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Publication numberUS20040101698 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/719,797
Publication dateMay 27, 2004
Filing dateNov 20, 2003
Priority dateSep 22, 1999
Also published asDE60036992D1, DE60036992T2, DE60036992T3, DE60045226D1, EP1086808A2, EP1086808A3, EP1086808B1, EP1086808B2, EP1886803A2, EP1886803A3, EP1886803B1, EP1886803B2, US6723441, US20060210817
Publication number10719797, 719797, US 2004/0101698 A1, US 2004/101698 A1, US 20040101698 A1, US 20040101698A1, US 2004101698 A1, US 2004101698A1, US-A1-20040101698, US-A1-2004101698, US2004/0101698A1, US2004/101698A1, US20040101698 A1, US20040101698A1, US2004101698 A1, US2004101698A1
InventorsYoichiro Yamanaka, Hiroki Iwasa, Hiroshi Kubo, Shinsuke Watanabe, Yoshinori Yomura
Original AssigneeNkk Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Resin film laminated metal sheet for can and method for fabricating the same
US 20040101698 A1
Abstract
The present invention relates to a resin film laminated metal sheet for can, in which both faces of the metal sheet have resin film laminated layers, and a surface free energy γs of a face of the resin film is 10 dyn/cm or more to less than 30 dyn/cm, the face becoming an inside of can after can-making and being contacted with stuffed food contents. As the resin film, applicable is a polypropylene film or a propylene ethylene based random copolymer film of polypropylene being a main component. Further, a resin film of polyester being a main component and containing a wax component of 0.1 to 2.0% is used in a resin film to be an inside of can after can-making. The resin film laminated metal sheet for can according to the invention has excellent formability and adhesion while can-making and superior taking-out property of stuffed food contents.
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Claims(5)
What is claimed is:
1. A method for fabricating a resin film laminated metal sheet for a can, comprising the step of laminating a resin film composed of polypropylene film or propylene ethylene based random copolymer film of polypropylene being a main component on the face of the metal sheet for the interior of the can, wherein the temperature of the metal sheet after passing laminating rolls ranges from the melting point of the resin film to 182° C.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein a time when the metal sheet is cooled after passing the laminating rolls is 1 to 5 seconds, and the temperature of the metal sheet at starting of cooling is (the melting point of the resin film −30)° C. or higher.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the face of the metal sheet for the exterior of the can is laminated with a resin film of polyester being a main component.
4. The method according to claim 2, wherein the face of the metal sheet for the exterior of the can is laminated with a resin film of polyester being a main component.
5. A method for fabricating a resin film laminated metal sheet for can, comprising the step of laminating a resin film of polyester being a main component on the face of the metal sheet for the interior of the can, wherein the temperature of the face of the resin film to contact the metal sheet is maintained above the melting point of the resin film between 1 and 20 msec.
Description

[0001] This is a Divisional application of Ser. No. 09/665,323 filed Sep. 19, 2000 (pending).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] 1. Field of the Invention

[0003] The present invention relates to a resin film laminated metal sheet to be mainly used to drums and caps of food stuffed cans, in particular a resin -film laminated metal sheet for can, which has excellent formability and adhesion while can-making and superior taking-out property of stuffed food contents, and to a method for fabricating the same.

[0004] 2. Description of Related Art

[0005] Conventionally, coatings have been carried out on metal sheets such as tin free steel (TFS) or aluminum as blank materials for can to be used to food stuffed cans. The coating technique was involved with many problems of being complicated in a baking procedure, taking much treating time, or exhausting much solvent. Therefore, instead of coating, a lot of methods have been proposed for laminating a thermoplastic resin film to heated metal sheets.

[0006] The object of these methods is to improve formability and adhesion of resin film laminated metal sheets, mainly {circle over (1)} by applying a resin film having a polar group such as a polyester resin (for example Japanese Patent Laid Open No. 63-236640) or {circle over (2)} by carrying out a treatment such as corona discharge on a surface of resin film so as to increase a surface free energy γs of resin film (for example, Japanese Patent Laid Open No. 5-200961). In particular, Japanese Patent Laid Open No. 5-200961 discloses that the γs of resin film should be specified in a range of 38 to 54 dyn/cm for securing adhesion after forming polyethylene film laminated metal sheets.

[0007] On the other hand, there is a problem that if such a resin film laminated metal sheet is applied to food stuffed cans, when removing fully stuffed food contents from the can, it is difficult to take out them because they are firmly stuck to an inside of the can. This problem weakens consumers' purchasing desires, and a resolution of the problem is seriously important, however up to now no investigation has been ever performed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide a resin film laminated metal sheet for can, which is excellent in formability and adhesion while can-making and in taking-out property of stuffed food contents, and a method for fabricating the same.

[0009] This object can be accomplished by such a resin film laminated metal sheet for can, in which both faces of the metal sheet have resin film laminated layers, and a surface free energy γs of a face of the resin film is 10 dyn/cm or more to less than 30 dyn/cm, the face becoming an inside of can after can-making and being contacted with stuffed food contents.

[0010] As the resin film, available is, for example, a polypropylene film or a propylene ethylene based random copolymer film of polypropylene being a main component.

[0011] It is more effective to use a resin film of polyester being a main component and contain a wax component of 0.1 to 2.0% in the resin film which will be an inside of can after can-making.

[0012] The resin film laminated metal sheet for can having such a resin film may be fabricated by a method comprising a step of laminating a resin film composed of a polypropylene film or a propylene ethylene based random copolymer film of polypropylene being a main component on the surface of the metal sheet which will become an inside of can after can-making, wherein the temperature of the metal sheet is above the melting point of the resin film after passing laminating rolls; otherwise by another method comprising a step of laminating a resin film. of polyester being a main component on the surface of the metal sheet, wherein the temperature of the face of the resin film to be adhered to the metal sheet is above the melting point of the resin film between 1 and 20 msec.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0013]FIGS. 1A and 1B are cross sectional views of the resin film laminated metal sheet of the invention;

[0014]FIG. 2 is a view showing one example of resin film laminating apparatus for metal sheet; and

[0015]FIG. 3 is a view showing another example of resin film laminating apparatus for metal sheet.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0016] We earnestly studied the relation between the resin film and the taking-out property of stuffed food contents in a resin film laminated metal sheet for can, and consequently found that the taking-out property has a close relation with a surface free energy γs of the resin film, and if the γs is more than 30 dyn/cm, the sticking between the resin film and the stuffed contents is excessive so that the taking-out property of stuffed food contents is poor. Accordingly, if the resin film of γs being less than 30 dyn/cm, more preferably less than 22 dyn/cm is, as seen in FIG. 1A, laminated on a face of the metal sheet which will be an inside of can after can-making, the γs of the face S1 contacting stuffed food contents can be less than 30 dyn/cm, whereby it is possible to provide a resin film laminated metal sheet for can excellent in taking-out property of stuffed food contents.

[0017] As mentioned above, since an ordinary resin film to be used to a resin film laminated metal sheet receives a surface activation treatment such as corona discharge, its γs is more than 30 dyn/cm. For setting γs to be less than 30 dyn/cm, it is necessary to select an appropriate resin film, and to omit the surface activation treatment such as corona discharge. This omission does not cause any problem in the fabrication of the resin film, but is advantageous in production cost.

[0018] As far as the γs is less than 10 dyn/cm, the taking-out property is almost saturated, and since the fabrication of the resin film having such a γs is difficult, it should be 10 dyn/cm or more.

[0019] Even if using the resin film of γs of not less than 10 dyn/cm to less than 30 dyn/cm, the formability and the adhesion are not spoiled while can-making.

[0020] Ordinarily, to the outside face S3 of can shown in FIG. 1B, since trade names or trade marks are printed, a wettability to ink should be improved, and therefore, the γs of the face of the resin film contacting an atmospheric air should be preferably determined to be 25 dyn/cm or higher.

[0021] It is preferable that the γs of the faces S2 and S4 of the resin film shown in FIGS. 1A and 1B to be adhered to the metal sheet is smaller than the γs of the metal sheet so as to further improve the adhesion.

[0022] As the resin film of γs being 10 to less than 30 dyn/cm, available is a polypropylene film or a propylene ethylene based random copolymer film of polypropylene being a main component. Since these resin films have a molecular structure containing no polar group, the γs is low, and having good elongation and strength, they are advantageous for formability while can-making.

[0023] Further, if using, to the face S2 contacting the metal sheet shown in FIG. 1A, for example, a resin film having an adherent layer comprising a polar group composed of a polypropylene film modified with maleic acid anhydride or a propylene ethylene based random copolymer film modified with maleic acid anhydride, the adhesion is improved while can-making and such a resin film can be applied to beverage cans requiring more excellent adhesion.

[0024] When the polypropylene film or the propylene ethylene based random copolymer film as mentioned above is laminated on the metal sheet, a thermal adhesion method is ordinarily employed. At this time, if a degree of crystallization of the resin film is more than 70%, the formability of the resin film is deteriorated and often causes breakage of film, and therefore preferably the degree of crystallization should be less than 70%, more preferably less than 60%.

[0025] As the resin film where the γs of the face to be an outside of can after can-making is 25 dyn/cm or higher, the resin film of polyester being a main component may be used. The resin film of polyester being a main component is defined by such a resin film containing polyester 50 mass % or more and further containing polyolefin and the like. For example, PET (polyethylene terephthalate) film having excellent formability is suited.

[0026] These resin films may be produced by melting a polymer resin under heating and shearing force through an extrusion machine, forming a wide and thin film through a T type die, instantly cooling by a chilled roll and coiling it, otherwise by an ordinary method of subjecting the resin film to biaxial orienting of longitudinal and lateral directions after passing through a T type die. Then, with respect to the resin film to be an inside of can after can-making, the treatment such as corona discharge for activating one surface is omitted.

[0027] If using the resin film of polyester being a main component to the face contacting stuffed food contents, and containing a wax component of 0.1 to 2.0% in the resin film to be an inside of can after can-making, it is possible not only to lower γs of the resin film, but also to improve lubricity of the film surface, so that the taking-out property of stuffed food contents is improved by leaps and bounds, provided that if the wax component is contained less than 0.1%, an effect thereby is small, and if exceeding 2.0%, the effect is saturated and the film fabrication is difficult.

[0028] The effect of the wax component cannot be provided by coating the wax component on the surface of the resin film. This is because the wax component pre-coated on the surface of the resin film is absorbed into the stuffed contents while retort-treatment which is conducted for sterilizing the contents after stuffing. If the wax component is contained in the resin film, as is the case of the present invention, the wax component is gradually thickened on the surface during the retort treatment, and therefore it is not all absorbed into the stuffed contents but the effect thereof can be usefully brought out.

[0029] As the wax component, both of an organic and an inorganic lubricants are available, and the organic lubricant such as fatty acid ester is desirable, and among them, more preferable is a carnauba wax [a main component is CH3(CH2)24COO(CH2)29CH3 and the other various components composed of aliphtic material and alcohol are contained] which is one of vegetable waxes and a natural wax, or stearic acid ester. These wax components are easily added to the resin film of polyester being a main component due to their molecular structure. The polyester film containing the wax component is produced by mixing the wax component of a predetermined amount with polyester and passing through an ordinary film forming method.

[0030] When aiming at an application of the present resin film to a can such as DTR can which receives a severe forming, it is preferable that the resin film of polyester being a main component is a biaxial oriented polyester film where a relaxation time T1ρ of benzene ring carbon of 1, 4 coordination measured by a solid high resolution NMR is 150 msec or more. Because the biaxial oriented film is more excellent than a non-oriented film in characteristics such as tensile strength, tearing strength, impact strength, steam permeability, gas permeability and others. Herein, the relaxation time T1ρ shows molecular maneuverability, and if the relaxation time T1ρ is increased, the restraint force of non crystal parts in the resin film is increased. Thereby, crystallization of non crystal parts can be controlled while can-making. That is, the maneuverability of the non crystal parts is reduced and the re-orientating for crystallization is controlled. If the relaxation time T1ρ is set to be 150 msec or more, the above mentioned excellent effects can be exhibited, and even if a severe forming is performed after lamination, the excellent formability and the impact resistance can be provided.

[0031] As a way for exceeding the relaxation time T1ρ above 150 msec, a high temperature preheating method and a high temperature orienting method are combined in the longitudinal orienting procedure when the resin film is produced. Otherwise, this is enabled by rationalizing, for example, an intrinsic viscosity of resin, a catalyst, an amount of diethylene glycol, orienting conditions, heat treating conditions and the like. The preheating temperature of the longitudinal orienting when producing the resin film is preferably 90° C. or higher, more preferably 100° C. or higher, and still more preferably 110° C. or higher. The orientating temperature is preferably 105° C. or higher, more preferably 110° C. or higher, and still more preferably 115° C. or higher.

[0032] Polyester as the main component of the resin film is polymer composed of dicarboxylic acid and glycol. As the dicarboxylic acid, applicable is terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, naphthalene dicarboxylic acid, or diphenyldicarboxylic acid, and among them, terephthalic acid or isophthalic acid is preferable. As a glycol, there are enumerated ethylene glycol, propanediol and butanediol, and among them, ethylene glycol is preferable. More than two kinds of dicarboxylic acid or glycol may be used together. Further, polyester may be, if required, mixed with anti-oxidant, heat stabilizer, ultraviolet asborbent, plasticizer, pigment, antistatic agent, or crystal nucleus.

[0033] Polyester has excellent mechanical characteristics such as tensile strength, elastic modulus and impact strength, and has polarity, and therefore the formability and the adhesion of the resin film of polyester being a main component are improved up to the level durable to can-making and improve the impact resistance after can-making.

[0034] In the above mentioned resin film laminated metal sheet for can according to the invention, no limitation is especially defined to thickness of the resin film which will be an inside or outside of can after can-making. Ordinary thickness of around 10 to 50 μm is sufficient.

[0035] Further, as the metal sheet, applicable are aluminum sheets or soft steel sheets. In particular, optimum is a surface treated steel sheet (TFS) formed with double layered films comprising a lower layer of metallic chrome and an upper layer of chrome hydroxide. Also in this case, no limitation is especially made to amounts of the metallic chrome layer and the chrome hydroxide layer of TFS, but in view of the adhesion and the corrosion resistance after can-making, it is desirable that the metallic chrome layer is, in terms of chrome, 70 to 200 mg/m2 and the chrome hydroxide is 10 to 30 mg/m2.

[0036] With respect to the fabrication method thereof, when laminating the resin film composed of polypropylene film or propylene ethylene based random copolymer film of polypropylene being a main component on the surface of the metal sheet which will be an inside of can after can-making, the temperature of the metal sheet after passing laminating rolls (adhesion pressing rolls) should be above the melting point of the resin film. Thereby, when laminating, the resin film is substantially completely melted to increase fluidity, so that a wettability is improved to increase a contacting area with the metal surface, and the adhesion is improved. Since the crystal structure in the film is destroyed in company with melting of the film, crystal component obstructing the formability can be changed into non-crystal component, securing the formability of the resin film necessary for can-making.

[0037] Then, it is desirable that a time until cooling after passing the laminating rolls is 1 to 5 seconds. Being less than 1 second, since a wetting time is short, an enough contacting area cannot be secured, while exceeding 5 seconds, recrystallization of the film advances after passing the laminating rolls. In addition to these conditions, if the temperature of the metal sheet is set to be (the melting point of the resin film −30)° C., the wetting on the metal surface is made more secure, and the recrystallization is validly controlled, enabling the degree of crystallization to be less than 70%. This effect is made more effective by setting to be (the melting point of the resin film −10)° C., enabling the degree of crystallization to be less than 60%. An upper limit of the temperature is not especially defined, but it is desirable to be set at least less than (the melting point of the resin film +90)° C.

[0038] Also in case the resin film has a resin layer having a polar group in the face adhering the metal sheet, the lamination should be carried out under the same conditions as mentioned above.

[0039] On the other hand, when laminating the resin film of polyester being a main component on the metal surface, it is necessary that the temperature of the face of the resin film adhering the metal sheet is above the melting point of the resin film between 1 and 20 msec. Being less than 1 msec, it is not sufficient for the resin film to adhere the metal sheet, while exceeding 20 msec, the controlling performance of the molecular maneuverability in the vicinity of the face adhering the metal sheet is lost.

[0040] For getting the above effects, in addition to the lamination at a high speed, a cooling is also effective during adhering. No limitation is especially defined to pressing when laminating, but a surface pressure is preferably 1 to 30 kg/cm2. If the surface pressure is too low, the sufficient adhesion is difficult to realize because a time is short though being above the melting point, while if the surface pressure is large, a force loading to the laminating rolls is large, necessitating strength in facility and inviting a large scale in facility.

[0041] A method of laminating the resin film on the metal surface is not limited to the above mentioned thermal adhesion method.

EXAMPLE 1

[0042] A steel sheet of 0.18 mm thickness and 977 mm width having passed through cold rolling, annealing and temper rolling was degreased and pickled, followed by chrome plating. The chrome plating was performed in a bath of CrO3, F and SO4 2−, subjected to an intermediate rinse and thereafter to an electrolysis in a chemical conversion treatment solution containing CrO3 and F31 . At that time, electrolyzing conditions (such as current density, amount of electricity) were changed to control amount of metallic chrome, amount of chrome hydroxide and γs.

[0043] The γs of the chrome plated steel sheet was evaluated by measuring a contact angle after a surface free energy-known liquid (pure water, glycerol, formamide, ethyleneglycol, dimethylglycol) was dropped on the steel surface at a humidity of 55 to 65% and at a temperature of 20° C.

[0044] The resin film laminating apparatus for metal sheet shown in FIG. 2 was used in which the above mentioned chrome plated steel sheets 1 were heated in the heating apparatus 2, and then laminated by the laminating rolls 3 with each kind of film 4 a shown in Table 1 on the face to be an inside of can after can-making and with PET film 4 b of γs being all 32 dyn/cm on the face to be an outside of can after can-making respectively through the thermal adhesion method.

[0045] Thus produced resin film laminated metal sheets were subjected to the measurement of γs by the above mentioned method, and to the evaluation of taking-out property of stuffed food contents 1), formability 2) and adhesion after forming 3) by the following methods.

[0046] 1) Taking-Out Property of Stuffed Food Contents

[0047] The resin film laminated metal sheets having 100 mm blank diameter were formed into cups at a drawing ratio (diameter before forming/diameter after forming) of 1.88 using a drawing machine. The contents of uniformly mixed eggs, meats oatmeals were stuffed in the cups, covered and followed by retort treatments (130° C. ×90 minutes). Thereafter, the cups were turned over, manually shaked two or three times, and after the contents were taken out, degrees of the contents remained within the cups were observed, and the taking-out properties of stuffed food contents were evaluated as follows.

[0048] ο: The taking-out is easy, and no stuck food remains in the inside of the cup.

[0049] X: The taking-out is hard by shaking by hands, and the stuck food can not be taken out without using a spoon or the like.

[0050] 2) Formability

[0051] The resin film laminated metal sheet was coated with wax, punched into discs of 179 mm diameter, and formed into cups at a drawing ratio of 1.65. The cups were redrawn at a drawing ratio of 1.40. The observation of resin film of the above deep drawn cups was conducted, and the formability was evaluated as follows.

[0052] ⊚: No injury exists in the film after forming, and no whiting is recognized therein.

[0053] ο: The forming is possible, but the whiting is recognized.

[0054] X: The cup is broken at the barrel, and the forming is impossible.

[0055] 3) Adhesion after Forming

[0056] From the barrel of the cup formed in the above 2), samples (15 mm width and 120 mm length) were cut out for peeling tests. The resin film was partially delaminated from the edge of the face of the cut-out sample, corresponding to the inside of the cup, and the delaminated film was peeled out by a tensile tester in an opposite direction (angle: 180° )to the chrome plated steel sheet at a tensile rate of 30 mm/min. Then the adhesion force was measured and the adhesion after forming was evaluated as follows.

[0057] ⊚: 0.15 kg/15 mm or more

[0058] ο: 0.10 kg/15 mm or more to less than 0.15 kg/15 mm

[0059] X: Less than 0.10 kg/15 mm

[0060] As shown in Table 1. The inventive examples are all excellent, while the comparative examples are inferior in the taking-out property of stuffed food contents.

TABLE 1
Chrome plated steel sheet Film laminated steel sheet Evaluation of performance
Cr coating weight Face corresponding to an inside after can-making Taking-out
Metallic Cr Surface Film Surface property of
chrome oxide free energy thickness free energy3) stuffed
No. (mg/m2) (mg/m2) (dyn/cm) Film types1) (μ) (dyn/cm) contents Formability Adhesion
E1 120 15 35 PP 30 18
E2 35 PP − PE Mixture 19
E3 35 PP + Adhered layer2) 20 18
E4 30 PP 15 18
E5 35 PE 30 19
E6 30 PTFE 12
E7 120 10 20 PP 18
C1 120 15 35 PP + Corona
discharge treatment 35 X
(both sides)
C2 35 PET 32 X

EXAMPLE 2

[0061] The resin film laminating apparatus for metal sheet shown in FIG. 3 was used in which the same chrome plated steel sheets 1 as those of Example 1 were heated in the heating apparatus 2, laminated by the laminating rolls 3 with various kinds of film 4 a shown in Table 2 on the face to be an inside of can after can-making and with PET film 4 b on the face to be an outside of can after can-making respectively, sprayed with the cooled water 8 controlled to be at constant temperature by the heat exchanger 13 from the spraying apparatus 14 in the cooling apparatus 5 so as to cool the films, and then pulled upward via the sink roll 7 from the cooling water tank 6. At that time, the sheet temperature at the inlet of the laminating rolls 3, the temperature of the laminating rolls 3 and the position of the spray apparatus 14 were controlled so as to variously change the sheet temperature immediately after passing the laminating rolls 3, the time until starting of cooling after passing the laminating rolls 3, and the sheet temperature at starting of cooling as shown in Table 2.

[0062] With respect to the thus produced resin film laminated metal sheets, the taking-out property of stuffed food contents, the formability and the adhesion after forming were evaluated in the same ways as Example 1.

[0063] The melting point of the resin film was calculated from the endothermic peaks obtained by means of a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC-2 made by Perkin-Elmar Inc.) under the conditions where samples were heated to 300° C. at a nitrogen flowing amount of 20 ml/min and at a heating rate of 10° C./min.

[0064] The degree of crystallization of the resin film was measured as follows.

[0065] ) Degree of Crystallization of the Resin Film after Lamination

[0066] The density of the resin film adopted by melting the metal part of the resin film laminated metal sheet was obtained by a density gradient method, and the degree of crystallization of the resin film was calculated by the following equation.

X=[{(1/dam)−(1/d}/{(1/dam) (1/dc)}]×100

[0067] Herein,

X Degree (%) of crystallization of the film
dam Density (0.860 g/cc) of completely amorphous
polypropylene resin
dc Density (0.938 g/cc) of completely crystallized
polypropylene resin
d Density (g/cc) of the resin film after lamination

[0068] The density gradient method was carried out by the density gradient pipe of JIS K 7112 as follows.

[0069] i) The density gradient pipe is made using a high density and a low density solutions.

[0070] ii) The relation between the depth of water of the density gradient pipe and the density is measured using a float having a known specific gravity.

[0071] iii) A sample is laid in the density gradient pipe, and after 2 hr a position where the sample stands still (the depth of water) is read out.

[0072] iv) The density of the sample is calculated from the relation between the depth of water of the density gradient pipe and the density.

[0073] As shown in Table 2, the inventive examples show that the degrees of crystallization of the resin film are all less than 70%, and each of the properties is excellent. In particular, when the temperature of the metal sheet was above (the melting point of the resin film −10)° C. at starting of cooling, the degree of crystallization of the film is less than 60° C., and more excellent formability and adhesion may be obtained.

[0074] On the other hand, the degrees of crystallization of the films of the comparative examples 1, 3, 4 are 70% or more, and the formability and the adhesion are inferior. In the comparative example 2 where PET was used to the face to be an inside of can after can-making, the taking-out property is poor.

TABLE 2
Laminating conditions
Laminated film Sheet T. Time until
Chrome plated Face corresponding to an inside immediately start of Sheet T. Degree of
steel sheet after can-making after passing cooling after at crystalliza- Evaluation of performance
Cr coating weight Film Melting the the passing starting tion of Taking-out
Metallic Cr thick- point of laminating laminating of film after property of
chrome oxide Film types ness film rolls rolls cooling lamination stuffed Forma- Ad-
No. (mg/m2) (mg/m2) 1), 2) (μm) (° C.) (° C.) (sec) (° C.) (%) contents bility hesion
E1 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 180 2 170 52
E2 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 175 1 170 54
E3 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 182 3 177 52
E4 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 165 4 145 65
E5 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 182 5 162 58
E6 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 30 145 160 3 145 58
E7 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 30 145 145 3 130 63
E8 120 15 PP − PE Mixture 30 165 180 3 165 52
E9 120 15 PP 20 165 180 3 165 52
E10 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 180 1 177 50
E11 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 180 6 150 63
E12 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 165 7 130 68
C1 120 15 PE 30 120 120 2 110 40 X X
C2 120 15 PET 20 220 180 2 170 20 X
C3 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 155 2 145 78 X X
C4 120 15 PP + Adhered layer 20 165 150 1 145 74 X X

EXAMPLE 3

[0075] The resin film laminating apparatus for metal sheet shown in FIG. 2 was used in which the chrome plated steel sheets of the chrome amount being 120 mg/m2 and the chrome hydroxide amount being 15 mg/M2 fabricated in the same method in Example 1 were heated in the metal sheet heating apparatus 2, and the laminating rolls 3 laminated the film 4 a on the face of the steel sheets to be an inside of can after can-making and laminated the resin film 4 b on the face of them to be an outside of can after can-making. At that time, as the. resin film 4 a on the inside of can after can-making, the resin film 4 b on the outside of can after can-making which was added with wax was used. Table 3 shows the laminated resin films and the laminating temperature conditions. The laminating rolls 3 were internal cooling rolls, and the cooling water was forcibly circulated during laminating so as to carry out the cooling while adhering the film.

[0076] With respect to the thus produced resin film laminated metal sheets, the formability and the adhesion after forming were evaluated in the same ways as Example 1. The taking-out properties of stuffed food contents were evaluated in the following 3 steps more in detail than Example 1.

[0077] ⊚: The taking-out is easy, and no stuck food remains in the inside of the cup.

[0078] ο: The taking-out is hard only by shaking by hands, but stuck food can be taken out by a spoon or the like, and little food stuck to the inside of the cup are left.

[0079] X: The taking-out is hard only by shaking by hands, and stuck food can be taken out by a spoon or the like. Much food is left in the inside of the cup after taking out.

[0080] Further, the relaxation time T1ρ, the melting point of polyester and the impact resistance were measured as follows.

[0081] 5) Relaxation Time T1ρ of Polyester

[0082] For measuring solid NMR, used were a spectrometer JNM-GX270 made by Japan Electron Optics Laboratory Co., Ltd., a solid amplifier made by the same, MAS controller NM-GSH27MU, and a probe NM-GSH27T made by the same. The measurement of T1ρ (vertical relaxation in the rotational coordinate) of 13C nucleus was practiced. The measuring conditions were temperature of 24.5° C., humidity of 50% RH, static magnetic field of 6.34 T (Tesla), and resonant frequencies of 1H, 13C being 270.2 MHz and 67.9 MHz respectively. MAS (rotation of magic angle) method was employed for canceling influences of anisotropy of chemical shift. The rotation number was 3.5 to 3.7 kHz. The conditions of pulse series were 90° for 1H, pulse width of 4 μ sec, the strength of rocking magnetic field of 62.5 kHz. The contacting time of CP (cross polarization) for shifting the polarization of 1H to 13C was 1.5 msec. As the holding times τ, 0.001, 0.5, 0.7, 1.3, 7, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 msec were used. Free induction decrement (FID) of 13C magnetization vector after the holding time τ was measured (a high output coupling was done for removing influences of dipole mutual action by 1H during measuring FID. For improving S/N, integrations were made 512 times.). The pulse repeating time was between 5 and 15 sec.

[0083] T1ρ values can be ordinarily described by the following equation and can be obtained from the slope when the peak strength measured for each of the holding times is plotted in a scale of semi-logarithm.

I(t)=Σ(Ai)exp(−t/T1ρi)

[0084] Ai: Percentage of components with respect to T1ρi

[0085] Herein, analyses were made by the 2 components (T1ρ1: Non-crystal component, T1ρ2: Crystal component), and the following equation was used so as to obtain the value by a least square method.

I(t)=fa1·exp(−t/T1ρ1)+fa2·exp(−t/T1ρ2)

[0086] fa1: Percentage of components with respect to T1ρ1

[0087] fa2: Percentage of components with respect to T1ρ2 fa1+fa2=1

[0088] herein, T1ρ2 is used for T1ρ1.

[0089] 6) Melting Point of Polyester

[0090] After crystallizing polyester, the melting point was measured at a heating rate of 10° C./min by the same differential scanning calorimeter as described above.

[0091] 7) Impact resistance

[0092] With respect to the cups formed in the above 2) for the evaluation of the formability, those were filled with water, 10 cups per each of tests were dropped on a vinyl chloride floor from a height of 1.25 m, then the voltage of 6 V was supplied to the electrodes and the cups for reading the current after 3 seconds, and the impact resistances were evaluated as follows.

[0093] ⊚: Less than 0.01 mA

[0094] ο: 0.01 mA or more to less than 0.1 mA

[0095] X: 0.1 mA or more

[0096] As shown in Table 3, the inventive examples are all excellent in the taking-out property of stuffed food contents, the formability, the adhesion, and the impact resistance. In particular, in the inventive examples where the relaxation time T1ρ is 150 msec or more, or the time when the temperature of the resin film contacting the metal sheet goes above the melting point of the resin film, is 1 to 20 msec, the formability, the adhesion and the impact resistance are more excellent. On the other hand, the comparative examples 1 to 3 are poor in the taking-out property of food stuffed contents, and the comparative examples 4 and 5 are inferior in the formability.

TABLE 3
Wax6) Sheet T. at Time at above Taking-out
Addition Melting Film starting of melting property of Impact
Classifi- amount point thickness T1 ρ lamination point stuffed Forma- Ad- resis-
cation Film Types (wt %) (° C.) (μm) (msec) (° C.) (msec) contents bility hesion tance
E1 PET1) Carnauba 0.50 255 15 220 282 15
E2 PET Carnauba 0.75 255 15 220 282 15
E3 PET Carnauba 0.10 255 15 220 282 15
E4 PET Carnauba 1.50 255 15 220 282 15
E5 PET Stearylstearey2) 0.50 255 15 220 282 15
E6 PET Stearylstearey   0.75 255 15 220 282 15
E7 PET Silicone 1.50 255 15 220 282 15
E8 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 15 400 282 15
E9 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 15 160 282 15
E10 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 15 120 282 15
E11 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 15 220 260 3
E12 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 15 220 255 0.5
E13 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 15 220 293 25
E14 PET/I3) Carnauba 0.50 226 15 210 282 20
E15 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 25 220 282 15
E16 PET Carnauba 0.50 255 12 220 282 15
C1 PET 255 15 220 282 15 X
C2 PET Carnauba 0.05 255 15 220 282 15 X
C3 PET Stearylstearey   0.05 255 15 220 282 15 X
C4 PP4) 160 20 190 17 X
C5 PE5) 110 50 140 19 X

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7273653 *Nov 18, 2005Sep 25, 2007Jfe Steel CorporationResin film and manufacturing method for the same, and resin laminated metal sheet using said resin film and manufacturing method for the same
US8905256Jul 26, 2006Dec 9, 2014Jfe Steel CorporationResin-coated metal sheet
US20100096279 *Dec 3, 2007Apr 22, 2010Jfe Steel CorporationProcess for manufacturing drawn can for aerosol and drawn can for aerosol
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/461, 427/255.5
International ClassificationB32B15/08
Cooperative ClassificationB32B2250/40, B32B27/36, Y10T428/31692, B32B37/04, Y10T428/31855, B32B2309/02, Y10T428/31678, Y10T428/31786, B32B15/09, B32B2274/00, B32B2309/04, B32B15/20, B32B2307/746, B32B2323/10, B32B2367/00, Y10T428/31681, B32B2250/03, B32B15/08, B32B2439/66, B32B2311/00, B32B15/18
European ClassificationB32B27/36, B32B15/20, B32B15/18, B32B15/09, B32B15/08, B32B37/04