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Publication numberUS20040149642 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/726,778
Publication dateAug 5, 2004
Filing dateDec 3, 2003
Priority dateDec 5, 2002
Also published asUS7387729, US20060157399, WO2004052789A2, WO2004052789A3
Publication number10726778, 726778, US 2004/0149642 A1, US 2004/149642 A1, US 20040149642 A1, US 20040149642A1, US 2004149642 A1, US 2004149642A1, US-A1-20040149642, US-A1-2004149642, US2004/0149642A1, US2004/149642A1, US20040149642 A1, US20040149642A1, US2004149642 A1, US2004149642A1
InventorsRudy Vandenbelt, Jeremy Hamilton, Charles Lanning
Original AssigneeVandenbelt Rudy A., Jeremy Hamilton, Lanning Charles R.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Filter cartridge for a standlone point of use water purification device
US 20040149642 A1
Abstract
A filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device includes tandem first and second flow passageways containing flowthrough filter media that cooperate to provide opposing flow directions in the first and second flow passageways that reduce, if not eliminate, channeling, and provide self-wetting of the flowthrough filter media contained in the tandem first and second flow passageways, eliminating the need for post-use wetting steps.
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Claims(14)
What is claimed is:
1. A replaceable filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device comprising:
a housing having water inlet and water outlet ports that is adapted for removable insertion into said standalone point of use water purification device;
said housing having interior walls providing a flow path extending between said water inlet and water outlet ports along which water to be treated moves through first and second fluid flow passageways containing flowthrough filter media that are adapted to operate in tandem such that said water to be treated first moves through said first passageway containing flowthrough filter media in a first, generally downward direction, and then moves through said second passageway containing flowthrough filter media in a second, generally upward direction, as it flows along said flow path between said water inlet and outlet ports;
whereby, the water that moves along the second, generally upward direction soaks upwardly through the filter media contained in the second passageway, which reduces if not eliminates channeling, and the opposing first and second flow directions provide self-wetting of the filter media contained in the first and second flow passageways, eliminating the need for post-use wetting.
2. The replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 1, wherein said housing includes mating, interfitting top and bottom housing modules fastened in water-tight sealing relation.
3. The replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 2, wherein said top housing module includes a lid member having a slotted dome in fluid communication with a tube downwardly extending from the lid having an inside cylindrical wall providing said first passageway containing filter media.
4. The replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 3, wherein said bottom housing module includes a generally cup-shaped base member having a generally cylindrical inside wall providing, together with the generally cylindrical outside wall of said tube, an annular second passageway containing filter media.
5. The replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 3, further including means for externally mounting a filter to the dome of the lid member to provide pre-filtration.
6. The replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 3, further including an inlet filter inside said top housing module to prevent leakage of filter media and control flow rate.
7. The replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 4, further including an outlet filter inside said bottom housing module to prevent leakage of filter media and control flow rate.
8. The replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 4, wherein said standalone point of use water purification device is a pitcher-type water purifier having a handle and pouring spout, wherein said water outlet is located to the top and one side of the bottom housing module, and further including a cartridge alignment tab carried by said bottom housing module that seats it when inserted into said pitcher purifier with its water outlet located to the side of the pitcher away from its pouring spout to prevent spillage of water from the cartridge when the pitcher is dispensing water.
9. A filter cartridge for a standalone point of use pitcher-type water purification device, comprising:
a filter housing wider than it is long adapted for removable insertion inside said standalone point of use pitcher-type water purification device;
said filter housing including exterior walls providing water inlet and outlet ports and interior walls providing a fluid flow path between said water inlet and outlet ports and, along said flow path, first and second flow passageways containing flowthrough filter media that cooperate to provide opposing first and second flow directions in the first and second flow passageways that reduce, if not eliminate, channeling, and to provide self-wetting of the flowthrough filter media contained in the tandem first and second flow passageways, eliminating the need for post-use wetting steps, as water moves along said flow path between said inlet and outlet ports.
10. The filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of claim 9, wherein said filter housing includes mating, interfitting top and bottom housing modules fastened in water-tight sealing relation.
11. The filter cartridge for a standalone point of use pitcher-type water purification device of claim 9, wherein said water outlet port is located at the back of said housing, and further including an alignment member carried by said housing to insure that its back faces away from the pouring direction of said standalone point of use pitcher-type water purification device.
12. The filter cartridge for a standalone point of use pitcher-type water purification device of claim 9, wherein said first flow passageway containing flowthrough filter media is a generally cylindrical flow passageway containing ion exchange and activated carbon flowthrough filter media, and wherein said second flow passageway containing flowthrough filter media is an annular flow passageway containing ion exchange and activated carbon flowthrough filter media surrounding said first, generally cylindrical flow passageway.
13. The filter cartridge for a standalone point of use pitcher-type water purification device of claim 9, wherein said opposing first and second flow directions in the first and second flow passageways are downwardly and upwardly opposing first and second flow directions.
14. The filter cartridge for a standalone point of use pitcher-type water purification device of claim 9, wherein said filter housing wider than it is long has a generally circular cross-section.
Description
    REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/431,125, Dec. 5, 2002.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention is drawn to the field of water purification, and more particularly, to a novel filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    To remove impurities from drinking water, standalone point of use water purification such as pitcher purifiers or countertop units, utilize flowthrough filter media normally packaged in replaceable filter cartridges fitted inside the devices. Ion exchange and activated carbon is a typical flowthrough filter media.
  • [0004]
    As the water of a batch of water needing treatment passes through the filter cartridge of a standalone point of use water purification device, it contacts the ion exchange and activated carbon filter media, which absorbs impurities from the water flowing therethrough. The quantity of filter media contacted by the water and the water flow rate determine the absorption efficiency. Typically, filter cartridges having elongated profiles deep enough to allow pollutants to be absorbed by the filter media in the time it takes the water to flow through the filter have been employed.
  • [0005]
    The ion exchange and activated carbon filter media is contained in the elongated filter cartridges as a bed of closely-packed beads or grains, with a consistency of sand or coffee grounds. As the water flows therethrough, it takes the path of least resistance and makes its own channels through the filter bed. Such “channeling” action, however, leads to the undesirable result that “impurities” seep through the filter cartridge along with “purified” water, since the water that flows through the channels does not contact the filter media for enough time to allow effective absorption to take place.
  • [0006]
    To insure repeatable operation after use, the ion exchange and activated carbon filter media needs to remain wetted. In the usual case, this requirement has necessitated that the user take steps to insure the standalone point of use water purification device always contains enough water to keep the filter cartridge fitted therein at least partially submerged in water.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    It accordingly is one object of the present invention to disclose a filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device that reduces if not eliminates the undesirable phenomenon of channeling.
  • [0008]
    It is another object of the present invention to disclose a filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device that is self-wetting and thus is free from the need for undesirable post-use wetting steps.
  • [0009]
    It is a further object of the present invention to disclose a filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device having a flat profile that, without necessitating use of a deep, elongated filter housing, exposes water to be treated to a quantity of filter media sufficient to absorb pollutants in the time it takes the water to flow through the filter media.
  • [0010]
    In general terms, the present invention contemplates a replaceable filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device that includes a housing having water inlet and water outlet ports that is adapted for removable insertion into the standalone point of use water purification device, the housing having interior walls providing a flow path extending between the water inlet and outlet ports that includes first and second passageways containing flowthrough filter media adapted to operate in tandem such that water to be treated flows downwardly through the first passageway, and soaks upwardly through the second passageway, as it flows along the flow path between the inlet and outlet ports. Any number of first and second passageways adapted to operate in tandem may be employed without departing from the inventive concepts.
  • [0011]
    The first and second passageways adapted to operate in tandem expose water to be treated to an effective quantity of flowthrough filter media in the time it takes the water to move through the flow path without requiring physically elongated cartridges to obtain the same depth of exposure. The water that moves along the second, generally upward direction soaks upwardly through the filter media contained in the second passageway, which reduces if not eliminates channeling, and the opposing first and second flow directions provide self-wetting of the filter media contained in the first and second flow passageways, eliminating the need for post-use wetting.
  • [0012]
    In the presently preferred embodiment, the replaceable cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device includes mating, interfitting top and bottom housing modules fastened in water-tight sealing relation. The top housing module includes a lid member having a slotted dome in fluid communication with a tube downwardly extending from the lid having an inside cylindrical wall providing said first passageway containing filter media. The bottom housing module includes a generally cup-shaped base member having a generally cylindrical inside wall providing, together with the generally cylindrical outside wall of the tube, an annular second passageway containing filter media. An external filter may be mounted to the dome of the lid member to provide pre-filtration, and inlet and outlet filters inside the cartridge prevent leakage of filter media and control flow rate.
  • [0013]
    In the presently preferred embodiment, the standalone point of use water purification device is a pitcher-type water purifier having a handle and pouring spout, the water outlet is located to the top and one side of the cartridge, and an alignment tab carried by the cartridge seats it with its water outlet located to the side of the pitcher away from its pouring spout to prevent spillage of water from the cartridge when the pitcher is dispensing water. A quick-release finger enables easy removable of the cartridge from the pitcher-type water purifier.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0014]
    These and other objects, inventive aspects and advantageous features of the filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of the present invention will become apparent as the invention becomes better understood by referring to the following, solely exemplary, detailed description of the presently preferred embodiments, and to the drawings, wherein:
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a standalone point of use water purification device equipped with a filter cartridge in accord with the present invention;
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the back of the filter cartridge;
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the filter cartridge; and
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view along the midsection of the filter cartridge that is useful in explaining its operation.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENTLY PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0019]
    Referring now to FIG. 1, generally designated at 10 is a perspective view of a standalone point of use water purification device equipped with a filter cartridge in accord with the present invention. The water purification device 10 includes a pitcher 12 having a handle 14, pour spout 16 and removable lid 18 having a fill opening therethrough generally designated 20. A bucket generally designated 22 is mounted inside the pitcher 12 into which water to be purified is poured batchwise all at once. A filter cartridge generally designated 24 to be described containing flowthrough filter media is removably mounted in the bucket 22. The filter cartridge 24 absorbs pollutants from the water received batchwise in the bucket as it flows therethrough and into the basin of the pitcher 12. A filter cartridge adapted for removable insertion into a standalone point of use water purification device other than pitcher-type water purification devices such as standalone point of use countertop units may be employed without departing from the inventive concepts.
  • [0020]
    Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, generally designated at 30 is a filter cartridge in accord with the present invention. The filter cartridge 30 has a “flat,” generally cylindrical profile wider than it is long and includes mating, interfitting top and bottom housing modules generally designated 32, 34 fastened in water-type sealing relation. The “flat” profile of the cartridge 30 does not cast “shadows” to a UV radiator when it is employed, for example, as part of a moving water processing module together with a still water processing module as disclosed in commonly assigned, co-pending United States utility patent application entitled Portable, Refillable Water Dispensing Serving Batches of water Purified of Organic and Inorganic Pollutants, filed on even date herewith. Any filter cartridge adapted for removable insertion into a standalone point of use water purification device having other than a “flat,” generally cylindrical profile may be employed without departing from the inventive concepts.
  • [0021]
    The top housing module 32 includes a generally cylindrical lid member 36 having a dome 38 provided with water inlet slots generally designated 40 about a major portion of its periphery. An external filter, such as a glass media filter, not shown, may be externally mounted to the top housing module 32 in a slot generally designated 42 of the dome 38 and seated in annular groove generally designated 44 of the lid 36 to provide pre-filtration of water to be treated before it enters the water inlets 40 of the dome 38 of the filter cartridge 30. An internal filter ring 46, such as of polyester fiber or polyester fabric, is mounted inside the dome 38 to prevent leakage of filter media and to control the flow rate of water through the cartridge 30. A generally cylindrical tube 48 in fluid communication with the water inlet slots 40 extends downwardly from the lid 36 of the top housing module 32.
  • [0022]
    The bottom housing module 34 includes a generally cylindrically-shaped base member 50 having an annular groove generally designated 52 receiving a sealing ring, not shown, and water outlet slots generally designated 54 located at the back of the base member 50. A quick-release finger 56 is provided for ease of handling. The base member 50 has an upstanding, generally cylindrical inside wall 58 about a major portion of its periphery, that, together with an upstanding spillover wall 60 inside and to the back of the base member 50, provide an outlet conduit generally designated 62 in fluid communication with the water outlet slots 54 of the bottom housing module 34. A pad filter 64, such as a porous polyester fiber filter pad, is mounted in the outlet conduit 62 to prevent leakage of filter media and to control flow rate through the filter cartridge 30.
  • [0023]
    The lid 36 of the top housing module 32 includes a cover alignment tab 66. The base member 50 of the bottom housing module 34 includes a cartridge alignment tab 68 having a cover alignment tab receiving groove generally designated 70. This ensures that the spillover wall 60 is located to the side of the pitcher away from its dispensing side, which prevents spillage of liquid thereout during pouring.
  • [0024]
    Ion exchange and activated carbon filter media, not shown, is poured into the bottom housing module 34 so as to substantially fill the cup-shaped base member 50 thereof. After the bottom housing module 34 has been filled with flowthrough filter media, it is covered by pressing the tube 48 downwardly into the contained filter media, filling the tube 48, until the lid 36 is seated into a groove generally designated 72 provided about the top of the base member 50. The lid 36 is then ultrasonically welded to the groove 72 joining the top and bottom housing module 32, 34 in water-tight sealing relation.
  • [0025]
    Referring now to FIG. 4, generally designated at 80 is a longitudinal sectional view along the midsection of the filter cartridge useful in explaining its operation. Water to be treated flows through water inlets 40 of the dome 38 of the top housing module 32 into a first passageway containing flowthrough filter media generally designated 82 provided by the inside cylindrical wall of the tube 48 through which the water moves along a first, generally downward direction by action of gravity as a schematically illustrated by arrow 84, and then flows through an annular second passageway containing flowthrough filter media generally designated 86 in fluid communication with the first passageway that is provided by the inside, generally cylindrical wall 58 of the base member 50 of the bottom housing module 34 and the generally cylindrical outside wall of the tube 48, through which the water moves along a second, generally upward direction as schematically illustrated by arrows 88. As the water in the second passageway spills over the spillover wall 60 of the base member 50, it passes through the conduit 62 and out the outlet slots of the bottom housing module 34 as schematically illustrated by arrow 90.
  • [0026]
    The water that moves along the second, generally upward direction 88 soaks upwardly, rather than drips through, the filter media contained in the second passageway 86, which helps to prevent channeling, and the opposing first and second flow directions 84, 88 and spillover wall 60, provide self-wetting of the filter media contained in the first and second flow passageways 82, 86, eliminating the need for post-use wetting.
  • [0027]
    It will be appreciated that the filter cartridge for a standalone point of use water purification device of the present invention is capable of a wide range of embodiments without departing from the inventive concepts.
Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7441665 *Oct 1, 2003Oct 28, 2008Halosource, Inc.Water purification cartridge
US8043502 *Aug 19, 2008Oct 25, 2011Uv CorporationWater pitcher filter
US8080160 *Dec 18, 2001Dec 20, 2011Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd.Pitcher type water purifier and purification cartridge for the water purifier
US8128820 *Feb 25, 2009Mar 6, 2012Mr. Chiaphua Industries LimitedUV liquid storage and dispensing device
US8216465Sep 22, 2011Jul 10, 2012Phillip NautaFilter assembly
US20040060873 *Dec 18, 2001Apr 1, 2004Manabu YanouPitcher type water purifier and purification cartridge for the water purifier
US20050072729 *Oct 1, 2003Apr 7, 2005Bridges Michael A.Water purification cartridge
US20050098506 *Sep 27, 2004May 12, 2005Vanson Halosource, Inc.Water purification cartridge
US20060231476 *Oct 7, 2005Oct 19, 2006Headwaters R & D, Inc.Portable, refillable water dispenser serving batches of water purified of organic and inorganic pollutants
US20080314808 *Sep 5, 2008Dec 25, 2008Vandenbelt Rudy APortable, refillable water dispenser serving batches of water purified of organic and inorganic pollutants
US20090057241 *Dec 19, 2007Mar 5, 2009Phillip NautaFilter assembly
US20130175228 *Dec 17, 2012Jul 11, 2013Helen Of Troy LimitedGravity filter designs configured for increased residence time
WO2010010572A2 *Dec 10, 2008Jan 28, 2010Tata Chemicals Ltd.A system and method for water purification
WO2010010572A3 *Dec 10, 2008Mar 18, 2010Tata Chemicals Ltd.A system and method for water purification
Classifications
U.S. Classification210/282
International ClassificationC02F1/28, C02F1/42, C02F1/00
Cooperative ClassificationC02F1/283, C02F1/42, C02F2307/04, C02F1/006, C02F1/003, C02F2201/006
European ClassificationC02F1/00D4