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Publication numberUS20040249277 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/776,637
Publication dateDec 9, 2004
Filing dateFeb 12, 2004
Priority dateFeb 17, 2003
Also published asDE602004014548D1, EP1454649A2, EP1454649A3, EP1454649B1, EP1454649B8, EP1902745A1, US8551073, US20090254107
Publication number10776637, 776637, US 2004/0249277 A1, US 2004/249277 A1, US 20040249277 A1, US 20040249277A1, US 2004249277 A1, US 2004249277A1, US-A1-20040249277, US-A1-2004249277, US2004/0249277A1, US2004/249277A1, US20040249277 A1, US20040249277A1, US2004249277 A1, US2004249277A1
InventorsOsamu Kato, Shinji Ozawa, Tomihisa Kato
Original AssigneeOsamu Kato, Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hollow tube body for medical tool and a catheter into which the hollow tube body is incorporated
US 20040249277 A1
Abstract
A hollow tube body for medical tool has a plurality of metallic wires (2) cylindrically stranded to form a flexible tube. An inner surface of the flexible tube forms a convex-concave structure represented by the metallic wires (2) formed semi-circular in corss section. A leading distal end of the flexible tube is formed into a knife-edge circle configuration to provide a knife-edge circle front (3). The hollow tube body is used for catheters (K, K1, K2 and K3) to impart them with a perforative ability so as to improve its quality and performance.
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Claims(9)
What is claimed is:
1. A hollow tube body for medical tool comprising:
a plurality of metallic wires cylindrically stranded to form a flexible tube, an inner surface of which forms a convex-concave structure represented by said metallic wires each formed semi-circular in corss section; and
a leading distal end of said flexible tube being formed into a knife-edge circle configuration to provide a knife-edge circle front.
2. The hollow tube body for medical tool according to claim 1, wherein a blade edge of said knife-edge circle front is outwardly arcuated in cross section, and diametrically decreases progressively as approaching outward.
3. The hollow tube body for medical tool according to claim 1, wherein a rigid-flexible property of said flexible tube gradually changes in the lengthwise direction.
4. A catheter comprising:
a hollow tube body for medical tool including a plurality of metallic wires cylindrically stranded to form a flexible tube, an inner surface of which forms a convex-concave structure represented by said metallic wires each formed semi-circular in corss section; and a leading distal end of said flexible tube being formed into a knife-edge circle configuration to provide a knife-edge circle front;
said hollow tube body being applied at least partly to a mono-layered main tube body.
5. A catheter according to claim 4, wherein multi-layered tube structure is formed by slidably fitting an upper-layered tube onto a lower-layered tube of a main tube body, and at least one of said upper-layered tube and said lower-layered tube is applied at least partly to said hollow tube body.
6. The catheter according to claim 5, wherein an outer tube is slidably fit onto said upper-layered to form a three-layered structure, and a self-expansible stent mounted on said lower-layered tube is arranged to be pushably set and detachably released by means of said outer tube.
7. The catheter according to claim 6, wherein a stranding direction of metallic wires of said lower-layered tube and that of said upper-layered tube are mutually opposite, otherwise a stranding direction of metallic wires of said upper-layered tube and that of said outer tube are mutually opposite.
8. The catheter according to claim 6, a rigidity of which progressively increases in such a direction from said lower-layered tube to said upper-layered tube, otherwise said rigidity progressively increases in such a direction from said lower-layered tube to said outer tube.
9. The catheter according to claim 6, wherein a manipulating portion of said lower-layered tube and said upper-layered tube, or a manipulating portion of said lower-layered tube, said upper-layered tube and said outer tube are connected in a row to a handling section.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] The invention relates to a flexible tube body used as a main wire material for a catheter, and particularly concerns to a catheter into which the flexible tube body is incorporated.

[0003] 2. Description of Prior Art

[0004] As a general usage, a catheter is inserted into a tourtous blood vessel or a somatic cavity to be introduced into a diseased area. In this situation, the catheter is manipulated outside a patient's body by pushing, pulling and rotating a handling section of the catheter. During the manipulating process, the catheter advances its leading distal end toward the diseased area to provide it with a necessary treatment.

[0005] In order to ensure a smooth insertion and treatment for the catheter, it is important to provide the catheter with a high linearity in free state, a pliable flexiblity through its entire length and a good restorability from a bendng deformation. It is also desirable that the catheter has a gradient property represented by a high flexibility at the leading distal end and a reasonable rigidity at a rear portion. At the same time, a high torque transmissibility and good steerability are required for the catheter as mechanical properties so that the leading distal end can precisely respond to manipulating action of the handling section.

[0006] Prior references have been introduced as having a flexible tube for medical tool which can cope with the above mechanical properties. The prior references are Laid-open Japanese Patent Application No. 2002-275774 and Japanese Domestic Publication No. 2000-51.3235 in which a group of metallic wires circular in cross section are cylindrically stranded to form a flexible tube structure.

[0007] When the prior references are used as a catheter and medical guide wire, they have a technological advantages to reduce a weight per unit length based on a hollow tube structure, a high flexiblity and good torque transmissibility brought by a wire-stranded body in which a group of metallic wires are stranded hollow. However, both the prior references leave rooms for improvements in quality and performance because they are short of a drilling (perforative) ability against a hard clot area (e. g., fibrous cap), a stent-retaining ability and an insertion-slidability advancing into the blood vessel when treating an obstruction area of the blood vessel.

[0008] Therefore, the present invention has been made with the above drawbacks in mind, it is a main object of the invention to provide a high quality hollow tube body for medical tool and a catheter in which the hollow tube body is incorporated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0009] According to the present invention, there is provided a hollow tube body for medical tool in which a plurality of metallic wires cylindrically stranded to form a flexible tube. An inner surface of the flexible tube forms a convex-concave structure represented by the metallic wires formed semi-circular in corss section. A leading distal end of the flexible tube is formed into a knife-edge circle configuration to provide a knife-edge circle front. A catheter is provided which uses a mono-layered tube in which the hollow tube body is employed at least partly as a main tube.

[0010] According to other aspect of the present invention, there is provided a catheter in which a multi-layered tube structure is formed by slidably fitting an upper-layered tube onto a lower-layered tube of a main tube body, and at least one of the upper-layered tube and the lower-layered tube is used as the hollow tube body.

[0011] Due to the former aspect of the invention, a drilling (perforative) ability is imparted to a distal end of the flexible tube, while rendering an outer surface of the flexible tube highly smooth. This improves a performance of the catheter when inserting it into the blood vessel and the somatic cavity for the purpose of providing an appropriate treatment.

[0012] With the knife-edge circle front outwardly arcuated in cross section and a rigid-flexible property of the flexible tube gradually changing in the lengthwise direction, it is intended to stablize the performance obtained from the basic structure of the invention.

[0013] With the latter aspect of the invention, the catheter is formed by two-or three-layered tube body. The catheter has the multi-layered tube body in which the stranding direction of the metallic wires is opposite among each layer of the tube bodies. The rigidity progressively changes from the inner-layered tube to the outer-layered tube.

[0014] With the catheter formed by the hollow tube body, the catheter is rotated so that the knife-edge circular front advances to serve as a drill so as to perforate or push a hard clot area open when the guide wire, which introduces the catheter, confronts the hard clot area of a completely obstructed region in the blood vessel. This helps smoothly advance the catheter into a true lumen to facilitate the proper treatment against the diseased area. Further, a smooth outer surface of the hollow tube body improves an insertion-slidability against the blood vessel and the somatic cavity so as to produce a catheter of high quality.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0015] A preferred form of the present invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

[0016]FIG. 1 is a plan view of a hollow tube body for medical tool according to a first embodiment of the invention but partly sectioned;

[0017]FIG. 2 is an enlarged latutidinal cross sectional view of the hollow tube body taken along the line II-II of FIG. 1;

[0018]FIG. 3 is an enlarged longitudinal cross sectional view of a front portion of the hollow tube body taken along the line III-III of FIG. 1;

[0019]FIG. 4 is an explanatory view showing how the hollow tube body is formed;

[0020]FIG. 5 is a plan view of a catheter according to a second embodiment of the invention but partly sectioned;

[0021]FIG. 6 is an explanatory view showing how the catheter is manipulated;

[0022]FIG. 7 is a plan view of a catheter according to a third embodiment of the invention but partly sectioned;

[0023]FIG. 8 is a plan view of a front portion of a catheter according to a fourth embodiment of the invention but partly sectioned;

[0024]FIG. 9 is an explanatory view showing how the catheter is manipulated;

[0025]FIG. 10 is a plan view of a front portion of a catheter according to a fifth embodiment of the invention;

[0026]FIGS. 11 and 12 are explanatory views showing how a catheter is manipulated according to a sixth embodiment of the invention;

[0027]FIG. 13 is a plan view of a hollow tube body according to a seventh embodiment of the invention;

[0028]FIGS. 14 and 15 are explanatory views showing how the hollow tube body is formed;

[0029]FIG. 16 is an explanatory view showing how a hollow tube body is formed according to an eighth embodiment of the invention; and

[0030]FIG. 17 is a view of a handling section of the catheter.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0031] Referring to FIGS. 1 through 3, a hollow tube body 1 for medical tool is shown according to a first embodiment of the invention. The hollow tube body 1 (referred simply to as “tube body” hereinafter) is formed by cylindrically stranding a group of austenitic stainless steel wires 2 along a predetermined circle line to provide a flexible tube which has a certain length (L). An inner surface of the tube body 1 forms a convex-concave structure represented by the stainless steel wires 2 generally formed semi-circular in corss section. An outer surface of the tube body 1 is rendered smooth cosecutively in the lengthwise direction while the inner surface forms a hollow space 4 in which the convex-concave structure resides. A leading distal end of the tube body 1 is formed into a knife-edge circle configuration to provide a knife-edge circle front 3. The knife-edge circle front 3 is outwardly arcuated in cross section, and diametrically decreases progressively as approaching outward.

[0032] The tube body 1 has 8-12 numbers of metallic wires 2, and measures approx. 0.61 mm in outer diameter (D1) and approx. 0.45 mm in inner diameter (D2).

[0033] The tube body 1 is formed as shown in FIG. 4. Namely, a wire rope R is provided by stranding the metallic wires 2 around an elongated core (not shown). One end of the wire rope R is secured to a rotational chuck 11 of a twisting device 10. The other end of the wire rope R is secured to a slidable chuck 12 from which a weight 13 is depended. The wire rope R is twisted under the tensile stress caused from the weight 13. A current generating device 14 draws electric currents to the chucks 11 and 12 through an electric wire code 15 so that the wire rope R is heated by its electric resistance to remove the residual stress appeared on the wire rope R during the twisting process. Then, the outer surface of the tube body 1 is smoothly ground so that the metallic wires 2 forms semi-circular in cross section. The elongated core is withdrawn from the wire rope R to provide a hollow tube structure.

[0034]FIG. 5 shows a catheter K into which the tube body 1 is incorporated. The catheter K has a flexible hollow tube body as a main structure in which a plurality of the metallic wires 2 are stranded according to the method as depicted in FIG. 4. The tube body 1 has a front section in the lengthwise direction as an X-zone in which the knife-edge circle front 3 is situated on the leading distal end. A rear length portion of the catheter K belongs to a Z-zone, and serves as a diameter-increased portion (denoted at D3 as its diameter) in which the metallic wires 2 forms circular in cross section with its outer surface not ground. A middle length portion of the catheter K diametrically increases progressively from its front end (D1) to rear end (D3) to serve as a Y-zone between the front section and the rear length portion. The structure is such that the catheter K is flexible in the front portion and rigid in the rear portion as is the necessary property given to the catheter K. A connector 5 and a marker M are provided as is well known for those versed in the art. The knife-edge circle front 3 is provided by plasma-welding a coil element of the metallic wire 2, and formed to be outwardly arcuated in cross section by means of grinder or the like. A circumferential surface of the knife-edge circle front 3 is rendered smooth. By appropriately determining a distance between the plasma-welded top end and the marker M, a rigid-flexible degree of the leading end of the catheter K is rendered adjustable.

[0035] Upon inserting the catheter K into a completely obstructed area 25 in a blood vessel 20 to cure the obstructed area 25 as shown in FIG. 6, a guide wire C which introduces the catheter K may meet a calcified hard clot area 26 (fibrous cap) of the completely obstructed area 25. In this situation, the guide wire G is manipulated so that it detours the completely obstructed area 25 to be introduced between the media 22 and the adventitial coat 23 through the intima 21 of the blood vessel 20. However, the guide wire G meets a hard clot area 26 a again at the other side beyond the completely obstructed area 25 so as to hinder an advancement of the guide wire G.

[0036] In order to eliminate the hindrance, the catheter K is advanced from the guide wire G, and rotated to use the knife-edge circle front 3 as a drill to perforate or push the hard clot area 26 a open, thus helping the guide wire G smootly advance into the true lumen. Hard clot powder pulverized by the knife-edge circle front 3 is carried away rearward along helical grooves inside the tube body 1. This eliminates an inconvenience caused due to the fact that the pulverized hard clot powder remains.

[0037] The catheter K is such that its rear end decreases diametrically as approaching the front end portion of the catheter K. This amplifies the rotational force of the front end portion which udergoes the rotational torque from the handling section of the catheter K. This ensures a good drilling function of the knife-edge circle front 3 when the rear end of the catheter K is rotated. The smooth outer surface of the front end portion (X-zone) of the catheter K enables a manipulator to readily insert it into the blood vessel and easily rotate it in the blood vessel.

[0038] The group of the metallic wires 2 is twisted under the tensile stress along the lengthwise direction in accordance with the method as shown in FIG. 4. This gives the tube body 1 a high linearity property and a twist-deforming property. Each of the metallic wires 2 uniformly slides smoothly without variations to develop no gap between the helical line elements of the tube body 1, the gap of which often appears on an outer tensile side of a single-wound helical coil tube body when the tube body is bent in the blood vessel with a minimun diameter. This improves an insertability against the blood vessel, a rotation-following ability of the handling section and a torque transmissibility so as to ensure a precise treatment with a high efficiency. The knife edge circle front 3 forms an outwardly tapered fashion and facilitates its insertion against the blood vessel.

[0039]FIGS. 7 through 9 shows a third embodiment of the invention. In the third embodiment of the invention, a catheter K1 has a lower-layered tube 1A provided as a main tube by the tube body 1 identical to that of the catheter K in FIG. 5. An upper-layered tube 1B has the knife-edge circle front 3 at its leading distal end, and is diametrically increased to be slidably fit onto the catheter K of FIG. 5.

[0040]FIG. 8 shows a catheter K2 according to a fourth embodiment of the invention in which a stranding direction of the lower-layered tube 1A and that of the upper-layered tube 1B are mutually opposite by approx. 90 degrees (intersection angle between the lower metallic wires and the upper metallic wires). For this reason, upon perforating the hard clot area 26 a of the completely obstructed area 25 as shown in FIG. 9, the lower-layered tube 1A is manipulated first to provide a small hole on the hard clot area 26 a, and then the upper-layered tube 1B is manipulated to advance from the lower-layered tube 1A to diametrically enlarge the small hole, thus easily perforating the hard clot area 26 a with a sufficient-sized hole.

[0041] In general, the blood-dilatation treatment has been implemented with the use of balloon catheters which are replaced in turn from diametrically smaller ones to diametrically larger ones. The replacing operation of the balloon catheters is done only by sliding the upper-layered tube 1B, thus facilitating the blood-dilatation treatment with a high efficiency.

[0042] The metallic wires 2 of the lower-layered tube 1A and that of the upper-layered tube 1B come to substantially engage in a point contact with the catheter K2 in which the stranding direction of the lower-layered tube 1A and that of the upper-layered tube 1B are mutually opposite. This improves the slidability of the upper-layered tube 1B against the lower-layered tube 1A so as to render the upper-layered tube 1B easily manipulatable.

[0043] In the two-layered catheter K2, a bending rigidity of the upper-layered tube 1B may be determined to be greater than that of the lower-layered tube 1A. A hydrophilic polymer (e.g., polyvinylpyrrolidone or the like) may be coated on sliding portions of the upper-layered tube 1B and the lower-layered tube 1A.

[0044] In the layered structure in which the bending rigidity of the upper-layered tube 1B is greater than that of the lower-layered tube 1A, a bending resistivity of the latter is positively held by the former. This can prevent harmful deformations from being accumulated on the lower-layered tube 1A when the catheter K2 is repeatedly bent with minimum diameters, whereby avoiding an abnormal insertion resistivity from being induced on the catheter K2 when inserting it into the blood vessel.

[0045]FIG. 10 shows a fifth embodiment of the invention in which a catheter K3 of multi-layered structure is provided. In the fifth embodiment of the invention, an outer tube 1C is slidably fit onto the upper-layered tube 1B which is slidably fit onto the lower-layered tube 1A in the same manner as described at the third embodiment of the invention (referred to FIG. 7). The outer tube 1C is structurally identical to the upper-layered tube 1B to form a three-layered tube structure.

[0046]FIGS. 11 and 12 show a sixth embodiment of the invention in which a frustocone-shaped chip 8 is provided with the lower-layered tube 1A of the fifth embodiment of the invention. The chip 8 is formed by a metallic (preferably radiopaque) material or a synthetic resin material. The chip 8 is diametically decreases progressively as approaching forward. Between the chip 8 and a front section of the upper-layered tube 1B, a self-expansible stent S is provided. The stent S is pushed by the outer tube 1C to set it in position. Then, the stent S is placed in the diseased area of the blood vessel. The outer tube 1C slides rearward to let the stent S eject in itself so as to set it in the diseased area. It is to be noted that the knife-edge circle front 3 of the upper-layered tube 1B may be omitted to improve the sliding performance between the lower-layered tube 1A, the upper-layered tube 1B and the outer tube 1C when the upper-layered tube 1B is made of a synthetic resin (e.g., polyethylene, fluoro-based plastics or the like).

[0047] The catheter K3 of the three-layered tube structure enables a manipulator to readily retain the stent S on the diseased area of the blood vessel. This makes it possible for the manipulator to promptly treat the diseased area with a high efficiency, while shortening the time period during which a subject patient suffers so as to significantly ameriorate the curability.

[0048] An inner surface of the outer tube 1C forms a concave-convex undulation which is consecutively in slidable contact with a zigzag coil line of the stent S. This makes the outer tube 1C come in a point contact with the stent S, thus enabling the manipulator to appropriately eject the stent S with a smooth operation upon pulling the outer tube 1C to release the stent S.

[0049] As other usage of the catheter K3, the lower-layered tube 1A is firstly used to provide a preliminary perforation, then the upper-layered tube 1B is used to provide a middle-sized perforation, and the outer tube 1C is finally used to complete a full-sized perforation against the hard clot area 26 a (three-stage perforation). This makes it possible to ensure a full-sized perforation with a precise operation.

[0050]FIGS. 13 through 15 show a seventh embodiment of the invention which provides another method different from the first embodiment of the invention. During the process of forming the tube body 1 (FIG. 4), the wire rope R is divided into the X-, Y- and Z-zones in the lengthwise direction. A clamp device 14 is mounted on the boundary portion between the X-, Y- and Z-zones, and has a pair of opposed clamp plates 15 which open and close to loosen and tighten the wire rope R as shown in FIGS. 14 and 15. The wire rope R is twisted in different turns depending on the X-, Y- and Z-zones. This method renders the metallic wires 2 to be twisted in different turns so as to produce the tube body 1 as shown in FIG. 13. Among the mechanical properties needed for the catheter, the tube body 1 has a bending property which responds in varying hardnesses to the X-, Y- and Z-zones depending on the numbers of twisting turns subjected. When the tube body 1 is used as a flexible linear wire for medical tool, the most rigid section of the flexible linear wire corresponds to the handling section residing outside the subject patient the softer and more flexible section of the flexible linear wire corresponds to the leading end portion which is introduced into the blood vessel and the somatic cavity. This produces the tube body 1 of high quality in which the bending rigidity changes to progressively increase or successively decrease in the lengthwise direction so as to provide a rigid-flexible gradient property.

[0051]FIG. 16 shows an eighth embodiment of the invention in which heating devices 16A, 16B and 16C are provided. The wire rope R is set to the heating devices 16A, 16B and 16C in accordance with the lengthwise x-, Y- and Z-zones. During the process of twisting the wire rope R, otherwise after taking the wire rope R out of the twisting device 10, the wire rope R is heat-treated individually by the heating devices 16A, 16B and 16C. This makes it possible to produce the tube body 1 in which the residual stress is removed in varying degrees depending on the X-, Y- and Z-zones.

[0052] Depending on the different heating conditions of the heating devices 16A, 16B and 16C, the X-, Y- and Z-zones come to represent the residual stress removed in different degrees. For this reason, the tube body 1 functions as a highly effective catheter in which the tensile strength and the bending rigidity gradually changes in the lengthwise direction so as to add good mechanical properties needed for the catheter.

[0053] In the prior method of forming the flexible tube body, the tube body is provided by winding a metallic wire around a mandrel or using a winding machine (on paragraph 0004 of the Laid-open Japanese Patent Application No. 2002-275774 and on page 1.4 of the Japanese Domestic Publication No. 2000-513235). This developes a work hardening layer on one side of the metallic wire to often induce excessive gaps between the helical coil lines of the tube body when the tube body is bend to its minimum diameter, thus losing the rotational maneuverability and the torque transmissibility.

[0054] On the contrary, the method is such that the metallic wires 2 are twisted under the uniform tension to form the work hardening layer equally on an entire surface of the metallic wires 2. This makes the helical lines of the tube body 1 slide equally each other to avoid the excessive gaps from developing between the helical coil lines when the tube body 1 is bend to its minimum diameter, thus ensuring a good rotational maneuverability and a torque transmissibility.

[0055]FIG. 17 shows handling sections of the catheter K3 in which the tube body 1 is of two-or three-layered structure (referred to FIG. 10). The catheter K3 has the lower-layered tube 1A, the upper-layered tube 1B and the outer tube 1C, to which the manipulating portions 6A, 6B and 6C are respectively secured in a row. The manipulating portions 6A, 6B and 6C are individually pushed, pulled and rotated to enable the manipulator to perforate the hard clot area 26 a and release the stent S. The manipulating portions 6A, 6B and 6C may be formed differently from a wing-shaped one provided around respective boss portions. Between the manipulating portions 6B and 6C, a connector 5 is provided which has an injector 7 to introduce contrast media into the blood vessel. In the catheter K1 of two-layered structure (referred to FIG. 7), only the manipulating portions 6A and 6B are provided in a row.

[0056] It is preferable to use the austenitic stainless steel for the present catheter. With the use of the austenitic stainless steel, its low thermal conductivity makes it possible to avoid the heat conduction from unnecessarily spreading upon welding the knife-edge circle front 3 and marker M, thus preventing the catheter from deteriorating with a limited amount of electric currents and a shortened period of welding time.

[0057] As apparently from the foregoing description, the tube body for medical tool enhances the performance and function of the catheter which enables the manipulator to perforate the hard clot area and to readily retain the stent in the diseased area so as to significantly improve the curability and the convenience of the subject patient.

[0058] It is to be noted that the knife-edge circle front 3 may be formed by welding a discrete a coil or ring line to a front tip coil end of the tube body 1, otherwise the knife-edge circle front 3 may be integrally provided by press-deforming the front tip coil end of the tube body 1. Alternatively, the front tip coil end of the tube body 1 may be embeded in a plastic ring which serves as the knife-edge circle front 3.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7345256 *Mar 29, 2005Mar 18, 2008Ziyun ChenMethods and apparatus for delivering laser energy for joining parts
US7909779Dec 16, 2005Mar 22, 2011Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd.Catheter and method of producing the same
US8540695Oct 7, 2009Sep 24, 2013Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd.Catheter
US8814890 *Apr 5, 2005Aug 26, 2014Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd.Vascular catheter
US20050222585 *Apr 5, 2005Oct 6, 2005Asahi Intecc Co., Ltd.Medical equipment
Classifications
U.S. Classification600/434, 606/108
International ClassificationA61F2/82, A61B17/00, A61M25/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M25/0043, A61M25/0012, A61M25/0068, A61M25/0069, A61M25/008
European ClassificationA61M25/00G3, A61M25/00T30, A61M25/00T10, A61M25/00S
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 6, 2013ASAssignment
Free format text: CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE FIRST INVENTORS LAST NAME PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 015648 FRAME 0310. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNORS:KATOH, OSAMU;OZAWA, SHINJI;KATO, TOMIHISA;REEL/FRAME:031171/0955
Effective date: 20040322
Owner name: KATOH, OSAMU, JAPAN
Owner name: ASAHI INTECC CO., LTD., JAPAN
Aug 3, 2004ASAssignment
Owner name: ASAHI INTECC CO., LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KATO, OSAMU;OZAWA, SHINJI;KATO, TOMIHISA;REEL/FRAME:015648/0310
Effective date: 20040322
Owner name: OSAMU KATO, JAPAN