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Publication numberUS20040087548 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/075,870
Publication dateMay 6, 2004
Filing dateFeb 14, 2002
Priority dateFeb 27, 2001
Also published asCA2439265A1, EP1379249A1, EP1379249A4, US7655688, US20060111424, WO2002067939A1
Publication number075870, 10075870, US 2004/0087548 A1, US 2004/087548 A1, US 20040087548 A1, US 20040087548A1, US 2004087548 A1, US 2004087548A1, US-A1-20040087548, US-A1-2004087548, US2004/0087548A1, US2004/087548A1, US20040087548 A1, US20040087548A1, US2004087548 A1, US2004087548A1
InventorsMark Salvati, Ricardo Attar, Marco Gottardis, James Balog, Dacia Pickering, Rogelio Martinez, Chongping Sun
Original AssigneeSalvati Mark E., Attar Ricardo M., Gottardis Marco M., Balog James Aaron, Pickering Dacia A., Martinez Rogelio L., Chongping Sun
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Anticancer agents and treating immune disorders
US 20040087548 A1
Abstract
Fused cyclic compounds, methods of using such compounds in the treatment of nuclear hormone receptor-associated conditions such as cancer and immune disorders, and pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds.
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Claims(4)
We claim:
1. A pharmaceutical composition capable of treating a NHR-associated condition, comprising a compound of the following formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier:
where the symbols have the following meanings, and are, for each occurrence, independently selected:
G is a cycloalkenyl, aryl or heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) group, where said group is mono- or polycyclic, and which is optionally substituted at one or more positions, preferably with hydrogen, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, halo, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, CN, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1C═O, R1C═S, R1HNC═O, R1R2NC═O, HOCR3R3′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, NR4R5, SR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1′, SO2NR1R1′, (R1O)(R1′O)P═O, oxo, (R1)(R1′)P═O, or (R1′)(NHR1)P═O;
Z1 is O, S, NH, or NR6;
Z2 is O, S, NH, or NR6; and
(i) Y is J—J′—J″ where J is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, J′ is a bond, C═O, CR7R7′, C═CR8R8′, R2P═O, R2P═S, R2OP═O, R2 NHP═O, OP═OR2, C═NR7, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo or aryl or substituted aryl, and J″ is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, where Y is not a bond;
W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, or aryl or substituted aryl;
A1 is CR7 or N; and
A2 is CR7 or N; or alternatively
(ii) Y is absent;
W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, or aryl or substituted aryl;
A1 is CR7R7′ or NR7; and
A2 is CR7R7′ or NR7; or alternatively
(iii) Y is absent; and
A1, A2 and W together are —NR7—N═N—; and
Q1 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R6NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5;
Q2 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R6NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5;
L is a bond, (CR7R7′)n, NH, NR5, NH (CR7R7′)n, or NR5(CR7R7′)n, where n=0-3;
R1 and R1′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;
R2 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;
R3 and R3′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, hydroxylamine, hydroxamide, alkoxy or substituted alkoxy, amino, NR1R2, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio;
R4 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R5 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R6 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, CN, OH, OR1, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R7 and R7′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, OR1, nitro, hydroxylarnine, hydroxylamide, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, R1C═O, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SOR1, PO3R1R1′, R1R1′NC═O, C═OSR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′; and
R8 and R8′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, nitro, halo, CN, OR1, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, C═OSR1, R1OC═O, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, R1R1′NC═O, SO2OR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, PO3R1R1′, or SO2NR1R1′.
2. A method of modulating the function of a nuclear hormone receptor which comprises administering to a mammalian species in need thereof an effective nuclear hormone receptor modulating amount of a compound of the following formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:
where the symbols have the following meanings, and are, for each occurrence, independently selected:
G is a cycloalkenyl, aryl or heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) group, where said group is mono- or polycyclic, and which is optionally substituted at one or more positions, preferably with hydrogen, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, halo, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, CN, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1C═O, R1C═S, R1HNC═O, R1R2NC═O, HOCR3R3′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, NR4R5, SR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, SO2NR1R1′, (R1O)(R1′O)P═O, oxo, (R1)(R1′)P═O, or (R1′)(NHR1)P═O;
Z1 is O, S, NH, or NR6;
Z2 is O, S, NH, or NR6; and
(i) Y is J—J′—J″ where J is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, J′ is a bond, C═O, CR7R7′, C═CR8R8′, R2P═O, R2P═S, R2OP═O, R2NHP═O, OP═OR2, C═NR7, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo or aryl or substituted aryl, and J″ is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, where Y is not a bond;
W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, or aryl or substituted aryl;
A1 is CR7 or N; and
A2 is CR7 or N; or alternatively
(ii) Y is absent;
W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, or aryl or substituted aryl;
A1 is CR7R7′ or NR7; and
A2 is CR7R7′ or NR7; or alternatively
(iii) Y is absent; and
A1, A2 and W together are —NR7—N═N—; and
Q1 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R1NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5;
Q2 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R6NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5; L is a bond, (CR7R7′)n, NH, NR5, NH (CR7R7′)n, or NR5(CR7R7′)n, where n=0-3;
R1 and R1′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;
R2 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;
R3 and R3′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, hydroxylamine, hydroxamide, alkoxy or substituted alkoxy, amino, NR1R2, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio;
R4 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R5 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R6 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, CN, OH, OR1, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R7 and R7′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, OR1, nitro, hydroxylamine, hydroxylamide, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, R1C═O, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SOR1, PO3R1R1′, R1R1′NC═O, C═OSR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′; and
R8 and R8′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, nitro, halo, CN, OR1, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, C═OSR1, R1OC═O, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, R1R1′NC═O, SO2OR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, PO3R1R1 ′, or SO2NR1R1′.
3. A method for treating a condition or disorder comprising administering to a mammalian species in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the following formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:
where the symbols have the following meanings, and are, for each occurrence, independently selected:
G is a cycloalkenyl, aryl or heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) group, where said group is mono- or polycyclic, and which is optionally substituted at one or more positions, preferably with hydrogen, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, halo, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, CN, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1C═O, R1C═S, R1HNC═O, R1R2NC═O, HOCR3R3′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, NR4R5, SR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, SO2NR1R1′, (R1O)(R1′O)P═O, oxo, (R1)(R1′)P═O, or (R1′)(NHR1)P═O;
Z1 is O, S, NH, or NR6;
Z2 is O, S, NH, or NR6; and
(i) Y is J—J′—J″ where J is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, J′ is a bond, C═O, CR7R7′, C═CR8R8′, R2P═O, R2P═S, R2OP═O, R2NHP═O, OP═OR2, C═NR7, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo or aryl or substituted aryl, and J″ is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, where Y is not a bond;
W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, or aryl or substituted aryl;
A1 is CR7 or N; and
A2 is CR7 or N; or alternatively
(ii) Y is absent;
W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, or aryl or substituted aryl;
A1 is CR7R7′ or NR7; and
A2 is CR7R7′ or NR7; or alternatively
(iii) Y is absent; and
A1, A2 and W together are —NR7—N═N—; and
Q1 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R6NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5;
Q2 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R6NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5;
L is a bond, (CR7R7′)n, NH, NR5, NH (CR7R7′)n, or NR5(CR7R7′)n, where n=0-3;
R1 and R1′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;
R2 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;
R3 and R3′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, hydroxylamine, hydroxamide, alkoxy or substituted alkoxy, amino, NR1R2, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio;
R4 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R5 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R6 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, CN, OH, OR1, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;
R7 and R7′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, OR1, nitro, hydroxylamine, hydroxylamide, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, R1C═O, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SOR1, PO3R1R1′, R1R1′NC═O, C═OSR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′; and
R8 and R8′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, nitro, halo, CN, OR1, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, C═OSR1, R1OC═O, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, R1R1′NC═O, SO2OR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, PO3R1R1′, or SO2NR1R1′.
wherein said condition or disorder is selected from the group consisting of proliferate diseases, cancers, benign prostate hypertrophia, adenomas and neoplasies of the prostate, benign or malignant tumor cells containing the androgen receptor, heart disease, angiogenic conditions or disorders, hirsutism, acne, hyperpilosity, inflammation, immune modulation, seborrhea, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, androgenic alopecia, hypogonadism, osteoporosis, suppressing spermatogenisis, libido, cachexia, anorexia, inhibition of muscular atrophy in ambulatory patients, androgen supplementation for age related decreased testosterone levels in men, cancers expressing the estrogen receptor, prostate cancer, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, hot flushes, vaginal dryness, menopause, amennoreahea, dysmennoreahea, contraception, pregnancy termination, cancers containing the progesterone receptor, menopause, cyclesynchrony, meniginoma, fibroids, labor induction, autoimmune disease, Alzheimer's disease, psychotic disorders, drug dependence, non-insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus, dopamine receptor mediated disorders, congestive heart failure, disregulation of cholesterol homeostasis, and attenuating the metabolism of a pharmaceutical agent.
4. The method of claim 2, wherein said compound is selected from the group consisting of;
(3a α,4α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl]-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, trifluoroacetate (1:1), (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[3-methoxy-4-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-2-oxo-6-benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-3-methyl-2-oxo-6-benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1-methyl-2-oxo-1H-indol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Fluorenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1H-Benzotriazol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-Chloro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3a α,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(7-hydroxy-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indol-5-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Amino-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-4-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(8-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(5-isoquinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2,3,5,6-Tetrafluoro-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4, 7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Difluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-indol-6-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3,4, 5-trichlorophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dimethylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino-3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2,2′-(2,3,5,6-Tetramethyl-1,4-phenylene)bis[3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione], (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione,.(3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5-Chloro-2-hydroxy-4-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methoxy-3-dibenzofuranyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,3, 4-trifluorophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-2-methyl-1,3-dioxo-1H-isoindol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2,5-Dichloro-4-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-[(Diethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-methoxybenzenecarboxylic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-8-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,3,5, 6-tetramethyl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-Ethyl-5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-methyl-N-phenylbenzenesulfonamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-6-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2,4-dimethyl-3-pyridinecarbonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Dibenzofuranyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2′-hydroxy[1,1′:3′,1″-terphenyl]-5′-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Dihydro-2,2-dioxidobenzo[c]thiophen-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoro-2,3-dihydro-1, 4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[2-Chloro-6-fluoro-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Fluoro-5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2-Ethoxy-8-methyl-4-(trifluoromethyl)-7-quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[1,2-Dihydro-8-methyl-2-oxo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-7-quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(9-Ethyl-9H-carbazol-2-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(1-piperidinyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(7-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-methylphenoxy]-2-methylpropanoic acid, ethyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-(Diethylamino)-1-naphthalenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(8-hydroxy-5-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[2-(4-morpholinyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1 ,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-4-yl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[2-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-Amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[1,2-Dihydro-2-oxo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-7-quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-6-(methylthio)-8-quinolinyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[5-Ethoxy-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[(1R)-1-(1-naphthalenyl)ethyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[(1S)-1-(1-naphthalenyl)ethyl]-3a,4,7,7a tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-Fluoro-N-[3-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]benzenesulfonamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[7-(trifluoromethyl)-4-quinolinyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[8-(trifluoromethyl)-4-quinolinyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-( 1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenecarbonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzo[b]thiophene-2-carboxylic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(5-nitro-8-isoquinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, trifluoroacetate (1:1), (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino-1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-hydroxy-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-methylphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenyl]methanesulfonamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5-Bromo-8-isoquinolinyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(7,8-Dichloro-5-quinolinyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenyl]-N′-methylurea, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-methoxy-1-naphthalenecarbonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Bromo-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5-Bromo-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-1H-indazol-3-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Chloro-1H-indazol-3-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(5-nitro-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-benzofurancarboxylic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Benzofuranyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Fluorenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1H-Benzotriazol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-Chloro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5-Amino-1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(7-hydroxy-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indol-5-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Amino-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-iodophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(8-quinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,4-Benzodioxin-6-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[2-oxo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(5-isoquinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Amino-4,5-dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Difluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-1-Acetyl-6-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7 ,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dimethylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7 ,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino-3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino-2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-6-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1,4(2H,3H)-phthalazinedione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-5-nitro-2-pyridinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Chloro-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-a-phenylbenzeneacetonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methoxy-3-dibenzofuranyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,3,4-trifluorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-2-methyl-1,3-dioxo-1H-isoindol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2,5-Dichloro-4-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-[(Diethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(methoxymethyl)-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-methoxybenzoic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-methylbenzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-8-quinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-Ethyl-5-( 1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-methyl-N-phenylbenzenesulfonamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2,6-Dibromo-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, (3aα,4α,8α,8aα)-2-(2,3-Dimethyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Dibenzofuranyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2′-hydroxy[1,1′:3′,1″-terphenyl]-5′-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3-hydroxy-2-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Dihydro-2,2-dioxidobenzo[c]thiophen-5-yl)hexahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylphenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoro-2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indazol-5-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-chlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(5-hydroxy-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[2-Chloro-6-fluoro-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-( 1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-(4-morpholinyl)benzoic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Fluoro-5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,8α,8aα)-2-(9-Ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,8α,8aα)-2-[1,2-Dihydro-8-methyl-2-oxo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-7-quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenecarbonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-1-naphthalenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(5-quinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(6-quinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(5-isoquinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dinitrophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,5-Dibromophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2-Fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Fluoro-5-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Chloro-4-nitrophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-3,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Difluorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Difluorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chlorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(3-iodophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(3-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Acetylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dimethylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dimethylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Ethylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(4-iodophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzeneacetonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Ethylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-[2-(Acetyloxy)ethyl]phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(4-propylphenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(2,3,4-trifluorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3a ,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,6-difluorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Benzothiazolyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-8-quinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Dihydro-3-oxo-5-isobenzofuranyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[2-Nitro-4-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Ethyl-5-nitrophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-5-benzofuranyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indazol-5-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-chlorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[2-(methylsulfonyl)-4-nitrophenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione; (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dibromophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(3-iodo-4-methylphenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-iodophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-6-quinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[2-(methylthio)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,6-diethylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(methoxymethyl)-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-Methyl-3-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Acetyl-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Bromo-5-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-nitrophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[5-[(Difluoromethyl)sulfonyl]-2-methoxyphenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,2-Difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-(4-Chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Fluoro-5-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Chloro-4-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[4-(Octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-3-nitrophenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-5-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenesulfonamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-Butyl-3-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-( 1-naphthalenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-1-naphthalenecarbonitrile, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Chloro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(5-quinolinyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(6-quinolinyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β, 6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(5-isoquinolinyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dinitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[2-Fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5 aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2-Fluoro-5-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2-Chloro-4-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[2-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Fluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,4-Difluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Difluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]lisoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(3-iodophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(3-nitrophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Acetylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,4-Dimethylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dimethylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Ethylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[4-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-iodophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4,6- ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzeneacetonitrile, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Ethylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-propylphenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(2,3,4-trifluorophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[4-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-3-nitrphenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,6-difluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(6-Benzothiazolyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(2-methyl-8-quinolinyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5 ,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-( 1,3-Dihydro-3-oxo-5-isobenzofuranyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-[2-Nitro-4-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(5-Acetyl-2-methyl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2-Ethyl-5-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(2-methyl-5-benzofuranyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-1-oxo-1H-inden-5-yl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(1H-indazol-5-yl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-[2,2,2-trifluoro-1-hydroxy-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-chlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5 ,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-methoxy-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dibromophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(3-iodo-4-methylphenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-iodophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β, 6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(2-methyl-6-quinolinyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-(methoxymethyl)-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[2-[(1-methylethyl)amino]-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[5-[(Difluoromethyl)sulfonyl]-2-methoxyphenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-[3-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-1-naphthalenesulfonamide, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-[(trifluoromethyl)thio]phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[2-(2-methoxyphenoxy)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-[4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]acetamide, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Acetyl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[3-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-Butyl-3-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzenesulfonamide, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-A ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-Fluoro-5-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzonitrile, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-Methyl-3-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzamide, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, 2-(2-Fluorenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[3-Chloro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Chloro-1-naphthalenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(3-iodo-4-methylphenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(1H-indol-5-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(5-quinolinyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Fluoro-4-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(8-quinolinyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(5-isoquinolinyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2,3,4,6-tetrafluorophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3,4-Difluorophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 1-Acetyl-2,3-dihydro-6-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1H-indole, 2-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione 2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Chloro-4-methoxyphenyl)hexahydro-1-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Chloro-4-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2-methyl-1-naphthalenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Chloro-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3 ,4-Dimethylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifiuorometlyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H )-dione, 2-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2- [4-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2- [4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Fluoro-4-methoxyphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-Bromo-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, methyl ester, Hexahydro-2-(4-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-[2-(2-pyridinyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(9-Ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2-methoxy-3-dibenzofuranyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2,3,4-trifluorophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-methyl-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-[6-(methylthio)-5-nitro-8-quinolinyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[2,5-Dichloro-4-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(6-methyl-5-quinolinyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, N-(l,1-Dimethylethyl)-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenesulfonamide, Hexahydro-2-[4-(methoxymethyl)-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(6-Benzothiazolyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-Methoxy-4-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, methyl ester, 2-Methyl-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, Hexahydro-2-(2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2-methyl-8-quinolinyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2- [3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Fluoro-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, N-Ethyl-2-methyl-5-(octahydro-1 ,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-N-phenylbenzenesulfonamide, 2-(2,3-Dimethyl-1H-indol-5-yl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Dibenzofuranyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Bromophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Chloro-4-nitrophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(1,3-Dihydro-2,2-dioxidobenzo[c]thiophen-5-yl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(6-nitro-2-naphthalenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(1H-indazol-5-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Amino-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Bromo-3-chlorophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile, Hexahydro-2-(9-oxo-9H-fluoren-1-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-Fluoro-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile, Hexahydro-2-(9-oxo-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Chloro-4-iodophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Bromo-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-4-nitrophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoro-2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Bromo-4-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Bromo-2-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Chloro-2-methylphenyl)hexahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α, 7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Amino-4,5-dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(8-hydroxy-5-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenecarbonitrile, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Fluorenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(2-methyl-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chlorophenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1,3(2H)-dione, (3 aα,4α,7α,7 aα)-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(4-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(1-oxido-4-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(6-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(1-oxido-6-quinolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(5-nitro-8-isoquinoliny)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, trifluoroacetate (1:1), (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-(methylthio)phenyll-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-1-naphthalenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1-naphthalenecarboxylic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,1-Dioxido-2H-naphth[1,8-cd]isothiazol-5-yl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(6-hydroxy-3-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,2-Benzisothiazol-3-yl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Benzofuranyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-benzofurancarboxylic acid, methyl ester, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-(4-isothiazolyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,4aβ,5aβ,6α,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4α,4aβ,5aβ,6α,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4α,4aβ,5aβ,6α,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4α,4aβ,5aβ,6α,6aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-1lexahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1 -naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-phenyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5β,7α,7aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, trifluoroacetate (1:1), (3aα,4α,5β,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-phenyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5β,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5β,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,5,6,7 ,8,8a-hexahydro-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-4,8-ethanocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,8-ethanocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3 (2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-2-(3-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-2-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-2-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-2-(3 -methoxyphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-2-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromophenyl)4,5,6,7,8,8-hexachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-2-[2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-(2-cyanophenyl)-1,4,5,6,7,7-hexachloro-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboximide, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-2-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-2-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-2-[3-(methylthio)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8-Hexachloro-2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Ethoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3 (2H)-dione, 3 a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3 (2H)-dione, N-(4,6-Dimethyl-2-pyrmidinyl)-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-mercaptophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, 2-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, methyl ester, 4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, 3-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, methyl ester, 4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, N-(4,5-Dihydro-5-methyl-3-isoxazolyl)-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(phenylmethoxy)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[2-(phenylmethoxy)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(phenylmethoxy)phenyll]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-[(4-nitrophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[2-[(4-nitrophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-[(4-nitrophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-[(4-methylphenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-[(4-methylphenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3 (2H)-dione, 3a,4,7 ,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[2- [(4-methylphenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[4-[(4-Butylphenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[2-[(4-Butylphenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[3-[(4-Butylphenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[4-[(2-Chlorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[4-[(4-Chlorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[2-[(4-Chlorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[2-[(2-Chlorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[3-[(2-Chlorophenyl)methoxylphenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[3-[(4-Chlorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[(Benzoyloxy)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-[3-(3,4-Dimethylbenzoyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3,4-Dimethylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, ethyl ester, 5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-1,3-benzenedioic acid, 4-[2-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)phenoxy]benzonitrile, 2-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7atetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(2-Acetylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-(5-oxazolyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-5-methyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2′-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3′a,4′,7′,7′a-tetrahydrospiro [cyclopropane-1,8′-[4,7]methano[1H]isoindole]-1′,3′(2′H)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα6aα,7β,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1 -naphthalenyl)-3a,4,4a,6a,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-etheno-1H-cyclobut[f]isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,6aα,7β,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,4a,6a,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-etheno-1H-cyclobut[f]isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,4aα,6aα,7β,7aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)-3a,4,4a,6a,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-etheno-1H-cyclobut[f]isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-[3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naphthalenyl)hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-8,8-dihydroxy-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-[3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-8,8-dihydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-8,8-dihydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-8,8-dihydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5-phenyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-2-[[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[(3-Chlorophenyl)amino]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-mercapto-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, (3a′α,4′α,7′α,7a′α)-2′-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-qiunolinyl)-3a′,4′,7′,7a′-tetrahydrospiro[cyclopropane-1,8′-[4,7]methano[1H]isoindole]-1′,3′(2′H)-dione, (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-4-nitropheny)-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-(2-mercaptophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, ethyl ester, 2-[4-(Diethylamino)phenyl]hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,9,9a-Tetrahydro-2-phenyl-4,9[1′,2′]-benzeno-1H-benz[f]isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 5-(Acetyloxy)hexahydro-2-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 5-(Acetyloxy)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 5-(Acetyloxy)hexahydro-2-(2-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 5-(Acetyloxy)-2-(3-chlorophenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Octahydro-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-5-carboxylic acid, methyl ester, 2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-5-carboxylic acid, methyl ester, Octahydro-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-5-carboxylic acid, methyl ester, Hexahydro-5-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Ethoxyphenyl)hexahydro-5-hydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-5-hydroxy-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Chlorophenyl)hexahydro-5-hydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-5-hydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-5-hydroxy-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 5-(Acetyloxy)hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-Hydroxy-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-5-phenyl-1H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, Hexahydro-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenyl-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Ethoxyphenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-5-phenyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Dibenzofuranyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-diphenyl-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-methyl-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 5-(2,4-Dimethylphenyl)-1,6a-dihydro-1-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]pyrrolo[3,4-d]-1,2,3-triazole-4,6(3aH,5H)-dione, Tetrahydro-2-phenyl-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione, 5,6-Dibromo-2-(4-ethoxyphenyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5,6-dimethyl-2-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5,6-dimethyl-2-(2-propoxyphenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Chloro-2-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3′a,4′,7′,7′a-Tetrahydro-2′-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)spiro[cyclopropane-1,8′-[4,7]methano[1H]isoindole]-1′,3′(2′H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-4-methyl-2-(3-methylphenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-2-[4-(2-methyl-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5-methyl-2-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5-methyl-2-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)hexahydro-5-methyl-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5-methyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 4-[1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl]benzonitrile, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-Methyl-2-propenoic acid, 4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-5-methyl-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)phenyl ester, 2-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 4-(1,3 ,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-phenyl-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-mercaptophenyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(methylthio)phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Ethoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethenocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione, 3′a,4′,7′,7′a-Tetrahydro-2′-(4-nitrophenyl)spiro[cyclopropane-1,8′-[4,7]methano[1H]isoindole]-1′,3′(2′H)-dione, 2-Hydroxy-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindol-2-yl)benzoic acid, 4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide, Hexahydro-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, 2-(4-Ethoxyphenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione, Hexahydro-5-phenyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione and (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 60/271,672, filed Feb. 27, 2001, incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002] The present invention relates to fused cyclic compounds, to methods of using such compounds in the treatment of nuclear hormone receptor-associated conditions such as cancer, and to pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Nuclear hormone receptors (NHR's) constitute a large super-family of ligand-dependent and sequence-specific transcription factors. Members of this family influence transcription either directly, through specific binding to the promoter target genes (Evans, in Science 240: 889-895 (1988)), or indirectly, via protein-protein interactions with other transcription factors (Jonat et al., Cell 62: 1189-1204 (1990), Schuele et al., Cell 62: 1217-1226 (1990), and Yang-Yen et al., Cell 62: 1205-1215 (1990)). The nuclear hormone receptor super-family (also known in the art as the “steroid/thyroid hormone receptor super-family”) includes receptors for a variety of hydrophobic ligands, including cortisol, aldosterone, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, vitamine D3, thyroid hormone and retinoic acid (Evans, 1988, supra). In addition to these conventional nuclear hormone receptors, the super-family contains a number of proteins that have no known ligands, termed orphan nuclear hormone receptors (Mangelsdorf et al., Cell 83: 835-839 (1995), O'Malley et al., Mol. Endocrinol. 10: 1293 (1996), Enmark et al., Mol. Endocrinol. 10, 1293-1307 (1996) and Giguere, Endocrin. Rev. 20, 689-725 (1999)). The conventional nuclear hormone receptors are generally transactivators in the presence of ligand, and can either be active repressors or transcriptionally inert in the absence of ligand. Some of the orphan receptors behave as if they are transcriptionally inert in the absence of ligand. Others, however, behave as either constitutive activators or repressors. These orphan nuclear hormone receptors are either under the control of ubiquitous ligands that have not been identified, or do not need to bind ligand to exert these activities.

[0004] In common with other transcription factors, the nuclear hormone receptors have a modular structure, being comprised of three distinct domains: an N-terminal domain of variable size containing a transcriptional activation function AF-1, a highly conserved DNA binding domain and a moderately conserved ligand-binding domain. The ligand-binding domain is not only responsible for binding the specific ligand but also contains a transcriptional activation function called AF-2 and a dimerisation domain (Wurtz et al., Nature Struc. Biol. 3, 87-94 (1996), Parker et al., Nature Struc. Biol. 3, 113-115 (1996) and Kumar et al., Steroids 64, 310-319 (1999)). Although the overall protein sequence of these receptors can vary significantly, all share both a common structural arrangement indicative of divergence from an ancestral archetype, and substantial homology (especially, sequence identity) at the ligand-binding domain.

[0005] The steroid binding nuclear hormone receptors (SB-NHR's) comprise a sub-family of nuclear hormone receptors. These receptors are related in that they share a stronger sequence homology to one another, particularly in the ligand binding domain (LBD), than to the other members of the NHR super-family (Evans, 1988, supra) and they all utilize steroid based ligands. Some examples of this sub-family of NHR's are the androgen receptor (AR), the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), the aldosterone receptor (ALDR) and the steroid and xenobiotic receptor (SXR) (Evans et al., WO 99/35246). Based on the strong sequence homology in the LBD, several orphan receptors may also be members of the SB-NHR sub-family.

[0006] Consistent with the high sequence homology found in the LBD for each of the SB-NHR's, the natural ligands for each is derived from a common steroid core. Examples of some of the steroid based ligands utilized by members of the SB-NHR's include cortisol, aldosterone, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. Specificity of a particular steroid based ligand for one SB-NHR versus another is obtained by differential substitution about the steroid core. High affinity binding to a particular SB-NHR, coupled with high level specificity for that particular SB-NHR, can be achieved with only minor structural changes about the steroid core (e.g., Waller et al., Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 137, 219-227 (1996) and Mekenyan et al., Environ. Sci. Technol. 31, 3702-3711 (1997), binding affinity for progesterone towards the androgen receptor as compared to testosterone).

[0007] Numerous synthetically derived steroidal and non-steroidal agonists and antagonists have been described for the members of the SB-NHR family. Many of these agonist and antagonist ligands are used clinically in man to treat a variety of medical conditions. RU486 is an example of a synthetic agonist of the PR, which is utilized as a birth control agent (Vegeto et al., Cell 69: 703-713 (1992)), and Flutamide is an example of an antagonist of the AR, which is utilized for the treatment of prostate cancer (Neri et al, Endo. 91, 427-437 (1972)). Tamoxifen is an example of a tissues specific modulator of the ER function, that is used in the treatment of breast cancer (Smigel, J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 90, 647-648 (1998)). Tamoxifen can function as an antagonist of the ER in breast tissue while acting as an agonist of the ER in bone (Grese et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 14105-14110 (1997)). Because of the tissue selective effects seen for Tamoxifen, this agent and agents like it are referred to as “partial-agonist” or partial-antagonist”. In addition to synthetically derived non-endogenous ligands, non-endogenous ligands for NHR's can be obtained from food sources (Regal et al., Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 223, 372-378 (2000) and Hempstock et al., J. Med. Food 2, 267-269 (1999)). The flavanoid phytoestrogens are an example of an unnatural ligand for SB-NHR's that are readily obtained from a food source such as soy (Quella et al., J. Clin. Oncol. 18, 1068-1074 (2000) and Banz et al., J. Med. Food 2, 271-273 (1999)). The ability to modulate the transcriptional activity of individual NHR by the addition of a small molecule ligand, makes them ideal targets for the development of pharmaceutical agents for a variety of disease states.

[0008] As mentioned above, non-natural ligands can be synthetically engineered to serve as modulators of the function of NHR's. In the case of SB-NHR's, engineering of an unnatural ligand can include the identification of a core structure which mimics the natural steroid core system. This can be achieved by random screening against several SB-NHR's or through directed approaches using the available crystal structures of a variety of NHR ligand binding domains (Bourguet et al., Nature 375, 377-382 (1995), Brzozowski, et al., Nature 389, 753-758 (1997), Shiau et al., Cell 95, 927-937 (1998) and Tanenbaum et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5998-6003 (1998)). Differential substitution about such a steroid mimic core can provide agents with selectivity for one receptor versus another. In addition, such modifications can be employed to obtain agents with agonist or antagonist activity for a particular SB-NHR. Differential substitution about the steroid mimic core can result in the formation of a series of high affinity agonists and antagonists with specificity for, for example, ER versus PR versus AR versus GR versus MR. Such an approach of differential substitution has been reported, for example, for quinoline based modulators of steroid NHR in J. Med. Chem., 41, 623 (1999); WO 9749709; U.S. Pat. No. 5,696,133; U.S. Pat. No. 5,696,130; U.S. Pat. No. 5,696,127; U.S. Pat. No. 5,693,647; U.S. Pat. No. 5,693,646; U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,810; U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,808 and WO 9619458, all incorporated herein by reference.

[0009] The compounds of the present invention comprise a core which serves as a steroid mimic, and are useful as modulators of the function of steroid binding nuclear hormone receptors, as well as other NHR as described following.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] The present invention provides fused cyclic compounds of the following formula I and salts thereof, which compounds are especially useful as modulators of nuclear hormone receptor function:

[0011] As used in formula I, and throughout the specification, the symbols have the following meanings unless otherwise indicated, and are, for each occurrence, independently selected:

[0012] G is a cycloalkenyl, aryl or heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) group, where said group is mono- or polycyclic, and which is optionally substituted at one or more positions, preferably with hydrogen, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, halo, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, CN, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1C═O, R1C═S, R1HNC═O, R1R2NC═O, HOCR3R3′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, NR4R5, SR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, SO2NR1R1′, (R1O)(R1′O)P═O, oxo, (R1)(R1′)P═O, or (R1′)(NHR1)P═O;

[0013] Z1 is O, S, NH, or NR6;

[0014] Z2 is O, S, NH, or NR6; and

[0015] (i) Y is J—J′—J″ where J is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, J′ is a bond, C═O, CR7R7′, C═CR8R8′, R2P═O, R2P═S, R2OP═O, R2NHP═O, OP═OR2, C═NR7, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo or aryl or substituted aryl, and J″ is (CR7R7′)n and n=0-3, where Y is not a bond;

[0016] W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, or aryl or substituted aryl;

[0017] A1 is CR7 or N; and

[0018] A2 is CR7 or N; or alternatively

[0019] (ii) Y is absent;

[0020] W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, or aryl or substituted aryl;

[0021] A1 is CR7R7′ or NR7; and

[0022] A2 is CR7R7′ or NR7; or alternatively

[0023] (iii) Y is absent; and

[0024] A1, A2 and W together are —NR7—N═N—; and

[0025] Q1 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R6NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5;

[0026] Q2 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) or substituted heterocyclo (e.g., substituted heteroaryl), halo, CN, R1OC═O, R4C═O, R5R6NC═O, HOCR7R7′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, C═OSR1, SO2R1 or NR4R5;

[0027] L is a bond, (CR7R7′)n, NH, NR5, NH (CR7R7′)n, or NR5(CR7R7′)n, where n=0-3;

[0028] R1 and R1′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;

[0029] R2 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl;

[0030] R3 and R3′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, hydroxylamine, hydroxamide, alkoxy or substituted alkoxy, amino, NR1R2, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio;

[0031] R4 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;

[0032] R5 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;

[0033] R6 is alkyl or substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, CN, OH, OR1, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′;

[0034] R7 and R7′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, halo, CN, OR1, nitro, hydroxylamine, hydroxylamide, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, thiol, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, R1C═O, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1NHC═O, SO2R1, SOR1, PO3R1R1′, R1R1′NC═O, C═OSR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, or SO2NR1R1′; and

[0035] R8 and R8′ are each independently H, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, cycloalkylalkyl or substituted cycloalkyalkyl, cycloalkenylalkyl or substituted cycloalkenylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, nitro, halo, CN, OR1, amino, NHR4, NR2R5, NOR1, alkylthio or substituted alkylthio, C═OSR1, R1OC═O, R1C═O, R1NHC═O, R1R1′NC═O, SO2OR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, PO3R1R1′, or SO2NR1R1′.

[0036] Compounds within formula I are novel; preferred such compounds are described further in the Examples herein.

[0037] The compounds of formula I and salts thereof comprise a core which can serve as a steroid mimic (and do not require the presence of a steroid-type (e.g., cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene analog) structure).

FURTHER DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0038] The following are definitions of terms used in the present specification. The initial definition provided for a group or term herein applies to that group or term throughout the present specification individually or as part of another group, unless otherwise indicated.

[0039] The terms “alkyl” and “alk” refers to a straight or branched chain alkane (hydrocarbon) radical containing from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Exemplary such groups include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, t-butyl, isobutyl, pentyl, hexyl, isohexyl, heptyl, 4,4-dimethylpentyl, octyl, 2,2,4-trimethylpentyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl, and the like. “Substituted alkyl” refers to an alkyl group substituted with one or more substituents, preferably 1 to 4 substituents, at any available point of attachment. Exemplary substituents include but are not limited to one or more of the following groups: halo (e.g., a single halo substituent or multiple halo substitutents forming, in the latter case, groups such as a perfluoroalkyl group or an alkyl group bearing Cl3 or CF3), alkoxy, alkylthio, hydroxy, carboxy (i.e., —COOH), alkoxycarbonyl, alkylcarbonyloxy, CN, amino (i.e., —NH2), alkylamino, dialkylamino, carbamoyl or substituted carbomoyl, carbamate or substituted carbamate, urea or substituted urea, amidinyl or substituted amidinyl, thiol (i.e., —SH), aryl, heterocycle, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, —S-aryl, —S-heterocycle, —S═O-aryl, —S═O-heterocycle, arylalkyl-O—, —S(O)2-aryl, —S(O)2-heterocycle, —NHS(O)2-aryl, —NHS(O)2-heterocycle, —NHS(O)2NH-aryl, —NHS(O)2NH-heterocycle, —P(O)2-aryl, —P(O)2-heterocycle, —NHP(O)2-aryl, —NHP(O)2-heterocycle, —NHP(O)2NH-aryl, —NHP(O)2NH-heterocycle, —O-aryl, —O-heterocycle, —NH-aryl, —NH-heterocycle, —NHC═O-aryl, —NHC═O-alkyl, —NHC═O-heterocycle, —OC═O-aryl, —OC═O-heterocycle, —NHC═ONH-aryl, —NHC═ONH-heterocycle, —OC═OO-alkyl, —OC═OO-aryl, —OC═OO-heterocycle, —OC═ONH-aryl, —OC═ONH-heterocycle, —NHC═OO-aryl, —NHC═OO-heterocycle, —NHC═OO-alkyl, —C═ONH-aryl, —C═ONH-heterocycle, —C═OO-aryl, —C═OO-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)S(O)2-aryl, —N(alkyl)S(O)2-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)S(O)2NH-aryl, —N(alkyl)S(O)2NH-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)P(O)2-aryl, —N(alkyl)P(O)2-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)P(O)2NH-aryl, —N(alkyl)P(O)2NH-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)-aryl, —N(alkyl)-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)C═O-aryl, —N(alkyl)C═O-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)C═ONH-aryl, —N(alkyl)C═ONH-heterocycle, —OC═ON(alkyl)-aryl, —OC═ON(alkyl)-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)C═OO-aryl, —N(alkyl)C═OO-heterocycle, —C═ON(alkyl)-aryl, —C═ON(alkyl)-heterocycle, —NHS(O)2N(alkyl)-aryl, —NHS(O)2N(alkyl)-heterocycle, —NHP(O)2N(alkyl)-aryl, NHP(O)2N(alkyl)-heterocycle, —NHC═ON(alkyl)-aryl, —NHC═ON(alkyl)-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)S(O)2N(alkyl)-aryl, —N(alkyl)S(O)2N(alkyl)-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)P(O)2N(alkyl)-aryl, —N(alkyl)P(O)2N(alkyl)-heterocycle, —N(alkyl)C═ON(alkyl)-aryl, and —N(alkyl)C═ON(alkyl)-heterocycle. In the aforementioned exemplary substitutents, in each instance, groups such as “alkyl”, “aryl” and “heterocycle” can themselves be optionally substituted; for example, “alkyl” in the group “NCH═OO-alkyl” recited above can be optionally substituted so that both “NHC═OO-alkyl” and “NHC═OO-substituted alkyl” are exemplary substitutents.

[0040] The term “alkenyl” refers to a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon radical containing from 2 to 12 carbon atoms and at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Exemplary such groups include ethenyl or allyl. “Substituted alkenyl” refers to an alkenyl group substituted with one or more substituents, preferably 1 to 4 substituents, at any available point of attachment. Exemplary substituents include, but are not limited to, alkyl or substituted alkyl, as well as those groups recited above as exemplary alkyl substituents.

[0041] The term “alkynyl” refers to a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon radical containing from 2 to 12 carbon atoms and at least one carbon to carbon triple bond. Exemplary such groups include ethynyl. “Substituted alkynyl” refers to an alkynyl group substituted with one or more substituents, preferably 1 to 4 substituents, at any available point of attachment. Exemplary substituents include, but are not limited to, alkyl or substituted alkyl, as well as those groups recited above as exemplary alkyl substituents.

[0042] The term “cycloalkyl” refers to a fully saturated cyclic hydrocarbon group containing from 1 to 4 rings and 3 to 8 carbons per ring. Exemplary such groups include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, etc. “Substituted cycloalkyl” refers to a cycloalkyl group substituted with one or more substituents, preferably 1 to 4 substituents, at any available point of attachment. Exemplary substituents include, but are not limited to, nitro, cyano, alkyl or substituted alkyl, as well as those groups recited above as exemplary alkyl substituents, and as previously mentioned as preferred aryl substituents in the definition for G. Exemplary substituents also include spiro-attached or fused cyclic substituents, especially cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl.

[0043] The term “cycloalkenyl” refers to a partially unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbon group containing 1 to 4 rings and 3 to 8 carbons per ring. Exemplary such groups include cyclobutenyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl, etc. “Substituted cycloalkenyl” refers to a cycloalkenyl group substituted with one more substituents, preferably 1 to 4 substituents, at any available point of attachment. Exemplary substituents include but are not limited to nitro, cyano, alkyl or substituted alkyl, as well as those groups recited above as exemplary alkyl substituents, and as previously mentioned as preferred aryl substituents in the definition for G. Exemplary substituents also include spiro-attached or fused cyclic substituents, especially cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, or aryl or substituted aryl.

[0044] The terms “alkoxy” or “alkylthio” refer to an alkyl group as described above bonded through an oxygen linkage (—O—) or a sulfur linkage (—S—), respectively. The terms “substituted alkoxy” or “substituted alkylthio” refer to a substituted alkyl group as described above bonded through an oxygen or sulfur linkage, respectively.

[0045] The term “alkoxycarbonyl” refers to an alkoxy group bonded through a carbonyl group.

[0046] The term “alkylcarbonyl” refers to an alkyl group bonded through a carbonyl group. The term “alkylcarbonyloxy” refers to an alkylcarbonyl group bonded through an oxygen linkage.

[0047] The terms “arylalkyl”, “substituted arylalkyl,” “cycloalkylalkyl,” “substituted cycloalkylalkyl,” “cycloalkenylalkyl”, “substituted cycloalkenylalkyl”, “heterocycloalkyl” and “substituted heterocycloalkyl” refer to aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl and heterocyclo groups bonded through an alkyl group, substituted on the aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or heterocyclo and/or the alkyl group where indicated as “substituted.”

[0048] The term “aryl” refers to cyclic, aromatic hydrocarbon groups which have 1 to 5 aromatic rings, especially monocyclic or bicyclic groups such as phenyl, biphenyl or naphthyl. Where containing two or more aromatic rings (bicyclic, etc.), the aromatic rings of the aryl group may be joined at a single point (e.g., biphenyl), or fused (e.g., naphthyl, phenanthrenyl and the like). “Substituted aryl” refers to an aryl group substituted by one or more substituents, preferably 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents, at any point of attachment. Exemplary substituents include, but are not limited to, nitro, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, cyano, alkyl-S(O)m— (m=0, 1 or 2), alkyl or substituted alkyl, as well as those groups recited above as exemplary alkyl substituents and as previously mentioned as preferred aryl substituents in the definition for G. Exemplary substituents also include fused cyclic substituents, such as heterocyclo or cycloalkenyl, or substituted heterocyclo or cycloalkenyl, groups (e.g., thereby forming a fluoroenyl, tetrahydronapthalenyl, or dihydroindenyl group).

[0049] “Carbamoyl” refers to the group —CONH— which is bonded on one end to the remainder of the molecule and on the other to hydrogen or an organic moiety (such as alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, heterocycle, alkylcarbonyl, hydroxyl and substituted nitrogen). “Carbamate” refers to the group —O—CO—NH— which is bonded on one end to the remainder of the molecule and on the other to hydrogen or an organic moiety (such as those listed above). “Urea” refers to the group —NH—CO—NH— which is bonded on one end to the remainder of the molecule and on the other to hydrogen or an organic moiety (such as those listed above). “Amidinyl” refers to the group —C(═NH)(NH2). “Substituted carbamoyl,” “substituted carbamate,” “substituted urea” and “substituted amidinyl” refer to carbamoyl, carbamate, urea or amidinyl groups as described above in which one more of the hydrogen groups are replaced by an organic moiety (such as those listed above).

[0050] The terms “heterocycle”, heterocyclic” and “heterocyclo” refer to fully saturated, or partially or fully unsaturated, including aromatic (i.e., “heteroaryl”) cyclic groups (for example, 3 to 7 membered monocyclic, 7 to 11 membered bicyclic, or 10 to 16 membered tricyclic ring systems) which have at least one heteroatom in at least one carbon atom-containing ring. Each ring of the heterocyclic group containing a heteroatom may have 1, 2, 3, or 4 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen atoms, oxygen atoms and/or sulfur atoms, where the nitrogen and sulfur heteroatoms may optionally be oxidized and the nitrogen heteroatoms may optionally be quaternized. (The term “heteroarylium” refers to a heteroaryl group bearing a quaternary nitrogen atom and thus a positive charge.) The heterocyclic group may be attached to the remainder of the molecule at any heteroatom or carbon atom of the ring or ring system. Exemplary monocyclic heterocyclic groups include ethylene oxide, azetidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, oxetanyl, pyrazolinyl, imidazolyl, imidazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, oxazolyl, oxazolidinyl, isoxazolinyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolidinyl, isothiazolyl, isothiazolidinyl, furyl, tetrahydrofuryl, thienyl, oxadiazolyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, 2-oxopiperazinyl, 2-oxopiperidinyl, 2-oxopyrrolodinyl, 2-oxoazepinyl, azepinyl, hexahydrodiazepinyl, 4-piperidonyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl, triazinyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, tetrahydropyranyl, morpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl sulfoxide, thiamorpholinyl sulfone, 1,3-dioxolane and tetrahydro-1,1-dioxothienyl, and the like. Exemplary bicyclic heterocyclic groups include indolyl, isoindolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzodioxolyl, benzoxazolyl, benzoxadiazolyl, benzothienyl, quinuclidinyl, quinolinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, benzimidazolyl, benzopyranyl, indolizinyl, benzofuryl, benzofurazanyl, chromonyl, coumarinyl, benzopyranyl, cinnolinyl, quinoxalinyl, indazolyl, pyrrolopyridyl, furopyridinyl (such as furo[2,3-c]pyridinyl, furo[3,2-b]pyridinyl] or furo[2,3-b]pyridinyl), dihydrobenzodioxinyl, dihydrodioxidobenzothiophenyl, dihydroisoindolyl, dihydroindolyl, dihydroquinolinyl, dihydroquinazolinyl (such as 3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-quinazolinyl), triazinylazepinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl and the like. Exemplary tricyclic heterocyclic groups include carbazolyl, benzidolyl, phenanthrolinyl, dibenzofuranyl, acridinyl, phenanthridinyl, xanthenyl and the like.

[0051] “Substituted heterocycle,” “substituted heterocyclic,” and “substituted heterocyclo” (such as “substituted heteroaryl”) refer to heterocycle, heterocyclic or heterocyclo groups substituted with one or more substituents, preferably 1 to 4 substituents, at any available point of attachment. Exemplary substituents include, but are not limited to, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, nitro, oxo (i.e., ═O), cyano, alkyl-S(O)m— (m=0, 1 or 2), alkyl or substituted alkyl, as well as those groups recited above as exemplary alkyl substituents, and as previously mentioned as preferred heterocyclo substituents in the definition for G.

[0052] The term “quaternary nitrogen” refers to a tetravalent positively charged nitrogen atom including, for example, the positively charged nitrogen in a tetraalkylammonium group (e.g., tetraethylammonium, N-methylpyridinium), the positively charged nitrogen in protonated ammonium species (e.g., trimethyl-hydroammonium, N-hydropyridinium), the positively charged nitrogen in amine N-oxides (e.g., N-methyl-morpholine-N-oxide, pyridine-N-oxide), and the positively charged nitrogen in an N-amino-ammonium group (e.g., N-aminopyridinium).

[0053] The terms “halogen” or “halo” refer to chlorine, bromine, fluorine or iodine.

[0054] The terms “hydroxylamine” and “hydroxylamide” refer to the groups OH—NH— and OH—NH—CO—, respectively.

[0055] When a functional group is termed “protected”, this means that the group is in modified form to mitigate, especially preclude, undesired side reactions at the protected site. Suitable protecting groups for the methods and compounds described herein include, without limitation, those described in standard textbooks, such as Greene, T. W. et al., Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, Wiley, N.Y. (1991).

[0056] When a term such as “(CRR)n” is used, it denotes an optionally substituted alkyl chain existing between the two fragments to which it is bonded, the length of which chain is defined by the range described for the term n. An example of this is n=0-3, implying from zero to three (CRR) units existing between the two fragments, which are attached to the primary and terminal (CRR) units. In the situation where the term n is set to zero (n=0) then a bond exists between the two fragments attached to (CRR).

[0057] Unless otherwise indicated, any heteroatom with unsatisfied valences is assumed to have hydrogen atoms sufficient to satisfy the valences.

[0058] Divalent groups, such as those in the definition of W (e.g., CR7R7′—C═O), may be bonded in either direction to the remainder of the molecule (e.g,

[0059] for the aforementioned group within the definition of W).

[0060] Carboxylate anion refers to a negatively charged group —COO.

[0061] The compounds of formula I form salts which are also within the scope of this invention. Reference to a compound of the formula I herein is understood to include reference to salts thereof, unless otherwise indicated. The term “salt(s)”, as employed herein, denotes acidic and/or basic salts formed with inorganic and/or organic acids and bases. In addition, when a compound of formula I contains both a basic moiety, such as but not limited to a pyridine or imidazole, and an acidic moiety such as but not limited to a carboxylic acid, zwitterions (“inner salts”) may be formed and are included within the term “salt(s)” as used herein. Pharmaceutically acceptable (i.e., non-toxic, physiologically acceptable) salts are preferred, although other salts are also useful, e.g., in isolation or purification steps which may be employed during preparation. Salts of the compounds of the formula I may be formed, for example, by reacting a compound I with an amount of acid or base, such as an equivalent amount, in a medium such as one in which the salt precipitates or in an aqueous medium followed by lyophilization.

[0062] The compounds of formula I which contain a basic moiety, such as but not limited to an amine or a pyridine or imidazole ring, may form salts with a variety of organic and inorganic acids. Exemplary acid addition salts include acetates (such as those formed with acetic acid or trihaloacetic acid, for example, trifluoroacetic acid), adipates, alginates, ascorbates, aspartates, benzoates, benzenesulfonates, bisulfates, borates, butyrates, citrates, camphorates, camphorsulfonates, cyclopentanepropionates, digluconates, dodecylsulfates, ethanesulfonates, fumarates, glucoheptanoates, glycerophosphates, hemisulfates, heptanoates, hexanoates, hydrochlorides, hydrobromides, hydroiodides, hydroxyethanesulfonates (e.g., 2-hydroxyethanesulfonates), lactates, maleates, methanesulfonates, naphthalenesulfonates (e.g., 2-naphthalenesulfonates), nicotinates, nitrates, oxalates, pectinates, persulfates, phenylpropionates (e.g., 3-phenylpropionates), phosphates, picrates, pivalates, propionates, salicylates, succinates, sulfates (such as those formed with sulfuric acid), sulfonates (such as those mentioned herein), tartrates, thiocyanates, toluenesulfonates such as tosylates, undecanoates, and the like.

[0063] The compounds of formula I which contain an acidic moiety, such but not limited to a carboxylic acid, may form salts with a variety of organic and inorganic bases. Exemplary basic salts include ammonium salts, alkali metal salts such as sodium, lithium and potassium salts, alkaline earth metal salts such as calcium and magnesium salts, salts with organic bases (for example, organic amines) such as benzathines, dicyclohexylamines, hydrabamines (formed with N,N-bis(dehydroabietyl)ethylenediamine), N-methyl-D-glucamines, N-methyl-D-glycamides, t-butyl amines, and salts with amino acids such as arginine, lysine and the like. Basic nitrogen-containing groups may be quaternized with agents such as lower alkyl halides (e.g. methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl chlorides, bromides and iodides), dialkyl sulfates (e.g. dimethyl, diethyl, dibutyl, and diamyl sulfates), long chain halides (e.g. decyl, lauryl, myristyl and stearyl chlorides, bromides and iodides), aralkyl halides (e.g. benzyl and phenethyl bromides), and others.

[0064] Prodrugs and solvates of the compounds of the invention are also contemplated herein. The term “prodrug” as employed herein denotes a compound which, upon administration to a subject, undergoes chemical conversion by metabolic or chemical processes to yield a compound of the formula I, or a salt and/or solvate thereof. Solvates of the compounds of formula I include, for example, hydrates.

[0065] Compounds of the formula I, and salts thereof, may exist in their tautomeric form (for example, as an amide or imino ether). All such tautomeric forms are contemplated herein as part of the present invention.

[0066] All stereoisomers of the present compounds (for example, those which may exist due to asymmetric carbons on various substituents), including enantiomeric forms and diastereomeric forms, are contemplated within the scope of this invention. Individual stereoisomers of the compounds of the invention may, for example, be substantially free of other isomers (e.g., as a pure or substantially pure optical isomer having a specified activity), or may be admixed, for example, as racemates or with all other, or other selected, stereoisomers. The chiral centers of the present invention may have the S or R configuration as defined by the IUPAC 1974 Recommendations. The racemic forms can be resolved by physical methods, such as, for example, fractional crystallization, separation or crystallization of diastereomeric derivatives or separation by chiral column chromatography. The individual optical isomers can be obtained from the racemates by any suitable method, including without limitation, conventional methods, such as, for example, salt formation with an optically active acid followed by crystallization.

[0067] All configurational isomers of the compounds of the present invention are contemplated, either in admixture or in pure or substantially pure form. The definition of compounds of the present invention embraces both cis (Z) and trans (E) alkene isomers, as well as cis and trans isomers of cyclic hydrocarbon or heterocyclo rings. In certain cases, for example, the exo or endo conformation can be preferred for the fused ring system bonded to G—L in formula L. As can be appreciated, the preferred configuration can be a function of the particular compound and its preferred activity. Separation of configurational isomers can be achieved by any suitable method, such as column chromatography.

[0068] Throughout the specifications, groups and substituents thereof may be chosen to provide stable moieties and compounds.

[0069] Embodiments indicated herein as exemplary or preferred are intended to be illustrative and not limiting.

Methods of Preparation

[0070] The compounds of the present invention may be prepared by methods such as those illustrated in the following Schemes I to IV. Solvents, temperatures, pressures, and other reaction conditions may readily be selected by one of ordinary skill in the art. Starting materials are commercially available or readily prepared by one of ordinary skill in the art. Combinatorial techniques may be employed in the preparation of compounds, for example, where the intermediates possess groups suitable for these techniques. See the following which describe other methods which may be employed in the preparation of compounds of the present invention: Li, et al., Eur. J. Org. Chem. 9, 1841-1850 (1998); Li, Y-Q, Synlett. 5, 461-464 (1996); Thiemann, et al., Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 67, 1886-1893 (1994); Tsuge et al., Heterocycles 14, 423-428 (1980); Ward et al., Can J. Chem. 75, 681-693 (1997); Ward et al., Can J. Chem. 69, 1487-1497 (1991); Ward et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 31, 845-848 (1990); Fleming et al., J. Org. Chem. 44, 2280-2282 (1979); Jankowski et al., J. Organomet. Chem. 595, 109-113 (2000); Keglevich et al., J. Organomet. Chem. 579, 182-189 (1999); Keglevich et al., J. Organomet. Chem. 570, 49-539 (1998); Jankowski et al., Hetroat. Chem. 7, 369-374 (1996); Jankowski et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113, 7011-7017 (1991); Quin et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 31, 6473-6476 (1990); Quin et al., J. Org. Chem. 59, 120-129 (1994); Quin et al., J. Org. Chem. 58, 6212-6216 (1993); Quin et al., Phosphorous, Sulfur Silicon Relat. Elem. 63, 349-362 (1991); Quin et al., Hetroat. Chem. 2, 359-367 (1991); Hussong et al., Phosphorus Sulfur. 25, 201-212 (1985); Quin et al., J. Org. Chem. 51, 3341-3347 (1986); Myers et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 5684-5692 (1992); Myers et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113, 6682-6683 (1991); Shen et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,817,679; Cordone et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 5969-5970 (1989); Jung et al., J. Chem. Soc. Commun. 630-632 (1984); Lay et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 104, 7658-7659 (1982); Gonzalez et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 3405-3421 (1995); Kreher et al., Chem Ber. 125, 183-189 (1992); Simig et al., Synlett. 7, 425-426 (1990); Sha et al., J. Org. Chem. 55, 2446-2450 (1990); Drew et al., J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1 7, 1277-1284 (1985); Kreher et al., Anorg. Chem., Org Chem. 31B, 599-604 (1976); Avalos et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 39, 9301-9304 (1998); Gousse et al., Macromolecules 31, 314-321 (1998); Mikhailyuchenko et al., Khim. Geterotsikl. Soedin. 6, 751-758 (1993); Lubowitz et al., U.S. Pat. No. 4,476,184; Padwa et al., J. Org. Chem. 61, 3706-3714 (1996); Schlessinger et al., J. Org. Chem. 59, 3246-3247 (1994); Buchmeiser et al., WO Publication No. 9827423; Tanabe et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 07144477; Mochizucki et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 63170383; Hosoda et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 62053963; Onaka et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 62053964; Kato et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 53086035; Kato et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 51088631; Tottori et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 49124225; Augustin et al., German Patent Document DD101271; Title et al., French Patent Document FR 2031538; Gousse et al., Polym. Int. 48, 723-731 (1999); Padwa et al., J. Org. Chem. 62, 4088-4096 (1997); Theurillat-Moritz et al., Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 7, 3163-3168 (1996); Mathews et al., J. Carbohydr. Chem. 14, 287-97 (1995); Srivastava et al., Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. (India) 15, 41-44 (1992); Mayorga et al., Rev. Cubana Quim. 4, 1-6 (1988); Kondoli et al., J. Chem. Res., Synop. 3, 76 (1987); Primelles et al., Cent Azucar 7-14 (1985); Solov'eva et al., Khim. Geterotsikl. Soedin. 5, 613-15 (1984); Liu et al., Yaoxue Xuebao 18, 752-759 (1983); Joshi et al., Indian J. Chem, Sect. B. 22B, 131-135 (1983); Amos et al., WO Publication No.9829495; Odagiri et al., U.S. Pat. No. 4,670,536; Gallucci et al., European Patent Document EP 355435; Redmore, D. U.S. Pat. No. 3821232; Nakano et al., Heterocycles 35, 37-40 (1993); Tomisawa et al., Chem. Pharm. Bull. 36, 1692-1697 (1988); Krow et al., J. Heterocycl. Chem. 22, 131-135 (1985); Krow et al., J. Org. Chem. 47, 1989-1993 (1982); Liu et al., Yaoxue Xuebao 18, 752-759 (1983); Nishikawa et al., Yaoxue Xuebao JP 01061457; and/or Rice et al., J. Med. Chem. 11, 183-185 (1968).

[0071] All documents cited in the present specification, such as those cited in this “Methods of Preparation” as well as other sections herein, are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety. Reference to any document herein is not to be construed as an admission that such document is prior art.

[0072] As illustrated in Scheme I, a diene of formula II can be reacted with a dienophile of formula III, under conditions readily selected by one skilled in the art (such as by the addition of heat (“Δ”)), to obtain a compound of formula IV, which is a compound of formula I. An intermediate diene of formula II can be obtained from commercial sources or readily made by one skilled in the art, for example, in accordance with the following literature documents and the references found therein: Hofman et al., J. Agric. Food Chem. 45, 898-906 (1997); Baciocchi et al., J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 8, 821-824 (1975); Wu et al., J. Heterocycles 38, 1507-1518 (1994); Yin et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 38, 5953-5954 (1997); Mic'ovic' et al., Tetrahedron 20, 2279-2287 (1964); Gorbunova et al., J. Org. Chem. 35, 1557-1566 (1999); Rassu et al., Chem. Soc. Rev. 29, 109-118 (2000); Kaberdin et al., Russ. Chem. Rev. 68, 765-779 (1999); Barluenga et al., Aldrichimica Acta 32, 4-15 (1999); Bogdanowicz-Szwed et al., Pol. Wiad. Chem. 52, 821-842 (1998); Casiraghi et al., Adv. Asymmetric Synth. 3, 113-189 (1998); and/or Baeckvall et al., Chem. Rev. 98, 2291-2312 (1998). An intermediate dieneophile of formula III can be obtained from commercial sources or readily made by one skilled in the art, for example, in accordance with the following literature references and the references found therein: Deshpande et al., Heterocycles 51, 2159-2162 (1999); Seijas et al., J. Chem. Res., Synop. 7, 420-421 (1999); Langer et al., Eur. J. Org. Chem. 7, 1467-1470 (1998); Kita et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 09194458; Lopez-Alvarado et al., J. Org. Chem. 61, 5865-5870 (1996); Condon et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,523,277; Sasakihara et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 04290868; Igarashi et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 04149173; Aoyama et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 04134063; Aoyama et al., Japanese Patent Document JP 04134062; Pastor et al., J. Org. Chem. 53, 5776-5779 (1988); and/or Takahashi et al., Chem. Lett. 6, 1229-1232 (1987).

[0073] As illustrated in Scheme II, compounds of formula I can be obtained by reaction of a primary amine of formula V with a substituted anhydride-like intermediate of formula VI, for example, in a solvent such as acetic acid with or without heating, to yield a compound of formula IV, which is a compound of formula I. Primary amines of formula V can be obtained from commercial sources or readily synthesized by one skilled in the art. Anhydride-like agents of formula VI can be obtained from commercial sources or readily synthesized by one skilled in the art. The documents listed following describe exemplary approaches for the synthesis of intermediates of formula VI as well as synthetic approaches which can be applied to the synthesis of compounds of formula IV (all incorporated herein by reference in their entirety): Kohler, E. P.; Tishler, M.; Potter, H.; Thompson, H. T. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1939, 1057-1061; Yur'ev, Y. K.; Zefirov, N. S. J. Gen. Chem. U.S.S.R. (Engl. Transl.) 1961, 31, 772-5; Norman G. Gaylord U.S. Pat. No. 3,995,099; Schueler, P. E.; Rhodes, Y. E. J. Org. Chem. 1974, 39, 2063-9; Ishitobi, H.; Tanida, H; Tsuji, T. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 1971, 44, 2993-3000; Stájer, G.; Virág, M.; Szabó, A. E.; Bernáth, G.; Sohár, P.; Sillanpää, R. Acta. Chem. Scand. 1996, 50, 922-30; Hart, H.; Ghosh, T. Tetrahedron Lett. 1988,29,881-884; Kato, M.; Yamamoto, S.; Yoshihara, T.; Furuichi, K; Miwa, T. Chem. Lett. 1987, 1823-1826; Kottwitz, J.; Vorbrüggen, H. Synthesis 1995, 636-637; Creary, X. J. Org. Chem. 1975, 40, 3326-3331; Alder, K.; Ache, H.-J.; Flock, F. H. Chem. Ber. 1960, 93, 1888-1895; Toder, B. H.; Branca, S. J.; Dieter, R. K.; Smith, A. B. III Synth. Commun. 1975, 5, 435-439; Sprague, P. W.; Heikes, J. E.; Gougoutas, J. Z.; Malley, M. F.; Harris, D. N.; and/or Greenberg, R. J. Med. Chem. 1985, 28, 1580-1590.

[0074] The aforementioned approach(es) can be applied in a combinatorial fashion, for example, by utilizing a multi-well reaction block such as is described in Waldemar Ruediger, Wen-Jeng Li, John W., Allen Jr., and Harold N. Weller III, U.S. Pat. No. 5,961,925, Apparatus for Synthesis of Multiple Organic Compounds With Pinch Valve Block (incorporated herein by reference in its entirety). By utilizing the above-mentioned multi-well reaction block, one can, for example, perform multiples of 96 reactions at a time. Solvent can then be removed from the reaction tubes without removal from the reaction block and the crude products can be precipitated using a base such as sodium bicarbonate. The precipitates can be collected by filtration of the reaction block and then the desired products can be transferred directly to 96 well plates for screening. In this fashion, a large array of compounds of formula I can be synthesized, and tests conducted as desired by an automated approach.

[0075] Scheme III describes a method for preparing an intermediate compound of formula VI which can be used to synthesize a compound of formula I, as described in Scheme II. As described in Scheme III, a diene of formula II can be reacted with a dieneophile of formula VII to yield the intermediate of formula VI. The methods applied to obtain such a transformation are analogous to those described in Scheme I.

[0076] Scheme IV describes a method for preparing an intermediate compound of formula VI which can be used to synthesize a compound of formula I, as described in Scheme II. As shown in Scheme IV, a diene of formula II can be reacted with a dieneophile of formula VIII to yield the intermediate of formula IX. The intermediate of formula IX can be dehydrated to an anhydride-like intermediate of formula VI. Dehydration of the bis-acid intermediate of formula IX to can be achieved by a variety of methods, such as those known to one skilled in the art and described in the following documents and the references embodied therein: Sprague et al., J. Med. Chem. 28, 1580-1590 (1985); and/or Retemi et al., J. Org. Chem. 61, 6296-6301 (1996).

Preferred Compounds

[0077] A preferred subgenus of the compounds of the present invention includes compounds of the formula I or salts thereof wherein one or more, preferably all, of the following substituents are as defined below:

[0078] G is a cycloalkenyl, an aryl (preferably phenyl or naphthyl), or heterocyclo (e.g., heteroaryl) group, where said group is mono- or polycyclic, and which is optionally substituted at one or more positions, preferably with hydrogen, alkyl or substituted alkyl, alkenyl or substituted alkenyl, alkynyl or substituted alkynyl, halo, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, aryl or substituted aryl, heterocyclo or substituted heterocyclo, arylalkyl or substituted arylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl or substituted heterocycloalkyl, CN, R1OC═O, R1C═O—O—, R1C═O, R1C═S, R1HNC═O, R1R2NC═O, HOCR3R3′, nitro, R1OCH2, R1O, NH2, NR4R5, SR1, S═OR1, SO2R1, SO2OR1, SO2NR1R1′, (R1O)(R1′O)P═O, oxo, (R1)(R1′)P═O, or (R1′)(NHR1)P═O;

[0079] Z1 is O or S;

[0080] Z2 is O or S; and

[0081] (i) Y is —(CR7R7′)n and n=1-3, C═CR8R8′, C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl or substituted cycloalkenyl, or aryl or substituted aryl;

[0082] W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′, CR8═CR8′, CR7R7′—C═O, cycloalkyl or substituted cycloalkyl, or aryl or substituted aryl;

[0083] A1 is CR7; and

[0084] A2 is CR7; or alternatively,

[0085] (ii) Y is absent;

[0086] W is CR7R7′—CR7R7′ or CR8═CR8′;

[0087] A1 is CR7; and

[0088] A2 is CR7; or alternatively,

[0089] (iii) Y is absent; and

[0090] A1, A2 and W together are —NR7—N═N—; and

[0091] Q1 is H, alkyl or substituted alkyl;

[0092] Q2 is H, alkyl or substituted alky; and

[0093] L is a bond, NH or NR5.

Use and Utility

[0094] The compounds of the present invention modulate the function of nuclear hormone receptors (NHR), and include compounds which are, for example, agonists, partial agonists, antagonists or partial antagonists of the androgen receptor (AR), the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), the steroid and xenobiotic receptor (SXR), other steroid binding NHR's, the Orphan receptors or other NHR's. Selective modulation of one such NHR relative to others within the NHR family is preferred. “Modulation” includes, for example, activation (e.g., agonist activity) or inhibition (e.g., antagonist activity).

[0095] The present compounds are thus useful in the treatment of NHR-associated conditions. A “NHR-associated condition”, as used herein, denotes a condition or disorder which can be treated by modulating the function of a NHR in a subject, wherein treatment comprises prevention, partial alleviation or cure of the condition or disorder. Modulation may occur locally, for example, within certain tissues of the subject, or more extensively throughout a subject being treated for such a condition disorder.

[0096] The compounds of the present invention are useful for the treatment of a variety of conditions and disorders including, but not limited to, those described following:

[0097] Compounds of formula I can be applied as agonists, partial agonists, antagonists, or partial antagonists of the estrogen receptor, preferably selectively to that receptor, in an array of medical conditions which involve modulation of the estrogen receptor pathway. Applications of said compounds include but are not limited to: osteoporosis, hot flushes, vaginal dryness, prostate cancer, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, cancers expressing the estrogen receptor such as the aforementioned cancers and others, contraception, pregnancy termination, menopause, amennoreahea, and dysmennoreahea.

[0098] Compounds of formula I can be applied as agonists, partial agonists, antagonists or partial antagonists of the progesterone receptor, preferably selectively to that receptor, in an array of medical conditions which involve modulation of the progesterone receptor pathway. Applications of said compounds include but are not limited to: breast cancer, other cancers containing the progesterone receptor, endometriosis, cachexia, contraception, menopause, cyclesynchrony, meniginoma, dysmennoreahea, fibroids, pregnancy termination, labor induction and osteoporosis.

[0099] Compounds of formula I can be applied as agonists, partial agonists, antagonists or partial antagonists of the glucocorticoid receptor, preferably selectively to that receptor, in an array of medical conditions which involve modulation of the glucocorticoid receptor pathway. Applications of said compounds include but are not limited to: inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, prostate cancer, breast cancer, Alzheimer's disease, psychotic disorders, drug dependence, non-insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus, and as dopamine receptor blocking agents or otherwise as agents for the treatment of dopamine receptor mediated disorders. Glucocorticoid receptor AP-1 (“GR AP-1”) inhibitors (which compounds can, for example, avoid side effects connected with GR agonists) can be used as anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents, for example, to treat a wide variety of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. These diseases include without limitation: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, prevention of transplant rejection, multiple sclerosis, and psoriasis, among others. GR AP-1 inhibitors of the present invention can be employed together with known GR AP-1 inhibitors, such as the steroid prednisone (which is used to treat the above diseases).

[0100] Compounds of formula I can be applied as agonists, partial agonists, antagonists or partial antagonists of the mineralocorticoid receptor, preferably selectively to that receptor, in an array of medical conditions which involve modulation of the mineralocorticoid receptor pathway. Applications of said compounds include but are not limited to: drug withdrawal syndrome and inflammatory diseases.

[0101] Compounds of formula I can be applied as agonists, partial agonists, antagonists or partial antagonists of the aldosterone receptor, preferably selectively to that receptor, in an array of medical conditions which involve modulation of the aldosterone receptor pathway. One application of said compounds includes but is not limited to: congestive heart failure.

[0102] Compounds of formula I can be applied as agonists, partial agonists, antagonists or partial antagonists of the androgen receptor, preferably selectively to that receptor, in an array of medical conditions which involve modulation of the androgen receptor pathway. Applications of said compounds include but are not limited to: hirsutism, acne, seborrhea, Alzheimer's disease, androgenic alopecia, hypogonadism, hyperpilosity, benign prostate hypertrophia, adenomas and neoplasies of the prostate (such as advanced metastatic prostate cancer), treatment of benign or malignant tumor cells containing the androgen receptor such as is the case for breast, brain, skin, ovarian, bladder, lymphatic, liver and kidney cancers, pancreatic cancers, modulation of VCAM expression and applications therein for the treatment of heart disease, inflammation and immune modulations, modulation of VEGF expression and the applications therein for use as antiangiogenic agents, osteoporosis, suppressing spermatogenesis, libido, cachexia, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, anorexia, androgen supplement for age related decreased testosterone levels in men, male menopause, male hormone replacement, male and female sexual dysfunction, and inhibition of muscular atrophy in ambulatory patients. For example, pan AR modulation is contemplated, with prostate selective AR modulation (“SARM”) being particularly preferred, such as for the treatment of early stage prostate cancers.

[0103] Compounds of formula I can be applied as (preferably, selective) antagonists of the mutated androgen receptor, for example, found in many tumor lines. Examples of such mutants are those found in representative prostate tumor cell lines such as LNCap, (T877A mutation, Biophys. Acta, 187, 1052 (1990)), PCa2b, (L701H & T877A mutations, J. Urol., 162, 2192 (1999)) and CWR22, (H874Y mutation, Mol. Endo., 11, 450 (1997)). Applications of said compounds include but are not limited to: adenomas and neoplasies of the prostate, breast cancer and endometrial cancer.

[0104] Compounds of formula I can be applied as agonists, partial agonists, antagonists or partial antagonists of the steroid and xenobiotic receptor, preferably selectively to that receptor, in an array of medical conditions which involve modulation of the steroid and xenobiotic receptor pathway. Applications of said compounds include but are not limited to: treatment of disregulation of cholesterol homeostasis, attenuation of metabolism of pharmaceutical agents by co-administration of an agent (compound of the present invention) which modulates the P450 regulator effects of SXR.

[0105] Along with the aforementioned NHR, there also exist a number of NHR for which the activating or deactivating ligands may not be characterized. These proteins are classified as NHR due to strong sequence homology to other NHR, and are known as the Orphan receptors. Because the Orphan receptors demonstrate strong sequence homology to other NHR, compounds of formula I include those which serve as modulators of the function of the Orphan NHR. Orphan receptors which are modulated by NHR modulators such as compounds within the scope of formula I are exemplified, but not limited to, those listed in Table 1. Exemplary therapeutic applications of modulators of said Orphan receptors are also listed in Table 1, but are not limited to the examples therein.

TABLE 1
Exemplary Orphan nuclear hormone receptors, form
(M = monomeric, D = heterodimeric, H = homodimeric),
tissue expression and target therapeutic applications.
(CNS = central nervous system)
Target Therapeutic
Receptor Form Tissue Expression Application
NURR1 M/D Dopaminergic Neurons Parkinson's Disease
RZRβ M Brain (Pituitary), Muscle Sleep Disorders
RORα M Cerebellum, Purkinje Cells Arthritis, Cerebellar
Ataxia
NOR-1 M Brain, Muscle, Heart, CNS Disorders,
Adrenal, Thymus Cancer
NGFI-Bβ M/D Brain CNS Disorders
COUP-Tfα H Brain CNS Disorders
COUP-TFβ H Brain CNS Disorders
COUP-TFγχ H Brain CNS Disorders
Nur77 H Brain, Thymus, Adrenals CNS Disorders
Rev-ErbAα H Muscle, Brain (Ubiquitous) Obesity
HNF4α H Liver, Kidney, Intestine Diabetes
SF-1 M Gonads, Pituitary Metabolic Disorders
LXRα,β D Kidney (Ubiquitous) Metabolic Disorders
GCNF M/H Testes, Ovary Infertility
ERRα,β M Placenta, Bone Infertility,
Osteoporosis
FXR D Liver, Kidney Metabolic Disorders
CARα H Liver, Kidney Metabolic Disorders
PXR H Liver, Intestine Metabolic Disorders

[0106] The present invention thus provides methods for the treatment of NHR-associated conditions, comprising the step of administering to a subject in need thereof at least one compound of formula I in an amount effective therefor. Other therapeutic agents such as those described below may be employed with the inventive compounds in the present methods (for example, separately, or formulated together as a fixed dose). In the methods of the present invention, such other therapeutic agent(s) can be administered prior to, simultaneously with or following the administration of the compound(s) of the present invention.

[0107] The present invention also provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising at least one of the compounds of the formula I capable of treating a NHR-associated condition in an amount effective therefor, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier (vehicle or diluent). The compositions of the present invention can contain other therapeutic agents as described below, and can be formulated, for example, by employing conventional solid or liquid vehicles or diluents, as well as pharmaceutical additives of a type appropriate to the mode of desired administration (for example, excipients, binders, preservatives, stabilizers, flavors, etc.) according to techniques such as those well known in the art of pharmaceutical formulation.

[0108] It should be noted that the compounds of the present invention are, without limitation as to their mechanism of action, useful in treating any of the conditions or disorders listed or described herein such as inflammatory diseases or cancers, or other proliferate diseases, and in compositions for treating such conditions or disorders.

[0109] The present compounds have therapeutic utility in the modulation of immune cell activation/proliferation, e.g., as competitive inhibitors of intercellular ligand/receptor binding reactions involving CAMs (Cellular Adhesion Molecules) and Leukointegrins. For example, the present compounds modulate LFA-ICAM 1, and are particularly useful as LFA-ICAM 1 antagonists, and in the treatment of all conditions associated with LFA-ICAM 1 such as immunological disorders. Preferred utilities for the present compounds include, but are not limited to: inflammatory conditions such as those resulting from a response of the non-specific immune system in a mammal (e.g., adult respiratory distress syndrome, shock, oxygen toxicity, multiple organ injury syndrome secondary to septicemia, multiple organ injury syndrome secondary to trauma, reperfusion injury of tissue due to cardiopulmonary bypass, myocardial infarction or use with thrombolysis agents, acute glomerulonephritis, vasculitis, reactive arthritis, dermatosis with acute inflammatory components, stroke, thermal injury, hemodialysis, leukapheresis, ulcerative colitis, necrotizing enterocolitis and granulocyte transfusion associated syndrome) and conditions resulting from a response of the specific immune system in a mammal (e.g., psoriasis, organ/tissue transplant rejection, graft vs. host reactions and autoimmune diseases including Raynaud's syndrome, autoimmune thyroiditis, dermatitis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, uveitis, inflammatory bowel disease including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and systemic lupus erythematosus). The present compounds can be used in treating asthma or as an adjunct to minimize toxicity with cytokine therapy in the treatment of cancers. The present compounds can be employed in the treatment of all diseases currently treatable through steroid therapy. The present compounds may be employed for the treatment of these and other disorders alone or with other immunosuppressive or antiinflammatory agents. In accordance with the invention, a compound of the formula I can be administered prior to the onset of inflammation (so as to suppress an anticipated inflammation) or after the initiation of inflammation. When provided prophylactically, the immunosupressive compound(s) are preferably provided in advance of any inflammatory response or symptom (for example, prior to, at, or shortly after the time of an organ or tissue transplant but in advance of any symptoms or organ rejection). The prophylactic administration of a compound of the formula I prevents or attenuates any subsequent inflammatory response (such as, for example, rejection of a transplanted organ or tissue, etc.) Administration of a compound of the formula I attenuates any actual inflammation (such as, for example, the rejection of a transplanted organ or tissue).

[0110] The compounds of the formula I can be administered for any of the uses described herein by any suitable means, for example, orally, such as in the form of tablets, capsules, granules or powders; sublingually; bucally; parenterally, such as by subcutaneous, intravenous, intramuscular, or intrasternal injection or infusion techniques (e.g., as sterile injectable aqueous or non-aqueous solutions or suspensions); nasally, including administration to the nasal membranes, such as by inhalation spray; topically, such as in the form of a cream or ointment; or rectally such as in the form of suppositories; in dosage unit formulations containing non-toxic, pharmaceutically acceptable vehicles or diluents. The present compounds can, for example, be administered in a form suitable for immediate release or extended release. Immediate release or extended release can be achieved by the use of suitable pharmaceutical compositions comprising the present compounds, or, particularly in the case of extended release, by the use of devices such as subcutaneous implants or osmotic pumps. The present compounds can also be administered liposomally.

[0111] Exemplary compositions for oral administration include suspensions which can contain, for example, microcrystalline cellulose for imparting bulk, alginic acid or sodium alginate as a suspending agent, methylcellulose as a viscosity enhancer, and sweeteners or flavoring agents such as those known in the art; and immediate release tablets which can contain, for example, microcrystalline cellulose, dicalcium phosphate, starch, magnesium stearate and/or lactose and/or other excipients, binders, extenders, disintegrants, diluents and lubricants such as those known in the art. The compounds of formula I can also be delivered through the oral cavity by sublingual and/or buccal administration. Molded tablets, compressed tablets or freeze-dried tablets are exemplary forms which may be used. Exemplary compositions include those formulating the present compound(s) with fast dissolving diluents such as mannitol, lactose, sucrose and/or cyclodextrins. Also included in such formulations may be high molecular weight excipients such as celluloses (avicel) or polyethylene glycols (PEG). Such formulations can also include an excipient to aid mucosal adhesion such as hydroxy propyl cellulose (HPC), hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC), sodium carboxy methyl cellulose (SCMC), maleic anhydride copolymer (e.g., Gantrez), and agents to control release such as polyacrylic copolymer (e.g. Carbopol 934). Lubricants, glidants, flavors, coloring agents and stabilizers may also be added for ease of fabrication and use.

[0112] Exemplary compositions for nasal aerosol or inhalation administration include solutions in saline which can contain, for example, benzyl alcohol or other suitable preservatives, absorption promoters to enhance bioavailability, and/or other solubilizing or dispersing agents such as those known in the art.

[0113] Exemplary compositions for parenteral administration include injectable solutions or suspensions which can contain, for example, suitable non-toxic, parenterally acceptable diluents or solvents, such as mannitol, 1,3-butanediol, water, Ringer's solution, an isotonic sodium chloride solution, or other suitable dispersing or wetting and suspending agents, including synthetic mono- or diglycerides, and fatty acids, including oleic acid, or Cremaphor.

[0114] Exemplary compositions for rectal administration include suppositories which can contain, for example, a suitable non-irritating excipient, such as cocoa butter, synthetic glyceride esters or polyethylene glycols, which are solid at ordinary temperatures, but liquify and/or dissolve in the rectal cavity to release the drug.

[0115] Exemplary compositions for topical administration include a topical carrier such as Plastibase (mineral oil gelled with polyethylene).

[0116] The effective amount of a compound of the present invention can be determined by one of ordinary skill in the art, and includes exemplary dosage amounts for a adult human of from about 1 to 100 (for example, 15) mg/kg of body weight of active compound per day, which can be administered in a single dose or in the form of individual divided doses, such as from 1 to 4 times per day. It will be understood that the specific dose level and frequency of dosage for any particular subject can be varied and will depend upon a variety of factors including the activity of the specific compound employed, the metabolic stability and length of action of that compound, the species, age, body weight, general health, sex and diet of the subject, the mode and time of administration, rate of excretion, drug combination, and severity of the particular condition. Preferred subjects for treatment include animals, most preferably mammalian species such as humans, and domestic animals such as dogs, cats and the like, subject to NHR-associated conditions.

[0117] As mentioned above, the compounds of the present invention can be employed alone or in combination with each other and/or other suitable therapeutic agents useful in the treatment of NHR-associated conditions.

[0118] For their preferred anticancer or antiangiogenic use, the compounds of the present invention can be administered either alone or in combination with other anti-cancer and cytotoxic agents and treatments useful in the treatment of cancer or other proliferative diseases, for example, where the second drug has the same or different mechanism of action than the present compounds of formula I. Examples of classes of anti-cancer and cytotoxic agents useful in combination with the present compounds include but are not limited to: alkylating agents such as nitrogen mustards, alkyl sulfonates, nitrosoureas, ethylenimines, and triazenes; antimetabolites such as folate antagonists, purine analogues, and pyrimidine analogues; antibiotics such as anthracyclines, bleomycins, mitomycin, dactinomycin, and plicamycin; enzymes such as L-asparaginase; farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitors; 5α reductase inhibitors; inhibitors of 17β-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase type 3; hormonal agents such as glucocorticoids, estrogens/antiestrogens, androgens/antiandrogens, progestins, and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonists, octreotide acetate; microtubule-disruptor agents, such as ecteinascidins or their analogs and derivatives; microtubule-stabilizing agents such as taxanes, for example, paclitaxel (Taxol®), docetaxel (Taxotere®), and their analogs, and epothilones, such as epothilones A-F and their analogs; plant-derived products, such as vinca alkaloids, epipodophyllotoxins, taxanes; and topiosomerase inhibitors; prenyl-protein transferase inhibitors; and miscellaneous agents such as hydroxyurea, procarbazine, mitotane, hexamethylmelamine, platinum coordination complexes such as cisplatin and carboplatin; and other agents used as anti-cancer and cytotoxic agents such as biological response modifiers, growth factors; immune modulators and monoclonal antibodies. The compounds of the invention may also be used in conjunction with radiation therapy.

[0119] Representative examples of these classes of anti-cancer and cytotoxic agents include but are not limited to mechlorethamine hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, melphalan, ifosfamide, busulfan, carmustin, lomustine, semustine, streptozocin, thiotepa, dacarbazine, methotrexate, thioguanine, mercaptopurine, fludarabine, pentastatin, cladribin, cytarabine, fluorouracil, doxorubicin hydrochloride, daunorubicin, idarubicin, bleomycin sulfate, mitomycin C, actinomycin D, safracins, saframycins, quinocarcins, discodermolides, vincristine, vinblastine, vinorelbine tartrate, etoposide, etoposide phosphate, teniposide, paclitaxel, tamoxifen, estramustine, estramustine phosphate sodium, flutamide, buserelin, leuprolide, pteridines, diyneses, levamisole, aflacon, interferon, interleukins, aldesleukin, fligrastim, sargramostim, rituximab, BCG, tretinoin, irinotecan hydrochloride, betamethosone, gemcitabine hydrochloride, altretamine, and topoteca and any analogs or derivatives thereof.

[0120] Preferred member of these classes include, but are not limited to, paclitaxel, cisplatin, carboplatin, doxorubicin, carminomycin, daunorubicin, aminopterin, methotrexate, methopterin, mitomycin C, ecteinascidin 743, or porfiromycin, 5-fluorouracil, 6-mercaptopurine, gemcitabine, cytosine arabinoside, podophyllotoxin or podophyllotoxin derivatives such as etoposide, etoposide phosphate or teniposide, melphalan, vinblastine, vincristine, leurosidine, vindesine and leurosine.

[0121] Examples of anticancer and other cytotoxic agents include the following: epothilone derivatives as found in German Patent No. 4138042.8; WO 97/19086, WO 98/22461, WO 98/25929, WO 98/38192, WO 99/01124, WO 99/02224, WO 99/02514, WO 99/03848, WO 99/07692, WO 99/27890, WO 99/28324, WO 99/43653, WO 99/54330, WO 99/54318, WO 99/54319, WO 99/65913, WO 99/67252, WO 99/67253 and WO 00/00485; cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors as found in WO 99/24416 (see also U.S. Pat. No. 6,040,321); and prenyl-protein transferase inhibitors as found in WO 97/30992 and WO 98/54966; and agents such as those described generically and specifically in U.S. Pat. No. 6,011,029 (the compounds of which U.S. patent can be employed together with any NHR modulators (including, but not limited to, those of present invention) such as AR modulators, ER modulators, with LHRH modulators, or with surgical castration, especially in the treatment of cancer).

[0122] The combinations of the present invention can also be formulated or co-administered with other therapeutic agents that are selected for their particular usefulness in administering therapies associated with the aforementioned conditions. For example, the compounds of the invention may be formulated with agents to prevent nausea, hypersensitivity and gastric irritation, such as antiemetics, and H1 and H2 antihistaminics.

[0123] As it pertains to the treatment of cancer, the compounds of this invention are most preferably used alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments such as radiation therapy and/or with cytostatic and/or cytotoxic agents, such as, but not limited to, DNA interactive agents, such as cisplatin or doxorubicin; inhibitors of farnesyl protein transferase, such as those described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,011,029; topoisomerase II inhibitors, such as etoposide; topoisomerase I inhibitors, such as CPT-11 or topotecan; tubulin stabilizing agents, such as paclitaxel, docetaxel, other taxanes, or epothilones; hormonal agents, such as tamoxifen; thymidilate synthase inhibitors, such as 5-fluorouracil; antimetabolites, such as methoxtrexate; antiangiogenic agents, such as angiostatin, ZD6474, ZD6126 and comberstatin A2; kinase inhibitors, such as her2 specific antibodies, Iressa and CDK inhibitors; histone deacetylase inhibitors, such as CI-994 and MS-27-275. Such compounds may also be combined with agents which suppress the production of circulating testosterone such as LHRH agonists or antagonists or with surgical castration.

[0124] For example, known therapies for advanced metastatic prostate cancer include “complete androgen ablation therapy” wherein tumor growth is inhibited by controlling the supply of androgen to the prostate tissues via chemical castration (castration serves to inhibit the production of circulating testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT)) followed by the administration of androgen receptor (AR) antagonists (which inhibit the function T/DHT derived from the conversion of circulating androgen precursors to T/DHT by the prostate tissue). The compounds of the present invention can be employed as AR antagonists in complete ablation therapy, alone or in combination with other AR antagonists such as Flutamide, Casodex, Nilutamide, or Cyproterone acetate.

[0125] The compounds of the present invention may be employed adjuvant to surgery.

[0126] Another application of the present compounds is in combination with antibody therapy such as but not limited to antibody therapy against PSCA. An additional application is in concert with vaccine/immune modulating agents for the treatment of cancer.

[0127] The above other therapeutic agents, when employed in combination with the compounds of the present invention, can be used, for example, in those amounts indicated in the Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR) or as otherwise determined by one of ordinary skill in the art.

[0128] The following assays can be employed in ascertaining the activity of a compound as a NHR modulator. Preferred are those compounds with an activity greater than 20 μm for binding or transactivation in any of these assays. Various compounds of the present invention were determined to have AR modulator activity utilizing the transactivation assay, and standard AR binding assays as described following.

[0129] Transactivation Assays:

[0130] AR Specific Assay:

[0131] Compounds of the present invention were tested in transactivation assays of a transfected reporter construct and using the endogenous androgen receptor of the host cells. The transactivation assay provides a method for identifying functional agonists and partial agonists that mimic, or antagonists that inhibit, the effect of native hormones, in this case, dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This assay can be used to predict in vivo activity as there is a good correlation in both series of data. See, e.g. T. Berger et al., J. Steroid Biochem. Molec. Biol. 773 (1992), the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference.

[0132] For the transactivation assay a reporter plasmid is introduced by transfection (a procedure to induce cells to take foreign genes) into the respective cells. This reporter plasmid, comprising the cDNA for a reporter protein, such as secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP), controlled by prostate specific antigen (PSA) upstream sequences containing androgen response elements (AREs). This reporter plasmid functions as a reporter for the transcription-modulating activity of the AR. Thus, the reporter acts as a surrogate for the products (mRNA then protein) normally expressed by a gene under control of the AR and its native hormone. In order to detect antagonists, the transactivation assay is carried out in the presence of constant concentration of the natural AR hormone (DHT) known to induce a defined reporter signal. Increasing concentrations of a suspected antagonist will decrease the reporter signal (e.g., SEAP production). On the other hand, exposing the transfected cells to increasing concentrations of a suspected agonist will increase the production of the reporter signal.

[0133] For this assay, LNCaP and MDA 453 cells were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (Rockville, Md.), and maintained in RPMI 1640 or DMEM medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS; Gibco) respectively. The respective cells were transiently transfected by electroporation according to the optimized procedure described by Heiser, 130 Methods Mol. Biol., 117 (2000), with the pSEAP2/PSA540/Enhancer reporter plasmid. The reporter plasmid, was constructed as follows: commercial human placental genomic DNA was used to generate by Polymerase Cycle Reaction (PCR) a fragment containing the BglII site (position 5284) and the Hind III site at position 5831 of the human prostate specific antigen promoter (Accession # U37672), Schuur, et al., J. Biol. Chem., 271 (12): 7043-51 (1996). This fragment was subcloned into the pSEAP2/basic (Clontech) previously digested with BglII and HindIII to generate the pSEAP2/PSA540 construct. Then a fragment bearing the fragment of human PSA upstream sequence between positions −5322 and −3873 was amplified by PCR from human placental genomic DNA. A XhoI and a BglII sites were introduced with the primers. The resulting fragment was subcloned into pSEAP2/PSA540 digested with XhoI and BglII respectively, to generate the pSEAP2/PSA540/Enhancer construct. LNCaP and MDA 453 cells were collected in media containing 10% charcoal stripped FBS. Each cell suspension was distributed into two Gene Pulser Cuvetts (Bio-Rad) which then received 8 μg of the reporter construct, and electoporated using a Bio-Rad Gene Pulser at 210 volts and 960μ Faraday. Following the transfections the cells were washed and incubated with media containing charcoal stripped fetal bovine serum in the absence (blank) or presence (control) of 1 nM dihydrotestosterone (DHT; Sigma Chemical) and in the presence or absence of the standard anti-androgen bicalutamide or compounds of the present invention in concentrations ranging from 10-10 to 10-5 M (sample). Duplicates were used for each sample. The compound dilutions were performed on a Biomek 2000 laboratory workstation. After 48 hours, a fraction of the supernatant was assayed for SEAP activity using the Phospha-Light Chemiluminescent Reporter Gene Assay System (Tropix, Inc). Viability of the remaining cells was determined using the CellTiter 96 Aqueous Non-Radioactive Cell Proliferation Assay (MTS Assay, Promega). Briefly, a mix of a tetrazolium compound (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt; MTS) and an electron coupling reagent (phenazine methosulfate; PMS) are added to the cells. MTS (Owen's reagent) is bioreduced by cells into a formazan that is soluble in tissue culture medium, and therefore its absorbance at 490 nm can be measured directly from 96 well assay plates without additional processing. The quantity of formazan product as measured by the amount of 490 nm absorbance is directly proportional to the number of living cells in culture. For each replicate the SEAP reading was normalized by the Abs490 value derived from the MTS assay. For the antagonist mode, the % Inhibition was calculated as:

% Inhibition=100×(1−[average control−average blank/average sample−average blank])

[0134] Data was plotted and the concentration of compound that inhibited 50% of the normalized SEAP was quantified (IC50).

[0135] For the agonist mode % Control was referred as the effect of the tested compound compared to the maximal effect observed with the natural hormone, in this case DHT, and was calculated as:

% Control=100×average sample−average blank/average control−average blank

[0136] Data was plotted and the concentration of compound that activates to levels 50% of the normalized SEAP for the control was quantified (EC50).

[0137] GR Specificity Assay:

[0138] The reporter plasmid utilized was comprised of the cDNA for the reporter SEAP protein, as described for the AR specific transactivation assay. Expression of the reporter SEAP protein was controlled by the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat (MMTV LTR) sequences that contains three hormone response elements (HREs) that can be regulated by both GR and PR see, e.g. G. Chalepakis et al., Cell, 53(3), 371 (1988). This plasmid was transfected into A549 cells, which expresses endogenous GR, to obtain a GR specific transactivation assay. A549 cells were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (Rockville, Md.), and maintained in RPMI 1640 supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS; Gibco). Determination of the GR specific antagonist activity of the compounds of the present invention was identical to that described for the AR specific transactivation assay, except that the DHT was replaced with 5 nM dexamethasone (Sigma Chemicals), a specific agonist for GR. Determination of the GR specific agonist activity of the compounds of the present invention was performed as described for the AR transactivation assay, wherein one measures the activation of the GR specific reporter system by the addition of a test compound, in the absence of a known GR specific agonists ligand.

[0139] PR Specific Assay:

[0140] The reporter plasmid utilized was comprised of the cDNA for the reporter SEAP protein, as described for the AR specific transactivation assay. Expression of the reporter SEAP protein was controlled by the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat (MMTV LTR) sequences that contains three hormone response elements (HREs) that can be regulated by both GR and PR. This plasmid was transfected into T47D, which expresses endogenous PR, to obtain a PR specific transactivation assay. T47D cells were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (Rockville, Md.), and maintained in DMEM medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS; Gibco). Determination of the PR specific antagonist activity of the compounds of the present invention was identical to that described for the AR specific transactivation assay, except that the DHT was replaced with 1 nM Promegastone (NEN), a specific agonist for PR. Determination of the PR specific agonist activity of the compounds of the present invention was performed as described for the AR transactivation assay, wherein one measures the activation of the PR specific reporter system by the addition of a test compound, in the absence of a known PR specific agonists ligand.

[0141] AR Binding Assay:

[0142] For the whole cell binding assay, human LNCaP cells (T877A mutant AR) or MDA 453 (wild type AR) in 96-well microtiter plates containing RPMI 1640 or DMEM supplemented with 10% charcoal stripped CA-FBS (Cocaleco Biologicals) respectively, were incubated at 37° C. to remove any endogenous ligand that might be complexed with the receptor in the cells. After 48 hours, either a saturation analysis to determine the Kd for tritiated dihydrotestosterone, [3H]-DHT, or a competitive binding assay to evaluate the ability of test compounds to compete with [3H]-DHT were performed. For the saturation analysis, media (RPMI 1640 or DMEM −0.2% CA-FBS) containing [3H]-DHT (in concentrations ranging from 0.1 nM to 16 nM) in the absence (total binding) or presence (non-specific binding) of a 500-fold molar excess of unlabeled DHT were added to the cells. After 4 hours at 37° C., an aliquot of the total binding media at each concentration of [3H]-DHT was removed to estimate the amount of free [3H]-DHT. The remaining media was removed, cells were washed three times with PBS and harvested onto UniFilter GF/B plates (Packard), Microscint (Packard) was added and plates counted in a Top-Counter (Packard) to evaluate the amount of bound [3H]-DHT.

[0143] For the saturation analysis, the difference between the total binding and the non-specific binding, was defined as specific binding. The specific binding was evaluated by Scatchard analysis to determine the Kd for [3H]-DHT. See e.g. D. Rodbard, Mathematics and statistics of ligand assays: an illustrated guide: In: J. Langon and J. J. Clapp, eds., Ligand Assay, Masson Publishing U.S.A., Inc., New York, pp. 45-99, (1981), the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference.

[0144] For the competition studies, media containing 1 nM [3H]-DHT and compounds of the invention (“test compounds”) in concentrations ranging from 10−10 to 10−5 M were added to the cells. Two replicates were used for each sample. After 4 hours at 37° C., cells were washed, harvested and counted as described above. The data was plotted as the amount of [3H]-DHT (% of control in the absence of test compound) remaining over the range of the dose response curve for a given compound. The concentration of test compound that inhibited 50% of the amount of [3H]-DHT bound in the absence of competing ligand was quantified (IC50) after log-logit transformation. The K, values were determined by application of the Cheng-Prusoff equation to the IC50 values, where: K I = IC 50 ( 1 + ( 3 H - DHT ) / K d for 3 H - DHT .

[0145] After correcting for non-specific binding, IC50 values were determined. The IC50 is defined as the concentration of competing ligand needed to reduce specific binding by 50%. The Kds for [3H]-DHT for MDA 453 and LNCaP were 0.7 and 0.2 nM respectively.

[0146] Human Prostate Cell Proliferation Assay:

[0147] Compounds of the present invention were tested (“test compounds”) on the proliferation of human prostate cancer cell lines. For that, MDA PCa2b cells, a cell line derived from the metastasis of a patient that failed castration, Navone et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 3, 2493-500 (1997), were incubated with or without the test compounds for 72 hours and the amount of [3H]-thymidine incorporated into DNA was quantified as a way to assess number of cells and therefore proliferation. The MDA PCa2b cell line was maintained in BRFF-HPC1 media (Biological Research Faculty & Facility Inc., MD) supplemented with 10% FBS. For the assay, cells were plated in Biocoated 96-well microplates and incubated at 37° C. in 10% FBS (charcoal-stripped)/BRFF-BMZERO (without androgens). After 24 hours, the cells were treated in the absence (blank) or presence of 1 nM DHT (control) or with test compounds (sample) of the present invention in concentrations ranging from 10−10 to 10−5 M. Duplicates were used for each sample. The compound dilutions were performed on a Biomek 2000 laboratory work station. Seventy two hours later 0.44 uCi. of [3H]-Thymidine (Amersham) was added per well and incubated for another 24 h followed by tripsinization, harvesting of the cells onto GF/B filters. Micro-scint PS were added to the filters before counting them on a Beckman TopCount.

[0148] The % Inhibition was calculated as:

% Inhibition=100×(1−[averagecontrol−averageblank/averagesample−averageblank])

[0149] Data was plotted and the concentration of compound that inhibited 50% of the [3H]-Thymidine incorporation was quantified (IC50).

[0150] C2C12 Mouse Myoblast Transactivation Assay:

[0151] Two functional transactivation assays were developed to assess the efficacy of androgen agonists in a muscle cell background using a luciferase reporter. The first assay (ARTA Stable 1) uses a cell line, Stable 1 (clone #72), which stably expresses the full length rat androgen receptor but requires the transient transfection of an enhancer/reporter. This cell line was derived from C2C12 mouse moyoblast cells. The second assay (ARTA Stable 2) uses a cell line, Stable 2 (clone #133), derived from Stable 1 which stably expresses both rAR and the enhancer/luciferase reporter.

[0152] The enhancer/reporter construct used in this system is pGL3/2XDR-1/luciferase. 2XDR-1 was reported to be an AR specific response element in CV-1 cells, Brown et. al. The Journal of Biological Chemisty 272, 8227-8235, (1997). It was developed by random mutagenesis of an AR/GR consensus enhancer sequence.

[0153] ARTA Stable 1:

[0154] 1. Stable 1 cells are plated in 96 well format at 6,000 cells/well in high glucose DMEM without phenol red (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 21063-029) containing 10% charcoal and dextran treated FBS (HyClone Cat. No.: SH30068.02), 50 mM HEPES Buffer (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 15630-080), 1×MEM Na Pyruvate (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 11360-070), 0.5×Antibiotic-Antimycotic, and 800 μg/ml Geneticin (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 10131-035).

[0155] 2. 48 hours later, cells are transfected with pGL3/2XDR-1/luciferase using LipofectAMINE Plus™ Reagent (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 10964-013). Specifically, 5 ng/well pGL3/2XDR-1/luciferase DNA and 50 ng/well Salmon Sperm DNA (as carrier) are diluted with 5 μl/well Opti-MEMem media (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 31985-070). To this, 0.5 μl/well Plus reagent is added. This mixture is incubated for 15 minutes at room temperature. In a separate vessel, 0.385 μl/well LipofectAMINE reagent is diluted with 5 μl/well Opti-MEM. The DNA mixture is then combined with the LipofectAMINE mixture and incubated for an additional 15 minutes at room temperature. During this time, the media from the cells is removed and replaced with 60 μl/well of Opti-MEM. To this is added 10 μl/well of the DNA/LipofectAMINE transfection mixture. The cells are incubated for 4 hours.

[0156] 3. The transfection mixture is removed from the cells and replaced with 90 μl of media as in #1 above.

[0157] 4. 10 μl/well of appropriate drug dilution is placed in each well.

[0158] 5. 24 hours later, the Steady-Glo™ Luciferase Assay System is used to detect activity according to the manufacturer's instructions (Promega, Cat. No.: E2520).

[0159] ARTA stable 2

[0160] 1. Stable 2 cells are plated in 96 well format at 6,000 cells/well in high glucose DMEM without phenol red (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 21063-029) containing 10% charcoal and dextran treated FBS (HyClone Cat. No.: SH30068.02), 50 mM HEPES Buffer (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 15630-080), 1×MEM Na Pyruvate (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 11360-070), 0.5×Antibiotic-Antimycotic, 800 μg/ml Geneticin (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 10131-035) and 800 μg/ml Hygromycin D (Gibco BRL, Cat. No.: 10687-010).

[0161] 2. 48 hours later, the media on the cells is removed and replaced with 90 μl fresh. 10 μl/well of appropriate drug dilution is placed in each well.

[0162] 3. 24 hours later, the Steady-GloTM Luciferase Assay System is used to detect activity according to the manufacturer's instructions (Promega, Cat. No.: E2520).

[0163] Proliferation Assays

[0164] Murine Breast Cell Proliferation Assay:

[0165] The ability of compounds of the present invention (“test compounds”) to modulate the function of the AR was determined by testing said compounds in a proliferation assay using the androgen responsive murine breast cell line derived from the Shionogi tumor, Hiraoka et al., Cancer Res., 47, 6560-6564 (1987). Stable AR dependent clones of the parental Shionogi line were established by passing tumor fragments under the general procedures originally described in Tetuo, et. al., Cancer Research 25, 1168-1175 (1965). From the above procedure, one stable line, SC114, was isolated, characterized and utilized for the testing of example compounds. SC114 cells were incubated with or without the test compounds for 72 hours and the amount of [3H]-thymidine incorporated into DNA was quantified as a surrogate endpoint to assess the number of cells and therefore the proliferation rate as described in Suzuki et. al., J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 37, 559-567 (1990). The SC114 cell line was maintained in MEM containing 10−8 M testosterone and 2% DCC-treated FCS. For the assay, cells were plated in 96-well microplates in the maintenance media and incubated at 37° C. On the following day, the medium was changed to serum free medium [Ham's F-12:MEM (1;1, v/v) containing 0.1% BSA] with (antagonist mode) or without (agonist mode) 10−8 M testosterone and the test compounds of the present invention in concentrations ranging from 10−10 to 10−5 M. Duplicates were used for each sample. The compound dilutions were performed on a Biomek 2000 laboratory work station. Seventy two hours later 0.44 uCi of [3H]-Thymidine (Amersham) was added per well and incubated for another 2 hr followed by tripsinization, and harvesting of the cells onto GF/B filters. Micro-scint PS were added to the filters before counting them on a Beckman TopCount.

[0166] For the antagonist mode, the % Inhibition was calculated as:

% Inhibition=100×(1−[averagesample−averageblank/averagecontrol−averageblank ])

[0167] Data was plotted and the concentration of compound that inhibited 50% of the [3H]-Thymidine incorporation was quantified (IC50).

[0168] For the agonist mode % Control was referred as the effect of the tested compound compared to the maximal effect observed with the natural hormone, in this case DHT, and was calculated as:

% Control=100×(averagesample−averageblank)/(averagecontrol−averageblank)

[0169] Data was plotted and the concentration of compound that inhibited 50% of the [3H]-Thymnidine incorporation was quantified (EC50).

[0170] In Vitro Assay to Measure GR Induced AP-1 Transrepression:

[0171] The AP-1 assay is a cell based luciferase reporter assay. A549 cells, which contain endogenous glucocorticoid receptor, were stably transfected with an AP-1 DNA binding site attached to the luciferase gene. Cells are then grown in RPMI+10% fetal calf serum (charcoal-treated)+Penicillin/Streptomycin with 0.5mg/ml geneticin. Cells are plated the day before the assay at approximately 40000 cells/well. On assay day, the media is removed by aspiration and 20 μl assay buffer (RPMI without phenol red+10% FCS (charcoal-treated)+Pen/Strep) is added to each well. At this point either 20 μl assay buffer (control experiments), the compounds of the present invention (“test compounds”) (dissolved in DMSO and added at varying concentrations) or dexamethasome (100 nM in DMSO, positive control) are added to each well. The plates are then pre-incubated for 15 minutes at 37° C., followed by stimulation of the cells with 10 ng/ml PMA. The plates are then incubated for 7 hrs at 37° C. after which 40 μl luciferase substrate reagent is added to each well. Activity is measured by analysis in a luminometer as compared to control experiments treated with buffer or dexamethasome. Activity is designated as % inhibition of the reporter system as compared to the buffer control with 10 ng/ml PMA alone. The control, dexamethasone, at a concentration of ≦10 μM typically suppresses activity by 65%. Test compounds which demonstrate an inhibition of PMA induction of 50% or greater at a concentration of test compound of ≦10 μM are deemed active.

[0172] Wet Prostate Weight Assay AR Antagonist Assay:

[0173] The activity of compounds of the present invention as AR antagonists was investigated in an immature male rat model, a standard, recognized test of antiandrogen activity of a given compound, as described in L. G. Hershberger et al., Proc. Soc. Expt. Biol. Med., 83, 175 (1953); P. C. Walsh and R. F. Gittes, “Inhibition of extratesticular stimuli to prostate growth in the castrated rat by antiandrogens”, Endocrinology, 86, 624 (1970); and B. J. Furr et al., “ICI 176,334: A novel non-steroid, peripherally selective antiandrogen”, J. Endocrinol., 113, R7-9 (1987), the disclosures of which are herein incorporated by reference.

[0174] The basis of this assay is the fact that male sexual accessory organs, such as the prostate and seminal vesicles, play an important role in reproductive function. These glands are stimulated to grow and are maintained in size and secretory function by the continued presence of serum testosterone (T), which is the major serum androgen (>95%) produced by the Leydig cells in the testis under the control of the pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). Testosterone is converted to the more active form, dihydrotestosterone, (DHT), within the prostate by 5α-reductase. Adrenal androgens also contribute about 20% of total DHT in the rat prostate, compared to 40% of that in 65-year-old men. F. Labrie et al. Clin. Invest. Med., 16, 475-492 (1993). However, this is not a major pathway, since in both animals and humans, castration leads to almost complete involution of the prostate and seminal vesicles without concomitant adrenalectomy. Therefore, under normal conditions, the adrenals do not support significant growth of prostate tissues. M. C. Luke and D. S. Coffey, “The Physiology of Reproduction” ed. By E. Knobil and J. D. Neill, 1, 1435-1487 (1994). Since the male sex organs are the tissues most responsive to modulation of the androgen activity, this model is used to determine the androgen dependent growth of the sex accessory organs in immature castrated rats.

[0175] Male immature rats (19-20 days old Sprague-Dawley, Harlan Sprague-Dawely) were castrated under metofane ansestesia. Five days after surgery these castrated rats (60-70 g, 23-25 day-old) were dosed for 3 days. Animals were dosed sub-cutaneously (s.c.) 1 mg/kg with Testosterone Proprionate (TP) in arachis oil vehicle and anti-androgen test compounds (compounds of the present invention) were dosed orally by gavage (p.o.) in dissolved/suspensions of 80% PEG 400 and 20% Tween 80 (PEGTW). Animals were dosed (v/w) at 0.5 ml of vehicle/100 g body weight. Experimental groups were as follows:

[0176] 1. Control vehicle

[0177] 2. Testosterone Propionate (TP) (3 mg/rat/day, subcutaneous)

[0178] 3. TP plus Casodex (administered p.o. in PEGTW, QD), a recognized antiandrogen, as a reference compound.

[0179] 4. To demonstrate antagonist activity, a compound of the present invention (“test compound”) was administered (p.o. in PEGTW, QD) with TP (s.c. as administered in group 2) in a range of doses.

[0180] 5. To demonstrate agonist activity a compound of the present invention (“test compound”) was administered alone (p.o. in PEGTW, QD) in a range of doses.

[0181] At the end of the 3-day treatment, the animals were sacrificed, and the ventral prostate weighed. To compare data from different experiments, the sexual organs weights were first standardized as mg per 100 g of body weight, and the increase in organ weight induced by TP was considered as the maximum increase (100%). ANOVA followed by one-tailed Student or Fischer's exact test was used for statistical analysis.

[0182] The gain and loss of sexual organ weight reflect the changes of the cell number (DNA content) and cell mass (protein content), depending upon the serum androgen concentration. See Y. Okuda et al., J. Urol., 145, 188-191 (1991), the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference. Therefore, measurement of organ wet weight is sufficient to indicate the bioactivity of androgens and androgen antagonist. In immature castrated rats, replacement of exogenous androgens increases seminal vesicles (SV) and the ventral prostate (VP) in a dose dependent manner.

[0183] The maximum increase in organ weight was 4 to 5-fold when dosing 3 mg/rat/day of testosterone (T) or 1 mg/rat/day of testosterone propionate (TP) for 3 days. The EC50 of T and TP were about 1 mg and 0.03 mg, respectively. The increase in the weight of the VP and SV also correlated with the increase in the serum T and DHT concentration. Although administration of T showed 5-times higher serum concentrations of T and DHT at 2 hours after subcutaneous injection than that of TP, thereafter, these high levels declined very rapidly. In contrast, the serum concentrations of T and DHT in TP-treated animals were fairly consistent during the 24 hours, and therefore, TP showed about 10-30-fold higher potency than free T.

[0184] In this immature castrated rat model, a known AR antagonist (Casodex) was also administered simultaneously with 0.1 mg of TP (ED80), inhibiting the testosterone-mediated increase in the weights of the VP and SV in a dose dependent manner. The antagonist effects were similar when dosing orally or subcutaneously. Compounds of the invention also exhibited AR antagonist activity by suppressing the testosterone-mediated increase in the weights of VP and SV.

[0185] Levator Ani & Wet Prostate Weight Assay AR Agonist Assay:

[0186] The activity of compounds of the present invention as AR agonists was investigated in an immature male rat model, a recognized test of anabolic effects in muscle and sustaining effects in sex organs for a given compound, as described in L. G. Hershberger et al., Proc. Soc. Expt. Biol. Med., 83, 175 (1953); B. L. Beyler et al, “Methods for evaluating anabolic and catabolic agents in laboratory animals”, J. Amer. Med. Women's Ass., 23, 708 (1968); H. Fukuda et al., “Investigations of the levator ani muscle as an anabolic steroid assay”, Nago Dai. Yak. Ken. Nem. 14, 84 (1966) the disclosures of which are herein incorporated by reference.

[0187] The basis of this assay lies in the well-defined action of androgenic agents on the maintenance and growth of muscle tissues and sexual accessory organs in animals and man. Androgenic steroids, such as testosterone (T), have been well characterized for their ability to maintain muscle mass. Treatment of animals or humans after castrations with an exogenous source of T results in a reversal of muscular atrophy. The effects of T on muscular atrophy in the rat levator ani muscle have been well characterized, M. Masuoka et al., “Constant cell population in normal, testosterone deprived and testosterone stimulated levator ani muscles” Am. J. Anat. 119, 263 (1966); Z. Gori et al., “Testosterone hypertrophy of levator ani muscle of castrated rats. I. Quantitative data” Boll. -Soc. Ital. Biol. Sper. 42, 1596 (1966); Z. Gori et al., “Testosterone hypertrophy of levator ani muscle of castrated rats. II. Electron-microscopic observations” Boll. -Soc. Ital. Biol. Sper. 42, 1600 (1966); A. Boris et al., Steroids 15, 61 (1970). As described above, the effects of androgens on maintenance of male sexual accessory organs, such as the prostate and seminal vesicles, is well described. Castration results in rapid involution and atrophy of the prostate and seminal vesicles. This effect can be reversed by exogenous addition of androgens. Since both the levator ani muscle and the male sex organs are the tissues most responsive to the effects of androgenic agents, this model is used to determine the androgen dependent reversal of atrophy in the levator ani muscle and the sex accessory organs in immature castrated rats. Sexually mature rats (200-250 g, 6-8 weeks-old, Sprague-Dawley, Harlan) were acquired castrated from the vendor (Taconic). The rats were divided into groups and treated daily for 7 to 14 days with one of the following:

[0188] 1. Control vehicle

[0189] 2. Testosterone Propionate (TP) (3 mg/rat/day, subcutaneous)

[0190] 3. TP plus Casodex (administered p.o. in PEGTW, QD), a recognized antiandrogen, as a reference compound.

[0191] 4. To demonstrate antagonist activity, a compound of the present invention (“test compound”) was administered (p.o. in PEGTW, QD) with TP (s.c. as administered in group 2) in a range of doses.

[0192] 5. To demonstrate agonist activity a compound of the present invention (“test compound”) was administered alone (p.o. in PEGTW, QD) in a range of doses.

[0193] At the end of the 7-14-day treatment, the animals were sacrificed by carbon dioxide, and the levator ani, seminal vesicle and ventral prostate weighed. To compare data from different experiments, the levator ani muscle and sexual organ weights were first standardized as mg per 100 g of body weight, and the increase in organ weight induced by TP was considered as the maximum increase (100%). Super-anova (one factor) was used for statistical analysis.

[0194] The gain and loss of sexual organ weight reflect the changes of the cell number (DNA content) and cell mass (protein content), depending upon the serum androgen concentration. See Y. Okuda et al., J. Urol., 145, 188-191 (1991), the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference. Therefore, measurement of organ wet weight is sufficient to indicate the bioactivity of androgens and androgen antagonist. In immature castrated rats, replacement of exogenous androgens increases levator ani, seminal vesicles (SV) and prostate in a dose dependent manner.

[0195] The maximum increase in organ weight was 4 to 5-fold when dosing 3 mg/rat/day of testosterone (T) or 1 mg/rat/day of testosterone propionate (TP) for 3 days. The EC50 of T and TP were about 1 mg and 0.03 mg, respectively. The increase in the weight of the VP and SV also correlated with the increase in the serum T and DHT concentration. Although administration of T showed 5-times higher serum concentrations of T and DHT at 2 hours after subcutaneous injection than that of TP, thereafter, these high levels declined very rapidly. In contrast, the serum concentrations of T and DHT in TP-treated animals were fairly consistent during the 24 hours, and therefore, TP showed about 10-30-fold higher potency than free T.

[0196] MDA PCa2b Human Prostate Zenograft Assay:

[0197] In Vivo Antitumor Testing: MDA-PCa-2b human prostate tumors were maintained in Balb/c nu/nu nude mice. Tumors were propagated as subcutaneous transplants in adult male nude mice (4-6 weeks old) using tumor fragments obtained from donor mice. Tumor passage occurred every 5-6 weeks.

[0198] For antitumor efficacy trial, the required number of animals needed to detect a meaningful response were pooled at the start of the experiment and each was given a subcutaneous implant of a tumor fragment (˜50 mg) with a 13-gauge trocar. Tumors were allowed to grow to approx. 100-200 mg (tumors outside the range were excluded) and animals were evenly distributed to various treatment and control groups. Treatment of each animal was based on individual body weight. Treated animals were checked daily for treatment related toxicity/mortality. Each group of animals was weighed before the initiation of treatment (Wt1) and then again following the last treatment dose (Wt2). The difference in body weight (Wt2-Wt1) provides a measure of treatment-related toxicity.

[0199] Tumor response was determined by measurement of tumors with a caliper twice a week, until the tumors reach a predetermined “target” size of 0.5 gm. Tumor weights (mg) were estimated from the formula: Tumor weight=(length×width2)÷2.

[0200] Tumor response end-point was expressed in terms of tumor growth inhibition (%T/C), defined as the ratio of median tumor weights of the treated tumors (T) to that of the control group (C).

[0201] To estimate tumor cell kill, the tumor volume doubling time was first calculated with the formula:

TVDT=Median time (days) for control tumors to reach target size−Median time (days) for control tumors to reach half the target size s And, Log cell kill=(T−C)÷(3.32×TVDT).

[0202] Statistical evaluations of data were performed using Gehan's generalized Wilcoxon test.

[0203] Dunning Prostate Tumor:

[0204] Dunning R3327H prostate tumor is a spontaneously derived, well differentiated androgen responsive adenocarcinoma of the prostate (Smolev J K, Heston W D, Scott W W, and Coffey D S, Cancer Treat Rep. 61, 273-287 (1977)). The growth of the R3327H subline has been selected for its highly androgen-dependent and reproducible growth in intact male rats. Therefore, this model and other sublines of this tumor have been widely used to evaluate in vivo antitumor activities of antiandrogens such as flutamide and bacilutamide/Casodex (Maucher A., and von Angerer, J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol., 119, 669-674 (1993), Furr B. J. A. Euro. URL. 18 (suppl. 3), 2-9 (1990), Shain S. A. and Huot R I. J. Steriod Biochem. 31, 711-718 (1988)).

[0205] At the beginning of the study, the Dunning tumor pieces (about 4×4 mm) are transplanted subcutaneously to the flank of mature male Copenhagen rats (6-7 weeks old, Harlan-Sprague Dawley, Indianapolis, Md.). About 6 weeks after the implantation, the animals with tumors of measurable size (about 80-120 mm2) are randomized into treatment groups (8-10 rats/group) and the treatments are initiated. One group of the rats are castrated to serve as the negative control of tumor growth. Animals are treated daily with compounds of the current invention, standard antiandrogens such as bacilutamide or vehicle (control) for an average of 10 to 14 weeks. Test compounds are dissolved in a vehicle of (2.5 ml/kg of body weight) 10% polyethylene glycol and 0.05% Tween-80 in 1% carboxymethyl cellulose, PEG/CMC, (Sigma, St Louis, Mo.). Typical therapeutic experiments would include three groups of three escalating doses for each standard or test compound (in a range of 300-3 mg/kg).

[0206] Tumors in the vehicle (control) group reach a size of 1500 to 2500 mm3, whereas the castrated animal group typically shows tumor stasis over the 14 weeks of observation. Animals treated orally with 20 mg/kg of bicalutamide or flutamide would be expected to show a 40% reduction in tumor volumes compared to control after 14 weeks of treatment. The size of tumors are measured weekly by vernier caliper (Froboz, Switzerland), taking perpendicular measurements of length and width. Tumor volumes are measured in mm3 using the formula: Length×Width×Height=Volume. Statistical differences between treatment groups and control are evaluated using multiple ANOVA analysis followed by one tail non-parametric Student t test.

[0207] Mature Rat Prostate Weight Assay:

[0208] The activity of compounds of the present invention were investigated in a mature male rat model, which is a variation of the Levator ani & wet prostate weight assay described above. The above in vivo assays are recognized assays for determining the anabolic effects in muscle and sustaining effects in sex organs for a given compound, as described in L. G. Hershberger et al., 83 Proc. Soc. Expt. Biol. Med., 175 (1953); B. L. Beyler et al, “Methods for evaluating anabolic and catabolic agents in laboratory animals”, 23 J. Amer. Med. Women's Ass., 708 (1968); H. Fukuda et al., “Investigations of the levator ani muscle as an anabolic steroid assay”, 14 Nago Dai. Yak. Ken. Nem. 84 (1966) the disclosures of which are herein incorporated by reference. The basis of this assay lies in the well-defined action of androgenic agents on the maintenance and growth of muscle tissues and sexual accessory organs in animals and man.

[0209] The male sexual accessory organs, such as the prostate and seminal vesicles, play an important role in reproductive function. These glands are stimulated to grow and are maintained in size and secretory function by the continued presence of serum testosterone (T), which is the major serum androgen (>95%) produced by the Leydig cells in the testis under the control of the pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). Testosterone is converted to the more active form, dihydrotestosterone, (DHT), within the prostate by 5α-reductase. Adrenal androgens also contribute about 20% of total DHT in the rat prostate, compared to 40% of that in 65-year-old men. F. Labrie et. al. 16 Clin. Invest. Med., 475-492 (1993). However, this is not a major pathway, since in both animals and humans, castration leads to almost complete involution of the prostate and seminal vesicles without concomitant adrenalectomy. Therefore, under normal conditions, the adrenals do not support significant growth of prostate tissues, M. C. Luke and D. S. Coffey, “The Physiology of Reproduction” ed. By E. Knobil and J. D. Neill, 1, 1435-1487 (1994). Since the male sex organs and the levator ani are the tissues most responsive to modulation of the androgen activity, this model is used to determine the activity of compounds that modulate the androgen receptor pathway in mature rats.

[0210] Along with its mitogenic activity on tissues such as prostate, seminal vesicle and muscle, testosterone also serves as a negative regulator for its own biosynthesis. Testosterone production in the Leydig cells of the testis is controlled by the level of circulating LH released from the pituitary gland. LH levels are themselves controlled by the level of LHRH produced in the hypothalmic region. Testosterone levels in the blood serve to inhibit the secretion of LHRH and subsequently reduce levels of LH and ultimately the levels of circulating testosterone levels. By measuring blood levels of LH as they are effected by compounds of the present invention (“test compounds”), it is possible to determine the level of agonist or antagonist activity of said compounds at the hypothalamic axis of this endocrine cycle.

[0211] Matched sets of Harlan Sprague-Dawely rats (40-42 days old, 180-220 g), were dosed orally by gavage (p.o.) with the test compounds in dissolved/suspensions of 80% PEG 400 and 20% Tween 20 (PEGTW) for 14 days. Two control groups, one intact and one castrated were dose orally only with the PEGTW vehicle. Animals were dosed (v/w) at 0.5 ml of vehicle/100 g body weight. Experimental groups were as follows:

[0212] 1. Intact vehicle (p.o., PEGTW, QD)

[0213] 2. Control vehicle (p.o., PEGTW, QD)

[0214] 3. Bicalutamide (Casodex, a recognized antiandrogen, as a reference compound) or a compound of the present invention, p.o. in PEGTW QD. (in a range of doses). At the end of the 14-day treatment, the animals were sacrificed, and the ventral prostate, the seminal vesicles, and the levator ani were removed surgically and weighed. To compare data from different experiments, the organs weights were first standardized as mg per 100 g of body weight, and expressed as a percentage of the value of the respective organ in the intact group.

[0215] Rat luteinizing hormone (rLH) is quantitatively determined with the Biotrak [125 I] kit (Amersham Pharmacia Biotek), following the manufacturer directions. The assay is based on the competition by the LH present in the serum of the binding of [125I] rLH to an Amerlex-M bead/antibody suspension. The radioactivity that remains after incubation with the serum and subsequent washes is extrapolated into a standard curve to obtain a reading in ng/ml.

[0216] The gain and loss of sexual organ and levator ani weight reflect the changes of the cell number (DNA content) and cell mass (protein content), depending upon the serum androgen concentration, see Y. Okuda et al., J. Urol., 145, 188-191 (1991), the disclosure of which in herein incorporated by reference. Therefore, measurement of organ wet weight is sufficient to indicate the bioactivity of androgens and androgen antagonist. In the mature rats assay, active agonist agents will have no effect or will increase the weight of one or more of the androgen responsive organs (levator ani, prostate, seminal vessicle) and will have no effect or a suppressive effect on LH secretion. Compounds with antagonist activity will decrease the weight of one or more of the androgen responsive organs (levator ani, prostate, seminal vesicle) and will have no effect or a reduced suppressive effect on LH secretion.

[0217] CWR22 Human Prostate Zenograft Assay:

[0218] In Vivo Antitumor Testing: CWR22 human prostate tumors were maintained in Balb/c nu/nu nude mice. Tumors were propagated as subcutaneous transplants in adult male nude mice (4-6 weeks old) using tumor fragments obtained from donor mice. Tumor passage occurred every 5-6 weeks.

[0219] For antitumor efficacy trial, the required number of animals needed to detect a meaningful response were pooled at the start of the experiment and each was given a subcutaneous implant of a tumor fragment (˜50 mg) with a 13-gauge trocar. Tumors were allowed to grow to approx. 100-200 mg (tumors outside the range were excluded) and animals were evenly distributed to various treatment and control groups. Treatment of each animal was based on individual body weight. Treated animals were checked daily for treatment related toxicity/mortality. Each group of animals was weighed before the initiation of treatment (Wt1) and then again following the last treatment dose (Wt2). The difference in body weight (Wt2-Wt1) provides a measure of treatment-related toxicity.

[0220] Tumor response was determined by measurement of tumors with a caliper twice a week, until the tumors reach a predetermined “target” size of 0.5 gm. Tumor weights (mg) were estimated from the formula: Tumor weight=(length×width2)÷2.

[0221] Tumor response end-point was expressed in terms of tumor growth inhibition (%T/C), defined as the ratio of median tumor weights of the treated tumors (T) to that of the control group (C).

[0222] To estimate tumor cell kill, the tumor volume doubling time was first calculated with the formula:

TVDT=Median time (days) for control tumors to reach target size−Median time (days) for control tumors to reach half the target size And, Log cell kill=(T−C)÷(3.32×TVDT)

[0223] Statistical evaluations of data were performed using Gehan's generalized Wilcoxon test.

[0224] The following Examples illustrate embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the claims.

[0225] Abbreviations

[0226] The following abbreviations are used herein:

[0227] 4-DMAP=4-dimethylaminopyridine

[0228] DMF=dimethylformamide

[0229] EtOAc=ethyl acetate

[0230] Me=methyl

[0231] RT=retention time

[0232] TFA=trifluoroacetic acid

[0233] THF=tetrahydrofuran

[0234] TLC=thin layer chromatography

[0235] pTSA=para-toluenesulfonic acid

[0236] Δ=heat

[0237] t-Bu=tert-butyl

[0238] TMSOTf=trimethylsilyl trifluoromethane sulfonate

[0239] TEA=triethylamine

[0240] n-BuLi=n-butyllithium

[0241] rt=room temperature

[0242] LC=liquid chromatography

[0243] Ph=phenyl

[0244] Et=ethyl

[0245] DMS=dimethylsulfate

[0246] MS=molecular sieves

[0247] MS(ES)=Electro-Spray Mass Spectrometry

[0248] mCPBA=m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid

[0249] sat=saturated

[0250] Ac=acetyl

[0251] h=hours

[0252] HMPA=hexamethylphosphoramide

[0253] Lawesson's Reagent=2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,2,4-dithiadiphosphetane-2,4-disulfide

[0254] Freshyl cracked cyclopentadiene=monomer of cyclopentadiene generated by Diels-Alder dimer product

[0255] AIBN=2,2′-azobis(2-methylpropionitrile)

[0256] aq=aqueous

[0257] QD=dosed once a day

[0258] PMA=Phrobal-12-myristate-13 acetate

EXAMPLE 1 (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (1B)

[0259]

[0260] A. (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-4,8-etheno-1H-cyclohepta[c]furan-1,3(3aH)-dione (1A)

[0261] Compound 1A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Kohler, et. al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1057-1061 (1939). A solution of cycloheptadiene (5 g, 53.1 mmol, 1 eq) and maleic anhydride (5.73 g, 58.4 mmol, 1.1 eq) in xylenes (300 mL) was heated to reflux overnight. The solution was concentrated via distillation and hexanes were added until the solution became cloudy. The resulting brown precipitate (˜1 g) was removed by filtration and the filtrate were placed in a freezer. The white solid which crystallized from the filtrate was isolated by filtration and dried under vacuum to give 5 g of compound 1A which required no further purification.

[0262] B. (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,8-ethenocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (1B)

[0263] Compound 1A (100 mg, 0.520 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (0.054 mL, 0.434 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (2 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration. The material was washed sequentially with aqueous K2CO3 and water and then dried in a vacuum oven to provide 114.2 mg (78.4%) of compound 1B as a tan crystalline solid. HPLC: 98% at 1.82 min (retention time) (YMC S5 TurboPack Pro column 4.6×33 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 2 minutes containing 0.1% CF3CO2H, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 336.2 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 2 (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4.5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,8-ethanocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (2B)

[0264]

[0265] A. (3aα,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-4,8-ethano-1H-cyclohepta[c]furan-1,3(3aH)-dione (2A)

[0266] A solution of compound 1A (1 g, 5.20 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (˜20 mg) in EtOAc was shaken under H2 at 40 psi overnight. The reaction solution was filtered through a pad of celite eluting with EtOAc and concentrated to give 0.86 g of compound 2A as a white powder.

[0267] B. (3,8α,4β,8β,8aα)-4,5,6,7,8,8a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,8-ethanocyclohepta[c]pyrrole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (2B)

[0268] Compound 2A (2.37 g, 12.2 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with (trifluoromethyl)aniline (1.27 mL, 10.2 mmol, 1.0 eq) in AcOH (45 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, the resulting percipitate was collected, washed with MeOH and dried to give 2.7 g (78.6%)

compound 2B as a white crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 3.61 min (retention (me) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% aqueous methanol er 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): 3/z 338.4 [M+H]+. EXAMPLE 3 (3aαβ,4β,7β,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (3B)

[0269]

[0270] A.

cio5-Norbornene-exo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (3A)

[0271] Compound 3A was made in accordance with the procedure described

oin Norman et. al., U.S. Pat. No. 3,995,099. cis-5-Norbornene-endo-2,3bicarboxylic anhydride (4 g) was heated for 4 hours at 220 ° C. The resusing solid was recrystallized 4×from benzene to give 0.63 g of compound 3A (>99:1 exo by 1H NMR) as light brown crystals.

[0272] B. (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (3B)

[0273] Compound 3A (100 mg, 0.609 mmol, 1.1 eq) was combined with 1-aminonaphthalene (79 mg, 0.554 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (2 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration. The material was washed sequentially with aqueous K2CO3 and water. Treatment with charcoal to remove colored impurities, followed by drying under vacuum provided 103.2 mg (64.7%) of compound 3B as an off-white powder. HPLC: 95% at 1.54 min (retention time) (YMC S5 TurboPack Pro column 4.6×33 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 2 minutes containing 0.1% CF3CO2H, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 290.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 4 (3aα,4β,7 β,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (4B)

[0274]

[0275] A. (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-4,7-methanobenzofuran-1,3-dione (4A)

[0276] A solution of compound 3A (434 mg, 2.64 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (˜10 mg) in EtOAc was stirred under H2 balloon overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite eluting with EtOAc, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 429 mg of compound 4A as an off-white powder.

[0277] B. (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (4B)

[0278] Compound 4A (1.8 g, 10.84 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with 3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (1.49 mL, 11.93 mmol, 1.1 eq) in AcOH (40 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, the resulting precipitate was collected, washed with MeOH and recrystallized from CH2Cl2/hexanes to give 2.17 g (64.8%) of compound 4B as a white crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 3.23 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 310.2 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 5 (3aα,4β, 4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethenocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (5B)

[0279]

[0280] A. (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-4,6-etheno-1H-cycloprop[f]isobenzofuran-1,3(3aH)-dione (5A)

[0281] Compound 5A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Schueler et. al., J. Org. Chem. 39, 2063-2069 (1974). A solution of cycloheptatriene (6.1 mL, 58.79 mmol, 1.1 eq) and maleic anhydride (5.1 g, 53.44 mmol, 1.0 eq) in xylenes (20 mL) was heated to reflux for 90 hours. The reaction mixture was placed in the freezer, and the resulting precipitate was filtered, washed with xylenes and dried to give 4.10 g compound 5A as a white crystalline solid.

[0282] B. (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethenocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (5B)

[0283] Compound 5A (100 mg, 0.526 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (0.055 mL, 0.438 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (2 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration. The material was washed sequentially with aqueous K2CO3 and water and then dried in a vacuum oven to provide 145.5 mg (99%) of compound 5B as an off-white crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 1.74 min (retention time) (YMC S5 TurboPack Pro column 4.6×33 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 2 minutes containing 0.1% CF3CO2H, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 334.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 6 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (6B)

[0284]

[0285] A. (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-Hexahydro-4,6-ethano-1H-cycloprop[f]isobenzofuran-1,3(3aH)-dione (6A)

[0286] Compound 6A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Ishitobi et al, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 44, 2993-3000 (1971). A solution of compound 5A (10 g, 52.58 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (0.6 g) in 15:1 acetic acid:acetic anhydride (176 mL) was stirred under H2 balloon until starting material was consumed (˜1 h). The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, eluting with EtOAc and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting oil was triturated with hexanes and the solid was recrystallized from toluene/hexanes to give 8 g compound 6A as a white crystalline solid.

[0287] B. (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (6B)

[0288] Compound 6A (1.92 g, 10 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with 4-bromo-3-methylaniline (2.05 g, 11 mmol, 1.1 eq) in AcOH (40 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, the resulting precipitate was collected, washed with MeOH and dried to give 3.2 g (88.9%) of compound 6B as a white crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 3.52 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 360.0 & 362.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 7 (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (7C)

[0289]

[0290] A. (2-endo, 3-endo, 5-exo)-5-Phenylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (7A)

[0291] Compound 7A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Stäjer et. al., Acta. Chem. Scand. 50, 922-30 (1996). To a suspension of aluminum trichloride (11.5 g, 86.0 mmol, 2.4 eq) in benzene (20 mL) was added cis-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (6.53 g). After stirring for 30 min, the reaction mixture was heated to 50° C. for 2 hours. The cooled reaction mixture was poured onto ice (170 mL) and conc. HCl (17 mL) and the resulting precipitate was filtered, washed with cold H2O and dried. Recrystallization of the solid from glacial acetic acid gave 7.73 g of compound 7A as a white solid, which was taken on without further purification.

[0292] B. (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (7B)

[0293] A solution of compound 7A (7.7 g, 29.6 mmol) in Ac2O (30 mL) was heated to reflux for 3 hours. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 50% EtOAc/hexanes, to give 5.2 g of compound 7B as a tan viscous oil, which solidified on standing.

[0294] C. (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (7C)

[0295] Compound 7B (1 g, 4.13 mmol, 1 eq) was combined with 4-bromo-3-methylaniline (768 mg, 4.13 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (20 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added and the reaction was extracted with CH2Cl2. The organic extracts were washed with aqueous NaHCO3, dried over MgSO4, concentrated in vacuo, and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with a gradient of 25-50% ethyl acetate in hexanes to provide 1.6 g (95%) of compound 7C as a light yellow crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 3.96 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 410.0 & 412.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 8 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (8C)

[0296]

[0297] A. 2-Phenyl-2-cyclopenten-1-ol (8A)

[0298] Compound 8A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Hart, et. al., Tetrahedron Lett. 29, 881-884 (1988). To a solution of 1-phenylcyclopentene (5 g, 34.67 mmol, 1 eq) in t-BuOH (87 mL) was added selenium dioxide (4.2 g, 38.14 mmol, 1.1 eq). After stirring overnight, the reaction mixture was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 25% EtOAc/hexanes to give 2.6 g of compound 8A.

[0299] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (8B)

[0300] A mixture of compound 8A (1.3 g, 8.11 mmol, 1 eq), maleic anhydride (796 mg, 8.11 mmol, 1 eq) and CuSO4 (2.6 g, 16.23 mmol, 2 eq) in benzene (50 mL) was heated to reflux overnight. The cooled reaction solution was poured into H2O and the resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3×), dried over MgSO4 and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 25% EtOAc/Hexanes to give 1.13 g of compound 8B as a light tan powder.

[0301] C. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,2-Dihydro-4-methyl-2-oxo-7-quinolinyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (8C)

[0302] Compound 8B (60 mg, 0.25 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with 7-amino-4-methyl-2(1H)-quinoline (47.9 mg, 0.27 mmol, 1.1 eq) in AcOH (1.5 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification by flash chromatography on SiO2 eluting with a gradient of 0% to 10% methanol/EtOAc followed by recrystallization from AcOH/H2O gave 31.4 mg (32%) of compound 8C as a light tan solid. HPLC: 95% at 3.14 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 397.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 9 (3aα,4α,5β,7β,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (9B)

[0303]

[0304] A. (3aα,4α,5β,7α,7aα) -hexahydro-5-phenyl4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (9A)

[0305] Compound 8B (0.66 g, 2.75 mmol) was reduced with 10% Pd/C in EtOAc (14 mL) under H2 at 50 psi. When the pressure on gauge remained constant, the reaction mixture was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.61 g compound 9A as a yellow oil.

[0306] B. (3aα,4α,5β,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-5-phenyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (9B)

[0307] Compound 9A (50 mg, 0.21 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 3,5-dichioroaniline (28 mg, 0. 17 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (1 mL) and heated at 121° C. overnight. The reaction was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 5% ethyl acetate in CH2Cl2 to provide 11.2 mg (17. 1%) of compound 9B as a beige solid. HPLC: 90% at 3.87 rain (retention time) (YMC ODSA S5 C18 column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% CF3CO2H, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 386.0 & 388.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 10 (3aα,4α,4aβ,5aβ,6α,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (10B)

[0308]

[0309] A. (3aα,4α,4aβ,5aβ,6α,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-4,6-methano-1H-cycloprop[f]isobenzofuran-1,3(3aH)-dione (10A)

[0310] Compound 10A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Kato, et. al., Synthesis, 636-637 (1995), Creary, et. al., J. Org. Chem. 40, 3326-3331 (1975) and Fieser & Fieser coll. vol. 1, pg. 192. A mixture of 40% aq. KOH (23 mL) and Et2O (75 mL) was cooled to 0° C. N-Methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (7.5 g) was added portionwise to the mixture and stirred for 5 min. The Et2O layer was separated and added dropwise to a stirred solution of cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (3 g, 18.3 mmol) and Pd(OAc)2 (30 mg) in Et2O (60 mL) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to rt overnight, filtered and concentrated. Recrystallization from CH2Cl2/hexanes gave 1.42 g of compound 10A as a light yellow crystalline solid.

[0311] B. (3aα,4α,4aβ,5aβ,6α,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (10B)

[0312] Compound 10A (1.42 g, 7.98 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with 3,5-dichloroaniline (1.55 g, 9.57 mmol, 1.2 eq) in AcOH (30 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, the resulting precipitate was collected, washed with MeOH and dried. Purification by flash chromatography on SiO2 eluting with CH2Cl2 gave 1.63 g (63.5%) of compound 10B as a white crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 3.48 min (retention time) (YMC ODSA S5 C18 column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% CF3CO2H, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 322.0 & 324.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 11 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (11B)

[0313]

A. (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-4,6-methano-1H-cycloprop[f]isobenzofuran-1,3(3aH)-dione (11A)

[0314]

[0315] Compound 11A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Kato, et. al., Chem. Lett. 1823-1826 (1987), Kottwitz, et. al., Synthesis 636-637 (1995). Creary, et. al., J. Org. Chem. 40, 3326-3331(1975) and Fieser & Fieser vol. 1, pg. 192. A mixture of 40% aq. KOH (11 mL) and Et2O (40 mL) was cooled to 0° C. N-Methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (3.6 g) was added portionwise to the mixture and stirred for 5 mins. The Et2O layer was separated and added dropwise to a stirred solution of compound 4A (1 g, 6.09 mmol) and Pd(OAc)2 (15 mg) in Et2O (30 mL) and THF (10 mL) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature overnight, filtered and concentrated. Recrystallization from CH2Cl2hexanes gave 0.75 g of compound 11A as a white crystalline solid.

B. (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,6-methanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (11B)

[0316] Compound 11A (100 mg, 0.561 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 1-amino-4-nitronaphthalene (88.0 mg, 0.468 mmol, 1.0 eq) in AcOH (2 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, the resulting precipitate was collected, washed with H2O and dried to give 138.4 mg (85%) of compound 11B as a dark brown crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 3.19 & 3.29 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 349.2 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 12 (3aα,4′α,7′α,7a′α)-3a′,4′,7′,7a′-Tetrahydro-2′-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]spiro[cyclopropane-1,8′-[4,7]methano[1H]isoindole]-1′,3′(2′H)-dione (12B)

[0317]

[0318] A. (3aα,4′α,7′α,7a′α)-3a′,4′,7′,7a′-Tetrahydrospiro[cyclopropane-1,8′-[4,7]methanoisobenzofuran]-1′,3′-dione (12A)

[0319] Compound 12A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Alder, et. al., Chem. Ber. 93, 1888-1895 (1960). To a stirred solution of maleic anhydride (3.92 g, 39.9 mmol, 1 eq) in Et2O (40 mL) at 0° C. was added spiro[2.4]hepta-4,6-diene (4 mL, 39.9 mmol, 1 eq) dropwise. After stirring for 1 day, the reaction mixture was concentrated and the resulting precipitate was filtered to give 2.5 g compound 12A as a white powder.

[0320] B. (3a′α,4′α,7′α,7a′α)-3a′,4′,7′,7a′-Tetrahydro-2′-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]spiro[cyclopropane-1,8′-[4,7]methano[1H]isoindole]-1′,3′(2′H)-dione (12B)

[0321] Compound 12A (100 mg, 0.526 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (0.055 mL, 0.438 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (2 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration. The material was washed sequentially with aqueous K2CO3 and water and then dried in a vacuum oven to provide 139.4 mg (95.5%) of compound 12B as a brownish-gray powder. HPLC: 95% at 3.29 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 334.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 13 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα) -2-(4-Bromo-3-methylpheny)tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (13C)

[0322]

[0323] A. (1,4-Cyclopentadien-1-yloxy)-(1,1-dimethylethyl)dimethylsilane (13A)

[0324] Cyclopentenone (2.5 mL, 29.8 mmol) was dissolved in methylene chloride (300 mL) followed by addition of TEA (6.23 mL, 44.7 mmol) and cooling to 0C. TMSOTf (5.40 mL) was then added dropwise over 5 minutes. The reaction was slowly warmed to 25C. and after 1.5 h, the reaction was filtered to remove the TEA salt. The solvent was removed in vacuo and compound 13A was taken on crude.

[0325] B. 1-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (13B)

[0326] 4-Bromo-3-methylaniline (1.55 g, 8.33 mmol) and maleic anhydride (0.898 g, 9.16 mmol) were dissolved in acetic acid (10 mL) and heated at 115° C. for 12 h. The reaction was then cooled to 25° C. and the acetic acid was removed in vacuo. The resulting residue was suspended in 5% K2CO3 (100 mL), stirred for 25 minutes followed by filtering and rinsing with water. The material was then dried in vacuo to give compound 13B as a light brown solid (1.65 g). HPLC: 100% at 2.96 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm).

[0327] C. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (13C)

[0328] Compound 13A (0.35 g, 2.26 mmol) was added to a suspension of compound 13B (0.250 g, 0.94 mmol) in toluene (5.0 mL). The reaction was heated at 105° C. for 5 h and then cooled to 25° C. The reaction was diluted with methylene chloride/TFA (20:1, 10 mL) and stirred for 1 h. The TFA was neutralized by addition of sat NaHCO3. This was then extracted with methylene chloride (3×40 mL). The combined organics were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography on SiO2 eluting with 5% EtOAc/methylene chloride to give 0.173 g of compound 13C as a white powder. HPLC: 100% at 3.093 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 365.0 [M+NH4]+.

EXAMPLE 14 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (14)

[0329]

[0330] 2-(trimethylsilyloxy)cyclohexadiene (Aldrich) (0.132 mL, 0.703 mmol) and compound 13B (0.075 g, 0.234 mmol) were heated in toluene (1.0 mL) at 110° C. for 3 h. MeOH/HCl (4:1) 5 mL was then added and the reaction was stirred at rt for 1 h. The reaction was then diluted with methylene chloride and washed with sat NaHCO3. The organics were then dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The crude material was purified by preparative TLC eluting with 5% EtOAc in methylene chloride to give 0.057 g of compound 14 as a white solid. HPLC: 96% at 3.367 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 362.04 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 15 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (15B)

[0331]

[0332] A. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-5-[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]-4,7-ethanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (15A)

[0333] 2-(trimethylsilyloxy)cyclohexadiene (Aldrich) (1.91 mL, 10.2 mmol) and maleic anhydride (1.00 g, 10.2 mmol) were heated in toluene (20 mL) at 110C. for 3 h. The reaction was then cooled to rt and the toluene removed in vacuo, to yield compound 15A (2.5 g) as a yellow viscous oil of >90% purity by NMR. This material was taken on without further purification.

[0334] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (15B)

[0335] Compound 15A (0.200 g, 0.752 mmol) and 3-methyl-4-bromoaniline (0.122 g, 0.752 mmol) were heated in AcOH (2.0 mL) for 14 h at 115° C. After cooling to rt, the reaction was poured into cold sat K2CO3 and stirred vigorously for 0.5 h. The mixture was then filtered and rinsed with water. The resulting tan solid was dried in vacuo giving 0.204 g of compound 15B. HPLC: 96% at 3.367 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 362.04 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 16 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-3a-methyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (16B)

[0336]

[0337] A. 3-Methyl-1-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (16A)

[0338] 4-nitro-1-naphthalamine (2.00 g, 10.63 mmol) and citraconic anhydride (1.05 mL, 11.69 mmol) were dissolved in acetic acid (10 mL) and heated to 115C. for 14 h. The reaction was then cooled to 25C. and transferred to cold sat K2CO3 with vigorous stirring. After 15 min, the solution was filtered, rinsed with water and dried under vacuum to yield 3.63 g of compound 16A as a yellow solid. This material was taken on to the next step without further purification.

[0339] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-3a-methyl-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (16B)

[0340] Compound 16A (1.80 g, 6.38 mmol) and freshly cracked cyclopentadiene (1.68 g, 25.5 mmol) were dissolved in dichloroethane (10 mL) and stirred at 25° C. for 16 h. After 4 h, additional cyclopentadiene (1.68 mL, 25.5 mmol) was added. After 16 h, the volatiles were removed in vacuo and the resulting residue was purified by flash chromatography on SiO2 eluting with 20% - 0% hexanes/methylene chloride. This yielded 2.01 g of compound 16B as a pale yellow solid. HPLC: 100% at 3.093 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 366.2 [M+NH4]+.

EXAMPLE 17 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (17B)

[0341]

[0342] A. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (17A)

[0343] Compound 17A was synthesized as described in L. R. Corwin; D. M. McDaniel; R. J. Bushby and J. A. Berson J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 102, 276-287 (1980). Both the endo and exo isomers of the anhydride were isolated.

[0344] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (17B)

[0345] Compound 17A (endo isomer, 0.900 g, 4.37 mmol) and 3,5-dichloroaniline (0.644 g, 3.97 mmol) were dissolved in AcOH and then heated at 115° C. for 14 h. The reaction was allowed to cool to 25° C. and then the AcOH was removed in vacuo. The resulting slurry was added to cold sat K2CO3 and stirred vigorously for 15 min. The suspension was then filtered and rinsed with water. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on SiO2 eluting with 20% hexanes/methylene chloride affording 1.14 g of compound 17B as a white solid. HPLC: 88% at 4.527 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 367.1 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 18 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-8,8-dihydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (18)

[0346]

[0347] Compound 17B (1.20 g, 3.43 mmol) was dissolved in CCl4 (50 mL) and methylene chloride (5 mL) and cooled to −25° C. O3 was then bubbled through the reaction until a blue color persisted (˜10 min). DMS (2.47 mL, 34.4 mmol) was then added and the reaction warmed to 25° C. After 12 h, a white precipitate formed and was filtered, rinsing with CCl4 and dried to yield 1.01 g of compound 18 which was 95% pure by H1 NMR spectroscopy and not stable to LC conditions employed. MS (ES): m/z 340.0 [M−H].

EXAMPLE 19 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-8,8-diethoxy-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (19B)

[0348]

[0349] A. 5,5-Diethoxy-1,3-cyclopentadiene (19A)

[0350] Compound 19A was synthesized as described in P. E. Eaton, R. A. Hudson J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 87, 2769-2770 (1965).

[0351] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-8,8-diethoxy-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (19B)

[0352] Freshly prepared compound 19A (6.32 mmol) was added to 1-[4-bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (0.400 g, 1.25 mmol, as prepared in Example 13B) in Et2O (50 mL) at 25° C. After 10 h, the reaction was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography eluting with 20%-10% hexanes/methylene chloride to give 0.501 g of compound 19B as a white foam. HPLC: 100% at 4.203 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 497.4 [M+Na]+.

EXAMPLE 20 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3,8(2H)-trione (20)

[0353]

[0354] Compound 19B (0.025 g, 0.052 mmol) in acetone (1.0 mL) and pTSA.H2O (0.005 g) was added and the reaction was heated to reflux for 12 h. The volatiles were then removed in vacuo and the residue purified by preparative TLC eluting with 2.5% EtOAc/methylene chloride giving the compound 20 (0.021 g) as a pale yellow solid. Not stable to LC conditions employed, purity (95%) determined by H1 NMR spectroscopy. MS (DCI): m/z 399.7 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 21 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-4,7-dimethyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (21C)

[0355]

[0356] A. 3,5-Dimethyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one (21A)

[0357] Compound 21A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Toder, et. al., Synth. Commun. 5, 435-439 (1975). To a stirred solution of diisopropylamine (17 mL, 121.2 mmol, 1 eq) in THF (300 mL) at 0° C. under N2 was added 2.5 M n-BuLi (53.3 mL, 133.3 mmol, 1.1 eq). The reaction mixture was cooled to −78° C. and HMPA (21 mL, 121.2 mmol, 1 eq) was added. After 30 min, 3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one (12 mL, 121.2 mmol, 1 eq) was added, then 30 min later, methyl iodide (8.3 mL, 133.3 mmol, 1.1 eq) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for a further 60 min at −78° C., warmed to room temperature, quenched with sat. NH4Cl, extracted with Et2O (3×), dried over MgSO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was distilled at atmospheric pressure and the fraction that came over between 165-178° C. was collected to give 10.5 g of compound 21A as a light yellow oil.

[0358] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-4,7-dimethyl-4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-1,3,5(4H)-trione

[0359] Compound 21A (3.4 g, 30.87 mmol, 1 eq) and maleic anhydride (3.0 g, 30.87 mmol, 1 eq) were heated together at 100° C. in a sealed tube for 10 h. The resulting dark brown paste was triturated with hexanes containing a small portion of EtOAc. A portion of the paste dissolved and a precipitate eventually fell from the solution. The precipitate was isolated by filtration to give a light brown powder. Crude compound 21B was taken on without further purification.

[0360] C. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetrahydro-4,7-dimethyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (21C)

[0361] A solution of 21B (154 mg, 0.74 mmol, 1.2 eq) and 3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (0.077 mL, 0.616 mmol, 1 eq) in AcOH (3 mL) was heated 115° C. for 5 h. After cooling to rt, H2O was added. The resulting precipitate was collected and washed with H2O (1×) with aq. NaHCO3 (1×) and with H2O (3×) and dried to give 157.3 mg (73%) of 21C as a tan powder. HPLC: 95% at 2.75 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 352.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 22 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-1,2,3,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-3aH-isoindole-3a-acetic acid (22B)

[0362]

[0363] A. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-1,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-3a(3H)-acetic acid (22A)

[0364] Cis-1,2,3-propenetricarboxylic acid anhydride (5.00 g, 32.1 mmol) was suspended in dichloroethane (30 mL) and freshly cracked cyclopentadiene (4.23 g, 64.2 mmol) was added. The mixture was then heated at 80C. for 24 h, becoming homogenous after 3 h. Upon cooling to 25C., the product precipitated out of solution and was filtered rinsing with 1:1 hexanes/methylene chloride. After drying in vacuo, 6.9 g of compound 22A was isolated as a white powder. NMR spectroscopy showed only the endo isomer was isolated.

[0365] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-1,2,3,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-3aH-isoindole-3a-acetic acid (22B)

[0366] Compound 22A (1.00 g, 4.50 mmol) and 4-bromo-3-methylaniline (0.754 g, 4.05 mmol) were dissolved in AcOH (10 mL) and heated to 112° C. for 14 h. After cooling to 25° C., the AcOH was removed in vacuo and the resulting residue transferred to cold sat K2CO3. The resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration and rinsed with water. The crude solid was purified by preparative reverse phase HPLC (10-90% aqueous methanol) to give 0.787 g of compound 22B as a white foam. HPLC: 100% at 2.943 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 391.17 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 23 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-1,2,3,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-3aH-isoindole-3a-acetic acid, methyl ester (23)

[0367]

[0368] Compound 22B (0.020 g, 0.051 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (2.0 mL) and H2SO4 (1 drop) was added. The mixture was then heated at 64° C. for 2 h. After cooling to 25° C., the reaction was poured into sat NaHCO3. This mixture was extracted with methylene chloride (3×10 mL) and the combined organics were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. Removal of the volatiles gave 0.018 g of compound 23 as a white solid. No purification was necessary. HPLC: 95% at 3.187 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 405.3 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 24 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)-1,2,3,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1, 3-dioxo-N-phenyl-4,7-methano-3aH-isoindole-3a-acetamide (24)

[0369]

[0370] Compound 22B (0.100 g, 0.256 mmol) was dissolved in methylene chloride (1.5 mL). TEA (0.060 mL, 0.435 mmol) and then 2,6-benzoyl chloride (0.037 mL, 0.256 mmol) were added. The reaction was then stirred at 25° C. for 16 h. Benzylamine (0.023 mL, 0.256 mmol) was then added followed by 4-DMAP (cat). After 3 h, the volatiles were removed in vacuo and the resulting residue was purified by preparative reverse phase HPLC (YMC S5 ODS 30×250 mm column, 25 ml/min, 0-100% in 30 mins) to give 0.010 g of compound 24 as a white solid. HPLC: 100% at 3.597 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 464.15 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 25 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-7-quinazolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (25D)

[0371]

[0372] A. 2-Methyl-7-nitroquinazoline (25A)

[0373] 2-Fluoro-4-nitrobenzaldehyde (1.00 g, 5.92 mmol) and acetamidine hydrochloride (0.783 g, 8.28 mmol) were added to a suspension of activated 4 Å MS (1.2 g) in acetonitrile (60 mL). K2CH3 (1.14 g, 8.28 mmol) was then added and the reaction was heated to reflux for 4 h. The reaction was then cooled to 25° C. and filtered through celite rinsing with CH2Cl2. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-10% acetone in CH2Cl2 to give 0.386 g of compound 25A as a yellow solid.

[0374] B. 7-Amino-2-methylquinazoline (25B)

[0375] Compound 25A (0.400 g, 2.12 mmol) was dissolved in EtOAc (20 mL) and Pd/C (10% Pd, 0.045 g) was added. Hydrogen was then introduced to the flask with a balloon. After 6 h, the reaction was filtered through celite rinsing with EtOAc. Concentration in vacuo gave compound 25B as a yellow solid (0.311 g). This was taken on without purification to subsequent reactions.

[0376] C. (endo, endo)-3-[[2-Methyl-7-quinazolinyl)amino]carbonyl]bicyclo[2,2,1]hept-5-ene-2-carboxylic acid (25C)

[0377] Compound 25B (0.100 g, 0.629 mmol) and cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (0.132 g, 0.818 mmol) were suspended in THF (3.0 mL) and heated to reflux for 3 h. The mixture became homogenous upon initial heating and then a yellow precipitate formed as the reaction progressed. After cooling to 25° C., the mixture was filtered and rinsed with THF to yield 0.088 g of compound 25C. This material was carried to the next step without further purification.

[0378] D. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-7-quinazolinyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (25D)

[0379] Compound 25C (0.051 g) was suspended in Ac2O (1.0 mL) and heated to 140° C. for 1.5 h. After cooling to 25° C., the solution was poured into cold sat K2CO3 and stirred to 0.5 h. The solution was then filtered, rinsed with water and the isolated solid was dried under vacuum to yield 0.029 g of compound 25D as yellow powder. The compound was not stable to LC conditions employed, purity (95%) was determined by H1 NMR spectroscopy. MS (ES): m/z 306.2 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 26 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Amino-4,5-dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (26)

[0380]

[0381] 1,2-Diamino-4,5-dichlorobenzene (1.00 g, 5.65 mmol) and cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (1.02 g, 6.21 mmol) were dissolved in THF (5.0 mL) and heated to 85° C. in a sealed tube for 3 h. After cooling to 25° C, the volatiles were removed in vacuo and the resulting brown residue was diluted with absolute ethanol and cooled to −20° C. After 2 h, the product crashed out and was filtered rinsing with cold ethanol. The brown colored solid was recrystallized from absolute ethanol to give 1.39 g of compound 26 as a white solid. HPLC: 99% at 4.190 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 324.10 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 27 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[4,5-Dichloro-2-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7-methano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)phenyl]benzamide (27)

[0382]

[0383] Compound 26 (0.050 g, 0.155 mmol) was dissolved in methylene chloride (3.0 mL) and pyridine (0.038 mL, 0.465 mmol) and 4-DMAP (˜5 mg) were added. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and benzoyl chloride (0.022 mL, 0.186 mmol) was added. The reaction was warmed to 25° C. and after 2 h, the volatiles were removed in vacuo. The resulting residue was purified by preparative TLC eluting with 7% EtOAc/methylene chloride to afford 0.066 g of compound 27 as a white solid. HPLC: 100% at 3.850 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 428.08 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 28 (3aα,4β,5α,6α,7β,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methylphenyl)hexahydro-5,6-dihydroxy-4,7-etheno-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (28)

[0384]

[0385] Compound 13B (0.045 g, 0.17 mmol) and cis-1,2-dihydrocatechol (0.057 g, 0.51 mmol) were dissolved in toluene (1.0 mL) and heated to 100° C. for 3 days. The crude reaction mixture was purified by preparative silica gel TLC to yield 41 mg (66% yield) of compound 28 as a white solid. Compound 28 was crystallized from 1:1 acetone/hexane to yield crystals adequate for structural determination. HPLC: 66% at 2.77 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 378.01 [M]+.

EXAMPLE 29 (3aα,4β,4aα,6aα,7β,7aα)-2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,4a,6a,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-etheno-1H-cyclobut[f]isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (29)

[0386]

[0387] 3,5-Dichloroaniline (0.027 g, 0.165 mmol) and 10-oxatetracyclo-(6.3.0.2,7.0.3,6)trideca-4,12-diene-9,1 1-dione (0.040 g, 0.197 mmol, Aldrich Chemicals) was dissolved in acetic acid (1.0 mL) and was heated to 112° C. for 12 hours. The solution was allowed to cool to room temperature for 4.5 hours and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration, washed with acetic acid followed by hexane and then dried under vacuum to yield 54 mg of compound 29 as a white solid. Compound 29 was crystallized from 1:1 methylene chloride/methanol to yield crystals adequate for structural determination. HPLC: 66% at 2.77 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 346.04 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 30 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,1-Dioxido-2H-naphth[1,8-cd]isothiazol-5-yl) -3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (30)

[0388]

[0389] cis-5-Norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (26 mg, 0.16 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 5-amino-1,8-naphthosultam (25 mg, 0.13 mmol, 1.0 eq, synthesized as described in EP-350403 and Hammouda, et al., J. Heterocycl. Chem. 21, 337-339 (1984)) in acetic acid (0.6 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by Prep HPLC to give 21% yield of compound 30 as a brown solid. HPLC: 97% at 2.18 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 365.1 [M+H]+

EXAMPLE 31 (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (31B)

[0390]

[0391] A. (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (31A)

[0392] Compound 31A was synthesized as described in L. R. Corwin; D. M. McDaniel; R. J. Bushby and J. A. Berson J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 102, 276-287 (1980). Both the endo and exo isomers of the anhydride were isolated.

[0393] B. (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-8-(1-methylethylidene)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (31B)

[0394] Compound 31A (exo isomer, 0.386 g, 1.87 mmol) and 3,5-dichloroaniline (0.276 g, 1.70 mmol) were dissolved in AcOH (4.0 mL) and then heated at 115° C. for 14 h. The reaction was allowed to cool to 25° C. and then the AcOH was removed in vacuo. The resulting slurry was added to cold sat K2CO3 and stirred vigorously for 15 min. The suspension was then filtered and rinsed with water. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on SiO2 eluting with 20% hexanes/methylene chloride affording 0.598 g of compound 31B as a white solid. HPLC: 100% at 3.950 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 367.1 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 32 (3aα,4β,7β,7aα)-2-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro-8,8-dihydroxy-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (32)

[0395]

[0396] Compound 31B (0.250 g, 0.72 mmol) was dissolved in CCl4 (10 mL) and methylene chloride (1 mL) and cooled to −25° C. O3 was then bubbled through the reaction until a blue color persisted (˜10 min). DMS (0.53 mL, 7.20 mmol) was then added and the reaction warmed to 25° C. After 12 h, a white precipitate formed and was filtered, rinsing with CCl4 and dried to yield 0.193 g of compound 32 (95% pure by H1 NMR spectroscopy, not stable to LC conditions). MS (ES): m/z 340.0 [M−H]. The exo diastereomer was confirmed by determination of the X-ray crystal structure.

EXAMPLE 33 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-3a-methyl-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (33)

[0397]

[0398] Compound 16A (0.250 g, 0.88 mmol) and 1,3-cyclohexadiene (0.142 g, 1.77 mmol) were dissolved in toluene (2.0 mL). The mixture was then heated to 125° C. in a sealed tube for 20 h. The solution was then cooled to 25° C. and the toluene removed in vacuo. The resulting residue was purified by flash chromatography on SiO2 eluting with 30%-10%-0% hexane in CH2Cl2 to give 0.121 g of compound 33 as a yellow solid. HPLC: 100% at 2.99 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 363.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 34 (3aα,4β,5β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-methyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (34B) & (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (34B′)

[0399]

[0400] A. (3aα,4β,5β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-methyl-4,7-ethanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (34A) & (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-Hexahydro-4,6-etheno-1H-cycloprop[f]isobenzofuran-1,3(3aH)-dione (6A)

[0401] To a solution of compound 5A (33.5 g, 176 mol) in 200 ml of acetone was added Pd/C (10% Pd, 2.00 g). The mixture was put under a hydrogen balloon for 4 h with stirring. The solution was filtered through celite, evaporated under vacuum and then taken up in 250 ml of ethyl acetate. To this solution was added Pd/C (10% Pd. 1.87 g) and the mixture was stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 21 h. The solution was filtered through celite and the filtrate was evaporated under vacuum. The resulting white solid was recrystallized twice with a 50/50 mixture of CH2Cl2 /hexane and followed by a recrystallization with 100% ethyl acetate to yield 3.2 g of a final white solid which was a 1:10 mixture of compounds 34A & 6A.

[0402] B. (3aα,4β,5β,7β,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-methyl-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (34B) & (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione (34B′)

[0403] A solution of compounds 34A & 6A (1:10, 2.3 g, 12.09 mmol, 1.2 eq) and 3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (1.26 mL, 10.08 mmol, 1 eq) in AcOH (60 mL) was heated at 115° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was recrystallized from CH2Cl2/hexanes to give 2.67 g (79%) of compounds 34B & 34B′ in a 1:10 ratio by 1H NMR. Separation by preparative HPLC 45 min (YMC S10 ODS SH-365-10, 10-90% aqueous CH3CN over 75 minutes, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm) gave 211 mg of compound 34B as an off-white crystalline solid and 2.07 g of compound 34B′ as a white crystalline solid. Compound 34B: HPLC: 99% at 3.63 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 338.1 [M+H]+. Compound 34B′: HPLC 99% at 3.47 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 336.2[M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 35 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)amino]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4, 7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (35)

[0404]

[0405] 3,4-Dichlorophenylhydrazine hydrochloride (213.5 mg, 1.0 mmol) and cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (164.2 mg, 1.0 mmol) were combined in ethanol (20 mL). To this solution was added 324 mg (1.0 mmol) of sodium ethoxide (21 wt. % solution in denatured ethyl alcohol). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 5 h. The reaction was allowed to cool to rt, and the resulting precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with water and ethanol and dried in vacuo to give 236 mg of compound 35 (73%) as an off-white solid. HPLC: 98% at 3.090 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1 % trifluoroacetic acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ESI): m/z 321.0 & 323.0 [M−H].

EXAMPLE 36 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)methylamino]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (36)

[0406]

[0407] To a solution of compound 35 (130 mg, 0.40 mmol) in 10 ml of THF was added sodium hydride (32 mg, 0.80 mmol, 60% dispersion in mineral oil), followed by iodomethane (114 mg, 0.80 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h, and quenched by addition of sat NH4Cl. The reaction mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3×50 ml) and the combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. Flash chromatography (silica, dichloromethane) provided compound 36, (67 mg, 50%), as a white solid. HPLC: 100% at 3.323 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 391.12 [M+MeOH+Na]+.

EXAMPLE 37 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1H-Benzotriazol-1-yl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (37)

[0408]

[0409] Compound 50A (116.8 mg, 0.703 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with 1-aminobenzotriazole (94.3 mg, 0.703 mmol, 1.0 eq) in AcOH (2 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, the reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting solid was washed with MeOH and dried over MgSO4 to give 124 mg (61%) of compound 37 as a brown solid. HPLC 99% at 2.47 min (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 283.21 [M+H]+

EXAMPLE 38 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-3-thioxo-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindol-1-one (38B)

[0410]

[0411] A. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (38A)

[0412] cis-5-Norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (2.0 g, 12.2 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (1.3 mL, 10.2 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (80 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration. The material was washed sequentially with aqueous K2CO8 and water and then dried. Recrystallization from CH2Cl2/hexanes gave 2.01 g (63%) of compound 38A as a white crystalline solid. HPLC: 99% at 1.67 min (Phenom-Prime S5 C18 column 4.6×30 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 2 minutes containing 0.1% TFA, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm). MS (ES): m/z 340.15 [M+MeOH]+

[0413] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro-3-thioxo-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindol-1-one (38B)

[0414] A solution of compound 38A (191 mg, 0.622 mmol, 1 eq) and Lawesson's Reagent (126 mg, 0.311 mmol, 0.5 eq) in toluene was heated to reflux for 12 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by flash chromatography eluting with CHCl3 to give compound 38B (31.6 mg, 16%) as a yellow solid. HPLC: 95% at 3.50 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 323.8 [M+H]+

EXAMPLE 39 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα) -2-(Benzo[b]thiophen-3-yl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (39B)

[0415]

[0416] A. 3-Aminobenzo[b]thiophene (39A)

[0417] A solution of methyl-3-aminobenzothiophene-2-carboxylate (1 g, 4.83 mmol, 1 eq) in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (8 mL) and piperazine (2.08 g, 24.13 mmol, 5 eq) was stirred at 130° C. overnight. Ice was added, and the mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic extracts were washed twice with water, dried, and concentrated in vacuo. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 33% ethyl acetate in hexanes to provide 600 mg (83%) of compound 39A as a yellow oil. HPLC: 98% at 1.043 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, monitoring at 220 nm).

[0418] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(Benzo[b]thiophen-3-yl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (39B)

[0419] Compound 50A (200 mg, 1.2 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with compound 39A (197 mg, 1.33 mmol, 1.1 eq) in acetic acid (4 mL) and heated at 110° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration. The material was washed with methanol and then dried under vacuum to provide 160 mg (44.9%) of compound 39B as a brown solid. HPLC: 98% at 2.92 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 298.32 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 40 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-(1-oxidobenzo[b]thiophen-3-yl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (40)

[0420]

[0421] A solution of compound 39B (20 mg, 0.067 mmol, 1 eq) and TFA (0.12 ml) in CH2Cl 2was stirred for 5 minutes. A 30% aqueous solution of H2O2 (0.008 ml, 0.067 mmol, 1 eq) was added and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature and monitored by HPLC. After 4 hours, a solution of saturated aqueous NaHCO3 was added and the resulting mixture was extracted with CH2Cl2. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 10% EtOAc/CH2Cl2, to give 15 mg (71%) of compound 40 as a light yellow solid. HPLC: 99% at 2.24 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 346.15 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 41 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,1-Dioxidobenzo[b]thiophen-3-yl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (41)

[0422]

[0423] mCPBA (60% mixture, 48.8 mg, 0.283 mmol, 2.4 eq) was added to a solution of compound 39B (35 mg, 0.118 mmol, 1 eq) in CH2Cl2 (3 mL) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Additional mCPBA (20 mg, 0.116 mmol, 1 eq) was added and the mixture was stirred for 4 more hours to drive the reaction to completion. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 4% EtOAc/CH2Cl2. The resulting solid was washed with methanol to remove a small amount of impurity and dried under vacuum to give 25 mg (64.4%) of compound 41 as a light yellow solid. HPLC: 99% at 2.39 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 347.0 [M+NH4]+.

EXAMPLE 42 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-2-[6-(methylthio)-5-nitro-8-quinolinyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (42)

[0424]

[0425] Compound 50A (100 mg, 0.602 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with 8-amino-6-(methylthio)-5-nitroquinoline (141 mg, 0.602 mmol, 1.0 eq) in acetic acid (3 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was added to aqueous NaHCO3 and extracted with CH2Cl2 (3×). The combined organic layers were washed with H2O (1×), dried over MgSO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid was recrystallized from CH2Cl2/hexanes to give compound 42 as a yellow crystalline solid in 56.5% yield. HPLC: 97% at 3.05 & 3.18 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 384.30 [M+H]+

EXAMPLE 43 (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-mercapto-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (43B)

[0426]

[0427] A. (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-mercapto-4,7-methanoisobenzofuran-1,3-dione (43A)

[0428] Compound 43A was made in accordance with the procedure described in Hachë, et. al., Tetrahedron Lett. 35, 1837-1840 (1994). A solution of cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (1 g, 6.09 mmol, 1 eq), triphenylsilanethiol (2 g, 6.94 mmol, 1.14 eq) and AIBN (1 g, 6.09 mmol, 1 eq) in benzene (6 mL) was heated to reflux for 15 h. After cooling to rt, TFA (2.35 mL, 30.46 mmol, 5 eq) was added and the mixture was stirred for 30 min. Concentration under reduced pressure and purification by flash chromatography eluting with 25% EtOAc/hexanes gave 300 mg of impure compound 43A which was used directly in the next step.

[0429] B. (3aα,4α,5α,7α,7aα)-Hexahydro-5-mercapto-2-(4-nitro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (43B)

[0430] Compound 43A (76 mg, 0.383 mmol, 1.0 eq) was combined with 4-nitro-1-naphthalamine (54 mg, 0.289 mmol, 0.75 eq) in acetic acid (2 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, water was added, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration. The material was washed sequentially with aqueous K2CO3 and water and then dried to give material that was 72% pure. Purification by prep HPLC: 10.10 min (YMC ODS 20×100 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 20 minutes containing 0.1% TFA, 20 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm) gave 14.2 mg (10%) of compound 43B (forms disulfide over time). HPLC: 80% (+12% disulfide) at 3.02 & 3.15 min (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 300.31 [M+H]+

EXAMPLE 44 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-2-[3-methoxy-4-(5-oxazolyl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (44)

[0431]

[0432] 3-Methoxy-4-(oxazol-5-yl)phenylamine (51 mg, 0.27 mmol, prepared as described in WO 00/25780) and cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (44 mg, 0.27 mmol) were combined in acetic acid (2 mL) and heated at 110° C. for 1 hr. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, the acetic acid was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was washed with methanol to give 90 mg (72%) of compound 44 as a light brown solid. HPLC: 98% at 2.583 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 337.31 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 45 (3aα,4α,7α,4aα)-Hexahydro-2-[3-methoxy-4-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (45)

[0433]

Compound 50A (26 mg, 0.16 mmol, 1.2 eq) was combined with 3-methoxy-4-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-benzenamine (25 mg, 0.13 mmol, 1.0 eq, synthesized as described in WO-0025780) in acetic acid (0.6 mL) and heated at 115° C. overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 70% EtOAc/CH2Cl2, to give 30.9 mg (70%) of compound 45 as a white solid. HPLC: 99% at 2.41 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% H3PO4, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 339.17 [M+H]+. EXAMPLE 46 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα) -2-(2,3-Dihydro-2-oxo-6-benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (46B)

[0434]

[0435] A. 6-Amino-2-benzothiazolinone (46A)

[0436] A solution of 6-nitro-2-benzothiazolinone (98 mg, 0.50 mmol) in 20 ml of EtOAc with 10% Pd/C (20 mg) was stirred under H2 balloon for 4 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite eluting with EtOAc, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 80 mg of 6-amino-2-benzothiazolinone.

[0437] B. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-2-oxo-6-benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (46B)

[0438] Compound 46A (80 mg, 0.48 mmol) and cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (82 mg, 0.50 mmol) were combined in acetic acid (2 mL) and heated at 110° C. for 5 h. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, the acetic acid was removed under vacuum. The residue was washed with methanol to give 96 mg (64%) of compound 46B as a white solid. HPLC: 100% at 2.133 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 313.04 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 47 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Dihydro-3-methyl-2-oxo-6-benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (47)

[0439]

[0440] To a solution of compound 46B (50 mg, 0.16 mmol) in 5 ml of DMF was added potassium carbonate (221 mg, 1.6 mmol) and iodomethane (45 mg, 0.32 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt for 4 hr and then quenched by adding water. The reaction mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3×25 ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. Flash chromatography (silica, 1 % methanol/dichloromethane) provided compound 47 as a white solid (45 mg, 87%). HPLC: 100% at 2.613 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 327.04 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 48 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Dihydro-3-oxo-6-isobenzofuranyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (48C)

[0441]

[0442] A. 5-nitro & 6-nitrophthalides (48A)

[0443] Compound 48A (5-nitro- and 6-nitrophthalides) were made in accordance with the procedure described in Watanabe et. al., Chem. Pharm Bull. 26 (2), 530-538 (1978). To a suspension of 4-nitrophthalimide (3 g, 15.6 mmol) in 60 ml of 90% methanol was added NaBH4 (900 mg, 23.8 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then quenched by addition of 30 ml of 10% HCl. The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (3×100 ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. Flash chromatography (silica, dichloromethane) provided compound 48A as a white solid (840 mg, 30%) with a ratio 1:2, favoring the 6-nitrophthalide isomer. HPLC: 100% at 1.507 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1 % trifluoroacetic acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm).

[0444] B. 5-Amino, 6-aminophthalides (48B)

[0445] Compound 48A (5-nitro- and 6-nitrophthalides, 810 mg, 4.50 mmol) was taken up in a mixture of 10 ml of acetic acid and 10 ml of ethyl acetate. To this mixture was added 10% Pd/C (162 mg, 20% by weight) and the reaction was stirred under H2 (balloon) for 16 hr. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite eluting with EtOAc and concentrated under reduced pressure to give compound 48B (5-amino- and 6-aminophthalides, 1:2 ratio). The crude mixture was taken on without further purification.

[0446] C. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Dihydro-3-oxo-6-isobenzofuranyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (48C)

[0447] Compound 48B (crude mixture, 1:2 ratio of 5-amino- and 6-aminophthalide) and cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (886 mg, 5.4 mmol) were combined in acetic acid (10 mL) and heated at 110° C. for 5 h. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, the acetic acid was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, dichloromethane) and preparative HPLC to give compound 48C (118 mg) as a white solid. HPLC: 98% at 2.213 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 296.01 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 49 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,2-Benzisoxazol-3-yl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (49)

[0448]

[0449] 3-Amino-1,2-benzisoxazole (47 mg, 0.54 mmol, prepared as described in Shutske et. al., J. Heterocycl. Chem. 26, 1293-1298 (1989)) and cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (69 mg mg, 0.42 mmol) were combined in acetic acid (1 mL) and heated at 110° C. for 20 h. After the reaction was allowed to cool to rt, the acetic acid was removed under reduced pressure. To the resulting gum was added 5 ml of saturated NaHCO3 and 10 ml of CH2Cl2 and the mixture was stirred at rt for 30 minutes. The organic layer was isolated, dried over MgSO4 and dried under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (silica, 0.5 % MeOH in CH2Cl2) to give compound 49 (50 mg, 51%) as a white solid. HPLC: 98% at 2.54 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid,, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 303.08 [M+Na]+.

EXAMPLE 50 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,6-Dihydro-1-methyl-6-oxo-3-pyridinyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (50D)

[0450]

[0451] A. cis-Norbornane-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (50A)

[0452] A solution of cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride (5 g, 31.4 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (100 mg) in a mixture of EtOAc and EtOH was shaken under H2 at 55 psi for 3 h. The reaction solution was filtered through a pad of celite eluting with EtOAc and concentrated to give 10 g of compound 50A as a white powder.

[0453] B. 1-Methyl-5-nitro-2(1H)-pyridinone (50B)

[0454] To a solution of 2-hydroxy-5-nitropyridine (600 mg, 4.28 mmol, 1 eq) in DMF (5 mL) was added cesium carbonate (1.67 g, 5.16 mmol, 1.2 eq), followed by methyl iodide (0.4 mL, 6.42 mmol, 1.5 eq). After stirring overnight, the reaction mixture was quenched with water and extracted with ethyl ether (5×20 mL). The ether was dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was column chromatographed, eluting with 50% EtOAc/hexanes to give 450 mg of compound 50B.

[0455] C. 5-Amino-1-methyl-2(1H)-pyridinone (50C)

[0456] A solution of compound 50B (200 mg, 1.298 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (˜5 mg) in MeOH and AcOH was stirred under H2 at 1 atmosphere for 30 minutes. The reaction solution was filtered through a pad of celite eluting with MeOH. The MeOH was removed under reduced pressure to give compound 50C.

[0457] D. (3aα,4α,7α,7aα) -2-( 1,6-Dihydro-1-methyl-6-oxo-3-pyridinyl)hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (50D)

[0458] Compound 50C in AcOH was combined with compound 50A (209 mg, 1.298 mmol, 1 eq) in acetic acid (4 mL) and heated at 165° C. for 6 h. The acetic acid was distilled off and the material was washed with aqueous K2CO3 and water. The crude material was column chromatographed, eluting with 50% EtOAc/hexanes to give 260 mg of compound 50D as a white solid. HPLC: 99 % at 1.62 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm, 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 273.0 [M+H]+.

EXAMPLE 51 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Fluoro-4-methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione (51)

[0459]

[0460] The below procedure describes a general approach for the production of solution phase combinatorial libraries of compounds of formula I. The general procedure described can be extrapolated from the processes described above in Step B of Example 1 (“1B”), Step B of Example 2 (“2B”), and Step C of Example 7 (“7C”) where anhydride-like intermediates such as compounds 6A or 15A or commercially available anhydrides such as 1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride, endo-bicyclo(2.2.2)-5-octene-2,3-dicarbo anhydride or cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride can replace the intermediate compounds 1A, 2A, or 7B. Other anhydride-like intermediates which can be used in replacement of compounds 1A, 2A, or 7B are, but are not limited to, compounds 3A, 4A, 5A, 8B, 9A, 10A, 11A, 12A, 15A, 17A, 22A, 31A, 34A, 43A, and 50A.

[0461] The specific procedure shown describes in detail the synthesis of a library of compounds derived from the reaction of the intermediate compound 15A with an array of substituted aniline intermediates. In this Example, specific data is given on one example compound from this library; data on other compounds so obtained is provided in the following Tables. This general procedure can be modified by one skilled in the art to accommodate the synthesis of an array of compounds derived from related anhydide and aniline intermediates.

[0462] 4-Methyl-3-fluoroaniline (0.010 g, 0.08 mmols) was dissolved in acetic acid (0.400 mL) and transferred to a 1.5 mL conical vial with a septa cap. Stock solutions of an additional 95 amines were prepared as described above. To each of the above vials was added 0.4 mL (0.12 mmol) of a stock solution of compound 15A in acetic acid. The vials were then sealed and heated at 110° C. for 10 h. Upon cooling to 25° C., the solutions were transferred by robot to filter tubes with a medium pore frit. Nitrogen was then blown into the tubes to remove the acetic acid. A 1.0 mL portion of methylene chloride and 0.5 g of silica gel were then added to the tubes and they were shaken for 30 minutes. The tubes were drained into pre-tared custom microtubes. A 1.5 mL portion of 10% ethyl acetate in methylene chloride was then added to the filter tubes and they were again shaken for 15 minutes and drained as before. Each tube was assayed for product purity (analytical LC) and identity (LC-MS). The tubes were then concentrated in vacuo and weighed for yields. The tube containing the reaction of 4-methyl-3-fluoroaniline and compound 15A, yielded 0.0161 g of compound 51 as a white solid. HPLC: 85% at 2.43 min (retention time) (YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% aqueous methanol over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm), MS (ES): m/z 302.23 [M+H]+. Of the remaining 95 additional reactions run, a total of 80 final compounds were obtained in >70% purity and >5 mg yield. Several samples needed further purification which was performed by short SiO2 column eluting with methylene chloride/acetone.

EXAMPLES 52 to 182

[0463] Additional compounds of the formula I were prepared by procedures analogous to those described above. The compounds of Example 52 to 182 have the following structure:

[0464] where —L—G, the compound name, retention time, molecular mass (provided for certain compounds in the “Retention Time” column), and the procedure employed, are set forth in Table 1.

[0465] The chromatography techniques used to determine the compound retention times of Table 1 are as follows:

[0466] LCMS=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0467] LCMS*=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 2 minutes containing 0.1 % TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0468] LC=YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0469] The molecular mass of the compounds listed in Table 1, where provided, were determined by MS (ES) by the formula m/z.

TABLE 1
Retention Procedure
Ex. Compound Time of
No. —L—G Name Min. Example
52 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2- Fluorenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione 3.26 LC 51
53 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (1H-Benzotriazol-5- yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.82 LC 51
54 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3- Chloro-4-(4- morpholinyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.82 LC 51
55 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,3-Dihydro-1H- inden-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.50 LC 51
56 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Bromo-1- naphthalenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.25 LCMS 51
57 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Chloro-1- naphthalenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.11 LC 51
58 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(7- hydroxy-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.04 & 2.40 LC 51
59 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4- nitro-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.77 & 2.86 LC 51
60 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(1H- indol-5-yl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.20 LC 51
61 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(1H- indazol-6-yl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.08 LC 51
62 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (1,3-Benzodioxol-5- yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.33 LC 51
63 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4- Amino-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
64 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2- methyl-4-quinolinyl)- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione.  0.913 LC 51
65 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(8- quinolinyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.98 LC 51
66 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,3-Dihydro-1,4- benzodioxin-6-yl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.27 LC 51
67 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4- methyl-2-oxo-2H-1- benzopyran-7-yl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.37 LC 51
68 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(5- isoquinolinyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.49 LCMS 51
69 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,5-Dimethoxy-4- nitrophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.39 LC 51
70 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 2,3,5,6-Tetrafluoro-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2- yl)benzonitrile. 51
71 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5- trifluorophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.77 LC 51
72 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5- trichlorophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
73 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (3,4-Difluorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.66 LC 51
74 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,3-Dihydro-1H- indol-6-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
75 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Chloro-4- fluorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.12 LCMS 51
76 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (3,4-Dichlorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.27 LC 51
77 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5- trichlorophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
78 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Chloro-4- methoxyphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.75 LC 51
79 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Chloro-4- methylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.68 LC 51
80 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2- methyl-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.91 LC 51
81 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Chloro-3- methylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.81 LC 51
82 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (3,4- Dimethylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.86 LC 51
83 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4- Bromo-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.38 LCMS 51
84 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Bromo-3- methylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.21 LC 51
85 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Fluoro-3- nitrophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.62 LC 51
86 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4- Fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.89 LC 51
87 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Chloro-3- nitrophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.96 LC 51
88 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4- Chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
89 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Chloro-2-methoxy-5- methylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.05 LC 51
90 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (3,5-Dichloro-4- hydroxyphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.98 LC 51
91 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4- hydroxy-3- nitrophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.56 LC 51
92 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Amino-3- nitrophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.37 LC 51
93 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2,2′- (2,3,5,6-Tetramethyl- 1,4- phenylene)bis[3a,4,7, 7a-tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione]. 2.19 LC 51
94 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4- methyl-3- nitrophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.80 LC 51
95 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenyl)- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.33 LC 51
96 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (3,4- Dimethoxyphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
97 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3- hydroxy-4- methoxyphenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.00 LC 51
98 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5- Chloro-2-hydroxy-4- nitrophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.94 LC 51
99 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2- methoxy-3- dibenzofuranyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.78 LC 51
100 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,3,4- trifluorophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
101 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,3-Dihydro-2- methyl-1,3-dioxo-1H- isoindol-5-yl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
102 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,3,5,6- tetrafluorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.43 LC 51
103 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- [2,5-Dichloro-4-(1H- pyrrol-1-yl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione 51
104 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3- [(Diethylamino) methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.42 LC 51
105 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6- Benzothiazolyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.44 LC 51
106 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- methoxybenzenecar- boxylic acid, methyl ester. 2.23 LC 51
107 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2-oxo- 2H-1-benzopyran-6- yl)-4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.49 LC 51
108 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2- methyl-8-quinolinyl)- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.21 LC 51
109 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2- (2,3,5,6-tetramethyl- 4-nitrophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
110 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5- trimethylphenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.10 LC 51
111 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Fluoro-3- methylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
112 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3- methoxy-4- methylphenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
113 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- Ethyl-5- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- methyl-N- phenyl- benzenesulfonamide 2.75 LC 51
114 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-6- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2,4- dimethyl-3- pyridinecarbonitrile. 51
115 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Dibenzofuranyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.21 LC 51
116 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2′- hydroxy[1,1′:3′,1″- terphenyl]-5′-yl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 51
117 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (1,3-Dihydro-2,2- dioxidobenzo[c]thiophen-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.31 LC 51
118 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2- (2,2,3,3-tetrafluoro- 2,3-dihydro-1,4- benzodioxin-6-yl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.16 LC 51
119 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Amino-2,3,5,6- tetrafluorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.82 LC 51
120 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- [2-Chloro-6-fluoro-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2- yl)phenyl]acetamide. 1.94 & 2.03 LC 51
121 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile. 3.04 LC 51
122 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- Fluoro-5- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2- yl)benzonitrile. 51
123 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-4,7-methano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.04 LC 25D or 38A
124 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2- Ethoxy-8-methyl-4- (trifluoromethyl)-7- quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 417.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
125 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[1,2-Dihydro-8- methyl-2-oxo-4- (trifluoromethyl)-7- quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 389.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
126 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(9- Ethyl-9H-carbazol-2- yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 7.25 LCMS 357.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
127 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[4-(1- piperidinyl)phenyl]- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.66 LCMS 323.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
128 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[4-(4- morpholinyl)phenyl]- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 4.89 LCMS 325.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
129 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(7- quinolinyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.47 LCMS 291.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
130 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Chlorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.84 LC 25D or 38A
131 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2- naphthalenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.48 LC 25D or 38A
132 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2- (1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2- oxo-7-quinolinyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.69 LCMS 309.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
133 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- methylphenoxy]-2- methylpropanoic acid, ethyl ester. 6.82 & 6.93 LCMS 384.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
134 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[4-(4- methyl-1- piperazinyl)phenyl]- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.13 LCMS 338.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
135 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4- (Diethylamino)-1- naphthalenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 4.37 & 4.85 LCMS 361.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
136 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(8- hydroxy-5- quinolinyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.80 LC 307.2 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
137 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4- nitrophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.07 LC 25D or 38A
138 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[2-(4- morpholinyl)-5- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.65 LC 393.2 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
139 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (3,5-Dichlorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.95 LC 25D or 38A
140 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Chloro-4- fluorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.01 LC 25D or 38A
141 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Fluorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 25D or 38A
142 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[4- (1,2,3-thiadiazol-4- yl)phenyl]-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 25D or 38A
143 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- [2-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-4- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]acetamide. 3.34 LC 25D or 38A
144 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- [5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]acetamide. 3.34 LCMS 25D or 38A
145 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3- Amino-5- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.70 LC 323.1 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
146 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- [1,2-Dihydro-2-oxo-4- (trifluoromethyl)-7- quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.55 LC 375.2 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
147 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- [5-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-6- (methylthio)-8- quinolinyl]acetamide 3.17 LC 394.2 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
148 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[5- Ethoxy-2- (methoxymethyl)-4- (4- morpholinyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.25 LC 413.2 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
149 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- [(1R)-1-(1- naphthalenyl)ethyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.57 LCMS 318.1 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
150 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- [(1S)-1-(1- naphthalenyl)ethyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.55 LCMS 318.2 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
151 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- Fluoro-N-[3- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-5- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]benzenesulfonamide. 3.78 LC 481.1 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
152 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[7- (trifluoromethyl)-4- quinolinyl]-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.00 LCMS 25D or 38A
153 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[8- (trifluoromethyl)-4- quinolinyl]-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.73LCMS 25D or 38A
154 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (3,4-Dimethyl-5- isoxazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.06 LCMS 25D or 38A
155 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 2-(1-naphthalenyl)- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.99 LCMS 25D or 38A
156 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-1- naphthalenecarbonitrile. 2.66 & 2.79 LCMS 25D or 38A
157 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2- yl)benzo[b]thiophene- 2-carboxylic acid, methyl ester. 2.99 LC 354.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
158 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(5- nitro-8- isoquinolinyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione, trifluoroacetate (1:1). 2.46 LC 336.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
159 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Amino-1- naphthalenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.96 & 2.30 LCMS 25D or 38A
160 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4- hydroxy-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.22 & 2.49 LCMS 25D or 38A
161 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3- methylphenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.53 LC 25D or 38A
162 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Bromophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.89 LCMS 25D or 38A
163 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2- yl)benzonitrile. 2.34 LC 25D or 38A
164 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- [4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-1- naphthalenyl]acetamide. 2.04 & 2.26 LC 25D or 38A
165 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- [4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-1- naphthalenyl]methanesulfonamide. 2.15 & 2.33 LC 25D or 38A
166 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5- Bromo-8- isoquinolinyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.60 LC 370.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
167 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (7,8-Dichloro-5- quinolinyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.76 & 3.06 LC 359.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
168 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3- methyl-4- nitrophenyl)-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.75 LCMS 25D or 38A
169 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N- [4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-1- naphthalenyl]-N′- methylurea. 2.07 & 2.25 LC 25D or 38A
170 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- methoxy-1- naphthalenecarbonitrile. 2.82 LC 25D or 38A
171 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6- Bromo-1,2- benzisoxazol-3-yl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.19 LCMS 349.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
172 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5- Bromo-1,2- benzisoxazol-3-yl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.12 LCMS 359.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
173 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Fluoro-1H-indazol-3- yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.42 LCMS 298.3 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
174 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6- Chloro-1H-indazol-3- yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.84 LCMS 313.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
175 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- 3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(5- nitro-1,2- benzisoxazol-3-yl)- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.79 LC 25D or 38A
176 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a- Hexahydro-1,3-dioxo- 4,7-methano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- benzofurancarboxylic acid, methyl ester. 2.91 LCMS 337.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
177 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Benzofuranyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.80 LCMS 279.0 [M + H]+ 25D or 38A
178 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Chlorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.76 LC 25D or 38A
179 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)- Hexahydro-2-[3- methoxy-4-(1H-1,2,4- triazol-1-yl)phenyl]- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.41 LC 25D or 38A
180 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,3-Dihydro-2-oxo-6- benzothiazolyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.13 LC 25D or 38A
181 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,3-Dihydro-3- methyl-2-oxo-6- benzothiazolyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro- 4,7-methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.61 LC 25D or 38A
182 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2- (2,3-Dihydro-1- methyl-2-oxo-1H- indol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7- methano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.68 LC 25D or 38A

EXAMPLES 183 to 271

[0470] Additional compounds of the formula I were prepared by procedures analogous to those described above. The compounds of Examples 183 to 271 have the following structure:

[0471] where G, the compound name, retention time, and the procedure employed, are set forth in Table 2 (L is a bond for the compounds of Table 2).

[0472] The chromatography techniques used to determine the compound retention times of Table 2 are as follows:

[0473] LCMS=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0474] LCMS*=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 2 minutes containing 0.1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0475] LC=YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0476] The molecular mass of the compounds listed in Table 2, where provided, were determined by MS (ES) by the formula m/z.

TABLE 2
Retention Procedure
Ex. Compound Time of
No. —L—G Name Min. Example
183 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2- Fluorenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.48 LCMS 51
184 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1H- Benzotriazol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.52 LCMS 51
185 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-Chloro- 4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.88 LCMS 51
186 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3- Dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.98 LCMS 51
187 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo- 1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.19 LCMS 51
188 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro- 1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.21 LCMS 51
189 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(5-Amino- 1-naphthalenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.07 LCMS 51
190 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(7-hydroxy-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.57 LCMS 51
191 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4-nitro-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.76 LCMS 51
192 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indol-5- yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.93 LCMS 51
193 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indazol-6- yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.79 LCMS 51
194 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3- Benzodioxol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.02 LCMS 51
195 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Amino- 3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.36 LCMS 51
196 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro- 4-iodophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.46 LCMS 51
197 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(8-quinolinyl)- 4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.72 LCMS 51
198 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,4- Benzodioxin-6-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.11 LCMS 51
199 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[2-oxo-4- (trifluoromethyl)-2H-1- benzopyran-7-yl]-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.14 LCMS 51
200 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-2- oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)- 4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.24 LCMS 51
201 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(5- isoquinolinyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 0.56 LCMS 51
202 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,5- Dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.21 LCMS 51
203 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5- trifluorophenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.56 LCMS 51
204 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5- trichlorophenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.45 LCMS 51
205 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Amino- 4,5-dichlorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.79 LCMS 51
206 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4- Difluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.57 LCMS 51
207 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-1-Acetyl-6- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro- 1H-indole. 1.82 LCMS 51
208 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-(3-Chloro-4- fluorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.89 LCMS 51
209 (3aα,4α,7α, 7aα)-2-(3,4- Dichlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.31 LCMS 51
210 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5- trichlorophenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.92 LCMS 51
211 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro- 4-methoxyphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.6 LCMS 51
212 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro- 4-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.1 LCMS 51
213 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.78 LCMS 51
214 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro- 3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.09 LCMS 51
215 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4- Dimethylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.74 LCMS 51
216 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo- 3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1,3(2H)-dione. 3.53 LCMS 51
217 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo- 3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.2 LCMS 51
218 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro- 3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.44 LCMS 51
219 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Fluoro- 3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 3.15 LCMS 51
220 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro- 3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.87 LCMS 51
221 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Chloro- 3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 3.5 LCMS 51
222 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro- 2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.91 LCMS 51
223 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5- Dichloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.48 LCMS 51
224 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4-hydroxy-3- nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.2 LCMS 51
225 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino- 3-nitrophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.9 LCMS 51
226 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino- 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.3 LCMS 51
227 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-3- nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.65 LCMS 51
228 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenyl)-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.01 LCMS 51
229 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4- Dimethoxyphenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.83 LCMS 51
230 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3-hydroxy-4- methoxyphenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.54 LCMS 51
231 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-6- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-1,4(2H,3H)- phthalazinedione. 1.68 LCMS 51
232 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4-methyl-5- nitro-2-pyridinyl)-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.99 LCMS 51
233 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Chloro-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-α- phenylbenzeneacetonitrile. 3.44 LCMS 51
234 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2-methoxy-3- dibenzofuranyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.34 LCMS 51
235 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,3,4- trifluorophenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.82 LCMS 51
236 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3- Dihydro-2-methyl-1,3-dioxo- 1H-isoindol-5-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.24 LCMS 51
237 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2,5- Dichloro-4-(1H-pyrrol-1- yl)phenyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.61 LCMS 51
238 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3- [(Diethylamino)methyl]-4- hydroxyphenyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 0.8 LCMS 51
239 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[4- (methoxymethyl)-2-oxo-2H- 1-benzopyran-7-yl]-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.34 LCMS 51
240 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6- Benzothiazolyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.04 LCMS 51
241 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- methoxybenzoic acid, methyl ester. 2.32 LCMS 51
242 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-5- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- methylbenzonitrile. 2.38 LCMS 51
243 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2-oxo-2H-1- benzopyran-6-yl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.93 LCMS 51
244 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2-methyl-8- quinolinyl)-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.45 LCMS 51
245 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,3,5,6- tetramethyl-4-nitrophenyl)- 4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 3.16 LCMS 51
246 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,4,5- trimethylphenyl)-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.92 LCMS 51
247 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro- 3-methylphenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.62 LCMS 51
248 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(3-methoxy-4- methylphenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.67 LCMS 51
249 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-Ethyl-5- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2-methyl-N- phenylbenzenesulfonamide. 3.35 LCMS 51
250 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2,6- Dibromo-4-(1,3,3a,4,7,7a- hexahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,7- ethano-2H-isoindol-2- yl)benzenesulfonamide. 3.15 LCMS 51
251 (3aα,4α,8α,8aα)-2-(2,3- Dimethyl-1H-indol-5-yl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.59 LCMS 51
252 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3- Dibenzofuranyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.52 LCMS 51
253 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2′- hydroxy[1,1′:3′,1″- terphenyl]-5′-yl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.51 LCMS 51
254 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(5,6,7,8- tetrahydro-3-hydroxy-2- naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.86 LCMS 51
255 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3- Dihydro-2,2- dioxidobenzo[c]thiophen-5- yl)hexahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.39 LCMS 51
256 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2-hydroxy- 4,5-dimethylphenyl)-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.3 LCMS 51
257 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2,2,3,3- tetrafluoro-2,3-dihydro-1,4- benzodioxin-6-yl)-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 3.63 LCMS 51
258 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(1H-indazol-5- yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.61 LCMS 51
259 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Amino- 2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)- 3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.36 LCMS 51
260 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo- 3-chlorophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.39 LCMS 51
261 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(5-hydroxy-1- naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.87 LCMS 51
262 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[2- Chloro-6-fluoro-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)phenyl]acetamide. 1.39 LCMS 51
263 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2- (trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile 3.03 LCMS 51
264 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-5- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-Hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-2-(4- morpholinyl)benzoic acid, methyl ester. 2.23 LCMS 51
265 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Fluoro-5- (1,3,3a,4,7,7a-hexahydro- 1,3-dioxo-4,7-ethano-2H- isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile. 2.23 LCMS 51
266 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4- Bromophenyl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 5.96 LC 33
267 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(2- naphthalenyl)-4,7-ethano- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 7.04 LC 33
268 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-[3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7- ethano-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 3.81 LC 33
269 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-3a,4,7,7a- Tetrahydro-2-(4- nitrophenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.46 LC 33
270 (3aα,4α,8α,8aα)-2-(9-Ethyl- 9H-carbazol-3-yl)-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 4.16 LC 33
271 (3aα,4α,8α,8aα)-2-[1,2- Dihydro-8-methyl-2-oxo-4- (trifluoromethyl)-7- quinolinyl]-3a,4,7,7a- tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.60 & 3.97 LC 33

EXAMPLES 272 to 366

[0477] Additional compounds of the formula I were prepared by procedures analogous to those described above. The compounds of Examples 272 to 366 have the following structure:

[0478] where G, the compound name, retention time, and the procedure employed are set forth in Table 3 (L is a bond for the compounds of Table 3).

[0479] The chromatography techniques used to determine the compound retention times of Table 3 are as follows:

[0480] LCMS=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0. 1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0481] LCMS*=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 2 minutes containing 0. 1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0482] LC=YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0483] The molecular mass of the compounds listed in Table 3, where provided, were determined by MS (ES) by the formula m/z.

TABLE 3
Retention
Ex. Compound Time Procedure
No. —L—G Name Min. of Example
272 (3aα,4α7α,7aα)-2-[3,5-Bis(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.29 LCMS 51
273 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(1,2,3,4-tetra- hydro-1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.88 LCMS 51
274 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,3-Di- hydro-1H-in- den-5-yl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.63 LCMS 51
275 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octa- hydro-1,3,5-tri- oxo-4,7-ethano-2H-iso- indol-2-yl)-1-naph- thalenecarbonitrile. 2.47 LCMS 51
276 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-1-naph- thalenyl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.02 LCMS 51
277 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naph- thalenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.64 LCMS 51
278 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(2-naph- thalenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.65 LCMS 51
279 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(5-quinolinyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.29 LCMS 51
280 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(6-quinolinyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.12 LCMS 51
281 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(4-meth- yl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzo- pyran-7-yl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.11 LCMS 51
282 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(5-iso- quinolinyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.04 LCMS 51
283 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Di- nitrophenyl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.37 LCMS 51
284 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,5-Di- bromophenyl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.58 LCMS 51
285 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(2,4,5-tri- fluorophenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.24 LCMS 51
286 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2-Fluoro-5-tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.62 LCMS 51
287 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Fluoro-5-methyl- phenyl)tetrahydr-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.18 LCMS 51
288 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(2,4,5-tri- chlorophenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.02 LCMS 51
289 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Chloro-4-nitro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.42 LCMS 51
290 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[2-Chloro-5-tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.67 LCMS 51
291 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Fluoro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.02 LCMS 51
292 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Di- fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.26 LCMS 51
293 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Di- fluorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.30 LCMS 51
294 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.38 LCMS 51
295 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-fluoro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.56 LCMS 51
296 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Di- chlorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.89 LCMS 51
297 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(3,4,5-tri- chlorophenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.37 LCMS 51
298 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methyl- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.72 LCMS 51
299 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(3-iodo- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.58 LCMS 51
300 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(3-nitro- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.06 LCMS 51
301 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Acetyl- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.86 LCMS 51
302 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.62 LCMS 51
303 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,4-Di- methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.46 LCMS 51
304 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Di- methylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.49 LCMS 51
305 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Ethyl- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.50 LCMS 51
306 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.53 LCMS 51
307 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-nitro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.16 LCMS 51
308 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Fluoro-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.80 LCMS 51
309 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-nitro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.55 LCMS 51
310 (3aα,4α,7α7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(4-iodo- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.67 LCMS 51
311 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(4-nitro- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.12 LCMS 51
312 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[4-(1-methyl- ethyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.86 LCMS 51
313 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(4-methyl-3-nitro- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.34 LCMS 51
314 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octa- hydro-1,3,5-tri- oxo-4,7-ethano-2H-iso- indol-2-yl)benzeneacetonitrile 1.68 LCMS 51
315 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Ethyl- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.55 LCMS 51
316 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-[2-(Acetyl- oxy)ethyl]phenyl]tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.25 LCMS 51
317 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(4-propyl- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.91 LCMS 51
318 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(2,3,4-tri- fluorophenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.41 LCMS 51
319 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,6-di- fluorophenyl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.64 LCMS 51
320 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.81 LCMS 51
321 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Benzo- thiazolyl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.87 LCMS 51
322 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(2-meth- yl-8-quinolinyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.01 LCMS 51
323 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-methyl- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.37 LCMS 51
324 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(1,3-Di- hydro-3-oxo-5-iso- benzofuranyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.57 LCMS 51
325 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[2-Nitro-4-(octa- hydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-eth- ano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)phenyl]acetamide. 1.87 LCMS 51
326 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2-Eth- yl-5-nitrophenyl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.47 LCMS 51
327 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(2-methyl-5-benzo- furanyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.50 LCMS 51
328 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(1H-inda- zol-5-yl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.58 LCMS 51
329 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-chloro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.95 LCMS 51
330 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[3-(tri- fluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 4.36 LCMS 51
331 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-4-(Octa- hydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-iso- indol-2-yl)-2-(tri- fluoromethyl)benzonitrile. 2.60 LCMS 51
332 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[2-(methylsulfonyl)-4-nitro- phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.64 LCMS 51
333 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Di- bromophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.12 LCMS 51
334 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(3-iodo-4-methyl- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.86 LCMS 51
335 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-iodo- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.99 LCMS 51
336 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(2-meth- yl-6-quinolinyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.10 LCMS 51
337 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[2-(methyl- thio)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.58 LCMS 51
338 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,6-di- ethylphenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.35 LCMS 51
339 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[4-(trifluoro- methyl)phenyl]-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.71 LCMS 51
340 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-methyl- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.70 LCMS 51
341 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[4-(methoxy- methyl)-2-oxo-2H-1-benzo- pyran-7-yl]-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.16 LCMS 51
342 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-Meth- yl-3-(octahydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-eth- ano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzmide. 1.54 LCMS 51
343 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(6-Acetyl-1,3-benzo- dioxol-5-yl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 1.90 LCMS 51
344 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(3,4,5-trifluoro- phenyl)-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.59 LCMS 51
345 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Bromo-5-(octa- hydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-ethano-2H-iso- indol-2-yl)benzoic acid, methyl ester. 2.51 LCMS 51
346 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-nitro- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.55 LCMS 51
347 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[5-[(Di- fluoromethyl)sulfonyl]-2-methoxy- phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.02 LCMS 51
348 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.45 LCMS 51
349 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naph- thalenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.07 LCMS 13C
350 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(3,5-Di- chlorophenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.97 LCMS 13C
351 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.10 LCMS 13C
352 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methyl- phenyl)tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.85 LCMS 13C
353 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naph- thalenyl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4)-trione. 3.62 LC 13C
354 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.97 LC 13C
355 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[2-methyl-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.35 LC 13C
356 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-(2,2-Di- fluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)tetra- hydro-4,7-ethano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.20 LC 13C
357 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-(4-Chloro- phenoxy)-2-(trifluoro- methyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 3.97 LC 13C
358 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Fluoro-5-(octa- hydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-eth- ano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile. 2.55 LC 13C
359 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-Chloro-4-(octa- hydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-eth- ano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzonitrile. 2.81 LC 13C
360 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-[4-(Octa- hydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-eth- ano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-2-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]acetamide. 3.68 LC 13C
361 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[4-(1,1-Di- methylethyl)-3-nitro- phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-ethano-1H-iso- indole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione 3.12 LC 13C
362 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-(3-meth- yl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.40 LC 13C
363 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-Tetra- hydro-2-[3-(1-methyl- ethyl)phenyl]4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.78 LC 13C
364 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-(1,1-Di- methylethyl)-5-(octahydro-1,3,5-tri- oxo-4,7-ethano-2H-iso- indol-2-yl)-1-naphthalene- sulfonamide. 2.57 & 2.72 LC 13C
365 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-2-[3-(1,1-Di- methylethyl)phenyl]tetrahydro-4,7-eth- ano-1H-isoindole-1,3,5(2H,4H)-trione. 2.99 LC 13C
366 (3aα,4α,7α,7aα)-N-Butyl-3-(octa- hydro-1,3,5-trioxo-4,7-eth- ano-2H-isoindol-2-yl)benzene- sulfonamide. 2.52 LC 13C

EXAMPLES 367 to 460

[0484] Additional compounds of the formula I were prepared by procedures analogous to those described above. The compounds of Examples 367 to 460 have the following structure:

[0485] where G, the compound name, retention time, and the procedure employed are set forth in Table 4 (L is a bond for the compounds of Table 4).

[0486] The chromatography techniques used to determine the compound retention times of Table 4 are as follows:

[0487] LCMS=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0488] LCMS*=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 2 minutes containing 0.1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0489] LC=YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm. The molecular mass of the compounds listed in Table 4, where provided, were determined by MS (ES) by the formula m/z.

TABLE 4
Retention Procedure
Ex. Compound Time of
No. —L—G Name Min. Example
367 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,4-Di- chlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.69 LCMS 51
368 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-methyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.64 LCMS 51
369 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(1-naphthalenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.22 LCMS 51
370 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(2-naphthalenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.46 LCMS 51
371 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[3-(trifluoro- methyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.45 LCMS 51
372 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Di- chlorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.56 LCMS 51
373 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoro- methyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.55 LCMS 51
374 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[3,5-Bis(tri- fuoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.93 LCMS 51
375 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-naph- thalenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.67 LCMS 51
376 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2,3-Di- hydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.48 LCMS 51
377 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4-(Octa- hydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-1-naph- thalenecarbonitrile. 3.15 LMCS 51
378 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-1-naph- thalenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.65 LCMS 51
379 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Chloro-1-naph- thalenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[4]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.62 LCMS 51
380 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(5-quinolinyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.25 LCMS 51
381 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(6-quinolinyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.14 LCMS 51
382 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzo- pyran-7-yl)-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.97 LCMS 51
383 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(5-isoquinolinyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 1.94 LCMS 51
384 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Di- nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.38 LCMS 51
385 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(2,4,5-trifluoro- phenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.26 LCMS 51
386 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[2-Fluoro-5-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.49 LCMS 51
387 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-2-Fluoro-5-methyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.19 LCMS 51
388 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2-Chloro-4-nitro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.40 LCMS 51
389 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[2-Chloro-5-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.48 LCMS 51
390 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Fluoro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.06 LCMS 51
391 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,4-Di- fluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.21 LCMS 51
392 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Fluoro-4-methyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.34 LCMS 51
393 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Di- fluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.30 LCMS 51
394 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.32 LCMS 51
395 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-fluoro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.43 LCMS 51
396 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(3,4,5-trichloro- phenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 4.07 LCMS 51
397 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-methyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.78 LCMS 51
398 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(3-iodophenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.47 LCMS 51
399 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(3-nitrophenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.0 LCMS 51
400 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Acetyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.81 LCMS 51
401 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,4-Di- methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.36 LCMS 51
402 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Di- methylphenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.38 LCMS 51
403 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[3-hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.97 LCMS 51
404 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Ethyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.38 LCMS 51
405 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4-(Octa- hydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzonitrile. 2.89 LCMS 51
406 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.43 LCMS 51
407 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[4-Bromo-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.80 LCMS 51
408 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-nitro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.14 LCMS 51
409 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[4-Fluoro-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.55 LCMS 51
410 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-nitro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.42 LCMS 51
411 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(4-iodophenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.53 LCMS 51
412 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.12 LCMS 51
413 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-(1-methyl- ethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.64 LCMS 51
414 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(4-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.28 LCMS 51
415 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4-(Octa- hydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzene- acetonitrile. 2.67 LCMS 51
416 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Ethyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.44 LCMS 51
417 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(4-propyl- phenyl)-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.68 LCMS 51
418 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(2,3,4-trifluorophenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.44 LCMS 51
419 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[4-(1,1-Di- methylethyl)-3-nitrophenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione 3.76 LCMS 51
420 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-2,6-di- fluorophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.62 LCMS 51
421 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(6-Benzo- thiazolyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.95 LCMS 51
422 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(2-methyl-8-quinolinyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.95 LCMS 51
423 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Fluoro-3-methyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.83 LCMS 51
424 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(1,3-Di- hydro-3-oxo-5-isobenzofuranyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.54 LCMS 51
425 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-[2-Ni- tro-4-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)phenyl]acetamide. 2.85 LCMS 51
426 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(5-Acetyl-2-meth- yl-4-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.05 LCMS 51
427 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2-Eth- yl-5-nitrophenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.28, 3.24 LCMS 51
428 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(2-methyl-5-benzofuranyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.33 LCMS 51
429 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(2,3-Di- hydro-1-oxo-1H-inden-5-yl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.84 LCMS 51
430 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(1H-indazol-5-yl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.59 LCMS 51
431 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-[2,2,2-tri- fluoro-1-hydroxy-1-(trifluoromethyl)eth- yl]phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.53 LCMS 51
432 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Bromo-3-chloro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexahydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.75 LCMS 51
433 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[3-(trifluoromethoxy)pheny]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.55 LCMS 51
434 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4-(Octa- hydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-2-(tri- fluoromethyl)benzonitrile. 3.42 LCMS 51
435 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-methoxy-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.19 LCMS 51
436 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3,5-Dibromo- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.93 LCMS 51
437 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(3-iodo-4-methyl- phenyl)-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.66 LCMS 51
438 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-iodo- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.78 LCMS 51
439 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(2-methyl-6-quino- linyl)-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 1.93 LCMS 51
440 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.51 LCMS 51
441 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(4-Chloro-3-methyl- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.57 LCMS 51
442 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-(methoxymethyl)-2-oxo-2H-1-benzo- pyran-7-yl]-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.03 LCMS 51
443 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(2-oxo-2H-1-benzo- pyran-6-yl)-4,6-ethanocyclo- prop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.76 LCMS 51
444 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[2-[(1-methyl- ethyl)amino]-5-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.67 LCMS 51
445 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Chloro-4-nitro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.46 LCMS 51
446 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(3-methyl-4-nitro- phenyl)-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.29 LCMS 51
447 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[5-[(Di- fluoromethyl)sulfonyl]-2-methoxy- phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.81 LCMS 51
448 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[3-(1-methylethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.39 LC 6B
449 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-(1,1-Di- methylethyl)-5-(octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-1-naphthalenesulfonamide. 3.393 LC 6B
450 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-[(trifluoromethyl)thio]phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.57 LC 6B
451 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[2-(2-methoxy- phenoxy)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.88 LC 6B
452 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[4-(1,1,2,2-tetra- fluoroethoxy)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.23 LC 6B
453 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-[4-(Octahydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)-2-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]acetamide. 3.53 LC 6B
454 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-(3-Acetyl-4-nitro- phenyl)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 2.91 LC 6B
455 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-[3-(1,1-Di- methylethyl)phenyl]-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-hexa- hydro-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.52 LC 6B
456 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-Bu- tyl-3-(Octahydro-1,3-di- oxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzene- sulfonamide. 3.05 LC 6B
457 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-[2-methyl-3-(tri- fluoromethyl)phenyl]-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.24 & 3.42 LC 6B
458 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-2-Fluoro-5-(Octa- hydro-1,3-dioxo-4,6-ethano- cycloprop[f]isoindol-2(1H)-yl)benzonitrile. 2.74 LC 6B
459 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-N-Meth- yl-3-(octahydro-1,3-di- oxo-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indol-2(1H)-yl)benzamide. 2.52 LC 6B
460 (3aα,4β,4aα,5aα,6β,6aα)-4,4a,5,5a,6,6a-Hexa- hydro-2-(4-nitro-1-naph- thalenyl)-4,6-ethanocycloprop[f]iso- indole-1,3(2H,3aH)-dione. 3.30 & 3.40 *LCMS 6B

EXAMPLES 461 to 544

[0490] Additional compounds of the formula I were prepared by procedures analogous to those described above. The compounds of Examples 461 to 544 have the following structure:

[0491] where G, the compound name, retention time, and the procedure employed, are set forth in Table 5 (L is a bond for the compounds of Table 5).

[0492] The chromatography techniques used to determine the compound retention times of Table 5 are as follows:

[0493] LCMS=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0494] LCMS*=YMC S5 ODS column, 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 2 minutes containing 0.1% TFA; 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0495] LC=YMC S5 ODS column 4.6×50 mm eluting with 10-90% MeOH/H2O over 4 minutes containing 0.2% phosphoric acid, 4 mL/min, monitoring at 220 nm.

[0496] The molecular mass of the compounds listed in Table 5, where provided, were mined by MS (ES) by the formula m/z.

TABLE 5
Retention Procedure
Ex. Compound Time of
No. -L-G Name Min. Example
461 2-(2-Fluorenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-0.98 dione. 0.98 LCMS 51
462 2-[3-Chloro-4-(4- morpholinyl)phenyl]hexa hydro-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 0.23 LCMS 51
463 2-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-inden- 5-yl)hexahydro-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.17 LCMS 51
464 2-(4-Bromo-1- naphthalenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.17 LCMS 51
465 2-(4-Chloro-1- naphthalenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.26 LCMS 51
466 Hexahydro-2-(3-iodo-4- methylphenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.55 LCMS 51
467 Hexahydro-2-(4-nitro-1- naphthalenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.09 LCMS 51
468 Hexahydro-2-(1H-indol-5- yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.66 LCMS 51
469 Hexahydro-2-(5- quinolinyl)-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.03 LCMS 51
470 Hexahydro-2-(1H-indazol- 6-yl)-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 2.56 LCMS 51
471 2-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5- yl)hexahydro-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.06 LCMS 51
472 2-(3-Fluoro-4- methylphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.06 LCMS 51
473 Hexahydro-2-[4-nitro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 0.29 LCMS 51
474 Hexahydro-2-(8- quinolinyl)-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 0.31 LCMS 51
475 2-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4- benzodioxin-6- yl)hexahydro-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.76 LCMS 51
476 Hexahydro-2-(4-methyl-2- oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7- yl)-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 0.31 LCMS 51
477 Hexahydro-2-(5- isoquinolinyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 1.83 LCMS 51
478 Hexahydro-2-(2,4,5- trifluorophenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 0.27 LCMS 51
479 Hexahydro-2-(2,4,5- trichlorophenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.11 LCMS 51
480 Hexahydro-2-(2,3,4,6- tetrafluorophenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.10 LCMS 51
481 2-(3,4- Difluorophenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.08 LCMS 51
482 1-Acetyl-2,3-dihydro-6- (octahydro-1,3-dioxo-2H- isoindol-2-yl)-1H-indole. 2.58 LCMS 51
483 2-(3-Chloro-4- fluorophenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.13 LCMS 51
484 2-(3,4- Dichlorophenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 1.05 LCMS 51
485 Hexahydro-2-(3,4,5- trichlorophenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.63 LCMS 51
486 2-(3-Chloro-4- methoxyphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.99 LCMS 51
487 2-(3-Chloro-4- methylphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.25 LCMS 51
488 Hexahydro-2-(2-methyl-1- naphthalenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 3.04 LCMS 51
489 2-(4-Chloro-3- methylphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.23 LCMS 51
490 2-(3,4- Dimethylphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.07 LCMS 51
491 2-[4-Bromo-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.23 LCMS 51
492 2-(4-Bromo-3- methylphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.30 LCMS 51
493 2-(4-Fluoro-3- nitrophenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.88 LCMS 51
494 2-[4-Fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.23 LCMS 51
495 2-(4-Chloro-3- nitrophenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 3.10 LCMS 51
496 2-[4-Chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexahydro-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 1.07 LCMS 51
497 2-(4-Chloro-2-methoxy-5- methylphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.90 LCMS 51
498 2-(3-Fluoro-4- methoxyphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.80 LCMS 51
499 2-Bromo-5-(octahydro-1,3- dioxo-2H-isoindol-2- yl)benzoic acid, methyl ester. 3.05 LCMS 51
500 Hexahydro-2-(4-methyl-3- nitrophenyl)-1H-isoindole- 1,3(2H)-dione. 3.01 LCMS 51
501 Hexahydro-2-(3,4,5- trimethoxyphenyl)-1H- isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione. 2.65 LCMS 51
502 2-(3,4- Dimethoxyphenyl)hexahydro- 1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)- dione. 2.58 LCMS 51
503