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Publication numberUS20040235683 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/444,801
Publication dateNov 25, 2004
Filing dateMay 23, 2003
Priority dateMay 23, 2003
Also published asCA2523691A1, CA2523691C, CN1795082A, CN100339204C, DE602004004267D1, EP1626849A1, EP1626849B1, WO2004106026A1
Publication number10444801, 444801, US 2004/0235683 A1, US 2004/235683 A1, US 20040235683 A1, US 20040235683A1, US 2004235683 A1, US 2004235683A1, US-A1-20040235683, US-A1-2004235683, US2004/0235683A1, US2004/235683A1, US20040235683 A1, US20040235683A1, US2004235683 A1, US2004235683A1
InventorsRobert Moffett
Original AssigneeMoffett Robert Harvey
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Volatile siloxane solvent, silicone resin, gum, fluid, and optionally catalyst and/or co-solvent
US 20040235683 A1
Abstract
A composition that can be used as mold release agent is disclosed. The composition comprises a solvent; a silicone resin, gum, or fluid; and optionally a catalyst, a co-solvent, or both in which the solvent is a volatile siloxane. Also provided is a process for applying a thin, continuous film coating on or onto a mold. The process comprises combining a solvent, a silicone resin or silicone gum or silicone fluid, and optionally a catalyst, a co-solvent, or both to produce a mold release composition; applying the mold release composition on or onto a mold, and optionally curing the composition in which the solvent is a volatile siloxane.
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Claims(28)
1. A composition comprising a solvent; a silicone resin, gum, or fluid; and optionally a catalyst, a co-solvent, or both in which the solvent is a volatile siloxane.
2. A composition according to claim 1 comprising said catalyst, said co-solvent, or both.
3. A composition according to claim 1 comprising said catalyst and said co-solvent.
4. A composition according to claim 1 wherein said solvent has the formula of R(R2SiO)xSiR3 or (R2SiO)y wherein each R is independently an alkyl group, alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a phenoxy group, or combinations of two or more thereof having 1 to about 10 carbon atoms per group.
5. A composition according to claim 2 wherein said solvent has the formula of R(R2SiO)xSiR3 or (R2SiO)y wherein each R is independently an alkyl group, alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a phenoxy group, or combinations of two or more thereof having 1 to about 10 carbon atoms per group.
6. A composition according to claim 1 wherein said solvent is hexamethyidisiloxane, hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane, 2,5-dichloro-1,1,3,3,5,5,-hexamethyltrisiloxane, 1,3-dimethyltetramethoxydisiloxane, 1,1,1,3,5,5,5,-heptamethyltrisiloxane, 3-(heptafluoropropyl)trimethysiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, dodecamethylpentasiloxane, dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
7. A composition according to claim 6 wherein said solvent is octamethyltrisiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
8. A composition according to claim 2 wherein said solvent is hexamethyldisiloxane, hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane, 2,5-dichloro-1,1,3,3,5,5,-hexamethyltrisiloxane, 1,3-dimethyltetramethoxydisiloxane, 1,1,1,3,5,5,5,-heptamethyltrisiloxane, 3-(heptafluoropropyl)trimethysiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, dodecamethylpentasiloxane, dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
9. A composition according to claim 3 wherein said solvent is octamethyltrisiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
10. A composition according to claim 9 wherein said catalyst is a titanium compound, dibutyltin diacetate, or combinations thereof.
11. A composition according to claim 6 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a polyorganosiloxane.
12. A composition according to claim 11 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a polydimethylsiloxane, a polymethylhydrogensiloxane, a polysilsesquioxane, a polytrimethylsiloxane, a polydimethylcyclosiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
13. A composition according to claim 8 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a polyorganosiloxane.
14. A composition according to claim 9 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a polydimethylsiloxane, a polymethylhydrogensiloxane, a polysilsesquioxane, a polytrimethylsiloxane, a polydimethylcyclosiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
15. A composition according to claim 10 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a methoxy-terminated polyakylsiloxane, a hydroxy-terminated polydimethylsiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
16. A composition according to claim 15 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a polydimethylsiloxane, a polymethylhydrogensiloxane, a polysilsesquioxane, a polytrimethylsiloxane, a polydimethylcyclosiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
17. A composition according to claim 16 further comprising modified fumed silica, a surfactant, a fluoropolymer, a wax, a fatty acid, a fatty acid salt, a finely dispersed solid, an emulsifier, a biocide, a corrosion inhibitor, or combinations of two or more thereof.
18. A process comprising combining a solvent, a silicone resin or silicone gum or silicone fluid, and optionally a catalyst, a co-solvent, or both to produce a mold release composition; applying said composition on or onto a mold, and optionally curing said composition wherein said solvent is a volatile siloxane.
19. A process according to claim 18 wherein said solvent has the formula of R(R2SiO)xSiR3 or (R2SiO)y wherein each R is independently a halogen, an alkyl group, alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a phenoxy group, or combinations of two or more thereof having 1 to about 10 carbon atoms per group.
20. A process according to claim 18 wherein said solvent is hexamethyldisiloxane, hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane, 2,5-dichloro-1,1,3,3,5,5,-hexamethyltrisiloxane, 1,3-dimethyltetramethoxydisiloxane, 1,1,1,3,5,5,5,-heptamethyltrisiloxane, 3-(heptafluoropropyl)trimethysiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, dodecamethylpentasiloxane, dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
21. A process according to claim 20 wherein said solvent is octamethyltrisiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
22. A process according to claim 21 wherein said catalyst is a titanium compound, dibutyltin diacetate, or combinations thereof.
23. A process according to claim 20 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a methoxy-terminated polyakylsiloxane, a hydroxy-terminated polydimethylsiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
24. A process according to claim 21 wherein said silicone resin, gum, or fluid is a polydimethylsiloxane, a polymethylhydrogensiloxane, a polysilsesquioxane, a polytrimethylsiloxane, a polydimethylcyclosiloxane, or combinations of two or more thereof.
25. A process according to claim 24 further comprising modified fumed silica, a surfactant, a fluoropolymer, a wax, a fatty acid, a fatty acid salt, a finely dispersed solid, an emulsifier, a biocide, a corrosion inhibitor, or combinations of two or more thereof.
26. A process according to claim 24 wherein said process comprises combining said solvent, said silicone resin or silicone gum or silicone fluid, and said catalyst and said co-solvent.
27. A process according to claim 26 further comprising curing said composition.
28. A process according to claim 27 further comprising introducing a molding material into or onto said mold, converting said material into a molded article, and recovering said article.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] This invention relates to a composition that can be used as mold release agent and to a process for applying a thin, continuous film coating of the release agent on a mold.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] In commercial operations, mold release agent, generally a polymer or a combination of polymers, can be an emulsion or dispersion in a solvent. If dispersed in a solvent, the solvent is used as a vehicle to wet the surface of a shape-determining mold, onto which the release agent is applied. However, silicone resins, which are often used as release agents, often do not coat surfaces well when dispersed in a typical hydrocarbon solvent. The silicone resins, bead or puddle on the surface to which they have been applied, thus preventing a thin, continuous film from being achieved.

[0003] Therefore, there is an increasing need to develop a new release agent that can produce a thin, continuous film coating on the surface of a mold.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0004] A composition comprising a solvent; a silicone resin, gum, or fluid; and optionally a catalyst, a co-solvent, or both in which the solvent is a volatile siloxane.

[0005] Also provided is a process for applying a thin, continuous film coating on or onto a mold, which comprises combining a solvent, a silicone resin or silicone gum or silicone fluid, and optionally a catalyst, a co-solvent, or both to produce a mold release composition; applying the mold release composition on or onto a mold, and optionally curing the composition in which the solvent is a volatile siloxane.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0006] According to the invention, the term “mold” means one or more shape-determining surfaces. Any volatile siloxane can be used as the solvent of the invention's composition. The term “volatile siloxane” refers to a rapidly evaporating siloxane under the temperature and pressure of use. Typically, it can have an evaporation rate of >0.01 relative to n-butyl acetate which has an assigned value of 1.

[0007] A suitable solvent can have the formula of R(R2SiO)xSiR3 or (R2SiO)y where each R can be the same or different and is preferably, an alkyl group, alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a phenoxy group, or combinations of two or more thereof; having 1 to about 10, preferably 1 to about 8 carbon atoms per group. R can also be a halogen. The most preferred R is a methyl group and can be substituted with a halogen, an amine, or other functional group. Subscript x can be a number from 1 to about 20, preferably 1 to 10. Subscript y can be a number from 3 to about 20, preferably 3 to about 10. A preferred solvent has a molecular weight in the range between about 50 and about 1,000 and a boiling point less than about 300° C., preferably lower than 250° C., more preferably lower than 200° C., and most preferably lower than 150° C.

[0008] Examples of suitable methyl siloxanes include, but are not limited to, hexamethyldisiloxane, hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane, 2,5-dichloro-1,1,3,3,5,5,-hexamethyltrisiloxane, 1,3-dimethyltetramethoxydisiloxane, 1,1,1,3,5,5,5,-heptamethyltrisiloxane, 3-(heptafluoropropyl)trimethysiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, octamethyltetrasiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, dodecamethylpentasiloxane, and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, and combinations of two or more thereof.

[0009] Any silicone resin, gum, or fluid that is compatible with a volatile siloxane disclosed above can be used. It is generally a polyorganosiloxane. For example, methoxy-terminated polyakylsiloxanes and hydroxy-terminated polydimethylsiloxane can be used. Suitable silicone resin, gum, or fluid can be a resin, gum or fluid. Examples of suitable polyorganosiloxanes include polydimethylsiloxanes, polymethylhydrogensiloxanes, polysilsesquioxanes, polytrimethylsiloxanes, polydimethylcyclosiloxanes, and combinations of two or more thereof. Each silicone resin can also contain function groups such as halide, amine, hydroxy, epoxy, carbinol, carboxylate, acetoxy, alkoxy, acrylate, and combinations of two or more thereof. The molecular weight can be in the range of from about is between about 500 about 1,000,000. A preferred silicone resin is polyorganosiloxane having terminal silicon-bonded hydroxyl groups, which is well known and is commercially available.

[0010] The above-disclosed siloxanes and silicone resins, gums, or fluids are generally available commercially, for example, from Dow Corning Chemicals, Midland, Mich., and General Electric, Fairfield, Conn.

[0011] Any organic solvent, preferably substantially free of water such as, for example, a hydrocarbon or halogenated hydrocarbon, that is inert towards other components of the composition, is compatible with the volatile siloxane and is volatile to evaporate rapidly when applied to the mold surface can be used as co-solvent. A co-solvent can also reduce the viscosity of the composition and promote the release of a polymer from a mold. Preferably, a co-solvent has a normal boiling point below about 300° C., preferably below 200° C., and most preferably below 150° C., depending on the temperature of the mold release composition to be applied to a mold. The lower the temperature the mold release composition to be allied, the lower the boiling point solvent is preferred and vice versa. Examples of suitable co-solvents include, but are not limited to, octane, decane, cyclohexane, toluene, xylene, methylene chloride, methylene dichloride, ethylene dichloride, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, perchloroethylene, acetone, methylethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, white spirit, mineral spirits, naphtha, and combinations of two or more thereof.

[0012] The mold release composition can also comprise additional silicone compound such as modified fumed silica, surfactants, fluoropolymers such as polytetrafluoroethylene, waxes, fatty acids such as stearic acid, fatty acid salts such as metal stearates, finely dispersed solids such as talc, emulsifiers, biocides, corrosion inhibitors.

[0013] Each component disclosed above can be present in the composition in an effective amount sufficient to effect the suitable release of a molded article. For example, based on the total weight of the composition, the solvent can be present in the composition in the range of from about 10 to about 99%; a silicone resin can be present in the composition in the range of from about 0.1 to about 90%. A co-solvent, if used, can be present in the composition in such range that the sum of solvent and co-solvent is about 10 to about 99%, provided that the solvent is present at least about 10%, preferably at least 20%. Other components, if present, can be in the range of from about 0.01 to about 10%.

[0014] Any catalyst that can catalyze or enhance the curing of a composition comprising a volatile siloxane, a silicone resin, and a solvent can be used herein. A preferred catalyst is an organic titanium compound. Titanium tetrahydrocarbyloxides, also referred to as tetraalkyl titanates herein, are most preferred organic titanium compounds because they are readily available and effective. Examples of suitable titanium compounds include those expressed by the formula Ti(OR)4 where each R is individually selected from an alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkaryl, hydrocarbyl radical containing from 1 to about 30, preferably 2 to about 18, and most preferably 2 to 12 carbon atoms per radical and each R can be the same or different. Titanium tetrahydrocarbyloxides in which the hydrocarboxyl group contains from 2 to about 12 carbon atoms per radical which is a linear or branched alkyl radical are most preferred because they are relatively inexpensive, more readily available, and effective in curing the composition. Suitable titanium compounds include, but are not limited to, titanium tetraethoxide, titanium tetrapropoxide, titanium tetraisopropoxide, titanium tetra-n-butoxide, titanium tetrahexoxide, titanium tetra 2-ethylhexoxide, titanium tetraoctoxide, and combinations of two or more thereof.

[0015] Other suitable catalysts include a compound or element of VIII group of the periodic table of the elements such as platinum, palladium, iron, zinc, rhodium, and nickel as well as a tin or zirconium compound. Examples of other suitable catalysts include, but are not limited to, dibutyltin diacetate, dibutyl dilaurate, zinc acetate, zinc octoate, zirconium octoate, and combinations of two or more thereof. For example, dibutyltin diacetate, can be used independently or in combination with a titanium compound.

[0016] These catalysts are believed commercially available. For examples, TYZOR® TPT and TYZOR® TBT (tetra isopropyl titanate and tetra n-butyl titanate, respectively) available from E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Wilmington, Del., U.S.A.

[0017] Each of the catalysts disclosed above can be used in the composition in the range of from about 0.01 to about 10 weight % relative to the silicone polymers.

[0018] The composition can be produced by any means known to one skilled in the art such as, for example, mixing each component disclosed above. It is preferred that the catalyst be introduced after the silicone resin, solvent, and the optional co-solvent are combined.

[0019] A process for applying a thin, continuous film coating on or onto a mold, which comprises (1) combining a solvent, a silicon resin or silicone gum or silicone fluid, and optionally a co-solvent, a catalyst, or both to produce a mold release composition, (2) applying the mold release composition on or onto a mold, and optionally (3) curing the release composition. The mold release composition can be the same as the composition disclosed above. Application of the mold release composition can be carried out by any means known to one skilled in the art such as, for example, spraying, brushing, wiping, dipping, and combinations of two or more thereof. Any surface of a shape-determining mold can be applied with the release composition. Curing can be carried out by any means known to one skilled in the art such as curing at ambient temperature such as from about 25° C. to about 200° C. under a pressure that accommodates the temperature range such as, for example, atmospheric pressure for about one second to about 2 hours. Generally, curing is carried out at the temperature and pressure at which the molding is being carried out.

[0020] For producing a molded article, a molding material or a material to be molded can be introduced into or onto the mold by any means known to one skilled in the art such as, for example, pumping, extruding, blending, or other suitable means known to one skilled in the art. Thereafter, a molded article is produced, which can be removed or released from the mold by any means known to one skilled in the art. Because the means for making a molded article is well known in the art, the description of which is omitted herein for the interest of brevity.

[0021] The molding material can be any material that can be molded including, but not limited to, plastics, polymers, glass, ceramics, and metals. Examples of polymers include a thermosetting resin or a thermoplastic resin. Specific examples include acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, acrylonitrile-chlorinated polyethylene-styrene, acrylic-styrene-acrylonitrile, polyacetal homopolymers and copolymers, acrylics, cellulosics, fluoropolymers, polyamides, polyacrylates, polybutylene, polycarbonates, polyesters, polyethylenes, ethylene acid copolymers, ethylene-ethyl acrylates, ethylene-methyl acrylates, polymethyl acrylate, polymethyl methacrylate, polybutyl methacrylate, ethylene-vinyl acetates, ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymers, ionomers, polymethylpentene, polyphenylene oxides, polypropylene, ethylene-propylene copolymers, polypropylene impact copolymers, polypropylene random copolymers, polystyrenes, styrene-acrylonitrile, styrene-butadiene copolymers, styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene, styrene-maleic anhydride copolymers, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride homopolymers and copolymers, styrenic block copolymers, polyolefin blends, elastomeric alloys, thermoplastic urethanes, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, thermoplastic copolyesters, polyethers, thermoplastic polyamides, polyether-polyamide block copolymers, allyl molding compounds, bis-maleimides, epoxy resins, phenolic resins, polyesters, ethylene-propylene diene terpolymers such as EPDM rubber, polyimides, ionomers, polyurethanes, segmented polyurea/urethanes, reaction injection molded polyurethanes, silicones, urea-melamine formaldehyde resins, polyacetals, polyesters, polyamides, ionomers, and combinations of two or more thereof. These polymers are well known to one skilled in the art.

EXAMPLES

[0022] The following examples are illustrative of the invention and should not be construed as to unduly limit the scope of the invention.

Example 1

[0023] This example demonstrates that thinner continuous silicone resin coatings can be produced when using a volatile methylsiloxane than when using petroleum ether.

[0024] A release agent composition comprising 80% solvent (either petroleum ether or octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (volatile methyl)), 20% silicone resins and fluids, and about 0.2% of catalyst (based on total weight of solvent and resin and fluid; TYZOR® TBT and dibutlytin diacetate) were sprayed onto pre-weighed 1 inch by 3 inch (2.54 cm by 7.62 cm) glass microscope slides heated to 65° C. with quantity shown in the table below. After allowing the solvent sufficient time to evaporate in a hood, the release agent was cured for 2 minutes at 65° C. The slides were then re-weighed and visually examined under a microscope to estimate the coverage of the slide's surface with silicone resin. The results are shown in Table 1.

TABLE 1
Coating Wt (mg) Petroleum Ether Methyl Siloxane
0.7 100% coverage
0.9  20% coverage
1.9  40%
2.8  65% 100%
3.1  70%
3.5 100%
8.4  95%
19.4  98%
38.2 100%

[0025] The coating was very irregular and bumpy on the slides coated using petroleum ether as the solvent. The coating using methyl siloxane as the solvent was very smooth. Replacing the petroleum ether with mineral spirits aggravated the beading of the silicone resins on the glass surface.

Example 2

[0026] This example serves to demonstrate how the use of various volatile methyl siloxane solvents promote the formation of smooth, continuous coatings of various silicone resins, fluids and functional fluids applied at elevated temperature.

[0027] Silicone resins, fluids and functional fluids were dispersed in various hydrocarbon solvents and volatile methyl siloxanes at a concentration of 5 wt % polymer solids and 95 wt % solvent. The silicone polymers and solvent were sprayed, using a Preval aerosol sprayer, onto pre-weighed, 1″×3″ (2.54 cm×7.62 cm) glass microscope slides heated to 65C. After the solvent evaporated, the slides were re-weighed to determine coating weight and visually examined for the smoothness and coverage of the coating, as shown in Table 2.

TABLE 2
Coating Coating
Wt Wt
SP1 Solvent2 (mg) Description Coverage SP1 Solvent2 (mg) Description Coverage
A Toluene 1.8 spotty incomplete A OMS 0.8 smooth complete
B PE 2.7 rough incomplete B DMS 4.1 smooth complete
B MS 1.6 beaded incomplete B
B acetone 3.0 rough incomplete B
C MS 3.3 beaded incomplete C OMS 2.6 smooth complete
C C DMS 3.2 smooth complete
D S 1.2 beaded incomplete D OMS 1.7 smooth complete
D D OMTS 3.5 smooth complete

[0028] Results show the silicone polymers dispersed in VMS fluids produced smooth, continuous films whereas the same silicone polymers dispersed in hydrocarbon solvents produced rough, incomplete films.

Example 3

[0029] This example demonstrates how the use of volatile methyl siloxane solvents promote the formation of smooth, continuous coatings of silicone polymers when applied at ambient temperature.

[0030] A sample of a silicone gum was dispersed in petroleum ether while a second sample of the same silicone gum was dispersed in VMS fluids at a concentration of 5 wt % polymer solids and 95 weight % solvent. The silicone polymer and solvent were sprayed, using a Preval aerosol sprayer, onto pre-weighed, 1″×3″ (2.54 cm×7.62 cm) glass microscope slides at ambient temperature. After the solvent evaporated, the slides were re-weighed to determine coating weight and visually examined for the smoothness and coverage of the coating as shown in Table 3.

TABLE 3
Coating Coating
Wt Wt
SP1 Solvent2 (mg) Description Coverage SP1 Solvent2 (mg) Description Coverage
D PE 4.1 rough incomplete D 75/25 wt % 2.5 smooth complete
OMS/OMTS

[0031] Results show the silicone polymers dispersed in VMS fluids produced a smooth, continuous film whereas the same silicone polymers dispersed in a hydrocarbon solvent produced rough, incomplete film when applied at ambient temperature.

Example 4

[0032] This example serves to demonstrate how the use of a volatile methyl siloxane can promote the formation of a smooth, thin coating of a fully formulated silicone release agent.

[0033] A commercial release agent for plastics, adhesives and elastomeric products was purchased. The manufacturer describes the product as having a 50% active material content comprising trimethylated silica and tetra(trimethylsiloxy) silane and utilizing a hydrocarbon solvent mixture composed of Stoddard solvent, xylene and ethylbenzene. The manufacturer's brochure recommends diluting 10 parts of the release agent with 80 parts isopropanol and 10 parts toluene to improve surface wetting. Following the manufacturer's recommendation, the release coating was diluted to 5 wt % polymer solids utilizing an 10/80/10 wt % mixture of release agent, isopropanol and toluene. The release coating was then applied using a Preval aerosol sprayer, onto pre-weighed, 1″×3″ (2,54 cm×7.62 cm) glass microscope slides heated to 65° C. After the solvent evaporated, the slides were re-weighed to determine coating weight and visually examined for the smoothness and coverage of the coating. As a comparison, the release agent was diluted in octamethyltrisiloxane (OMTS), again to 5 weight % polymer solids and applied to a glass slide using the described manner. The results showed that manufacturer's recommended hydrocarbon solvent produced a spotty, incomplete coating whereas the use of the VMS solvent produced a smooth, continuous coating. The results are shown in Table 4 where IPA is isopropyl alcohol.

TABLE 4
Coating Coating
Wt Wt
Solvent (mg) Description Coverage solvent (mg) Description Coverage
80/10 IPA/Toluene 3.0 spotty incomplete OMTS 3.3 smooth complete

Example 5

[0034] This example serves to demonstrate how formation of a smooth, continuous coating improves the performance of a release agent.

[0035] A release coating utilizing a methyl silsesquioxane-dimethyl siloxane copolymer and a polydimethyl siloxane fluid were dispersed in a various solvents at a solids concentration of 5 weight %. The coating was applied using a Preval aerosol sprayer to a pre-weighed 9″×12″×3″ (22.86 cm×30.48 cm×7.62 cm) aluminum box mold heated to 65 C. After the solvent had evaporated, the mold was cooled to room temperature and re-weighed. The mold was then reheated and filled with toluene diisocyanate based polyurethane flexible foam resin. The mold lid was secured and the expanding foam was allowed to cure for 6 minutes while being maintained at 65 C in an oven. The foam was then removed from the mold by hand. If the foam was successfully removed from the mold without tearing, the mold was refilled with polyurethane resin again without recoating the mold with release agent. This cycle was repeated until tearing of the foam was observed. The results are shown in Table 5 where the abbreviations are the same as those in Table 1.

TABLE 5
Weight of Number of Releases
Solvent1 Cured Coating Before Tearing of Foam
OMS 0.12 g 14
50/50 wt % mix OMTS/DMS 0.12 g 10
10/20/10/60 wt % mix, 0.14 g 12
244/1.0/1.5/75
OMS/OMTS/DMS/MS
mineral spirits 0.13 g  1

[0036] The results show that a release coating dispersed in a VMS fluid or a combination of VMS and hydrocarbon solvent provide significantly improved performance compared to using a hydrocarbon solvent alone.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7318937 *Mar 18, 2005Jan 15, 2008Closure Medical CorporationLiquid coating compositions
US7462668 *Jul 20, 2004Dec 9, 2008Henkel CorporationCarrier comprising branched, linear, or cyclic siloxanes and amino-functional silazane and a polyfunctional siloxane; cure to a finish having a high durability that is sustained throughout multiple releases
US8436107Mar 22, 2010May 7, 2013Henkel CorporationTwo-component high gloss semi-permanent water based release agent for polyester substrates
EP2197647A2 *Sep 26, 2008Jun 23, 2010Henkel CorporationTwo-component high gloss semi-permanent water based release agent for polyester substrates
WO2008048565A1 *Oct 16, 2007Apr 24, 2008Du PontMold release composition and method for producing a rotational molding paint-ready polyurethane
WO2014120607A1 *Jan 27, 2014Aug 7, 2014Dow Corning CorporationComposition for surface treatment, methods of preparing a surface-treated article and surface-treated article
WO2014131076A1 *Feb 24, 2014Sep 4, 2014Bennett Precision Tooling Nsw Pty LtdA method of preparing a mould for injection molding
Classifications
U.S. Classification508/202
International ClassificationC09D183/04, B29C33/64, C08K5/54
Cooperative ClassificationC09D183/04, B29C33/64, C08K5/54
European ClassificationB29C33/64, C09D183/04
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 19, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY, DELAWARE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MOFFETT, ROBERT HARVEY;REEL/FRAME:013747/0728
Effective date: 20030618