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Publication numberUS20040217620 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/858,905
Publication dateNov 4, 2004
Filing dateJun 2, 2004
Priority dateJun 22, 1999
Also published asEP1204530A1, EP1204530A4, US6764638, WO2000078532A1
Publication number10858905, 858905, US 2004/0217620 A1, US 2004/217620 A1, US 20040217620 A1, US 20040217620A1, US 2004217620 A1, US 2004217620A1, US-A1-20040217620, US-A1-2004217620, US2004/0217620A1, US2004/217620A1, US20040217620 A1, US20040217620A1, US2004217620 A1, US2004217620A1
InventorsMark Matsco, Michael Sykes, David Kusuma
Original AssigneeExatec, L.L.C.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for manufacturing a molded plastic window for an automotive vehicle and window produced thereby
US 20040217620 A1
Abstract
A method of manufacturing a plastic window for an automotive vehicle in which a hollow frame portion is separately molded from a main optical panel the frame portion bonded to the perimeter of the main panel as by melt bonding.
Images(3)
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Claims(15)
1-6. (Cancelled)
7. A window made by the method comprising the steps of:
molding a main panel from a transparent synthetic resin, substantially free from optical distortion;
separately molding a frame portion from a synthetic resin, including the step of inducing gas assist expansion of the frame portion to form a hollow cavity extending along said frame portion, said frame portion configured to be fit to an outer perimeter of said main panel; and
joining said frame portion to said main panel perimeter.
8-12. (Cancelled)
13. A window for an automotive vehicle comprising:
a main panel having portions defining an outer perimeter, said main panel being constructed of a first synthetic resin, transparent and substantially free of optical distortions;
a frame having portions defining an interior opening and having portions defining a hollow cavity extending along said frame, said frame having a shape substantially corresponding to said outer perimeter of said main panel; and
wherein said frame is mounted to said main panel at said outer perimeter.
14. The window of claim 13 wherein said frame is mounted to said outer perimeter of said main panel by a melt bond.
15. The window of claim 13 wherein said frame includes a wall extending therefrom, said wall being contiguous with a surface of said main panel.
16. The window of claim 13 wherein said frame includes a tab extending therefrom, said tab being offset from said main panel.
17. The window of claim 13 wherein said frame includes an integral attaching portion formed therein adapted to mount said window to the vehicle.
18. The window of claim 13 wherein said frame includes a profiled edge engaging a correspondingly profiled edge of said outer perimeter.
19. The window of claim 13 wherein said first synthetic resin is polycarbonate.
20. The window of claim 13 wherein said second synthetic resin is polycarbonate.
21. The window of claim 13 wherein said second synthetic resin has a stiffer modulus than said first synthetic resin.
22. The window of claim 13 wherein said second synthetic resin is filled polycarbonate.
23. The window of claim 13 wherein said second synthetic resin is opaque.
24. The window of claim 13 wherein said second synthetic resin is blackened in color.
Description
    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application claims the benefit of the filing date of provisional application 60/140,422, filed on Jun. 22, 1999.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention concerns glazing particularly for automotive window panels. It has long been proposed to construct windows for automotive vehicles from synthetic resins, i.e., from plastic material. A suitable such material is polycarbonate, and use of this material of automotive windows has long been proposed. By hardcoating the surfaces by processes heretofore developed, sufficient scratch resistance can be achieved to produce automotive window panels performing well in service. Other coatings are also now available, such as UV blocking coatings to further improve the performance of plastic windows for automotive vehicles.
  • [0003]
    Molded plastic automotive windows offer a number of advantages over conventional glass glazing, including a significant reduction in vehicle weight and improved vehicle safety, as the polycarbonate panels better resist shattering as compared to glass, and in a crash fixed plastic windows keep the occupants from being ejected from the vehicle passenger compartment better than existing glass windows. Greater design freedom is afforded by plastic windows due to the ease in forming complex curved shapes.
  • [0004]
    One problem with polycarbonate panels used for automotive windows is a lack of edge stiffness, important for moving or “drop” windows. The edges of such plastic panels are insufficiently stiff tc reliably maintain registry with the window guides and seals, and can be pushed out by impact of an occupant with the window in a crash.
  • [0005]
    A requirement for existing fixed windows is a masking border to conceal the body and seal structure at the jointer of the window periphery to the body, which masking border requirement adds processing steps in manufacturing such window panels.
  • [0006]
    U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,339,584 and 5,035,096 both propose certain techniques in manufacturing synthetic resin windows for automotive vehicles in order to overcome the lack of stiffness in a molded plastic window panel.
  • [0007]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,339,584 describes an insert molding technique for attaching a reinforced frame to an optical main glazing panel.
  • [0008]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,035,096 describes producing a hollow frame portion extending about the perimeter of the main panel, the frame hollow portion formed by a gas assist technique, in which gas is injected into a cavity defining the frame portion, the gas expanding within the plastic to create the hollow shape of the frame portion.
  • [0009]
    In this approach, the hollow frame is molded as one piece with the optical panel and is thus formed from the same resin material, to be integrally molded therewith. In order to provide the masking border treatment, an extra painting or coating process is required. The hollow frame is an efficient way of achieving adequate perimeter stiffness, but there are several problems with the approach described in that patent.
  • [0010]
    Firstly, optical flaws are sometimes produced by the assist gas migrating into the main mold cavity where the main panel is formed. Also, stress riser cavities could be formed by such migrating gas. Other slight optical flaws can occur because of the two cavities inducing residual stresses in the optical portion.
  • [0011]
    The resin used in the optical panel does not itself form a particularly stiff material, and the use of the same material in the frame portion thus compromises the rigidity which could otherwise be achieved.
  • [0012]
    It is the object of the present invention to provide a manufacturing process for providing a hollow frame on the perimeter of a molded plastic main glazing panel which minimizes optical flaws in the main glazing panel.
  • [0013]
    It is a further object to provide such process in which the panel rigidity can be maximized by allowing the use of a different stiffer material in the frame portion.
  • [0014]
    Yet another object is to provide a process for manufacturing a glazing panel having a hollow perimeter frame which can eliminate other processing steps.
  • [0015]
    Still another object is to provide such process which allows many processing options to enhance manufacturing efficiency.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0016]
    These and other objects which can be appreciated by a reading of the following specification and claims are achieved by utilizing a two shot process, in which the optical main glazing panel is separately molded from the hollow frame portion, the hollow frame portion formed by a conventional gas assist process.
  • [0017]
    The two shot molding process can be achieved by various options including overmolding (using movable cores, with either the frame or main molded panel first, using a second nozzle, for example), transfer molding, in which a separate mold is used for each part, or insert molding in which one or the other part is molded first, and inserted in a mold for the second part.
  • [0018]
    Separate molding of the main panel and the hollow frame portion eliminates many of the optical flaws resulting from gas migration, residual stresses and sink marks.
  • [0019]
    Separate molding also allows different draft angles for the hollow frame portion.
  • [0020]
    The frame portion may be molded from a stiffer material such as a filled resin to maximize the rigidity of the frame portion to maximize the rigidity of the window edge.
  • [0021]
    The frame portion material can also be rendered opaque to provide border masking without the need for a separate coating or painting step, or to necessitate the a difficult insert film molding step described in the above referenced patents.
  • [0022]
    Simplification of the complete window manufacturing process is also possible with the two shot molding approach, i.e., reinforcing ribs, latching and hinging features can be more easily molded into the frame portion to eliminate attachment of separate parts.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURES
  • [0023]
    [0023]FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a molded plastic window panel made by a process according to the present invention.
  • [0024]
    [0024]FIG. 2 is a transverse sectional view of the window panel shown in FIG. 1.
  • [0025]
    [0025]FIG. 3 is a sectional view of a second embodiment of a window panel according to the invention.
  • [0026]
    [0026]FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of a third embodiment of a window panel according to the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0027]
    In the following detailed description, certain specific terminology will be employed for the sake of clarity and a particular embodiment described in accordance with the requirements of 35 USC 112, but it is to be understood that the same is not intended to be limiting and should not be so construed inasmuch as the invention is capable of taking many forms and variations within the scope of the appended claims.
  • [0028]
    Referring to the drawings, and particularly FIGS. 1 and 2, a portion of a molded plastic automotive window 10 is shown, which includes a main glazing panel 12 optically undistorted, and a hollow frame portion 14 extending about the perimeter of the main panel 12. The main glazing panel 12 is injection molded from a suitable synthetic resin such as polycarbonate as a first shot, producing a generally planar panel, although typically having some degree of curvature as desired for a particular application.
  • [0029]
    The hollow frame portion 14 is injection molded in a second shot, using gas assist techniques to produce a cavity 16 creating the hollow cross section of the frame portion 14.
  • [0030]
    The hollow frame portion 14 has a wall 18 having one side contiguous to and overlying the inside surface 20 of the main panel 12. The material used to mold the frame portion 14 is preferably of a stiffer modulus such as a filled polycarbonate or another resin which is compatible so as to form a melt bond between the contiguous surfaces. The resin material can be blackened as by the addition of lamp black, or rendered opaque in some other way such that the frame portion 14 itself provides the masking border treatment for the perimeter of the window 10.
  • [0031]
    The two shot molding steps can be carried out in various alternative ways, i.e., using a common mold with movable inserts or separate molds using the first molded part as an insert. Gas assist injection mold components must also be incorporated in the mold. Since these techniques and mold design features are well known in the field, such mold details are not here described in detail.
  • [0032]
    Main panels 12 produced by the method of the present invention are usually free of the optical flaws described above, while providing a substantially enhanced edge stiffness of the complete window 10.
  • [0033]
    [0033]FIG. 3 shows another form of connection between a main panel 12A and a hollow frame portion 14A, in which an inwardly projecting rib 22 has an angled edge 24 which abuts a perimeter edge 26 of the main panel 12A, bonded along the interface so formed.
  • [0034]
    The hollow frame portion 14A also has an integral outwardly projecting rib 28 offset out of the plane of the main panel 12A. The rib 28 can be used to retain the window 10A in a body structure mounted window guides (not shown), securing the window in position against a weather seal (not shown) and preventing the window 10A from being too easily pushed out of the window opening.
  • [0035]
    The offset “d” is advantageous in that the outer surface of the main panel 12A can now lie in approximately the same plane as the body sheet metal for improved styling.
  • [0036]
    [0036]FIG. 4 illustrates a window 10B in which the frame portion 14B has integral attachment features 30 molded with the frame portion 14B.
  • [0037]
    Other features such as hinges, bosses, locators can easily be integrally molded at the same time since the frame portion 14B is molded separately from the main panel 12B.
Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8057715 *Aug 28, 2008Nov 15, 2011Reflexite CorporationMethod for making an optical device and system for privacy or contrast enhancement
US8172306 *Nov 18, 2009May 8, 2012Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Wheel-arch protector for vehicle
US8205995Aug 7, 2008Jun 26, 2012Reflexite CorporationOptical device and system for privacy or contrast enhancement and methods of use thereof
US20100033827 *Aug 7, 2008Feb 11, 2010Reflexite CorporationOptical device and system for privacy or contrast enhancement and methods of use thereof
US20100051176 *Aug 28, 2008Mar 4, 2010Reflexite CorporationMethod for making an optical device and system for privacy or contrast enhancement
US20110115253 *Nov 18, 2009May 19, 2011Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Wheel-arch protector for vehicle
CN102060054A *Sep 21, 2010May 18, 2011东海兴业株式会社Wheel-arch protector for vehicle
WO2017051375A1 *Sep 23, 2016Mar 30, 2017Sabic Global Technologies B.V.Method of injection molding using ribs and apparatus therefor
Classifications
U.S. Classification296/90, 296/93, 264/513
International ClassificationB29C65/00, B29C69/02, B29C45/00, B29C45/16, B29C45/17
Cooperative ClassificationB29C45/1704, B29C65/00, B29C45/16, B29C69/02, B29C45/00, B29L2031/3052
European ClassificationB29C45/17B2, B29C45/16, B29C69/02