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Publication numberUS20040185080 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/801,229
Publication dateSep 23, 2004
Filing dateMar 16, 2004
Priority dateMar 17, 2003
Also published asEP1459626A1, US8834910
Publication number10801229, 801229, US 2004/0185080 A1, US 2004/185080 A1, US 20040185080 A1, US 20040185080A1, US 2004185080 A1, US 2004185080A1, US-A1-20040185080, US-A1-2004185080, US2004/0185080A1, US2004/185080A1, US20040185080 A1, US20040185080A1, US2004185080 A1, US2004185080A1
InventorsTatsuya Hojo, Kinya Ogawa, Noboru Aiba, Takehiko Fukumoto
Original AssigneeTatsuya Hojo, Kinya Ogawa, Noboru Aiba, Takehiko Fukumoto
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sustained release dispenser comprising two or more sex pheromone substances and a pest control method
US 20040185080 A1
Abstract
Provided are a sustained release dispenser which can control the release of sex pheromone simultaneously toward two or more species of insect pests and can also release the sex pheromone in response to the generation period of insect pest and the pest control method toward two or more insect pests. Provided specifically is a sex pheromone sustained release dispenser comprising two or more sex pheromone substances, each substance being aliphatic derivative having 10 to 20 carbons, and first and second chambers wherein some or all of the sex pheromone substance having a smallest carbon number excluding a carbon number in a functional group is contained in a first polymer chamber and the remainder is contained in a second polymer chamber. Provided also is a pest control method for using the sex pheromone sustained release dispenser.
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Claims(9)
1. A sex pheromone sustained release dispenser comprising two or more sex pheromone substances, each substance being an aliphatic derivative having 10 to 20 carbons, and first and second chambers, wherein some or all of the sex pheromone substance having a smallest carbon number excluding a carbon number in a functional group is contained in the first polymer chamber and the remainder is contained in the second polymer chamber.
2. The sex pheromone sustained release dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said aliphatic derivative is selected from the group consisting of aliphatic linear alcohol having 10 to 18 carbons, aliphatic linear acetate having 12 to 20 carbons and aliphatic linear ketone having 10 to 20 carbons.
3. The sex pheromone sustained release dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said sex pheromone sustained release dispenser is toward two or more species of insect pests.
4. The sex pheromone sustained release dispenser according to claim 2 wherein said sex pheromone sustained release dispenser is toward two or more species of insect pests.
5. A method of pest control using said sex pheromone sustained release dispenser according to claim 1.
6. A method of pest control using said sex pheromone sustained release dispenser according to claim 2.
7. A method of pest control using said sex pheromone sustained release dispenser according to claim 3.
8. A method of pest control using said sex pheromone sustained release dispenser according to claim 4.
9. A container for a sex pheromone sustained release dispenser comprising two or more sex pheromone substances, the container comprising a first polymer chamber for receiving some or all of the sex pheromone substance having a smallest carbon number excluding a carbon number of a functional group, and a second polymer chamber for receiving the remainder.
Description
RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims priority from Japanese Patent Application No. 2003-071168 filed Mar. 17, 2003, the disclosure of which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] 1. Field of the Invention

[0003] The invention relates to a sustained release dispenser as well as a pest control method, enabling a simultaneous release of two or more sex pheromone substances.

[0004] 2. Description of the Related Art

[0005] As an effective method for utilizing a sex pheromone of an insect pest, the method has progressed to a practical stage, where a certain concentration of chemically synthesized sex pheromone is kept in a field so as to disrupt the mating of the insect pest. The important issues for the pest control method are development of the sustained release formulation (or dispenser) which can discharge a synthesized sex pheromone substance of an insect pest at a certain rate or higher in a long period; and the period of the mating disruption toward a target insect pest.

[0006] There are many cases where it is relatively easy to control the release of one or more sex pheromone substances of a single species of insect pest at a certain rate in a certain period because said one or more sex pheromone substances are only one kind or two or more substances having similar chemical structures. However, it is difficult to enclose sex pheromone substances with very different chemical structures in one dispenser and then control the release of the substances toward an insect pest having the substances. For instance, a diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella), an insect harmful to vegetables, has the sex pheromone substances (Z)-1′-hexadecenal and (Z)-hexadecenyl acetate; and the beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua (Hubner)(Lepidoptera: Noctudae)), an insect harmful to vegetables, has the sex pheromone substances (Z, E)-9, 12-tetradecenyl acetate and (Z)-9-tetradecenol. Thus, each harmful insect has sex pheromone substances with different functional groups. Further, a principal component in the sex pheromone substance of leaf rollers, insects harmful to fruit trees and tea, is (Z)-11-tetradecenyl acetate and some of minor components therein are (Z)-9-dodecenyl acetate and 11-dodecenyl acetate. Thus, although the components have same functional groups, they have different carbon numbers. Hence, when the components are enclosed in a same dispenser, it is not possible to control the release of each component because of each component having different vapor pressure. It should be noted that there is rarely a single kind of insect pest for a certain crop. Thus, it is usually necessary to control two or more insect pests simultaneously in an area having various insect pests such as Japan.

[0007] The difficulties encountered when designing a sustained release dispenser which releases compounds having different chemical structures simultaneously are described below:

[0008] (1) The release of compounds cannot be controlled because of each compound having a different boiling point (vapor pressure) due to a different functional group thereof;

[0009] (2) The release of compounds cannot be controlled because of each compound having a different boiling point (vapor pressure) due to a different carbon number thereof, even when the functional group of each compound is identical;

[0010] (3) A dispenser comprising a porous support without a vapor barrier will release a compound having a higher vapor pressure faster even if an evaporation area is identical.

[0011] It is also difficult to design a sustained release dispenser toward two or more insects at the same because the generation period of each insect pest differs.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0012] Thus, there are cases where sex pheromone substances having different chemical structures are mixed toward a single kind of insect pest or sex pheromone substances are mixed toward two or more insect pests. However, it is difficult to release the compounds in the same ratio as the composition ratio in the dispenser. It is also difficult to control the release of the compounds in response to the generation of each kind of insect pests.

[0013] For instance, it is generally believed to be necessary to control three kinds of insect pests, leaf rollers, Grapholita molesta and Carposina niponensis simultaneously for the pear in Japan. The principal component of sex pheromone substances for the leaf rollers is Z-11-tetradecenyl acetate having 14 carbons excluding the carbons of the ester group. The principal component of the sex pheromone substances of the oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) is Z-8-dodecenyl acetate having 12 carbons excluding the carbons of the ester group. The principal component of the sex pheromone substances of the peach fruit moth (Carposina niponensis) is Z-13-icosen-10-one having 20 carbons excluding the carbon of the carbonyl group. Although the vapor pressure of Z-8-dodecenyl acetate of the Grapholita molesta sex pheromone substance is higher than the vapor pressures of sex pheromone substances of the other two insect pests, a long-term release of Z-8-dodecenyl acetate is desirable. It is because it is important to protect the late-maturing cultivars of autumn from the insect pests. A sustained release dispenser which can satisfy the above requirement has not yet been developed.

[0014] On the other hand, in order to disrupt the mating of two or more species of insect pests, it is considered to design a dispenser for each type of insect pest sex pheromone substance and then place each individual dispenser to release the sex pheromone substance at different period in response to the generation of the insect. However, it requires high cost for the preparation of dispensers and large labor for the placements of dispensers.

[0015] Consequently, it opposes to the present trend of laborsaving agriculture.

[0016] Thus, the development of a laborsaving sustained release dispenser which can release two or more sex pheromone substances in a desired manner has been anticipated. The purpose of this invention is to provide a sustained release dispenser which can control the simultaneous release sex pheromone substances in case where the sex pheromone substances have different chemical structures of a single species of insect pest are mixed, and/or where the sex pheromone substances of two or more species of insect pests are mixed. In the latter case, the sustained release dispenser which can release the sex pheromone substances in response to the generation period of the insect pests are provided together with a pest control method.

[0017] The inventors studied for the sex pheromone dispensers which can solve the above problems, can control the similutaneous release of sex pheromone substances, and can release the sex pheromone substances in response to the generation period of the insect pests. Consequently, the inventors have found that a sustained release dispenser comprising some or all of the sex pheromone substance having the lowest carbon number excluding the carbon number of the functional group in one tube of polymer material, and the remainder of the sex pheromone substances in the other tube of polymer material is suitable for said purpose. It is preferable to bond these two tubes together in a parallel way and have them function as one unit. Then the invention is completed.

[0018] According to the present invention, a sex pheromone substance sustained release dispenser comprising at least two sex pheromone substances, each being aliphatic derivative having 10 to 20 carbons, and comprising first and second chambers of polymer materials wherein some or all of the sex pheromone substance having a lowest carbon number is in the first chamber and the remainder of the sex pheromone substances is in the second chamber. Also provided is a pest control method of using the sex pheromone substance sustained release dispenser. In addition, provided is a container for a sex pheromone substance sustained release dispenser comprising at least two sex pheromone substances of aliphatic derivatives each having 10 to 20 carbons and comprising first and second chambers of polymer materials, wherein some or all of the sex pheromone substance having a lowest carbon number is placed in the first chamber and the remainder of the sex pheromone substances is in the second chamber.

[0019] When the sustained release dispenser and the pest control method of this invention are used, it is possible to release sex pheromone substances simultaneously to control two or more insect pests, and to release sex pheromone substances in response to the generation periods of the insect pests.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

[0020]FIG. 1 illustrates the process of the sustained release dispenser of this invention, showing two tubes made of polymer material in FIG. 1(a), a joint in FIG. 1(b), the sealing process in which a heat sealing device is used in FIG. 1(c) and the cross section of the sustained release dispenser in Figure (d).

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0021] The invention will be explained in more detail below.

[0022] An example of sex pheromones toward insect pests is shown in Table 1. Chemical structure, relation with a target insect and carbon number of each component are listed in the pest control of the pear and peach in Japan. The vapor pressure was measured by the gas flow method at 25° C. according to the “Addendum to the OECD chemical test guideline, issues 7 and 8” (Adopted on Jul. 27, 1995).

TABLE 1
Carbon
number Vapor
Type of Name of of Biological pressure
compound compound Skelton activity (20° C.) (Pa)
Alcohol Z-8-dodecene-1- 12 Minor component Of Grapholita 0.980
ol molesta pheromone
Z-11-tetradecene- 14 Minor component Of leaf roller 0.070
1-ol Pherone
Ester Z-8-dodecenyl 12 Main component of Grapholita 0.267
acetate molesta
Z-9-dodecenyl 12 Minor component of leaf roller 0.267
acetate pheromone
11-dodeceny 12 Minor component of leaf roller 0.246
acetate pheromone
10- 13 Minor component of leaf roller 0.186
methyldodecyl pheromone
acetate
Z-11- 14 Main component of leaf roller 0.100
tetradecenyl pheromone
acetate
Z-9-tetradecenyl 14 Minor component of leaf roller 0.100
acetate pheromone
ketone Z-13-icosen- 20 Component of Carposina 0.005
10-one niponensis pheromone

[0023] The above compounds are contained in a narrow tube, a capsule or a laminate of polymer material membrane and the release of the compounds are controlled by a barrier of the membrane. In this case, (1) vapor pressure of the enclosed sex pheromone substance and (2) affinity (solubility parameter) between the functional group of sex pheromone substance and the polymer material become important factors in the release control.

[0024] Because minor components in Table 1 are of small content, the main components are focused. It is considered that the difference in the affinity between each ester and the polymer material is extremely small and the difference between each ester and ketone is also relatively small. Thus, when a uniform solution containing all compounds in Table 1 is enclosed in a certain polymer material, the release rate of each component greatly depends on its vapor pressure. That is, esters having a higher vapor pressure such as 11-dodecenyl acetate, Z-8-dodecenyl acetate and Z-9-dodecenyl acetate will be released faster. Each of these compounds has 12 carbons excluding the carbon number of the functional group. On the other hand, compounds having a lower vapor pressure such as Z-11-tetradecenyl acetate and Z-13-icosen-10-one will be released slowly. Compounds which will be released faster cannot be released uniformly so that they result in shorter life time (effective release period) of a sustained release dispenser.

[0025] Hence, the inventors conducted various examinations and created a sustained release dispenser effective in cases when sex pheromone substances of a single species of insect pest having different chemical structures are mixed and/or when sex pheromone substances of two or more species of insect pests are mixed. The sustained release dispenser comprises first and second chambers of polymer materials, wherein some or all of mixture of the sex pheromone substances having a lowest carbon number (excluding the carbon number of the functional group) and having a high vapor pressure such as Z-8-dodecenyl acetate and Z-8-dodecene-1-ol in Table 1 is enclosed in the first chamber and the remainder of the sex pheromone substances is enclosed in the second chamber. It is preferable to bond the first and second chambers together in a parallel way so that they form one unit. Consequently, the pheromones do not suppress the release of the other pheromones. Therefore, the sex pheromone component of Grapholita molesta having the highest vapor pressure and the sex pheromone components of leaf rollers and Carposina niponesis can be released simultaneously in a long period. The invention is completed by this finding.

[0026] The sex pheromone substance used in the invention is an aliphatic derivative having 10 to 20 carbons. It preferably includes aliphatic linear alcohol of lepidopterans, and ester and ketone derived from the alcohol. Two or more of the sex pheromone substances are released simultaneously. The aliphatic derivative is preferably selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic linear alcohol having 10 to 18 carbons, an aliphatic linear acetate having 12 to 20 carbons and an aliphatic linear ketone having 10 to 20 carbons. It is noted that the carbon number of the functional group of the aliphatic linear acetate or aliphatic linear ketone is 1 or 2, respectively. Hence, when the carbon number of the functional group is excluded, the aliphatic linear acetate has 10 to 18 carbons and the aliphatic linear ketone has 9 to 19 carbons.

[0027] Two or more types of sex pheromone substances of the aliphatic derivative may be two or more sex pheromone substances in the category or two or more sex pheromone substances in the different categories. A stabilizer such as an antioxidant or UV absorber, or a colorant can be contained by 10% by weight or less in the sex pheromone substances.

[0028] As shown in Table 2, three species of insect pests are targeted in the case of the mating disruption agent toward insect pests of the pear and peach in Japan.

[0029] The Grapholita molesta have sex pheromone containing a main component of Z-8-dodecenyl acetate and a minor component of Z-8-dodecen-1-ol, and grows from the end of April to the end of September. The leaf rollers have sex pheromone containing a main component of Z-11-tetradecenyl acetate and minor components of Z-9-tetradecenyl acetate, Z-9-dodecenyl acetate, 11-dodecenyl acetate, 10-methyl dodecyl acetate and Z-11-tetradecen-1-ol, and grow from the middle of May to the beginning of September. The Carposina niponensis has sex pheromone containing a component of Z-13-icosen-10-one and grows from late May to the middle of September.

[0030] It should be noted that the main component refers to the highest content of sex pheromone component. The minor component refers to sex pheromone component or components other than the main component.

TABLE 2
Vapor
Carbon Pressure
Name of Components of sex number of (20° C.)
insect pest Growing period pheromone skeleton (Pa)
Grapholita End of April Z-8-dodecene-1-ol 12 0.980
Molesta to end of Z-8-dodecenyl 12 0.267
September acetate*
Leaf roller Middle of May Z-9-dodecenyl 12 0.267
to beginning acetate
of September 11-dodecenyl 12 0.246
acetate
10-methyldodecyl 13 0.186
acetate
Z-11-tetradecenyl 14 0.100
acetate*
Z-9-tetradecenyl 14 0.100
acetate
Z-11-tetradecene-1- 14 0.070
ol
Carposina End of May to Z-13-icosen-10-on* 20 0.005
niponensis middle of
September

[0031] Some or all of the main component of the sex pheromone of Grapholita molesta which has the lowest carbon number is enclosed in a first independent polymer chamber, and the sex pheromones of Carposina niponensis and a leaf roller are enclosed in a second polymer chamber. A minor component of the sex pheromone of Grapholita molesta which has the same carbon number as the main component thereof may be enclosed in the second chamber. However, the minor component of the sex pheromone of Grapholita molesta is preferably enclosed in the second chamber together with the main component thereof because biological functions of minor components are often unknown.

[0032] The amount of sex pheromone substance or substances enclosed in each chamber is variable depending on the release period of the sustained release dispenser, the volatility of the sex pheromone substances, and the affinity or compatibility between the substances and polymer material for the container. The amount in the first chamber may be preferably 50 to 150 mg, more preferably 100 mg, and that in the second chamber may be preferably 200 to 300 mg, more preferably 230 mg.

[0033] The polymer material used in the invention may include polyolefin, acrylic, polyester, polyamide, methacrylic and copolymer of olefin and vinyl alcohol ester. When the membrane of the polymer material is used as a barrier, tube extruded in a general method, capsule, bag, and laminate may be included. Plasticizer, lubricant, stabilizer or colorant may be added in the processing stage. According to the invention, the polymer materials of the chambers or containers may be identical or different as long as they can be joined. The polymer materials of the chambers or containers may be preferably integrated to be one.

[0034] The shape of chamber or container made of polymer material is not limited as long as it can contain sex pheromone substance. For example, the sex pheromone substance may be contained in a narrow tube, capsule or laminate container, each comprising polymer membrane. The membrane can function as a barrier so that the release of the substance can be controlled.

[0035] The size of the polymer membrane can be selected in relation to the property of the contained sex pheromone substance. Thickness and the inside and outside diameters of the first and second chambers may be same or different. The thickness, in particular, is greatly influenced by the evaporation rate of the sex pheromone component so that the appropriate thickness can be selected in view of a necessary release period, a vapor pressure and solubility parameter of the sex pheromone component. It should be noted it is difficult to seal or joint the chambers containing the pheromone substance when the thickness of the first polymer chamber is extremely different from that of the second polymer chamber. Thus, the thickness has to be selected in practical range.

[0036] According to the invention, the construction of the first or second polymer chamber is not particularly limited. However, the construction which can be chemically connected by heat seal or adhesive may be preferable. Physical connection with tape or wire may be possible. Tube 1 of a first polymer chamber and tube 2 of a second polymer chamber maybe separate as shown in FIG. 1(a), or joined at joint 3 in a parallel manner as shown in FIG. 1(b). It may be possible to connect the ends of two tubes together chemically or physically by using heat seal device 4 as shown in FIG. 1(c) so as to produce the dispenser comprising sex pheromones A1 and A2 as shown in the cross section of FIG. 1(d). It should be noted that the invention is not limited to the chamber constructions shown in figures.

[0037] This invention will be explained in detail in the following Examples and Comparative Examples, the use of which, however, is not limited to the following examples.

EXAMPLE 1

[0038] Sustained release dispenser for controlling three insect species: Grapholita molesta, Carposina niponensis and leaf roller.

[0039] Dispensers in the form of 20-cm-long tubes (A) and (B) joined in a parallel manner as shown in FIG. 1 were prepared. The contents of tubes (A) and (B) are shown below. The dispensers were placed in 2 ha of a pear orchard in Chiba Prefecture, Japan, on May 9, as shown in Table 3. The dispensers were placed in ratio of 180 tubes per 10 a. As a result, damage caused by leaf roller, Carposina niponensis and Grapholita molesta was not observed in fruits up to harvest time of mid October. Residual percentages of each pheromone component of each species of insects for the tubes placed in the orchard are shown in FIG. 3.

[0040] (A) The following components were contained in a high-density polyethylene tube with inside diameter of 1.4 mm and outside diameter of 2.5 mm (tube thickness of 0.55 mm):

[0041] Leaf roller components

[0042] Z-11-tetradecenyl acetate: 88 mg

[0043] Z-9-tetradecenyl acetate: 17 mg

[0044] 10-methyldodecyl acetate: 2 mg

[0045] Z-9-dodecenyl acetate: 5 mg

[0046] 11-dodecenyl acetate: 2 mg

[0047] Z-11-tetradecene-l-ol: 1 mg

[0048]Carposina niponensis component

[0049] Z-13-icosane-10-one: 80 mg

[0050]Grapholita molesta components

[0051] Z-8-dodecenyl acetate: 34 mg

[0052] Z-8-dodecene-1-ol: 0.3 mg

[0053] (B) The following components were contained in a high-density polyethylene tube with inside diameter of 0.90 mm and outside diameter of 2.30 mm (tube thickness of 0.70 mm)

[0054]Grapholita molesta components

[0055] Z-8-dodecenyl acetate: 95 mg

[0056] Z-8-dodecene-1-ol: 1 mg

TABLE 3
Residual percentage (%)
Elapsed days Grapholita Leaf Carposina
Date (day) molesta roller niponensis
May 9 0 100 100 100
Jun. 8 30 68.9 85.7 94.7
Jul. 6 58 45.9 71.2 88.3
Aug. 8 91 16.1 45.2 73.9
Sep. 6 120 8.2 26.3 53.4
Oct. 6 150 4.8 17.2 44.1

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1

[0057] A 20-cm-long high-density polyethylene tube with inside diameter of 1.5 mm and outside diameter of 2.6 mm (thickness of 0.55 mm) was bonded with aluminum wire to afford it formability. The solution wherein all of the sex pheromone components used in Example 1 had been mixed uniformly was contained in the tube so as to produce the dispenser. Some of the dispensers were placed in said pear orchard. Changes of residual percentage of each pheromone component over elapsed time were measured.

[0058] The results are shown in Table 4 below.

TABLE 4
Residual percentage (%)
Elapsed days Grapholita Leaf Carposina
Date (day) molesta roller niponensis
May 9 0 100 100 100
Jun. 8 30 51.9 89.5 96.2
Jul. 6 58 25.1 79.2 89.1
Aug. 8 91 2.9 55.3 80.2
Sep. 6 120 2.3 45.3 75.4
Oct. 6 150 1.1 27.5 59.3

[0059] According to the above results, the life time of the Grapholita molesta is believed to be about ninety days.

EXAMPLE 2

[0060] The sex pheromone dispenser toward Peach Twig Borer (Anarsia lineatella) which is an insect pest of fruit trees outside of Japan comprises 20-cm-long tubes (A) and (B), joined in parallel manner as shown in FIG. 1, and the sex pheromone substance. The tubes (A) and (B) are described below. Release was confirmed at 0.3 m/s in a constant temperature tank at 25° C. Changes of the residual percentage of each sex pheromone component over elapsed days are shown in Table 5.

[0061] (A) The 140 mg of E-5-dodecenyl acetate is contained in a high-density polyethlene tube with inside diameter of 1.07 mm and outside diameter of 2.07 mm (thickness of 0.50 mm).

[0062] (B) The 60 mg of E-5-dodecenol is contained in a high-density polyethylene tube with inside diameter of 0.70 mm and outside diameter of 1.10 mm (thickness of 0.20 mm).

TABLE 5
Residual percentage (%)
Elapsed days Tube A Tube B
(day) E-5-dodecenyl acetate E-5-dodecenol A/B
0 100 100 1.00
22 78.4 81.4 0.96
55 45.8 48.3 0.95
85 23.9 26.0 0.92
111 9.1 10.3 0.88

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 2

[0063] A 20-cm long high-density polyethylene tube with inside diameter of 1.28 mm and outside diameter of 2.48 mm (thickness of 0.60 mm) was bonded with aluminum wire to afford it formability. The solution wherein all of the sex pheromone components used in Example 2 had been mixed uniformly was contained in the tube so as to produce the dispenser. The dispensers were tested in the same manner as in Example 2. Changes of residual percentage of each pheromone component over elapsed time were measured.

TABLE 6
Residual percentage (%)
Elapsed days Tube A Tube B
(day) E-5-dodecenyl acetate E-5-dodecenol A/B
0 100 100 1.00
22 83.2 96.0 0.87
55 49.2 75.6 0.65
85 28.7 57.9 0.50
111 16.0 44.5 0.36

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7293387 *Jun 8, 2004Nov 13, 2007Woodstream CorporationAttractant system for mounting to an insect trapping apparatus
US8418399 *Nov 20, 2006Apr 16, 2013Sociedad Espaņola De Desarrollos Quimicos S.L.Trapping device for frugivorous insects
US8691256Mar 19, 2009Apr 8, 2014Tyratech, Inc.Pest control compositions and methods
Classifications
U.S. Classification424/405, 43/107
International ClassificationA01N31/02, A01N37/02, A01N25/10, A01M1/02, A01N25/18, A01N25/34, A01M1/20, A01N35/02
Cooperative ClassificationA01N31/02, A01N37/02, A01N25/18, A01N35/02, A01M1/2044
European ClassificationA01N37/02, A01N31/02, A01N35/02, A01M1/20C2L, A01N25/18
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 16, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HOJO, TATSUYA;OGAWA, KINYA;AIBA, NOBORU;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:015104/0341
Effective date: 20040224