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Publication numberUS20040112650 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/638,177
Publication dateJun 17, 2004
Filing dateAug 7, 2003
Priority dateAug 8, 2002
Also published asCA2436181A1, DE10236483A1, EP1388641A1
Publication number10638177, 638177, US 2004/0112650 A1, US 2004/112650 A1, US 20040112650 A1, US 20040112650A1, US 2004112650 A1, US 2004112650A1, US-A1-20040112650, US-A1-2004112650, US2004/0112650A1, US2004/112650A1, US20040112650 A1, US20040112650A1, US2004112650 A1, US2004112650A1
InventorsSteven Moseley
Original AssigneeSteven Moseley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hard material insert with polycrystalline diamond layer
US 20040112650 A1
Abstract
A hard material insert (1) for a tool, which is configured segmental and has a planar, polycrystalline diamond layer (2), which has a main cutting element (3) having a radius R in the layer plane and an opposing, at least segmental linear contact edge (4). The minimal radius of curvature K is greater than R/20 in a transition zones (X, X′) of the main cutting element (3) to the contact edge (4). The transition areas (X, X′) of lesser curvature are produced in post-processing.
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Claims(6)
What is claimed is:
1. A hard material insert for a tool that is configured in segments and has a planar, polycrystalline diamond layer (2) having a main cutting element (3) with at least segmental a radius R and an opposing, at least segmental linear contact edge (4) in the layer plane, wherein the minimal radius of curvature K is greater than R/20 in a transition zone (X, X′) of the main cutting element (3) to the contact edge (4).
2. The hard material insert of claim 1, wherein a width W of the contact edge is a width in the range of R/2 to 2R relative to the radius R of an at least segmental circular PCD layer blank and at least part of the main cutting element (3).
3. The hard material insert of claim 2, wherein a height H measured perpendicular to the contact edge (4) is in a range of W/2 to 3W/2 relative to the width W of the contact edge.
4. The hard material insert of claim 3, wherein a scallop (7) is disposed in the contact edge (4).
5. The hard material insert of claim 4, wherein the scallop (7) is situated in a central zone.
6. A process for manufacturing a hard material insert (1), wherein, in a first process step, a PCD layer blank (6) is produced and, in a second process step, at least one segmental hard material insert (1) is separated mosaic-like from the PCD layer blank (6), and in a further process step a transition zone (X, X′) having a minimal curvature is produced.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The invention relates to a hard material insert with a planar polycrystalline diamond layer for a tool, in particular a drilling or chiseling tool for working rock.

[0002] Usually hard material inserts having a planar polycrystalline diamond layer (PCD) are formed from a PCD layer blank or by spark erosion cutting. Since material economies have a high priority, the PCD layer blank is laid in a mosaic-like manner in several planar hard material inserts, whereby sharp corners occur.

[0003] According to EP 628369, planar hard material inserts are segregated in a mosaic-like manner, whereby sharp corners occur, for manufacturing hard material inserts for a tool comprising a PCD layer blank.

[0004] According to U.S. Pat. No. 5,601,477, in a circular hard material insert having a planar polycrystalline diamond layer (PCD) that is rounded off transverse to the layer plane, whereby the cutting edge is specifically blunted. Segregated segmental hard material inserts of a PCD layer blank are not used.

[0005] According to U.S. Pat. No. 5,533,582, a segmental semicircular hard material insert has sharp corners in the layer plane. Sharp corners of this type result in excessive stresses and cause fissures.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0006] The object of the present invention is to increase the load capacity of a segmental hard material insert having a planar polycrystalline diamond layer.

[0007] This object is achieved, in accordance with the invention, by a segmental hard material insert for a tool having a planar polycrystalline diamond layer in the layer plane, a main cutting element with at least segment radius R and an opposing, at least segment straight contact edge, wherein in a transition zone, of the main cutting element to the contact edge, the least radius of curvature K is greater than R/20 and less than R/5.

[0008] Sharp corners in the layer plane are avoided by virtue of the specific maximum curvature in the transition zone, of the main cutting element to the contact edge, in the least radius of curvature K being K>R/20, wherein superelevation of stress by point loads and the probability of cracking in the brazing layer between the tool and the contact edge are reduced. As a consequence, the load capacity of a hard material insert is increased.

[0009] Preferably, relative to the radius R of an at least segmental circular PCD layer blank and at least parts of the main cutting element, the width W of the contact edge lies in the range of R/2 to 2R, wherein the main cutting element is formed by an arc of the circumference of an at least segmental circular PCD layer blank having the radius R and the contact edge by virtue of a technically economical, essentially straight linear separation cut through the PCD layer blank.

[0010] Preferably, relative to the width W, the height of the hard material insert measured perpendicular to the contact edge is in the range of W/2 to 3W/2, wherein a bend-resistant, compact form is obtained.

[0011] Preferably, a scallop produced, for example, by spark-erosion cutting, more advantageously disposed in a central zone, on the contact edge, since only the most minimal stresses occur on the contact edge welded to the tool in the zone of said scallop.

[0012] The transition zone of low curvature is preferably produced in a subsequent step by remachining after production of the PCD layer blank and separation of a segmental hard material insert, more advantageously by grinding, laser cutting or spark-erosion cutting.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0013] The exemplary embodiment of the invention will be more completely described with reference to the drawings, wherein:

[0014]FIGS. 1A, 1B shows a hard material, in accordance with the invention;

[0015]FIGS. 2A, 2B shows a variant of the embodiment of FIGS. 1A and 1B; and

[0016]FIG. 3 shows a further variant of embodiment of FIGS. 1A and 1B.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0017] According to FIG. 1A, FIG. 1B, a segmental configured hard material insert 1 for a tool (not shown) has a planar polycrystalline diamond layer 2 deposited on a carrier layer 8. At a height H, a linear contact edge 4 of a length W=2R is arranged facing a discontinuous main cutting element 3 having an at least segmental radius R vis--vis the layer plane. The convex and concave transition zones X, X′ formed within the discontinuous main cutting element 3 and facing the contact edge 4 are configured with rounded corners 5, whose radius of curvature K=R/10. Of the circular (indicated in FIG. 1A by the broken line) or segmental circular (FIG. 1B) PCD layer blank 6 having the radius R, individual arc lengths L in the range of 0.3 πR are utilized without post-processing as part of the main cutting element 3, wherein the sum of the individual arc lengths L is in the range of 0.3 πR to 0.9 πR of the main cutting element 3 extending over a semicircular arch πR. In FIG. 1, the re-processed central part of the main cutting element 3 further forms a cutting radius R/2. A concave scallop 7 produced by spark-erosion cutting is disposed in a central zone W/4 from the center at the contact edge 4.

[0018] According to FIG. 2A, FIG. 2B, a linear contact edge 4 of the length W=2R is arranged in a polycrystalline diamond layer 2 of the continuous semicircular main cutting element 3 having the radius R in the layer plane at height H, wherein the convex shaped zone X transitioning to the contact edge 4 formed in the layer plane is configured with rounded corners 5, whose radius of curvature is K=R/10.

[0019] According to FIG. 3, a linear contact edge 4 of the length W=R/2 is arranged in the polycrystalline diamond layer 2 of the continuous, spherical main cutting element 3 with a radius R opposite the layer plane at height H, wherein the convex transition zone X to the contact edge 4 is configured with rounded corners, whose radius of curvature is K=R/10.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5533582 *Dec 19, 1994Jul 9, 1996Baker Hughes, Inc.Drill bit cutting element
US6003623 *Apr 24, 1998Dec 21, 1999Dresser Industries, Inc.Cutters and bits for terrestrial boring
US6044920 *Jul 1, 1998Apr 4, 2000Kennametal Inc.Rotatable cutting bit assembly with cutting inserts
US6241034 *Sep 3, 1998Jun 5, 2001Smith International, Inc.Cutter element with expanded crest geometry
US6460637 *Nov 7, 2000Oct 8, 2002Smith International, Inc.Engineered enhanced inserts for rock drilling bits
US6484826 *Nov 7, 2000Nov 26, 2002Smith International, Inc.Engineered enhanced inserts for rock drilling bits
US6904984 *Jun 20, 2003Jun 14, 2005Rock Bit L.P.Stepped polycrystalline diamond compact insert
US20010008190 *Mar 5, 2001Jul 19, 2001Scott Danny E.Multiple grade carbide for diamond capped insert
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7475744 *Jan 17, 2006Jan 13, 2009Us Synthetic CorporationSuperabrasive inserts including an arcuate peripheral surface
US8186460Mar 9, 2009May 29, 2012Hilti AktiengesellschaftHard material insert and core bit
US8272459Oct 28, 2008Sep 25, 2012Us Synthetic CorporationSuperabrasive inserts including an arcuate peripheral surface
US8505655Sep 7, 2012Aug 13, 2013Us Synthetic CorporationSuperabrasive inserts including an arcuate peripheral surface
US8783388Jun 17, 2013Jul 22, 2014Us Synthetic CorporationSuperabrasive inserts including an arcuate peripheral surface
US8991526Jan 25, 2010Mar 31, 2015Drilformance Technologies, LlcDrill bit
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/426
International ClassificationE21B10/567, E21B10/56, B23B27/14
Cooperative ClassificationB23B2226/315, E21B10/5673, B23B2200/202, B23B27/145
European ClassificationB23B27/14B4, E21B10/567B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 20, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: HILTI AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, LIECHTENSTEIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MOSELEY, STEVEN;REEL/FRAME:014928/0492
Effective date: 20030806