US 20040204858 A1 Abstract A method for predicting reservoir properties at an unexplored subterranean location based on known seismic attributes at the unexplored subterranean location, as well as known reservoir properties and seismic attributes at a plurality of explored subterranean locations proximate to the unexplored subterranean locations. The method uses residual stepwise regression to generate a prediction equation capable of calculating predicted reservoir properties based on multiple seismic attributes. The residual stepwise regression involves using residual values from a previous regression step to determine which seismic attribute will be included in a subsequent regression step.
Claims(42) 1. A method of predicting a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations, said seismic attribute pool including a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) performing a first regression of the known reservoir properties and a first one of the common seismic attributes at the explored locations, said regression yielding a first prediction equation for calculating a first predicted reservoir property; (b) calculating first residuals for the known reservoir properties and corresponding first predicted reservoir properties generated with the first prediction equation; (c) correlating the first residuals with the common seismic attributes not used in the regression of step (a); and (d) selecting the common seismic attribute with the highest correlation from step (c) as a second one of the common seismic attributes. 2. The method of (e) performing a second regression of the known reservoir properties and the first one and second one of the common seismic attributes at a plurality of the explored locations, said second regression yielding a second prediction equation for calculating a second predicted reservoir property.
3. The method of (f) determining a first correlation value and a first prediction error for the first regression; and
(g) determining a second correlation value and a second prediction error for the second regression.
4. The method of (h) comparing the second correlation value and second prediction error with the first correlation value and first prediction error to determine whether the second prediction equation provides a more accurate property prediction than the first prediction equation.
5. The method of (i) using the first prediction equation to calculate the reservoir property at the unexplored subterranean location if the second prediction equation does not provide a more accurate property prediction than the first prediction equation.
6. The method of (j) calculating second residuals for the known reservoir properties and corresponding second predicted reservoir properties generated with the second prediction equation.
7. The method of (k) correlating the second residuals with the common seismic attributes not used in the second regression.
8. The method of (l) selecting the common seismic attribute with the highest correlation from step (k) as a third one of the seismic attributes.
9. The method of (m) performing a third regression of the known reservoir properties and the first one, second one, and third one of the common seismic attributes at a plurality of the explored locations, said third regression yielding a third prediction equation for calculating a third predicted reservoir property.
10. The method of (n) prior to step (a), correlating the known reservoir properties with each of the common seismic attributes.
11. The method of (o) selecting the first one of the common seismic attributes based on the correlation of step (n).
12. The method of 13. The method of (p) selecting a common seismic attribute different from the first one of the common seismic attributes; and
(q) repeating steps (a)-(d) using the common seismic attribute selected in step (p) as the first one of the common seismic attributes.
14. A stepwise regression method for predicting a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations, said seismic attribute pool including a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) selecting one of the common seismic attributes as a current starting attribute and proceeding to step (b); (b) adding the selected seismic attribute from the previous step to a cumulative attribute set and proceeding to step (c); (c) performing a regression of the known reservoir properties and the seismic attribute or attributes in the cumulative attribute set, to thereby yield a current prediction equation for calculating a predicted reservoir property and proceeding to step (d); (d) calculating a current correlation value, a current prediction error, and current residuals for the known reservoir properties and corresponding predicted reservoir properties generated with the current prediction equation and proceeding to step (e); (e) proceeding to step (g) if the selected seismic attribute from step (b) is the starting seismic attribute, otherwise comparing the current correlation value and prediction error to a prior correlation value and prediction error and proceeding to step (f); (f) proceeding to step 0) if the current correlation value or prediction error is worse than the prior correlation value and prediction error, otherwise proceeding to step (g); (g) correlating the residuals from step (d) with each of the common seismic attributes not currently in the cumulative attribute data set and proceeding to step (h); (h) designating the current prediction equation, correlation value, and prediction error as a prior prediction equation, correlation value, and prediction error and proceeding to step (i); (i) selecting the seismic attribute with the highest correlation from step (g) as a next seismic attribute and returning to step (b); and (j) designating the prior prediction equation as an optimum prediction equation for the current starting attribute. 15. The stepwise regression method of (k) subsequent to step (j), designating one of the common seismic attributes not selected in step (a) as the current starting attribute and proceeding to step (b).
16. The stepwise regression method of (a1) correlating the known reservoir properties with the common seismic attributes. 17. The stepwise regression method of (a2) designating several of the common seismic attributes as possible starting attributes based on the correlation of step (a1). 18. The stepwise regression method of (a3) selecting the possible starting attribute with the highest correlation from step (a1) as the current starting attribute. 19. The stepwise regression method of (k1) selecting the possible starting attribute with the second highest correlation from step
(a) as the current starting attribute.
20. A method of predicting a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations, said seismic attribute pool including a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) correlating the known reservoir properties with the common seismic attributes to yield a correlation value that is proportional to the degree of correlation between the known reservoir properties and the common seismic attributes; (b) selecting several of the common seismic attributes with the highest correlation values as possible starting attributes; (c) determining a prediction equation for each possible starting attribute, each of said prediction equations having a correlation value and prediction error associated therewith; and (d) selecting an optimum prediction equation from the prediction equations determined in step (c) based on the correlation value and prediction error associated with the prediction equations determined in step (c). 21. The method of 3 to 6 of the common seismic attributes with the highest correlation values as possible starting attributes. 22. The method of 23. The method of 24. The method of step (c) including calculating residuals for each regression of the stepwise regression, step (c) including correlating the residuals with the common seismic attributes not used in a previous regression. 25. The method of step (c) including using the seismic attribute that best correlates with the residuals as the next seismic attribute to be used in a subsequent regression. 26. The method of step (d) including comparing the correlation value and prediction error of a prior regression with the correlation value and prediction error of a current regression to determine whether to continue with another regression. 27. The method of step (d) including designating the current regression as a last regression when the correlation value or prediction error of the current regression do not improve upon the correlation value and prediction error of the prior regression, said optimum prediction equation being generated from the regression conducted just prior to the last regression. 28. A method comprising the steps of:
(a) extracting actual well data from a plurality of subterranean well locations, said well data including a target reservoir property for each well location; (b) generating seismic data from a seismic survey of a subterranean region of interest that includes the subterranean well locations, said seismic data including a plurality of seismic attributes for each well location; (c) selecting an unexplored location in the subterranean region of interest, said unexplored location being spaced from the well locations; (d) correlating the target reservoir properties with the seismic attributes to yield a correlation value that is proportional to the degree of correlation between the target reservoir properties and the seismic attributes; (e) selecting several of the seismic attributes with the highest correlation values as possible starting attributes; (f) determining a prediction equation for each possible starting attribute, each of said prediction equations having a correlation value and prediction error associated therewith; (g) selecting an optimum prediction equation from the prediction equations determined in step (f) based on the correlation value and prediction error of the prediction equations; and (h) using the optimum prediction equation to calculate a predicted reservoir property at the unexplored location based on a plurality of the seismic attributes at the unexplored location. 29. The method of step (f) including using stepwise residual regression to determine the prediction equation for each starting attribute. 30. The method of said stepwise regression starting with a regression of one of the possible starting attributes and then adding additional seismic attributes for subsequent regressions. 31. The method of step (f) including selecting the additional seismic attributes based on a correlation of a previous regression's residuals and the seismic attributes not used in the previous regression. 32. A method of determining the relative significance of multiple seismic attributes used to predict a reservoir property, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) normalizing each of the seismic attributes; (b) generating a reservoir property prediction equation via regression of the multiple seismic attributes and actual reservoir properties, said prediction equation being operable to calculate a predicted reservoir property based on the value of the seismic attributes plugged into the prediction equation, said prediction equation including a coefficient associated with each normalized seismic attribute; (c) dividing the coefficient for each normalized seismic attribute by the sum of the absolute values of all the coefficients used in the prediction equation. 33. The method of step (a) including calculating a mean value and a standard deviation for each seismic attribute. 34. The method of step (a) including subtracting the mean value for each seismic attribute from each sample for that seismic attribute to obtain a mean difference. 35. The method of step (a) including dividing each mean difference for each seismic attribute by the corresponding standard deviation. 36. A method of determining the relative significance of multiple seismic attributes used as variables in a reservoir property prediction equation, said prediction equation being operable to calculate a predicted reservoir property based on the values of the seismic attributes plugged into the prediction equation, said prediction equation including a coefficient associated with each seismic attribute, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) determining a standard deviation for each seismic attribute used in the prediction equation; (b) multiplying the standard deviation for each seismic attribute by the coefficient for that respective seismic attribute to yield a modified coefficient for each seismic attribute; and (c) dividing the modified coefficient for each seismic attribute by the sum of the absolute values of all the modified coefficients for all the seismic attributes used in the prediction equation. 37. A computer program stored on a computer-readable medium for directing operation of a computer to predict a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations said seismic attribute pool including a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location, said computer program comprising:
(a) a code segment operable to perform a regression of the known reservoir properties and a first one of the common seismic attributes at the explored locations said regression yielding a prediction equation for calculating a predicted reservoir property; (b) a code segment operable to calculate residuals for the known reservoir properties and corresponding predicted reservoir properties generated with the prediction equation; (c) a code segment operable to correlate the residuals with the common seismic attributes not used in the regression; and (d) a code segment operable to select the common seismic attribute with the highest correlation from the correlation step as a second one of the common seismic attributes. 38. A computer program stored on a computer-readable medium for directing operation of a computer to predict a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations, said seismic attribute pool including a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location, said computer program comprising:
(a) a code segment operable to select one of the common seismic attributes as a current starting attribute; (b) a code segment operable to add the seismic attribute selected by code segment (a) to a cumulative attribute set; (c) a code segment operable to perform a regression of the known reservoir properties and the seismic attribute or attributes in the cumulative attribute set to thereby yield a current prediction equation for calculating a predicted reservoir; (d) a code segment for calculating a current correlation value, a current prediction error, and current residuals for the known reservoir properties and corresponding predicted reservoir properties generated with the current prediction equation: (e) a code segment operable to initiate code segment (g) if the selected seismic attribute employed in code segment (b) is the starting seismic attribute, otherwise to compare the current correlation value and prediction error to a prior correlation value and prediction error; (f) a code segment operable to initiate code segment (i) if the current correlation value or prediction error is worse than the prior correlation value and prediction error; (g) a code segment operable to correlate the residuals calculated by code segment (d) with each of the common seismic attributes not currently in the cumulative attribute data set; (h) a code segment operable to designate the current prediction equation, correlation value, and prediction error as a prior prediction equation, correlation value, and prediction error: (i) a code segment operable to select the seismic attribute with the highest correlation generated by code segment (g) as a next seismic attribute and initiate code segment (b); and (j) a code segment operable to designate the prior prediction equation as an optimum prediction equation for the current starting attribute. 39. A computer program stored on a computer-readable medium for directing operation of a computer to predict a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations, said seismic attribute pool including a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location, said computer program comprising:
(a) a code segment operable to correlate the known reservoir properties with the common seismic attributes to yield a correlation value that is proportional to the degree of correlation between the known reservoir properties and the common seismic attributes; (b) a code segment operable to select several of the common seismic attributes with the highest correlation values as possible starting attributes; (c) a code segment operable to determine a prediction equation for each possible starting attribute, each of said prediction equations having a correlation value and prediction error associated therewith, and (d) a code segment operable to select an optimum prediction equation from the prediction equations determined by code segment (c) based on the correlation value and prediction error associated with the prediction equations determined by code segment (c). 40. (Canceled) 41. A computer program stored on a computer-readable medium for directing operation of a computer to determine the relative significance of multiple seismic attributes used to predict a reservoir property, said computer program comprising:
(a) a code segment operable to normalize each of the seismic attributes; (b) a code segment operable to generate a reservoir property prediction equation via regression of the multiple seismic attributes and actual reservoir properties, said prediction equation being operable to calculate a predicted reservoir property based on the value of the seismic attributes plugged into the prediction equation, said prediction equation including a coefficient associated with each normalized seismic attribute; (c) a code segment for dividing the coefficient for each normalized seismic attribute by the sum of the absolute values of all the coefficients used in the prediction equation. 42. A computer program stored on a computer-readable medium for directing operation of a computer to determine the relative significance of multiple seismic attributes used as variables in a reservoir property prediction equation, said prediction equation being operable to calculate a predicted reservoir property based on the values of the seismic attributes plugged into the prediction equation, said prediction equation including a coefficient associated with each seismic attribute, said computer program comprising:
(a) a code segment operable to determine a standard deviation for each seismic attribute used in the prediction equation; (b) a code segment operable to multiply the standard deviation for each seismic attribute by the coefficient for that respective seismic attribute to yield a modified coefficient for each seismic attribute; and (c) a code segment operable to divide the modified coefficient for each seismic attribute by the sum of the absolute values of all the modified coefficients for all the seismic attributes used in the prediction equation. Description [0001] 1. Field of the Invention [0002] The present invention relates generally to methods for using seismic data to predict reservoir properties at unexplored subterranean locations. In another aspect, the invention relates to a method for predicting reservoir properties at unexplored subterranean locations based on known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations and seismic attributes generated from a seismic survey or surveys encompassing both the explored and unexplored subterranean locations. [0003] 2. Description of the Prior Art [0004] Seismic surveys gather important information about the subsurface of the earth. Data gathered from a seismic survey is typically manipulated to yield a pool of unique seismic attributes. Seismic attributes can be defined as analytical measurements of the seismic expression of geologic conditions and can take a variety of forms. Frequently, seismic attributes are measurements of a seismic waveform's amplitude, length, area, symmetry, frequency, or phase. In addition, seismic attributes maybe discrete classifications (e.g., pattern assignments or facies), structural (time or depth horizons, isochrons, or isopachs), and spatial coordinates (e.g., X-coordinate and Y-coordinate). Each seismic attribute responds to particular reservoir conditions in a unique manner. Thus, seismic attributes can be used to predict reservoir properties (e.g., porosity, thickness, or fluid type) of the subterranean formation. By using multiple seismic attributes for reservoir property prediction, noise contamination may be reduced and accuracy of the prediction may be enhanced. [0005] A number of conventional methods exist for using multiple seismic attributes to predict reservoir properties of a subterranean formation. When known reservoir properties (typically from well logs) are available at locations within the surveyed region, those known reservoir properties can be used to help “calibrate” the seismic attributes. A variety of methods exist for calibrating seismic attributes with known reservoir properties in an effort to more accurately predict reservoir properties at unexplored locations. One conventional calibration method performs calculations for all possible combinations of the seismic attributes. Such an exhaustive approach is very computationally intensive and can require long periods of time and expensive computers to achieve. Another conventional calibration method involves selecting a pre-identified group of the seismic attributes to use in the calculation. However, one can never be sure that the pre-selected seismic attributes provide the best solution. Still another conventional calibration method progressively adds seismic attributes to a predetermined starting attribute. This method, however, can result in a local answer which is not the optimal global solution. [0006] Typically, the above-described conventional techniques each yield a multi-variable prediction equation that can be employed to calculate a predicted reservoir property at a certain unexplored location based on multiple seismic attributes at that location. However, there is currently no procedure for quantitatively determining the relative contribution of each seismic attribute used in the prediction equation. Such a procedure for quantitatively determining the predictive significance of each seismic attribute would be helpful for selecting which seismic attributes to extract from seismic survey data for future property predictions. [0007] It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a computationally efficient method of predicting reservoir properties using multiple seismic attributes. [0008] Another object of the present invention is to provide a more accurate method of predicting reservoir properties using multiple seismic attributes that avoids providing a local solution. [0009] Still another object of the present invention is to provide a quantitative method of determining the relative significance of individual attributes used as variables in multi-variable prediction equations. [0010] It should be understood that the above-listed objects are only exemplary, and not all the objects listed above need be accomplished by the invention described and claimed herein. [0011] In one embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method of predicting a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations. The seismic attribute pool includes a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location. The property prediction method comprises the steps of: (a) performing a first regression of the known reservoir properties and a first one of the common seismic attributes at the explored locations, with the regression yielding a first prediction equation for calculating a first predicted reservoir property; (b) calculating first residuals for the known reservoir properties and corresponding first predicted reservoir properties generated with the first prediction equation; (c) correlating the first residuals with the common seismic attributes not used in the regression of step (a); and (d) selecting the common seismic attribute with the highest correlation from step (c) as a second one of the common seismic attributes. [0012] In another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a stepwise regression method for predicting a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations. The seismic attribute pool includes a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location. The stepwise cumulative regression method comprises the steps of: (a) selecting one of the common seismic attributes as a current starting attribute and proceeding to step (b); (b) adding the selected seismic attribute from the previous step to a cumulative attribute set and proceeding to step (c); (c) performing a regression of the known reservoir properties and the seismic attribute or attributes in the cumulative attribute set, to thereby yield a current prediction equation for calculating a predicted reservoir property and proceeding to step (d); (d) calculating a current correlation value, a current prediction error and current residuals for the known reservoir properties and corresponding predicted reservoir properties generated with the current prediction equation and proceeding to step (e); (e) proceeding to step (g) if the selected seismic attribute from step (b) is the starting seismic attribute, otherwise comparing the current correlation value and prediction error to a prior correlation value and prediction error and proceeding to step (f); (f) proceeding to step (j) if the current correlation value or prediction error is worse than the prior correlation value and prediction error, otherwise proceeding to step (g); (g) correlating the residuals from step (d) with each of the common seismic attributes not currently in the cumulative attribute data set and proceeding to step (h); (h) designating the current prediction equation, correlation value, and prediction error as a prior prediction equation, correlation value, and prediction error and proceeding to step (i); (i) selecting the seismic attribute with the highest correlation from step (g) as a next seismic attribute and returning to step (b); and (j) designating the prior prediction equation as an optimum prediction equation for the current starting attribute. [0013] In still another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method of predicting a reservoir property at an unexplored subterranean location based on a seismic attribute pool generated from a seismic survey and known reservoir properties at explored subterranean locations. The seismic attribute pool includes a plurality of common seismic attributes for each explored and unexplored location. The prediction method comprises the steps of: (a) correlating the known reservoir properties with the common seismic attributes to yield a correlation value that is proportional to the degree of correlation between the known reservoir properties and the common seismic attributes; (b) selecting several of the common seismic attributes with the highest correlation values as possible starting attributes; (c) determining a prediction equation for each possible starting attribute, each of said prediction equations having a correlation value and prediction error associated therewith; and (d) selecting an optimum prediction equation from the prediction equations determined in step (c) based on the correlation value and prediction error of the prediction equations determined in step (c). [0014] In yet another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method comprising the steps of: (a) extracting actual well data from a plurality of subterranean well locations, the well data including a target reservoir property for each well location; (b) generating seismic data from a seismic survey of a subterranean region of interest that includes the subterranean well locations, with the seismic data including a plurality of seismic attributes for each well location; (c) selecting an unexplored location in the subterranean region of interest, with the unexplored location being spaced from the well locations; (d) correlating the target reservoir properties with the seismic attributes to yield a correlation value that is proportional to the degree of correlation between the target reservoir properties and the seismic attributes; (e) selecting several of the seismic attributes with the highest correlation values as possible starting attributes; (f) determining a prediction equation for each possible starting attribute, each of the prediction equations having a correlation value and prediction error associated therewith; and (g) selecting an optimum prediction equation from the prediction equations determined in step (f) based on the correlation value and prediction error of the prediction equations; and (h) using the optimum prediction equation to calculate a predicted reservoir property at the unexplored location based on the seismic attributes at the unexplored location. [0015] In a further embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method of determining the relative significance of multiple seismic attributes used to predict a reservoir property. The method comprises the steps of: (a) normalizing each of the seismic attributes; (b) generating a reservoir property prediction equation via regression of the multiple seismic attributes and actual reservoir properties, the prediction equation being operable to calculate a predicted reservoir property based on the value of the seismic attributes plugged into the prediction equation, the prediction equation including a coefficient associated with each normalized seismic attribute; and (c) dividing the coefficient for each normalized seismic attribute by the sum of the absolute values of all the coefficients used in the prediction equation. [0016] In a still further embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method of determining the relative significance of multiple seismic attributes used as variables in a reservoir property prediction equation. The prediction equation is operable to calculate a predicted reservoir property based on the values of the seismic attributes plugged into the prediction equation. The prediction equation includes a coefficient associated with each seismic attribute. The method comprises the steps of: (a) determining a standard deviation for each seismic attribute used in the prediction equation; (b) multiplying the standard deviation for each seismic attribute by the coefficient for that respective seismic attribute to yield a modified coefficient for each seismic attribute; and (c) dividing the modified coefficient for each seismic attribute by the sum of the absolute values of all the modified coefficients for all the seismic attributes used in the prediction equation. [0017] A preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below with reference to the attached drawing figures, wherein: [0018]FIG. 1 is a simplified isometric view of a subterranean region of interest, particularly illustrating a plurality of wellbores extending downwardly to a reservoir in the subterranean formation; [0019]FIG. 2 is the first half of a flow chart depicting steps involved in the property prediction method of the present invention; [0020]FIG. 3 is the second half of the property prediction flow chart of FIG. 2; [0021]FIG. 4 [0022]FIG. 4 [0023]FIG. 5 [0024]FIG. 5 [0025]FIG. 5 [0026] Referring initially to FIG. 1, a simplified oil field is shown as including a plurality of wells A-E. Each well A-E extends downwardly into a subterranean formation [0027] In addition to the data gathered from wells A-E, the present invention requires that one or more seismic surveys be conducted for subterranean formation [0028] Referring to FIG. 2, in accordance with the present invention, known reservoir property data [0029]FIGS. 4 [0030] Referring again to FIG. 2, after each of the seismic attributes has been correlated with the known reservoir properties in correlation step [0031] In step [0032] In step [0033] Referring again to FIG. 2, in step [0034] Referring now to FIG. 3, in step [0035] Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, once the next seismic attribute has been selected in step [0036] Referring again to FIG. 3, when cumulative attribution set Y [0037] In step [0038] Referring again to FIG. 3, once all possible starting attributes have been addressed in residual stepwise regression steps [0039] In another embodiment of this invention, a method is provided for determining the relative significance of multiple seismic attributes used as variables in a reservoir property prediction equation. This embodiment of the invention can be applied to the reservoir property prediction equation generated from the method outlined in FIGS. 2 and 3. Alternatively, this embodiment of the invention can be employed separately from the method outlined in FIGS. 2 and 3. Generally, reservoir property prediction equations will have the following form: Reservoir Property= [0040] wherein A [0041] In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, the significance of seismic attributes in a prediction equation can be determined by normalizing each attribute prior to determining the prediction equation. To normalize each attribute, the mean of that attribute must be subtracted from each sample of the attribute, and this result divided by the standard deviation of the attribute. The prediction equation can then be generated using the normalized attribute in a conventional regression process or the inventive regression process described herein. The resulting prediction equation can then be analyzed for each attribute's contribution significance. This is done by dividing the coefficient of the attribute by the sum of the absolute value of all the coefficients involved in the prediction equation. A negative result means that the attribute is inversely related to the property being predicted, whereas a positive result means they are directly related. After the significance of the seismic attribute used in a reservoir property prediction equation has been determined, this information can be used to ensure that the most significant attributes are extracted from future seismic survey data. [0042] It will be appreciated that the various steps of the method may be implemented using software, firmware, hardware, or any combination thereof. In a preferred implementation, the various steps are encoded as instructions in one or more routines, subroutines, or code segments of a computer program stored on a memory media and executable by a computing device. The computing device may take the form of any conventional personal computer, whether desktop or portable in nature, or any of a variety of smaller hand-held devices having sufficient processing and other computing resources to execute the computer program in the manner desired. In an equally preferred alternative implementation, the various steps are implemented in the electronic logic hardware of a substantially electronic device. [0043] The preferred forms of the invention described above are to be used as illustration only and should not be used in a limiting sense to interpret the scope of the present invention. Obvious modifications to the exemplary embodiments, set forth above, could be readily made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention. [0044] The inventor hereby states his intent to rely on the Doctrine of Equivalents to determine and assess the reasonably fair scope of the present invention as it pertains to any apparatus not materially departing from but outside the literal scope of the invention as set forth in the following claims. Referenced by
Classifications
Legal Events
Rotate |