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Publication numberUS2004391 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 11, 1935
Filing dateNov 8, 1934
Priority dateNov 8, 1934
Publication numberUS 2004391 A, US 2004391A, US-A-2004391, US2004391 A, US2004391A
InventorsJones Russell C, Joseph Price
Original AssigneeGriscom Russell Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heat exchanger
US 2004391 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 11, 1935. Q J. PRIcE ET AL 2,004,391

HEAT EXOHANGER Filed Nov. 8. 1934 2 sheets-sheet 1 I /6 ,6 .ll'll-l'lflu /5 72 /4/, WIIWI INVENTZBS 41 w...

ATTORNEYS June 11, 1935, PRlcE ET AL I 2,004,391

HEAT EXCHANGER,

Filed Nov. 8. ,1934 2 Sheets-Shee t 2 2 L M INVEN'IZRI ATTQRNEYS Patented June .11, 1935 PATENT OFFICE 2,904,391 I HEAT EXCHANGE];

Joseph Price, West New Brighton, and Russell 0. Jones, Bronxville, N. Y., assignors to The Griscom-RussellCompany, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application November 8, 1934, Serial No. 751,994

- 9 Claims.

' This invention relates to heat exchangers and more particularly to that type of heat exchanger in which the hot and cold fluids flow in concentric passages.- In such apparatus one fluid flows through a relatively small tube or conduit located inside a larger conduit and heat is transferred from the fluid in one conduit to that in the other.

conduit through the wall of the inner conduit.

One of the objects of this invention is to provide a heat exchanger of the concentric tube type suitable for use as a high eiiiciency heat exchanger regardless of the particular purpose for which it is employed, and ofa construction such that the parts may be readily assembled at minimum expense. A further object of the invention is to provide a heat exchanger of the type mentioned above in which one of the fluid conduits may be readily opened up for the purpose of making repairs or for cleaning this conduit, without in any way disturbing the other conduit which may continue to carry one 'of the working fluids.

We also contemplate a construction and arrangement of the several parts such that the inner conduit or passage of each heat exchanger unit comprises a ll-shaped tube which can be removed from the apparatus as a unit by merely detaching the fluid connections at the ends of the U- shaped tube and removing a housing member which normally encloses the bend of the U -shaped tube. V

In general, we provide a heat exchanger including. one or more units each consisting of a U- shaped tube having the legs or straight portions thereof extending withina pair of outer tubes whereby concentric fluid passages are formed, the parts being so constructed and arranged that the U-shaped tube may be removed as a unit whenever that becomes necessary. A return bend conduit for the outer tubes may be formed by a detachable housing member inclosing the return bend of the U-tube and a portion of an end flange or tube sheet. This housing member can be removed quite independently of the U-tube, thus permitting free access to the U-tube for the purpose of making repairs or for cleaning the outer passage, all or which may be accomplished without in any way disturbing the flow of fluid through the U-tube. The straight portions of the bypreventing anyappreciable amountof by-passing of the fluid in the outer tubes out of contact vwith the heat conducting fins.

The outer fluid passages, whether formed by the inner surfaces of sections of tubing or otherwise,

serve to convey, oneof the working fluids in eflicient heat transferring'relation to. the other fluid which is carried by the U-shaped tube, and

it will be understood that the fluid connections for the separate passages may bearranged so 'that the fluids flow in countercurrent or concurrent relation as may be desired.

Where the outer-fluid passages are formed by lengths of tubing, we prefer to provide each tube with'an internal flange at one end and with an external flange at the other; and detachable means may be employed for securing theends. of the inner u shaped tube to the internal flanges of the outer tubes and for securing the above mentioned detachable housing member to the external flanges carried by the other pair of ends of the outer tubes. According to one embodi ment of our invention a number of'pairs of tubes are secured to a tube sheet and each pair of tubes is adapted to receive the straight portions connections for supplying separate fluids to the of a U'-tube, the several tubes being provided with outer tubes and .to the inner U-shaped tubes. In

this embodiment of our invention a single housing member may be detachably' secured to the tube sheet, the housing member being construct-' ed and arranged so asto provide separate return bend passages for the several pairs of tubes secured to the tube sheet. This housing member may be readily removed to provide access to the several U-shaped tubes and to the fluid passages surrounding these tubes.

The various objects andadvantages of our invention will be more apparent upon considering certain illustrative embodiments thereof shown in the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is an elevation of a heat exchanger embodying our invention, the upper portion or the apparatus being shown in section to illustrate details of construction;

Fig. 2 is a. vertical section view of one or th heat exchanger elements illustrated in Fig. 1 showing the manner in which the apparatus may be assembled or taken apart;

- Fig-3 is an enlarged section view taken on line I 3-! orFlg. 1; Fig. 4 is an enlarged section view similar to Fig. 3 but illustrating a modified construction:

- Fig. 5 is ai'ragmentary vertical section view ofj a portion of another embodiment of our improved heat exchanger;

Fig. 6 is an elevation of still another embodiment of our invention, the lower part of the apin Figs. 1, 2 and 3 comprises a multiple unit heat exchanger consisting of units A, B and C of identical construction and arranged vertically one flanges by bolts Ill, or the like.

12 and I3.

above another. Each unit comprises a pair of tubes I and 2-of steel or other metal, and a U- shaped tube 3 mounted with its straight portions 4 and 5 extending lengthwise throughout the larger tubes I and 2. The bend I5 of the U-shaped tube is enclosed in a housing member I. The outer tubes I and 2 are provided at one end with external flanges 8 and 9 which may or may not be integral with the tubes, as desired, and the housing member I is detachably mounted on these The flanges 8 and 9 may be regarded as a tube sheet or end plate IIv and it will be noted that this tube sheet- II and the housing I constitute the walls: of a chamber in which the return bend 5 is located.

This chamber constitutes a return bend passage interconnecting the adjacent ends of the outer tubes I and 2. The housing member I is entirely independent of the U-shaped tube and accordingly it may be removed without in anyway disturbing the U-shaped tube, this being accomplished. by merely removing the bolts I3 which normally 'secure the housing member to the flanges 8 and 9. The other ends of the outer tubes I and 2 are provided with internal flanges The ends of the U-shaped tube are provided with externally threaded bushings I4 and I5 welded or otherwise permanently secured thereto. The internal flanges I2 and I3 and the bushings Id and I5 have complementary tapered surfaces which form a fluid-tight force-fit joint when the nuts I6 and I? are tightened on the threaded portions of the bushings I4 and I5 respectively. The straight portion 6 of the U-- shaped tube 3 is connected to a fluid discharge pipe I8 by means of an ordinary pipe coupling I9 and in like manner the straight portion 5 of the U-shaped tube is connected to a return bend pipe 20 which communicates with the U-shaped tube in the heat exchanger unit B. A similar end connection 2I interconnects the U-shaped tubes in the units B and C and a fluid supply pipe 22 is coupled to the lower straight portion of the U- shaped tube in the bottom unit C.

The outer pipe I of the unit A is provided with 'a fluid inlet 23 and similar fluid connections 24 and 25 connect the bottom tube 2 tothe upper tube I of the unit B. In like manner the tubes 2 and I of the units B and C respectively are interconnected by the fluid connections and 21 and a fluid outlet 28 communicates with the bottom tube 2 of the unit C. If desired, a number of supports 29 may bev mounted on the tubes 1 and 2 of each unit, these supports consisting of angle members bolted together. These supports may be slidably mounted on the tubes I and 2' so that they can be adjusted to any desired longitudinal position,.and shims 30 may be inserted between the supports after the apparatus has been assembled.

The U-shaped tubes are preferably, although not necessarily, provided with longitudinalflns 3i, and where these fins are employed they preferably extend into close proximity to the inner surfaces of the outer tubes I and 2. The use of these flns greatly increases the heat transferring surfaces'of the U-shaped tubes. From the above description it will be understood that fluid entering the straight section 5 of the U-shaped tube flows lengthwise through the apparatus to the return bend 6 and then back through the upper straight section 4 from which it is discharged through the pipe I8. In like manner fluid entering the tube I through the inlet 23 flows to the right end of the apparatus and then through the return bend conduit formed by the housing member 1 and the tube sheet II, and then flows through the tube 2 to the discharge connection 24. The separate fluid may thus flow in countercurrent relation, but, if desired, the flow of one of these fluids may be reversed to provide concurrent flow of these separate fluids through the apparatus.

The advantages of our invention reside particularly in the construction and arrangement of the several parts which facilitate the assembly of the apparatus and the necessary inspection and cleaning of the apparatus after it has been in use for some time. In Fig; 2 the parts are separated to better illustrate the manner in which they can be assembled or taken apart and from this figure it will be apparent that as soon as the detachable connections at the ends of the U- shaped tube have been removed and the housing I disconnected from the external flanges 8 and 9 the U-tube 3 can be removed from the tubes I and 2 as. a unit. Furthermore, if it is merely desirable to gain accessto the interior of the.

outer tubes I and 2 without disturbing the connections to the U-shaped tube this may be accomplished by removing the housing member I. This provides free access to the U-shaped tube the bend of which is then fully exposed.

It will be understood that our invention may be utilized in various forms and accordingly details of construction may be modified without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, in Fig. 4 we have illustrated a form of detachable end connection for the U-shaped tubes which differs from that illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 in that the bushing andthe internal flange 33 are not provided with complementary tapered surfaces but form a joint at substantially right angles to the tubing, a gasket 34 being provided between the opposed surfaces of thejoint. The joint may be separated after removing the clamplu nut I6 as in the embodiment illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3.

The bend of the U-shaped tube illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 may be integral with or permanently welded to the straight portions of the U- shaped tube but this feature may be modified as, for example, in the manner illustrated in Fig. 5 where the bend 6' is a separatepiece of tubing coupled to the straight portions of the U-shaped tube by ordinary coupling nuts 35 and 36. In some embodiments of our invention and particularly where the interior of the housing memher 1 is somewhat obstructed as by the means employed for connecting a separate return bend to the inner tubes it maybe desirable to have an additional or separate connectionbetween the 2,004,391 "ends of the tubes I and 2 for example such as the other outer tube thru this separate connecl tion in which event the main function performed .by the housing member I is to provide a fluidtight seal around the return bend of the inner ii -shaped tube. In any event the housing memher I may be removable quite independently of theU-shaped tube to permit free access thereto.

'thebends of these tubes.

The embodiment of ourinvention illustrated in Figs. 6, 7 and 8 is similar to that shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 except that all units-of the multiple unit heat exchanger have a common tube sheet 31 and 'a single housing member 38 is mounted on this common tube sheet and provides separate return bend passages for each pair of the outer tubes land 2. It will be understood that these outer tubes each contain the separate straight portions of the U-shaped tubes with the bends of the U-shaped tubes enclosed within the housing member 38. The housing member 38 may be removed by merely removing the bolts 39,. thus exposing the bends of the U-shaped tubes. Each U-shaped tube may be then removed as a unit after removing the clamping nuts I5, I1.-

The units illustrated in Figs. 6, 7 and 8 may be provided with a single supporting member 40'.

In the apparatus illustrated in Figs. 6, 7 and 8 the separate fluids passing through the apparatus may flow in concurrent or countercurrent relation as heretofore described. If the fluid connection 28' 'is used as an inlet for one of the fluids we prefer to have the outer tube 43 communicating therewith somewhat enlarged throughout a considerable portion of its length in order-to reduce the resistance to the flow of the fluid in this part of the apparatus. This is particularly desirable where the apparatus is used fortreating a fluid which is rather viscous 'at the temperature at which it enters the apparatus. By providing this enlarged outer tube the fluid pressure drop through this part of the ap-,

paratus is reduced.- It will be understood that fluid leaving this tube '43 is delivered to the next outer tube through the return bend conduit provided in the housing member 38 and thenitflows to the next tube through a suitable connection such as that shown at 4|. A similarconnection 40 is provided between the next pair of outer tubes and the fluid is ultimately discharged through the connection 23 communicating with the uppermost outer tube I. If one of the fluids passes thru the outer tubes in the manner just described then the other fluid may be supplied to the apparatus so that it flows in the oppositev generaldirection, that is, this second fluid would enter the apparatus through the pipe I8 and be discharged from the apparatus through pipe 22. The ends of the inner-tubes may be connected to the pipes I 8 and 22 and to intermediate return bends 20' and 2I by means of detachable pipe couplings I9.

In all embodiments of our invention the U- shaped tubes and the larger tubes enclosing the same are arranged to provide concentric fluid passages and each U-shaped tube may be withdrawn as a unit after removing the detachable end connections at the ends of these tubes and after removingthe detachable housing enclosing The embodiment of our invention illustrated in Figs. 6 to 8 inclusive provides a very compact arrangement of the several parts and this is partly due to the nesting of the tubes I and 2 in close proximity to each other, as best illustrated in Fig. '7 where it will be noted that the tubes I and 2 are not disposed in a vertical plane as in Fig. 1 but deflne a series of planes at an angle to the vertical.

It is to be understood that our invention is not limited to the details of construction illustrated and described but includes all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.

1. Apparatus of the type described comprising a U-shaped tube, a pair of tubes separately enclosing each leg of said U-shaped tube whereby concentric fluid conduits are provided, the said pair of tubes having internal flanges at one pair of adjacent ends thereof, means for detachably connecting the ends of said U-shapedtube to said flanges'and a member interconnecting the other pair of adjacent ends of said pair of tubes and enclosing the bend of the .U-shaped tube, said member being removable independently of said U-shaped tube whereby the same may be withdrawn as a'unit from said pair of tubes after removing said member and disconnecting the ends of said U-shaped tube from said flanges.

2. Apparatus of the type described comprising a U-shaped tube, a pair of tubes'separately enclosing each leg of said U-shaped tube whereby concentric fluid conduits are provided, said pair of tubeshaving internal flanges at one pair of adjacent ends thereof and external flanges at the other ends thereof, means for-detachably connecting the ends of said U-shaped tube to said internal flanges, a housing member enclosing the bend of the U-shaped tube and means for detachablysecuring said housing member to said external flanges, said member being removable independently of said U-shaped tube.

3. Apparatus of the type described comprising a U-shaped tube, a pair of bushings permanently secured to the ends of said tube, a pair of tubes separately enclosing each leg of said U-shaped tube whereby concentric fluid conduits are provided, said pairof tubes having internal flanges at one pair of adjacent ends thereof, means for detachably clamping said bushings against said flanges, a member interconnecting the other pair of adjacent ends of said pair of tubes and enclosing the bend of the U-shaped tube, said member at one pair of adjacent ends thereof, means for detachablyclamping said bushings against said flanges, a member interconnecting the other pair of adjacent ends of said pairof tubes and enclosingthe bend of the U-shaped tube, said member being removable independently of said U-shaped closing each leg of said U-shaped tube whereby concentric fluid conduits are provided, the said pair of tubes having internal flanges at one pair of adjacent ends thereof, means for detachably connecting the ends of said U-shaped tube to said flanges and a member enclosing the bend of the U-shaped tube, said member being removable independently of said U-shaped tube whereby the same may be withdrawn as a unit from said pair of tubes after removing said member and disconnecting the ends of said U-shaped tube from said flanges.

6. Apparatus of the type described comprising a U-shaped tube, a pair of bushings permanently secured to the ends of said tube, a pair of tubes separately enclosing each leg of said U- shaped tube whereby concentric fluid conduits are provided, said pair of tubes having internal flanges at one pair of adjacent ends thereof, means for detachably clamping said bushings against said flanges, a member enclosing the bend of the U-shaped tube, said member being removable independently of said U-shaped tube whereby the same may be withdrawn as a unit from said pair of tubes after removing said member and detaching the connections at the ends of said U-shaped tube.

'7. Apparatus of the type described comprising a tube sheet, a plurality of pairs of tubes secured thereto, a plurality of U-shaped tubes each. hav-- ing its straight portions disposed in the separate tubes of each pair of tubes secured to the tube sheet, detachable fluid connections for the ends of said U-shaped tubes, a manifold housing member enclosing the bends of the U-shaped tubes to form a separate return bend conduit for each pair of tubes secured to the tube sheet and means for detachably securing said housing member to said tube sheet whereby said member is removable independently of said iJ-shaped tubes.

8. Apparatus of the type described comprising a pair of tubes, a U-shaped tube having the straight portions thereof positioned in said pair of tubes whereby concentric fluid conduits are provided, the ends of said U-shaped tube projecting beyond one pair of adjacent ends of said pair of tubes, means for forming a tight joint between said ends of said pair of tubes and the straight portions of the U-shaped tube, fittings for the ends of the U-shaped tube having a diameter smaller than the inside diameter of said pair of tubes, said fittings being located beyond said ends of said pair of tubes, detachable fluid connections for connecting with said fittings, and a member interconnecting adjacent ends of said pair of tubes and enclosing the bend of the U- shaped tube, said member being removable independently of said U-shaped tube whereby the same may be withdrawn as a unit from said pair of tubes after removing said member and detaching said fluid connections from said fittings.

9. Apparatus of the type described comprising a pair oi tubes, a U-shaped tube having the straight portions thereof positioned in said pair of tubes whereby concentric fluid conduits are provided, a. plurality of longitudinally extending heat conducting fins carried by the straight portions of said U-shaped tube and extending into close proximity to the inner surfaces of said pair of tubes, the ends of said U-shaped tube projecting beyond one pair of adjacent ends of said pair of tubes, means for forming a tight joint between said ends of said pair of tubes and the straight portions of the U-shaped tube, fittings for the ends of the U-shaped tube having a diameter smaller than the inside diameter of said pair of tubeasaid fittings being located beyond said ends of said pair of tubes, detachable fluid connections for connecting with said fittings, and a member interconnecting adjacent ends of said pair of tubes and enclosing the bend of the U- shaped tube, said member being removable independently of said U-shaped tube whereby the same may be withdrawn as a unit from said pair of tubes after removing said member and detaching said fluid connections from said fittings.

JOSEPH PRICE. RUSSELL C. JONES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2533692 *Dec 31, 1946Dec 12, 1950Rice Clayton EAir and water heating furnace
US3920068 *Jun 22, 1973Nov 18, 1975Dorr Oliver IncConcentric double-pipe horizontal heat exchanger for fiber containing fluids
US4164254 *Jun 3, 1977Aug 14, 1979Hans HuckeHeat exchange device
US20130025309 *Jul 27, 2011Jan 31, 2013Shih-Kun HuangEnergy-saving hot water-heating device and system applicable to the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification165/143, 165/76, 126/109
International ClassificationF28F9/26
Cooperative ClassificationF28F9/26
European ClassificationF28F9/26