pass through the copper traces 24. The wires 26 have coatings 36 that cover the wires 26. Stripped portions 38 of the wires 26 extend upwardly through the holes 34. The stripped portions 38 are soldered to the copper traces 24 by a reflow solder process.

[0013] The ferrite core 30 is constructed as one piece with the two holes 40 which receive the wires 26. The ferrite core 30 is positioned adjacent to the first end 28 of the circuit board 22. The inductance of the ferrite core 30 resists the transmission of high frequency voltages such as are produced by electromagnetic interference. The wires 26 and the copper traces 24 form conductive means which extend through a plastic plug 58.

[0014] The circuit board 22 has a second or hot-wire end 42 that is divided into two parts 44 by a slot 46 between the two copper traces 24. The copper traces 24 form enlarged solder pads 48 on either side of the slot 46. A bridge resistor 50 consisting of a surface deposited tantalum nitride or NichromeŽ trace is mounted between the solder pads 48 of the copper trade traces 24. The bridge resistor will preferably be mounted with the surface 52 on which the resistor is formed facing the solder pads 48. This mounting position facilitates reflow solder or wave solder mounting of the bridge resistor, and is the reason for the slot 46 which allows an initiation charge 56 to be brought into contact with the surface 52 on which the resistor 50 is formed. For illustrative purposes, the resistor 50 is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 as facing away from the board 22 but will preferably face the board as explained above.

[0015] A zener diode 54 is mounted across the copper traces 24 positioned between the bridge resistor 50 and of the stripped portions 38 of the wires 26 that are soldered to the copper traces 24. The zener diode 54 is selected to conduct in the forward direction at the voltage that slightly exceeds the forward all-fire voltage necessary to activate the initiation compound or charge 56. In the back direction the zener diode conducts with a very small applied voltage. In this way the zener diode prevents initiation of the igniter by any voltage which is not of the right polarity, and by any voltage which exceeds the forward all-fire voltage. Any alternating voltage is limited to about one-half of the all-fire voltage because the zener diode 54 acts as a short for most of one-half of the cycle of an alternating applied voltage. The zener diode thus forms a means for suppressing high-voltage currents that are applied to the wires 26.

[0016] The circuit board 22, the ferrite core 30, and the wire portions 38 are contained within a glass filled nylon 6,6 plug 58. The nylon plug 58 is formed by insert molding, i.e., the ferrite core and the circuit board are placed in an injection mold and the nylon is injected into a cavity surrounding the core and circuit board. The nylon plug 58 has an external surface 60 which includes a first cylindrical surface 62 which abuts a first radial surface 64. A can 66 is constructed of a dead soft, thin gauge, low alloy aluminum. The aluminum can 66 has an upper peripheral edge 68 that substantially abuts the first radial surface 64. The aluminum can 66 is bonded to the first cylindrical surface 62 by a quantity of adhesive 70 which may be, for example, a two-part PolyAmid epoxy available from Lord Corporation of Indianapolis, Ind., U.S.A. through its subsidiary Thermoset, the epoxy resin having part number WHJ-03-240-A and the epoxy catalyst having part number WHJ-03-148-B. The aluminum can contains a quantity of gas generant 72 such as 5-aminotetrazole.

[0017] The initiator 20 is typically mounted to an airbag housing (not shown) or other gas activated device by being crimped within a fixture 74 as shown in FIG. 1. The fixture 74 may be part of an airbag housing or other safety system and has portions 76 that closely overlie and support the cylindrical wall 78 of the aluminum can 66. The fixture 74 also has a cylindrical portion 80 which extends along a second cylindrical surface 82 of the nylon plug 58 and which extends between the first radial surface 64 and a second radial surface 84 substantially parallel to and spaced from the first radial surface 64. The fixture cylindrical portion 80 has a lip 86 which is crimped inwardly over a circular edge 88 formed between the second cylindrical surface 82 and the second radial surface 84. The nylon plug 58 is fixed with respect to the fixture 74 by the lip 86 and an inwardly facing circular step 90 in the fixture portions 76. The aluminum can 66 has a circular bottom 92 which is not contained by the fixture 74 and allows gases generated by the gas generant granules 72 to exit the can 66 by bursting the circular bottom 92.

[0018] The initiator 20 is constructed in accordance with the block diagram shown in FIG. 3. First the circuit board is designed and constructed 94, then the wires 26 are soldered 96 to the circuit board, and the ferrite core 30 is positioned 98 over the wires 26. Alternatively, the ferrite core may be prepositioned on the wires 26 and slid into position after the wires are soldered to the circuit board. An electrostatic discharge suppression device such as a zener diode 54, is mounted 100 to the circuit board 22 across the copper traces 24 by reflow soldering techniques which can also be used to solder the wires 26 to the circuit board traces. The circuit board with the suppression device 54 and the wires 26 mounted thereto, together with the ferrite core 30 which is positioned adjacent the first end 28 of the circuit board, is positioned in a mold 102 which is filled with glass filled nylon 6,6 to form the plug 58. The plug 58 may consist of approximately 30 percent by weight of glass fibers contained in the nylon forming the plug.

[0019] The bridge resistor 50 is then mounted 104 by the reflow solder technique across the slot 46 to the enlarged solder pads 48 which connect to the copper traces 24. The bridge resistor 50 is mounted with the nichrome or tantalum nitride resistor facing the solder pads 48.

[0020] The bridge resistor 50 is coated 106 with a mixture 108 of zirconium potassium perchlorate, and one to three percent by weight with VitonŽ elastomer. The mixture is dissolved in a solvent such as Methylisobutylketone to form a suitably viscous liquid so that when the bridge resistor 50 is dipped into the liquid, a suitably thick layer of zirconium potassium perchlorate (ZPP) is formed over the resistor. The ZPP/VitonŽ mixture is allowed to dry 110 to form the initiation charge 56. The initiation charge or compound 56 is over coated 112 with a mixture 114 of nitrocellulose dissolved in a solvent e.g., ethyl acetate, to form a low viscosity varnish which is resistant to moisture. The nitrocellulose layer is then dried 116. The gas generating granules 118 are loaded 120 into the aluminum can 66. The adhesive is applied 122 to the first cylindrical surface 62 and the loaded aluminum can 66 is assembled 124 to the plug 58. The adhesive is cured 126, the initiator is electrically tested 128 and packaged 130 for shipping.

[0021] It should be understood that the initiator 20 may be used to initiate a gas generator cartridge which, for example, inflates an airbag, or may directly generate sufficient gas to drive various gas operated mechanisms such as a seatbelt retractor or the like.

[0022] It should be understood that suppression elements other than a zener diode 54 could be used, for example a spark gap discharge could be used.

[0023] It should be understood that the aluminum can may be crimped with an O-ring, or other elastomeric device to form a hermetic seal between the aluminum can and the plastic plug.

[0024] It should be understood that where a particular material or plastic is specified other materials are plastics which are known to be substantially interchangeable or to perform similar functions could be used.

[0025] It is understood that the invention is not limited to the particular construction and arrangement of parts herein illustrated and described, but embraces all such modified forms thereof as come within the scope of the following claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7690303 *Apr 22, 2004Apr 6, 2010Reynolds Systems, Inc.Plastic encapsulated energetic material initiation device
US7748322 *May 20, 2009Jul 6, 2010Reynolds Systems Inc.Plastic encapsulated energetic material initiation device
US8100043Mar 26, 2009Jan 24, 2012Reynolds Systems, Inc.Detonator cartridge and methods of use
US8166879 *Mar 11, 2008May 1, 2012Dyno Nobel Inc.Detonator ignition protection circuit
US8210083Jan 17, 2012Jul 3, 2012Reynolds Systems, Inc.Detonator cartridge
WO2005118510A1 *May 20, 2004Dec 15, 2005Alexza Pharmaceuticals IncStable initiator compositions and igniters
WO2013090948A1 *Nov 20, 2012Jun 20, 2013Detnet South Africa (Pty) LtdDetonator
Classifications
U.S. Classification102/202.12, 102/202.9
International ClassificationF42B3/12
Cooperative ClassificationF42B3/121
European ClassificationF42B3/12B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 5, 2013ASAssignment
Owner name: KEY SAFETY SYSTEMS, INC., MICHIGAN
Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:UBS AG, STAMFORD BRANCH;REEL/FRAME:031327/0676
Effective date: 20130717
Jul 9, 2013ASAssignment
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Owner name: KEY SAFETY SYSTEMS, INC., MICHIGAN
Jan 4, 2013ASAssignment
Owner name: UBS AG, STAMFORD BRANCH, CONNECTICUT
Effective date: 20121231
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT AND ASSUMPTION OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:CITICORP USA, INC.;REEL/FRAME:029565/0125
Sep 23, 2011FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Sep 14, 2007FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
May 16, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: CITICORP USA, INC., NEW YORK
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNORS:KEY SAFETY SYSTEMS, INC;KSS HOLDINGS, INC;KSS ACQUISITION COMPANY;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:019297/0249
Effective date: 20070308
Owner name: CITICORP USA, INC.,NEW YORK
Feb 18, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: CITICORP USA, INC., NEW YORK
Owner name: MERRILL LYNCH CAPITAL, A DIVISION OF MERRILL LYNCH
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNORS:KEY PLASTICS L.L.C.;KAC ACQUISITION COMPANY;KEY SAFETY SYSTEMS, INC.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:016871/0910
Effective date: 20040629
Mar 1, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: KEY SAFETY SYSTEMS, INC., MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BREED AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:015023/0593
Effective date: 20040227
Owner name: KEY SAFETY SYSTEMS, INC. 7000 NINETEEN MILE ROADST
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Aug 27, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: CITICORP USA, INC. AS "ADMINISTRATOVE AGENT" AND C
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Nov 4, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: BREED AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY, INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HOSEY, EDWARD O.;LAM, KEITH;REEL/FRAME:013468/0742
Effective date: 20021101
Owner name: BREED AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY, INC. 5300 ALLEN K. BR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HOSEY, EDWARD O. /AR;REEL/FRAME:013468/0742