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Publication numberUS20040216631 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/791,165
Publication dateNov 4, 2004
Filing dateMar 2, 2004
Priority dateMar 3, 2003
Also published asCA2459262A1, CN1539679A, CN100393555C, DE502004007186D1, EP1455160A1, EP1455160B1, US20060222881
Publication number10791165, 791165, US 2004/0216631 A1, US 2004/216631 A1, US 20040216631 A1, US 20040216631A1, US 2004216631 A1, US 2004216631A1, US-A1-20040216631, US-A1-2004216631, US2004/0216631A1, US2004/216631A1, US20040216631 A1, US20040216631A1, US2004216631 A1, US2004216631A1
InventorsThomas Fink, Neil Heeke, Adolf Olzinger, Thomas Pfeiffer, Reinhard Ranftl, Richard Bender, Bartholomaus Forster
Original AssigneeThomas Fink, Neil Heeke, Adolf Olzinger, Thomas Pfeiffer, Reinhard Ranftl, Richard Bender, Bartholomaus Forster
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metal fixing material bushing and method for producing a base plate of a metal fixing material bushing
US 20040216631 A1
Abstract
A glass-to-metal bushing for ignitors of airbags or belt tensioning pulleys. A metal pin is arranged in a slot in the base plate in the fixing material, the base plate being formed by one element whereby the base geometry describing the slot is produced by at least one separation process. Structure is provided between the front and rear of the base plate for preventing relative motion of the fixing material in the direction of the base plate rear portion across from the inner circumference of the slot.
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Claims(43)
1. Metal fixing material bushing for igniters of airbags or belt tensioning pulleys, in particular glass to metal bushing;
with at least one metal pin which is arranged in a slot in the base plate in a fixing material, whereby the base plate has a front and a rear characterized by the following features:
the base plate is formed by one element, whereby the base geometry describing the slot is produced by at least one separation process;
resources are provided between the front and rear of the base plate for prevention of a relative motion of fixing material in the direction of the rear across from the inner circumference of the slot.
2. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the contour describing the final geometry is produced by the separation process.
3. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1 or whose resources are an integral component of the base plate or form a structural unit with them.
4. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the metal fixing material bushing comprises at least two metal pins in parallel arrangement to each other.
5. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the metal pin is firmly connected with a fixing material yielding a fixing material plug.
6. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 5, characterized by the fact that the metal pin is sealed with the fixing material.
7. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that a glass plug formed from molten glass or a high-performance polymer is used as fixing material.
8. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the resources for prevention of a relative motion of fixing material in the direction of the rear across from the inner circumference of the slot comprise at least one undercut arranged between the rear and the front viewed from the rear on the inner circumference of the slot in the base plate, whereby the front is free from such an undercut.
9. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 8, characterized by the fact that the undercut is formed by at least one projection.
10. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 9, characterized by the following features:
the slot is characterized by two sub-areas—a first sub-area which extends from the rear toward the front and a second sub-area, which extends from the front toward the rear;
the projection is formed by the second sub-area, which is characterized by lesser inner dimensions than the first sub-area;
the first and second sub-areas have an unchanging geometry with constant inner dimensions over their length.
11. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 9, characterized by the following features:
the slot is characterized by two sub-areas—a first sub-area which extends from the rear toward the front and a second sub-area, which extends from the front toward the rear;
the projection is formed by the second sub-area, which is characterized by lesser inner dimensions than the first sub-area;
the first and/or second sub-areas have a variable geometry and/or different inner dimensions over their length.
12. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 11, characterized by the fact that the first sub-area is characterized by a reduction of the dimensions starting from the front to the second sub-area.
13. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 11, characterized by the fact that the slot exhibits a circular cross section and at least the first sub-area, preferably also the second sub-area is tapered.
14. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 8, characterized by the fact that undercut is centrally arranged.
15. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 8, characterized by the following features:
with an undercut in both directions;
the slot is characterized by three sub-areas—a first sub-area, which extends from the rear toward the front, a second sub-area adjacent to the first sub-area and a third sub-area, which extends from the front to the rear;
the second sub-area is characterized by lesser dimensions of the slot than the first and third sub-areas.
16. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 8, characterized by the following features:
with an undercut in both directions;
the slot is characterized by three sub-areas—a first sub-area, which extends from the rear toward the front, a second sub-area adjacent to the first sub-area and a third sub-area, which extends from the front to the rear;
the second sub-area is characterized by greater dimensions of the slot than the first and third sub-areas.
17. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 15, characterized by the fact that the first and third sub-areas are characterized by identical cross section dimensions.
18. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 9, characterized by the fact that a number of projections are provided arranged in circumferential direction distanced to each other on a common length between the front and the rear.
19. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the slot exhibits a circular cross section.
20. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact the slot exhibits a randomly selectable cross section.
21. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the base plate is formed by a stamped metal part.
22. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 21, characterized by the fact that the stamped metal part is polished.
23. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the resources for prevention of a relative motion of fixing material in the direction of the rear across from the inner circumference of the slot comprise at least one positive connection between fixing material plug and a part of the slot.
24. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the resources comprise an element inserted in the slot and the inner circumference of the slot and/or the outer circumference of the element exhibits a roughness of ≧10 μm.
25. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that on the metal pin resources are provided for the prevention of a relative motion of the pin opposite the fixing material.
26. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 15, characterized by the fact that the resources for prevention of a relative motion of the pin opposite the fixing material comprise at least one projection in radial direction on the pin.
27. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 26, characterized by the fact that the projection is an integral component of the pin.
28. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 26, characterized by the fact that the projection is formed by an element connected to the pin.
29. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 26, characterized by the fact that the resources for the prevention of a relative motion of the pin opposite the fixing material comprise a number of projections adjoined in axial direction and in radial direction on the pin.
30. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that at least two metal pins are provided.
31. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 30, characterized by the fact that the two or more metal pins are in parallel arrangement to each other.
32. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 30, characterized by the fact that the second metal pin is grounded to the rear of the base plate.
33. Metal fixing material bushing according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that a metal pin is provided, which is arranged in a slot in the base plate in a fixing material, as well as a socket of the base plate which is grounded.
34. Method for manufacturing a base plate of a metal bushing according to claim 1,
in which from one part, in particular a sheet metal part, of predefined thickness the final contour describing the outer geometry is gained by means of a separation process;
in which to form the slot for at least one metal pin the base geometry describing the starting form of the slot is gained by means of punching out of the part, in particular of the sheet metal part.
35. Method according to claim 34, characterized by the fact that the final contour describing the outer geometry gained by the separation process and the base geometry describing the starting form of the slot are produced in one processing step in the form of punching out with a tool.
36. Method according to claim 34, characterized by the fact that the undercuts in the slots are formed by deformation of the slot.
37. Method according to claim 36, characterized by the fact that the deformation is achieved by means of at least one stamping operation.
38. Method according to claim 36, characterized by the fact that the stamping and punching operations are performed from the same side on the base plate.
39. Method according to claim 36, characterized by the fact that the stamping and punching operations are performed from at different sides on the base plate.
40. Method according to claim 36, characterized by the fact that the stamping and punching operations are performed on both sides on the base plate.
41. Method according to claim 40, characterized by the fact that either tools with the same parameters or the same tools are used for stamping and punching.
42. Method according to one claim 34, characterized by the fact that prior to the punching out of the slot in the area of the slot to be produced on the sheet metal part a stamping operation is performed.
43. Method according to one claim 34, characterized by the fact that the socket of the base plate is obtained after punching out by means of deep drawing.
Description

[0001] The invention relates to a metal fixing material bushing, in particular with the features of the generic part of claim 1; further a method for the production of a base plate of a metal fixing material bushing, in particular with the features from the generic part of claim 23.

[0002] Metal fixing material bushings are anticipated in the state of the art in various designs. By metal fixing material bushings, vacuum-tight sealings of fixing materials are understood, in particular sealings of glasses to metals. The metals act as electric conductors. As representatives, we make reference to U.S. Pat. No. 5,345,872, U.S. Pat. No. 3,274,937. Such bushings are common in electronics and in electrical engineering. The glass used for sealing serves as an insulator. Typical metal fixing material bushings are built in such a way, that metallic inner conductors are sealed in a preformed sintered glass part, whereby the sintered glass part or the glass tube in an outer metal part is sealed with the so-called base plate. For example, igniters are preferred applications of such metal fixing material bushings. Said igniters are used among other things for airbags or belt tensioning pulleys in motor vehicles. In this case the metal fixing material bushings are components of an ignition device. In addition to the metal fixing material bushing, the entire ignition device comprises a spark gap, the explosive as well as a metal cover, which tightly encapsulates the ignition mechanism. Either one or two or more than two metallic pins can be passed through the bushing. In a preferred implementation with one metallic pin the casing is grounded, in a preferred two-pole embodiment it grounded to one of the pins. The previously described ignition device is used in particular for air bags or belt tensioning pulleys in motor vehicles. Known devices of the named or similar type are described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,274,252, U.S. Pat. No. 5,621,183, DE 29 04 174 A1 or DE 199 27 233 A1, whose disclosure content is fully included in the present application. The previously named ignition units have two metal pins. However, electronic ignition devices are also possible with only a single pin. The ignition devices shown in the state of the art comprise a metal base plate, for example a metal sleeve, which is constructed as a swivel part. The metal base plate exhibits at least one slot through which at least one metal pin is passed. One significant problem of this design consists in the fact that such a design is both material and cost-intensive.

[0003] The invention is therefore based on the object of creating a metal fixing material bushing of the initially named type in such a way that it is characterized by a high strength with low material and labor expenses and by a suitability for higher stresses and further that assembly errors, which result from the inaccurate correspondence of the individual elements, are avoided.

[0004] The invention's solution is characterized by the features of claim 1. The procedural implementation for production of a base plate is described in claim 34. Advantageous developments are reproduced in the dependent claims.

[0005] The metal fixing material bushing comprises a metal base plate, through which at least one metal pin is passed. If two metal pins are provided in a preferred embodiment, one of the two pins at least directly or indirectly via additional elements establishes the ground connection to the base plate. In the implementation with two metal pins these metal pins are preferably arranged parallel to one another. At least one of the metal pins is arranged in a slot in the base body and fixed across from said base body by means of fixing material, preferably in the form of a glass plug. As per the invention the base plate is formed by a sheet metal element, whereby in a first embodiment at least the slot is produced by means of a separation process, in particular punching.

[0006] The base plate itself is preferably also punched out of a solid material, the final geometry of the base plate however is retained by means of a forming process for example deep drawing. In a preferred embodiment the final geometry describing the exterior contour and the base geometry describing the slot is produced at least by means of one separation process, in particular punching. Final geometry means that no more forming processes have to be performed on it. Base geometry means that it either represents the final geometry in the case of no further necessary changes or that changes can still be undertaken to said base geometry by means of further manufacturing methods, in particular forming methods, whereby the final geometry is not achieved until after these additional methods. Resources are provided between the front and the rear for avoiding a relative motion of fixing material in the direction of the rear toward the inner circumference of the slot. The resources are integrable components of the base plate or form together with the base plate a structural unit.

[0007] The production of the geometry by means of a separation process means that the final geometry on the outer circumference of the base plate is produced by means of blanking and the geometry of the slot is produced by means of punching. The resources for avoiding a relative motion of fixing material in the direction of the rear toward the inner circumference of the slot are provided for the purpose of getting control of the difficulties resulting from the sealing of the single metal pin in a slot and also for the purpose of security against a withdrawal of the unit fixing material and metal pin. Said resources act as a kind of barb and lead in the case of relative motion in the direction of the rear to a positive locking between fixing material plugs, in particular glass plug and base plate. These comprise for example at least one local contraction in the slot, whereby they can be provided in the entire region of the inner circumference, except for the front of the base plate.

[0008] The solution of the invention makes it possible to resort to a more cost-effective manufacturing method and starting materials, whereby the inventory is considerably minimized. Additionally, the entire base plate can be designed as an integral component, into which the metal pin is sealed by means of fixing material. Another significant advantage consists in the fact that even under increased loads on the single metal pin, for example a pressure load, a pressing out of the metal pin with the glass plug from the port slot is safely prevented. The overall design also builds smaller in width and is also applicable at a slighter size through the guarantee of the secure fixing of the metal pin in the base plate, even with higher loads.

[0009] Critical in the process is the fact that the local contraction of the cross section in the region of the rear or between the rear and front occur, whereby however the front is always characterized by a greater diameter.

[0010] In accordance with an especially advantageous design the second metal pin is grounded or fastened to ground as a ground pin on the rear of the base plate. As a result of this, additional measures for grounding a metal pin fixed in the base plate with fixing material or electrically coupling it to the base plate are no longer needed. Further, there is still only one pin to be fixed in a slot, whereby the possibilities for securely fixing the single pin completely in circumferential direction become more varied and the potential connecting surface for the ground pin can be enlarged.

[0011] For example a glass plug, a ceramic plug, a glass-ceramic plug or a high-performance polymer can be used as fixing material.

[0012] A number of possibilities exist for the concrete development of the resources for prevention of a relative motion between the fixing material and slot, in particular slipping out. These are characterized by measures on the base plate. In the simplest case measures on the base plate are resorted to, which can be implemented in production, particularly during the punching process. In the process the slot between the rear and the front is characterized by a change of the cross-sectional contour. In the simplest case at least two areas of variable inside dimensions are provided in the design as slot with circular cross section with variable diameter. In the process the cross-sectional change can take place in stages or continuously. In the latter case the slot between the front and rear is tapered in design, whereby said slot narrows to the rear.

[0013] The measures on the base plate are as a rule further characterized by the provision of several recesses or projections. These form at least one undercut arranged between the rear and the front viewed on the inner circumference of the slot in the base plate, whereby the front is free of such undercuts. In the symmetrical construction of the slot this is characterized by three sub-areas—a first sub-area, which extends from the rear in the direction of the front, a second sub-area connected to the first one and a third sub-area, which extends from the front in the direction of the rear. The second sub-area is characterized by slighter or greater dimensions of the slot than the first and third sub-areas. Preferably the first and second sub-areas are then characterized by identical cross-sectional dimensions.

[0014] In implementations with more than two areas of variable dimensions, in particular with variable diameters methods are selected which result from machining both sides of the base plate. If in the previously described implementations an asymmetrical shape of the slot is intended, with these implementations with more than two areas preferably a development of the slot is selected which can be used in any way with regard to the mounting position. This is, relative to a theoretical center line which runs vertically to the pin axis of the pin in the base plate and which extends in the central area of the base plate, symmetrically designed. Therewith the front and the rear can, with regard to their function, also be exchanged. The undercuts formed by these counteract possible movements of the fixing material plug in both directions.

[0015] In accordance with a further design there can also be a multiple number of projections arranged in circumferential direction distanced to each other on a common length between the front and the rear. These are as a rule produced by stamping, i.e. local forming under pressure in the area of the rear. The manufacturing process is thus especially cost-effective.

[0016] Another option for prevention of relative motions between fixing material plug and port consists in the forming of a positive connection between them. For example, normally the glass is placed in the opening together with the metal pin, the glass and metal ring are heated up, so that after the cooling the metal heat shrinks onto the glass plug. In general the slot exhibits in essence the final diameter after the punching of the slot. Naturally the punched slot can itself be machined, for example polished without the final diameter changing significantly. The slot can have a circular cross section. Other possibilities are conceivable, for example an oval cross section.

[0017] In accordance with an advantageous further development for additional prevention of relative motions under load between metal pin and fixing material measures on the metal pin are provided. In this process this can be a matter of projections or recesses extending over the entire outer circumference of the metal pin or with random or fixed predefined projections arranged next to each other in circumferential direction.

[0018] The method for manufacturing a base plate of a metal bushing is characterized by the fact that the end contour describing the outer geometry is gained by means of a separation process free of machining from a sheet metal part of predefined thickness. The achievement of the base geometry describing the form of the slot for formation of the slot also occurs for at least one metal pin by means of punching out of the sheet metal part. In the process both operations can be in cost-saving fashion in a single tool and one processing step. The undercuts in the slots are developed by means of deformation of the slots, for example by means of stamping. The single stamping operation can be undertaken before or after the punching operation. Preferably the stamping and punching operation take place on the same side of the base plate, to avoid unnecessary workpiece position changes and perhaps have these processes run one immediately after the other.

[0019] Corresponding to the desired geometries to be attained the stamping operations occur either on one side or both sides, whereby in the latter case preferably identical stamping parameters are set, in order to ensure a symmetrical implementation of the slot.

[0020] The invention's solution is explained in detail in the following using figures. The figures show the following:

[0021]FIG. 1a illustrates a first embodiment of a metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention;

[0022]FIGS. 1b through 1 e illustrate in greatly simplified diagrammatic view the basic principle of a method as per the invention for manufacturing a base plate in accordance with the invention;

[0023]FIG. 2a illustrates a second embodiment of a metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention with tapered design of the slot;

[0024]FIGS. 2b through 2 c illustrate a further embodiment of the method as per the invention for manufacturing a base plate in accordance with FIG. 2a after a punching operation;

[0025]FIG. 3 illustrates a third embodiment of a metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention with partially tapered design of the slot;

[0026]FIG. 4 illustrates an embodiment of the metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention with a projection between the front and rear in the contour describing the slot;

[0027]FIG. 5 illustrates an embodiment of the metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention with a recess between the front and rear in the contour describing the slot;

[0028]FIG. 6 illustrates an implementation as per FIG. 1a with additional projections on the metal pin;

[0029]FIG. 7 illustrates a further development as per FIG. 6;

[0030]FIG. 8 illustrates a further embodiment of the metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention with punctual contraction of the cross section in the region of the rear;

[0031]FIG. 9 illustrates an embodiment of the metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention with surface texturing in the slot;

[0032]FIG. 10 illustrates a further alternative embodiment of the metal fixing material bushing designed as per the invention;

[0033]FIG. 11 illustrates an embodiment with a metal pin, a so-called mono-pin.

[0034]FIG. 1a illustrates a first implementation of a metal fixing material bushing 1 designed as per the invention using an axial section, for example for use as an igniter of an airbag. This comprises a base plate 3 forming a metal collar 2, with which two parallel metal pins 4 and 5 are electrically coupled. The two metal pins 4 and 5 are arranged parallel to one another. In the process one acts as a conductor, while the second pin is grounded. In the represented case the first metal pin 4 acts as a conductor and metal pin 5 acts as the ground pin. At least one of the metal pins, in particular the metal pin 4 acting as the conductor is guided through the base plate 3. In the represented case the ground pin 5 is directly attached to the rear 12 of the base plate 3. The metal pin 4 is for this purpose sealed on a part l1 of its length l in fixing material 34, particularly on a glass plug 6 cooled from molten glass. The metal pin 4 protrudes at least on one side over the face 7 of the glass plug 6 and in the represented embodiment seals flush with the second face 8 of the glass plug 6. Other variants are also conceivable. Preferably not only the slot, but also the base plate 3 is designed as punched element 9. This means that the geometry describing the outer contour, in particular the outer circumference 10 is produced by means of blanking, preferably punching. The punch part can either continue to be used in the geometry as it is present after the punching operation or can be deformed in a further operation, for example it can be deep drawn. The slot 11 provided receiving and fixing of the metal pin 4 by means of the glass plug 6 is produced in a preferred embodiment by means of a punching operation in the form of slotting. Subsequently the metal pin 4 is inserted at the rear 12 of the metal fixing material bushing 1 together with the glass plug into the slot 11 and the metal plate containing the glass plug and the metal pin is heated, so that after a cooling operation the metal heat shrinks and in this way a non-positive connection between glass plug 6 with metal pin 4 and base plate 3 is formed. It is also conceivable to insert the fixing material in molten or fluid state, in particular the molten glass of the front 13 into the slot 11. During the cooling a positive and material connection incorporated into the material comes into being both between the outer circumference 14 of the metal pin 4 as well as between the inner circumference 15 of the slot 11. To prevent a loosening of the metal pin 4 with the glass plug 6 from the base plate 3 in the case of stress of the entire metal fixing material bushing 1 during ignition, resources for prevention of a relative motion between fixing material 34 and inner circumference 15 of the slot in the direction of the rear 12, said resources being marked with 35 here. These act sort of as a barb and bring about a positive locking between base plate 3 and glass plug 6 under tensile force influence and/or pressure on the glass plug 6 and/or the metal pin 4 and prevent therewith a slipping out at the rear 12. For this purpose as per a first embodiment the slot 11 is designed in such a way that it has an undercut 36, which is formed by a projection 37. This projection is arranged in the region of the rear 12 and in the represented case closes flush with it. The slot 12, which in the represented case is preferably designed with a circular cross section, is characterized through this projection 37 by means of two different diameters d1 and d2.

[0035] Diameter d1 is greater than diameter d2. Diameter d2 is the diameter of the slot 11 at the rear 12. Diameter d1 is the diameter of the slot 11 at the front 13. Thereby the slot 11 is executed over a significant part of its extent 1 d1 with the same diameter d1. ld2 stands for the design of slot 11 with diameter d2. That is, the slot has two sub-areas, a first sub-area 16 and a second sub-area 17, whereby the first sub-area 16 is characterized by diameter d1 and the second sub-area 17 is characterized by diameter d2. These diameters are produced thereby by means of a single-sided stamping operation in the form of slotting of the sides of the front 13 or rear 12 with subsequent deformation operation under the influence of pressure, particularly stamping, as represented in FIGS. 1b through 1 c on base plate 3. Preferably the punching and deformation operation each occur from the same side, in the represented case from the front 13. The blanking of base plate 3 can also take place within the framework of a punching operation or a preceding cutting operation, for example water-jet cutting or laser-beam cutting. Preferably this takes place however by means of punching. The tool for this is designed in such a way that the entire base plate 3 with a slot 11 is punched out in one processing step out of sheet metal 38 of a specified sheet thickness b, which corresponds to a thickness D of base plate 3.

[0036]FIGS. 1b through 1 e illustrates in diagrammatically simplified representation the basic principle of the invention's method for manufacturing of a base plate 3 with the required geometry. FIG. 1b illustrates in diagrammatically simplified representation the design of the punching tool 39 out of two sub-tools, one bottom part in the form of a die 40 and one upper part in the form of a punch 41. In the process the punch 41 moves toward the sheet metal 38 lying on matrix 10. The feed direction is designated by an arrow. The base plate 3′ resulting from this with regard to its outer final geometry and the geometry of the slot 11

[0037] after the punching is reproduced in FIG. 1c. The base plate 3′ can in this state and this position undergo a further stamping operation, in order to achieve the geometry of the slot 11 shown in FIG. 1a, I particular the undercut 36 formed by the projection 37. The stamping tool 42 is allocated to the front 23 of the base plate 3′ and is active on the slot 11″, as present after the punching, from the side of the front 12 in the direction of the rear 12. The active depth t1, which in the final state of the base plate 3 characterizes the distance of the undercut 36 from the front 13 is guaranteed in the process by means of the form of the stamping tool 42 and the stamp depth conditioned by it or else only through the stamp depth. FIG. 1e illustrates the position of the stamping tool 42 toward the base plate 3′ in the final state, i.e. after successful stamping, whereby in this state the base plate 3′ corresponds to the base plate 3. The finishing metals characterize the state of the element to be machined during production. In order to achieve an optimum stamping result, metallic materials with good flowability in the selected pressure impact are used as sheet metals 38 or thin elements. Preferably CuNi alloys or Al alloys or Ni or Fe alloys are used as metals. The use of steels, for example stainless steel, CRS 1010, constructional steels or Cr—Ni steel is particularly preferable.

[0038] In the implementation shown in FIGS. 1a through 1 e the slot 11 has a circular cross section. However, other forms are also conceivable, whereby in this case an undercut is formed by means of changing the inner dimensions of the opening. Further the displayed geometries are reproduced idealized. For example, in practice, as a rule surface areas that are not completely at right angles to each other will develop. It is crucial that a base contour of the slot be created, which for one does justice to the reception of a sealed metal pin and further the prevention of an outward movement of the totality of metal pin and fixing material, in particular the glass plug, i.e. also the surface areas forming the undercut and the adjacent surface areas can be arranged at an angle to each other.

[0039]FIG. 2a illustrates a further design of the base plate 3.2 using an axial cut through a metal fixing material bushing 1.2. The base structure of the metal fixing material bushing 1.2 corresponds to the one described in FIG. 1, for which reasons the same reference symbols are used for the same elements. In the implementation as per FIG. 2a the slot 11.2 is however has a tapered design. In the process diameter d proceeding from the front 13.2 to the rear 12.3 decreases steadily. This steady decrease in diameter by means of the formation of a cone embodies the resource 35 for the prevention of a relative motion between the fixing material and the inner circumference 15 of the slot.

[0040]FIG. 2b illustrates the base plate 3′ resulting after the punching operation after stamping. A slot 11′ can be seen with equal dimensions throughout. FIG. 2c illustrates the stamping tool 43, which has a tapered design and acts on the base plate 3′ as per FIG. 2b from the front 13.2 against a die 44. In contrast to this, FIG. 3 discloses a combination of the implementation according to FIGS. 1 and 2, in which only a part of the slot 11.3 has a tapered design. In this implementation the slot 11.3 of the metal fixing material bushing 13, particularly in base plate 3.3 is also divided into two sections, a first sub-area 16.3 and a second sub-area 17.3. The second sub-area 17.3 is characterized by a constant diameter d2.3 over its length ld2.3. The second sub-area 17.3 extends from the rear 12.3 toward the front 13.3 The first sub-area 16.3 is characterized by a constant cross section reduction of the slot 11.3. The reduction takes place from a diameter d1.3 up to a diameter d2.3. The low diameters at the rears 12.2, 12.3 as per the implementations of FIGS. 2 and 3 offer the advantage of a greater connecting surface 19 for metal pin 5.2 or 5.3, in particular for the ground pin. The undercut 36.3 results on the basis of the diameter change viewed from the second to the first sub-area 16.3.

[0041] In all of the embodiments shown in FIGS. 1 through 3 the asymmetrical geometry of the slot 11, when considered from the front 13 to the rear 12, offers the advantage of prevention of a slipping or pulling out of the glass plug 6 at the rear 12 or in the direction of the rear. Additionally, during the assembly as a result of the asymmetrical geometry there can be an easier orientation for the mounting position of the individual elements, in particular the metal pins 4 and 5. On the basis of the undercut a loosening of the constructional unit from metal pin 4 and the glass plug 6 from the base plate during ignition can be avoided. The additional material at the rear 12 offers the advantage of a greater connecting surface for the metal pin 4.5 to be grounded. Further this increases the strength of the glass seal of the metal pin in case of pressure impact on the front.

[0042]FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate two further implementations of a metal fixing material bushing 1.4 and 1.5 as per the invention with slot 11.4 and 11.5. With these implementations the slot 11 can be subdivided into three sub-areas. In the case of the implementation as per FIG. 4 in the sub-areas 20, 21, 22, whereby the first and third sub-areas 20 and 22 are preferably characterized by the same diameter d20 and d22. The second sub-area 21 is characterized by a lesser diameter d21 than diameters d20 and d22 and forms therewith a projection 23. Said projection forms the undercut 36.4 arranged between the front and rear for prevention of relative motion of the glass plug 6.4 in the direction of the rear 12.4 towards the inner circumference 15.4 of the slot 11.4. In particular the surfaces 24 and 25 directed toward the front 13.1 and rear 12.2 form the stop faces for the glass plug 6.4 in axial direction. This implementation is characterized by a fixing of the glass plug 6.4 in both directions, so that this development is suitable in particularly advantageous fashion for being randomly incorporable and positionable, particularly with regard to the connection of the metal pins 4.4.

[0043] This also holds true in analogy for the development of the metal fixing material bushing 1.5 presented in FIG. 5, in particular of the base plate 3.5. This development can also be subdivided into at least three sub-areas, whereby these individual sub-areas, which are marked here as 20.5, 21.5 and 22.5, describe a recess 26, which is arranged between the rear and front 12.5 and 13.5 respectively. The two outer sub-areas—first sub-area 20.5 and third sub-area 22.5— form in the process projections 27 and 28. The surfaces 29 and 30 of the individual projections 27 and 28 pointing at each other in the process form a stop for the cooled glass plug 6.5 in shifting between rear 12.5 and front 13.5. Both implementations cause an increase of the required hydrostatic forces in order to set the glass plug 6 in motion under shearing of parts of them in the case of pressure load.

[0044] With all of the solutions described up to now it is possible to use a narrower base plate 3 in comparison to the known solutions from the state of the art with equal or increased strength of the seal caused by the glass plug 6.

[0045] The production of the base plate 3.4 as per FIG. 4 occurs by means of punching of the base plate 3′ with a slot 11′ with constant diameter. The projection is achieved by means of two-sided stamping with a predefined stamp depth and a stamping tool with a greater diameter than the existing diameter of the slot 11′ after the punching. On the basis of the increase of the surface tension of the material on the base plate 3′ under the influence of the stamping tool in the case of the exceeding of the flow limit a flow of the material occurs, which then forms the projection 23. In the process it is irrelevant whether the stamping operation takes place first from the front or rear of the base plate.

[0046] In case a symmetrical design is desired, the stamping forces and the stamp depth should however be selected equally for both sides. The effected implementations apply in analogy also for the formation of the base plate as per FIG. 5. Here, too in the first processing step a punching out of the outer geometry of the base plate 3.5′ with slot 11.5′ occurs. The two projections 27 and 28 in the area of the front and rear 12 and 13 are then formed by means of the pressure forces becoming active on the front and rears 12, 13 on the base plate 3.5′. In the process the represented form of the recess is idealized.

[0047] If FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate measures on the base plate 3.4 or 3.5, in particular the slots 11.4 and 11.5 for prevention of a relative motion of the glass plug 6 toward them, FIGS. 6 and 7 show measures on the metal pin 4.6 or 4.7 which serve to prevent the of the metal pin 4.6 or 4.7 out of the glass plug 6.6 or 6.7 during the test and further during the ignition operation. FIG. 6 represents a combination of the implementation presented in FIG. 1 with additional modification of the metal pin 4.6. The pin 4.6 has at least one projection in the coupling area with base plate 3.6, said projection is marked 31 and extends in circumferential direction around the outer circumference 32 of the pin 4.6. In the presented implementation it is a matter of a projection 31, which extends around the entire outer circumference 32 of the metal pin 4.6. This projection can be formed by means of compressing or squeezing of the metal pin 4.6. Another possibility not shown here contains the arrangement of several projections adjacent to each other in circumferential direction, preferably arranged adjacent to each other at an equal distance on the metal pin 4.6 in the area of the coupling n the base plate 3.6. The feature of projections on the metal pin 4.6 contributes considerably to the improvement of the strength of the connection. This feature prevents the removal of the metal pin 4.6 during a corresponding test, in which normally the metal pin fails with tensile stress and removal of the glass plug. This holds true in analogy for the development as per FIG. 7. With this development, the metal pin 4.7 has in the contact area with the molten glass a number of projections arranged from above the axial extent of the slot, which are connected in series. In the simplest case a fluting 33 is used. With this fluting the same effect can be achieved as described in FIG. 6. The remaining structure matches that described in FIG. 6, which is why the same reference symbols are used for the same elements.

[0048] The implementations described in FIGS. 6 and 7 can additionally also be combined with the measures presented in FIGS. 2 through 5 on the base plate, in particular the slots.

[0049]FIG. 8 described a development in which the slot 11.8 is with the same diameter over the entire extent between rear 12 and front 13, whereby in the area of the rear 12.8 the base plate 3.8 is exposed to a stamping process. This takes place by means of pressurization on the rear 12.8, whereby this pressurization is performed punctually in the area of the circumference of the slot 11.8. The pressure impact follows the pressure execution on the rear 12.8. As a result, projections aligned in conformity with the metal pin 4.8 form over the entire area of the circumference of the slot 11, said projections having critical influence on the pressure ratios in the slot 11 from the front 13.8 to the rear 12.8. In the presented case the projections 37.81, 37.82 arranged in circumferential direction to each other at equal distance are produced. The glass plug 6.8 can be here as a pressed piece.

[0050]FIG. 9 illustrates an implementation in which the inner circumference 15.8 of the slot 11.8 is characterized by an essentially constant mean diameter d1 and additionally for achieving the holding effect for the glass plug 6.8, either the inner circumference 15.8 of the slot 11.8 in the base plate 6.8 or the outer circumference of the glass plug 6.9 undergoes surface treatment, in particular a surface machining processing, such as e.g. sandblasting or staining. In the process roughness values in the area of μ≧10 μm are achieved. The roughening of the surface serves the purpose of fit and supports the strength. In the implementation shown in FIG. 9 preferably the entire inner circumference 15 of the slot 11.5 is subjected to a corresponding surface treatment. Further the possibility exists to restrict the surface treatment to only a sub-area, whereby this should extend at least in the area of the rear 12.9.

[0051] In addition it would be possible to have the glass plug which is inserted into the base plate to be additionally enclosed by a socket. Then both the surface of the slot and/or the socket and/or the metal pin can be roughened.

[0052]FIG. 10 illustrates a further alternative development. In this development the slot 11.9 is characterized by a greater diameter d2 in the area of the rear 12.9 than on the front 13.9. This implementation makes it possible to design slots 11.9 also in thicker base plates 3.9. The slot 11.10 is for example punched or only bored out in sub-area 45.10. The second sub-area 48.10 is for example formed in both embodiments by boring this sub-area 46.10. In the bored sub-area 46.10 the glass plug 6.10 is inserted with the metal pin 4.10 and supported. Generally all of the possibilities named in the description for FIGS. 1 through 9 for inserting at least one slot in particular by means of punching out in a base plate are also suitable for inserting this slot in a first sub-area of the base plate and the rough working of the second sub-area for example by boring out of the base plate. The glass plug 6 with the metal pin can then be inserted into the first or second sub-area as described in FIGS. 1 through 9. While the previously described exemplified embodiments all referred to metal fixing material bushings, which comprised two metal pins, which were preferably in parallel arrangement, of which one of the metal pins was grounded to the rear of the base plate, the invention can in principle also be applied with more than two metal pins and with so-called mono pins. Mono pins are ignition units which comprise only a single metal pin, which is held by a pin support. The pin itself comprises for example a metal ring which forms the ground connection.

[0053] Such a mono pin is shown in FIG. 11. The pin support 100 comprises a metal pin 103, which is embedded in an insulated panel 104, which is preferably made of glass. The pin support comprises a base plate 101.1, which recesses the metal pin 103 as well as a socket 101.2 with an inner wall panel 101.2.1. The end of the sealed part of the metal pin 103 is electrically connected to the base plate 101.1 by means of a bridge 105. The slot 106 is placed in the base plate for example by means of a punching step. The slot can be placed in the base plate as previously described in FIGS. 1 through 10. Together with the slot the base plate 101.1 can be punched out as previously described. Preferably the slot is punched out together with the base plate. Especially preferably the base plate forms a one-piece component with the socket 101.2. The manufacturing of a one-piece component can for example happen by having a punch part punched out in one procedure step and the socket can be obtained by means of deep drawing.

[0054] Preferably the inner wall panel of the socket as well as the free end of the metal pin 103 is coated. Gold for example is used as a coating material. Preferably the coating is applied using electrolytic procedures. The coating serves the purpose of keeping the electrical resistance at the junction point 108 between a plug 120, which is inserted into the socket and of the interior 101.1.2 of the socket 101.2 low. The plug is designated as 120 in the figure.

[0055] In the case of all of the implementations presented in FIGS. 1 through 10 the base plate 3 executed as a swivel part in implementations as per the state of the art is replaced by stamped metal parts. The individual measures for prevention of a withdrawal of the metal pin 4 from the base plate under stress, which were provided in the individual figures on base plate 3 and for prevention of the withdrawal of the metal pin from the fixing material on the metal pin can also be used with each other in combination. In this regard the implementation is not subject to any restrictions at all. However, those implementations are aimed at that guarantee a high strength of the overall connection between the metal pin 4 and the base plate 3 and thus the metal fixing material bushing 1.

[0056] With all of the implementations presented in the figures the slots can be formed with variable cross section. Preferably however circular cross sections are selected. The formation of the undercuts takes place as an integral component of the base plate.

List of Reference Symbols

[0057]1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9 Metal fixing material bushing

[0058]2 Metal collar

[0059]3, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9 Base plate

[0060]3′, 3.2′ Base plate as semi-finished product during production

[0061]4, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9 Metal pin

[0062]5 Metal pin

[0063]6, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9 Glass plug

[0064]7 First face

[0065]8 Second face

[0066]9 Punched element

[0067]10 Outer circumference

[0068]11, 11.2, 11.3, 11.4, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9 Slot

[0069]11′, 11.2′ Slot during production

[0070]12, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7, 12.8, 12.9 Rear

[0071]13, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, 13.7, 13.8, 13.9 Front

[0072]14 Outer circumference

[0073]15 Inner circumference

[0074]16 First sub-area

[0075]17 Second sub-area

[0076]19 Connecting surface

[0077]20, 20.5 First sub-area

[0078]21, 21.5 Second sub-area

[0079]22, 22.5 third sub-area

[0080]23 Projection

[0081]24 Surface

[0082]25 Surface

[0083]26 Recess

[0084]27 Projection

[0085]28 Projection

[0086]29 Surface

[0087]30 Surface

[0088]31 Projection

[0089]32 Recess

[0090]33 Opening

[0091]34 Fixing material

[0092] Material for prevention of a relative motion between fixing material and inner circumference of the slot

[0093]36, 36.2, 36.3, 36.4, 36.5, 36.6, 36.7, 36.8 Undercut

[0094]37, 37.3, 37.4, 37.5, 37.6, 37.7, 37.81, 37.82 Projection

[0095]38 Sheet metal

[0096]39 Punching tool

[0097]40 Die

[0098]41 Punch

[0099]42 Stamping tool

[0100]43 Stamping tool

[0101]44 Die

[0102]45 First sub-area

[0103]46 Second sub-area

[0104]100 Pin support

[0105]101.1 Base plate

[0106]101.2 Socket of the base plate

[0107]101.2.1 Inner wall panel of socket

[0108]103 Metal pin

[0109]105 Bridge

[0110]106 Slot

[0111]108 Junction point

[0112]120 Plug which is inserted into the socket

[0113] d1, d3 Diameter

[0114] d2, d2.3 Diameter

[0115] ld1 Length

[0116] ld2 Length

[0117] ld1.3 Length

[0118] ld2.3 Length

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8127681 *Jan 25, 2007Mar 6, 2012Schott AgMetal-sealing material-feedthrough and utilization of the metal-sealing material feedthrough with an airbag, a belt tensioning device, and an ignition device
US8276514May 27, 2010Oct 2, 2012Schott AgMetal fixing material bushing and method for producing a base plate of a metal fixing material bushing
US8327765Apr 7, 2008Dec 11, 2012Schott AgMetal fixing material bushing and method for producing a base plate of a metal fixing material bushing
US8733250 *Feb 7, 2012May 27, 2014Schott AgMetal-sealing material-feedthrough and utilization of the metal-sealing material feedthrough with an airbag, a belt tensioning device, and an ignition device
US20120199036 *Feb 7, 2012Aug 9, 2012Thomas FinkMetal-sealing material-feedthrough and utilization of the metal-sealing material feedthrough with an airbag, a belt tensioning device, and an ignition device
DE102010045624A1Sep 17, 2010Mar 22, 2012Schott AgRing-or plate-shaped element for e.g. igniter of airbag in motor car, has passage opening arranged in central part of element, and release region whose thickness is selected such that passage opening is sectioned with reduced thickness
DE102010045641A1Sep 17, 2010Mar 22, 2012Schott AgVerfahren zur Herstellung eines ring- oder plattenförmigen Elementes
EP2431703A2Aug 19, 2011Mar 21, 2012Schott AgRing or disk-shaped element and method for manufacturing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification102/200
International ClassificationF42B3/12, B60R21/26, F42B3/198
Cooperative ClassificationF42B3/198, F42B3/103
European ClassificationF42B3/198, F42B3/103
Legal Events
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Jun 29, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: SCHOTT GLAS, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:FINK, THOMAS;HEEKE, NEIL;OLZINGER, ADOLF;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:014790/0659;SIGNING DATES FROM 20040311 TO 20040317