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Publication numberUS20040219491 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/476,332
PCT numberPCT/IL2002/000334
Publication dateNov 4, 2004
Filing dateJun 15, 2004
Priority dateJun 6, 2001
Also published asWO2002099354A2, WO2002099354A3
Publication number10476332, 476332, PCT/2002/334, PCT/IL/2/000334, PCT/IL/2/00334, PCT/IL/2002/000334, PCT/IL/2002/00334, PCT/IL2/000334, PCT/IL2/00334, PCT/IL2000334, PCT/IL2002/000334, PCT/IL2002/00334, PCT/IL2002000334, PCT/IL200200334, PCT/IL200334, US 2004/0219491 A1, US 2004/219491 A1, US 20040219491 A1, US 20040219491A1, US 2004219491 A1, US 2004219491A1, US-A1-20040219491, US-A1-2004219491, US2004/0219491A1, US2004/219491A1, US20040219491 A1, US20040219491A1, US2004219491 A1, US2004219491A1
InventorsLev Shlomo
Original AssigneeLev Shlomo
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combat simulation system and method
US 20040219491 A1
Abstract
The present invention relates to combat simulations and, in particular, the invention concerns a combat simulation system and method to be used with models of weapon platforms controlled and navigated by a remote control to simulate a pre firing signal and a firing signal created by releasing electromagnetic radiation towards a target, thereafter registering the “hits” and transmitting the designated signal to a second location. The present invention provides for an effective combat simulation system to be used on weapon platform models, which simulates firing, target “hits” and registering the firing and the hits and which simulates target illumination and facilitates and illuminated target to “fire” upon the illuminator, either with simulated fire or real fire with real weapon systems and which mimics a variety of weapon systems by emitting the same type of illumination with the same characteristics that the weapon system actually emits and that the system will be suitably mounted on a remote controlled platform whether air-born, sea-born or land. Thus, the target can detect and employ the target defense systems including employing counter measures, performing evasive maneuvers, creating smoke screens and real fire resulting in the incapacitation and destruction of the illuminating platform.
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Claims(32)
What is claimed is:
1. A combat simulation system including:
(a) a predator including:
(i) an illumination source; and
(ii) a receiver electronically attached to said illumination source and responsive to signals transmitted from a remote control; and
(b) a target including:
(i) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from said illumination source; and
(ii) a weapon system responsive attached to said target illumination detector and capable of neutralizing any threat from said predator.
2. The combat simulation system of claim 1, wherein said predator can simulate any illumination of any weapon system.
3. The combat simulation system of claim 2, wherein said target weapon system can simulate any simulated defensive measures against said predator.
4. The combat simulation system of claim 1, wherein said illumination source includes a radar source.
5. The combat simulation system of claim 1, wherein said illumination source further includes a laser.
6. The combat simulation system of claim 5, wherein said laser source includes a laser modulator.
7. The combat simulation system of claim 1, wherein said target includes a warning system for warning on any illumination detected by said target detector.
8. The combat simulation system of claim 1, wherein said illumination source includes a radar source and a laser.
9. The combat simulation system of claim 1, wherein said target includes a warning system for warning on any threats posed by any system detected.
10. A combat simulation system including:
(a) a predator capable of simulating any illumination of any weapon system including:
(i) an illumination source mounted on a modular platform and including a radar source and a laser source; and
(ii) a receiver electronically attached to said illumination source and responsive to signals transmitted from a wireless remote control device; and
(b) a target including:
(i) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from said illumination source;
(ii) a warning system for warning on any illumination detected by said target detector; and
(ii) a weapon system responsive to said target illumination detector.
11. The combat system of claim 10, wherein said modular platform is readily transferable from said predator to any other predator platform.
12. The combat system of claim 10, wherein said illumination source is independently alignable towards said target, irrespective of the alignment of said target in relation to said predator.
13. The combat system of claim 10, wherein said illumination source includes a tunable laser.
14. A combat simulation system including:
(a) a predator capable of simulating any illumination of any weapon system including:
(i) an illumination source;
(ii) a processor for controlling said predator according to simulation framework or the predetermined flight envelope or mission priorities in which combat takes place; and
(b) a target including:
(i) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from said illumination source; and
(ii) a weapon system responsive to said target illumination detector and capable of neutralizing any threat from said predator or performing any real or simulated defensive measures against said predator.
15. The combat simulation system of claim 14, wherein said predator and said illumination are autonomously controlled and operated.
16. The combat simulation system of claim 14, wherein said predator further includes a predator illumination detector and predator processor for detecting and processing reflected illumination from said target or illumination by said weapon system.
17. The combat simulation system of claim 14, wherein said predator is capable of performing any defensive or offensive procedures according to survivability and tactical priorities determined by said predator processor.
18. The combat simulation system of claim 14, wherein said target retaliates automatically to any illumination detected by said target detector.
19. The combat simulation system of claim 18, wherein said target includes a database of all illuminations detected by said target detector and all defensive or retaliatory measures taken against said illumination source.
20. The combat simulation system of claim 14, wherein said illumination source includes a radar source.
21. The combat simulation system of claim 20, wherein said radar source includes a variable frequency generator.
22. The combat simulation system of claim 14, wherein said illumination source further includes a laser.
23. The combat simulation system of claim 22, wherein said laser source includes a laser modulator.
24. The combat simulation system of claim 14, wherein said illumination source is a pulsed semiconductor laser.
25. The combat simulation system of claim 24, wherein said pulsed semiconductor laser is operated according to the Standard for MILES Communication Code Structure
26. The combat simulation system of claim 24, wherein said pulsed semiconductor laser is operated according to any weapon simulation system coding structure.
27. The combat simulation system of claim 24, wherein said pulsed semiconductor laser is operated according to any integrated multiple weapon simulation system.
28. A combat simulation system including any of the features or components depicted in the specification of the application or in FIGS. 1-3.
29. A combat simulation method including any system with any features or components depicted in the specification of the application or in FIGS. 1-3.
30. A method for depleting target counter measures including:
(a) a combat simulation system including:
(i) a predator capable of simulating any illumination of any weapon system including:
(1) an illumination source mounted on a modular platform and including a radar source and a laser source; and
(2) a receiver electronically attached to said illumination source and responsive to signals transmitted from a remote control; and
(ii) a target including:
(1) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from said illumination source;
(2) a warning system for warning on any illumination detected by said target detector; and
(3) a weapon system responsive to said target illumination detector and capable of neutralizing any threat from said predator or performing any real or simulated defensive measures against said predator; and
(b) illuminating said target with an illumination of a weapon system originating from said illumination source, such that said target will exploit target defensive counter-measures.
31. The method for depleting target counter measures of claim 30, wherein said illumination source includes a tunable laser.
32. The method for depleting target counter measures of claim 30, wherein said radar source includes a variable frequency generator.
Description
FIELD AND BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to combat simulations and, in particular, the invention concerns a combat simulation system and method to be used with models of weapon platforms controlled and navigated by a remote control to simulate a pre firing signal and a firing signal created by releasing electromagnetic radiation towards a target, thereafter registering the “hits” and transmitting the designated signal to a second location.

[0002] Since the invention of weapons, a simple and efficient way to simulate combat was sought. For many years individuals used models of weapon systems to simulate various combat scenarios. The various models and devices included, among others, scaled model tanks and scaled artillery models utilizing a single shot 0.22-inch gun to simulate tank and artillery fire. Alternatively, models equipped with a firearm have been used for simulating purposes both with and without shot. There is an obvious hazard in using such models as they may cause the injury or even the death of a user. Other combat simulation models include remote controlled model aircraft for performing acrobatic maneuvers or for using aircraft models to simulate air to air combat and for simulating attacking targets on the ground as well as pleasurable pastime activities according to the teachings of U.S. Pat. No. 5,892,221 “Combat simulation method and system utilizing lasers with wireless activation” to Lev.

[0003] In the present and future battlefield, several different weapon systems are employed while using guidance and aiming accessories. Electro-optic systems emit electromagnetic radiation including, but not limited to, coherent electromagnetic radiation.

[0004] By way of example only, coherent electromagnetic radiation is used in range finders, which are used to measure distances between the laser source and a target with a high degree of accuracy. The principles and operation of a range finder are based on a short pulse being emitted, travels at the speed of light, in a narrow collimated beam until the target. The radiation returned from the target is scattered and the rangefinder detectors detect only part of the radiation. The time between radiation being emitted and detected enables an exact distance to be calculated.

[0005] Furthermore, designators are used to manually “mark” targets for accurate targeting. The principles and operation of designators are based on a laser source with of a narrowing column and a relatively high rate of pulsation. Thus, a typical radiation “signature” is produced on the target and is reflected in all directions. The radiation returned is then used for guiding bombs and missiles towards the target.

[0006] Another weapon system is a Laser guided missile. In the missile a laser source illuminates a target and the missile is guided by the laser radiation reflected from the target until impacting the target.

[0007] For the purpose of clarity, listed hereinbelow are sample characteristics of each radiation source commonly found in modern battlefields.

Wavelength Pulse Frequency
Type of Source (Microns) (nSec) Hz
Range Finder 1.06  5-30 1/1.5
Range Finder 0.69 30-40 1/1.5
Designator 1.06 15-40 2-20
Guided Missile 0.905 200 2,000

[0008] Each one of the weapon systems has many specific characteristics of the radiation source and the specific characteristics are often manifested in wavelength, pulse, energy and frequency.

[0009] Due to these characteristics being known, early warning systems can be created to warn as to the direction of the source and against risks related to any of the above systems. Furthermore, by knowing the type and location of weapon system, counter measures and electronic counter measures (ECM) can be employed against these systems.

[0010] In other weapon systems, radar is used for guidance to the target and delivery of the payload.

[0011] The radar systems can be identified by several characteristics including but not limited to frequency bands as listed hereinbelow:

Frequency Wavelength
Symbol (GHz) (Cm)
L 1-2 30-15
S 2-4  15-7.5
C 4-8  7.5-3.75
X  8-12 3.75-2.5 
Ku 12-18 2.5-1.6
K 18-27 1.6-1.1
Ka 27-40  1.1-0.75
MM (3)  40-100 0.75-0.3 

[0012] Here as well, due to specific characteristics of each weapon being known, warning systems against each type of system can be created to warn as to the direction of the source and against risks related to any of the above systems. Furthermore, by knowing the type and location of weapon system, counter measures and electronic counter measures (ECM) can be employed against these systems.

[0013] Further combat simulations have been attempted by individuals, which recreate combined ground, air and naval forces simulating ground, air to ground, air to sea, or sea battles either separately or conjunctively, while using scaled models of the soldiers, weapons and platforms on which model weapon systems were used. Again, the attempts of recreating or simulating ground or sea battles also suffer from the deficiency of the attempts described.

[0014] Most methods for dealing with a laser threat include some active countermeasures, evasive maneuvers, or direct engagement. Generally, combat units will use laser threat-management methods in a variety of combinations. However, all of these alternatives presume that, in most situations, the hostile laser has been detected, identified, and exactly localized within the extremely short span of time available. Crews in fighting vehicles, tanks, armored trucks, infantry soldiers, and others can be instantaneously warned of specific laser threats to maintain/enhance their survivability. However, simulating an attack by a plurality of weapon systems using illumination for target acquisition is not facilitated by existing systems. Moreover, all existing systems do not facilitate retaliatory measures including simulated fire and live fire upon the simulated illuminating weapon.

[0015] The military presently uses a laser detection system for battlefield simulation training. One such system is referred to as the Modular Integrated Laser Engagement System (MILES) developed by the Naval Training Equipment Center working in conjunction with military contractors. The MILES system equips soldiers with pulsed semiconductor lasers and sensors. The lasers may be attached to a variety of weapons, each firing a characteristic sequence of pulses. When the war games start, the soldiers fire laser pulses at each other, and the sensors keep score. However, such systems do not provide military personnel with advance warning of the laser threat and are not battlefield effective. Furthermore, systems for simulating live fire, such as the MILES system and other systems are incapable of simulating a wide range of weapon systems utilizing illumination, including weapons like Laser Guided Missiles and the like. Further still, systems like the MILES system do not facilitate live fire on an illuminator for obvious reasons.

[0016] Several US companies have developed the MILES system for the US Army. Among which, Lockheed® and Cubic® are the most dominant.

[0017] The principle used in the MILES and similar systems is to equip any weapon system with a encoded laser source whereby each weapon type is given a special code to identify the type of weapon irrespectively of whether the weapon system has any illumination source whatsoever like for example rifles handguns and the like.

[0018] For he purpose of standardization of systems the Department of the Army simulation, training and instrumentation command issued a publication including the standard codes for each weapon system entitled “Standard for MILES Communication Code Structure”. The latest edition for printed is entitled “MCC97 STANDARD”.

[0019] All laser sources used in the MILES system use the same frequency and pulse on which the code is carried. A partial list of weapon systems and codes is listed hereinbelow.

BASIC MILES CODE STRUCTURE
BASIC
DATA BITS MILES
D D D D D D D D D D D CODE
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NO. WEAPON/FUNCTION
1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 00 UNIV. KILL, CONTR, GUN, 100% KILL
1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 01 MAVERICK HIT
1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 02 HELLFIRE HIT
1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 03 AT-3 SAGGER (NTC BMP) HIT
1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 04 60 MM, 81 MM, 4.2 INCH HIT
1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 05 M15 MINE (TRACK CUTTER) HIT
1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 06 WEAPON “X” HIT
1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 07 TOW, SHILLELACH, AT-6 (NTC HIND-D HIT
1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 08 DRAGON, SPANDREL (NTC BRDM-2) HIT
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 09 FIRE & FORGET MISSILES (JAVELIN)
1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 10 M21 ANTITANK, 125 MM (NTC T72) HIT
1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 11 CLAYMORE M81A1 AND M16 HIT

[0020] Alternatively the target can retaliate by firing upon the source of illumination by way of a laser simulating live fire.

[0021] Using cheap air-born platforms saves maintenance times and costs which would have been needed for the simulation. Furthermore, real fire exercises cannot be performed against manned weapon systems.

[0022] Several additional combat systems have been developed to address laser illumination related threats. Namely, detecting an illumination by laser and detecting the direction the illumination came from, for the purpose of firing upon the laser illuminator.

[0023] All such combat systems are devoid of a simulation capability facilitating a simulated attacker to illuminate a target in a manner similar to existing combat weapon systems and such that a target illuminated will be able to “fire” upon the illuminator, either with simulated fire or live fire with the combat weapon systems firing live ammunition. Namely, all such systems cannot facilitate simulated attacks, which simulate a wide variety of illuminating weapon systems while incorporating live fire on the illuminator.

[0024] There is therefore a need for an effective combat simulation system to be used on weapon platform models, which simulates firing, target “hits” and registering the firing and the hits.

[0025] There is a further need for an effective combat simulation system, which simulates target illumination and facilitates an illuminated target to “fire” upon the illuminator, either with simulated fire or real fire with real weapon systems.

[0026] There is yet a further need to create a system which mimics a variety of weapon systems by emitting the same type of illumination with the same characteristics that the weapon system actually emits and that the system will be suitably mounted on a remote controlled platform whether air-born, sea-born or land. Thus, the target can detect and employ the target defense systems including employing counter measures, performing evasive maneuvers, creating smoke screens and real fire resulting in the incapacitation and destruction of the illuminating platform.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0027] The present invention is a combat simulation system and method, which can be used with a model of a weapon platform for simulating firing upon real targets as well as target “hits”, and for registering the firing and the hits.

[0028] Hereinafter the term “UAV” refers to any unmanned aerial vehicle including, but not limited to: UAV's, VTOL's and drones.

[0029] In the case of remote controlled models used in such simulations, the users control the models from the remote location and are usually limited to the range of the transmitters in the remote controls.

[0030] A typical combat simulation of models will take place in the air space immediately above the heads of the users and may include several models attempting to maneuver to a firing position in relation to the other models.

[0031] A ship combat simulation will typically take place in the sea, a pool or a pond, using manned and unmanned remote controlled sea vessels.

[0032] The simulation will often be a re-creation of a famous battle or a conventional combat simulation.

[0033] The users will often attempt to maneuver their ships to a firing position permitting broadside hits.

[0034] Hereinafter, the term “wireless device” refers to any device, which is capable of transmitting a signal to a receiver, which is not in direct physical proximity to the wireless device as well as any device, which is not attached to a controlling apparatus with an electrically conductive wire.

[0035] Hereinafter, the term “illumination” refers to any radiation originating from a predator platform, which simulates any “active” weapon or guidance system including, but not limited to: firing a weapon upon a target, releasing coherent electromagnetic radiation and microwave energy used to guide weapon systems to a target and radar radiation used by aircraft and missiles for “locking on” and guiding weapon systems to a target.

[0036] Hereinafter, the term “real target” refers to any target including a laser detection system or “illumination” detection system, which provides detection coverage capabilities to identify the region of origination of the laser or illumination or, identification of potential direct or indirect laser or illumination energy and automatically alerts the target or the target occupiers to the detected laser or illumination and the direction of laser or illumination origination. Furthermore, the detection and relevant parameters can be relayed to a remote station for analysis and battlefield assessment.

[0037] According to the teachings of the present invention there is provided, a combat simulation system including: (a) a predator including: (i) an illumination source; and (ii) a receiver electronically attached to the illumination source and responsive to signals transmitted from a remote control; and (b) a target including: (i) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from the illumination source; and (ii) a weapon system responsive attached to the target illumination detector and capable of neutralizing any threat from the predator.

[0038] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the predator can simulate any illumination of any weapon system.

[0039] According to still further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the target weapon system can simulate any simulated defensive measures against the predator.

[0040] According to yet further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source includes a radar source.

[0041] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source further includes a laser.

[0042] According to still further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the laser source includes a laser modulator.

[0043] According to yet further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the target includes a warning system for warning on any illumination detected by the target detector.

[0044] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source includes a radar source and a laser.

[0045] According to still further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the target includes a warning system for warning on any threats posed by any system detected.

[0046] According to the teachings of further embodiments of the present invention there is provided a combat simulation system including: (a) a predator capable of simulating any illumination of any weapon system including: (i) an illumination source mounted on a modular platform and including a radar source and a laser source; and (ii) a receiver electronically attached to the illumination source and responsive to signals transmitted from a wireless remote control device; and (b) a target including: (i) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from the illumination source; (ii) a warning system for warning on any illumination detected by the target detector; and (ii) a weapon system responsive to the target illumination detector.

[0047] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the modular platform is readily transferable from the predator to any other predator platform.

[0048] According to still further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source is independently alignable towards the target, irrespective of the alignment of the target in relation to the predator.

[0049] According to yet further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source includes a tunable laser.

[0050] According to the teachings of further embodiments of the present invention there is provided a combat simulation system including: (a) a predator capable of simulating any illumination of any weapon system including: (i) an illumination source; (ii) a processor for controlling the predator according to simulation framework or the predetermined flight envelope or mission priorities in which combat takes place; and (b) a target including: (i) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from the illumination source; and (ii) a weapon system responsive to the target illumination detector and capable of neutralizing any threat from the predator or performing any real or simulated defensive measures against the predator.

[0051] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the predator and the illumination are autonomously controlled and operated.

[0052] According to still further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the predator further includes a predator illumination detector and predator processor for detecting and processing reflected illumination from the target or illumination by the weapon system.

[0053] According to yet further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the predator is capable of performing any defensive or offensive procedures according to survivability and tactical priorities determined by the predator processor.

[0054] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the target retaliates automatically to any illumination detected by the target detector.

[0055] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the target includes a database of all illuminations detected by the target detector and all defensive or retaliatory measures taken against the illumination source.

[0056] According to still further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source includes a radar source.

[0057] According to yet further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the radar source includes a variable frequency generator.

[0058] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source further includes a laser.

[0059] According to still further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the laser source includes a laser modulator.

[0060] According to yet further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the illumination source is a pulsed semiconductor laser.

[0061] According to yet further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the pulsed semiconductor laser is operated according to the Standard for MILES Communication Code Structure

[0062] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the pulsed semiconductor laser is operated according to any weapon simulation system coding structure.

[0063] According to further embodiments of the system according to the present invention the pulsed semiconductor laser is operated according to any integrated multiple weapon simulation system.

[0064] According to the teachings of still further embodiments of the present invention there is provided a combat simulation system including any of the features or components depicted in the specification of the application or in FIGS. 1-3.

[0065] According to the teachings of the present invention there is provided a combat simulation method including any system with any features or components depicted in the specification of the application or in FIGS. 1-3.

[0066] According to the teachings of the present invention there is provided a method for depleting target counter measures including: (a) a combat simulation system including: (i) a predator capable of simulating any illumination of any weapon system including: (1) an illumination source mounted on a modular platform and including a radar source and a laser source; and (2) a receiver electronically attached to the illumination source and responsive to signals transmitted from a remote control; and (ii) a target including: (1) a target illumination detector responsive to illumination from the illumination source; (2) a warning system for warning on any illumination detected by the target detector; and (3) a weapon system responsive to the target illumination detector and capable of neutralizing any threat from the predator or performing any real or simulated defensive measures against the predator; and (b) illuminating the target with an illumination of a weapon system originating from the illumination source, such that the target will exploit target defensive counter-measures.

[0067] According to further embodiments of the method for depleting target counter measures according to the present invention the illumination source includes a tunable laser.

[0068] According to further embodiments of the method for depleting target counter measures according to the present invention the radar source includes a variable frequency generator.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0069] The invention is herein described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

[0070]FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the components making up the system according to the present invention and mounted on a model aircraft and a target tank;

[0071]FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the system mounted on model aircraft and for simulating an attack against a tank; and

[0072]FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of preferred components of the system of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0073] The present invention is a combat simulation system and method, which can be used with a model of a weapon platform for simulating firing upon real targets as well as target “hits”, and for registering the firing and the hits.

[0074] The principles and operation of a combat simulation system according to the present invention may be better understood with reference to the drawings and the accompanying description.

[0075] Typically, aircraft combat simulations are held between two or more aircraft in a pre-defined air envelope, which defines minimum and maximum altitudes as well as areas and altitudes where engagement is permitted.

[0076] Every user or pilot then maneuvers their aircraft to a starting point where the combat commences and each user or pilot starts maneuvering their aircraft until another aircraft is within the line of sight where the user or pilot will activate their weapon system, scoring a “kill”.

[0077] Typically, most users or pilots will try to execute sharp angles of attack, which make it harder for a prospective target to successfully perform evasive maneuvers and tactics.

[0078] Obviously, with real aircraft, live fire is not an option available due to risk of injury or death to the participants.

[0079] Live fire simulations can only be performed with the real aircraft performing offensive maneuvers as a predator and against an unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV's), vertical takeoff and landing vehicles (VTOL's) and drones.

[0080] Hereinafter the term “UAV” refers to any unmanned aerial vehicle including, but not limited to: UAV's, VTOL's and drones.

[0081] In the case of remote controlled models used in such simulations, the users control the models from the remote location and are usually limited to the range of the transmitters in the remote controls.

[0082] A typical combat simulation of models will take place in the air space immediately above the heads of the users and may include several models attempting to maneuver to a firing position in relation to the other models.

[0083] A ship combat simulation will typically take place in the sea, a pool or a pond, using manned and unmanned remote controlled sea vessels.

[0084] The simulation will often be a re-creation of a famous battle or a conventional combat simulation.

[0085] The users will often attempt to maneuver their ships to a firing position permitting broadside hits.

[0086] Hits between the bow and the beam are especially favored, as they probably would have resulted in the target ship sinking if real shells had been fired.

[0087] Hereinafter, the term “wireless device” refers to any device, which is capable of transmitting a signal to a receiver, which is not in direct physical proximity to the wireless device as well as any device, which is not attached to a controlling apparatus with an electrically conductive wire.

[0088] Hereinafter, the term. “illumination” refers to any radiation originating from a predator platform, which simulates any “active” weapon or guidance system including, but not limited to: firing a weapon upon a target, releasing coherent electromagnetic radiation and microwave energy used to guide weapon systems to a target and radar radiation used by aircraft and missiles for “locking on” and guiding weapon systems to a target.

[0089] Hereinafter, the term “real target” refers to any target including a laser detection system or “illumination” detection system, which provides detection coverage capabilities to identify the region of origination of the laser or illumination or, identification of potential direct or indirect laser or illumination energy and automatically alerts the target or the target occupiers to the detected laser or illumination and the direction of laser or illumination origination. Furthermore, the detection and relevant parameters can be relayed to a remote station for analysis and battlefield assessment.

[0090] Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates the basic components of a system according to the present invention, wherein a first remote control 10, operated by a user, activates a first illumination source 12. After the user has maneuvered a modular platform 13, on which first illumination source 12 is mounted, into a firing position.

[0091] As shown, first remote control 10 sends a signal along a path, generally indicated as “χ”, to first illumination source 12. The illuminating radiation, emitted by first illumination source 12, travels along a path generally indicated as “α”, and contacts a target 14, which can be substantially illuminated by first illumination source 12. A target illumination detector 16, situated on target 14 and responsive to illumination from first illumination source 12, picks up illumination radiation illuminating target 14.

[0092] Preferably, first radiation source 12 is suitably mounted on a predator platform 18. Preferably, illumination source 12 includes a laser 20. Laser sources sufficiently small and lightweight to be mounted on small model aircraft are well known in the art. Laser sources of such dimensions have been disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,179,235 and 5,435,091 granted to Tolle and U.S. Pat. No. 5,509,226 granted to Houde-Walter, to name but a few.

[0093] Preferably, laser 20 is a pulsed semiconductor laser 20.

[0094] More preferably, pulsed semiconductor laser 20 is operated according to the Standard for MILES Communication Code Structure.

[0095] Preferably, modular platform 13 can be transferred in situ from one predator 18 to another predator 18 for ready replacement, maintenance and the like.

[0096] Preferably, predator platform 18 includes a source of radar radiation 22 for creating radar radiation and simulating radars of aircraft, weapon systems and missiles.

[0097] More preferably, radar radiation source 22 is within the L (Lima), C (Charlie), X and Ku frequencies commonly used in military radars.

[0098] More preferably, radar radiation source 22 further simulates other characteristics of common radars like type of scan and Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF).

[0099] Preferably, predator platform 18 farther includes a predator processor 23 to activate and deactivate first illumination source 12 according to the simulation framework and the predetermined flight envelope in which combat commences and takes place.

[0100] Preferably, predator 18 is capable of performing any defensive or offensive procedures according to survivability and tactical priorities determined by predator processor 23.

[0101] Preferably, the system is mounted on weapon platforms as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. Typically, the system will be mounted on model aircraft. First radiation source 12 is mounted on predator model 18. Predator model 18 is maneuvered by the user such that target 14 is within the line of sight of first radiation source 12. Target illumination detector 16 is suitably mounted on target 14 to illumination from predator 18. Target detector 16 is also connected to a weapon system 24 mounted on target 14.

[0102] Preferably, weapon system 24 is either the integral weapon system of target 14 or a dedicated weapon system capable of damaging and destroying predator 18. Preferably, after target detector 16 detects illumination, target detector 16 transmits a signal to weapon system 24 where a firing solution upon predator 18 is processed on a weapon system processor 26.

[0103] Thereafter and in accordance with the settings of weapon system 24, simulated fire is performed on predator 18, utilizing coherent electromagnetic radiation or other illumination apparatus. Alternatively, actual live fire commences against predator 18 until predator 18 is neutralized. Namely, predator 18 is incapacitated or cannot pose a real or simulated “threat” to target 14.

[0104] Preferably, remote control 10 includes a remote control transceiver 28 for sending signals from remote control 10 by sending a signal along the path, generally indicated as “χ”, from transceiver 28 to predator 18.

[0105] Preferably, target 14 features a plurality of target illumination detectors 16.

[0106] Typically, target 14 features a target indicator 30 indicating when target detectors 16 detect illumination.

[0107] Alternatively, target indicator 30 features a display 32 for displaying the number of times in which target detectors 16 detects an illumination.

[0108] Optionally, a predator illumination detector 34 is suitably mounted to receive reflected radiation from target 14 along path “B”. Predator illumination detector 34 is also connected to a transmitter 36 mounted on predator 18. Predator transmitter 36 transmits a signal to remote control 10, after illumination “fired” by illumination source 12 at target 14 is reflected from target 14 and returns to predator 18, where predator detector 34 detects illumination.

[0109] Due to the fact that predator 18 is capable of illuminating target 14 with a wide variety of illumination types, which simulate a plurality of weapon systems and weapon guidance systems, and the fact that predator 18 is unmanned, live fire retaliatory procedures are facilitated against predator 18 without risking injury or death of the user controlling predator 18.

[0110] Furthermore, the unique combination of illumination apparatus on a model predator 18 facilitates multiple dry fire runs culminating with a live fire run in a single session.

[0111] Further still, the unique combination of illumination apparatus on a model predator 18 facilitates damaging or destroying predator 18 while incurring significantly reduced costs by using a model predator UAV 18.

[0112] Preferably, first illumination source 12 is mounted on predator model 18 such that target 14 is within the line of sight of predator 18 and first illumination source 12. Radiation detector 34 is suitably mounted to receive reflected illumination from target 14 along path “β”. Predator transmitter 36 transmits a signal to remote control transceiver 28, after illumination radiation is “fired” by illumination source 12 at target 14, contacting target 14 and returned to predator detector 34, where it is duly detected by predator detector 34.

[0113] Preferably, target 14 also features target detectors 16 connected to a detection processor 38, which processes the signal from detectors 16 and converts them to an amplified digital signal for identification of weapon system and threat.

[0114] Preferably, processor 38 determines which sensor 16 detects the strongest illumination level and generates a directional vector to illumination source 12 for displaying on display 32, such that in accordance with the settings of weapon system 24, target 14 can commence simulated fire on predator 18, utilizing coherent electromagnetic radiation or other illumination apparatus.

[0115] Alternatively, actual live fire commences against predator 18 until predator 18 is neutralized. Namely, predator 18 is incapacitated or cannot pose a real or simulated “threat” to target 14.

[0116] Preferably, display 32 provides real-time display for positioning laser 20 and radar source 22, thereby warning the operators of weapon system 24 of the existence, the type, the characteristics and the direction of the detected laser 20 and radar source 22. Locating of laser 20 is performed according to which detector 16 detects the strongest illumination level and the variance between illumination levels detected by detectors 16, as well as the margin between illumination detection by detectors 16.

[0117] Furthermore, the wavelength, coding and modulation of the illumination detected by detectors 16 are displayed on display 32.

[0118] Alternatively, display 32 displays the predetermined coding of the simulated weapon system and the type of weapon system.

[0119] Preferably, display 32 displays the type of laser 20 and radar source 22. By way of example only, a short-pulse laser having a frequency of substantially less than 2.0 Hz, will be displayed on display 32 as a range finder used by the armed forces for measuring distances and providing positioning readings for long-range weapons. By way of example only, conical X-band scanning pattern radars detected by detectors 16 will be displayed either as fire control radars or as a missile, depending on the frequency, wavelength and PRF detected. A pulse laser having a frequency between 2-20 Hz, will be displayed on display 32 as a laser target designator.

[0120] Alternatively, indicator 30 includes a score board 40 for scoring the number of times target detectors 16 detected illumination as well as the history of illumination types, characteristics, the method in which the “threat” was addressed and the success rates of the tactics used against laser 20 and radar source 22.

[0121] Although the present invention has been described in terms of ship, tank and aircraft platforms, it will be appreciated that the present invention may be used with any combination or plurality of tanks, submarines or any platform capable of using a weapon system as well as any weapon system.

[0122]FIG. 2 illustrates a preferred embodiment of the system according to the present invention, wherein a first remote control 10, operated by a user, activates a first illumination source 12.

[0123] After the user has maneuvered a modular platform 13, on which first illumination source 12 is mounted, into a firing position. First remote control 10 sends a signal along a path, generally indicated as “χ”, to first illumination source 12. The illuminating radiation, emitted by first illumination source 12, travels along a path generally indicated as “α”, and contacts a target 14, which can be substantially illuminated by first illumination source 12.

[0124] Like above, a target illumination detector 16, situated on target 14 and responsive to illumination from first illumination source 12, picks up illumination radiation illuminating target 14.

[0125] Here as well, first radiation source 12 is preferably mounted on a modular platform 13. Preferably, illumination source 12 includes a laser 20.

[0126] Preferably, laser 20 is a pulsed semiconductor laser 20.

[0127] More preferably, pulsed semiconductor laser 20 is operated according to the Standard for MILES Communication Code Structure or similar weapon simulation systems.

[0128] Preferably, first illumination source 12 includes a source of radar radiation source 22 for creating radar radiation and simulating radars of aircraft, weapon systems and missiles.

[0129] Preferably, illumination source 12 includes a predator processor 23 to activate and deactivate first illumination source 12 according to the simulation framework and the predetermined flight envelope in which combat commences and takes place. Furthermore, illumination source 12 preferably also includes radar radiation source 22, laser 20 and predator processor 23 as well as modular platform 13 being readily transferable from one predator 18 to any other predator 18.

[0130] Preferably, predator 18 is capable of performing any defensive or offensive procedures according to survivability and tactical priorities determined by predator processor 23.

[0131] Preferably, illumination source 12 can be independently aligned towards target 14, irrespective of the alignment of target 14 in relation to predator 18.

[0132] More preferably, radar radiation 22 is within the L (Lima), C (Charlie), X and Ku frequencies commonly used in military radars.

[0133] More preferably, radar radiation 22 further simulates other characteristics of common; radars like type of scan, PRF and any other characteristics.

[0134] Typically, the system of the present invention will be mounted on a model aircraft. First illumination source 12 is mounted on modular platform 13. Modular platform 13 is maneuvered and displaced by the user such that target 14 is within the line of sight of first illumination source 12, irrespective of the alignment between predator 18 and target 14. Target illumination detector 16 is suitably mounted on target 14 to illumination from predator 18. Target detector 16 is also connected to a weapon system 24 mounted on target 14.

[0135] Preferably, weapon system 24 is either the integral weapon system of target 14 or a dedicated weapon system capable of damaging and destroying predator 18. Preferably, after target detector 16 detects illumination, target detector 16 transmits a signal to weapon system 24 where a firing solution upon predator 18 is processed on a weapon system processor 26.

[0136] Thereafter and in accordance with the settings of weapon system 24, simulated fire is performed on predator 18, utilizing coherent electromagnetic radiation or other illumination apparatus. Alternatively, actual live fire commences against predator 18 until predator 18 is neutralized. Namely, predator 18 is incapacitated or cannot pose a real or simulated “threat” to target 14.

[0137] Preferably, remote control 10 includes a remote control transceiver 28 for sending signals to first illumination source 12 by sending a signal along the path, generally indicated as “χ”, to first illumination source 12.

[0138] More preferably, remote control 10 includes a first laser-activating switch 42 for predator 18 to illuminate target 14 with radiation of a first type of laser system. Furthermore, remote control 10 preferably includes a second laser-activating switch 44 for predator 18 to illuminate target 14 with radiation of a second type of laser system. Thus, the user, which controls predator 18 with remote control 10, can readily select the type of illumination desired for any simulation.

[0139] Preferably, remote control 10 also includes a first radar radiation-activating switch 46 for predator 18 to illuminate target 14 with a radiation of a first type of radar system. Furthermore, remote control 10 also includes a second radar radiation-activating switch 48 for predator 18 to illuminate target 14 with a radiation of a second type of radar system.

[0140] Preferably, target 14 features a plurality of target illumination detectors 16.

[0141] Preferably target 14 is in communication with a remote station 50, for reporting and analyzing any illumination detected by detectors 16. Typically, remote station 50 features a receiver 52 and a target indicator 54 indicating when target detectors 16 detect illumination.

[0142] Alternatively, target indicator 54 features a display 56 for displaying the number of times in which target detectors 16 detects an illumination and type and characteristics of the illumination detected by detectors 16.

[0143] Due to the fact that predator 18 has the capability of illuminating target 14 with a wide variety of illumination types, which simulate a plurality of weapon systems and weapon guidance systems, and the fact that predator 18 is an unmanned, live fire retaliatory procedures are facilitated against predator 18 without risking injury or death of the user controlling predator 18.

[0144] Furthermore, the unique combination of illumination apparatus on a model predator 18 facilitates multiple dry fire runs culminating with a live fire run in a single session.

[0145] Further still, the unique combination of illumination apparatus on a model predator 18 facilitates damaging or destroying predator 18 while significantly reducing costs by using a model predator UAV 18.

[0146] Preferably, first illumination source 12 is mounted on predator model 18 such that target 14 is within the line of sight of modular platform 13 and first illumination source 12. Radiation detector 34 is suitably mounted on predator 18 for receiving reflected illumination from target 14 along path “β”. Predator transmitter 36 transmits a signal to remote control 10, after illumination radiation is “fired” by illumination source 12 at target 14, contacting target 14 and returned to predator detector 34, where it is duly detected by predator detector 34.

[0147] Like above, target 14 also features target detectors 16 connected to a detection processor 38 which processes signals from detectors 16 and converts them to amplified digital signals for identification of weapon systems and threats.

[0148] Processor 38 determines which sensor 16 detects the strongest illumination level and generates a directional vector to illumination source 12 for displaying on display 56, such that in accordance with the settings of weapon system 24, target 14 can commence simulated fire on predator 18, utilizing coherent electromagnetic radiation or other illumination apparatus.

[0149] Alternatively, actual live fire commences against predator 18 until predator 18 is neutralized. Namely, predator 18 is incapacitated or cannot pose a real or simulated “threat” to target 14.

[0150] Preferably, display 56 provides real-time display for positioning illumination source 12 and warning the operators of weapon system 24 of the existence, the type and the direction of the detected illumination source 12 based upon which detector 16 detects the strongest illumination level an the variance between illumination levels detected by detectors 16, as well as the margin between illumination detection by detectors 16 and the wave length of the illumination detected.

[0151] Preferably, display 56 displays the type of illumination source 12. By way of example only, a short-pulse laser having a frequency of substantially less than 2.0 Hz, will be displayed on display 56 as a range finder used by the armed forces for measuring distances and providing positioning readings for long-range weapons. By way of example only, conical X-band scanning pattern radars detected by detectors 16 will be displayed either as fire control radars or as a missile, depending on the frequency and PRF detected. A pulse laser having a frequency of at least than 2.0 Hz, fired will be displayed on display 56 as a laser range finder.

[0152] Alternatively, target 14 includes a score board 40 for scoring the number of times target detectors 16 detected illumination as well as the history of illumination types, the method in which the “Threat” was addressed and the success rates of the tactics used against illumination source 12.

[0153] Although the present invention has been described in terms of ship, tank and aircraft platforms, it will be appreciated that the present invention may be used with any combination or plurality of tanks, submarines or any platform capable of using a weapon system as well as any weapon system.

[0154]FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of preferred components of the system of the present invention illustrating a preferred basic embodiment of the system.

[0155] A first remote control 10, operated by a user, activates a first illumination source 12. A target 14 including an illumination detector 16, responsive to illumination from first illumination source 12, picks up illumination radiation illuminating target 14.

[0156] Preferably, predator 18 includes a receiver 58 including an amplifier 60 for amplifying signals from remote control transceiver 28 and a processor 62 for processing signals from remote control 10.

[0157] Preferably, illumination source 12 includes a first laser modulator 64 for producing laser radiation of a first laser system. Preferably, first illumination source 12 includes a second laser modulator 66 for producing laser radiation of a second laser system. More preferably, first laser modulator 64 is a variable laser modulator for producing laser radiation of a plurality of laser systems.

[0158] Preferably, illumination source 12 includes a first frequency generator 68 for producing radar radiation of a first radar system. Preferably, first illumination source 12 includes a second frequency generator 70 for producing radar radiation of a second radar system. More preferably, first frequency generator 68 is a variable frequency generator for producing radar radiation of a plurality of radar systems.

[0159] An antenna 72 for illuminating target 14 with radar radiation is electronically attached and responsive to first frequency generator 68 and second frequency generator 70.

[0160] A laser source 74 for illuminating target 14 with laser radiation is electronically attached and responsive to first laser modulator 64 and second laser modulator 66. Additionally, a tunable laser 75 is electronically attached to laser modulator 64 for illuminating target 14 with illumination having a variety of wavelengths.

[0161] Target 14 includes a first optical illumination detector 76 suitably mounted on target 14 to detect illumination. Preferably target 14 also includes a radar radiation detector 78 for detecting radar radiation.

[0162] A laser radiation amplifier 80 is electronically connected to a threat processor 82 for analysis of the type and degree of threat of the laser system detected.

[0163] Preferably, illumination detector 76 also transmits any illumination detected to remote station 50 for threat analysis. Also preferably, radar radiation detector 78 also transmits any radar radiation detected to remote station 50.

[0164] Thus, training simulations of a wide variety are facilitated including, but not limited to, regular training, two sided training and MILES and weapon simulation system simulations of any type.

[0165] A radar radiation amplifier 84 is also electronically connected to threat processor 82 for analysis of the type and degree of threat of the radar system detected.

[0166] Preferably, threat processor 82 is also electronically connected to a warning system 86 for warning on any threats by any system detected. Preferably, warning system 86 includes an alarm and warning display 88 for alerting occupants of target 14 to the threats.

[0167] Upon a threat being detected by optical detector 76 and radar detector 78 a weapon system 24 mounted on target 14 is used to neutralize any threats posed by illumination source 12. Preferably, weapon system 24 is either the integral weapon system of target 14 or a dedicated weapon system capable of damaging and destroying any illumination system. Preferably, after target detector 16 detects illumination, target detector 16 transmits a signal to weapon system 24 where a firing solution upon illumination source 12 is processed on threat processor 82.

[0168] Thereafter and in accordance with the settings of weapon system 24, simulated fire is performed on illumination source 12, utilizing coherent electromagnetic radiation or other illumination apparatus. Alternatively, actual live fire commences against illumination source 12 until illumination source 12 is neutralized. Namely, illumination source 12 is incapacitated or cannot pose a real or simulated “threat” to target 14.

[0169] Preferably, remote control 10 includes a remote control transceiver 28 for sending signals to first illumination source 12 by sending a signal along the path, generally indicated as “χ”, to first illumination source 12.

[0170] More preferably, remote control 10 includes a first laser-activating switch 42 for illumination source 12 to illuminate target 14 with radiation of a first type of laser system. Furthermore, remote control 10 preferably includes a second laser-activating switch 44 for illumination source 12 to illuminate target 14 with radiation of a second type of laser system.

[0171] Preferably, remote control 10 also includes a first radar radiation-activating switch 46 for illumination source 12 to illuminate target 14 with a radiation of a first type of radar system. Furthermore, remote control 10 also includes a second radar radiation-activating switch 48 for illumination source 12 to illuminate target 14 with a radiation of a second type of radar system.

[0172] Preferably, target 14 features a plurality of target illumination detectors 16.

[0173] Preferably for the purpose of for reporting and analyzing any illumination detected by detectors 16, a target transmitter 90 is situated on target 14 and is in communication with a remote station 50. Typically, remote station 50 features a receiver 52 and a target indicator 54 indicating when target detectors 16 detect illumination.

[0174] Alternatively, target indicator 54 features a display 56 for displaying the number of times in which target detectors 16 detects an illumination.

[0175] Due to the fact that-illumination source 12 is capable of illuminating target 14 with a wide variety of illumination types, which simulate a plurality of weapon systems, MILES and other simulation systems and weapon guidance systems, and the fact that illumination source 12 is mounted, by way of example only, on an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), live fire retaliatory procedures are facilitated against illumination source 12 without risking injury or death of the user controlling illumination source 12.

[0176] Furthermore, the unique combination of illumination apparatus on a model facilitates multiple dry fire runs culminating with a live fire run in a single session.

[0177] Preferably, display 56 provides real-time display for positioning illumination source 12 and warning the operators of weapon system 24 of the existence, the type and the direction of the detected illumination source 12 based upon which detector 16 detects the strongest illumination level an the variance between illumination levels detected by detectors 16, as well as the margin between illumination detection by detectors 16. Furthermore, the wavelength, coding and modulation of the illumination detected by detectors 16 are displayed on display 56.

[0178] Preferably, display 56 displays the type of illumination source 12. By way of example only, a short-pulse laser having a frequency of substantially less than 2.0 Hz, will be displayed on display 56 as a range finder used by the armed forces for measuring distances and providing positioning readings for long-range weapons. By way of example only, conical X-band scanning pattern radars detected by detectors 16 will be displayed either as fire control radars or as a missile, depending on the frequency and PRF detected. A pulse laser having a frequency of between 2-20 Hz, will be displayed on display 56 as a laser target designator.

[0179] Alternatively, display 56 includes a target score board 92 for scoring the number of times target detectors 16 detected illumination as well as the history of illumination types, the method in which the “threat” was addressed and the success rates of the tactics used against illumination source 12.

[0180] Thus, predator 18 can be used as a decoy in actual battles due to predator 18 being capable of illuminating a plurality of targets 14 with illumination of a plurality of weapon systems. Thus, defensive counter-measures will be exploited against predator 18, thereby creating a valuable offensive tool for any armed force.

[0181] Although the present invention has been described in terms of ship, tank and aircraft platforms, it will be appreciated that the present invention may be used with any combination or plurality of tanks, submarines or any platform capable of using a weapon system or any weapon system.

[0182] It will be appreciated that the above descriptions are intended only to serve as examples, and that many other embodiments are possible within the spirit and the scope of the present invention.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification434/11
International ClassificationF41G3/26
Cooperative ClassificationF41G3/265
European ClassificationF41G3/26C1D